Fat In The Liver Symptoms

Is inflammation of the liver and results in this important organ, the largest of the abdominal cavity malfunction. Its duration may be brief (acute), almost always without squeal, or more than six months (chronic), causing serious problems. It is caused by drug use, impaired immune system (immune), alcohol consumption, substance abuse and infection caused by parasites or microorganisms, being more frequent viral type.

Causes
Overall there are four triggers of this disease:
Infection by viruses, bacteria or parasites, it is contracted, roughly, by consumption of contaminated food and water, promiscuous sexual behavior, by sharing needles, razor and toothbrush, and tattoos or piercings done in unhygienic places.
Poisoning from an overdose of drugs, alcohol, and consumption of poisonous plants or pollution.
Autoimmunity, ie, when the defense system cells attack the liver tissues.
Obesity and fat accumulation in the liver.

Also, the causes of acute hepatitis (lasting less than six months) are usually HAV infection and hepatitis, overdose of drugs and alcohol and substance abuse. For its part, the chronic inflammation of the liver has its origin in HBV and HCV infection, autoimmune response and excess body fat in the liver.

Symptoms
In most cases, this condition does not make any statement and so many like a flu-like, it only causes fatigue, headache, fever and chills. However, you can also become apparent through the following signs:
Jaundice, or yellowing eyes and skin due to inflammation of the liver that prevents the proper disposal of bilirubin, a substance produced when waste breaks down hemoglobin (iron-containing protein that gives blood its red color). Weakness, fatigue, slow movements without making physical exertion.
General discomfort, uneasiness, discomfort and inability to concentrate.
Joint pain.
Dark urine (dark urine) and stool or yellow color.
Lack of appetite, because the liver can not produce substances necessary for digestion and assimilation of food.
Vomiting, nausea and dizziness.
Elevation of body temperature (fever).
Presence of generalized itching and red bumps (hives) all over the body.
In those who are regular smokers, snuff consumption may generate disgust.
Accumulation of fluid in abdomen (ascites), primarily when the cause is the immoderate consumption of alcohol.

Prevention
Avoid eating street food or prepared under dubious hygiene.
Consume boiled water and disinfected.
Wash hands before preparing food and after using the toilet.
Teaching children basic hygiene measures.
If a person wants to get a tattoo or piercing, you should go to places where hygienic and sterile equipment is used.
Do not share instruments that are in direct contact with blood, as a toothbrush or razor.
Do not share needles.
Though not 100% reliable, condom use (condom) provides some protection against HBV.
There are vaccines against hepatitis A and B (the latter also protects against HEV) with a high degree of effectiveness, so its application is highly recommended.
Hepatitis is preventable drug when it prevents drug overdose. Also, when a person who knows that you have a problem in the liver is another malaise, fever, headache or infection, you should consult your doctor to recommend the use of safe drugs for their condition, and not auto re-cease.
The liver from alcohol poisoning is prevented by moderate consumption of beverages with it.
It is very important that people with obesity and weight gain propensity to be aware that they should moderate their eating habits and exercising regularly.
It is possible to prevent autoimmune hepatitis, but early detection improves treatment.
Early diagnosis of chronic hepatitis allows for an effective therapy to halt the extent possible disease progression to fibrosis, cirrhosis or cancer.

Treatment
Depend on the type of hepatitis that a patient has, but we can summarize the most important steps in the following:
For hepatitis A and E there is no specific treatment, because the defense system almost always eliminates the virus. In any case, we need rest, eating a low fat diet, no alcohol and, occasionally, to recommend the use of a dietary supplement. You can use pain medications prescribed by your doctor to relieve symptoms.
If the problem is excess fat in the liver should be strict control of weight and stabilize blood sugar and cholesterol, especially in patients with diabetes. It is also vital to maintain a proper diet and regular aerobic exercising.

Consult your doctor.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I had an ultrasound for symptoms of gall bladder pain. The tech said no stones but fat in liver?
    my doctor had me take an ultrasound of my abdomen area to check if I had stones. I had symptoms of gall bladder stones, but no jaundice as of yet

    • ANSWER:
      It's possible to have gallbladder issues without stones, but generally they will right themselves if you get rid of some of the fat around your liver (either through losing some weight or diet changes). But that's only if the fatty liver is causing the issues with the gallbladder.

  2. QUESTION:
    Ct Scan Shows Fat Sparing in Fatty Liver. Is this normal?
    I had a fatty liver diagnosed with Ultrasound and then CT with Contrast. The report came back with Fat Sparing in a few spots. This was detected in the ultrasound and confirmed with a CT with contrast. I am 29 years old with no symptoms. Just wondering if this is normal in a fatty liver. i have been told that its simply an area of the liver without fat that has fat around it. Its a little confusing.

    • ANSWER:
      Yeah its fine,

  3. QUESTION:
    What can cause pain in upper back,right shoulder,under right breast,center of chest?
    I had all these symptoms,had an ultrasound to check for gallstones, came back fine but showed fat in liver, but dr. said this would not cause the pains? Now last 2 days, pain is on my upper left side by ribs. any ideas what this could be? AT times I also feel bloated.

    • ANSWER:
      HEART FAILURE.

  4. QUESTION:
    How long does it take to recover from chronic vitamin a toxicity?
    I've read that it takes 200-300 days for the body to remove the excess accumulation of vitamin a in the liver, bloodstream, and fat cells. Is this true? My main symptoms include skin dryness/buildup, minimal hair loss, fatigue, and back pain. I've been off any and all vitamins for 180 days now.

    (I took around 15,000 iu's of retinol for 1 1/2 years)

    • ANSWER:
      well u probably already damaged your kidneys and liver alot from vitamin a, so ull still have the effects of the damage from the toxcity.

  5. QUESTION:
    Fatty Liver on and off for years - ALT Slightly Elevated?
    I was diagnosed with a fatty liver (ultrasound) about 5 or 6 years ago. I had elevated ALT and AST enzymes. I was a bit overweight but not obese (6' 215) - drank on weekends mostly. I lost the weight and went down to 186. All levels returned to normal but I never had another ultrasound. I have never gotten back up to that weight but on occasion I would get to 200 or 205 (maybe twice to be exact) and enzymes would come back slightly elevated (lose weight and they would go back down). This last time, only the ALT came back high .. (80 on a scale of 10-60). I am in the process of losing weight, I am around 205. I have no symptoms. Should I be concerned that this can evenutally lead to NASH and then Cirrohsis? Or can you have slight elevations and fat in the liver from time to time and have it be harmless?

    • ANSWER:
      In general, fatty liver is a completely reversible process. If you abstain from alcohol and lose weight, your liver should regress to its previous state of health (presuming that there is no damage besides the fatty change). The problem, as you seem to be aware, is that the fatty change can lead to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) which can in turn lead to cirrhosis. Most healthy people do not have significant fat accumulations in their livers, nor do they have recurrent elevations of liver enzymes. You should probably go see your physician and ask for a personal evaluation related to your own situation.

  6. QUESTION:
    Does a low thyroid affect the liver?
    My fiance went to the doctor and found out that he has a large amount of fat in his blood and his liver is over working itself. He has hypothyroidism (low thyroid) and has been off of his thyroid pills for 6 months. He may have high cholesterol, which is affected by the thyroid. Do you think the problems with his liver are a result of his low thyroid?

    They also think he may have diabetes due to his symptoms. Would a low thyroid have any affect on this?

    • ANSWER:
      Your fiance may have the starting of what is
      known as fatty liver disease. Let me explain:

      Simple fatty liver usually doesn't cause a problem.
      However, as more fat build up inside the liver
      (fatty infiltration) it can causes damage to the liver
      cells. The immune system of the body will respond
      to this damage and cause inflammation to develop
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver to enlarge
      in size. (this is then known as Steatohepatitis).

      The causes of fatty liver can be this:
      alcohol consumption, diabetes, metabolic disorders,
      insulin resistance, weight gain, losing weight too fast,
      malnourishment, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels,
      certain medications (like steriods) and others.

      Cholesterol is a fat that circulates in the blood.
      The liver makes cholesterol because it need it to
      be used to make cell membranes. However, when
      it goes too high it can cause clogging of the arteries
      and also a fatty liver.

      You asked about hypothyroidism. Yes, the thyroid
      is what makes a hormone...known as thyroxine.
      If it doesn't make enough, it can slow down the
      metabolism of the body and it is very easy to gain
      weight from it. It can cause a rise in the liver
      enzyme blood testing when this takes place.

      I would suggest that he be with a gastroenterologist
      or hepatologist now. They may refer him to an
      endocrinologist if the thyroid and diabetes are
      found to be the cause.

      It is very important that he follow any diet or
      advice the doctor gives him. Most liver patients
      are told, No alcohol and not to take any drugs
      at all unless they are approved of or prescribed
      by their doctors.

      If the cause can be found and stopped, the liver
      cells may heal...if not, it can lead to the liver
      cells dying off and scar tissue forming inside
      the liver (known as Cirrhosis of the liver).

      I hope this has been of some help.
      Here are a few links about Fatty liver disease:
      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver
      http://www.gastro.com/Gastro/liverdisease/fatty_liver.aspx
      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm
      http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/175472-overview

      Best wishes
      This is not a diagnosis...just some things it could be
      based on what you posted. It may help to raise
      questions he can ask his doctor about.

  7. QUESTION:
    Im fat and by myself Should i you know?
    To many problems as i said im morbid obesity i have sleep apnea, i have a severe case of manic depression. I have ADD, ADHD i have dyslexia im bipolar, i have neuropathy in my one foot and all the meds combined destroyed my teeth, so bad teeth = heart problems. I have a bad gallbladder and elevated liver symptoms and i dont even drink, i have rage disorder. My doctor thinks i may be developing diabetes.Im adopded so my biological father knocked up my biological mother and ran, my biological mother use crack in her pregnancy so i have had most of these problems my whole life and ive never meet them. Im on enough medication to take down a bull elephant 32 pills a day and ive been on medication since i was 2 or 3. im been bullied most of my life the only person i thought was my friend robed me blind. im 30 years old and i dont have one friend and b/c of my appearance i have not left my house in 7 years.

    Nothing anybody can say could possibly make me fell any worse so if your here to do damage give it your best shot i just dont care anymore ive heard it all B4. I just wanted to see how many people think i should you know .....click click..i mean should i? I dont even have anyone to even talk to!
    To nathanom your all right pal.. That was kinda funny if anything is rapeing anyone it's life rapeing me. That whole child porn thing disguesting and hell no of corse but im to deperest to watch regular porn :P , i honstley just sleep most of the day and night wishing i would not wake up and of late ive notice lost of appatite ive been just drinking water for about 4 and a half days now.Oh and im a guy btw but not the handsome kind im afarid i have not been with a women for a long time and i dare not try! That would be like the biggest epic fail joke ever! Oh and there is only one person i would ever kill can you guess who that would be. The only thing ive killed in my life was a few of my own brain cells when i was younger. lol

    • ANSWER:
      NOOO!!!!!!! don't do that! the world is your oyster. seize it and squeeze all of the fun out of it that you can. if you're large, start by going on walks around the block and work out a bit, that will help. i can relate to your bad situation, but I did it and i KNOW you can too. it may be tough to face the world sometimes, especially when people treat you like dirt, but when you can see yourself as a happy and beautiful/handsome, you WILL develop confidence. As much bad as there is in this world, we need to overlook as much of it as we can to be able to have a positive outlook on life. Unless you're raping or murdering people in your spare time or watching or making child pornography, then you have a good place in this world and deserve a happy life full of joy. I hope that you will see this and that it may help you to decide not to hurt yourself or... you know.. because the right person is there for you somewhere in this world, why would you want them to be lonely for the rest of their lives because you miss out on life. be happy to have the ability to live. I'm pulling for you.

  8. QUESTION:
    What can cause liver pain?
    My husband has been having on and off liver pain for about two weeks now. He was drinking a lot of energy drinks (started off with one a day and progressed to three a day in three months) and he also started drinking alcohol more often (about 5-6 oz of vodka every other day for about two weeks). His body was not used to this, as he used to drink alcohol once, maybe twice a year and 1 (maybe 2) energy drink every two weeks. I am worried this can be Hepatitis C, but he hasn't had any other symptoms except the liver pain. Could it be something else? He already stopped drinking both energy drinks and alcohol. He does smoke marijuana (hasn't in two days). PLEASE HELP! I am very worried! Let me know if there is anything else that can be causing this.

    BTW, he's not fat at all, so I doubt it's fatty liver.

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:

  10. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  11. QUESTION:
    anyone know about liver problems?
    Hi I have been having alot of discomfort in my liver i went to the hospital not knowing where the problem was but it started with me noticing odd behavior such as sleeping all the time ill wake up be up for a couple hours and feel so tired and worn out and weak ill go take a nap and end up sleeping 6 or 7 hours i do drink alcohol but i have only been a steady drinker for the last 6 months i used to drink alot more for years and i quit for years well i was laid off my job and i started drinking again. also i take xanax for post tramatic stress and panic disorder been on that for not quite a year. I went to the ER they did a blood test and came back with liver damage well because i live in south louisiana they assumed it was alcohol told me to quit and sent me on my way thats when i got online they dr pressed around my stomach which has gotten pretty big im a small person but my stomach has gotten kinda big but it isnt fat its hard as a rock when he hit my liver i felt pain. something else odd is a few times i havent drank anything or had any xanax 8 hours and i started seeing double vision. after looking online i find that liver disease can cause damage and these same symptoms yet they never checked for any of that does anyone out there have any ideas as to what the problem could be all they told me was there was damage but not the cause i also have had a very poor diet my whole life and thought it could be that please help i want to stop worrying
    well sorry for his problems i know i need to see someone soon but how soon can you go from damage to circuses i know your enzime levels have nothing to do with how advanced it is people with low levels can be more advanced them people with higher levels all it is is an indication of some type of damage but what im so discussed with is instead of ordering an ultrasound or liver biopsy they let me go with just the fact i need to quit drinking well first of all i think its more related to my diet cause it usually takes years to do damage to liver

    • ANSWER:
      my brother has liver damage and almost died for not good sooner.you need a real doctor.you should do it soon.it is very serve!if you have a family please go see a liver specialize sooo.!

  12. QUESTION:
    Fatty Liver (Hepatic Lipidosis) in cockateals?
    My adult teal's Beak looks as if it is coverd in the white "downs dust" teals r famouse for,however today i tryed to rub it off his beak and it wouldnt go, so i looked up on line regarding "teals with white beak apperance and i found this?

    What are the signs of hepatic lipidosis?
    Birds with hepatic lipidosis generally have a sudden loss of appetite, are lethargic, and depressed. Many are overweight and the liver is enlarged due to the additional storage of fat. This results in a distended abdomen and difficulty breathing. They may have diarrhea and abnormal droppings!

    None of the above symptoms apply to my bird, he is good weight with good appitite,normal Breathing & droppings but his beak seems to be coverd in a white dust or something? so if its not

    • ANSWER:
      Make sure he is getting enough calcium, whether it's by vitamin supplements or gnawing on some cuddlebone, which can be picked up at most pet stores. Keep an eye on him, if he starts to act different, of course take him to the vet. Maybe even think about an average multi-vitamin powder to add to his water or seed (water works better.) Also, stay away from sunflower seeds, those are extra fatty. Maybe, MAYBE, once in great while, but not as part of a normal diet.

  13. QUESTION:
    What is this prickling sensation in my right upper abdomen?
    I feel sort of prickling sensation of inflammation in my right upper abdomen, which comes intermittently. It appears to be coming from the fat accumulated in that area, but I am not exactly sure of the internal location. Any idea about this? I fear whether it has anything to do with my liver, but my appetite is normal and I am not showing any Jaundice symptoms. I have the problem of gas though. Any help is highly appreciated.
    It might be a burning sensation, but I am not able to properly portray what I have been experiencing.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi I am from medical background. Well, first of all its very hard to tell what exactly is the root problem from the detail you have provided. As some of the above answerer have suggested that it could be gall bladder stone. But i dont think so that you have that. typical symptoms are :
      •When one of the gall stones obstructs the bile ducts that go to the intestine, a sharp colic is produced starting in the upper part of the abdomen and extending toward the back. A person can also experience bloating and indigestion.
      •A person can experience jaundice, a yellowing of the skin resulting from an accumulation of bile in the blood.
      •Inflammation of the gall bladder, duct, pancreas and in severe cases cirrhosis.

      so gall bladder stone condition can be ruled out.

      Now, as you told that you feel that you are getting pricking sensation as if it is coming from accumulated fat. So i think it bit superficial not deep. again its hard to tell exactly.

      Simple answer could be, if you feel that there is some problem with your abdomen, and you feel that it kind of burning sensation can be from intestine, try avoiding oily and spicy food. dont eat food which may caz acidity.

      I hope this will help in some way. this is just suggestion and thoughts from the details you have provided.
      but it always better to have talk with your physician.

      Good Luck and Take Care!

  14. QUESTION:
    I have alot of different symptoms, yet doctors cannot piece together the puzzle yet.?
    I originally went to my dr for having diabetes like symptoms...irritability, feeling sick when i havent eaten in a few hours, etc. A blood test was performed and it came back that my liver enzyme levels were elevated. I underwent ultrasounds and blood tests for months and its believed that I might have fatty liver infiltration. I do not eat a horrible diet but I cut out all fat and lowered cholesterol. During this time period, my enzyme levels skyrocketed then plunged, but still over the "normal" level. During all of this I noticed a lump under my left armpit that I had noticed with no other symptoms. I switched to natural deoderant, underwent ultrasounds and its believed to be a non-cancerous fatty tumor. Other symtoms i'm having are, male pattern hair growth (im a female), missed periods, increased weight gain (especially in the abdomen), depression (im guessing from my appearance), and i know my male hormone levels were elevated last time my blood was drawn. Any ideas what this might be? Either one condition or multiple? Doctors seem not to know.

    • ANSWER:

  15. QUESTION:
    Liver questions,health issues cause of supplement of diet,please i need an advice!?
    Guys i am training a lot the last year (personal reasons,but i know i made MY DAMN COMEBACK LOL) anyways i have to admit i use creatine for 7 months now ( in chocolate powder) and supplement of diet pills which burn the fat and throw away the water from my system faster ( i know i translated it wrong but i hope u understand) for over a year now!I took both these things from a personal trainer and my Dr.was ok with it,i did a general check up 2 weeks ago and i am 110% healthy but................... during the nights early in the mornings i wake up often with pain in my liver and i have also notice i pee way more now during night time than before!The check up was fine but why the symptoms?I don't wanna quit creatine neither the other pills cause i train like a mad man and they help a lot as you can see!Should i quit for a month so see how it goes?

    Anyone with similar experiences?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh Knight - you do worry me...

      If the creatine in your supplement is around 5% then that's OK - I wouldn't take pure supplements that's for sure - because they are known to cause kidney damage and nothing (and no one ) is worth that!

      I read your question and asked at the gym- it is common to go to the loo more at night and for urine to be..err... stronger and darker. I got told off for asking because they thought I was thinking about it - not good for a woman! LOL - I don't want to end up looking like a body builder!

      The advice was to stop taking it for a week or two and then start again- creatine puts pressure on the kidneys.

      A few months ago you may remember giving me some advice about a healthy diet etc when I was under stress, follow that advice and eat plenty of good food (high protein if you are building muscle).
      Edit
      Found this article for you-
      http://altmedicine.about.com/od/creatine/a/creatine.htm
      Arlanymor is right too.
      Lady D xxx

  16. QUESTION:
    Treatment for Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?
    I am a 52 year old male who has presented with swollen feet, distended belly and abdominal pain last week. Following blood tests for liver function it was established that although albumen production was normal, the enzyme reading was not. An ultrasound scan revealed fatty liver disease. I was disturbed to hear a BBC Radio 4 documentary say that 20% of people with my symptoms do not live beyond a few months.

    I have stopped drinking alcohol and am taking lecithin and milk thistle and I have also radically changed my diet to exclude fat, sugar and nighttime carbohydrates and have been eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.

    Despite this regime being enforced for more than two weeks, the pain continues, the belly is still swollen and I have not lost an ounce of weight.

    Any advice would be hugely appreciated. Thanks in advance for your time and knowledge.

    • ANSWER:
      Ann gave you a lot of good advice. Don't believe that radio thing because it is simply not true. I had cirrhosis and had to get a transplant, but my disease was from an autoimmune problem. Whatever causes the cirrhosis, it still pretty much acts the same for everyone.

      You need to get treatment for your liver problem and find out what is really going on with it. You need more done that just blood tests. I don't know how much fluid you are retaining, but that is what sent me to the hospital where I was eventually diagnosed with cirrhosis the first time. The next step is a CT scan to show if your liver is enlarged or shrunken and the size of your spleen. Depending on what shows up there, a biopsy would be next which is the one definitive test that will tell exactly what is going on.

      The fluid in your belly is probably what is causing you pain and that needs treated one way or another. There's 2 ways to do it and they did both with me. My fluid was so bad that I could hardly breathe anymore so I had to get tapped to drain it out physically. Then they gave me meds (diuretics such as Spironolactone and Lasix) to try to keep it under control. Once I received treatment, the meds were able to control it until I received a transplant. That fluid can be quite miserable when it is pushing on everything inside you and it needs to be removed. You might actually continue to gain weight if left untreated no matter what you eat.

      Stopping the use of alcohol is the most important step you can take with this disease. Find yourself a gastroenterologist or hepatologist to treat you since they know much more than a regular PCP about the problems that come with liver disease. I was surprised at how little some regular doctors know about liver problems.

      You are on the right track with what you are doing, but now you have to take it a step further and find out more about your condition and get the proper treatment for it. Otherwise, you are probably going to be pretty miserable. Good luck to you and get help ASAP because it seems like that fluid of yours is not going to go away on its own which means it will just continue to accumulate. You also run the risk of that fluid getting infected and you never want that to happen because that is life threatening.

  17. QUESTION:
    Orbital fat loss causes?
    Hey there. About six months ago whilst I was overseas I started to experience mild sinus pressure behind my eyes, predominantly on the left and a strange sensation of fuzziness in my head. Then, not long after, I noticed that my face began to change over a week or so. At first I wasn't sure what had happened, but then I realised that I had lost small triangles of orbital fat extending from the outer corners of my eyes with a small red rash as well, making it look like my face is drooping and my eyes always tired. At first I thought it just sinus problems, but after returning home and treating this, nothing changed. Since then I have experienced a number of other symptoms and am now finding myself, six months later, still grappling with it, me now often fatigued, experiencing a dramatic loss of appetite, weakness, headaches, dry eyes, greater reaction to colder temperatures, shortness of breath and ongoing depressive symptoms. I have had anxiety/depression before and many want to just label it that and be done with it, but I was in such a good place before this all started and it is so markedly different than ever before, I know that it is not simply my mental state manifesting. The only thing I found that mimicked my symptoms was when people had allergic reactions/badly administered botox, something which I have not had. I also seem to be having reactions to almost anything I eat, it making me feel sluggish and slow, increasing my shortness of breath.

    If anyone is able to offer any suggestions what might be happening, that would be great. I have had a variety of tests done and no infections or eye problems were discovered and all my lung/heart/kidney/liver functions are perfect, so I am at a loss. I am a 27 year old male, if that makes any difference and just would like to feel like myself again.

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    Do I have Cirrhosis of the liver?
    Brief history: I'm 55 white male. For the better part of my life I led an extremely fit, very active lifestyle which included intense weight training and cardio training 5-6 days a week. I have always eaten a low fat, high fiber, lean diet. At 48 and 6 feet tall I was 210 lb at under 10% bodyfat and competed in natural bodybuilding. Fitness was my life. I drank in moderation if at all.

    Starting in my mid 40's I would overindulge occasionally but when I was about 48 or 49 I had some personal issues that affected my mental frame of mind and I began drinking more heavily and for the next 5-6 years, would drink large amounts on a daily basis, almost always to intoxication. I still managed to maintain a level of fitness that most people my age were envious of and my alcohol intake would begin at 5 or 6 pm and continue until bed time. There would be the occasional "getting healthy" phase and I would abstain for 4-6 weeks but it was rare.

    Around 3 or 4 years ago I began having occasional swelling and mild discomfort in my abdomen and right upper quadrant that would come and go. When these symptoms first occurred in I had a CT scan of my abdomen that came back negative. I specifically questioned my dr about my liver and he said it looked normal. Additionally, my yearly, routine physicals showed all liver tests as normal and in fact, well below any danger areas.

    After basically being tired of being drunk and wanting to return to my former self, I decided to abstain and I have had no liquor for a few months but recently this discomfort has returned.

    At my most recent physical in Feb of this year, my blood work again seemed normal:

    AST 23 units/L

    ALT 24 units/L

    Alk phos 47 units/L

    Total Bilirubin 0.5 mg/dl

    Total protein 8.4 g/dl

    I realize nobody can diagnose from this alone and I've pretty much decided to go to my dr for further exams but was wondering if anyone could shed light for me. And please no one liner answers, I'm looking for someone who might have some medical background or at least someone who is/was in my situation or has a family member or friend.

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Your blood work certainly does not show any signs of liver damage which is really good. The experts give an estimate of 10 years of heavy drinking when cirrhosis could form but that varies greatly from one person to another depending on many factors. It might take less than 10 years for one and decades for someone else. There is no set time frame or amount you can drink. In my opinion, I do not think you are having a liver problem, but I am certainly no doctor.

      Your biliruben is excellent, and this is usually always high if there is a liver problem along with elevated enzymes. There is many reasons you can have this bloated feeling in your abdominal area such as gallbladder and stomach problems. It could be something as simple as gas.

  19. QUESTION:
    Liver swelling?
    My mum had this abdominal pain since one month. The pain isn't hurting continuesly but only sometimes...
    the doctor said that her liver has swollen a bit but not really seriously...she is going to have a blood test next month...im really worried. the doctor assumes that it might be because or hepatitis B or fats. But my mum doesnt drink. the only symptoms found in her of hepatitis B is abdominal pain(sometimes) and a fever she had which lasted only for one day.

    what do you think can be the cause of her liver getting a bit swollen? will she recover? and do you think she has hepatitis B? Is this going to be harmful? will she recover if she has hepatitis B? how can it be cured? and is she too late to see a doctor cuz she went like after a month? im just really worried .. i love my mum very much... I will die if anything wrong happens to her...please tell me guys... i really wanna know...
    need your help...

    thx a lot...

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis B is caught from other people by exposure to their body fluids. Since your mother has not even had a blood test yet, nobody should suggest that she has any certain disease.

  20. QUESTION:
    What is left for me to say.....?
    I typed up a report on diabetes, it is supposed to be 6 pages dubble spaced, but now i don't know what else to put, all i need is a half a page more. Thank you!

    Diabetes Type 1
    Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems using food for energy. After a meal, carbohydrates in food are broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells require insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to help use blood glucose for energy. People develop diabetes because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not respond to insulin properly, or both. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy.
    Prior to 1997, the type of diabetes typically diagnosed in young people was called juvenile diabetes or type 1. Diabetes emerging in adults was called adult-onset diabetes or type 2. Then in 1997, the official names of the types were changed to type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is the second most common chronic disease in children (after asthma). About 13,000 new cases are diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Patients with type 1 diabetes make up about 5 percent of all cases of diabetes. It most commonly appears in girls and boys when they are about 14 years old. Usually, type 1 diabetes is first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, the pancreas does not make insulin, a hormone which helps use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. The cells become starved of energy and there is an excess of glucose in the blood. People with Type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to live. Proper diet, exercise and home blood sugar monitoring are essential to manage the disease. Food and exercise must also be balanced because of the risk of hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, and hyperglycemia, high blood sugar. Both are life threatening concerns. When hypoglycemia develops, cells are not getting enough glucose. Confusion, loss of consciousness, comma and death results when the brain is deprived of glucose for too long. Hyperglycemia and prolonged absence of insulin may lead to ketoacidosis, the accumulation of ketones in the blood when the body uses fat for energy instead of glucose. Ketones make the blood acidic and slow down all body functions. Like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia can also lead to comma and death. The only cure available today for type 1 diabetes is a pancreas transplant, which is rarely done. Because both pancreas transplants and kidney transplants require lifelong use of powerful drugs to suppress immune reactions that can reject the organs, pancreatic transplants are usually done to those with type 1 diabetes who also need a kidney transplant. The side effects of immune- suppressive drugs can be severe and even worse than the disease. One or two people out of every 10 who get the surgery die within a year. Also the new pancreas is rejected by half of the people who get this operation. If the transplant fails, diabetes returns. Recently, experimental treatments with stem cells have shown some promise. For most people, type 1 diabetes is a life-long disease that can be effectively managed with insulin.

    Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
    •Urinates frequently. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream by flushing out the extra glucose in urine. A child with diabetes needs to urinate more frequently and in larger volumes.
    •Is abnormally thirsty. Because the child is loosing so much fluid from peeing so much, he or she becomes very thirsty to help avoid becoming dehydrated. A child who has developed diabetes drinks a lot in an attempt to keep the level of body water normal.
    •Loses weight. (or fails to gain weight as he or she grows) in spite of a good appetite. Kids and teens who develop type 1 diabetes may have an increased appetite, but often lose weight. This is because the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt the provide fuel to the hungry cells.
    •Often feels tired. Because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly.

    But in some cases, other symptoms may be the signal that something is wrong. Sometimes the first sign of diabetes is bedwetting in a child who has been dry at night. The possibility of diabetes should also be suspected if a vaginal yeast infection (also called a Candida infection) occurs in a girl who hasn’t started puberty yet. If these early symptoms of diabetes aren’t recognized and treatment isn’t started, chemicals called ketones can build up in the child’s blood and cause stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity- smelling breath, breathing problems; even loss of consciousness. Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken f

    • ANSWER:
      Watch out on using advice from yahoo answers if truthfulness is graded. While 80% of type 2's are overweight, only 18% of obese people are diabetic.

  21. QUESTION:
    Do fat people understand that Bariatric Surgery is not easy way out?
    The following is a list of possible side-effects and complications to consider before having weight-loss surgery. We will discuss these in more detail at your office consultation.

    1. Anastomotic leak (leak from a connection made to the bowel, usually requires re-operation and long hospital stay)

    2. Anastomotic stricture (narrowing or obstruction at an intestinal connection resulting in vomiting)

    3. Bowel obstruction/strangulation/internal hernia/ischemic bowel possibly needing removal (associated with pain and vomiting, usually requires re-operation)

    4. Injury to an abdominal or pelvic organ/structure (especially the liver, spleen, pancreas, bile duct, stomach, esophagus, colon, bowel, diaphragm, urinary bladder, nerve or blood vessel)

    5. Conversion to an open operation (due to bleeding, poor exposure, large liver, tension on intestines, etc.)

    6. Incisional hernia (more likely if procedure is done open)

    7. Infection or abscess (due to a leak, spillage of intestinal contents, underlying infection, etc)

    8. Bleeding and the potential need for blood transfusion. Blood transfusion carries the risk of infection with bacteria, parasites (malaria), and viruses (hepatitis, HIV/AIDS).

    9. Need for additional surgery or procedures to treat any complication that may occur

    10. Prolonged hospital stay or readmission may be needed to treat complications

    11. Deep Vein Thrombosis (blood clot in a vein)

    12. Pulmonary Embolus (blood clot going to lung, fatal 30% of the time)

    13. Atelectasis (lung collapse causing fevers, possibly pneumonia)

    14. Pneumonia, lung infection and fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion)

    15. Heart attack (myocardial infarction)

    16. Stroke

    17. Pancreatitis

    18. Rhabdomyalysis (breakdown of the muscle in the body)

    19. Pressure ulcer or decubitus (skin breakdown, may require skin grafting)

    20. Allergic reaction to anesthesia, medications or materials

    21. Nerve or ligament injury from positioning or lying on the operating table

    22. Kidney failure and/or the need for dialysis

    23. Need for ICU care

    24. Need for a ventilator (machine to help you breathe)

    25. Multi-system organ failure (liver, kidneys, lungs, etc.)

    26. Poor cosmetic results (ugly scar, keloid, unattractive incisions, contour defects)

    27. Chronic pain, discomfort, numbness, burning or tingling in the incisions or anywhere else (abdomen, back, extremities)

    28. Transient or chronic nausea/vomiting due to strictures, gastroparesis, food intolerance, etc.

    29. Dysphagia (difficulty or painful swallowing)

    30. Diarrhea, constipation, foul smelling gas and stools

    31. Heartburn (acid reflux) symptoms

    32. Ulcers or gastritis

    33. Intestinal perforation due to ulcer, foreign body, obstructed food, etc.

    34. Development of food intolerances/loss of taste

    35. Dumping syndrome (abdominal pain, heart palpitations, sweating, nausea, diarrhea)

    36. Hair loss or thinning

    37. Development of malnutrition or vitamin deficiency

    38. Anemia

    39. Metabolic bone disease (loosing calcium from the bone because of inadequate intake and supplementation) with possible osteoporosis, secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone fractures

    40. Failure to lose an adequate amount of weight

    41. Loss of too much weight

    42. Development of loose or redundant skin

    43. Sterility or inability to become pregnant

    44. Increased ability to become pregnant

    45. Birth defects or fetal injury if you become pregnant. This is less likely once weight has stabilized and laboratory tests are normal. Usually, about 2 years after surgery.

    46. Postoperative depression or other psychological reaction to surgery

    47. Need to revise or reverse the procedure at some point in the future because of nutritional deficiencies, excessive weight loss, pain or other reasons

    48. Extended disability, financial hardship as a result of complications related to weight loss surgery

    49. Parts of your stomach and/or intestines will be inaccessible by endoscopy.

    50. Death (1% nationwide) within 30 days

    • ANSWER:
      It's just amazing how thousands and thousands of people have actually survived this surgery and are now healthy and happy. How long would your list be if you listed all the things that morbid obesity causes in a person. It would be much longer and certainly more serious than those you listed. You get this surgery to save your life. It has done that for my husband who is doing just great with it. He hasn't had a single problem yet other than getting adjusted to eating the right amount to not feel so full. He has lost 80 pounds and feels great. He is so much more active and actually takes long walks all the time. His energy level has skyrocketed. He started planting a garden yesterday and doesn't need anyone to help him get down on the ground to do it which he hasn't done in many years. He doesn't get out of breath like before. His blood pressure has dropped enough to lower his medication for it. Obesity caused him to have both his knees replaced and it still bothered him. Now he no longer has any pain in his knees, and he walks with ease. Next week, we are going to start riding our bikes. I always have had to do it without him, but no more. He is going along with others family and friends. This surgery has done much more for him than anyone can imagine. I don't know why you want to keep running it down, but it is a real lifesaver to many people. Yes, there are risks. But the real question is whether or not the risks of staying obese are greater than the surgery. Most doctors will agree that obesity is the bigger risk for anyone morbidly obese. My husband loves his new life without all that weight. He knew all the risks before he had it done. It was well worth taking those risks for his good health now.

  22. QUESTION:
    Weight loss through healthy eating (avoiding carbs) and daily cardio exercise?
    I've been told I have fatty liver with mild inflammation so I was instructed to lose weight and eat healthy to get rid of the fat off my liver. When I was diagnosed with it I was 190 lbs. (26 years old). High cholesterol and triglycerides too. So I changed my lifestyle, I cut out the potato chips, soda and all I eat is chicken, fish, fruits and vegetables and fiber cereals. I am definitely not starving myself but I do eat less than I used to (binge eater). I exercise daily (40 minutes moderate/light cardio). Now over a month I lost 10 lbs and now a week or two pass by and I'm losing 2 lbs. My weight keeps dropping (now 175 lbs), so I'm concerned whether or not this is healthy or a symptom because I know some conditions their symptoms is weight loss and also if I engaged in rapid weight loss it will be harmful to my liver. Am I doing the right thing? I've been avoiding intaking a lot of carbs should I eat a little more carbs this time? When is my weight going to stabilize?

    • ANSWER:
      You do not want to cut out carbs completely, it is unhealthy. Your body needs carbs for energy. The best thing to do is cut calories, and do as you are, eating healthier foods. Two lbs a week is a good rate to lose. Doctors just don't want you to go overboard and lose 10 lbs a week. I think you are doing good. Good luck!

  23. QUESTION:
    Need help getting sick cat to eat food?
    Symptoms: drinking a lot, not eating, lost 5 pounds suddenly (fat cat), weak/tired, skin started turning yellow.
    Background (you probably don't have to read all of it): We took him to one vet who said he probably had a weak immune system, then we took him to a vet who gave what seems to be a more accurate diagnosis. He said that the cat was dehydrated and that he had stopped eating causing him to develop fatty liver disease where the body uses fat from the obese cat when he stops eating, and the fat builds up around the liver (which was causing his skin to turn yellow). So they hydrated him and told us to force feed him with a syringe which would help reverse the fatty liver disease until he would start eating on his own.
    Currently: We're trying to get him to eat by himself, but he only eats in very tiny portions so we continue to feed him with the syringe. I noticed when the syringe food was in his mouth that he made a weird crunching noise while chewing, but the food is like a very soft formula. Then I tried feeding him some dry and wet cat food and he ate some of it but he still made that crunching/grinding noise. I'm wondering if he has misaligned teeth or a sore tooth or something. Has anyone had any experience like this or have any idea as to what might be going on? I just tried feeding him his favorite dry food and I shook up the bag before pouring it out, and he let out a big meow like he was hungry and wanted to eat, but then he couldn't. I'm gonna see if I can take him to the vet tomorrow to check it out, but in the mean time thanks to those who answer and give their opinions! :)

    • ANSWER:
      Continue frequent syringe feeding in spite of the strange sound. It is important to get plenty of calories into the cat.

      The crunching sound you mention. Do you actually mean crunching such as the sound of something hard ( like a human eating cereal or potato chips) fragmenting or do you mean a strange wet/soft sound. If the later, that sound is the cat gagging, his esophagus closing, and means you have put more food in his mouth than he can swallow.

      If this is the case, introduce only about 1 cc of food per squirt waiting until he swallows before the next. Squirt it between his side teeth, not through the front of his mouth.

      If what you are hearing is a hard/brittle sound the only thing I can think of is some sort of dental malocclusion. Perhaps a tooth came loose and is grinding against another. I think your guess is probably correct.

      When you bring him to the vet tomorrow explain everything that you have here and ask that the vet give him a dental examination.

      Until you can get him there and find out whether it is a dental issue or not, get as much food into him as you can. The equivalent of 6 ounces of canned food (before it is mixed with water) or more if possible.

      Hope he is okay.

  24. QUESTION:
    Why do some people feed their cats people food?
    Why do some people feed their cats people food when they don't know what it can do to their cats?

    Human Foods Which Are Poisonous to Cats

    Often it is tempting to share our food with the family pet, and most of us are guilty of slipping the odd tasty morsel. If you do indulge your cat, it is strongly advised you check out this list which contains some common foods which are either poisonous or have the potential to be dangerous to your cat. This list contains common foods, but is by no means extensive. As a rule of thumb, if in doubt, don't give it to your cat. It may save him a great deal of pain & suffering & you an expensive veterinarian bill.

    Alcohol:

    I would like to hope that nobody would actually try giving a cat alcohol. Alcohol can cause intoxication, gastrointestinal irritation, respiratory distress, coma & death.

    Apricot, cherry, peach pits, almond nuts, apple seeds:

    All of the above contain cyanogenic glycosides which will result in cyanide poisoning. This interferes with the ability of the blood to release oxygen into the tissues, so the cat effectively suffocates while it's blood is full of oxygen.

    Avocado:

    Avocado contains a toxin known as persin. It is found in all parts of the avocado & is toxic to most domestic animals.

    The symptoms include gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress, congestion, fluid accumulation around the tissues of the heart and even death.

    Citrus:

    May cause vomiting in cats.

    Cooked bones:

    Cooked bones can splinter & cause an obstruction, therefore they should be avoided.

    Chocolate, Coffee & Tea

    Chocolate contains naturally occurring methylxanthines caffeine & theobromine. The concentration of theobromine is much higher than that of caffeine, but both cause toxicity in cats (and dogs). These chemicals act as a diuretic, causing the body to lose fluids, act as a cardiac stimulant, causing it to race & is also a central nervous system stimulant.

    All types of chocolate should be avoided, including dark, milk, white & cocoa powders.

    Grapes & raisins:

    These have been known to cause kidney damage. The active ingredient hasn't been identified.

    Macadamia nuts:

    Macadamia nuts have been known to cause tremors & muscle weakness in dogs, therefore it's best to apply caution & avoid giving them to cats.

    Milk:

    While this won't kill your cat, some cats are lactose intolerant & drinking cow's milk will cause a tummy upset.

    Weaned cats no longer need to drink milk, however if you do want to give your cat some milk as an occasional treat them the best solution is to buy some cat milk from your supermarket.

    Mushrooms:

    There are many types of mushrooms which are poisonous. While dogs are far more likely to eat mushrooms than cats, it is advised you avoid giving your cats any type of mushrooms to be on the safe side.

    Fat:

    While fat isn't toxic to cats per se, it's not healthy to routinely feed your cat a diet high in animal fats as it will lead to obesity. Large amounts of fat can also cause pancreatitis.

    Liver:

    Small amounts of liver are fine to eat, but if fed too often it can result in Vitamin A toxicosis.

    Onion & Garlic:

    Onions contain sulfoxides and disulfides which damage red blood cells & can cause haemolytic anemia.

    Be careful when feeding your cat human foods, some people will recommend baby food for a cat who's lost it's appetite. This is fine, but make sure the food doesn't contain any onion, flakes, powder etc.

    Onion causes greater problems than garlic.

    Potato (green parts & eyes):

    These contain solanine glycosides which can cause vomiting, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, nervous system stimulation, depression, trembling, paralysis & cardiac arrest.

    Salt:

    Large quantities of salt can lead to an electrolyte imbalance.

    Tomato:

    See potatoes.

    Tuna:

    This is another food which is fine to feed as an occasional treat, but shouldn't be fed regularly, as it can lead to a condition known as Steatitis or Yellow Fat Disease.

    Yeast dough:

    This can expand in the stomach causing bloating & discomfort.

    Other foods which your cat shouldn't eat:

    Soy & Rice Bran

    Raisins

    Rhubarb

    Spoiled or moldy food. If it's gone off, don't give it to your cat.

    Hops

    It is always a good idea to check with your vet before giving your cat food which is meant for human consumption, just to be on the safe side.

    • ANSWER:
      That's really more of a rant than a question, but I'll answer anyway.

      My cats get *some* kinds of people food, because *some* kinds of people food are BETTER for them than commercial cat food.

      But I agree, more people need to pay attention to the kinds of things they are feeding their furry friends.

  25. QUESTION:
    Marijuana versus Aspirin. If both were legal which would you choose?
    (All of this from an article written almost 2 years ago)

    When Bayer introduced aspirin in 1899, cannabis was America’s number one painkiller. Until marijuana prohibition began in 1937, the US Pharmacopoeia listed cannabis as the primary medicine for over 100 diseases. Cannabis was such an effective analgesic that the American Medical Association (AMA) argued against prohibition on behalf of medical progress. Since the herb is extremely potent and essentially non-toxic, the AMA considered it a potential wonder drug.

    Instead, the invention of aspirin gave birth to the modern pharmaceutical industry and Americans switched away from cannabis in the name of “progress.” But was it really progress? There can be no doubt that aspirin has a long history as the drug of choice for the self-treatment of migraines, arthritis, and other chronic pain. It is cheap and effective. But is it as safe as cannabis?

    History:

    -Marijuana has been used for over 5,000 years.
    -No one has ever overdosed on marijuana.
    -Aspirin has been used for 108 years.
    -Approximately 500 people die every year by taking aspirin

    The Law:

    -Marijuana is a Schedule 1 drug, meaning the US government believes it is extremely dangerous, highly addictive, and of no medical value.
    -Aspirin is available for pennies and can be purchased by children at any drug, grocery, or convenience store. Often they are just handed out free by people with no medical education.

    Marijuana side effects and dangers:

    -The dangers of marijuana include possible respiratory problems caused by the deposition of burnt plant material on the lungs. This danger can be eliminated with alternate forms of consumption such as eating or vaporizing the medicine.
    -For two to four hours, marijuana causes short-term memory loss, a slight reduction in reaction time, and a reduction in cognitive ability. These conditions DO NOT persist after the herb wears off.
    -Hunger
    -Paranoia
    -Laughter
    -Introspection
    -Creative Impulse
    -Euphoria
    -Tiredness
    -Forgetfulness
    -0 Mortality Rate

    Aspirin side effects and dangers:

    -When taken with alcohol, aspirin can cause stomach bleeding.
    -Reye Syndrome in children: fat begins to develop around the liver and other organs of the child, eventually putting severe pressure on the brain. Death is common within a few days.
    -People with hemophilia can die.
    -People with hyperthyroidism suffer elevated T4 levels.
    -Stomach problems include dyspepsia, heartburn, upset stomach, stomach ulcers with gross bleeding, and internal bleeding leading to anemia.
    -Dizziness, ringing in the ears, hearing loss, vertigo, vision disturbances, and headaches.
    -Heavy sweating
    -Irreversible liver damage
    -Inflamation and gradual destruction of the kidneys
    -Nausea and vomiting
    -Abdominal pain
    -Lethargy
    -Hyperthermia
    -Dyspepsia: a gnawing or burning stomach pain accompanied by bloating, heartburn, nausea, vomiting and burping.
    -Tachypnea: Abnormally fast breathing
    -Respiratory Alkalosis: a condition where the amount of carbon dioxide found in the blood drops to a level below normal range brought on by abnormally fast breathing.
    -Cerebral Edema: Water accumulates on the brain. Symptoms include headaches, decreased level of consciousness, loss of eyesight, hallucinations, psychotic behavior, memory loss and coma. If left untreated, it can lead to death.
    -Hallucinations, confusion, and seizure.
    -Prolonged bleeding after operations or post-trauma for up to 10 days after last aspirin.
    -Aspirin can interact with some other drugs, such as diabetes medication. Aspirin changes the way the body handles these drugs and can lead to a drug overdose and death.
    -It is used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains.
    -Used as an antipyretic to reduce fever.
    -Used as an anti-inflammatory medication.
    -Aspirin is used in long-term, low doses to prevent heart attacks, strokes, and blood clot formation in people at high risk for developing blood clots.
    -It has also been established that low doses of aspirin may be given immediately after a heart attack to reduce the risk of another heart attack or of the death of cardiac tissue.
    -For 50-year-old men, taking an aspirin every day to prevent heart disease and stroke carries a risk of 10.4 deaths per 100,000 men per year over and above their overall death risk.
    If you think that cannabis is actually safer than aspirin, you are not alone. In October 2000, Dr. Leslie Iversen of the Oxford University Department of Pharmacology said the same thing.
    In her book, ‘The Science of Marijuana,’ Dr. Iversen presents the scientific evidence that cannabis is, by-and-large, a safe drug. Dr. Iversen found cannabis had “an impressive record” when compared to tobacco, alcohol, or even aspirin.
    “Tetrahydrocannabinol is a very safe drug,” she said. “Even such apparently innocuous medicines as aspirin and related steroidal anti-inflammatory compunds are not safe.”

    So if safety is your concern, cannabis is clearly a much better choice than aspirin. If you eat it or vaporize it, it just might be the safest painkiller the world has ever known.
    A lie? No I don't want to get high. I want Medical Marijuana. (No not Marijuana, MEDICAL MARIJAUANA) to be legal under Federal Law. Please prove to me how any of this is a lie and I will listen.

    • ANSWER:
      Everything in this post is pretty much the truth...

      Marijuana smokers rarely get brown lung, asthma, emphysema, and many of the other respiratory illnesses that tobacco smokers often get...

      You CANNOT overdose on marijuana. Even if its high grade, the amount you would have to smoke is physically impossible to ingest in the time period required (if i remember correctly, the amount to OD is something like a pound in around 15 minutes, im not absolutely positive on this, it may be even more than the above amount)

      people have been smoking the plant for over 5,000 years, and not one death can be directly attributed to its use...

      So in short, you can overdose on aspirin. Heck you can even overdose on caffeine. So i think marijuana use (health wise) is a lot less harmful for your body than aspirin...

  26. QUESTION:
    Have you tried Lysine for GallBladder attacks?
    Hello, I found your website to be quite helpful. I am 42 years old, a vegan and a recent victim of a
    gall bladder attack. I tried many things on the internet and nothing seemed to help the pain. I noticed that my hair was also falling out and I have usually thick hair. I have also been depressed for over a month and felt possessed. I was affraid to eat and could not sleep. I tried everything to soften and pass gall stones but to no effect. On day number 6 I was feeling the attack coming on just before bed, I went to get a glass of water and I felt the Lord impress my mind to take 2 l-lysine and go to bed. Well I argued in my mind but decided to try it. Within 15 minutes the pain was gone. I slept thru the night. So the next day I went online
    and learned all about l-lysine. It seems that the American diet is full of carbs, sugars and fats. The systems that process like-liver, colon, gall etc. use a lot of lysine to operate thru these foods. If lysine is not coming into the body or not enough
    -since it is not stored, the body steals it from other placed to deal with the food crisis at hand. Then the body goes into lysine deficiency and an imbalance of other amino acids-since lysine is the "brains" to amino chains. It also disrupts the digestive enzyme balance as lysine has a lot to do with sythesis and processing of that as well. Thus symptoms like, pain, gall bladder attacks, loss of hair, depression among others...it is fairly easy to look this stuff up online and in books. I take lysine everyday and I have been eating like I always do and take 2000 to 4000 mg of lysine a day. It seems like a lot, but if I eat a meal with too much fat, carbs or sugar, I feel the numb pain so I take 2 extra,thus the 4000. The pain goes away and so does the depression. It is a miracle. I hope you can put this on your web site, there may be lots of people up all night searching for help. My case was not gall stones so maybe people can try the lysine and it may help them too. Sorry for the long email but am REALLY impressed to share this info for the benefit of others who do not want to have surgery. Also another interesting fact is that if a diet has more arganine in it that lysine, like
    a person eats lots of corn in the diet (which needs lots of lysine to digest) they can be deficient and over time have gall bladder attacks. I noticed on a lot of amino acid formulas the arganine ratio is higher than the lysine content so even the amino acid manufacturers may not know this important fact.....well thanks for reading this email and you are welcome to contact me anytime.

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    Is this likely to be gallstones/gallbladder related and should i go to a doctor?
    Okay well i have had abdominal pain quite a few times in the last 9 months, a few severe attacks and many milder symptoms.
    I've had very bad pain after eating a Gregg's sausage roll which got steadily worse over 30 minutes from having to bend over a bit to literally not be able to walk or stand. It was underneath my ribs in the middle and right side and when the pain subsided i was sick in a bin at work :l It was honestly the worst pain i have ever felt in my life like someone was tightening an iron band under by ribs and squeezing in waves of pain that got worse and worse until they suddenly stopped and i threw up.

    I've also had pain that has come on suddenly and felt like i was having a heart attack and i couldn't breath deeply or lie on my right side, lying on the left side made it hurt a little less, it was painful for hours and when the pain went i had a sore patch underneath my right rib for a couple weeks.

    I also experience a lot of indigestion and heartburn, particularly when i eat chinese or pork/beef/cheese, i cannot eat food high in fat without getting twinges from the gallbladder/liver area.
    I went to a&e the morning after having mild symptoms of it for weeks as i suspected it might be due to my gallbladder as the symptoms match and i have a VERY strong history of it in the family in the side i take after in pretty much everything. The doctor i saw was also convinced it was gallstones or gallbladder related, he did a blood test which came back okay and sent me for an ultrasound.
    I waited a long time for the results in a&e the next day and they seemed to have forgotten about me, eventually after asking several times a doctor called me and he asked me who i was and what the problem was, so i told him, he flicked a page on the results looked for a second and said there was nothing wrong with my gallbladder and told me to eat less fatty foods and didn't offer me any more tests. The ultrasound did not show any gallstones, although my dad had 4 ultrasounds over 5 years and they always came back that he had no stones either and then eventually on another scan they found scarring that suggested stones had been there so they did the surgery (he was having very bad, frequent attacks that often caused him to pass out and end up in hospital by this point) when they took his gallbladder out, they gave him a jar with about 30 black stones in it that had apparently not been there all those years.

    I'm still having symptoms of gallstones and gallbladder disease and recently i've been getting very high temperatures after eating where i can literally feel the heat coming off my face, i feel particularly arm in the gallbladder area and they are accompanied by some abdominal discomfort but i usually do cool down after an hour or two.

    In the last week or so the sides of the whites of my eyes have also started to turn yellow and are slowly getting worse, i've been having darker urine since all these problems of 9 months began and sometimes soft fatty stools and sometimes paler than normal constipated ones aswell.

    I also had stabbing pain in the gallbladder area for an hour at work the other day after eating a cheeseburger, not as bad as the pain i had at work when i was sick but it was uncomfortable and when it went away i had a lot of flatulence for a few hours, i've also been very bloated after eating recently and my appetite has decreased quite a lot.

    The yellow eyes have made me think maybe it's time i went back to the doctor again, but i'm scared they'll just tell me there's nothing wrong with me and not give me any more tests again, i just want to know what the matter is, does this sound like gallbladder trouble to you?
    As i said it's very common in my family, my dad, grandma, 3 of my dad's aunts (1 died of a gallbladder infection), and my dad's grandad apparently used to have indigestion so bad it sent him to bed with a bottle of brandy.

    Do you think the doctors will take me seriously this time?

    • ANSWER:
      It definitely sounds like Gall Stones.

      My mom had her Gall Bladder removed only last Saturday after having severe pain and vomitting a few months ago (it took until now to get the appointment because it is NHS). She said said had similar symptoms to yours too - including milder pains, indigestion pain, right-hand side pain, etc.

      It is a common fact that you should not eat fatty or greasy foods if you have gall stones because it almost always will bring on the symptoms. Chinese food is always greasy (though I love it!), so that is why it is making it come on again.

      You NEED an operation to have your Gall Bladder removed. Do it now! Then you can live without this problem. You don't actually need a Gall Bladder.

  28. QUESTION:
    Should I see a nutritionist?
    I am 30 and have been vegetarian for 20 years. Although I could not consider eating meat ever again I must admit that my health is not great. I suffer from chronic anemia, migriane and IBS. I also have trouble with weight gain. I am now 200lbs which is fat too heavy and this is making my symptoms worse. I experiance severe fatigue and I tend to snack on sweet foods for a short term energy boost. I know this is leading to weight gain but I can't seem to get my iron levels up. I have been taking an Iron supplement for 6 months but in that time my iron levels actually fell and my anemia was worse.
    I have had many tests; a colonoscopy, heart checks, thyroid and kidney and liver function. It all comes back as normal. My GP says to just keep taking the iron and get regular blood test every 12 weeks.
    I feel I should be doing more or that something is perhaps wrong with me. Should I go see a nutritionist or would it be a waste of money?

    • ANSWER:
      Nutritionist is a great thing for you if you are willing to do as they ask. You need to find one that is understanding of the vegetarian diet first of all. You can find some that are reasonable and yet helpful. Have you done a search online? Asking questions on Yahoo is a good thing there may be someone with the same disorder.

  29. QUESTION:
    biology article HELP!!!!!?
    ok is this considered biology and could i use it for a report in which im supposed to write about wat i learned form the article....

    A SUDDEN TURN: Gene Upshaw was diagnosed with pancreatic

    Gene Upshaw, the executive director of the National Football League Player's Association—the union for NFL players—died late Wednesday evening of pancreatic cancer while vacationing in California's Lake Tahoe. Doctors diagnosed the 63-year-old Hall of Fame offensive lineman with the disease just four days earlier.

    Upshaw was a guard for the Oakland Raiders from 1967 to 1981. He played in seven Pro Bowls and three Super Bowls. He served as head of the NFL player's union for 25 years.

    According to Bloomberg News, Upshaw's wife, Terri, took him to a hospital on Sunday, August 17th, because he was having trouble breathing. A biopsy revealed, much to everyone's surprise, that he had advanced pancreatic cancer.

    In March, actor Patrick Swayze—star of the hit 1980s film Dirty Dancing—revealed he had been diagnosed with the illness in January. Doctors' reports indicated they had caught his cancer relatively early.

    The pancreas secretes hormones and enzymes to digest our fats. One of those hormones is insulin, which prompts the body to use sugar in the blood rather than fat as energy. Its levels are low in diabetic patients, who suffer from abnormally high blood sugar.

    Only one fifth of Americans diagnosed with pancreatic cancer survive for a full year, according to the American Cancer Society, and it is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the country.

    How does the disease develop without noticeable symptoms and then kill so quickly?

    To find out, ScientificAmerican.com called Allyson Ocean, an oncologist at New York–Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, who specializes in gastrointestinal cancers including pancreatic cancer. An edited transcript follows:

    Why does pancreatic cancer kill so quickly?
    Pancreatic cancer is typically diagnosed at a late stage because it doesn't cause symptoms until it's too late. Weight loss, abdominal pain, jaundice [a yellowing of the skin due to toxic buildup in the liver]—those are the most common symptoms. They usually start after the tumor is a significant size. By then, chances are, it has metastasized [that is, spread to other parts of the body].

    Only about 10 to 15 percent of pancreatic cancers are diagnosed when they could be considered for surgery. And the prognosis is poor even in patients who do have surgery, because it comes back about 85 percent of the time. At best, 25 to 30 percent of patients are alive five years after surgery.

    When doctors do pancreatic cancer surgery, they take out 95 percent of the pancreas, including the tumor, and then they leave a small remnant of the pancreas in there that serves [the insulin-producing] functions.

    If a person can live without a fully functional pancreas, then what, ultimately, kills most pancreatic cancer patients?
    When most patients die of pancreatic cancer, they die of liver failure from their liver being taken over by tumor.

    What precludes doctors from performing surgery on late-stage patients like Upshaw?
    We don't do surgery if the tumor has already spread outside the pancreas, because there's no survival benefit in removing the tumor. We also sometimes can't do surgery [when the tumor] involves the great blood vessels, the superior mesenteric vein and superior mesenteric artery. Those are the main vessels that come off of the aorta, the main artery in our body. If the tumor is wrapped around those blood vessels, then we can't take it out.

    Why is this particular cancer so aggressive?
    Because of the nature of the tumor cells. They escape the treatments, they hide out, and then they come back. And they grow again and they affect the liver and then they kill people.

    What are the biggest risk factors for pancreatic cancer?
    The biggest known risk factors are smoking and family history—it can be a hereditary disease. Then there are some other more obscure risk factors, such as defects in the anatomy of the pancreas, but that's very rare.

    What factors affect how early a person gets diagnosed?
    Depending on where the cancer is diagnosed in the pancreas, it can affect how soon it's diagnosed. For instance, if the cancer is in the head of the pancreas, which is close to the common bile duct, and it grows and it causes obstruction of the common bile duct, a patient can get jaundiced. And then they could [show symptoms] sooner than someone whose pancreatic cancer is in another part of the pancreas, like the tail. They would not present with jaundice, so we would not have a clue that there was necessarily anything wrong with them.

    What are some of main symptoms as the cancer progresses?
    Unexplained weight loss, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting. Back pain is another one, because the pancreas is very posterior in the body. Back pain is also the most common complaint that p

    • ANSWER:
      Yes that's Biology. You can use it.

  30. QUESTION:
    Blake's project for file block?
    Their next study took 9 years. They started by interviewing over 3000 men aged 35-50. By observing their manners of speaking and other behavioral patterns, they were able to separate them into two groups: Type A & Type B.

    Type A-The most reactive, aggressive, competitive, hard-driving, easily angered, time conscious, and insecure about their status in life.

    Type B- Patient, relaxed, and easy-going, in contrast with type A.

    At the end of the 9 year study, 257 men had suffered heart attacks: 69% of them being type A personality. Interestingly, not one of the “pure” type B –the most mellow and laid back- had heart attacks.

    Our heart and minds interact. For instance, type A’s aggression and negative emotion forms in them a toxic core. By being “combat ready” their blood flow is directed to their muscles and away from the filtering organs like the liver, thus allowing the excess cholesterol and fat -that would normally have been removed- to seep into their heart. With the excess cholesterol blocking the way, it’s only a matter of time before some future stress triggers a heart attack.

    More than just drive can kill you. Pessimism can be toxic. In a 1991-2001 study of 1306 initially healthy men, Dr. Laura Kubransky found that 17% of pessimists had developed heart disease, more than double the only 7% of optimists who had.

    Depression is lethal. In a study of 7406 women 67 and older, 24% of women with 6 or more depression symptoms died within 6 years, compared to the only 7% without depression.

    Overall, the important thing to remember is that the heart follows the mind; if your mind is healthy, your heart will follow suite! (Unless your obese or are a smoker)

    • ANSWER:
      Thanks for the information ,,

  31. QUESTION:
    Any experts on Atkins or South Beach or other low carb high nutrition diets for comments?
    I am looking for any expert advisers who would take the time to comment on my views.

    Simply because I do not want to steer anyone down a path to poor health since I have been down several myself and with bad results.

    So I am seeking comments on my post that follows:

    <<<<<<<>>>>>>>>

    Hi,

    After reading your question I thought I would give you some pointers I have learned the hard way from my own bad 'uninformed' choices.

    Keeping to any plan that fights against bad habits is tough but being fit and strong versus being fat and sickly is all about how many calories you eat versus how many you burn and IF the calories are mostly the BEST QUALITY PROTEINS or mostly junk sugar-carbs.

    Many years ago I found that the Atkins Diet Plan made me healthier compared to my old high carb diet since it put my diabetes symptoms into remission, but PLEASE consider my experiences when I used the Atkins high cholesterol and fat philosophy for my long term nutrition.

    After the Atkins plan promoted many diseases, what now works best in order for me to keep my pruritus-urticaria in remission, after my gallbladder-biliary-liver and heart disease problems, is a 96% VEGAN diet, (for the required B12), that is low-carb low-fat and HIGH-PROTEIN. Because of my gallbladder-biliary-liver disease I no longer can eat much olive oil or dressings or nuts or other fats or any cholesterol because it causes immediate pruritus since my liver’s biliary system is plugged with cholesterol and calcium sludge, and I can not eat too many carbs because of yeast infections that break out after one, two, or three high carb meals.

    What I now do is what they teach most students in high school nutrition classes - which is to add up the vitamins and minerals from my ‘digestible’ foods and calculating the RDA's [Recommended Dietary Allowances] or DV's [Daily Reference Values] for each day to see if I am more than 100% for Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Zinc, Thiamine-VitB1, Riboflavin-VitB2, Niacin-VitB3, VitB6-Pyridoxine, and Folate-VitB9. Things like bran are not digestible and not added since it is like a work horse or work oxen eating straw instead of digestible grass or alfalfa leaves.

    Also, after I accidentally poisoned myself with supplements, I leaned that supplements like iron and magnesium and colloidal silver etc are super toxic since they are 'metallic' minerals and oftentimes raw fertilizers with a 1000 fold markup. These ‘metallic’ mineral supplements have not yet been converted into a non-toxic food when during photosynthesis the electrons in a fertilizer are stripped away making it the more positively charged ‘non-metallic’ and non-toxic mineral element within the plant. Also, the highly profitable synthetic vitamin supplements I used to purchase have no unambiguous research backing them, and there is some obviously valid research concluding that they are more toxic than beneficial to any animal that has ever consumed them.

    What now keeps my diseases in remission is mostly a diet of cooked lentils then mixed with tomato sauce and boiled celery to make a quick microwave super high protein veg-chili. I boil all my foods since my digestive system is in such poor shape and I need as many nutrients as I can get out of the semi-expensive foods I buy.

    I used to eat much more meat when I was an Atkins dieter, before my pruritus attacks became so obvious that the cholesterol and fats in the meat or eggs and the calcium in the homemade yogurt I was eating was the root cause to the problem. FYI - IF you know of people getting colon cancer, it was during my Atkins period I learned to always eat enough vegetables to be a minimum of 2 x the weight of the meat that I ate - in order to not have any constipation or worse. I used to have reddish stools since I was likely on my way to getting colon cancer myself from eating much more meat protein than I could ever digest properly in my stomach and colon.

    After the Atkins Diet allowed my present health issues, I replaced the crock potted round steak or beef heart or chicken and sometimes river trout in my chili with lentils, because I learned that the nutritional content of lentils ranks high alongside, and comparable to, very lean meat or lean fish if it is grown in well fertilized soil. [Note: e.g. the labels on store bought spinach sometimes have a 4 fold difference in nutrition based upon the fertility of the soils and the growing methods for the farms it is grown on.]

    I also eat a-lot of boiled frozen broccoli and boiled organic or re-washed and re-boiled canned spinach with a vinaigrette of organic sugar with glass_bottled_cider_vinegar. The glassware is because of some friends that got lupus from eating too much plastic stuff, or inhaling it since they were house painters who used vinyl paints.
    The nutritional DV numbers that I now eat are three times what most others in my family are eating every day. I keep at about 100% and they are about 25 to 33%, but they are all morbidly obese diabetics. Even though I was once morbidly obese myself and had a heart attack from too many carbs for too long, (which I think gave me all the symptoms of beriberi, scurvy and pellagra, along with the beginnings of my gallbladder-biliary-liver disease), I am now more fit in comparison to most others I know.

    I hope you have learned something from my ‘mistakes’ that will soon help you along your way.

    <><

    My best to you and for your good health,
    A1
    [(-:]

    PS1 - I currently feel that what Dr. Fuhrman MD teaches is the best nutritional information available in the nation.

    http://www.diseaseproof.com/archives/cat-low-carb-high-protein.html

    http://www.nutritiondata.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2627/2

    http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=43
    http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/search/

    PS2 - Boiling spinach can reduce the pesticides from 80 to 95%+ as per canning studies done in the 70's, by boiling the pesticides off with the steam - after boiling it long enough to pull the pesticides out of the plant. Boiling also reduces the hundreds of percents of acid carbs, like folic acid, that makes eating a lot of raw spinach not digest easily and it would sometimes cause loose stools, and also breaks it down a first step so it is then easier to digest in the stomach. It also kills any bacteria or e-coli problems that may have somehow been introduced into the raw or commercially canned produce.

    http://www.foodnews.org/index.php

    • ANSWER:
      i was onj atkins for 2 months lost 4 dress sizes,but when i stop the diet i gained double

  32. QUESTION:
    i need someone to help me please?
    What does cholesterol do?

    A. It makes steroids.
    B. It provides crucial amino acids.

    C. It reduces the chances of developing atherosclerosis.

    D. It reduces dependency on saturated fats.

    8. Suppose you're a physician treating an infant with respiratory distress syndrome. Your intervention to effect relief of the baby's symptoms will involve

    A. alveolar macrophages.
    B. an artificial surfactant.

    C. antibiotics.

    D. oxygen.

    9. Ligaments join bones to

    A. muscles.
    B. bones.

    C. joints.

    D. cartilage.

    10. An oxygen molecule is inhaled by a human. After hitching a ride on a red blood cell, its next stop will be the _______ of the heart.

    A. left ventricle
    B. left atrium

    C. right ventricle

    D. right atrium

    11. Oxygenated red blood cells arrive at capillaries through

    A. arterioles.
    B. cell walls.

    C. venules.

    D. capillary walls.

    12. Erythropoitein, which stimulates red blood cell production, is produced by the

    A. red bone marrow.
    B. pituitary gland.

    C. kidneys.

    D. adrenal glands.

    13. What would probably happen if your liver stopped producing sufficient quantities of bile salts?

    A. You would develop gallstones.
    B. Your small intestine would have trouble breaking up fat globules.

    C. Your small intestine would have trouble neutralizing acid from your stomach.

    D. You would develop chronic heartburn.

    14. During the inflammatory response, what causes arterioles in the damaged area to dilate?

    A. Interferon
    B. Macrophage action

    C. Histamine

    D. Swelling and heat

    15. What do platelets and red blood cells have in common?

    A. Both are produced by large, multinucleated cells in red bone marrow.
    B. Both produce fibrin.

    C. Both are actually just tiny cell fragments.

    D. Neither has a nucleus.

    16. The aorta serves as a superhighway for

    A. oxygenated blood being pumped from the right ventricle.
    B. deoxygenated blood on its way to the lungs from the right atrium.

    C. deoxygenated blood on its way to the body from the left atrium.

    D. oxygenated blood being pumped from the left ventricle.

    17. Which one of the following statements is accurate for vitamins?

    A. When they're water-soluble, like vitamin A, they serve as antioxidants.
    B. They are recycled in the body to be used again and again.

    C. All of them are functional foods.

    D. They include minerals like calcium and potassium.

    18. The sinoatrial node is located in the

    A. right ventricle.
    B. left ventricle.

    C. right atrium.

    D. left atrium.

    19. In what part of the respiratory system does the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occur?

    A. Larynx
    B. Trachea

    C. Lungs

    D. Pharynx

    20. In rheumatic fever, damage to the heart valves is directly caused by

    A. an uncontrolled spread of streptococcus bacteria.
    B. protein antibodies produced to defend the body against streptococcus bacteria.

    C. the contest between streptococcus and antibodies that takes place in the body.

    D. a heart murmur due to weakness in the heart valves

    • ANSWER:
      7 A
      8 D
      9 B
      10 B
      11 A
      12 I don't know
      13 I don't nkow, but would guess B
      14 C
      15 I don't know, but I would guess D or A
      16 D
      17 None of the above
      18 I don't remember
      19 C
      20 I don't know

  33. QUESTION:
    Please help me with my science questions?
    these are questions i need to answer that i have no idea what the answers are. please help and tell me how sure you are on the questions you know.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      Part 1

      1. b , 2. d, 3. b

      Part 2

      2. gastro reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histmaine
      9. Crohn's
      10. Hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

  34. QUESTION:
    Please help him with these science questions?
    i need help with these questions im stuck on

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      MULTIPLE CHOICE:

      1. B
      2. D
      3. A
      4. C
      5. C
      6. A
      7. A

      FILL IN THE BLANKS:

      1. GALLSTONES
      2. GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX
      3. HIATAL HERNIA
      4. HEARTBURN
      5. PYLORIC STENOSIS
      6. ULCER
      7. H. PYLORI
      8. HISTAMINE
      9. CROHN'S DISEASE
      10. HEPATITIS A
      11. DIVERTICULA
      12. DIARRHEA
      13. CONSTIPATION

  35. QUESTION:
    Can anyone answer these questions about science?
    please help me with these science questions. if you only know one answer then that is enough to satisfy me.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      1. B
      2. B
      3. A
      4. A
      5. A
      6. A
      7. C

      1. gallstones
      2. gastroesophageal reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histamine
      9. Chrohns Disease
      10. hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

      I'm not so sure about #2 in the first part, but think I have the rest of them right. Hope so. Next time, you must do your own homework. I'll help you out this time.

  36. QUESTION:
    Nutrients in Digestive System? Urget, please help!?
    I have a bio test on this stuff in 2 days and would like an answer key to help me study from, all I need is your help! Please? Thanks!

    1. All organic compunds contain
    a) sulfur
    b) nitrogen
    c) carbon
    d) phosphorus

    2. Which one of the following biochemical groups is not considered organic?
    a) carbohydrates
    b) lipids
    c) proteins
    d) minerals

    3. Which of the following biochemicals would be used as a first source of energy by the body?
    a) fats
    b) carbohydrates
    c) muscles
    d) glucose

    4. Polysaccharides (such as starch, gycogen, and cellulose) are long chain polymers of
    a) fructose
    b) sucrose
    c) amylase
    d) glucose

    5. Excess simple sugars in our bodies are stored in the liver in the form of
    a) glycogen
    b) startch
    c) glucose
    d) fat

    6. __________ aids in the retention of water by the large intestine, prevents constipation, and reduces the likelihood of colon cancer.
    a) vitamin K
    b) fiber
    c) cholesterol
    d) sulfur

    7. Lipid molecules with single bonds and the maximum number of hydrogen atoms present are called:
    a) vegetable fats
    b) unsaturated fatty acids
    c) saturated fatty acuds
    d) none of the above

    8. Which of the following is not a lipid?
    a) cholesterol
    b) glycogen
    c) wax
    d) oils

    9. Triglycerides, steroids and cholesterol are all
    a) carbohydrates
    b) proteins
    c) lipids
    d) vitamins

    10. Cell membranes are made up of:
    a) sugars and proteins
    b) carbohydrates and fats
    c) lipids and proteins
    d) startch and fats

    11. There are 10 amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the human body and must be obtained in the diet. These are called __________ amino acids.
    a) essential
    b) non-essential
    c) complex
    d) simple

    12. A strict vegetarian diet is dangerous because:
    a) it doesn't provide enough calories
    b) it doesn't provide enough fat
    c) it doesn't provide the necessary essential amino acids
    d) it doesn't provide enough vitamins and minerals

    13. Which of the substances below is not a protein?
    a) sucrase
    b) pepsin
    c) gastrin
    d) lactose

    14. Match the following molecules with their digestive end-products: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids,
    a) amino acids, glucose molecules, glycerol and fatty acids, nucleotides
    b) glucose molecules, glycerol and fatty acids, amino acids, nucleotides
    c) glycerol and fatty acids, glucose molecules, nucleotides, amino acids
    d) nucleotides, glycerol and fatty acids, glucose molecules, amino acids

    15. What is the function of many water soluble vitamins?
    a) subsitute for amino acids
    b) functions as enzymes
    c) functions as coenzymes
    d) substitute for minerals

    16. Bacertia in the large intestine of humans are the chief source of vitamin:
    a) K
    b) C
    c) B
    d) A

    17. __________ is the beauty vitamin. Dry, itchy skin and poor night vision are two symptoms of a deficiency of this vitamin.
    a) A
    b) B
    c) C
    d) D

    18. Which of the following minerals is a structural component of teeth and bones?
    a) iodine
    b) calcium
    c) sodium
    d) sulfur

    19. _______ is an infancy and childhood disease characterized by the bowing of the legs that is the result of a Vitamin D deficiency.
    a) Goitre
    b) Rickets
    c) Scurvy
    d) Anemia

    20. The following obersvations were obtained when 2 unknown food samples were subjected to 4 different tests.

    FOOD TEST SAMPLE X SAMPLE Y
    Biuret Test violet light blue
    Iodine Test red-orange black
    Benedict's Test orange yellow
    Sudan IV Test Sudan IV dissolved Sudan IV dissolved

    The similarity between food samples X and Y is that both
    a) contain sugar
    b) contain starch
    c) lack protein
    d) do not contain lipids

    21. When Benedict's solution is added to a foodstuff and heated, the presence of yellowish-orange precipitate indicates that the foodstuff contains:
    a) starches
    b) reducing sugars
    c) proteins
    d) lipids

    22. Use the following information to answer the question below.

    Beans Milk Bread Oatmeal
    Benedict's Test - - + -
    Sudan IV Dye + + - -
    Iodine Test + - + -
    Biuret Test + + - +

    Key: positive test = +
    negative test = -

    A reducing sugar may be found in
    a) beans, oatmeal, and bread
    b) milk
    c) bread
    d) oatmeal and bread

    23. When egg white was tested for the presence of a protein, a deep purple solution formed. The indicator added to the egg solution was
    a) Sudan IV
    b) Iodine
    c) Biuret Reagent
    d) Benedict's Solution

    24. A positive transluscence test will confirm that a _________ was being tested.
    a) carbohydrate
    b) protein
    c) lipid
    d) vitamin

    • ANSWER:
      c
      d
      a
      b
      d
      b
      a
      c
      c
      d
      b
      There I did half!

  37. QUESTION:
    Nutrition in the Digestive System?
    I would appreciate help with these 25 multiple choice questions, best answer given! Please I am really stuck, thanks...

    1. All organic compunds contain
    a) sulfur
    b) nitrogen
    c) carbon
    d) phosphorus

    2. Which one of the following biochemical groups is not considered organic?
    a) carbohydrates
    b) lipids
    c) proteins
    d) minerals

    3. Which of the following biochemicals would be used as a first source of energy by the body?
    a) fats
    b) carbohydrates
    c) muscles
    d) glucose

    4. Polysaccharides (such as starch, gycogen, and cellulose) are long chain polymers of
    a) fructose
    b) sucrose
    c) amylase
    d) glucose

    5. Excess simple sugars in our bodies are stored in the liver in the form of
    a) glycogen
    b) startch
    c) glucose
    d) fat

    6. __________ aids in the retention of water by the large intestine, prevents constipation, and reduces the likelihood of colon cancer.
    a) vitamin K
    b) fiber
    c) cholesterol
    d) sulfur

    7. Lipid molecules with single bonds and the maximum number of hydrogen atoms present are called:
    a) vegetable fats
    b) unsaturated fatty acids
    c) saturated fatty acuds
    d) none of the above

    8. Which of the following is not a lipid?
    a) cholesterol
    b) glycogen
    c) wax
    d) oils

    9. Triglycerides, steroids and cholesterol are all
    a) carbohydrates
    b) proteins
    c) lipids
    d) vitamins

    10. Cell membranes are made up of:
    a) sugars and proteins
    b) carbohydrates and fats
    c) lipids and proteins
    d) startch and fats

    11. There are 10 amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the human body and must be obtained in the diet. These are called __________ amino acids.
    a) essential
    b) non-essential
    c) complex
    d) simple

    12. A strict vegetarian diet is dangerous because:
    a) it doesn't provide enough calories
    b) it doesn't provide enough fat
    c) it doesn't provide the necessary essential amino acids
    d) it doesn't provide enough vitamins and minerals

    13. Which of the substances below is not a protein?
    a) sucrase
    b) pepsin
    c) gastrin
    d) lactose

    14. Match the following molecules with their digestive end-products: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids,
    a) amino acids, glucose molecules, glycerol and fatty acids, nucleotides
    b) glucose molecules, glycerol and fatty acids, amino acids, nucleotides
    c) glycerol and fatty acids, glucose molecules, nucleotides, amino acids
    d) nucleotides, glycerol and fatty acids, glucose molecules, amino acids

    15. What is the function of many water soluble vitamins?
    a) subsitute for amino acids
    b) functions as enzymes
    c) functions as coenzymes
    d) substitute for minerals

    16. Bacertia in the large intestine of humans are the chief source of vitamin:
    a) K
    b) C
    c) B
    d) A

    17. __________ is the beauty vitamin. Dry, itchy skin and poor night vision are two symptoms of a deficiency of this vitamin.
    a) A
    b) B
    c) C
    d) D

    18. Which of the following minerals is a structural component of teeth and bones?
    a) iodine
    b) calcium
    c) sodium
    d) sulfur

    19. _______ is an infancy and childhood disease characterized by the bowing of the legs that is the result of a Vitamin D deficiency.
    a) Goitre
    b) Rickets
    c) Scurvy
    d) Anemia

    20. The mineral _______ is added to water to strengthen teeth. It is also found in toothpaste.
    a) calcium
    b) phosphorus
    c) iodine
    d) fluorine

    21. The following obersvations were obtained when 2 unknown food samples were subjected to 4 different tests.

    FOOD TEST SAMPLE X SAMPLE Y
    Biuret Test violet light blue
    Iodine Test red-orange black
    Benedict's Test orange yellow
    Sudan IV Test Sudan IV dissolved Sudan IV dissolved

    The similarity between food samples X and Y is that both
    a) contain sugar
    b) contain starch
    c) lack protein
    d) do not contain lipids

    22. When Benedict's solution is added to a foodstuff and heated, the presence of yellowish-orange precipitate indicates that the foodstuff contains:
    a) starches
    b) reducing sugars
    c) proteins
    d) lipids

    23. Use the following information to answer the question below.

    Beans Milk Bread Oatmeal
    Benedict's Test - - + -
    Sudan IV Dye + + - -
    Iodine Test + - + -
    Biuret Test + + - +

    Key: positive test = +
    negative test = -

    A reducing sugar may be found in
    a) beans, oatmeal, and bread
    b) milk
    c) bread
    d) oatmeal and bread

    24. When egg white was tested for the presence of a protein, a deep purple solution formed. The indicator added to the egg solution was
    a) Sudan IV
    b) Iodine
    c) Biuret Reagent
    d) Benedict's Solution

    25. A positive transluscence test will confirm that a _________ was being t

    • ANSWER:
      the first one is carbon

      you should just search these questions on answers.yahoo.com
      they're there.

  38. QUESTION:
    I have some questions and need your help?
    1. Some of pleasure derived from smoking cigarettes is really due to the relief of unpleasant nicotine withdrawal symptoms? TRUE OR FALSE?

    2. Carbohydrates and fats generally...?
    SUPPLY ENERGY, MAKE VITAMINS, STIMULATE TISSUE GROWTH, OR BUILD MUSCLE?

    3. When liver cells die in large numbers during years of alcohol abuse, connective tissue fills in the spaces left by dead cells in a condition known as....?
    FATTY LIVER, LIVER CANCER, CIRRHOSIS, OR CARDIOMYOPATHY?
    (I'm thinking its either fatty liver or cirrhosis?)

    4. Why do women generally have a lower metabolic rates than men??
    THEY HAVE SMALLER THYROID GLANDS THAN MEN....TRUE OR FALSE?
    (true?)

    5. When caloric intakes are very low, the body....?
    GAINS LEAN MUSCLE MASS
    STORES CELLULITES AROUND THE WAISTLINE
    INCREASES ITS METABOLIC RATE
    OR BURNS LEAN TISSUES FOR ENERGY?

    • ANSWER:
      1.TRUE
      2.supplies energy,makes vitamins and builds muscle you need fat to build muscle
      3.It could be liver cancer
      4.true
      5.BURNS LEAN TISSUES FOR ENERGY

  39. QUESTION:
    Why do people come to the United States for health care? When they have the rest of the world to choose from?
    Visitors seeking U.S. health care fret over work
    By Ramit Plushnick-Masti, Associated Press
    GIBSONIA, Pa. — A bright girl with dark curls crowning her face, Matisse Reid has been sick all her life with a rare disorder that prevents her body from absorbing nutrients.

    She nibbles on beet salad for lunch, but Matisse's real meal — fats, nutrients and fluids — come from an intravenous line running from her backpack to a vein in her stomach. After six years of IV feedings, the pressure on her liver is becoming life-threatening and she is running out of usable veins. Often, she is doubled over with chronic pain and vomiting.

    After months of fundraising in their native New Zealand, Wayne and Jodee Reid, Matisse's parents, packed up their family of six and traveled 8,500 miles to Pittsburgh for a multi-organ transplant that could save their 6-year-old daughter's life.

    As they wait for a stomach, bowel and pancreas to become available, the Reids must draw from 0,000 they raised, money they are counting on to carry them through the years it will take Matisse to recover from her operation.

    Like other foreign families in the United States to obtain lifesaving medical care, the Reids are here on tourist visas, which do not allow them to find jobs. Families say that makes it more difficult to sustain themselves on the long journey of saving their children's lives, adding to their anxiety.

    "At the end of the day, we're just parents trying to do what's best for their children," Jodee said as Matisse, who is often in pain, played upstairs in the home they rent in this Pittsburgh suburb.

    The Reids arrived in Pittsburgh in January, expecting to spend about three years here for Matisse's operation and long recovery.

    But with the wait for the transplants expecting to take eight months to a year, they now realize they may have to stay closer to five years — and it's unclear whether the money they raised will be enough. If they spend only ,000 annually — a tight stretch for a family of six — the money will run out in about four years.

    Often, coming to the United States is the only choice for families seeking complicated transplants, leaving people who have always worked dependent on charitable people and organizations. On rare occasions, they are forced to return home.

    "There's no provision whatsoever, even for humanitarian grounds, to allow these people to work," said Bruce Larson, director of the international personnel office at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., which treated about 8,000 foreigners last year at its hospitals, including several hundred children.

    The federal government does not track how many of the millions of people who come here on tourist visas are seeking medical care.

    Working with the Mayo Clinic and St. Jude's Hospital in Memphis, Rep. Steve Cohen, D-Tenn., said he plans to sponsor a bill that would grant work permits to parents of children who need more than six months of medical care.

    But it could get hung up in the bitter debate over immigration reform. Cohen wants to attach his bill to the broader reform legislation, which collapsed in the Senate in June.

    "I should hope it would have support. It's logical, it's humane," Cohen said. "I can't imagine anyone thinking this would be a security risk. It's just a humanitarian issue."

    Matisse was born on Christmas Day 2000 with chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, a disorder in which the small or large intestines lose their ability to contract and push food, stool and air through the gastrointestinal tract. It affects fewer than 200,000 people in the United States and is most common in children and the elderly. The cause is unknown but symptoms include severe bowel problems — from vomiting and diarrhea to chronic pain.

    Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, where Matisse is awaiting the triple transplant, treats fewer than 30 international patients a year.

    Years of lobbying convinced the New Zealand government to cover the .4 million cost of Matisse's planned transplants. Independently, the Reids also raised nearly 0,000 in donations to sustain Matisse and her three siblings — Rachel, 15, Kalani, 9 and Fraanz, 2 — during the years it will take Matisse to recover.

    "It's only the highly motivated or those with some resources to raise money to come to another country, whether it's England, France or the United States, can come," said Dr. George Mazariegos, director of pediatric transplants at Children's Hospital. "Right now the care is very disproportional to the need."

    Intestinal transplants have been done only about 1,300 times since 1989, nearly all in the United States, Mazariegos said.

    A study by a group of doctors in Columbus, Ohio, found that of eight children who underwent such transplants, two died a short while later. Of those who survived, the study found their lifestyles were significantly improved and at least three had normal bowel movements within 18 months.

    For the hundreds of foreigners who come to America every year seeking medical care, the issue of finances is ever present. Sometimes, medical care can take years, putting families in a financial bind.

    According to immigration attorneys, there are two alternatives for foreigners to receive work permits, and both are rarely effective.

    A family can open a small business. However, to ensure the business is viable they must invest at least 0,000. In this case, the owners of the business would have their visa status changed and they would get working papers.

    Getting hired by a research institute, such as a university, can also provide a work visa. However, there are just a few thousand such visas issued annually and they normally expire within days of the lottery. Non-profit research institutes, such as hospitals, do have an unlimited number of work visas that they can issue annually and a foreigner hired by such an institution could get working papers as well.

    Wayne Reid is a carpenter by trade and desperately wants to work — to keep busy and earn money for the family. He said he was offered under-the-table odd jobs but he refuses to do anything that might jeopardize his daughter's treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      Because we have the best system in the world.

