Liver Scan

The Benefits of Taking Milk Thistle Extract
Milk thistle is a plant whose fruit and seeds have been used for more than 2,000 years as a treatment for disorders of the liver, bile ducts, and gallbladder. Milk thistle is also called holy thistle, Marian thistle, and Mary thistle is indigenous to the Southern regions of Europe however today it can be found growing around the world. This herb has a long therapeutic history.

Silymarin has been identified as the active ingredient in milk thistle which gives it its therapeutic properties. Silymarin is a naturally occurring polyphenolic antioxidant flavonoid. This active ingredient is only soluble in alcohol and not water, thus making an alcohol extract the preferred medium of extraction. Silymarin contains 4 compounds: silybin (the most active), isosilybin, silychristin, and silydianin.

Silymarin has been studied extensively around the world. Today, several scientific studies suggest that active substances in milk thistle (particularly silymarin) protect the liver from damage caused by viruses, toxins, alcohol, and certain drugs such as acetaminophen (a common over the counter medication used for headaches and pain; acetaminophen, also called paracetamol), can cause liver damage if taken in large quantities or by people who drink alcohol regularly.

Hepatitis C is a disease of the liver that is caused by a virus. Chronic hepatitis C can cause liver disease, cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, and liver failure. Among people with chronic hepatitis C, most show no symptoms for up to 20 to 30 years; some have mild symptoms; and some have more serious symptoms. One acute viral hepatitis study reported latest out come measures at 28 days and showed significant improvement in aspartate aminotransferase and bilirubin. Also, two studies of chronic viral hepatitis both showed basic and histologic improvement with milk thistle supplementation.
More over, two animal studies on prostate cancer chemoprevention and treatment are ongoing, and a third phase trial in human prostate cancer patients with rising prostate-specific antigen also is under way with milk thistle. Several large, carefully designed studies in patients with liver disorders have found that taking Silymarin to be effective as a treatment and may in some cases have a laxative effect or cause nausea, heartburn, or stomach upset. A growing amount of information from laboratory, animal, and human studies suggests that milk thistle may help to lower blood sugar levels as well.

Research into the biological activity of silymarin and its possible medical uses has been conducted in many countries since the 1970s, but the quality of the research has been uneven. A summary of the research findings the results of scientific studies to date do not definitively find that milk thistle is beneficial in treating viral hepatitis C in humans so more research is needed to be conclusive.

Many professional herbalists recommend milk thistle extract for the prevention and/or treatment of various liver disorders including hepatitis, fatty liver associated with long term alcohol use, and liver damage from drugs and industrial toxins such as carbon tetrachloride. The German Commission E, which studies the safety and efficacy of herbs for the German government, recommends milk thistle for liver damage due to toxins, cirrhosis of the liver, and as a supportive therapy for chronic inflammation of the liver.

In conclusion, milk thistle has been reported to have protective effects on the liver and to greatly improve its function. For over 2,000 years Europeans have used milk thistle seeds as an herbal treatment for liver disorders. So given all the research to date, one can do a systematic review of the evidence to clarify what is known about this herb, so one can make a informed decision as to treatment of their liver problems.

Liver Cysts

Dandelion Herb And Your Liver
Dandelion root is an excellent liver tonic, clearing obstructions, reducing congestion, and stimulating the liver to eliminate toxins through the blood. It promotes bile flow, supporting digestion and it also has a laxative effect. Dandelion root has been used for ages and is still used today, and as studies continue, more benefits of the root are being found. For instance Dandelion root is easily made into a tincture to treat gout, acne, and eczema.

Dandelion root is actually healthy for the entire digestive system and is a really good herb even for those who don’t have serious liver problems like cirrhosis. It is a natural source of protein. It is rich in vitamin A and is an excellent source of vitamin B, C and E. It is also a mild chloretic, that is, an agent for stimulating the release of bile from the liver into the gallbladder. The herb is used to support treatment of a variety of liver and gallbladder disorders, especially the incomplete digestion of fats.
Dandelion root is also known to be an excellent blood cleanser, specifically for the liver, as well as a mild laxative. Inulin, one of the major chemicals in Dandelion, is currently being studied extensively for its immunostimulatory function.

Dandelion root is even used to treat jaundice and hepatitis as well as gall bladder problems. It is an antiviral agent and is used as an appetite stimulant, a digestive aid and may improve the health and function of natural bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. Studies have also reported it may help to improve liver and gallbladder function.

Dandelion is also a natural diuretic that is naturally high in potassium. Potassium is often depleted from the body with pharmaceutical diuretics, but dandelion root replenishes the potassium lost from the body.

Dandelion root is also commonly available as capsules and as a hydroalcoholic tincture in addition to being the principle ingredient in numerous brands of coffee substitutes. The practice of ‘juicing’ Dandelion root is also becoming popular.

A leaf decoction can be drunk to “purify the blood”, for the treatment of anemia, jaundice, and also for nervousness. Dandelion root is one of the safest and most popular herbal remedies on the market and is widely used today.

Dandelion root is contraindicated in cases of bile duct blockage, gall bladder empyrema, ileus or bowel obstruction of any kind. In cases of gall stones, seek the advice of a qualified physician.

Mass In Liver

Testicular Cancer – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prognosis
Testicular cancer occurs most often in men between the ages of 20 and 39, and is the most common form of solid tumour in men between the ages of 15 and 34. It may also occur in young boys, but only about 3% of all testicular cancer is found in this group. Testicular cancer usually occurs in one testicle, however, 2-3% of tumors can occur in both testicles, either simultaneously or at a later date. Tumors can also spread to the lymph nodes, the lungs or other organs. It is more common among Caucasians than among men of African and Asian descent.

Causes
Although the exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, several factors seem to increase risk. These include a past medical history of undescended testicle(s), abnormal testicular development, Klinefelter’s syndrome (a sex chromosome disorder that may be characterized by low levels of male hormones, sterility, development of breasts, and small testes), men whose mothers used diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy, or men who have had previous testicular cancer. There is no link between vasectomy and elevated risk of testicular cancer.

Signs and Symptoms
The first sign is usually a firm, painless, smooth testicular mass which is sometimes accompanied by a feeling of heaviness in the testicles. Other symptoms of testicular cancer include: a feeling of swelling in the scrotum, discomfort or pain in the scrotum, ache in the lower back, pelvis or groin area, collection of fluid in the scrotum, gynecomastia and nipple tenderness. In advanced stages symptoms include: ureteral obstruction, abdominal mass, coughing, shortness of breath, weight loss, fatigue, pallor and lethargy.

Treatment
Testicular cancer can be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surveillance, or a combination of these treatments. Testicular cancer may be more difficult to treat if it has spread to the liver, bones, or brain, but even in those cases, men can often be cured. If the cancer is a recurrence of a previous testicular cancer, the treatment usually consists of chemotherapy using combinations of different medications, such as ifosfamide, cisplatin, etoposide, or vinblastine, sometimes followed by an autologous bone marrow or peripheral stem-cell transplant.

While it may be possible, in some cases, to remove testicular cancer tumors from a testis while leaving the testis functional, this is almost never done, as more than 95% of testicular tumors are malignant. Usually the scrotum is not removed so that prosthesis can be put in place. Hormone replacement therapy may be needed after bilateral orchiectomy (removal of both testes). Treatment for testicular cancer does not normally affect sexuality, masculinity or erectile function.

Prognosis
Testicular cancer has one of the highest cure rates of all cancers: in excess of 90%; essentially 100% if it has not metastasized. Less than five percent of those who have testicular cancer will have it again in the remaining testis.

Lesions On The Liver

Liver Disease Natural Treatment And How To Get Rid Of Liver Disease Naturally
Liver disease may not show any symptoms at first, as symptoms can be vague. This includes weakness and loss of energy.

Other symptoms include jaundice that is a disease of the gall bladder. Jaundice is one of the main symptoms of liver disease. Jaundice can turn the skin color to yellow. Another symptom is related to digestion and appetite. Poor appetite is a very common symptom. It leads to loss of weight and anemia. Along with this vomiting, nausea or diarrhea can also manifest.

Another important symptom is light colored stool. Due to the lack of bile production, the stool will appear light and can be gray colored or pale.

Causes of Liver Disease

There are several causes of liver failure. The most common causes of liver failure are:

1. Long term, excessive alcohol consumption

2. Cirrhosis

3. Hemochromatosis

4. Malnutrition

5. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) overdose

6. Reaction to a prescribed medication

7. Ingestion of poisonous wild mushrooms

Symptoms of Liver Disease

Some common liver disease symptoms include the following, each of which are described briefly below:

1. Jaundice

2. Cholestasis

3. Liver enlargement
4. Portal hypertension

5. Ascites

6. Liver encephalopathy

7. Liver failure

Risk Factor by Liver Disease

Some people are at higher risk of fatty liver disease. Known risk factors include:

1. Obesity (about two in every 10 obese people have the condition)

2. High fat diet, especially diets that are high in saturated fats

3. Lack of exercise

4. High alcohol intake

5. Diabetes

6. Insulin resistance.

These risk factors are not conclusive. For example, a severely obese person may not have fatty liver disease, while a slim person may. The exact causes of fatty liver are unknown.

Home Remedies to Avoid Liver Disease

Following are some of the effective home remedies for liver problems:

1. Take the juice of two raw oranges once a day for up to a week. This is very easy home remedy for liver problems.

2. Add a little salt and some roasted cumin seeds to a glass of buttermilk. Drink this early in the morning. This will keep your liver healthy and protects it from disorders.

3. Make papaya seeds extract and mix a teaspoonful of lime juice in it. Take this juice once a day.

4. Prepare a mixture of carrot and spinach juice in the ratio of 1:1. This is very beneficial for liver cirrhosis. Take a glass of this juice everyday for at least three-four weeks.

5. Prepare a mixture of honey and bhringaraj. This is very beneficial in treating liver cirrhosis. Add two teaspoons of juice of bhringaraj and two teaspoon of honey. This should be taken two times in a day (half in the morning and half in the evening).

Herbal Remedies for Liver Disease

Following are some of the effective herbal remedies for liver diseases:

1. Licorice is very effective home remedy for liver diseases and provides a good liver care.

2. Milk thistles keep the toxic material away and help in new cells formation in the liver in place of damaged liver cells.

3. Turmeric and guduchi are other important herbs which are beneficial in liver care.

4. The Indian aloe is also commonly used in liver care. It stimulates the liver into carrying out its functions normally. It is used in the treatment of jaundice and enlargement of the liver.

5. Another useful herb used in the treatment of jaundice is Indian sorrel. It is taken in the form of fresh juice mixed with buttermilk made from cow’s milk. It is to be taken once daily during jaundice.

Polycystic Kidney Liver Disease

Treatment by Type of Kidney Stone Hyperuricosuria Treatment | We Care
Polycystic Kidney Disorder Treatment

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?

Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited disease characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease cysts can slowly replace much of the mass of the kidneys, reducing kidney function and leading to kidney failure.

Polycystic kidney disease can also cause cysts in the liver and problems in other organs, such as the heart and blood vessels in the brain. The cysts may also cause pain or may get infected. There are two types of Polycystic kidney disease (autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive).

Polycystic kidney disease is also called PKD.

Types of Polycystic Kidney Disease

Autosomal dominant Polycystic kidney disease is inherited. This kind of Polycystic kidney disease accounts for about 90 percent of all Polycystic kidney disease cases. The term “Autosomal dominant” means that if one parent has the disease, there is a 50 percent chance that the disease will pass to a child.

Autosomal recessive Polycystic kidney disease is also inherited. This type of Polycystic kidney disease is rare. Parents that do not have the disease can have a child with the disease. How can this happen? If both parents carry the recessive gene and pass the recessive gene to their child, the child will have two recessive genes and develop the disease.

What are the symptoms of Polycystic kidney disease?

Polycystic Kidney Disease has many symptoms. Individuals with Polycystic kidney disease may not experience all of the symptoms.

Some of the most common symptoms of polycystic kidney disease are : -

* frequent kidney infections
* high blood pressure
* back and side pains
* blood in the urine
* urinary tract infections
* liver and pancreatic cysts
* abnormal heart valves
* kidney stones
* aneurysms in the brain
* diverticulosis

Polycystic Kidney Disease Statistics

* Polycystic Kidney Disease is the most common inherited disease.s
* Children of parents with Polycystic kidney disease have a 50% chance of getting the disease
* Polycystic kidney disease is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure.

