Alcohol Liver Disease Treatment

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Natural Treatment

Are weight gain, fatigue, general malaise, flatulence, nausea and vomiting bothering you? You may be having non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and don’t bother as Nature can cure this condition with her generous supply of foods, nutrients and herbal medicines in a few days.

Symptoms

Dull abdominal pain, bloating, blood sugar imbalances, constipation, loss of appetite, cramping, high cholesterol, high blood pressure are some of the symptoms of non-alcoholic fatty liver filtration which emanate from causes such as obesity, starvation, diabetes mellitus, corticosteroids, hyperlipidemia, Cushing’s syndrome and poisons.

Valporic acid toxicity and high dose of tetracycline during pregnancy may cause Microversicular fatty liver disease. Liver biopsy and blood tests are useful diagnostic techniques in detecting the onset of this disease. Natural treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver is better than other conventional treatments as it is quick and without side effects.

Switching to healthy life style and taking balanced diet are very useful in treating this non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. To shed excess weight and to aid blood circulations, do workouts regularly. Avoid tobacco and oily, spicy and fatty foods. Take fibrous foods and foods low in calories, salads, boiled or baked vegetables, meat and saturated fats. Drink loads of water and fresh fruit juice to detoxify the liver.

Grapefruits are rich in vitamin-C and can burn fats and restrict development of fatty liver. Dandelion, licorice, milk thistle and artichoke are effective in cleansing, healing, protecting and rebuilding the liver and curing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Liver disease has been shown to be cured with Sulfasalazine, when will this treatment be used on humans?
    Liver disease has been shown to be cured with Sulfasalazine, when will this treatment be likely to be used on humans as a treatment for people with liver disease caused by alcohol, hepatitis, or damage caused by other problems such as chemicals and cancer?

    Where can you get more information on this matter and who is involved?

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    Treatment for Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?
    I am a 52 year old male who has presented with swollen feet, distended belly and abdominal pain last week. Following blood tests for liver function it was established that although albumen production was normal, the enzyme reading was not. An ultrasound scan revealed fatty liver disease. I was disturbed to hear a BBC Radio 4 documentary say that 20% of people with my symptoms do not live beyond a few months.

    I have stopped drinking alcohol and am taking lecithin and milk thistle and I have also radically changed my diet to exclude fat, sugar and nighttime carbohydrates and have been eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.

    Despite this regime being enforced for more than two weeks, the pain continues, the belly is still swollen and I have not lost an ounce of weight.

    Any advice would be hugely appreciated. Thanks in advance for your time and knowledge.

    • ANSWER:
      Ann gave you a lot of good advice. Don’t believe that radio thing because it is simply not true. I had cirrhosis and had to get a transplant, but my disease was from an autoimmune problem. Whatever causes the cirrhosis, it still pretty much acts the same for everyone.

      You need to get treatment for your liver problem and find out what is really going on with it. You need more done that just blood tests. I don’t know how much fluid you are retaining, but that is what sent me to the hospital where I was eventually diagnosed with cirrhosis the first time. The next step is a CT scan to show if your liver is enlarged or shrunken and the size of your spleen. Depending on what shows up there, a biopsy would be next which is the one definitive test that will tell exactly what is going on.

      The fluid in your belly is probably what is causing you pain and that needs treated one way or another. There’s 2 ways to do it and they did both with me. My fluid was so bad that I could hardly breathe anymore so I had to get tapped to drain it out physically. Then they gave me meds (diuretics such as Spironolactone and Lasix) to try to keep it under control. Once I received treatment, the meds were able to control it until I received a transplant. That fluid can be quite miserable when it is pushing on everything inside you and it needs to be removed. You might actually continue to gain weight if left untreated no matter what you eat.

      Stopping the use of alcohol is the most important step you can take with this disease. Find yourself a gastroenterologist or hepatologist to treat you since they know much more than a regular PCP about the problems that come with liver disease. I was surprised at how little some regular doctors know about liver problems.

      You are on the right track with what you are doing, but now you have to take it a step further and find out more about your condition and get the proper treatment for it. Otherwise, you are probably going to be pretty miserable. Good luck to you and get help ASAP because it seems like that fluid of yours is not going to go away on its own which means it will just continue to accumulate. You also run the risk of that fluid getting infected and you never want that to happen because that is life threatening.

  3. QUESTION:
    How can I continue to abuse alcohol without doing further damage to my liver?
    So I was hospitalized last week with pancreatitis and diabetic ketoacidosis after collapsing at my sister’s wedding reception. Anyway, the doctors ran some tests and it turns out that I have elevated liver enzymes and show signs of advanced liver disease.

    The doctor advised that I quit drinking and even referred me to several addiction treatment facilities. The thing is, not drinking isn’t an option. Drinking to excess is a very important part of my lifestyle and my professional image. Is there something I’m doing wrong? Is there a safer way to drink? Are there any multivitamins or herbal supplements I can take to lessen the damaging effects of alcohol on my liver?

    Drinking is very important to me and if it comes down to it I’ll choose drinking over my own health and well-being. I just hope it doesn’t have to come to that.

    • ANSWER:
      to put it straight there is no way out but to quit alcohol if you want a longer life.your symptoms are characteristic of someone who consumes alcohol on a massive scale. its way more than your liver can handle my friend.if you donot quit it there is really no way you can save your liver and the rest of your organs in turn.trust ur doc on that.

      regards

  4. QUESTION:
    Describe how the histopathology department would identify liver disease & name the most common liver ………?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.

    Describe how the histopathology department would identify liver disease and name the most common liver disease caused by prolonged exposure to alcohol?

    THANK YOU!

    • ANSWER:
      In general, histopathology of biopsy is a poor test in this setting — acute injury and hemorrhage. You need to know that the patient would survived the biopsy. The most important test at this point is prothrombin time — blood coagulation. If the liver is not producing clotting factors, surgery is problematic.

      Assuming the patient is stabilized and has a biopsy or has an emergency liver resection, histopathology will be the same. After the tissue is processed and sectioned, a variety of tissue stains will be employed. The classic hematoxylin and eosin give a broad picture of cells. The architecture of the liver can be assessed and cells and key features can be identified such as the number of inflammatory cells or single cells which have died and are being ingested by phagocytes. A stain for connective tissue (e.g. Masson’s trichrome) will determine how much the liver has been filled by fibrosis (scarring).

      Alcohol liver disease includes fatty liver (early stage) and cirrhosis — the 12th most common killer in the United States.

  5. QUESTION:
    My father has end stage liver disease – how much time does he have left?
    My father is 53 years old and has just been diagnosed with end stage liver disease. Unknown to the family, he had been diagnosed with Hepatitis C nearly 10 years ago and never sought treatment. He was in ICU on a ventilator and bleeding from his nose and mouth for about a week, he is now at home. His abdomen is very swollen (he looks 9 months pregnant), and his bloodwork and ammonia levels are all out of whack. When he was in the hospital, they said in order to be put on the list for a liver transplant he had to be alcohol free for 6 months. He can’t be put on the list because the doctors said he doesn’t have 6 months left to live, but this is the only sort of time frame we’ve been given. I moved out of state in February and it is hard for me to get up there to visit him, as it’s either a 14 hour drive or a very expensive plane ticket. I just wish I could know how much time he has left. Any input or help at all is much appreciated . . . feel free to email me as well. Thanks.
    FYI – it has been about 3 weeks since his initial diagnosis.

    • ANSWER:
      No one can actually give a specific time frame. Drs. can only give an educated guess. Im a hospice nurse. I would suggest referring your dad to a hospice agency nearby, if he isn’t already on services. The nurses work together with his Dr. to make sure he is comfortable and instruct the patient and family on signs and symtoms of approaching death. Taking care of a very ill person is very overwhelming and this really helps to allow family members spend more quality time together. I still think if at all possible, placement on the liver donor list would be a good idea, because like I said Drs. can only give an educated guess. I have seen patients, given the medications and diet needed able to hang in there for even a year longer. I do not want to give you false hope, I do not know what exact condition your dad is in. I hope that this helps.

  6. QUESTION:
    is there any other treatment for alcoholic liver failure other than a transplant?
    my relative has been diagnosed with alcoholic liver disease and is currently suffering from most of the symtoms listed on various sites. although he has not touched a drop of alcohol in nearly 90 days, his condition deteriorates daily and the government hospital refuses to admit him as they say theres nothing they can do for him, they will also not consider him for a transplant as they say it is a self inflicted condition. we do not have a medical aid and would appreciate some advice. medically hes at the stage where certain brain loss symtoms are occuring

    • ANSWER:
      Alcohol can cause liver cell damage in different ways.
      1)Overconsuming alcohol in short time periods doesn’t give the
      liver time to convert the alcohol into acetaldehyde, then acetate,
      & then CO2 and water. 2) consuming alcohol over long time
      periods can cause the build up of fat inside the liver. This fat
      causes pressure inside the liver, which is surrounded by a tight
      membrance capsule. 3) Some people are more sensitive to
      alcohol than others are & some are even allergic to it.
      4)Taking medications with alcohol can cause such an interaction
      between them that it can instantly damage the liver cells.
      All of this, that I mentioned, can damage the liver cells.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system
      of the body will respond to this damage & cause inflammation
      to develop inside the liver. Inflammation causes the liver to
      enlarge in size. Stopping the cause, (up to this point)
      then the problem may start to reverse & the liver cells can heal.

      Once it advances to where the liver cells start to die off,
      it is Cirrhosis of the liver…the doctors can only try to slow down the
      progression of this disease… it will eventually lead to where
      the patient will need to be evaluated for placement on the transplant list.
      Scar tissue inside the liver cannot be removed & it acts like a wall.
      It will block the flow of blood going through the liver on its
      way back to the heart and also from going to the functioning
      liver cells so they lack nourishment and oxygen & they
      continue to die off. The liver cells does over 500 functions
      to keep the body well. As more & more cells die off,
      the less functions the liver is able to do. [This is known
      as liver failure}The liver is dying inside the living patient.

      The best doctor:gastroenterologist or hepatologist.
      The best test to determine how far advanced in the disease:
      a liver biopsy.
      Most liver transplant centers require that a patient be detoxed
      from alcohol for a period of six months (with proof from his
      doctors) to be evaluated for placement on the Transplant list.
      Shortage of organs, drinking when needing to take medication
      afterwards, organ rejection, dying on the table during long hours
      of surgery, other medical problems, may be the cause of not
      transplanting.

      Signs of being in the last stages of this disease are:
      1}Ascites: which is the build up of fluid in the abdominal area
      (can be mistaken for a beer belly). The
      liver can no longer make a protein, known as albumin, that
      holds the fluids inside our vessels. The doctor can do a
      procedure to remove this fluid ( more comfortable, able to eat, and
      easier to breathe)...it is known as Paracentesis.
      2}Edema: which is fluid build up in the legs, feet, etc.
      Build up of sodium in the body of patients with
      this disease. The doctor may place the patient
      on a "lower" sodium diet...telling him how much sodium &
      how much fluid he is allowed per day. (diuretic, also)
      Blood work done to make sure the sodium stays in the
      normal range [because of heart beat} and so
      patient doesn't become dehydrated.
      3} Encephalopathy: the patient can become easily confused/
      disoriented. Sleep pattern changes/ hand tremors.
      The liver used to take this ammonia &convert it to urea,
      that the healthy body can dispose of in the urine. It
      is now in the blood & goes into the brain..to cause this.
      {this can be mistaken for drunkeness}
      Medications:..Lactulose or Xifaxin.. much be taken
      otherwise the patient may slip into a coma.
      4}Portal hypertension and varies. The blood is backing up
      into the portal vein & smaller vessels known as Varies.
      Varies can have weak spots,balloon outward,in area &
      break open. Emergency situation.
      Any blood seen in the sputum, vomit, or rectal area is an
      Emergency. The doctor can go in and try to band these
      varies to stop the bleeding. However, the liver is no longer
      able to make clotting factors to help the blood to clot....therefore,
      any bleeding from the nose or other areas should be checked, also.

      The main thing that I can suggest is to contact a
      Transplant Center (who does liver transplants) and
      talk to them. I don't know if the Transplant Social
      Worker will be able to help you there or not.
      You may have to pay for their time.
      Please be sure you have an advance directive or
      durable power of attorney form signed by him giving
      you permission to act and talk to someone on his behalf.
      The privacy laws are very hard even on immediate family
      members.
      Transplant centers: (click on link)

      http://www.ustransplant.org/csr/current/Centers/TransplantCenters.aspx?organ=Liver

      Transplant funding:

      http://www.ntafund.org/

      http://www.transplantliving.org/beforethetransplant/finance/funding.aspx

      http://www.transplantfund.org/

      I hope this has been of some help to you. Best wishes

  7. QUESTION:
    Define cell pathology and identify the type of cell which has been damaged by alcohol?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.

    Define cell pathology and identify the type of cell which has been damaged by alcohol?

    • ANSWER:
      The following features are common in alcoholic liver disease:
      Hepatocyte swelling
      Hepatocyte necrosis ("single cell necrosis" --neutrophils engulfing a hepatocyte)
      Macrovesicular fattly inclusions in hepatocytes
      Mallory bodies -- clumps of denatured protein (mostly cytokeratin) which appear as deeply staining eosinophilic clumps within cells.
      Fibrosis -- extensive fibrosis surrounding hepatic lobules is cirrhosis.

  8. QUESTION:
    The number of under-25s needing medical treatment after a night out is much higher than previously thought: Y?
    Have you ever ended up in A&E after drinking too much?

    The number of under-25s needing medical treatment after a night out is much higher than previously thought.

    More than 53,000 ended up in hospital with problems linked to alcohol in 2006-2007.

    The new statistics show around one in five of all admissions for under-25s is because of a drunken fight or a drunken fall.

    Previous official figures for England only showed admissions for obviously alcohol-related conditions, such as alcohol poisoning and liver disease.

    Have you ever been admitted to A&E after drinking too much?

    Do you know anyone who has?

    Do you think under-25s drink too much?

    http://newsforums.bbc.co.uk/nol/thread.jspa?forumID=5285&edition=1&ttl=20080902084235

    Many schools & colleges, etc open on Wed, so many students plan to get very drunk tonight

    Do see BBC replies @ beautiful girls breaking teeth, noses, cheekbones, etc thru drunken falls

    & add any stories that will help save folk from such silly accidents, OK?
    CP

    I'm so glad U R OK

    I had my stomach pumped when I took 70 paracetemol on the 1st anniversary of my mum dying of cancer

    I agree 100% that it's an experience that makes you determined not to repeat, for 3 reasons

    Physical discomfort, feeling stupid & seeing the concern it gives others

    Guys, it's not the way you want beautiful nurses to see you either

    Stay safe out there

    Do google Samaritans if you have problems that make you despair

    They can refer you to local support groups

    I've asked for GP referral to a local mental health support group, as my only girl has been missing @ 4.5 yrs & I haven't seen her for @ 6.5

    It's her 21st in Dec - IF she's still alive

    The fact no-one's heard from her since leaving school @ 16 makes me think she's dead, but she always wanted to live in some remote rural area abroad - she was a keen cadet

    But I don't get drunk: I see no point in becoming accident prone - not least as that puts others in danger too
    This one's @ what kids' games are healthy/dangerous:-

    http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080902005623AAsp3Dg&r=w

    Must go

    If any locals need to talk @ lunchtime, I'll be at Bliss (non-alcoholic) Bistro in Anfield Lighthouse, Oldfield Rd, L4, @ 100 metres from The Kop, @ 12-ish
    Just had brekkie while my bath cools down

    Have folk added views to the influential BBC opinion poll?

    Any plan to email/ring lunchtime phone-ins @ http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio2

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/liverpool etc

    Must go
    Hi GW

    UK legal drinking age is 18, but many kids buy bargain booze at superstores

    In a way, the most stunning thing @ the binge drinking phenomenon is that, as soon as it was publicised, several TV stations showed docus @ drunks in dangerous states - falling down, crawling, vommitting etc

    & the trend STILL grew

    & they said that the trend was started by professional/executive types in their 20s/30s, whom others delightedly copied

    • ANSWER:
      Absolutely! Not only with alcohol but legal and illegal drugs (OD).
      The rate should skyrocket, if the United States passes a bill, allowing the legal age limit to drink alcoholic beverages , to be lowered to 18 from 21.
      What are we doing to our youth, tomorrows leaders? We are shooting them in the foot before they barely learn how to walk!
      Their future already looks so bleak!
      We, their peers, must take some responsibility for this and find a solution, turn it around, for the sake of our children and their future.

  9. QUESTION:
    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness ......?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness of the screening process including the screening method used and current statistics on numbers of cases of people catching the disease from contaminated blood products?

    • ANSWER:
      blood products are usually only screened for blood transmitted diseases, such has HIV and hepatitis. the effectiveness of the screening is great, although there is a 6 month incubation period for HIV and hepatitis so there is still chance (although VERY small) of getting these diseases by transfusion.
      an ELISA test is usually used for the screening process of HIV.

      As of 2001, the risk of transfusion-acquired HIV in the U.S. was approximately one in 2.5 million for each transfusion.