  40. QUESTION:
    █▓▓░█▓▓░ Chronic Anxiety (advise please)█▓▓░█▓▓░?
    Hi My names ben for the last 5 months ive stoped Cold turky eating Meats.. exept fat free ones that are processed.. which is not really good but ya.. ok well.. i started geting short of breath Severe chest pain that i kept thinking was heart related called EMS 324235238952710 times.. *47* to be exact.. Nothing wrong with heart.. went to hospital blood levels checked *basic* ENZYMES* for you know.. Fine.. then.. Finally went to PH doctor.. you know a physician.. and checked me out did EKG Fine.. but because my dad had a heart attack.. He decided to send me to a heart hospital here In San Antonio Texas.. They did ECHO and Stress. im waiting for ECHO results but stress test came back awesome.. as the doctor said.. *awesome* I have chronic Anxiety.. panic attacks etc.. about a month ago i devloped severe Shortness of breath *still had 100 % oxygen saturation from the finger thing* but i was feeling short of breath ALLLLLL DAY and night so i thought it would go away and it didnt then i devloped chest pains which are quite scary so here i am AGAIN calling ems.. they still hit me even today sometimes it feels exactually where the heart is at.. and sometimes in other places.. sometimes i feel a pulling sensation chest area.. but it goes away.. and mostly comes on when im VERY VERY NERVOUS!.. didn't think anxiety could cause that kinda closeness to major heart diease... so again...i searched and searched for any other suggestions.. looked and looked for hours on the PC HOURS! and days.. my exact symptoms.. and BAM Chest pain Shortness of breath *non cardiac* or lungs they did a lung test PERFECTLY FINE!!!!!!! Im 18 btw.. so i started and started and started and BAM ! when my dad had the heart attack i stoped eating all kinds of meats and dairy .. nothing but salads all day.. almost no SAT FAT IN ANYTHING... I kept looking and looking and looking AND BAM Vitamin B12 DEFIENCY symptoms EXACTUALY!!!!!! as said... on WEBMD and other medical websites.. so i took it apon my self to Get Some VitaminB12 Tabs from SamsClub MembersMark Vitamin B12 with high potency.. the one underthe tung thing WHICH TASTES AWESOME LIKE CANDY.. i just started taking them last night my symptoms are still there but NOT as bad? as they have been for the last 3 weeks..if it is Vitamin b12 definciny.. can it be possible that my fatigue is caused by that.. and my memory concentration really scrambled can that be because of vitamin b12 and can it cause shortness of breath? and chest pains? if so please explain to me if yall have it and what you have done to elievate it some what.. or all of it i get enough iron they checked for tapeworm non and liver kindney and everything else is fine.. could it be Vitamin b12 and Possibly Chronic Anxiety making me feel like im always dying and the Lorazapam calms me down when having chest pains... but they come and go and come and go sometimes on the right side sometimes on the left side I really hope yall took the time to read this and hopeffully will give me some experience yall may or may not have.. and if possible its vitamin b12 im also taking anothor vitamin supplement Centrum multimineral supplement Thanks for taking the time to read

    PLEASE READ THIS TO:

    yestarday i was feeling sucidale homocidale i went to the ER room and complained of chest pain to check me EKG fine.. White blood cell was a little high everyother test they did was fine.. so they made me wait in the Emergency room by the doors where they bring in patients and around 7pm I HAD THE WORST PANIC ATTACK IVE EVER EXPERIENCED IN MY LIFE!!!!!! I ALMOST FAINTED!!!!!! so many people hurt so many people screaming so many people in pain and BAM! ok.. so i feeling like im dying BEFORE I HAD THE PANIC ATTACK THEY TOOK THE BLOOD TESTS... ENZYMES IN HEART AND EKG. AFTER THE PANIC ATTACK SAME THING EKG NORMAL ENYMES NORMAL... NEGATIVE... WHITE BLOOD CELL ABOUT THE SAME A LITTLE LOWER... WHATS GOING ON!!!!!? OH AND THEY GAVE ME 5MB OF VALUM AND AND I FINALLY CALMED DOWN .. THEN IN THE UNIT I FELT BETTER.. BUT I STARTED GETTING ANXIETY CAUSE IT WAS LOCATED IN THE BASEMENT AND THERE WAS NO WINDOWS TO LOOK OUT OF... SO I TOLD THEM I NEEDED SOME MORE MEDICINE AND GAVE ME 1 MG of Atavan.. What does this sound like to yall

    If yall sufer from what im going threw tell me how you feel and what makes you feel that way and what triggers it

    • ANSWER:
      Your question named your disorder. You have CHRONIC anxiety disorder. Let me repeat myself...CHRONIC. I used to go threw similar situations as you but not as severe. I have found peace by taking a cocktail of prescription medicine's. I take Lamictal to stabilize my mood and calm the "snakes" in my head. I take Tramadol for pain but it is also an SNRI. I take 2mg of Klonopin whenever I freak out which is mostly in crowded places and while driving in heavy traffic. I end my chemical day with Diphenhydramine better known as benadryl and more Lamictal. If I didn't do this everyday I would be a complete basket case. You have been going to emergency rooms that have a goal to stabilize the human, prescribe what is needed RIGHT then not in the future, and get you back out the door. You need to find a good General Practitioner (GP) at a good family clinic. They can give you more personal treatment and refer you to any number of psychiatrists or psychologists that can prescribe Primo meds to help calm the BEAST in your mind.

  41. QUESTION:
    Vitamin B12 Definciy?
    Hi My names ben for the last 5 months ive stoped Cold turky eating Meats.. exept fat free ones that are processed.. which is not really good but ya.. ok well.. i started geting short of breath Severe chest pain that i kept thinking was heart related called EMS 324235238952710 times.. *47* to be exact.. Nothing wrong with heart.. went to hospital blood levels checked *basic* ENZYMES* for you know.. Fine.. then.. Finally went to PH doctor.. you know a physician.. and checked me out did EKG Fine.. but because my dad had a heart attack.. He decided to send me to a heart hospital here In San Antonio Texas.. They did ECHO and Stress. im waiting for ECHO results but stress test came back awesome.. as the doctor said.. *awesome* I have chronic Anxiety.. panic attacks etc.. about a month ago i devloped severe Shortness of breath *still had 100 % oxygen saturation from the finger thing* but i was feeling short of breath ALLLLLL DAY and night so i thought it would go away and it didnt then i devloped chest pains which are quite scary so here i am AGAIN calling ems.. they still hit me even today sometimes it feels exactually where the heart is at.. and sometimes in other places.. sometimes i feel a pulling sensation chest area.. but it goes away.. and mostly comes on when im VERY VERY NERVOUS!.. didn't think anxiety could cause that kinda closeness to major heart diease... so again...i searched and searched for any other suggestions.. looked and looked for hours on the PC HOURS! and days.. my exact symptoms.. and BAM Chest pain Shortness of breath *non cardiac* or lungs they did a lung test PERFECTLY FINE!!!!!!! Im 18 btw.. so i started and started and started and BAM ! when my dad had the heart attack i stoped eating all kinds of meats and dairy .. nothing but salads all day.. almost no SAT FAT IN ANYTHING... I kept looking and looking and looking AND BAM Vitamin B12 DEFIENCY symptoms EXACTUALY!!!!!! as said... on WEBMD and other medical websites.. so i took it apon my self to Get Some VitaminB12 Tabs from SamsClub MembersMark Vitamin B12 with high potency.. the one underthe tung thing WHICH TASTES AWESOME LIKE CANDY.. i just started taking them last night my symptoms are still there but NOT as bad? as they have been for the last 3 weeks..if it is Vitamin b12 definciny.. can it be possible that my fatigue is caused by that.. and my memory concentration really scrambled can that be because of vitamin b12 and can it cause shortness of breath? and chest pains? if so please explain to me if yall have it and what you have done to elievate it some what.. or all of it i get enough iron they checked for tapeworm non and liver kindney and everything else is fine.. could it be Vitamin b12 and Possibly Chronic Anxiety making me feel like im always dying and the Lorazapam calms me down when having chest pains... but they come and go and come and go sometimes on the right side sometimes on the left side I really hope yall took the time to read this and hopeffully will give me some experience yall may or may not have.. and if possible its vitamin b12 im also taking anothor vitamin supplement Centrum multimineral supplement Thanks for taking the time to read
    STOP SPAMMING

    • ANSWER:
      B12 deficiency generally does not cause chest pain. It can, however, cause shortness of breath, fatigue, confusion, memory problems, etc. It is probable that your chest pain is related to anxiety. Panic attacks can indeed cause chest pain and be confused with a heart attack.

      If you feel like the B12 tablets help you feel better, go ahead and take them. B12 is a water soluble vitamin, meaning that any extra you take in will be excreted in your urine, so you can't really overdose (but in general, it's still a good idea to follow the dosing instructions on the supplement).

      You would not become deficient in B12 just by stopping meat for 5 months. B12 is found in other animal products such as milk and cheese, and is also present in fortified foods like cereals. Plus, it's stored in the body so that it takes a long time to become deficient enough to show symptoms, even if you stop taking in any.

      There is a condition, however, where your body cannot absorb B12 even if you are eating it. There are specialized cells in the stomach lining which secrete a substance called intrinsic factor. Intrinsic factor binds with B12 in the stomach and allows it to be absorbed in the intestines. If you don't have any intrinsic factor, you won't be able to absorb B12. In some people, the body makes antibodies against those cells and destroys them, so there is no intrinsic factor and thus no B12. This condition is called pernicious anemia.

      Also, in some people (like me) the body doesn't destroy the cells, but still doesn't absorb B12 well, so supplementation is necessary.

      If you really want an answer, you should stop taking the B12 and go to the doctor. They can run a blood test to check your B12 levels, and they can also check for those antibodies. The reason I say to stop the B12, is because a deficiency may not show up if you are supplementing.

      But if you feel better on the B12 and don't care about an official diagnosis, then just go ahead and take the B12.

  42. QUESTION:
    Chronic Anxiety (Advice Please)?
    Hi My names ben for the last 5 months ive stoped Cold turky eating Meats.. exept fat free ones that are processed.. which is not really good but ya.. ok well.. i started geting short of breath Severe chest pain that i kept thinking was heart related called EMS 324235238952710 times.. *47* to be exact.. Nothing wrong with heart.. went to hospital blood levels checked *basic* ENZYMES* for you know.. Fine.. then.. Finally went to PH doctor.. you know a physician.. and checked me out did EKG Fine.. but because my dad had a heart attack.. He decided to send me to a heart hospital here In San Antonio Texas.. They did ECHO and Stress. im waiting for ECHO results but stress test came back awesome.. as the doctor said.. *awesome* I have chronic Anxiety.. panic attacks etc.. about a month ago i devloped severe Shortness of breath *still had 100 % oxygen saturation from the finger thing* but i was feeling short of breath ALLLLLL DAY and night so i thought it would go away and it didnt then i devloped chest pains which are quite scary so here i am AGAIN calling ems.. they still hit me even today sometimes it feels exactually where the heart is at.. and sometimes in other places.. sometimes i feel a pulling sensation chest area.. but it goes away.. and mostly comes on when im VERY VERY NERVOUS!.. didn't think anxiety could cause that kinda closeness to major heart diease... so again...i searched and searched for any other suggestions.. looked and looked for hours on the PC HOURS! and days.. my exact symptoms.. and BAM Chest pain Shortness of breath *non cardiac* or lungs they did a lung test PERFECTLY FINE!!!!!!! Im 18 btw.. so i started and started and started and BAM ! when my dad had the heart attack i stoped eating all kinds of meats and dairy .. nothing but salads all day.. almost no SAT FAT IN ANYTHING... I kept looking and looking and looking AND BAM Vitamin B12 DEFIENCY symptoms EXACTUALY!!!!!! as said... on WEBMD and other medical websites.. so i took it apon my self to Get Some VitaminB12 Tabs from SamsClub MembersMark Vitamin B12 with high potency.. the one underthe tung thing WHICH TASTES AWESOME LIKE CANDY.. i just started taking them last night my symptoms are still there but NOT as bad? as they have been for the last 3 weeks..if it is Vitamin b12 definciny.. can it be possible that my fatigue is caused by that.. and my memory concentration really scrambled can that be because of vitamin b12 and can it cause shortness of breath? and chest pains? if so please explain to me if yall have it and what you have done to elievate it some what.. or all of it i get enough iron they checked for tapeworm non and liver kindney and everything else is fine.. could it be Vitamin b12 and Possibly Chronic Anxiety making me feel like im always dying and the Lorazapam calms me down when having chest pains... but they come and go and come and go sometimes on the right side sometimes on the left side I really hope yall took the time to read this and hopeffully will give me some experience yall may or may not have.. and if possible its vitamin b12 im also taking anothor vitamin supplement Centrum multimineral supplement Thanks for taking the time to read

    PLEASE READ THIS TO:

    yestarday i was feeling sucidale homocidale i went to the ER room and complained of chest pain to check me EKG fine.. White blood cell was a little high everyother test they did was fine.. so they made me wait in the Emergency room by the doors where they bring in patients and around 7pm I HAD THE WORST PANIC ATTACK IVE EVER EXPERIENCED IN MY LIFE!!!!!! I ALMOST FAINTED!!!!!! so many people hurt so many people screaming so many people in pain and BAM! ok.. so i feeling like im dying BEFORE I HAD THE PANIC ATTACK THEY TOOK THE BLOOD TESTS... ENZYMES IN HEART AND EKG. AFTER THE PANIC ATTACK SAME THING EKG NORMAL ENYMES NORMAL... NEGATIVE... WHITE BLOOD CELL ABOUT THE SAME A LITTLE LOWER... WHATS GOING ON!!!!!? OH AND THEY GAVE ME 5MB OF VALUM AND AND I FINALLY CALMED DOWN .. THEN IN THE UNIT I FELT BETTER.. BUT I STARTED GETTING ANXIETY CAUSE IT WAS LOCATED IN THE BASEMENT AND THERE WAS NO WINDOWS TO LOOK OUT OF... SO I TOLD THEM I NEEDED SOME MORE MEDICINE AND GAVE ME 1 MG of Atavan.. What does this sound like to yall

    • ANSWER:
      You need to see a psychiatry, to get your life settled down. I also have anxiety and panic attacks, plus ADHD and depression. A psychiatrist can help you find out what is causing the panic attacks and the anxiety. They will help you find the medications that you may need to over come the anxiety, panic attacks and other issues. Just remember that it takes time to find the right medications, I know. I have seeing my doctor for awhile, and he is still working on my medications. I am taking Zoloft for the depression and gabapentine for the anxiety. Good Luck

  43. QUESTION:
    I have an undiagnosed condition and need help!?
    I am a 20 year old female who has been having stomach problems for the past year or so, and it has gotten much worse in the past six months. The symptoms are now starting to affect more parts of my body, and the pain can be debilitating and is affecting my schoolwork. I was tested for thyroid issues and Celiac, but both were negative. I also went to the ER for abdominal pain a few weeks ago, but that didn't turn up any new results.

    Here is a list of symptoms:

    Digestive symptoms - abdominal pain (sometimes crampy and all over, sometimes very sharp in right upper abdomen or left lower abdomen, sometimes made worse coughing or sneezing), LOTS of diarrhea, undigested food in stool almost every day, sometimes fat or mucus in stool, loss of appetite, lots of extreme bloating, some nausea/heartburn/dry-heaving, sometimes foods taste very different than they should (ex - candy tasting extremely acidic, milk tasting like sushi, plain white rice tasting nutty)

    Skin symptoms - I get a red skin rash almost every night or afternoon. It's itchy, not raised, and not dry. It's not related to any contact allergy or physical activity. Sometimes, it seems to happen more often or with more severity when I feel really warm or cold. My hair has thinned significantly in the past year, and I've started getting coarser hair elsewhere on my body (arms, face). My skin feels itchy most of the time.

    Nervous symptoms - extreme fatigue/malaise, depression/anxiety, headaches, trouble concentrating, photophobia and phonophobia, increased sensitivity to cold and heat, numbness in fingers

    Other symptoms - occasional low-grade fever, muscle weakness/pain, joint pain/swelling, easy bruising (once I got a bruise from the elastic band on my sweatpants and it wasn't tight, another time on my arm from holding a package - the bruise was in a line from where the package was resting against my arm), I had some very mild jaundice and green-tinted urine at one point. I'm anemic and have high liver function according to the most recent tests. I don't drink, and I don't take any drugs unless they are prescribed (I deal with headaches by drinking water and resting). Small doses of Lortab helped relieve many of the digestive symptoms (prescribed by the ER). Diseases that have come up with my doctor are: lupus, Crohn's or ulcerative colitis, IBS, Celiac (apparently false negatives are common?), and diverticulitis. Also, gallstones and pancreatic cancer were suggested, but less likely. We are pretty sure it's autoimmune.

    I'm sick of being sick, and am reaching out for help in every place possible. I would love any suggestions or ideas, questions to ask my doctor, tests to request, warm thoughts, or stories (if you had a similar illness and got a diagnosis or found a way to manage the symptoms). I'm seeing my doctor next week, but because I've already gone through two series of tests, I want to be more prepared this time to help lead to a diagnosis more quickly. Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      You have a lot of symptoms that could indicate a variety of problems. Celiac Disease, possible intestinal obstruction (Intestinal carcinoma, lymphoma), bruising is indicative of a bleeding disorder such as Von Willebrand disease or leukemia. Upper right quadrant pain indicates gallbladder disease, especially if fever and nausea are present also. Some of your symptoms are also those that present with kidney disease and diabetes so you have a real jungle of symptoms which has a tendancy to lead me back to Celiac Disease because ...

      Celiac Disease is an autoimmune disorder which can present with an amazing array of symptoms, Gastrointestinal (cramps, pain, bloating, fatty stools, nausea, vomiting), Neurological (tingling, numbness, nerve pain, fatigue, depression and more) and so it is just frustrating for people who have it yet have not been diagnosed plus false negative tests are common. The definitive diagnosis is based on a positive biopsy of the small intestine. It's not uncommon to have a false negative blood test yet have a positive biopsy.

      If you had maybe thought you had Celiac Disease and went on a gluten free diet before being tested that could have created a false positive and it may create a false biopsy if you have been on the gluten free diet for anytime allowing your small intestinal cells to heal and the villi to re-establish. However that doesn't sound likely that you have adapted the diet because you said you are still experiencing symptoms even though some people with refractory Celiac do not see a reversal of symptom via diet.

      If it were me I'd ask the doc to re-test for CD (blood work) and also do stool fat, total protein, albumin, calcium, vitamin b12, autoantibodies, vitamin d, vitamin e, CBC, CMP.

      Oftentimes Celiac Disease causes malabsorption (reason for fatty stool) and this in turn creates vitamin deficiencies within the fat soluble vitamins such as d, calcium, vitamin k. b12 and so forth. It also causes anemia in many people and a host of other symptoms and complications because (via autoimmune response) it can attack your organs such your heart, lungs, liver, kidneys and pancreas (autoimmune response) thereby creating symptom from those sources as well.

      Celiac Disease can also cause lactose intolerance (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea in severe cases) and so this complication could be a portion of your symptoms.

      I would suggest you keep a very concise diary of your symptoms, including when they occur (time, date, etc...) and of course exactly what they are. Note what you eat daily so that you can correlate your food intake with symptoms (note whether symptoms appear immediately after, within hours, or even a day or two after ingestion). Be as accurate as possible and by this I mean if you chew a stick of gum, write it down because ...

      You'd be amazed how many products we eat contain wheat, barley or rye (sources of gluten) or are processed with wheat, barley or rye products. Even spices can contain wheat and wheat derivatives that contain gluten. If you drink wine the oaken cask it was probably aged in most likely was treated on the inside of the cask with a wheat paste to prevent leakage. That paste leaches into the wine and guess what? If you have CD you will most likely suffer intestinal damage.

      Of course I am not saying you have Celiac Disease. You may not have it at all. You may have something else entirely such as cancer that could present with a myriad of strange symptoms or it could be a combination of gallbladder disease (pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, jaundice are all possible symptoms) and kidney disease. Now, don't let what I write frighten you, simply get your doc to rule various possibilities out by doing the appropriate tests.

      I wish you better health :-)

  44. QUESTION:
    Will some smarty pants tell me what this means..BIG words..I don't understand...uh...mostly anything?
    I want to take biotin for hair growth and health...but I don't know if taking it lowers my metabolism?..which i don't want....makes me fat?..which i don't want...it read fat somewhere in there....sorry...

    Biotin is a coenzyme in the metabolism of fatty acids and leucine, and it plays a role in
    gluconeogenesis.

    Biotin is necessary for cell growth, the production of fatty acids, and the metabolism of fats and amino acids. It plays a role in the citric acid cycle, which is the process by which biochemical energy is generated during aerobic respiration. Biotin not only assists in various metabolic reactions but also helps to transfer carbon dioxide. Biotin may also be helpful in maintaining a steady blood sugar level.

    Inherited metabolic disorders characterized by deficient activities of biotin-dependent carboxylases are termed multiple carboxylase deficiency. These include deficiencies in the enzymes holocarboxylase synthetase or biotinidase. Holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency prevents the body's cells from using biotin effectively, and thus interferes with multiple carboxylase reactions.[16] Biochemical and clinical manifestation includes: ketolactic acidosis, organic aciduria, hyperammonemia, skin rash, feeding problems, hypotonia, seizures, developmental delay, alopecia, and coma.

    Biotinidase deficiency is not due to inadequate biotin, but rather to a deficiency in the enzymes that process it. Biotinidase catalyzes the cleavage of biotin from biocytin and biotinyl-peptides (the proteolytic degradation products of each holocarboxylase) and thereby recycles biotin. It is also important in freeing biotin from dietary protein-bound biotin.[17] General symptoms include decreased appetite and growth. Dermatologic symptoms include dermatitis, alopecia (hair loss) and achromotrichia (absence or loss of pigment in the hair).[18] Perosis (a shortening and thickening of bones) is seen in the skeleton. Fatty liver and kidney syndrome (FLKS) and hepatic steatosis also can occur.

    • ANSWER:

  45. QUESTION:
    I am underweight by about 4 kilograms (9 pounds approx), is that dangerous?
    Is this hazardous? I classify as having anorexia because Im obsessed about food labels, strict eating guidelines, afraid to gain weight becuase I was once overweight but besides PSYCHOLOGICALLY dangerous is it dangerous to the body?

    I know that anorexia brings with it kidney failure, liver damage, loss of hair, calcium and iron deficiency but are any of the symptoms from being underweight by 4kg(9p) cause any PERMANENT damage? (Such as bodily damage - kidney/liver/bone damage). I was vegan and vegetarian for a long period (2 years) of which I didn't eat certain foods which made me deficient in a lot of vitamins but now I eat every food group every day.

    Im sitting at about 1200 calories a day (I pretty much just choose all the diet options like boiling food instead of frying, diet jelly/yogurt indead of full-fat, lower calorie bread) so if I was choosing all the noraml foods it would probably bump up to 1700.

    But anyway Im not looking to lose anymore weight. but im just afraid to gain weight because i dont want to lose control (as i've done in the past when I was overweight in terms of losing control with eating food)

    Overall, is it seriously dangerous to be 4kg (9pounds) underweight? Will I do any permanent damage to my body. I dont want any sarcastic or rude responses, please answer as truthfully as you can :) thankyou

    • ANSWER:
      Who is it that told you you're 9 pounds under weight? Your Dr? The BMI Chart? Are you just assuming this on your own? If it was your Dr, then I would ask your Dr if it is dangerous to your health or not, and if so, what you can do to get back to a healthy weight without going "overboard".

      If you're relying on the BMI Chart to determine if you're under weight, I wouldn't put to much faith in it's results. I know of a lot of intelligent Dr's who recommend against using the BMI Chart to determine whether a person is under or over weight.

      If you're assuming you're underweight, you may not actually be - again, I would ask your Dr. and if you are, again, ask how you can rectify this without having to worry about going overboard.

      What worries me though, is I'm diabetic myself and I'm consuming about 1800 Calories per day, which is 100 more than you say you'd consume if you "chose all the normal foods." The average normal diet is supposed to be 2,000 Calories.

      You missing about 800 Calories per day, which can pass nutrients throughout your body can and probably does cause you to be less healthy, but you also need to know for sure if you're truly under weight or not, because that is a factor also.

  46. QUESTION:
    Pls help if you had gallbladder problem, Does this sound like a bad gallbladder?
    I've been having fairly constant aches in my upper abdomen for about 7 months. Sometimes I get nauseous, but not usually. Usually it just feels like a deep gnawing (mostly under my right rib, less that an inch below my fat layer) It does not seem to be affected by eating, it flares up over a few minutes in intesity and sometimes even makes my upper middle back feel very sore, it will last for hours at a time. The only relief I get is if I feel this slight movement sensation in that area, then I head almost what sounds like some bubbles move for a sec, then the pain subsides a bit. Does the gallbladder make any small noises? The pain is enough the disturb any work I'm during and instantly put me in a bad mood (I think it is connected to my brain somehow when it flares up). My stools are a constant orangish color and are very soft (very different than before all of this started)

    The thing that is strange is, all of my pain became a bit more intense during a hida scan when they injected cck. The middle back pain flared up, But the scan came out "normal" at 88%. The doctor thinks the cck probably makes my intestines spasm and I have "IBS"

    I just don't think this is ibs because I have pretty regular bowel movements, and the pain wakes me up at night sometimes. I have never felt completely symptom free or normal since last June.

    I've had pretty extensive testing, ct scans, colonoscopys, endoscopys, all normal. The only abnormalities are elevated liver enzymes (140 alt) and elevated indirect bilirubin (2.2) I don't drink so not sure why they are elevated. The doctor says I have "gilbert's syndrome" a benign liver disorder where I make a bit more bilirubin than normal ppl. (I guess it doesn't cause pain like I have)

    All of this pain actually started june last year in my lower left area by my hip, and a week later just stayed up by my right rib, and hasn't moved much since. so I am very confused. Maybe I have an undetected dead spot in my colon causing ibs?

    Has anyone with their gallbladder problem had similiar symptoms to this? I am undergoing an exploratory surgery and possible gallbladder removal next week.

    • ANSWER:
      I had way too much fat in all the wrong places until I checked out colon cleanse, I know they say that pills won't work, but they certainly worked for me, and they have been showcased on the Rachael Ray Show too. There is a free trial on at the moment at http://benuts.yourtotaldiet.info , why not check it out, why not?

  47. QUESTION:
    A link between gallbladder disease and yeast infection?
    Hi,

    I would be really grateful for peoples opinion on the following whether you're a doctor or someone who recognises these symptoms.

    Symptoms:
    - Constant discomfort (feeling of pressure) under lower right rib cage. It is more uncomfortable when sitting as if there is an obstruction in there
    - Intermittent discomfort in centre of chest above stomach
    - Intermittent headaches (not painful, more like a gentle squeezing of my brain
    - Intermittent pain on right flank
    - Intermittent pain in groin
    - Occasional dizziness
    - Occasional feeling of haziness or not reality
    - Occasional panic attacks
    - Occasional heart palpitations
    - More gas than usual
    - General feeling of malaise
    - Fatigue in the morning
    - Not as happy as I normally am

    In addition, I have a yeast infection on my shoulders and arms that the doctor is trying to treat with dakorta (*spelling) cream, which is not working so I have been refered to a dermatologist.

    I am a very fit (triathlete) individual, I am normally a very happy bubbly person but not of late. I do drink far more than the recommended amount and have done so for a few years. I have a very healthy diet with low fat and salts, with a lot of protein and vegetables.

    My doctor has put me on omezaprole (*spelling) for the centre stomach pains, and I have cut out alcohol, as they believe it must be gastritis. This has had some success, but not complete.

    The main concern is the lower rib pain and the headaches/panic attacks/feeling of not being reality. I am going this afternoon for a gallbladder and liver scan.

    What are peoples thoughts upon the potential causes of the above?
    Do you think there may be a link between the yeast infection and the other symptoms? i have been reading about candida albinas and there appears to be a lot overlap in symptoms I am exhibiting.

    Any peoples thoughts/view would be hugely appreciated as I am becoming exasperated by this and just want to get better and soon.

    Thank you

    Oli

    • ANSWER:

  48. QUESTION:
    Does Candida Albinas cause upper right quadrant pain?
    Hi,

    I would be really grateful for peoples opinion on the following whether you're a doctor or someone who recognises these symptoms.

    Symptoms:
    - Constant discomfort (feeling of pressure) under lower right rib cage. It is more uncomfortable when sitting as if there is an obstruction in there
    - Intermittent discomfort in centre of chest above stomach
    - Intermittent headaches (not painful, more like a gentle squeezing of my brain
    - Intermittent pain on right flank
    - Intermittent pain in groin
    - Occassional dizziness
    - Occassional feeling of haziness or not reality
    - Occassional panic attacks
    - Occasional heart palpitations
    - More gas than usual
    - General feeling of malaise
    - Fatigue in the morning
    - Not as happy as I normally am

    In addition, I have a yeast infection on my shoulders and arms that the doctor is trying to treat with dakorta (*spelling) cream, which is not working so I have been refered to a dermatologist.

    I am a very fit (triathlete) individual, I am normally a very happy bubbly person but not of late. I do drink far more than the recommended amount and have done so for a few years. I have a very healthy diet with low fat and salts, with a lot of protein and vegetables.

    My doctor has put me on omezaprole (*spelling) for the centre stomach pains, and I have cut out alcohol, as they believe it must be gastritis. This has had some success, but not complete.

    The main concern is the lower rib pain and the headaches/panic attacks/feeling of not being reality. I am going this afternoon for a gallbladder and liver scan.

    What are peoples thoughts upon the potential causes of the above?
    Do you think there may be a link between the yeast infection and the other symptoms? i have been reading about candida albinas and there appears to be a lot overlap in symptoms I am exhibiting.

    Any peoples thoughts/view would be hugely appreciated as I am becoming exasperated by this and just want to get better and soon.

    Thank you

    Oli

    • ANSWER:

  49. QUESTION:
    Type 1 Diabetes, Can you check this and see if it is right?
    I base my diagnosis for Type 1 diabetes, from the lab results (Which, were above the normal rang, and will be explained thoroughly on A6) and the brief history of symptoms the mother provided.
    The fact that Andrew was constantly thirsty (to the extreme), and was eating more and more, but not gaining weight (in fact losing weight, 5lb’s), are signs and symptoms of untreated Type 1 diabetes.
    Type 1 diabetes is defined as: An autoimmune disorder, where a patient’s killer T lymphocytes begin killing the beta cells, located within the Islets of Langerhan of the pancreas, which secrete insulin. Causing the patient to have chronic high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia), from the insufficient insulin secretion. Insulin is what causes cells to begin taking up glucose. Insulin does this by use of the GLUT4 carrier protein. (Which is located primarily within the cell) Insulin does this by binding to protein receptors located on the cell membrane of insulin sensitive cells. This signals the GLUT4 carriers to come to the cell membrane, and facilitate glucose into the cell.
    My diagnosis for Andrew having Ketoacidosis is once again based on the above normal range of the lab results (which will be explained in more detail on A6), and the doctor’s notes stating that Andrew was “flushed, breathing deeply, and that his breath had a fruity acetone smell.” Ketoacidisos is caused by a lack of glucose (carbohydrate) uptake, so as you can imagine, is seen quite often with untreated type 1 diabetes. The body begins to break down fat for energy in place of the glucose. Fat, which is a triglyceride, is broken down into 3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol. The fatty acids are then broke down into ketones within the liver, increasing ketones within the blood. This is the reason for the sweet breath, ketones.

    • ANSWER:
      Type 1 diabetes is an extreme condition that really develops over a few weeks or a couple of months at most - so if he has had these symptoms for a while then it's not type 1 diabetes. I'm not sure what you mean by 'A6' but initial tests can be done by a urine dip stick - dka is obvious and shows up as a deep purple for keetones. However, keetones can occur for reasons other than diabetes so this alone is not a definite diabetes test. Ketoacidosis is a very serious condition and needs immediate treatment in hospital - a patient can die from it within 24 hours so if your test results are correct then he needs to be immediately admitted to hospital and treated with a glucose drip and insulin infusion - this needs to be done by a dr who is experienced in insulin therapy. To be honest I don't know what kind of answer you're looking for here - you speak like you're a dr trying to diagnose a patient? Maybe you should refer him to another dr with more experience of metabolic disease? Hope that helps and he gets the treatment he needs xx

  50. QUESTION:
    COULD I HAVE BEEN PREGNANT BEFORE I GOT THE DEPO SHOT?
    Me and my Ex boyfriend had unprotected sex February 2, 2008. And like two weeks later around the time my mom found out i was feeling really sick. Nauesea, the smell of bacon made me vomit, headaches, mood swings, tiredness, and i had the most extreme cravings for ice cream, eating and sleeping alot. if i felt something didnt go my way i would cry. But also in those two weeks i got a urine test and it came back neg. they said it could be too late to tell. My mom wanted to put me on the shot but the dr said i had to wait til i got my nxt period. which i got around march 25 but it was short and light, my periods are usually heavy and last the full 7 days. I went back to the doctor to get the shot and they tested me again and i got a neg so then they gave me the shot. I still had symptoms but i ignored them because i got the shot and i heard they can give you those symptoms too. Including no period which i havent got since march. also because of my negative urine test and the 3 hpts i took from feb all the way til i got the period. Well just when i stopped worrying so much in May i kept getting a feeling in my stomach like boiling water or that i had gas along with getting sick at night. I couldnt lay on my stomach because it would hurt, i cant lay on my back because that hurts. so ive been on my side since then. Ive always had back problems but every since the end of may its gotten worse. Every since June ive always feel like im leaking but im not just having a white creamy watery discharge with no smell, i even got the shot again on the 16 of june.also i still have the bubbles and I can feel the the bubbles mainly when im sitting still, and July 15 I felt a first flutter, and i get those now everyday too along with the bubbles the aching back, my feet and legs hurt when i stand too long and i cant tell if my stomach is getting bigger because ive never had a flat stomach really and im kinda wide in my stomach area but im not fat lol. I get a pregnant belly at night sometimes but it gets small again in the morning. I also had very bad cramping and pelvic pain. It feels like someone is pulling my muscles apart. I also woke up the other day on my stomach with a watery clear discharge. I went to a clinic to get a physical and they couldnt give me a test because they said it would cost extra, but when he did a liver and spleen check he was pressing real hard in my stomach and next thing i know when i was sitting my stomach was hurting and was real tight at the bottom and the middle that lasted til the next day. I went and got another hpt from the dollar store and it came up neg. I dont know whats goin on. But i do want a blood test,Either im 27 weeks pregnant or the depo shot is messing with me and i have something else wrong. Am I possibly pregnant though?
    srry its long :)
    i also have very bad heartburn now :(

    • ANSWER:
      I hate to say it, but it could be either.

      Tell the doctor you think you are pregnant. They will do a pelvic exam, and a blood test. Tell your mom too, she needs to know.


Cirrhosis Liver Treatment

Cirrhosis of Liver

Cirrhosis is a complication of many liver diseases that is characterized by abnormal structure and function of the liver. The diseases that lead to cirrhosis do so because they injure and kill liver cells, and the inflammation and repair that is associated with the dying liver cells causes scar tissue to form. The liver cells that do not die multiply in an attempt to replace the cells that have died. This results in clusters of newly-formed liver cells (regenerative nodules) within the scar tissue. There are many causes of cirrhosis; they include chemicals (such as alcohol, fat, and certain medications), viruses, toxic metals (such as iron and copper that accumulate in the liver as a result of genetic diseases), and autoimmune liver disease in which the body's immune system attacks the liver.for other information in www. ayurvedayogashram.com .

Causes:

  • Chronic hepatitis C
  • Chronic hepatitis B and D
  • Alcoholic liver disease.
  • Autoimmune hepatitis.
  • Inherited diseases.
  • Blocked bile ducts.
  • Drugs, toxins, and infections.

The liver, the largest organ in the body, is essential in keeping the body functioning properly. It removes or neutralizes poisons from the blood, produces immune agents to control infection, and removes germs and bacteria from the blood. It makes proteins that regulate blood clotting and produces bile to help absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins. You cannot live without a functioning liver. In cirrhosis of the liver, scar tissue replaces normal, healthy tissue, blocking the flow of blood through the organ and preventing it from working as it should. Cirrhosis is the twelfth leading cause of death by disease, killing about 26,000 people each year.

More about this

  • Alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C are common causes of cirrhosis, although there are many other causes.
  • Cirrhosis is a complication of liver disease which involves loss of liver cells and irreversible scarring of the liver.
  • Cirrhosis can cause weakness, loss of appetite, easy bruising, yellowing of the skin (jaundice), itching, and fatigue.
  • Diagnosis of cirrhosis can be suggested by the history, physical examination and blood tests, and can be confirmed by liver biopsy.
  • Treatment of cirrhosis is designed to prevent further damage to the liver, treat complications of cirrhosis, and preventing or detecting liver cancer early.
  • Transplantation of the liver is becoming an important option for treating patients with advanced cirrhosis.

Ayurvedic treatments and tips for the liver cirrhosis.

  • Papaya seeds also work effectively in curing liver cirrhosis.
  • To enhance the efficiency of the drink add 300 ml of carrot juice to 200 ml of spinach juice.
  • Another simple yet efficient treatment would be to have lime juice with a pinch of rock salt.
  • Radish also cures a person suffering from cirrhosis of the liver.
  • The herb trailing eclipta, botanically known as eclipta alba, has proved invaluable in cirrhosis of the liver.
  • After the fruit and milk diet, the patient should embark upon a well-balanced diet, consisting of seeds, nuts, grains, vegetables, and fruits with emphasis on raw, organically grown foods.
  • All fats and oils should be excluded from the diet for several weeks.

Our Product Az-Hepta is very helpful for liver cirrhosis problem. AZ Hepta is an herbal formulation based on ancient science and modern research. The various herbs used in Ayurveda are liver protective, corrective and have regenerating effect on the dead liver cells. AZ Hepta provides a natural defense to liver from toxins of food, water, alcohol or drugs.

Our Other beneficial product to cure liver cirrhosis problem.

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Our consultation : Dr. Naveen Arya (BAMS,PGD Yoga)

& : Dr. Anju Arya (BAMS,PGD Yoga)

For more read http://ayurvedayogashram.com/ Cirrhosis of Liver. asp

Promotion of positive Health by Positive Methods

Dr. Naveen Kumar Arya the last ten year of practice, He has treated app. 1000 patients varying from Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, skin allergies, Eczema, migraine, liver disorders, hepatitis, gout, Male sexual problems, acne, sinusitis, ulcer. He gives treatment only with Ayurveda, yoga and Panchkarma. His principles are mainly based on strictly With Ayurveda and yoga. He doesn't cure the patient Depending on sign and symptoms but with the help of Diagnosis of body parkriti and Ayurvedic principals.He run his Ayurvedic and Panchkarma Clinic with the Facility of full Panchkarma under the name of 'Aryans Herbal Yogic Institute 'at holy city of Amritsar. Which was inaugurated by Swami Agnivesh Chairman of the Human rights commission of UNO. Now days He is the head Of the department of Ayurveda and yoga in the biggest Multi-specialty hospital of the India named as Smt. Paarvati Devi Hospital, Ranjit Avenue, Amritsar. He runs Ayurveda online consultation and Yoga online consultation. His center is known as the hub of Indian classical medical tourism. Dr Arya also deals with all type of manufacturers of Ayurvedic and herbal products.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Liver Cirrhosis - treatment?
    One of my aunts is diagnosed with Liver Cirrhosis. The problems were noticed after she was
    administered penicillin for sinusitis. She was very healthy before.. but after a while
    after being administered penicillin - a 10 day continuous course - she started to show
    blood through urine, and diagnosed as anemic. It was after some repeated test and scan
    reports show that as liver cirrhosis. The incident of penicillin treatment was in the year
    2002, and after being diagnosed with liver cirrhosis she was under treatment of the same
    and recently on a scan the cirrhosis has been spread more and doctor prescribed for a
    laproscopy. But they could not operate as her body is not able to accept blood due to over
    action of antibodies. She has been hospitalised since few days, and they are giving her
    injection to increase the blood count along with insulin (insulin - as the injection for
    increasing the blood count will cause increase in blood sugar) But even after following
    this treatment, they could not bring her to the level where they can operate. Now things
    have become worse as she is having fever and excess fluid in the stomach.

    Is there anyone who were in a similar situation as this, what were the treatments? I am very eager to know... and my anxiety level is very high.

    • ANSWER:
      There are many causes of liver disease:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, fatty liver disease,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection,
      viral infections like Hepatitis A-B-C-etc,
      parasite infections, hereditary conditions,
      metabolic disorders, cardiac/vascular problems,
      auto immune disease and many others.

      Procrit (epogen or other erythropoeitin ) is used to
      help the bone marrow increase the Red blood cell counts
      and Neupogen is used to help the bone marrow
      increase the white blood cells count.
      If her bone marrow is taxed by the administration
      of these injections...she may develop a fever.
      That means her body is trying its best to raise
      the levels of these cell production in her blood.

      It really depends on how far advanced her Cirrhosis
      really is. This is usually determined by having a liver
      biopsy, which they probably will not do because of
      her blood problem, also.
      The excess fluid in the abdominal area can be
      Ascites. This means that the liver can no longer
      make a protein efficiently, known as Albumin,
      that holds fluid inside our vessels and this
      fluid will leak out and collect there. If it becomes
      extremely uncomfortable for the patient where they
      have difficulty breathing or eatting, they could
      (but not sure in her case) remove the fluid by a
      procedure known as paracentesis.

      She should be with either a gastroenterologist or
      hepatologist now. Preferably with one that is
      associated with the Transplant Center. They
      are the ones who will bring in the teams of
      doctors to decide what method of treatment
      would be best for her.

      They now do blood free transplantations:
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1356413/?tool=pubmed

      I'm sorry that I cannot be more of a help than this.
      Rh factors are not usually a problem when it comes to
      transplantation as long as their blood type is compatible.
      However, in transfusing of the blood, it may have a
      serious factor to it.
      RH Factor: positive or negative:
      http://www.ucsfhealth.org/adult/medical_services/organ_transplants/liver/liverDonorBackground.html
      http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/414309

      I'm sorry that I cannot be of more help than this.
      Best wishes

  2. QUESTION:
    what is the best treatment for primary liver cancer complicated with cirrhosis with portal thrombosis?
    patient is a diabetic with low platelet count gastric verces are present. he has affected to primary liver cancer specially in right lobe with lot of nodules. if he get the treatment with radio frequency ablation will he stay with us for long period. what are the side effects of RFA?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends alot on if this cancer is aggressive or not. If this cancer has come from another area or has gone to other areas of the body. If this has happened, the patient would not be considered for liver transplant.

      It would have to be determine if this is one growth or many and the size of them. Once a cancer growth reaches a certain size..even though it is only in the liver,then the doctor would have to decide whether a transplant would be considered.

      There are different treatment measures:
      GAMMA KNIFE
      http://www.gammaknife.org?
      NANO KNIFE
      http://www.nanotechbuzz.com/50226711/nanoknife_nanoshells_kill_cancer_tumors.php
      CYBERKNIFE
      http://www.cyberknife.com
      RADIOWAVE THERAPY
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-invasive_RF_cancer_treatment#Cancer_therapy
      Here is a site that explains new developments in treating liver cancer:
      http://www.liver-products.com/liver-therapy/microspheres-hepatology.html
      TELEMORASE IN CURING CANCER
      http://www.baltimoresun.com/health/bal-md.hs.telomere06oct06,0,5278594.story?track=rss
      MICROWAVE Microwave destroy cancer tumors of the liver
      http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090204173038.htm
      SIR-SPHERES: Selective Internal Radiation Therapy: http://www.umgcc.org/sir-spheres/about_sirt.htm
      A non surgical therapy that uses radioactive microspheres to deliver radiation directly to the site of the liver tumors. It gives
      up to 40 times more radiation to the liver tumors than conventional radiotherapy. Theraspheres which uses microscopic glass beads
      to deliver radiation to the liver tumors. It shrinks the cancer but is not a cure...it is usually used combined with chemotherapy.
      Another name: radioembolization: 6 million radioactive microspheres or glass beads into the tumor. Each bead, which is smaller than the
      width of a strand of hair, emits radiation to kill the cancer. It is alot of radiation concentrated in a very small area.
      ULTRASONIC WAVE (CUSA)excel ultrasonic Aspiration System
      http://www.ivanhoe.com/channels/p_channelstory.cfm?storyid=17589
      Patient loses very little blood. It is a surgical tool called a Cusa that sucks out liver cells. If you remove the liver cells you are left with the blood vessels.

      Considering he is diagnosed with Cirrhosis, Portal thrombosis, and cancer...it doesn't sound promising. However, only the doctors can give you an educated guess on whether he will have a chance to become better, how long he might live, and whether he can be evaluated for transplantation.
      Here is a site on the Liver transplant process, if you need it:
      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html
      I hope this information is of some help to you.

      .

  3. QUESTION:
    Treatment / cure for liver cirrhosis?
    My father has been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis. Is there a treatment available in allopathy / homeopathy / any other medicine stream? Is there a cure in sight - Thanks (please do include references to your answers, as applicable)

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis is caused by irreversible scarring of the liver. Once cirrhosis develops, it is not possible to heal the liver or return its function to normal. It is a serious condition that can lead to many complications.
      A liver specialist (hepatologist) should help evaluate and manage complications. Cirrhosis may result in the need for a liver transplant.

  4. QUESTION:
    Is liver cirrhosis curable using stem cell treatment.?
    If liver cirrhosis has deteriorated into cancer is it still possible to cure it using stem cell treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      Stem cell treatment is used only in specific cancers and only when there is no longer any cancer present in the body. Bone marrow and stem cell transplant are used as the final treatment in order to rid the body totally of any lingering or microscopic cancer cells. It is a dangerous procedure and is offered only to people who are able to withstand the harsh process. There is no guarantee that it will work.

      Primarily a stem cell rescue entails harvesting the patients own blood stem cells (a machine similar to dialysis will remove the blood and sort out the stem cells, and than return the blood to the body - doctors than freeze the stem cells for later use). A patient is than give one week of extreme high dose chemotherapy to kill off any lingering or hidden cancer cells within the body. It is extremely harsh and the patient will lose his immune system. After the chemo is finished the patient is given back his 'stem cells' which immediately head off to repair the patients failed immune system. This process can take up to six weeks for the stem cells to engraph and become a new immune system. If this works for the patient he should be cancer free. The treatment comes at enormous risk and patients are carefully screened. It can mean up to one year of isolation and partial isolation from the rest of the world. When it works . . it's a miracle . . but there is no guarantee.

      Read more about Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplants at the American Cancer Society site:
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ETO/eto_1_3_Bone_Marrow.asp

  5. QUESTION:
    How long before I have cirrhosis/ liver cancer from hepatitis C?
    Ive had Hep-C for 25 years and my viral load is over 5 million. How long before I have cirrhosis or liver cancer with no treatment. What are my chances of treatment even working?

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is a virus that has entered the patient's body and has gone
      to the liver to use the liver cells to replicate itself. (the amount of the
      virus is known as the Viral Load) When the virus uses the liver cell,
      that cell dies and it moves onto the next. For a time, the liver can generate
      new cells to take the place of the dead ones. However, eventually,
      the liver isn't able to keep up as the cells keep dying off.

      The doctor can tell how far advanced you are in this disease through
      blood testings and a liver biopsy. These results will give him an idea
      of how much functions the liver cells can still do, how much damage
      there is in the entire liver, and how long you may have to live if you
      do not have a liver transplant.

      When the liver cells die, the immune system of the body will
      respond to this and cause inflammation to develop in the liver
      (known as Hepatitis). Hepatitis with a letter after it refers to
      the virus which is only one of many causes of liver cell damage
      (Hepatitis A,B,C). The inflammation inside the liver will cause
      the liver to enlarge in size (can be seen on an ultrasound or
      Ct scan).
      Cirrhosis develops when the liver cells are not just damaged,
      but start to die off and scar tissue takes their place inside the
      liver. This scar tissue cannot be removed. It acts like a wall.
      It blocks the flow of blood in the liver from reaching the heart
      and the blood backs up into smaller vessels in the body to
      do this, that may have weak spots (known as varies).
      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm
      http://hepatitis-c.emedtv.com/hepatitis-c-video/the-human-liver.html
      http://www.hepctrust.org.uk/The+Liver/How+HCV+affects+the+functions+of+the+liver.htm

      Hepatitis C patient, as are others with liver disease, are more
      susceptable to develop liver cancer.

      Some people use the treatment before having a transplant and
      other wait till after the transplant is over.
      The main treatment options are:
      Hepatitis C drugs that are new: Merck's Victrelis (boceprevir) treatment lasts 8 to 12 months
      and Vertex's telaprevir (treatment takes six months)
      The standard drugs are alpha interferon and ribavirin.
      Each person reacts differently to medications...so it is hard to determine how
      the body will respond to this ahead of time. It has been shown that the
      new drugs combined with the standard drug has been beneficial in alot of
      cases.

      (click on the links above to go to the sites)

      I hope this information has been of help to you. Best wishes

  6. QUESTION:
    "End Stage" Cirrhosis of Liver & Interferon treatment: Has anyone had any positive results to speak of?
    I've had Cirrhosis for 20 years, "Un-medicated", & other than pain medication have taken nothing for it. I was offered the "Interferon" treatment, but I declined, as it was very expensive, and a normal active life and retaining my sexual abilities abilities are very important to me. The men I had met & interviewed on this Interferon were but mere husks of men afterward. But now, Friday I was told that regular x-rays had revealed a very advanced condition of Lung Cancer. I do not think my body can continue to fight off BOTH fatal maladies. Any ideas, or do I just prepare my "Last Will & Testament"?

    • ANSWER:

  7. QUESTION:
    cirrhosis of liver alternative treatments or free clinical trials in Texas?
    Ok does anyone know of any advice on this topic. My Husbands uncle has been dx with this and they are saying he has a 1 1/2 left, but there has to be something right?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a link that will answer your questions:

      http://www.healthscout.com/ency/1/292/main.html

  8. QUESTION:
    can your liver heal itself during treatment for hepatitts c with cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, the interferon has been shown during research studies to give the liver histologic improvement even if the treatment does not clear the virus. It has been shown to reverse the damage by as much as one or two stages, provided the liver isn't too damaged to begin with. If the person has end stage liver disease, then if they are even a candidate for treatment, it may not reverse the damage in that case. But for most people, for example, if you had stage 3 fibrosis, you may go down to a stage 2 after treatment. Hope this helps. Best wishes.

  9. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have any home remedies for cirrhosis of the liver?
    My grandfather just found out that he has cirrhosis of the liver and he is waiting for treatment. I was looking for any home remedies for the time being while he waits for his appointment. Doctors take so long and i'm worried that this may be able to be controlled but the doctors appointments take so long that they might not be able to help him.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry to say there is no home remedies that is going to help him. There is no cure for cirrhosis and all the doctors can do is treat the symptoms and try to either make the disease stop progressing any further or at least slow it down. The doctor is probably going to tell him to avoid alcohol and some medications that might hurt his liver further. He will also probably be told to go on a low salt diet. They might want to do some testing on him and he should get routine blood work done to let them know if there is a real problem they should address. The doctor will probably give him some medicine to take to help control any symptoms that could be bothering him.

      I don't know how old your grandfather is or what caused his cirrhosis. I don't know if transplant would be an option for him or not. He might not need one yet. All these things are why he needs a doctor and no home remedies. One person mentioned Milk Thistle. Even though Milk Thistle has shown to be good for the liver, it will not help someone with serious liver disease such as cirrhosis. You are just going to have to be patient and let the doctor take care of your grandfather. I wish him the best.

  10. QUESTION:
    What are treatments and diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    I am doing a project for my Biology 20 class, and we got to choose a disease. I chose Cirrhosis of the Liver, I have been doing research and I noticed that there aren't really any treatments for Cirrhosis, besides liver transplants and abstinence of alcohol. I need a treatment which I can explain - WHY it can help the person cope/help alleviate with the disease!

    Furthermore, we have a question asking : what is a technology which can diagnose this disease, in this case, Cirrhosis of the Liver? I have found Gastronomy and Echography or something rather (I only know the name of it in French, bare with me :P ), but as much as I search about this I cannot find the link it has to help with the diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the Liver.

    Anyways, thank you so much for anyone who is able to help...since I do not know how to individually thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      There are many causes of liver cell damage that leads to
      Cirrhosis of the liver: alcohol consumption, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary conditions, metabolic disorders, fatty liver
      disease, auto immune disease, cardiac/vascular
      problems, biliary obstruction/malformation/infections,
      parasite or virus (like Hep A,B,C), and many others.

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. If the cause is
      stopped early on, the liver cells may heal and the problem
      can be reversed.
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation
      inside the liver
      Hepatitis with a letter (like Hep C) is a virus that can cause
      liver cell damage.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system of
      the body responds to this damage and causes inflammation
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver to enlarge in size.
      (this can be seen on an ultrasound or Ct scan).
      How far advanced a person is in the liver disease can
      be determined by a liver biopsy. Blood testing is done to
      see the levels of liver enzymes in the blood which would
      signify liver cell damage and the liver function blood tests
      to see how well the cells of the liver are able to do the
      necessary functions, that the liver does as a whole, to keep
      the body well.

      If the cause of the inflammation cannot be stopped, it will
      proceed to where the liver cells die off and scar tissue forms.
      Scar tissue cannot be removed from the inside of the liver.
      It will block the flow of blood through the liver on its way back
      to the heart and also to the functioning liver cells so they
      continue to die off...this is known as Cirrhosis of the liver.
      It is a progressive and irreversible disease. Transplantation
      is the only hope for a cure.

      The symptoms and side effects of this disease can be helped.
      Ascites: the build up of fluid in the abdominal area...doctors
      can do paracentesis to remove this fluid.
      Encephalopathy: which cause confusion and disorientation
      in the patient...can be treated with Lactulose or Xifixan meds.
      Portal hypertension with varies: doctors can go in and
      try to band these smaller vessels that has backed up from
      the liver to them, to stop any bleeding that occurs.
      Swelling of the legs, feet, etc can be treated with a "lower
      sodium diet" and diuretics.

      There is limited space here to go into any longer detail..without
      me being told to shorten it, for being too long.

      Here are some links to learn more about this disease and
      Transplant.
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373
      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html
      http://www.transplantliving.org/

      Hope this is of some help. Looking up the things I mentioned
      above on the computer may give you more insight into this
      disease.

  11. QUESTION:
    Any information on Cirrhosis of the Liver, treatments and maintenance?
    My father was an alcoholic his whole life and has been diagnosed with cirrhosis. He also has Hepatitus. What are the treatment options. Also, what is the life expectancy with this condition? Anyone dealt with this? Any information will help. Also foods and things that should be done to help? I know this should be discussed with the DR. t he hasnt gone to a specialist yet for further treatment and maintence, and options. He may not go for a while since he is poor and has no health care. I just want to know anything for now until that appointment.

    • ANSWER:
      He does need to go to see a doctor as management of cirrhossis is complicated. Treatment of his condition will include

      1) Treatment of underlying cause
      2) Treatment of complication
      3) Regular followup

      Treatment of underlying cause is to ask him to stop drinking. That will seriously help his cirrhosis. You have also mentioned that he has hepatitis. Aggressive anti viral treatment of his hepatitis is needed to slow down his progression.

      Complication of cirrhossis are those that cause by portal hypertension, such as esophageal varices, ascites, and splenomegaly. Cirrhosis also increases the chance of having hepatocellular carcinoma. Other complications includes encephalopathy, hepatorenal, hepatopulmonary syndrome, etc ....

      The most important is esophageal varices, as it is the most common cause of death in cirrhossis. Patient will typically vomit blood (hematemesis) and having black tarry stool. Regular checkup with doctor with a OGD (a endoscopic device) to band varices are needed. There are various drugs that can lower the portal hypertension, like beta blocker, diuretics, etc.

      Regular ultrasound is also needed to look for any liver lesion suggestive of hepatocellular cancer. Various surgical treatments is available.

      Finally as for encephalopathy, lactulose, antibiotics, and low protein, high calorie diet will help

      As for his life expectancy, you can look at something called child pugh score, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child-Pugh_score
      It is a score calculated from 3 blood test and 2 clinical signs. After you calculated the score, it will give you a probability of survival within certain number of year.

      Good luck

  12. QUESTION:
    My Dad has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver, how serious is this?
    My Dad has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver. Doctors have told him he only has a 40% chance of successfully curring his hep C with treatment. I need to know how serious this is or what this means in general. HELP?

    • ANSWER:
      Stage IV is very serious. He may cure his Hep C, but the cirrhosis will last forever. Not only that, but it predisposes him to bleeding, ruptured vessels in the stomach and esophagus, life-threatening infections in the belly, and hepatocellular carcinoma (cancer). If he can lead a good, clean life for a year, there is a good chance he can get a liver transplant. Please be sure he has a good hepatologist (a specially trained gastroenterologist). He needs to have a small camera passed into his stomach to look for vessels that can rupture, and he needs a scan to make sure there isn't a mass in his liver.

      I just diagnosed someone with this, and he wound up having cancer at diagnosis because he didn't see his doc often enough early on.

      I don't want to scare you, but be sure he gets good care. Be there for him, because he is scared whether he shows it or not.

      Best of luck.

  13. QUESTION:
    life expectancy of someone with cirrhosis of the liver?
    My boyfriend may have cirrhosis of the liver...chances are really really high...tests are not back yet tho. Can anyone tell me the life expectancy of someone who has this (caused by alcohol) without treatment and with treatment? He drinks beer daily and whiskey sometimes. He also has diabetes. He is 49 yrs old.
    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Everything will depend on how much damage has been done to his liver. Cirrhosis has 4 stages. If he is in the early stages, and if he stops drinking now and forever, he stands a chance of getting well again. If he is in the late stage, he will most likely need a liver transplant in order to get well again. Cirrhosis is when scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver so that it can no longer do the job it is supposed to do. If the damage is too severe, nothing will work except a transplant.

      I don't mean to be so blunt, but there is one thing I am sure of which is that if he continues to drink with a damaged liver, his life expectancy will be greatly reduced. It will lead to total failure and death. Alcohol is poison to the liver and will continue to damage it until it can no longer work at all. People with cirrhosis frequently have kidney problems too. Since he already has diabetes, he is looking at some really life threatening health problems in the near future unless he changes his lifestyle.

      If he does need a transplant to survive, then it will be a long and hard road for him. Transplant centers require at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even consider one for a transplant. So this means your boyfriend would not only have to deal with the disease of cirrhosis, which is not much fun I might add, but he will also have to deal with his addiction to alcohol. Then he must be healthy enough to be able to survive this serious surgery. There is an evaluation process that he must pass in order to be listed to wait for an organ after his 6 months of proven sobriety.

      He would have to go through all this before he even gets the actual surgery, so you can see what I mean when I say it's a long and hard road to travel. You need to get real serious with him about his health and that his drinking will be fatal if he does not stop. Good luck and wish you and him the best.

  14. QUESTION:
    if someone is in stage 4 of liver disease, would it be good for them to have those liver treatments?
    what are the side effects of liver treatments? my son has cirrhosis and is considering liver treatments. also has hepatitis c? will this prolong his life? i think he is in stage 4.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 4 means that he already has cirrhosis. People with cirrhosis CAN take treatment for Hepatitis C as long as they are not decompensated (when the liver stops working).

      Treatment success is lower for people with cirrhosis compared to people who have less liver damage and they have to be watched closely.... but for some people it does work and they are able to clear the Hepatitis C virus.

  15. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis?
    What is liver cirrhosis? Are there any treatment? How long can a person liver with this condition?

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis of the liver is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrotic scar tissue as well as regenerative nodules, leading to progressive loss of liver function. Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism and hepatitis C, but has many other possible causes.
      Please see the web pages for more details on Cirrhosis.

  16. QUESTION:
    Can someone please help me with a few answers? my dad was diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver?
    the doctors said his liver is to far gone for treatment and they wont give us a time frame and is stomache is very large and my parents don't have insurance and he is not elderly he is only 49 years old and has anyone tried the liv52 herbal product? My heart is broken and he has 5 grandchildren and we want to do all we can!

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis of the liver is where the cells of the liver have started
      to die off and formed scar tissue inside the liver that blocks the
      flow of blood through the liver on its way back to the heart and
      also blocks the flow of blood to the other liver cells, so they
      continue to die off. He should be seeing either a gastroenterologist
      or hepatologist now. There are many free clinics out there where
      he can go for help. I will give you a link to check into them.

      Many things can cause damage to the liver cells:
      alcohol consumption, medications toxification, chemical exposure,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection, viral infection like Hepatitis
      A-B-C, parasite infections, fatty liver disease, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary disease, auto immune disease, and others.

      Inflammation has also developed in the liver, because the immune
      system of the body responded to the damage in the liver. This
      causes the liver to enlarge in size. He will be treated according
      to the cause. All liver patients are told NO Alcohol...the doctor needs
      to know all medications he has taken...this includes over the counter,
      herbs, herbal teas, vitamins, minerals, supplements, and prescription
      prescribed by other doctors. Medications go through the liver first,
      to be broken down, before going to other areas of the body. As
      the cells die off, adjustments have to be made in any medications
      he takes according to how much damage there is. It is not good
      to take any medications without the doctor's approval first. Herbal
      products have not been tested enough to know if they are liver friendly
      and can only add to the damage there, in some cases.

      If the stomach area is enlarged, this may be coming from fluid build up
      there, Known as Ascites. The doctor can check his abdomen and
      see if this is the case. If the fluid becomes so much that it makes
      it difficult to breathe or eat, the doctor can do a procedure, known
      as paracentesis to remove the fluid. Ascites develops because the
      liver cannot make a certain protein efficiently anymore, known
      as Albumin. This proteins keeps the fluid inside our vessels...but
      are now leaking out and collecting here. He may also be placed
      on a 'lower" sodium diet and given a diuretic to slow the process of
      this building up in this area.

      He can evaluated for the liver transplant list, also. After testing and
      seeing different doctors and being placed on the list...he will have
      a chance to receive a donor liver.

      These links will explain more about financial concerns, advance
      directives, Cirrhosis of the liver, and transplant process...I hope this
      will be of some help to you. Best wishes to all of you.

      Health Insurance for Low Income Families
      http://www.health-insurance.org/low-income

      Drugs for the uninsured:
      Kathy Webster-Link
      Dispensary of Hope
      (888) 428-HOPE (4673)
      http://www.dispensaryofhope.org

      Listing of Free Clinics:
      http://www.freeclinics.us/freeclinic.php
      http://www.researchacrossamerica.com/index.html

      >>>>> ADVANCED DIRECTIVES:
      http://www.caringinfo.org/stateaddownload
      These are free advanced directives, but you may want to get a power
      of attorney instead which will cover both financial and medical.
      The privacy policies in effect can cause tremendous problems for even
      family members who need to speak directly with the patients doctors.

      Financial help:
      This site is for cancer patients, but also give great financial help
      for liver patients also...shows you where to receive help:
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Support/financial-resources
      http://www.transplantfund.org/

      Cirrhosis:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      Transplant evaluation and process:
      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html
      To find a Transplant Center in your area, just type the state you live in
      and Transplant Center after that in your search engine...many of them
      have their own websites...however, some transplant centers only do
      certain types of transplant...be sure the one you may have does the liver.

      Your Dad may of had disability paid in to the place
      he worked, that he may now collect...or he could
      apply for Social Security Disability and possibly
      Social Security Income...maybe even Medicaid.

      This answer site only allows up to 10 links...otherwise I would give you much
      more. Just have to click on the links to go to them.
      I hope this is of some help to you and your family....Best of Wishes

  17. QUESTION:
    how long a person with compensated cirrhosis of the liver can live?
    i'VE BEEN DIAGDOSED WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C AND COMPENSATED CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER I AM A MALE 31 Y/O . TREATMENT FOR HEP C DID NOT WORK FOR ME (( PEGINTRON , REBETOL )

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry that treatment did not work for you. It all depends on how aggressive your hep C might be in it's attack on your liver. Your doctor that treated you for the hep C might be able to give you a time frame on how long it might take. Are you being considered for transplant yet? Cirrhosis has 3 stages- A is compensated cirrhosis. B is the beginning of decompensation where you need medications to control your symptoms. C is decompensated where the medications do not work very well anymore and total failure is near.

      I had cirrhosis and was in stage B when I was given an estimate of 5 years left, but my cirrhosis was from primary biliary disease which is much different than hep C. I would suggest you talk to your doctor and ask him/her and also ask about the future possibility of transplant if you haven't already discussed this. You're young yet and would probably be an excellent candidate for a transplant at some time in the future. Of course, that would probably be way off in the future, probably many years since you are still in the compensated stage, but it's good to find out things and educate yourself especially when it is your own health.

  18. QUESTION:
    my cousin has cirrhosis of the liver?
    hey my cousin is 25 has been drinking heavily for quite sometime now about 10 years and we just found out she has cirrhosis how long after begining treatment will doctors know if she needs a liver transplant or not?
    or just by looking at her will they know if her livers to far gone to even begin treatment and put her on the transplant list ? she only has one kidney im just trying to get as many details as possible.

    how long does the transplant list usually take? how long would she have to live without a liver do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, lots of questions but not many happy answers to offer. I'm not a doctor but there's someone in my family with liver problems due to heavy drinking, so I've read a lot about it. Rather than throw a lot of detail at you here about cirrhosis and liver transplants, I'll offer a couple of articles on websites that have really been helpful for me. Both websites have lots of videos you can watch too, so be sure to check out the video links pages. There's also a big section on liver transplantation on one of them.

      Good luck to your cousin. She has a tough road ahead.

  19. QUESTION:
    Hepatitis C Cirrhosis Liver ?
    Can Hepatitis C Cirrhosis Liver be treated once it reaches Stage 4? if so what are the treatments and the source's site

    • ANSWER:
      This is one of the best sites on the web that
      covers all Hep C cirrhosis:
      http://janis7hepc.com/Cirrhosis.htm

      Stage 4 is considered the last stage of cirrhosis
      and here are some of the ways it is treated in
      all patients...not just Hep C:
      (1)Encephalopathy, which is confusion and mental problems are treated with lactulose that binds the ammonia toxin in the intestines so it can be disposed of instead of going pass the
      blood brain barrier and into the brain.
      (2)Ascites, which is fluid build up in the abdominal area caused because the liver can no longer make a protein known as Albumin efficiently. This fluid can be removed by a procedure known as paracentesis. However, the fluid will build back up again in the abdomen over time.
      (3) Edema, which is fluid that build up in other
      body parts, such as the legs and feet due to
      the body holding onto sodium inside and therefore also fluid. This is treated by
      giving a diuretic, like Lasix and/or
      spironolactone. The doctor should be able
      to tell you how much sodium you are allowed
      in your diet and also how much fluid you are
      allowed to take in each day.
      (4) Portal hypertension, which is caused because
      the blood flow through the liver is blocked and
      now builds up pressure in the portal vein that
      delivers this blood from the abdominal area
      to the liver and this blood backs up into the
      smaller vessels which can cause varicose
      veins that can break open and bleed.
      These are mostly seen in the esophagus and
      rectum and around the belly button area.
      Most patients know them as Varies. If these
      break open and bleed, the patient may start
      to throw up blood...this is a dire emergency.
      The doctor can go in and band these varies
      to stop the bleeding.

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver cells and
      has many different causes besides a viral
      infection. Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells
      that tend to form scar tissue inside the liver
      which blocks the flow of blood in the liver and
      leads to even the healthy cells dying off...it
      is a progressive disease then which the
      doctors can only try to slow down. Someone
      in stage 4 should be evaluated to be placed
      on the transplant list. This requires much
      testing and see different doctors.
      Here is a site that explains the transplant
      process:
      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html
      There are transplant centers in different parts
      of the USA...just type in the state you are in
      in your search engine and add transplant
      center afterwards.
      Here is a site on cirrhosis of the liver:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      In stage four, they usually just try to treat
      the symptoms of the cirrhosis and try to
      prevent it from progressing too fast.
      A patient is placed on the transplant list
      according to how long they can live without
      a transplant being done. You may go on
      the list and be near the top of the list for
      transplant because you don't have much
      time and your health is deteriating or you
      may be placed at the bottom of the list
      because you have a chance to get better and
      may go off the list and never have to go back
      on. It is a very fair system.

      I hope this is of some help to you.

  20. QUESTION:
    How can I stop progression of my Liver cirrhosis?
    Hi Friends,

    I was suffering HCV Genotype 3.
    my hematologist made some diagnosis to identify the viral infection while i don't had any complains or complication.

    Unfortunately he never made any liver biopsy before therapy.

    Before starting therapy my Pathological report was below:

    S.Bilirubin: .9mg/dl
    ALT:175
    Prothombine:INR 1.13
    HCV Genotype:3
    CBC:was normal range.
    ULTRA SOUND: Liver Slightly Enlarged with Coarse
    & Mild splenomegaly

    After they started Pegasys+Rivabirin my SGPT,SGOP was raised till 292,Some times platelet count was decreasing up to 60x10

    during the lower platelet count my hepatologist decreases the dose to 135mcq(pegasys)

    My ALT level was decreasing gradually.
    After finish my treatment I went aboard & failed to follow up.
    That time I was taking NSSRI Anti depressants CIPRALEX
    Around one year came back to home & went to the hospital for check up.
    Doctor made some tests followed

    ULTRA SOUND: Portal fibrosis, Scarred Tissues & Mild splenomegaly
    ALT(SGPT):73 U/L
    S.Bilirubin:1.0 mg/dl
    Prothombine: 1.13 INR
    HBsAg:Negative
    Anti HCV:Positive
    HCV Quantitive: Less than detectable limits
    Andoscopy: Grade ii-iii Oesophaegal Varix
    Moderate Degree of portal hypertensive gastropathy
    Duodenal Ulcer
    CBC & Blood Film: are normal except lower platelet count 108x10

    After that they Made EVL
    From the day the made EVL I can’t eat very well,Its paining.
    Doctor gave me some 3rd generation antibiotic
    After that he made
    SGOT=100 U/L
    SGPT=125 U/L
    Serum Total protein: 85gm/l (63-84gm/l)
    Serum Albumin:38.00gm/l( - )
    Anti –HBs:<3.0mIU/ml
    Anti-HAV IgM:Non Reactive
    Total Cholesterol:167.0mg/dl
    H.D.L:51.0 mg/dl
    LDL:102.0 mg/dl
    Triglycerides:70.0 mg/dl
    Chest P/A View:Normal

    Now I am Taking medicine:
    1.Leganon 75mg (Sylimarin)2x3 times daily
    2.Losartan Potassium 25mg 2 times daily
    3.Amino Acid 2 times (Hepa-Merz) daily.
    4. Vitamin E 400 mg
    5. Vitamin C 500 mg

    Now my Hepatologists advised me to made another HCV Quantetive from different pathology centre.

    Readers & Specialists physicians please advice me how can I stop progression of my Liver cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      am a med student. but will still try to answer it.
      i think you were put on a pretty good regimen. standard treatment of antibiotics and antihypertensives. and some antioxidants. good diet and healthy hygiene is essential for quick recovery. the great thing about liver is that it regenerates completely unless it progress to grade 4.
      so keep up with your regimen and hope for the best

  21. QUESTION:
    I have hep C, which has now created cirrhosis of the liver, not sure of the severity.?
    I have opted not to take the Interferon treatment, can someone give me some alternatives to healing the liver with supplements, health choices, or alternative medicines. My liver enzymes are elevated into the 100 range. I contracted this through a blood transfusion 20yrs ago, as well as my twin daughters who also have hep c, I am not a drinker, nor have I ever been.

    • ANSWER:
      I have hep c also.....I am at 18 weeks into treatment. My enzymes have dropped 100,000 in this first part of treatment. My 2yr old also has it. Why don't you want treatment? It is very difficult...but there is light at the end of the tunnel. What are you afraid of? I am not a drinker either and probably got this from tattoo's in the 80's. E-mail me and I will help you through it. It does work!!!!! A friend of mine took it and has been hep c free for 5 yrs now. God Bless !!!
      Milk thistle is supposed to help too.

  22. QUESTION:
    is there any alternative treatment to avoid liver transplant?
    I am suffering from lover cirrhosis and potral hypertension.After a couple of episodes of vomiting blood the doctor is advising a transplant.If there were any alternative therapy in ayurveda or any other system of medicine kindly send me the details.

    • ANSWER:
      While continuing under the monitoring of your doctor, since you have time even if you opt for a transplant, homeopathy can be quite effective depending on how far your cirrhosis has progressed. Minimally, homeopathy can help with ongoing symptoms and prepare your body to be in its best condition if a transplant remains justified.

      http://www.homeopathicdirectory.com lists homeopaths in all professions certified to practice classical homeopathy in North America. http://www.nationalcenterforhomeopathy.org is a good website to learn more about homeopathy.

      In my own practice, I've helped a number of people reverse the condition. When irreversible, homeopathy has stopped its progression. Homeopathy approaches healing from a number of directions, in addition to helping your liver.

      I would imagine ayurveda similarly offers hope, as would acupuncture (any comprehensive standalone field). Best wishes.

  23. QUESTION:
    can a person with hepatitic C and cirrhosis of the liver get the swine flu ?
    i am a male 30 y/o , i have chronic hepatitis c and cirrhosis of the liver i am getting treated by doctors but i feel good no pains no symptoms , i went for treatment for hepatitis c but it did not work for me , so my only hope is a liver transplant probably in years from now
    but my liver is still working 100% . i am living a normal life right now with god's will . my question is : can i get the swine flu if i leave the country on vacation ?

    • ANSWER:

  24. QUESTION:
    can hepatitic c and cirrhosis of the liver affect the blood ?
    i have chronic hepatitic c and cirrhosis of the liver i am 30 years old ,, i went to do my blood work this time after 6 months . i am suppost to go for check ups every 6 months now . because i already did treatment for hep c and it did not work for me . doctors say they can only prevent me of gettin cancer or check ime for cancer . but this time i noticed a change in my blood it looks darker and thicker and 6 months ago it looked lighter and thin can anybody tell me whats wrong ?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, blood tests can monitor the condition of your liver but the color of your blood can vary depending on your state of hydration, the functioning of both your liver and your kidneys to filter toxins out. You need to be working with your doctor on this one since you have some serious, underlying medical conditions.

  25. QUESTION:
    MATADOR 89, can you recommend other liver cancer treatments?
    I hope you're matador 89. It seems like you're very knowledgeable. COuld you recommend other non-invasive/minimal invasive treatments?

    My dad has diabetes and was diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver 2 years ago. Now, i think he has cancer and my mom doesnt want to tell me yet. PLEASE HELP!!!!

    • ANSWER:

  26. QUESTION:
    How long does it take to develop liver cirrhosis? How do I convince him alcoholism hurts our marriage & kids?
    My husband, who is 35, unemployed, and suffers from bipolar disorder, is a heavy drinker and, I'm quite sure, an alcoholic. He weighs approximately 400 pounds (down from his max of 564, but up from the 300 he hit after gastric bypass in 2000). He drinks anywhere from 12 to 30+ beers a day (I wish I was exaggerating). We have two small children (5 and 2 years old). No matter what I say, what statistics I quote about children of alcoholics being at risk for maladaptive behaviors, depression, anxiety, etc., or how often (or how gently) I tell him his drinking is harming our marriage, his health, our financial situation (he spent over ,500 in alcohol in the past 3 months despite not having a job), and our children's possibility of having a happy, healthy future, he refuses to stop or even slow down his drinking, let alone seek treatment. He uses his high level of stress (mainly from his unemployment and our rather dire financial state, not to mention the state of our marriage) as an excuse to drink. He is a highly manipulative person and makes life extremely difficult for me as it is, so I know if I chose to divorce him, he would make my life a living hell. I'm sure I would get custody of the children based on his behavior, but that doesn't mean he wouldn't fight me tooth and nail simply out of spite. Worse, he might run off with the kids or do something even more drastic (you see it in the news all the time). I have no idea what to do, where to turn, or who to talk to. At this rate, how long will it likely take before he damages his body beyond repair? Maybe I can scare him into quitting or even toning it down. What other options do I have? I do love him and would rather not divorce him, but can't see any light at the end of the tunnel at this point. I would appreciate any and all suggestions.

    • ANSWER:
      Poor me. Pour me a drink. This is the motto of many alcoholics. Always blaming others for their drinking and having a million excuses. Typical behavior.

      It's time for an intervention of tough love. Do you want to live like this? Do you want your children to live with this? Think about them and what it is doing. You need to make some big changes in your life. He can destroy his own life, but I'd be damned if he was going to continue to ruin my life and the lives of my children. Do you really believe if you told him it takes 10 years of heavy drinking before cirrhosis can happen to his liver that it will make any difference. I doubt if he would care at all let alone care enough to change. There is no toning it down for alcoholics like him. If he did "tone it down", it would only be temporary. He has learn how to live life without drinking at all because he has no control.

      How is he getting all his money for drinking when he is not working? He would have to climb over my dead body to get a single penny off me for booze. I would give him the choice of getting help and stop all drinking or me and the kids are leaving him. He needs to detox safely and get into rehab. But don't do this unless you really mean it and will act on it if he doesn't get help. Giving him empty threats is not going to do anything for you or him. You must mean it and do it. If not, then plan on living this way the rest of your life with him. It will eventually kill him, but it could take many many wasted miserable years. I have seen heavy drinking alcoholics that have been drinking 20-30 years and they still aren't dead. Others can die much sooner. Everyone is different. It's up to you. I feel really sorry for the kids. You have a choice to get out of there. They don't and they are depending on you to do something. Your husband has abandoned all responsibility for their well being, so it's up to you.

      As fas as him making your life a living hell if you filed for divorce, his life would be the living hell, not mine. He would be so busy trying to make money for child support and his booze habit that he wouldn't have time to bother me. I would have no conversation with him except through a lawyer. If he ever threatened me, I would get a protection from abuse order against him. Even if he did try to make it as ugly as possible, at least I would know I did the right thing by getting away from him for my childrens sake. Good luck.

  27. QUESTION:
    What is the outcome after being diadnosed with non alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver?
    After having a routine MRI some abnormalities showed up which led to further testing and a liver biopsy. It appears that at sometime in the past I had auto immune hepatitis that went undiagnosed. I really didn't have any symptoms other then fatigue but then I was always fatigued for other reasons. As of right now even with the cirrohsis my liver function is normal but my liver enzymes are elevated but not high enough for treatment. I realize the hepatitis could flare up again which would call for aggressive treatment to prevent any further scaring of my liver. I have read all kinds of information on these diseases both very disturbing and some encouraging but I would just like to know if anyone who reads this has been diagnosed with this or knows someone who has and what has been the outcome.

    • ANSWER:
      I have an autoimmune disease in which my autoimmune system attacks the bile ducts in my liver. This is called primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). I am curious to know how the doctors came to the conclusion that you have a problem with your autoimmune system to the point that it has caused cirrhosis. If this is true, then this autoimmune problem has been going on for a very long time to damage your liver to the point of it being cirrhotic. I had no symptoms with my disease until my liver was already 90% destroyed with cirrhosis. I suddenly started to swell up with fluid and had no idea anything was wrong prior to that. It was a shock to me that my liver had so much cirrhosis that I would need a transplant. I had no idea anything was going on inside of me.

      That autoimmune hepatitis is probably still flaring up each and every day since it just doesn't stop and go away. It takes many years to destroy a liver. There is really nothing much they can do as far as treating it. Sometimes they will give medication to help it, but it really doesn't stop the disease from progressing, especially when its from your autoimmune system. When symptoms from the cirrhosis appear, they can give medications to control them and lab work is done routinely to ward off problems early. I used to have to get an endoscope done every 3-6 months to get banding done to any varices that form to lower the risk of bleeding problems. Basically, they just let the disease take its course since there is no cure other than a transplant.

      Even when my liver was 90% destroyed, my liver enzymes were just slightly above normal. My transplant doctor told me this can happen with some people, that the enzymes can almost normalize even though the disease is far advanced.

      You said you had a biopsy done. It should show the amount of damage done and how much cirrhosis (scarring) your liver has in it. Figuring out the cause of it when it is not so obvious like alcoholism, can be difficult to diagnose. That's why I asked how they determined yours was from an autoimmune problem. I didn't know the real cause of mine until after my transplant. The biopsy also should show whether or not there is active inflammation going on. The elevated enzymes can be an indication that there could be continued inflammation.

      The good thing is that you are still asymptomatic which means your liver is still compensating. It can stay this way for a long time. When I started to swell with fluid, that was my first sign of it starting to decompensate. Even then, I took diuretics that controlled the fluid retention quite well for several years. Once I was diagnosed with cirrhosis, I believe I went and got evaluated for transplant and was placed on the list a year later. I waited 18 months for my transplant and am doing well today. My autoimmune disease still wants to attack my new liver. I do take a medication that works well in keeping my enzymes in normal range which means there most likely will not be any damage as long as they remain that way.

      If you want to ask me anything else, just email me. I will be happy to help you if I can.

  28. QUESTION:
    What should be the treatment for a patient like this?
    My mom had caught with "Cirrhosis of the Liver" back in 2000. It got diagnosed in 2002 when she started feeling tired, no appetite, swollen feet, blue marks on skin and abdominal pain. Doctors also told us that she has "Hepatitis C". We started her treatment with "Roferon 3mu". After six months she got better. We found last year that her "Cirrhosis of the Liver" problem is again disturbing her health. We took her for blood test but there were no detections of "Hepatitis" anymore. Doctor told us that her liver is damaged and it is in the "De-compensated Stage". It can not be reversed but it can be stopped to go further. Now she has swollen feet again, watter in abdomen, blue marks on lower legs, itching skin, minor fever, a little high blood pressure but she is not a Diabetic. Her last test results were these. (i called her home to get these readings. if you find any trouble you can e-mail for this.)

    XXX (should be) actually is

    Albumin (3.5-5.5) 2.3
    Platelets (150-400) 111
    WBCS (4-11) 5.63
    RBCS (4-6) 3.82
    HGB (11.5-17.5) 12.1
    HCT (36-54) 36.2
    MCV (76-96) 94.8
    MCH (27-33)31.7
    MCHC (33-35) 33.4
    RDW-CV (11.5-14.5) 15.5
    Neut (40-75) 59.7
    Lymp (20-45) 30.7
    Mono (2-10) 7.5
    EOS (upto0.6) 1.6
    Baso (0.0-1.5) 0.5
    Portion in urine (5.5-8) 8
    GGT (5-36) 71
    Alkaline Phosphates (35-104) 130
    AST (10-35) 38
    ALT (10-35) 34
    Total bilirubin (upto 1) 2.17
    Creatinine (0.50-0.90) 0.62
    Urea nitrogen (6-20) 10.4

    Now she is taking
    1- Spiromide 40mg (Hydrochlorothiazide)
    2- Siliver (For Liver)
    3- K-Vit (Vitamin K)
    4- Moderatic (ANTIHYPERTENSIVES)
    5- Seven Seas (cod liver oil)

    Her dite is
    A lot of egg whites
    vegetables
    fruits
    bread
    olive oil for light cooking
    No meat, No fish, No chicken, No fried eatables, No salt, No spices
    --------------------------------------...
    AFTER READING ALL THIS IF ANY DOCTOR (HEPATOLOGIST) THINKS THAT THERE IS SOMETHING MORE WE SHOULD DO FOR OUR MOTHER (WE ARE TWO BROTHERS) PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE TELL ME. TELL ME REALLY SOON PLEASE. I WISH ANSWERS COME REALLY QUICK. PLEASE DOCTORS! I AM WAITING. INFACT WE BOTH THE BROTHERS ARE ANXIOUSLY WAITING FOR YOUR KIND ANSWERES

    • ANSWER:
      She should be evaluated for a liver transplant as soon as possible. She has decompensated end stage liver disease. Without a liver transplant , her life expectancy will likely be short, a median survival of less than two years is usually agreed upon by the world over. There is a good liver cirrhosis support group at http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/livercirrhosissupport/

  29. QUESTION:
    Any opinions on Lown, Kenneth S MD - Grand River Gastroenterology in Grand Rapids, MI?
    I would like patient opinions of Dr. Kenneth Lown, Gastroenterologist. I would also like to know his training/abilities with regards to cirrhosis of the liver.

    Does Dr. Kenneth S. Lown have specific training in cirrhosis of the liver treatment and rehabilitation?

    • ANSWER:
      Only the doctor can answer your questions, but you might find some information on him through the liver coalition. I did a search and have only come up with one conclusion...he is in the same office as many other doctors, so this informs me this may be a clinic.

      Good luck!

  30. QUESTION:
    NSCLC/Squamous Cell Carcinoma treatment?
    My mom was diagnosed last month with NSCLC/Squamous Cell Carcinoma. She is in Stage3.She saw her oncologist this week to go over her treatment plan. It seems pretty aggressive: Radiation every day and chemotherapy 2days/week concurrently for two months, & then chemo alone for an additional 2 to 3 months.

    I know that radiation/chemo is difficult enough on a relatively healthy person (healthy other than the cancer); she also has liver cirrhosis and anemia.Her oncologist wasn't concerned about the cirrhosis (nor interested in the 12 medications my mom takes&said to talk to her regular doctor). We have asked her to have a 2nd opinion/consultation.

    I have tried searching for info regarding the effects chemo has on someone w/liver cirrhosis, but only find information on liver cancer.Is there information re: chemo & cirrhosis? Are we right to be concerned how this treatment will affect her in regards to her liver cirrhosis (i.e. will her liver be able to handle the treatments)? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      While I can't tell you how her liver will react to chemo, I can tell you that they will monitor your Mom very carefully during her treatments...especially with any preexisting conditions.

      More to worry about it her anemia...during chemo, a lot of folks have trouble with their protein levels. During her round with chemo, my Mom had to take protein shakes two or three times a day and had Procrit shots.

      Another thing she had to have suppliments for was pottassium. Lots of bananas!

      Good luck...stage 3 is difficult to say the least. My Mom passed this past April because her cancer returned with a vengence. Tell your Mom to hang in there!

  31. QUESTION:
    TACE - in Liver Cancer?
    A women of 72 years, having liver cirrhosis and blood sugar, spleenomegaly, cholelithiasis, bronchitism, ashma having a lung capacity of less than 10% is now diagonised to have hepatoma, having 3.7 x 3 centimeters size space occupying exophytic lesion in the right lobe of the liver. Whether TACE is an effective treatment for this patient and what are the risks associated with this TACE treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      This should have been discussed with the oncologist when it was recommended. This is a part of the decision making process. TACE in this case is likely a palliative treatment and it is effective. There is risk of hemorrhage and developing an abscess which could be fatal.

  32. QUESTION:
    I'm in direct contact with my brother who is under treatment with radiotherapy for cancer. Am I at risk?
    I have liver cirrhosis (fibrosis) due to viral hepatitis

    • ANSWER:
      no, but due to your deficit immune system you may be putting your brother at risk for infection from you. Ask his doctor.