How will Polycystic Kidney Disease affect my health?

Most people with Polycystic kidney disease can lead a normal life. In most people, Polycystic kidney disease is mild and causes only minor problems. In severe cases, Polycystic kidney disease can cause kidney failure. About 60% of patients develop high blood pressure. High blood pressure can be treated with medication. About 50% of patients with Polycystic kidney disease have kidney failure by age 60. Dialysis and kidney transplants are both effective treatments for kidney failure. Polycystic kidney disease is generally worse in men, African Americans and patients with sickle cell disease.

Will other organs be be hurt by Polycystic kidney disease?

Maybe. People with Polycystic kidney disease may also have cysts in their liver. However, the cysts in the liver seldom cause problems. Heart valve problems sometimes occur. Other organs that may be affected include the brain, intestines, pancreas, ovaries and spleen.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Is there a birth control pill SAFE for kidney/liver disease patients?
    I have PCOS and Polycystic Kidney Disease (with liver tumors), i need a birth control pill to help my PCOS and the hair loss caused by it. EVERY bc pill says not to use if you have kidney/liver disease.

    IS THERE A BIRTH CONTROL PILL SAFE FOR KIDNEY/LIVER DISEASE PATIENTS? PLEASE HELP!!!

    • ANSWER:
      apparently there are not (as per the below from the URL) but consult with your doctor

      Problems and Risks
      Pills must not be taken if the following conditions are present:

      A history of impaired liver function, including active hepatitis, alcohol liver damage, or liver tumor.
      Known or suspected cancer of the breast, cervix, vagina, ovaries, uterus, or malignant melanoma, at present or in the past.
      Pregnancy or suspected pregnancy.
      Severe migraine headache with “aura.”
      Serious heart or kidney disease.

  2. QUESTION:
    What birth control pill IS SAFE for women with kidney disease?
    I have PCOS and Polycystic Kidney Disease (with liver tumors), i need a birth control pill to help my PCOS and the hair loss caused by it. EVERY bc pill says not to use if you have kidney/liver disease.

    IS THERE A BIRTH CONTROL PILL SAFE FOR KIDNEY/LIVER DISEASE PATIENTS? PLEASE HELP!!!

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    How can I find out if I have PKD(polycystic kidney disease) without the expensive genetic testing?
    For about 11 years I’ve had a cyst in my right kidney causing it to enlarge and a liver cyst that was once drained during my gallbladder removal a few years ago.The liver cyst has filled again and my kidney cyst causes severe pain daily.Over the years,I’ve had ct scans,mri’s and sonograms to keep track of how large my kidney has grown.2 out of 3 doctor’s(including a nephrologist from the Kidney foundation)suggests I have PKD and has told me that I now need to undergo genetic testing to verify this.I have no health insurance and there is only one income in my household.Due to the daily pain,I am so limited to activities that I can do with my two children.We are so stressed that we cannot get an answer from these “specialist” and can no longer afford any more testing or ER visits.I feel like I am alone.How can i get a diagnosis when i can not afford the testing?I’ve been to the”sliding scale fee” clinics(they say my husband makes too much money but fail to realise we pay bills with it).

    • ANSWER:
      Currently there is no cure for PKD, not with conventional medicine or (despite what you have been told) alternative medicine.

      Ultrasound (sonogram) is usually used to diagnose this especially when the cysts are active. Genetic testing confirms the diagnosis. CTs & MRIs can be used but are not ususally required. The extra imaging you have had may have been redundant and unneccessary. For now, get a hold of all your films, reports and labs — you will need them. The main concern at this time is to prevent or control pain, high blood pressure and UTIs and well as find help.

      You may want to contact the Kidney Foundation and see what they suggest. Call to get an 800 number and check their website. They may have programs for someone in your situation, programs that will give you immediate help.

      My hope is that you can avoid ESRD (end-stage renal disease), kidney failure and transplant.

      I’m not certain if you are eligible for Disability or Supplemental Security Income benefits through the Social Security Administration but it’s something to investigate. You would need the medical information I suggested you acquire and any written physician statements you can get concerning the probable diagnosis. If I am able to find additional help for you, a grant perhaps, I will contact you if I’m able.

      God bless you and your family. You’re in a very frustrating position but I’m sure there are others who will try to help. You’re not alone!

  4. QUESTION:
    Where can i find out what medications are safe for ppl with kidney disease?
    I found out i have Polycystic Kidney Disease and liver systs. I need to find a website or place where i can find out which medications are safe if you have kidney disease. ALL the meds im on are bad for my kidney, so i need to get them switched to safe ones. My kidney doctor and primary are both idiots!! So i need to find out on my own and basically tell them because they dont know what theyre doing. Im going to get new doctors but it would take a few weeks, so i need to find out what pills are safe for my kidney. any resources you know of? webmd wasnt very helpful.

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a very good website for anyone who has
      Polycystic Kidney disease:

      http://www.pkd.org/

      There are so many drugs that are considered harmful
      to the kidneys and liver….most doctors weigh the pros
      and cons of using many different types of drugs with
      what the patient’s medical background is.
      Though, no one place is going to provide the answer
      you need…you need to look up each and every
      drug they place you on and read the precaution and
      warning section on the drug itself. Please remember
      that all drugs have side effects and warnings.
      This way you could take that to the doctor and show
      them and ask them if there are any other drugs that
      may be not as harmful to your kidney.
      A urologist deals with the entire urinary system…
      A nephrologist is a kidney specialist.

      Here are some drug sites to look up any
      drug you may be taking:

      http://www.drugs.com

      http://www.rxlist.com

      Or you could take all your drugs to the pharmacy,
      where you got them filled, and ask to speak with
      the pharmacist there and he can explain whether
      they would be harmful to your kidney or not.
      I would ask that the pharmacist document that
      you have PKD on your file there.

      Best wishes to you.

  5. QUESTION:
    Is there any charity or any foundation which can help my sister with kidney disease?
    I have a sister who is in India.She is 29 years old.She has polycystic kidney and also liver failure.presently sh eis surviving with dialysis She need multiple organ transplant which can be done successfully only in USA. Is there any charities which can help her to get medical help in USA or in India?

    • ANSWER:
      Check out the website www.kidney.org
      It is the National Kidney Foundation. There should be somebody on there that you can contact that might lead you in the right direction

  6. QUESTION:
    Do rich people ever give money to poor people to help if they know its for a good reason!?
    I really need help raising money for a good reason!
    If anyone out there cares to help a poor person out to fly from Morocco to Germany to get a expensive surgery done!
    She carries 7 kg of cysts around her liver and kidneys! Its called the polycystic kidney / liver disease!
    At first she had only 700 g of these cysts but they doubble arround her organs day after day,its been 3 year! Doctors said that soon her kidneys will stop fonctioning!
    She really needs this money to help bring her over to Germany to get the attention & care she needs that she couldnt get in a 3th world country!
    If you have any sugestions of how she can get financial help in her situation please let me know!
    May God bless you all & please remember that we are all equal no matter where we come from!
    Thanx
    whoever decides to donate any money!
    I will send you a private message with all the infos and an account number!
    God bless you all.

    • ANSWER:
      Why dont you try contacting the United Nations! They have launched a campaign to end poverty by 2015. Ensuring good child and maternal health is one of the major goals. I am quite sure that they will be able to help you out. I came to know about the campaign through the community http://www.orkut.co.in/Community.aspx?cm… . You may be able to contact them through the community. May God Bless the child.

  7. QUESTION:
    Do rich people ever give money to poor people if its for a good reason?
    know its for a good reason!?
    I really need help raising money for a good reason!
    If anyone out there cares to help a poor person out to fly from Morocco to Germany to get a expensive surgery done!
    She carries 7 kg of cysts around her liver and kidneys! Its called the polycystic kidney / liver disease!
    At first she had only 700 g of these cysts but they doubble arround her organs day after day,its been 3 year! Doctors said that soon her kidneys will stop fonctioning!
    She really needs this money to help bring her over to Germany to get the attention & care she needs that she couldnt get in a 3th world country!
    If you have any sugestions of how she can get financial help in her situation please let me know!
    May God bless you all & please remember that we are all equal no matter where we come from!
    Thanx
    whoever decides to donate any money!
    I will send you a private message with all the infos and an account number!
    God bless you all.

    • ANSWER:
      Why dont you try contacting the United Nations! They have launched a campaign to end poverty by 2015. Ensuring good child and maternal health is one of the major goals. I am quite sure that they will be able to help you out. I came to know about the campaign through the community http://www.orkut.co.in/Community.aspx?cm… . You may be able to contact them through the community. May God Bless the child.

  8. QUESTION:
    Do rich people help poor people for good reasons!?
    Do rich people ever give money to poor people to help if they know its for a good reasonI really need help raising money for a good reason!
    If anyone out there cares to help a poor person out to fly from Morocco to Germany to get a expensive surgery done!
    She carries 7 kg of cysts around her liver and kidneys! Its called the polycystic kidney / liver disease!
    At first she had only 700 g of these cysts but they doubble arround her organs day after day,its been 3 year! Doctors said that soon her kidneys will stop fonctioning!
    She really needs this money to help bring her over to Germany to get the attention & care she needs that she couldnt get in a 3th world country!
    If you have any sugestions of how she can get financial help in her situation please let me know!
    May God bless you all & please remember that we are all equal no matter where we come from!
    Thanx
    whoever decides to donate any money!
    I will send you a private message with all the infos and an account number!
    God bless you all.

    • ANSWER:
      Why dont you try contacting the United Nations! They have launched a campaign to end poverty by 2015. Ensuring good child and maternal health is one of the major goals. I am quite sure that they will be able to help you out. I came to know about the campaign through the community http://www.orkut.co.in/Community.aspx?cmm=47234928 . You may be able to contact them through the community. May God Bless the child.

  9. QUESTION:
    Is acetaminophen found in Oxycoton?
    I really need to know my mom is in the hospital, she has polycystic liver and kidney disease. she has had shap pain in her liver, and a high fever, she has been taking tylenol to meak her fever go down, but is says do not mix with acetaminophen. is it in oxycoton her pain medicine?
    she has been taking the oxycoton for years from our family doc, but the tylenol she too for the fever here recently

    • ANSWER:
      Oxycontin does not contain aspirin or tylenol.

  10. QUESTION:
    What pain killers can be legally perscribed in the US besides opiates(like codine)?
    I have a friend with a painful kidney disease(Polycystic Kidney Disease), that is allergic to opiate based pain killers. He is not supposed to take advil, aspirin, aleve, or other NSAIDS because of the cysts on his liver and kidneys. He is allowed occasionally to take Tylenol, but again he can’t take it often due to how it is processed by the liver. He does not want to use anything illegal. What other pain meds are legally able to be prescribed in the US?

    • ANSWER:
      Prescription medications almost always have opiates. Just so you’re aware of what’s out there I made a list of the most common prescription pain killers and their active ingredient or ingredients.

      Brand Name – active ingredient(s)
      ————————————————
      Celebrex – celecoxib (COX-2 inhibitor)
      Ultram – tramadol
      Demerol – meperidine HCl
      Lorcet – hydrocodone and acetaminophen
      Vicodin – hydrocodone and acetaminophen
      Lorcet Plus – hydrocodone and acetaminophen
      Vicodin ES – hydrocodone and acetaminophen
      Norco – hydrocodone-APAP, and acetaminophen
      Lortab – hydrocodone and acetaminophen
      Vicodin HP – hydrocodone and acetaminophen
      Percocet – oxycodone HCl with acetaminophen
      Percodan – oxycodone HCl, oxycodone terephthalate, and aspirin
      Oxycontin 40 – oxycodone HCl
      RMS MS Contin – morphine sulfate
      Duragesic Fentora Actiq – fentanyl
      Dilaudid (tabs); Palladone (caps) – hydromorphone hydrochloride AKA dihydromorphinone
      Opana; Opana ER – oxymorphone & extended release

      To answer your question: All but one of these is an opiate. Celebrex is the only one outside the opiate family but it’s derived from NSAID meds. It’s a COX-2 inhibitor. Other NSAIDS inhibit COX-1&2. It’s been suggested that most of the negative effects of NSAIDs come from inhibiting COX-1 and the painkilling effects come from inhibiting COX-2. Another non-NSAID non-opioid is rofecoxib (brand name Vioxx), however in Sept. 2004 it was voluntarily withdrawn from the market due to a discovered risk of serious cardiovascular events, including heart attacks and strokes, among study patients taking Vioxx compared to patients receiving placebo. Celebrex (celecoxib) has similar risks but has been kept on the market.