  10. QUESTION:
    Drinks Industry Targeting Children. 12 year old Alcoholics In New UK Survey. What is Your View?.?
    Lost Children in the Wilderness©
    By J. P. Anderson
    (International registered copyright of author 2006).

    Drinks Industry Promotions
    Deliberately Targeting Children

    “We have children presenting with all the adult symptoms of alcoholism. Some are so addicted that it is actually dangerous to get them to stop drinking straight away”.

    A new nationwide survey carried out across the UK by the Independent on Sunday newspaper has revealed that, children as young as twelve years of age are being diagnosed as alcoholics amid growing concerns about binge-drinking in Britain, where record numbers of pre-teens and teenagers now require hospital treatment for drink-related disorders.

    The findings prove that there is a hidden epidemic of ‘child alcoholism’ resulting in thousands of youngsters being treated in hospital each year for alcohol poisoning, liver disease and drink-related psychiatric illnesses. ...

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it's true. I have seen little groups of teenagers with vodka & beer in there hands, drinking as though it's water.

      It makes me sad, but i can't do much about it. The parents should have more control.

      This will have devastating effect on the childrens and there childrens future.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are treatments and diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    I am doing a project for my Biology 20 class, and we got to choose a disease. I chose Cirrhosis of the Liver, I have been doing research and I noticed that there aren't really any treatments for Cirrhosis, besides liver transplants and abstinence of alcohol. I need a treatment which I can explain - WHY it can help the person cope/help alleviate with the disease!

    Furthermore, we have a question asking : what is a technology which can diagnose this disease, in this case, Cirrhosis of the Liver? I have found Gastronomy and Echography or something rather (I only know the name of it in French, bare with me :P ), but as much as I search about this I cannot find the link it has to help with the diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the Liver.

    Anyways, thank you so much for anyone who is able to help...since I do not know how to individually thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      There are many causes of liver cell damage that leads to
      Cirrhosis of the liver: alcohol consumption, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary conditions, metabolic disorders, fatty liver
      disease, auto immune disease, cardiac/vascular
      problems, biliary obstruction/malformation/infections,
      parasite or virus (like Hep A,B,C), and many others.

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. If the cause is
      stopped early on, the liver cells may heal and the problem
      can be reversed.
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation
      inside the liver
      Hepatitis with a letter (like Hep C) is a virus that can cause
      liver cell damage.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system of
      the body responds to this damage and causes inflammation
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver to enlarge in size.
      (this can be seen on an ultrasound or Ct scan).
      How far advanced a person is in the liver disease can
      be determined by a liver biopsy. Blood testing is done to
      see the levels of liver enzymes in the blood which would
      signify liver cell damage and the liver function blood tests
      to see how well the cells of the liver are able to do the
      necessary functions, that the liver does as a whole, to keep
      the body well.

      If the cause of the inflammation cannot be stopped, it will
      proceed to where the liver cells die off and scar tissue forms.
      Scar tissue cannot be removed from the inside of the liver.
      It will block the flow of blood through the liver on its way back
      to the heart and also to the functioning liver cells so they
      continue to die off...this is known as Cirrhosis of the liver.
      It is a progressive and irreversible disease. Transplantation
      is the only hope for a cure.

      The symptoms and side effects of this disease can be helped.
      Ascites: the build up of fluid in the abdominal area...doctors
      can do paracentesis to remove this fluid.
      Encephalopathy: which cause confusion and disorientation
      in the patient...can be treated with Lactulose or Xifixan meds.
      Portal hypertension with varies: doctors can go in and
      try to band these smaller vessels that has backed up from
      the liver to them, to stop any bleeding that occurs.
      Swelling of the legs, feet, etc can be treated with a "lower
      sodium diet" and diuretics.

      There is limited space here to go into any longer detail..without
      me being told to shorten it, for being too long.

      Here are some links to learn more about this disease and
      Transplant.

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html

      http://www.transplantliving.org/

      Hope this is of some help. Looking up the things I mentioned
      above on the computer may give you more insight into this
      disease.

  12. QUESTION:
    Explain the causes of Mr. X's abnormal liver function test results. Explain some of Mr. X's symptoms .........?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain the causes of Mr. X's abnormal liver function test results. Explain some of Mr. X's symptoms of liver disease (such as jaundice and prolonged clotting time). What advice will doctors give Mr. X to improve his prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      read this, see if it helps:-

      http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0CXH/is_3_27/ai_n6357652/

  13. QUESTION:
    Please help me find a free/low cost alcohol detox center in southeast PA?
    is there anyone that can help me find a free or very low cost inpatient alcohol detox clinic in southeast Pennsylvania preferably between Philly and Allentown area for someone who has no insurance and little money?
    This is for 2 family members. One is disabled and their health is suffering greatly from this addiction and is in the hospital currently (some issues cause by liver disease), my other family members was recently laid off due to the company they worked for closing and their health is not as bad but their addiction does not help stop the other one because they live together. So when the one gets home from the hospital after going through with drawl (they treat with adavan) they go right back to drinking because the other one did not have treatment. They had agreed to go to detox but while we were working on setting them up at a detox clinic the job loss happened and they cut off their insurance.

    If anyone can help me find a clinic it'd be greatly appreciated. I need to find one asap before i lose them. And please only relevant and serious answers because im looking for help on finding a clinic and not to be lectured. I'm almost 26 and they've been drinking way longer than that so i'm proud that they finally made the choice and are willing to get help.
    thank you both for the tips.
    JoGusto- they are my parents and it is incredibly draining on me and my siblings. The ill parent beat cancer and leukemia (from result of radiation with cancer) and it kills us watching them suffer and I have days where i feel like im losing my mind. It's hard to comprehend how one beats cancer but is killing himself by drinking. I know that if he made it through that, he can overcome this too. For myself I'm considering attending some of those AA meetings for family members of alcoholics. Thank you again

    • ANSWER:
      Fist off I applaud you for wanting to help them as you stated to beat cancer to now well sit and drink yourself to death is not a really bright thing.
      However that is part of the cycle of addiction once it grabs hold it is Not easy to get loose. i am a recovering addict and have 14 years clean.
      I lost everything due to my addiction but managed to bounce back YES I now suffer many health issues but i am alive and have my kids and well life is a Blessing.
      Without my kids i would not be here though They helped me find purpose So do not give up ok?
      at the same time know that you can not control them and they can love you dearly but that their addiction is controlling them.

      I do believe that some meetings would be wonderful for you as well as therapy for co dependents and or kids of alcoholics
      this site can give you links to help locate one

      http://www.joy2meu.com/CoDA_Meetings.htm

      As far as locating a place that is low cost what you need to look for is called a Sliding scale facility.
      You mentioned one is disabled? That person should have medical assistance correct?

      Do either have any insurance? do either work?
      Many states are offering a low income or working poor medical assistance type program
      This link gives more info on how to find out who is able to get it

      http://www.pamedicaid.pitt.edu/documents/contacts.pdf

      Also on the DPW site they offer info on substance abuse help (alcohol is included in this)
      Check on this link

      http://www.dpw.state.pa.us/foradults/substanceabuseservices/index.htm

      Many will have the person come in or do a intake appointment on the phone than come in for intake and then they will do meetings until a bed is available
      Sadly there are but so many "slots" or "beds" available in low income rehabs and so it can take a month or so of weekly calls and check ins as ell as meetings to get that bed.
      So as said one must be determined to do this and be ready.

      If you email me through my profile on here (it makes it anonymous do not worry :0)
      I would be more than happy to help in any way I can.
      I am unsure of your age or relationship but i am a single Mom to 3 i went through addiction (30 years I was addicted) and My children helped me see i needed to get it together and believe me I have a now wonderful relationship with them and they are open and honest about their feelings and i can relate so if you need help getting through the links or just need a shoulder or ear to listen or someone to help ya make sense of things please feel free to shoot me a message ok?
      You are obviously a strong person so I am sure things will work out

  14. QUESTION:
    If we did have a national health care system...?
    would it be okay for people who've spent a lifetime smoking and chewing tobacco, and now have cancer or heart disease; or people who've spent their lives consuming alcohol and now have liver disease; or people who've spent their lives consuming fried food and sugary drinks and now have diabetes to seek treatment on my and other taxpayers' dimes?

    Would a national health care system leave no regard for personal responsibility?

    And what about people like me, with a preexisting condition? My happens to be a heart defect that I was born with; would we be thrown right under the bus because our lives are not "worth it?"

    • ANSWER:
      Don't know if you or others will be thrown under the bus or not, but let's face it, this President has no difficulty disposing of problem people by that maneuver.
      Even though my crystal ball is admittedly cloudy, I'm going to take a look down the road anyway.
      With the additional expense to the government (you and me) involved in providing health care to the American population, I imagine that in addition to higher taxes, sooner or later, they will have to start making cost savings decisions. Now that we have mapped the Human genome, it's not out of the realm of possibilities that in the future, this science may be used to advise would-be parents that their child has a genetic defect and end-of-life----(before it starts) counseling is called for. Would it be possible that the government would advise these prospective parents that if they choose to continue the pregnancy that their newborn would not be covered? Don't know.
      As the gov. gets further into this, sooner or later, funds will start to dry up for medical R & D. Both for new research into procedures and pharmaceuticals. What private companies are going to invest millions into research when the gov. will mandate their price and profits?
      And if you have ANY concern for the how we are being overrun by the nanny culture, just wait until it's tax dollars paying for health care. As it is now, they use the high private insurance rates to get their pet peeves outlawed or curtailed. When it's tax dollars, they will be on the war path about anything that is seen as dangerous. Do you enjoy any of these? Skiing, scuba, sky diving, skate boarding, etc. etc. Expect to pay more if you do or even see some of them so dumbed down that they are no longer enjoyable. Same concept with food/beverages that are not "healthy".
      I'll give the government the benefit of the doubt for now. I'm sure they are truly interested in everybody's health care. But somewhere down the road, this notion gives the government full control over your life. Who ever happens to be in power.

  15. QUESTION:
    How dangerous is my alcohol use?
    I'm a college student and i already recognize myself as a chronic alcoholic. I drink every day and i drink gratuitous amounts everyday. i'm a male only 145 pounds 5"9' and i'm starting to get the idea in my head that i might already be in the first stages of liver disease. When i drink daily im not the type that just has a a few beers, a 1.75 liter of karkov will usually last me 3-4 days. I black out everyday but i never get hangovers, i usually wake up drunk. ive been drinking like this for past 2 months and ive had about 3 sober days. For me, drinking has become a completely different thing then before. I need to drink. i've realized what ive done to myself so i'm soon seeking treatment. well, after today of course, its halloween! but anyway,
    ive started to notice some symptoms that are described as symptoms of early stages of cirhossis or alchohol withdrawl. I've had dark urine frequently more lately, its impossible for me to fall asleep without being drunk, i litterally drip sweat while im not active. The one symptom i am very concerned about tho are my tremors, I have very shaky hands, people point it out all the time. when i'm drunk it usually goes away a little but there are times it is pretty bad, for example, i have a night class and when i have to sit in the classroom not drunk as i'm used to, i'll be writing notes and i cant even read them later because i twitch so bad.
    all in all tho, what i'm wondering is if its possible to develop cirhossis in only 2 months while drinking very heavily, or if you need to be a chronic alcoholic for years before thats possible. i am also concered about the consequenses of stopping abruptly, is it possible i could have a seizure if i quit?

    • ANSWER:
      Look, if you want to stop drinking then keep reading, if not go back to the bottle. You are going to need to go to a detox center in order to start getting better. Yes, you're going to have the DT's, and the shakes, and feel like sh**, and puke, but the other alternative is to die. Take your pick. I can't tell you that you're a chronic alcoholic, but you sound like one to me. I can tell you that you need to seek medical attention immediately, and then check yourself into a 90 day detox/rehab center if you hope to get better. I know you have school, work all that stuff, but if you cant quit drinking you won't be there anyhow. There is your solution, if you want it. I didn't say it would be easy or pretty. Good luck!!!!!!!

  16. QUESTION:
    Explain how the hospital laboratory services will assist Mr. X's doctors in monitoring the progress ..........?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.

    Explain how the hospital laboratory services will assist Mr. X's doctors in monitoring the progress of his liver disease. Include the likely results of his liver function tests and explain these results linking to the damage to his liver tissue caused by alcohol?

    • ANSWER:
      Circulating liver enzymes (ALT, AST, LDH and GGT) are a marker for hepatocyte injury. Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) is the most sensitive marker for alcohol induced injury.

      The synthetic capability of the liver can be monitored by measuring serum albumin and coagulation (prothrombin time).

  17. QUESTION:
    Case Studies. What is the Gastrointestinal Disease? Microbiology?
    A 62-year-old male presents to followup abnormal blood tests from 2 weeks ago; his liver enzymes were elevated by three times the normal limit. He hasn't seen a doctor in several years, denies alcohol or drug use and is not taking any medications. He gives no history of jaundice. HIs past medical history is significant only for hospitalization at the age of 45 for a bleeding stomach ulcer. He required surgery and transfusion of 4 pints of blood. He recovered this episode without further complications with no recurrences.

    What is the gastrointestinal disease?
    What is a prescribed treatment for your disease?

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    With reference to Mr. X's medical condition & his accident trauma explain the clinical uses of three .........?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.

    With reference to Mr. X's medical condition and his accident trauma explain the clinical uses of three different blood products which Mr. X needs to recieve?

    • ANSWER:
      He may need packed red cells to improve oxygen delivery. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) will provide albumen and clotting factors. If he needs more clotting factors, he may receive cryoprecipitate, but FFP is likely to be the therapy of choice.

  19. QUESTION:
    what grade would you give this newspaper article, and how can i add to and improve it to insure i get an A?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing it’s time we ask ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the united kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they have unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of are country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of coarse lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    By Alex Dart

    • ANSWER:
      Not so bad.But "ask" should be "asked".."are" (country?) should be "our"and "coarse" should be "course".I left the UK in 2002 because of the insularity of the people,their racism and "little islander"mentality.

  20. QUESTION:
    how can i improve this newspaper article for my GCSE coursework?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing is it time we asked ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the United Kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they are unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has led to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of course lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    • ANSWER:
      It's your coursework and should be YOUR work. I will not help you gain a GCSE. They're incredibly easy anyway.

  21. QUESTION:
    What grade would you give this newspaper article, and how can i add to and improve it to insure i get an A?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing it’s time we asked ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the united kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they have unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of course lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    By Alex Dart

    • ANSWER:
      C, it is a very good essay. Newspapers want the who, what, where, when and why in the first paragraph. Then the explanation of them in the body of the article.

      Maybe something like this will catch a readers attention:

      According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number has elevated by 21% over the past five years. This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease. “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association. More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol”. All these things are completely avoidable.

  22. QUESTION:
    Critique my writing please....?
    I have to do a project for English class, based on the poem We Real Cool by Gwen Brooks. I have to tell about the life of one of the drop-out teens twenty or so years later. I'm doing a letter to children, convincing them to stay in school. I htink there are some typos and grammar mistakes, and maybe my writing isn't so fabulous, so I need someone to help make corrections :)
    But keep in mind that I'm only in 8th grade, so please don't be cruel.
    And also keep in mind that this is FICTION, an assignment for school. Some people last night thought it was about my life... And well...

    Here it is:

    Dear students,

    A long time ago, when I was about your age, I dropped out of school to play pool and drink with six friends. It was a huge mistake. We didn't realize it at the time, we were just a bunch of carefree kids, but soon enough, we would know of the terrible consquences.

    It was about five years later when we found out how wrong we were. We were adults now, we had to grow up, get jobs, support ourselves because no one else would. But we couldn't. We didn't have educations, we were high school drop-outs and failures. Two of my friends committed suicide because they were so hopeless. Another developed liver disease from the beer and couldn't afford treatment. He died several months later, in great pain and agony. So it was just me and three others, Jon, Bob, and Bill. Jon moved far away, and I'm not sure what happened to Bob.

    So I was left with Bill, whom I went to rehab with for many years. After I got out, I worked at several dead-end jobs that paid minimum wage, trying to save up for college.

    After several years of cleaning public restrooms, I finally made enough money to put myself through a couple semesters of community college. I continued working, and soon I was in medical school. I became a nursing assistant, and then a doctor.

    I may have a somewhat happy of an ending but Bill didn't do as well as I did. Bill refused to work, begging his parents for money, but they didn't want to give money to their lazy, alcoholic, drop-out son. He became homeless, and now stands on street corners begging for a couple of quarters from whoever walks by.

    Of course I was to blame for what I got myself into, but it probably never would have been as bad if I had a family. My mother died when I was young, and my father cared more for alcohol than he did for me. I used to dream that my father would actually be a father. And because of that, I don't want to be a father, either, and I have no family still.

    If I had a second chance, I would definitely stay in school. Even though I turned out alright, I'm sorry about what happened to my friends. The whole experience just isn't worth it. The best, wisest choice is to stay in school, and I hope you students do so.

    Sincerely,
    Michael Samson

    What do you think? :)

    Thank you!