  33. QUESTION:
    Liver, Heart and Prostate Problem. YOUR ANSWER WOULD BE A GREAT HELP FOR MY FATHER'S LIFE.?
    Hello everyone :) I am a 16 year old daughter whose experiencing a family problem. My father is a policeman and had to stay in his office even though he's health is really poor. And I know he's doing it to fulfill his duty as well as to support our family. His relationship with my mother is somehow unexplainable that's why I am the one who stay in his office and take care of him. But I ram really having problems to cope with that. Of course, I want to be always in his side and do everything I can. But sometimes I tend to be really weak. My father's liver is not functioning well. Some kind of liver cirrhosis early stage, He has a cardiovascular problem and now prostate problem too. That's why his circulation of urine is very slow. But he needs to secrete some fluids though his liver can't filter it well. He take many medications and been hospitalized twice. But he wants to stay in his office. I know that he's trying hard to fight for his diseases..That's why I'm asking for your help. I don't know how to take care of him. I don't know the right food to give , treatment and therapies.. Because i know for the fact that the connection of his liver, heart & prostate problem is very delicate and If I give something against in his body.. I think it may be worsen. Guys, your concern and answers would be a great help to save my father's life. I am also stressed out regarding on how I can handle this very important trial in my life. Thank you and God Bless :D
    i feel relieved to share my thought with you guys.. his doctor already gave the medicines he have to take and food that he should avoid. my problem is , he's very choosy and get irritates quickly. when he wants something, he should have it. I feel that it is not right to act like that in his office. I can still be patient becoz i'm his daughter but how bout his men, I am shy that many people are getting disturbed with his act. In addition,My mom's opinion was my father should don't feel his invalid and have to stop resting in his bed. Somehow, I feel that too but I am really confused. My heart is telling that my father is really in pain. But my brain says, his physically alright by just maintaining taking up his meds, eat proper diet. Sometimes he's grumpy to me whenever I can't fulfill his demands. ( I don't usually follow his demand when I feel that it's not good for him)

    • ANSWER:
      Let me first just say that your father is the adult, he is fully aware of his medical problems, perhaps in denial to some point, or non-compliant with treatment, but aware. I know you feel an obligation, but let me say as a nurse, you can not help someone unless they want help.
      If your primary concern is his diet, because you are preparing his food, then with Heart Disease it is recommended to stick to a low sodium (2gms daily) , low cholesterol, low fat diet. For Liver Disease the most important thing is to eliminate alcohol from your lifestyle and watch medication use, many are filtered by the liver and can cause more damage TYLENOL for example, don't use it, look at over the counter medication labels and look for cautions...not recommended with liver disease, heart disease, etc. Prostate problems are usually treated by Urologist with different medications, sometimes surgery to open up flow, there are herbal remedies that have also shown improvement "Saw Palmetto" (again make sure it is not contraindicated with Liver disease). I hope this helps, make sure he is participating in his health care as well. Look on line for foods acceptable on low sodium, low cholesterol, low fat diet. Do not use salt at the table, stay away from chips, pretzels, fast foods, frozen, pre-packaged foods, can soups, bacon, hot dogs, processed meats, ketchup, all loads of sodium. Take care.

      Add on after your comment: His irritability, anger directed to others is not appropriate, perhaps this is why your mother has thrown in the towel (look up on line Co-dependent Relationships). People don't always deal with bad news or ailing health appropriately, some buckle down, do what they need to do to survive, heal, get better and stay better, others dwell on their misfortune and blame everyone around them for their problems. Let your dad learn how to confront his illness appropriately, if he wants to fight it, he will, if he is angry and in denial and this has gone on for some time, encourage psychiatric counseling.
      Much of what "Abijann" is advicing is good advice...however it is more appropriate for end stage liver disease, you have stated your father's liver disease has been diagnosed as early stage liver disease, so my suggestion is still let him play the adult role, come to terms with his disease and fight it instead of fighting the ones who are trying to help him.

  34. QUESTION:
    Answers and advice needed about Interferon treatment for Hep-C for my mom?
    My mom is 51 years old and she has Hepatitis C. She recently had an ultrasound and it showed everything to look good. Her liver enzymes are good right now also. She did have a biopsy 2 years ago and it showed no cirrhosis.

    However, she feels very flu-like and fatigued. She has felt this way for about 10 years now. Ever since she was diagnosed, she has never felt the same. She has been offered the Interferon treatment. She is scared to do it. She says the only thing she is afraid of is the depression because even though she has something wrong with her she still has hope and doesn't feel depressed.

    I want her to be around to watch her grandson grow up, I encourage her to try the treatment.

    Are there any success stories out there for people who have done this treatment for Hep-C? Any advice? Any words of encouragement? She is Genotype 1, so they tell her she has a 50/50 chance of it working.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      My mom took the interfuron/ribaviron treatment and has been free of Hepatitis C for 8 years now! Tell her to go for it. The doc can put her on anitdepressants if she begins to feel depressed. Some doctors will prescibe antidepressants at the beginning of treatment, so there will be no worries about depression. Good luck for your mom, and tell her to go for it. If she can clear up the Hep C, she will be much happier. I know my mom is.

  35. QUESTION:
    I need help convincing other people on herbal supplment i have developed for liver related infections and HIV?
    The herbal supplement i have developed can cure liver related infections like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and Liver Cirrhosis etc completely. It brings CD4 counts or T-Cells into normal range in HIV infected people preventing them to develop AIDS. I have two case records where people have even turned HIV negative from HIV positive. I have several case records where I have been able to eliminate HBsAg and HCV virus completely on those people who suffered from Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C. This supplement is good for both alcohol related and viral related liver cirrhosis. I have been practicing this for nearly 10 years and everyone i have treated are in good health so far. I have recordings of my interviews in national televisions, patient records showing before and after the treatment, and several published news in several newspapers in Nepal to prove the credibility.
    Here is one real example:
    September 04, 2003 (before) October 31, 2003 (after)
    Serum Bilirubin (total) 6.3 msg/dl. After -> 0.8 msg/dl.
    Conjugated 4.8 mgs/dl. After -> 0.3 msg/dl.
    Unconjugated 1.5 mgs/dl. After -> 0.5 msg/dl.
    Serum Protein (total) 4.8 gm/dl. After -> 6.8 gm/dl.
    Albumin 2 gm/dl. After -> 3.6 gm/dl.
    Globulin 2.8 gm/dl. After -> 3.2 gm/dl.
    Serum Alt(GPT) 36 U/ml After -> 16 U/ml
    Serum Alkaline Phosphate 12.3 KAU/dl. After -> 9.0 KAU/dl.
    Hepatitis B After -> HBsAg-Non Reactive

    I am looking for someone who can assist me in convincing rest of the world in my findings. Can anyone help? I can be reached at medicineherbal@yahoo.com

    • ANSWER:
      I hope you are successful in this as so many suffer from these things and medical science is useless here. Unfortunately, in the us the AMA has a history of going to people with successful herbal formulas (example hoxsey) and even regular doctors treating successfully with "non approved" treatments and harassing them.

      In these cases they offered to buy the treatment, apparently with the purpose of holding the rights and then putting it on the shelf to keep using their expensive profit making treatments like drugs, surgery, chemo, radiation etc.

      They have reached the point where a system has been set up where money over-rides cures if that makes sense.

      Unfortunately, the medical journals that most doctors read are full of high priced pharmaceutical ads for drug companies..when these respected journal (ie like new England journal of medicine and things like that) publish articles or studies showing the effectiveness of simple, safe, inexpensive, alternative treatments like herbs etc, the drug makers running the ads threaten to pull out their advertising dollars which keeps the journals/magazines afloat. They have done this in the past and magazines folded and this example is remembered by other magazine that are then to scared to publish this info and so most doctors never get to read it.

      The drug makers spend millions of dollars patenting a drug and are not wanting people using things which they could grow or pick themselves.

      This is the dilemma they face..when people refuse to sell their products, the AMA has in the past set out to destroy the person..in hoxsey's case they sued multiple times but hoxsey was the first person to win a case against the AMA when tons of healed cancer victims came in and testified complete with medical records saying they were going to die in x number of months and years later they were still hear..angered somehow they eventual sued and got all his clinics across American closed the same day and he could not afford court battles in all these states and so he was forced to move to Mexico.

      The respected doctor that refused to sell was a victim of rumors they apparently started that his treatment was contaminated by the aids virus and they tried to take his medical license and he wound up fleeing to another country.

      I would therefore think it will be hard to do this here other than writing a book and trying to sell it through health food stores but not claims I don;t think can be made on any herbal supplement so you will have to convince through education/books and then hope people seek the product out.

      a better option might be trying to market in another country that is more open to herbs like Canada or Europe

      You can hear the very interesting story of hoxsey by viewing the video here

      http://video.google.com/videosearch?q=hoxsey&sourceid=navclient-ff&rlz=1B3DVFA_en___US204&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv#

      In light of this desire to not cure or treat outside established medicine to maintain the huge industry, it will be hard.

      Maybe going to aids support groups or maybe even the gay community (they are not the only people who get aids but you know they are interested in the topic) or maybe hanging outside places say alcoholics might gather and seeing if you can find people with Cirrhosis who might be willing to try it and by enlisting people to try it and having it spread word of mouth if successful will help the word spread.

      I do remember a book I read by a "doctor's doctor" (allopath) who turned to alternative health and discovered organic olive leaf cured many viral/bacterial/fungal and protozoan illnesses including things like AIDS, anthrax, bird flu etc and published a book..through the cases were anonymous, he wrote that the AIDS cases were all the real people's names as they insisted he use their real names to try to add weight as they were healed and wanted others to be healed to.

      Maybe such as approach will work for you. Unfortunately you are battling a system of medicine that does not want competition except a little light "complementary" medicine that is used as an addition and not the "real" or primary treatment which they insist only the doctors etc are not quacks and this will make it hard for people in need to get your product..also much work is done to try to convince people that alternative medicine is full of quacks trying to scam them so people are afraid to try stuff and this suits the AMA fine.

      It is a sad day when profit comes above people's lives.
      You need to find people already interested in alternative health perhaps.

      Drs like Lorraine day who heal themselves using alternative health and tell people are often ostracized by their doctor peers and attempts made to discredit them. People like Kevin
      Trudeau they get people to think he is a scammer to blunt the info that can help people..they try all the time to try to outlaw suplements or regulate them so they can maintain their exclusive right to our health

  36. QUESTION:
    How does Obstructive Sleep Apnea impact cirrhosis and high blood pressure?
    My 60-yr. old husband has Cirrhosis of the liver, High blood Pressure, Rheumatoid Arthritis and severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea - and depression, as a result. I worry in particular because he refuses to use his sleep mask, so for now the sleep apnea seems to be his biggest hurdle, along with depression. He was diagnosed with Cirrhosis over 2 yrs. ago, Stage 4. He stopped drinking, and his liver got better; he still takes meds for that. His blood pressure is controlled with meds, and his RA has all but crippled his knees. I've tried everything to get him to try the newer, lighter sleep masks, get a new sleep study, or at least consult a dr. for the apnea. (He hasn't seen a dr. for that since diagnoses 15 yrs. ago.) He won't even consider any treatment for the apnea; he's just given up on it. He wakes up countless times during sleep; stops breathing over 100 times per sleep cycle, according to his last sleep study 15 yrs. ago. I'm at a loss here..any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:

  37. QUESTION:
    Is there treatment for cirrohsis?
    I was just found out I have cirrhosis of the liver, Im not sure what my next skips are and what to do?I got it because I have a fatty, liver that is what my Doctor told me.. I not sure what to do??

    • ANSWER:
      Go to the website below, it gives a lot of information and may help you.
      Fatty liver is often the first stage and can be caused by a few different things.
      Do not drink any alcohol as that will speed up the process faster than anything else. Stick to a sensible, healthy diet, dont smoke and get plenty of rest. This is pretty basic advice, read the article for more detailed advice.

  38. QUESTION:
    Just diagnosed with liver cancer. What now?
    I found out today that my step father has liver cancer.

    He also has cirrhosis of the liver and Hep C.

    The outlook isn't good and I don't really know what to do or say. It seems too negative to even try to be positive right now.

    I would like some information on things we can do though. What are good foods to combat things like cancer? I'm not sure what type of treatment he will start seeing as his other medical issues may prohibit some methods, but I don't know much about cancer and I would like some sites if anyone could provide any. Thanks in advance and feel free to give me all the info you want.
    Also, I don't know how bad it is, my mom just told me that he was diagnosed and not much else has been discussed.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to hear that, but I'm sure his doctors will give you the best and most accurate information. I find doing medical research on your own almost always leads to making yourself feel worse than you should. You should be as optimistic as you can, but wait until you hear from a doctor before coming to any conclusions.

  39. QUESTION:
    Hepatitus C treatment, in the UK.?
    I want to help a freind whose sister lives in latvia and has been given days to live due to her cronic illness of Hepatitus C.

    The illness which she has been suffering for seven years has only recently become very serious, she is in hospital and her liver has developed cirrhosis and the machine which is currently keeping her alive will eventually need to be switched off.

    I want to help becuase I'm aware of the problems and limitations of the hospitals faced in lativia and because my freind has a UK work permit, perhaps he could use it to his advantage and pay for her treatment here in the UK.

    Would entitlments would she be able to receive?
    Would a liver transplant or other medications, machines would secure her life is she was offered it in the UK conmpared to latvia?

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to hear about your friend i have Hep c since birth my whole family has it my mum died of it.It sound as if even if your friend made it to the UK not a lot can be done now the liver transplant list is very long.I think the only thing you can do is be there for you friend.
      I will hold you in my thoughts

  40. QUESTION:
    Help... Liver Cancer?
    Last week, my relative has been diagnosed with primary liver cancer (have cirrhosis - hepatitis C) . My uncle has passed away from 9 months by the same cause (It is very common here in Egypt). I want to help him but I don't know (I am not a doctor and the medical care information is very rare here)

    Are there some organizations in USA or Europe that support the treatment of overseas cancer patients in poor countries with low cost?
    Are medical trials ... good option (low cost)?
    If liver transplant medically possible (e.g. cancer has not spread to other parts of the body)... How he can find a donor?

    • ANSWER:
      I live in the US and have no idea how your healthcare system works there, but it does seem odd for liver cancer to be common there yet medical care information is very rare. From time to time there are organizations here that will bring children over from underdeveloped countries free of charge to do difficult surgeries they are not equipped to do. However, this is rare and we do not do this for standard procedures.

      Our healthcare system has failed millions of our own citizens. Our government has failed us by allowing insurance companies to influence them and by allowing illegal aliens to zap our resources while our citizens pay of it and go without. So until this is fixed we should not encourage anyone to come here to get free or low cost care.

      In the US it is not possible for individuals to find their own liver donor. Here you are put in a database and when a match is found and it is your turn you get the liver.

  41. QUESTION:
    Alcoholic dad now retired and driving us nuts! Asking for money too! Help!?
    My dad was an alcoholic my entire life. I witnessed him beat my mother (they are no longer married, thank goodness), destroy our home, pull guns and knives out, and just otherwise make our lives hell.

    Now that he is older (almost 70), he is alone and broke. He has had cirrhosis of the liver for several years... and still drinks his beer and smokes like a chimney. My brother doesn't want anything to do with him, so that leaves ME as his sole source of support. He makes 00 a month on social security. That's his sole income.

    I am married, I have 3 kids, and I'm 7 months pregnant with #4. My dad is at our house several times a day. He stops in for dinner almost every evening. Due to his cirrhosis treatment, his teeth have all broken off or fallen out completely. Now he is asking my husband and I for the money to get his teeth pulled and dentures. This is EXPENSIVE. One dentist I spoke to quoted between ,000 and ,000 due to the severe neglect and damage. My dad asks EVERY DAY about the money to get his teeth fixed. I have offered to help him find community resources to help, but he just wants the money, saying it would be "easier and no hassle."

    I have forgiven him for the years of hell we lived in at his doing, but I just can't justify handing him -8 grand, bad teeth or not. Due to the cirrhosis, we will probably be footing the bill for his funeral in just a few years time (if that).

    Am I wrong to feel that his dental work isn't my problem? He is driving us crazy by showing up at our house several times a day, too. I don't want to hurt my dad; we are all he has, really. But isn't that his fault, too? Any advice would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      No, you are not wrong. Your father is an adult and he made choices to get where he is today. Your account makes it clear that his approach to life has always been to consider himself first and everyone else last. It is always "easier and no hassle" to spend someone else's money, for the person spending it, but seldom is it so easy for the person providing it. There is an alternative, to use community resources, and if he wanted his teeth fixed that badly, he would be willing to put up with the hassle to fill out some forms so that someone else could pay for what he was not willing to save for or pay for himself. And, if he cared about the burden that it would put on you to take your money, he would be willing to fill out a few forms to save you the burden. This relationship is clearly very one-sided, and if you don't start defending yourself, he is going to suck you dry.

      The fact that he comes to your house several times a day is disturbing. He should be checking with you before "dropping by", and you should be discouraging daily visits. I recommend that you use your upcoming pregnancy to set some new rules. You need to be firm with your Dad, because he just doesn't care very much about imposing on people, so if YOU don't care enough to stop his imposing on your family, then no one will. You can do this in a kindly way, but kind or not, it needs to be done. If you don't set some limits, your resentment over the way he is abusing your relationship will reach a point to where you feel like your brother does and then your father will have no one. So, if you want to be there for your father, you have to maintain some healthy boundaries in your relationship. Of course, he is not going to like being told "No", but it will not "hurt your Dad". It will disappoint him, but he clearly needs you, so I have no doubt that he will adapt.

      Besides, this is affecting your family. Your stress over your father's demands. Your father's many-time-a-day visits. The money that goes to your father instead of to your own family's needs. Don't let your need to care for your father overwhelm your care for your own family.

      Balance is the key here. There are too many visits. Your Dad is demanding too much money and too much time. You can give, but only so much. Your Dad is not going to reach a limit and stop. You are going to have to decide where the limit is, and it needs to be set according to your sense of what is right, and your capacity to give, not what he wants. I want a ,000 - ,000, too. Don't we all?

  42. QUESTION:
    Can you drink alcohol if you have Chronic Hepatitis B?
    My boyfriend was diagnosed with chronic hepatitis b last year. He had a liver biopsy which showed some cirrhosis. He saw a specialist who out him on treatment and told him not to drink. He has stopped taking the medication and is drinking again. He doesnt drink much but from what i understand he shouldn't drink at all? I am worried about him. I think he should go back to his doctor for a yearly checkup but he says the doctor didnt tell him to come back.

    • ANSWER:
      Oh he should definitely not drink AT ALL. He is hurting his liver with each sip and will end up needing a transplant. Why does he do this? If he's so addicted that he can't stop drinking even though his health is so compromised if he does, then he needs to see someone for help in stopping his drinking. I know someone who smokes after being diagnosed with stage 3 lung cancer. It makes no sense.

  43. QUESTION:
    Anyone Help Me With Cirrhosis Questions?
    My father was diagnosed with alcoholic cirrhosis about 2 months ago...he had severe ascites, they gave him pills to take, and he 'peed' out A LOT of weight...he almost looks skinny now and almost looks as if he is losing weight...he doesn't seem sick nor has he said that he felt sick...I just don't know what to expect...he's going to liver doctor in early August to 'discuss treatment options' and I am going to go with him..I'm just really worried and upset :( What's going to happen?

    • ANSWER:
      Rob, I'm sorry for you to learn of your dad's alcoholic cirrhosis. Sadly, if the diagnosis is accurate, and it seems to be with severe ascites, then the outlook is very guarded and not good. Of course he absolutely needs to avoid ALL alcohol for the rest of hiss life as well as any medicines that might damage the liver with its side effects. From now on, he should have some guidance from a nutrition about food intake. His cirrhosis may progress to involve the large veins on the inside of the esophagus (esophageal varices). These could suddenly bleed with his vomiting blood in a severely acute emergency room visit for blood transfusion and possible surgery. I hope he is wise enough to follow his physician's recommendations. My sympathies to you.

  44. QUESTION:
    Is it correct, that my employer may fire me, if/when, illness hampers performance?
    I have hepatitis c and recently learned, it has progressed to stage 5, cirrhosis (with stage 6 being liver failure).

    When I become too ill to do my job, and my employer thus fires me: Am I correct in assuming my group health insurance, will also end as of that date (ending treatment for my hepatitis)?

    • ANSWER:
      Should you become incapable of performing your job, yes, your employer has the right to terminate your employment. You then become eligible to apply for unemployment benefits unless you have already been declared disabled. You cannot apply for Social Security Disability benefits unless it has been determined that you are disabled. If you are not disabled, you can apply for unemployment and are eligible to continue your health benefits, paid monthly out-of-pocket through COBRA- this is an expensive but for some a needed option. In most instances, your health benefits continue for a month after the end of employment.
      Speak with your physician regarding your condition and his/her opinion on your ability to continue working. They should be able to help direct you.

  45. QUESTION:
    Could I have Cirrhosis?
    Hello, I have been drinking 1-2 bottles of wine almost every night for the past 2 years. I am seeking treatment and go for my screening next week. I am so scared--I have pain in my liver. I know that this is not a medical site, but does anyone know if I could have cirrhosis in this amount of time of abuse. I am not ready to die and I am scared to death. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Zena, I wish you the very best in quitting. I do not know if that is enough alcohol to cause cirrhosis or not but I do know that some ppl get it w/o drinking at all so I would guess that it is enough. Don't let your fear stop you. Fear is probably our worst character defect and the very thing that leads us addicts to give up and go back to using the most often. You can live a long time w cirrhosis and when you have a spiritual awakening from doing your steps in recovery, you won't care about death much anymore or fear it. Also, pain in the liver can just be a sign of inflammation from drinking and not necessarily a sign of cirrhosis.

  46. QUESTION:
    What does it mean for you if doctor says you have a "some scarring" on your liver?
    I have hepatitis c. I have not started treatment yet. The doctor says I can wait to start after the holidays are over (want to try to enjoy this season). She did also say that my biopsy showed "some scarring" to my liver and she mentioned the c word (cirrhosis). She didn't say that I have it though. She also said that "you have 20-30 years before you have to worry about that". I was so upset at he time that I didn't ask her to elaborate. I am really upset about this whole thing. I don't even know how to go on with my life.....what does this mean for me? I am only 28 so will I die between 48-58 of cirrhosis? I am not married, no kids, and I probably won't ever. the plan for my life is completely shot to hell. And I feel like there is nothing I can do to help myself.

    • ANSWER:

  47. QUESTION:
    Father has throat cancer - refuses treatment. Prognosis?
    I know it's tough to really pinpoint this kind of thing. My father, an alcoholic and heavy smoker, has been diagnosed with throat cancer. It's affected his lymph nodes but hasn't spread any farther. He's had cirrhosis for 20+ years, and refuses to quit drinking. They suggested both radiation and chemotherapy, but he's refusing the chemotherapy because they'd have to place a feeding tube, which means no more drinking.

    Without sugarcoating things, has anyone had experience with something like this? I'm really not sure if his body could withstand the treatments because of his failing liver as it is. Any thoughts?

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Sadly your father has made his choice If he has chosen no treatment then really you cant nothing about it It sounds as though the choice he has made will end his life , and I somehow think he knows it. Sometimes you have to let what will be will be. I lost my mom to cancer and its hard to face but it his decision and only his and you have to let him make it

  48. QUESTION:
    Spironolactone and facial hair?
    I have facial hair, and I've had it for years, since I started puberty. My doctor did a blood test, and my testosterone levels are within a normal range, so they prescribed Spironolactone. I read about it, and it says it is for the treatment of high blood pressure, low potassium, congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, and kidney problems, none of which I have. So does anyone know why this is prescribed for facial hair, or has anyone had this prescribed to them for facial hair, and if so, does it actually work and reduce the amount??

    • ANSWER:
      Spironolactone has some effects on progesterone and androgen receptors because its chemical structure is steroid-based. It has been evaluated by some small studies for use in women with excessive hair growth (hirsutism) and found to have a significant effect on subjective hair growth. This indication has not been FDA-approved though, which is why you won't find it mentioned in most of the resources available to consumers. Physicians, pharmacists, and other health care providers know how to identify and interpret the studies that have been conducted, and because the medication itself has been FDA approved for other indications (and thus the side effects have been well-characterized), we can use that information to safely apply the medication to situations where it has demonstrated some positive results.

  49. QUESTION:
    Regarding Hepatitis C Anti Viral Treatment (i.e. Interferon combos), is continuing to work fine...............?
    I just found out I am stage 5 (of 6) cirrhosis and am about to clinch a new job, of considerable responsibility and pressure. Have never been treated, but doctor still recommends it, I think as a way of delaying decompensation (end stage liver failure).

    Since there is no way to know, when if I continue on untreated, how much longer I will still feel fine, or start getting into the horrible stuff: My concern is making the decision whether or not to concentrate mostly on treatment, or to attempt both treatment and the new job.

    Obviously it's a decision only I can make (59 yrs old but single), but it sure would help to add as much "reality" as can be learned from those already in treatment, or past treated. It's a catch 22 because I know the disease is going to take me down sooner or later, and probably sooner, because I've had it for I'm guessing 40 yrs.

    Any comments or knowledge, or experiences.......would be very helpful and much appreciated.
    Forgot to mention my Cobra medical coverage expires in November 2010. Without the new job hence, a new "group" medical plan, treatment will be out of my reach financially.

    Also I must work to feed myself, until I become disabled and can apply for whatever is available (i.e. social security disability)
    Baa Baa said was no 1-6 rating system, but there absolutely is. Also there are many other rating systems.
    The 1-6 is called; "Modified HAI Grading: Necroinfammatory Scores". The related 1-6 scale is called: "Modified Staging: architectural changes, fibrosis and cirrhosis". info source is: "Ishak K et al" Hepatol 1995;22:696-699

    • ANSWER:
      As far as I know, there is no stage 5 or 6 when it comes to cirrhosis. There are 4 stages to liver disease itself and then there are 3 stages of cirrhosis. Anyone in stage 3 of cirrhosis would be extremely ill and unable to work any job because that is the decompensated stage in which medications and treatments no longer work on controlling the symptoms of advanced cirrhosis. You would be extremely fatigued all the time and fluid retention would probably be a very big problem. You probably would also have periods of confusion, memory loss, and behavior changes from high ammonia levels. You would also be taking a lot of Lactulose to try to bring those ammonia levels down which means you would be having diarrhea or near diarrhea about 5 or 6 times a day. These are just a few of the fun things that comes with the third stage of cirrhosis which is the final stage where total liver failure is close. As you can see, functioning in a job would be extremely difficult if not impossible.

      I would really question your doctor about this stage 5-6 business since it just does not exist as far as I know. I could list all the stages, but don't want to go into all that right now. It doesn't seem like you are experiencing any symptoms at all from your cirrhosis if you are able to function quite well in life and want to take on a demanding job with lots more stress and responsibility. If that is the case, you most likely are in the very early stage of the disease when there are no symptoms.

  50. QUESTION:
    Cancer Patient seeking advice.?
    Hello, I am writing on my father's behalf. He's 55 yrs old. He was diagnosed with liver cirrhosis 3 yrs back, and underwent treatment for the same, which left his liver very weak. Now he's been diagnosed with adrenocortical tumour, and the malignancy has started to spread in his lungs. Our doctor said that surgery is not an option in his case and started chemotherapy. He's still very weak, after 1 session of chemo, has high fever and cough almost alternate day. I want to know whether any other form of treatment is available. Thank You

    • ANSWER:
      I am very sorry to hear about your father. After my mother was diagnosed with colon cancer, I went to see what other alternative forms of treatment were out there. She expressed a few different "natural" treatments she would like to try after doing a bit of chemotherapy.
      There is everything from herbal medicines and foods, to electromedicine being promoted to help with cancer treatment.
      I recall watching a program not too long ago on be venom therapy that peaked my interest (one of the sites: http://www.beewelltherapy.com/).
      I also want to put out, I do not have any formal medical training and it would probably be best to keep on with what the doctors say (especially since it seems its a later stage cancer), along with looking into alternative forms if you think they would help.


Cirrhosis Of Liver

What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease. Hepatitis B is the most common liver infection in the world. In all over world about 350 million people are suffering from HBV, of whom, more than 250,000 die from liver-related disease each year. The liver can become inflamed as a result of infection. Hepatitis B is caused by infection with the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis stops right working of your liver and it also makes your liver swollen. Mostly people do not know that they are suffering from Hepatitis B because it does not have any special kind of symptoms. The common symptoms of Hepatitis B are vomiting, jaundice, dehydration, headache, dark yellow colored urine, yellowish eyes and skin, abdominal pain etc.
Causes of Hepatitis B:
Virus is the main cause of Hepatitis B
The virus is the main cause of Hepatitis B. virus can get transferred from one person to another. The hepatitis B virus is transmitted from one person to another via blood so this virus is also called blood-borne virus. How HVB virus gets transmitted in to the human body?

  • Living with the people who are suffering from Hepatitis B
  • Having sex with an infected person without using a condom
  • If you share the drug needles with any infected person
  • Men or women who have multiple sex partners, especially if they do not use a condom
  • By use of infected person's toothbrush, razor, or anything else that could have blood on it.
  • If tattooing or body piercing tools are not being clean.
  • A person who go from dialysis and involve in kidney disease.
  • New born child get it for his infected mother.

Methods to Prevent Yourself for Hepatitis B:
Hepatitis B can be prevented either before or right after exposure to the virus. To prevent yourself from Hepatitis B, keep in mind those following point:

  • Use condom if your partner is infected by HBV
  • Avoid the contact with blood and other body fluids with the infected persons
  • Do not reuse used needles.
  • Do cover all open cuts and sores.
  • Pregnant women's should screen her for HBV infection.
  • To prevent disease before exposure, hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all infants, all 11-12 years-old
  • The infected person must not share razors, toothbrushes, needles, or any other object that may have become polluted with blood.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How long before I have cirrhosis/ liver cancer from hepatitis C?
    Ive had Hep-C for 25 years and my viral load is over 5 million. How long before I have cirrhosis or liver cancer with no treatment. What are my chances of treatment even working?

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is a virus that has entered the patient's body and has gone
      to the liver to use the liver cells to replicate itself. (the amount of the
      virus is known as the Viral Load) When the virus uses the liver cell,
      that cell dies and it moves onto the next. For a time, the liver can generate
      new cells to take the place of the dead ones. However, eventually,
      the liver isn't able to keep up as the cells keep dying off.

      The doctor can tell how far advanced you are in this disease through
      blood testings and a liver biopsy. These results will give him an idea
      of how much functions the liver cells can still do, how much damage
      there is in the entire liver, and how long you may have to live if you
      do not have a liver transplant.

      When the liver cells die, the immune system of the body will
      respond to this and cause inflammation to develop in the liver
      (known as Hepatitis). Hepatitis with a letter after it refers to
      the virus which is only one of many causes of liver cell damage
      (Hepatitis A,B,C). The inflammation inside the liver will cause
      the liver to enlarge in size (can be seen on an ultrasound or
      Ct scan).
      Cirrhosis develops when the liver cells are not just damaged,
      but start to die off and scar tissue takes their place inside the
      liver. This scar tissue cannot be removed. It acts like a wall.
      It blocks the flow of blood in the liver from reaching the heart
      and the blood backs up into smaller vessels in the body to
      do this, that may have weak spots (known as varies).
      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm
      http://hepatitis-c.emedtv.com/hepatitis-c-video/the-human-liver.html
      http://www.hepctrust.org.uk/The+Liver/How+HCV+affects+the+functions+of+the+liver.htm

      Hepatitis C patient, as are others with liver disease, are more
      susceptable to develop liver cancer.

      Some people use the treatment before having a transplant and
      other wait till after the transplant is over.
      The main treatment options are:
      Hepatitis C drugs that are new: Merck's Victrelis (boceprevir) treatment lasts 8 to 12 months
      and Vertex's telaprevir (treatment takes six months)
      The standard drugs are alpha interferon and ribavirin.
      Each person reacts differently to medications...so it is hard to determine how
      the body will respond to this ahead of time. It has been shown that the
      new drugs combined with the standard drug has been beneficial in alot of
      cases.

      (click on the links above to go to the sites)

      I hope this information has been of help to you. Best wishes

  2. QUESTION:
    My dad has End-stage Liver disease/ liver failure (Cirrhosis) How long does he have?
    My family seems to be keeping a lot of information from me about his illness. I went to the hospital a few days ago and I really didn't find out much. We are working really hard to get him a transplant and I just moved out of state to be with him during this ordeal.

    I may not want to know..but, how long do people normally live when they have Cirrhosis/Liver failure?

    • ANSWER:
      The timing can be tricky. It depends on how bad he is or how bad he is treated in the hospital. I would fight and fight for the transplant before he is no longer allowed one. When they get too sick they normally think the patient can't survive and they don't want to waste a liver on them. Sucks, that happen to my dad after his newer liver started failing. To learn more, I would search it online on Wikipedia.com. When everything was happening to my dad no one would tell us details about his illness and that totally sucked. I only learned once I was in Sonography College in great detail. Good luck it can be a long bumpy ride.

  3. QUESTION:
    What are the causes of liver cirrhosis or cancer?
    Alcohol is largely to blame for liver cirrhosis but my friend hasn't really abused it yet he got the ailment. What might have caused it besides alcohol abuse? He's skin and bones right now and deteriorating fast. Please add curative suggestions if any. His doctor sent him home as a hopeless case so i'm appealing for any other remedies. Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      I'm going through the same thing with my husband. He just came home Tuesday night and I have hospice helping out. He is already getting to where he can't walk hardly. People keep talking about a liver transplant but my doc. said my husband wasn't a candidate because he has cancer. But my husband drank alot when he was younger. He has been on alot of pain medicines. Along with meds for blood pressure and cholesterol. I think the cholesterol drugs caused this cirrohsis. He was taking to much at one time but thats what the doctor told him and it started scarring his liver. And later they changed it and he started getting jaundice and thats how they found the cancer. He also has blood clots from his heart to his liver. His liver isn't functioning right along with his kidneys. I wish you luck with your friend.

  4. QUESTION:
    How much alcohol would you have to drink to get liver cirrhosis?
    Hey there!
    I heard that if you drink too much alcohol over a period of time then you can develop liver cirrhosis. So I was wondering how much alcohol would you have to drink daily to develop cirrhosis and for what period of time?
    Thanks! :)
    PS - I don't drink, I'm just curious! ^^

    • ANSWER:
      Actually that depends on the individual. Some can drink all their life and not get it, then some with less tolerance can have a drink maybe 3 times a week, then develop it.

  5. QUESTION:
    How long can Lactulose work for someone with end-stage liver cirrhosis?
    Sorry I ask so many questions about this, but I'm really confused, because one minute my Grandfather looks near death, and then he can get out of bed and wheel himself to the bathroom. There is however blood in his stool...what would happen if this happened daily? How long can lactulose work in a patient with the final stage of liver cirrhosis? A few months? A few weeks?

    • ANSWER:
      Lactulose is used to get rid of ammonia for people with cirrhosis. It will work as long as the patient takes it. The ammonia is removed through bowel movements. High ammonia levels can cause a condition called encephalopathy which causes confusion, memory loss, behavior changes, hallucinations, and even coma and death if the levels get super high with no treatment. Of course, Lactulose also can cause a lot of diarrhea since that is the side effect.

      If your grandfather has continued bleeding day after day, he could get anemic from the blood loss. Cirrhosis causes lots of problems with bleeding. Unwanted veins grow called varix that can leak and bleed. Blood doesn't clot like it should. Any bleeding can be hard to stop. They bruise very easy. It's all part of the disease which is especially true when a person is in the end stage of the disease. Your grandfather can take the Lactulose as long as he is alive. The doctors usually increase the dosage if the ammonia levels continue to go up.

  6. QUESTION:
    How does Liver Cirrhosis impair the regenerative capacity of the liver?
    Given that the liver can supposedly regenerate up to 75% of its mass, how is it that the impairment of liver function by Alcoholic Cirrhosis is irreversible?
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      cirrhosis in a nut shell means replacement of working hepatic(liver) tissue into a fibrous one.
      this fibrous tissue is like a scar tissue with no functional ability. simple as this sounds..loss of functions is accompanied with loss of the cellular regeneration capacity.

      regeneration requires active cells. regeneration of liver as u stated is possible even if 75% of the hepatic mass is removed, thus it depends on the rest 25% to regenrate back.

      may be u r not aware but mild cirrhosis ie in the early stages of fibrosis, in case of alcoholic cirrhosis if the pateint stops consumption of alcohol then the cirrhsosi can be reversed.
      but rarely it is daignosed that early and the symptoms arise only after a good amount of irreversible damage has taken place. the most important reason why regeneration cannot take place is that once cirrhosed, the blood supply to the liver is greatly decreased which is augmented by the decreased functioning of the liver, these two together dont allow regenration and reversal of cirrhosis.
      organ transplant is always an option..u will just need to find a donor that matches with ur histocompatibility genes

  7. QUESTION:
    What kind of citrus fruits can a person with liver cirrhosis eat?Are lemons and lime okay to eat?
    Is a person with liver cirrhosis can drink soyamilk or any soya products for protein source?

    • ANSWER:
      If lcirrhosis is real bad, then u should avoid high protein diet. This can lead to ammonia in your blood and u can get loopy. Also make sure your kidneys are ok before eating lot of lime, as people with kidney problems (which can occur in cirrhostics) can develp high potassium with citrus food and high potassium can kill you.

  8. QUESTION:
    Can you die suddenly from liver cirrhosis?
    I've just found out that my best friend has died, apparently of cirrhosis of the liver. He was only 39. I hadn't talked to him for a few months, as we live halfway across the world from each other, but the last time I talked to him he sounded alright and did not mention anything to me about being ill. I know that he had been drinking quite excessively, but I had NO idea he was drinking as much as apparently he had. From what his sister has said, he called 911 on a Monday, vomiting blood and having breathing trouble, by Monday night he was considered brain dead and by Tuesday he had died. Could he have known how ill he was? He hated doctors, so I don't know if he'd seen one prior or not. How could he have died so suddenly? Surely, if he were so ill he were about to die, he would have been ill enough to have been hospitalised before it got so bad he called 911...? I'm left with too many unanswered questions, but I was just wondering if any of you out there know anything, thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      yes, you absolutely can die suddenly from cirrhosis of the liver. What happens is the liver just fails suddenly from the disease. When the liver fails it affects every organ in the body. He may have known he was ill, but perhaps he thought he Wasn't that bad off. I'm sorry for you because I know it's painful losing someone you love.

      alcohol causes more death than any other drug and people still do not recognize the seriousness of consuming large amounts of alcohol.

  9. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver?
    Is there a difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver? If so what is it? Someone on here said I am at risk for liver cancer cause of how much I drink but that confused me cause can liver cancer be caused by drinking a lot? I know cirrhosis can be but what about liver cancer? And which hurts more cirrhosis or liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer or hepatic cancer is properly considered to be a cancer which starts in the liver.
      The most frequent liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (also named hepatoma, which is a misnomer because adenomas are usually benign). This tumor also has a variant type that consists of both HCC and cholangiocarcinoma components. The cells of the bile duct coexist next to the bile ducts that drain the bile produced by the hepatocytes of the liver. Cancers which arise from the blood vessel cells in the liver are known has hemangioendotheliomas.

      Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules (lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated), leading to loss of liver function.
      Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, and fatty liver disease, but has many other possible causes. Some cases are idiopathic, i.e., of unknown cause.

  10. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know what causes Palmar Erythema with a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis?
    I found millions of websites that state it is a symptom of portal hypertension in association with Cirrhosis, but I need to know the mechanism behind it. What causes it? Any smarties out there?

    • ANSWER:
      I really don't believe that any one knows what causes it.

  11. QUESTION:
    does anyone knows the effects of cinnamon on a cirrhosis liver?

    • ANSWER:
      I cannot tell you for certain what effect it has on a patient who has cirrhosis. I do believe that the patient doesn't consume enough cinnamon to be concerned about.

      Cinnamon has many beneficial effects for the human body...(they have found that it keeps sugar levels lower in those who have diabetes; of which people who have Cirrhosis are at risk to have or develop).
      However, after studying into this a little further...there is evidence that cassia bark, which is one of the four species of cinnamon, may have a high coumarin content. According to these sites...
      this could have a moderately toxic effect to the liver and kidneys.
      It also said about Vit K being blocked
      by coumarin...Vitamin K is what helps the blood to clot. Patients who have Cirrhosis of the liver...the liver is no longer able to make clotting factors efficiently. Blocking the Vit K can cause them to bleed or bruise
      much more easily.

      You can read about this in wikipedia in two places
      The first is on Cinnamon, the other is on Coumarin
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinnamon
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coumarin

      I would definitely check with this patients doctor and see what he has to say about over consumption of Cinnamon in a cirrhosis patient. Very interesting.

  12. QUESTION:
    what is the survival rate for people who have cirrhosis of liver,also need to have their gallbladder removed?
    my dad has cirrhosis of the liver and we just found out he also needs to have his gallbladder removed due to it being swollen so i just want to find out what the survival rate is. if you could help me out with this burning question i would be ever so thankful thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      It all depends on how much permanent damage your father has right now and what is the reason for him having cirrhosis in the first place. If the damage is severe, then the cirrhosis will progress to total liver failure no matter what he does. But if he has just a small amount of cirrhosis (scar tissue in the liver), and let's say alcoholism was his reason for getting a damaged liver, then if he quit drinking forever, his liver disease would stop progressing any further and he would be fine even though he has a small amount of damage.

      As far as having his gallbladder removed, if he is not really down and sick, he should be able to get the surgery done laproscopically without a lot of problems. It's something he will have to discuss with his doctors who know all about his disease and his health. I don't know if there is anyone doing studies on people who have cirrhosis and need gallbladder surgery and the survival rate for those people. I doubt if you will find any and if you did, I would seriously question it. I prefer not to look at any statistics since there are so many different studies and everyone has their own way of doing these studies and getting their results. I really don't pay attention to any statistics and rely on what me and my doctor know about my health and take it from there.

      By the way, I thought I would mention that if your dad has cirrhosis and gets a liver transplant, they automatically remove the gallbladder during the transplant. Mine was gone for a year before I found out they took it.

  13. QUESTION:
    Prevalence of cirrhosis/liver disease in Japan?
    Does anyone know the prevalence of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis in Japan? I can't seem to find it anywhere. If you have an internet source confirming it, that would be great. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I found this article about cirrhosis in Japan... (the web url got cut off...it's one website, so you have to connect the two parts!)

      http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/ cgi/content/abstract/20/4/921

      I hope it helped?!

  14. QUESTION:
    What are signs of liver cirrhosis to look out for if you drink 7 litres of wine a week?

    .
    Knowledgeable answers only

    • ANSWER:
      Well to start with there are no symptoms. It isn't until it has become more serious that you start to notice symptoms. They tend to include feeling sick, tiredness, weakness and sometimes a loss of appetite. So really easy symptoms to miss as most people feel tired for one reason or another and the influence of alcohol can hide symptoms.

      Then it becomes much more serious and symptoms can include darkening skin, yellowing skin and whites of eyes (jaundice), fingernails can turn more white and curved, spider veins, a red face, and sometimes nosebleeds.

      At it's worse you can be vomiting blood.

      Of course not everyone has all the symptoms but with the amount of wine you are drinking, your chances of becoming very ill are high. Not just liver cirrhosis but pancreatitis, diabetes & renal problems as well as the terrible ageing effect it will be having.

      I think it would be bet to see a doctor who can find out what damage has been done and do what they can to help you.

  15. QUESTION:
    What is the correlation of low plasma protein concentration with liver cirrhosis and swelling of extremities?
    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      You are talking about Albumin. Albumin is a protein
      that is produced in the hepatocyte cells of the liver.
      When the liver cells are damaged or die off, the amount
      of this protein becomes less in the plasma of the blood.
      When albumin become less in the blood, it can no longer
      sustain sufficient colloid osmotic pressure to counterbalance the hydrostatic pressure and edema develops. In other words:
      Albumin is the protein that hold fluid inside our vessels
      and when it becomes less, the fluid can leak out and
      collect in the abdominal area....this fluid is then known
      as "Ascites"
      The Albumin is dependent on how much the liver cell
      excrete, the distribution of body fluid, how much is made,
      and the level of degradation.

      People who develop Ascites, can have the fluid drained
      by a procedure known as Paracentesis.

      People with Cirrhosis: the body tends to hold onto
      Sodium which in turn holds onto fluid in the body
      and also causes edema of the legs, feet, and other
      areas. Patient are placed on a lower sodium diet
      and given diuretic to help remove the sodium.
      However, sodium is one of the electrolytes that
      help the heart to beat in rhythm, therefore it has
      to be watched very closely to stay within normal
      range.

      http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/166724-overview
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_serum_albumin
      http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/hepatology/complications-of-cirrhosis-ascites/

      I hope this information has been of help to you.
      Best wishes.

  16. QUESTION:
    What is the best medical exam to detect liver cirrhosis in any stage of its' development?

    • ANSWER:
      Diagnosis

      The doctor may diagnose cirrhosis on the basis of symptoms, laboratory tests, the medical history, and a physical examination. For example, during a physical examination, the doctor may notice that the liver feels harder or larger than usual and order blood tests that can show whether liver disease is present.

      If looking at the liver is necessary to check for signs of disease, the doctor might order a computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or a scan of the liver using a radioisotope (a harmless radioactive substance that highlights the liver). Or the doctor might look at the liver using a laparoscope, an instrument that is inserted through the abdomen and relays pictures back to a computer screen.

      A liver biopsy will confirm the diagnosis. For a biopsy, the doctor uses a needle to take a tiny sample of liver tissue, then examines it under the microscope for scarring or other signs of disease.

  17. QUESTION:
    cirrhosis of liver alternative treatments or free clinical trials in Texas?
    Ok does anyone know of any advice on this topic. My Husbands uncle has been dx with this and they are saying he has a 1 1/2 left, but there has to be something right?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a link that will answer your questions:

      http://www.healthscout.com/ency/1/292/main.html

  18. QUESTION:
    Moms close to dying from Cirrhosis, Liver Cancer why so much pain?
    My mother has Cirrhosis, Liver Cancer. She was doing pretty good then last night she went down hill fast and she is in a LOT of pain. They are giving her liquid morphine it helps some. What I was wanted to know is why does this cause her so much pain. Hearing her in so much misery and thinking what she is feeling scares so bad. We are having the Reverend Beatty come over to help mom feel more at ease and to help her make peae with God.
    Yes she is on hospice. The nurse will come in the morning and from afternoon to evening my step-sister who is a home nurse will be there the during the night my aunt will be there she is also a home nurse. My brother comes over too he is a RN is an assistant professor and has bachelors degree in nuring, and a masters degree in science. Someone is always there with her and dad.

    • ANSWER:
      This link explains it: http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=5883

      So sorry to hear about your Mum.

  19. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between liver cancer & cirrhosis of liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer and cirrhosis are completely different diseases. Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells which have been damaged on a microscopic level, leading to a loss of natural regulation. Cirrhosis is a gradual replacement of healthy cells with fibrous scar tissue often due to alcoholism or hepatitis C. Both result in impaired liver functions.

  20. QUESTION:
    My uncle has hepatitis B and now suffering from liver cirrhosis.His viral load started at 63 million.?
    His viral load is originally 63 million and went down to 123 thousand after being put on a medication called entecavir for a year.The last result of his lab test is saying its undetectable.What does it mean?Is it gonna slow down the progression of his cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      It means it slows down the progression of his hepatitis B and of his cirrhosis. That is if his cirrhosis has not progressed to far. Also, following a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol are essential because the body needs all the nutrients it can get, and alcohol will only lead to more liver damage. Light physical activity can help stop or delay cirrhosis as well.

      I have gone through years of HCV and cirrhosis. I had a liver transplant two years ago. Recovery is not always swift, but being alive is a good thing.

  21. QUESTION:
    what is prognosis of patient with CKD, early liver cirrhosis, uncontrolled diabetes?

    A liver biopsy has confirmed cirrhosis.

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    I have cirrhosis of liver. Will having sex worsen the condition?
    I have cirrhosis of liver. I wonder if having sex will worsen it or it will be fine.

    • ANSWER:
      Sex will not worsen your condition at all. It will be fine.

  23. QUESTION:
    Am I likely to get liver cirrhosis when I'm older?
    I'm 18, "moderately obese" but I exercise plenty and don't eat much junk. On average I have about six drinks per week, usually within a 3-hour period. I take about 4-5 doses of OTC painkillers (midol, tylenol, aspirin, etc.) per month. I don't use illegal drugs. Am I likely to get liver cirrhosis if I continue drinking at this level? If so, which age should I expect to get it?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Someone! If now, at 18 years old, you take 6 drinks per week in a 3 hours period, you may not live long enough to get older to get cirrhosis, especially because of the legal Tylenol pain killer known as acetaminophen. Our bodies can normally burn up one drink per hour. If you drink and drive under the influence, a fatal car accident may result. You would be a lot safer if you could drink the same amount spread over more days (again avoid drinking & driving). This past year it was published that the non-prescription pain pill with acetaminophen has caused a number of deaths from liver damage. The Food & Drug Administration has issued cautions and warnings about any medicines that include acetaminophen to limit the amount. Try joining me by limiting yourself to 1 or 2 drinks at any one meal, or if you're to be the driver, then switch to non-alcoholic beer or tonic water with a lemon or lime. Then you can forget about cirrhosis unless it comes from hepatitis C infection from unprotected sex after your 6 drinks in one night.

  24. QUESTION:
    Is there any cure for Cirrhosis of the liver? As my mother is suffering from it.?
    My mother is suffering from liver cirrhosis is there any cure for that. She is a diabetic thats y 80-85% of her liver cells are not working.

    I heard of Munir khan who helps with all kinds of diseases please suggest.

    • ANSWER:
      There may be no cure for cirrhosis, but it can be treated. The focus is on stopping damage to the liver and avoiding liver failure. When the cause of the cirrhosis is known, therapy will aim to specifically manage that problem. It is essential that every patient avoid all substances, habits and drugs that may further damage the liver.

      The good news is that many people with cirrhosis have undergone successful liver transplants. Also, many patients live long and healthy lives with other means of therapy.

  25. QUESTION:
    what is the incidence of liver cirrhosis and the eventual incidence of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are many things that can cause damage
      to the liver cells and lead to cirrhosis of the liver:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, fatty liver disease,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infections,
      viral infections (like Hepatitis A,B,C,etc),
      parasite infections, cardiac/vascular problems,
      tumors/growths/cysts/cancer, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary disease (hemachromatosis, where the
      body holds onto too much iron, or wilson disease
      where the body holds onto too much copper),
      auto immune disease (like biliary cirrhosis or
      sclerosing cholangitis), metabolic disorders
      ( where the liver cannot handle glucose appropriately
      or an enzyme is lacking) and there are others.

      All liver patients are more at risk to develop
      cancer because of the regeneration of the liver
      cells that tries to take place. Even though cells
      of the liver are dying off because of damage
      done and scar tissue formation in the liver...
      the liver is still trying to make new cells.
      The new cells tend to bunch up against the
      scar tissue in the liver and this is what give
      cirrhosis patients liver the knobby, lumpy
      appearance. If the production of these
      new cells happen to start multiplying at
      a faster rate and form tumors that start
      to have their own blood supply...the larger
      they grow, the more damage can be done
      to the other cells around them.

      I hope this information has been of some
      help to you.

  26. QUESTION:
    Why laxative is administered to a patient suffering cirrhosis of liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Lactulose is commonly prescribed for people with cirrhosis. High ammonia levels can occur and Lactulose is used to get rid of the ammonia through bowel movements.

  27. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to go from a slightly fatter liver to Cirrhosis in 5 months?
    Had a CT scan in January for Diverticulitis which also revealed a slightly fatter liver. My GGT count was 117. Had a blood test the end of May and my other Enzymes were slightly elevated. Would it be possible go from from a slightly fatter liver to cirrhosis in 5 months? I am a moderate drinker but now only have a few glasses of wine on weekends.

    Male 43 years

    • ANSWER:
      No, it would not progress so quickly from alcohol unless something else was going on that caused it to happen. I had cirrhosis and never had a fatty liver ever plus I never drank alcohol. My liver enzymes were only slightly elevated to the point where the doctors paid no attention to them and told me my liver was fine. I had some fluid retention which sent me to the doctor.

      In reality, I actually had only 10% liver function left and my liver was pretty much destroyed with cirrhosis from an autoimmune problem. What a shocker! My only choice was to get a transplant if I wanted to stay alive.

      I would cut out all alcohol use, stick to a low fat diet and see what happens after about 3 months. Get the blood work done again and see if there is any improvement. If there is no improvement, then something else could be going on that needs checked out.

  28. QUESTION:
    Who knows or has a family member diagnosed with cirrhosis of liver with unknown etiology and is a pharmacist?

    • ANSWER:
      You're asking for quite a bit here. I had cirrhosis, and was diagnosed with unknown etiology prior to transplant. Later, after my transplant, they finally figured out it was PBC. But I'm not a pharmacist, so I guess I can't help you. Sorry.

  29. QUESTION:
    my father has got liver cirrhosis.i want does it cause him to die?if yes how long does it take?
    i mean what are the last symptoms of the dieses?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, a cirrhotic liver can kill someone. There are different extents and reasons for chirrohsis. Sx may iclude bruising, bleeding easily, yellow discoloration of the skin, eyes, tounge area and chages in behavior and mental status. It can also be painful since the liver becomes hardened.
      I am sorry for your dad, and your family! I hope he is comfortable... you should ask his doctor your questions, too.

  30. QUESTION:
    Does any one know much about cirrhosis of the liver?
    my father has been an alcoholic for 14 years drinking whiskey every day. he now has yellow skin and eyes (jaundice) and complains about stomach pains through the night. The doctor has been treating him for alcoholism for a long time but he won't let anyone go with him so I don't know if he has been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis yet. Any doctors or nurses out there, what is the average time someone has left when they get like this (bearing in mind that he will not give up the drink. He is determined to drink till he dies)

    • ANSWER:
      Alcohol & liver disease

      When you drink alcohol it is quickly absorbed directly into the blood stream from the stomach and upper part of the gut (small intestine). The absorbed alcohol then passes through the liver and subsequently into the blood stream where it reaches all organs in the body. Although most tissues are capable of breaking down alcohol, this is mainly carried out by the liver, where alcohol is eventually converted into water and carbon dioxide, which is removed through the lungs.

      Since the liver sees the highest concentrations of alcohol, it is one of the organs in the body most prone to developing alcohol related problems. However, alcohol also causes toxic effects on other organs in the body including the brain, heart, muscles and pancreas.

      Almost all excessive drinkers will develop the first stage of alcoholic liver disease fatty liver. This is a ‘side-effect’ of the liver breaking down alcohol into carbon dioxide and water. Fatty liver disappears when patients stop drinking excessively. If patients continue drinking excessively then a proportion (around 20-30%) will develop the next stage of alcoholic liver disease - alcoholic hepatitis. In this condition, the liver becomes inflamed and in its extreme form, patients can die of liver failure.

      An even smaller proportion of patients (around 10%) will develop a permanently scarred and damaged liver (cirrhosis), if they continue to drink excessively.

      Why certain heavy drinkers remain at the stage of fatty liver and others progress to alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis is not known at present, although undoubtedly, the more you drink and the greater the frequency and duration of heavy drinking, the more likely you are to develop the more advanced forms of disease. Recent evidence suggests that being overweight increases the risk of developing serious alcoholic liver disease and as yet largely unidentified genetic (inherited) factors may also be important.

      Excessive drinking can also cause:

      stomach disorders
      pancreatitis leading to diabetes
      high blood pressure
      heart muscle damage leading to heart failure
      strokes
      cardiac rhythm disturbances
      sudden cardiac death
      vitamin deficiencies
      sexual difficulties
      problems with the brain
      depression
      problems with nerves in the limb
      cancer of the liver, mouth, throat, gullet, large bowel and breast.

  31. QUESTION:
    Are there any natural or home remedies for cirrhosis/ liver failure?
    My mom has been an alcoholic for 25 years. She has been diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. We don't know the severity of the cirrhosis because they cannot biopsy her liver because her blood is no longer clotting and she will bleed out and die. Upon her release from the hospital the doctor told her that there is nothing they can do for her and that her liver is " fried'. She has since quit drinking, but I think she already has liver failure. Her eyes are neon yellow. Her hairline has a yellow line and her skin and nail beds are yellow. I just can't give up and watch my mother die. There has to be something that prolong her life and help repair her liver. Please help, my family and I are desperate! Thank you in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      I was told the same thing about my liver 5 years ago. I'm sorry your mother is so sick, but there is nothing she or anyone else can do for her at this late stage. Only a transplant will save her life, and it seems as though that is not an option since her doctor never mentioned it.

      Her liver function is very low with 25 years of drinking which caused the cirrhosis. If she is no longer clotting well and yellow, then the disease is probably in the end stage. The disease will progress to total liver failure whether she drinks or doesn't drink. Not drinking can slow it down, but it won't stop it at this point.

      I don't know whether or not a transplant could be an option for her, but she could call a transplant center and find out what she has to do in order to qualify. I know they require at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even consider you. Then you have to go through an evaluation after the 6 months. The problem is that with many alcoholics, they don't have 6 months left or are too sick to withstand the surgery. This is probably the case with your mom. I think your family is going to have to prepare yourselves for the worst if she cannot get a transplant. So sorry.

  32. QUESTION:
    Stage 4 liver failure, high ammonia levels, cirrhosis, death?
    A 59 year-old alcoholic/drug addict (recovering) is in the ICU with stage 4 liver failure and high ammonia levels, the toxins in his bloods are starting to poison him and he is confused. This is one of multiple hospitalizations due to cirrhosis/liver issues.

    ...What does this mean? Is there a chance this man will live?
    It's my Uncle. He has been drinking for nearly 40 years and smoking dope for almost 30. When he found out he had Hep C a few years ago, he tried to get sober, but um, it hasn't been going real well, he just earned his one month sobriety medallion in AA.

    • ANSWER:

  33. QUESTION:
    Help with liver cirrhosis life expectancy?
    My Grandpa has been in the hospital many times in the last 6 months, and he looks like a skeleton and sometimes he lapses out of consciousness and sleeps alot. But he's on Lactulose and I just want his pain to be over, when he's on the lactulose he is feeling better, but I'm not sure for how long but he looks dead and weak and tired...even with the Lactulose, how long would he have in this stage?

    • ANSWER:
      From what you tell us, I'm sorry to say that it sounds like your grandpap is in the very end stage of the disease where the liver is so close to total failure. Most likely, it will not be very long, but there is no way to know for sure. If he is going in and out of consciousness, is very weak and sleeps most of the time, those are symptoms of the very end. He will probably go into a coma and not come out of it. He is taking Lactulose because ammonia is building up in his body that the liver can no longer handle. Lactulose helps get rid of the ammonia. High ammonia levels can cause him to feel sick, tired, and can cause him to be confused, have memory loss, and just be out of it so to speak.

  34. QUESTION:
    can cirrhosis of the liver be caused from too much chemo?
    my friend has had years of chemo fighting cancer and has now been told she has cirrhosis ofthe liver as a result of much chemo. Can this be treated? Is a transplant possible?

    • ANSWER:
      According to my research there is a possibility of developing chemotherapy induced cirrhosis but this is very rare and usually caused by taking oral chemotherapy for extended periods of time. Here is one of the examples that I found.

      Dig Dis Sci. 1995 Dec;40(12):2602-7.Links
      Chronic active hepatitis and liver cirrhosis in association with combined tamoxifen/tegafur adjuvant therapy.Maruyama S, Hirayama C, Abe J, Tanaka J, Matsui K.
      Department of Internal Medicine, Saiseikai Gotsu General Hospital, Japan.

      Two female breast cancer patients who received combined tamoxifen and tegafur as postsurgical adjuvant therapy developed severe hepatotoxicity after being treated for three and eight months, respectively. Shortly after the cessation of the treatment, routine liver tests showed gradual recovery, but liver biopsies revealed chronic active hepatitis in one patient and liver cirrhosis in the other. Four and five years, respectively, after the cessation of the treatment, the results of liver tests were normal and distinct histological improvement was observed in both patients. Because these patients had no viral and immunoserological markers nor any history of alcohol abuse, this study suggested that the tamoxifen and tegafur regimen induced reversible chronic active liver disease.

      PMID: 8536519

      Treatment consists of stopping the oral chemotherapy and monitoring the patient's liver disease to check for improvement or progression of active liver disease. If their condition did not improve then liver transplantation would certainly be a possible option.

  35. QUESTION:
    is cirrhosis is a dangerous disease? is it curable?is it a liver cancer?
    my dad has cirrhosis liver problem due to alchohol abuse ,he has been diagnoised since two months.his health is getting better day by day.....he stoped drinking he is haveing good nutrition food ...now my quetion is ......is he out of danger? pls i need ur answer............

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease (not cancer) that is characterized by scarring of the liver with loss of normal functioning. The liver is the only organ that can regenerate it's own cells. If your dad is no longer drinking, is exercising (low-impact), and watching his diet carefully, he could be alright, but this depends on the amount of damage to his liver. He will need to be very careful about exposure to illnesses and visit his doctor regularly. I don't want to scare you, but in extreme cases, a liver transplant is necessary. It's so hard to say whether he is out of danger, or not. You should talk to him and ask him your questions - he will know better than anyone the extent of damage. I hope the best for you and your family.

      Here is a link that has some good information on liver cell regeneration:

      http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/digestion/liver/regen.html

  36. QUESTION:
    where can i get a good picture of cirrhosis, fibrosis, liver cancer....?
    i need good pictures that would be good for a middle school project for
    cirrhosis, fibrosis, liver cancer..

    • ANSWER:

  37. QUESTION:
    Diet for patient suffering from liver cirrhosis?
    One of my relative was diagnose with liver cirrhosis due to heavy drinking.I'd surf the internet and found that people who suffer from liver cirrhosis should avoid meals with vitamin A and beta-carotene. Don't that mean he cnt eat green vegetable and herd? Can anyone suggest a good diet for my uncle?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Jennis

      Here you go.

      Natural Cures

      Aromatherapy: Juniper, rosemary, and rose essential oils can all help stimulate liver function.

      Detoxification: Liver function can also be impaired by a toxic bowel. For this reason, bowel cleansing and rejuvenation techniques may be very important. In severe cases, repeat the bowel cleanse once a month, or as needed, and stay on bowel nutrients for up to one year depending on the severity of your condition and your response to treatment.

      Diet: Diet is extremely important in preventing and reversing all forms of liver disease, including cirrhosis. Eat a low-protein, whole foods diet of organic foods, including seeds, nuts, whole grains, beans, nuts, and goat or rice milk, and also eat plenty of leafy green vegetables. Avoid all alcohol and processed fats such as margarine, hydrogenated oils, and foods with these oils added, rancid oils, and hardened vegetable fats. Instead, use cold-processed oils such as olive. Also increase your consumption of foods high in amino acids and potassium, such as nuts, seeds, bananas, raisins, rice, wheat bran, kelp, dulse, brewer`s yeast, and molasses, and drink plenty of pure, filtered water. Avoid animal protein as well as raw or undercooked fish, and limit your overall intake of fish.

      Also avoid all stressors on the liver, such as overeating, drugs of any kind, a highly processed diet (especially one high in processed fats, additives and preservatives), and foods high in animal protein, and accumulation of toxins from chemicals that have to be processed by the liver such as alcohol, drugs, acetaminophen, insecticides, and chemicals from rancid and processed oils. Toxins from Candida yeast organisms within the body can also contribute to liver stress, as can the use of contraceptives.

      Herbs: Milk thistle is an excellent herb to help in the treatment of cirrhosis because it helps liver cells regenerate. It may be taken in the form of tablets or the non-alcohol extract called a glycerate. The dose is based upon the content of silymarin (the active ingredient of milk thistle) and so standardized extracts are preferable. The typical dosage range is 70-200 mg of silymarin daily. The herb Picrorhiza kurroa is not as well-known as milk thistle, but may have similar effects. Licorice can also be helpful. The Chinese herb bupleurum (chai-hu) may also be helpful, as can the herbal mixture of kutki (200 mg), shanka pushpi (500 mg), and guduchi (300 mg), with is used by practitioners of Ayurvedic medicine to boost liver function. Take 1/4 teaspoon of this mixture taken twice a day, after lunch and dinner, with aloe vera juice.

      Best of health to both of you

  38. QUESTION:
    final stage of cirrhosis liver?
    can you still get a liver transplant if you are in the final stage of cirrosis of the liver

    • ANSWER:
      Most people who are in the last stage of cirrhosis receive a transplant before others because the sickest people go first in receiving the donated organs. As long as you have been evaluated and placed on the waiting list and are healthy enough to survive the surgery, the answer is yes, you can get a transplant.

      Everyone on the waiting list is given what is called a MELD (model for end stage liver disease) score which goes up to 40 which 40 is the sickest. The score is based on the results of 4 blood tests that shows how close to total liver failure you are at the time. When an organ is donated, the person with the highest meld score that is a match to the donor will be the one to receive the transplant. I have seen them transplant some very sick people. The doctors will decide whether or not they think you can survive the surgery. Those people in the final stage would most likely be at the top of the list and the closest ones to getting the donated organs. People in the earlier stages of cirrhosis usually have to wait until they are sick enough to get to the top of the list. The chances of anyone who is in the last stage that has been placed on the waiting list are very good that they will receive their transplant very soon.

  39. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis/Liver disease life expectancy. Please help???
    Does anyone kow the life expectancy of someone in the late stages of cirrhosis?
    My mom is very ill, she is a chronic alcoholic. She stopped drinking last week, but was diagnosed with cirrhosis many years ago.
    I need to know if anyone has been through this and knows what I can expect.

    She is jaundice, and in the past week has had high levels of amonia in her blood, also, she vomits all the time, can barely keep anything down.
    Today she is having her stomach drained again, this will make the 4th time, fluid builds up in her uppper stomanch area, and it makes it very uncomforatable for her. He legs also are very swollen today (ankles) she cannot walk she is so week. She went from wieighin 145 pounds to now about 98 in a matter of 3 months. I am afraid that it is too late. She has been admitted to the hospital so much that now the Hospitals now just say that the damage is done, they cannot help her. Last year she was in ICU - .......please give me any opinions you may have.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few things that I know to give you
      as information. (you might already know this) The best doctor to have for
      a patient with cirrhosis is a Hepatologist.
      She can be given medication to bind the ammonia in her blood to be eliminated from the
      body which should help to clear her mind some. She could be placed on diuretics, like
      Lasix and Spirolactone to help relieve the sodium content in her blood and also
      remove some of the fluid and help keep it from
      coming back so fast. If they take alot of fluid
      from her abdomen, they might give her
      albumin, a Protein. The fact that she did
      not stop drinking alcohol, may mean she cannot
      be placed on the transplant list for a donor
      organ because they usually request that the
      patient be free of alcohol for about six months.

      With what you have stated that her condition is
      now, it doesn't look promising...but I would
      not give up. The doctors look at many things
      considering a patient: whether they have a
      strong, well beating heart, whether they can
      withstand a long surgery, whether they have
      cirrhosis in one area of the liver or throughout,
      whether they have love and support of family
      and friends, and how much a person truly
      wants to live,etc. Ascites( fluid in the abdominal
      area) and Encephalopathy (memory, and mental
      confusion problems caused by toxins) and
      the fact that she drank clear up to a week ago..
      means that the end is in site.....She may last
      a long time this way or depending on what I
      have stated above...it could be very short.
      Each person's body chemistry, diseases,
      and conditions are unique and have to be
      evaluated to see what may be in the future.
      If you have an advanced directive with your
      Mom signature on it, you may be able to
      talk with her doctors and get her medical
      records and have a second opinion and also
      be able to answer for her since she might
      not be able to answer for herself. There are
      free forms on the internet according to your
      state. It should be signed in front of two
      witnesses, but a notary can stamp it and make
      if valid. I hope this info is of some help to you.
      It is sad that a daughter has to watch all this
      happen to a mother they love...as long as
      you are able to be there with her, she will
      have peace in knowing that you really care.

      You asked what you can expect. There are
      a few things that may take place: her heart
      may start to beat irregular. If you get her
      blood work results, if the sodium and potassium
      levels are either too high or too low, this
      will cause an irregular beat and is an
      emergency. If she starts to cough up blood and
      not just vomit (it may look like coffee grounds,
      or a darker color) this is also an emergency
      cause she could be bleeding internally. If she
      feel faint and goes into a coma...there may be
      little chance she will come out of it without the
      doctors help. What can you do? be there for
      her so she doesn't feel alone. Watch for
      any of these signs above and keep a record
      of how she is feeling day to day and let the
      doctor know what exactly is happening with her.
      Be with her at all her doctor appointments so
      that you can be sure she is taking medication
      right and doesn't get so confused she puts
      herself in more danger. She might not be
      able to break the habit of alcohol especially
      since she has been so sick, but knowing that
      others understand and will try to help her in
      anyway despite of this all, may give her the
      strength she needs to try.

  40. QUESTION:
    How does enzyme function in the liver affect a person with cirrhosis?
    The function of the liver is to break down fats and build certain proteins. Cirrhosis of the liver is a disease which causes the liver to become thickened and “rubbery.” Hypothesize how enzyme function in the liver would be affected in a person with cirrhosis.

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation inside the liver.

      The liver cells are what makes these enzymes: known as the ALT, AST,
      GGT, and Alkaline phosphatase. When the liver cells become damage,
      these enzymes leak out of the cells and go higher on the blood tests results.
      Enzymes are used to speed up reactions.

      A healthy liver is usually very smooth and soft organ.
      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system responds to
      this damage and causes inflammation inside the liver which will cause
      the liver to enlarge and take on a spongy texture.
      If the cause isn't found, or the liver cells start to die off...then it becomes
      this progressive, irreversible disease known as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Scar tissue forms inside the liver as the liver cells die off. This scar
      tissue will block the flow of blood through the liver on its way back
      to the heart and also block the flow of blood to the functioning liver
      cells that are left, so they continue to die off. The liver is actually
      starting to die inside the living patient. It will start to shrink in
      size and take on a harder texture. You could say
      thickened and rubbery.

      The liver cells are what makes the enzymes, as I mentioned above...
      however they also do the other many functions, that the liver does
      as a whole, to keep the body will...over 500 of them.
      Since the liver cells have died, then the proteins that normally would
      be made will start to decrease. Especially the one known as Albumin
      that hold fluids inside our vessels. This fluid will then leak out and
      collect in the abdominal area (it is known as Ascites). The liver also
      may not be able to produce bile efficiently, this means that the fats
      may go undigested and not be able to be absorbed into the body...
      that means that the stools will have fat content in them and may
      float on top of the water. Since the fats are not absorbed, then this
      also means that the fat soluble vitamins may also not be absorbed...
      leading to deficiencies.

      I hope this has been of some help to you. Best wishes

  41. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy for advanced cirrhosis of the liver?
    What is the life expectancy for a person with advanced cirrhosis of the liver? A family member is currently in hospital with jaundice and a swollen stomach, and I don't think the prognosis looks good. What is the usual life expectancy?

    • ANSWER:
      My first symptom of cirrhosis for me was a swollen stomach. I had no other symptoms. It turned out my liver was functioning at only 10%. I had no jaundice. The doctors gave me an estimate of 5 years before total failure would occur and told me I would need a transplant in order to stay alive.

      Three years later I had my transplant done. The transplant surgeon told me after viewing my actual liver that I would have only lived another year or a little longer at best with my cirrhotic liver, so the estimate was pretty accurate. He also said that the time I would have left would not be very good, that I would be very sick. My cirrhosis was caused by an autoimmune disease.

      If your family member has had a biopsy, that should tell them a lot about how much damage has been done which will give them the ability to give a time frame. It would just be an estimate since there are a lot of factors that come into play in determining how long a person will be able to stay alive. I hope your family member will be able to get a transplant should they need one. It saved my life.

  42. QUESTION:
    If you have cirrhosis of the liver can that bring on liver cancer?
    Can you have cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer at the same time. If you had cirrhosis of the liver is liver cancer worse or will both kill you around the same time? Can you live longer with cirrhosis about how long. Thank you, I'm writing a story and one of my characters is struggling with this issue. Thank you for you help.

    • ANSWER:
      When the liver cells become damaged,
      by any number of causes, the immune system
      of the body responds to this and causes
      inflammation to develop inside the liver.
      The cause has to be found and, if possible,
      stopped and the inflammation has to be
      treated...if not, it can lead to death of the
      liver cells and scar tissue formation inside
      the liver. This scar tissue will block the flow
      of blood to the other liver cells and also
      block the flow of blood through the liver,
      on its way back to the heart.

      As the cells of the liver die off, the functions
      (500 plus) they do to keep the body well,
      starts to deteriorate, also. The liver start
      to die slowly as they cells do and the
      functions go down at the same time.

      This can happen fast in some patients and
      slower in others.

      With cancer, it depends on how fast growing
      the cancer is and whether or not it came
      from another part of the body to the liver or
      started in the liver and stayed there, or
      started in the liver and then went to other
      areas. If cancer is found just in the liver, itself...
      the patient may be placed on the transplant
      list for another liver. It will depend alot, also,
      on how many growth (tumors) are in the liver
      and how large they are. Cancer that has
      spread to or come from another area...is
      very poor prognosis of living long. It becomes
      too difficult to treat and it will keep advancing
      to other areas.

      Yes, it is possible to have cirrhosis and
      cancer together. The cells of the liver can
      become damaged If the cancer tumor keep enlarging and multiplying in size.
      People who have cirrhosis are at a greater
      risk of developing cancer.

      It depends on how fast the cancer or
      cirrhosis advances; how old the patient is;
      if they have other medical problems; if they
      can withstand the long hours of surgery for
      the transplant; whether they respond to
      treatment; if they are able to stop the cause
      of the cell damage (like alcohol, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, etc).....
      You really cannot say how long a person
      has to live. The doctors can only give
      an educated guess because they have
      the patient's medical background and see
      the results of their blood, film, and biopsy
      testing.

      Cirrhosis of the liver and Cancer of the liver
      are both like living through a nightmare.
      Both are facing death, head on.

      I hope this information has been of some help
      to you. Best wishes for a great story.

  43. QUESTION:
    Is there a proven mediation to improve cirrhosis of the liver?
    Doctors have told me cirrhosis of the liver is irreversible so deal with the fact this condition will certainly shorten my life.
    I understand that but I have read that the liver CAN rejuvenate
    itself to some degree under certain circumstances if you obstain from the harmful elements which are under your control, alcohol, etc. Is there anything I can "take" or "do "
    to maintain or improve the condition of my liver besides eat right and take care of my body, or am I too late? I' 60.

    • ANSWER:
      Try a product called liv 52, its the top product for maintaning a healthy liver also carbohydratess help also..

  44. QUESTION:
    Can three years of heavy drinking cause liver cirrhosis? Serious answers, pls?
    I'm 21, in college...been drinkin alot at parties and bsbs for like 2 years and half..nearly three years. Is this enough to cause cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      The medical experts on the subject say that 10 years of heavy drinking can put a person on the road to having cirrhosis, so it is unlikely that you would have it. Of course, that is an estimate. There are many factors that can come into play. I'm not saying it is impossible, but unlikely.

  45. QUESTION:
    Strep throat home remedies for a person with cirrhosis of the liver?
    My bro has no insurance so he can't go to doctor. He has strep troath and needs some home remedies that won't hurt his cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Sol

      I have healing remedies for both mentioned.

      Cause
      Sore throats are usually caused by viral infections, but can also be due to bacterial infections, tonsillitis, overuse of the voice, exposure to irritating substances such as cigarette smoke, allergic reactions, infections of the mouth, and/or colds and flu.

      Caution: Sore throats are rarely serious. However, if your sore throat does not heal within two weeks, and/or occurs with a rash, seek immediate medical attention. If any sore throat occurs with a rash, see a doctor. A sore throat caused by a Streptococcal infection (strep throat) must be identified and treated, or else it could create rheumatic fever or acute glomerulonephritis (disease of the glomerulus, a network of blood capillaries of the kidney).

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Natural Cures

      Aromatherapy: Inhalations with benzoin, lavender, thyme, eucalyptus, geranium, lavender, clary sage, or sandalwood can help relieve symptoms.

      Diet: Increase your intake pure filtered water, hot herbal teas, diluted fruit juices, and broths. Eat an organic whole foods diet that emphasizes fresh vegetables and vegetable soups. Avoid all sugars, alcohol, milk and dairy products and any and all foods to which you are allergic or sensitive. Raw organic honey placed at the back of the throat can also help soothe symptoms and speed healing.

      Flower Essences: Crab Apple.

      Herbs: If your sore throat is due to an infection, chew a small piece of osha root (Ligusticum porteri) and/or gargle with an infusion of sage or licorice. For a sore throat due to smoke or pollution irritation, gargle with an infusion of lavender or hyssop. Other useful herbs include echinacea, garlic, ginger, goldenseal, and slippery elm.

      Juice Therapy: Drinking the juice of one or two red potatoes can soothe symptoms.

      Nutritional Supplementation: The following nutrients can be helpful: vitamin A, beta carotene, vitamin C with bioflavonoids, and zinc (in the form of lozenges taken every 1-2 hours unless nausea occurs, in which case decrease dosage).

      Cause
      Liver function can be impaired by a toxic bowel. Most pharmaceutical drugs, if taken on a consistent basis, can also cause liver disease. If you are on such medications, be sure to have your liver function monitored regularly (every 3-6 months) by your physician, and consider other healing alternatives that might reduce or eliminate your need for medications.

      Caution: Serious cases of cirrhosis require immediate medical attention.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Natural Cures

      Aromatherapy: Juniper, rosemary, and rose essential oils can all help stimulate liver function.

      Detoxification: Liver function can also be impaired by a toxic bowel. For this reason, bowel cleansing and rejuvenation techniques may be very important. In severe cases, repeat the bowel cleanse once a month, or as needed, and stay on bowel nutrients for up to one year depending on the severity of your condition and your response to treatment.

      Diet: Diet is extremely important in preventing and reversing all forms of liver disease, including cirrhosis. Eat a low-protein, whole foods diet of organic foods, including seeds, nuts, whole grains, beans, nuts, and goat or rice milk, and also eat plenty of leafy green vegetables. Avoid all alcohol and processed fats such as margarine, hydrogenated oils, and foods with these oils added, rancid oils, and hardened vegetable fats. Instead, use cold-processed oils such as olive. Also increase your consumption of foods high in amino acids and potassium, such as nuts, seeds, bananas, raisins, rice, wheat bran, kelp, dulse, brewer`s yeast, and molasses, and drink plenty of pure, filtered water. Avoid animal protein as well as raw or undercooked fish, and limit your overall intake of fish.

      Also avoid all stressors on the liver, such as overeating, drugs of any kind, a highly processed diet (especially one high in processed fats, additives and preservatives), and foods high in animal protein, and accumulation of toxins from chemicals that have to be processed by the liver such as alcohol, drugs, acetaminophen, insecticides, and chemicals from rancid and processed oils. Toxins from Candida yeast organisms within the body can also contribute to liver stress, as can the use of contraceptives.

      Herbs: Milk thistle is an excellent herb to help in the treatment of cirrhosis because it helps liver cells regenerate. It may be taken in the form of tablets or the non-alcohol extract called a glycerate. The dose is based upon the content of silymarin (the active ingredient of milk thistle) and so standardized extracts are preferable. The typical dosage range is 70-200 mg of silymarin daily. The herb Picrorhiza kurroa is not as well-known as milk thistle, but may have similar effects. Licorice can also be helpful. The Chinese herb bupleurum (chai-hu) may also be helpful, as can the herbal mixture of kutki (200 mg), shanka pushpi (500 mg), and guduchi (300 mg), with is used by practitioners of Ayurvedic medicine to boost liver function. Take 1/4 teaspoon of this mixture taken twice a day, after lunch and dinner, with aloe vera juice.

      Hydrotherapy: Hydrotherapy is the application of water, ice, steam and hot and cold temperatures to maintain and restore health. Treatments include full body immersion, steam baths, saunas, sitz baths, colonic irrigation and the application of hot and/or cold compresses. Hydrotherapy is effective for treating a wide range of conditions and can easily be used in the home as part of a self-care program. Many Naturopathic Physicians, Physical Therapists and Day Spas use Hydrotherapy as part of treatment.
      *Purified water is essential for any hydrotherapy treatment. The section Remedies for Treating Chlorinated Bath Water offers clear instructions and recommendations.

      Juice Therapy: The following juices can help the liver eliminate toxins that cause stress on it: beet and carrot juice and wheat grass juice. To either juice, you can add raw flaxseed oil and garlic as tolerated.

      Nutritional Supplementation: Lipotrophic factor nutrients are essential for aiding liver function. These include vitamin C, vitamin E, silymarin, lipoic acid, and raw liver tablets. Other useful nutrients in this regard include vitamin B complex, vitamin B12, folic acid, niacin (in small doses such as 10-30 mg. three times), liver glandulars, digestive enzymes with hydrochloric acid (HCL) and ox bile extract, and the amino acids L-methionine, L-carnitine, L-cysteine, L-glutathione, and L-arginine.

      Caution: For all cases of liver disease, do not use more than 10,000 IU of vitamin A daily and avoid cod liver oil entirely.

      Alternative Professional Care
      If your symptoms persist despite the above measures, seek the help of a qualified health professional. The following professional care therapies have all been shown to be useful for treating and relieving the symptoms of cirrhosis: Acupuncture, Cell Therapy, Detoxification Therapy, Magnetic Field Therapy, Natural Hormone Replacement Therapy, Naturopathic Medicine, Reflexology, Qigong, and Traditional Chinese Medicine.

      Best of health to both of you

  46. QUESTION:
    Can you get cirrhosis of the liver by drinking Pepsi or Coke?
    I heard something about getting cirrhosis of the liver if you drink pepsi or Coke. Do you think that is true and if you do or don't, do you have some facts to back it up?
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      According to the NIH, cirrhosis is caused by the following:

      Cirrhosis has many causes. In the United States, chronic alcoholism and hepatitis C are the most common ones.

      Alcoholic liver disease. To many people, cirrhosis of the liver is synonymous with chronic alcoholism, but in fact, alcoholism is only one of the causes. Alcoholic cirrhosis usually develops after more than a decade of heavy drinking. The amount of alcohol that can injure the liver varies greatly from person to person. In women, as few as two to three drinks per day have been linked with cirrhosis and in men, as few as three to four drinks per day. Alcohol seems to injure the liver by blocking the normal metabolism of protein, fats, and carbohydrates.

      Chronic hepatitis C. The hepatitis C virus ranks with alcohol as a major cause of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis in the United States. Infection with this virus causes inflammation of and low grade damage to the liver that over several decades can lead to cirrhosis.

      Chronic hepatitis B and D. The hepatitis B virus is probably the most common cause of cirrhosis worldwide, but it is less common in the United States and the Western world. Hepatitis B, like hepatitis C, causes liver inflammation and injury that over several decades can lead to cirrhosis. Hepatitis D is another virus that infects the liver, but only in people who already have hepatitis B.

      Autoimmune hepatitis. This disease appears to be caused by the immune system attacking the liver and causing inflammation, damage, and eventually scarring and cirrhosis.

      Inherited diseases. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, galactosemia, and glycogen storage diseases are among the inherited diseases that interfere with the way the liver produces, processes, and stores enzymes, proteins, metals, and other substances the body needs to function properly.

      Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In NASH, fat builds up in the liver and eventually causes scar tissue. This type of hepatitis appears to be associated with diabetes, protein malnutrition, obesity, coronary artery disease, and treatment with corticosteroid medications.

      Blocked bile ducts. When the ducts that carry bile out of the liver are blocked, bile backs up and damages liver tissue. In babies, blocked bile ducts are most commonly caused by biliary atresia, a disease in which the bile ducts are absent or injured. In adults, the most common cause is primary biliary cirrhosis, a disease in which the ducts become inflamed, blocked, and scarred. Secondary biliary cirrhosis can happen after gallbladder surgery if the ducts are inadvertently tied off or injured.

      Drugs, toxins, and infections. Severe reactions to prescription drugs, prolonged exposure to environmental toxins, the parasitic infection schistosomiasis, and repeated bouts of heart failure with liver congestion can all lead to cirrhosis.

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/#causes

  47. QUESTION:
    Is liver cirrhosis a type of liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      NO

  48. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have any home remedies for cirrhosis of the liver?
    My grandfather just found out that he has cirrhosis of the liver and he is waiting for treatment. I was looking for any home remedies for the time being while he waits for his appointment. Doctors take so long and i'm worried that this may be able to be controlled but the doctors appointments take so long that they might not be able to help him.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry to say there is no home remedies that is going to help him. There is no cure for cirrhosis and all the doctors can do is treat the symptoms and try to either make the disease stop progressing any further or at least slow it down. The doctor is probably going to tell him to avoid alcohol and some medications that might hurt his liver further. He will also probably be told to go on a low salt diet. They might want to do some testing on him and he should get routine blood work done to let them know if there is a real problem they should address. The doctor will probably give him some medicine to take to help control any symptoms that could be bothering him.

      I don't know how old your grandfather is or what caused his cirrhosis. I don't know if transplant would be an option for him or not. He might not need one yet. All these things are why he needs a doctor and no home remedies. One person mentioned Milk Thistle. Even though Milk Thistle has shown to be good for the liver, it will not help someone with serious liver disease such as cirrhosis. You are just going to have to be patient and let the doctor take care of your grandfather. I wish him the best.

  49. QUESTION:
    What happens if a person with early cirrhosis of the liver refuses to stop drinking?
    If a person was told they had a liver problem, possibly the very early stages of cirrhosis and were told that their disease will not progress if they stop drinking forever but if they refuse to stop drinking for the rest of their lives what will happen?
    If they have been warned that their very early cirrhosis will progress to more liver damage and eventually liver failure and refuse to understand this and continue to drink what will happen?

    • ANSWER:
      YOUR CIRRHOSIS GETS WORSE.

      AND DON'T TRY TO CLAIM IT'S SOMEONE ELSE, WE ALL KNOW IT'S YOU THAT YOU ARE REFERRING TO.

  50. QUESTION:
    Can you have cirrhosis of the liver and not know it?
    I've read in more than one place that five or six drinks a day will give you cirrhosis of the liver in 10-15 years.