      If you’re not dead set on a prescription drug and you’d be open to natural alternatives like ginger and other powerful herbs I’d recommend talking with a doctor of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).

      Other alternatives to consider: Acupuncture, Cognitive and behavioral therapy, Biofeedback, Hypnosis, and Physiatry.

      Good luck and I think it’s wonderful you are trying to help your friend get some pain relief!

  11. QUESTION:
    Alkaline Food List………?
    Could someone provide me with an alkaline food list?

    Question: I am hosting a family for dinner who lives by the high alkaline food diet due to a family member having Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD). They tell me that high alkaline foods are beneficial to ailing kidney and livers. I am hoping to be accommodating to their needs. Could someone help me by providing an alkaline food list? I can come up with recipes if I have an idea of what foods I have to work with. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      The foods with the highest alkalinity are pure soy lecithin, soy nuts, summer black radish, alfalfa grass, barley grass, fresh cucumber, dandelion, dog grass, jicama, kale, kamut grass, shave grass, sprouts (of any sort), straw grass, and wheat grass.

      Some foods with high alkalinity (but not as high as those listed above) include avocado, tomato, granulated soy, lima beans, fresh soy beans, white (navy) beans, baking soda, fresh red beets, red radish, alfalfa, cabbage, cayenne pepper, celery, cilantro, fresh endive, fresh cut green beans, garlic, ginger, oregano, sorrel, and spinach (if not harvested in March).

      Some slightly alkaline foods are buttermilk, flax seed oil, olive oil, unripe banana, coconut, dried or raw figs, fresh lemon, limes, lentils, tofu, almonds, pine nuts, carrots, potatoes, rutabagas, turnips, caraway/cumin/fennel/sesam seeds, artichokes, asparagus, bell peppers, Bok Choy, Brussel sprouts, cauliflower, chives, leeks, lettuce, onion, peas, pumpkin, red cabbage, thyme, watercress, and zucchini.

      See this chart for a more complete list: http://www.acidalkalinediet.com/Alkaline-Foods-Chart.htm

  12. QUESTION:
    Respiration Digestion review questions?
    Disorders Review Sheet

    Bronchitis Cystic Fibrosis Emphysema Pertussis Pneumonia

    1. Viral or bacterial infection of lungs causing sputum of pus or blood.

    2. genetic condition casing production of thick, gooey mucus in respiratory
    tract; death causes in most cases by blocked respiratory passages.

    3. degenerative condition characterized by broken alveoli

    4. infection of bronchial tubes, may lead to pneumonia if untreated.

    5. bacterial infection of lungs characterized by intense coughing.

    Colitis Dysentery Hepatitis Stenosis

    6. inflammation of small and large intestines, caused by drinking polluted
    water.

    7. inflammation of liver, viral, most common forms are A, B, and C

    8. chronic inflammation of large intestines causing diarrhea or constipation

    9. a narrowing if the intestines

    Polycystic Kidney Disease Respiratory Acidosis Urinary Tract
    Infection

    10. caused by hypoventilation, body cannot remove enough CO2

    11. bacterial infection within urethra, usually caused by E. coli

    12. genetic, cyst develop along renal tubules causing nephron/kidney failure

    Chlamydia Endometriosis Gonorrhea Hydrocele Prostate
    Cancer

    13. endometrial tissue grows outside uterus causing extreme pain

    14. STD caused by bacteria, causes PID, affects epithelial cells in
    genital/anal area + throat and eyes

    15. swelling of scrotum due to excess fluids

    16. cancer of gland, initial signs include problems urinating in male

    17. bacterial caused STD, some forms will affect lymph nodes; young
    women at higher risk

    Ectopic Pregnancy Placenta Previa Toxemia

    18. part of placenta tears away from uterine wall

    19. high blood pressure during pregnancy

    20. pregnancy progressing within fallopian tube
    im ot a med student … my professor never goes over the answers for our test!!! thats why i need the answers

    • ANSWER:
      yeah… you can’t use yahoo answers to get yourself through medical school… after seeing this, I am afraid to ever get sick or get hurt, because people that work like this may end up being the people that treat me.

  13. QUESTION:
    Why does my tummy hurt?
    I have had several scans of my stomach, including an MRI, an MRA, a CT scan, as well as an X-Ray, I’ve had a high point scan of my gallbladder & several blood tests that have ruled out Kidney disease & Liver problems. My stomach hurts on my right side, below my ribcage, right in my Gallbladder/Liver area.

    I don’t understand why all the tests come back normal, when there is obviously something going on there! Could it be appendicitis?

    These tests have revealed Polycystic ovaries, acid reflux, degenerative disk disorder (in my back/spine), but nothing that explains this pain.

    A little more info about me: I have Meniere’s Disease (a chronic disease of the inner ear that causes vertigo, as well as many other symptoms. See here for more details:: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/balance/meniere.asp)

    I also have Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (for more info on TLE see here: http://www.epilepsy.com/epilepsy/epilepsy_temporallobe)

    As well as chronic Migraines, Osteoarthritis, & I’m blind in my left eye & deaf in my left ear.

    Believe it or not, I live a normal life, & until recently, I was a full time nursing/ Medical Laboratory Tech student & I maintained a 3.8 GPA. I also worked full time.

    With the recent pain in my side, I do OK, but keeping up with my kids & my husband is about all I can do. I can’t go to the gym as much as I use to & my housework has fallen behind on more than one occasion.

    If I can live a completely normal life with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Osteoarthritis, Meniere’s Disease & chronic migraine, I feel confident that I could resume that if I had a solution to this horrible pain in my side!

    Any clues would be great! I really prided myself on being able to maintain through all the problems that have come up & it seems silly to me that a pain in my stomach/side could debilitate me as much as it has!

    Thanks!
    Thanks for the response, but I actually drink loads of water & I eat soup, & oatmeal at least 12 times a week! I actually live on Ensure & Slim Fast drinks when I’m in school.
    I think it may be appendicitis! Please help!!!

    • ANSWER:


Cancer Of The Liver Prognosis

Breast Cancer Metastasis To Liver Prognosis
The reality is that one woman out of nine will develop breast cancer some time in her life. Breast Cancer Metastasis To Liver PrognosisSo even if you manage to be one of the eight who doesn’t get it, chances are you will know someone, perhaps someone quite close to you, who will develop breast cancer. Breast cancer doesn’t care if you’re in your teens or a mature woman. All women need to know the symptoms so they can get treatment as early as possible if breast cancer develops.

The good news is that even though breast cancer occurs so frequently, if it’s treated in the early stages it’s highly curable for about six out of seven cases. So one of the most important things you can do is keep watching for symptoms, so that even if breast cancer occurs, you have a good chance of beating it. If you don’t discover breast cancer until an advanced stage, your chances of recovery are much lower – only about one in seven.

So what are the symptoms? They vary from woman to woman, and unfortunately many of them can occur for a multitude of reasons, but if you observe any of the following symptoms on an ongoing basis, do yourself a favor and get it checked out by your doctor. Many symptoms don’t involve any noticeable discomfort or pain; so don’t wait for that to happen before seeking advice. Symptoms include:

- Breast is warm to touch

- Itching in the breast region or armpit

- Ridges or thickened areas of the skin on the breast or nipple

- Pink, red or dark colored area that has a texture similar to orange skin

- Something that looks like a bruise that doesn’t fade

- Nipple starts becoming inverted

- Pain in the breast, anything from stabbing pains through to a constant ach

- The aureole changes in color and/or texture

- The breast shape or size changes

- Lump or swelling in the armpit

- Discharge from the nipple

- Dimpled skin on the breast

Research has shown that certain groups of women are more at risk of developing breast cancer. So if you belong to a high-risk category, it’s even more important that you regularly monitor your breasts, and either have your breasts checked for lumps by your doctor, or learn to do it yourself. Major risk factors include:

- Hormone replacement therapy

- Obesity

- High fat diet

- Taking the oral contraceptive pill

- Family history of breast cancer

- Alcohol use

Again, always remember that breast cancer is highly treatable if it’s caught early. It’s better to get something suspicious checked out by your doctor and be proven wrong, than let it go and find out later you could have reduced the chance of mastectomy or even death because of breast cancer. Most of the time any symptoms will prove to be unrelated to breast cancer, but don’t take that risk. Always get suspicious symptoms checked by your doctor, so you can get an accurate diagnosis.

Lung Cancer Secrets Revealed Click here

The reality is that one woman out of nine will develop breast cancer some time in her life. So even if you manage to be one of the eight who doesn’t get it, chances are you will know someone, perhaps someone quite close to you, who will develop breast cancer. Breast cancer doesn’t care if you’re in your teens or a mature woman. All women need to know the symptoms so they can get treatment as early as possible if breast cancer develops.

The good news is that even though breast cancer occurs so frequently, if it’s treated in the early stages it’s highly curable for about six out of seven cases. So one of the most important things you can do is keep watching for symptoms, so that even if breast cancer occurs, you have a good chance of beating it. If you don’t discover breast cancer until an advanced stage, your chances of recovery are much lower – only about one in seven.

So what are the symptoms? They vary from woman to woman, and unfortunately many of them can occur for a multitude of reasons, but if you observe any of the following symptoms on an ongoing basis, do yourself a favor and get it checked out by your doctor. Many symptoms don’t involve any noticeable discomfort or pain; so don’t wait for that to happen before seeking advice. Symptoms include:

- Breast is warm to touch

- Itching in the breast region or armpit

- Ridges or thickened areas of the skin on the breast or nipple

- Pink, red or dark colored area that has a texture similar to orange skin

- Something that looks like a bruise that doesn’t fade

- Nipple starts becoming inverted

- Pain in the breast, anything from stabbing pains through to a constant ach

- The aureole changes in color and/or texture

- The breast shape or size changes

- Lump or swelling in the armpit

- Discharge from the nipple

- Dimpled skin on the breast

Research has shown that certain groups of women are more at risk of developing breast cancer. So if you belong to a high-risk category, it’s even more important that you regularly monitor your breasts, and either have your breasts checked for lumps by your doctor, or learn to do it yourself. Major risk factors include:

- Hormone replacement therapy

- Obesity

- High fat diet

- Taking the oral contraceptive pill

- Family history of breast cancer

- Alcohol use

Again, always remember that breast cancer is highly treatable if it’s caught early. It’s better to get something suspicious checked out by your doctor and be proven wrong, than let it go and find out later you could have reduced the chance of mastectomy or even death because of breast cancer. Most of the time any symptoms will prove to be unrelated to breast cancer, but don’t take that risk. Always get suspicious symptoms checked by your doctor, so you can get an accurate diagnosis.

lung cancer treatment breakthroughs Click here

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Liver Cancer.My Father.Prognosis?
    My father was diagnosed with Cirrhosis 4 months ago, had massive ascites….the Cirrhosis was brought on by years and years of hard drinking. He recently found out about 2 lesions/tumors on his liver which means he has cancer. He always stays positive and doesn’t want us worrying, but he’s talking about transplants, 5 years down the road, etc., but it doesn’t take a genius to google Liver Cancer Prognosis and read that it’s a poor prognosis, no matter what stage he is at. He told me has a Stage 1, Localized, Primary Liver Cancer…I just don’t really know what to think..should I trust his words about how positive he is or should I be a realist and go by what I’m reading about, online? Thanks a lot.

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    Liver Cancer Prognosis?
    Was diagnosed with cirrhosis 4 months ago..from being an alcoholic for the past 10 years..was recently diagnosed with liver cancer, primary, localized…2 days ago he was admitted to the hospital for vomiting blood and has been here since..I should be expecting a lot of these hospital visits or what? He is all doped up on morphine and ambien and doesn’t look great..what can I expect..I think his cancer is stage 1 or 2 :(

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer is a tough one, and it is hard to make predictions.
      Yes, it doesn’t sound like he’s going to live for another 10 years, *but* he probably will make it out of the hospital.
      The thing with the liver is that it affects blood clotting (hence the vomiting blood), so that has to be controlled.
      I wish him, and you, a smooth journey.