    [Sorry it's kinda big.]
    Oh, and where it says “I used to dream that my father would actually be a father.” should read “I used to dream that my father would actually be a father, but that dream never came true.”
    cathrl: Thanks! I changed it to “eventually”.
    But my English teacher’s not that picky. I think she’ll just be pleased that I actually did it. (Not that I don’t usually do my work, it’s just that my peers aren’t that great… lol.. huh… yeah…)

    • ANSWER:
      Jon, Bob, and Bill. Lol. Try to get better names. I agree with cathrl, it does sound too easy to become a doctor. Try some Research about people in this situation, it will help.

  23. QUESTION:
    Help with my writing please…?
    I have to write a something (it can be anything as long as it meets the criteria) for my English class. We have to write osmething based on the poem “We Real Cool” by Gwendolyn Brooks (THE POOL PLAYERS. SEVEN AT THE GOLDEN SHOVEL. We real cool. We Left school. We Lurk late. We Strike straight. We Sing sin. We Thin gin. We Jazz June. We Die soon.”). We’re supposed to tell about the life of one of those pool players twenty or so years later.
    I decided to do a letter convincing kids to stay in school. This is what I have so far:
    Dear students,

    A long time ago, when I was about your age, I dropped out of school to play pool and drink with six friends. It was a huge mistake. We didn’t realize it at the time, we were just a bunch of carefree kids, but soon enough, we would know of the terrible consquences.

    It was about five years later when we found out how wrong we were. We were adults now, we had to grow up, get jobs, support ourselves because no one else would. But we couldn’t. We didn’t have educations, we were high school drop-outs and failures. Two of my friends committed suicide because they were so hopeless. Another developed liver disease from the beer and couldn’t afford treatment. He died several months later, in great pain and agony. So it was just me and three others, Jon, Bob, and Bill. Jon moved far away, and I’m not sure what happened to Bob.

    So I was left with Bill, whom I went to rehab with for many years. After I got out, I worked at several dead-end jobs that paid minimum wage, trying to save up for college.

    After several years of cleaning public restrooms, I finally made enough money to put myself through a couple semesters of community college. I continued working, and soon I was in medical school. I became a nursing assistant, and then a doctor.

    I may have a somewhat happy of an ending but Bill didn’t do as well as I did. Bill refused to work, begging his parents for money, but they didn’t want to give money to their lazy, alcoholic, drop-out son. He became homeless, and now stands on street corners begging for a couple of quarters from whoever walks by.

    Of course I was to blame for what I got myself into, but it probably never would have been as bad if I had a family. My mother died when I was young, and my father cared more for alcohol than he did for me. I used to dream that my father would actually be a father. And because of that, I don’t want to be a father, either, and I have no family still.

    I’m not sure how to end it. I know it should say something about staying in school, because that’s the purpose of my letter, but I don’t know how to say it without sounding cheesy and cliche, like “Stay in school and don’t drink” etc.
    Any advise on how to end it? Or what improvements can I make to my writing? Anythin at all is appreciated!

    Please and thank you!
    Raney, first, sorry that it took me so long to respond (and I doubt you’ll ever read this, but whatever), and LOL, no, this has never happened to me. I’m thirteen and I’m just trying to write this based on what I’ve seen in movies and such…
    People, seriously, this is not a personal experience! I’m laughing so hard now, this is just a story! XD

    At least I’m convincing…

    • ANSWER:
      Wow! This is very powerful! And with the except for a few typos here and there, I wouldn’t change a word. Stories written in “your unique voice” are the most powerful and compelling of all!

      Perhaps you can end it by saying something about the strength and courage you gained by the experience; and if you had it all to do over, you would have stayed in school and got there much faster than you did. And you would channel all that growth, strength and courage to help young kids find the same courage; and by doing that it would make you a wonderful “parent figure” to the largest family of all, and have the education to make a difference in their lives! All those young people whose life you touch and save – they could all be “your extended family” now.

      I don’t know you, but I am VERY proud of you!!! You cannot carry this passion and goodness without having some of it spill out on others you touch! You are wonderful, and don’t you ever forget it!
      We ALL make mistakes, but we must also FORGIVE ourselves and move on! I wish I could reach out and give you a great big hug!!! Your story should never end! The Good Lord has some wonderful plans for you!!! Thank You for sharing your story!

  24. QUESTION:
    I’m going through some tough times – how to cope with stress? Long read please answer?
    I’ve been thinking about life a lot lately, a lot. My Mom’s in hospital for having fluid in her lungs, although that’s getting better, she’s got CCF. Heart failure. I’m 14 and my Mom’s got heart failure. Anyway – she also has HEP C,(a liver disease which will gradually kill you) from a needle-stick injury at work and Factor 5 Leiden (a blood clotting disorder passed down in your genes). She was diagnosed with Factor 5 Leiden and Hep C 7 years ago. My Mom doesn’t drink any alcohol whatsoever, so she wasn’t worried about the Hep C.

    *Sigh* Anyway, she went to the doctors about 12-18 months ago and they said that her Hep C was ‘active’. She was told to keep away from stress if possible…

    Well – last year our house burned down. My Mom was absolutely distraught. We weren’t insured and she turned pessimistic…We haven’t gone to therapy, or seen any doctors about our depression…

    We’re now living in my Dad’s co-workers dump. We’ve got garbage bags as curtains, a mattress on the floor as a lounge, and no furniture at all…Our TV is supported by a blanket box; something that’s meant to be in a bedroom :/

    Ehh – anyway…My Mom started to get really ill about 5-6 months ago. She must of picked up a virus and it didn’t go away…Well, she started having coughing fits a lot, and got out of breath very, very easily. I kind of thought that she was going to die…Her eyes and skin were yellow, she got really sick easily, she would get up at 3am every night to have pain relief…It was terrible.

    So my Father, Brother and I forced her into seeking medical help. (I thought she was going to die, but I didn’t know what was wrong – she had an ulcer on her leg that was very sore, and that’s why we forced her into going to the hospital).

    It turns out, she was very ill. The fluid in her lungs was apparently ‘very bad’. She was put on a pill that makes excess fluid in her body drain; (so she’ll be on the toilet a lot). She’s still waiting for an echo X-ray (Sorry – I’m not too sure what it’s called..) of her heart. She’s going to see a cardiac doctor *hopefully* soon.

    Today while I was in the hospital with her, a doctor came in and asked about her Hep C. She said it would be highly recommended if she were to seek treatment. My Mom’s going to see a liver professional soon…The doctor’s are still trying to find out why she’s got CCF.

    I’m just really scared that, because of the Hep C, Factor 5, and CCF all gathered together, I’ll loose my Mom at an early age. Since she’s been in hospital, I’ve been bending over backwards doing laundry, the dishes, taking clothes on & off the clothesline, putting clothes away, etc etc. It’s kind of hard trying to look after all of my family at once, while visiting my Mom in hospital… But it’s just out of respect, you know?

    Well yeah…I’m so happy if you’re still reading this…I’m just extremely paranoid that my Mom will have a tumor or extensive damage to her liver, kidney’s or heart. I’m scared that she’ll be given a life expectancy…

    My Brother’s also very scared because he looked up the long-term affects of having CCF, and it said that almost 70% of people who are diagnosed with CCF (congestive cardiac failure) will only live 5-10 years after their diagnosis. I’m hella scared, man…

    I’ve been crying all the time, I haven’t eaten properly for 3 days…Even my Dad’s scared about my well being…I’m just so stressed out…please give me some strategies to cope with stress and depression? Thanks in advance, woo! You read the entire question!!

    • ANSWER:
      I know how you feel. My father passed away 7 days after I turned 11. At least you have your brother and your father. My mom and dad divorced when I was little. Spend time with your family and have open lines of communications. It always hurts when you think you’re about to lose someone you love, and unfortunately there’s no real way to get rid of the pain. Make sure you talk to your family about what you’re feeling. Tell your mom you love and appreciate her. Talk to a counselor if you can get a hold of one.

      The best thing you can do is talk. I know it must hurt a lot, but try to stay optimistic and make sure everyone keeps talking to each other. Don’t hide anything from each other. It might be uncomfortable telling your family certain personal issues you may have, but remember they’re your family and they love you. You’ll feel a lot better getting everything off of your chest.

      I sincerely hope your mom gets better. Take care.

  25. QUESTION:
    Approximately how long will I live with Hepatitis C?
    I am eighteen years old and just found out I have Hepatitis C. It is still in the acute stage, as I have gotten it with in the past 6 months. If I qualify for treatment, I will probably go ahead with that. I will abstain from alcohol consumption, quit smoking cigarettes, and avoid any further use of drugs and tobacco. I will begin to exercise a couple times a week and try to have a healthy diet. Since I am only 18, I am quite young. I am a freshman in college planning to pursue a Ph.D. I am concerned that I may only have like 20 years or so left to live if I develop liver disease and/or liver cancer. I just want an educated estimation of how long I will be alive for and/or the chances of developing cirrhosis, liver disease, cancer, etc. I want to know if it is even worth trying to pursue a doctorate degree because I don’t want to die a couple years after I finally finish my education. I want to know this because I might change my future career goals so I can actually try to have a life past my schooling as long as I can. I’m pursuing a degree in Psychology in hopes of becoming a psychotherapist. I want to also know if I will possibly develop some sort of neurological or cognitive impairment (i.e., hepatic encephalopathy) where I will lose brain/memory functioning. I am primarily concerned about three factors: how long I will be alive for, the chances of getting liver disease and/or requiring a liver transplant, and if I will have any impairment on my brain (because my career goal requires a significant amount of intelligence, which I currently have, but I fear that it will decrease and my chances of doing what I want to do will drop).

    Please give me detailed, and EDUCATED (cite your sources) information. I don’t want any 2-sentence answers. If you are not a doctor or do not have accurate and truthful information, do not bother responding to my question. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      If you haven’t seen a doctor, here is some info.

  26. QUESTION:
    HELP! ALCOHOLIC + HEPATITIS C?
    BEFORE YOU LOOK AT THE LENGTH AND QUICKLY EXIT OR SKIM THIS, PLEASE READ IT THOROUGHLY, I’M IN DESPERATE NEED OF YOUR HELP… PLEASE!

    My mom has Hep C & is by such unfortunate and sad circumstances, also an alcoholic. She’s what they would call a “Functional Alcoholic,” she works, eats pretty healthy, a lot of fruits and vegitables, as well as drinks a lot of water. In other words, outside of her chronic alcohol use, her addiction, she’s pretty healthy- although she doesn’t exercise, and as a result from the drinking and lack of exercise has put on some weight, but is still reasonably thin.

    Her drink of choice is Vodka. She claims, when drinking Vodka, this is when she gets carried away, but can control it when she drinks beer, for example. She mixes her drinks, and sips them slowly (mentioning this because i’ve read in some articles that this is a technique that alcoholics can use to try to control how much they drink)….but the fact still is: she drinks 7 days a week. Light consumption M-F, however enough to get a flush, or buzz, likely drunk by non-alcoholic standards. The weekends are another story. Friday-Sunday is an all-out binge. She’s told me she’s gone through an entire 1.75 JUG of vodka in one weekend… ALONE. Actually, she’s said that she’s done this many times, and it was a wake-up call and she stopped.

    When she began drinking, many years ago, she would drink to relieve her anxiety, as many with anxiety disorders do. She was in treatment by age 16, got help, but started drinking again a few years later. She contracted Hepititis C when she was 24, she’s now 51, and has been an alcoholic the entire period she’s had Hep C. ALTHOUGH her alcoholism has gradually worsened throughout the years. Quite significantly. It wasn’t until about the past 5 years that the drinking became a daily ritual. It used to be, my whole life – adolescence, which ended about 6 years ago, she would only drink on teh weekends, and it wasn’t a weekend binge, it was limited to just the evening.

    *IF I’M BORING YOU*

    I’m giving details because i want to know what hope i can instill in her quitting drinking, given the specific circumstances i’m telling you, so please keep reading. Help someone who really wants help…me.

    She won’t listen, and i have a strong feeling it’s due to hopelessness. She feels her liver isn’t perfect anyhow, along with her depression, trauma never recovered from (from childhood) she tried therapists throughout her life, and said the therapists never listened, or told her it was time to go in the middle of self-disclosure *basically she didnt find them helpful or she didn’t think they truly cared or both*. She is on an SSRI (anti-depressant) currently and thinks it’s working, but i keep telling her it WILL NOT work when you drink daily. The pill will cancel itself out. For all i know, the medication with the alcohol daily may be keeping her at an even keel.

    LASTLY, it’s important to add the following:
    She has tried to quit recently, twice. She went a few weeks without alcohol and said she was so God awful EXHAUSTED she couldn’t even hardly function. She said without the alcohol there is no longer anxiety present, and like i mentioned earlier, not facing the anxiety was what started the alcohol problems to begin, that, and the childhood trauma. But claims there is no more anxiety…Are theses signs of liver disease approaching or what’s up with that?

    Based on what i’m telling you, what is some advice i can give to get her to cut down or stop drinking? I know the 12 steps, i know AA, i know rehab, i know out-paitient. She will not go to any, she sounded like she WOULD go to out-patient…but never did as her enforcers or reasons for going were not herself but the fact that she was hurting her kids and when we weren’t there to push her into it, never went….
    The reasons for not going to Inpatient, AA, or the like is: she’s afraid of losing her job. I tell her what good is a job if you’re dead anyhow? She ignores this. In desperate need of wisdom from someone who KNOWS. Plz no garbage advice, this is a hard situation to deal with and i already know the problems assocaited with Hep C and Alc. so there’s no use in reinforcing that idea. I’ve tried reinforcing spirituality in her life, God… and that’s not helping…. I’ve tried amny things.

    More importantly, i’ve tried telling her i’m not judging her, and that i love her and all i want is for her to not give up on herself.

    Her current living situation is: ALONE. My stepfather recently passed from Alcoholism, just 5 months ago. This didn’t wake her up either.

    Is she going to die from this disease? If she will enver stop drinking, how can i make my last years with her great & how can i let go the need to focus on her wellness?

    Thanks for reading and i apologize for the
    MAY I: Thank you for the feedback, I will absolutely pray as often as i can. This is great advice.

    CANDACE: She is seeing someone regarding the Hep C., she gets yearly liver biopsies, and recently told me her last one came back 2X worse. This is alarming, but not surprising given her situation. You noted that you’re starting to feel this overwhelming urge to step-off. My advice: never give up. As long as you’re alive, keep trying to help your loved one until you’ve exhausted all options, that way if all fails, you will have peace of mind knowing you gave it your all. I’d love to talk regarding this, it’d be great to get some words of wisdom from someone who knows what it’s like. Being that i’m a young adult, i don’t have many friends that can really empathize with my situation. Nor would i want to burden those who can’t understand with things like this… bc the result isn’t going to be positive for anyone.

    In this, let’s talk positives. Realities and positiives are one in the same,

    • ANSWER:
      What a sensational story and awfully long description you have there. The first thing you need to do is talk to your mother about her addiction and the association with Hepatitis C. She need to understand the risk she is taking by consuming excessive amount of alcohol especially a vodka. She needs some type of counseling both mentally and physically. Let me tell you a little about hepatitis C and what complications associated with alcohol. Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver that has no cure whats so ever at the moment but there are treatment such as Interferon that lowers the replication of the RNA make ups of the virus and reduce the damage to the hepatocytes(liver Cells). The liver is an important organ in your body and it is an important organ that regulates your overall health. As much as she care about her exterior self being healthy, she also need to do the same to the internal organs as well. If your mother continues to live this type of life style, then she will end up developing Hepatocellular Carcinoma of the liver, Cirrhosis or both. Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a malignant cancer of the liver that is one of the most dangerous cancers known to be. Cirrhosis is the scaring of the liver that means, damage tissue that can’t be replaced leading to chronic liver failure. Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cirrhosis are a irreversible chronic liver disease which can lead to death in short period of time. So she need to understand the risk she is taking. it is like having a parent who always drinks heavily and drives. Eating healthy is not enough, so she need to seek mental treatment soon before she develops liver cancer and cirrhosis. I understand what you are going through to help out your mother but if she can’t listen to you or somebody else’s advise then she need to seek psychiatric help soon.