    Now that's way more than I drink, but there's got to be any number of guys who stop off at a bar after work every day and have five or six drinks (or more). Do all these guys have cirrhosis by the time they're forty? Can you have cirrhosis of the liver and not know it?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver only uses 10% of it's capacity, this means that damage will not affect it's function until it is 90% damaged. Basically, by the time you start to get symptoms it's probably too late to do anything about it.


Cirrhosis Liver Symptoms

The liver is a very tolerant organ and there is little evidence to suggest that it has an ageing problem such that, without disease, it can function properly into old age. However because most liver disease does not show symptoms and, when it does, the symptoms are often vague, many people with varying degrees of liver damage remain unaware of their liver problems.

If liver disease is not treated in the earlier three stages, cancer may develop. Liver cancer, or hepatocellular carcinoma, affects approximately 4% of patients with cirrhosis. A liver transplant is one of the options for treating liver cancer.

Other most common symptom of liver disease is drop in appetite. This causes sudden weigh loss in the patient and results in anemia with hepatocytes. The patient gets weaker and weaker with continuous vomiting, diarrhea and nausea. If the patient is suffering from gastric ulcer already, they might see blood at times while vomiting.

You see, the liver is responsible for getting rid of all toxic waste and, at the same time, for feeding all other organs. For this reason, whenever the liver is sick your whole body goes down with it. And because the amount and type of toxic the human body has to deal with are different from person to person so are the symptoms of liver disease.
The effects can be reversed at this stage if further consumption of alcohol is stopped and treatment is taken. The final stage is cirrhosis of the liver, which is irreversible and severely damages the liver. As a result, functions of the liver are affected, and a person's life span is also reduced.

A person can develop hepatitis if they contract one of the viruses that can cause liver inflammation, or as a result of exposure to substances that can cause hepatitis. There are two ways that can lead to hepatitis: it can either occur as a result of infections or from autoimmune processes.

If the amount of fat exceeds the body's requirement, large fat accumulations may develop in the liver, which results in an increase in liver enzymes and inflammation. This inflammation can cause scarring and hardening of the liver (cirrhosis) and results in decreased liver function.

Because alcohol consumption can involve many organs in the body, long-term heavy drinking puts a person at risk for developing serious health conditions and illnesses. While each of the health conditions listed below can exist for reasons unrelated to alcoholism disease, certain conditions and alcoholism physical symptoms may be indications that alcohol abuse exists and is affecting the health of the person.

There are several other symptoms that can be seen in the long term like damaged brain, nerve damage, depression, esophagus, stress and many more. If you are a woman and addicted to consume alcohol on a regularly then you can become the victim of breast cancer.

Insomnia is caused by liver inflammation of hepatitis virus C leading to trouble of sleeping, and waking up often during the night. Some people also experience unusually vivid, intense and frightening dreams.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and the symptoms?
    What are the initial symptoms of liver cirrhosis due to Hepatitis B. So that, any affected person due to hepatitis B himself can identify the symptoms and what are the precautionary measures to be taken to control by the affected individual

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    Stage 6 Cirrhosis - what are the symptoms of conditon of someone in Stage 6 of cirrhosis of the liver?
    Patient told he was in Stage 6 - also is a victim of Agent Orange. What are the symptomsd of someone in Stage 6 of cirrhosis of the liver and also, what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no stage 6. Liver disease has 4 stages and cirrhosis itself has 3.

      Liver Disease Stage

      0- no fibrosis present
      1- small amount of fibrosis
      2- a little more fibrosis present
      3-even more fibrosis present (stage 3 is bridging fibrosis)
      4- cirrhosis (permanent scar tissue) is present

      Cirrhosis Stages
      stage A- compensated cirrhosis (no symptoms)
      stage B- beginning of decompensation (symptoms are present but controlled with meds)
      stage C- depcompensated cirrhosis ( meds no longer working and total liver failure is near)

      These are the stages that I have always known and never heard of any other staging.

  3. QUESTION:
    my dad has cirrhosis of the liver, what are the end symptoms how do we know it's happening?
    My father has cirrhosis of the liver and has been given 6 months to live... Is there something that happens medically that will tell us if it's go in to be sooner then that?

    • ANSWER:
      Home : Digestive Diseases A-Z List of Topics and Titles : Cirrhosis

      Cirrhosis
      On this page:

      What is cirrhosis?
      What causes cirrhosis?
      What are the symptoms of cirrhosis?
      What are the complications of cirrhosis?
      How is cirrhosis diagnosed?
      How is the severity of cirrhosis measured?
      How is cirrhosis treated?
      When is a liver transplant indicated for cirrhosis?
      Points to Remember
      Hope through Research
      For More Information
      Acknowledgments
      What is cirrhosis?
      Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver slowly deteriorates and malfunctions due to chronic injury. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue, partially blocking the flow of blood through the liver. Scarring also impairs the liver’s ability to

      control infections
      remove bacteria and toxins from the blood
      process nutrients, hormones, and drugs
      make proteins that regulate blood clotting
      produce bile to help absorb fats—including cholesterol—and fat-soluble vitamins
      A healthy liver is able to regenerate most of its own cells when they become damaged. With end-stage cirrhosis, the liver can no longer effectively replace damaged cells. A healthy liver is necessary for survival.

      The liver and digestive system.

      Cirrhosis is the twelfth leading cause of death by disease, accounting for 27,000 deaths each year.1 The condition affects men slightly more often than women.

      1 Miniño AM, Heron MP, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD. Deaths: Final data for 2004. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr55/nvsr55_19.pdf. Updated October 10, 2007. Accessed January 20, 2008.

      [Top]

      What causes cirrhosis?
      Cirrhosis has various causes. In the United States, heavy alcohol consumption and chronic hepatitis C have been the most common causes of cirrhosis. Obesity is becoming a common cause of cirrhosis, either as the sole cause or in combination with alcohol, hepatitis C, or both. Many people with cirrhosis have more than one cause of liver damage.

      Cirrhosis is not caused by trauma to the liver or other acute, or short-term, causes of damage. Usually years of chronic injury are required to cause cirrhosis.

      Alcohol-related liver disease. Most people who consume alcohol do not suffer damage to the liver. But heavy alcohol use over several years can cause chronic injury to the liver. The amount of alcohol it takes to damage the liver varies greatly from person to person. For women, consuming two to three drinks—including beer and wine—per day and for men, three to four drinks per day, can lead to liver damage and cirrhosis. In the past, alcohol-related cirrhosis led to more deaths than cirrhosis due to any other cause. Deaths caused by obesity-related cirrhosis are increasing.

      Chronic hepatitis C. The hepatitis C virus is a liver infection that is spread by contact with an infected person’s blood. Chronic hepatitis C causes inflammation and damage to the liver over time that can lead to cirrhosis.

      Chronic hepatitis B and D. The hepatitis B virus is a liver infection that is spread by contact with an infected person’s blood, semen, or other body fluid. Hepatitis B, like hepatitis C, causes liver inflammation and injury that can lead to cirrhosis. The hepatitis B vaccine is given to all infants and many adults to prevent the virus. Hepatitis D is another virus that infects the liver and can lead to cirrhosis, but it occurs only in people who already have hepatitis B.

      Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In NAFLD, fat builds up in the liver and eventually causes cirrhosis. This increasingly common liver disease is associated with obesity, diabetes, protein malnutrition, coronary artery disease, and corticosteroid medications.

      Autoimmune hepatitis. This form of hepatitis is caused by the body’s immune system attacking liver cells and causing inflammation, damage, and eventually cirrhosis. Researchers believe genetic factors may make some people more prone to autoimmune diseases. About 70 percent of those with autoimmune hepatitis are female.

      Diseases that damage or destroy bile ducts. Several different diseases can damage or destroy the ducts that carry bile from the liver, causing bile to back up in the liver and leading to cirrhosis. In adults, the most common condition in this category is primary biliary cirrhosis, a disease in which the bile ducts become inflamed and damaged and, ultimately, disappear. Secondary biliary cirrhosis can happen if the ducts are mistakenly tied off or injured during gallbladder surgery. Primary sclerosing cholangitis is another condition that causes damage and scarring of bile ducts. In infants, damaged bile ducts are commonly caused by Alagille syndrome or biliary atresia, conditions in which the ducts are absent or injured.

      Inherited diseases. Cystic fibrosis, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, galactosemia, and glycogen storage diseases are inherited diseases that interfere with how the l

  4. QUESTION:
    Explain some of Mr. X's symptoms of liver disease (cirrhosis) such as 'prolonged clotting time'?
    Mr. X has cirrhosis of the liver.

    Prolonged clotting time is when blood takes a longer time to clot than standard.

    Explain some of Mr. X's symptoms of liver disease (cirrhosis) such as 'prolonged clotting time'?

    THANK YOU!

    • ANSWER:
      Ascites...fluid in the abdominal area...caused
      because the liver can no longer make a
      protein, known as Albumin, efficiently.
      Patient doesn't feel much like eatting cause
      of fluid pressure against the stomach...may
      have difficulty breathing as fluid presses up
      against diaphragm. Fluid may be drained
      by a procedure known as paracentesis

      Encephalopathy...the liver is no longer able
      to convert ammonia to urea efficiently.
      The ammonia stays in the blood and passes
      the blood brain barrier and goes into the brain.
      The patient becomes easily confused and
      disoriented. He may develop tremors and
      hand flapping. The doctor can give medications
      like Lactulose to remove the ammonia in
      the intestines...

      Portal Hypertension with Varies...the scar
      tissue inside the liver blocks the flow of
      blood through the liver on its way back to
      the heart. This blood backs up into the
      portal vein and into smaller vessels that
      are not used to handling this amount
      of blood (known as varies *varicose veins*).
      The varies can develop weak spots and
      balloon outward and break open causing
      internal bleeding. The varies are located
      mostly in the esophagus, rectal area,
      and belly button area. It is an emergency
      situation if any blood (red, purple, or coffee
      ground like) is vomited or coming
      from the rectum.
      Doctors can go in and band the varies to
      stop the bleeding with an scope. There are
      other methods also...this is the main one.

      Prolonged clotting time...as the liver cells
      die off, the functions they do also start
      to deteriorate. One of these functions is
      to make clotting factors, that help the blood
      to clot. Since these factors are not being
      made in sufficient amounts...the patient
      will bleed and bruise very easily. This
      becomes quite a concern, considering
      the varies and internal bleeding...that I mentioned above. Blood transfusions
      may be necessary. There is a normal
      amount of time in a healthy patient that
      the blood does clot...usually it is right
      away. In the lab they time the blood to
      see how long it takes to clot...if it takes
      longer than normal...they say it is
      prolonged.

      Edema of the legs, feet, and other areas.
      This is not the same as Ascites. This
      is caused because patient with cirrhosis...
      their bodies tend to hold onto sodium.
      The doctors give patient diuretic and
      place them on lower sodium diets.
      The legs can become very swelled.
      It is best to elevate the legs.

      Jaundice...the yellowing of the whites of
      the eyes and skin and also the mucus
      membranes. Bilirubin is made from our
      dead red blood cells. (in the spleen and
      liver). It is transported to the liver on
      the protein, albumin. It is a non soluble
      form and is taken by the liver and
      converted into a soluble form to flow
      with the bile through tube like structures,
      known as ducts...to the gallbladder to
      be stored and then to the intestines to
      help digest the fats we eat.
      Bilirubin is a pigment...meaning it colors
      things. The liver may no longer be
      able to convert this bilirubin into a soluble
      form...or something has blocked the flow
      of the bile and it has backed up into the liver.
      Both can cause the bilirubin levels to become
      higher in the blood and cause Jaundice.
      However, depending on the cause...it
      can make the urine darker in color as
      the kidneys try to remove it. It can cause
      the stools to become lighter in color...
      almost a grayish white if the bilirubin
      doesn't flow well through the ducts to
      the intestines. Bile acids and mineral
      going back into the liver can cause more cell
      damage.

      Hope this information is of help to you.

  5. QUESTION:
    What symptoms might a person experience in the final stages of cirrhosis of the liver?
    I'm planning a story where a character finds out he has cirrhosis, and it's in the final stages. How long is someone typically given to live if they are in the latter stages of this disease, and what symptoms might they experience?

    • ANSWER:
      I was diagnosed with cirrhosis when 90% of my liver was already destroyed with scar tissue. I had 10% function left. The doctors still gave me a time frame of 5 years before I would reach total failure. If a person drinks or has hep C on top of the cirrhosis, the progression can be much quicker.

      Later stage symptoms would be fluid retention (ascites), jaundice (yellow skin and whites of eyes, blood clotting problems, internal bleeding if unwanted veins that form burst or leak, encephalopathy that can cause confusion, forgetfulness, memory loss, behavior changes, violence and even hallucinations if severe enough. If left untreated, it can progress to coma. Fatigue is always a problem that increases over time. It is not unusual for someone with cirrhosis that is near failure to sleep 16 hours a day. They also become increasing weak.

      If you look up cirrhosis on Wikipedia, it will give you a lot of details that you could use.

  6. QUESTION:
    Can liver cirrhosis be a hereditary disease? what are the main symptoms of the liver cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      NO. Cirrhosis of Liver is not a hereditary disease.

      Cirrhosis is a condition that causes irreversible scarring of the liver. As scar tissue replaces normal tissue, blood flow through your liver is affected. This makes it increasingly difficult for your liver to carry out essential functions, such as detoxifying harmful substances, purifying your blood and manufacturing vital nutrients.

      A healthy liver performs hundreds of vital functions, including processing most of the nutrients absorbed from your intestine, removing drugs, alcohol and other harmful substances from your bloodstream, and manufacturing bile — the greenish fluid stored in your gallbladder that helps digest fats. The liver also produces cholesterol, substances to help your blood clot and certain other proteins.

      You may not have signs and SYMPTOMS of cirrhosis in the early stages of the disease. But as more scar tissue replaces healthy tissue and liver function declines, you may experience some of the following:

      * Lack of appetite
      * Weight loss
      * Nausea
      * Small, red spider veins under your skin or easy bruising
      * Weakness
      * Fatigue
      * Yellowing of your skin and eyes and dark, cola-colored urine
      * Bleeding from engorged veins in your esophagus or intestines
      * Loss of interest in sex
      * Fluid in your abdominal cavity (ascites)
      * Itching on your hands and feet and eventually on your entire body
      * Swelling of your legs and feet from retained fluid (edema)
      * Mental confusion, such as forgetfulness or trouble concentrating (encephalopathy)-

  7. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis of the liver symptoms.. and Need Help!!?
    I have a family member who has been diagnosed 15+ years ago with cirrhosis of the liver. He is probably the largest alcoholic known to mankind. He drinks at least 30 + beers a day, and is now experiencing constant nosebleeds, for over 3 days now.. It just bleeds and bleeds when he sits up. He has blood in his urine and his stool appears blackish greenish of color and has constant diarrhea, but does not eat very often.. at all!

    I am assuming that hes in the end stages of this disease and want to know if any of you have had these issues with a family member or friend, and what is wrong and how long that this trend will continue and what will happen.

    Thank you so much for your cooperation in advance, we appreciate any answers you may have!

    • ANSWER:
      I have worked with people who had cirrhosis. They get swelling in their abdomen (ascites) & extremities (edema). The stomach can get the size of a honeydew melon.
      Vit K gets reduced & so there is more bleeding. As the toxins build up in the body, the skin begins to itch...the person becomes jaundiced & mental changes occur...sometimes during these various stages antibiotics are given.

      High potency Vit B complex can be helpful as can milk thistle. However, I don't know how long it will prolong his life.

      Google: mayo clinic>>diseases>>cirrhosis

      I'm very sorry to hear of your situation.
      Good luck.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the primary symptoms of cirrhosis especially if one already has a fatty liver?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of fatty liver...
      The kind where the fat surrounds the outside
      of the liver capsule usually doesn't cause
      much problems. However, when the fat is
      inside the liver cells it can. It is like a very
      small room where people crowd in so much
      and the walls start to close in. What happens
      is that the people inside the room cannot get
      out, they can't get nourishment and the oxygen
      start to be low. This is what happens inside
      the cell, the fat can even push the nucleus of
      the cell into another area. This is when the
      cell can become so stressed, that the
      immune system is signaled and inflammation
      develops in the liver causing the liver to
      start to enlarge. Usually, the immune system
      helps but now it is like more people being
      pushed into this tiny space. When this takes
      place, the cells may start to die off.
      If this happens, then scar tissue will start to
      form inside the liver and this will block the
      blood flowing through it and then symptoms
      will appear. The liver is usually a very quiet
      organ when something is wrong. That is
      until the cells start to die off and the cells
      are no longer doing the function they once
      did to keep the body healthy.....this is
      then known as cirrhosis of the liver.
      In cirrhosis, the first symptoms are usually
      tiredness, sometimes nausea, and then
      the whites of the eyes and skin start to appear
      yellow in color. This yellowing is caused because the liver isn't able to change the
      non soluble bilirubin into a soluble form so
      it can be eliminated from the body. Instead
      it goes into the blood and can cause these
      changes and maybe a darkening of the urine.
      As the disease progresses, then you may
      develop fluid in the abdominal area (Ascites),
      mental confusion (Encephalopathy),
      blood backing up into smaller vessels that
      are not used to handling it because it can
      no longer go through the liver (Portal Hypertension) and these smaller vessels can
      have weak spots and balloon out and burst
      open (Varies).
      Some people can cure the problem of
      fatty liver by losing weight or following the
      doctors instructions. It is best if this is
      done before the inflammation starts to
      develop. Inflammation can be treated also.
      Once the cells of the liver die, then it is a
      progressive disease.
      There are three types of fatty liver.
      Simple fatty liver can usually be cured.
      NASH, or non alcoholic fatty liver with
      inflammation can be treated. This usually
      involves weight loss. However, sometime
      it can be hereditary condition.
      Alcoholic fatty liver, by stopping the alcohol
      and before inflammation develops can also
      be treated.
      Cirrhosis of the liver can only be slowed down.

      If you would like to learn more about cirrhosis:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      If you would like to learn more about the
      different kinds of fatty liver diseases:
      http://www.acg.gi.org/patients/gihealth/fld.asp

      Hope this helps you understand more about
      this disease.
      On these sites they state more symptoms of
      cirrhosis than what I could post here.

  9. QUESTION:
    symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver?
    My son has an extremely large stomach for his build. He has Hepatitis C. Is this a result of this?

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is a virus that has entered a patients body
      and is using the liver cells to replicate itself.
      When it uses these cells, the liver cells die.
      The liver does try to regenerate new cells...however,
      as the disease progresses and the viral load becomes
      more...this isn't possible. The immune system of the
      body will start to respond to all the damaged cells.
      This can cause the liver to enlarge in size. Since
      the liver is located in the upper right hand quadrant
      under the rib cage...the doctor can only feel the very
      bottom part of the liver if it is enlarged or not.
      An ultrasound would be used to confirm this.
      As Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver cells) continues,
      it can lead to where the liver cells start to die off and
      form scar tissue inside the liver (Cirrhosis of the liver).
      As the disease advances, this can lead to the build
      up of fluid in the abdominal area, known as Ascites.
      It builds up because the liver no longer can make a
      protein efficiently, that holds fluid inside our vessels...
      it leaks out and collects in the abdominal area.
      The doctor can do an ultrasound or Ct scan to confirm
      this or there is an examination he can perform to see if
      he can tell there is fluid there. If it is Ascites, he can
      ask to have an paracentesis procedure to remove the
      fluid so he can breathe, eat, and be much more
      comfortable. It is the doctors decision on whether this
      should be done and how much fluid will be removed.

      The doctor may place him on a "lower" sodium diet and
      give him diuretics. However, since the sodium has to stay
      within a certain level because it helps the heart to beat
      in rhythm...this will have to be watched closely on blood
      tests results. Patients who develop Ascites, also develop
      fluid build up in their legs and feet and other places over
      time.

      He should be seeing a gastroenterologist or hepatologist
      now. The very best test to find out how far advanced he
      is in the disease is a liver biopsy....since they look directly
      at the tissue of the liver and not just films of it.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes

      Links you can click on:
      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/cirrhosis.html

  10. QUESTION:
    Help answer my question Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    I have nausea, cramping in my lower abdominal, soft stool, fatigue, feeling that my stomach is not digesting properly. Can these be symptoms of Cirrhosis of the Liver. Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      What you describe are symptoms of a cirrhotic liver. Cirrhosis of the liver often does not have symptoms until it is fairly advanced. Symptoms include edema and ascites, (which is fluid build-up in the lower extremites and abdomen, respectively), jaundice, spider angiomas, itchy skin, a wasting/weight loss, and a tendency to frequent infections that don't respond well to antibiotics.

      If you feel you are a candidate for a cirrhotic liver, you should consider a lifestyle change. I don't think, however, that that is what the problem is at this time.

      You may have any number of digestive issues. Visit with your doctor and make a plan to rule out possible ailments and make sure you don't have any sort of infection.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of cirrhosis, I was diagnosed with hepatic steatosis/fatty liver and am still drinking..
    how would i know if I have scarring?

    • ANSWER:
      What Are the Symptoms and Complications of Cirrhosis?

      People with cirrhosis often have few symptoms at first. The two major problems that eventually cause symptoms are loss of functioning liver cells and distortion of the liver caused by scarring. The person may experience fatigue, weakness, and exhaustion. Loss of appetite is usual, often with nausea and weight loss.

      As liver function declines, less protein is made by the organ. For example, less of the protein albumin is made, which results in fluid accumulating in the legs (edema) or abdomen (ascites). A decrease in proteins needed for blood clotting makes it easy for the person to bruise or to bleed easily.

      In the later stages of cirrhosis, jaundice (yellow skin) may occur, caused by the buildup of bile pigment that is passed by the liver into the intestines.

      Some people with cirrhosis experience intense itching due to bile products that are deposited in the skin. Gallstones often form in persons with cirrhosis because not enough bile reaches the gallbladder.

      The liver of a person with cirrhosis also has trouble removing toxins, which may build up in the blood. These toxins can dull mental function and lead to personality changes and even coma (encephalopathy).

      Early signs of toxin accumulation in the brain may include neglect of personal appearance, unresponsiveness, forgetfulness, trouble concentrating, or changes in sleeping habits.

      Drugs taken usually are filtered out by the liver, and this cleansing process also is slowed down by cirrhosis. The liver does not remove the drugs from the blood at the usual rate, so the drugs act longer than expected, building up in the body. People with cirrhosis often are very sensitive to medications and their side effects.

      A serious problem for people with cirrhosis is pressure on blood vessels that flow through the liver. Normally, blood from the intestines and spleen is pumped to the liver through the portal vein. But in cirrhosis, this normal flow of blood is slowed, building pressure in the portal vein (portal hypertension). This blocks the normal flow of blood, causing the spleen to enlarge. So blood from the intestines tries to find a way around the liver through new vessels.

      Some of these new blood vessels become quite large and are called "varices." These vessels may form in the stomach and esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth with the stomach). They have thin walls and carry high pressure.

      There is great danger that they may break, causing a serious bleeding problem in the upper stomach or esophagus. If this happens, the individual's life is in danger, and action must be taken quickly to stop the bleeding.

      Liver: Three Types of Alcohol Induced Damage

      Three conditions of the liver are often associated with alcohol abuse. Liver disease in alcoholics usually progresses through the three conditions chronologically starting with fatty liver and proceeding to alcoholic hepatitis which can eventually lead to cirrhosis.

      Fatty Liver: Fat deposits in the liver. To some extent, fat deposits will happen in almost all heavy drinkers. It can also happen in non-alcoholics after just one incidence of drinking.

      Symptoms: People with fatty liver may have no symptoms and have just an abnormal enlargement of the liver that is smooth and non-tender with minimal or no functional changes. However, alcoholics may have

      · Abdominal pain

      · Severe jaundice syndrome(a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucus membranes, and white part around the eyes caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood)

      · Acute liver failure

      · Ascites (abnormal accumulation of fluid containing proteins and electrolytes and causing an abnormal swelling in the abdomen)

      · Coma

      · Death.

      Outcome: Chances of recovery are better at this stage than with cirrhosis. Damage is reversible and does not necessarily lead to more serious damage.

      Alcoholic Hepatitis: Widespread inflammation and destruction of liver tissue. Patients may develop fibrosis, where scar tissue begins to replace healthy liver tissue.

      Symptoms: Fever, jaundice, and abdominal pain.

      Outcome: May be fatal but also may be reversed by abstaining from alcohol.

      Frequency: Occurs in 50% of heavy drinkers.

      Alcoholic liver: Cut surface of gross autopsy specimen of liver showing unnatural paleness due to a dense network of scar tissue (fibrosis, cirrhosis). Scarring has occurred in response to chronic injury from alcohol abuse.
      Alcoholic cirrhosis: Most advanced form of liver disease, 15-30 percent of heavy drinkers.

      Early Symptoms: General weakness, weight loss.

      Later Symptoms: Loss of appetite, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, abdominal swelling, and spider nevi (spidery red marks on upper body arms and face). Causes extensive fibrosis that stiffens blood vessels and distorts the internal structure of the liver. Functions of the liver may be impaired which may lead to malfunction of other organs such as the brain and kidneys.

      Outcome: Usually fatal due to complications such as kidney failure, and hypertension (high blood pressure) in the vein carrying blood to the liver. This disease is usually fatal if chronic alcohol exposure continues; however, if the patient quits drinking, their condition may become stable.

      Frequency: Statistics from different populations vary because of varying lifestyles; however, statistics show that between 40-90% of the 26,000 annual deaths from cirrhosis are alcohol-related.

      The alcoholic will progress from fatty liver to alcoholic hepatitis, to cirrhosis. Sometimes heavy drinkers may develop alcoholic cirrhosis without first developing alcoholic hepatitis, and it could also happen that an alcoholic may have a sudden onset and rapid course of alcoholic hepatitis; then die before cirrhosis develops.

      Not all liver disease in alcoholics is caused by alcohol. Also, alcohol induced liver disease may be accompanied by other conditions not related to alcohol but which can cause liver failure, such as nonalcoholic hepatitis and exposure to drugs and occupational chemicals. Furthermore, it is important to remember that fatty liver and alcoholic hepatitis may be reversed if you stop drinking alcohol, and cirrhosis can be stabilized if you stop drinking alcohol.

      If the liver loses its ability to remove toxins from the brain, the patient may have additional symptoms. The patient may become forgetful and unresponsive, neglect personal care, have trouble concentrating, and acquire new sleeping habits. These symptoms are related to ammonia intoxication and the failure of the liver to convert ammonia to urea. High protein intake in these patients can also lead to these symptoms

      Based on the above; pls consider this as a wake-up call and stop drinking immediately. You're asking for more trouble.
      I have taken care of pts on the late stages. They have constant frank red stools ( bloody, foul odor) and can't stop bleeding.

  12. QUESTION:
    is weight gain, one of the manifestations of liver cirrhosis?
    signs and symptoms of liver cirrhosis

    • ANSWER:
      If your liver isnt functioning, like when you have cirrhosis, you are far more likely to lose weight then gain it. Look for yellowing of the eyes, itching, tiredness.

  13. QUESTION:
    How long can a person survive after being diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver?
    I found out a couple of days ago that my mom has cirrhosis of the liver. While I was looking for the symptoms of it I realized that my mom has had many of this symptoms for over 5 years. In 1997 my mom was diagnosed with diabetes and she always drank alcohol with her medication but the past 5 or 6 yrs the drinking has gotten worse. My mom has had trouble walking for many years because of her swollen ankles and yr after yr it has gotten worse and now she can't walk at all. My mom lives in germany and I need to know how long she has so I can go see her.

    • ANSWER:
      Blood tests will tell her physician what condition her liver is in. cirrhosis caused by excessive alcohol can be gradual, or sudden onset. My husband had a patient he saw 10 years ago. He told the guy then that if is alcoholic consumption continued at the present rate, he's be dead in 10 years. About 10 years later, the guy showed up in my husband's office, a little yellow in the eyes. Tests showed he had no liver function at all. My husband put him in the hospital, and told him he needed to begin thinking about his wills, his trusts etc., that he had probably a week to live. The parents, wife, and kids of this man were madder than hell at my husband, but two days later, the guy was becomming really ill. By the end of the week, reallllllly. He died within a week....

      So, to answer your question, blood tests will reveal how bad your mother's liver functions are....

  14. QUESTION:
    getting liver cirrhosis in a month from paint thinner exposure?
    Ok I dont want any answers telling me to go see a docotor. Thats obvious. I just want an my question to be responded to. So for a month I was exposed to naphtha almost daily for a month due to a job I was doing. I was not aware of the msds on it and did not take purcautions. Now I am exhibiting many symptoms of liver cirrhosis. Do you think its possible to have such severe liver damage just from being exposed to its vapors. A good answer would be greatly appreciated

    My symptoms are

    Bleeding gums, mood swing, tight back, veiny eyes, adominal discomfort, iching, fatigue, high blood pressure, light color stool. This iching, mood swings and tight back has gone away, Im pretty sure its the liver, could it just be damaged or am i doomed?

    • ANSWER:
      You are not doomed but, you could have died. Your liver is an amazing organ, it can heal itself if taken out of the environment it was in, you did this, it may take months to heal and may even swell, sometimes to amazing proportions. Some alcoholics have a liver that three times the mass it should be.
      I would have like to hear that you are going for a liver test. Yes these fumes could have harmed you permanently that's why you should go. If your thinking of a recourse in the form of a lawsuit you'll need a doctor confirmation first. It's for your benefit.

  15. QUESTION:
    Is blood in the urine a symptom of Cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:

  16. QUESTION:
    If someone has de compensating cirrhosis, about how long do they have to live without a liver transplant?
    My husband has cirrhosis. His abdomen is distended, he has jaundice, pain in the abdomen, and most of the other symptoms of end stage liver failure. No one has given us an idea of how much longer he will be with us. We have no insurance, and he only quit drinking 2 months ago, so even if we had money they would not give him a transplant.

    • ANSWER:
      If you are low income, you might qualify for state aid regarding insurance. It would be a guess at best as to how long your husband might have left. A hepatologist or gastroenterologist would be able to give you a somewhat accurate prognosis as to how long. Sometimes people with cirrhosis can go a long time with getting tapped (fluid drained) and treating the symptoms as they appear.

      The pain is probably due to all the fluid retention. If he gets to the point of not being able to breathe right, get him to an emergency room right away. That happened to me when I let the fluid accumulate for too long. It starts squeezing the lungs and everything else. If left untreated, it can be fatal. There is also the risk of the fluid becoming infected which also can be fatal. If he needs tapped, take him to a hospital whether or not you have insurance.

      You don't say how old your husband is or whether or not a transplant might be an option for him if he did have insurance. The transplant centers require 6 months of proven sobriety before they will consider him. There is a procedure called TIPS that is done that can help control fluid accumulation.

      When the liver is near total failure, the person is usually extremely weak and tired. It's common for them to sleep 16 hours/day or even more. Of course they also have the hard bloated abdomen and jaundice. They usually get to the point of not being able to care for themselves any longer due to weakness. Due to the liver not being able to get rid of ammonia like it should, the levels become high which causes confusion, behavior changes, forgetfulness, and even can cause hallucinations and they can become violent. Lactulose is the med used to help this, but near the end it may not help.

      Your husband is really going to need some kind of insurance more than anything else right now. He is going to need medical care to help him through this. If he had insurance, he could at least be evaluated for a transplant. The husband of a friend of mine was an alcoholic who recently had a transplant and he is doing good today. We thought he was going to die. He got through the 6 months of waiting and got listed. Of course, he cannot drink any alcohol for the rest of his life and he understands that. Some people just can't or won't give it up long term.

  17. QUESTION:
    how long does it take to develop cirrhosis from a fatty liver?
    about a month ago i was diagnosed with a fatty liver the doctor told me to just eat healthyer and watch my diest but i kind of not been doing that lat night my leg felt a little warm and the other my lower back felt warm and when i looked up those symptoms it said it might be cirrhosis cpuld i devloped that in a month??
    sorry for all the misspelled words

    • ANSWER:
      Most people with a fatty liver never progresses to being cirrhosis. A lot depends on what is causing the fatty liver. Someone that has one due to alcoholism runs a greater risk of it becoming cirrhosis that if it were from something else such as diet. There are many people that have fatty livers and do not know it. Even thin people can have one. It's not always about being obese. Just do as your doctor tells you and you should be fine. Don't worry about cirrhosis at this time. Get your liver function checked from time to time to keep a check on things. I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant plus I'm a nurse. I never heard of the symptoms you describe as being a sign of cirrhosis. A warm back and leg is not a sign of cirrhosis. I don't know what list you looked at, but that information is wrong.

  18. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know what causes Palmar Erythema with a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis?
    I found millions of websites that state it is a symptom of portal hypertension in association with Cirrhosis, but I need to know the mechanism behind it. What causes it? Any smarties out there?

    • ANSWER:
      I really don't believe that any one knows what causes it.

  19. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    What is the final stage of Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    What symptoms tell you that the final stage has arrived and there is no chance of survival?

    • ANSWER:
      When your heart stops beating and you don't breathe.

  21. QUESTION:
    Could it be Cirrhosis of the Liver???
    Over the past 10-15 years my mom has gone from social drinker going out on Fridays to a sheltered and depressed woman who drinks alone daily- With nothing more on her mind than wanting to be dead. In the past 2-3 years Ive seen my mother go from bad to worse and everything in between. She just recently came down w/ a kidney infection that left her in bed for 2 weeks--And she denies it, but I know she was drinking even then. Not a day passes when she hasn't vomited or almost dropped to her knees in pain. She also suffers from bulimia on top of her alcohol addiction. She's constantly bleeding and claims it's just hemorrhoids, but everybody assumes otherwise. She's 54 years old and looks like a 65-70 year old woman. Although I hate to admit it- I can tell by looking at her that she's slowly dying... She's now past the point of being saved. Im just wondering if anybody knows of any really good websites I could go to to find out the signs and symptoms of Cirrhosis of the Liver--OR if anybody can share their experiences on the subject....ANY input is encouraged and greatly appreciated.
    Im not looking to put her in rehab...She's been countless times and insists on leaving before they even get a chance to talk about treatment. I know she needs help, but u cant give help to someone who doesnt want to take it. We've all tried and she refuses. Now we've run out of options... As I said she's past the point of being saved. She has her mind set on one thing and that's being done w/ her life and everything it consists of.

    • ANSWER:
      I am really sorry to hear what you are having to go through with your Mother. I had my unfair share of troubles with my Mother abusing pain medicines and not taking them like she was supposed to do.

      I, too, tried rehab for my Mother and it doesn't work for people
      that do not want to be cured. So, until they admit that they have a problem and that they want help or possibly a cure, there isn't much you can do, other than to make your Mother
      comfortable. It is really hard to say just how much longer she
      is going to be with you, considering that she doesn't want help
      and she is continuing to drink.

      Please allow me to offer my condolences about your Mother. It is really hard on children to know just what to expect the alcoholic to do or how the child(ren) can just make their Mom more comfortable. I hope that you will never turn to liquor as a solution to any problems you may have because it is nothing but a cop-out for extremely weak people that don't want any help and since this is a serious disease they are almost always beyond any reason whatsoever. This is a serious illness not to be taken lightly.

      Best of luck to you, sweetie. This isn't your fault and there is nothing that you could have possibly done to prevent this from
      happening. My heart really goes out to you. ♥

      These web sites may provide some helpful insight to you as to what is going on and what may possibly happen in the near
      or distant future.

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.webmd.com/search/search_results/default.aspx?sourceType=undefined&query=cirhossis%20of%20the%20liver&navState=0

      http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec10/ch136/ch136c.html

      And I also found this page that is informative as to how to tell if someone has Cirhossis of the Liver:

      The most common symptoms of liver cirrhosis are:

      Weakness
      Loss of appetite
      Weight loss
      Dark skin color
      Intense itching
      Confusion
      Nose bleeds
      Breast enlargement in men
      Fluid retention in the legs and abdomen
      Fluid retention occurs because the liver decreases its production of a protein called albumin. When the blood level of albumin decreases, fluid retention occurs.
      Jaundice
      When the liver's production of bile is compromised, bile can back up into the blood, causing the skin and eyes to turn yellow and the urine to become dark.
      Gallstones
      The abnormal production of bile causes gallstones to develop.
      Blood Clotting Difficulties
      The liver makes certain proteins that help the blood clot. When the proteins aren't made properly, the blood doesn't clot properly.
      Esophageal Vein Bleeding
      Esophageal Vein Bleeding occurs in advanced cirrhosis.
      What Causes Liver Cirrhosis?

      The above topics and information can be found at:
      http://www.mamashealth.com/stomach/livcir.asp

      I know this is a lot to absorb, but I am hoping you will find something here to help you get through the rough days and nights as being the child of an alcoholic parent. ♥

  22. QUESTION:
    my father has got liver cirrhosis.i want does it cause him to die?if yes how long does it take?
    i mean what are the last symptoms of the dieses?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, a cirrhotic liver can kill someone. There are different extents and reasons for chirrohsis. Sx may iclude bruising, bleeding easily, yellow discoloration of the skin, eyes, tounge area and chages in behavior and mental status. It can also be painful since the liver becomes hardened.
      I am sorry for your dad, and your family! I hope he is comfortable... you should ask his doctor your questions, too.

  23. QUESTION:
    Hi, can anyone tell me what the later stages of liver failure are?
    My Mum has been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis and was told if she didn't stop driving she would have 2 years maximum. She hasn't stopped drinking and lately she has been sleeping a lot more than usual, she has pains in her stomach and diarrhea. Are these symptoms that her liver is failing, if so how long would she be able to live for if this is the case?

    • ANSWER:
      When someone start to have a problem with
      the liver...it usually means that some cause,
      like alcohol consumption...has caused
      damage to the liver cells. When this takes
      place, the immune system of the body
      responds to this and causes inflammation
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver
      to enlarge in size and the doctors can see
      this on an ultrasound or CT scan.

      If someone stops the alcohol consumption
      and is treated for the inflammation...the
      liver cells may heal. But, it seems that
      your Mother is passed that point if she
      has been diagnosed with cirrhosis.
      Cirrhosis is "death" of the liver cells where
      scar tissue develops inside the liver that
      blocks the flow of blood through the liver
      on its way back to the heart and also blocks
      the flow of blood to the liver cells that are
      still living and they start to die, also.
      It is a progressive disease with no known cure.
      Your Mom can get help by going to a detox
      program at a hospital....or seeing her doctor
      to give her medications to help with the
      symptoms that occur from coming off the
      alcohol. If she can stop drinking for a period
      of 6 months, they may evaluate her to be
      placed on the liver transplant list for an donor
      organ. If she doesn't stop drinking...she
      will not be placed on that list and will become
      worse.
      Tiredness is common with Cirrhosis of the
      liver. That is because her body is trying
      it's best to compensate for the functions
      the liver used to do but isn't able to do now and
      also, because her body is trying to heal.
      She may develop symptoms of confusion
      and disorientations: known as Encephalopathy, because the liver isn't able to handle ammonia that is now going into her brain. The doctor
      may start her on Lactulose to help with this.
      She may start to gain fluid weight in her abdominal area, known as Ascites. This is because of the liver being unable to make a protein that holds fluids in the vessels and it leaks out and collects here. The doctors can remove this fluid through a procedure known as
      paracentesis. If she throws up any blood at
      any time or there is blood in the toilet from
      the rectal area...it is an emergency. The blood that normally goes to the liver is backing up into
      vessels that are not used to handling this
      and they have weak places that can break
      open and cause her to bleed internally.

      Here are some links to help you understand
      more about the disease your mother has:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      The doctors know her past history, they
      have all the tests results that show how far
      advanced she is in this disease...so they
      are giving you their best guess of how long
      she has.

      It would be good, if you could have her
      make out an advance directive or power
      of attorney form, so that you or another
      family members can speak directly with
      her doctors and also handle her affairs for
      her. Privacy laws are terrible...even with
      being part of a family.
      Here is a free site to download advance
      directive by the state you live in:
      http://www.caringinfo.org/stateaddownload

      As soon as the cells of the liver start to die
      off, the functions they do to keep the body
      well start to deteriorate. This is known as
      the starting of liver failure. Failure to function
      efficiently. This is progressive as more and
      more cells of the liver die off...the less the
      liver is able to function. It will progress to
      "complete" liver failure where the liver cells have
      died of,f that the liver is almost gone.
      The inflammation causes the liver to enlarge
      in size...when the cells die off, the liver starts to
      shrink in size and takes on a hard texture...
      it is dying.

      I hope this information has been of some help
      to you. This isn't only affected your Mom, it
      is affected you, also. It is best to know what
      to expect in the future, if she doesn't stop
      drinking. Best wishes to you both.

  24. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  25. QUESTION:
    advanced cirrhosis's, liver no longer working?
    what is the life expectancy of someone whose liver is not working at all? Even if treating the symptoms, the liver no longer works. How long can one live like that?

    • ANSWER:
      If your liver was not working at all, it would be just a short time before you would die. My guess would be within a few days. But a person can live with very little liver function. I lived with 10% function for several years. I have heard of others living with as low as 5%. Now you couldn't live a long time with that low of function, but it is quite possible to survive awhile with just a little bit of function left.

  26. QUESTION:
    Over time, can anti seizure medications cause cirrhosis of the liver?
    I have epilepsy and have been on anti seizure medications, such as Tegretol, Dilantin, Depakote, Keppra, etc, since I was 9 years old (I'm 25 now... and female). I've been noticing some strange symptoms lately, like bruising, upper right abdominal discomfort, and loss of appetite. Am I jumping the gun on this and being overly dramatic or should I see a doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you should definitely see your doctor. Liver problems can be a side effect of most anti seizure medications (and most other medications too). I'm currently on Dilantin and Depakote and it's been affecting my liver too. Your doctor will often check your liver functions when he/she checks your blood levels. But if you are having symptoms, I would definitely go see your doc.

  27. QUESTION:
    how does a person know if they have cirrhosis of the liver?
    are there any symptoms?

    • ANSWER:
      Many people are walking around with liver disease
      and don't know they even have it.
      When it first develops, the only sign may be
      tiredness. Depending on what has caused the
      liver cells to become damaged...they may have
      flu like symptoms.
      As you can see, the things they have may be
      mistaken for many everyday sickness.

      The best way to be sure how the liver is doing
      is to have blood tests done to check the liver
      enzymes and the liver function tests.
      The doctor can tell if there may be a problem
      starting.

      Usually, in most patients, the first sign of
      the liver cell damage is when a person skin
      and whites of the eyes turn yellow...known
      as Jaundice. The jaundice can cause itching.
      By that time, the liver is having
      serious problems...because it is not handling
      the bilirubin efficiently that causes this yellowing.
      In other words, the cells are damaged to the
      point that the functions they do, to keep the body
      well, are beginning/starting to deteriorate.

      If the cause of the problem can be found and
      stopped and any inflammation that may have
      developed in the liver is treated...up to this point
      the problem may be reversed.

      If not it leads to
      the liver cells dying off and scar tissue forms
      inside the liver that blocks the flow of blood.
      This is known as Cirrhosis of the liver.
      That is when more serious conditions and symptoms
      take place: like Ascites (fluid build up in the abdominal
      area); Encephalophathy (ammonia goes pass the
      blood brain barrier and into the brain causing
      confusion, unclear thinking, personally changes,
      disorientation, sleep pattern changes, tremors);
      and Portal Hypertension (blood backs up into
      the portal vein that brings the blood to the liver
      and cause such intense pressure it forces the
      blood into smaller vessels,not used to handling
      this amount of blood and also backs the blood
      up into the Spleen so it enlarges also)
      These symptoms I mentioned are usually in
      the advanced stages of liver disease.

      Hope this information has been of some help

  28. QUESTION:
    HIV and liver cirrhosis... Life expectancy?
    My boyfriend(-/+) is HIV positive and has been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis recently. His white blood count is scary low and his dr. told him that he is close to AIDS. He has had symptoms like severe swelling in his abdomen, groin, and legs, vomiting, diarrhea, and sleep loss. He is not the type to ask very many questions and has never taken a proactive approach to his health, so... here I am in the dark, not knowing what to expect. Please help me understand what we are up against

    • ANSWER:
      Hi brandi h, When i read your Question it sounded just like what I,m going through.I have all the Symptoms you mentioned. I take Lactulose 10GM/15Sol and Spironolact 50MG twice daily. It helps keep the Toxins down and anger under control.I feel for you both because i know just how miserable he is Look up this Address it will help alot best of luck www.liverdoctor.com Hope I was of help

  29. QUESTION:
    My grandfather is dying of cirrhosis. What symptoms should I look for to know the end is near?
    I don't know a lot about his condition, but I do know that he has cirrhosis of the liver, congestive heart failure, and cancer. Its the cirrhosis that is killing him, and he has recently lost a tremendous amount of weight in his face, neck, arms, and legs. But his ankles are kinda big, and he looks like he is 9 months pregnant with twins. I want to know what I need to keep an eye out for to know that the end is coming soon. I would like to be as prepared as I possibly can, considering the circumstances. In my line of work, I deal with death a lot, but I just don't know how you are supposed to prepare to lose the best grandfather in the world. But if I can see it coming, I think I will have more time to learn how to deal with it.

    • ANSWER:
      as death gets close (within a few days) you are looking at things like, loss of appetite, being lethargic, eventually it will become hard for him to rouse, his breathing will become shallow and slow or shallow and rapid, he will eventually have gaps in his breathing, until the breathing stops completely.

      if he is not getting fluid removed from his belly, he will start to have a hard time breathing and moving around because that fluid pushes up on his diaphragm and his lungs will not be able to fully expand. this will make him feel very tired.

      its best to spend as much quality time with him as you can, make him comfortable, talk about stories, family history, etc... if he is comfortable with it - discuss how he would like his funeral, anyone he would specifically like to speak there, make sure all of his legal documents are in order, work with pain management and basic comfort things. most of all, just be supportive and love him. there is nothing you can do to stop this process, but you can try to make it as good of an experience for him as you can. helping people to die in a comfortable, loved manner if one of the best things you can do for them.

  30. QUESTION:
    please help, i think i have liver cirrhosis and i need answers, thanks!?
    ive been sick for almost 3 years now. i had my gallbladder out in october 09 and that actually fixed the problem for 8 months and then the pain in my side came back and its actually worse than before, i throw up alot, nauseous all the time. i have medicine to control vomiting an help nausea. but i have gotten more symptoms and i have gone through all tests you could possibly imagine.

    i have nausea
    vomiting
    pain in upper right abdomen
    irregular period
    weight loss
    complete fatigue, tiredness
    blood is always coming from my nose, little at a time
    so many things, there are others too

    but i happened over this article with liver cirrhosis and i match almost perfectly except for being yellow because of jaundice, i dont have that. could i have liver cirrhosis without having this?

    and i need to get new blood tests but my ones from previous months dont match the levels that would tell if i have liver cirrhosis.

    i just got an xray of my abdomen and my doctor said i had lots of waste built up in my intestines but is it possible its not waste? she said its not normal to have THAT much in me but i took the laxitivs and enema and its not like i had that much come out.

    please help, i feel like im getting worse and no doctor can help me, i only just turned 18 and im 96 lbs.

    • ANSWER:
      Your symptoms are more consistent with an eating disorder.....are you really skinny, but think you are not?

      See a therapist at once.....the fact that you are concerned enough about your health to ask this question strongly suggests it is not too late to get help....

      You are about 25lbs underweight for a woman your age, your tiredness may be a symptom of low iron through not eating properly...

      I am NOT a doctor, but had a girlfriend many years ago who almost died from anorexia....she had all the symptoms you mention...

      Get help. Please!

  31. QUESTION:
    DO I HAVE LIVER CIRRHOSIS? PLEASE HELP?
    Do i have liver cirrhosis?
    okay, so i am a 16 year old female soon to be 17 and i have been drinking since i was about 14. (i know it sounds bad, but it's just the way it is). i have been drinking at least once a weekend since i was about 15. A few months back i took 13 panadol and 2 other tablets while i was drinking because i was going through a difficult time in my life. For about 5 days after that i felt nauseous but not long after i felt better.

    last week i got what i thought was the flu. The only symptoms i had where blocked nose, very sore muscles (especially in my lower back and neck), fatigue (i was sleeping 15 to 18 hours a day for about 5 days, i had no energy), not much of an appetite and i had dark blood in my stools.

    I have been very worried, i know you can't diagnose what i have, but if you can tell me what you think i would greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      jaine - NO, you do not have liver cirrhosis from drinking alcohol yet, BUT you are likely damaging your liver and further excessive alcohol will likely lead to cirrhosis in several years. The dark blood in your stools is most likely due to the Panadol which has a well known bad side effect of causing stomach bleeding leading to dark or tarry stools. Panadol also damages liver. Another possibility to consider, at your age, is that of mono (infectious mononucleosis) which commonly causes flu-like disease with muscle and back pain along with lasting fatigue. Bottom line - IMMEDIATELY stop the Panadol or any other medicine with acetaminophen (also called Tylenol, stay away from aspirin, ) and get to your doctor this week. Your life = your choice. Be wise - stay alive and get help.

  32. QUESTION:
    DO I HAVE LIVER CIRRHOSIS? I NEED AS MUCH INFO AS I CAN GET PLEASE HELP!?
    Do i have liver cirrhosis?
    okay, so i am a 16 year old female soon to be 17 and i have been drinking since i was about 14. (i know it sounds bad, but it's just the way it is). i have been drinking at least once a weekend since i was about 15. A few months back i took 13 panadol and 2 other tablets while i was drinking because i was going through a difficult time in my life. For about 5 days after that i felt nauseous but not long after i felt better.

    last week i got what i thought was the flu. The only symptoms i had where blocked nose, very sore muscles (especially in my lower back and neck), fatigue (i was sleeping 15 to 18 hours a day for about 5 days, i had no energy), not much of an appetite and i had dark blood in my stools.

    I have been very worried, i know you can't diagnose what i have, but if you can tell me what you think i would greatly appreciate it.
    yes i do know what cirrhosis is and i know it take alot of years of drinking to cause it but i'm more concerned about the panadol i took. The symptoms i had like the fatigue, aching muscles, no appetite and blood in the stools are all signs of it. That is the reason i am worried. I am going in for knee surgery soon and if it it liver cirrhosis this could put me at serious risk while i'm on anthesthia.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes you should be worried with blood in your stools. See your doctor without, I repeat without, delay.!!!

  33. QUESTION:
    cirrhosis of the liver?
    How does a person know if their fatty liver has gone over to the irreversible liver disease known as cirrhosis? Are there any definite tell tale signs or symptoms? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Please do not wait till you are pushed to the edge and then think of traveling back !

      It is best to stop the factor that caused cirrhosis in the first place ( Alcohol the commonest cause) !

      Follow up with your doctor once a month and do liver function tests and ultra sound every 3 months. The doctor can measure the size of liver by tapping and get to know if the liver is shrinking( a sign of progressing to cirrhosis)

      As per symptoms ..it may be too late by the time you develop them.

      Weight loss, fluctuating appetite and nausea, bleeding easily, anemia hypoproteinemia and weakness are some of the symptoms and signs.

      Please do not wait for these and try to reverse the stage of hepatitis.

      Taking vitamin B complex, lot of anti oxidant foods, decreasing intake of oxidants and as per recent reports taking a lot of Turmeric ( containing Curcumin) and Tomato ( containing Lycopene) may help in reversing and resolving this inflammatory disease.

      Hope you are eager for the cure and not a procrastinator !

  34. QUESTION:
    prognosis for those diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver?
    heart disease patient just dignosed with cirrhosis. how long will he live?
    His symptoms are advanced-no jaundice or bleeding of the esophagous yet. Has all other symptoms-bruising, abdominal swelling, lethargy, etc.

    • ANSWER:
      Ask his doctor, only he can tell you and at that, it's only an educated guess. When my Mom was DX with a GBM, she was give 3 weeks and lived 9 months. R.I.P. Mom!!

  35. QUESTION:
    can a person with hepatitic C and cirrhosis of the liver get the swine flu ?
    i am a male 30 y/o , i have chronic hepatitis c and cirrhosis of the liver i am getting treated by doctors but i feel good no pains no symptoms , i went for treatment for hepatitis c but it did not work for me , so my only hope is a liver transplant probably in years from now
    but my liver is still working 100% . i am living a normal life right now with god's will . my question is : can i get the swine flu if i leave the country on vacation ?

    • ANSWER:

  36. QUESTION:
    I recently got diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. I have a few questions:?
    I am a young adult, and I've been diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. I do not heavily drink, I'm not over weight, and the doctor couldn't find any other reason why I have it. I just do.
    I've been having symptoms of much fatigue and weakness (my main concerns for 5 years, undiagnosed), loss of appetite, bloating, itchy skin, enlarged spleen, low white blood cells and platelets (they got pooled in my spleen) and my doctor finally pointed me to the CT scan, and soon a biopsy, which has brought me to this.
    My questions are:
    -Can I continue drinking around/less than once a month, less than 4 shots each night?
    -Is my life expectancy shorter than a normal person's, just by having the disease? If so, how shorter?
    sure, I have a problem with alcohol...? I never get drunk, just tipsy, and usually less than once a month. I think I've drank less than 10 times.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm having a hard time believing you're not a heavy drinker my friend. You have cirrhosis but want to know if it's Ok to do shots of hard alcohol? First, you need to come to grips with the fact that you have a problem with alcohol. You need to STOP DRINKING altogether to detoxify your system AND your liver. The liver is the only organ in the body that WILL regenerate itself provided it's not too far gone. Chlorophyll stimulates the liver to regenerate and sources of Chlorophyll are: Chlorophyll capsules, Wheatgrass (juice or tablets) and Alfalfa. I would strongly recommend you take the capsules as well as the Wheatgrass juice. Yes, with cirrhosis of the liver, your life will definitely be shorter. Don't forget, there's nothing that alcohol can't ruin. Good luck to you my friend, I wish you the best.

  37. QUESTION:
    Very early signs & symptoms of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis?
    I've been being studied because I have elevated liver enzymes, I've had a CT scan and an ultrasound that have come back both normal. So we went to the next step and did a liver biopsy. All that came back on that is it showed a mildly inflamed liver but not signs of fibrosis or cirrhosis and my liver had no scarring what-so-ever. But because of my blood work, they want to treat me for PBC. The doctor wants to put me on a medication "just in case" it is PBC but my husband (and I agree with my husband) wants me to get a 2nd opinion by a homeopathic doctor. I've already spoke with one who actually has helped others in my family. My sister-in-law is off all medications she was on and actually lost 23 lbs. by just changing her diet. She, too, had elevated liver enzymes and now they are back to normal. I'm kinda stuck between a rock and a hard place cause I just don't know if I should take the med or not. I've probably had this problem for about 2 to 3 years so I'm thinking what's another couple month to try to rule it out with natural remedies.....Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Mina,
      You weren't specific as to how you were diagnosed, but I can only suspect you had high Alkaline Phos test and a positive AMA or anti-mitochondrial antibody. These are the hallmark blood tests which indicate PBC, along with a high sed rate (ESR) and GGT. It is great that your biopsy is not showing any damage, yet. Keep in mind that a biopsy is a small portion of a particular location of your liver. It is possible that a biopsy of a different location may tell a different story. If you want to talk to some folks that are familiar with the disease, symptoms and diagnosis, you should join the yahoo page on pbc. I have been a member since diagnosed with pbc and they are fabulous. It is true that some do not have symptoms despite advanced liver disease, while some have symptoms before significant damage. Itching, fatigue and other inflammatory symptoms seem to be the most common. I was in the same boat as you and reluctant to take Ursodiol; however, I did a lot of research and joined the yahoo group as well as a facebook group and in the end....decided not taking it was a risk I wasn't willing to take. It is a personal decision. The yahoo group is at http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/PBC_Digest/ Good Luck!!

  38. QUESTION:
    Liver Cirrhosis?
    What are the symptoms, and what can you do to prevent it?
    Extra facts would be superb.

    10pts, peepz. Come awn

    • ANSWER:
      I am posting the very best sites on the
      web that will tell you a lot of information:
      http://www.emedicinehealth.com/cirrhosis/article_em.htm

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      There are a number of things a person can
      do to prevent cirrhosis:
      (1)Since the number one cause of cirrhosis
      is alcohol consumption...this would mean
      eliminate it or at least don't overdue it.
      (2)People can develop a fatty liver from
      alcohol and also from being overweight,
      so eatting a healthy diet with the right kinds
      of fats, like olive oil...would be good.
      (3)Stay away from exposure to hazardous
      chemicals. If you read the labels on them,
      you will know which ones to avoid. The
      main one is carbon tetrachloride.
      (4) Take only medication approved by
      the doctor or prescribed by him. Most
      all medication go through the liver first
      to be broken down before going to the
      rest of the body. There are so many drugs,
      even prescribed ones, that are very hard on
      the liver. Liver patients are told to tell
      their doctors all over the counter, herbs,
      herbal teas, vitamins, mineral, muscle
      building products, and medications prescribed by other doctors. They are not
      to take any medication unless the doctor
      weighs the pros and cons of it, cause once
      the liver becomes damaged..it isn't able
      to handle the drugs the same way as it used
      to and can cause even more injury to the
      cells.
      (5) Most people know that they should wash
      their hands frequently and use purell or
      germ-x or some other product when they
      cannot. This is to prevent not only illness,
      but can sometimes prevent a virus also.
      They should not eat at open salad bars where people can cough or sneeze into
      them or where someone may handle
      something with unclean hands. They should
      also be aware that anyone who is in contact
      with someone elses blood or uses a needle
      they use, can contact one of the Hepatitis
      virus like A,B,C,Etc.
      (6) Do not eat mushrooms you pick yourself..mushrooms can cause immediate damage to the liver itself if you get a poison one.

      Other causes of liver cirrhosis cannot be
      prevented or at least they do not know
      how to prevent them: like biliary obstruction,
      gallstones, mal formation of the biliary
      ducts coming from the liver, hereditary
      conditions, auto immune disease.

      I hope this information has been of some
      help to you. The links I provided have
      a wealth of information and are easy to
      read.

      The symptoms of the disease cannot be
      prevented. They usually appear once
      the liver cells are no longer functioning well
      and some of them start to die off. They
      can only treat the symptoms with medication to try to control it or to ease
      them...that is all. This is a very progressive
      disease and the symptoms will worsen
      over time.

  39. QUESTION:
    Do i have liver cirrhosis?
    okay, so i am a 16 year old female soon to be 17 and i have been drinking since i was about 14. (i know it sounds bad, but it's just the way it is). i have been drinking at least once a weekend since i was about 15. A few months back i took 13 panadol and 2 other tablets while i was drinking because i was going through a difficult time in my life. For about 5 days after that i felt nauseous but not long after i felt better.

    last week i got what i thought was the flu. The only symptoms i had where blocked nose, very sore muscles (especially in my lower back and neck), fatigue (i was sleeping 15 to 18 hours a day for about 5 days, i had no energy), not much of an appetite and i had dark blood in my stools.

    I have been very worried, i know you can't diagnose what i have, but if you can tell me what you think i would greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    Should I stop Medication? Possible Liver problems, cant get to doctor until Monday...?
    Okay, here's my problem.

    I've been on this medicine, Rocephin (IV medication) for a month exactly. I was supposed to stop medicine today according to my last doctors visit, but my doctor's office seems to have forgotten to tell the nurses and the care provider sending my medicine... they tell me they cannot have me stop until my doctor contacts them.

    My doctor's office closed at 1 today and is not open again until monday.. its friday. I tried to call just now because I've been nauseas for 2 days now, and today I've been throwing up. I just found that these are symptoms of liver problems, like liver cirrhosis. They had tested me before, 2 weeks in, and my liver was fine.

    I'm not sure if I should consider this an emergency (not showing advanced symptoms according to yahoo health's information on liver cirrhosis) and go to a hospital, or if i should just temporarily stop my medicine now like the doctor had planned, even though the nurse and people said no?? Any thoughts are great...
    Oh, I forgot to mention a couple of things... Nausea and vomiting are listed as possible reactions to my medicine, so it might not even be liver stuff really. I'm just wondering mostly if I should wait to see if i get the more tell tale symptoms like jaundice or if that would be pretty much screwing myself over...

    • ANSWER:
      Even if your doctor office is closed, they still are on call. Have the service page the doctor to call you or the visiting nurse service. The antibiotic that was ordered should have the Rx included on the meds. (example being 5mg in 100ml 2x day for 7days) if not, There is a doctors order written in your chart. The visiting nurse must have access to the order and should follow it. Maybe the doctor told you 1 week but wrote 2 weeks and thats why the nurse is still giving you the meds.
      As far as liver falure from the meds, I guess its possible, but if your lab work came back ok, then i would suspect the nausea is from the meds on an empty stomach (even though its IV) or from your infection. If the whites of your eyes start turning yellow, then you have liver failure
      Hope this helps, good luck

  41. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis of the Liver???Will my dad die?
    My dad has been a raging alcoholic for 20+ years. Hard liquor from the time he wakes up until the time he goes to bed. It's his life.

    About a year ago he was admitted into the hospital for Kidney Failure but made it out of it okay.

    Just about a week ago he was admitted into the hospital because his skin and eyes had turned yellow and he collapsed. During that time the doctors explained that he was no longer a candidate for a Liver transplant, his liver was beyond repair, they can just treat the symptoms....
    He was let go after 5 days of being in the hospital because he was stable. 2 days following he was readmitted into the hospital only this time he's worse.......
    here is a list of his symptoms;
    Fatigue
    Nausea
    Weakness (can barely lift a bottle of soda to his mouth)
    Weight loss (20 + pounds in a week)
    Exhaustion
    Stomach Pains
    Severe Jaundice....like glowing
    Very swollen abdomen
    Personality changes, forgetfullness
    Decreased mental function, slow to respond, blank stares
    Fluid retention
    Pneumonia
    Dimensia
    bad shaking
    loss of balance, equilibrium problems

    It's just terrible and it's breaking my heart seeing him this way.

    I was reading posts from people who had someone close with this disease, they described the same symptoms I did and there loved ones ended up dying.. I'm so afraid of that.

    What are the chances??

    Any help or enlightment would be greatly appreciated!
    Im not sure if I should be precise.....When I say fluid retention, I mean fluid in around his liver which they already had to remove
    The honest prgnosis is they are not sure at this point whether he'll live or die.
    They say it may be time to start making out his will and planning his funeral arrangements just to be safe

    • ANSWER:
      I can answer your question because I had liver failure and a transplant. Your father has cirrhosis from his alcoholism. That is when healthy tissue is replaced with scar tissue in the liver and it can no longer function very well. Even though others will tell you the liver can regenerate, this is not the case when it comes to cirrhosis. Scarring is permanent in the liver and does not go away. The damage has been done from many years of alcohol abuse.

      Everything you told me tells me that your father is in end stage liver disease. His condition is serious and he will not get better unless he receives a transplant. When the liver is beyond repair, that is when a person needs a transplant. The problem with your father is that he is an active alcoholic. There might also be some other medical reasons he could not qualify, but that is the first thing they look at for a candidate.

      It's very difficult for an alcoholic to receive a transplant, but there are many success stories out there. The patient has to be committed to changing their lifestyle and never drink alcohol again for the rest of their life. Transplant centers require at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even begin to consider an alcoholic for a transplant. The problem that happens with many alcoholics is that they don't have 6 months left to live with their disease. They let it go too far and ignore it until they are near death before seeking help.

      I don't know how your father feels about his disease and his alcoholism, but if he is serious about staying alive, he could go to a transplant center and at the very least talk to them. They will tell him what his options are for getting help and possibly getting a transplant if he has enough time left. If he is still drinking after all this, then I would say there is not much hope for him getting well. He has all the typical signs of end stage cirrhosis.

      It's also extra difficult for an alcoholic to get a transplant because they not only have to deal with the cirrhosis, but they also have to deal with their addiction to alcohol. But as I said, there are many success stories. The husband of a family friend of mine just recently got his transplant and he was an alcoholic for at least 20 years+. When he found out he destroyed his liver, he went to the transplant center, did everything he was supposed to do including rehab for 6 months and submitting to random drug/alcohol testing prior to his transplant. After the 6 months, he got listed and just recently received his transplant. I hear he is doing very well now. I don't know whether or not your father could be one of these success stories, but I want you to know that it might be an option for your father if he is willing.

      I had cirrhosis too but mine was from an autoimmune disease. No matter what the reason for having cirrhosis, it pretty much acts the same for everyone.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are the final symptoms in end stage liver failure?
    My father was diagnosed with Hep-C which has caused severe cirrhosis. He is not a candidate for a transplant because of pulmonary hypertension (most likely caused by the sanding of toxic woods - he was a cabinet maker). He is on oxygen, has acites, takes lactulose and lasix/diuretics, sleeps for about 15-18 hrs a day, can hardly walk, trembles and is in pain. He was diagnosed about 1 month ago (because he was too stubborn to go to the hospital) and has rapidly been declining since. I am very sad for my mother, she feeds him all the right foods and takes care of him according to his GI/cardiologist/pulmonologist. Does anyone have experience with a loved one who has died from liver failure? Any experiences with respect to a time frame and the final symptoms before death?

    • ANSWER:
      You wrote, "Does anyone have experience with a loved one who has died from liver failure?"

      Sadly, yes, my Mom. She was diagnosed with some liver disease or other and lived for many years after that, but then, at the end, she just started failing rather quickly.

      It started with her being very weak and confused, which was followed by a swollen, distended stomach, called "ascites" and more confusion as she lost her faculties, kind of like Alzheimer's but on fast-forward, and she finally lapsed into a coma and passed away a few weeks later, coincidentally on the exact same day that my Dad had died, only ten years earlier! We think that she must have known somehow and was waiting for that day so that she could go on the same day he did.

      I'm very sorry for your troubles, I went through it with my Mom and wouldn't wish it on anyone, to see your loved one slipping away like that, it was just heart-wrenching.

      Good luck!... ☺

  43. QUESTION:
    how long to people with portal hypertension and cirrhosis and liver cancer have to live if they have all of?
    these symptoms this "person" also has hep c and has been an alcholic for years she doesn't drink everyday but she does often she sleeps all the time she coughs all the time she coughs up blood too she hardley eats she has fluid in her lungs because she smokes all the time its called something but i don't remember her body is swallon because of all of the fluid that has built up in her stomach i was just wandering with all these bad things that have happened how long does she have left? she been seeing doctors for all of these things but doesn't really talk to me about it thank all of you in advance
    she doesn't take good care of herself either she has depression issues and is on anxiety meds she sets around and does nothing to help herself everyone has told her what she needs to do she just doesn't want to do it

    • ANSWER:
      People in this situation usually just have their symptoms controlled.......for example, for the swelling to the abdomen called ascites, the docs can regularly drain the excess fluid by inserting a small drain thru the skin called a paracentesis. Portal hypertension is probably causing esophageal varices, which is why she is coughing up blood. These can be treated if they rupture, but its a big emergency.
      With regards to the liver cancer, it all depends where it is and what typre of cancer. Is the liver the primary site or a metastatic site. Would your friend be well enough for surgery/ radiation/ chemo.
      It sounds like your friend is very sick.It would be impossible to know how long she would live like this. If she takes good care of herself, doesn't drink, and seeks regular and prompt medical care for control of her symptoms she may have a few months or even years. Hope this helps. Sorry your friend is so sick.

  44. QUESTION:
    I was just diagnosed with Cirrhossis, will I be ok, I have no symptoms?
    Doctor just told me because I have hIgh enzyme levels and an enlarged liver I have cirrhosis, but at the moment he says all else is normal, no other complications/symptoms and says if I stop drinking I should live a normal life, but I am worried. Is this true? I stopped drinking for 3 weeks not and I feel really good.

    • ANSWER:
      relax,you will be fine..you have not mentioned your age though..however,be very apt with your habits.you need to be very carefull with your diet ..do not even think of alcohol consumption.do not go for alternative form of medicines..be cautious,go on routine checkups,restrict yourself with the medicines only to what your doc has currently prescribed...

  45. QUESTION:
    Do I have Cirrhosis of the liver?
    Brief history: I'm 55 white male. For the better part of my life I led an extremely fit, very active lifestyle which included intense weight training and cardio training 5-6 days a week. I have always eaten a low fat, high fiber, lean diet. At 48 and 6 feet tall I was 210 lb at under 10% bodyfat and competed in natural bodybuilding. Fitness was my life. I drank in moderation if at all.

    Starting in my mid 40's I would overindulge occasionally but when I was about 48 or 49 I had some personal issues that affected my mental frame of mind and I began drinking more heavily and for the next 5-6 years, would drink large amounts on a daily basis, almost always to intoxication. I still managed to maintain a level of fitness that most people my age were envious of and my alcohol intake would begin at 5 or 6 pm and continue until bed time. There would be the occasional "getting healthy" phase and I would abstain for 4-6 weeks but it was rare.

    Around 3 or 4 years ago I began having occasional swelling and mild discomfort in my abdomen and right upper quadrant that would come and go. When these symptoms first occurred in I had a CT scan of my abdomen that came back negative. I specifically questioned my dr about my liver and he said it looked normal. Additionally, my yearly, routine physicals showed all liver tests as normal and in fact, well below any danger areas.

    After basically being tired of being drunk and wanting to return to my former self, I decided to abstain and I have had no liquor for a few months but recently this discomfort has returned.

    At my most recent physical in Feb of this year, my blood work again seemed normal:

    AST 23 units/L

    ALT 24 units/L

    Alk phos 47 units/L

    Total Bilirubin 0.5 mg/dl

    Total protein 8.4 g/dl

    I realize nobody can diagnose from this alone and I've pretty much decided to go to my dr for further exams but was wondering if anyone could shed light for me. And please no one liner answers, I'm looking for someone who might have some medical background or at least someone who is/was in my situation or has a family member or friend.

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Your blood work certainly does not show any signs of liver damage which is really good. The experts give an estimate of 10 years of heavy drinking when cirrhosis could form but that varies greatly from one person to another depending on many factors. It might take less than 10 years for one and decades for someone else. There is no set time frame or amount you can drink. In my opinion, I do not think you are having a liver problem, but I am certainly no doctor.

      Your biliruben is excellent, and this is usually always high if there is a liver problem along with elevated enzymes. There is many reasons you can have this bloated feeling in your abdominal area such as gallbladder and stomach problems. It could be something as simple as gas.

  46. QUESTION:
    What is the outcome after being diadnosed with non alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver?
    After having a routine MRI some abnormalities showed up which led to further testing and a liver biopsy. It appears that at sometime in the past I had auto immune hepatitis that went undiagnosed. I really didn't have any symptoms other then fatigue but then I was always fatigued for other reasons. As of right now even with the cirrohsis my liver function is normal but my liver enzymes are elevated but not high enough for treatment. I realize the hepatitis could flare up again which would call for aggressive treatment to prevent any further scaring of my liver. I have read all kinds of information on these diseases both very disturbing and some encouraging but I would just like to know if anyone who reads this has been diagnosed with this or knows someone who has and what has been the outcome.

    • ANSWER:
      I have an autoimmune disease in which my autoimmune system attacks the bile ducts in my liver. This is called primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). I am curious to know how the doctors came to the conclusion that you have a problem with your autoimmune system to the point that it has caused cirrhosis. If this is true, then this autoimmune problem has been going on for a very long time to damage your liver to the point of it being cirrhotic. I had no symptoms with my disease until my liver was already 90% destroyed with cirrhosis. I suddenly started to swell up with fluid and had no idea anything was wrong prior to that. It was a shock to me that my liver had so much cirrhosis that I would need a transplant. I had no idea anything was going on inside of me.

      That autoimmune hepatitis is probably still flaring up each and every day since it just doesn't stop and go away. It takes many years to destroy a liver. There is really nothing much they can do as far as treating it. Sometimes they will give medication to help it, but it really doesn't stop the disease from progressing, especially when its from your autoimmune system. When symptoms from the cirrhosis appear, they can give medications to control them and lab work is done routinely to ward off problems early. I used to have to get an endoscope done every 3-6 months to get banding done to any varices that form to lower the risk of bleeding problems. Basically, they just let the disease take its course since there is no cure other than a transplant.

      Even when my liver was 90% destroyed, my liver enzymes were just slightly above normal. My transplant doctor told me this can happen with some people, that the enzymes can almost normalize even though the disease is far advanced.

      You said you had a biopsy done. It should show the amount of damage done and how much cirrhosis (scarring) your liver has in it. Figuring out the cause of it when it is not so obvious like alcoholism, can be difficult to diagnose. That's why I asked how they determined yours was from an autoimmune problem. I didn't know the real cause of mine until after my transplant. The biopsy also should show whether or not there is active inflammation going on. The elevated enzymes can be an indication that there could be continued inflammation.

      The good thing is that you are still asymptomatic which means your liver is still compensating. It can stay this way for a long time. When I started to swell with fluid, that was my first sign of it starting to decompensate. Even then, I took diuretics that controlled the fluid retention quite well for several years. Once I was diagnosed with cirrhosis, I believe I went and got evaluated for transplant and was placed on the list a year later. I waited 18 months for my transplant and am doing well today. My autoimmune disease still wants to attack my new liver. I do take a medication that works well in keeping my enzymes in normal range which means there most likely will not be any damage as long as they remain that way.

      If you want to ask me anything else, just email me. I will be happy to help you if I can.

  47. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    Well my dad was diagnosed this 4-5 years ago but never told anyone. My mom talked to doctors and was telling us kids what the symptoms are and everything but then she was listing them and said she well im not going to tell you the last thing. I already know weakness,fatigue,loss of appetite, nausea, weight loss, abdominal pain, itching, spider-like vains, nose bleeds, bruising, swelling of the belly/ legs, jaundice and some confusion this last thing seems to be very important. i already know he doesnt have much time left so what is this bad symptom that my mom is hiding from me i mean it cant be worst than him dying......please i would really like to know and be prepared for the worst

    • ANSWER:
      It may be Portal hypertension with varies. The blood no longer flows
      through the liver well. It backs up into the portal vein and smaller vessels
      (known as varies). These varies can have weak spots and balloon outward
      and break open. Any blood seen in the sputum, vomit, or rectal area should
      be checked immediately. He should be taken to the ER.

      The doctors can go in an band these vessels to stop the bleeding.
      Cirrhosis patients...their liver isn't able to make clotting factors efficiently
      any more. They can bleed and bruise very easily. Losing any amount
      of blood can be life threatening.

      He should considered being evaluated for placement on the liver transplant
      list. His doctor could refer him to a Transplant Center close to home to
      have this done. Some patients may not be able to have a transplant done.
      These are those who the doctor believe may not live through the long
      hours of surgery ( like serious heart conditions) or they may have
      to wait to be placed on the list (because of alcohol or drug abuse)
      Each person is taken on an individual basis...only the Transplant doctors
      can know for certain if the patient is able to be listed or not.

      I have listed some links for you, that may be of help.
      Don't know for certain what your Mom meant...
      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373
      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html
      http://www.transplantliving.org/
      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/livedonorlivertransplant.html

      Some things can be done to make him more comfortable:
      1 Ascite abdominal fluid can be remove by a procedure known as
      paracentesis...make it easier to breathe and eat.
      2 Encephalopathy leads to mental confusion, disorientation can
      be helps by medications like Lactulose or Xifanin.
      3. Swelling of legs and feet: patient is placed on a lower sodium
      diet, told how much fluid they are allowed to have per day and
      may also be placed on diuretics. Raise the legs but do not
      massage them.
      4. If unable to eat, it would be good to ask the doctor which
      supplements he would be able to take.

      If he cannot have a transplant, then he may want to decide to
      have Hospice care at home. The doctor will sign forms if he
      thinks he may not live more than six months. It is always
      good to contact the Area of the AGing in the area you live in...
      they not only help senior citizens but will give information to
      those who are disabled.

      Best wishes

  48. QUESTION:
    What do these symptoms sound like?? HIV? Cirrhosis?
    Please...I need someone to help me. I don't trust doctors. A lot of times they are wrong with their diagnosis, so I feel more comfortable asking this on Yahoo answers. I will tell you my symptoms and experience and if ANYONE has ANY insight into what my problem may be...please respond. I am hoping the good spirits will lead me in the right direction as I've had these problems for over 10 years now. OK, so when I was a child I was pretty healthy...I got earaches from time to time and strep throat. I never had sex with anyone until I was 18. but I had bad breath when I was in school but not chronic. I think it was just due to a dry mouth but it was definitly worse than average so I had some underlying problem, I am sure of it. Also the infections were more than normal. Then at age 17 I had a MASSIVE overdose on MDMA AND SPEED during a 3 day binge (I know I was a moron and I deserve what I got,...but I didnt know how bad it was for you back then...but I still shouldnt of taken so many pills) I almost died. I went to the hospital and they couldnt figure out what was wrong. They said it was heroin withdrawl. I am sure that wasnt it. I dont think there was heroin in the pills. Even with the brown dots in them, I was told heroin in pills is a rumor. So, thats besides the point. Ever since the overdose, I have had insanely serious health problems. I also smoked weed everyday for 10 years (all day long...I was considered the biggest pothead in my town) I am sure this weakened my immune system since I did not do it in moderation. I will explain all my symptoms here in a moment. Thank you so much for taking the time to read my story. So, I think the pot is also a factor. Since I quit, I have felt slightly healthier. My serotonin seems to be back....My parasites have reduced, etc. So, I relate that to my immune system. Anyways, my symptoms are White Coated Tongue (also it is yellow sometimes...and it's severe....brushing wont get rid of it....the only thing that reduces it is eating all raw food and living a healthy lifestlye...which is hard for me to do all the time) Alslo i have a swollen and (sometimes) dried up ankle(mostly when I drink a lot of alcohol). It's also looks like my ankle is "scarred" ...this could be when it got real dry and I picked the skin off and it started bleeding, but it was dry for 10 years. People would look at it and say "What's wrong with your ankle!?" So, it is very abnormal. I looked up online and I think its ankle edema. My lower leg is also usually swollen. I am sure the overdose messed my liver up as I always have horrible breath even if I brushed and flossed 10x a day it wouldnt help. I know my body is overun by bacteria...thats ovbious to me. I am not sure what diseaes I have though since the doctors never diagnosed me correctly (and also i am AGAINST taking prescription drugs, as they also weaken your immune system...so I stopped going to the doctor over 8 years ago...since they never helped me anyways) I started eating as good as possible (organic foods, etc) but i also have been eating a lot of fast food now lately. I know I need to stop that as it just makes things worse. So, I know what to do, I just need to know what I could have, I am wondering if it might be HIV. I am terrified of needles so I dont want to get an HIV test. Also I've only had sex with 1 girl in my life....and she had the HIV test and came up negative...so I might not have HIV...but then again..I do have the symptoms of it. I also have bad parasites....I can see them when I goto the bathroom...they explode when they hit the toilet...and consquently I also have explosive diarhea (ESPECIALLY for the first 3 days after I quit smoking marijuana....which i rcently quit...but I am still having them right now as we speak) I have quit marijuana several times in my life and everytime I got the explosive diareha. One time I got severe Nausea and vomiting and was CHOKING on my own vomit. I couldnt breath and almost died. I got lucky and got some marijuana which stopped me from throwing up and saved my life. Now I dont get those severe symptoms anymore. Just headacles, and diareah and nausea, but no severe vomiting (thank god!) I think that is due to my years of eating healthy that has strengthened my immune system. Now dont be afraid to tell me I might have HIV...I am NOT a hypocondraict and I will not freak out over it. I really want to know...if I am told i have it...it will be even more motivation for me to do everything healthy so i can cure it. I know the "Cure" word is illegal for health people to use, but I know HIV can be cured...I believe in spiritual healing as well. I think this is the reason I am still here today. I mean, I have had these symptoms for SO LONG now (over 10 years) that you'd figure I would of gotten worse or died. I have actually gotten healtheir. I have heard of people with AIDS who have gotten healtheir to the point to where they only had HIV...so I believe that. I may be one of those cases. I
    by the way I KNOW the pills had MDMA and Speed (but i seriously doubt heroin)in them because I know what both do to you. I had two different types. I had the pink panthers which were very high dose of MDMA (even one led me to seeing vibrations..but I took 10 of them in 2 days) And I had 5 white bombs which were straight amphetemines) I had the overdose in 1999 when pills were much stronger. You could compare it to eating about 50 pills in 3 days for nowadays stength.Plus you're not supposed to mix MDMA and speed...it makes it more toxic. The short term effects were mostly heart problems and I couldnt sleep) I should of died. I definitly had a higher power watching over me.
    By the way I am not overweight at all. I am skinny. I am 30 years old and look like I'm 17....(no exageration)so I havent aged at all either during this crisis. I should of added that in my description. And my bones are very weak. I broke my finger from simply wrestling a friend. I used to wrestle all the time when I was younger and never even came close to breaking any bones..

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like eczema on your ankle. Drinking is poison/toxic for eczema it will flare it up.
      If you have dry mouth that can be what is wrong with your tongue. Smoking weed clogs the saliva ducts. Chew crushed ice for a few weeks should help tons. And help open ducts.
      I know many many old druggies. When there were real hard drugs in the late 60's and 70's. Much of what you say has nothing to do with the ones you did. (Bones being weak) That is from diet while on the drugs. Now your paranoia is drug related.
      If your liver was shot you would have jaundice before anything else.
      Think about cleaning yourself out. Parasites are nasty to one body.
      Your other question said you have some powers that most do not. Maybe your seeing the future with the AIDS if you do not change your ways. Some kind of warning???
      Just a thought.

  49. QUESTION:
    Does drinking too much diet coke or taking more than 2 tylenol a day harm your liver?
    I drink about 2 cans of diet coke a day and i am wondering if it damages your liver? i have spent hours looking for proof online about drinking diet coke but haven't found any. I am aware of how tylenol can adversly affect your liver but the docs have told me that it's the only thing i can take for pain (on top of that i am allergic to aspirin and ibuprofen) I had this rare liver disorder called "primary sclerosing cholangitis" (it damages the bile ducts and then causes liver cirrhosis and death unless you have a transplant) and was lucky enough to have had a liver transplant in december of 2001 after i was stage 3 for 4 years. Now i was diagnosed with another rare liver disorder called "primary billary cirrhosis" (it doesn't differ much from the first illness i described) Fortunately I am still stage one and have no or little symptoms. Maybe someone can tell more about the effects of diet coke or tylenol? (btw, I also drink plenty of juices and other things as well as soda). thank you

    • ANSWER:
      ouch, lots of misinformation in these answers.

      diet products are not harmful to the liver, and have not been proven to be harmful to human in any way (except those with phenylketonuria). the most common claim is that they cause cancer, which is false (see the link below). there is no way for them to "clog up" your body or urinary tract.

      you are right to be concerned with taking tylenol or any product containing acetominophen (many cold remedies have it). tylenol can be fatal to anyone if they take too much, and the cause of death is liver failure.

      you are definitely a special case, with multiple liver disorders AND allergies to other pain meds. you really need to call your gastroenterologist and ask them whta the maxiumum dose of tylenol you should have is. if the transplanted liver is functionally normally, you should be able to take it, although I can understand wanting to be extra careful with your gift.

  50. QUESTION:
    Doyou think this alcoholic liver damage is cirrhosis or otherwise non-repairable?
    The ALT yesterday was 160, now 140.

    Bilirubin - yesterday was within normal range (15 I think) today is 46.

    Bsically the person concerned drank chronically - went from 5-6 cans a day for 4 years to a bottle of vodka a day (70cl size) for the last two years.

    The person stopped drinking yesterday afternoon and has no intention of starting again. The first test was done 2 hrs after the last drink.

    The second test was done this morning.

    The person has no symptoms.

    Do you think it is beyond repair?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver Cell Damage follows the same course, no matter what the cause is:

      The liver cells become damaged. The immune system of the body
      will respond to this damage and cause inflammation to develop inside
      the liver. If the cause of the damage is stopped, then there is a chance
      that the liver cells can heal and the problem could be reversed.

      The liver is a soft and smooth organ. If you have seen beef liver that
      people cook, than you have an idea what it looks like. When it
      enlarges in size (the liver is surrounded by a tight membrane capsule)
      from the inflammation, it takes on a spongy texture.

      What can happen to the liver from alcohol Consumption?

      Keep in mind that the liver cells do all the functions of the liver
      to keep the body well. One of those functions is to remove toxins
      from the body and convert them to a non toxic form that the body
      can easily dispose of.

      When someone overconsumes alcohol in a short time period,
      it doesn't give the liver cells enough time to make enzymes to help
      it convert the alcohol to acetaldehyde to acetate to CO2 and water.
      Left unconverted completely, it can be toxic to the liver cells themselves.

      When a person consumes alcohol over long time periods, fat can
      start to build up inside the liver. This fat causes pressure there and
      can also damage the liver cells. Inflammation will then appear and
      it is called (Steatohepatitis...steato means fat, hepat means liver,
      itis means inflammation.

      Some people are more sensitive to alcohol than others are and
      some are even allergic to it. This means it is an individual basis
      on whether a patient will develop liver disease and what amount
      of alcohol would cause this.

      Taking medications with alcohol, can cause such an interaction
      that the liver cells are damaged immediately.

      If the cause is removed, then it is possible the liver cells will heal
      and reverse the problem. However, if it is not, it can lead to where
      the liver cells die off and form scar tissue. This scar tissue cannot
      be removed from the liver..it does block the flow of blood to the
      functioning liver cells and also will end up blocking the flow of
      blood thru the liver on its way back to the heart. This is what
      is known as the progressive, irreversible disease of Cirrhosis of
      the liver. The liver is basically dying inside the patient. It starts
      to shrink in size and takes on a hard texture. The functions that
      the liver cells once did, start to deteriorate and signs and symptoms
      will appear. The first one is usually Jaundice (the yellowing of the
      whites of the eyes and skin ...can be seen best in outdoor lighting)

      ................................................................
      The ALT is the enzyme that is most specific to the liver itself...
      the other ones are made in other organs, also. No blood test
      is 100% accurate, though. Different things can affect the results
      of these tests, like having an intramuscular injection, muscle injury,
      or even exercising before the test was done. It takes the whole
      picture of all the Liver Enzymes blood tests, the Liver function
      blood tests, the Liver viral blood tests, the film tests (like a
      liver ultrasound or CT scan) and the main highest recommended
      tests (The Liver Biopsy) to be sure that it is definitely a liver problem,
      how far advance in the disease a patient is, and whether or not it
      has reached the stage of Cirrhosis, which is irreversible and a
      progressive disease.

      The liver biopsy is where they take a sample of the actual tissue
      of the liver, which is far better than just looking at film (pictures)
      of it...it tells the doctor alot more than any other test.