  3. QUESTION:
    Prognosis for early stage secondary liver cancer?
    My aunt has recently been diagnosed as having bowel cancer. They found a 2 inch tumor in the large intestine. A CT scan has since shown the cancer has just begun to spread to the liver. The liver has some spots on one side of it. The dr’s are going to treat it with chemotherapy. Does anyone know prognosis statistics for this type of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry to tell you, but an “early stage secondary liver cancer” is an oxymoron and not correct. Your aunt does not have liver cancer at all she has a stage 4 colon cancer. The 5 year survival rate is about 5%.

  4. QUESTION:
    my mum in her eighties has primary liver cancer. what is the prognosis, how much time does she have to live?
    the diagnosis is cholangiocarcinoma and doctors says it has spread all over liver and blocked her bile duct. they put in a stent to drain bile but said no other treatment is possible. she has lost much weight but feels no pain. just yellowing skin and lost of appetite. becoz the docs said no other treatment she thinks that she has been cured but we need to know what to expect in order to plan caring for her. can anyone tell us?

    • ANSWER:
      Life and Death only The God Almighty can predict.
      I have cured a few patients whom our Conventional Doctors had diagnosed as Uncurable please read the following carefully :-

      Homeopathic treatment for Liver Cancer / Hepatitis C-B and Liver Cirrhosis :-

      1.SULFUR 30C
      2.BRYONIA 30C
      3.CARDUUS MARIANUS in Q (Mother Tincture)
      4.CHELIDONIUM MAJUS in Q (Mother Tincture)
      5.LYCOPODIUM 1M(1000)

      Take remedy 1 and 2 thrice a day half hour before meals followed by 20 drops each of 3 and 4 half hour after meals together in a half a cup of hot water and take 5 after a week of taking the above regularly just one dose a week. Avoid Chocolates, Coffee, Mints and Red Meat while taking Homeopathic Medicines and avoid all foodstuffs, which gives you constipation at all costs.
      If there is any ambiguity about the dosage or the potency of the medicine please ask me before doing anything.
      And keep me posted about your progress at least every three days.
      It would be better if you send me the details of the patient exactly the way he or she feels not the doctors Diagnosis let the patient describe their own feeling exactly the way they are feeling the above will clear all in any case but it would be lots better if you send complete details.

      Take Care and God Bless you!

  5. QUESTION:
    Prognosis of Liver Cancer….?
    My Father has bowel cancer which has gone into both lobes of his liver.He was diagnosed last week and is waiting for his 1st lot of chemo,which should begin in 2 weeks.He is 77 and has mild diabetes.He has lost nearly 2 stone in a month.What is the prognosis for him ( be honest,I just need to hear truths at this stage).He has lost all appetite and just drinks water.He sleeps all the time.I know each person is different,I would like some ideas please : )

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I’m not sure but it sounds like he doesn’t have long. My mother lived for about a week at this stage, not to scare you. I’m sorry. She passed away on July 12th and everything spread quickly and basically when it spread to the liver she had no chance whatsoever because it’s a vital organ. They can still hear until the very end even if they’re in a coma, so please don’t hate me for saying this- but make sure you tell him everything you want to tell him ASAP. When he stops drinking altogether and you can only wet his mouth with sponges expect it to be one to three days.

      Wait- I just reread your question…can he get out of bed and go to the bathroom? That would make a difference. But I’d say his prognosis either way isn’t good. My mother started sleeping all the time and stopped eating and then within a couple of weeks she was bedridden and two weeks later she died. I’m no doctor, but it sounds like chemo won’t happen. If it does, you can only wait and see.

  6. QUESTION:
    Prognosis for liver cancer?
    Got the news today we had all been dreading- my ex’s mum has bowel cancer that has spread to her liver. I think I suspected it all along,but did not want to believe it.
    Can someone tell me what her chances are? I have read the treatment offered just extends your life,and does not cure it. She is being referred to chemo I think.
    Have the hard job of telling my kids that their other gran has cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      How to Stop Cancer
      An e-book that reveals an Alternative way to Stop Cancer Long Enough to Die from Old Age Instead. This could help you stop Cancer from Killing you or your loved ones try to Check this it helps you a lot

  7. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for stage 4 liver cancer? more details…?
    He had pancreatic cancer first and after getting it removed the doc said his cancer cell count(i guess that’s what it’s called) was 6000 and they never saw anyone live past 1200. How long do you think a 72 year old man could live with this type of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      He still has pancreatic cancer, not liver cancer and the median survival is 2-6 months.
      If what you mean by “count” is his CA 19-9 this is an indication he will probably survive 6-12 weeks. I’m sorry.

  8. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for metastatic liver cancer in the elderly?
    My father was recently diagnosed with liver cancer, he’s 88. He has multiple lesions on his liver. It is the secondary site – he had a bout of bladder cancer which (we thought) was being successfully managed. He’s been in great shape, good health and very active his entire life. He is not your typical frail elderly person in their 80s. Its hard to see someone who was formerly energetic and vibrant slipping away. They have done ultrasound and CT scan and needle biopsy is next. We are being told by oncologist that treatment options are limited or that he “may not be a good candidate for chemo”, presumably because of his age and I guess b/c of the advanced stage the cancer may be at. Does anyone have any similar experiences? The Internal Medicine Resident who first saw him said “3 months” but she’s not an oncologist so not sure how much weight to put in that. I’ve heard liver cancer has a bad prognosis and is very quick/aggressive. Would be interested to hear about anyone having similar experiences. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer usually does have a poor prognosis, but I’m not so sure that is what he has. If it is a secondary site than it is not liver cancer. Are you saying it’s metastatic bladder cancer? Are they doing a biopsy of the liver? Maybe they are not sure what the primary site is.

  9. QUESTION:
    Cancer prognosis?
    My mum recently passed away due to primary liver cancer. Unfortunately, i wasn’t at the hospital when they told her that she had liver cancer, she died within 2 months of being told. When I asked my sister if the doctor told my mum how long she had left, my sister said that the doctor didn’t, she said my mum asked but the doctor wouldn’t say, i think my sister is lying, surely if my mum wanted to know how long she had left, the doctor would have given her an estimate? What if she wanted to sort out financial affairs, funeral etc? What do people think? Has anyone had a similar experience? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      so sorrry for your loss… i too lost my dad recently to lung cancer after just 3 months of diagnosis….
      i am tempted to think that maybe your mum asked the doctor and he would have probably given her his best estimate, but maybe when your sister asked your mum…..maybe your mum wanted to save your sister and yourself from knowing the terrible prognosis…….parents always want to protect their children!
      I hope you find peace with this soon xx

  10. QUESTION:
    Prognosis for dog with secondary liver cancer?
    My dog Bobby had a Splenectomy approx 8 months ago., and they found that the growth on his spleen was cancerous and had spread to his liver.

    He bounced back exceedingly quickly, and is full of beans! Which is certainly a real blessing, that’s for sure. Bobby’s nearly 10 yrs old.

    However, there’s a niggle in the back of my mind that I don’t know what to expect. Will he suddenly deterioate etc. The vet’s opinion is ‘how long is a piece of string’

    Would be really grateful to hear from fellow dog owners about their experiences with such matters. Nothing beats shared knowledge & experience.

    • ANSWER:
      I lost my heart dog to liver cancer 1 1/2 years ago. All I can tell you is that this dog didn’t show any signs of illness, no signs of being in pain, ate and drank like normal, loved his walks and played every day (he was well over 11), until only a few days before he had to be put down.

      He’d vomited twice, hours after he ate, and the day I took him to the vet he refused to eat breakfast at all. The vet x-rayed him, and basically I took him home only to say good-bye; he went back the next day. I don’t know your dog or how he’ll react, but my dog showed me yet again just how stoic greyhounds are.

      I’m very sorry for what you’re going through with your dog; I believe when the time comes that you have to let him go, you’ll know without a doubt.

  11. QUESTION:
    cancer from lung to liver?
    whats the prognosis of liver cancer just wondering my mom had lung cancer and now theres a spot on her liver

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, some types of cancer travel from organ to organ. Sometimes even into the brain.

      Good luck to her and you. Pops

  12. QUESTION:
    Secondary cancer of the liver?
    Someone very close to me has secondary liver cancer (it has spread from the breast) She also has tiny amount of secondaries on the lung. She found all this out in january but i’m unsure how long this may have been there for. She responded well to treatment until now. Now it’s been downhill. She’s unable to walk far or eat much, constant pain, los loads of weight. Basically is beginning to look ill for the first time. She starts a new treatment on thursday which may or may not work. I’m wondering if anyone can tell me, as it’s not the kind of thing you ask, how long she may have left taking all this into account. I know there is a really bad prognosis for liver cancer and I know once cancer has spread it’s incurable. I guess i’m wondering how long might be left as we’re approaching christmas and i’m aware it could be the last. I want honest answers and don’t know where to get them from. I’d appreciate some advice. Thanks.
    I know alot about secondary cancer/metastatic/advanced breast cancer etc (not curable, breast cancer cells in liver not liver cancer ones if that makes sense!) but still feel like I know nothing!

    • ANSWER:
      There isn’t any way to look into the crystal ball and give you a good answer, which is why you don’t find one. The only person who would know exactly how advanced things are would be her doctor, and even he/she can’t give you a good idea. The fact is, she has advanced cancer which has spread to the lungs and liver, and probably other spots they haven’t detected yet. Treatment at the end mostly centers on buying time and controlling pain. If she was diagnosed in January, she’s pretty much coming in on the end- which could be anywhere from next week to another six months or more. However, it is a good bet that this will be her last Christmas, yes- barring a miracle. However, it’s a lot better for you and everyone else, not to mention her, if you don’t exactly start the mourning process just yet. You want to avoid every gathering being a prep for the funeral, with false hilarity and stress on how this is “the last”. Let everyone have happy memories, but not strained happy memories. After all, it could be anyone’s last Christmas. She just has had a little more advanced notice than the rest. You can always hope the new treatment buys her some more time, and that hopefully that time is pleasant for her. All you have to do is work to make your end that way, without focusing on the timing of the end.

  13. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis of stage 4 ovarian cancer that spreads to colon, liver and spleen? What is average time?

    • ANSWER:
      From http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255771-overview
      The 5-year survival rates for ovarian carcinoma are as follows:
      * Stage I – 73%
      * Stage II – 45%
      * Stage III – 21%
      * Stage IV – Less than 5%
      From this 1990 study http://www.springerlink.com/content/q071u3837210328q/ – the estimated median survival times for stage III and IV ovarian carcinoma patients was ~ 20 months.

      A word of caution – median survivals do not help tell us much about any one individual. Some do much better than 20 months, and some do not live as long. There is a wide variation in lengths of survivals.

      There are many factors that would affect an estimation of prognosis – factors that the oncologist following this case knows and we do not. How old is she? What is her overall health status? What therapy has been tried? Is she refractory to front line chemotherapy? What is her overall health and performance status? What is the estimated bulk of her malignant disease? Has the cancer been optimally debulked surgically? Is she a candidate for aggressive surgery?

      Every person is unique. We cannot predict expected times of death months ahead of time. Family members often push for a guess, and we usually wind up being wrong when we try to make long term predictions. The end is easy to see only when it is near – in the last few weeks or days.

  14. QUESTION:
    My Father has advanced cancer in his bowel and liver,he hasn’t started chemo yet.He is 77.?
    My Father was recently diagnosed with advanced bowel and liver cancer.He is 77.He hasn’t started chemo yet and he won’t eat anything at all…just a few glasses of fruit juice or lemon tea a day.Be frank.What is the likely prognosis as he obviously won’t be able to start chemo as he isn’t strong enough.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m having a difficult time understanding what is going on here as most patient’s appetites returns after surgery and they make sure he will tolerate a normal diet before he leaves the hospital. Stage 4 colon cancer has a poor prognosis regardless of treatment. It has a 5 year survival rate of 5%. If he did not have surgery chemo will make little difference and is done to decrease symptoms it would not likely increase survival. His doctor is the best person to ask this question as they have all the information needed to give you the best answer. However, from my experience, which is nowhere near the same as a doctor, and from little information you give it would be 9 months to a year at most.