  27. QUESTION:
    If anyone has the time to read my responses to the MEPS questions and evaluate? 73 yes/no questions?
    1. Asthma, wheezing, or inhaler use – Yes, yes, yes. Very very mild.
    2. Dislocated joint, including knee, hip, shoulder, elbow, ankle or other joint – no
    3. Epilepsy, fits, seizures, or convulsions – no
    4. Sleepwalking – no
    5. Recurrent neck or back pain – no
    6. Rheumatic fever – no
    7. Foot pain – no
    8. A swollen, painful, or dislocated joint or fluid in a joint (knee, shoulder, wrist, elbow, etc.) – no
    9. Double vision – no
    10. Periods of unconsciousness – no
    11. Frequent or severe headaches causing loss of time from work or school or taking medication to prevent frequent or severe headaches – no
    12. Wear contact lenses (If so, bring your contact lens kit and solution so you can remove your contact when we test your vision at the MEPS; also, if you have a pair of eyeglasses, bring them with you no matter how old they are.) – no
    13. Fainting spells or passing out – no
    14. Head injury, including skull fracture, resulting in concussion, loss of consciousness, headaches, etc. – no
    15. Back surgery – no
    16. Seen a psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker, counselor or other professional for any reason (inpatient or outpatient) including counseling or treatment for school, adjustment, family, marriage or any other problem, to include depression, or treatment for alcohol, drug or substance abuse – no
    # 17. Any of the following skin diseases: Eczema – no
    # Psoriasis
    # Atopic dermatitis

    18. Irregular heartbeat, including abnormally rapid or slow heart rates – no
    19. Allergic to bee, wasp, or other insect stings (itching/swelling all over and/or get short of breath) – no
    20. Heart murmur, valve problem or mitral valve prolapse – no
    21. Allergic to wool – no
    22. Heart surgery – no
    23. Been rejected for military service (temporary or permanent) for medical or other reasons – no
    24. Any other heart problems – no
    25. High blood pressure – no
    26. Discharged from military service for medical reasons – no
    27. Ulcer (stomach, duodenum or other part of intestine) – no
    28. Received disability compensation for an injury or other medical condition – no
    29. Hepatitis (liver infection or inflammation) – no
    30. Intestinal obstruction (locked bowels), or any other chronic or recurrent intestinal problem, including small intestine or colon problems, such as Crohn’s disease or colitis – I was once severely constipated, does that count?
    31. Detached retina or surgery for a detached retina – no
    32. Surgery to remove a portion of the intestine (other than the appendix) – no
    33. Any other eye condition, injury or surgery – no
    34. Are you over 40? (If so, call the MEPS for information on special requirements for over-40 physicals) – no
    35. Gall bladder trouble or gall stones – no
    36. Jaundice – no
    37. Missing a kidney – no
    38. Allergy to common food (milk, bread, eggs, meat, fish or other common food) – no
    39. (Females only) Abnormal PAP smear or gynecological problem
    40. (Males only) Missing a testicle, testicular implant, or undescended testicle – no
    41. Broken bone requiring surgery to repair (with or without pins, plates, screws or other metal fixation devices used in repair) – i fractured the ligaments in my knee in 5th grade, no more issues with my knee.
    42. Ruptured or bulging disk in your back or surgery for a ruptured or bulging disk – no
    43. Thyroid condition or take medication for your thyroid – no
    44. Limitation of motion of any joint, including knee, shoulder, wrist, elbow, hip or other joint – no
    45. Drug or alcohol rehab – no
    46. Kidney, urinary tract or bladder problems, surgery, stones or other urinary tract problems – no
    47. Sugar, protein or blood in urine – no
    48. Surgery on a bone or joint (knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, etc.) including Arthroscopy with normal findings – no
    49. Taking any medications – no
    50. Pain or swelling at the site of an old fracture – no
    51. Perforated ear drum or tubes in ear drum(s) – no
    52. Anemia – no
    53. Ear surgery, to include mastoidectomy or repair of perforated ear drum, hearing loss or need/use a hearing aid – no
    54. Night blindness – no
    55. Arthritis – no
    56. Absence or disturbance of the sense of smell – no
    57. Absence or removal of the spleen, or rupture or tear of the spleen without removal – no
    58. Anorexia or other eating disorder – no
    59. Cracked bone or fracture(s) – the knee thing
    60. Bursitis – no
    61. Braces (If you wear or are planning on obtaining braces for your teeth, have the orthodontist submit a letter stating that braces will be removed before active duty date; release form and sample format can be found in the Recruiter’s Medical Guide.) – no
    62. Loss of finger, toe or part thereof – no
    63. Loss of the ability to fully flex (bend) or fully extend a finger, toe or other joint – no
    64. Shoulder, knee, or elbow problem (out of place) – no
    65. Locking of the knee or other joint – no
    66. Giving way of knee or other joint – no
    67. Cataracts or surgery for cataracts – no
    68. Eye surgery, including

    • ANSWER:
      1.Asthma, wheezing, or inhaler use – Yes, yes, yes. Very very mild.

      if you say yes to this they will DQ you

      30. Intestinal obstruction (locked bowels), or any other chronic or recurrent intestinal problem, including small intestine or colon problems, such as Crohn’s disease or colitis – I was once severely constipated, does that count?

      doesn’t count so just say no

      41. Broken bone requiring surgery to repair (with or without pins, plates, screws or other metal fixation devices used in repair) – i fractured the ligaments in my knee in 5th grade, no more issues with my knee.

      just say no if it doesn’t bother you anymore

      59. Cracked bone or fracture(s) – the knee thing

      say no

      this is how it works.. if you say “yes” to almost anything you will get DQ’ed

      meps motto…
      “yes” means Your Enlistment Stops
      “no” means Never ending Opportunities

  28. QUESTION:
    Mysterious Instant Stomach Troubles
    Going to be as brief as possible: 21, male, healthy. Large build 230, 6’2. Drank wine a bit consistently for 5-6 months, no problems. Drank other hard liquor in the past, no problems. Tried Gin on June 6th, half a bottle (Seagram’s Extra Dry mixed with lemon juice and ginger ale..I don’t usually mix, was doing so for fun). Immediately noticed I had to keep taking deep breaths/out of breath sensation, stopped. Not sure if the Japanese food (sushi etc.) could’ve had an impact. Drank Jack Daniels and rot gut vodka before, so it was not a matter of tolerance or alcohol exposure.

    Next day woke up to a feeling below the throat, felt like a constant need to cough. Went to the doctor…EKG, Chest X-Ray, Barium Swallow, Spirometer/Flow Meter (lung test), Gallbladder Liver scan, all negative. Endoscopy showed a very very small 3-4 cm sliding hiatal hernia, deemed asymptomatic (does not produce symptoms) as it was so small it didn’t even show on the Barium Swallow X-ray. Endoscopy showed no irritation, irregularities or inflammation. Allergy tests showed nothing, Clarinex did nothing.

    Symptoms are: Constant cough/irritation between collar bones, murky/powdery stools (as if you were to flush powder from the bottom of the toilet bowl and it billows up), sinus congestion, excessive burping, extreme fatigue, minor heart palpitations, yellow/white coated tongue, hurts to take a deep breath. Spaced out/tired after eating, worse than the “after turkey meal feeling”. Excessive salivation/sweet tasting salivation. Hear an intermittent sound like gas escaping through my esophagus to my neck when I lie down. No heartburn whatsoever. Odd sour taste at back of mouth.

    No history of any problems, no history of hypochondria, not psychological (Ativan and other sedatives did nothing). Antibiotics did nothing.

    A homeopath suggested Nux Vomica, did nothing but calm me mentally.

    Acid reflux/GERD was suggested, took Prilosec, Zantac, Pepcid AC, no effect. Moved to PPI’s (strongest stuff they got), Protonix/Aciphex/Zegerid, did nothing.

    It has been 2 months, the symptoms persist despite diet changes. Suggestions regarding a decrease in weight were made. Factors of environment include mold under my water bed that has grown over the years due to frequent popping of the tubes. A plan to replace the bed is underway. It has been suggested that the mold is causing this, or perhaps a Candida Albicans yeast overgrowth, however, the reaction to the Gin was sudden, instant, and very acute. I felt no symptoms whatsoever prior to consumption.

    5 doctors, a gastroenterologist, a pulmonary specialist, 10 health coach’s/nurses from the insurance company, a renowned medical researcher, and a famous health expert who exposed a pharmaceutical scam had no clue whatsoever, and were completely baffled.

    I have gotten some guidance from a Chinese medicine woman/acupuncturist and am undergoing treatment through TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine).

    Nevertheless, I am asking for your opinions. Do not tell me I have “GERD” or “acid reflux disease”, those ailments are not diseases, and my symptoms/tests defy such a diagnosis. I am more knowledgeable about Acid Reflux/GERD than most doctors at this point, and I know I don’t have it. I know every test used to detect it, and every “health tip” recommended for it, so don’t waste my time or yours by spamming it.

    I am looking for alternative causes.

    Thank you
    Looking for more answers

    • ANSWER:
      I am in no way a medical professional, but I have to respond because I have twice in my life had conditions that could not be diagnosed. Both eventually were, but what a horror show until then.

      My first thought on reading as far as your instant reaction to the gin potion was allergy. Short of a pre-existing condition, I can’t think of anything, other than a poison, that could act that fast.

      As I read further, I was going to mention mold but then you did. Mold is insidious. Mold can cause hundreds of nasty symptoms. That you had been sleeping on it for god knows how long means that you were breathing it in all that time even though you didn’t know it was there. I don’t know if there is a medical specialty in mycology but it might be a place to start.

      Also, consider that what’s going on may have been caused by more than one condition or more than one allergen or mold or … If the gin event was an allergy, maybe it triggered nasty mold spores that had been hidden in your larynx.. I mean, I’m just throwing out ideas here, but it could be two or three different maladies.

      In any case, don’t give up. There is a doctor who knows what it is and has at least an idea how to cure it.

      Good luck.

  29. QUESTION:
    Marijuana versus Aspirin. If both were legal which would you choose?
    (All of this from an article written almost 2 years ago)

    When Bayer introduced aspirin in 1899, cannabis was America’s number one painkiller. Until marijuana prohibition began in 1937, the US Pharmacopoeia listed cannabis as the primary medicine for over 100 diseases. Cannabis was such an effective analgesic that the American Medical Association (AMA) argued against prohibition on behalf of medical progress. Since the herb is extremely potent and essentially non-toxic, the AMA considered it a potential wonder drug.

    Instead, the invention of aspirin gave birth to the modern pharmaceutical industry and Americans switched away from cannabis in the name of “progress.” But was it really progress? There can be no doubt that aspirin has a long history as the drug of choice for the self-treatment of migraines, arthritis, and other chronic pain. It is cheap and effective. But is it as safe as cannabis?

    History:

    -Marijuana has been used for over 5,000 years.
    -No one has ever overdosed on marijuana.
    -Aspirin has been used for 108 years.
    -Approximately 500 people die every year by taking aspirin

    The Law:

    -Marijuana is a Schedule 1 drug, meaning the US government believes it is extremely dangerous, highly addictive, and of no medical value.
    -Aspirin is available for pennies and can be purchased by children at any drug, grocery, or convenience store. Often they are just handed out free by people with no medical education.

    Marijuana side effects and dangers:

    -The dangers of marijuana include possible respiratory problems caused by the deposition of burnt plant material on the lungs. This danger can be eliminated with alternate forms of consumption such as eating or vaporizing the medicine.
    -For two to four hours, marijuana causes short-term memory loss, a slight reduction in reaction time, and a reduction in cognitive ability. These conditions DO NOT persist after the herb wears off.
    -Hunger
    -Paranoia
    -Laughter
    -Introspection
    -Creative Impulse
    -Euphoria
    -Tiredness
    -Forgetfulness
    -0 Mortality Rate

    Aspirin side effects and dangers:

    -When taken with alcohol, aspirin can cause stomach bleeding.
    -Reye Syndrome in children: fat begins to develop around the liver and other organs of the child, eventually putting severe pressure on the brain. Death is common within a few days.
    -People with hemophilia can die.
    -People with hyperthyroidism suffer elevated T4 levels.
    -Stomach problems include dyspepsia, heartburn, upset stomach, stomach ulcers with gross bleeding, and internal bleeding leading to anemia.
    -Dizziness, ringing in the ears, hearing loss, vertigo, vision disturbances, and headaches.
    -Heavy sweating
    -Irreversible liver damage
    -Inflamation and gradual destruction of the kidneys
    -Nausea and vomiting
    -Abdominal pain
    -Lethargy
    -Hyperthermia
    -Dyspepsia: a gnawing or burning stomach pain accompanied by bloating, heartburn, nausea, vomiting and burping.
    -Tachypnea: Abnormally fast breathing
    -Respiratory Alkalosis: a condition where the amount of carbon dioxide found in the blood drops to a level below normal range brought on by abnormally fast breathing.
    -Cerebral Edema: Water accumulates on the brain. Symptoms include headaches, decreased level of consciousness, loss of eyesight, hallucinations, psychotic behavior, memory loss and coma. If left untreated, it can lead to death.
    -Hallucinations, confusion, and seizure.
    -Prolonged bleeding after operations or post-trauma for up to 10 days after last aspirin.
    -Aspirin can interact with some other drugs, such as diabetes medication. Aspirin changes the way the body handles these drugs and can lead to a drug overdose and death.
    -It is used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains.
    -Used as an antipyretic to reduce fever.
    -Used as an anti-inflammatory medication.
    -Aspirin is used in long-term, low doses to prevent heart attacks, strokes, and blood clot formation in people at high risk for developing blood clots.
    -It has also been established that low doses of aspirin may be given immediately after a heart attack to reduce the risk of another heart attack or of the death of cardiac tissue.
    -For 50-year-old men, taking an aspirin every day to prevent heart disease and stroke carries a risk of 10.4 deaths per 100,000 men per year over and above their overall death risk.
    If you think that cannabis is actually safer than aspirin, you are not alone. In October 2000, Dr. Leslie Iversen of the Oxford University Department of Pharmacology said the same thing.
    In her book, ‘The Science of Marijuana,’ Dr. Iversen presents the scientific evidence that cannabis is, by-and-large, a safe drug. Dr. Iversen found cannabis had “an impressive record” when compared to tobacco, alcohol, or even aspirin.
    “Tetrahydrocannabinol is a very safe drug,” she said. “Even such apparently innocuous medicines as aspirin and related steroidal anti-inflammatory compunds are not safe.”

    So if safety is your concern, cannabis is clearly a much better choice than aspirin. If you eat it or vaporize it, it just might be the safest painkiller the world has ever known.
    A lie? No I don’t want to get high. I want Medical Marijuana. (No not Marijuana, MEDICAL MARIJAUANA) to be legal under Federal Law. Please prove to me how any of this is a lie and I will listen.

    • ANSWER:
      Everything in this post is pretty much the truth…

      Marijuana smokers rarely get brown lung, asthma, emphysema, and many of the other respiratory illnesses that tobacco smokers often get…

      You CANNOT overdose on marijuana. Even if its high grade, the amount you would have to smoke is physically impossible to ingest in the time period required (if i remember correctly, the amount to OD is something like a pound in around 15 minutes, im not absolutely positive on this, it may be even more than the above amount)

      people have been smoking the plant for over 5,000 years, and not one death can be directly attributed to its use…

      So in short, you can overdose on aspirin. Heck you can even overdose on caffeine. So i think marijuana use (health wise) is a lot less harmful for your body than aspirin…

  30. QUESTION:
    Are there any other treatments for symptoms of mono?
    Ive just been diagnosed with mono. Ive had these symptons for a week, so im assuming this is the 2nd week ive had this disease. The doctor told me that not only a sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, and tireness are symptoms, but swollen liver and spleen are symptoms as well. Im anxious for my spleen and liver to heal up, so are there any natural redmidies that i could take to reduce the swelling of these organs? Another question/concern i have is how alcohol consumption will affect thoes specific organs. Will getting drunk be a problem? will having a couple of drinks be a problem? (mind you i will have had a solid week of bed rest and medications before the weekend)

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    How can I continue to abuse alcohol without doing further damage to my liver?
    So I was hospitalized last week with pancreatitis and diabetic ketoacidosis after collapsing at my sister’s wedding reception. Anyway, the doctors ran some tests and it turns out that I have elevated liver enzymes and show signs of advanced liver disease.

    The doctor advised that I quit drinking and even referred me to several addiction treatment facilities. The thing is, not drinking isn’t an option. Drinking to excess is a very important part of my lifestyle and my professional image. Is there something I’m doing wrong? Is there a safer way to drink? Are there any multivitamins or herbal supplements I can take to lessen the damaging effects of alcohol on my liver?

    Drinking is very important to me and if it comes down to it I’ll choose drinking over my own health and well-being. I just hope it doesn’t have to come to that.

    • ANSWER:
      The graveyards are full of people who thought “not drinking isn’t an option.” If you already have liver disease and choose to continue drinking, the only result of that is death. How will death affect your lifestyle and professional image. Then everyone can say “It’s too bad he drank himself to death.” It’s a good thing to leave for your obituary. I’m sure your family is going to be really proud of you.

      You made you choice to continue to drink no matter what. I might mention that dying of liver disease is not an easy way to go. It’s somewhat slow depending on a number of factors and there is quite a bit of suffering you will have to endure before it is over. Expect more hospital visits. Expect a lot of bleeding problems. Expect being so tired you cannot get up. Expect being so filled with fluid that you routinely have to go to the hospital and get poked with a huge needle to drain it off your chest and abdomen so you can breath right. Are we having fun yet? I could go on and on, but I don’t want to spoil all the surprises for you. Wait till the brain confusion kicks in. Ah, here I go, giving it all away. I left out some so you can find out for yourself.

      Enjoy your drink.

  32. QUESTION:
    How can I continue to abuse alcohol without doing further damage to my liver?
    So I was hospitalized last week with pancreatitis and diabetic ketoacidosis after collapsing at my sister’s wedding reception. Anyway, the doctors ran some tests and it turns out that I have elevated liver enzymes and show signs of advanced liver disease.

    The doctor advised that I quit drinking and even referred me to several addiction treatment facilities. The thing is, not drinking isn’t an option. Drinking to excess is a very important part of my lifestyle and my professional image. Is there something I’m doing wrong? Is there a safer way to drink? Are there any multivitamins or herbal supplements I can take to lessen the damaging effects of alcohol on my liver?