      Only the doctors with these tests results can give you an
      "educated guess" how far advanced a patient is and
      also how long they will live without a transplantation being done.

      Patients should be monitored closely coming off alcohol to be sure
      the body is able to withstand the reactions of doing this. Doctors have
      meds to give to help with the side effects and be sure the patient will
      come through it all okay. Many will refer the patient to a hospital
      outpatient detox program.

      The higher ALT levels and the Bilirubin levels is a warning sign.
      Most blood tests give the doctors an "idea "of a problem occurring...
      it takes more than that to be sure. .Your blood chemistry is changing
      all the time...considering this test was done just after consuming alcohol
      would have a direct effect on the tests results. The Bilirubin has to reach
      a certain level in the blood before Jaundice appears. If this is up to 4.6
      than that is really high and your urine should start to appear darker in
      color as the Kidneys filter the bilirubin out of the blood. And, yes, that is
      definitely not good sign.

      Best wishes


Cirrhosis Fatty Liver Disease

The liver is also an organ of fire, All Bhuta-Agnis( fire): Nabhasa Agni, Vayavya Agni, Tejo Agni, Apo Agni, and Parthiva Agni are all situated here. These agnis and Ranchaka pitta originating in the liver serve to break down substances into their respective elemental factors akasham(space), vayu(air), thejus( fire), ap( water), and prithvi(earth ) and distribute them to the appropriate tissues (dhatus) in the body.

Fatty Liver Disease - This disease occurs when fat droplets build-up in the liver and it becomes A??fattyA??. Poor diet and alcohol abuse are the main cause of this condition, which can negatively impact the liverA??s performance.

The liver processes nutrients from the digestive system. It also removes toxins from the body, and produces a greenish-brown fluid known as bile that is required for digestion. There are a wide number of diseases that affect the liver. They range from chronic illnesses such as hepatitis and cirrhosis to acute conditions such as cancer or bile duct obstruction. Millions of Americans have both chronic and acute liver disease. Liver cancer, portal hypertension and bile duct obstruction are three of the most common liver diseases.
It doesnA??t matter if itA??s a disease of the liver of a gall bladder affection, jaundice is the main symptom. If one notices that his skin color becomes jaundiced he can almost be sure he has an issue with his gall bladder or liver. The eyes also get an yellow color, instead of the characteristic white. The jaundice appears because the old blood isnA??t filtered out correctly. If the jaundice appears with flu like symptoms together then a medical control is required because it may be a result of hepatitis or serious damage taken by the gall bladder.

Cirrhosis of the liver is a slow processing disease. The healthy liver tissue is taken over by scar tissue and then prevents the liver from functioning normally. The flow of blood is blocked when to much scar tissue is formed. Hepatitis C, fatty liver disease, and alcohol abuse are the most common causes of liver cirrhosis. Fatty liver disease is caused mostly by obesity and diabetes. A lot of people that are heavy drinkers do harm there livers in some way but not everyone will get cirrhosis.

Start consuming Dandelion (that plant that probably grows all around your home). The leaves of the Dandelion plant can be picked, washed, and mixed in with your salads. But you can also find Dandelion tinctures or other forms of Dandelion extracts at your local health food store. Dandelion is extremely useful for the health of the liver and related organs and glands. (Note that a poorly functioning liver will only bring DOWN the function of other organs and glands). It has been used to successfully treat liver disease, such as hepatitis and liver insufficiency.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    can you have cirrhosis of the liver and fatty liver disease at the same time?
    my father in law just got a "partial" result back on his liver count. they have said for right now all they know is he has fatty deposits in his liver. he has drank for over 45 years and i was wondering if you can have fatty deposits and cirrhosis at the same time?

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis and a fatty liver can go hand in hand. A fatty liver is very common in drinkers and can lead to cirrhosis. This is very typical for alcoholics. That's a long time to be a drinker so there very well could be significant damage already done to his liver from scarring which is cirrhosis.

      Everything is going to depend on how much damage has already been done. The liver has the ability to regenerate, but it cannot do that once cirrhosis has occurred. Cirrhosis is permanent damage that does not go away. If the damage is severe, only a transplant will save their life. If caught in the early stages where the damage is not so bad, then if they quit drinking and take care of themselves, they can get well again.

      I don't know how much damage has been done to your father's liver, but one thing is for certain. If he does not stop drinking forever, it will lead to total liver failure and death. Getting a transplant will be very difficult for him since they don't give transplants to anyone that is an active drinker. He would have to quit and wait at least 6 months before they will even consider him for a transplant. Liver failure is not an easy way to die. I hope someone in your family can talk some sense into him before it kills him. Good luck.

  2. QUESTION:
    53 male with type 2 - also have cirrhosis and fatty liver disease -nothings helping to keep my levels down?
    1000 mg metformin 2x daily - 10 mg glipizide 2x daily - 80 units lantus 1x daily - 15 units novolog 2x daily --- do i really need to be on all this medication
    type 2 diabetes

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    can a 23 year old get cirrhosis of the liver if they have fatty liver disease and drink alcohol?
    I was diagnosed with a fatty liver as a result of a blood test a few years back and was prescribed Deforming and Lovaza what are these medicines used for? from that day on I have been taking only Lovaza and I refused to take Metformin since it says on the bottle "DO NOT DRINK ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES WHILE TAKING THIS MEDICATION" since I like to drink I ditched the Metformin and drank instead now my Triglycereds are 939 and I am not exactly sure if I still have fatty liver but I have been drinking these two years ever since that test. before I had fatty liver I used to eat greasy foods and junk food I would eat a bunch of Mayonniase with every meal but I didn't really drink that much so I was thinking that my fatty liver was due to my food choices not the drinking.
    I know I wont be able to give up drinking completely since I like the taste of alcohol plus my grandfather drinks alot of beer and vodka and he is 74 years old and he has been drinking for a very long time and has no health problems and also my birthday is in 9 more days and I know I wont be able to handle a birthday party without celebrating which includes drinking
    I'm sorry I made a mistake I was prescribed Metformin not deforming
    yes I am on supplements I take them about 2 times a day are they helping?
    yes I am kind of overweight I weight about 254 pounds but this was a while ago I think I lost some weight but I am not exactly sure how much I weight now since I don't weigh myself except when I go to the doctor and now I have decreased my drinking I only drink friday through sunday and during the week I might have 1 or 2 beers but nothing else am I improving my drinking habits?
    I am taking supplements not drugs
    and they are not prescribed my grandfather ordered them from me from a store

    • ANSWER:
      A fatty liver is cirrhosis and is due to "intrahepatic gallstones" that are hardened bile that are clogging your bile ducts. Your logic regarding your grandfather that drinks beer and vodka may seem like a logical reason for you to think it's not a problem for you to drink because you are obviously saying, "Well if he can drink at be 74 years old and not have health problems, it must be O.K. for me to do the same." 74 is very young, but in America you are right, he is reaching the average life span.

      Being functional is NOT the definition of health that anyone should settle on. In your case, it sounds like you have a major liver problem and that will greatly affect your overall health.

      The liver cleans 3 pints of blood per MINUTE in a healthy person and produces 1-1/2 quarts of bile, but only if it is working well. The liver is resilient, but ignoring it and abusing it will lead to lots of problems for you. A person can have as many as 20,000 intrahepatic gallstones in their liver before it quit working and that is about 60% of it's functionality gone. A major function of bile is to SANITIZE the colon. The SEX HORMONES are made from cholesterol that is made in the liver. In fact, ALL the steroid hormones are made from cholesterol that is made in the liver.

      When triglycerides are at 939, you are in trouble. What is happening is the fats you are eating are not being digested and broken down properly. Bile is made in the liver and then stored in the gallbladder. When you eat fat, the bile is sent from the gallbladder to the small intestine where it mixes with the fats and emulsifies them into a watery mixture. Then the LIPASE enzyme comes from the pancreas and breaks down the watery substance into fatty acids where it is sent to the blood stream by way of lymphatic ducts.

      ALL FATS you eat are triglycerides. A triglyceride are the three categories of fatty acids, Saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. These are held together by a glycerol molecule and this forms the 3 fatty acids & glycerol to make a Triglyceride. All fats have different ratios of each of the fatty acids making them be classified as a particular fatty acid, like a "saturated fat," but no fat in nature has just one fatty acid category, so to say saturated fat is bad for you is ridiculous, bad science and being promoted by drug companies with an agenda. What does make a difference is when the food industry takes a fat and changes it creating saturated fats that are harmful, like trans fats. If you take a fat that is primarily saturated, you cannot make a trans fat from that fat, unlike soybean, canola, cottonseed, and corn oils where they can and are being made into trans fats.

      If you eat bad fats, like soybean, canola, cottonseed, & corn oils, trans fats, fried foods, hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils, your liver will not make good bile. Drinking alcohol causes the same problem. So what happens is that your Triglycerides are not getting broken down as a result of bad bile or the lack of bile, leaving the fats to not be digested properly.

      You have the information of what the drinking is doing to you, but because you like what it makes you feel like, you are looking for anything that will tell you it's "Just not that bad." You use your grandfather as a way to say, "See, he's O.K., so I can be like him."

      Taking drugs will only give you "MAKE BELIEVE HEALTH" and a way for you to further justify your drinking. You are playing with FIRE my friend and all you have to do is look at the many famous people that have and are dying as a result of taking prescription drugs and alcohol as to what you are risking.

      You have two choices here. The first one is to just admit that you are trying to commit suicide and drinking is the easiest way to do that for you and live with the consequences that will happen to you. The second choice is to realize that the excuses you are looking for to say "It's O.K. to drink" is your way of hiding and running away from reality. Reality in your case is DEATH and the only way you are going to stop the deterioration is to face reality and make the decision to become healthy.

      If you set a goal to become healthy and pursue that aggressively, you will find that the desire for alcohol will go away, but you need to set yourself on a course of becoming educated.

      good luck to you

  4. QUESTION:
    I have NAFLD (Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease). What are my chances of getting Cirrhosis?
    I went to the the ER the other day because I have had chronic diarrhea, dizziness, and abdominal pain for more than 3 months now. The Dr. found that I had NAFLD and said that I should be seeing a Dr. for this condition and said that I need MANY tests done to see what is causing it. She also said that I have to be on a vegan diet (I am not overweight) to see if it can reverse the Disease. My questions are: Is there a cure for this & What are the chances of it forming into Cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      You should be seeing either a gastroenterlogist
      or hepatologist now.
      Fatty liver disease can be caused by many
      different things: alcohol consumption, certain
      medications like steriods, weight gain, hereditary conditions,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels
      and more.

      The cause needs to be determined.
      There are different stages of this disease....
      Simple fatty liver doesn't usually cause a
      problem and can be easily reversed by
      stopping the cause. Alot of people are very
      thin and can still have this problem.

      The fat pushes on the liver cells and can
      even push the nucleus of the liver cell out of
      place. That is why it has to be treated immediately
      ....so the fat will disappear and not harm the cells.
      The liver is surrounded by a membrane capsule and
      the fat only adds to the pressure inside the liver.
      If the cells of the liver become damaged, it signals
      the immune system of the body to respond to
      this. The immune system then causes inflammation
      to develop inside the liver, also. This will cause the
      liver to enlarge in size. It then goes from simple
      fatty liver to steatohepatitis. Steato means fat,
      hepat means liver and itis means inflammation.
      This becomes more serious...the inflammation adds
      to more pressure inside the liver and the cells can
      more easily start to die off. When the cells die off,
      it becomes a progressive disease known as
      Cirrhosis of the liver. What happens now, it the
      cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver
      that blocks the flow of blood through the liver on
      its way back to the heart and may also block
      the flow of blood to the other liver cells and they
      will continually die off.

      If the patient follows the doctor instructions and
      is treated for any inflammation that may have
      developed...then it may never go to the point of
      becoming Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Here are some links to help you learn more about
      this, that you can click on:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm
      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  5. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have experience with fatty liver disease?
    I was recently diagnosed with fatty liver disease and possibly cirrhosis. 6 years ago after delivering a baby, my blood levels were elevated and I suspect something with my pregnancy caused me to develop this??? I read something about microvesicular steatosis and that it was a more severe form of liver disease. Does anyone know anything about this and if it can be treated? My GI doc just passed me to another doctor and was very vague about all of this.
    Stephen, thank you for your answer. I ate enough (probalby too much) during my pregnancy. I added a quick 60 pounds and never lost it. Also, I haven't had anything to drink for 8 years and even before then was only a social drinker. I read where a woman can develop liver disease when she is pregnant that is treated by delivering the baby. Can I have a liver disease for 6 years related to my previous pregnancy?

    • ANSWER:
      During the time you were carrying your baby, did you maintain enough caloric intake for you and the fetus? Did you have an obstetrics doc that you saw on a regular basis? I am asking this only to rule out a condition called hobnail liver. During the time that you were pregnant you maintained enough caloric intake for you as well as a developing fetus,is that correct? I am also assuming that you did not drink alcohol during this time? I don't believe that micro vesicular steatosis is the correct diagnosis. Have you maintained adequate nutrition these past 6 years? Hobnail liver disease is usually caused by degenerative liver disease which is accompanied by fatty changes,fibrous scarring and nodular degeneration. The course of the disease is usually seen in chronic cases of malnutrition and or alcoholism. I want to make it perfectly clear that I do not believe that you are an alcoholic, it;s just one of the causes of hobnails liver syndrome. People who don't drink can develop cirrhosis. I think there is a correlation of how your food is broken down because of the pregnancy which caused this phenomenon. Why don't you approach your physician with this probability?

  6. QUESTION:
    What are some things that are harmful to your liver?
    I'm doing a project on the liver (organ) and I need to know about 2 other things that you can do to harm it. For example, The abuse of alcohol shuts down your liver, causing a chronic liver disease called cirrhosis (which is caused by alcoholism, hepatitis b, hepatitis c and fatty liver disease).

    What are 2 other things you can to do harm your liver and what can that lead to?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a number of causes of a liver problem
      that can lead to cirrhosis of the liver:

      Alcohol consumption: some people are
      more sensitive to alcohol than others are.
      When the liver cannot handle the amount
      of alcohol taken into the body, then it
      stays in the blood and goes into the
      brain and causes a reaction there.
      The liver converts all toxic substances
      to a non toxic form so the body can
      dispose of them...however, this may not
      happen if the patient consumes too much
      alcohol and the liver cannot convert it
      fast enough...the alcohol itself, and its
      by product, can produce damage to the
      liver cells.

      Medication toxifications: it has been shown that acetaminophen taken with alcohol can cause permanent liver cell damage almost immediately. There are a lot of drugs on the market, including over the counter, herbs, and even prescription drugs that are very hard on the liver. Most all medications go through the liver first, to be broken down, before going to the rest of the body.
      Liver patients are told to only takes drugs
      prescribed by their doctors...if the liver
      cells become damaged...then this medication has to be adjusted according
      to how much damage there is.

      Chemical exposure: such as Carbon
      Tetrachloride..

      Mushroom poisoning: some people try to pick their own mushrooms...not knowing that some are very dangerous. This
      also can cause immediate damage to
      the cells of the liver and a very early death.

      Autoimmune disease: this is where the body's immune system, turns on itself and causes destruction of its own cells. This can be a disease like Biliary cirrhosis or Sclerosing Cholangitis. In Sclerosing
      cholangitis...the bile ducts that the bile
      flows through from the liver to the
      gallbladder to be stored or to the intestines,
      become twisted or malformed.

      Hereditary Conditions: like Hemochromatosis where the body tend to retain iron too much. Or a disease where it retains copper.

      Gallbladder stones development where the
      stones move out of the gallbladder and into the biliary ducts and blocks them causing the bile to back up into the liver and harming the cells.

      Virus infections such as Hepatitis A,B,C,etc.

      Fatty liver disease which is caused by alcohol or non alcoholic reasons like hereditary conditions, weight, or metabolism problems.

      (There is even having a traffic accident where the liver may be lacerated or injured.
      Being gun shot or even stabbed with a knife.
      Sometimes sports accidents can also
      damage the liver.)

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver cells caused by any of those things I mentioned above. Any damage to the liver cells can cause the immune system of the body to respond to it and cause this inflammation.

      A liver is usually very smooth and soft...anyone that has cooked liver knows what it looks like. When inflammation develops, then it enlarges in size and takes on a spongy appearance. This inflammation cause more pressure inside the liver cause the liver is surrounded by a capsule membrane.

      If the inflammation is treated and the cause can be removed (as you can see, some cannot be removed)..then the liver cells
      may heal, if it is not done then it will progress to death of the liver cells and scar tissue forming inside the liver. This scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and also to the liver cells and even more
      cells will die off...it is a progressive disease that the doctors can only try to slow down, Known as cirrhosis then. Cirrhosis is the death of the liver cells that lead to fibrosis and scar tissue formation.
      When cirrhosis takes place, the liver will start to shrink in size and become hard in texture.

      I hope this information has been of some
      help to you.
      Here are a couple links to explain more about this disease and causes:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

  7. QUESTION:
    My Dr told me that i have some kind of inflammatory liver process going on.. what does that mean?
    My Dr told me to retake the liver function test since the results came out high. But he left me hanging with this response when I messaged him about my results: "You have some sort of inflammatory liver process going on, do your labs in 1 month". That's all he told me!! .... So.. i'm stumped... what can this indicate that i may have? Cirrhosis? Fatty liver disease?

    I'm feeling really bummed right now... I'm not obese at all, i stopped drinking 4 months ago, (but i was a heavy social drinker before i stopped, i didn't drink everyday off the week just on the weekends), and i do take motrin when a headache comes on which is pretty often, and i don't do any strenuous exercising. Any ideas? Thanks in advance...

    • ANSWER:
      When there is something actively bothering the liver, this can cause liver inflammation. Since your enzymes came out high, this is probably what the doctor means by "some kind of inflammatory liver process going on." They don't know what is causing the inflammation that made the numbers go up, but the doctor knows something is causing it. Inflammation can be caused by many things such as alcohol, meds, bile duct problems, gallbladder problems, etc. I have heard of them going up even when someone exercises a lot.

      Wait and see what the next blood work shows. The doctor wants to see if they remain high. If so, he might want to do some further testing to try and figure out what is going on. No need to be bummed out. It's probably nothing. They might be perfectly normal next time you have them done. Don't think the worst.

  8. QUESTION:
    Is there any way to prevent liver disease other then not drinking alcohol?
    if a person chooses to drink alcohol are there any methods to prevent or reduce liver damage like taking milk thistle or other liver herbs and drinking water, exercise and healthy diet? My sister is a heavy drinker she is 24 and has been drinking ever since she was 19. She does not understand the consequnences of heavy drinking so she says she is not going to stop and will carry on partying through life I mean if she's not going to stop I am sure I can't force her to and neither can nobody else but she is young and naive and just living for todays and not tommorows satisfaction not thinking of the consequeneces of drinking too much, fatty liver, cirrhosis and all those liver dieases caused by high alcohol consumption. She says she will deal with it when it happens. Her doctor told her that she should only have one drink a day since this is the maximum that is considered safe for a woman but she ignores all advice and just does what she wants. I mean if she is not going to stop drinking are there at least some vitamins or supplements that can reduce her isk of getting liver disease from drinking? someone recommened please.
    P.S. I have told my sister that since she can't stop drinking she might be alcoholic and advised her to at least give AA a try she refuses. I don't know what else can be done. She says she is planning to drink and wont stop for nobody not even her 4 year old son.
    She also thinks liver disease is not caused by just alcohol alone. She thinks a person must have hepatitis c with alcohol abuse combined to get liver disease.

    • ANSWER:
      This question is about yourself, not your sister so why start lying about it now.

      As for liver disease, nothing can stop liver disease.

  9. QUESTION:
    cirrhosis of the liver?
    How does a person know if their fatty liver has gone over to the irreversible liver disease known as cirrhosis? Are there any definite tell tale signs or symptoms? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Please do not wait till you are pushed to the edge and then think of traveling back !

      It is best to stop the factor that caused cirrhosis in the first place ( Alcohol the commonest cause) !

      Follow up with your doctor once a month and do liver function tests and ultra sound every 3 months. The doctor can measure the size of liver by tapping and get to know if the liver is shrinking( a sign of progressing to cirrhosis)

      As per symptoms ..it may be too late by the time you develop them.

      Weight loss, fluctuating appetite and nausea, bleeding easily, anemia hypoproteinemia and weakness are some of the symptoms and signs.

      Please do not wait for these and try to reverse the stage of hepatitis.

      Taking vitamin B complex, lot of anti oxidant foods, decreasing intake of oxidants and as per recent reports taking a lot of Turmeric ( containing Curcumin) and Tomato ( containing Lycopene) may help in reversing and resolving this inflammatory disease.

      Hope you are eager for the cure and not a procrastinator !

  10. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:

  11. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has "slight scarring" on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said "there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis". I don't quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is "working", although I'm not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don't believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn't want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  12. QUESTION:
    Innocent causes for high liver enzymes (ALT)?
    Please only respond if you know about this, rather than posting a URL with generic information.

    My husband had high levels of liver enzymes 3 years ago but we thought it was due to the fact that he had taken 2 tylenol the day before. Recently, he was retested and his ALT is almost 3 times the normal limit (highest normal is 55 and his is 145), twice what it was 3 years ago. All of his other liver panel tests were normal, AST, billirubin, etc., as well as CBC.

    Our GP suggested that it could be something called NASH, or fatty liver disease, however, other than the high ALT, he has NONE of the typical characteristics. He has below average triglycerides and cholesterol and his glucose levels are normal. Also, his liver proteins (albumin) are on the high side of normal and these levels would be low if he had cirrhosis or fatty liver. I should also add that he does not drink and is not exposed to toxic chemicals. He is not overweight but also does not exercise.

    Any ideas please? I'm hoping there could be some simple explanation like vitamin deficiency, poor diet or dehydration. We could not get an appt. with a specialist for another month, at which point they will presumably perform an ultrasound to check things out.
    He is negative for viral hepatitis.
    His Albumin/ Globulin ratio was elevated 3 years ago and approx. twice what it should be (2.2) but I don't think they retested it.
    He is also negative for hemachromatosis, which runs on his father's side of the family.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello,

      The ALT is an enzyme that is located in the liver and is released into the bloodstream when there is damage to the liver cells. ALT is also located in other tissues, such as muscle tissues. Other blood tests can be performed to evaluate whether it is from the muscle tissue, such as the creatinine phosphokinase and aldolase. Most cases of a persistently elevated ALT are related to liver disease though. The most common causes for an ALT of this level would be alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis C, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), non-alcholic steatohepatitis and medication related. There are many other less common conditions, such as chronic hepatitis B, autoimmune hepatitis, Wilson's disease, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and hemochromatosis.

      Most of these conditions can be evaluated with by simple blood tests, which are routinely ordered for the evaluation of this. The exception would be NAFLD/NASH, because there is unfortunately no blood test that can identify this. NASH is becoming much more common and it is always something to consider when the rest of the work up was negative. It sounds like you already know the characteristics and risk factors of NASH including obesity, diabetes, and elevated triglycerides. The presence of these increases the likelihood of NASH, but is not necessarily diagnostic. The absence of these risk factors does not eliminate the possibility of NASH, but it does make it less likely. Even though your husband does not have these issues, NASH is still possible. The definitive test to evaluate for NASH is a liver biopsy.

      I would recommend that your husband be evaluated by a hepatologist or at least a gastroenterologist regarding this if he has not already. Standard blood tests that would be ordered to evaluate this include: Hepatitis B and C tests, Antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-smooth muscle antibody, Ceruloplasmin, Iron, Total iron binding capacity and Ferritin. Imaging like ultrasound is also helpful in identifying any abnormalities in the liver. Your husband may have had some of these tests already. Do not worry about the details, because the doctor's will know what to order.

      You are correct that albumin is a marker of the synthetic function of the liver and low albumin is associated with cirrhosis. The ALT and AST are markers of damage, but they do not tell anything about how well the liver is functioning. The PT/INR is also a marker of how well the liver is functioning. It is good that your husband has normal function of the liver based on his elevated albumin.

      The concern with a persistently elevated ALT is that it is a sign of ongoing liver damage that could eventually lead to cirrhosis. This is why it is important to try to identify the cause and treat it if possible to prevent progressive damage to the liver. Vitamin deficiency could potentially lead to elevated liver tests, but this would be very rare in the absence of other signs of vitamin deficiency. Dehydration is not known to increase ALT. Poor diet can lead to NAFLD and NASH, but do not cause elevation in the ALT directly. You will have more answers once your husband sees the specialist. If you have further questions, then let me know. Good luck to you and your husband.

      Edit: It is good that the viral hepatitis and hemochromatosis evaluation is negative. The specialist may want to check additional labs depending on the previous results. Hopefully, you will have more answers by then. If your husband is on medications, then it is also important to determine if any of them are causing them. Some herbal supplements can also elevate liver enzymes, so do not forget about them.

  13. QUESTION:
    Should he see a hepatologist or a gastroenterologist for potential liver disease?
    My husband (non-drinker) has high ALT liver enzymes, suggestive of liver damage. So far, all of the bloodwork has been inconclusive- very low cholesterol, normal CBC, slightly high albumin levels (cirrhosis usually causes low albumin), negative for viral hepatitis, diabetes and hemachromatosis. He has not had an ultrasound yet but the internist we saw suggested it could be something called NASH (fatty liver disease, for which he does not fit the stereotype). She referred us to a gastroenterologist for an ultrasound but I was wondering if we would not be better off seeing a liver specialist (hepatologist)?
    abijjan- thank you for your response. do you happen to know if a gastroenterologist would be qualified to make a diagnosis if it is in fact liver damage? We are having to be a bit careful with seeing a whole lot of specialists, as we are on a high deductable health insurance plan. We would like to "cut to the chase" so to speak, and see the most qualified person from the start.

    • ANSWER:
      If the doctor was very sure that this was just
      a liver/biliary problem and he thought he might
      have cirrhosis...then he may have referred
      him to the hepatologist. However, since this
      determination hasn't been made...
      seeing a gastroenterologist is fine for now.

      There are many things that can cause a problem
      with the liver:
      alcohol consumption, medications toxification,
      chemical exposure, fatty liver disease,
      auto immune disease, hereditary conditions,
      viral infections, parasite infections,
      mushroom poisoning, bilary obstruction/
      malformation/infection, metabolic disorders,
      tumors/cysts/growths/cancer, cardiac/
      vascular problems and others.

      The tests they do for the liver, to determine a
      "possible" cause is the:
      1) liver enzymes (ALT,AST,GGT, and Alk Phos)
      this shows a potential liver cell damage.
      2) liver functions (Bilirubin, INR, PT, PTT, Albumin)
      this shows if the liver cells are able to perform
      the functions efficiently to keep the body well.
      3)liver viral tests to see if a virus has entered the
      body and is using the liver cells to replicate itself
      4)liver cancer test...like feto protein.

      With an ultrasound they can see if the liver cells
      have been damaged, because if they are damaged,
      the liver would enlarge in size because the immune
      system of the body would have responded to this.
      (Inflammation would have develops in the liver
      to cause this)
      They can also see how well the blood is flowing
      through the liver, if there are any growth and
      if there may be fatty infiltrations.

      With fatty liver disease...it goes from simple
      fatty liver to Steatohepatitis. Steato means
      fat, Hepat means liver, and itis means
      inflammation. Fatty liver can be caused
      by alcohol consumption, certain medications
      like steriods, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels,
      hereditary condition, diabetes, insulin resistance,
      weight gain, metabolic disorders. They are still
      researching into this field to find out even more
      about it.
      Just an added note: Read this the other day:
      Impaired peroxisomal oxidation of polyunsaturated
      Fatty acids (PUFA) is associated with the progression
      of Nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to nonalcoholic
      Steatohepatitis (NASH). The study found significantly
      higher plasma monounsaturated fatty acids in the blood
      of patients with these two (NAFL and NASH).

      When the liver cells become damaged, then the
      inflammation will appear inside the liver that makes
      the liver enlarge in size. In many cases, this can
      be reversed if the cause is found and stopped
      and the inflammation is treated. If this cannot
      be done, it can progress to where the liver
      cells may die off and form scar tissue inside
      the liver...this is then cirrhosis and it is irreversible.

      I'm giving you a few links on NASH since that
      is what the doctor thinks it is:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm
      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver
      http://www.gastro.com/Gastro/liverdisease/fatty_liver.aspx

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  14. QUESTION:
    stage 4 liver disease?
    a friend of mine was diagnosed a couple of years ago with cirrhosis of the liver caused by a fatty liver. now she is in stage 4 liver failure. what does this mean?

    • ANSWER:
      It is the "end stage" of liver failure, meaning that a liver transplant may very well be required.

      I'm sorry that happened to your friend. But don't give up hope.

  15. QUESTION:
    How can i take care of my liver?
    im 17 yo and i gotta "fatty liver". is it ok for me to get so drunk every saturday nite? how much should i drink so that i wont get those liver diseases like those cirrhosis and stuff? btw does smoking affect the liver?! ill like it if u include links and sum research cuz im really scared ryt now. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I drank a whole lot n my 20's..i'm 30 now and the most ill drink now is a few sips or no drink. I dont have any kids but want some one day and if my child came out with a cleft lip from drinking so much alcohol that would be a reflection of me. Id love my child the same but it will be a reflection of me from being irresponsible and careless. Your body is ur temple so try to keep it clean, in diet as well. I watch what I eat too. I slowed down so much for health reasons. People my age like some dudes n girls i used to hang out with a couple of years ago now say they slowed down too. If i was 17 again i would not take one sip tho.

      Here's some info on the job the liver does..more alcohol consumption makes it work harder: If the liver does not regulate fat metabolism efficiently, weight gain tends to occur around the abdominal area and a protuberant abdomen (pot belly) will develop.

      Heres a link on how to take care of ur liver: http://www.hepfi.org/living/liv_caring.html
      Also heres a link to how smoking affects ur liver:http://www.ehow.com/how-does_4565046_smoking-affect-liver.html

  16. QUESTION:
    SHould we make alcohol illegal?
    With all of the problems that alcohol causes, isn't it time that we make it illegal again? How can we let this stay legal? Why should our society put up with a bunch of drunks? Look at all the problems that alcohol causes.

    Liver disease Elevated liver enzyme levels Fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis

    Pancreatic disease Acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis
    Cardiovascular disease Hypertension Cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, stroke

    Gastrointestinal problems Gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, diarrhea, peptic ulcer disease Esophageal varices, Mallory-Weiss tears

    Neurologic disorders Headaches, blackouts, peripheral neuropathy Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, seizures, Wernicke's encephalopathy, dementia, cerebral atrophy, peripheral neuropathy, cognitive deficits, impaired motor functioning

    Reproductive system disorders Fetal alcohol effects, fetal alcohol syndrome Sexual dysfunction, amenorrhea, anovulation, early menopause, spontaneous abortion

    Cancers Neoplasm of the liver, neoplasm of the head and neck, neoplasm of the pancreas, neoplasm of the esophagus

    Psychiatric comorbidities Depression, anxiety Affective disorders, anxiety disorders, antisocial personality

    Legal problems Traffic violations, driving while intoxicated, public intoxication Motor vehicle accidents, violent offenses, fires

    Employment problems Tardiness, sick days, inability to concentrate, decreased competence Accidents, injury, job loss, chronic unemployment

    Family problems Family conflict, erratic child discipline, neglect of responsibilities, social isolation Divorce, spouse abuse, child abuse or neglect, loss of child custody

    Effects on children Overresponsibility, acting out, withdrawal, inability to concentrate, school problems, social isolation Learning disorders, behavior problems, emotional disturbance
    We need to step up the War on Drugs to include alcohol.

    It has NO positive benefits on our society.

    NONE.

    It should be illegal.

    • ANSWER:
      I totally agree!!

      Marijuana should be legal instead!!

  17. QUESTION:
    a clinet with a fatty liver is at risk for?
    A. heart disease B. diabetes C. COPD E. cirrhosis

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    what can I expect from a Liver Biopsy?
    I am 23 y/o, male. during the last 4 years my blood test liver function are always coming up and down from high to right above the normal. one year ago I got a liver ultra sound that didn't show anything abnormal. However, the most recent results are still coming above the normal range. A week ago I saw a gastroenterologist that told me that my cholesterol was not high enough to suspect a fatty liver, and that by the ultrasound it wasn't cirrhosis. During the conversation he said in low voice like thinking to himself "it could be immune liver disease". This Monday I will get a liver biopsy. Now my question is: do you think this is serious? what could this be? what should I expect? BTW blood test shows no Hepetitis.

    • ANSWER:
      The procedure will be done either with CT scan or Ultrasound guidance. The doctor will look at the liver to find a safe area away from large blood vessels.

      He will use a local anesthetic to numb the area on your right side between 2 of the right lower ribs. After the skin has been numbed, he will insert a needle through your side into the liver, and take some pictures to confirm the location. Finally, he will take a sample by using a biopsy needle to capture a sample. This may be repeated 2-3 times to get a good sample. The Biopsy needle will be re-inserted through the localizing needle so you are really only "stuck" once.

      After the needles are removed, pressure will be held on the site several minutes to control bleeding, and you will be watched 1-2 hours to make sure the bleeding remains controlled.

      The Biopsy itself isn't very painful, because of the local anesthetic, but you may feel like you have been kicked in the ribs for several days after.

      The whole procedure should only take around 15 minutes because you are having a "generic" biopsy, any part of the liver will do, he does not need to sample a specific lesion or mass.

  19. QUESTION:
    how dangerous is taking tylenol?
    i have fatty liver disease the doctor hasn't determined the cause yet but i am over weight and i take pain killers i had tests done 3 or 4 months ago and my liver enzymes are all normal and no sign of damage was found but i'm still really scared my fatty liver will turn into cirrhosis how fast could that happen i'm dieting but i still take about 1000mg's of tylenol in one dose every night due to my back pain i know thats the max you can take in a dose but i'm scared that could cause the liver damage could it have already cause damage in only 3 months? also i am a 22 year old female

    • ANSWER:
      Tylenol can be very toxic to the liver and you should ask your doctor for an alternative analgesic. I don't think the doctor would approve of Tylenol, especially not in your situation with the state of your liver.

  20. QUESTION:
    Expertise needed good but simple flavorful sauce for spaghetti squash. Tasty enough so will make me want more!
    I recently found out I have NASH a fatty liver disease. I have to loose some weight so the fat will come out of my liver or it will scar it. Which could lead to major Cirrhosis of the liver later in life, pretty scary huh? Well now I'm looking for stuff to fill in my void of food that I love so! I boiled a spaghetti squash today and have just been staring at it. It doesn't look appealing at all. I suppose I could learn to like it if it had a tasty sauce on it. Is there a trick to plumping it? Maybe boil it in water or is that it!. Just any little advice or experience you've had with Spaghetti squash. What are some other low calorie veggies & tasty recipes I can find to tame my stomach and stay under 1500 cals a day? I LOVE TO EAT! I am lifting weights twice a week in the stronger women program. I have lost 8 lbs but am stuck and starting to backslide! Give me foods I can eat a lot of and still be legal!!! Ive checked on some Shirataki noodles, but the shipping for California is high!
    Need really need tasty encouragement please! It can be Italian, Cajun, Mexican, Indian, vegetarian, anything, just low cal and tasty. Is there another veggie that is versatile to cook with? Maybe eggplant & what do you suggest. etc.

    • ANSWER:
      Lemon Caper Spaghetti Squash

      Ingredients (use vegan versions):
      1 small spaghetti squash
      2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
      1/4 cup non-hydrogenated, vegan margarine
      2 tablespoons drained capers
      1/4 cup diced zucchini (green rind mostly)
      1/4 cup dice red bell pepper
      4 tablespoons lemon juice (bottled works fine)
      4 tablespoons chopped flat-leaf parsley
      1/4 cup chopped tomatoes, canned or fresh
      salt and pepper
      Preheat oven to 400 degrees F. Cut squash in half lengthwise and scoop out the seeds. (Toss them out for the birds.) Rub the inside well with the olive oil, use more than 2 tablespoon if you need to. Put the squash cut side down on a pan (cookie or pizza, whatever you have) and cover with foil. You don't have to make a tight seal but you don't want it too loose. Bake the squash until the squash "flesh" (sorry to use the "f" word) is done and can be easily scrapped out with a fork. It took about 30 minutes in my oven. Scrape out the spaghetti strings and put them aside where they'll stay warm.
      Melt the margarine in a large pan or cast iron pot (what I used) and add the zucchini, bell pepper and capers, cooking them until they're tender. Stir in the lemon juice, parsley and season with salt and pepper. Kosher salt if you have it but don't make it too salty! Taste sauce to see if it's OK before mixing in the squash and tomatoes. You can pan fried floured tofu slices to serve with this and it was excellent.
      Serves: 2-3. If not vagan have broiled chicken.

      Spaghetti Squash with Moroccan Spices
      1 (3 1/2- to 4-pound) spaghetti squash
      1/2 stick (4 tablespoons) unsalted butter, cut into pieces
      2 garlic cloves, minced
      1 teaspoon ground cumin
      1/2 teaspoon ground coriander
      1/8 teaspoon cayenne
      3/4 teaspoon salt
      2 tablespoons chopped fresh cilantro PreparationPierce squash (about an inch deep) all over with a small sharp knife to prevent bursting. Cook in an 800-watt microwave oven on high power (100 percent) for 6 to 7 minutes. Turn squash over and microwave until squash feels slightly soft when pressed, 8 to 10 minutes more. Cool squash for 5 minutes.
      Meanwhile, melt butter in a small heavy saucepan over moderately high heat. Add garlic and cook, stirring, until golden, about 1 minute. Stir in spices and salt and remove from heat. Carefully halve squash lengthwise (it will give off steam) and remove and discard seeds. Working over a bowl, scrape squash flesh with a fork, loosening and separating strands as you remove it from skin. Toss with spiced butter and cilantro.
      • Alternatively, you can bake the squash in a preheated 350°F oven for 1 to 1 1/4 hours.

      Spicy Spaghetti Squash
      1 small spaghetti squash, halved and seeded
      1 tablespoon olive oil
      1/2 cup minced onion
      3 cloves garlic, minced
      2 green onions, minced
      12 ounces ground white meat turkey
      2 cups crushed tomatoes
      2 tablespoons red wine
      2 teaspoons capers
      2 teaspoons minced fresh oregano
      2 teaspoons crushed red pepper flakes
      2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley
      Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Place each squash half cut side down on a cookie sheet and bake uncovered for about 45 to 60 minutes or until a fork goes easily into the shell. Allow to cool and scoop out the strands of squash with a large spoon and set aside. Heat the oil in a skillet over medium high heat. Add the onion, garlic and scallions and saute for 2 minutes. Add the turkey and cook for 4 minutes. Add the tomatoes and wine and bring to a boil, lower the heat and simmer for 20 minutes. Add the capers, oregano, red pepper flakes and parsley; simmer for 5 minutes. If the squash has cooled too much, reheat it in the microwave, covered for 2 to 3 minutes. Top the squash with the sauce and serve.

      nfd

  21. QUESTION:
    questions about ALT/AST levels and fatty liver (non-alcoholic)?
    I had a blood test recently which showed elevated levels of ALT (132) I also have high cholesterol and triglycerides. I had an ultrasound done and some further blood tests (for hepatitis and auto-immune diseases) and came out negative. The ultrasound however does show a fatty liver. My gastroenterologist says that fatty liver DOES raise ALT / AST levels but my primary physician (cardiologist) says a fatty liver does NOT raise ALT/AST since there is fat on the liver to begin with. He just says my liver has a high turn-over rate with an inconclusive cause. I don't want to end up getting Cirrhosis. Who should I believe? What is the right answer?
    fatty liver CAUSES cirrhosis over time

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry hun, you must be worried. I am a little confused you say your primary physician (cardiologist) ? Do you mean your gp or cardiologist? Anyway neither of them are a specialist in this area. A gastroenterologist specializes in this area, so he knows best, and
      I would listen to him concerning my liver. The first thing that crosses their mind is always alcohol, the same as when you have lung problems, they assume that you smoke. I don't know that you can get cirrhosis from a fatty liver?? But definetly listen to your gastroenterologist and do not blame yourself for your body make up. To say inconclusive cause is negligence, do not settle for that. Perhaps it is because of fatty liver, also alcohol and some meds can also do it, but DO NOT settle for the inconclusive cause.

  22. QUESTION:
    A 44-year-old male with early Type 2 diabetes mellitus is found to have a markedly increased serum ferritin...?
    A 44-year-old male with early Type 2 diabetes mellitus is found to have a markedly increased serum ferritin concentration. He is overweight and has smoked cigarettes for 20 years. He undergoes a liver biopsy and the microscopic appearance of the liver shows blue cytoplasmic inclusions with Perls stain. Based on the information you have been given, what is the main advice would you give this patient?

    A.He needs insulin injections
    B.His siblings are at high risk of developing the same condition
    C.He will most likely develop acute inflammation of the liver
    D.Obesity may have contributed to the condition and he should lose weight
    E.He is likely to develop congestive heart failure from this condition

    If you know can you explain why as well please? I don't know much about this, but I think the blue inclusions would be iron? This could be haemochromatosis, I found links between cirrhosis and haemochromatosis and diabetes, and something about fatty liver disease as well. But can't think what the answer would be.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi,

      This is quite the nasty question! I think the answer is (E), but I know others may not agree. This is clearly Haemochromatosis. Perls stain is for Iron, and Type II diabetes is linked to the disease (pancreatic deposition of Iron) which presents in men in their 30's-50's and elevated Ferritin is a marker for the disease (albeit not a good one since it is an acute phase protein and TSATs are better). It is autosomal recessive. I am assuming that this is a Single Best Answer question.

      Firstly (A) is rubbish... if he is controlled, then he doesn't need insulin injection.

      (B) is a dodgy answer... his siblings have at least 25% chance of developing the conditions since this man's parents must have at least been carriers. If one of his parents had the disease, then the siblings have an increased chance. However, some people never actually present with symptoms even though they have both recessive genes. This applies especially to females, who are protected by menstual bleed. After menopause they then have a period of about 30 years or so when the Iron gathers, but that may not be long enough for them to present. In summary, whilst (B) may be true, it is not the BEST answer.

      (C) is not the answer... Hepatitis does occur in Haemochromotosis, but it isn't common or likely at this stage. He is more likely to develop cirrhosis.

      (D) is also true. However it is not the mainstay of treatment and will not benefit him as much as other treatments. Obesity tends to exacerbate liver disease but is not a key feature of the disease, thus not the best answer.

      (E) refers to Cardiomyopathy associated with Haemochromotosis. This is due to Iron deposition in the Heart. I don't know how common it is, but is commonly taught as a feature/symptom of Haemochromotosis and is thus the best answer of the options.

      I hope this helps.

  23. QUESTION:
    what is causing my sharp pain?
    today ive been having very mild sharp pain in the middle of my upper abdomen i can only feel it when i move a lot cough or sneeze any ideas could it be my liver i do have fatty liver disease and am always scared it will turn into cirrhosis i had it checked 3 or 4 months ago and everything was fine could it turn into cirrhosis that fast ive also had sharp pain here and there all over my stomach no where near the liver but its always mild if it helps im a 22 year old female and i am over weight

    • ANSWER:
      You could be developing Gall Stones, they can present as pain across the abdominal region, the wisest course of action would be to schedule an appointment with your physician and get checked out.

  24. QUESTION:
    nutrition question , plz help?
    Karen Bauman is a 27 year old employed in the cosmetic and fashion industry. Lately, she has reported feeling fatigued. But, she feels her long hours and hectic schedule are the main contributors. Her past medical history includes type I diabetes. She returns to her doctor due to abnormal lab results from her last physical.

    1. Karen is surprised to be diagnosed with fatty liver disease. Which laboratory values would you expect to be elevated?

    a. Potassium b. Triglycerides c. albumin d. essential fatty acids

    2. Her doctors explains that she will need to:

    a. Control her blood glucose b. Have gastric bypass surgery

    c. Increase alcohol intake d. Start TPN

    3. If she does not follow her physician’s recommendation, all of the following may result except:

    a. cirrhosis b. cancer c. hepatitis d. ascites

    4. Which of the following statements is true?

    a. Rapid weight loss is encouraged to treat fatty liver disease

    b. Elevated liver enzymes are a good indicator for liver disease

    c. Metabolic syndrome is not a risk for liver disease

    d. Hepatomegaly includes liver inflammation

    5. To improve her health status, Karen will need to:

    a. Adjust her diet and exercise regimen

    b. Adjust her medications

    c. Change her job

    d. A and B

    e. B and C

    thanks :)

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    been diagnosed with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis but the degree of severity differed in 2 gastroenterologist?
    Through ultrasound tests and because my ALT/AST were elevated a little I have been diagnosed with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (fatty liver disease). One doctor said I have a severe NASH condition while another doctor said it wasn't that bad and with proper dietary and weight change it's reversible. Is it true? Anyone that used to have NASH but don't anymore? What's the best way to get rid of it? I know this can lead to cirrhosis if I let it get worse, but is there a way to get rid of it? Which doctor should I trust?
    i was told the only treatment is losing weight and eating right

    • ANSWER:
      So what did the first doc recommend? Nothing at all? The advice given by the second doc seems right.

  26. QUESTION:
    what kind of disease is this..if it s?
    my brother's platelet count is slightly decreased..his is 106..his eosinophil is 29...he saw a hematologist and she told him he wants to do abdominal ultrasound..and stool exam for worms..she said that if she cant find intestinal worms..shes entertaining liver cirrhosis..my brother used to drink a lot..but he's stopped...is that possible..i read up on it and encountered the term alcoholic fatty liver..could that be it?we haven't done the ultrasound yet..and i suggested for him to have his LFT and Coagulation profile done...what's our best options?options?

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    I'm not sure what's gonna happen to my mum. Can anyone help?
    My mum had been vomiting, yellow eyes (jaundice), abdominal pain, confusion and tiredness.
    A couple of days ago she had chest pains and went to the hospital. Now she's back but her doctor just told her she has abnormally high levels of enzymes. I'm scared. What does this all mean?

    does she have a liver disease? cirrhosis?

    My mum's never had hepaitis before and she doesn't drink any alchol at all. But she does eat fatty foods? Is it the cause?

    How much of a percentage can you die from this?

    • ANSWER:
      My dear,
      There are many reasons why one can have abnormal liver enzymes, and many types of liver diseases and most dont die from it, if it really really becomes very bad, these days they can even have liver transplants. But your mon's problem doesnt seem like that from what you state here.
      To get a clear idea of what is going on, just ask your mother or her doctor.
      Fatty foods can lead to liver ds in some individuals.
      Some medications also can.
      Please speak to your mom so your fears are lessened.

      Medical treatment by a Dr should help her with time, if it doesnt,
      then she can try this. This energy healing is also given by a previous medical Dr.

      http://www.qimaster.com/
      For energy healing.

      Wishing her speedy recovery.

  28. QUESTION:
    Do you ever wonder How is alcohol legal? Cannabis VS alcohol?
    Alcohol------1. Alcohol is a depressant. Excessive alcohol use increases the risk of a number of diseases: fatty degeneration of the liver, infection of the liver, liver cirrhosis ( More ) , sleeping disorders, sexual problems, infection of the esophagus, infection of the stomach, infection of the pancreas, premature dementia, varying from a reduction of memory to the serious syndrome of Korsakoff; cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx, intestines and breasts; hypertension and heart problems. Alcohol is also damaging during pregnancy. Also alcohol takes its toll in traffic.

    Alcohol plays an important role in aggression. 40% of all incidents involving aggression occur while under the influence of alcohol. The police spend 22% of their time on cases involving alcohol. Violence on the streets and domestic violence while under the influence of alcohol happen often.

    Also at work, alcohol has big consequences. 13% of all employees on sick leave have alcohol problems. Employees with alcohol problems produce at least 10% less work than their colleagues.

    Alcohol can make people irresponsible; for example, getting pregnant in circumstances where they are not able to care for a child.

    Cannabis - Contributors weigh in with the following:

    * The definitive study of the long-term health effects of marijuana to date was done by Kaiser Permanente. They surveyed the health records of 65,000 patients over a long period of time. They found no significant differences in the health records of pot smokers versus people who did not smoke pot. See http://www.druglibrary.org/crl/aging/sidney-01.html

    Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_bad_is_marijuana_for_you#ixzz1ROFKYwVS

    I hate when people assume, dont answer unless you have researched and or clicked on the link...

    • ANSWER:
      Nope.
      Simple answer - alcohol and cigarettes are legal because the government gain a lot of money through tax
      They don't care about the nation's health - al they care about is getting money from the people

  29. QUESTION:
    health questions?
    fat soluble vitamins - dont build up in the body, are absorbed by fat, a lot are needed by the body, or pass easily through the blood stream

    tiny air sacs in lungs destroyed and breathing becomes harder by a disease known as - lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, emphysema

    carbon monoxide is present in blood and boday tissues and cells are deprived of - hemoglobin, carcinogens, iron, oxygen

    nicotin causes addiction and - acts as a stimulant, is a carcinogen, competes with oxygen , or destroys cilia

    a symptom of alcohol poison is - irregular heart beat, or increased respiration

    liver tissues replaced with useless scar tissue is - fatty liver, alcoholic hepititis, cirrhosis, or fetal alcoholic syndrome

    tar contained in tobacco smoke is harmful to the lungs because -
    it clogs blodd vessels, paralyzies cilia, its a stimulant, or its addictive

    a disease caused by a virus is - tuberculosis , malaria, or influenza ringworm...

    plz help..... :)

    • ANSWER:
      - are absorbed by fat
      -emphysema
      -oxygen
      -acts as a stimulant
      -increased respiration
      --cirrhosis
      -paralyzies cilia
      -influenza

  30. QUESTION:
    Please help me with my science questions?
    these are questions i need to answer that i have no idea what the answers are. please help and tell me how sure you are on the questions you know.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      Part 1

      1. b , 2. d, 3. b

      Part 2

      2. gastro reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histmaine
      9. Crohn's
      10. Hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

  31. QUESTION:
    Please help him with these science questions?
    i need help with these questions im stuck on

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      MULTIPLE CHOICE:

      1. B
      2. D
      3. A
      4. C
      5. C
      6. A
      7. A

      FILL IN THE BLANKS:

      1. GALLSTONES
      2. GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX
      3. HIATAL HERNIA
      4. HEARTBURN
      5. PYLORIC STENOSIS
      6. ULCER
      7. H. PYLORI
      8. HISTAMINE
      9. CROHN'S DISEASE
      10. HEPATITIS A
      11. DIVERTICULA
      12. DIARRHEA
      13. CONSTIPATION

  32. QUESTION:
    Can anyone answer these questions about science?
    please help me with these science questions. if you only know one answer then that is enough to satisfy me.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      1. B
      2. B
      3. A
      4. A
      5. A
      6. A
      7. C

      1. gallstones
      2. gastroesophageal reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histamine
      9. Chrohns Disease
      10. hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

      I'm not so sure about #2 in the first part, but think I have the rest of them right. Hope so. Next time, you must do your own homework. I'll help you out this time.


Chronic Liver Disease Symptom

Your kidneys are probably not something you think about very often, but they are vitally important to how your body processes everything that you digest on a regular basis. Every time you eat a meal, drink beverages or alcohol, take vitamins, prescription medication or drugs, your kidneys are hard at work processing all of that, disposing of unneeded waste, filtering your blood and monitoring your body's natural acidity level (PH). It's the silent workhorse that is easy to ignore, until something goes wrong.

Studies show that 1 in 9 American adults have some form of medical renal disease or kidney failure. Renal is the Latin word for kidney, so when you hear your doctor talking about renal problems, he or she is discussing the state of your kidneys. Renal (or kidney) disease has reached epic proportions in America, especially with the rise of obesity and diabetes. Both conditions are directly linked to chronic renal failure (CRF).

This is often called a silent disease, because it's really hard to detect in its early stages. Most people only discover they have it during a later stage of the disease. Unfortunately, many don't get diagnosed until they are at the stage where they need dialysis or a kidney transplant. When caught earlier, it is treatable, so that's why it's important for you to know some of the symptoms that come with this condition.

In general, there are five stages of renal failure:

Stages 1 and 2 - There will be mild kidney damage.

Stage 3 - There is moderate kidney damage.

Stage 4 - There is a severe decrease in kidney functions.

Stage 5 - There is acute kidney damage and drastic life saving measures are needed.

In the early stages, you will probably not notice much of anything. However, as the disease progresses, more symptoms will reveal themselves, such as: frequent urination, or the opposite, urinating less than you normally do, bloating of hands, face, ankles and abdomen, headaches, itchy skin and feeling lethargic. These symptoms will develop gradually as your kidneys slowly degenerate over a period of time. This is what makes it a chronic condition.

As long as you are not at the end stages of the disease, you can regain normal kidney function by making some strict dietary changes. There is a diet plan that addresses chronic renal failure and the toxins building up in your system. Your kidneys may fail for a variety of reasons, but this failure guarantees that they will be unable to process all the toxins that are accumulating in the bloodstream. Without this filtering, you will increasingly become ill. It is now known that people with chronic renal failure have abnormally high levels of phosphorous in their body. You will also have accumulated too much protein. Your health will continue to degenerate because of this build up.

Since you are getting most of your phosphorous and protein from the foods you eat, the amount of foods that contain these elements will need to be greatly reduced. A good chronic renal disease diet plan will give you a list of foods that you can eat, and recommend that you do not eat others. You may have to consult with your physician or a dietitian before beginning such a diet, especially if you're already being treated for diabetes or heart disease.

Monitoring Your Protein Intake

As you already know, the human body needs protein in order to function normally. Protein contains a lot of nutritional benefits and helps build muscle tissue and red blood cells. However, when the kidneys break down, they can no longer process protein as they normally do, so it starts building up in your bloodstream. In order to get your protein levels back down to normal, you'll have to eat a lot less meats and other foods that contain protein. In order to keep your energy levels up at all times, you can add a protein supplement to your every day diet that won't conflict with your meals.

Foods With Low Phosphorous

Part of the kidneys job is to regulate the amount of phosphorous in your blood. When they can't do this normally, your phosphorous levels increase. These high levels of phosphorous decreases the amount of calcium in your blood. Calcium is necessary for healthy teeth and bones. When you lose calcium, your bone density decreases, which puts you at a greater risk for developing osteoporosis.

That's why the end stage renal disease diet will show you which low phosphorous foods you should be eating to correct this problem. Some of the foods on the list of things you are allowed to eat are: cottage cheese, rice milk, cabbage, eggplant, white bread, crackers, pasta, beef, poultry, fish (except pollock, walleye salmon or sardines), potatoes, green peas, onions, cucumbers, bagels, white rice, broth-based soups, mayonnaise, salad dressing, butter, margarine, sherbet, ginger ale and hard candy.

Some of the foods you'll be giving up are: milk (including soy milk), hard cheese, ice cream, foods made from whole grains, soup containing milk, peas or beans, cornbread, biscuits, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, broccoli, mushrooms, spinach, asparagus, organ meats like liver, cream (all varieties), sesame butter, sour cream, soft drinks (except root beer and lemon lime soda) and chocolate.

As you can see, this is an eating plan that excludes many foods that you probably enjoy eating. But, when it comes to your kidneys, they are so important to the quality of your life, that you should be willing to do anything to get them back to a normal state. The alternative is to ignore the problem until it becomes too late to do anything but hook you up to a dialysis machine. While this would save your life, it's not an ideal situation. There are many end stage renal failure patients who must spend every two to three days in the hospital getting a dialysis treatment. Too many of them are on a long waiting list to receive a kidney transplant.

By making some simple dietary changes, you (or a loved one you know with this disease), can avoid that fate and turn things around while there is still time. If you feel that you have even one of the above symptoms, make an appointment to see your doctor for a full kidney evaluation. The sooner you find out that you have chronic renal disease, the sooner you can take action to solve the problem.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    My boyfriend has liver disease caused by Hep C & chronic alcoholism - What can I expect? (symptoms, etc)?
    He was told about 3 years ago that he had hep C, chirrosis and he is a chronic alcoholic. Dr told him to quit or he would die. He has tried and failed several times ( I know he's not trying hard enough.... ) . I just want to know what to expect. He is tired all the time, has headaches, and is depressed - Is this part of it? Also I have heard that mood swings are common to this, is that true? I posted a similar question earlier but felt I needed to clarify.... I appriciate any info I can get! Thanks!
    I appriciate the replies but I am looking for real answers not opinions on the relationship..... we have been together for many years, it's not something simple to walk away from.....

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is the inflammation of the liver cells
      caused by a virus. Cirrhosis is death of the
      liver cells. His disease can be brought on by
      the Hep C or his drinking problem. Trying to
      quit drinking on his own is extremely difficult.
      He needs to go into a detox program at a
      hospital in order to do this. The symptoms
      he has from trying to stop drinking may be
      too much to handle...they can give him drugs
      to lessen these symptoms and help him get
      through it much better. The symptoms that you
      stated are normal. You have to realize that
      he is now facing death straight on and he has
      to make decisions on what he can do now.
      Depression is normal now, because of having
      to live with all these hurdles to go over to
      save his life. Waking up everyday knowing
      that you may die is very hard.
      Liver patients are usually in shock when they
      first hear they have a terrible disease like this.
      The first reaction is unbelief...then it moves
      where they try to do something to help
      themselves, if it is possible...it leads from
      there to either coming to terms with the
      disease and trying to fight it or just giving up.
      They need alot of support and understanding
      at this time. They get mad and they feel
      helpless and they feel like someone cheated
      them or played a dirty trick on them or they
      feel like saying "why me". Others people drink and they don't have this. Cirrhosis can be caused by many different things.

      Your boyfriend doesn't have a rosey future and
      he knows that. He also knows that if he wants
      to spend time with the people he loves he has
      to do it now. I'm going to explain a few things
      to you. Once there is death of the liver
      cells it forms scar tissue in the liver...this blocks
      the other normal healthy cells from receiving
      nourishment and oxygen and causes them to
      die also. This is a progressing disease and
      the only real option he has now, if he has
      cirrhosis, is being evaluated and placed on the
      transplant list for an organ. But, first he has
      to overcome his addiction of alcohol which
      he needs to get care in order to do. A
      person has to be free of alcohol for at least
      six months before he can be placed on the
      list for transplantation.

      There are symptoms that may start to develop
      with this disease that he may or may not
      show signs of. Some of them are listed in
      this short article.
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003895.htm

      If he wants to stay with his loved ones longer,
      than he needs to stop drinking now. He is
      causing his liver much more damage faster
      and it will lead to a much much earlier death.

      Having others around him who truly care about
      him, will make whatever course he decides on
      alot easier on him. You cannot make decisions
      for him, but you can be there to support him
      with all he does. Best Wishes

  2. QUESTION:
    Do I possibly have leukemia or some other blood disease? ADVICE FROM EXPERIENCED/ or DOCS?
    my symptoms are, and noted beggining about a year ago, disapearing and reapearing regulary but not serious, but recently symptoms have returned elevated and much more serious then past experiences, symptoms include...

    bleeding gums, paleness, red dots on skin that are itchy, patchy red palms,, white fingernails under nail, yellowing at tip of fingures, fatigue, joint pain. wrestlessness, trouble waking up. (sleep long hours) sometimes bed at 8pm and up at 4-6pm the next day. and swallen lymph nodes in my lower neck and under my jaw.... (SINCE THIS NIGHT I HAVE DEVELOPED BUMPS UNDER MY LEFT ARMPIT AND CHEST PAIN) I also am beggining to feel ill, feels like the flu, but rather strange as my headache will go and come back in a different area...

    Here is my doctors summary from saturday night. when i attended the emergancy dept...

    (Jaime Waters presented to Box Hill hospital Emergancy Department on 07 Aug 2010 at 15:40

    ED Diagnosis: Bleeding disorder for investagation
    History of presenting Complaint: 20 y.o male presented with 2 month histroy of bleeding gum and joint pain with no significant background histroy.

    Patient first noticed gum bleeding at least 3 or more months ago after brushing, since then bleeding has become more consistant, bleeding lasting now upto 10 minuts after brushing. also noticed incease of joint pain mainly on MCP joint and knee joints over this period of time.

    Bleeding has worsened over the past 5 days and become consistant in the past 2 days. patient now also complains of lethargy and weakness in this time frame.

    smoker since 14

    heavy drinker; usually 2-4 bottles a week.
    Last alcohol yesterday 1/2 bottle bourben.

    No family history of bleeding disorder, auto immune disease or leukemia.

    Resting tremor noted, no heptic flap, no obvious brusing/petechae
    No sign of chronic liver disease
    No conjuctiva pallor, no scleral jaundice

    chest clear
    abdo soft tender, no oragomegaly

    Oral examination - no active gum bleeding, no obvious gingervitis, tonsil not enlarged.

    tender submental lymph node bilaterally R>L
    Palpable R cervical lymph nodes
    Thyroid not enlarged

    stiffness of mcp joint both hands no tenderness on palpation and movement

    Managment: FBE/U+E/Coags/LFT/CRP
    may need medical refferal for bleeding disorder

    Results/outcome: Neutrophilia and increase WCC
    Normal LFT and Coagulation profile hb166

    Refferals and followup: Need LMO follow up for investagation of autoimmune disease and thrombolic screening,

    patient wil need new LMO for follow up and observation of progression.)

    in this letter not all my symptoms are noted. but i hav put as much as i can think of before i added this letter, also the doctor told me im developing a little bit of anemia but was nothing to be concerned about at this time and that i needed to be observed over the next few weeks for a diagnosis of whats happening. and refferd me to a GP.

    can anyone offer me advice?

    since seeing the doctor my under left armpit has become sore and stiff, my left hip bone upper left beg bone has began to ache with worsening bleeding of gums. and consistant taste of blood in mouth. im very confused and worried about whats goin on... advice?

    • ANSWER:
      When you go to that referral, ask them to test you for Lyme's disease. I have a friend with similar symptoms and it turned out to be Lyme's disease. Have you been camping or in the woods lately? Even if you haven't, deer tics can be in tall grass and you don't even know they are on you. It doesn't sound like cancer to me
      I hope you find out what this is. Be well

  3. QUESTION:
    My dog is being treated for acute liver disease. 4 days ago was the first sign we have had of any symptoms.?
    The vet kept her over night and gave her Normosol and Metronidazole by IV. We were allowed to take her home yesterday b/c she was feeling better, alert and was drinking and had eaten. He gave us Clavamox 125mg to be taken 2 x per day. Today, she has eaten very little but is drinking her water ok. She is also sleeping a lot. My question is: Why the change in AB's? We are trying to determine if we are in the final stages or if we can get her out of the acute phase and at least back into chronic.

    • ANSWER:
      What did they say the liver disease was? There are alot of them. If the first sign was days ago and it's acute, then it could be Hepatic microvascular dysplasia. The Normosol and Metronidazole were to flush the liver and hydrate your girl. The antibiotics are to prevent infection. It's hard to say dog to dog what the prognosis is, you really should talk to the vet. Is she on a special diet? If not she should be. It's good she is drinking. Try her on some soft canned foods, something very appealing, but make sure if she's on a special diet 80 to 90 percent of the diet is from the vet with only treats and something more like gravy over the food to make it more appealing.

  4. QUESTION:
    hi! do you know any Hepatologist in Southern California?
    A close someone had chronic liver disease, and he doesn't have a health insurance yet. it's hard for me to buy one for him b/c most health insurance wouldn't let him since he's currently sick. I want him to be cured as soon as possible while it's young. I'll be paying out of the pocket. But i don't know where to start consult. By the way, he still has no symptoms yet but his labs are already abnormal.

    • ANSWER:
      no good asking on yahoo uk and ireland is it! try US.

  5. QUESTION:
    drinking questions help please?
    A chronic liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as:

    Cardiac sympathy
    Cirrhosis
    Pancreatitis
    Parkinson’s

    What passes the ingested alcohol from the mother to the baby?
    amniotic fluid
    uterus
    ovaries
    placenta

    Mandatory license plate revocation is ineffective against drunk driving.
    true
    false

    Which is not a sign of FAS?
    small head
    flat face
    flat feet
    wide spaced eyes

    Examples of important functional skills that are not visible to others, but are affected by alcohol, are thinking skills like evaluating risk and processing information. This means that steering, braking, lane changing, and response time could be affected in a driver that has been drinking.
    true
    false

    Alcohol is a:
    stimulant
    depressant
    hallucinogenic

    All of the following are symptoms of alcoholism except for:
    craving
    physical dependence
    tolerance (you have to drink more and more to get “buzzed.”)
    self-control

    Mandatory license revocation is effective against drunk driving.
    true
    false

    Which of the following statements is false?

    FAS is characterized by brain damage, facial deformities, and growth deficits.

    The effects of FAS are all reversible.
    Heart, liver, and kidney defects are common, as are vision and hearing problems.
    Individuals with FAS have difficulties with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving.

    When helping a pregnant woman with a drinking addiction you should not:

    expect instant success
    be a cheerleader for her
    encourage her to talk with her health care provider
    talk on the phone with others for support

    • ANSWER:
      Do your own homework. Wikipedia is a pretty good source for those.

  6. QUESTION:
    Please help, What is this man's diagnosis?
    a 49 yr old man want to be tested for hepatitis c. he heard about a friend was sick with cirrhois due to hep c. he became concerned because he partied with this friend during a peroid of experimentation with injection drugs while in college. patient is otherwise heathly and denies any symptoms except for occasional fatigue after a long day at work. physical examination of patient is unremarkable. there are no stigmata of chronic liver disease. the patient returns several weeks later to discuss his test results. his HCV antibody test is positive. a liver panel obtained that day shows an ALT of 48 IU/L (normal range,0-20) and an AST of 39 IU/L (0-31). his albumin and total bilirubin are within normal limits. he is extremely anxious about his liver, as he has been in contact with his old college friend and learned that his friend is now on the waiting list for a liver tranplant.

    a. how do you interpret his tests (HCV Ab test, ALT,ALS). which of them is more indicative of liver damages?

    b. having estabished that the patient has hep c with elevated liver enzymes, the next step is to determine the severity of his liver disease. what is the only direct means to elevate the extent of liver injury?

    c. what are the chances for this guy to develop cirrhois?

    d. the patient is concerned that he may be neg. for HCV antibody. he is releived but asks for advice to prevent infecting them. what are you going to tell him?

    e. patient liver biopsy shows mild to moderate inflammatory activity and portal and periporal fibrosis(stage 2). he is relived to find out that he does not have cirrhois, but remains very concerned about his hep c. he asks about treatment for his HCV. what do you recommend?

    • ANSWER:
      His alts and asts are not that far out of range..just taking OTC medicine can give you elevated enzymes

      Hep C is called the SILENT KILLER because there are NO warning signs..I was with hep c for 25 years before I new I had it..how did I know? simple physical and it came up.

      He HAS Hep C..he had a biopsy...he's in stage 2..I suggest TREATMENT

      www.beincharge.com
      have him call the help line and let the nurses help him from her

      Cirrhois is the beginning of a serious problem..ie liver transplant..suggest he talk to someone and get on treatment. If he cannot afford it the phamaculicales can give him the meds for free IF he qualifies..this is not a disease to ignore
      been there..cleared the virus at Stage 3

  7. QUESTION:
    How does disability (social security) work? Is the 'list' only factor?
    Say you've been diagnosed with a genetic disorder or liver disease, is the diagnosis the only requirement to getting disability? Are other factors involved? I have had relatives who were simply diagnosed with a disease on the 'list' and received disability.

    I have been diagnosed with a genetic chronic liver disease but can still physically work at least part time. I am being urged by family members to apply for disability. My main symptoms are iron overload, fatigue and a bunch of other non-work-related symptoms. I experience a bit of pain from joints and the fatigue does have an influence upon the quality of my work and my ability to maintain my current work load effectively. But, until diagnosed, I didn't consider myself 'disabled'. Now, I don't know what to think.

    Just curious what to think since the SSA website is hush hush and websites re: my disorder say nothing of filing for disability.

    What do you think? Should I apply? Would I likely get it?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a link to the "list" you speak of, it's called the bluebook: http://www.ssa.gov/disability/professionals/bluebook/listing-impairments.htm

      If a person meets the criteria for a condition then yes, they receive disability. These are the cases that take less than 90 days.

      If you don't meet a listing, you have to prove how your condition prevents you from gainful employment and taking care of yourself. This usually requires a consultative exam, arranged and paid for by SSA and a visit with Voc Rehab to make sure there is no other work you can do. Age and education play a role here. If they find you can do other work, even if you would make less money than before, they will not find you disabled.

      Here's a link to their evidentiary requirements: http://www.ssa.gov/disability/professionals/bluebook/evidentiary.htm

      And how they decide if you are disabled: http://www.ssa.gov/dibplan/dqualify5.htm

      Good luck!

  8. QUESTION:
    I NEED HELP WITH ALCOHOL FACTZ PLZZ!!! I PICK BESST ANSWER?
    A chronic liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as:

    Cardiac sympathy

    Cirrhosis

    Pancreatitis

    Parkinson’s

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Gender, emotion, mental status, and amount of time throughout consumption are a few factors that can change the effects each time alcohol is consumed by an individual.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    All 50 states enacted a BAC limit of .08 as the legal limit for drunk drivers over the age of 21.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The following does NOT have the same alcohol content as a 12 oz. beer:

    Depends on the type of beer

    5 oz. glass of wine

    1.5 oz. of 80 proof distilled spirits (shot)

    none of the above

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The best way to avoid a dangerous situation involving drunk driving is to:

    Avoid alcohol and drugs altogether because you don’t need them anyway.

    Do what your friends tell you to do.

    Drink just a little or limit your drug intake.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    All of the following are symptoms of alcoholism except for:

    craving

    physical dependence

    tolerance (you have to drink more and more to get “buzzed.”)

    self-control

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Alcohol in the stomach…

    is partially absorbed from the stomach.

    interferes with digestion of essential vitamins and minerals.

    can lead to gastritis and ulcers from long term use.

    All answers are correct.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Drinking alcohol can effect the heart, liver, stomach, and brain.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    If you are the driver of a vehicle, there is no safe level of alcohol consumption.

    True
    False

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Moderate to Excessive Binge Drinking can cause:

    health benefits for the heart, including reducing chance of heart attack

    Cardiac Arrhythmia (abnormal rhythms) and sudden cardiac death

    reduction in blood pressure and/or chance of stroke

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Mandatory license plate revocation is ineffective against drunk driving.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ___________ are more likely to become alcoholics.

    children

    adults

    woman

    children of alcoholic parents

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Which of the following is a problem a baby may have if the mother drinks alcohol while she is pregnant?

    motor skills problems

    hearing and vision problems

    premature birth

    may include problems with motor skills, hearing and vision

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    There are less alcohol-related fatalities for 18, 19, and 20 year olds than for the population over 21.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    According to research what would be the single most effective deterrent for drinking and driving?

    Automatic license revocation

    Inability to post bail if arrested

    Jail sentence

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This law imposes potential liability on the host of a party if alcohol is served to an obviously intoxicated person or a minor.

    adult liability

    social host

    MADD law

    minor party law

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Blood Alcohol Content (BAC), is a standard used to:

    Determine what type of alcohol had been consumed

    Determine how many total drinks have been consumed

    Determine between sobriety and intoxication

    Determine how long since your last alcoholic drink

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Examples of important functional skills that are not visible to others, but are affected by alcohol, are thinking skills like evaluating risk and processing information. This means that steering, braking, lane changing, and response time could be affected in a driver that has been dr

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis
      True
      True
      Depends on type of beer
      Avoid alcohol & drugs
      Self Control
      All are correct
      True
      False
      Cardiac Arrhythmia
      Reduction of blood pressure
      False
      Children of alcoholic parents
      May include problems with motor skills, hearing, vision
      False
      Jail sentence
      Adult liability
      Determine between sobriety & intoxication
      True

  9. QUESTION:
    can alagilles syndrome be mistook portal pulmonary hypertension?
    do they have the same symptoms

    my son devlyn died a couple of years ago his post mortem report states that he died from severe Portal- pulmonary hypertension

    I have just been able to look through the medical notes and everything I have seen tells me that he had alagilles syndrome
    even on the mri results they state the combination of presumed chronic liver disease with portal hypertension and vertebral anoomalies suggest underlying alagilles syndrome

    Please I attach the final report I have from my solicitors they say i can not continue my complaint my son died while having a colopsy
    please could you forward me the the facts I should be looking at in the notes so that I may finally but closure to this ....

    I have all the results and medical notes they all relate to what I have seen on the net today but I need some one to advise me

    definately passed down from his dad he been on medication 20 iyears AMLODIPINE,MICARDIS,SPIRONOLACTONE,PERINDOPRIL,BISOPROLOL. Every day extra vessels on heart but never been asked about genes . Im ok just need to understand everything. Thank u for all replys. Dev's website on cfp56@piczo.com
    definately passed down from his dad he been on medication 20 iyears AMLODIPINE,MICARDIS,SPIRONOLACTONE,PERINDOPRIL,BISOPROLOL. Every day extra vessels on heart but never been asked about genes . Im ok just need to understand everything. Thank u for all replys. Dev's website on cfp56@piczo.com would like to know websites to compare medical notes. No legal side to this i just like answers. Thank u
    MRI results:abdomen moderatevolume of ascites throughout abdominal cavity, hepatic architecture is abnormal with caudate lobe hypertrophy relative atrophy of the right liver, degree of splenomegaly, the extra heptic portol vien, splenic and superior mesentric of hemi vertebrae affecting both the lower thoracic and lumbar vertebral bodies.
    the combination of presumed chronic liver disease with portol hypertension and vertebral anormalies suggest underlying allegele syndrome.... 2/10/2004
    Spine lumar x-ray: there is abnormalites noted in both lower thoracic and lower lumbar spine, there is a hemi verebra noted at T11 with loss of normal vertebral body and pedicle of the left side of of T11 Furthermore there is a butterfly configuration of L5. some abnormality of modelling of T10 is also noted. These features would be in keeping with alagilles....2/10/2004

    • ANSWER:
      Alagille syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder also referred to as Alagille- Watson syndrome, syndromic bile duct paucity and arteriohepatic dysplasia

      The course is characterized by recurrent episodes of cholestasis. The long- term prognosis is related to the severity and duration of early cholestasis, severity of complex cardiovascular abnormalities and the severity of liver disease and its associated portal hypertension.

      Portal Hypertension

      Synonyms and related keywords: cirrhosis, variceal hemorrhage, ascites, portal vein.

      Portal hypertension may be defined as a portal pressure gradient of 12 mm Hg or greater and is often associated with varices and ascites. Many conditions are associated with portal hypertension, of which cirrhosis is the most common cause.

      Alagille syndrome is a dominantly inherited systemic disorder consisting of abnormalities of the liver, heart, eye, spine, facies, kidney, vasculature and other organs. It is caused by mutations in Jagged1, a ligand in the Notch signaling pathway

      Portal hypertension develops in up to 1/3 of patients with severe hepatic AGS.

  10. QUESTION:
    diseases where the symptoms are inflammation in various part of the body?
    liver, soaz muscles, ligament around pelvic bone. I have developed all these symptoms in the last 8 year along with chronic fatigue and other issues. i was diagnosed with AIH (auto immune disease)and have been on steroids to reduce inflammation in the liver. But as the inflammations seem to be "spreading" Im wondering if I was misdiagnosed. I do plan on speaking to my doc.

    • ANSWER:
      Autoimmune disease means your body is attacking itself. It can attack any system and possibly every system depending on which autoimmune disease you have.

      Your nervous system, various organs, your blood, your joints, your muscles - all could be attacked, which means inflammation in any or all of those.

      Your diagnosis seems very accurate, your doctor will just have to keep an eye on your symptoms and the blood tests to pinpoint which autoimmune disease it is you have.

      But autoimmune diseases cause fatigue, inflammation, fever, swelling, weight issues, etc. You should study up on the basics about them so you can be better informed of what to expect. Also ask your doctor. Make sure you are seeing a good rheumatologist.

      I too have an autoimmune disease and it seems like everything is breaking down by the time you get diagnosed. But once you are seeking treatment, it may take a few years to get it under control, but once it is, you'll feel more normal.

      Below are some sites that will help you learn more about what you are dealing with and how to work through it.

  11. QUESTION:
    Celiac and Pregnancy, Crazy?
    Ok where do I start. For about 2 weeks I was experiencing some brown blood which I assumed to be my period? I finally came online and saw sometimes is could mean pregnancy but it means it's a tubal pregnancy or miscarriage. Thing is I had my period, just brown and occasionally only spots of red for almost three weeks! I let that go. I've been having sharp pains in my left and right sides and my stomach is hard as a rock and the area below the "gut" and above the vagina is hard(I've heard this is linked to pregnancy?) I've also had extreme bloating feelings and gas along with diarrhea. And as well as weird cravings and bursts of hunger, but when I eat about 15 min later prob not even I'm having sharp pains. These are all symptoms of pregnancy I'm sure we'll all agree. I've also researched some blogs with people who had the extreme bloating and sharp pains and 98% of them were pregnant.

    But, get this. My aunt was diagnosed with Celiac disease(gluten free diet, will eat away your small intestine)and it's hereditary but she doesn't even know who she could have got it from. Well let me just copy and paste symptoms I've found linked with it, I'll mark it with * If I have it.

    What are the symptoms of celiac disease?

    Symptoms of celiac disease vary from person to person. Symptoms may occur in the digestive system or in other parts of the body. Digestive symptoms are more common in infants and young children and may include

    abdominal bloating and pain *
    chronic diarrhea *
    vomiting *only just today but sick feelings I've ignored too
    constipation *NO*
    pale, foul-smelling, or fatty stool *NO*
    weight loss *NO, weight gain thats why i'm leaning toward pregnancy

    Adults are less likely to have digestive symptoms and may instead have one or more of the following:

    unexplained iron-deficiency anemia *NO*
    fatigue*NO*
    bone or joint pain *
    arthritis*NO*
    bone loss or osteoporosis
    depression or anxiety *OH YES*
    tingling numbness in the hands and feet *NO*
    seizures*NO*
    missed menstrual periods *Not sure yet, last one was brown
    infertility or recurrent miscarriage *Hope not
    canker sores inside the mouth *NO!*
    an itchy skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis * NO*
    People with celiac disease may have no symptoms but can still develop complications of the disease over time. Long-term complications include malnutrition—which can lead to anemia, osteoporosis, and miscarriage, among other problems—liver diseases, and cancers of the intestine.

    Also, Celiac disease is both a disease of malabsorption—meaning nutrients are not absorbed properly—and an abnormal immune reaction to gluten. Celiac disease is also known as celiac sprue, non-tropical sprue, and gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Celiac disease is genetic, meaning it runs in families*MY AUNT*
    Sometimes the disease is triggered—or becomes active for the first time—after surgery, pregnancy*wow it can become apparent during pregnancy*, childbirth, viral infection, or severe emotional stress*I've been crying excessively and have been real sensitive*

    Forgot to also say something important. My period finally completely stopped yesterday but now, I'm having excessive urinating and just this morning i got morning sickness.
    OK so my point of showing you all this was I'm thinking, would I be pregnant AND starting to react to Celiac?? PLease someone research this. I would go to the doctor but I just got insurance a few days ago and it's not active til Jan 14. I just wanna research this so I can go into the doctor's telling them exactly what is wrong. Question is though, should I go to the Gynecologist or my regular Physician???

    • ANSWER:
      Go to your gp. They will do a blood test for pregnancy, and you will get your answer about that very soon.
      Then, tell him or her that your aunt was diagnosed with celiac and you would like a screening test should your pregnancy test come back negative.
      You can have active celiac with little to no symptoms. My symptoms were very, very mild anemia (low normal) and migraines with the occasional stomach ache. Pregnancy is probably what triggered my celiac.

      Your Aunt got celiac from her mother and father, it is as simple as that. Her parents were carriers and gave her the genes, she had something trigger it, just like I did, just like everyone who has celiac has happen to them. Since it runs in your family, please be aware of the signs and symptoms of childhood celiac.
      Good luck!

  12. QUESTION:
    pulmonary disease question - please help me out?
    here is my test result: Back x-ray (osteoperosis), chest x-ray (Cardiac silhouette is at the upper limistis of normal size, mild hyperexpansion of the lungs, insterstitial markings - chronic lung disease, increased pulmonary venous pressure, or both), CT (mosaic attenuation pattern) second CT (Suspect airway disease as cause for mosaic perfusion), Abdomen ultrasound (echogenic liver consistent with fatty infiltration, otherwise normal abdominal ultrasound), EKG (normal), Stress test (normal).
    My symptoms: lack of air, chest pain, upper back pain feel like stabing, back pain radiating towards lower back (left side), left side chest pain radiating towards ribs, constant pain under ribe cage and mid chest, noise in the internal organ, cramp under my the rib, shrink feeling on my left side, headache, tiredness, over sleeping, depression, lower back pain

    Your opinion will be very much appreciated. (Doctors still not giving me answer and proper medication)
    I do not use drugs, don't drink and do not smoke. my family are smokers.

    • ANSWER:
      That's actually not a lot of information to go on as far as pulmonary disease. The references to chronic lung are all based on just the chest x-ray. It does sound like you have at least mild emphysema based on the CXR, and perhaps a bit of chronic bronchitis. It would be help to know age and weight as well, but it's not absolutely necessary.

      If you'd like to see what's causing your shortness of breath, you should probably consider doing a complete PFT (Pulmonary Function Test). There you'll be able to assess the level of Emphysema (based on your lung volumes), as well as any possible diffusion problems.

      If your family smokes, it may be due to a good deal of second hand smoke. If you are a "former" smoker, you can have effects of the smoking years down the road... and they may be rearing their heads now.

      Good luck.

  13. QUESTION:
    Why does my tummy hurt?
    I have had several scans of my stomach, including an MRI, an MRA, a CT scan, as well as an X-Ray, I've had a high point scan of my gallbladder & several blood tests that have ruled out Kidney disease & Liver problems. My stomach hurts on my right side, below my ribcage, right in my Gallbladder/Liver area.

    I don't understand why all the tests come back normal, when there is obviously something going on there! Could it be appendicitis?

    These tests have revealed Polycystic ovaries, acid reflux, degenerative disk disorder (in my back/spine), but nothing that explains this pain.

    A little more info about me: I have Meniere's Disease (a chronic disease of the inner ear that causes vertigo, as well as many other symptoms. See here for more details:: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/balance/meniere.asp)

    I also have Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (for more info on TLE see here: http://www.epilepsy.com/epilepsy/epilepsy_temporallobe)

    As well as chronic Migraines, Osteoarthritis, & I'm blind in my left eye & deaf in my left ear.

    Believe it or not, I live a normal life, & until recently, I was a full time nursing/ Medical Laboratory Tech student & I maintained a 3.8 GPA. I also worked full time.

    With the recent pain in my side, I do OK, but keeping up with my kids & my husband is about all I can do. I can't go to the gym as much as I use to & my housework has fallen behind on more than one occasion.

    If I can live a completely normal life with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Osteoarthritis, Meniere's Disease & chronic migraine, I feel confident that I could resume that if I had a solution to this horrible pain in my side!

    Any clues would be great! I really prided myself on being able to maintain through all the problems that have come up & it seems silly to me that a pain in my stomach/side could debilitate me as much as it has!

    Thanks!
    Thanks for the response, but I actually drink loads of water & I eat soup, & oatmeal at least 12 times a week! I actually live on Ensure & Slim Fast drinks when I'm in school.
    I think it may be appendicitis! Please help!!!

    • ANSWER:

  14. QUESTION:
    Is crohn's disease always detectable?
    For 6 years I've been sick and off and on they mention Crohn's disease. I have the symptoms of it. I have chronic diarrhea, lost 35lbs, nausea, and terrible abdominal pain around my bellybutton that swells up sometimes all the way up to my liver. When you press on it I want to vomit.

    I have had a long standing issue with absorbing b12 even with shots and supplements.

    I've done CT's, MRI's, 2 colonscopies, 2 endoscopies, 2 upper GI's, 1 barium enema.. they can't find anything that shows crohn's on the inside. Someone mentioned that my pain is located in my ilium which is wher eb12 is absorbed. if i had crohn's it would make sense. Some people say you can't get to all of the small intestine with endo or colonscopy. Is that true? The gastros are pretty cocky and think they know everything, and because I'm a girl I must be nervous but Im not a nervous person.

    Am I missing something? I have arthritis and inflammation, I weigh 100lbs and am 24 years old now. this is insane... so is there a possibility there could be crohn's? My doctor says yes but the gastros say their busy and if it isnt obvious then its 'probably' not there.

    • ANSWER:
      Crohns is a hard diagnosis to get sometimes.

      My sed rate was high and that prompted my GI to request more tests, Endoscopy, Colonoscopy, Barium Swallow-Through and CT scan. As soon as he saw the crohns he ordered 40 mg of Prednisone and the pain went away.

      If you have tried all of the above tests and the doctors do not see the inflammation, ulcers and abnormality then count yourself lucky it is not crohns.

      The ileum is far from both ends and if there is inflammation it may not be possible for the GI to scope it. If so he/she will inform you that it was impossible to see due to inflammation. This has happened to me as I had twelve inches of ileum removed and only six inches were planned. It was worse than suspected from the scopes and x-rays.

      I was dx in 1999 and it requires a lot of meds usually for life.

  15. QUESTION:
    Could I have IBD/Crohn's Disease?
    I was diagnosed with IBS when I was 16 after a horrible bout of chronic diarrhea and pain. 10 years later my problems have gotten from worse to severe. Last summer I was hospitalized with gastritis, and had it off and on for the past year. I recently read that gastritis inflammation can be a indication of IBD. Since then my intestinal pain gets so bad that I can't walk and feel faint. I have had periods of violent vomiting attacks, incontinence and unexplained abdominal pain. A month ago I noticed I was having UTI symptoms and right rib pain, pain in lower right abdomen, nausea, vomiting, chills, loss of appetite, weight loss, night sweats, and fever along with the worst intestinal pain ever. I was treated for a kidney infection, but the symptoms continued without infection. It started to feel like more was going on in my intestinal tract. I found lots of information about IBD causing UTIs and rib pan. I also have irritation and inflammation around my anus that bleeds when i'm having a bad attack. I'm starting to think that my IBS is total BS, and I may be having complications from inflammatory bowel disease. I think it might run in my family, which might explain why my family has problems with kidney stones, gall stones and liver problems along with chronic diarrhea. I got a CT scan today, and it looked like my large intestine was pushed over a little and slightly enlarged on the right, but then I don't really know what it should look like. Does this sound like possible IBD?