  15. QUESTION:
    my nine year old dog was recently diagnosed with liver problems, she has been peeing herself all day. Why?
    Is this another sympton, or does this mean that her kidneys are also affected? She has been in and out all day, but when she lays down to rest, she wets. also when moveing round she dribbles behind her. Also what is the prognosis of liver disease/cancer/failiure?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver problems by themselves do not cause this and l would get another opinion as obviously she is in renal failure which has spread to her liver and perhaps elsewhere.This a serious issue so do not wait but find a really good competent vet explain what is happening and he may do some tests or x-rays to determine whether is is a serious condition which can be treated.Unfortunately once the live stops functioning there is not medication in the World other then a transplant that can help your pet.So sorry.In the meantime look up or google to read what function the liver actually does plus the kidneys and you will understand what is happening

  16. QUESTION:
    My friend has just been diagnosed with Liver Cancer?
    A year ago she had a radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer. She now has a tumour the size of an orange back in this area but is yet to find out if it is malignant but on top of this she has been told it has spread to the liver but until her appt next week she dosn’t know any more but has been told the prognosis is not good! There is a history of liver cancer in her family and she has been in pain for the last couple of months under her rib cage so this dosn’t sound to good. I just don’t know what to expect or how long she will have?

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry about your friend. No the prognosis is not good. Liver cancer and cervical cancer are two different things. The fact the tumor came back so fast is not good and it probably is malignant as she now has a tumor in her liver too. The tumor in her liver is likely cervical cancer that metastasized there, not liver cancer.

      She will probably have a PET scan and a few other tests in the next couple of weeks that will show if cancer has spread anywhere else and from there the doctor will be able to give some options and time frames.

      If and when the doctor suggest hospice encourage your friend and her family to consider it. These people are wonderful. They are kind and caring and specialize in end of life issues. They not only help the patient but they help the family too.

  17. QUESTION:
    Should my Uncle go for Liver transplant or not?….HELP SAVE A LIFE?
    May be i should put this question to a liver surgeon…but may be if some doctor is seeing this, he could reply….I would be grateful…

    I have an Uncle who has been diagnosed with Liver cancer. He has a past history of Hepatitis-C…for which he was treated and he got cured…but now he has developed a cancer in his already damaged liver… here are the prognosis of the cancer (got this information from the hospital where he is admitted)

    •He has 02 Nodules 3cm each in the left lobe of his liver which are cancerous
    •Outside liver just besides these nodules are 02 lymphnodes which are also cancerous (this has been verified by fine needle aspiration biopsy)
    •Cancer type is HCC
    •Primary cancer is in the liver
    •Secondary in the lymphnodes
    •His lungs, pancreas, kidney, spline, stomach are all clear
    •His age is 58years; and he is taking exionol tablets 400mg one in morning and one at night)

    Questions:-

    1.With the conditions mentioned above do you recommend liver transplant or not? (Doctors in my country aren’t very confident about the transplant; so i need a second opinion or some good suggestion)
    2.What would be the recovery time?
    3.And what is your prognosis after the treatment
    4.What will be the total cost of liver transplant (the donor of liver is already available, its his daughter who is 20years old)

    I will be very grateful to someone who can reply….May be by replying… you might be saving one life….

    • ANSWER:
      If the cancer was just in the liver only and
      had not spread to other areas, then they would
      consider a transplant to be done.
      They have many things in the USA to try to
      treat this cancer. Things like Sir Spheres
      which is a non surgical therapy that uses
      radioactive microspheres to deliver radiation
      directly to the site of the liver tumors.
      They also have theraspheres which uses
      microscopic glass beads to deliver radiation to the liver tumors.

      However, once the cancer has spread to anything outside the liver, they usually will
      not do a transplant. Considering it is in the
      lymph nodes…that means it can easily go
      to any other part of the body. The lymph
      circulates through the whole body. It might not
      yet appear to be in another area, yet..it may
      still be there.

      Carcinoma is considered a fast growing
      cancer…I think I would contact one of
      the Cancer centers in the US and talk
      to someone there about this matter.
      Here is a list of cancer centers by the state
      you live in.

      http://cancercenters.cancer.gov/cancer_centers/cancer-centers-list.html

      You could also contact one of the Transplant
      Centers (you can find them by typing the
      state you live in and Transplant Center after
      that in your search engine).
      Here are a couple of links that explains the transplant process…You may be able to
      contact someone to answer this question
      on either of these sites:

      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html

      http://www.transplantliving.org/

      Since he may have a living donor…they may
      take a chance on trying to remove the
      liver and the lymph nodes, with the cancer, and
      do the transplant.

      Transplants, in the US, run in the range of
      0,000 and up. You need to have very
      good insurance to cover the cost or try
      and raise the money needed to make up
      the difference for what you may have to
      pay out of pocket. Many insurance have
      special case managers that handle
      Transplant patients.

  18. QUESTION:
    Liver cancer. Doctors / nurses ?
    Hi, My dear lovely friend has liver cancer (secondary) and has just had 10 litres of fluid drained from her abdomen. She is still in hospital and we are waiting for her to come home. She is now only going to receive palliative tx regarding her cancer

    She is very weak and tired, and has very little appetite. Her family are hoping that when she comes home she will have chance to get a bit stronger and be able to see as many people as possible. She hadn’t been out or seen people for weeks as her appearance has changed drastically as she has lost so much weight and is so tired.

    i know the prognosis, but how long do you think she has? is this amount of fluid unusually high? , and do patients of this kind manage to recover a bit and get to feel a bit better before the fluid builds up again?

    i live in Sweden and she is in UK. I would like to fly to see her, but don’t know how much time i have to organise child care etc. and I know that she would see me, but if she had chance to feel better in herself then I would honour her wish to have that time to get stronger and stronger/more confident to see me.

    Is it imminent? I was hoping to go next weekend if possible – or am i being pessimistic and she should commonly have weeks or months? if that is the case i could leave booking the flight and allow her the time to get a bit better.

    Thank you for your help – i suppose that’s alot of questions, but I need to know if i am jumping the gun by hopping on a plane so soon. maybe that would scare her into thinking that i think she is going to die really soon.
    I can’t pretend i am visiting UK for another reason as i was there last month. I couldn’t see her then as I had a very bad cold and her immunitly as low.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi. I’m sorry about your friend.

      As you might have guessed, it’s impossible to say how long she has. For example, it sounds like this is metastatic cancer that has spread to the liver, so a lot depends on what the primary cancer is/was.

      Palliative care, in a very general sense, is usually prescribed when the prognosis is for less than 6 months, but there are exceptions to this and, also, it might be different in Sweden.

      I personally think the best course is to let her call the shots. Write her and tell her you want to see her, but you’ll let her decide when this is.

  19. QUESTION:
    Are seizures a symptom of liver cancer?
    My mom has liver cancer, which they did not think had spread to anywhere else, although the liver cancer is fairly advanced.

    This morning the nursing home called me because she had a grand mal seizure and were taking her to the hospital for a brain scan. She had a brain scan a few weeks ago and it was clear.

    Could the seizures be a sign that toxins are getting into her brain because her liver is failing? Or is it more likely that the cancer has spread to her brain?

    Or maybe it’s totally unrelated? She’s never had seizures before. They had just given her Vicadin for pain. During and after the seizure her oxygen was only 85.

    If anyone has experience with this I would appreciate it. I know it won’t make any difference in her prognosis but I just like to have an idea what is going on. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Seizures is not a symptom of liver cancer. The toxins are not going to her brain and I doubt she has brain mets. Wait for the MRI results.

  20. QUESTION:
    Lung cancer – prognosis?
    I’ve recently found out that a close relative has lung cancer – and found out today that it has spread to her spine and liver. It’s small cell lung cancer, and inoperable, so she’s having radiotherapy and chemotherapy. She was really positive when I saw her today, but i’m not sure whether that was just an act – anyone know what the chances are of her being cured/what the prognosis might be?

    • ANSWER:
      Pray for your relative, because she needs it. Honestly the prognosis is not very good. But remember that the prognosis (statistics) are based on other people with the same condition, their survival rates and time lengths…There is nobody but God who can decide when it’s someones turn to go. I am an aggressive cervical cancer survivor at 27. My Grandma died in her 30′s, before I could even have a chance to meet her, and she died from a small cell lung cancer (oat cell) which had also spread throughout her body. Of course this was 30 years ago and the treatments were not like they are now. My dad remembers her going into the hospital for a week of chemo, then coming out and just when she would feel good again it was time for chemo again. I just went thru several months of chemo and honestly it was not nearly as bad as I ever imagined. Radiation was far worse. There is someone named “millie” on here and I think she has a similar cancer, I hope she might see this and answer because she is stage 4 and it was in her spine too, and she is hanging in there with a positive attitude and improving, even though technically there’s no “cure.”

      Please do not give up hope…medicine can do miracles these days and there is a chance of the cancer seemingly going away with chemo since this cancer responds to it…and there is pallative care, which can basically stop cancer from growing, shrink it, even though it may not be curable. I think it sounds like the type of scenario you are looking for in this case.

      I’m sorry about your relative, cancer is evil :/ I hope she is able to continue on to live many more happy years. Best wishes.

  21. QUESTION:
    I’m So Scared – Father Has Liver Cancer – Is The End Near?
    Diagnosed with Cirrhosis last June, diagnosed with Liver Cancer in August..had ascites, had 2 tumors, no spreading, had chemoembolization done, had bleeding varices and spent 4 days in late October in the hospital. Been going back for endoscopies, MRI/CT Scans every 3 months and cancer has not spread yet, luckily. I know you’re going to tell me talk to his doctors, but wait first, because I asked them all what they think about prognosis and they said it’s too hard to tell, so I was hoping I could get some responses and input from anyone who has gone through this with someone. I know he doesn’t feel gravely sick or anything like that, he’s just constantly tired, can’t do much physical, sleeps a lot, doesn’t work anymore, and just hangs out around the house, walks around very slowly, but he is still almost totally coherent. It’s very odd cause he has his good days and his bad days. Now my wonders are if he is just going to drop dead one day, unannounced or if this is going to get progressively worse and I’ll know when the end is near? This was all brought on from alcoholism (btw) and he is waiting to get on transplant list…he hasn’t drank since he was diagnosed with Cirrhosis and he’s still there but he’s also not still there, if you know what I mean. In a matter of the last 7 months, he’s changed so much, it’s so sad and makes me want to cry..how the hell will I know that it’s almost over or is he just going to drop dead at any second? :(

    Thanks for taking the time

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    My 79 year old father-in-law was recently diagnosed with secondary (metastatic) liver cancer.?
    He has multiple lesions on his liver. The doctors have been unable to determine the primary site of the cancer. They “think” it may be the pancreas and have advised that it is sometimes difficult to diagnose cancer in the pancreas. He is bleeding internally and has needed several blood transfusions over the last 6 months. He has lost 35-40 pounds. His ankles are very painful and all the doctors can say is that it is an infection, which they are treating with aggressive intravenous antibiotics. Due to his age and other heath concerns (prior heart attacks), the doctors do not think chemo is possible. He has not been given a prognosis; (no one has asked). Can anyone give me a prognosis of how long he might have?

    • ANSWER:
      It is difficult to treat cancer with chemo when you do not know the primary site. They should be able to tell from a liver biopsy. He should have also had a PET. If this is the only area cancer is seen it will depend on how much his liver is involved. If it is pancreatic cancer the median survival is 2-6 months. If they cannot stop the internal bleeding it will be several days to a few weeks.

  23. QUESTION:
    I need direct answers (no refs) to small cell cancer, chemo for this and prognosis…FACTS?
    Info needed asap. Patient, 73, male, small cell cancer in lung & liver/colan areas. Chemo begins this Tues. We’ve been married for 4 weeks and in order to control my emotions, I need to be prepared so I can provide everything possible on my behalf. Everything I have received thus far has been references to references and I don’t have time for the run-around. If you can’t help, please do not give me more references. I have not yet discussed this with his hemotologist because…guess I’m afraid to know or acknowledge prognosis in front of my husband. I need to make him positive, happy and worry-free, every second.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I can actually just tell you about chemo. Chemo can be a pretty scary thing, not to frighten you or anything. Your husband will likely need a lot of love and support during this difficult time. I’m not sure if this is exactly what you’re looking for but…I know some side effects of chemo. First off, what chemo basically does is attack cancer cells but it attacks the bodies healthy cells too. Your husband will have a severely reduced immune system, meaning it will be very easy for him to get sick and if he does get sick, he might not be able to fight off whatever he caught (even if it’s only a cold). So, do everything in your power to make sure he doesn’t get sick after chemo. Changes are also, after chemo, he will be very tired…he might lose his hair and he may very well be sick after it (nausea, vomiting etc.). You just have to take care of him, make sure he doesn’t over-exert himself. And be positive around him. The best thing you can do is be there for him with support because that helps a lot more than people know. Good luck to you…I hope everything goes well.