    Drinking is very important to me and if it comes down to it I’ll choose drinking over my own health and well-being. I just hope it doesn’t have to come to that…

    • ANSWER:
      Excess drinking= liver damage. There aren’t any magical supplements or treatments to reverse the effects of drinking. Sooooo…it seems like you don’t care anyways. Welp, see ya!

  33. QUESTION:
    How can I continue to abuse alcohol without doing further damage to my liver?
    So I was hospitalized last week with pancreatitis and diabetic ketoacidosis after collapsing at my sister’s wedding reception. Anyway, the doctors ran some tests and it turns out that I have elevated liver enzymes and show signs of advanced liver disease.

    The doctor advised that I quit drinking and even referred me to several addiction treatment facilities. The thing is, not drinking isn’t an option. Drinking to excess is a very important part of my lifestyle and my professional image. Is there something I’m doing wrong? Is there a safer way to drink? Are there any multivitamins or herbal supplements I can take to lessen the damaging effects of alcohol on my liver?

    Drinking is very important to me and if it comes down to it I’ll choose drinking over my own health and well-being. I just hope it doesn’t have to come to that.

    • ANSWER:

  34. QUESTION:
    Define cell pathology and identify the type of cell which has been damaged by alcohol?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.

    Define cell pathology and identify the type of cell which has been damaged by alcohol?

    THANK YOU!

    • ANSWER:
      Well, this is a complex issue

  35. QUESTION:
    Explain the causes of Mr. X’s abnormal liver function test results. Explain some of Mr. X’s symptoms ………?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain the causes of Mr. X’s abnormal liver function test results. Explain some of Mr. X’s symptoms of liver disease (such as jaundice and prolonged clotting time). What advice will doctors give Mr. X to improve his prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis – Endstage liver disease characterized by diffuse damage to hepatic parenchymal cells, with nodular regeneration, fibrosis, and disturbance of normal architecture; associated with failure in the function of hepatic cells and interference with blood flow in the liver, frequently resulting in jaundice, portal hypertension, ascites, and ultimately biochemical and functional signs of hepatic failure.

      Recommendations: Avoid alcohol. Low sodium diet. Avoid aspirin and other NSAIDs.

  36. QUESTION:
    Explain the causes of Mr. X’s abnormal liver function test results. Explain some of Mr. X’s symptoms ………?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain the causes of Mr. X’s abnormal liver function test results. Explain some of Mr. X’s symptoms of liver disease (such as jaundice and prolonged clotting time). What advice will doctors give Mr. X to improve his prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Mr. X has chronic alcoholic hepatitis, and probably some degree of cirrhosis. The exact mechanisms of alcoholic hepatitis aren’t known, but acetaldehyde is as good a place as any to guess at.
      Oversimplifying somewhat, prothrombin is made in the liver, so people with advanced liver disease will often have an elevated prothrombin time.
      He’ll doubtless have offered to him (and he’ll likely decline) enrollment in an alcohol rehabilitation program, if he lives long enough. Likewise, suggestions that he avoid driving drunk will likely fall on deaf ears.

  37. QUESTION:
    Explain the causes of Mr. X’s abnormal liver function test results. Explain some of Mr. X’s symptoms ………?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain the causes of Mr. X’s abnormal liver function test results. Explain some of Mr. X’s symptoms of liver disease (such as jaundice and prolonged clotting time). What advice will doctors give Mr. X to improve his prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      `

  38. QUESTION:
    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness ……?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness of the screening process including the screening method used and current statistics on numbers of cases of people catching the disease from contaminated blood products?

    • ANSWER:
      There’s a possibility that infection could be transmitted if Mr X receives unscreened blood/blood products. You would not want to give him something like HIV or syphilis, for instance. Blood screening insures that the blood is safe for transfusion. As to the rest of your question, you can look these things up on your own since the information is never going to be right at the top of anyone’s mind.

  39. QUESTION:
    How can I continue to abuse alcohol without doing further damage to my liver?
    So I was hospitalized last week with pancreatitis and diabetic ketoacidosis after collapsing at my sister’s wedding reception. Anyway, the doctors ran some tests and it turns out that I have elevated liver enzymes and show signs of advanced liver disease.

    The doctor advised that I quit drinking and even referred me to several addiction treatment facilities. The thing is, not drinking isn’t an option. Drinking to excess is a very important part of my lifestyle and my professional image. Is there something I’m doing wrong? Is there a safer way to drink? Are there any multivitamins or herbal supplements I can take to lessen the damaging effects of alcohol on my liver?

    Drinking is very important to me and if it comes down to it I’ll choose drinking over my own health and well-being. I just hope it doesn’t have to come to that…

    • ANSWER:
      Ah, well, it has come to that. Or it will very soon. Your choice. You can choose lifestyle and professional image, or you can choose living longer.

  40. QUESTION:
    Define cell pathology and identify the type of cell which has been damaged by alcohol?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.

    Define cell pathology and identify the type of cell which has been damaged by alcohol?

    THANK YOU!

    • ANSWER:
      Cell pathology is the interpretation of disease origins in terms of cells ability or inability to maintain homeostasis.
      Mr. X might have alcoholic neuropathy, a degenerative disease of the nerves causing progressive loss of nerve function starting in the extremities. This could have caused him to lose control of this motorbike. The cells effected under this diagnosis would be the nerve cells, as the myalin is stripped from their exterior. Of course, there are other cells which have been damaged by alcohol in addition to the ones most closely connected with the loss of nervous function to the extremities.


Alcohol Liver Disease Statistics

Sam has been charged with impaired driving twice. He drinks every weekend and he drinks a lot. His wife and other family members report that his personality changes when he drinks and he becomes mean. The next day he can’t remember much of what happened when he was drinking.

For a long time Sam argued that he did not have a drinking problem because he drank only beer and it was only on weekends. After his first impaired driving charge, he admitted he may be an alcoholic. He has subsequently tried to stop drinking alcohol a number of times, but the pattern continues. His family wants him to go to an alcohol rehab facility, but Sam still insists that he will handle the problem on his own. Can he do it?

The fact is that many people have overcome an addiction to alcohol on their own without ever entering an alcohol treatment center or going to group meetings. I read recently that you’re three to six times as likely to be successful doing it on your own as you would be by going to a traditional treatment program.

I didn’t know anything about AA or 12-step alcohol treatment centers when I realized I had to stop drinking. (I was consuming alcohol at a rate, according to Stats Canada, that exceeded that of the skid-row alcoholic.) I quit drinking and immediately got to work rebuilding my life. That was over 30 years ago.

Why is Sam failing and why do traditional rehab programs fail so miserably? I propose it is because both are focusing on the wrong thing. Both focus on drinking as the problem. When you focus on the drinking, you expose yourself to wild claims about alcoholism being an incurable, progressive disease, and how you will be in recovery for life. What you hear are certainly not messages of hope, but of failure. Perhaps that is what is keeping Sam stuck.

Unfortunately these notions are so pervasive in our culture that many alcoholics won’t admit their problem because they would be admitting hopelessness. The way one man put it to me was “I won’t get help because I refuse to be in recovery for the rest of my life.” My response to him was “Good for you!”

You can succeed in overcoming even severe alcohol abuse, if you place the focus on the life you want to create for yourself, that is, how you will reinvent yourself. And yes, you may have to do some work on the sources of the pain you had dulled with alcohol, and you may need some help. But if you keep your focus on moving forward, not on where you’ve been, you greatly increase your likelihood of success.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Weed vs. Alcohol?
    There are so many people who are against the legalization of marijuana or the fact that some people smoke it period. But I see that the use of alcohol can have deadly effects as well.

    It would be pointless to quote statistics of alcohol related deaths (drunk driving, liver disease…) because everyone knows that. You can drink, but not get drunk, but drinking leads to intoxication, and you can smoke and not get “blabbering idiot high”.

    I personally don’t condone either for myself. But I would like to know what others think. If marijuana is illegal, then shouldn’t alcohol be illegal too?

    • ANSWER:
      No one has ever died from a overdose of marijuana! Marijuana has medical properties.
      Both are good for you if used in moderation.

  2. QUESTION:
    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness ……?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness of the screening process including the screening method used and current statistics on numbers of cases of people catching the disease from contaminated blood products?

    • ANSWER:
      blood products are usually only screened for blood transmitted diseases, such has HIV and hepatitis. the effectiveness of the screening is great, although there is a 6 month incubation period for HIV and hepatitis so there is still chance (although VERY small) of getting these diseases by transfusion.
      an ELISA test is usually used for the screening process of HIV.

      As of 2001, the risk of transfusion-acquired HIV in the U.S. was approximately one in 2.5 million for each transfusion.

  3. QUESTION:
    Has anyone seen “England’s Healthcare refuses liver transplant for 22 year old and dies?”?

    http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=d12_1248118397

    A man from east London who began binge-drinking at 13 has died after being denied a life-saving liver transplant.

    Gary Reinbach, 22, from Dagenham, was given only a few weeks to live after devel More..oping cirrhosis of the liver.

    He was admitted to University College Hospital London (UCL) with alcohol damage for the first time 10 weeks ago.

    But health chiefs ruled he should not be exempt from strict organ donation criteria which require an alcohol-free period of at least six months.

    Mr Reinbach, who died on Sunday, was too ill to be sent home after his admission to hospital.

    Teenage drinking

    A statement from NHS Blood and Transplant said: “This case highlights the dilemma doctors face because of the shortage of donated organs.

    “They have to make tough decisions about who is going to get the benefit and who is going to take best care of this precious gift.”

    Campaign group Alcohol Concern called for more research into the way alcohol can affect young people’s health.

    The group said it was worried that a rise in teenage drinking would lead to more people suffering alcohol-related illnesses at younger ages.

    Speaking about Mr Reinbach’s case, a spokeswoman said: “This doesn’t surprise us at all, sadly.

    “Statistics show that more people are getting liver disease in their 30s and, if more teenagers are drinking, people will become seriously ill at a younger age.”

    • ANSWER:
      Thhis was not refused because of a shortage of donors, it was refused as he was an alcholic. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/8159813.stm There are loads of people who need livers. Unless an alcholic can prove that they are dry, in the UK, they are not entitled to it. He had nine years to stop drinking. He did not.

      First of all with the other comments here, too many people do not know that Obama wants to make insurance more available to all. His system is similar to that which works in Holland and Switzerland.

      Second, of course universal health-cover sucks. That is why we in Western Europe have it. We think, hmm, our healthcare system sucks. I know, lets keep it. I guess that is the same with Japan and Canada as well.

      FACT – the USA spends more on healthcare PER PERSON than any other nation on the planet.

      FACT – the US has higher death rates for kids aged under five than western European countries with universal health coverage.

      That means that a dead American four year old would have had a better chance of life if they were born in Canada, France, the Netherlands, Cuba, Switzerland, Germany, Japan etc, all of which have universal health coverage.

  4. QUESTION:
    Alcohol is forbidden in bible why our shops are selling it?
    Prohibition of alcohol in the Bible

    The Bible prohibits the consumption of alcohol in the following verses:

    “Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging; and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.”
    [Proverbs 20:1]

    “And be not drunk with wine.”
    [Ephesians 5:18]

    3. Alcohol inhibits the inhibitory centre
    The human beings possess an inhibitory centre in their brains. This inhibitory centre prevents the person from doing things that he considers wrong. For instance a person does not normally use abusive language while addressing his parents or elders. If he has to answer the call of nature, his inhibitory centre will prevent him from doing so in public. Therefore he uses the toilet.

    When a person consumes alcohol, the inhibitory centre itself is inhibited. That is precisely the reason that an inebriated person is often found to be indulging in behaviour that is completely uncharacteristic of him. For instance the intoxicated person is found to use abusive and foul language and does not realize his mistake even if he is addressing his parents. Many even urinate in their clothes. Neither do they talk nor walk properly. They even misbehave.

    4. Cases of adultery, rape, incest and AIDS are found more among alcoholics
    According to National Crime Victimization Survey Bureau of Justice (U.S. Department of Justice) in the year 1996 alone everyday on an average 2,713 rapes took place. The statistics tell us that the majority of the rapists, were intoxicated while committing the crime. The same is true in cases of molestation.

    According to statistics, 8% of Americans commit incest i.e. one in every twelve to thirteen persons in America is involved in incest. Almost all the cases of incest are due to intoxication of one or both the persons involved.

    One of the major factors associated with the spread of AIDS, the most dreaded disease, is alcoholism.

    5. Every alcoholic was initially a social drinker
    Many may argue in favour of liquor by calling themselves ‘social drinkers’. They claim that they only have one or two pegs and they have self-control and so never get intoxicated. Investigations reveal that every alcoholic started as a social drinker. Not a single alcoholic or drunkard initially starts drinking with the intention of becoming an alcoholic or a drunkard. No social drinker can say that I have been having alcohol for several years and that I have so much self-control that I have never been intoxicated even a single time.

    6. If a person is intoxicated just once and commits something shameful, it will remain with him for a lifetime.
    Suppose a ‘social drinker’ loses his self-control just once. In a state of intoxication he commits rape or incest. Even if the act is later regretted, a normal human being is likely to carry the guilt throughout his life. Both the perpetrator and the victim are irreparably and irreversibly damaged.

    Diseases associated with alcoholism
    There are several scientific reasons for the prohibition of consumption of intoxicants i.e. alcohol. The maximum number of deaths in the world related to any one particular cause is due to the consumption of alcohol. Millions of people die every year only because of intake of alcohol. I need not go into the details of all the ill-effects of alcohol since most of them are commonly known. Below is a simple list of few of the alcohol related illnesses:

    Cirrhosis of Liver is the most well known alcohol associated disease.

    Others are Cancer of Oesophagus, Cancer of Head and Neck, Cancer of Liver (Hepatoma), Cancer of Bowel, etc.

    Oesophagitis, Gastritis, Pancreatitis and Hepatitis are linked with alcohol consumption.

    Cardiomyopathy, Hypertension, Coronary Artherosclerosis, Angina and Heart Attacks are linked with heavy alcohol intakes.

    Strokes, Apoplexy, Fits and different types of Paralysis are linked with alcohol intake.

    Peripheral Neuropathy, Cortical Atrophy, Cerebellar Atrophy are well-known syndromes caused by alcohol consumption.

    Wernicke – Korsakoff syndrome with amnesia of recent events, confabulations and retainment of memory to old events with different types of paralysis are mainly due to thiamine deficiency due to excessive alcohol intake.

    Beriberi and other deficiencies are not uncommon among alcoholics. Even Pellagra occurs in alcoholics.

    Delerium Tremens is a serious complication that may occur during recurrent infection of alcoholics or post operatively. It also occurs during abstention as a sign of withdrawal effect. It is quite serious and may cause death even if treated in well equipped centres.

    Numerous Endocrine Disorders have been associated with alcoholism ranging from Myxodema to Hyperthyroidism and Florid Cushing Syndrome.

    Hematological ill effects are long and variable. Folic acid deficiency, however, is the most common manifestation of alcoholic abuse resulting in Macrocytic Anemia. Zeive’s syndrome is a triad of Hemolytic Anemia

    • ANSWER:
      Because not everyone is dumb enough to follow a bunch of Bronze Age rules.

      Eating shellfish is forbidden in the bible, so is wearing clothing of mixed fabrics. Women are supposed to sacrifice a dove or something after each menstrual cycle – there’s a whole load of bollox in the bible… you either follow it completely or not at all.

      … and wasn’t jesus supposed to have turned water into wine? Wasn’t that a teensey bit naughty if his Daddy had said alcohol was a no-no?

  5. QUESTION:
    The number of under-25s needing medical treatment after a night out is much higher than previously thought: Y?
    Have you ever ended up in A&E after drinking too much?

    The number of under-25s needing medical treatment after a night out is much higher than previously thought.

    More than 53,000 ended up in hospital with problems linked to alcohol in 2006-2007.

    The new statistics show around one in five of all admissions for under-25s is because of a drunken fight or a drunken fall.

    Previous official figures for England only showed admissions for obviously alcohol-related conditions, such as alcohol poisoning and liver disease.

    Have you ever been admitted to A&E after drinking too much?

    Do you know anyone who has?

    Do you think under-25s drink too much?

    http://newsforums.bbc.co.uk/nol/thread.jspa?forumID=5285&edition=1&ttl=20080902084235

    Many schools & colleges, etc open on Wed, so many students plan to get very drunk tonight

    Do see BBC replies @ beautiful girls breaking teeth, noses, cheekbones, etc thru drunken falls

    & add any stories that will help save folk from such silly accidents, OK?
    CP

    I’m so glad U R OK

    I had my stomach pumped when I took 70 paracetemol on the 1st anniversary of my mum dying of cancer

    I agree 100% that it’s an experience that makes you determined not to repeat, for 3 reasons

    Physical discomfort, feeling stupid & seeing the concern it gives others

    Guys, it’s not the way you want beautiful nurses to see you either

    Stay safe out there

    Do google Samaritans if you have problems that make you despair

    They can refer you to local support groups

    I’ve asked for GP referral to a local mental health support group, as my only girl has been missing @ 4.5 yrs & I haven’t seen her for @ 6.5

    It’s her 21st in Dec – IF she’s still alive

    The fact no-one’s heard from her since leaving school @ 16 makes me think she’s dead, but she always wanted to live in some remote rural area abroad – she was a keen cadet

    But I don’t get drunk: I see no point in becoming accident prone – not least as that puts others in danger too
    This one’s @ what kids’ games are healthy/dangerous:-

    http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080902005623AAsp3Dg&r=w

    Must go

    If any locals need to talk @ lunchtime, I’ll be at Bliss (non-alcoholic) Bistro in Anfield Lighthouse, Oldfield Rd, L4, @ 100 metres from The Kop, @ 12-ish
    Just had brekkie while my bath cools down

    Have folk added views to the influential BBC opinion poll?