    • ANSWER:

  16. QUESTION:
    How dangerous is my alcohol use?
    I'm a college student and i already recognize myself as a chronic alcoholic. I drink every day and i drink gratuitous amounts everyday. i'm a male only 145 pounds 5"9' and i'm starting to get the idea in my head that i might already be in the first stages of liver disease. When i drink daily im not the type that just has a a few beers, a 1.75 liter of karkov will usually last me 3-4 days. I black out everyday but i never get hangovers, i usually wake up drunk. ive been drinking like this for past 2 months and ive had about 3 sober days. For me, drinking has become a completely different thing then before. I need to drink. i've realized what ive done to myself so i'm soon seeking treatment. well, after today of course, its halloween! but anyway,
    ive started to notice some symptoms that are described as symptoms of early stages of cirhossis or alchohol withdrawl. I've had dark urine frequently more lately, its impossible for me to fall asleep without being drunk, i litterally drip sweat while im not active. The one symptom i am very concerned about tho are my tremors, I have very shaky hands, people point it out all the time. when i'm drunk it usually goes away a little but there are times it is pretty bad, for example, i have a night class and when i have to sit in the classroom not drunk as i'm used to, i'll be writing notes and i cant even read them later because i twitch so bad.
    all in all tho, what i'm wondering is if its possible to develop cirhossis in only 2 months while drinking very heavily, or if you need to be a chronic alcoholic for years before thats possible. i am also concered about the consequenses of stopping abruptly, is it possible i could have a seizure if i quit?

    • ANSWER:
      Look, if you want to stop drinking then keep reading, if not go back to the bottle. You are going to need to go to a detox center in order to start getting better. Yes, you're going to have the DT's, and the shakes, and feel like sh**, and puke, but the other alternative is to die. Take your pick. I can't tell you that you're a chronic alcoholic, but you sound like one to me. I can tell you that you need to seek medical attention immediately, and then check yourself into a 90 day detox/rehab center if you hope to get better. I know you have school, work all that stuff, but if you cant quit drinking you won't be there anyhow. There is your solution, if you want it. I didn't say it would be easy or pretty. Good luck!!!!!!!

  17. QUESTION:
    Hepatitis C & the Army?
    (1) Viral hepatitis, or unspecified hepatitis, within the preceding 6 months or persistence of symptoms after 6 months, or objective evidence of impairment of liver function, chronic hepatitis, and hepatitis B carriers. (Individuals who are known to have tested positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection require confirmatory testing. If positive, individuals should be clinically evaluated for objective evidence of liver function impairment. If evaluation reveals no signs or symptoms of disease, the applicant meets the standards.)

    **How true is this? I have Hepatitis C and show no symptoms. My doctor said the HCV count was very low. I've had a sonogram of my liver which came up normal. My enzymes have been at normal limits as well. I REALLY want to join the army. How worried should I be about HCV disqualifying me from joining the army?
    I have Hepatitis C. But from what the website said you can still join under certain circumstances. That's what I don't understand.
    HCV=Hepatitis C Virus lol

    • ANSWER:
      Do not lie. By the way, there is no hepatitis C vaccine, which you probably know already but some of the other respondents do not. Go for the waiver- if you are healthy now, I would think there would be a decent chance of getting in. The medical standards are very strict on paper but lots of people get waivers for various conditions. I got 2 when I reentered the Army in my 40's. The worse that can happen is they can say no, or depending on how recent the illness was, make you wait a certain period of time to make sure it stays in remission. If you are untruthful (not that I believe that was your intention), it could be very bad for you if they find out later. Besides, integrity is one of the Army values!

  18. QUESTION:
    Confused U.S. Army question ?
    "(1) Viral hepatitis (070), or unspecified hepatitis (570), within the preceding 6 months or persistence of symptoms after 6 months, or objective evidence of impairment of liver function, chronic hepatitis, and hepatitis B carriers (070). (Individuals who are known to have tested positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection require confirmatory testing. If positive, individuals should be clinically evaluated for objective evidence of liver function impairment. If evaluation reveals no signs or symptoms of disease, the applicant meets the standards.)"

    What type of hepatits can you have to join ? hep B acute ? ... what if your a chronic carries of B or C ?

    • ANSWER:
      Wow,that's a tough one.

  19. QUESTION:
    How can I contest a military disqualification?
    I've recently taken my ASVAB and made well on it. I've set my sights on the Marine Corps since I was little. I've just got turned down for health problems. I'm physically fit, but I have Hepatitis C. The standard rule for that in the service is this; (1) Viral hepatitis, or unspecified hepatitis, within the preceding 6 months or persistence of symptoms after 6 months, or objective evidence of impairment of liver function, chronic hepatitis, and hepatitis B carriers. (Individuals who are known to have tested positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection require confirmatory testing. If positive, individuals should be clinically evaluated for objective evidence of liver function impairment. If evaluation reveals no signs or symptoms of disease, the applicant meets the standards.) I've had my biopsy and all the required things done, and it showed i have no impairment of liver function what so ever. I'm fit and have no problems other than this. How can they disqualify me if I passed all of this and made an 82 on my ASVAB?? Is there any way to contest this?? It has been my dream to serve in the USMC. Please e-mail me back with a response.

    • ANSWER:
      they are NOT required to grant a waiver under any circumstances. your ASVAB score has no bearing. they are simply unwilling to take the risk of recurrence or you infecting others and having to take care of it when it does.

      the Marines grant few waivers anyway.

  20. QUESTION:
    PLEASE HELP....?!?!?!?
    ok my mom doesn't want to go to the doctor but i am really worried she has bleeding when she goes to the restroom to poop, she has bruises and this little red dots on her legs and she says her legs really hurt she is a waitress. for some reason it occur to me that she may have leukemia and i checked and article for the symptoms and this is what it said:

    In many cases, the first signs and symptoms of leukemia are nonspecific (vague). Early signs also may occur with other types of cancer or with other medical conditions. Although leukemia signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of disease, there are some general features. Broad symptoms of leukemia include the following:

    Fatigue
    Malaise (vague feeling of bodily discomfort)
    Abnormal bleeding
    Excessive bruising
    Weakness
    Reduced exercise tolerance
    Weight loss
    Bone or joint pain
    Infection and fever
    Abdominal pain or "fullness"
    Enlarged spleen, lymph nodes, and liver

    Chronic leukemia often goes undetected for many years and may be identified in a routine blood test. In fact, nearly one in five chronic leukemia patients do not report symptoms at the time of diagnosis. Most symptoms of acute leukemia are caused by low levels of normal blood cells, which is due to overcrowding of the blood-forming bone marrow by leukemia cells.

    she doesn't eat that much either because she says she feels like she is going to vomit, PLEASE HELP. (how can i convince her to go to the doctor)
    THANKS
    other symptom
    Tiny red spots in your skin (petechiae)
    but how can i tell her it may be leukimia she doesn't know what it may be and i really don't want to make her sad right now.

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    What is left for me to say.....?
    I typed up a report on diabetes, it is supposed to be 6 pages dubble spaced, but now i don't know what else to put, all i need is a half a page more. Thank you!

    Diabetes Type 1
    Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems using food for energy. After a meal, carbohydrates in food are broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells require insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to help use blood glucose for energy. People develop diabetes because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not respond to insulin properly, or both. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy.
    Prior to 1997, the type of diabetes typically diagnosed in young people was called juvenile diabetes or type 1. Diabetes emerging in adults was called adult-onset diabetes or type 2. Then in 1997, the official names of the types were changed to type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is the second most common chronic disease in children (after asthma). About 13,000 new cases are diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Patients with type 1 diabetes make up about 5 percent of all cases of diabetes. It most commonly appears in girls and boys when they are about 14 years old. Usually, type 1 diabetes is first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, the pancreas does not make insulin, a hormone which helps use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. The cells become starved of energy and there is an excess of glucose in the blood. People with Type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to live. Proper diet, exercise and home blood sugar monitoring are essential to manage the disease. Food and exercise must also be balanced because of the risk of hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, and hyperglycemia, high blood sugar. Both are life threatening concerns. When hypoglycemia develops, cells are not getting enough glucose. Confusion, loss of consciousness, comma and death results when the brain is deprived of glucose for too long. Hyperglycemia and prolonged absence of insulin may lead to ketoacidosis, the accumulation of ketones in the blood when the body uses fat for energy instead of glucose. Ketones make the blood acidic and slow down all body functions. Like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia can also lead to comma and death. The only cure available today for type 1 diabetes is a pancreas transplant, which is rarely done. Because both pancreas transplants and kidney transplants require lifelong use of powerful drugs to suppress immune reactions that can reject the organs, pancreatic transplants are usually done to those with type 1 diabetes who also need a kidney transplant. The side effects of immune- suppressive drugs can be severe and even worse than the disease. One or two people out of every 10 who get the surgery die within a year. Also the new pancreas is rejected by half of the people who get this operation. If the transplant fails, diabetes returns. Recently, experimental treatments with stem cells have shown some promise. For most people, type 1 diabetes is a life-long disease that can be effectively managed with insulin.

    Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
    •Urinates frequently. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream by flushing out the extra glucose in urine. A child with diabetes needs to urinate more frequently and in larger volumes.
    •Is abnormally thirsty. Because the child is loosing so much fluid from peeing so much, he or she becomes very thirsty to help avoid becoming dehydrated. A child who has developed diabetes drinks a lot in an attempt to keep the level of body water normal.
    •Loses weight. (or fails to gain weight as he or she grows) in spite of a good appetite. Kids and teens who develop type 1 diabetes may have an increased appetite, but often lose weight. This is because the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt the provide fuel to the hungry cells.
    •Often feels tired. Because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly.

    But in some cases, other symptoms may be the signal that something is wrong. Sometimes the first sign of diabetes is bedwetting in a child who has been dry at night. The possibility of diabetes should also be suspected if a vaginal yeast infection (also called a Candida infection) occurs in a girl who hasn’t started puberty yet. If these early symptoms of diabetes aren’t recognized and treatment isn’t started, chemicals called ketones can build up in the child’s blood and cause stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity- smelling breath, breathing problems; even loss of consciousness. Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken f

    • ANSWER:
      Watch out on using advice from yahoo answers if truthfulness is graded. While 80% of type 2's are overweight, only 18% of obese people are diabetic.

  22. QUESTION:
    My wife has been sick for 7 months, had her gallbladder removed, what's wrong?
    My wife has been sick for 7 months and has had no diagnosis, other than a bad gallbladder. She didn’t fit the classic symptoms, but she had it removed in October and things haven't changed. The surgeon believes that her continued problems are not related to the gallbladder.

    Her main symptom is chronic and constant nausea, but she also has irregular bowl movements, an orange coating on her tongue, and has occasionally woke up at night with chills, shakes and goosebumps.

    She's had numerous blood tests ruling out HIV/AIDs, Chrones, celiac disease, Addison’s disease, colitis, H Pyl., Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Staphylococcus, Giardia, Cryptospor, C diff., Lupus, a stomach emptying test, no known allergies, and no previous health issues except for symptoms related to what we thought/think is hypoglycemia. Her liver and kidney function tests have come back normal. She even had the Mirena birth control IUD removed early on in hopes this was messing her up. The only things that have come back abnormal are an unintentional loss of almost 40 pounds, and was told she had chronic endometritis.

    Any suggestions or advice is greatly appreciated.
    Thanks for the answer - no she's not on any medications right now.

    • ANSWER:
      She may have to go back 4 more work on what she had done.She needs An ERPTO to detect residue stones or damage to the duct bile, caused by the stones b-4 they were removed.Sometime the Ampulla of vatar is too tight 4 the bile to flow through & causes symptoms until it's opened up.I hope all will go well with her.Please tell her to get checked.

  23. QUESTION:
    Who can be my Dr. House? I have a mystery illness...?
    I will make this as short as possible. I am a 26 yr old female, in good shape and eat well. Ive had my gallbladder and appendix out. In march I came down with shingles (horrible pain). Two months later I had it again (sick all the while in between with every passing illness). In june I had a horrible sinus infection thing (maybe flu), I made lobster for my husband while I was recovering and had an anaphylactic reaction to it. Went to the doc to get tested, and had anaphylaxis from that. I had recurrent reaction 4 hours later when the meds wore off, then again in walmart days later from no known allergen. They put me on steroids, which took 6 weeks to taper off of and I was so sick I couldnt hardly do anything the whole time. I have had shingles twice again since. Every three weeks I get sick as a dog. I have this recurring illness no one can explain. Here are my symptoms

    -Swollen glands (esp on the right side, and my face swells on the right side when I sleep)
    -Ringing in my right ear, which comes and goes
    -Extreme fatigue, I am falling asleep sitting up when I slept great lastnight!
    -Stress intolerance
    -Tight lungs, I feel like I am having a constant mild asthma attack
    -Wierd symptom, but the asthma attack thing and coughing happens worse just before every bowel movement.
    -Joint pain, most especially wrists and knees. Much worse when I am tired.
    -Muscle aches, mainly lower back and legs
    -Random low grade fevers (99.0-99.6 and Im normally in the 97.'s)
    -Panic attacks (which I have never had before all of this)
    -Skin flushing
    -Pain where my liver is, and it is very tender to palpation
    -Chest pain, bilateral. Only prominent when all of my glands swell (esp inguinal glands which make it difficult to walk when they hurt so bad)

    I currently have all of these, but I now also have developed this skin rash I have had for two weeks. It looks like measles or roseola, but is not either. My primary care doc doesnt know what it is.

    Here are my labs
    CBC, CMP are fine, all within limits
    ANA neg x 3 checks
    Urine HIAA normal, but chromagranin A 86, then recheck 61.
    Rheumatoid factor of 11, normal is below 10. But most people don't have it at all.
    All other autoimmune labs are normal
    Serum tryptase (for mast cell disorders) is normal
    Halter monitor shows PAC's and PVC's, but I was cleared for cardiac
    Lung function tests shows 9% improvement with meds, indicating bronchospasms
    Labs are still out for lyme disease and chronic mono

    My mom has Sjogren's, which they said is a big possibility for me. But the rheumatologist just blew me off and told me to come back in a couple of years so my labs will be more indicative. Frustrating.

    In between these spells, I feel about 90%. Not much really bothers me and I have tons of energy, as I have my whole life. But every couple of weeks I am convinced I am dying of something. I am miserable, and it is really effecting my life. Then it goes away and I am okay. Someone tell me they have been through this and survived!!!
    By the way, the specialist I have been to include
    my primary care doc
    2 allergy specialist
    an endocrinologist
    a rheumatologist
    a cardiologist
    I am asking because they are stumped

    • ANSWER:
      A lot of people have been through this (or similar) and survived.

      Sounds an awful lot like Lyme disease. But the test they gave you (the ELISA) may well come back negative--because that test is highly unreliable, and often comes back negative, even when the person most definitely has Lyme disease.

      Recommend you read up at the following websites and see if anything here rings a bell for you:

      Good sources of info about Lyme disease:
      http://www.lymedisease.org
      http://www.ilads.org
      http://www.canlyme.com
      http://www.lymeinfo.net
      http://www.lymediseaseassociation.org
      http://www.lymenet.org
      http://www.igenex.com
      http://www.lymedoctor.com
      http://www.touchedbylyme.org
      http://www.facebook.com/lymedisease.org

  24. QUESTION:
    NEED HELP PLEASE 4 HEALTH 1.Which of the following are carcinogens commonly found in tobacco smoke?
    1.Which of the following are carcinogens commonly found in tobacco smoke?

    A.Cyanide, formaldehyde, lead, and vinyl chloride
    B.Arsenic, nickel, benzopyrene, and polonium
    C.Cloves, bidis, and kreteks
    D.tobacco smoke does not contain carcinogens
    2.A pipe smoker who does not inhale

    A.is safe from many of the dangerous chemicals found in tobacco and smoke.
    B.is using a flavored product called a bidi.
    C.does not take in tar and nicotine, whereas a cigarette smoker does.
    D.absorbs nicotine and other chemicals through the inside of the mouth.
    3.Some people believe that smoking only one or two cigarettes will not harm them. However, all of the following are early effects a person can experience from smoking EXCEPT

    A.liver damage.
    B.nausea and dizziness.
    C.clothes and hair that smell smoky.
    D.shortness of breath.
    4.Which of the following is not a symptom of chronic bronchitis?

    A.Swollen lining of the airways
    B.Mucus and coughing
    C.Difficulty breathing
    D.High blood pressure
    5.Which of the following does not correctly complete the sentence? ”When tissue in the lung is exposed to cancer-causing chemicals from tobacco…”

    A.the lung deforms and turns black.
    B.the tissue can never recover from the risk of disease.
    C.cells can grow out of control and form tumors.
    D.the risk for developing lung cancer increases.
    6.Which of the following is not a long-term effect of smoking on a person's physical appearance?

    A.Yellow teeth
    B.Wrinkles
    C.Yellow fingers
    D.Increased muscle tone
    7.Which of the following statements about tobacco and associated health problems is true?

    A.Only smokers can get cancer from tobacco.
    B.Smoking can lead to low birth-weight babies.
    C.Smokers usually recover from flu and other viruses faster than nonsmokers do.
    D.Smoking affects only the heart and lungs.

    • ANSWER:
      1 - A
      2 - D
      3 - A
      4 - D
      5 - B
      6 - D
      7 - B

      i think

  25. QUESTION:
    Misdiagnosis nightmare. What can I do? No hope left?
    My insurance expired months ago. Right when it did I got sick. Thinking it was the common flu I waited a little more over than a week - sleeping all the time because of the extreme pain I was in. It eventually got so bad I went to the urgent care. In urgent care the physician found a "throat infection". It was not looked into any further. He said, " it looks like you are dehydrated and have a throat infection". I was prescribed antibiotics, the antibiotics did not work. (I've done some research myself since I cannot get any help from these doctors and suspect (could be wrong) I am one of those adults who may have chronic mono) a disease that is apparently virtually incurable, can be controlled by steroids, and has a habit of coming up negative on tests even if you do have it .

    Eventually - I got so sick I was sent to the ER. The doctor could not find anything wrong but mentioned how the steroid he gave me seemed to calm me down. I think he attributed this to a general anxiety problem because this DOUCHEBAG of a doctor cursed my medical records with a diagnosis of "altered mental state". I suspect it's because he saw my medical history of getting treated for major depression back in 04. Does he believe that just because he couldn't find anything - there's really nothing wrong? This jerk has condemned me to a life of hell. Yes, I made one mistake of immediately not picking up my insurance within a week. But I know alot of people who have done that. Every doctor I visit in the future will not take me seriously. Nobody will insure someone with a diagnosis of "altered mental state". And the worst part of it is, I've literally been able to feel physical symptoms indicating an inflamed liver and spleen. My GP mocked me after leaving the emergency room when the doctor told me he was going to give me a spinal tap. He says to "stay still or else you will be paralyzed" I vehemently refused because it was pretty obvious to me that I was going to be paralyzed since I was experiencing uncontrollable muscle spasms that had nothing to do with my mental state.

    This is hopeless. So now its basically choosing between being potentially homeless and drowning in medical bills or to lay at home and die?

    • ANSWER:

  26. QUESTION:
    STD questions!! help please i hate reading and learning about this stuff XD lol?
    Genital Herpes
    1.How is genital herpes transmitted?

    2. Some people are infected with the herpes virus, but have no symptoms of the disease.
    True/False

    3. There is no cure for genital herpes, but it can be treated by:

    4.Symptoms of genital herpes include:

    5.Complications from genital herpes include:

    Gonorrhea

    6.Gonorrhea can be passed from the mother to her baby resulting in blindness and life-threatening blood infection in the baby? True or False

    7.In men, there are no symptoms or side effects if Gonorrhea is contracted. True or False

    8.Which female reproductive organs may be affected if Gonorrhea is transmitted to a woman?

    9.Symptoms of Gonorrhea will always appear within men during the first 7-10 days after exposure to the Neisseria gonorrheae bacterium? True or False

    10.Symptoms of gonorrheal infection include:

    11.Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that has no cure. Once a person has been infected, he/she will always have Gonorrhea and can pass it to another person. True or False.

    12.In women, Gonorrhea is a common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). What are symptoms of PID?

    Hepatitis C (HCV)
    13. Hepatitis may be transmitted when a person has had a blood transfusion and/or ever injected street drugs. True or False

    14. It is possible to have chronic Hepatitis C and not feel sick. True or False

    15. The part of the body most impacted by Hepatitis C is:

    16. There is currently a treatment for babies born with Hepatitis C. True or False

    17. What are ways to prevent contraction of Hepatitis C:

    18. Having unprotected sex with a Hepatitis C infected partner, may put you at risk for contracting HCV. True or False

    19. What are 4 symptoms related to Hepatitis C?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

    20. How would going to a tattoo artist put a person at risk for contracting Hepatitis C?

    21. There is a treatment and a cure for Hepatitis C. True or False
    22. Over time HCV may lead to cirrhosis of the liver. True or False

    Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
    23. HPV is the most commonly sexually transmitted infection. True or False

    24. Symptoms of HPV include:

    25. High-risk HPV can lead to:

    26. There is no treatment for HPV, although it usually goes away on its own.
    True or False

    27. Someone can have HPV for years without knowing they are infected.
    True or False

    Syphilis
    28. Syphilis is transmitted when a person has oral, anal, or vaginal sex and comes in contact with a chancre (syphilis sore)? True or False

    29. The incubation period for Syphilis is:

    30. If the person is in Primary Syphilis he/she will USUALLY have what symptom(s)?

    31. During Latent Syphilis an infected person will show many symptoms including flu-like symptoms. True or False

    32. The long term health consequences during Latent Syphilis include damage to the brain, nerves, eyes, and heart. True or False

    33. The cure for Syphilis is:

    34. During pregnancy the syphilis bacterium can infect the unborn baby depending upon how long she has been infected. How does this affect the unborn baby?

    35. Syphilis has symptoms which look like many other diseases. Because of this Syphilis is often called:

    • ANSWER:
      Gee, why don't you try doing your own homework.

  27. QUESTION:
    What do I need to eat prior to kidney function testing?
    My endocrinologist is concerned about my Co2 level, and recommended I see a nephrologist for testing of renal function. I've been online scaring myself senseless learning about Chronic Kidney Disease, indications of which fit many of my previously-idiopathic health symptoms perfectly.

    The problem/explanation?

    I'm anorexic, and have been off and on for ten years. If, for instance, one test is used to determine protein levels, what does it mean for the test if I haven't eaten since November?

    Here are my numbers- labs not mentioned were within ref. range.

    CBC w/ Diff:
    RBC- 5.30 (3.87-5.11)
    Hemoglobin- 15.2 (12.0-15.0)

    BMP:
    Co2- 12 (19-32)
    BUN- 4 (6-23)

    Liver Profile:
    Bilirubin, Total- 1.5 (0.3-1.2)
    Indirect Bilirubin- 1.2 (0.0-0.9)

    NOTES:
    Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio 3.2 < ----- 1/2 avg risk for women
    Glucose- 75 (70-99) <----Normal
    BP- 81/56 <---- Low

    My bilirubin levels have always been high, as have my mother's- mine have dropped significantly since I've lost weight.

    • ANSWER:
      You really, really need to ask the lab what dietary restrictions are necessary, if any. I don't remember having any restrictions when I was just getting my kidney functions tested.

      While you're on the phone with the lab, ask them about the urine collection "hats" for women, if you're female and have problems peeing into a cup. The "hat" is a plastic thingamajiggy that is place over the toilet bowl, and you pee into it instead of the toilet. For those of us who don't have built in urine aiming devices, they're much easier to use.

  28. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me if this is seizure activity or collapse?
    My dog is a bit of a mystery right now for my vet. He's got several issues going on. His external symptoms are off and on lethargy, and collapse or seizure activity... this has been going on for about a year with weeks and months in between episodes. We recently brought him for 2 days of vomiting and diarrhea. We then found out he has all kinds of things going on inside... his kidneys were failing, he had anemia, and his liver enzymes were elevated (but not overly). My vet believed it was Chronic Kidney Disease. He was immediately put on IV fluids for 4 days, and his numbers came down drastically almost instantly. He was also administered antibiotics while there. She sent us home with Sub-Q fluids, and Denamarin (for his liver). He was doing so well! But then he had another seizure or collapse. We have had so many tests done now... he does not have Cushing's, his SNAP test was negative, Lepto test was negative. What was strange was that his cortisol was low... although he did have a response to the ACTH test so he couldn't be diagnosed with Addison's. His electrolytes were normal, but his Na/K ratio was borderline. So my vet started him on Prednisone.
    He never had appetite issues. He always ate normally. He also never drank more than normal the way a CRF dog would. He's been doing so well... but then last night again he had an episode. This time I actually caught a video to show my vet so she can see whether it is seizure activity or a collapse, but the office is closed all weekend. So I'm hoping someone online could recognize this, and help me out...

    http://s10.photobucket.com/albums/a126/petesgirl/?action=view&current=MOV06885.mp4

    This happened late at night around 11:30 pm. He was woken up out of a sound sleep, jumped up and started barking. He then fell (almost off the chair). He just fell limp. During this episode which lasted for about a minute, his breathing was normal, and his eyes did not seem to be darting
    around, but just looking around at each of us while we were filming. He couldn't move his body it seemed. We tried calling him, and he reacted by lifting his head, but seemed weak, and laid his head back down. Then he all the sudden seemed to snap out of it. About 5 minutes later he
    seemed alittle drowsy, and not entirely himself. He was shaking, and seemed alittle scared. Then a few minutes later he fell back to sleep. Now today, he seems EXTREMELY tired, like he can barely keep his eyes open. When he is awake, he seems sort of dazed, glassy eyed, and shakes. He also seems more aggressive.
    Please if anyone recognizes this please let me know... I want to get my little guy better.

    • ANSWER:
      Has your vet considered Syncope? Has he had an ECG done?

  29. QUESTION:
    health questions?
    fat soluble vitamins - dont build up in the body, are absorbed by fat, a lot are needed by the body, or pass easily through the blood stream

    tiny air sacs in lungs destroyed and breathing becomes harder by a disease known as - lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, emphysema

    carbon monoxide is present in blood and boday tissues and cells are deprived of - hemoglobin, carcinogens, iron, oxygen

    nicotin causes addiction and - acts as a stimulant, is a carcinogen, competes with oxygen , or destroys cilia

    a symptom of alcohol poison is - irregular heart beat, or increased respiration

    liver tissues replaced with useless scar tissue is - fatty liver, alcoholic hepititis, cirrhosis, or fetal alcoholic syndrome

    tar contained in tobacco smoke is harmful to the lungs because -
    it clogs blodd vessels, paralyzies cilia, its a stimulant, or its addictive

    a disease caused by a virus is - tuberculosis , malaria, or influenza ringworm...

    plz help..... :)

    • ANSWER:
      - are absorbed by fat
      -emphysema
      -oxygen
      -acts as a stimulant
      -increased respiration
      --cirrhosis
      -paralyzies cilia
      -influenza

  30. QUESTION:
    Looking for the best way or place to find out what has made me extremely ill for years now?
    Ok...I am close to a 30 year old male. I have been extremely ill for 3.5 years with many non-specific symptoms. Lyme Disease fits more than anything out there and for a couple months I was responding to a Lyme treatment so well I felt like I was almost cured within 3 days of using iv antibiotics but when my liver enzymes elevted on my weekly test, the Doc. told me to stop for one week to give my liver a break. (This was 1 year ago by the way.)
    So when I stopped treatment temporarly I just crashed back to being super ill.
    I was put back on the antibiotic after 7 days and for the next 2 months it never started helping again!!! My picc line or iv tube was then pulled by my doc for 2 reasons being, 1. It was no longer working & 2. I had addmitted to using some drugs in highschool & the doc decided that because of this he would not replace the tube down the road to try it again because he couldn't be gauranteed that I wouldn't use the port to inject illicit drugs. My drug use was 10 years ago & I'm not proud of it but now I'm fighting for my life almost literally it's that bad & after 2.5 years and about 60 doctors later the only thing that ever work was pulled just like that!
    The main reason is liability of my Doc. Which I understand especially because he is what they call a LLMD, (Lyme Literate Med. Doc.) & is was allready risking his licensce and clinic for treating me because chronic Lyme is basically taught to mainstream Docs. As non existent and the clincher here for me is that I have been for the most part, bedridden this whole time yet my blood work/labs come back normal for everything it seems.

    So if anyone even took the time to read this I want to thank you but if you care to comment then here are my main points/questions:

    1. I understand that many ppl suffer in life & sadly never get a diagnosis but I not only am suffering in a way that makes almost every living moment of my life almost completely unbearable, I have shown tremendous improvement with specific treatment no matter what my illness but doctors won't risk treating me without a positive test for something SO...

    Question 1b. Knowing or not knowing all those details, if you were suffering as badly as I claim not knowing what is truly wrong & besides going to Mayo Clinic, were would the best place in the world be to try & figure out what is wrong or who to ask(not just my doctor)?
    I will go anywhere & do anything (almost anything) to try and get just a bit of improvement in my health!
    2. What rights do I have or where do I find out?
    3. Shouldn't there be a way around the whole drug use history like a legal waiver or something?

    I just am looking for any serious advice and I just realized I think I'm only supposed to ask one question at a time and I know this was super long but how else do I get out my story to somebody in this world who might just have the one answer I need and really I meant to just ask one main question: is there somewhere, someone or something at all out there to try and help someone like me???
    I appoligize for the length of this but would sincerely be blessed by anyone who may have some kind of answer!

    Thank you and God Bless!
    2.

    • ANSWER:
      Try to write out one main symptom and put it on alternative medicine, there are sites
      on-line from people who have done things and they worked. If you do have some money,
      I'd recommend two areas, 1. a naturopath and 2. a Chinese doctor with acupunture technique.
      Sometimes Chinese doctors are covered under medical and can do this also. Chinese
      culture has been around for a lot longer than Western Medicine and over there, they're
      not into money, but health. Try one of these things. But try to track everything the
      way you're doing.

  31. QUESTION:
    Please ur opinion about my condition?
    Last i have been diagnosed to be HB +
    i'm in good health condition.I don't have any symptom.
    i don't suffer from any medical disease.i'm 26 years old male.i'm not smoker&i never drink alcohol
    The problem is high levels of SGPT (348 u/l) &SGOT (116u/l).
    I don't feel sick but i lost 6 kgs in 3 months inspite of my appetite is normal.I'm now 61 kgs
    Should i receive antiviral therapy like Zeffix or interferon alfa?
    Loss of weight may be related to chronic hepatitis??
    My condition is most probably chronic active or persistent hepatitis?
    Do u advise me to do liver biopsy??

    • ANSWER:
      Have you actually had a blood test done specifically for Hepaititis B? If not I would suggest you consult with your medical doctor and have a complete Hepatitis Profile performed on a blood sample. An elevated SGOT could be a bone problem. There are a number of conditions that could cause elevated liver enzymes not necessarily due to Hepatitis A,B or C. Some medications even tylenol can cause elevated levels. Rather actually Hepatitis B or just elevated liver enzymes I would suggest asking your doctor about doing an ultrasound of the liver if one has not already been done before I resorted to a biopsy unless your physician strongly recommended a biopsy. Any time you can avoid an invasive procedure the less your risks for further infection.

  32. QUESTION:
    My father has Hep C. , yellow eyes, bloating etc.. Refusing treatment?
    My father ( 49 yrs old) was diagnosed with Hepatitis C at least five years ago, maybe more and also told that his liver was enlarged. He quit drinking about 3 or 4 years ago. He was a very heavy drinker and drug abuser. Last year he had x-rays done that showed that his liver had lesions (about 6?) and that his liver was enlarged ( I have no idea if it was the same as when he was first treated or if the swelling had increased) He seemed to be sorta okay healthwise for the last few years except for chronic hemorrhoids, very dry looking pale skin and excessive lip smacking (don't know what that is about..) Over the last few weeks he has been extremely fatigued, having sharp pains in his right abdomen every few minutes and last week we noticed that his eyes are VERY yellow..His tongue is very white..Is that a symptom of Hep C or something else? He has some emphysema and I suspect COPD... Is this disease fatal? I mean, I know it can cause liver failure, liver sclerosis, hepatomegaly, etc.. What I dont know is how far advanced his case is. He is not too fond of medical help... I am trying to convince him to see a doctor.... If you have an educated opinion on this disease, please give me some advice/ answers. Is he dying??? If you are going to post things like " make him go to the dr" or " I don't know" or " any other asinine answer, please kindly refrain. I know that this site is not a panel of experts but I am at a loss until I can convince him to let me get help for him. Thank you in advance for your help.
    I forgot to add that he is also vomiting and has diarrhea.
    I also forgot to add that he is confused a lot (like he can't think or his mind is moving slowly) and that his doc said his levels were "elevated" a few years ago.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry, luv, but the signs and symptoms you describe do indicate a severe worsening of the liver condition. I hesitate to use the term "liver failure" without a lab test to back me up, but that IS what it sounds like. A blood test of liver function (AST/ALT very elevated) could prove that. The yellowing eyes indicate the liver is not performing its task of breakdown of old red blood cells efficiently. The vomiting and diarrhea on top of the other symptoms mean his electrolytes will get skewed and only hospitalization can correct this worsening clinical picture. For example, the body cannot conserve potassium; if his levels get too low he could experience heart problems as well. Other elements (sodium, etc.) are critical as well. He also sounds severely dehydrated.

      With your additional details, the mental condition is probably from elevated ammonia levels, which causes a kind of encephalopathy-- fancy word for altered brain function (can't think clearly, impaired judgment, etc.). This also needs treatment with an ammonia binder like lactulose.

      It would probably take too long to have him declared mentally incompetent so that the family can initiate treatment for him, but you could explore this with a social worker. His judgment is definitely impaired at this time.

      I sincerely hope he will listen to your advice and allow himself to be hospitalized.
      Best wishes to you.

  33. QUESTION:
    Why am I so exhausted?
    I get plenty of sleep (about 8 hours a night). I drink a lot of water (about 3 bottles a day), and I eat a very healthy nutritionally balanced doctor prescribed diet (all organic, mostly made from scratch, no junk food or heavily processed food or caffeinated drinks). I take a woman's multivitamin, probiotic supplement, digestive enzymes, silica, apple cider vinegar shot and cod liver oil every day (as per the doctor). And I walk 2 miles every day. I don't drink alcohol and I don't take any medications at all (otc or prescriptions) so that's not what could be making me drowsy. By all means I should feel great, but instead I'm so tired I can barely get out of bed in the morning and feel like I'm half asleep all day. I will also have "episodes" during the day where everything starts sounding weird and the room begins "shifting" and my vision goes in and out until I cannot stay awake no matter how hard I try, and just fall over asleep. When I wake up after a few minutes, I feel totally fine. I'm baffled as to what is causing this, so is my doctor.

    I do have Crohn's disease, but neither my doctor nor I think it is the cause of my tiredness. I have had no symptoms of a flare up, and have felt really very good for the past 2 years since I adopted a specialized diet/exercise/sleep routine recommended by my doctor when medications weren't helping me (which I have not broken or slipped up on). This exhaustion thing only hit me a few months ago, but it's been getting progressively worse. They ran blood tests and urine tests, and I don't have anything that appears abnormal or too high/too low and I don't have any infections. I had a colonoscopy, MRI, and a abdominal and transvaginal ultrasound, and there is nothing that appears wrong or abnormal inside either. I'm really worried. My gastroenterologist is out of ideas for tests, and he doesn't really know who to refer me to since they can't find anything medically wrong and my only symptom is exhaustion and those weird episodes. He ruled out chronic fatigue syndrome because the episodes I'm having don't fit the bill, they're just a mystery. I am worried that whatever it is may set off my crohn's if I don't take care of it, and then I'd really have problems.

    Have any of you had anything similar to this happen to you or have any ideas on what might be going on?

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like you should be investigated for narcolepsy or other sleep disorders, like sleep apnea, which could be affecting your sleep cycle so much that you're unable to stay awake. While narcolepsy is rare, its not so rare that it's not a possibility and should definately be investigated given your symptoms.

      http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/narcolepsy/detail_narcolepsy.htm

      Your doctor should refer you to a sleep lab ASAP, as all other options that seem obvious sound like they've been investigated (B12 defeciency, iron defeciency, hypothyroidism, etc.)

      (and unrelated - I also have an amazon (BFA not DYH) named Kiwi :) )

  34. QUESTION:
    Herbal medicine for cirrhosis?
    My sister had Inherited diseases of iron disorder (hereditary hemochromatosis) from my father. This diseases damage her liver cell and her liver had a small scar (cirrhosis). She has never been drink or got chronic hepatitis B and C. But She still has gone through everday with the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis — weight loss, fatigue, sleepless, abdoment pain. Everybody has any suggestion or any different medicine such as Herbal herbs and nutritional supplements , please tell us.

    • ANSWER:
      Your sister is no doubt being followed by a hematologist for her hemochromatosis and probably gets routine transfusions. The ONLY things she should be taking are what her doctor has prescribed. I'm sure that you love her and want to help her and you may feel helpless to do so. But please do not solicit suggestions. The majority of the people who answer these questions have no medical background, no understandiing of anatomy and physiology, no knowledge of the disease process. Any advice given could be potentially harmful. The best help you can give your sister is to make sure she follows her doctor's advice, give her emotional support and assist her in her daily activities.

  35. QUESTION:
    health questions help?
    What is key to improve cancer's survival rates?

    improve people's nutrition and lifestyle choices
    more research into better chemotherapy drugs
    programs that stress early detection and intervention
    better surgical techniques to remove all cancer cells

    34. What is the disease that involves changes in the nerves and chemicals of the brain leading to memory loss, personality changes, and complete dependency?

    Parkinson's
    Alzheimer's
    Paget's
    Grave's

    35. Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby's eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive (gastrointestinal)
    circulatory (blood)
    skin (cutaneous)
    respiratory (inhalation)

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    46. Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    47. Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer's disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    48. Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not cover
    loss of physical independence which requires more assistance with the activities of daily living
    knowledge that the person will get better with the appropriate medications
    dealing with depression and grief for the diagnosis

    49. When does the HIV positive stage move into full-blown AIDS?

    when the red blood cell count rises above 7 million cells per cubic millimeter
    when the cells have metastasized from their original location to the brain
    when the heart fails to pump blood properly causing swelling and difficulty breathing
    when the T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter

    50. Which of the following is NOT a leading cause of death in the United States today?

    pneumonia
    heart attack
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus

    • ANSWER:
      ask the data from the DOH

  36. QUESTION:
    Has anybody had these reoccuring symptoms (Dehabilitating symptoms)?
    Every 42 days on the dot, I have been suffering from flu-like symtoms.

    I get intense fevers/chills that fluctuate within minutes. At one moment my fever is 104 and 15 minutes later it is 98 degrees F.

    I have gotten a sore throat every time, sometimes being so bad that I cannot swallow my own spit, but I will still be throwing up.

    I get a nagging headache that lasts the entire cycle (3-7 days)

    I get intense muscle aches that come just before the flar-ups and disappear after all other symptoms have gone.

    I have no sensitivity to light. When it first started, I had a swollen lymph node under my chin - this happened right before an attack and quickly went away.

    I also have memory issues and my thinking can be a little hazy at times.

    I get sores in my mouth when the attacks come and they are gone after the flare-up is gone.

    I have had this since August 2009. I was NOT sexually active until February 2010 and was a virgin before then. These attacks have ALWAYS been 42 days apart save for one attack that was 63 days after the previous. The attacks then continued on a 42 day schedule up until now. I am due for another attack May 20th.

    Another important note is horrible night sweats that make me move from bed to bed at night to stay dry.

    I was "diagnosed" as having Lyme disease and Babesiosis (Pathologically similar to Chronic Malaria). I have been taking antibiotics and Atovoqoune for roughly 8 months. The attacks have gotten less severe...

    There is no more naseua, sore throat is mild, the duration of the attacks has lessened from 7 days to 3-4 max. My lymph nodes never swell. My spleen and Liver have been slightly swollen but an ultrasound proved they were in fine working order. I had an Echo to check out a heart murmor but the doctor chocked that up to Lyme disease as the heart is "very healthy".

    My new infectious disease doctor DOES NOT believe I have babesia or Lyme disease. He is checking me for several viruses. my cript says RPR w/reflex, TSH w/ relfex, ANA w/ reflex, and HIV
    :(

    Has anyone had experience with this at all? I am losing trust in my doctors. I'd much rather this be babesia and lymes than AIDS. I don't know how it could be because I was a virgin for at least 6 months after these symptoms becgan and were at their worst. My doctor also says the positive for Lyme's IGm can give a false positive when IGg is a more important factor in diagnosis - his reason for saying it isn't Lymes.

    Any opinions are appreciated.
    I was going to a Lyme literate doctor. She was the one that diagnosed me originally but she was a pain in the but and not at all a good person.

    • ANSWER:
      To me it sounds like you need to find a new doctor. The Infectious Disease guy doesn't sound very knowledgeable about Lyme and Babesia at all. Your best bet would be to find an LLMD (lyme literate medical doctor) who is experienced with Lyme and it's co-infections. www.lymediseaseassociation.org and www.ilads.org are good places to find an LLMD.

      As for the IgM versus IgG - both are equally important to diagnosing Lyme. IgM antibodies represent an active, current infection while IgG antibodies only form after one has been infected for some time. You need both to get an accurate picture.

      The fact your symptoms began to lessen during treatment is key. Most LLMDs will see that as a sign the treatment was helping and should be continued. Remember, Lyme and it's co-infections are primarily a clinical diagnosis and blood tests are only supporting pieces of the puzzle.

      I wish you the best and hope you get to the bottom of things quickly!

      Edit: I'm sorry to hear the LLMD you saw was no good. I have seen several and they all have been great... like anything else though, I guess there are bound to be some that aren't good.

  37. QUESTION:
    health questions, not very many. I had 60 but i answered 45. Please help?
    Note: I have 45 out of 60 answered, these ones i need help with...

    Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not cover
    loss of physical independence which requires more assistance with the activities of daily living
    knowledge that the person will get better with the appropriate medications
    dealing with depression and grief for the diagnosis

    When does the HIV positive stage move into full-blown AIDS?

    when the red blood cell count rises above 7 million cells per cubic millimeter
    when the cells have metastasized from their original location to the brain
    when the heart fails to pump blood properly causing swelling and difficulty breathing
    when the T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter

    Which of the following is NOT a leading cause of death in the United States today?

    pneumonia
    heart attack
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus

    Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer's disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby's eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    • ANSWER:
      Thank-you for the brain exercise. These questions are always fun.
      1-3
      2-2
      3-1
      4-3
      5-1
      6-2
      7-2
      8-2
      9-3
      10-2
      11-1
      12-1
      13-3
      14-4

  38. QUESTION:
    I've been sick for 5 years, why havent my doctors checked for Cancer or even brought it up?
    I first got sick when I was 16 out of nowhere.
    It started off with Nausea, loss of appetite and dizziness.
    About a year and a half later the symptoms got less severe.
    Then I started having severe fatigue, shortness of breath, pain behind the eyes, wounds that dont heal well, purple toes, gas, occasional stomach pain, anxiety, and chronic runny nose.

    I've been to alot of doctors and they can't seem to find anything.
    I've been diagnosed with IBS..which doesnt explain anything.
    They've tested for:
    Diabetes
    Thyroid issues
    Celiac disease
    Lupus
    Adrenal issues
    Vitamin levels
    Liver blood test (I'm not sure if that included Hepatitis.)

    I have cancer in my family and I worry sometimes that my problem could be something serious... it's been going on long enough and no one can tell me whats wrong..

    I do have a cyst on my ovary and a polyp on my gallbladder...what makes my doctors so sure that they arent cancerous?

    I just wish I could get better

    • ANSWER:
      IBS can lead to worse diseases, like cancer, but let's hope you aren't there. we have had great results treating people with IBS with natural supplements: Morinda Supreme and Melia Supreme, as well as an anti-fungal diet for 2-3 weeks. Learn more about IBS at http://fibromyalgia-irritable-bowel-candida-support.com/about-irritable-bowel-syndrome.aspx

      You would be surprised how well the protocol works. We have had people recovering from cancer do the protocol and have their white blood cell count increase.

      the best of luck.

  39. QUESTION:
    I've been sick for 5 years, why havent my doctors mentioned or checked for Cancer?
    I first got sick when I was 16 out of nowhere.
    It started off with Nausea, loss of appetite and dizziness.
    About a year and a half later the symptoms got less severe.
    Then I started having severe fatigue, shortness of breath, pain behind the eyes, wounds that dont heal well, purple toes, gas, occasional stomach pain, anxiety, and chronic runny nose.

    I've been to alot of doctors and they can't seem to find anything.
    I've been diagnosed with IBS..which doesnt explain anything.
    They've tested for:
    Diabetes
    Thyroid issues
    Celiac disease
    Lupus
    Adrenal issues
    Vitamin levels
    Liver blood test (I'm not sure if that included Hepatitis.)

    I have cancer in my family and I worry sometimes that my problem could be something serious... it's been going on long enough and no one can tell me whats wrong..

    I do have a cyst on my ovary and a polyp on my gallbladder...what makes my doctors so sure that they arent cancerous?

    I just wish I could get better

    • ANSWER:
      Since you have a cyst on an ovary, I'd be suspicious of PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome). It commonly gets overlooked because the symptoms can be quite similar to diabetes, digestive disorders, autoimmune disorders, etc. The symptoms can vary greatly from person to person which makes even more difficult to diagnose. Also, PCOS can be connected to gallbladder issues which leave me to wonder if the polyp on your gallbladder is due to stones which could also cause many of your symptoms.

      Given the age of onset of your symptoms, a diagnosis would lean toward PCOS since onset is typically within a few years of starting your period.

      Good luck and take care - I hope you're able to get a diagnosis soon so you can focus on treatment and feeling better.

  40. QUESTION:
    Please help me with my science questions?
    these are questions i need to answer that i have no idea what the answers are. please help and tell me how sure you are on the questions you know.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      Part 1

      1. b , 2. d, 3. b

      Part 2

      2. gastro reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histmaine
      9. Crohn's
      10. Hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

  41. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for a mono spot test to come up negative and still have the virus?
    Ok, so not so much full blown mono, as the virus that causes it. For 2 years, I have had unceasing exhaustion, swollen lymph nodes in my neck, an almost constant sore throat and generally feel like crap most of the time. I saw 2 traditional doctors who essentially told me it was all in my head and blew me off. So I started seeing a naturopathic doctor. The first thing he did was send me for a mono spot test, but it came back negative for the antibodies. Since then, he has sent me for blood tests for everything under the sun. Every infection he's tested for has come back negative, yet I have an elevated white blood cell count. my liver enzyme tests came back with low counts (but not hugely out of the normal range) on one, and my adrenal function test came back that something was screwy with my adrenal hormones (which may just be adrenal exhaustion from being sick, this was a recent test, and he's looking into causes). Somehow, I have gut feeling I have an infection of some sort that is long standing in my body. After hours and hours of research on the Internet, my symptoms seem to match up so closely to chronic Epstien Barr (chronic mono), it's scary. I had every other childhood disease in the book, and it makes no sense why I never got EB (shown in the lack of antibodies in my blood work), considering an estimated 95% of adults have had it at some point. I am just so tired of being sick. My doctor has said he kind of leans towards the idea I have a long standing infection too, since he has ruled out so many other causes of these symptoms. My doctor said there are millions of bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral infections that could be making me sick, and it will take time to narrow it down. Not real encouraging. I want to ask for another mono spot test. I may be grasping at straws, but it seems very likely. So I'm wondering, is it possible to get a negative test even if you really have it?

    • ANSWER:
      yes its called a false positive and it happens more often than you would think .. just go get tested again

  42. QUESTION:
    Please help him with these science questions?
    i need help with these questions im stuck on

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      MULTIPLE CHOICE:

      1. B
      2. D
      3. A
      4. C
      5. C
      6. A
      7. A

      FILL IN THE BLANKS:

      1. GALLSTONES
      2. GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX
      3. HIATAL HERNIA
      4. HEARTBURN
      5. PYLORIC STENOSIS
      6. ULCER
      7. H. PYLORI
      8. HISTAMINE
      9. CROHN'S DISEASE
      10. HEPATITIS A
      11. DIVERTICULA
      12. DIARRHEA
      13. CONSTIPATION

  43. QUESTION:
    Can anyone answer these questions about science?
    please help me with these science questions. if you only know one answer then that is enough to satisfy me.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn's disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      1. B
      2. B
      3. A
      4. A
      5. A
      6. A
      7. C

      1. gallstones
      2. gastroesophageal reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histamine
      9. Chrohns Disease
      10. hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

      I'm not so sure about #2 in the first part, but think I have the rest of them right. Hope so. Next time, you must do your own homework. I'll help you out this time.

  44. QUESTION:
    Blood Test and Hepatitis concern?
    Hepatitis and blood question please?
    Hello, I found that I have Hep. B chronic. also exams result as: X-Ray (Pulmonory venous pressure and/or lung disease), CT (mosaic attenuation pattern) other CT (mosaic perfusion), Ultrasound (enlarged liver), blood hep. B and H. Pylori, Stress test (normal), EKG (normal)
    Now: another blood test - alt 85 and ast 48 (what is that means in this situation?
    My symptoms: upper abdominal chest pain (severe) with swollen on my lef side under the rib cage. Chest and back pain radiating toward lower back with some symptoms of cramp. Deep mid chest towards left pain and lack of breath (breating seems to be normal but with difficult) and tiredness.

    DO YOU THING I HAVE ANY SERIOUS CONCERN LIKE: Cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, cancer. Please give me your opnion and knowledge. appreciate if you do not send me website. I just need your knowledge and opinion - thank you very much

    • ANSWER:
      The ALT and AST tests are liver enzymes. Your ALT is very high, and your AST is slightly elevated compared to norms. This means that liver cells were damaged at the time of the test. This does not mean anything one way or another about your liver's ability to function - it only means that something is stressing or killing some of the liver cells. The cause for the cell damage could be several things, depending on what your were doing up to the night before the test. If you were drinking more than a small amount of alcohol, or taking Tylenol or prescription medication that affects the liver, you would expect these two enzymes to be elevated.

      The pains you are reporting are unlikely to have anything to do with the elevated liver enzymes - these levels commonly occur anytime a person takes Tylenol or has more than one or two drinks of alcohol. The pains could be caused by an enlarged liver or spleen, they could be from indigestion or other intestinal distress, or signs of coronary disease.

      If I were you, I would take one half of an aspirin, and call 911 or have someone drive me to the ER right away to make sure these are not signs of a heart attack.

  45. QUESTION:
    hepatitis and blood question please?
    Hello, I found that I have Hep. B chronic. also exams result as: X-Ray (Pulmonory venous pressure and/or lung disease), CT (mosaic attenuation pattern) other CT (mosaic perfusion), Ultrasound (enlarged liver), blood hep. B and H. Pylori, Stress test (normal), EKG (normal)
    Now: another blood test - alt 85 and ast 48 (what is that means in this situation?
    My symptoms: upper abdominal chest pain (severe) with swollen on my lef side under the rib cage. Chest and back pain radiating toward lower back with some symptoms of cramp. Deep mid chest towards left pain and lack of breath (breating seems to be normal but with difficult) and tiredness.

    DO YOU THING I HAVE ANY SERIOUS CONCERN LIKE: Cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, cancer. Please give me your opnion and knowledge. appreciate if you do not send me website. I just need your knowledge and opinion - thank you very much

    • ANSWER:
      From your description it sound like you have cirrhosis, (we'd worry about cancer if you had said "I'm losing weight")

      Your enlarged liver on the RIGHT SIDE may be causing what is called portal hypertension which causes venous blood backflow (like a traffic jam) to the spleen, (your spleen is on the left) it is a very vascularized organ and is probably being inflatted like a water balloon, causing you pain on the LEFT SIDE. The cirrohosis which is (the breakdown/destruction of liver cells) caused by the Hep B. virus is the culprit behind the liver enlargement.

      The reason you have chest symptoms is also due to this cirrohosis, in all that destruction of liver cell, there are protolytic liver enzymes that are released. No longer confined to the liver they may react with the inner lining of your body cavity called the pleura. This will cause the pleura to be stiffen or even inflammed, and since the liver is within proximity to the pleural lining of your lungs (ex. diaphram), you develop a difficulty to breath and pain upon breathing, because of this inflammation. It also explains in small part to your abdominal pain, but more due to the enlargement of your liver.

      Paul R. did a great job of explaining to you what the labs were for, it is important to note the numbers (normal ALT & AST are 8-20u/L), the higher the numbers are the worse condition your liver may be in.

      As for your back pain, I am concern that you may have some sort of kidney involvement. But if you are on a Hep B medication called Adefovir (Preveon) then it is a side effect of that medication. While the liver is a hardy organ and will regenerate, you need to see a good doctor and stick with the prescribed regiment.

      Also please do not drink alcohol, or take tylenol (they are process by your liver, which is on sick leave right now, and should not be stressed). Consult your doctor if you are going to take any over the counter medication including those herbal medicines. Also be careful of what you eat, especially seafood & shellfish.

  46. QUESTION:
    Gastroenterology question, PLEASE HELP!?
    For the past 8 months, I've experienced chronic abdominal pain in all 4 quadrants. It's been a shooting pain that does not seem to be associated with food. Lately (for the past week), the pain has been worse and I've had light colored, soft stools that float and don't hold together. This started a week ago but the pain started 8 months ago. Everytime I lay on my right side or lay on my stomach, I get a sharp pain right below my rib in the middle of my abdomen (maybe an inch to the right of the midline).
    Here are my symptoms:
    * sharp abdominal pain located just below my ribs and in the middle (maybe an inch to the right of my midline)
    * abdominal pain started 8 months ago but has gradually gotten worse
    * pale, soft stools. Food runs right through me.
    * quick, intermittent, shooting pain in my lower abdomen, along my beltline.

    Tests done so far:
    Celiac Disease (negative)
    CT Scan (3 small hemangiomas on liver about 1.4cm ea.)
    Abdominal Ultrasound (hemangiomas and tiny gallstone <1mm)
    Colonoscopy (negative)
    Upper endoscopy (negative, and biopsies negative)
    LOTS of bloodwork, nothing showing up

    Could this be my pancreas? There is definitely something wrong and my doctors don't seem to be concerned but yet, the abdominal pain wakes me up out of sleep and is off and on all day long. This has been gradually getting worse for 8 months so I'm very concerned. Could a problem with the pancreas cause lower abdominal pain as well as upper pain? Please help.
    Thank you. They did do an abdominal ultrasound to check for gallstones and found one small stone <1mm which is unlikely to cause pain. BUT, they couldn't see my pancreas during the ultrasound because of gas in my stomach. I also had an abdominal CT 6 months ago and nothing showed up (other than benign hemangiomas on my liver). I'm so frustrated. Thank you for your replies.

    • ANSWER:
      I have many problems similar to this going on right now. I have abdominal pain and even under my rib. I have to have my gallbladder removed and there are many movable gallstones of different sizes that the doctors have not told me where they move to. I have nodules on my lungs and adrenal gland that has to be monitored through CT scans. There is also an adenoma. ( a noncancerous tumor.) I also have a hernia and will need a screen placed in me to reinforce my abdomen and keep organs from bulging out. You may want to consider another CT scan with dye injection and an ultrasound. Good luck and I hope they can find the problem. I have problems with gas, bloating and with my bowels. Watch the foods you eat. The doctors should tell you what to eat. I cannot have surgeries right now because I still have a DVT (deep vein thrombosis or major blood clot that I was hospitalized for and treating. I now have to take Warfarin for the blood clot. The surgeon won't touch me until it is gone and I can be off the Warfarin. My surgeon has told me that my gallbladder has gotten worse and needs to come out. The CT scan should show your pancreas too. A doctor can feel a hernia nad this is a possibility. So ask for more tests and ask the doctor to feel for hernias. I wish you well and hope they can find the problem.

  47. QUESTION:
    Could we reduce chlorine in water by utilizing lemons?
    http://www.quantumbalancing.com/news/lemon%20water.htm

    Water spiked with fresh organic limes and lemons:

    1.) It is an antiseptic, or is an agent that prevents sepsis [the presence of pathogenic bacteria] or putrefaction [decomposition of tissue]

    2.) It is also anti-scorbutic, a term meaning a remedy which will prevent disease and assist in cleansing the system of impurities

    3.) symptoms of indigestion such as heartburn, bloating and belching are relieved

    4.) By drinking lemon juice regularly, the bowels are aided in eliminating waste more efficiently thus controlling constipation and diarrhea

    5.) a wonderful stimulant to the liver and is a dissolvent of uric acid and other poisons, liquefies the bile

    6.) Sufferers of chronic rheumatism and gout will benefit by taking lemon juice, also those who have a tendency to bleed, uterine hemorrhages, etc.; rickets and tuberculosis

    7.) In pregnancy, it will help to build bone in the child

    8.) potassium content, it will nourish the brain and nerve cells

    9.) magnesium, in conjunction with calcium, has an important part to play in the formation of albumen in the blood
    a.) lemon contains potassium 48.3, calcium 29.9, phosphorus 11.1, magnesium 4.4. Lemons are useful in treating asthma, biliousness, colds, coughs, sore throat, diphtheria, la grippe [flu or influenza], heartburn, liver complaint[s], scurvy, fevers and rheumatism

    10.) calcium builds up the bony structure and makes healthy teeth.

    There's more information regarding adding organic lemon or lime to water... Check the above mentioned link and page down to "Amazing Health Benefits".

    Could this be a way to reduce chlorine in our public water supply, and provide health benefits at the same time?
    http://www.stopglobalwarming.org/sgw_tellafriend.asp

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not sure, but this is a great idea.

  48. QUESTION:
    Cystic Fibrosis....do you know what it is?
    Hello,
    Please, anyone who opened this forum, read what I have to say. I'm not fake! This just means a lot to me. Yes, I'm looking for sponsors but I'm also looking to spread the awareness of Cystic Fibrosis. Not many people know of this life threatening disease.

    My Story....
    I'm a 16 yr old high school student. Every year I fund raise for GREAT STRIDES which raising money to find a cure for CF(Cystic Fibrosis).

    My little sister, Jennifer M. Hoyland, passes away on November 9, 2006 at the age of 11. She was a very positive person that loved to help people. She always held her head up high even when things weren't looking very good. You would never guess that she was diagnosed with CF when she was 6 months old.

    In February of '06, Jennifer got a double lung transplant. She got to live like a normal child and play with her friends without getting sick or stopping for treatments but that didn't last long. On a trip to Hawaii to swim w/ the dolphins for her birthday that the Make-A-Wish foundation planned for her. It was suppose to be a happy time but she got really sick. She was flown to Stanford Hospital but they didn't know what was wrong. Later, the doctors had figured out the lungs that she had came with the CMV virus. A virus that 80% of the population had but doesn't effect us.

    On October 18 of '06, Jennifer went on life support. We stayed by her side days but I had to go back to school. My mother tried to see her everyday but it was hard with no money. I remember being in class & the phone rang. My teacher told me my mother was picking me up. Instantly I started freaking out & worrying about my sister. My mother had picked up my older sister & brother before getting me but wouldn't tell me what was going on. When we arrive to the hospital we found out the doctors where performing a surgery on my sister. I still had no clue what was going on. A while later her doctor comes out. She tells us that Jennifer isn't getting better & she won't be able to survive this.

    We entered my sister's room. I just remember going to her side to try to hold her hand but all I saw was blood. I looked at Jennifer, I knew she could fight this. She was always so strong. She always got sick but fought it off! She was a strong little girl. As much as I loved to believe she was going to survive, I knew it was time. I grabbed her hand & wrote "I love you" with my fingers. I watched as the color in her face disappeared. Family started to leave the room. My mother tried pulling me away but I just held on. I didn't want to leave! On November 9, 2006 Jennifer M. Hoyland's life was taken by Cystic Fibrosis.

    What is CF?
    Cystic fibrosis is a disease that causes the body to produce thick, sticky mucus. As the mucus builds up in the lungs, it blocks the airways and promotes the growth of bacteria. As a result, patients experience chronic lung infections that cause increasing damage to the lungs.

    The mucus also may block ducts in the pancreas, which prevents digestive enzymes from reaching the small intestine. Without these enzymes, the body cannot fully absorb fats and proteins. This can lead to malnourishment and other symptoms. Cystic fibrosis also may create mineral imbalances, affect the liver and result in infertility.

    A defect in the gene known as cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) causes cystic fibrosis. Everyone inherits one copy of the CFTR gene from each parent. When both parents pass on an abnormal CFTR gene, the child will have cystic fibrosis.

    How you can help
    I'm doing a walk for CF called GREAT STRIDES. You can donate at
    http://www.cff.org/Great_Strides/RebeccaHoyland

    Not only are you helping to find a cure but your donation will be 100% tax deductible!

    Thank you for taking time to read this,
    Rebecca Hoyland

    • ANSWER:
      my 13 yr old son has it so yes i know what it is. I am very sorry to hear of your loss, keep up with the charity work one day there may be a cure x
      edit; Dr House stop pretending you are a doctor

  49. QUESTION:
    Essay Due Tommorow !!! I NEED HELP !!?
    heres the essay.. its really long but the teacher said i have another chance to make it better or else i fail !! its a persuasive essay but i need a conclusion and can u give me ideas if i missed any? PLEASEEEEE
    Before drinking a glass of alcohol have you ever told yourself that nothing can possibly go wrong with just one drink? Your answer is probably a yes. Alcohol is the number one drug of choice for teenagers. Most kids don’t realize how drinking of alcohol can affect them. 1 drink can lead to many others, and maybe even addiction. Alcohol has many affects to your life and body. For example, it can cause you to drink and drive, get diseases, and maybe even get in trouble with the law. The consequences may lead you to a disastrous future.
    One of the consequences for drinking is drinking and driving, which can lead to a life threatening accident. Many teenagers and adults don’t keep track of how much alcohol they consume, or how long it will take to were off. Many people make regretful choices when they are drunk. Studies show that about one in five drivers under the age 21 reported driving under the influence of alcohol. Alcohol loosens your inhabitations; you will most likely start to see double, it causes a slur in your speech, and you lose your sense of distance. As a result, many people get in accidents because they cannot concentrate on the road and it gets hard for them to follow or even see the street lights. In addition, when you are driving drunk you are not only causing harm to yourself but others on the road as well.
    Another consequence for drinking is the chance of getting a disease. Drinking alcohol is not only dangerous for the few hours that you are drunk but alcohol can do long term damage to your body. By drinking too much alcohol on a regular basis many people can get diseases that are easy to get but really hard to cure. For example, alcohol can have far-reaching effects on different parts of the brain and muscles, with symptoms of memory loss, in coordination, seizures, weakness, and sensory deficits. Also, if an individual consumes too much alcohol, and the liver cannot break it down, that person will probably gets alcohol poisoning which many people die from. Becoming aware of the diseases that alcohol causes makes you think before you drink.
    Alcoholism is a problem that many people have to deal with.
    Alcoholism has effected people for a long time, but more recently been addressed as a physical problem as well as a mental.
    Alcoholism is chronic illness characterized by the regular consumption of alcohol to a degree that interferes with physical or mental health, or with normal social or occupational behavior. A widespread health problem, it produces both physical and psychological addiction. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that reduces anxiety, inhibition, and feelings of guilt; lowers alertness so it will cause you to react differently towards a situation for example.. Walking around naked in the middle of a street while drink you wouldn’t think about the consequences. Alcohol can severely damage your heart, brain, esophagus, joints and muscles, liver, kidney and the list can go on and on.
    Most families have problems with one of their family members drinking and such, drinking can seriously damage your relationship with your loved ones, as drinking alcohol effects the way you think and lets you do things you don’t really mean to do.
    Another problem about drinking alcohol is addiction which can lead to debts, as you waste money on alcohol on a daily basis you will realize that the money you are using to get alcohol is hindering your life goals, also when addiction level is reached you will surely want more and do whatever it takes to get more alcohol, so either steal the money or taking loans from people which will almost certainly lead to debts. Your life will crumble little by little as you drink.
    Alcohol is a drug, and it is the drug most abused by teens. Many kids have their first drink at an early age, as young as 10 or 11 or even younger. It's easy for kids to get the wrong message about alcohol. They might see their parents drink, or watch TV commercials that make drinking look like a lot of fun. You might see people drinking and watching sports together or having a big party. So most likely when you see a parent whatsoever drinking around his/her child, you should easily know that the child will when they grow up will drink too because they see the parent drinking, so they interpret that its okay to drink. The major factor is that you're not only destroying your life, your harming yours along with many people you love and care about.
    Some mothers drink while they are pregnant, there are many illnesses that might occur to the infant in that case. If you drink heavily when your pregnant your child will run the risk of developing many behavioral problems. Teens whose mothers drank while they were pregnant are more likely to abuse alcohol

    • ANSWER:
      In your conclusion be sure to restate your thesis and reinstate your subtopics in a way which does not sound repetitive. You have a lot of good points in your conclusion make your argument sound out.

  50. QUESTION:
    Do fat people understand that Bariatric Surgery is not easy way out?
    The following is a list of possible side-effects and complications to consider before having weight-loss surgery. We will discuss these in more detail at your office consultation.

    1. Anastomotic leak (leak from a connection made to the bowel, usually requires re-operation and long hospital stay)

    2. Anastomotic stricture (narrowing or obstruction at an intestinal connection resulting in vomiting)

    3. Bowel obstruction/strangulation/internal hernia/ischemic bowel possibly needing removal (associated with pain and vomiting, usually requires re-operation)

    4. Injury to an abdominal or pelvic organ/structure (especially the liver, spleen, pancreas, bile duct, stomach, esophagus, colon, bowel, diaphragm, urinary bladder, nerve or blood vessel)

    5. Conversion to an open operation (due to bleeding, poor exposure, large liver, tension on intestines, etc.)

    6. Incisional hernia (more likely if procedure is done open)

    7. Infection or abscess (due to a leak, spillage of intestinal contents, underlying infection, etc)

    8. Bleeding and the potential need for blood transfusion. Blood transfusion carries the risk of infection with bacteria, parasites (malaria), and viruses (hepatitis, HIV/AIDS).

    9. Need for additional surgery or procedures to treat any complication that may occur

    10. Prolonged hospital stay or readmission may be needed to treat complications

    11. Deep Vein Thrombosis (blood clot in a vein)

    12. Pulmonary Embolus (blood clot going to lung, fatal 30% of the time)

    13. Atelectasis (lung collapse causing fevers, possibly pneumonia)

    14. Pneumonia, lung infection and fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion)

    15. Heart attack (myocardial infarction)

    16. Stroke

    17. Pancreatitis

    18. Rhabdomyalysis (breakdown of the muscle in the body)

    19. Pressure ulcer or decubitus (skin breakdown, may require skin grafting)

    20. Allergic reaction to anesthesia, medications or materials

    21. Nerve or ligament injury from positioning or lying on the operating table

    22. Kidney failure and/or the need for dialysis

    23. Need for ICU care

    24. Need for a ventilator (machine to help you breathe)

    25. Multi-system organ failure (liver, kidneys, lungs, etc.)

    26. Poor cosmetic results (ugly scar, keloid, unattractive incisions, contour defects)

    27. Chronic pain, discomfort, numbness, burning or tingling in the incisions or anywhere else (abdomen, back, extremities)

    28. Transient or chronic nausea/vomiting due to strictures, gastroparesis, food intolerance, etc.

    29. Dysphagia (difficulty or painful swallowing)

    30. Diarrhea, constipation, foul smelling gas and stools

    31. Heartburn (acid reflux) symptoms

    32. Ulcers or gastritis

    33. Intestinal perforation due to ulcer, foreign body, obstructed food, etc.

    34. Development of food intolerances/loss of taste

    35. Dumping syndrome (abdominal pain, heart palpitations, sweating, nausea, diarrhea)

    36. Hair loss or thinning

    37. Development of malnutrition or vitamin deficiency

    38. Anemia

    39. Metabolic bone disease (loosing calcium from the bone because of inadequate intake and supplementation) with possible osteoporosis, secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone fractures

    40. Failure to lose an adequate amount of weight

    41. Loss of too much weight

    42. Development of loose or redundant skin

    43. Sterility or inability to become pregnant

    44. Increased ability to become pregnant

    45. Birth defects or fetal injury if you become pregnant. This is less likely once weight has stabilized and laboratory tests are normal. Usually, about 2 years after surgery.

    46. Postoperative depression or other psychological reaction to surgery

    47. Need to revise or reverse the procedure at some point in the future because of nutritional deficiencies, excessive weight loss, pain or other reasons

    48. Extended disability, financial hardship as a result of complications related to weight loss surgery

    49. Parts of your stomach and/or intestines will be inaccessible by endoscopy.

    50. Death (1% nationwide) within 30 days

    • ANSWER:
      It's just amazing how thousands and thousands of people have actually survived this surgery and are now healthy and happy. How long would your list be if you listed all the things that morbid obesity causes in a person. It would be much longer and certainly more serious than those you listed. You get this surgery to save your life. It has done that for my husband who is doing just great with it. He hasn't had a single problem yet other than getting adjusted to eating the right amount to not feel so full. He has lost 80 pounds and feels great. He is so much more active and actually takes long walks all the time. His energy level has skyrocketed. He started planting a garden yesterday and doesn't need anyone to help him get down on the ground to do it which he hasn't done in many years. He doesn't get out of breath like before. His blood pressure has dropped enough to lower his medication for it. Obesity caused him to have both his knees replaced and it still bothered him. Now he no longer has any pain in his knees, and he walks with ease. Next week, we are going to start riding our bikes. I always have had to do it without him, but no more. He is going along with others family and friends. This surgery has done much more for him than anyone can imagine. I don't know why you want to keep running it down, but it is a real lifesaver to many people. Yes, there are risks. But the real question is whether or not the risks of staying obese are greater than the surgery. Most doctors will agree that obesity is the bigger risk for anyone morbidly obese. My husband loves his new life without all that weight. He knew all the risks before he had it done. It was well worth taking those risks for his good health now.


Chronic Liver Disease In Children

Glutathione is the body's master antioxidant and protects the body from various diseases. It performs multiple functions to prevent the body from developing diseases and also helps to detoxify chemicals and drugs.

On the other hand, its reducing level increases the risks of toxicity and diseases. GSH along with the other cellular antioxidants, work synergistically to neutralize and scavenge oxygen and other free radical species. Thereby it prevents or diminishes "oxidative stress".

Progression of liver diseases is contributed by deficiency of GSH and increase of free radical species. Therefore, glutathione has an important role to play in the cases of alcoholic liver disease, viral hepatitis, and particularly hepatitis C.

Various studies were conducted related to the role of antioxidants, particularly L-glutathione, in chronic liver diseases. There were reports on the levels of glutathione present in liver, blood and lymphocyte of patients with chronic hepatitis C. Few of these patients were infected by HIV too.

The liver is the major source of GSH levels in blood. It was found that GSH content in patients with hepatitis C was significantly reduced. This was interconnected with the severity of their liver disease and the ability of the hepatitis C virus to multiply. The GSH levels were found to be further more lowly in the cases of those who were HIV positive, compared to those with only hepatitis C. Patients addicted to drugs were the one's to have the lowest GSH levels.
Studies suggested that increased levels of glutathione helps to improve the response to interferon treatment in the cases with hepatitis. It was confirmed that oxidative stress occurred in patients with chronic hepatitis and the studies also showed that the levels of free radicals was correlated with the activity of the hepatitis.

In another study conducted in Italy, improved glutathione levels with high intravenous doses in patients with fatty livers, secondary to alcoholic hepatitis or viral hepatitis (B or C), were marked to show improvement in liver tests, which lasted for several months, after the GSH treatment.

It was found that there was a presence of free radicals due to oxidation of lipids in patients with alcoholic liver disease. Therefore it was concluded that oxidant stress contributes to the deterioration of the liver disease.

Studies made it clear that:

* Oxygen and other toxic free radicals, resulting from oxidative stress, occurred in chronic liver disease, which contribute to liver damage in various common types of chronic hepatitis.
* Levels of antioxidants in blood and liver, mostly those of L-glutathione, are found to be lower in these patients compared to others.
* Thirdly, higher levels of L-glutathione have shown to improve liver cell damage as reflected by standard liver tests. In chronic hepatitis C, increase of glutathione not only impairs Virus C replication but also renders interferon anti-viral therapy to be more effective.

The studies suggested that the futures of therapy of chronic hepatitis C are likely to include measures to decrease oxidative stress and injury, and the use of multi drug combinations, including inhibitors of hepatitis C virus.

MaxGXL has been proven to raise glutathione levels by approximately 250-400% in humans as proven by tests in lymphocytes. MaxGXL provides the proper nutrients needed to promote the body's own ability to manufacture and absorb glutathione.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I'm 29 w/ chronic kidney disease for 4yrs, tylenol induced liver disease 3yrs. Wil I get kidney failure?
    I recently had another kidney infection and I was wondering if I take care of myself if I will get kidney failure eventually. My infection was about 3 weeks ago and my urologist think I still may have it. If you have any exp on this please let me know. I'm a single mother of 3 children and have been very weak, tired and have lost over 50 pounds in 11 months. My last urine tests are below perhaps if you know anything about them as well.. it'd be helpful. I was also peeing blood clots brown and stringy (yucky I know). But I go next week to get an ultrasound and ct scan on my kidneys. How likely is it that I die from kidney or liver disease?

    spec gravity 1.005
    ph 8
    leukocytes 1+
    nitrates neg
    protein trace
    glucose neg
    ketones neg
    urobillnogin neg
    billirubin 1+
    blood trace

    assement 599.0

    Thanks for your help any information would be greatly appreciated.
    I recently had another kidney infection and I was wondering if I take care of myself if I will get kidney failure eventually. My infection was about 3 weeks ago and my urologist think I still may have it. If you have any exp on this please let me know. I'm a single mother of 3 children and have been very weak, tired and have lost over 50 pounds in 11 months. My last urine tests are below perhaps if you know anything about them as well.. it'd be helpful. I was also peeing blood clots brown and stringy (yucky I know). But I go next week to get an ultrasound and ct scan on my kidneys. How likely is it that I die from kidney or liver disease?

    spec gravity 1.005
    ph 8
    leukocytes 1+
    nitrates neg
    protein trace
    glucose neg
    ketones neg
    urobillnogin neg
    billirubin 1+
    blood trace

    assement 599.0

    Thanks for your help any information would be greatly appreciated.

    Okay I have had kidney disease for 4 years it was diagnosed 5/?/04. I had a kidney infection but have the disease.

    • ANSWER:
      When you said you had "chronic kidney disease for 4yrs", do you mean recurrent kidney infections? Or something else -- like being told by your doctor that you have proteins in your urine, or that your kidneys are not functioning at 100%?

      Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is actually a medical entity with a very specific set of definitions: http://www.kidney.org/professionals/kdoqi/guidelines_ckd/p4_class_g1.htm
      On the other hand, people can have recurrent urinary infections without ANY kidney disease -- their infections stay in the bladder, and never involve the kidneys themselves.

      To know whether your infections have actually done damage to the kidneys, you need blood tests (such as "creatinine" and "blood urea nitrogen") in addition to urine tests. For example, kidney failure (medically known as End-Stage Renal Disease) usually does not occur until the creatinine goes above 4 or 5 (normal being around 1). It will be very helpful if you have your blood test results.

      Finally, your urine test is consistent with a urinary tract infection, but it does not tell us whether the infection is only in the bladder, or in the kidney(s) as well.

      The ultrasound and CT scan will look at the sizes of your kidneys (kidneys damaged by severe CKD tend to be smaller), but also see if the tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder (ureters) are stretched by stagnant urine flow.

      I'm sure you will have more questions after the scans are done. Feel free to ask more questions then.

      Good luck.

  2. QUESTION:
    Bonjela is currently in the news for its content and it's risk to children...?
    If I ate it when I was younger (because I liked the taste) - do you think that it would have any lasting damage?

    (ps. I have chronic liver disease)

    • ANSWER:
      the one made for babies is apparently alright.

      The other Bonjela preparations might cause Reye's disease according to the media, but it appears you need to have a viral disease as well as using Bonjela.
      Reye's syndrome is a potentially fatal disease that causes numerous detrimental effects to many organs, especially the brain and liver. It is associated with aspirin consumption by children with viral diseases such as chickenpox.

      Bonjela and Bonjela Cool will now be clearly labelled for adults and children over 16. The packaging for Bonjela Teething Gel has also been changed.

      The firm said: ‘There have been no confirmed cases of Reye’s syndrome associated with Bonjela or Bonjela Cool, which remain safe and effective for adults and children 16 years and over.

      ‘The MHRA’s new advice does not affect Bonjela Teething Gel.

  3. QUESTION:
    I NEED HELP WITH ALCOHOL FACTZ PLZZ!!! I PICK BESST ANSWER?
    A chronic liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as:

    Cardiac sympathy

    Cirrhosis

    Pancreatitis

    Parkinson’s

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Gender, emotion, mental status, and amount of time throughout consumption are a few factors that can change the effects each time alcohol is consumed by an individual.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    All 50 states enacted a BAC limit of .08 as the legal limit for drunk drivers over the age of 21.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The following does NOT have the same alcohol content as a 12 oz. beer:

    Depends on the type of beer

    5 oz. glass of wine

    1.5 oz. of 80 proof distilled spirits (shot)

    none of the above

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The best way to avoid a dangerous situation involving drunk driving is to:

    Avoid alcohol and drugs altogether because you don’t need them anyway.

    Do what your friends tell you to do.

    Drink just a little or limit your drug intake.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    All of the following are symptoms of alcoholism except for:

    craving

    physical dependence

    tolerance (you have to drink more and more to get “buzzed.”)

    self-control

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Alcohol in the stomach…

    is partially absorbed from the stomach.

    interferes with digestion of essential vitamins and minerals.

    can lead to gastritis and ulcers from long term use.

    All answers are correct.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Drinking alcohol can effect the heart, liver, stomach, and brain.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    If you are the driver of a vehicle, there is no safe level of alcohol consumption.

    True
    False

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Moderate to Excessive Binge Drinking can cause:

    health benefits for the heart, including reducing chance of heart attack

    Cardiac Arrhythmia (abnormal rhythms) and sudden cardiac death

    reduction in blood pressure and/or chance of stroke

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Mandatory license plate revocation is ineffective against drunk driving.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ___________ are more likely to become alcoholics.

    children

    adults

    woman

    children of alcoholic parents

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Which of the following is a problem a baby may have if the mother drinks alcohol while she is pregnant?

    motor skills problems

    hearing and vision problems

    premature birth

    may include problems with motor skills, hearing and vision

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    There are less alcohol-related fatalities for 18, 19, and 20 year olds than for the population over 21.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    According to research what would be the single most effective deterrent for drinking and driving?

    Automatic license revocation

    Inability to post bail if arrested

    Jail sentence

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This law imposes potential liability on the host of a party if alcohol is served to an obviously intoxicated person or a minor.

    adult liability

    social host

    MADD law

    minor party law

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Blood Alcohol Content (BAC), is a standard used to:

    Determine what type of alcohol had been consumed

    Determine how many total drinks have been consumed

    Determine between sobriety and intoxication

    Determine how long since your last alcoholic drink

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Examples of important functional skills that are not visible to others, but are affected by alcohol, are thinking skills like evaluating risk and processing information. This means that steering, braking, lane changing, and response time could be affected in a driver that has been dr

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis
      True
      True
      Depends on type of beer
      Avoid alcohol & drugs
      Self Control
      All are correct
      True
      False
      Cardiac Arrhythmia
      Reduction of blood pressure
      False
      Children of alcoholic parents
      May include problems with motor skills, hearing, vision
      False
      Jail sentence
      Adult liability
      Determine between sobriety & intoxication
      True

  4. QUESTION:
    What is left for me to say.....?
    I typed up a report on diabetes, it is supposed to be 6 pages dubble spaced, but now i don't know what else to put, all i need is a half a page more. Thank you!

    Diabetes Type 1
    Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems using food for energy. After a meal, carbohydrates in food are broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells require insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to help use blood glucose for energy. People develop diabetes because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not respond to insulin properly, or both. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy.
    Prior to 1997, the type of diabetes typically diagnosed in young people was called juvenile diabetes or type 1. Diabetes emerging in adults was called adult-onset diabetes or type 2. Then in 1997, the official names of the types were changed to type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is the second most common chronic disease in children (after asthma). About 13,000 new cases are diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Patients with type 1 diabetes make up about 5 percent of all cases of diabetes. It most commonly appears in girls and boys when they are about 14 years old. Usually, type 1 diabetes is first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, the pancreas does not make insulin, a hormone which helps use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. The cells become starved of energy and there is an excess of glucose in the blood. People with Type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to live. Proper diet, exercise and home blood sugar monitoring are essential to manage the disease. Food and exercise must also be balanced because of the risk of hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, and hyperglycemia, high blood sugar. Both are life threatening concerns. When hypoglycemia develops, cells are not getting enough glucose. Confusion, loss of consciousness, comma and death results when the brain is deprived of glucose for too long. Hyperglycemia and prolonged absence of insulin may lead to ketoacidosis, the accumulation of ketones in the blood when the body uses fat for energy instead of glucose. Ketones make the blood acidic and slow down all body functions. Like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia can also lead to comma and death. The only cure available today for type 1 diabetes is a pancreas transplant, which is rarely done. Because both pancreas transplants and kidney transplants require lifelong use of powerful drugs to suppress immune reactions that can reject the organs, pancreatic transplants are usually done to those with type 1 diabetes who also need a kidney transplant. The side effects of immune- suppressive drugs can be severe and even worse than the disease. One or two people out of every 10 who get the surgery die within a year. Also the new pancreas is rejected by half of the people who get this operation. If the transplant fails, diabetes returns. Recently, experimental treatments with stem cells have shown some promise. For most people, type 1 diabetes is a life-long disease that can be effectively managed with insulin.

    Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
    •Urinates frequently. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream by flushing out the extra glucose in urine. A child with diabetes needs to urinate more frequently and in larger volumes.
    •Is abnormally thirsty. Because the child is loosing so much fluid from peeing so much, he or she becomes very thirsty to help avoid becoming dehydrated. A child who has developed diabetes drinks a lot in an attempt to keep the level of body water normal.
    •Loses weight. (or fails to gain weight as he or she grows) in spite of a good appetite. Kids and teens who develop type 1 diabetes may have an increased appetite, but often lose weight. This is because the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt the provide fuel to the hungry cells.
    •Often feels tired. Because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly.

    But in some cases, other symptoms may be the signal that something is wrong. Sometimes the first sign of diabetes is bedwetting in a child who has been dry at night. The possibility of diabetes should also be suspected if a vaginal yeast infection (also called a Candida infection) occurs in a girl who hasn’t started puberty yet. If these early symptoms of diabetes aren’t recognized and treatment isn’t started, chemicals called ketones can build up in the child’s blood and cause stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity- smelling breath, breathing problems; even loss of consciousness. Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken f

    • ANSWER:
      Watch out on using advice from yahoo answers if truthfulness is graded. While 80% of type 2's are overweight, only 18% of obese people are diabetic.

  5. QUESTION:
    What should be done to decrease the obesity rates? Do we want an ill nation?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence: Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers

    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    Imagine how stupid America will be....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Sources:
    http://scienceblogs.com/neurophilosophy/2010/06/obesity_linked_to_brain_shrinkage_and_dementia.php
    http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-10-16-obesity-gene_N.htm
    http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/721275
    http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/cancer/articles/2009/01/05/obesity-linked-to-ovarian-cancer.html
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Neurology/MultipleSclerosis/16922
    http://osteoarthritis.about.com/b/2009/03/29/obesity-linked-to-osteoarthritis-and-joint-replacement-complications.htm
    http://calorielab.com/news/2008/11/22/fatty-liver-obesity/

    http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm59e0803a1.htm?s_cid=mm59e0803a1_e%0D%0A
    Lib Nemesis I care about my nation.

    And if you want to remain a super power... know that our military is shrinking...

    many can not qualify

    • ANSWER:
      Stop blaming the people and hold corporations and our government accountable. Stop allowing them to to use steroids in beef and chicken. Stop regulating the produce, so that it isn't expensive to eat healthy. Change the schools back to the way they were, when you had to take Physical education everyday in all grades. Stop consolidating schools in the name of saving money, so kids have to ride a bus instead of walking to school, and finally build more parks and playgrounds.

  6. QUESTION:
    How to lower the obesity rates?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence:

    Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers
    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Oh and currently, there are 52 million americans suffering from arthritis.
    Turns out, 10 extra pounds increases the force on each knee by between 30 and 60 pounds with every step.

    Other question: How much are obesity induced diseases costing america?

    • ANSWER:
      Easy: kill all the fat people. Done.

  7. QUESTION:
    How do we decrease the obesity rates?
    How do we decrease the obesity rates?
    What should be done to decrease the obesity rates?
    Since it is estimated that 75% of Americans will be obese by 2015....

    And since obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death.

    Evidence: Child Obesity Linked to Early Death, Before Age 55
    Obesity responsible for more than - 100,000 cases of cancer per year
    Childhood obesity - linked to stiff arteries
    - linked to fewer "pleasure" receptors
    - linked to poor school performance
    - linked to more liver disease than alcohol :O
    - linked to lower testosterone levels
    - early puberty in young girls
    Teen Obesity - Linked to Later Multiple Sclerosis
    - increases risk of coronary heart disease and stroke
    - increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
    - increases risk of Alzheimer's disease
    - Diabetes
    - Dyslipidemia
    - Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
    - High blood pressure
    - can increase the risk of dementia up to 80%
    - Gynecological problems
    - increases risk of Fibromygalia
    - linked to sexual Dysfunction
    - linked to lower sperm count
    -- increased risk of many cancers

    - breast cancer
    - endometrial cancer
    - colorectal cancer
    - ovarian cancer
    - gallbladder
    - aggressive prostate cancer
    - pancreatic cancer
    - esophageal cancers
    - kidney cancer

    Obesity = brain shrinkage = stupidity ....

    Imagine how stupid America will be....

    "The researchers found that all of these OBESITY indicators were inversely
    associated with total brain volume - that is, the higher any indicator was, the SMALLER THE BRAIN VOLUME -
    and that the association between abdominal fat and brain volume was the strongest of all.
    Waist-to-hip ratio was also found to be associated with increased temporal horn volume,
    independently of other obesity indicators.
    The temporal horn is a part of the ventricular system; its volume is known to increase with age,
    and in conditions such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression and schizophrenia.
    Enlargement of the temporal horn invariably involves a reduction in the volume of temporal lobe structures such as
    the hippocampus, and thus is closely associated with MEMORY IMPAIRMENTS.

    Cancer
    "Fat cells produce estrogen, which are now known to be a factor in breast cancer and endometrial cancer.
    Fatty tissue also affects the way the body metabolizes insulin,
    which can alter how sugar is processed and how it ultimately gets to cells.