  24. QUESTION:
    Once cancer starts spreading (from pancreous to liver in this case) is there more possibility of death?
    My friend is 37 and been diagnosed with cancer, they have told him the prognosis is not good because its spread from pancreous to liver. He starts chemo next week, do you think maybe I should start preparing myself for the worst?

    • ANSWER:
      Those are 2 dangerous organs to cancer in. It’s bad enough when it’s in one, but both. Boy, I never, ever give a prognosis and I won’t start now, but I’m just going to say to hope and pray for the best. Miracles happen and I am a firm believer in miracles. Perhaps the chemo will slow it down as well. Is this cancer just starting? If it is, then chemo should do a good job, but because you said it spread to the liver, it sounds like he’s had it for a while and didn’t know. He had to experience some pain before he was diagnosed. I wish I could give you a good solid answer and tell you all will be great, but I can’t. What you should do is be there for him. He’s going to need you a lot when he starts chemo. Chemo alone is tough on anyone. He will be weak from it. He won’t want to do much of anything because chemo really compromises his immune system. He’s going to have to be careful who comes to see him. No sick person should be near him and he will need you to see to all those things. Never be afraid to be yourself around him. Laugh with him, cry with him. Just always be the person he knows and loves. You will both be in my prayers God bless you every single day.
      ADD Mike S, Get off your high horse and stop being so darn negative.

  25. QUESTION:
    Treatments for stage 4 liver cancer with unknown primary, suspect lung or colon and has metasized to bone?
    My mother has this and they’ve said chemo will not change her prognosis. If she gets the chemo, there is a 4 out of 5 chance it won’t work, if she gets it there is a 1 out of 5 chance it will. It will most likely make her sick while she is on it, and if it does work it will only extend her life about 3 to 8 months if it goes into hybernation, but it will eventually return. her life expectancy is less than 6 months, chemo may only extend it a few months. If she gets radiation to the bones where she is in a lot of pain, she will feel better in a few doses, and with her pain meds she will feel pretty well for a while with almost no side effects, except fatique, but it will not extend life and she could have less than 3 months of survival. She doesn’t really want the chemo, and neither does my Dad, for them quality of life is more important then length, and she doesn’t want people to see her go through the chemo. Does anyone have info on this what would u do? we have second opinion friday

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry for your situation. The doctors are right with what they are saying if they cant locate the primary cancer they wont know what type of chemo to give your mum so it will be trial and error which i def dont recommend. Stage four cancer is incurable and almost certainly terminal. once cancer has reached the liver the life expectancy is less than a year, this happened to my Mum. Mum was diagnosed with stage 4 cancer last may. It was in her liver lung and kidney they couldn’t find the primary cancer either. they eventually did and it was diagnosed ads kidney cancer, Mum pasted away 4 months from first diagnosis aged 60. i agree with your mum and dad if chemo is only going to extend her life a few months i wouldn’t go thru the pain and trauma it will make her sicker than the cancer itself and will make her bed ridden. Mum went on a trail drug for 2 weeks and it was the worst thing we could have done she lost all dignity and control of her bodily functions it was terrible. definitely get your second opinion. contact me if you need support or info. xx

  26. QUESTION:
    Poor Metastatic Breast Cancer Prognosis?
    My girlfriends mother was recently diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer. She had breast cancer when she was 39 and the cancer was in remission until now. She has lesions on her lungs and liver and an 8cm lesion which 80% of was removed from her brain. She also had 2 smaller lesions on her brain that the surgeon did not remove b/c he stated they would be better handled by radiation. She has since undergone 15 whole brain radiation therapy treatments but has not started chemo yet because the oncologist needed to wait until the radiation was done. I was reading over his notes and she has stage 4 metastatic breast cancer and a poor prognosis. Does anyone know what a poor prognosis in medical terms actually means?

    She has also begun to become very confused and asks the same questions over and over. she is not sure about what she is supposed to do on a daily basis. she knows what a shower is for, but she doesn’t understand why she took one yesterday. she knows that she gets cold when the air condition is on, but isn’t sure if it should be turned off or not. She can barely ambulate because she is so weak and sleeps about 5 or 6 hours during the day. Thanks.
    I am fully aware she is going to die. it’s unfortunate but it’s something that we’re trying to be positive about. However I’m just curious if there are different prognosis levels and what they generally mean.
    She had the tumor in her brain removed on March 13th and began radiation on or about April 15th.

    • ANSWER:
      Poor prognosis is just a doctor way of saying there is very little hope of recovery. Nothing in medicine is ever 100% certain (except that we all die eventually) Prognosis isn’t really a precisely defined term, and is more of an educated guess as to the expected outcome.

      The treatments she is getting now are clearly palliative…they are meant to help reduce severe symptoms of the disease progress, but are not being offered as curative. She needs to be referred to a hospice or palliative care facility as wellk if she hasn’t already.

  27. QUESTION:
    is this denial of cancer?
    bassically, my grandad informed us last week that he had been diagnosed with liver cancer and was finding out the prognosis this tuesday just gone. However, when we contacted him to see how things had gone he is now saying that they havent put him on any drugs or started treatment as the doctors don’t know whats wrong with him. Do you think this is denial? or is he losing it? do you think it could be a practical joke? surely no one would joke about things like that? pleas ehelp

    • ANSWER:
      No, no real medical person would joke about liver cancer. It is serious, and can be deadly.
      Some things that might factor into all of this:

      Just because a spot was seen, or their were symptoms, does not mean they were cancer. There are other diseases and maladies of the liver. And sometimes, a shadow on an x-ray is just that. Nothing. Was a biopsy done? Was it positive or negative for cancer? If not, is Grandpa scheduled for one? this is the only definitive diagnostic tool for cancer of the liver.

      The general public thinks that a person diagnosed with cancer would be/should be rushed to a treatment center immediately and started on a treatment within the hour of receiving a diagnosis of cancer. And that is not true, and not what is done. Sometimes there is more testing needed to make the diagnosis. Or to find out if there is cancer and it has spread, or a need to know how big it is. There is a process to go through to get the right treatment for the right cancer, the right dose of chemotherapy or radiation. There is a process to talk about if the patient should get treatments, or if they are healthy enough for them. Radiation treatments must be set up, the skin marked with the measurements so the radiation machine can be lined up properly.

      Have one family member who Granddad trusts talk to him about what the doctor said. If it sounds weird or fishy, or like Grandpa just did not understand, which would be more likely than having denial or suddenly “losing it”then have that person get GrandDad’s permission to call the doctor’s office and get more info.
      And for heaven sakes, and his own protection, get Grandpa to allow someone to take him to the doctor, and listen in to what is said. Did you know that “they” did a survey, and discovered that the average patient only hears 60% of what the doctor tells us during an appointment? It is thought that we are scared, and probably partially undressed or embarrassed about the discussion, so our brain is worried about those things instead of listening good. It might not be Grand dad at all, just the human brain interfering.

      good luck to you and grandad

  28. QUESTION:
    Cancer taking life of loved one…?
    My grandfather just found out he has liver cancer…They don’t know the prognosis, but I’m really sad about this I cant stop crying and I can’t eat…My job took alot of my time for the past 2 years and I hardly spent any time with him at all, I feel terrible…I want to call him, and stop down, but I feel like he is upset I don’t see/call them much. I feel so awkward, like, I just show up out of the blue and be like, “oh, how are you?” what am I suppossed to do? How to I overcome this? I want to spend time with him but I don’t have the energy, it sounds so selfish and I HATE myself right now…I just want him to know I love him, and that I’m sorry for being such a disappointment…I’m sorry but I’m really upset and I have no one else to talk to cuz I’m a lowlife loser friggin pillhead (just to deal with the pain I’ve felt for many years prior to this)…again sorry

    • ANSWER:
      If you don’t take the time to visit now you will not have many more chances to do so. Create the energy! You will regret it if you don’t.

  29. QUESTION:
    Bowl cancer with secondary liver?
    My mum has recently been diagonsed with bowel cancer, which has spread to her liver. The two extreamly large tumors took over the the left lobe of the liver and she has 8-9 small spots on the right lobe.

    We were told the prognosis was grim when we went to speak to a cancer specialist, however, a terrific surgeon decided that he would operate on her to remove the two large tumors from the liver (approx 70% of liver) she is recovering from the operation at home now.

    What would be the ‘conventional’ route to go down next? As they still want to operate on the liver to remove the spots and also an operation on the bowel to remove the cancer. But would chemo be done prior to this?

    Also how does the suregry of removing the large tumors now help the prognosis… is she still in that terrible bracket of 3% survive the 5 year rate? She is young and fit and healthy otherwise.

    Thanks a lot

    • ANSWER:
      The conventional’ route would have been to remove the tumor and the liver lesions at the same time followed by chemo. Removing the liver lesions does little to change the prognosis if the tumor is still present in the colon. Survival rates are based on stage and this does not change the stage.

  30. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis of stage IV colon cancer that spread to adrenal gland?
    My friend has been through chemo already, had portion of colon removed, and had spot on liver and lungs. All of this was taken care of and now she has a new tumor on her adrenal gland

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 4 generally means the primary cancer has spread to distant areas of the body. Stage 4 is the least curable stage of cancer. Never give up hope.
      Although a cancer may not be totally cured, it can be held back by chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy-depending on the exact type of cancer and where tumors are. Ask your friend to consult with her physician and cancer specialist-oncologist.
      As the adrenal gland is an endocrine gland-she may also wish to consult with an endocrinologist-but first have here see her cancer specialist-oncologist for such a referral.

  31. QUESTION:
    Prognosis for Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer that has spread?
    My mother was just diagnosed with Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer, that metastisized to her liver, spine, some lymph nodes and bones. There was a tumor on the skin of her hip, that was removed to do a biopsy, that’s how we found about the cancer, but she also has the same tumors (smaller) on her neck, face and scalp. She also has small ascites in her abdomen. She is 50 years old, and just got her 1st chemo treatment since Friday. Can anyone tell me what her prognosis may be? I need to prepare myself emotionally if she doesn’t have much time…

    • ANSWER:

  32. QUESTION:
    cMy father was diagnosed with small cell lung cancer?
    It has metastisized and has caused multiple tumors on his upper spine and a large one on his lower spine he also has in the dr.s words a massive brain tumor..and hydrocephly(water on the brain) My father had an aneurysm when he was 30yrs old due to either the spud wrench that fell from the fourth floor of the building he was welding fore M J Woods that hit him so hard it split the hard hat in two and they stapled him back together or from Cerebral arteriovenous malformation a birth defect that weakens the viens in the brain.or both..Anyway My father is not a canidate for treatment he is not in the best of health and it has metastisized my question is for anyone who has been thru a situation like this..They dr told us the prognosis was about 6 months my father is in alot of pain from the tumor on his lower spine and the water and tumor in the brain he is sleeping alot. He gets up around 6am has a cup of coffee with his cigarettes!!! Goes back to bed around 730 800 does not get up til around 2 eats like a bird and goes back to bed to sleep. He is weak how long does it take for the cancer to spread to the final stages and when will we know it is the final stages? My fathers brother uncle Randy died in March due to liver cancer and hep c the dr gave him 6 weeks he died 2 days before the 6 week mark but he went from a lil confusion and still walking around he saw his kids at 7pm on sat and went into a coma at 11pm that night he died in a vegatative state at hospice sunday morning we had no idea it would happen like that but there was something peaceful about it he didnt suffer for long. That is all I pray for my daddy..I just have never been around anyone with lung cancer and i just need the painful truth of what to expect will it be as bad as i am thinking it will? Will his pain just continue to get worse? He cries cause of the pain and I will be 30 years old this Sunday and I dont remember ever seeing my daddy cry except when his brother died it was his baby brother and everyone in his family his parents and grandarents died of cancer mostly lung but i was to young my parents hid it from us until they passed we just knew they were rea sick to sick for us to visit .