    Any plan to email/ring lunchtime phone-ins @ http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio2

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/liverpool etc

    Must go
    Hi GW

    UK legal drinking age is 18, but many kids buy bargain booze at superstores

    In a way, the most stunning thing @ the binge drinking phenomenon is that, as soon as it was publicised, several TV stations showed docus @ drunks in dangerous states – falling down, crawling, vommitting etc

    & the trend STILL grew

    & they said that the trend was started by professional/executive types in their 20s/30s, whom others delightedly copied

    • ANSWER:
      Absolutely! Not only with alcohol but legal and illegal drugs (OD).
      The rate should skyrocket, if the United States passes a bill, allowing the legal age limit to drink alcoholic beverages , to be lowered to 18 from 21.
      What are we doing to our youth, tomorrows leaders? We are shooting them in the foot before they barely learn how to walk!
      Their future already looks so bleak!
      We, their peers, must take some responsibility for this and find a solution, turn it around, for the sake of our children and their future.

  6. QUESTION:
    Whats your opinion on marijuana?
    Everyone is entitled to his or her own opinion so lets try to be respectful and mature :D. My opinion is that I think it should be legal for many reasons. If you have seen Super High Me or Totally Baked then you know the facts and statistics that I am referring to. If things like alcohol, cigarettes, and fast food which all can kill you is legal, then why not marijuana? Alcohol can cause liver disease, cigarettes give cancer, and aspartame eats holes in your brain… but marijuana can not kill you. I am a pot smoker but I believe there should be protective measures set in place governing marijuana, if/when it becomes completely legal, such as the licences they have now that you need in order to obtain it. There are people in prison who have gotten 5-Life for marijuana related charges where as you get 5-10 years for rape… doesn’t that seem a tad odd? Also in the movie Super High Me, the doctor that he has regular visits with during his experimentation admittedly used to be a pot smoker, and he still wen’t on to be a successful doctor. So I feel it should be legal, why not? Whats your opinion?

    • ANSWER:
      although i have never smoked it, i think that it should be legalized because it is starting to be like prohibition of alcohol in the 1920s. if it was legalized, crime would probably drop fast because of all the people that use it. it can be used as medicine for christ sake unlike cigs and alcohol! if the US does legalize it, i will pledge to be the most patriotic american whoever lived.

  7. QUESTION:
    what grade would you give this newspaper article, and how can i add to and improve it to insure i get an A?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing it’s time we ask ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the united kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they have unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of are country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of coarse lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    By Alex Dart

    • ANSWER:
      Not so bad.But “ask” should be “asked”..”are” (country?) should be “our”and “coarse” should be “course”.I left the UK in 2002 because of the insularity of the people,their racism and “little islander”mentality.

  8. QUESTION:
    how can i improve this newspaper article for my GCSE coursework?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing is it time we asked ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the United Kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they are unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has led to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of course lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    • ANSWER:
      It’s your coursework and should be YOUR work. I will not help you gain a GCSE. They’re incredibly easy anyway.

  9. QUESTION:
    What grade would you give this newspaper article, and how can i add to and improve it to insure i get an A?
    To drink, or not to drink?

    Life as a teenager is hard, and it’s easy to want to relieve some of that stress, but as the casualties related to teenage drinking are gradually increasing it’s time we asked ourselves if enough is enough? Youths all over the UK are at danger of alcohol poisoning and many other dangerous side effects. I myself am a teenager, and despite the fact I do not drink alcohol, I have seen what it can do to even the most gracious of people causing them to undergo a stunning transformation from polite, healthy and in control of themselves, to rude, dangerous and a threat to themselves and everybody around them. Is the money spent on alcohol really worth all the trouble?

    Thousands of teenagers throughout the united kingdom are being hospitalised by this dangerous legal drug because they have unable to control themselves when it comes to the consumption of alcohol, and as the statistics only seem to get worse, more and more teenagers are throwing away all of their career prospects for a small thrill that is cancelled out the next morning by a painful hangover and an empty wallet

    According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number which includes girls as young as ten has elevated by a worrying 21% over the past five years.

    This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease at an extremely young age.

    Not only can this money draining substance cause severe problems to the body, alcohol bingeing has also been linked with anti-social behaviour and the use of other drugs, this could mean that when drinking excess alcohol, you’re potentially steering your self on the path to brain damage, lung cancer and inevitably an avoidable short life.

    “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association.” More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol” when drinking excess alcohol not only are you emptying your wallet in the short term, but you are also putting your whole future at risk. Studies show that too much exposure to the chemical ethanol found in alcoholic beverages, could eventually reduce brain function. This will of course lead to lower grades and ultimately a lower income in the future. Is the uncontrollable feeling of dizziness and instability really worth throwing away your future for?

    All these things are completely avoidable if teenagers would be more conscious about what their doing to their bodies every time they misuse this potentially deadly substance. And would be out of the question for us to wait until we are within the legal age limit to start drinking? After all this age limit is for are own safety, if people would just be more sensible when making such life changing decisions teenagers all across the country would be a lot better off.

    By Alex Dart

    • ANSWER:
      C, it is a very good essay. Newspapers want the who, what, where, when and why in the first paragraph. Then the explanation of them in the body of the article.

      Maybe something like this will catch a readers attention:

      According to the BBC, Last year more than 5,000 girls under the age of sixteen needed hospital treatment after binging on alcohol, this number has elevated by 21% over the past five years. This astounding increase shows the problems of the growing “chav” culture which has lead to many teenagers being diagnosed with liver disease. “Teenage drinking is becoming a threat to the future of our country” said Judie Hardman from the teenage health association. More and more teenagers are throwing away their futures for alcohol”. All these things are completely avoidable.

  10. QUESTION:
    Hello.. May you revise a little these my four summaries?
    1. Smoking
    Tobacco arrived to Europe from America at the end of the 15th century. After 1950s the dangers of smoking were officially fixed. The number of smokers in Britain has reduced in last years, but cigarettes kill around 114,000 people in the UK every year (some die because of cigarette-related cancers, others from cardio-vascular or chronic lung diseases). Luckily there are several organizations, such as “ASH”, which make people conscious of the health risk correlated to smoking.

    2. The dangers of alcohol
    A lot of people, who drink, have no serious problems but alcohol can cause harm. We can have a look to some facts and statistics:
    - In the United Kingdom 1 adult in 25 depends on alcohol;
    - About 900,000 children live with one parent or both, who misuse alcohol;
    - We estimate that 20 – 30 per cent of all accidents are related to alcohol;
    - A misusing of drinks can cause liver, heart and stomach problems.

    3. Britain and the “binge drinking” culture
    Binge-drinking is when some people decide to drink so much that they’ll get drunk. In the United Kingdom above all university students, high school seniors and people in the military are considered to be “classic” binge-drinkers. Luckily some researches say that binge-drinking is actually declining in the US and in the UK too, but media attention is increasing; but, according to other studies, young people drink earlier than in the past. At last binge-drinking means to cause harm to oneself, because you’ll have a terrible hangover the next day and not be fine to do anything.

    4. Drugs in the United Kingdom (If you want, here you may add something more.)
    In the United Kingdom more than a third of people have tried drugs in their lives; that equates to 19 million people who have used drugs in their own lifetime. Certainly cannabis is the most popular drug, while a recent trend is the rise of cocaine use. Finally crack and heroin aren’t (ain’t) so widely used as cocaine.
    I’m Italian :-)
    to Sarah: Thank you very much! :-) :-)

    • ANSWER:
      you did a really good job. here are a few suggestions that might make it sound better:

      Smoking
      Tobacco arrived to Europe from America at the end of the 15th century. After 1950s the dangers of smoking were officially RECOGNISED. The number of smokers in Britain has reduced in RECENT years, but cigarettes kill around 114,000 people in the UK every year (some die because of SMOKING-related cancers, others from cardio-vascular or chronic lung diseases). Luckily there are several organizations, such as “ASH”, which make people conscious of the health riskS correlated to smoking.

      2. The dangers of alcohol
      A lot of people who drink have no serious problems, but alcohol can cause harm. We can have a look AT some OF THE facts and statistics:
      - In the United Kingdom 1 in 25 ADULTS depend on alcohol;
      - About 900,000 children live with AT LEAST ONE PARENT who ABUSE alcohol;
      - We estimate that 20 – 30 per cent of all accidents are related to alcohol;
      - THE MISUSE of drinks can cause liver, heart and stomach problems.

      3. Britain and the “binge drinking” culture
      Binge-drinking is when some people decide to drink so much that they’ll get VERY drunk. In the United Kingdom above all university students, high school seniors and people in the military are considered to be “classic” binge-drinkers. Luckily some researches say that binge-drinking is actually declining in the US and in the UK too. But media attention is increasing, AND according to other studies, young people drink earlier NOWADAYS than in the past. FIANALLY, binge-drinking means to cause harm to oneself, because you’ll have a terrible hangover the next day and not be FIT to do anything.

      4. Drugs in the United Kingdom (If you want, here you may add something more.)
      In the United Kingdom more than a third of people have tried drugs in their lives; that equates to 19 million people who have used drugs in their lifetime. Certainly cannabis is the most popular drug, while THERE IS a recent trend IN the rise of cocaine use. Finally crack and heroin aren’t AS widely used as cocaine.

      i cannot think of a place where you would need to use the word “ain’t”. it isn’t widely used so i would avoid it :)

  11. QUESTION:
    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness ……?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.
    Before Mr. X can receive blood products for transfusion they need to be screened. Mr. X will show specific symptoms of liver disease.

    Explain why blood products are screened for a specific transmissible disease. Discuss the effectiveness of the screening process including the screening method used and current statistics on numbers of cases of people catching the disease from contaminated blood products?

    • ANSWER:
      There’s a possibility that infection could be transmitted if Mr X receives unscreened blood/blood products. You would not want to give him something like HIV or syphilis, for instance. Blood screening insures that the blood is safe for transfusion. As to the rest of your question, you can look these things up on your own since the information is never going to be right at the top of anyone’s mind.


Alcohol Liver Disease Pictures

Treating most medical conditions have a few different courses of action that can be taken against them as a treatment regimen. Some of the treatments available are not your traditional style or course of action. Many individuals are opting to take advantage of other forms of treatment for fatty liver. Depending on the actual root cause of the disease, generally is the weighing factor in the specific courses of treatment available, whether traditional of non-traditional.

One of the most common non-traditional treatment for fatty liver is natural remedies. Using natural remedies to treat almost all aliments has grown in popularity over the past few years. More and more people are not willing to sit back and put chemicals into their body simply because someone else has told them to do so. Instead, using the herbs and oils that have been naturally placed on the earth are the more desired approach for most people.
Here are a few of the natural methods that have been utilized to treat fatty liver disease. Feel free to modify these tips to better meet your needs and condition. However, make sure you speak with your doctor before you begin a natural regimen because it is possible for the remedies to have a negative impact on other conditions. You might have to have a natural treatment regimen built for you to meet all of your individual health needs.

1. Exercise, it does a body good. With routine exercising you can increase your metabolism and immune system while getting into shape. The exercises can be as simple as walking an hour a day or going for a bike ride.

2. Eat healthy well balanced meals in small proportions. The old saying, you are what you eat is very true. If you put junk into your body, it will feel like junk.

3. Natural metabolic enhancers can assist in burning some calories and lose weight. As your doctor what ones would be safe for you to consume.

4. Have any other medical conditions treated by your doctor as soon as possible. This should reduce your symptoms of fatty liver disease once the other conditions are taken control of.

The treatment for fatty liver is fairly simple, for the most part. Although, losing weight and eating right are on the top of the “to do” list, this doesn’t mean you have to stop eating the good foods. Instead, it simply means you need to be more aware of what you put in your body and whenever possible increase the healthy stuff while decreasing the fatty foods and sugary intake.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Ciggie Packs To Have Graphic Pictures On The Pack – Why Not Do The Same For Alcohol?
    Hello.I welcome the idea,allbeit a bit late,to introduce graphic images onto cigarette packs to shock people into stop smoking. If it can be done for cigarettes packets,why can’t similar graphic images be used to show the effects of drinking alcohol?

    For example,there could be a photo of throat, tongue or mouth cancer, or a diseased liver and pancreas, or kidneys all shown as the “before” and “after” effects in photo form of alcohol abuses. There could even be a diseased brain showing damage. In fact, there are so many possibilities and permutations on this.

    My question is thus:- If the effects of alcohol were shown in photo form on EVERY type of alcoholic beverage currently available in the UK,and done in the same way and manner which is going to be used on cigarette packs,would it deter you from drinking alcohol?

    I wonder where YOU stand on this?

    Alan L.

    • ANSWER:
      I agree. Everyone knows what cigarettes can do to you, but I don’t think many people believe that alcohol can also kill you.

      My 23 year old cousin almost died from pancreatitis last year, he only had a 25 % chance of survival, he pulled though but if he starts to drink again he’ll kill himself. He is now one messed up young man.

      My friend’s partner died last month from sorosis of the liver from years of binge drinking, he was 35 years old.

      I don;t think the pictures will work on ciggies and they wouldn’t work if introduced for alcohol either.

  2. QUESTION:
    It hurts in the nook under my ribs when I drink. Is my liver giving out (pictures included)?
    Every time I take a gulp of booze for the last two weeks (and only RIGHT when I take the gulp), this spot ( http://yfrog.com/17whereithurtsj – marked with the red dot ) hurts – a sharp ache toward the front that lasts about 60 seconds, dulling as it goes. I can’t imagine liver damage would hurt only when I swallow alcohol and never otherwise, but this sudden pain is so weird that I have to ask. I have been drinking since I was 16, and regularly since I was 20. I am 26 now. I have no diseases/disorders that I know of. I am of ideal weight (21 BMI). The only other thing I can think of that is wrong with me is my suddenly irregular menstrual periods (last 3 months). Help. I need my liver. Maybe it’s an esophageal ulcer?

    • ANSWER:
      My first guess would be your esophagus.
      You may have acid reflux or an ulcerated esophagus. Does it hurt to the left also (where your stomach is)?

      Alcohol is one of the main things that should be avoided if you have acid reflux. I have it and the second the alcohol hits my tongue I feel nauseous and also get that sharp pain in my esophagus.

      I really doubt anything is wrong with your liver, to be honest. If it were your liver the pain would not be immediate. My guess is acid reflux. You might want to try 2 weeks of Prilosec OTC. It’s for heartburn symptoms, but may be able to help with the pain. It’s cheap, so just try it and see. It won’t hurt.

      Edit: Read a comment below, this is not your stomach. Your stomach is below the left ribcage. Part of your liver is in this area, but only a small portion. The location you indicated is mainly your esophagus.

  3. QUESTION:
    How would you feel if your friend was like this?
    I have been best friend with this girl for a really long time. I love her like a sister but, she can’t go anywhere without having a drink. Everywhere we go, she insists on having something off their drink menu. So needless to say i usually end up always being the designated driver. About a year ago she was diagnosed with fatty liver disease. The doctor gave her a list of things to avoid and alcohol is on the very top of the list. She always says “oh one or two isn’t going to kill me”. Truth is she doesn’t know how to pace herself. She always manages to get so drunk every time she goes out.
    This last month we went to a concert and 3 bands were playing. There was a tequila booth there (of course she noticed that first off) At one point in time she had 2 mixed drinks in her hand and so drunk she spilled more on herself and the girl behind her when she didn’t realize she had the drinks in her hand and she was cheering. The girl was mad a heck, and i was totally embarrassed.
    She is generally a shy girl when she is around guys. NOT when she is drunk. Every male young or old married or single she was either smacking or pinching their a$$es. I was afraid someones wife or girlfriend would come kick her a$$.
    She said she was going to go to the bathroom. She was gone for about 20 minutes so i went looking for her to make sure she was alright. She was off down the hall making out with some random guy (who btw was old, fat, and very ugly). When i walked up to her to tell her, ok, its time we got back to the show she said ohhhh sorry, i forgot about the concert. She also swapped her cell phone number with every “cute guy” (so she says) that flirted with her drunken self. Two weeks later she kept getting random disturbing picture messages from men she had no clue who they were.

    I am honestly worried more about her safety and health then anything else. I just wish she would stop and think about it. I would be terribly embarrassed if all of my friends had pictures from parties and i was the drunk fool puking and making a mockery of myself.
    What would you do or say to her? I don’t want to sound like her mother, but on the other hand sometimes i wish she would just listen to me.