    Fatty tissue, also known as adipose tissue, produces hormones on its own that could play a role in promoting cancer cells.
    It also has been shown to produce chronic, low-grade inflammation in the body.

    Yes I already asked this question.
    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;…

    And

    are cheap additives harmful?

    is it the high fructose corn syrup? msg? is it the toxins in the meat?

    • ANSWER:
      One good way is to eliminate the government subsidies on farming and the FDA ran food industry.

      They don't make food naturally anymore, they practically soak everything we eat in chemicals, additives, subsidies, and etc.

      Almost everything in the market these days is high in sodium, subsidized materials, and chemicals which is exactly why America is so unhealthy.

      Good food is twice as expensive as the shit grown on farm subsidies.

  8. QUESTION:
    How do I deal with future in-laws I can't stand?
    To put it nicely, I can't stand my future in-laws. I adore my fiancé, and luckily I don't see them often, when we get married we will live 45 minutes away thank god, but when I do, the few hours I am with them it's like someone taking their nails and scratching the blackboard. They come across as the most judgmental, holier then thou, no personality one dimensional people I've ever come across. They think they are perfect and heaven forbid if you are not like them. Oh and they go to church and don't drink, they make that known. Me, I don't judge, though this is how I feel towards them. I come from a dysfunctional family, turned out good, have my own place, master's degree, good paying job, so I'm happy. My mother has a lot of issues, don't have money, so I've learned you accept people. My grandparents are the sane ones and raised me for half my childhood, I grew up middle class bc of them and they instilled in me what to do in life. A normal conversation at my future in-laws house is this: our house is so beautiful, comparing the square footage to the house down the block, their house is so clean, 30 min about how great their last house was, another hour about how much their high end appliances cost, back to 15 minutes about their termite problem, then about my fiancé's friends "dysfunctional" families, the father talking about his coworker who he's friends with nevertheless who lives in a trailer, how it's "trailer park trash", how can people live like this, how the people down the blocks daughter got out of rehab and her children live with the grandparents and the children will without a doubt grow screwed up, then on to how horrible their nephews new girlfriend is because she stayed out with a boy for 2 days. While they go on and on I wonder hmm, do they know I was raised by my grandparents for half my life, all the time I'm dying inside and want to blurt out maybe the people in the trailer are happy living there, along with some of my other beliefs. If I did tell them what I thought about them and their half as$ beliefs they would probably not say boo. My fiancé, thank the lord, is NOTHING like them. The most caring, non-judgmental, care free person you would ever want to meet. When I am around his family I just have to smile and nod. I can imagine what they say about me and my family behind my back bc I could imagine we are not up to their standards lol. I usually do math problems in my head, sing songs, zone out, counts the spots on the walls whenever I am around them.

    My own mother told me one day I should show my true self and basically interrupt them when I don't agree with the crap that comes out of their mouths. I don't know much about his parents upbringing but think they must have grown up with nothing since now they have this obsession with their house and things. The mother grew up in the ghetto, but of course I'm sure when she lived there it was perfect like her and his father had a gambling problem, took money from accounts, has a lesbian sister he don't talk to, a brother who had a "drinking" problem and died of liver disease, and both of his parents were chronic gamblers. Of course, all of this was told to me by my fiancé bc well if they talked about it, they wouldn't be so perfect then. How do you deal with people like this? Spend as little time as possible with them?

    • ANSWER:
      "How do you deal with people like this? Spend as little time as possible with them?"

      You remember, first of all, that when you marry a person, you marry everything about them.

      You marry their job.
      You marry their friends.
      You marry their traumas.

      ...And (drumroll, please) you marry their families.

      If your fiance's family is driving you crazy now, imagine what it's going to be when you've been dealing with them for years. And deal with them you will, unless your fiance intends to cut himself off from his family. Seriously, if you don't like them now, it isn't likely to get better over time. Considering that many marriages break up over in-law issues, I think you want to think hard, very hard, about whether you can have a happy marriage if this is what you have to deal with.

      You don't know what the future holds. It's possible that if something went wrong, there are situations where you and your fiance could end up living in the same household with some of your in-laws. If you'd rather chew your own leg off to beat them with before you'd consider living with them, you really need to be up-front with your fiance that if it ever comes to that, you'll leave him.

      FWIW, you also have to consider that whatever it is about your fiance that you love, these people who you detest had a part in making him that person. Do you think that it's possible that somewhere on down the road, you might begin to see ways that he's like them, and that that might change the way you feel about him? It may sound unthinkable now, completely preposterous, but there's truth in the saying "the apple doesn't fall far from the tree."

      My suggestion is that you and fiance have a loooooooong engagement, give yourself plenty of time to think about what you're doing and whether it's really what you want to do.

  9. QUESTION:
    How do you deal with in-laws you can't stand?
    To put it nicely, I can't stand my future in-laws. I adore my fiancé, and luckily I don't see them often, when we get married we will live 45 minutes away thank god, but when I do, the few hours I am with them it's like someone taking their nails and scratching the blackboard. They come across as the most judgmental, holier then thou, no personality one dimensional people I've ever come across. They think they are perfect and heaven forbid if you are not like them. Oh and they go to church too and don't drink too. Me, I don't judge. I come from a dysfunctional family, turned out good, have my own place, master's degree, good paying job, so I'm happy. My mother has a lot of issues, don't have money, so I've learned you accept people. My grandparents are the sane ones and raised me for half my childhood so because of them they instilled in me what to do in life. They also grew up poor and worked for what they had. A normal conversation at my future in-laws house is this: our house is so beautiful, comparing the square footage to the house down the block, their house is so clean, 30 min about how great their last house was, another hour about how much their high end appliances cost, back to 15 minutes about their termite problem, then about my fiancé's friends "dysfunctional" families, the father talking about his coworker who he's friends with nevertheless who lives in a trailer, how it's "trailer park trash", how can people live like this, how the people down the blocks daughter got out of rehab and her children live with the grandparents and the children will without a doubt grow screwed up, then on to how horrible their nephews new girlfriend is because she stayed out with a boy for 2 days. While they go on and on I wonder hmm, do they know I was raised by my grandparents for half my life, all the time I'm dying inside and want to blurt out maybe the people in the trailer are happy living there, along with some of my other beliefs. If I did tell them what I thought about them and their half as$ beliefs they would probably not say boo. My fiancé, thank the lord, is NOTHING like them. The most caring, non-judgmental, care free person you would ever want to meet. When I am around his family I just have to smile and nod. I can imagine what they say about me and my family behind my back bc I could imagine we are not up to their standards lol. I usually do math problems in my head, sing songs, zone out, counts the spots on the walls whenever I am around them.

    My own mother told me one day I should show my true self and basically interrupt them when I don't agree with the crap that comes out of their mouths. I don't know much about his parents upbringing but think they must have grown up with nothing since now they have this obsession with their house and things. The mother grew up in the ghetto, but of course I'm sure when she lived there it was perfect like her and his father had a gambling problem, took money from accounts, has a lesbian sister he don't talk to, a brother who had a "drinking" problem and died of liver disease, and both of his parents were chronic gamblers. Of course, all of this was told to me by my fiancé bc well if they talked about it, they wouldn't be so perfect then. How do you deal with people like this? Spend as little time as possible with them?

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, your mother gives awful advice. Don't take it. You don't say anything to them. Yes they are judgemental and dysfunctional, but you pointing it out to them will only make your life miserable. In fact it will probably make them happy since they will be able to trash talk you behind your back. Just do your best to smile and nod and not take anything your in-laws say to heart. They are idiots. You know that. Your fiance knows that too. That's all that matters.

  10. QUESTION:
    FRENCH HELP! PLEASE!?
    Can someone please translate the following to french?? please not one of those online translator!
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~...
    Adult stem cells are currently used for the medical treatment of:

    • Anemias
    • Cancers (multiple types)
    • Child Leukemias
    • Cornea Regeneration
    • Crohn´s Disease
    • Diabetes, Type I
    • Heart Disease, Acute & Chronic
    • Krabbe Leukodystrophy
    • Liver Cirrhosis
    • Lupus
    • Lymphomas
    • Myelomas
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Paralysis
    • Osteopetrosis
    • Parkinson´s Disease
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • Sickle Cell Anemia
    • Spinal Cord Injury
    • Stroke
    • Systemic Vasculitis
    • and more

    Based on the “The Ten Great Myths in the Debate Over Stem Cell Research” by Tadeusz Pacholczyk, Ph.D. http://www.ncbcenter.org/10Myths.pdf

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~...

    THANKS A BUNCH!

    • ANSWER:
      Les cellules souches adultes sont actuellement utilisés pour le traitement médical de:

      • Anémies
      • Cancers (plusieurs types)
      • enfant Leukemias
      • Cornea Regeneration
      • Maladie de Crohn
      • Le diabète de type I
      • maladie cardiaque, aiguë et chronique
      • Krabbe Leucodystrophie
      • cirrhose du foie
      • Lupus
      • Lymphomes
      • myélomes
      • Sclérose en plaques
      • Paralysie
      • Osteopetrosis
      • Maladie de Parkinson
      • Polyarthrite rhumatoïde
      • le syndrome d'immunodéficience combiné sévère
      • Sickle Cell Anemia
      • Spinal Cord Injury
      • Course
      • Vascularite systémique
      • et plus

      Sur la base des "Dix grands mythes dans le débat sur la recherche sur les cellules souches" par Tadeusz Pacholczyk, Ph.D. http://www.ncbcenter.org/10Myths.pdf

      Hope i helped!

  11. QUESTION:
    OK to take Extra Strength Tylenol Ultra Relief for Migraines?
    Each Tablet contains 500mg of acetaminophen and 65mg of caffeine.

    I've only ever taken tylenol once during my pregnancy. So, I know it's okay to take, but is the extra strength for migraines okay to take or is it just the regular?

    Thanks for you help!! (I've had a headache since 9 last night.. it's 5:15am now...) :(
    10 minutes ago - 4 days left to answer.
    Additional Details
    This is what the Tylenol website states...

    Keep out of the reach of children. This package contains enough medication to seriously harm a child. If fever persists for more than 3 days or pain for more than 5 days, consult a doctor. Use only as directed by a doctor. As with any other pain medicine, consult a doctor before use: -with other products containing acetaminophen, salicylates or any other pain or fever medicine -in persons with serious kidney or liver disease -if you are pregnant or nursing a baby. Chronic heavy alcohol users may be at increased risk of liver damage when taking more than the recommended dose of acetaminophen.

    So, what do you think?
    reposting... only got 1 answers... which said no only take regular.

    • ANSWER:
      As it says... contact a doctor before use... my doctor told me only regular Tylenol ...

  12. QUESTION:
    Pregnant..OK to take Extra Strength Tylenol Ultra Relief for Migraines?
    OK to take Extra Strength Tylenol Ultra Relief for Migraines?
    Each Tablet contains 500mg of acetaminophen and 65mg of caffeine.

    I've only ever taken tylenol once during my pregnancy. So, I know it's okay to take, but is the extra strength for migraines okay to take or is it just the regular?

    Thanks for you help!! (I've had a headache since 9 last night.. it's 5:15am now...) :(
    10 minutes ago - 4 days left to answer.
    Additional Details
    This is what the Tylenol website states...

    Keep out of the reach of children. This package contains enough medication to seriously harm a child. If fever persists for more than 3 days or pain for more than 5 days, consult a doctor. Use only as directed by a doctor. As with any other pain medicine, consult a doctor before use: -with other products containing acetaminophen, salicylates or any other pain or fever medicine -in persons with serious kidney or liver disease -if you are pregnant or nursing a baby. Chronic heavy alcohol users may be at increased risk of liver damage when taking more than the recommended dose of acetaminophen.

    So, what do you think?
    29 seconds ago - 4 days left to answer.
    Additional Details
    reposting... only got 1 answers... which said no only take regular.

    • ANSWER:
      You should call your doctor or nurse on call. If not available call the local pharmacy and speak with the pharmacist. I think it would be ok I took something like it when I was pregnant as well I suffered with horrible Migraines when I was pregnant. I still have them 13 yrs later.. Good luck and congrats on the baby.

  13. QUESTION:
    Celiac and Pregnancy, Crazy?
    Ok where do I start. For about 2 weeks I was experiencing some brown blood which I assumed to be my period? I finally came online and saw sometimes is could mean pregnancy but it means it's a tubal pregnancy or miscarriage. Thing is I had my period, just brown and occasionally only spots of red for almost three weeks! I let that go. I've been having sharp pains in my left and right sides and my stomach is hard as a rock and the area below the "gut" and above the vagina is hard(I've heard this is linked to pregnancy?) I've also had extreme bloating feelings and gas along with diarrhea. And as well as weird cravings and bursts of hunger, but when I eat about 15 min later prob not even I'm having sharp pains. These are all symptoms of pregnancy I'm sure we'll all agree. I've also researched some blogs with people who had the extreme bloating and sharp pains and 98% of them were pregnant.

    But, get this. My aunt was diagnosed with Celiac disease(gluten free diet, will eat away your small intestine)and it's hereditary but she doesn't even know who she could have got it from. Well let me just copy and paste symptoms I've found linked with it, I'll mark it with * If I have it.

    What are the symptoms of celiac disease?

    Symptoms of celiac disease vary from person to person. Symptoms may occur in the digestive system or in other parts of the body. Digestive symptoms are more common in infants and young children and may include

    abdominal bloating and pain *
    chronic diarrhea *
    vomiting *only just today but sick feelings I've ignored too
    constipation *NO*
    pale, foul-smelling, or fatty stool *NO*
    weight loss *NO, weight gain thats why i'm leaning toward pregnancy

    Adults are less likely to have digestive symptoms and may instead have one or more of the following:

    unexplained iron-deficiency anemia *NO*
    fatigue*NO*
    bone or joint pain *
    arthritis*NO*
    bone loss or osteoporosis
    depression or anxiety *OH YES*
    tingling numbness in the hands and feet *NO*
    seizures*NO*
    missed menstrual periods *Not sure yet, last one was brown
    infertility or recurrent miscarriage *Hope not
    canker sores inside the mouth *NO!*
    an itchy skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis * NO*
    People with celiac disease may have no symptoms but can still develop complications of the disease over time. Long-term complications include malnutrition—which can lead to anemia, osteoporosis, and miscarriage, among other problems—liver diseases, and cancers of the intestine.

    Also, Celiac disease is both a disease of malabsorption—meaning nutrients are not absorbed properly—and an abnormal immune reaction to gluten. Celiac disease is also known as celiac sprue, non-tropical sprue, and gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Celiac disease is genetic, meaning it runs in families*MY AUNT*
    Sometimes the disease is triggered—or becomes active for the first time—after surgery, pregnancy*wow it can become apparent during pregnancy*, childbirth, viral infection, or severe emotional stress*I've been crying excessively and have been real sensitive*

    Forgot to also say something important. My period finally completely stopped yesterday but now, I'm having excessive urinating and just this morning i got morning sickness.
    OK so my point of showing you all this was I'm thinking, would I be pregnant AND starting to react to Celiac?? PLease someone research this. I would go to the doctor but I just got insurance a few days ago and it's not active til Jan 14. I just wanna research this so I can go into the doctor's telling them exactly what is wrong. Question is though, should I go to the Gynecologist or my regular Physician???

    • ANSWER:
      Go to your gp. They will do a blood test for pregnancy, and you will get your answer about that very soon.
      Then, tell him or her that your aunt was diagnosed with celiac and you would like a screening test should your pregnancy test come back negative.
      You can have active celiac with little to no symptoms. My symptoms were very, very mild anemia (low normal) and migraines with the occasional stomach ache. Pregnancy is probably what triggered my celiac.

      Your Aunt got celiac from her mother and father, it is as simple as that. Her parents were carriers and gave her the genes, she had something trigger it, just like I did, just like everyone who has celiac has happen to them. Since it runs in your family, please be aware of the signs and symptoms of childhood celiac.
      Good luck!

  14. QUESTION:
    are you aware that the REAL cause of OBESITY is primarily related to...?
    "...the consumption of massive amounts of excitotoxic food additives such as MSG, low levels of Vitamin D and OVER vaccinations of children..." Studies show that when fed to newborn animals, excitotoxic food additives like monosodium glutamate and soy extract, cause obesity by damaging the hypothalamus, an area of the brain that regulates weight, and the pancreas, which regulates blood-sugar levels,...Studies show that low levels of vitamin D3 are correlated to weight regain... extensive research has shown that too many vaccinations results in immune over-stimulation in the pancreas, causing diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome, a series of risk factors such as high blood pressure, insulin resistance, and high cholesterol.
    “Contributing to this is the massive consumption also of high-fructose corn syrup, high-sugar diet, [and] lack of exercise,”...
    Obesity is such a dangerous condition because it produces chronic inflammation throughout the body, which leads to cancer, heart disease, degenerative brain disorders, disease of the liver and gall bladder, anxiety, and depression...
    • Avoiding excitotoxins by preparing your own food
    • Increasing vitamin D3 intake
    • Eating lots of fruits and vegetables
    • Avoiding over-vaccination and spacing apart the vaccinations you and your children do receive
    • Increasing your physical activity
    • Avoiding soft drinks sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup
    “If you do all of those things, almost everybody will lose weight, and they’ll prevent the diseases associated with obesity,” ...

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sure there is some truth to that. All these man-made and processed products can't be good for the body in the long run but obesity these days is also just caused by people being LAZY and not having the will to back away from the table.

  15. QUESTION:
    Hello.. May you revise a little these my four summaries?
    1. Smoking
    Tobacco arrived to Europe from America at the end of the 15th century. After 1950s the dangers of smoking were officially fixed. The number of smokers in Britain has reduced in last years, but cigarettes kill around 114,000 people in the UK every year (some die because of cigarette-related cancers, others from cardio-vascular or chronic lung diseases). Luckily there are several organizations, such as "ASH", which make people conscious of the health risk correlated to smoking.

    2. The dangers of alcohol
    A lot of people, who drink, have no serious problems but alcohol can cause harm. We can have a look to some facts and statistics:
    - In the United Kingdom 1 adult in 25 depends on alcohol;
    - About 900,000 children live with one parent or both, who misuse alcohol;
    - We estimate that 20 - 30 per cent of all accidents are related to alcohol;
    - A misusing of drinks can cause liver, heart and stomach problems.

    3. Britain and the "binge drinking" culture
    Binge-drinking is when some people decide to drink so much that they'll get drunk. In the United Kingdom above all university students, high school seniors and people in the military are considered to be "classic" binge-drinkers. Luckily some researches say that binge-drinking is actually declining in the US and in the UK too, but media attention is increasing; but, according to other studies, young people drink earlier than in the past. At last binge-drinking means to cause harm to oneself, because you'll have a terrible hangover the next day and not be fine to do anything.

    4. Drugs in the United Kingdom (If you want, here you may add something more.)
    In the United Kingdom more than a third of people have tried drugs in their lives; that equates to 19 million people who have used drugs in their own lifetime. Certainly cannabis is the most popular drug, while a recent trend is the rise of cocaine use. Finally crack and heroin aren't (ain't) so widely used as cocaine.
    I'm Italian :-)
    to Sarah: Thank you very much! :-) :-)

    • ANSWER:
      you did a really good job. here are a few suggestions that might make it sound better:

      Smoking
      Tobacco arrived to Europe from America at the end of the 15th century. After 1950s the dangers of smoking were officially RECOGNISED. The number of smokers in Britain has reduced in RECENT years, but cigarettes kill around 114,000 people in the UK every year (some die because of SMOKING-related cancers, others from cardio-vascular or chronic lung diseases). Luckily there are several organizations, such as "ASH", which make people conscious of the health riskS correlated to smoking.

      2. The dangers of alcohol
      A lot of people who drink have no serious problems, but alcohol can cause harm. We can have a look AT some OF THE facts and statistics:
      - In the United Kingdom 1 in 25 ADULTS depend on alcohol;
      - About 900,000 children live with AT LEAST ONE PARENT who ABUSE alcohol;
      - We estimate that 20 - 30 per cent of all accidents are related to alcohol;
      - THE MISUSE of drinks can cause liver, heart and stomach problems.

      3. Britain and the "binge drinking" culture
      Binge-drinking is when some people decide to drink so much that they'll get VERY drunk. In the United Kingdom above all university students, high school seniors and people in the military are considered to be "classic" binge-drinkers. Luckily some researches say that binge-drinking is actually declining in the US and in the UK too. But media attention is increasing, AND according to other studies, young people drink earlier NOWADAYS than in the past. FIANALLY, binge-drinking means to cause harm to oneself, because you'll have a terrible hangover the next day and not be FIT to do anything.

      4. Drugs in the United Kingdom (If you want, here you may add something more.)
      In the United Kingdom more than a third of people have tried drugs in their lives; that equates to 19 million people who have used drugs in their lifetime. Certainly cannabis is the most popular drug, while THERE IS a recent trend IN the rise of cocaine use. Finally crack and heroin aren't AS widely used as cocaine.

      i cannot think of a place where you would need to use the word "ain't". it isn't widely used so i would avoid it :)

  16. QUESTION:
    Is my speech good enough?
    I need your help to make my speech a little bit better because I have to share this with my class and also I need a good grade cause I have really bad mark in my L.A. So here is my speech.

    McDonald

    Good morning/afternoon, Ms. Goodenough and fellow classmates. Today I would like to tell you about the truth and the facts behind McDonald. McDonald is spreading in our society today and every few months we hear about how a study has shown that it is bad for us or good for us. What are we to believe? I'm going to talk about how the company began and it's facts, the positive side on McDonald, and the negative sides on McDonald and impacts when eating McDonald for 30 days.[5]

    The company began in 1940, with a restaurant opened by Dick and Mac McDonald in San Bernardino, California. It all began when the brothers, Dick and Mac opened a hot dog stand called The Airdrome at the airport in Monrovia, California on 1937, then the brothers moved their stand to San Bernardino, California, where they first opened the first McDonald's restaurant, on U.S., route 66, at 14th and E Street, on May 5, 1940. The McDonald brothers begin to franchise their restaurant, with, Ray Kroc their first franchise. On 1963 Kroc made a children's show on WRC-TV called Bozo the Clown, after the show was canceled they made a new mascot, named Ronald McDonald. McDonald's restaurants are found in 119 countries and territories around the world and serve nearly 47 million customers each day. McDonald's operates over 31,000 restaurants worldwide, employing more than 1.5 million people![5]

    Now to the good news. McDonald has some good things like cheap food, if you buy a meal there it only cost less than 10$ or even 5$. It is worth it because their foods taste good and some of them are healthy. McDonald's menu has any kinds of alternatives like the beverages, breakfast, condiments, desserts/snacks, sauces, sandwiches, french fries, and salads. McDonald is also good because they do charity work for the children that needs help, they registered charities that help improve the physical and emotional quality of life for children with serious illness, chronic conditions and disabilities, and their families. Their restaurant are good for young kids because it is child friendly, they have toys for the kids to play with,they have the Happy Meal, along with the play land for the kids to in joy.[5]

    Lastly, the negative effects and the impacts. When eating for a month, for example when you eat 3 meals per day, McDonald can cause your liver to fat liver, makes your cholesterol high like in the 2 hundreds, depression and make you feel exhausted, in larger effects, McDonald can cause you to have 2 times the heart disease and heart failure, massive cravings and head aches. McDonald foods also carries LOTS of trans fat! and did you know that one medium fry has 5 grams of trans fat? That's more than you should even have in a day. Eating more than 5 grams of trans fat in a day increases your risk by 30% of getting a heart disease. The impact, Super Size Me, a documentary film by and starring Morgan Spurlock. When Morgan began the experiment, he was increasing stomach aches in the process in day 2, after 5 days he found himself depression, lethargy, and head aches which relieved by the McDonald meal. He also gained 24.5 pounds for the whole experiment (185.5 pounds to 210 pounds). [6]

    You can see that McDonald can have both positive and negative effects on our health and well-being. The bottom line is that if you eat your meal regularly, you don't have to worry too much. So the next time you eat that second or third meal, think first whether this will be healthy for you or not? Now at least you know what McDonald is doing to you and what isn't doing to you. Now, here is my question for the honourable judges, audience, teachers,quests, and fellow classmates 'Should people eat McDonald?'[5]

    SO SORRY IF YOU HAVE TO READ THIS MUCH!!

    • ANSWER:
      Seems ok, but the speech just seems so casual with the transitions. Too plain. It's fine though..

  17. QUESTION:
    Hand gestures and toning help!?
    I need hand gestures my speech. Here is my speech

    Good morning/afternoon, Ms. Goodenough and fellow classmates. Would you like to know about the truth and the facts behind McDonald's? McDonald's has been spreading in our society today and every few months we hear about how a study has shown that it is bad for us or good for us. What are we to believe? In the speech it will talk about how the company began and it's facts, the positive side on McDonald's, and the negative side on McDonald's.[5]

    The company began in 1940, with a restaurant opened by Dick and Mac McDonald in San Bernardino, California. It all began when the brothers, Dick and Mac opened a hot dog stand called The Airdrome at the airport in Monrovia, California on 1937. The brothers then moved their stand to San Bernardino, California, where they first opened the first McDonald's restaurant, on U.S., route 66, at 14th and E Street, on May 5, 1940. Milkshake-mixer salesman Ray Kroc becomes fascinated by the McDonald's restaurant during a sales visit. Kroc approached the McDonald brothers, who have already begun franchising, with a proposition to let him franchise McDonald's restaurants outside the company's home base of California and Arizona, with him as the first franchisee. On 1963 Kroc made a children's show on WRC-TV called Bozo the Clown, after the show was canceled they made a new mascot, named Ronald McDonald.[6]

    Now to the good news. McDonald's has some good things like cheap food, if you buy a meal there it only cost less than 10$ or even 5$. It is worth it because their foods taste good and some of them are healthy like the Grilled chicken wrap with mustard, scrambled eggs, salads with grilled chicken, diet cola, water, juice, apple slices without the caramel dip. McDonald's menu has any kinds of alternatives like the beverages, breakfast, condiments, desserts/snacks, sauces, sandwiches, french fries, and salads. McDonald's do charity work for the children that needs help, they registered charities that help improve the physical and emotional quality of life for children with serious illness, chronic conditions and disabilities, and their families. Their restaurant are good for young kids because it is child friendly, they have toys for the kids to play with, they have the Happy Meal, along with the play land for the kids to enjoy.[5]

    Lastly, the negative effects. When eating for a month, for example when you eat 3 meals per day, McDonald's can cause your liver to fat liver, makes your cholesterol high like in the 2 hundreds, depression and makes you feel exhausted. In larger effects, McDonald's can cause you to have 2 times the heart disease and heart failure, massive cravings and head aches. McDonald's foods also carries LOTS of trans fat! Did you know that one medium fry has 5 grams of trans fat, that's more than you should even have in a day. [5]

    You can see that McDonald's can have both positive and negative effects on our health and well-being. The bottom line is that if you eat your meal regularly, you don't have to worry too much. So the next time you eat that second or third meal, think first, whether this will be healthy for you or not? Now at least you know what McDonald's is doing to you and what is not doing to you. Now, here is my question for the honourable judges, audience, teachers, quests, and fellow classmates 'Should people eat at McDonald's?'[5]

    • ANSWER:
      First: You may want to reword the second paragraph so that you're not jumping from 1940 to 1937 and then back to 1940.

      Second: Gesticulations are important in interpersonal communication and should not be overlooked when giving a speech. However, the problem with hand gestures is that they can become overbearing, overused, and distracting. Therefore, the best idea is to only use hand gestures to pinpoint *important* ideas - that is, the key points that you would like to make.

      Third: While gestures are important, the most important thing in a speech (I feel) is the contact with your audience. Make sure you're looking around and devoting equal amounts of time to sections of the audience. Don't be afraid to look someone in the eye. In fact, when you're staring at the wall behind someone, it's distracting, because everyone in your audience is wondering what you're looking at.

      Bonne chance!

  18. QUESTION:
    I smell? Please help, I'm getting bullied pretty bad?
    I shower every night, I don't ever wear my clothes more than twice without washing them (like if I'm on a trip and have to re-wear an outfit), I use deodorant, I wash my hands, and I brush my teeth every night. Yet people all through 8th grade started to say U smell! They make fun of me, ruined my first ever crush, and one girl even hit me! So now I'm in high school and people are talking again! So I know something has to be wrong.

    My mom, dad, brother, and best friend said they don't notice anything. I go to a school where the kids usually have alot of money (I don't however) and they spend 0 on perfume they wear like every day. I go to Wal-Mart for that stuff.

    But here's the thing, I have many medical problems. I have MANY major, chronic, incurable, painful abdominal diseases. I have Eosinaphilic Esophagitus, I'm allergic to eggs, i have asthma, and I have a major bleeding problem from the vaginal area. I got my period last March and it was VERY heavy and it didn't stop. Eventually I got so anemic that I was admitted to the hospital. The doctor told me how lucky I was to be alive. So I have many problems "down there" and yes down there smells. I notice that even. But I don't notice it when I have, like my pants up. I always wear a pad. And I take a backpack full of medication every 4 hours. (no exaggeration, I have a small backpack. Don't worry, my liver and kidneys are being watched and they're fine so far) Among these medications I take Birth Control. If I miss one day I start bleeding dangerously within an hour of the time I was supposed to take it. This means that I have a VERY slim chance, if any at all, of being able to have children when I'm an adult. If i do, there will be manny complications and most likely me, the child, or both would not survive.

    I missed 2 months of school this year and I'm trying DESPERATELY to catch up. I'm failing, which is hard for me because I've always been an A student! I've been a victim of abuse along with my little cousins and my little brother. My grandma is dying oAlzheimer'srs and I'm under SO MUCH STRESS! I'm always sick and I'm going to have a painful life according to my doctor. Also he wrote letters to a Truancy Officer who is investigating my case (!) that stress can send me back into the hospital.

    So yesterday my friend told me quietly that people are saying I smell. I told her I have good hygiene and everything. She believes me but nobody else understands (her mom was the one who took care of me when I got my first period because we were on a school trip in Washington DC). I'm so stressed. Nobody knows how I feel! I lay awake all night screaming due to pain sometimes. Last night I just broke down, sobbing all night just yelling, talking, crying, being held, etc. by my mom anespeciallyly my dad.

    Is there ANYTHING I can dp about this smell?! It's just pushing me over the edge, the last straw. I'm starting to have no friends again. My life has been hell (not all problems are even listed) and I feel myself falling into a severe state of clinical depression. I just want to give up.

    ALSO:
    No Antdepressantsts. I can't have them. I was put on a very low dose to control muscle spasms in my body when I was a kid and had neurological problems. I couldn't walk, move my arms, couldn't breathe on my own, went into rages I don't even remember (apparently almost killing myself and my family members many times), and having hallucinations. That's all gone now but it reacted badly to chemicals in my body and the Dr. recommends no more. I feel so bad, I'm only a kid! Thank you!
    OMG you guys! You guys made me feel so much better. I felt all alone and I didn't really feel like anybody understood. but all of you guys seem to understand, want to make me feel better, and have really good ideas! My mother and I never were close (abuse distributed by her) so I never had a real mother figure to look up too. And I didn't know deodorants and perfumes could react with our body to create odor! That's so cool and weird at the same time! lol. And ya know, I forgot about B12 but I saw it on Dr. Oz once! I really appreciate you guys for reading my novel of a question and answering. It really made me feel 10x's better. I wish I could choose all of you as best answer!
    OMG you guys! You guys made me feel so much better. I felt all alone and I didn't really feel like anybody understood. but all of you guys seem to understand, want to make me feel better, and have really good ideas! My mother and I never were close (abuse distributed by her) so I never had a real mother figure to look up too. And I didn't know deodorants and perfumes could react with our body to create odor! That's so cool and weird at the same time! lol. And ya know, I forgot about B12 but I saw it on Dr. Oz once! I really appreciate you guys for reading my novel of a question and answering. It really made me feel 10x's better. I wish I could choose all of you as best answer!

    • ANSWER:
      Kids can be cruel. It's horrible what they're doing to you! I had a friend who smelled (not saying that you do or anything just sharing my story) but only because her family was so poor that they couldn't afford deoderant and toothpaste and perfumes and things like that. Nobody understood and they were very cruel to her. Always throwing things at her, making fun of her, they even got the combo to her locker and went in and spread 5 sticks of deoderant all over the inside of her locker. She was the one who had to clean it out too, so every one knew about it and she was humiliated. But she held her head up high and she moved on. High school or any school for that matter doesn't last forever. You're stuck with people you don't like on a daily basis, but as soon as you're out you'll have people who love and care about you around you by your choice, not because they're forced there. And by the time you get to college every one will be mature and won't matter about that and if something bothered them like a smell, they'd talk to you in private about it so you wouldn't be embarrassed by having other people overhear the conversation.

      But, if you're worried about smelling, look at your deoderant. Sometimes it says antipersperant and deoderant instead of just deoderant. You're going to want to find just the deoderant kind at the store. It may cost more, but it's worth it. When I was pregnant my hormones were making my body odor do all sorts of funky things that my deoderant wasn't working. So I had to spend on a little tube of deoderant that didn't last very long, but it worked wonders. I also chew a lot of gum, which dentists will tell you not to do but it's either gum or I'm chewing on my cheeks and lips. So that way my breath never smelled.

      Hold your head up honey. Your life is hard right now and no one has the power or the authority to make your life a living hell without your permission. So don't give them permission to bring you down. You're a survivor and you're strong and you're going to get through this! And you know what? It'll probably piss them off really bad and things might get a little crazier, but do you really want them to take control over how you feel and think about yourself? Don't let them win. Stand up for yourself and love yourself. Your friends and your family love you. They're the one's that matter, not some stuck up brat who's had everything handed to her her entire life. Odd's are they're jealous over something about you, that's why they're singling you out. You have something that they don't have and that they want, but can't have, so they're trying to beat it out of you.

      And as for my friend, she's one of my best friends now, she's in college, has worked at a theme park over the summer, lived in another country and is pretty much amazing! She's so happy right now with her life, because she's out of high school, graduated, and doing what she wants with her life now.

  19. QUESTION:
    please explain the problem about the following article, please!?
    When the Body Decides to Stop Following the Rules

    Every day over breakfast, I fill three pillboxes. Fifteen pills in the morning, 3 at lunch and 8 before bed, for a total of 26. To my surprise, I find pleasure in the sorting, as it is one of the few moments when I can pretend I have some control over the bizarre war raging in my colon.

    When I learned 11 months ago at age 29 that I had a chronic illness, I understood that my life was going to change. I knew I would stop eating certain foods, limit stress and think more strategically about when to have children. What I didn’t anticipate was the loss of control over my life that I thought I had, until the gastroenterologist uttered the words “ulcerative colitis.”
    He explained that for reasons unknown, my immune system was ravaging the walls of my large intestine, mistakenly trying to fight off a nonexistent foreign invader. Short of removing the colon, he said, there was no cure — leaving me to contend with unpredictable bouts of abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, dehydration and night sweats. Forever.
    Before my illness, I didn’t realize I had been operating on the assumption that there was an equation to explain how things played out. It was almost like physics. If I followed certain rules, I would get the desired outcomes. I wanted to lose 10 pounds. So I quit eating after 8 p.m. and watched my waist shrink.
    I wanted to find a good man. So I treated strangers with respect and am now engaged to my best friend. It didn’t always work. But generally, if I made the investment, I got the return.
    But incurable illness doesn’t operate that way. Dealing with it is not about studying harder or developing a regimented routine. Nor is it about karma, becoming a better person or learning to like leafy greens. Rather, it is about hope, about believing that things will work out even if I don’t know how.
    It’s hard. Not only am I adjusting to a chronic illness, but I’m also accepting that I am vulnerable to countless things beyond my control — that great haze that is the unknown.
    With ulcerative colitis, the unknown is exploding around me like cannon balls. I could end up in the hospital with liver failure induced by my medicine. I could experience a vicious flare-up that results in the complete removal of my colon. These are only two of many possibilities, all of them frightening.
    When I get scared, I focus on a definition of fate provided to me by a professor in college. Describing an ancient Greek perspective, he explained that fate could be imagined as a plot of fenced land. The individual cannot control where the fence stakes are placed. But every person determines for herself how she maneuvers within the enclosed space. That I have ulcerative colitis is a fence post hammered into the ground at a very unfortunate angle. How I live my life with the disease is my decision.
    And my decision is to be hopeful. There is evidence to support that hope. For starters, those 26 pills, which represent the achievements of a host of scientists and the sustained investments of pharmaceutical companies. With so many resources invested in my disease, it is likely that medical advances will generate improved therapies.
    I feel hopeful, too, when I consider the immense creativity of the natural environment. In a world with the imagination to invent emeralds and giraffes, Spanish moss, hound dogs and icicles, it’s not quite so hard to believe that my life will evolve nicely, with or without the benefit of organizational tendencies.
    Trusting in something outside myself is difficult. But I can say that I am learning to believe that things will work out well, just because they will. In one form or another, my life will continue, and it will continue to include the man I am marrying, family, friends, helpful strangers, gregarious toddlers. At least, it will for now. And that’s a start.

    • ANSWER:
      the article seems great depth in your understandings.but your problems are stemming from relying totally on reg allopathic meds to cure everything.which in factual facts,they really don,t cure much at all,only deal with symptoms and not any underlying causes.right off the top i know you have gut dysbiosis with all your symptioms.your good gut flora has been killed off with not only all the meds you take but also a very poor diet.this all equals gut dysbiosis and sickness to follow.with all those meds how can one expect to ever regain health.your own immune system can and will keep you in health,,,if given the right stuff to strengthen it everyday.sugar in any form will only add and give more power to any ills.fast food and microwaves also detracts health.a more narural raw foods,home cooked organic type life will heal a lot of ills if not let go on.you need good probiotics and a lot of them to regain your gut health back and be able to eliminate some of the meds with drs ok.from the mouth and down thru your digestive sys and out,our own good essential bacteria is what keeps us all healthy.75% of our immune sys starts in the gut,,when in correct balance.when it,s not,we end up with all/some of the symptom/problems you have.check out know the cause.com,bio nutrition.com,bio nutrients.com,bio innovations.com,nsc 24.com and also dr ohiras probiotics.there most certainly is hope and also cures,but not when taking all those meds,which under your drs suppervision can help you get off.first find and take a good probiotic to start the process.probiotics are what is in a good organic yougurt without added sugar and also keffir can help.i hope you check out some/all of those web sites for more info for yourself.

  20. QUESTION:
    Marijuana versus Aspirin. If both were legal which would you choose?
    (All of this from an article written almost 2 years ago)

    When Bayer introduced aspirin in 1899, cannabis was America’s number one painkiller. Until marijuana prohibition began in 1937, the US Pharmacopoeia listed cannabis as the primary medicine for over 100 diseases. Cannabis was such an effective analgesic that the American Medical Association (AMA) argued against prohibition on behalf of medical progress. Since the herb is extremely potent and essentially non-toxic, the AMA considered it a potential wonder drug.

    Instead, the invention of aspirin gave birth to the modern pharmaceutical industry and Americans switched away from cannabis in the name of “progress.” But was it really progress? There can be no doubt that aspirin has a long history as the drug of choice for the self-treatment of migraines, arthritis, and other chronic pain. It is cheap and effective. But is it as safe as cannabis?

    History:

    -Marijuana has been used for over 5,000 years.
    -No one has ever overdosed on marijuana.
    -Aspirin has been used for 108 years.
    -Approximately 500 people die every year by taking aspirin

    The Law:

    -Marijuana is a Schedule 1 drug, meaning the US government believes it is extremely dangerous, highly addictive, and of no medical value.
    -Aspirin is available for pennies and can be purchased by children at any drug, grocery, or convenience store. Often they are just handed out free by people with no medical education.

    Marijuana side effects and dangers:

    -The dangers of marijuana include possible respiratory problems caused by the deposition of burnt plant material on the lungs. This danger can be eliminated with alternate forms of consumption such as eating or vaporizing the medicine.
    -For two to four hours, marijuana causes short-term memory loss, a slight reduction in reaction time, and a reduction in cognitive ability. These conditions DO NOT persist after the herb wears off.
    -Hunger
    -Paranoia
    -Laughter
    -Introspection
    -Creative Impulse
    -Euphoria
    -Tiredness
    -Forgetfulness
    -0 Mortality Rate

    Aspirin side effects and dangers:

    -When taken with alcohol, aspirin can cause stomach bleeding.
    -Reye Syndrome in children: fat begins to develop around the liver and other organs of the child, eventually putting severe pressure on the brain. Death is common within a few days.
    -People with hemophilia can die.
    -People with hyperthyroidism suffer elevated T4 levels.
    -Stomach problems include dyspepsia, heartburn, upset stomach, stomach ulcers with gross bleeding, and internal bleeding leading to anemia.
    -Dizziness, ringing in the ears, hearing loss, vertigo, vision disturbances, and headaches.
    -Heavy sweating
    -Irreversible liver damage
    -Inflamation and gradual destruction of the kidneys
    -Nausea and vomiting
    -Abdominal pain
    -Lethargy
    -Hyperthermia
    -Dyspepsia: a gnawing or burning stomach pain accompanied by bloating, heartburn, nausea, vomiting and burping.
    -Tachypnea: Abnormally fast breathing
    -Respiratory Alkalosis: a condition where the amount of carbon dioxide found in the blood drops to a level below normal range brought on by abnormally fast breathing.
    -Cerebral Edema: Water accumulates on the brain. Symptoms include headaches, decreased level of consciousness, loss of eyesight, hallucinations, psychotic behavior, memory loss and coma. If left untreated, it can lead to death.
    -Hallucinations, confusion, and seizure.
    -Prolonged bleeding after operations or post-trauma for up to 10 days after last aspirin.
    -Aspirin can interact with some other drugs, such as diabetes medication. Aspirin changes the way the body handles these drugs and can lead to a drug overdose and death.
    -It is used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains.
    -Used as an antipyretic to reduce fever.
    -Used as an anti-inflammatory medication.
    -Aspirin is used in long-term, low doses to prevent heart attacks, strokes, and blood clot formation in people at high risk for developing blood clots.
    -It has also been established that low doses of aspirin may be given immediately after a heart attack to reduce the risk of another heart attack or of the death of cardiac tissue.
    -For 50-year-old men, taking an aspirin every day to prevent heart disease and stroke carries a risk of 10.4 deaths per 100,000 men per year over and above their overall death risk.
    If you think that cannabis is actually safer than aspirin, you are not alone. In October 2000, Dr. Leslie Iversen of the Oxford University Department of Pharmacology said the same thing.
    In her book, ‘The Science of Marijuana,’ Dr. Iversen presents the scientific evidence that cannabis is, by-and-large, a safe drug. Dr. Iversen found cannabis had “an impressive record” when compared to tobacco, alcohol, or even aspirin.
    “Tetrahydrocannabinol is a very safe drug,” she said. “Even such apparently innocuous medicines as aspirin and related steroidal anti-inflammatory compunds are not safe.”

    So if safety is your concern, cannabis is clearly a much better choice than aspirin. If you eat it or vaporize it, it just might be the safest painkiller the world has ever known.
    A lie? No I don't want to get high. I want Medical Marijuana. (No not Marijuana, MEDICAL MARIJAUANA) to be legal under Federal Law. Please prove to me how any of this is a lie and I will listen.

    • ANSWER:
      Everything in this post is pretty much the truth...

      Marijuana smokers rarely get brown lung, asthma, emphysema, and many of the other respiratory illnesses that tobacco smokers often get...

      You CANNOT overdose on marijuana. Even if its high grade, the amount you would have to smoke is physically impossible to ingest in the time period required (if i remember correctly, the amount to OD is something like a pound in around 15 minutes, im not absolutely positive on this, it may be even more than the above amount)

      people have been smoking the plant for over 5,000 years, and not one death can be directly attributed to its use...

      So in short, you can overdose on aspirin. Heck you can even overdose on caffeine. So i think marijuana use (health wise) is a lot less harmful for your body than aspirin...

  21. QUESTION:
    Cystic Fibrosis....do you know what it is?
    Hello,
    Please, anyone who opened this forum, read what I have to say. I'm not fake! This just means a lot to me. Yes, I'm looking for sponsors but I'm also looking to spread the awareness of Cystic Fibrosis. Not many people know of this life threatening disease.

    My Story....
    I'm a 16 yr old high school student. Every year I fund raise for GREAT STRIDES which raising money to find a cure for CF(Cystic Fibrosis).

    My little sister, Jennifer M. Hoyland, passes away on November 9, 2006 at the age of 11. She was a very positive person that loved to help people. She always held her head up high even when things weren't looking very good. You would never guess that she was diagnosed with CF when she was 6 months old.

    In February of '06, Jennifer got a double lung transplant. She got to live like a normal child and play with her friends without getting sick or stopping for treatments but that didn't last long. On a trip to Hawaii to swim w/ the dolphins for her birthday that the Make-A-Wish foundation planned for her. It was suppose to be a happy time but she got really sick. She was flown to Stanford Hospital but they didn't know what was wrong. Later, the doctors had figured out the lungs that she had came with the CMV virus. A virus that 80% of the population had but doesn't effect us.

    On October 18 of '06, Jennifer went on life support. We stayed by her side days but I had to go back to school. My mother tried to see her everyday but it was hard with no money. I remember being in class & the phone rang. My teacher told me my mother was picking me up. Instantly I started freaking out & worrying about my sister. My mother had picked up my older sister & brother before getting me but wouldn't tell me what was going on. When we arrive to the hospital we found out the doctors where performing a surgery on my sister. I still had no clue what was going on. A while later her doctor comes out. She tells us that Jennifer isn't getting better & she won't be able to survive this.

    We entered my sister's room. I just remember going to her side to try to hold her hand but all I saw was blood. I looked at Jennifer, I knew she could fight this. She was always so strong. She always got sick but fought it off! She was a strong little girl. As much as I loved to believe she was going to survive, I knew it was time. I grabbed her hand & wrote "I love you" with my fingers. I watched as the color in her face disappeared. Family started to leave the room. My mother tried pulling me away but I just held on. I didn't want to leave! On November 9, 2006 Jennifer M. Hoyland's life was taken by Cystic Fibrosis.

    What is CF?
    Cystic fibrosis is a disease that causes the body to produce thick, sticky mucus. As the mucus builds up in the lungs, it blocks the airways and promotes the growth of bacteria. As a result, patients experience chronic lung infections that cause increasing damage to the lungs.

    The mucus also may block ducts in the pancreas, which prevents digestive enzymes from reaching the small intestine. Without these enzymes, the body cannot fully absorb fats and proteins. This can lead to malnourishment and other symptoms. Cystic fibrosis also may create mineral imbalances, affect the liver and result in infertility.

    A defect in the gene known as cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) causes cystic fibrosis. Everyone inherits one copy of the CFTR gene from each parent. When both parents pass on an abnormal CFTR gene, the child will have cystic fibrosis.

    How you can help
    I'm doing a walk for CF called GREAT STRIDES. You can donate at
    http://www.cff.org/Great_Strides/RebeccaHoyland

    Not only are you helping to find a cure but your donation will be 100% tax deductible!

    Thank you for taking time to read this,
    Rebecca Hoyland

    • ANSWER:
      my 13 yr old son has it so yes i know what it is. I am very sorry to hear of your loss, keep up with the charity work one day there may be a cure x
      edit; Dr House stop pretending you are a doctor

  22. QUESTION:
    Could we reduce chlorine in water by utilizing lemons?
    http://www.quantumbalancing.com/news/lemon%20water.htm

    Water spiked with fresh organic limes and lemons:

    1.) It is an antiseptic, or is an agent that prevents sepsis [the presence of pathogenic bacteria] or putrefaction [decomposition of tissue]

    2.) It is also anti-scorbutic, a term meaning a remedy which will prevent disease and assist in cleansing the system of impurities

    3.) symptoms of indigestion such as heartburn, bloating and belching are relieved

    4.) By drinking lemon juice regularly, the bowels are aided in eliminating waste more efficiently thus controlling constipation and diarrhea

    5.) a wonderful stimulant to the liver and is a dissolvent of uric acid and other poisons, liquefies the bile

    6.) Sufferers of chronic rheumatism and gout will benefit by taking lemon juice, also those who have a tendency to bleed, uterine hemorrhages, etc.; rickets and tuberculosis

    7.) In pregnancy, it will help to build bone in the child

    8.) potassium content, it will nourish the brain and nerve cells

    9.) magnesium, in conjunction with calcium, has an important part to play in the formation of albumen in the blood
    a.) lemon contains potassium 48.3, calcium 29.9, phosphorus 11.1, magnesium 4.4. Lemons are useful in treating asthma, biliousness, colds, coughs, sore throat, diphtheria, la grippe [flu or influenza], heartburn, liver complaint[s], scurvy, fevers and rheumatism

    10.) calcium builds up the bony structure and makes healthy teeth.

    There's more information regarding adding organic lemon or lime to water... Check the above mentioned link and page down to "Amazing Health Benefits".

    Could this be a way to reduce chlorine in our public water supply, and provide health benefits at the same time?
    http://www.stopglobalwarming.org/sgw_tellafriend.asp

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not sure, but this is a great idea.

  23. QUESTION:
    What kind of specific damage can result from drinking alcohol when you're pregnant?
    More specifically, let me say this: I know that drinking while pregnant is, for the most part, very unhealthy and greatly frowned upon. Aside from the occasional glass of red wine (which I'm still kind of one the fence about), I know pregnant women should stay away from the booze.

    Thing is, my mother chose to ignore this. I was born in 1974, and people were well aware of the effects of alcohol on the body at that point (It's not rocket science anyway. You drink, you drink too much, you become impaired, you get sick, dehydrated, hung over etc etc.....). It should be fairly obvious to even an idiot that drinking is not good for your developing baby/fetus.

    So my mother smoked 2 packs a day during her entire pregnancy with me,and drank up until around the 5th month. -And when I say 'drink'., I'm NOT talking a glass of wine with dinner. I'm talking mixed vodka drinks until she was buzzed or slightly drunk.... I'm not sure why she stopped at the 5th month, though I'm quite sure it had nothing to do with my well being.. Maybe it was just starting to make her sick. (Maybe I was making her sick cause I didn't want anymore of her sh*tty vodka in my little bod)

    Anyway, I was born on time, (not early or late), and while I was considered a slightly low-end-of-normal birthweight and my mother gave birth to me very quickly (very short labor), there didn't appear to be anything else wrong with me. However, my whole life, (I'm mid 30's now), I've had 'sensitivities' to many things.. I'm allergic/very sensitive to cigarette smoke, perfume, pretty much ANY/ALL chemical substance. I can't even drink coffee at this point. I've had problems with anxiety, stomach problems, and trouble sleeping my entire life, even as a small child. When I get sick, I get REALLY sick and stay sick for long periods of time. I seem to have a weak immune system (?) But I don't have any specific diseases/ailments. I have a history of periodic bouts with anemia, respiratory infections, had pneumonia twice as a baby, liver problems (though not at present), and I'm often very tired easily (was diagnosed with Chronic Fatigue in high school after an extremely severe case of mono that almost killed me.

    It's not like there is much I can do about it now, but I was wondering how much of my overall all health (or lack of health) could be attributed to the drinking (and smoking) my mother did when she was pregnant with me? She also smoked in the house and car my entire childhood/teen years. (2 packs a day). I used to beg her as a five yr old to open the window in the car because I couldn't breathe.
    **As a side note - I am a healthy weight, and I eat very healthy (organic, raw, whole grains, lean meat, etc). I probably don't exercise as much as I should but I do a little. I don't drink, smoke, do drugs, and I barely ingest caffeine. I am always trying to eat and live healthy, but it seems no matter how much I do, I'm still 'sickly' much of the time.

    Yeah, my mothers s*cky parenting skills are another topic altogether. Right now, I'm just wondering about the effects of the substances on babies/fetuses.

    Any info would be appreciated. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Excessive alcohol use during pregnancy appears to primarily cause neurological damage. There are also certain skeletal abnormalities that are common to children with FAS. (They are commonly small for their age and have facial deformities.)

      Smoking is known to increase the risk of low birthweight, and second-hand smoke exposure during childhood can increase the risk of SIDS, asthma, respiratory/ear infections.

      From what you write I'd suspect that the heavy smoking/secondhand smoke exposure (and generally crappy parenting...) during childhood had a greater impact on your health issues than the alcohol. But it does appear that fetal alcohol exposure may have some effect on the childhood immune system. Here's a couple of studies on mice and guinea pigs:
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19494304
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19032578
      (It can be very difficult to do this sort of research in humans, because you can't randomize your populations. Also, most adults who drink heavily also smoke, so in humans it's hard to separate the effects of alcohol from those of tobacco.)

      However, there is no real way to 'prove' anything, and certainly no way to change anything.

  24. QUESTION:
    Need Help Obscure Muscle Weakness Diseases?
    Growing up, I could not do a push up or pull up in gym class, nor could I jump straight up or pull myself up onto my horse's saddle despite daily riding & exercise. I could run long distances & do a good deal of sit-ups. I had a pretty low immune system, lots of bronchitis, tightness in the lungs & I was generally tired, but pushed myself. Also, my back seemed weak compared to my other muscular systems.

    After puberty, I became noticeably heavier bodied than my siblings (sister was size 5, I was size 9/11 in high school, brothers were fit but did less activity/exercise than me), but I remained very active & toned. I questioned my health but my family didn't have health insurance so I had no diagnosis. No allergies, no diabetes, no high blood pressure, no anemia, no vision or hearing issues.

    My first child was born with very severe spina bifoda and my pregnancy was very difficult with severe polyhydramniuos & failure to progress. I gained a good deal of weight with this pregnancy and took a long time to lose it, I became increasingly tired after this pregnancy & never really felt "regular" energy again (its been over 15 yrs). There was massive stress (physical and emotional) in caring for a severely ill & often hospitalized child. I do not have depression though.

    After having my second child, my weight yo-yo'd without much reason, I began having IBS and noticeable fatigue that sometimes exhausted me for a full day to three days, but every three or so months, with a marked chronic minor fatigue. But I remained active and fairly strong despite the fatigue issues and aside from the muscle weakness in the areas mentioned above. I began to gain weight that seems unrelated and disproportionate to my eating/exercise. It seems my metabolism slowed greatly.

    4 years ago I contracted septic MRSA (hospital acquired) that nearly killed me. I was hospitalized and upon being administered Vancomyacin, I broke out in an allergic reaction/anaphalactic shock that was thought to be from morphine at the time. That night I suddenly erupted in psoriasis around much of the area that rashed up with the reaction to the drugs. Psoriasis never has subsided.

    It took months for MRSA to be controlled & came very close to having both arms amputated.

    I noticed weakness & loss of coordination in both arms ever after this massive infection nearly took my arms. My SED rate sometimes jumped up into the 30's - 50's & then go back down, then my ANA would go up & down without much reason. I was diagnosed with fibromyalgia and yes, I do have pain, but the weakness remains my complaint. Soon I began having ovarian cysts, bleeding and fluid in my abdomen. Then my kidney had a bizarre cyst, and my tonsils and throat became chronically infected (and were removed, along with my uvula and portions of my upper pallet. Soon after, due to radiating pain in my abdomen and the IBs, my gallbladder was removed.

    After this did not help my fatigue and increasing abdominal pain, exploratory abdominal surgery revealed minor scarring around my ovary and female organs, & near my kidney. This exploratory surgery left me with a second bout of MRSA & when I was put on Vancomyacin I went into sudden, acute anaphalactic shock, but quickly recovered.

    I remained weak and tired and weight and metabolism now became a definite issue. Suddenly about 5 months ago in the heat of the summer (heat and cold are hard on me with pain and fatigue), I broke out in a rash that looked like chicken pocks, and my liver became acutely inflamed. My SED rate went through the roof and I had spikes of high ANA here and there, I became noticeably weaker in my major muscle groups (legs arms, back) and started having severe tightness in my lungs and sometimes my esophagus, with occasional MILD blurry vision.

    I have been diagnosed with SIRS Systemic Immune Response Syndrome that caused damage to my lungs and liver. I also was diagnosed with what is believed to be polyarteritis nodosa (the sudden, auto immune skin rash that developed with the liver damage). All Stable currently.

    I have been tested for many auto immune diseases and do not test positive for lupus or rheumatoid diseseas. Although Polymyalgia PMR is what my rhuemy keeps looking at.

    I had a muscle Nerve conduction study that showed evidence of MG Myasthenia Gravis, but the antibody test was normal. I am on ONLY prednisone that recently brought my SED rate down. It has gone normal before just to come right back (fingers crossed).

    In the last 5 months since the sudden onset rash/liver issue, I walk about 150 to 200 feet & get so weak, I feel as if I may fall. I get so winded and short of breath that I fear I may need emergency services, but o2 tests show I'm getting enough. My throat feels as if it may close up as well, but nothing acute has occurred. It is auto immune and a physical finding, and by no means anxiety related. Eyes have no damage.

    What are we missing? M
    MRSA= Methacyllin Resistant Staph or the Super Bug
    Only med is Prednisone (I won't take pain killers)
    SED= Sedimentation rate (blood test shows chronic systemic inflammation) mine is in my vascular system)
    ANA= Anti nuclear antibody (blood test)

    I have no high blood pressure, no diabetes, no high cholesterol, no cancer (checked and re-checked through oncologist), no abnormal CBC or white blood cell counts.

    Seeking help from others with Auto Immune and muscular disease

    Thanks!

    Thanks Abijann, very good info, truly, I'm appreciative.

    I forgot to mention that I do get checked and I do NOT have an elevated TSH, but you are pretty smart as my Dr. keeps on checking this as he too is confused and searching for an answer.

    MS is something that is being checked this week via brain scan to start with.

    Something I will mention to Dr. this week is Autonomic Neuropathy as sis has an Autonomic Heart Condition... we'll see. I'm truly scared and suffering, but my spirit is high.

    Also, SIRS stands for Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome ... I goofed above its not Systemic Immune Response but Systemic Inflammatory response.

    Looking forward to figuring this out!

    • ANSWER:
      The only thing that I think, that has not been covered,
      is the blood tests for the Thyroid (Thyroxine hormone)
      and the Pituitary (TSH-thyroid stimulating hormone).
      {for Hypothyroidism}

      Even though you have been diagnosed with
      fibromyalgia and possible
      Myasthenia Gravis...the thought
      of Multiple Sclerosis comes to mind.

      Another thing that I thought about is the
      ability of the liver to handle glucose well.
      Glycogen storage disease where there is an
      inability to properly utilize sugar (glucose).
      (The inability to convert glucose to energy)
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycogen_storage_disease

      Considering all you have gone through, it may be
      that your body is trying to maintain homeostasis and
      trying to heal from being so much....but, like you stated,
      you had this very young.

      This is just a few of my thoughts.
      I hope this is of some help.


Chronic Liver Disease Icd 9

Liver Cirrhrosis following signs and symptoms may occur in the presence of cirrhosis or as a result of the complications of cirrhosis. Many are nonspecific and may occur in other diseases and do not necessarily point to cirrhosis. Likewise, the absence of any does not rule out the possibility of cirrhosis.

1. Spider angiomata or spider nevi. Vascular lesions consisting of central arteriole surrounded by many smaller vessels due to an increase in estradiol.

2. Palmar erythema. Exaggerations of normal speckled mottling of the palm, due to altered sex hormone metabolism.

3. Muehrcke's nails - paired horizontal bands separated by normal color due to hypoalbuminemia

4. Terry's nails - proximal two thirds of the nail plate appears white with distal one-third red, also due to hypoalbuminemia

5. Clubbing - Angle between the nail plate and proximal nail fold > 180 degrees

6. Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy. Chronic proliferative periostitis of the long bones that can cause considerable pain.

7. Dupuytren's contracture. Thickening and shortening of palmar fascia that leads to flexion deformities of the fingers. Thought to be due to fibroblastic proliferation and disorderly collagen deposition. It is relatively common (33% of patients).

8. Gynecomastia. Benign proliferation of glandular tissue of male breasts presenting with a rubbery or firm mass extending concentrically from the nipples. This is due to increased estradiol and can occur up to 66% of patients.

9 Liiver size. Can be enlarged, normal, or shrunken.

10. Splenomegaly. Due to congestion of the red pulp as a result of portal hypertension.

11. Hypogonadism. Manifested as impotence, infertility, loss of sexual drive, and testicular atrophy due to primary gonadal injury or suppression of hypothalamic or pituitary function.

12. Splenomegaly. Due to congestion of the red pulp as a result of portal hypertension.

13. Ascites. Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity giving rise to flank dullness (needs about 1500 mL to detect flank dullness).

14.Caput medusa. In portal hypertension, the umbilical vein may open. Blood from the portal venous system may be shunted through the periumbilical veins into the umbilical vein and ultimately to the abdominal wall veins, manifesting as caput medusa.

15.Cruveilhier-Baumgarten murmur. Venous hum heard in epigastric region due to collateral connections between portal system and the remnant of the umbilical vein in portal hypertension.

Fetor hepaticus Sweet pungent smell in breath due to increased dimethyl sulfide due to severe portal-systemic shunting.

16. Jaundice. Yellow discoloring of the skin, eye, and mucus membranes due to increased bilirubin (at least 2-3 mg/dL or 30 mmol/L). Urine may also appear dark.

17.Asterixis. Bilateral asynchronous flapping of outstretched, dorsiflexed hands seen in patients with hepatic encephalopathy.

18.Other. Weakness, fatigue, anorexia, weight loss.

Complications-

As the disease progresses, complications may develop. In some people, these may be the first signs of the disease.

1. Bruising and bleeding due to decreased production of coagulation Jaundice due to decreased processing of bilirubin.

2. Itching(pruritus) due to bile products deposited in the skin.

Hepatic encephalopathy- the liver does not clear ammonia and related nitrogenous substances from the blood, which are carried to the brain, affecting cerebral functioning: neglect of personal appearance, unresponsiveness, forgetfulness, trouble concentrating, or changes in sleep habits.

Sensitivity to medication due to decreased metabolism of the active compounds.

3. Hepatocellular carcinoma is primary liver cancer, a frequent complication of cirrhosis. It has a high mortality rate.

4. Portal hypertension- blood normally carried from the intestines and spleen through the portal vein flows more slowly and the pressure increases; this leads to the following complications:

5. Ascites - fluid leaks through the vasculature into the abdominal cavity.

Problems in other organs.

1. Cirrhosis can cause immune system dysfunction, leading to . Signs and symptoms of infection may be aspecific are more difficult to recognize (e.g. worsening encephalopathy but no fever).

2. Fluid in the abdomen (ascites) may become infected with bacteria normally present in the intestines (spontaneous bacterial peritonitis).

3. Hepatorenal syndrome - insufficient blood supply to the kidneys, causing acute renal failure.This complication has a very high mortality (over 50%).

4. Hepatopulmonary syndrome- blood bypassing the normal lung circulation (shunting), leading to cyanosis and dyspnea (shortness of breath), characteristically worse on sitting up.

5. Portopulmonary hypertension - increased blood pressure over the lungs as a consequence of portal hypertension

Remedies-

1. Dolichos pruriens [Dolichos]

Chief indication for chronic cholestatic hepatitis, activity of third degree, with progressive development and hepatocellular insufficiency of second degree, with transformation into cirrhosis of liver. Syndrome of portal hypertension of first degree. Syndrome of cholestasis with intensive constant itch of skin.

The basic symptoms are:

  • The intensive, unbearable, "terrible" itch of skin which is especially worse in evening at 9 p.m. and nights hours.
  • The great general weakness.
  • The intensive pains in both hypochondriac regions, tearing, dull, burning: "As if from the nettle". The dull pain under the angle of right scapula: "As if there the abscess under the skin". This pain is more intensive under the scapula rather than in right hypochondrium. This pain is extending, "shooting" trough the right hypochondrium to the back and right scapula.
  • The constant yellow colour of the eyes.
  • The massive deposits of cholesterine around the eye lids - the so called "ksanthoma", of yellow colour.
  • The bitterness in the mouth, during all the day.
  • Stool constipated. Stool of white colour, resembling white clay.
  • The intensive thirst for drinks

2. Carduus Marianus [Carduus mar]

The chief action of this drug is centered in the liver, and portal system, causing soreness, pain, jaundice. Has specific relation to the vascular system. Especially indicated in individuals with abuse of alcoholic beverages, especially beer. Pain in region of liver especially Left lobe very sensitive. Fullness and soreness, with moist skin. Constipation; stools hard, difficult, knotty; alternates with diarrhA"a. HyperAmia of liver, with jaundice. One of the chief remedies for Cirrhosis of liver.

3. Magnesium Muriaticum [Mag mur]

Mag mur is chiefly a liver remedy with pronounced characteristic constipation. It has chronic liver affections like cirrhosis with tenderness and pain, extending to spine and epigastrium ad the pain is worse after food. Pressing pain in liver; worse lying on right side. Liver is enlarged with bloating of abdomen; yellow tongue.

4. Ptelea Trifoliata [Ptelea]

Is a remarkable remedy in stomach and liver affections. The aching and heaviness in the region of the liver is greatly aggravated by lying on the left side. Liver sore, swollen, sensitive to pressure. Indicated in end stages of cirrhosis.

5. Nux Vomica [Nux vom]

In liver affections occurring in those who have indulged to excess in alcoholic liquors, highly seasoned food, quinine, or in those who have abused themselves with purgatives, Nux is the first remedy to be thought of. The liver is swollen hard and sensitive to the touch and pressure of clothing is uncomfortable. The first remedy in cirrhosis of the liver. Colic may be present. In the enlarged liver of drunkards, Sulphur, Lachesis, Fluoric acid, Arsenic and Ammonium muriaticum must also be borne in mind, together with Nux.

6. Lycopodium. [Lyc]
Lycopodium acts powerfully on the liver. The region of the liver is sensitive to the touch, and there is a feeling of tension in it, a feeling as if a cord were tied about the waist. Cirrhosis of liver. The pains are dull and aching instead of sharp and lancinating, as under Chelidonium. Fullness in the stomach after eating a small quantity. There are no real icteric symptoms, but there is a peculiar sallow complexion.

7. Chelidonium Majus [Chel]
The liver symptoms of Chelidonium are very prominent. There is soreness and stitching pains in the region of the liver, but the keynote for this drug in hepatic diseases is a pain under the angle of the right shoulder blade, which may extend to the chest, stomach, or hypochondrium; there is swelling of the liver, chilliness, fever, jaundice, yellow coated tongue, bitter taste and a craving for acids and sour things, such as pickles and vinegar. The stools are profuse, bright yellow and diarrhoea; they may be clayey in color. Taken altogether, Chelidonium is perhaps our greatest liver remedy; it causes the liver to secrete thinner and more profuse bile than any remedy; it is a useful remedy to promote the expulsion of gall stones, and to prevent their formation. It affects the left lobe of the liver much less than does Carduus marianus.

Remedies For Cirrhosis of Liver are-

Apoc., Ars., Ars. iod., Aur. m., Aur. mur., Calc. ars.,Cascara sag., Cinch., Fel tauri, Fluor. ac., Graph., Hydr., Iod., Kali bich., Kali iod., Merc. d., Merc., Nasturt. ag., Nat. chlor., Nit. ac., Nit. mur. ac., Phos., Plumb., Pod., Quass., Senec.

More click : www.homeopathyonline.in


Chronic Alcoholic Liver Disease

Chronic liver disease is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States with over 25,000 deaths annually, according to federal statistics. There are an expected 4 million known cases of hepatitis C in the US, some of which present with cirrhosis or will eventually become cirrhotic. Our current ability to treat hepatitis C and eliminate the infection has been civilizing with the advent of long acting interferon's.

Cirrhosis usually develops over a long period of time and almost always is irretrievable. The following steps will show how to handle liver cirrhosis. Liver disease is a major health issue. Cirrhosis and other liver problems are the cause of much pain in people's lives.

Cirrhosis of the liver is a complication that can arise as a result of liver disease. Diseases that can affect the liver include hepatitis, chronic alcoholism and fatty liver disease. Obesity-related chronic liver disease, may affect as many as one in every four adults over the age of 18. It is time for another installment of Liver Disease Facts. Remember that October is Liver Disease Awareness.
Causes of Chronic liver diseases: -

a High blood level
a Glycogen storage space disease
a Cystic fibrosis
a Diabetes
a Starvation
a Hepatitis and additional viruses
a Employ of sure drugs
a Chemical contact
a Bile duct obstacle
a Autoimmune diseases

Natural Home Remedies for Chronic Lever Diseases: -

a Avoid any type of alcohol. In order to help the liver reverse any damage caused by the cirrhosis, you should avoid alcohol.
a Drink the juice of 2 oranges on an empty stomach for 5-7 days.
a Eat lots of vegetables and fruits, which are rich in nutrients. Malnutrition is often a side effect of cirrhosis, so it's important that what you eat is as packed with vitamins and minerals as possible.
a Stop smoking if you're a smoker. Smoking further weakens your overall health, adding another roadblock to recovery from cirrhosis.
a Mix one tablespoon of juice of black papaya seeds to 10 drops of lime juice. Drink 1-2 times a day for a month.
a Avoid any raw or undercooked meat and fish. Cirrhosis makes you more susceptible to food-borne diseases and parasites, so always make sure your meat and fish are well-done.
a Yoga can be an effective treatment for cirrhosis, and certified yoga instructors can often recommend poses that are helpful in recovering from liver damage.
a Avoiding heavy exercise, resting after hard work and getting adequate sleep are important in the treatment of cirrhosis, as well.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    My boyfriend has liver disease caused by Hep C & chronic alcoholism - What can I expect? (symptoms, etc)?
    He was told about 3 years ago that he had hep C, chirrosis and he is a chronic alcoholic. Dr told him to quit or he would die. He has tried and failed several times ( I know he's not trying hard enough.... ) . I just want to know what to expect. He is tired all the time, has headaches, and is depressed - Is this part of it? Also I have heard that mood swings are common to this, is that true? I posted a similar question earlier but felt I needed to clarify.... I appriciate any info I can get! Thanks!
    I appriciate the replies but I am looking for real answers not opinions on the relationship..... we have been together for many years, it's not something simple to walk away from.....

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is the inflammation of the liver cells
      caused by a virus. Cirrhosis is death of the
      liver cells. His disease can be brought on by
      the Hep C or his drinking problem. Trying to
      quit drinking on his own is extremely difficult.
      He needs to go into a detox program at a
      hospital in order to do this. The symptoms
      he has from trying to stop drinking may be
      too much to handle...they can give him drugs
      to lessen these symptoms and help him get
      through it much better. The symptoms that you
      stated are normal. You have to realize that
      he is now facing death straight on and he has
      to make decisions on what he can do now.
      Depression is normal now, because of having
      to live with all these hurdles to go over to
      save his life. Waking up everyday knowing
      that you may die is very hard.
      Liver patients are usually in shock when they
      first hear they have a terrible disease like this.
      The first reaction is unbelief...then it moves
      where they try to do something to help
      themselves, if it is possible...it leads from
      there to either coming to terms with the
      disease and trying to fight it or just giving up.
      They need alot of support and understanding
      at this time. They get mad and they feel
      helpless and they feel like someone cheated
      them or played a dirty trick on them or they
      feel like saying "why me". Others people drink and they don't have this. Cirrhosis can be caused by many different things.

      Your boyfriend doesn't have a rosey future and
      he knows that. He also knows that if he wants
      to spend time with the people he loves he has
      to do it now. I'm going to explain a few things
      to you. Once there is death of the liver
      cells it forms scar tissue in the liver...this blocks
      the other normal healthy cells from receiving
      nourishment and oxygen and causes them to
      die also. This is a progressing disease and
      the only real option he has now, if he has
      cirrhosis, is being evaluated and placed on the
      transplant list for an organ. But, first he has
      to overcome his addiction of alcohol which
      he needs to get care in order to do. A
      person has to be free of alcohol for at least
      six months before he can be placed on the
      list for transplantation.

      There are symptoms that may start to develop
      with this disease that he may or may not
      show signs of. Some of them are listed in
      this short article.
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003895.htm

      If he wants to stay with his loved ones longer,
      than he needs to stop drinking now. He is
      causing his liver much more damage faster
      and it will lead to a much much earlier death.

      Having others around him who truly care about
      him, will make whatever course he decides on
      alot easier on him. You cannot make decisions
      for him, but you can be there to support him
      with all he does. Best Wishes

  2. QUESTION:
    I have NAFLD (Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease). What are my chances of getting Cirrhosis?
    I went to the the ER the other day because I have had chronic diarrhea, dizziness, and abdominal pain for more than 3 months now. The Dr. found that I had NAFLD and said that I should be seeing a Dr. for this condition and said that I need MANY tests done to see what is causing it. She also said that I have to be on a vegan diet (I am not overweight) to see if it can reverse the Disease. My questions are: Is there a cure for this & What are the chances of it forming into Cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      You should be seeing either a gastroenterlogist
      or hepatologist now.
      Fatty liver disease can be caused by many
      different things: alcohol consumption, certain
      medications like steriods, weight gain, hereditary conditions,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels
      and more.

      The cause needs to be determined.
      There are different stages of this disease....
      Simple fatty liver doesn't usually cause a
      problem and can be easily reversed by
      stopping the cause. Alot of people are very
      thin and can still have this problem.

      The fat pushes on the liver cells and can
      even push the nucleus of the liver cell out of
      place. That is why it has to be treated immediately
      ....so the fat will disappear and not harm the cells.
      The liver is surrounded by a membrane capsule and
      the fat only adds to the pressure inside the liver.
      If the cells of the liver become damaged, it signals
      the immune system of the body to respond to
      this. The immune system then causes inflammation
      to develop inside the liver, also. This will cause the
      liver to enlarge in size. It then goes from simple
      fatty liver to steatohepatitis. Steato means fat,
      hepat means liver and itis means inflammation.
      This becomes more serious...the inflammation adds
      to more pressure inside the liver and the cells can
      more easily start to die off. When the cells die off,
      it becomes a progressive disease known as
      Cirrhosis of the liver. What happens now, it the
      cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver
      that blocks the flow of blood through the liver on
      its way back to the heart and may also block
      the flow of blood to the other liver cells and they
      will continually die off.

      If the patient follows the doctor instructions and
      is treated for any inflammation that may have
      developed...then it may never go to the point of
      becoming Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Here are some links to help you learn more about
      this, that you can click on:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm
      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  3. QUESTION:
    Liver disease with chronic alcohol abuse help?
    Heey :) Im 20 and my mam is a veryy bad alcoholic, she has been drinking litterally everyday for the pst 2 years...brandy and vodka. she is violently ill and is vomitting everyday. she is soo addicted to drink, she just sits in bed all day drinking her brndy until she vomits. She was admitted to a rehab clinic loads of times but keeps checking herself out again, she now has jaundice and cirrosis of the liver. i want to know how long do you think she has left? And cn her liver disease be cured? Honest answers please, and non judgemental! Thanks A Mill (:

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis/Liver disease life expectancy. Please help???
    Does anyone kow the life expectancy of someone in the late stages of cirrhosis?
    My mom is very ill, she is a chronic alcoholic. She stopped drinking last week, but was diagnosed with cirrhosis many years ago.
    I need to know if anyone has been through this and knows what I can expect.

    She is jaundice, and in the past week has had high levels of amonia in her blood, also, she vomits all the time, can barely keep anything down.
    Today she is having her stomach drained again, this will make the 4th time, fluid builds up in her uppper stomanch area, and it makes it very uncomforatable for her. He legs also are very swollen today (ankles) she cannot walk she is so week. She went from wieighin 145 pounds to now about 98 in a matter of 3 months. I am afraid that it is too late. She has been admitted to the hospital so much that now the Hospitals now just say that the damage is done, they cannot help her. Last year she was in ICU - .......please give me any opinions you may have.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few things that I know to give you
      as information. (you might already know this) The best doctor to have for
      a patient with cirrhosis is a Hepatologist.
      She can be given medication to bind the ammonia in her blood to be eliminated from the
      body which should help to clear her mind some. She could be placed on diuretics, like
      Lasix and Spirolactone to help relieve the sodium content in her blood and also
      remove some of the fluid and help keep it from
      coming back so fast. If they take alot of fluid
      from her abdomen, they might give her
      albumin, a Protein. The fact that she did
      not stop drinking alcohol, may mean she cannot
      be placed on the transplant list for a donor
      organ because they usually request that the
      patient be free of alcohol for about six months.

      With what you have stated that her condition is
      now, it doesn't look promising...but I would
      not give up. The doctors look at many things
      considering a patient: whether they have a
      strong, well beating heart, whether they can
      withstand a long surgery, whether they have
      cirrhosis in one area of the liver or throughout,
      whether they have love and support of family
      and friends, and how much a person truly
      wants to live,etc. Ascites( fluid in the abdominal
      area) and Encephalopathy (memory, and mental
      confusion problems caused by toxins) and
      the fact that she drank clear up to a week ago..
      means that the end is in site.....She may last
      a long time this way or depending on what I
      have stated above...it could be very short.
      Each person's body chemistry, diseases,
      and conditions are unique and have to be
      evaluated to see what may be in the future.
      If you have an advanced directive with your
      Mom signature on it, you may be able to
      talk with her doctors and get her medical
      records and have a second opinion and also
      be able to answer for her since she might
      not be able to answer for herself. There are
      free forms on the internet according to your
      state. It should be signed in front of two
      witnesses, but a notary can stamp it and make
      if valid. I hope this info is of some help to you.
      It is sad that a daughter has to watch all this
      happen to a mother they love...as long as
      you are able to be there with her, she will
      have peace in knowing that you really care.

      You asked what you can expect. There are
      a few things that may take place: her heart
      may start to beat irregular. If you get her
      blood work results, if the sodium and potassium
      levels are either too high or too low, this
      will cause an irregular beat and is an
      emergency. If she starts to cough up blood and
      not just vomit (it may look like coffee grounds,
      or a darker color) this is also an emergency
      cause she could be bleeding internally. If she
      feel faint and goes into a coma...there may be
      little chance she will come out of it without the
      doctors help. What can you do? be there for
      her so she doesn't feel alone. Watch for
      any of these signs above and keep a record
      of how she is feeling day to day and let the
      doctor know what exactly is happening with her.
      Be with her at all her doctor appointments so
      that you can be sure she is taking medication
      right and doesn't get so confused she puts
      herself in more danger. She might not be
      able to break the habit of alcohol especially
      since she has been so sick, but knowing that
      others understand and will try to help her in
      anyway despite of this all, may give her the
      strength she needs to try.

  5. QUESTION:
    What was Ataturk cause of Death?
    On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died.

    Atatürk died, at age 57, at the Dolmabahçe Palace on November 10, 1938. It is thought that he died of cirrhosis of the liver.[56] Ataturk's funeral called forth both sorrow and pride in Turkey, and seventeen countries sent special representatives, nine contributed with armed detachments to the cortege.[57]

    "His lifestyle had always been strenuous. Alcohol consumption during dinner discussions, smoking ....."

    Cirrhosis has many causes. In the United States, chronic alcoholism and hepatitis C are the most common ones.

    Alcoholic liver disease. To many people, cirrhosis of the liver is synonymous with chronic alcoholism, but in fact, alcoholism is only one of the causes. Alcoholic cirrhosis usually develops after more than a decade of heavy drinking. The amount of alcohol that can injure the liver varies greatly from person to person.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk#Last_days.2C_1937-1938
    Irmak:I think you should read your answers before posting them.
    I don't see how ataturks alcoholism lets me go to the mosque or helps me live. Ataturk commanded the Turkish army and the soldiers with God’s will saved Turkey.
    out of curiosity who are ppl like me??

    • ANSWER:
      yes u r right every second of his life was beeing drunk
      even because of him we lost islam

  6. QUESTION:
    Anyone else have enexplained liver pain?
    I have chronic liver pain that i have had for 2+years. I have had tons of ultrasounds that show nothing to be concerned with, and have slightly elevated liver enzymes. they have done MRI and cat scans, and still no answers to why i would be having PAIN. the only diagnoses they can give me is that i have "fatty liver disease" which is normally something someone would get if they were morbidly obese, or an alcoholic. Neither of which i am, not even close. I had my gallbladder removed 3 years ago, but i still feel like i am having gallbladder attacks, thats what the pain feels like: sharp, crampy, like someone is squeezing my organs and stabbing them. Its horrible and the pain can last anywhere from 20 min.-2 hours. Anyone know of anything that could cause this?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver itself doesn't have nerves so most doctors don't believe patients that complain of "liver pain." However, my wife got Hep C from a blood transfusion at birth. Before she was diagnosed, she would complain of "liver pain", not a severe as your description, but similar.
      You can only get Hep C from blood to blood contact. Maybe bring it up to a doctor next time. I don't know if this is an answer to your question, but it's good information at least.

  7. QUESTION:
    Question about normal Liver Function Test results?
    Hi, my mum was an alcoholic years back, so she had to have a Liver Function Test.
    She got her results back today, and they were fine so she is relieved.

    Since her results came back fine, does that mean that there is no signs of liver diseases such as hepatitis B or C, either in the past, acute or chronic?

    Thanks :)
    I'm just a little bit concerned.

    • ANSWER:
      No Blood testing is 100% accurate. It is best to
      have more than one test to be sure.
      However, in liver disease, blood tests don't always
      show a problem in some patients. They may have no
      signs or symptoms or even elevated blood enzyme
      levels to indicate a problem.

      The doctor do different blood tests to really be sure
      whether a patient is truly affected by liver damage.
      1) the liver enzymes, which show if there is possible
      liver cell damage.
      2) the liver function tests to see if the liver cells are
      able to do the necessary functions to keep the body
      well
      3) the liver viral tests to see if a virus has entered the
      body and is using the liver cells to replicate itself.

      With Hepatitis B and C, which is a viral infection, it
      sometimes takes up to 3 or 4 months before it will
      show up on the blood tests.

      To be sure she is doing fine, I recommend that in
      a few months, she has more blood testing done
      just to be sure.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune
      system of the body will respond to this damage and
      cause inflammation inside the liver. This will cause
      the liver to enlarge in size. (this can be seen on
      an ultrasound or ct scan).

      Considering her levels were normal this time...she
      may not have any problem.

  8. QUESTION:
    SHould we make alcohol illegal?
    With all of the problems that alcohol causes, isn't it time that we make it illegal again? How can we let this stay legal? Why should our society put up with a bunch of drunks? Look at all the problems that alcohol causes.

    Liver disease Elevated liver enzyme levels Fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis

    Pancreatic disease Acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis
    Cardiovascular disease Hypertension Cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, stroke

    Gastrointestinal problems Gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, diarrhea, peptic ulcer disease Esophageal varices, Mallory-Weiss tears

    Neurologic disorders Headaches, blackouts, peripheral neuropathy Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, seizures, Wernicke's encephalopathy, dementia, cerebral atrophy, peripheral neuropathy, cognitive deficits, impaired motor functioning

    Reproductive system disorders Fetal alcohol effects, fetal alcohol syndrome Sexual dysfunction, amenorrhea, anovulation, early menopause, spontaneous abortion

    Cancers Neoplasm of the liver, neoplasm of the head and neck, neoplasm of the pancreas, neoplasm of the esophagus

    Psychiatric comorbidities Depression, anxiety Affective disorders, anxiety disorders, antisocial personality

    Legal problems Traffic violations, driving while intoxicated, public intoxication Motor vehicle accidents, violent offenses, fires

    Employment problems Tardiness, sick days, inability to concentrate, decreased competence Accidents, injury, job loss, chronic unemployment

    Family problems Family conflict, erratic child discipline, neglect of responsibilities, social isolation Divorce, spouse abuse, child abuse or neglect, loss of child custody

    Effects on children Overresponsibility, acting out, withdrawal, inability to concentrate, school problems, social isolation Learning disorders, behavior problems, emotional disturbance
    We need to step up the War on Drugs to include alcohol.

    It has NO positive benefits on our society.

    NONE.

    It should be illegal.

    • ANSWER:
      I totally agree!!

      Marijuana should be legal instead!!

  9. QUESTION:
    Elevated triglycerides looking for an expert's opinion?
    Hi, I was diagnosed with alcoholic hepatitis on April 15, 2010. My LFTs at that time were:
    Bio chemistry
    Bilirubin 0.5 (Normal range 0.2 - 1.0)

    Enzymes
    SGOT AST 57 (normal range <40)
    SGPT ALT 116 (normal range <41)
    Alk Phos 70 (normal range 36 - 141)
    GGT 118 (normal range <55)

    Protiens
    Total Protien 7.5 (normal range 6.6 - 8.8)
    Albumin 3.9 (normal range 3.5 - 5.0)
    Globulin 3.6 (normal range 2.3 - 3.5)
    A/G ratio 1.1 electophoresis

    My LFTs now (January 07, 2011)

    Total Bili 0.8 (normal 0.2 to 1)
    Direct Bili 0.1 (normal 0-0.2)
    Indirect Bili 0.7 (normal 0-0.8)

    Alk Phos 176.0 (normal 100-290)

    SGOT 16.0 (normal 10-42)

    ALT/SGPT 11 (normal 10-40)

    Total Serum Protein 7.1 (normal 6.4 - 8.6)

    Serum Albumin 4.2 (normal 3.5 - 5.3)

    Serum Globulin 2.9 (normal 2.2 - 4.0)

    Albumin Globulin Ratio 1:4

    I wanted to redo my tests (January 07, 2011) and ended up doing LFT, CBC, Lipid profile and random sugar. The test results were back and my LFTs, CBC and random sugar all came within normal limits. However, my lipid profile showed an abnormal triglyceride of 315 mg/dL, with optimal being less than 150 mg/dL and VLDL cholesterol of 63.0 mg/dL with normal being 5 - 40 mg/dL. All other lipid panel parameters are borderline values except for TGL and VLDL. I am aware that one of the reasons for high TGL is chronic liver disease. I have abstained from alcohol for the last 10-11 months. I am worried my liver is healing and leaving scar tissues (which could result in cirhossis). My physician has put me on a regimen of Atorlip-F (combination of Atorvastatin 10 mg and Fenofibrate BP 160 MG) twice a day, antioxidants (presumably for liver) and a cholesterol reducing supplement. I am to be on these for 1 month before repeating all tests.

    About 3 months back, I had repeated the same tests and had elevated TGL with normal LFTs. I was on an other regimen for these three months and now the meds are changed.

    1. I am concerned that my elevated TGL did not respong to 3 months of meds and could hint at my liver not coming back to normal.
    2. Developing cirhosis.

    What are the chances I might develop cirhosis at this stage. What are the tests I need to get done to confirm I dont have it.

    I would really appreciate any help. Thanks much.