    • ANSWER:
      Your dad should NOT suffer in pain. I wish I could tell you that all will be okay and he will live for a long time, but his time is short. He should not have unbearable pain during this transition. Please think about hospice care for your dad. Hospice will also care for you and your family, to alleviate your emotional pain. Hospice will provide medications so he will not have pain, will be able to breathe better, and he will not be anxious. I have cared for many lung cancer patients at the end of their lives, and their families. Please talk to his doctor for information about hospice. My prayers go out to you. I am sorry you have to face a birthday in this manner.

  33. QUESTION:
    Prognosis of terminal brain cancer?
    My Father was diagnosed with aggressive Stage 4 Colon Cancer in June.It has spread to his liver.He had 7 chemo seesions which shrunk the tumour and slowed it down in his liver.He had the tumour in his bowel/colon removed 4 weeks but rapidly deteriorated and after scans we were told yesterday it was found he has terminal aggressive brain cancer.He is 78.How long do you think he has left with us ?

    • ANSWER:
      6+/- months

  34. QUESTION:
    Father has throat cancer – refuses treatment. Prognosis?
    I know it’s tough to really pinpoint this kind of thing. My father, an alcoholic and heavy smoker, has been diagnosed with throat cancer. It’s affected his lymph nodes but hasn’t spread any farther. He’s had cirrhosis for 20+ years, and refuses to quit drinking. They suggested both radiation and chemotherapy, but he’s refusing the chemotherapy because they’d have to place a feeding tube, which means no more drinking.

    Without sugarcoating things, has anyone had experience with something like this? I’m really not sure if his body could withstand the treatments because of his failing liver as it is. Any thoughts?

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Sadly your father has made his choice If he has chosen no treatment then really you cant nothing about it It sounds as though the choice he has made will end his life , and I somehow think he knows it. Sometimes you have to let what will be will be. I lost my mom to cancer and its hard to face but it his decision and only his and you have to let him make it

  35. QUESTION:
    Mom was dx w colon cancer then found on liver now in a lymph node. All this from stomach pain 1 month ago. ?
    Looking for real answers on prognosis. She is in hospital now with pneumonia which i fear is lung ca not dxed yet. I am a nursing student about to get degree in a couple months. I am 800 miles away and scared i may not make it there’.. I have seen the misdiagnosis now on 2 pts that only survived a couple weeks after ca was found in their lungs. Theirs were primary. Can someone please give me ideas of time and will tx only be palliathtf? (sorry.. Palliative)

    • ANSWER:
      Her cancer is not curable so yes treatment is palliative.
      The median survival is 2-2.5 years with a 5 year survival rate of 5%.

  36. QUESTION:
    Colon cancer which has mestastasized in the liver…..?
    My father started his chemo on Thursday and the District Nurse removed the pump on ?saturday.He will be having this treatment for every 2 weeks for 3 months then he will be reassessed.He has a massive tumour in his bowel which has gone into his liver,both lobes are riddled.He is 77.Any idea of prognosis??? Be frank.

    • ANSWER:
      His doctor should have explained to you that his cancer is not curable therefore the prognosis is poor. The median survival for stage 4 colon cancer is 2.5 years.

  37. QUESTION:
    My cat’s blood work showed elevated liver enzymes. Prognosis?
    My 7 year old cat has been over weight for about 6 years, we found her as skin and bones in our neighborhood. Now, she has lost 5 pounds in about 3-4 months. She acts completely normal, and there is no loss of activity whatsoever. She still eats, but I’m not sure if she is eating less or not (we have two cats). The water bowl seems to need refilled more often than it did previously.

    We took her to the vet, and she said everything felt and looked fine. They tested her blood and it showed increased liver enzymes. She goes in for x-rays tomorrow. The vet thinks cancer or a kind of infection.

    • ANSWER:
      I’ve given you a link that you might find informative.

      If it is cancer, it depends on how far it has spread and the condition of the liver. Whether the liver can be treated so it will heal and regenerate is not something anyone can tell you right now.

      If it is an infection, then a full treatment should help remarkably. The liver is tricky, as it can be affected by other things going on in the body, wherein the liver is not the primary issue. The liver is also quite remarkable in its ability to heal itself if given the right chance.

      I know you are and will be on edge until a definite answer is given. All I can urge you to do is not fret (or your cat will pick up your stress and make her feel poorly) and do some research on the internet to pass the time until you can get the results from the vet.

      Good luck.

  38. QUESTION:
    Dealing with my fathers diagnosis of esophageal cancer? Wanting answers on prognosis, and other feelings.?
    Just a few weeks my father was confirmed of having esophageal cancer. (lower portion) It has spread to his surrounding lympth nodes and the belly button lymth node and his doctor said that was not treatable. He is a stage 4 tier unknown because they have not confirmed two spots on his liver..more tests next week.

    I am emotionally not a stable person, I have GAD and PTSD. I feel sometimes I am still in denial of all this. I assume this is normal? However, I had a hard time picking out a fathers day card and cried when I read every one. I am close to my parents we talk daily and live 5 minutes away from one another, although Friday night I could only stay for about 30 minutes it was too hard and yesterday could not even go over there, instead I was selfish and hung out with two new friends and had a few drinks. ( Don’t really have friends, due to mental issues until recently) I should have been over there!

    My dad has a hard time eating and is suppose to have surgery next week to out in a tube in his chest for his treatment.

    The doctor referred to making my father comfortable and it is not treatable, although they are going to use a “strong treatment” on him.

    Anyone gone though anything similiar, I would appreciate your honest feedback. (Coping, Supporting, Time Frame) anything, because the not knowing is hurting me, let alone not knowing how much time I have left with him.
    Bubbles: I am sorry to hear about your father and wish you two the best of luck as well. It is hard and I feel your pain so much! I read that my father has 6 months two… not sure if that began when they diagnosed it or when the cancer began?
    Midnight: Very nice answer. I am on the list to speak to his doctor and have been to each appointment and have taken notes. I just did not want to ask those questions in front of my father. I definitly will take your advice and call. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      First, taking a break for me time is NOT selfish. Me time is important during times like this. In fact, you should try to make sure you have atleast 30 mins to an hour of me time at least a day, in my opinion.

      But, my best advice is for you to join a support group. His doctors will be able to give you references to several local groups. Most people going through this stuff needs some sort of outside help to deal. The support group will give you a safe outlet to vent your feelings.

      As far as answers on prognosis, your father (or you if your father allows you to talk to the doctor) need to ask some pointed questions and get some actual explanations. You guys should write out all of your questions, schedule a consultation apt with the docs before treatment starts, and have the docs explain the answers until you can walk away and explain it to someone else. If you want bring a voice recorder, but I recommend at the very least writing down the answers.

  39. QUESTION:
    stage 4 lung cancer?
    Uncle with history of liver transplant 4 years ago, old liver had cancer, now cancer is detected in the lung stage 4 with mets from original cancer. Cancer is located in the plural space of the lung
    what options are available and prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Several options are available (radiation in some patients, lung resection (removal of art of the lung), and chemotherapy), however patients with Stage IV lung CA with mets have a 1% 5yr post diagnosis survival rate. Several MDs may not attempt any of these treatments, and if they do it may be to help ease the pain, not to cure. I am very sorry. Good luck.

  40. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis or 5 year survival rate of Stage IV colon cancer?
    My mom was diagnosed with Stage IV colon cancer that has metastasized to her liver this week (I know, Merry Christmas, huh?). In my research, I am finding the survival rate at anywhere between 1-30% depending on the article and source. Is anyone wear of a reputable study with a reliable statistic?
    Sorry, I meant “aware,” not “wear.” My head isn’t where it’s supposed to be lately.
    They removed some tissue and are starting chemo. She’s always been healthy and strong, rarely got sick. (which is why the diagnosis at this advanced stage was so surprising. She was asymptomatic until about 3 weeks ago). But she did smoke for years, but quit about 4 years ago.

    • ANSWER:
      The 5-year survival rate for stage 4 colon cancer is 5%. This means 5 years after diagnosis of stage 4 disease 5% are still alive.

  41. QUESTION:
    Tony Snow-Several Questions concerning his cancer?
    Did white house press secretary Tony Snow have all of his colon removed years ago and does he have a colostomy? During an interview yesterday w/ Brian Williams he looked very sick. Has the cancer spread to his liver? What’s his prognosis? My prayers are with him and his family at this time.

    • ANSWER:
      If he had his colon removed he probably has a colostomy. He recently found that his cancer had metastasized after being ‘no evidence’ of disease for two years. This is not uncommon for a cancer patient. ‘No evidence of disease’ does not mean it is not still there, it just means that no one can see it and the imaging tools we have cannot pick up microscopic cancer cells. So, the cancer can ‘re-occur’ . . but actually the cancer never left it was just too small to see.

      No one knows what the prognosis is for each individual fighting this type of cancer. Even if it has spread to the liver, the secondary source can be removed and prognosis good. Much really depends on the size of the tumors . . if they are small than surgery or a process called radio frequency ablation is a possible means to remove them. Tumors attached to the outside of the liver are easier to treat than ones located inside the liver. My son has had successful surgery to remove tumors on the outside of the liver and caked onto the diaphragm (hundreds about the size of quarters). So, I know it is possible to do. I also know people who have had RFA to ablate their liver tumors which worked well too.

      Tony Snow is a brave individual to continue working while under treatment for such a brutal disease. I have great admiration for Snow and Elizabeth Edwards and for anyone living with cancer. And, that’s what it is . . living with cancer. Hopefully he will be able to stablize the disease and stop any tumor progression. If he can find the right combination of medication he can control the disease and live with it much like Elizabeth Edwards will be doing. This does not mean it is cured . . it means the disease is controlled in the same way that diabetes can be controlled but not cured.

  42. QUESTION:
    gastric cancer with metastasis to bone only?
    Anyone know the incidence of gastric cancer with metastasis only to bone. All other organs are clear (Liver, kidneys, pancreas, spleen, etc). Other primary cancers are being evaluated but gastric cancer has the worst prognosis so I am looking for some information reagrding these statistics.

    • ANSWER:
      I have heard that the bone cancer is very painful. Don’t know about the gastric. Sorry

  43. QUESTION:
    Stage 4 Lung Cancer?
    Likely Prognosis?? I need to know the truth please. My hubby (48) has been diagnosed with Primary Lung Cancer with secondary to lymph nodes in chest and neck and also secondary cancer in the liver. He was diagnosed in mid Nov and only due to intermittent pain in wrists and other joints. Scans followed to confirm. Dr.s can’t find the primary but they say all signs point to lung cancer and they are treating him as such. They have said that sometimes the primary tumor detaches??????? . Dr. told us he has between 12-18mths to live. He is on his 2nd dose of chemo tomorrow. What can we expect during the course of chemo??? 2 weeks on, one week off is our schedule for a total of 18 weeks. As he looks so “normal” it is hard to believe this is happening to him. I wonder if he will go downhill dramatically during the chemo?? Anyone with any info (good or bad) is appreciated. I want to know the truth and what to expect no matter what that may be. thanks
    Mouse.

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry. You will really be hard pressed to find many who will answer this question because no-one likes to be the bearer of bad news. In all honesty, you will not find a dr who will give you an honest time frame because it destroys hope in all involved. You can end up waiting for the inevitable for too long or living life to the fullest and going broke because you think you have 2 months left when there is 2 years. It is the most difficult thing anyone could ever go through and to take away your hope is like destroying your sanity.

      Cancer is so very individual and survival rates are too. However, lung cancer moves like brush fire. Now that it is in his liver and his neck lymph nodes it will not be long. I could not say how long – that depends on so many things, including chemo. For instance my aunt had primary bowel cancer and from the time it moved to her lungs until she left us was four weeks. It had spread to her lymph nodes in her neck and liver. She did not have chemo. She was 54. My cousin in law had primary lung cancer which spread to her liver and her brain. She was diagnosed due to headaches. From the time of diagnosis until the time she left us was 5 weeks. She was 45.