    • ANSWER:
      First, talk to her. Tell her you love her and she’s already sick because of her alcoholism and you don’t want to see her at an open casket. Offer to help her become sober and avoid bars when with her. If you feel necessary, you could recommend AA meetings or rehabilitation centers. Warn her that you don’t want to stand around, helplessly watching her drink herself to death, and that might mean walking away from her friendship.

  4. QUESTION:
    Elevated ALT, now nausea after eating?
    About 3-4 weeks ago I had a stomach virus which warranted some blood tests from the doctor just to make sure there was nothing else going on… It all came back normal except for and elevated ALT liver enzyme around 125… This seemed normal to me as I had recently had a bit of a binge on ketamine and drank a bit in the previous weeks. As I was getting better I contracted pneumonia and was put on azithromycin to clear it up. I abstained from all drugs and alcohol for a week or so and went back to double check the liver enzymes (also noted I have not taking drugs or drank since). The ALT had risen again to 256! The doctor told me he was still waiting on the hepatitis results and that he would call me when they come back, and he told me to come back if I got any more symptoms. Within several days I noticed some fatigue (unable to stay up passed 11-12 hours in a day and sleeping more than 12 hours) and nausea after eating. I went to the emergency where they did a whole bunch more of blood work and saw my alt rose to 320. Everything else seems fine.

    The doctor there got me to do an ultrasound which turned up fine. They took pictures of my stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, etc. That same day they did another liver enzyme test and the levels dropped to 277. The doctors think I may have got some type of viral disease or form of hepatitis that could be resolving and has asked me to go back in a week to get the levels checked again.

    However, the nausea that I’ve been experiencing after meals is getting worse everyday. At first it was only after big meals but I’m getting to the point where eating almost ANYTHING makes me extremely nauseous for 1-2 hours after every meal. I’m worried because I used to eat 5-6 meals a day and work out regularly but now I can hardly stomach 3-4 small meals or exercise.

    There is a little abdominal tenderness but no notable pain anywhere. I am not suffering from jaundice and my stools are medium brown. My only symptoms are exhaustion and the nausea only after meals. Any idea what could cause this or what steps I should take next?

    • ANSWER:
      azithromycin is known to cause liver problems in some… Doctors hate to admit this and they also aren’t big believers in supplements but there are a couple you might try.

      SAM-e and PPC or even simple Lecithin should help. Ask your doctor if it would be safe to try these.

      Take the SAM-e on an empty stomach with a full glass of water an hour before meals. The 200mg dose is less likely to cause stomach upset.

      Never take a “Z-pac” azithromycin again!

  5. QUESTION:
    Elevated ALT, now nausea after eating?
    About 4 weeks ago I had a stomach virus which warranted some blood tests from the doctor just to make sure there was nothing else going on… It all came back normal except for and elevated ALT liver enzyme around 125… This seemed normal to me as I had recently had a bit of a binge on ketamine and drank a bit in the previous weeks. As I was getting better I contracted pneumonia and was put on azithromycin to clear it up. I abstained from all drugs and alcohol for a week or so and went back to double check the liver enzymes (also noted I have not taking drugs or drank since). The ALT had risen again to 256! The doctor told me he was still waiting on the hepatitis results and that he would call me when they come back, and he told me to come back if I got any more symptoms. Within several days I noticed some fatigue (unable to stay up passed 11-12 hours in a day and sleeping more than 12 hours) and nausea after eating. I went to the emergency where they did a whole bunch more of blood work and saw my alt rose to 320. Everything else seems fine.

    The doctor there got me to do an ultrasound which turned up fine. They took pictures of my stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, etc. That same day they did another liver enzyme test and the levels dropped to 277. The doctors think I may have got some type of viral disease or form of hepatitis that could be resolving and has asked me to go back in a week to get the levels checked again.

    However, the nausea that I’ve been experiencing after meals is getting worse everyday. At first it was only after big meals but I’m getting to the point where eating almost ANYTHING makes me extremely nauseous for 1-2 hours after every meal. I’m worried because I used to eat 5-6 meals a day and work out regularly but now I can hardly stomach 3-4 small meals or exercise.

    There is a little abdominal tenderness but no notable pain anywhere. I am not suffering from jaundice and my stools are medium brown. My only symptoms are exhaustion and the nausea only after meals. Any idea what could cause this or what steps I should take next?

    • ANSWER:
      The ALT enzyme is most specific to the liver itself.
      The other enzymes are not specific to the liver since
      they are made in quantities in other parts of the body
      and are only used to confirm the ALT results.

      http://www.drugs.com/enc/alt.html

      There are many things that can cause liver problems;
      see if any of these may apply to you:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary conditions where the body holds onto too
      much iron or copper, metabolic disorders where the
      liver doesn’t handle glucose well or lacks a certain
      enzyme, auto immune disease, viral infections
      (like Hepatitis A,B,C,etc), parasite infections,
      biliary obstruction(stone or growth/malformation/
      infection, cardiac/vascular problems,
      cancer/cysts/growths/tumors, and others.

      The bilirubin has to rise to a certain level in the blood
      before you will notice Jaundice of the skin and whites
      of the eyes turning yellow. However, blood tests will
      reveal if this level is higher.

      Some people have inflammation of the gallbladder,
      stones in the gallbladder that move into the bile ducts,
      bile not flowing well through the bile ducts either inside
      the liver or outside of the liver, inflammation or infection
      of the bile ducts, growths in the bile ducts, blockage
      of the bile ducts, blockage of the pancreatic duct that
      connects to the common bile duct, and other things.

      It sounds like the bile is flowing okay through the
      bile ducts since you mentioned about the stools being
      medium brown color. If they get lighter in color or start
      to float on top of the water, or if the water starts to get
      foamy or the stools look oily…this is a sign of a definite
      biliary problem. If your urine start to take on a darker
      yellow (after the first void of the morning…since it is
      concentrated over night) to a darker brown color…
      this is a sign that Bilirubin levels is higher in the blood,
      also.

      The only other things that I can think of would not
      normally cause a rise in ALT levels and that is
      the muscle of the stomach that stops food going
      back into the esophagus is not closing properly and the
      contents of the stomach is moving into the esophagus…
      this can lead to Barretts esophagus. Or the intestines
      are not moving, appropriately fast enough, to move
      the food along through it.

      All liver patients are told, NO alcohol, and not to take
      any medications that are not approved of or prescribed
      by their doctors. Med go through the liver to be broken
      down before going to the rest of the body. The doctor
      needs to know all over the counter, herbs, herbal teas,
      vitamins, minerals, supplements and prescriptions
      prescribed by other doctors.

      I hope this is of some help to you. It would be great
      to hear that they have found what is truly wrong and
      you would start to feel much better again. Best wishes


Alcohol Liver Disease Diagnosis

Physical Health Effects Of Alcoholism

Alcoholism disease and alcoholism physical symptoms should be understood if there’s a concern about alcohol abuse. Alcoholism disease can be defined as a drug addiction where alcohol consumption is at a level that interferes with the person’s physical and mental health and negatively impacts family, social or work responsibilities. Physical Health Effects Of Alcoholism

Because alcohol consumption can involve many organs in the body, long-term heavy drinking puts a person at risk for developing serious health conditions and illnesses. While each of the health conditions listed below can exist for reasons unrelated to alcoholism disease, certain conditions and alcoholism physical symptoms may be indications that alcohol abuse exists and is affecting the health of the person.

Here are examples of health conditions and related alcoholism physical symptoms that may indicate alcoholism disease:

o Liver Inflammation – alcoholism physical symptoms for liver inflammation include abnormal yellowing of the skin, eyeballs and urine, fever and abdominal pain. Since alcohol destroys liver cells and the ability of the liver to regenerate new cells, long term abuse of alcohol can lead to cirrhosis of the liver.

o Cirrhosis of the Liver – symptoms of cirrhosis or scarring of the liver tissue can be tiredness or even exhaustion, nausea, loss of sex drive and appetite loss leading to weight loss.

o Malnutrition – a common alcoholism physical symptom is malnutrition. While the symptoms will vary with the specific malnutrition-related disorder, general symptoms include dizziness, tireness, unexplained weight loss and reduced immune system function.

o High Blood Pressure – high blood pressure symptoms include dizziness, headache, blurred vision and nausea. And the American Heart Association advises that excessive alcohol consumption can raise levels of triglycerides in the blood and related increased risk of heart attacks and strokes.

o Pancreaitis – long term heavy drinking can result in the development of inflammation of the pancreas which is called ‘pancreatitis’. The pancreas are needed for food digestion, and pancreaitis symptoms include severe abdominal pain and weight loss. Physical Health Effects Of Alcoholism

o Erectile Dysfunction – alcoholism disease will likely affect a man in the bedroom. Heavy drinking can cause sexual dysfunction, meaning the man may have difficulty getting an erection. And the likelihood of alcohol-related erectile dysfunction occurring increases as a man gets older.

o Insomnia – the connection between sleep problems and disturbances and alcohol abuse has been proven by numerous studies. Alcohol in the body can interfere with getting to sleep and with enjoying deep, restful sleep. In fact, insomnia may continue for weeks or months after alcohol abstinance.

Additional long term alcoholism disease health effects include damage to the brain, nerve damage, bleeding in the esophagus and depression. Alcohol consumption can increase the breast cancer risk in women undergoing hormone replacement therapy, according to the National Cancer Institute. Alcoholic beverages are considered cancer-causing by the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Important note — all of the conditions listed above may be due to reasons other than alcoholism disease and must not be considered conditions that should be self-diagnosed. Most of these conditions can become life-threatening and should only be diagnosed by qualified health care professionals.

Besides alcoholism physical symptoms, learn more about the alcoholism warning signs, alcoholism stages and proven resources available online that can help. It is never too late to begin recovery from alcoholism disease and alcohol addiction. Physical Health Effects Of Alcoholism

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to have a diseased liver but not be a alcohol drinker?
    Doctor has told me I have a diseased liver which is usually found in alcoholics. The thing is, I DO NOT drink more than a half pint of lager when ever I go out which is not very often. I do not drink alcohol at home at all nor do I go elsewhere to drink alcohol.
    Could the doctors diagnosis be wrong?
    Please advise if you can, but please only sensible answers. Try not to use too much medical jargon
    Thanks for any help you can give in this matter.

    • ANSWER:
      yes, the liver doesn’t just deal with alcohol but everything else u put in your body whether that is ketamine. carrot juice or whatever. Everything u put into ur body is a potential toxin and your liver will help purify it, u may also have a weak liver anyway

  2. QUESTION:
    if someone is in Early End stage liver disease, what is the likely hood that they will end up on the?
    transplant list? Does it always get to that point if you stick to the diet and meds?

    My fiance was just diagnosed with Early End Stage Liver disease. I’m sure that it is due to his alcohol consumption since he also had alcoholic hepatitis. I need some encouraging words to get him back on his feet. We do not know if this is definitely a liver is dying situation as of yet, but given the diagnosis and that his liver counts were fine, I can only hope for the best. Can anyone tell me what to expect and if the Hepatic diet with the meds will help.

    They did not do any type of biopsy, but the did drain 4 liters of fluid out of his abdomen. I am really nervous and am trying to stay positive about the outlook and outcome.

    • ANSWER:
      They really need to do a biopsy to determine how much damage is present in his liver. The most important thing he can do is to stop drinking ALL alcohol. That is more important than anything else and will help him more than anything else such as diet. You don’t say whether or not they have told your boyfirend he has fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver. There is a big difference. In the fibrosis stage, if he stops drinking and takes care of himself, then his liver can actually heal itself and he should be fine.

      When you say “:early end stage” they are usually talking about cirrhosis since that is true end stage liver disease. They probably mean that he has just a small amount of cirrhosis present right now. Cirrhosis occurs when scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver. This is permanent damage that will never go away. If he continues to drink, more and more scar tissue will form until the damage is severe and total liver failure will eventually occur. I had cirrhosis and my first symptom was fluid in my abdomen that needed drained like your boyfriend. I was eventually sent to a transplant clinic for an evaluation. Everything right now depends on the amount of damage and whether or not he continues to drink. Everytime he takes a drink, inflammation to the liver continues and more damage is done. The good news is that a person can still stay alive even with a significant amount of damage since the liver is a pretty tough organ. If he stops drinking and it’s in the early stage, then he might be able to stop the progression of his cirrhosis to becoming total liver failure. Once the damage gets severe enough, there is no stopping it from progressing. It will continue no matter what you do. That’s why it’s so important to not drink alcohol. Even if he stops and starts doing better healthwise, he still cannot go back to drinking because the scar tissue is still there forever. The disease would just pick up where it left off at if he starts drinking again.

      The meds and diet will help control the symtpoms. If the cirrhosis progresses to being much worse, the meds stop helping and that’s when you know total failure is near. He could live a very long time as long as he starts doing the right thing, but if not, his prognosis is very poor.

  3. QUESTION:
    Is there a herbal remedy for Fatty Liver disease?
    I have a very enlarged liver because of Non alcoholic fatty liver disease.I don’t drink alcohol but I do take a lot of medications and have for many years.The medications are essential.I know I can’t cure my liver but there must be something I could take to help my liver work and last longer.I am a 61 yr. old gal with lots of other health problems.Takeing another med for my liver seems to just add to the work it has to do.Is there something that is good for it and it would apppreciate a little help.I am not overweight and try to stay active but sometimes my abdomen is very sore and bloated to the point that I can’t where anything around my middle so I were dresses all the time.Unfortunately my tummy looks like I am 7 months pregnant.I just got this diagnosis from a recent ultra sound which also revealed many large fibroids in my uterus.I can get those taken care of surgically but a liver transplant is something I what to avoid as long as possible.Any sugesstions would be appreciated and I will consult a doctor before trying anything.I just feel I should do a little research on my own..Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      well, your liver is what makes fat for your body. if you have a lazy liver, then instead of moving that fat out of your liver and into your butt or legs, your liver deposits the fat within itself. so, its a lazy liver.

      since this may be your problem, think of your liver like an extra butt. the best way to lose weight from your butt is to excerise, eat healthy, and SLOWLY lose weight. if you lose weight slowly, the weight (or fat) will come off your liver. if you lose weight rapidly, you actually end up making the matter worse as the liver does the opposite of what you want.

      i know that what ive said is bizarre. you need to see a hepatologist (or GI physician if in the U.S.) and have this explained to you in a matter that may make more sense….as i dont know your preferred learning style.

      basically, eat healthy and exercise in order to lose weight. that should help your fatty liver out!

      best wishes.

  4. QUESTION:
    What are treatments and diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    I am doing a project for my Biology 20 class, and we got to choose a disease. I chose Cirrhosis of the Liver, I have been doing research and I noticed that there aren’t really any treatments for Cirrhosis, besides liver transplants and abstinence of alcohol. I need a treatment which I can explain – WHY it can help the person cope/help alleviate with the disease!

    Furthermore, we have a question asking : what is a technology which can diagnose this disease, in this case, Cirrhosis of the Liver? I have found Gastronomy and Echography or something rather (I only know the name of it in French, bare with me :P ), but as much as I search about this I cannot find the link it has to help with the diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the Liver.

    Anyways, thank you so much for anyone who is able to help…since I do not know how to individually thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      There are many causes of liver cell damage that leads to
      Cirrhosis of the liver: alcohol consumption, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary conditions, metabolic disorders, fatty liver
      disease, auto immune disease, cardiac/vascular
      problems, biliary obstruction/malformation/infections,
      parasite or virus (like Hep A,B,C), and many others.

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. If the cause is
      stopped early on, the liver cells may heal and the problem
      can be reversed.
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation
      inside the liver
      Hepatitis with a letter (like Hep C) is a virus that can cause
      liver cell damage.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system of
      the body responds to this damage and causes inflammation
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver to enlarge in size.
      (this can be seen on an ultrasound or Ct scan).
      How far advanced a person is in the liver disease can
      be determined by a liver biopsy. Blood testing is done to
      see the levels of liver enzymes in the blood which would
      signify liver cell damage and the liver function blood tests
      to see how well the cells of the liver are able to do the
      necessary functions, that the liver does as a whole, to keep
      the body well.

      If the cause of the inflammation cannot be stopped, it will
      proceed to where the liver cells die off and scar tissue forms.
      Scar tissue cannot be removed from the inside of the liver.
      It will block the flow of blood through the liver on its way back
      to the heart and also to the functioning liver cells so they
      continue to die off…this is known as Cirrhosis of the liver.
      It is a progressive and irreversible disease. Transplantation
      is the only hope for a cure.

      The symptoms and side effects of this disease can be helped.
      Ascites: the build up of fluid in the abdominal area…doctors
      can do paracentesis to remove this fluid.
      Encephalopathy: which cause confusion and disorientation
      in the patient…can be treated with Lactulose or Xifixan meds.
      Portal hypertension with varies: doctors can go in and
      try to band these smaller vessels that has backed up from
      the liver to them, to stop any bleeding that occurs.
      Swelling of the legs, feet, etc can be treated with a “lower
      sodium diet” and diuretics.

      There is limited space here to go into any longer detail..without
      me being told to shorten it, for being too long.

      Here are some links to learn more about this disease and
      Transplant.