    • ANSWER:
      High triglycerides can also lead to pancreatitis in excessive concentrations.
      Changes in lifestyle habits are the main therapy for hypertriglyceridemia. These are the changes you need to make:
      •If you're overweight, cut down on calories to reach your ideal body weight. This includes all sources of calories, from fats, proteins, carbohydrates and alcohol.
      •Reduce the saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol content of your diet.
      •Reduce your intake of alcohol considerably. Even small amounts of alcohol can lead to large changes in plasma triglyceride levels.
      •Be physically active for at least 30 minutes on most or all days each week.
      •People with high triglycerides may need to substitute monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats — such as those found in canola oil, olive oil or liquid margarine — for saturated fats. Substituting carbohydrates for fats may raise triglyceride levels and may decrease HDL ("good") cholesterol in some people.
      •Substitute fish high in omega-3 fatty acids instead of meats high in saturated fat like hamburger. Fatty fish like mackerel, lake trout, herring, sardines, albacore tuna and salmon are high in omega-3 fatty acids.

  10. QUESTION:
    I NEED HELP WITH ALCOHOL FACTZ PLZZ!!! I PICK BESST ANSWER?
    A chronic liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as:

    Cardiac sympathy

    Cirrhosis

    Pancreatitis

    Parkinson’s

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Gender, emotion, mental status, and amount of time throughout consumption are a few factors that can change the effects each time alcohol is consumed by an individual.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    All 50 states enacted a BAC limit of .08 as the legal limit for drunk drivers over the age of 21.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The following does NOT have the same alcohol content as a 12 oz. beer:

    Depends on the type of beer

    5 oz. glass of wine

    1.5 oz. of 80 proof distilled spirits (shot)

    none of the above

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The best way to avoid a dangerous situation involving drunk driving is to:

    Avoid alcohol and drugs altogether because you don’t need them anyway.

    Do what your friends tell you to do.

    Drink just a little or limit your drug intake.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    All of the following are symptoms of alcoholism except for:

    craving

    physical dependence

    tolerance (you have to drink more and more to get “buzzed.”)

    self-control

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Alcohol in the stomach…

    is partially absorbed from the stomach.

    interferes with digestion of essential vitamins and minerals.

    can lead to gastritis and ulcers from long term use.

    All answers are correct.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Drinking alcohol can effect the heart, liver, stomach, and brain.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    If you are the driver of a vehicle, there is no safe level of alcohol consumption.

    True
    False

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Moderate to Excessive Binge Drinking can cause:

    health benefits for the heart, including reducing chance of heart attack

    Cardiac Arrhythmia (abnormal rhythms) and sudden cardiac death

    reduction in blood pressure and/or chance of stroke

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Mandatory license plate revocation is ineffective against drunk driving.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ___________ are more likely to become alcoholics.

    children

    adults

    woman

    children of alcoholic parents

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Which of the following is a problem a baby may have if the mother drinks alcohol while she is pregnant?

    motor skills problems

    hearing and vision problems

    premature birth

    may include problems with motor skills, hearing and vision

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    There are less alcohol-related fatalities for 18, 19, and 20 year olds than for the population over 21.

    true

    false

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    According to research what would be the single most effective deterrent for drinking and driving?

    Automatic license revocation

    Inability to post bail if arrested

    Jail sentence

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This law imposes potential liability on the host of a party if alcohol is served to an obviously intoxicated person or a minor.

    adult liability

    social host

    MADD law

    minor party law

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Blood Alcohol Content (BAC), is a standard used to:

    Determine what type of alcohol had been consumed

    Determine how many total drinks have been consumed

    Determine between sobriety and intoxication

    Determine how long since your last alcoholic drink

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Examples of important functional skills that are not visible to others, but are affected by alcohol, are thinking skills like evaluating risk and processing information. This means that steering, braking, lane changing, and response time could be affected in a driver that has been dr

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis
      True
      True
      Depends on type of beer
      Avoid alcohol & drugs
      Self Control
      All are correct
      True
      False
      Cardiac Arrhythmia
      Reduction of blood pressure
      False
      Children of alcoholic parents
      May include problems with motor skills, hearing, vision
      False
      Jail sentence
      Adult liability
      Determine between sobriety & intoxication
      True

  11. QUESTION:
    HELP! ALCOHOLIC + HEPATITIS C?
    BEFORE YOU LOOK AT THE LENGTH AND QUICKLY EXIT OR SKIM THIS, PLEASE READ IT THOROUGHLY, I'M IN DESPERATE NEED OF YOUR HELP... PLEASE!

    My mom has Hep C & is by such unfortunate and sad circumstances, also an alcoholic. She's what they would call a "Functional Alcoholic," she works, eats pretty healthy, a lot of fruits and vegitables, as well as drinks a lot of water. In other words, outside of her chronic alcohol use, her addiction, she's pretty healthy- although she doesn't exercise, and as a result from the drinking and lack of exercise has put on some weight, but is still reasonably thin.

    Her drink of choice is Vodka. She claims, when drinking Vodka, this is when she gets carried away, but can control it when she drinks beer, for example. She mixes her drinks, and sips them slowly (mentioning this because i've read in some articles that this is a technique that alcoholics can use to try to control how much they drink)....but the fact still is: she drinks 7 days a week. Light consumption M-F, however enough to get a flush, or buzz, likely drunk by non-alcoholic standards. The weekends are another story. Friday-Sunday is an all-out binge. She's told me she's gone through an entire 1.75 JUG of vodka in one weekend... ALONE. Actually, she's said that she's done this many times, and it was a wake-up call and she stopped.

    When she began drinking, many years ago, she would drink to relieve her anxiety, as many with anxiety disorders do. She was in treatment by age 16, got help, but started drinking again a few years later. She contracted Hepititis C when she was 24, she's now 51, and has been an alcoholic the entire period she's had Hep C. ALTHOUGH her alcoholism has gradually worsened throughout the years. Quite significantly. It wasn't until about the past 5 years that the drinking became a daily ritual. It used to be, my whole life - adolescence, which ended about 6 years ago, she would only drink on teh weekends, and it wasn't a weekend binge, it was limited to just the evening.

    *IF I'M BORING YOU*

    I'm giving details because i want to know what hope i can instill in her quitting drinking, given the specific circumstances i'm telling you, so please keep reading. Help someone who really wants help...me.

    She won't listen, and i have a strong feeling it's due to hopelessness. She feels her liver isn't perfect anyhow, along with her depression, trauma never recovered from (from childhood) she tried therapists throughout her life, and said the therapists never listened, or told her it was time to go in the middle of self-disclosure *basically she didnt find them helpful or she didn't think they truly cared or both*. She is on an SSRI (anti-depressant) currently and thinks it's working, but i keep telling her it WILL NOT work when you drink daily. The pill will cancel itself out. For all i know, the medication with the alcohol daily may be keeping her at an even keel.

    LASTLY, it's important to add the following:
    She has tried to quit recently, twice. She went a few weeks without alcohol and said she was so God awful EXHAUSTED she couldn't even hardly function. She said without the alcohol there is no longer anxiety present, and like i mentioned earlier, not facing the anxiety was what started the alcohol problems to begin, that, and the childhood trauma. But claims there is no more anxiety...Are theses signs of liver disease approaching or what's up with that?

    Based on what i'm telling you, what is some advice i can give to get her to cut down or stop drinking? I know the 12 steps, i know AA, i know rehab, i know out-paitient. She will not go to any, she sounded like she WOULD go to out-patient...but never did as her enforcers or reasons for going were not herself but the fact that she was hurting her kids and when we weren't there to push her into it, never went....
    The reasons for not going to Inpatient, AA, or the like is: she's afraid of losing her job. I tell her what good is a job if you're dead anyhow? She ignores this. In desperate need of wisdom from someone who KNOWS. Plz no garbage advice, this is a hard situation to deal with and i already know the problems assocaited with Hep C and Alc. so there's no use in reinforcing that idea. I've tried reinforcing spirituality in her life, God... and that's not helping.... I've tried amny things.

    More importantly, i've tried telling her i'm not judging her, and that i love her and all i want is for her to not give up on herself.

    Her current living situation is: ALONE. My stepfather recently passed from Alcoholism, just 5 months ago. This didn't wake her up either.

    Is she going to die from this disease? If she will enver stop drinking, how can i make my last years with her great & how can i let go the need to focus on her wellness?

    Thanks for reading and i apologize for the
    MAY I: Thank you for the feedback, I will absolutely pray as often as i can. This is great advice.

    CANDACE: She is seeing someone regarding the Hep C., she gets yearly liver biopsies, and recently told me her last one came back 2X worse. This is alarming, but not surprising given her situation. You noted that you're starting to feel this overwhelming urge to step-off. My advice: never give up. As long as you're alive, keep trying to help your loved one until you've exhausted all options, that way if all fails, you will have peace of mind knowing you gave it your all. I'd love to talk regarding this, it'd be great to get some words of wisdom from someone who knows what it's like. Being that i'm a young adult, i don't have many friends that can really empathize with my situation. Nor would i want to burden those who can't understand with things like this... bc the result isn't going to be positive for anyone.

    In this, let's talk positives. Realities and positiives are one in the same,

    • ANSWER:
      What a sensational story and awfully long description you have there. The first thing you need to do is talk to your mother about her addiction and the association with Hepatitis C. She need to understand the risk she is taking by consuming excessive amount of alcohol especially a vodka. She needs some type of counseling both mentally and physically. Let me tell you a little about hepatitis C and what complications associated with alcohol. Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver that has no cure whats so ever at the moment but there are treatment such as Interferon that lowers the replication of the RNA make ups of the virus and reduce the damage to the hepatocytes(liver Cells). The liver is an important organ in your body and it is an important organ that regulates your overall health. As much as she care about her exterior self being healthy, she also need to do the same to the internal organs as well. If your mother continues to live this type of life style, then she will end up developing Hepatocellular Carcinoma of the liver, Cirrhosis or both. Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a malignant cancer of the liver that is one of the most dangerous cancers known to be. Cirrhosis is the scaring of the liver that means, damage tissue that can't be replaced leading to chronic liver failure. Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cirrhosis are a irreversible chronic liver disease which can lead to death in short period of time. So she need to understand the risk she is taking. it is like having a parent who always drinks heavily and drives. Eating healthy is not enough, so she need to seek mental treatment soon before she develops liver cancer and cirrhosis. I understand what you are going through to help out your mother but if she can't listen to you or somebody else's advise then she need to seek psychiatric help soon.

  12. QUESTION:
    How dangerous is my alcohol use?
    I'm a college student and i already recognize myself as a chronic alcoholic. I drink every day and i drink gratuitous amounts everyday. i'm a male only 145 pounds 5"9' and i'm starting to get the idea in my head that i might already be in the first stages of liver disease. When i drink daily im not the type that just has a a few beers, a 1.75 liter of karkov will usually last me 3-4 days. I black out everyday but i never get hangovers, i usually wake up drunk. ive been drinking like this for past 2 months and ive had about 3 sober days. For me, drinking has become a completely different thing then before. I need to drink. i've realized what ive done to myself so i'm soon seeking treatment. well, after today of course, its halloween! but anyway,
    ive started to notice some symptoms that are described as symptoms of early stages of cirhossis or alchohol withdrawl. I've had dark urine frequently more lately, its impossible for me to fall asleep without being drunk, i litterally drip sweat while im not active. The one symptom i am very concerned about tho are my tremors, I have very shaky hands, people point it out all the time. when i'm drunk it usually goes away a little but there are times it is pretty bad, for example, i have a night class and when i have to sit in the classroom not drunk as i'm used to, i'll be writing notes and i cant even read them later because i twitch so bad.
    all in all tho, what i'm wondering is if its possible to develop cirhossis in only 2 months while drinking very heavily, or if you need to be a chronic alcoholic for years before thats possible. i am also concered about the consequenses of stopping abruptly, is it possible i could have a seizure if i quit?

    • ANSWER:
      Look, if you want to stop drinking then keep reading, if not go back to the bottle. You are going to need to go to a detox center in order to start getting better. Yes, you're going to have the DT's, and the shakes, and feel like sh**, and puke, but the other alternative is to die. Take your pick. I can't tell you that you're a chronic alcoholic, but you sound like one to me. I can tell you that you need to seek medical attention immediately, and then check yourself into a 90 day detox/rehab center if you hope to get better. I know you have school, work all that stuff, but if you cant quit drinking you won't be there anyhow. There is your solution, if you want it. I didn't say it would be easy or pretty. Good luck!!!!!!!

  13. QUESTION:
    What do you think is the worst human invention?
    My answer would be alcoholic drink.Here are the reasons why.The maximum number of deaths in the
    world related to any one particular cause is due to
    the consumption of alcohol. Millions of people die
    every year only because of intake of alcohol. I
    need not go into the details of all the ill-effects of
    alcohol since most of them are commonly
    known. Below is a simple list of few of the alcohol
    related illnesses:
    a. Cirrhosis of Liver is the most well known alcohol
    associated disease.
    b. Others are Cancer of Oesophagus, Cancer of
    Head and Neck, Cancer of Liver (Hepatoma),
    Cancer of Bowel, etc.
    c. Oesophagitis, Gastritis, Pancreatitis and Hepatitis
    are linked with alcohol consumption.
    d. Cardiomyopathy, Hypertension, Coronary
    Artherosclerosis, Angina and Heart Attacks are
    linked with heavy alcohol intakes.
    e. Strokes, Apoplexy, Fits and different types of
    Paralysis are linked with alcohol intake.
    f. Peripheral Neuropathy, Cortical Atrophy,
    Cerebellar Atrophy are well-known syndromes
    caused by alcohol consumption.
    g. Wernicke – Korsakoff syndrome with amnesia of
    recent events, confabulations and retainment of
    memory to old events with different types of
    paralysis are mainly due to thiamine deficiency
    due to excessive alcohol intake.
    h. Beriberi and other deficiencies are not uncommon
    among alcoholics. Even Pellagra occurs in
    alcoholics.
    i. Delerium Tremens is a serious complication that
    may occur during recurrent infection of alcoholics
    or post operatively. It also occurs during
    abstention as a sign of withdrawal effect. It is
    quite serious and may cause death even if treated
    in well equipped centres.
    j. Numerous Endocrine Disorders have been
    associated with alcoholism ranging from
    Myxodema to Hyperthyroidism and Florid
    Cushing Syndrome.
    k. Hematological ill effects are long and variable.
    Folic acid deficiency, however, is the most
    common manifestation of alcoholic abuse
    resulting in Macrocytic Anemia. Zeive’s syndrome
    is a triad of Hemolytic Anemia, Jaundice and
    Hyperlipaedemia that follows alcoholic binges.
    l. Thrombocytopenia and other platelet
    abnormalities are not rare in alcoholics.
    m. The commonly used tablet metronidazole (flagyl)
    interacts badly with alcohol.
    n. Recurrent infection is very common among
    chronic alcoholics. The resistance to disease and
    the immunological defense system are
    compromised by alcohol intake.
    o. Chest infections are notorious in alcoholics.
    Pneumonia, Lung Abcess, Emphysema and
    Pulmonary Tuberculosis are all common in
    alcoholics.
    p. During acute alcoholic intoxication, the drunk
    person usually vomits, the cough reflexes which
    are protective are paralysed. The vomitus thus
    easily pass to the lung causing Pneumonia or
    Lung Abscess. Occasionally it may even cause
    suffocation and death.
    q. The ill effects of alcohol consumption on women
    deserves special mention. Females are more
    vulnerable to alcohol-related Cirrhosis than men.
    During pregnancy alcohol consumption has a
    severe detrimental effect on the foetus. Foetal
    Alcohol Syndrome is being recognised more and
    more in the medical profession.
    r. Skin diseases are also related to alcohol
    indulgence.
    s. Eczema, Alopecia, Nail Dystrophy, Paronychia
    (infection around the nails) and Angular Stomatitis
    (inflammation of the angle of the mouth) are
    common diseases among alcoholics.

    • ANSWER:
      You are quite long winded.
      You seem to have a problem with drink. Don't blame the drink. Blame the person that couldn't control themselves with it. It is never the thing but the abuse of the thing.

      Answer to your question for me is Nukes, Cloning, & biological manipulation making super bugs etc.
      Those if unleashed would cause much more havoc than drink.

      Jesus drank. He change water into wine. Remember that.

  14. QUESTION:
    Did the George Best drama/docu make anyone think?
    The programme focused mainly on his mum,a one time chronic Alcoholic,and her early death of alcohol related heart disease
    .George Best had everything and was a gifted footballer yet could never stop booze even after a liver transplant,how do you feel about booze in society?

    • ANSWER:
      A very moving documentary. Alcoholism is like any drug addiction - very hard to beat. Some are strong enough and some are simply not. One could blame the alcoholism on George's sudden fame and the effect that this had on his mother - particularly at a time when there was no PR, management, agents etc to help the family come to terms with their sudden fame. On the other hand, they may have ended up being alcoholics anyway - who knows. There has been medical studies showing that alcoholic addiction can be hereditary.

      There will be many more alcoholics now thanks to the cheap availability of alcohol - particularly to young people. When I was a teenager (I am 43), you could only buy alcohol in an off licence and then you would have to get past the shop keepers and ID checks - off licences would close at 10pm (there is no way your parents would let you out at that time of night). Now of course, kids can get very cheap alcohol almost anywhere and anytime - not good.

  15. QUESTION:
    health questions?
    fat soluble vitamins - dont build up in the body, are absorbed by fat, a lot are needed by the body, or pass easily through the blood stream

    tiny air sacs in lungs destroyed and breathing becomes harder by a disease known as - lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, emphysema

    carbon monoxide is present in blood and boday tissues and cells are deprived of - hemoglobin, carcinogens, iron, oxygen

    nicotin causes addiction and - acts as a stimulant, is a carcinogen, competes with oxygen , or destroys cilia

    a symptom of alcohol poison is - irregular heart beat, or increased respiration

    liver tissues replaced with useless scar tissue is - fatty liver, alcoholic hepititis, cirrhosis, or fetal alcoholic syndrome

    tar contained in tobacco smoke is harmful to the lungs because -
    it clogs blodd vessels, paralyzies cilia, its a stimulant, or its addictive

    a disease caused by a virus is - tuberculosis , malaria, or influenza ringworm...

    plz help..... :)

    • ANSWER:
      - are absorbed by fat
      -emphysema
      -oxygen
      -acts as a stimulant
      -increased respiration
      --cirrhosis
      -paralyzies cilia
      -influenza

  16. QUESTION:
    Please Help! Aching, Heavy, Pitting Edema legs - causes?
    Ok, I've finally given up in my search for answers. I'm hoping someone out there can give me some ideas of what could be wrong. I have had pitting edema in my legs for about 3 months now. I've been to the doctor numerous times and have ruled out my kidneys and heart...which is good....but, it's driving me crazy as to what this could be.

    Here's some history: I have a whole host of existing medical conditions, which are probably not related...but, I'll list them just in case. I have:Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue, Osteoarthritis, Depression / Bipolar, GERD, Barrett’s Disease, Hiatal Hernia, IBS, Urinary Incontinence, Seborrheic Keratoses. These are confirmed diagnosis. I take the following medications: Lamictal, Paxil, Elavil, Diclofenac, Flexeril, Lortab, Omeprazole, Protonix, Detrol, Ultram, and Oxycodone (when needed). I am a 40 year old female that is 50 pounds overweight.

    Like I said, the heart and kidneys have been ruled out. I've been careful about reading labels to ensure my sodium intake is around 1500-2000 mg per day. That has not made a difference. I've stopped taking the Dyclofenac for a couple of weeks since that has been known to cause edema. That didn't make a difference either. I also stopped taking my Detrol for a couple of weeks as I was allergic to Ditropan and thought maybe I've suddenly developed an allergy to the Detrol as well. This also has not made a difference. I was on Lasix for a few days, but it didn't make any difference in the edema.

    I had testing about 1 1/2 years ago that showed I had an enlarged liver and cyrosis (non-alcoholic). At that time a Liver function test was done and it came back normal. I asked my doctor if that test had been run again with the other testing since the onset of the edema. She said since it was done before, it doesn't need to be done again.

    She's an awesome doctor! I've been seeing her for years and she has been wonderful with all of my medical conditions. So, I trust her. However, when I asked last week what else we can do or what other testing can be done, she said that sometimes these things just happen, especially to women over 35 and that the heart was her main concern with this. She recommended that I get some compression stockings. So, I have ordered some, but they haven't come in yet.

    My real concern is that perhaps we're missing something that could be very important. I don't think it's natural that someone should have to wear compression stockings for the rest of their lives. And I'm in an extreme amount of pain with this. I have a career which requires me to be on my feet for a couple of hours at a time. I try to sit when possible, but even when I'm not on my feet much (like on a day off), the edema is still there. My legs feel so heavy and constantly ache. The pitting is so severe at times that an indentation has taken a couple of hours to return to normal. This happens mostly on the days that I work.

    I'd really like some input with ideas of what I could be missing. I've been doing research for 3 months now and am very frustrated. Any input/ideas would be greatly appreciated.

    Yes, I know I need to lose the 50 pounds...that goes without saying. I had never been overweight until 5 years ago when I was diagnosed with all these medical conditions and started on all the medications. So, if there are any other comments not related to my weight, they would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Um okay, first of all, I'm confused. The liver tests came back and indicated that your liver is enlarged and cirrhotic?? If that is the case, and the doctor doesn't believe she needs to repeat the test and follow-up you definitely need to see another doctor! Liver could definitely be the cause of these problems!! You should have your ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase, albumin, bilirubin, anti-mitochondrial antibodies, anti-smooth muscle antibodies all measured. Go to a doctor and ask for all of these tests. That will rule out something to do with the liver. Again if you were diagnosed with cirrhosis, this needs to be follow up. If not, you still need to look into the liver as that can certainly cause your symptoms.


Causes Of High Liver Enzymes

Jaundice is a symptom of hepatitis, jaundice causes your skin and your eyes appear yellow. The yellow color of the skin and eyes are caused by an excess amount of bilirubin.

Bilirubin is a yellow chemical in hemoglobin which builds up in the body when the liver cannot handle the blood cells as they break down, body and your skin may look yellow.

Susun Weed in the Childbearing Year has an excellent section on infant jaundice and treatments for it. Below I will summarize her excellent suggestions.

Jaundice occurs as a result of the breakdown of extra red blood cells associated with the transition form your fetus receiving oxygen from your placenta to supplying her/his own oxygen.

Cheladonium 3x is the recommended homeopathic infant jaundice treatment. Be sure to use this only homeopathically, not in herbal form.

Treat breast milk jaundice with the infant jaundice treatments described above or try increasing the enzymatic activity in your baby's liver and intestines with fresh wheat grass juice.

Jaundice is characterized by yellowing of the skin and the sclera or whites of the eyes. It is not a disease but only a sign to many other different diseases.

Causes

Excessive bruising from a traumatic birth causes more than the usual amount of red blood cells to be broken down, leading to higher levels of bilirubin to be conjugated.

The preterm baby is more likely to become jaundiced because of an immature liver which cannot cope with the high load of bilirubin.
G6PD deficiency is a condition where an enzyme necessary for the conjugation of bilirubin is missing or insufficient.

Breast milk may interfere with the liver's ability to conjugate bilirubin therefore the jaundice may be prolonged. Often, it is not necessary to stop breast feeding but if the levels become too high.

Jaundice is a symptom, not a disease and there are many reasons for it happening. It is recognized primarily by the yellow discoloration of the skin.

Berberis is a very effective herb for all kinds of liver ailments, especially jaundice. So effective is the herb that it is nicknamed 'jaundice berry'.

Jaundice is an outcome of uprise, in the bloodline, of bilirubin, a yellow coloured pigment that comes out by the breakdown of aged RBCs. It is normal for the RBCs to collapse,

while the bilirubin formed does not generally lawsuit jaundice Since the liver will metabolise them and thereby eliminate it inside the gut.

Treatments

There are many drugs that can cause jaundice. Some drugs could leave the liver an inflammation or hepatitis almost similar to hepatitis caused by virus.

Still other drugs could affect the bile ducts and also leave them inflamed. The only treatment to this kind of condition is to discontinue usage of such drugs. However, it would still take a few weeks before the bilirubin is back to its normal level.

Another factor is genetic disorders. One of these genetic disorders is the defect in bilirubin conjugation in the liver caused by the reduction of the enzyme for conjugating bilirubin and glucoronic. This condition is referred to as Gilbert's syndrome.

Jaundice is only a symptom to more serious ailments. Jaundice or cholestasis causes other problems other than the yellowing of the skin and the sclera of the eye.

The stool could also become pale in color when bilirubin is absent or become too brownish because of too much bilirubin. The urine is also affected as its color could also become dark yellow or brownish.

Jaundice , other than the coloring, is frequently associated with itching called pruritus. This condition can sometimes become severe that the patient could not scratch their skin. Others could have trouble sleeping.

When the jaundice is caused by liver disease, the patient could experience fatigue, swelling of ankles, muscle wasting, fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity, bleeding in to intestine and worse, coma.

Since jaundice in cats is not a disease, the underlying problem needs to be treated before it will go away. If the underlying disease can be determined, it will need to be treated.

However, some diseases that cause jaundice such as certain cancers are very severe and incurable. These diseases are usually fatal.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    My liver enzymes are high...What causes that?
    I am 29, generally healthy,besides elevated blood pressure and cholesterol (what American doesn't now a days...) I DO NOT drink alcohol, nor do i take prescription pain pills. i may take tylenol (2- 500 mg tablets) once a day for joint pain, and of course blood pressure and high concentration omega 3 fish oil tablets for cholesterol (cant take statins).

    All of these conditions above can cause high enzyme counts...My Doc is at a loss, she has no idea what else could be causing this...She wants me to stop taking the tylenol for now, even though she knows i'm not taking enough of it to cause liver damage...i am also seeing a Gastro Doc, who has so far told me that it could be N.A.S.H. (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis)...but would that cause high liver enzymes?

    I am not looking for someone to tell me "you need to see a doctor"...Duh, i know that...what i'm looking for is too find out if anyone else out there has gone thru this or something similar. What other avenues did you doc take?
    i have been tested for Hep, a-b-&c, all negative...it did seem like the perfect diagnosis at first though...everything symptom fit, but blood was negative for all 3.

    • ANSWER:
      I hope your primary care doctor has tested you for hepatitis B and C. Elevated liver enzymes and joint pain are two of the most common symptoms of hep c. Tiredness is another main symptom. And yes, NASH can cause high enzymes. There are many people walking around with hep c and don't know it because the symptoms are so subtle. Get tested to at least rule that out. By the way, many primary care doctors do not test for hep c or are even knowledgable about it. Just in case you don't know, the risk factors for hep c are blood transfusions before 1992, IV drug use even if only one time years ago, tatttoos, piercings, snorting drugs & sharing the straw/dollar bill, sharing razors or toothbrushes with someone who is infected, exposure to blood (i.e. needlesticks in medical or dental personnel), kidney dialysis, risky sex where blood to blood contact has occurred. Best wishes, hope this helps you.

  2. QUESTION:
    Im taking Pangestyum EC. Can that cause high liver enzymes in my blood work?
    Im taking Pangestyme EC capsules. I had blood work done and my liver enzymes came out high. Can Pangestyme be the cause of it.

    • ANSWER:
      is that life threatning? i hope youll be okay buddy, just hang in there and be strong, willl pray for you

  3. QUESTION:
    Causes of high liver enzymes?
    I recently had blood tests done and it came back that i had high liver enzymes. My AST was 57 and my ALT was 54. I workout a lot and take protein powder and creatine. I also have been taking advil a lot lately. Could these affect the levels and are my levels dangerously high?

    • ANSWER:
      Exercise can cause these enzymes to elevate some. No, your levels are not elevated very much. There is really no danger to them being high other than indicating there could be a problem of some kind.

  4. QUESTION:
    What causes moderately high liver enzymes? How worried should I be?
    I went to the doctor with an over active bladder, extreme fatigue and constant migraines. I had blood drawn for a few different things and the results came back with abnormally high liver enzymes. I have an appt on friday but I am just worried. I know I will need more testing, but in the meantime, what could be the variouse causes of this? How big of a deal is this?
    I don't binge drink, and never have. Only occasional alcohol. When I was younger, however, I use to pop Advil like it was my job. I don't remember why. I think it was because of the fact that I had an severe eating disorder and was always in pain. But I took A LOT of asprin. I also got stupid last year of a debilitating migraine and over dosed on acetametaphine. It was a really bad OD but i didn't go to the hospital or Dr. Could those two things be likely causes? And if so what exactly would they do to my liver?
    Also, I already had mono when I was in middle school. Isn't that a one time thing? And if it had some negative affect wouldn't it have shown itself right now? (I also have anxiety disorder lol, this is helping!)

    • ANSWER:
      Hight liver enzyes can be caused by a number of different things, but is associated with symptoms of fatigue. Some of the causes include certain medications which may be toxic to the liver such as Tylenol (acetomenophen) and also alcohol is toxic to the liver. Hepatitis damages the cells in the liver and causes elevated enzyme levels. Also, Mononucleosis can cause this, or other viruses as well. Your doctor may want to do some other tests to rule out some causes such as hepatitis, mono, or some autoimmune disorder such as lupus. There are a number of autoimmune disorders that can also attack the liver and fatigue can be associated with them. Tumors can also cause this problem. It is best to wait and talk with your doctor. Sometimes, mono, caused by the Epstein Barr Virus, can lead to autoimmune disorders. Your doctor could do a blood test to see if you have mono or reactivated mono.

      Talk to your doctor. Worry will not help and will only harm your health and your mind. It will not change the outcome.

      Yesterday was history,
      Tomorrow is a mystery
      Today is the PRESENT!

  5. QUESTION:
    Innocent causes for high liver enzymes (ALT)?
    Please only respond if you know about this, rather than posting a URL with generic information.

    My husband had high levels of liver enzymes 3 years ago but we thought it was due to the fact that he had taken 2 tylenol the day before. Recently, he was retested and his ALT is almost 3 times the normal limit (highest normal is 55 and his is 145), twice what it was 3 years ago. All of his other liver panel tests were normal, AST, billirubin, etc., as well as CBC.

    Our GP suggested that it could be something called NASH, or fatty liver disease, however, other than the high ALT, he has NONE of the typical characteristics. He has below average triglycerides and cholesterol and his glucose levels are normal. Also, his liver proteins (albumin) are on the high side of normal and these levels would be low if he had cirrhosis or fatty liver. I should also add that he does not drink and is not exposed to toxic chemicals. He is not overweight but also does not exercise.

    Any ideas please? I'm hoping there could be some simple explanation like vitamin deficiency, poor diet or dehydration. We could not get an appt. with a specialist for another month, at which point they will presumably perform an ultrasound to check things out.
    He is negative for viral hepatitis.
    His Albumin/ Globulin ratio was elevated 3 years ago and approx. twice what it should be (2.2) but I don't think they retested it.
    He is also negative for hemachromatosis, which runs on his father's side of the family.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello,

      The ALT is an enzyme that is located in the liver and is released into the bloodstream when there is damage to the liver cells. ALT is also located in other tissues, such as muscle tissues. Other blood tests can be performed to evaluate whether it is from the muscle tissue, such as the creatinine phosphokinase and aldolase. Most cases of a persistently elevated ALT are related to liver disease though. The most common causes for an ALT of this level would be alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis C, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), non-alcholic steatohepatitis and medication related. There are many other less common conditions, such as chronic hepatitis B, autoimmune hepatitis, Wilson's disease, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and hemochromatosis.

      Most of these conditions can be evaluated with by simple blood tests, which are routinely ordered for the evaluation of this. The exception would be NAFLD/NASH, because there is unfortunately no blood test that can identify this. NASH is becoming much more common and it is always something to consider when the rest of the work up was negative. It sounds like you already know the characteristics and risk factors of NASH including obesity, diabetes, and elevated triglycerides. The presence of these increases the likelihood of NASH, but is not necessarily diagnostic. The absence of these risk factors does not eliminate the possibility of NASH, but it does make it less likely. Even though your husband does not have these issues, NASH is still possible. The definitive test to evaluate for NASH is a liver biopsy.

      I would recommend that your husband be evaluated by a hepatologist or at least a gastroenterologist regarding this if he has not already. Standard blood tests that would be ordered to evaluate this include: Hepatitis B and C tests, Antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-smooth muscle antibody, Ceruloplasmin, Iron, Total iron binding capacity and Ferritin. Imaging like ultrasound is also helpful in identifying any abnormalities in the liver. Your husband may have had some of these tests already. Do not worry about the details, because the doctor's will know what to order.

      You are correct that albumin is a marker of the synthetic function of the liver and low albumin is associated with cirrhosis. The ALT and AST are markers of damage, but they do not tell anything about how well the liver is functioning. The PT/INR is also a marker of how well the liver is functioning. It is good that your husband has normal function of the liver based on his elevated albumin.

      The concern with a persistently elevated ALT is that it is a sign of ongoing liver damage that could eventually lead to cirrhosis. This is why it is important to try to identify the cause and treat it if possible to prevent progressive damage to the liver. Vitamin deficiency could potentially lead to elevated liver tests, but this would be very rare in the absence of other signs of vitamin deficiency. Dehydration is not known to increase ALT. Poor diet can lead to NAFLD and NASH, but do not cause elevation in the ALT directly. You will have more answers once your husband sees the specialist. If you have further questions, then let me know. Good luck to you and your husband.

      Edit: It is good that the viral hepatitis and hemochromatosis evaluation is negative. The specialist may want to check additional labs depending on the previous results. Hopefully, you will have more answers by then. If your husband is on medications, then it is also important to determine if any of them are causing them. Some herbal supplements can also elevate liver enzymes, so do not forget about them.

  6. QUESTION:
    Can blood clots cause high liver enzymes?
    I was diagnose with risk of blood clots.

    • ANSWER:
      There are different liver enzymes that the doctor tests for:
      ALT, AST, GGT, and Alkaline Phosphatase.
      Only the ALT enzyme is most specific to the liver since the liver
      cells make most of it in the body. The other enzymes are made
      in other areas and, if someone has a heart problem...these enzymes
      can also be higher.

      If the blood clots develop in the portal vein or other liver veins...then
      they may cause damage to the liver cells; which would cause
      a rise in these enzymes. In Cirrhosis (last stages of liver disease),
      the blood doesn't flow well through the liver because of scar
      tissue formation inside the liver and it backs up into the portal vein
      and smaller vessels, in order to return to the heart.

      Build up of plague in the vessels, poor circulation, narrowing of the
      vessels, and other things lead to clots being formed. However, if
      someone is in the advanced stages of Cirrhosis of the liver...they
      may not have a problem with clots forming because the liver isn't
      able to make the clotting factors efficiently anymore.

      So, there is a possibility that this lack of blood flow (clots) is causing a
      rise in the enzyme levels...but, I don't believe it to be the main cause.

      Hope this information has been of some help.

  7. QUESTION:
    how high of a dose of Tylenol would cause high liver enzymes? (did I take too many?)?
    I had a check up at the doctors a few weeks ago. At the time I was sick and was taking 2-4 tylenol pills (2=1 dosage) every other day or so (this was for at the most 5 days). I think I only took 1 dosage the day before the doctors and then none the day of. I got my blood work taken and it came back as high liver enzymes. I now have another doctor apt. scheduled for May 1st to be retested. But I was just wondering this since I read that medication can cause high liver enzymes.
    im 16. No alcohol or other medications.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on how much tylenol is in each pill. Tyelon is toxic to the liver in high doses, and that could cause an elevation in liver enzymes. There are, however, many other causes of enzyme elevation beyond Tylenol toxicity. It would be wise to recheck the levels after your illness resolves.

  8. QUESTION:
    My Dr. wants me to get an ultrasound of my liver because my liver enzymes came back high.?
    My question is I know that this can be because of a fatty liver but what else can cause high liver enzymes in your blood? I am a some what healthy 31 year old woman. I am slightly obese and am a mother to three. Any ideas on what else this could be?
    I do not drink. I had a glass of wine over the holiday but that is it. Nor do I do drugs! I am over weight by 50 lbs though. I hope that helps some.

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    Can High Liver Enzymes be caused by a large amount of surface bruises due to impacts from sports?

    • ANSWER:
      Not that I am aware of, but I would recommend checking with your doctor as well to see what they say.

  10. QUESTION:
    High liver enzymes and Hepatitis! ?
    I want to know what does it mean to have high liver enzymes? I have researched on Acute hepatitis and Hepatitis overall. I mean there are other Hepatitis a, b, and c, but what my question is that without having a blood transfusion, without doing illegal drugs and without having sex...(being virgin) what can be the cause of high liver enzymes?

    • ANSWER:

  11. QUESTION:
    what would cause a pregnant woman to have high liver enzymes?
    my fiance went for her monthly check up and found out that her liver enzymes are slightly high. Should this be something to worry about? She is 27 weeks pregnant and takes tylenol to help ease the common pains of pregnancy.

    • ANSWER:

  12. QUESTION:
    High liver enzymes what could it be?
    High liver enzymes what could it be?
    Ok i had blood work done and they said i have high liver enzymes what could it be from. I don't drink or take Tylenol or any other meds. The only one i do take is phentermine. I used to be bulimic pretty bad and I admit it I barely drink water at all. I had a baby about 4 and a half months ago and i would think that all the blood work they did it would show if I had hepatitis c. Does any of these things sound like it could be the cause of my liver having high enzymes?? thanks so much. im so scared! im only 19 years old i don't want bad things happening already!

    • ANSWER:
      Well the answer to your question is yes. The cause can be your bulimia in past, it could damage your liver... Any drug even if it is 1 in a trillion can cause some liver damage, especially if you are e.g. allergic to that drug etc.... But I don't think it is the way... It could even be Hep C, it can be practically 10 other things... You know the cases when people get throat ache and they say: "but I didn't drink cold water"... Same way in here, some minor or heavier illness can happen any time, anyhow. Just focus on the testings doctors will perform in future, if you go to them, which you definitely should. Don't be scared with things I have numbered in here... It should only give you a picture what it may be the cause, and that there can be many different explanations possible. The thing with blood testing only shows where is the problem, it rarely shows the true nature of the problem.

  13. QUESTION:
    PLEASE HELP! High liver enzymes?
    My sisters fiance has high liver enzymes. Apparently he has bacteria in his stomach causing some condition but the doctor said that is not the cause of his high liver enzymes. He does not drink much, quit smoking and is not overweight at all. What could it be????

    • ANSWER:
      A single test result of elevated liver enzymes is nothing to be concerned about - liver enzymes fluctuate, and the norms aren't exact. Usually, when liver enzymes are high enough to cause concern, a second blood test is run a week or two later, after avoiding consumption of anything that could affect the liver. Many times, enzymes return to normal levels in the second test. If the enzymes are still elevated in a second test, then tests more specific to liver function can be done to help determine the cause.

      Some things that raise liver enzymes are medications - especially acetaminophen and anti-inflammatory drugs, and also certain bacterial infections, high triglyceride levels, and a bunch of uncommon liver diseases and conditions.

  14. QUESTION:
    Abnormally high Liver Enzymes?
    I took a blood test the other day and got very troubling results.
    ALT - 220
    AST - 419
    (My Cholesterol level was 107, if that helps)
    Now, my question here is "What could cause such high levels of liver enzymes?"
    I ask this because I have no recollection of being sick in the past year. I've been perfectly healthy.
    This is the first time I've taken a blood test, so I don't know if my levels have been this high before or if they've always been this high.

    I'll also add this, since it's worth noting - I've have drastically changed my life style in the past week; I've been going to the gym nearly every day and working out decently (mainly working on upper body strength).

    So, besides bad test results - what could cause this?
    The only drugs I have taken in the past year are over the counter pain meds (Advil and Tylenol), and only in small doses.

    • ANSWER:
      Cholesterol is too low and low cholesterol causes many health problems. The majority of men who needed a bypass had cholesterol levels below 5.2mmol/l (200). Read the truth about cholesterol>>>

      http://www.thincs.org/Malcolm.choltheory.htm

      Lab reference ranges vary but i'll go with ALT: 8 - 45 U/L and AST: 8 - 40 U/L.

      Your ALT is approx 5x the upper limit of normal.
      Your AST is slightly higher than 10x the upper limit of normal.
      AST - ALT approx ratio = 2:1

      Liver injury is defined as:

      ALT over 3x the upper limit of normal.

      If AST or ALT is above 10x normal, this may be toxin induced.

      Very high levels of AST (more than 10x the highest normal level) are usually due to liver disease called acute hepatitis, which is often due to a virus infection. In acute hepatitis, AST levels usually stay elevated for about 1–2 months, but can take as long as 3–6 months to return to normal.

      An AST:ALT ratio of 2:1 or 3:1, especially when associated with elevated GGT, strongly suggests alcohol induced injury. More than 90% of patients with an AST:ALT ratio of 2:1 have alcoholic liver disease. Of course if you don't drink, ignore this bit. :)

      "ALT Too High (Liver enzymes elevated): Rule out hepatocellular (liver cell) diseases such as cancer, fatty liver, cell death due to bacteria/viruses/hepatitis or toxins, cirrhosis, obstructive jaundice, and infectious mononeucleosis.

      AST Too High: Rule out liver disease (death of cells and cancer), skeletal muscle diseases, (myositis and muscular dystrophy), trauma, pancreatitis, renal infarct, eclampsia (milk fever), cancer, cerebral damage, seizures, alcohol, heart tissue disease (heart attacks, pericarditis), infections in the bloodstream (septicemia), intramuscular injections, drugs such as corticosteroids, primidone, antibiotics and other drugs processed through the liver. Hemolysis (ruptured red cells from improper handling of the blood) can also raise AST levels."

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis
      http://nursinglink.monster.com/training/articles/1230-interpreting-liver-function-tests
      http://www.naturalhealthtechniques.com/basicsofhealth/lab_result_meaning1.htm

  15. QUESTION:
    can amino acid supplements cause liver enzymes to be too high?
    Had full bloodwork done at my physical 2 weeks ago. All results were dead center in the normal ranges, except for my liver enzymes. The AST was 58 (normal 0-40), and the ALT was 148 (normal 0-40). The doc asked me if I drank a lot, I said one beer a week. Then he asked me if I take tylenol-type medications often, and I said very seldom, if ever. Then he asked if I was on a high protein diet, and I said no, but I do take an amino acid supplement. He instructed me to lay off of alcohol, tylenol, and amino acids for 2 weeks, then come back and get retested. I just went back and the liver test is great, 28 AST, 32 ALT.

    My personal trainer, and all I have seen on internet says AA's in free form, are absorbed directly into the blood and do not have to be processed by the liver. But I am afraid to take AA's again. Should I be?

    They, along with lots of hard work, have helped me put on 15 lbs of muscle in the last year.

    • ANSWER:
      your personal trainer needs to be better educated...excess amino acids are processed by the liver and too much becomes toxic ,that which is not passed out in the urine remains in yor liver.My degree is in exercise science and nutrition,so that is where I get my info from

  16. QUESTION:
    My liver enzymes are high what can I do about it?
    I don't drink
    I am on sodium phenytoin which I think is the cause of my problems
    Are there other anti-seizure drugs that don't cause liver damage or do they all have this effect?
    GGT is 353 iu/L
    ALT is 68/L

    • ANSWER:
      tell your doc about it..

      yes, there are other anti-seizure drugs other than phenytoin that is not much toxic to the liver. sorry i just cant remember which one.. you'll have to ask your doc for a prescription anyway so just ask him.

      generally, almost all drugs, like phenytoin, is metabolized in the liver which will cause the rise in the liver enzymes.

  17. QUESTION:
    my liver enzymes are high is it cause i don't drink enough water?
    i know i should drink more but i only drink a glass of water a day is that why my liver enzymes could be high?

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    High liver enzymes in 18 month old AmStaff?
    Was about to buy an 18 month old AmStaff puppy from a very reputable breeder. He went in for a final checkup and also a nueter. His liver enzyme count was up, I dont know exactly how much yet until 2mrw, but from what I got they weren't "extremely" high. He has been a very healthy puppy from what I have been told (and yes I 100% trust this breeder, they could have lied to me and given me this dog to deal with liver enzyme problem myself) and all week has had a very good appetite and no signs of sickness. He did have diarrea this morning at the Vet out of nowhere. Could this be caused by something he ate that his system isnt used to? Has anyone had similiar experiences? Possible causes of the high count (really dont think it is any kind of serious liver disease bc he has been going for regular checkups)? Vet has him on antibiotics for 2 weeks and will re-do blood work at that time, Vet found no cause for concern when palpated. Thanks!
    "candy" learn to read a question, you see those hook shaped signs? those are question marks! So Im not making a point Im asking a question. Please don't reproduce...Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      We are currently in the process of having a 14 month Lhasa diagnosed for similar problems...diarrhea -- she will have it for three to four days, then it goes back to normal; also jaundiced occassionally, and days where she is lethargic and shows no interest in her toys.

      Bile acids were ten times higher than normal. She was put on diet specifically for her liver and has gone on to the university for an ultrasound and more testing. They have only found a smaller than normal liver, and are looking closer at her pancreas.

      We have 'good' days and 'bad' days. At this time, no definite diagnosis and this has been going on for nearly two months.

      She was on the medication Denosyl for about ten days and was on an antibiotic for a total of twenty days. Neither resulted in significant changes in her symptoms. And we're still waiting on a diagnosis after spending lots of $$$$. (She is not on any meds currently and symptoms remain similar - one day of diahrrea - the next normal; a day or so of jaundice, then ok, etc........)

      I wish you the best of luck......and hopefully this helps. Feel free to email me if you want more details as we get them in.

  19. QUESTION:
    raw feeders, high liver enzymes, 8 month old puppy, vet rec. science diet?
    sorry for the jumbled initial question. So I asked this question a few days ago but it was real late so i decided to ask again to see what other answers i can get. My pup had a blood test run and it showed high liver and kidney enzymes. I cant remember which one but i intend to get a copy this week. Vet said it is probably due to feeding raw, suggested science diet (which i refuse to do). He said that the creatinine levels are normal, and the enzymes that were high were not related so he isn't worried but wants to do another test in 6 weeks. I added a link of the food that i feed both my pom ( 5 pounds, 9 months) as well as my chesapeake bay retriever (51 pounds, 5 months). Will you read it and see if i should change it, what would yourecommendd i change it to? Should i add anything? Would these ingredients cause his enzyme counts to be off?

    http://www.naturesvariety.com/raw_products_chicken

    Calories
    65 per oz
    Guaranteed Analysis
    Crude Protein (min): 13.0%
    Crude Fat (min): 6.0%
    Crude Fiber (max): 2.0%
    Moisture (max): 68.0%
    Other Nutritional Data
    Carbohydrates: 2.05%
    Linoleic Acid (Omega 6): 0.999%
    Linolenic Acid (Omega 3): 0.249%
    Arachidonic Acid: 0.115%

    Vitamins
    Vitamin A: 12161.55 IU/kg
    Thiamin: 1.60 mg/kg
    Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): 2.39 mg/kg
    Niacin (Vitamin B3): 36.54 mg/kg
    Pantothenic Acid: 10.12 mg/kg
    Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6): 2.02 mg/kg
    Folate: 408.85 mg/kg
    Vitamin B12: 0.03 mg/kg
    Vitamin D: 240.00 IU/kg
    Vitamin E: 9.60 IU/kg Minerals
    Calcium: 0.320%
    Copper: 1.60 mg/kg
    Iron: 145.04 mg/kg
    Magnesium: 0.026%
    Manganese: 2.40 mg/kg
    Phosphorus: 0.256%
    Potassium: 0.192%
    Selenium: 0.127 mg/kg
    Sodium: 0.067%
    Zinc: 24.00 mg/kg Amino Acids
    Arginine: 0.802%
    Cystine: 0.352%
    Histidine: 0.322%
    Isoleucine: 0.557%
    Leucine: 0.867%
    Lysine: 0.929%
    Methionine: 0.300%
    Phenylalanine: 0.467%
    Threonine: 0.490%
    Tyrosine: 0.375%
    Tryptophan: 0.129%
    Valine: 0.589%
    Taurine: 0.064%

    Ingredients
    Chicken, Raw Ground Chicken Bone, Turkey, Turkey Liver, Turkey Heart, Apples, Carrots, Butternut Squash, Ground Flaxseed, Chicken Eggs, Broccoli, Lettuce, Spinach, Dried Kelp, Apple Cider Vinegar, Parsley, Honey, Salmon Oil, Olive Oil, Blueberries, Alfalfa Sprouts, Persimmons, Duck Eggs, Pheasant Eggs, Quail Eggs, Inulin, Rosemary, Sage, Clove
    I would never feed science diet..

    I took my pom in to get his last couple puppy teeth pulled (so his bite doesn't mess up) and I had his blood tested to check for annemia to make sure he could safely handle getting knocked out to get his teeth pulled.

    • ANSWER:
      The ONLY reason vets recommend Science Diet is because they get kick backs from selling it in their clinics. I always get really angry when I hear about vets pushing it on their clients (I've had it pushed on me, too). Putting the word science in it might fool some people, but not anyone who knows anything about pet food knows what garbage it is.

      I'm very happy to hear that you would never feed it.

  20. QUESTION:
    What could be the cause of high liver enzyme levels?
    My husband just recently went to the doctors for a normal checkup and got blood work done. The results were fine except it came back that his liver enzyme levels were high. The doctor wants him to get blood work done again in 4 weeks to check the levels then. But for now, we are concerned what could be the cause of the higher liver enzyme levels. Now for the past 6 years he only drinks once in a great while, and when he does drink its not much at all. When he was in his early twenties he was a heavy drinker, but like i said, it has been at least 6 years since he was a heavy drinker, and since then, it is only once in a while, so he barely consumes any alcohol now, and he hasn't had any drinks in a couple of months prior to getting the blood work done. So what could be the cause of the higher liver enzyme levels? Could he have damaged his liver while he was a heavy drinker over 6 years ago? or could it be something else wrong? He is 29 years old, around 235lbs, 5'8", and has not been diagnosed with any other health problems.
    I also just wanted to add that he has not had any health insurance since he was 18 years old, so this is the first time he has gone to the doctors since then, so this is the first time he has blood work done and for the higher levels of liver enzymes to be detected...so for all we know, it could have been like this for many years caused from his heavy drinking in his early twenties.....or something else possibly. Also, just so you know, he does not take any type of medicine that could affect the levels.
    in response to the answer about it being from lots of use of tylenol or cholesterol medicine.....he doesn't take any medicine other than over the counter cold medicines if he is sick, and he uses Motrin if he has a headache. Now if he were to take Motrin before he got the bloodwork done, would that have raised the levels? and also, because he has higher levels, does that mean that his liver is damaged?

    • ANSWER:
      This would be a difficult question even for a doctor to answer. His past alcohol intake could be a factor but it is also possible that he might have had an illness at some time that caused some damage to his liver. Often, you don't know the cause and you just treat the problem when you find out about it - that is all you can do.

  21. QUESTION:
    What can cause high liver ensymes?
    Hi I have been a nervous wreck for the past week I had my doctor check my Thyroid levels because of recent weight gain turns out when the test came back that my thyroid was ok but my liver enzymes were at 173 (that test was done 2 weeks prior) I just recently went to the ER because of a pain in the right side of my abdomen and extreme nausea all day. I had an ultrasound and a CT scan done ultrasound revealed nothing but the CT scan showed a lesion of 1.9 cm the ER doctor told me to follow up with my doctor I have been crying non-stop very scared. When I saw my Doctor 2 days later he called the radiologist to ask his opinion what he thought it was doctor says he didn't seem concerned it appeared to be a hemangioma he also told me me enzymes levels were at 80 at this point still high but they had come down some. My doctor went ahead and referred me to a gastroenterologist he said he knew the ER doctor had scared me enough and understands my doubts? My question was if a hemangioma is not suppose to be a bad thing why are my enzymes high? Does anyone have any insight on what it could be based on results they have not told me fatty liver.

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    Why are my liver enzymes high?
    I had a recent physical that revealed that I have elevated liver enzymes. My ALT count is 63 and AST count it 61. I had an equivalent of 4 drinks the night before, and frequently have 2-3 drinks per night. I had a binge episode approximately 10 days prior. I am going in for more testing (hepatitis etc) but am a bit nervous. Are the elevated levels caused likely by the alcohol intake or should I be more concerned about disease? Very nervous. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      To start, the only thing "Hepatitis" means is liver inflammation. In the same way that joints can become inflamed from arthritis, our lungs when we catch a cold, skin becomes red and swollen in an infection, our body tells us that something is harming that tissue.

      In your case, it would be most likely that your excessive alcohol intake (remember, anything more than 1 drink/day for women or 2 drinks/day for men is considered excessive) is causing your liver to be inflamed as it metabolizes the alcohol into a less toxic form called acetaldehyde (the chemical responsible for hangovers).

      The elevations of the aminotransferases tells us that the liver is inflamed, but not what causes it. Some other causes include gallstones, a blocked liver duct, or infections with Hepatitis A,B,C,D or E.

      However, if you haven't been having high-risk/unprotected sex, sharing needles for IV drug use, or eaten food that may be contaminated with Hep A/E, then you have a very low risk for that.

      They will likely test other indications of gastro-intestinal health (bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, amylase, lipase) and may use an ultrasound machine to look at your liver.

      By doing all these things, we can find out if it is alcohol causing your liver inflammation or something else.

  23. QUESTION:
    Am I gaining weight because of high Liver Enzymes?
    I went to the doctor and they ran a blood test, I was told that the Liver Enzymes were at 84. But when I was at the doctor in February, my Liver Enzymes were at 14. I have been eating very healthy, and exercising every day. I have been gaining weight very fast recently and am unsure if my weight gain is because of the high Liver Enzymes, possible "fatty liver" or if the fatty liver would be caused by my weight gain. Why am I continuing to gain weight when I am working so hard to lose? Would this be the cause?

    • ANSWER:
      The liver does metabolize our foods...however, how fast it metabolism them depends alot on the thyroid gland.
      Someone who has a low active thyroid can easily gain weight.

      The liver enzymes are not the only test done to check the liver. Enzymes are made in the liver cells, but exercising before having the testing done or having an intramuscular injection, such as a flu shot, and other things can cause a rise in these tests. The doctor does liver functions tests, also, to check and see how well the cells of the liver are able to do the functions needed to keep the body well.

      The doctor may do more blood testing to see if these stay elevated...if they do, then he will seek a cause.
      Some people can develop fatty liver disease because of weight gain, diabetes, certain medications, insulin resistances, pregnancy, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels and other things. Fatty liver causes the liver to enlarge in size because inflammation can develop in the liver...however...I've not heard that it causes weight gain, unless you are in the very last stages of Cirrhosis of the liver. . Weight gain can cause fatty liver, though.

      You may be losing fat weight gain and
      developing muscle weight gain.

      I hope this information has been of help to you.

  24. QUESTION:
    High Liver Enzymes (SGPT Test) - How long to lower?
    Hi,

    I received an abnormal liver enzyme level test, testing much higher than the normal (don't know exact number but think around 100).

    I drank several glasses of wine the night before my test which I'm curious if that directly affected the test; however I KNOW that my current daily intake of wine surely is causing the normal high levels as well... was just curious:

    #1 - if drinking the night before would have increased even more than normal if I hadn't

    #2 - I have stopped drinking completely, so how long until I can retake the test to make sure nothing else wrong which I'm pretty sure there is not - How long to wait after eliminating alcohol??

    #3 - After normalizing these levels, can I go to a more weekend, social drinking rather than my previous excessive, daily consumption??

    Many thanks!!

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    will a day of drinking alcohol cause a temporary high liver enzyme level?

    • ANSWER:
      If your tested the day after, then yes.

  26. QUESTION:
    Liver Enzymes to high? What does that mean? Should I be worried?
    Last week on Friday I had blood tests done that they told me then was for my galbladder when they called me Teusday with the results, I pushed the person on the phone to tell me if the news was good or bad. They told me "theres something wrong with you liver and you should come in and see the doctor this week." I freaked, so of course I set an appointment for the comming up Friday, today.

    Apparently I had high enzymes levels that could be caused by a variety of things but it is hard to pin point anything without an ultra sound, so since I originally came in the week before with consistant vomitting the doctor thought it would be in my best intrest just to take more blood work one last time before doing anything major.

    Im 20 years old, im young.

    but I was wondering, I used to take Tylonel ALOT when I was 14 due to major muscels pains. I would go thru 2 bottles a week. I went to BaylorWorx to heal my body naturaly so now I hardly ever take any, I have had the same bottle for 5 months now

    .... would this have an affect on me now? I mean, its been 6 years, my liver should have healed by now right?

    If it does turn out to be high enzymes, is my health in extreme jeperody?

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    Im 15 and just found out I have high liver enzymes. Any info?
    Im 15 and just found out I have high liver enzymes. Im always sick, so my mom took me to the doctors. They took some blood work on Friday and said they'd call mon. or tues. with the results. Well, they called today and told my mom I have high liver enzymes. I have to go back and re-test on May 1st.

    I looked up a little on this and saw it could be caused by taking medication like tylenol. Since I was sick, I was taking tylenol. I took maybe 4 the day before. 2 in the morning and 2 in the afternoon.I didnt take any the day of the blood test. Is this enough to have caused it?

    Also, I got my blood pressure taken, and I do have high blood pressure as well. I was wondering if this could be related to the high liver enzymes? I also have been tired a lot lately, which is prob. because I've been sick. But I go to bed between 7 and 8:45 pm. I wake up at 6:15am for school and im STILL exhausted. I even went to bed at 5pm and woke up at 10am and I was still very tired (this was the day I got the blood work taken). I can barely stay up past 9:30pm on the WEEKENDS! it sucks. But could this have to do with it?

    Im asking on here, because I dont know anything besides the fact that I have high blood enzymes. I have to go back in a month on May 1st to be re-tested. So Im not really going to know anything until as least may 1st.
    also I was tested for mono, and I was negative.

    And my mom is saying its was prob. just because I was sick. But all I had was basically a cold and it was almost gone when I went to the doctors.

    • ANSWER:
      Taking four tylenol is not enough to raise your liver enzymes. Taking large doses could though. I would stick with ibuprofen.

      Bing sick in general can cause your liver enzymes to rise. There is obviously something wrong if you sleep 10-11 hours a night and are still always tired. This could be anything (including the flu), and if your doctor isn't too worried, I would just wait till you get the new test results.

      Until then I would stay away from alcohol, fatty foods, and tylenol which can all increase your liver enzymes. If you start to look jaundiced (yellowing of the skin or eyes) go to the doctor immediately.

  28. QUESTION:
    24 weeks pregnant, alt levels high (liver enzymes)?? .... ICP?
    Ok so i had my bloods done last night as i was rushed in to a/e under "potential early pre-eclmapsia"

    Turns out the blood test showed my liver enzymes (alt liver test) was raised. I have to have some more blood sent of today to test my bile levels, and potentially start a course of tablets on Friday and have another retest of all my bloods dont on Tuesday.

    What does this all mean there not very explanatory!! as usual!! ... im guessing they think i have something like ICP but im hardly at all itchy???? nor am i yellow????

    But now im scared to death because my baby moves but not as active as he was or as hard, so does it mean i am already beginning to lose him as ICP causes deaths and still born?

    Got midwife at 4:30pm to demand to know what is going on what it means and what can be done etc .... but just looking for some advice in the mean time if anyone else has been through this? :(

    • ANSWER:
      I had obstetric cholestasis with my last pregnancy and I asume this is what you are referring to as this is to do with the liver. First of all don't panic as you will be closely monitored throughout your pregnancy with blood tests etc. I was started on an anti-histamine to stop the itch (which I did have) and then a drug which is used to treat OC and is safe in pregnancy. I was induced at 37 weeks as the risk of stillbirth is higher after full term gestation. Hopefully your midwife will reassure you.

  29. QUESTION:
    Recently found out I have unusually high liver enzymes.?
    Iam a drinker(love beer) and realize I cannot do this anymore.Will a sudden stop of drinking cause any withdraw issues that may harm me?I have no insurance

    • ANSWER:
      You should also be checked for viral hepatitis. Hepatitis with alcohol can be a deadly mix. Many people have hepatitis c and don't know it becaues the symptoms are so subtle or there are no symptoms at all until the liver becomes severely damaged. Quitting drinking is the best thing you can do for yourself. Best wishes.

  30. QUESTION:
    High blood pressure and liver enzymes in pregnancy.?
    Two weeks ago I went to the OB for severe abdominal pain. The doctors said it was probably my Gall Bladder and did some blood work. They tested my liver enzymes which were high, however they ended up sending me home anyway on a low fat diet for the gall bladder.

    3 days ago I wasn't feeling well and I called my doctor who had me come in. My blood pressure was high 145/90 and I had a significant amount of swelling. They were concerned about preeclampsia, but I don't have any protiens in my urine. I went back to the doctor today, after having another attack of severe abdominal pain even though I've been following the low fat diet. My blood pressure was still high, so he ordered some blood work. My liver enzymes were elevated again. My doctor still doesn't think I have preeclampsa, and isn't sure why my enzymes are high. (or at least isn't telling me why he thinks my enzymes are high.)

    are there any other conditions that cause elevated blood pressure and liver enzymes during pregnancy without having preeclampsia?
    I am 35 weeks.

    • ANSWER:
      It's preeclampsia. The high BP and swelling should be enough...add the severe abdominal pain (which is the tell-tale sign) and there should be no question.

      Get a 2nd opinion. This can be VERY serious for you and the baby. Take control of the care you are getting and make sure you have the right information to make a decision.

      You didn't say how far along you were. If it's late enough, they will probably want to induce you. If you are less than 37 weeks or so, they may give you bed rest or talk about an early C-section.

      Don't wait. Get an 2nd and 3rd opinion. Good luck to you.

  31. QUESTION:
    I was told I had high Liver Enzymes...?
    What are symptoms of this? What causes it? I am a young heathly guy who works out regularly, doesnt take any medication and drinks on occasion and that isnt very often.
    I have another appointment with my Dr on Monday to talk about this issue and see what my options are.
    I can say, I didnt drink the night before my blood work or the whole week before...I dont drink much at all. hummm o well

    • ANSWER:
      Elevated liver enzymes in a normally healthy person can occur after a night of drinking, or if you are suffering from a variety of temporary illnesses.
      The purpose of measuring enzymes ALT and AST with a regular full blood count is to get an idea of overall health. If you are otherwise healthy, the level of elevation can determine your next steps. For levels only slightly higher than "normal" it is usually not a concern. For significantly raised ALT or AST, you'll probably need to go back to the dr. for more investigating for the cause. In any case, your MD should have you back in a few weeks to test them again.

  32. QUESTION:
    MY 14 MONTH OLD BLOOD RESULT indicated High Liver Enzymes. What does it mean? Is it serious?
    He is up to date with all of his immunizations, what could have caused this? as a new mom, I'm really worried. His hair is also falling out a lot, and has bald spots on it. His doctor referred us to a dermatologist asap. I'm freaking out! Help!

    • ANSWER:
      depending on how high his levels are I would dare guess. ALthough it is not uncommon for babies to have a slightly elevated liver enzymes. There are numerous reasons from a recent illness to problems w/ his diet etc.. If your doctor did not suggest any further test then I would say he/she did not feel it was serious. As far as his hair if it is on the back it is more than likely due to how he sleeps. But I would go to a dermatologist as it may be some sort of scalp infection. It's hard being a new mom..Just try to relax I am sure you are doing a great job and all will be ok. Good luck.

  33. QUESTION:
    Diagnosed Chiari Malformation1 10mm, high liver enzymes and rapid weight gain mid section. Body aches & cramps
    Hit head May 2007, gained 80 lbs in 10 months. Eating and excercise didn't change. MRI shows CM1. Blood tests keep showing elevated liver enzymes. Tested for Cushings, test came back negative. Belly hurts and is hard to touch. Liver feel like been hit with a bat. Exhausted all the time. Had complete hysterctomy in 2006. Have weird neurological symptoms. parts of head and face go numb. Feel like rubberband around my ribs and sometimes a hat or sunglasses on my head by they aren't. Can't lose the weight no matter what. Miserable. Does Chiari cause rapid weight gain. Also, I have a benign tumor on my thryroid measured at 1.4 x 1.8cm but thyroid blood tests are good. Feels like someone standing on my throat. Very hoarse at times. Also, my body temperature is always at least one degree below normal. I don't have a gallbladder and I have had three sinus surgeries. I am on several meds for nausea and vomiting, I have erosive esophagilia. I also suffer from severe insomnia.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry, but this is too much for YA. You need a doctor. I hope you feel better soon.

  34. QUESTION:
    I had my yearly blood test done the other day and my Liver enzymes were a bit high (61)...After some research?
    I realize there can be a lot of different reasons why!!! Viruses like Epstein Barr can be one of them...I had this 20 years ago, is this something that will stay in my system and reoccur?? I have had yearly blood taken so this number is something new!! Also I read that supplements can raise the level also...I have been on a product called MonaVie since December and Nutra Drops (Quercetin) both supplements!! I realize other things cause the Liver Enzymes to elevate like hepatitis, gallstones, medications like tylenol which I take often for a bad back!! I don't think it's bad bc my doctor said he is not overly concerned that he just wants to repeat the test..it could be elevated for many different reasons!!! Just want to know if anyone knows anything about this??? When it comes to medical knowledge I am inexperienced so thanks for your help and advise!!

    • ANSWER:
      Given how high the liver enzymes can go, your doctor is going in the right direction. 2 years ago mine were elevated, it turned out to be fatty liver. I lost weight and the numbers are now in the middle of the normal range.

  35. QUESTION:
    Can high liver enzymes during LFT test be due to ibuprofen?
    I recently got a full renal blood test. My nurse practitioner called me with the results today and said she was concerned about my liver enzyme level. She requested for me to get tested for Hep C and/or cut back on the alcohol (I'm a social drinker.. nothing heavy).

    Prior to that, on Monday I had my wisdom teeth removed, and I was taking Hydrocodone (Vicodin) and every three hours from Monday (until this morning) I was taking 2-3 200mg ibuprofin tablets at a time. Thursday I had the blood taken, and today I received the results.

    I explained this all to my Nurse Prac., and she still advised to get a Hep C test done. This TOTALLY freaks me out, because I have horrible anxiety and am assuming the worst (I have NO idea how I could ever be at risk for Hepatitis!)

    I contacted my Family Physician, and she was concerned about the enzyme levels as well. She said it was very likely that the medication I was on could've caused this spike in my LFT. She advised to not take any meds or drink and in a week or so do a follow up blood test.

    To rule out the hep, I'm getting a blood test tomorrow morning. I just want to know the odds of the meds having an effect on my results, because my doctors were being pretty vague. I'm also racking up a pretty nice blood test bill.

    Any thoughts? I appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it is possible. I hope you know not to drink with medications too. LFTs should go back down to normal. You can get a temporary increase in LFTs. Key is to get rechecked. Good idea to get checked for Hep C AND A, B.

  36. QUESTION:
    What are the possible causes of frequent infection?
    I either have an ongoing infection that just won't go away, or else I am getting an infection every couple weeks. I feel like I have the flu.

    Can a liver problem cause this? My liver enzymes are high. My iron is low. White blood cells are high.

    • ANSWER:
      Your INFECTION may be a long term malfunctioning of liver and so infection coming and going type. It may be due to various factors. I think it has not been fully treated and hence the recurrence. Apart from taking medicines for increasing your Iron and for increase of white blood cells Your doctor should evaluate the actual reason for the recurrence.

      Do you get Auyrvedic medicines in your place. A wonder tablet (Also available in the form of syrup for giving to Children) called 'LIV-52' will cure all the liver problems if you take 2+2 = 4 tablets daily for 2 months. It is manufactured by different brands and one famous one in India is Himalaya and DABUR. You should get it at your place. You can also but it online. Please go through the following weblinks and have them.

      You can take it without even consulting your doctor as it will not have any contradiction with other medicines and treatments.

      Did you have Hepatitis B or C anytime. There may be mild attack of this and went unnoticed. You may aks your doctor to have it checked up for this. Best of Luck and wish you speedy recover.-

  37. QUESTION:
    High Liver Enzymes Rapid Change in 1 month?
    On December 28th I gad blood work done with AST results of 16 and ALT results of 20. Donated blood on January 21st, no problem. Then on February 24th I had another blood work done for cholesterol. My AST results where 133 and ALT 66. I have been taking CQ10 with red rice yiest and fish oil to lower colesterol for a month, also took an atibiotic for 5 days prior to exam, i take a multivitamin and within last 30 days started taking Recreate, a weight loss product sold at vitamin stores. I also have been taking an anti depressent for last 6 weeks. Could all this stuff I am taking be the cause for such increase?

    • ANSWER:
      You need to notify the blood donation center in order to quarantine your blood products until the issue is resolved.

      Let me say that it is unusual to have repeat liver enzyme testing regularly and you give no reason for it. The liver panel is typically done for not reason and so it's hard to evaluate the situation properly without any medical history.

      Drugs are usually first on the list when it comes to unexpected lab results including the liver enzymes. Red rice yeast works because it contains a natural statin drug and when somebody takes a statin drug then they need to monitor their liver via the transaminases.

      It may also be something entirely different and hopefully not viral in origin and that is why you should notify the donor center.

      Your doctor who ordered the test needs to investigate and repeat testing to see if it keeps going up and how high they go. They need a physical and history.

  38. QUESTION:
    doctor said my liver enzyme serum has elevated.what are the possible causes and treatment.?
    i have high risk of bad cholesterol also so she did not give me any medication because of my high liver enzyme.

    • ANSWER:

  39. QUESTION:
    I took my dog to the vet today and her doctor said one of her enzymes are high in her liver?
    She had blood work done cause she is getting spayed Thursday.The doctor told me the enzyme was so low that it was there but hardley noticable.She also said that the Pomeranian breed is born with a desiesed liver,and a very small % of them may encounter problems as they grow older.What is your veiw on this,oh and she told me not to worry at all.She is 12 1/2 months old.
    They are higher than normal

    • ANSWER:
      In young animals, it can be normal. Enzymes can be elevated because they're been running around prior to testing and if they have been off their food or having food changed, that can affect the result. Your vet would know if it's anything to worry about and since she has told you not to worry, then don't.

      It depends which enzyme it is that determines whether it's a problem or not and i'm guessing that your dog may still be growing so it's probably normal and your vet will monitor it if it's needed.

  40. QUESTION:
    Why would I have an enlarged liver for a year now as well as enzymes getting higher and higher?
    I have an enlarged liver with high enzymes and they are tryin to figure out the cause of this as it is making me very sick and in a lot of pain. The pain is under my right rib and will radiate up into my shoulder baldes and in my back. They said it is the capsule surrounding the liver that is causing the pain as the liver is enlarging butt he capsule is not. My liver enzymes are gettting higher as well. My doctor has refered me to a liver disease specialist because he does not know what is going on. He did how ever tell me that I may have Hep or liver cancer. I have my Hep shots and have never left to a foreign country. I dont use drugs and my husband is not infected so im sure he hasnt cheated. I just am going crazy here. I just turned 30 and feel as if my body is shutting down. I also just found out I have fibromyelgia. I have a 1 year old, 5 year old, and a 11 year old who's father was killed on July 1st 2010 by a drunk driver. The last thing I want is for something to happen to myself.

    I had a c-section December 9th, 2009
    I had my gallbladder out June 27th 2010
    I had my tubes tied October 20th, 2010
    I had a urethra dilatation on January 25th, 2011( urinating blood for 20 years)

    This is 4 surgeries in a 13 months period.

    I also have stomach ulcers and have been vomitting blood.
    I have 2 cysts in my throid

    And many other issues.

    Any insight as to why this is happening please let me know~

    Thank you in advance

    I just turned 30 last week

    I dont smoke
    I dont drink
    I dont do drugs

    And Most of all I dont know why I am so sick????

    • ANSWER:
      When the liver enlarges in size, it is usually due to liver
      cell damage. Let me explain.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune
      system of our body responds to this damage and cause
      inflammation to develop inside the liver. This will
      cause the liver to enlarge in size.
      There are many things that can cause damage to
      the liver cells: alcohol consumption, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, hereditary conditions,
      viral (hepatitis A,B,C,etc) or parasite infections,
      auto immune disease, cancer/growths/tumors/cysts
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection/surgery that
      causes scar tissue build up in the tubes,
      metabolic disorders (can include thyroid),
      fatty liver disease, and much more.

      If the cause can be found and stopped, the liver cells
      can heal and the problem can be reversed. However,
      if this is not able to be done...then the liver cells can
      start to die off and form scar tissue inside the liver.
      This scar tissue cannot be removed from the liver and
      can act like a wall there, which can block the blood
      from getting to the functioning liver cells, so they continue
      to die off and can eventually lead to blocking the blood
      flow through the liver on its way back to the heart.
      (This is known as Cirrhosis of the liver)
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      This is very important to know this...as blood not flowing
      through the liver well anymore can cause it to back up
      into the portal vein (which brings blood from all the
      abdomen to the liver) and also backs up into vessels
      not used to handling this amount of blood (known as
      varies). These varies can have weak spots and balloon
      outward and break open. They are usually found in the
      esophagus, rectal area, and belly button area. Any
      blood in the sputum or vomit or from the rectal area is
      an emergency situation. People who do develop
      cirrhosis, the liver doesn't make clotting factors that helps
      the blood to clot..so they tend to bleed and bruise very
      easily. The doctor can go in and check for varies in
      the esohagus (Endoscopy). The blood will also back
      up into the spleen and can cause it to enlarge, also.

      An ERCP procedure can show if there is a blockage
      or a narrowing of the bile ducts and the doctors can
      widen the bile ducts with the scope and instruments
      to remove any stones, growth, etc. that may be present
      http://www.gihealth.com/html/education/ercp.html

      If you have just had a child, it is possible you could of
      developed fatty liver disease, which can occur in the
      third trimester of pregnancy, rarely.

      Simple blood tests can show if your thyroid is making
      the hormone, thyroxine, well. If it is not making enough
      of this hormone..it is known as hypothyroidism and can
      add to the tired feeling you already have with your
      liver function not being good. Most liver patients feel
      tired all the time.

      These are just some of the things to take into consideration.
      It is best to wait till the liver specialist...either the
      gastroenterologist or hepatologist reviews your blood work,
      ultrasounds, ct scans, MRI, and possible liver biopsy,
      and your other health problems...before a true
      determination can be made.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes. You sure have been facing an awful lot..
      I hope that you find out soon what is wrong and that
      you will start to feel much better.

  41. QUESTION:
    what does high liver enzyme levels mean???
    when i was about 13 i was put on immipramine for a.d.d. ive been off the medication for almost 10 years now. ive had to have yearly liver tests and ive lacked in it for a while now and i finally had the test done and it came back that the liver enzyme levels were high. i was sent for a cat scan and that came back normal. ive also had more blood tests done and they've come back adnormal. the dr said that they had to take care of this now because if they leave it, then later on they wouldnt be able to do anything for it if there was something wrong. he said that if he didnt take care of it now then it would kill me in the next 20 yrs. so what does high enzyme levels mean? what can cause it? it is possible that there is something wrong w/me that wasnt picked up on the cat scan? and what is next after the cat scan since they didnt find anything???
    oh yeah im tired all the time. can that be caused by something being wrong with my liver???

    • ANSWER:
      High liver enzyme count indicates damage to the liver. Usually this happens from high alcohol or drug (prescription or otc) intake, but not always. Not sure why your doctor couldn't give you more information. The best things you can take to get your liver healthy your doctors won't even mention because of their 'deals' with the pharmaceutical companies. They are safe natural remedies proven to repair damage to the liver...

      Sylmarin (milk thistle) which can be found at Walgreens. Take twice the recommend dose. Liv-52 imported from India which can be found on Ebay. And third would be primrose oil also found otc. You can take all 3 together for a synergystic effect which would heal the liver alot quicker.

  42. QUESTION:
    Elevated liver enzymes?
    I'm 37 years old, and I recently had my yearly glucose tolerance test (I don't have diabetes, but have PCOS which causes high insulin levels) and my liver enzymes were elevated. I know that this isn't a good thing, but I also hope it could NOT be a big deal !! They want to check it again in 2 months and are lowering my Glucophage to 500 mg. per day, rather than 1000 (which I take for my insulin levels), so I'm hoping this is an indicator that they aren't TOO concerned, but I can't help to be concerned. Any encouraging words would help? Of course, I think the worst and think cancer, but I feel otherwise healthy! I don't know if this could have anything to do with it, but I had the test done 2 days after a really bad bout of stomach flu (vomiting, diarrhea, etc.) and was still not feeling well the day of the test...just thought I'd throw that out there too. Thanks in advance!
    I don't have Hepatitis C! I had the stomach flu that went through my entire family!

    • ANSWER:
      your "flu" like symptoms could of been a recent exposure to hepatitis c- in which this would raise your liver enzymes.
      if you are taking hormones, this can also cause an issue with enzymes as well as fatty liver or "NASH". Other medications can cause the alt and ast levels to appear abnormal as well.
      Sounds more like some form of hepatitis. I am sure they will do more indepth testing, however, I wouldn't wait!
      In the case of HCV infection (which you could of harbored for months already before having those flu like symptoms) the earlier you treat, the better chances of sustained viral response or "CURE". Yes, folks, HCV is curable!

  43. QUESTION:
    Which drug causes a fatty liver?
    I am a fit 33 year old and found out my liver enzymes are super high so my Dr ordered me a ultrasound and found out I have a fatty liver. I also have been on a high dose of steroids and arava. One Dr blames the arava the other blames the steroids. The steroids keep me up so my Dr gave me clonazepam. What is it?

    • ANSWER:
      Of those three I would definitely suspect arava...anti-rheumatological drugs are notorious for causing liver damage. Steroids and clonazepam are for the most part pretty ok to the liver, but arava is certainly hepatotoxic.

  44. QUESTION:
    High alkaline phosphate and other liver markers?
    I have had high liver enzymes for several years,I have been followed by my local GI for all this time. I have had ultrasounds (including one in June) that are fine, and I had a liver biopsy in Sept. 08 (almost exactly 3 years ago). It just came back with a small amount of fat. Another Dr. of mine (not my GI), suggested that I just consult with a liver specialist in his bldg. Of course, he ordered blood work after my first visit with him and I sent all the results from over the years with my GI. The results came back a bit high in some areas, as have been the case with me for a while with my lfts as I already said. But this time, the alk. phosphate was higher than usual with the others being off, but not as high as they were. I had more blood tests last week for AMA (anti-mitochondrial antibodies) to see if I had Primary Biliary cirosis (sp.). That came back negative, which is good, but now he is sure that it is from the liver b/c of the other elevations in liver enzymes, and wants to do another biopsy next week. I know my dr. is keeping on top of everything by doing all these tests, but what could cause the alk. phostphate to be higher than usual due to the liver? Can it be just a little fat in the liver, or what else? Ultrasound, mri of the abdomen, etc. don't show any liver problems. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      is better to listen to the opinion of an expert

  45. QUESTION:
    How do blood test determine liver function?
    My Doctor had my blood drawn for testing. He said that my liver enzymes were high. How dangerous is this? Could it be normal for me? I have a friend who's temperature runs higher than 98.6, he has an overactive thyroid. He can eat what he wants, and all he wants, and not gain a pound!!! If I even look at a picture of a big pizza I put on 5 pounds, God I hate him. But in all seriously could my liver enzymes just run higher than normal? Could all of the Tylenol I take for my back pain cause this liver condition? I have heard that Tylenol isn't as safe as the public has been led to believe.
    First of all thanks, all of the answers were well thought out, and I have learned a lot. I don't drink alcohol, the medication regiment I am on, put my beer drinking days behinding me.When you are taking drugs like Remeron, Klonopin, and Neurontin, drinking even 1 beer can leave you feeling very uncomfortable. I don't use illegal drugs, haven't smoked in 8 years. I am however 68 pounds over my ideal body weight. I have also been taking, Tylenol# 3 with codeine, 3 times a day for a year now. I suspect it's the Tylenol that has my liver "out of wack", and I have stoped taking it. I think Tylenol is far more dangerous than people have been led to believe,however Tylenol has became as American as apple pie. Tylenol is in some 60+ different over the counter cold, and flu medicines, if it is a liver toxin, getting it off the shelves, will require a Congressional mandate.

    • ANSWER:
      Your liver is the bloods filter. It's functionality can be determined through a blood directed test,

  46. QUESTION:
    Will masterbating make my liver enzyme count drop?
    hey i have really high count of liver enzymes cause i got mono. will masterbating make it go down or up further?

    • ANSWER:
      Masturbating will have no effect on the disease, but it'll make the time go faster.

  47. QUESTION:
    Liver Enzymes, Abnormally high!!?
    17 year old male

    I currently have mono and came positive in my blood last week. Its been a few days i had extreme nausea after meals even vomiting , heart palps feeling sick in the stomach so i did a liver ALT test and it was at 850....normal is 50. My doctor said mono can cause that, but it scared the crap out of me. Is this normal? and will it go back down? i also got tested for Hep A B and C, all were normal. Urine colour is normal, no Yellow skin, I just feel sick to the stomach, and bloating. Body aches and fatigue, swollen lymph nodes biggest problem.

    Can this be Liver disease? or is it Mono ?
    how long will it last?
    Any doctors or nurses who can help me it be great thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Mono does affect your liver though it is a very scary idea to have elevated liver enzymes. Mono usually runs its course over two to three weeks, so wait it out and see. And if you develop any jaundice or other symptoms, go back to the doctor asap!

  48. QUESTION:
    What can cause liver enzymes to elevate?
    I am 22 years old, in decent shape, and I don't drink alcohol. For the past 3 weeks I have been itching like crazy day and night. I have no rashes or raised bumps but its getting to the point where I am scratching so hard that I am breaking the skin. I went to the doctors and she prescribed me a bunch of allergy medicine and lotions to try and see if thats what it was, as well as having blood work taken. She called me and told me that everything was normal except for my liver and that it was reading very high. All she told me was that she was concerned and to come back in a month to have blood work taken again to see if the results changed. So now I am freaking out as to why I'm itching and why my results are what they are. None of the allergy medicines are working so I know its not that.My doctor sounded worried but didn't tell me too much. I have been tested for Hepititus and that was negative, so what else could it be? What would elevate the liver enzymes? Should I be worried?
    I do not smoke and I had the Mirena IUD put in at the end of March 2010. I do not take ANY other medicines.

    • ANSWER:
      This is a very important question. Are you on Contraceptives? If so, I would Run to my gynecologist and have a liver profile done and explain what is going on. I do not want to tell you what happened to me, as it is a warning on all birth control pills, "a serious but rare condition" but let me just say that your Liver controls your hormones and if you are on contraceptives, they could cause issues. If you smoke too, that adds to the danger. I also pulled up the website Mayoclinic and was surprised to see that it did not state anything regarding hormones, please at least check this out as well. Go to your Gyn asap, for me, please. Do not worry, just get all the information you need and then go from there. I wish you well.

  49. QUESTION:
    I'm told I have gallstones and have to have a gallbladder surgery. How dangerous is this surgery?
    Not only I have gallstones but also very thickened gall bladder walls. Apparently this is causing high liver enzymes readings (ASP and ALT) in my blood tests, and also itching all over, red eyes, and dry skin. I have consulted two doctors and they both say the same: Surgery! I have also visited many websites such as Mayo Clinic, Natl Institutes of Health, etc, but I would like to know if someone knows of treatments other than surgery, and/or their experiences with gallbladder surgery. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Get the surgery done and your liver will return to normal. You will also feel a lot better. Most of the time they can do the surgery laproscopically today which makes it a pretty easy surgery. The doctors are right. You will have to get this done if you want to get well. There is nothing else you can do. My 78 year old mother had it done and also my husband. Both did really well without any problems.

  50. QUESTION:
    High iron level results at 600+ Why?
    I have had a blood test after feeling constantly tired, stressed, moody, loss of energy, loss of sex drive etc. The result had come back as high liver enzymes so off i went for another test for it to come back as iron level 600+ which is more then double the recommended amount (200-300 for men). I have a healthy lifestyle, dont drink, smoke, train at gym 3 times a week, no drugs, and have a healthy diet. I have been told its causing liver damage but i dont know what could be doing it as i have checked my food, vitamins etc. Any ideas?? I am under my doctor and have an appointment next week :O)

    • ANSWER:
      There is a liver disease that is hereditary. It is where the body tends to hold
      onto too much iron. It can cause liver cell damage. It is known
      as "Hemochromatosis". Check to see if anyone else in your family may
      of had this problem.

      When the liver cells become damaged (the liver cells make enzymes),
      then these enzymes will leak out and go higher on the blood tests results.
      Some of the well known liver enzymes are the ALT, AST, GGT, and ALP.

      The immune system of the body may respond to this cell damage and cause
      inflammation to develop inside the liver. Inflammation normally will block
      a foreign substance from going further into the body...sort of acts like
      a wall of protection. However, when it develops inside the liver, it adds
      to the pressure there because the liver is surrounded by a tight membrane
      capsule. It will cause the liver to enlarge in size (can be seen on an
      ultrasound or Ct scan.)

      I would try to eliminate any high iron foods and check back with your
      doctor for more blood testing. Blood testing is not always 100%
      accurate and the doctor may double check this on the next test done
      to be sure.

      Many things can cause a rise in the liver enzymes: muscle injury,
      intramuscular injection, exercising before the test was done are a few
      things that can effect the results of these tests.
      Liver disease causes are:
      alcohol consumption, medications toxification, chemical exposure,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection, viral or parasite infections,
      auto immune disease, fatty liver disease, hereditary conditions,
      metabolic disorders, cardiac/vascular problems, mushroom poisoning,
      and many others.

      This list may help you look at the whole picture better and decide what
      questions you may ask your doctor.

      The liver enzymes are just one type of blood tests done to check the liver.
      There is also the liver function tests, liver viral tests, and liver cancer blood
      tests.

      If they decide that there is a liver problem, it would be best to be referred to
      either a gastroenterologist or hepatologist. Ultrasounds and Ct scan can
      show the doctor alot more...however, a liver biopsy is the best test done
      to determine a cause, how far advanced in the disease a person is
      because they are looking directly at the tissue of the liver itself.

      Best wishes to you.

      Links on Hemochromatosis:
      http://www.diagnose-me.com/cond/C518176.html
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hemochromatosis/DS00455
      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/hemochromatosis/
      http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/blood/758.html

      With this condition, the doctor will usually have you give blood for awhile.
      This helps to reduce the amount of overall iron in your body.
      Of course, this may not be this problem. Sometimes the liver enzymes will
      return to normal with the next blood test results...it may just be an iron intake
      being high.