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html

      http://www.transplantliving.org/

      Hope this is of some help. Looking up the things I mentioned
      above on the computer may give you more insight into this
      disease.

  5. QUESTION:
    Alcohol related Question?
    Hello everyone.
    I am An AA. Last year i had a really bad period of time, and i am really embarrassed by it. Right now i’m clean, i have been for 378 days. But when people ask me why i don’t drink, i usually am embarrassed to tell the truth.
    I need a good lie. What is a good diagnosis that deteriorates is alcohol is drunk. like some kind of liver or kidney disease. thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Just tell them you don’t drink or booze doesn’t agree with you.

  6. QUESTION:
    Do I possibly have leukemia or some other blood disease? ADVICE FROM EXPERIENCED/ or DOCS?
    my symptoms are, and noted beggining about a year ago, disapearing and reapearing regulary but not serious, but recently symptoms have returned elevated and much more serious then past experiences, symptoms include…

    bleeding gums, paleness, red dots on skin that are itchy, patchy red palms,, white fingernails under nail, yellowing at tip of fingures, fatigue, joint pain. wrestlessness, trouble waking up. (sleep long hours) sometimes bed at 8pm and up at 4-6pm the next day. and swallen lymph nodes in my lower neck and under my jaw…. (SINCE THIS NIGHT I HAVE DEVELOPED BUMPS UNDER MY LEFT ARMPIT AND CHEST PAIN) I also am beggining to feel ill, feels like the flu, but rather strange as my headache will go and come back in a different area…

    Here is my doctors summary from saturday night. when i attended the emergancy dept…

    (Jaime Waters presented to Box Hill hospital Emergancy Department on 07 Aug 2010 at 15:40

    ED Diagnosis: Bleeding disorder for investagation
    History of presenting Complaint: 20 y.o male presented with 2 month histroy of bleeding gum and joint pain with no significant background histroy.

    Patient first noticed gum bleeding at least 3 or more months ago after brushing, since then bleeding has become more consistant, bleeding lasting now upto 10 minuts after brushing. also noticed incease of joint pain mainly on MCP joint and knee joints over this period of time.

    Bleeding has worsened over the past 5 days and become consistant in the past 2 days. patient now also complains of lethargy and weakness in this time frame.

    smoker since 14

    heavy drinker; usually 2-4 bottles a week.
    Last alcohol yesterday 1/2 bottle bourben.

    No family history of bleeding disorder, auto immune disease or leukemia.

    Resting tremor noted, no heptic flap, no obvious brusing/petechae
    No sign of chronic liver disease
    No conjuctiva pallor, no scleral jaundice

    chest clear
    abdo soft tender, no oragomegaly

    Oral examination – no active gum bleeding, no obvious gingervitis, tonsil not enlarged.

    tender submental lymph node bilaterally R>L
    Palpable R cervical lymph nodes
    Thyroid not enlarged

    stiffness of mcp joint both hands no tenderness on palpation and movement

    Managment: FBE/U+E/Coags/LFT/CRP
    may need medical refferal for bleeding disorder

    Results/outcome: Neutrophilia and increase WCC
    Normal LFT and Coagulation profile hb166

    Refferals and followup: Need LMO follow up for investagation of autoimmune disease and thrombolic screening,

    patient wil need new LMO for follow up and observation of progression.)

    in this letter not all my symptoms are noted. but i hav put as much as i can think of before i added this letter, also the doctor told me im developing a little bit of anemia but was nothing to be concerned about at this time and that i needed to be observed over the next few weeks for a diagnosis of whats happening. and refferd me to a GP.

    can anyone offer me advice?

    since seeing the doctor my under left armpit has become sore and stiff, my left hip bone upper left beg bone has began to ache with worsening bleeding of gums. and consistant taste of blood in mouth. im very confused and worried about whats goin on… advice?

    • ANSWER:
      When you go to that referral, ask them to test you for Lyme’s disease. I have a friend with similar symptoms and it turned out to be Lyme’s disease. Have you been camping or in the woods lately? Even if you haven’t, deer tics can be in tall grass and you don’t even know they are on you. It doesn’t sound like cancer to me
      I hope you find out what this is. Be well

  7. QUESTION:
    I’m going through some tough times – how to cope with stress? Long read please answer?
    I’ve been thinking about life a lot lately, a lot. My Mom’s in hospital for having fluid in her lungs, although that’s getting better, she’s got CCF. Heart failure. I’m 14 and my Mom’s got heart failure. Anyway – she also has HEP C,(a liver disease which will gradually kill you) from a needle-stick injury at work and Factor 5 Leiden (a blood clotting disorder passed down in your genes). She was diagnosed with Factor 5 Leiden and Hep C 7 years ago. My Mom doesn’t drink any alcohol whatsoever, so she wasn’t worried about the Hep C.

    *Sigh* Anyway, she went to the doctors about 12-18 months ago and they said that her Hep C was ‘active’. She was told to keep away from stress if possible…

    Well – last year our house burned down. My Mom was absolutely distraught. We weren’t insured and she turned pessimistic…We haven’t gone to therapy, or seen any doctors about our depression…

    We’re now living in my Dad’s co-workers dump. We’ve got garbage bags as curtains, a mattress on the floor as a lounge, and no furniture at all…Our TV is supported by a blanket box; something that’s meant to be in a bedroom :/

    Ehh – anyway…My Mom started to get really ill about 5-6 months ago. She must of picked up a virus and it didn’t go away…Well, she started having coughing fits a lot, and got out of breath very, very easily. I kind of thought that she was going to die…Her eyes and skin were yellow, she got really sick easily, she would get up at 3am every night to have pain relief…It was terrible.

    So my Father, Brother and I forced her into seeking medical help. (I thought she was going to die, but I didn’t know what was wrong – she had an ulcer on her leg that was very sore, and that’s why we forced her into going to the hospital).

    It turns out, she was very ill. The fluid in her lungs was apparently ‘very bad’. She was put on a pill that makes excess fluid in her body drain; (so she’ll be on the toilet a lot). She’s still waiting for an echo X-ray (Sorry – I’m not too sure what it’s called..) of her heart. She’s going to see a cardiac doctor *hopefully* soon.

    Today while I was in the hospital with her, a doctor came in and asked about her Hep C. She said it would be highly recommended if she were to seek treatment. My Mom’s going to see a liver professional soon…The doctor’s are still trying to find out why she’s got CCF.

    I’m just really scared that, because of the Hep C, Factor 5, and CCF all gathered together, I’ll loose my Mom at an early age. Since she’s been in hospital, I’ve been bending over backwards doing laundry, the dishes, taking clothes on & off the clothesline, putting clothes away, etc etc. It’s kind of hard trying to look after all of my family at once, while visiting my Mom in hospital… But it’s just out of respect, you know?

    Well yeah…I’m so happy if you’re still reading this…I’m just extremely paranoid that my Mom will have a tumor or extensive damage to her liver, kidney’s or heart. I’m scared that she’ll be given a life expectancy…

    My Brother’s also very scared because he looked up the long-term affects of having CCF, and it said that almost 70% of people who are diagnosed with CCF (congestive cardiac failure) will only live 5-10 years after their diagnosis. I’m hella scared, man…

    I’ve been crying all the time, I haven’t eaten properly for 3 days…Even my Dad’s scared about my well being…I’m just so stressed out…please give me some strategies to cope with stress and depression? Thanks in advance, woo! You read the entire question!!

    • ANSWER:
      I know how you feel. My father passed away 7 days after I turned 11. At least you have your brother and your father. My mom and dad divorced when I was little. Spend time with your family and have open lines of communications. It always hurts when you think you’re about to lose someone you love, and unfortunately there’s no real way to get rid of the pain. Make sure you talk to your family about what you’re feeling. Tell your mom you love and appreciate her. Talk to a counselor if you can get a hold of one.

      The best thing you can do is talk. I know it must hurt a lot, but try to stay optimistic and make sure everyone keeps talking to each other. Don’t hide anything from each other. It might be uncomfortable telling your family certain personal issues you may have, but remember they’re your family and they love you. You’ll feel a lot better getting everything off of your chest.

      I sincerely hope your mom gets better. Take care.

  8. QUESTION:
    Symptoms for 7 months, no diagnosis. Excessive hair loss, muscle pain, swollen nodes.?
    Hello!

    I`m a 19 year old female who`s been experiencing a series of symptoms for the past 7 months that doctors have been unable to diagnose.

    Firstly, my hair has been falling out and as you can imagine, this has been very emotionally stressful. Since about 7 months ago, I`ve lost more then 75% of hair from all over my head. The hair loss is not patchy, but has been thinning all over. I used to have long, extremely thick and beautiful hair, and now its almost gone. The hair loss is not localized to my head as I’ve even noticed that the hair on my legs and in my pubic area have barely been growing back after shaving. I did see a dermatologist and he said that I must have an underlying autoiumme disease that’s causing the hair loss. He suspects lupus or a related disease, but as of yet, blood tests have shown no irregularities.

    Since around the same time my hair has been falling out, Ive noticed that the lymph nodes in my neck have been swollen. Sometimes they are red and sensitive (especially after drinking alcohol or smoking) but usually they’re painless. I’ve also been experiencing a lot of joint/muscle pain and stiffness. Some days it gets really bad and I can barely move, even typing/writing is difficult because the muscles in my hands are so stiff. I feel like every muscle and joint in my body is inflamed. I’m only 19 and I’m having as hard of a time moving around as my 55 year old mother with MS.

    Lastly, (and I’m not sure if this is related at all) my skin has been really dry and especially itchy. I’m not sure if I’ve noticed any rashes, but I have noticed some redness (light red spots) randomly on my skin.

    My family doctor did a thorough blood analysis and everything came back normal. There is no sign of vitamin deficiency, my thyriod was normal, no diabetes, my blood cell count was normal, kidney/liver function was normal, and I’m clean for STD’s/STI’s. I really don’t know where to go from here and im terrified that if I don’t find out whats wrong, I’m going to go bald.

    Does anyone know what these symptoms indicate? Any advice as to what I should get tested for/where I should go from here would be great.

    Thank you in advance for the help!

    • ANSWER:
      my endocrinolgist , said i had sluggish thyroid normal levels, my VIT D was dangerously low my vit b 12 was low i have hypo thyroid symptoms normal thyroid I HAVE goitors never knew it until i choked and had ENT do a nasal scope, so follow my advice my endocrinologist put me on synthyroid , 37.5 mcg works for me VIT D and VIt B 12 also AVOID wheat products you could be celiac syndrome try eatting oatmeal rice potatoes NO wheat pasta buy rice and corn pasta drink V* 8 splash change your diet

  9. QUESTION:
    Paging Dr. Gregory House?
    So a friend of mine fell ill 2 weeks ago. It started with a fever and general malaise on a friday. Has dark urine and light stools. Sunday he gets urinalysis and the results were high bilirubin and urobilinogen. He goes to the ER looking awful still with a fever and shivering. I tell him he probably has gallstones and is going to end up getting his gall bladder removed. They draw tons of blood and by the end of the night the doctor tells him, with no diagnostics of course to back this up “you have fatty liver, gilbert disease (hereditary cause of high bilirubin), and a virus” and discharges him that sunday night. Tuesday morning hes back and checked in at the hospital in essentially quarantine. Still fever, vomiting, face all red, and hyphema (blood in the eye) presumably from straining from coughing and vomiting. Now apparently he has a high white blood cell count, and at least one doctor seems to think his ‘rash’ may be hepatitis, to which he wasn’t vaccinated. They can’t find any gallstones, so now I’m thinking Hepatitis B, after a few days it turns out the blood they took was supposed to be tested for all Hepatitis viruses, yet some ER person wrote Hep A on there, so he has so wait even longer for B and C to come back, though B is the only one that really causes this severe an acute illness. Days more go by and it turns out he has no hepatitis of any type, has been endoscoped and had gallstones ruled out. They did a CT of his pancreas, the results of which I’m not really privy to, particularly since trying to get complicated explanations from someone high as a kite on dilaudid isn’t easy. They had him on metronidazole first then levofloxacin to cover bacteria. Also protonix for stomach acid and albuterol for breathing. He is still sick after two weeks and the final diagnosis seems to be “you have pancreatitis and a virus” – and that he can never drink alcohol again. The doctor further seems to think that my friend’s admission of having had 2 or 3 drinks on the night before getting sick seems to explain everything. Also, my friend has a family friend in a different hospital with apparently the exact same illness right now.
    My question is what the hell might cause this? No gallstones, no hepatitis. He rarely drinks alcohol and doesn’t binge. The viral causes I’ve seen for pancreatitis are Hepatitis (ruled out), mumps (makes no sense, and he had vaccine) and Epstein-Barr. His lack of any noticeable jaundice or perhaps most importantly – upper right abdominal pain – is quite odd also. Naturally since I was at the bar with him the night before he got sick, at the ER when he first went, and in his hospital room for coughing/vomiting, I’m a wee bit concerned.

    • ANSWER:
      Wow … you should be a writer for TV!

  10. QUESTION:
    Mysterious Instant Stomach Troubles
    Going to be as brief as possible: 21, male, healthy. Large build 230, 6’2. Drank wine a bit consistently for 5-6 months, no problems. Drank other hard liquor in the past, no problems. Tried Gin on June 6th, half a bottle (Seagram’s Extra Dry mixed with lemon juice and ginger ale..I don’t usually mix, was doing so for fun). Immediately noticed I had to keep taking deep breaths/out of breath sensation, stopped. Not sure if the Japanese food (sushi etc.) could’ve had an impact. Drank Jack Daniels and rot gut vodka before, so it was not a matter of tolerance or alcohol exposure.

    Next day woke up to a feeling below the throat, felt like a constant need to cough. Went to the doctor…EKG, Chest X-Ray, Barium Swallow, Spirometer/Flow Meter (lung test), Gallbladder Liver scan, all negative. Endoscopy showed a very very small 3-4 cm sliding hiatal hernia, deemed asymptomatic (does not produce symptoms) as it was so small it didn’t even show on the Barium Swallow X-ray. Endoscopy showed no irritation, irregularities or inflammation. Allergy tests showed nothing, Clarinex did nothing.

    Symptoms are: Constant cough/irritation between collar bones, murky/powdery stools (as if you were to flush powder from the bottom of the toilet bowl and it billows up), sinus congestion, excessive burping, extreme fatigue, minor heart palpitations, yellow/white coated tongue, hurts to take a deep breath. Spaced out/tired after eating, worse than the “after turkey meal feeling”. Excessive salivation/sweet tasting salivation. Hear an intermittent sound like gas escaping through my esophagus to my neck when I lie down. No heartburn whatsoever. Odd sour taste at back of mouth.

    No history of any problems, no history of hypochondria, not psychological (Ativan and other sedatives did nothing). Antibiotics did nothing.

    A homeopath suggested Nux Vomica, did nothing but calm me mentally.

    Acid reflux/GERD was suggested, took Prilosec, Zantac, Pepcid AC, no effect. Moved to PPI’s (strongest stuff they got), Protonix/Aciphex/Zegerid, did nothing.

    It has been 2 months, the symptoms persist despite diet changes. Suggestions regarding a decrease in weight were made. Factors of environment include mold under my water bed that has grown over the years due to frequent popping of the tubes. A plan to replace the bed is underway. It has been suggested that the mold is causing this, or perhaps a Candida Albicans yeast overgrowth, however, the reaction to the Gin was sudden, instant, and very acute. I felt no symptoms whatsoever prior to consumption.

    5 doctors, a gastroenterologist, a pulmonary specialist, 10 health coach’s/nurses from the insurance company, a renowned medical researcher, and a famous health expert who exposed a pharmaceutical scam had no clue whatsoever, and were completely baffled.

    I have gotten some guidance from a Chinese medicine woman/acupuncturist and am undergoing treatment through TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine).

    Nevertheless, I am asking for your opinions. Do not tell me I have “GERD” or “acid reflux disease”, those ailments are not diseases, and my symptoms/tests defy such a diagnosis. I am more knowledgeable about Acid Reflux/GERD than most doctors at this point, and I know I don’t have it. I know every test used to detect it, and every “health tip” recommended for it, so don’t waste my time or yours by spamming it.

    I am looking for alternative causes.

    Thank you
    Looking for more answers

    • ANSWER:
      I am in no way a medical professional, but I have to respond because I have twice in my life had conditions that could not be diagnosed. Both eventually were, but what a horror show until then.

      My first thought on reading as far as your instant reaction to the gin potion was allergy. Short of a pre-existing condition, I can’t think of anything, other than a poison, that could act that fast.

      As I read further, I was going to mention mold but then you did. Mold is insidious. Mold can cause hundreds of nasty symptoms. That you had been sleeping on it for god knows how long means that you were breathing it in all that time even though you didn’t know it was there. I don’t know if there is a medical specialty in mycology but it might be a place to start.

      Also, consider that what’s going on may have been caused by more than one condition or more than one allergen or mold or … If the gin event was an allergy, maybe it triggered nasty mold spores that had been hidden in your larynx.. I mean, I’m just throwing out ideas here, but it could be two or three different maladies.

      In any case, don’t give up. There is a doctor who knows what it is and has at least an idea how to cure it.

      Good luck.