      I am a medical scientist and I have seen people fight cancer for years, months, weeks and not at all. Some win the fight but most lose. I have not seen a single patient who has survived secondaries, but that is in my experience. I’m sure some do.

      My absolute best suggestion for you is this. Get everything in order so that there is nothing left to do so that you can cherish your time left together. Appreciate each other and tell him you love him. Don’t wait until the end. Let the housework go and to hell with work. At the end of the day the only thing that will matter to you is that you had time to appreciate the time you have left . I said my goodbyes to my loved ones and returned to work until they died. That’s my biggest regret because nothing should matter like family. I was being too realistic and not compassionate. In the end I suffered for it.

      I am sorry if this post is too much for you. I wish you could be prepared. Just take each day as it comes.

      You’ll be in my prayers tonight.

  44. QUESTION:
    Last Few Months Cancer?
    How do you know when the last few months are approaching?

    I have a lot of confusion, feel like my hearing and sight is getting worse. Energy is less too.

    I still feel ok, eating and drinking ok and somedays have a big energy boost and can go shopping etc.

    I have advanced bowel cancer to the liver, I was told I had 3/ 5 months in Jan, and obviously it may be longer.

    I just wondered if there were many occuring symptoms in the last few months/ weeks just to be prepared. I have been battling this since April last year and only got the poor prognosis in Jan.

    Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      From your previous questions it was your mother who had advanced bowel cancer. In either case whoever this is that is sick . . you or your mother . . your oncologist should have recommended hospice care. Hospice can answer all your questions.

  45. QUESTION:
    please help.my friends dad is yellow with jaundice,hes been going to doctors for 6 weeks,?
    hes had blood tests at docs and hospital,then he had 3 scans (ultrasound, ct abdomen and chest)why chest???he has to wait 4 weeks before he goes for results. hospital said he has a blockage but they dont know where!hes lost lots of weight.my mum died from gall bladder/liver cancer and he seems to have the same symptoms.i know the prognosis is not good for this cancer,and time could be short ,i cant understand why the hospital is taking so long to diagnose,could it be they might think its cancer and are enabling him to stay at home for as long as possible, or they think its just a gallstone blocking the bile duct and easy to treat.why is there no urgency with this case???

    • ANSWER:
      Your Dad should be seeing a gastroenterologist
      or hepatologist.

      They usually do an ultrasound first, then a Ct scan.
      However, it will show if there are gallstones in the
      gallbladder, any infections, stones or growths in
      the bile duct, how well the blood is flowing through
      the liver, if the ducts are malformed or twisted in
      nature and other things.

      His ” blood tests” would of indicated if the liver
      cells are being damaged from the bile backing up
      into the liver, how well the liver cells are able to
      do the functions needed to be done, and if
      there was a virus that is using the liver cells
      to replicate itself. If they did the Alpha Feto protein
      test, this would be the one blood test to check
      for any cancer of the liver.

      If your Dad isn’t having pain, then it may not be
      a stone…as the stone causes nausea, vomiting,
      and pain when it is in the ducts.

      The doctors can do a procedure known as
      ERCP. They can go in and shoot dye up into
      the bile ducts. They can remove a stone there or
      even expand the bile ducts if they are narrowed
      by using a balloon catheter.
      Here are some links about this procedure:
      ERCP: http://www.gihealth.com/html/education/ercp.html

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/ercp/

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ERCP

      Jaundice comes from Bilirubin being in the blood.
      Bilirubin is made from our dead red blood cells.
      The liver takes this bilirubin and converts it into
      a soluble form to become part of the bile.
      The bile flows from the liver to the gallbladder,
      through tube like structures (known as ducts)
      to be stored and concentrated. When food
      moves into the first part of the intestines
      (known as the duodenum) hormones are
      released that causes the gallbladder to
      contract and release the bile into the common
      bile duct to flow to the intestines to help
      emulsify the fats we eat so they can be
      digested. Anything that blocks the flow
      of this bile can cause the bile/bilirubin to
      back up into the liver. This causes a
      rise in the bilirubin level in the blood and
      this yellowing color. Bilirubin is a brownish
      yellow-green substance that colors other things
      (a pigment). If your Dad is noticing a lighter
      color to his stools and that they are starting
      to float on top of the toilet water…then this
      is a sign that it is the blockage of the bile
      ducts. That is because the bilirubin isn’t
      reaching the intestines.
      When the bilirubin is high in the blood, the
      kidneys pick it up and he may notice that
      his urine becomes darker in color.
      From a darker yellow (after the first void
      of the morning) to a deep brown.

      They normally do a chest xray if one hasn’t
      been done for awhile. They want to check the
      heart should surgery be needed.
      The wait to find out the results is hard. I think
      I would call the doctors office and ask them if
      they have received the results of these scans
      already. Sometimes things get rushed at these
      offices and they either don’t receive the results
      right away, or they don’t take time to look at them.

      I hope this is of some help. Unless your Dad is
      in pain, the doctors may not take this as being an
      urgency, depending on what his blood tests have
      shown.

      Best wishes

  46. QUESTION:
    what is the long term prognosis for metastatic rectal adenocarcinoma (lung and liver)?
    I’d like to thank you all in advance for taking the time to read this Q and just help me understand what i may have to expect. My father was diagnosed with colorectal cancer about three years ago for which he had to have an op and have a colostomy bag. this has subsequently been reversed and I thought everything was back to normal as his health was good. In the last 4 weeks he has presented with the above and has started to undergo a 12 session course of the required chemotherapy (has had his second one only today). I have been told that once the word ‘metastatic’ is used then that indicates its of an aggressive nature and the prognosis is not good and that there is no ‘staging’ for a secondary cancer. is this true? I have yet to converse with his doctors but hope to do so when he next goes in. Given that it is in both his lungs and liver cannot be a good sign for sure but has anyone had similar experiences of relatives/friends surviving this type of secondary cancer? my father is 64 and although not in the greatest of shape he’s certainly not one to sit around all day. He’s never in the house! Please can anyone shed some Layman’s terms on the matter. I have been trawling through the internet but that’s not too healthy all the time! I am quite familiar with all the scientific terminology as i work in the research science industry….Cancer in particular…BUT before you all say why dont i ask someone i work with ……they’re not medically qualified Doctors of Cancer, just the clever bods behind all the Research of Cancer :-)

    Thanking you all again for taking the time to read this

    Sunny

    • ANSWER:
      Sunny
      To be honest your father has advanced disease and therapy options are only palliative.
      Isolated solitary metastasis in liver or lung can be resected surgically provided patient is fit to undergo operation.
      But in this case as stated spread is in either lungs and also in liver.
      Survival is really poor but is unpredictable in individual case.

  47. QUESTION:
    high AST/ALT, normal ALP,Bilirubin, possible reasons?
    Hi.
    I have some questions pertaining to my lab results. I’m slightly hypochondriac, due to things that have happened in the past, and would like to ask for expert opinion. FYI, I’m 31 years old, male.

    My lab results are:
    AST = 118 (norm 0-40)
    ALT = 175 (norm 0-40)
    ALP = 87 (norm 25-150)
    Bilirubin = 1.0 (norm 0.1 – 1.2)

    Doctor’s reaction to the lab results is to repeat the test in 6-12 months. I feel it’s a bit lax, since in addition to benign reasons for the elevated liver enzymes, there could be very serious ones.

    My main worries are: heart muscle damage, and liver cancer. I’m scared about the heart problem, because for about two months I’ve had some sporadic chest pains, though not associated with exercise. Before now, I had thought that the chest pains were due to stress and anxiety (work and school related). Getting back to the gym seems to have alleviated the chest pains.

    The liver cancer worry is there because slightly more than 2 years ago, I had a squamous carcinoma on my nose. It was removed successfully, and the doctor gave excellent prognosis. Naturally though, I’m a little freaked by these results. Although, I was calmed when I read that the ALT is usually 5 to 10 times the high limit for people with liver carcinomas. In my case, it’s not quite 5 times the high limit (175 = 4.35*40).

    Also, about the time of the exam, I was still sore from going to the gym after a long hiatus. In fact, maybe a week before the exam, I had very sore muscles. My arms, shoulders, back, all ached. I’ve heard that it is possible that the enzymes can be high after muscle injury.

    Finally, I don’t drink (maybe one or two cans of beer in few months), but I did have hepatitis A when I was maybe 9 or 10 years old.

    In your expert opinion(s), what are the possible reasons for my liver panel results? Should I be worried? Should I test for AFP (Alpha-fetoprotein) and DCP (des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin)? Should I get an ultra-sound exam?

    Thank you very much for you help.

    • ANSWER:
      Your ALP and Bilirubin are within normal range, so you can take them out of the equation.
      As a fellow ‘hypochondriac’,
      (I drive my family nuts)
      I can tell you, the more you dwell on your issues, the more likely you are to draw illness to you. Yes, you had cancer. Yes it was removed successfully. You have not had a relapse.
      The chest pains have subsided with exercise. Yes, muscle enzymes that are produced during intense exercise can alter bloodwork. But as I am not an expert, I can’t tell you why.
      What I CAN tell you is that a little knowledge is a dangerous thing. I worked as a veterinary technician for 13 years. My medical knowledge does transfer to humans on a lesser scale. That fact gives me enough knowledge to make my doctors and my family crazy. Every burp or fart and I think I’m dying. It’s making me crazy, too.
      I am learning to calm my mind about my body. It is doing just what its supposed to do. I am getting older now, which brings its own set of aches and pains. I have to learn to live with that.
      And the fact that no one lives forever. As much as I fear dying, it will happen whether I want to or not. So why worry?

  48. QUESTION:
    Caretakers in California?
    Last November I was diagnosed with liver cancer. I am 53 years old. And this was not due to drinking. The cause is hep-c which I recieved from a blood transfusion in Feb of 1974. Hep C was not discovered until the late 80′s. My prognosis is 2 years to live, give or take a few months.

    I know the time will come when I am going to need help with daily or weekly needs. I am curious in regards to caretakers. I have found guidelines online about caretakers that assist the elderly. See I am only 53. I am not elderly. I suppose what I am asking is – How do I gather information? Do I go the the County Department of Human Services? I reside in Sacramento, California.

    I do not need assistance yet, and I will only ask for it when I know the timing is right for me. I am looking for online links , or suggestions where to start, and/or whom to contact.

    Also even though have one of the worse forms of cancer (no cure at all), I accept my future. When I mentioned the hep-c? When I was a kid I had Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia or A.L.L for short. Well St. Judes had just 3 or 4 months prior came up with the first combo that created a cure. Thats why I stay in a positive mood. I survived with never going out of remission for 37 years almost now. If St. Judes had not found this treatment plan, I was told I would only have 6-12 months to live.

    See I figure I got 37 extra years.

    Thanks to all for any help at all!!

    • ANSWER:
      Your oncologist and/or the social worker at the hospital should be able to assist you with this.
      It needs to be adjusted to your situation and needs.
      I don’t know if you have family to help or not. When it gets a little more difficult Meal On Wheels can be a great help. Local hospitals also offer and know of local services for several things, sometimes things as simple as daily phone calls to check in with you, prescription delivery, etc. The American Cancer Society is a great resource for anything cancer. They have resources for help getting to appointments to wigs even attorneys to help with insurance issues and wills.
      When things become most difficult hospice is there to manage pain control, answer your questions and your families. They are wonderful and help you and your family go through this last stage of life and make the transition as easy as possible. Best wishes.

  49. QUESTION:
    Can you spare a prayer for my mother? (in hospital, pain and cancer)?
    Hello, all:

    My mother has lung cancer with metastases in the liver and spine, and although her prognosis still gives her a few months to live, she ended up in hospital on Monday with severely increased pain, intermittant nausea, and sharply reduced appetite.

    They’ve been trying to get a handle on her pain, but so far the narcotics aren’t completely covering it, which is very worrisome. All they’ve really done is completely space her out. She hasn’t eaten anything but a little bit of Ensure in the last three days. And just today she’s come down with some kind of infection, which has given her a fever; we’re still waiting for blood culture results to find out exactly what’s going on.

    If anyone can spare a prayer for Barbara of Winnipeg, mother of Prairie Crow, currently in Grace General Hospital, I’d very much appreciate it. Right now she needs all the help she can get.
    Here is the prayer I spoke over her today, in case anyone else would also like to use it, or some variation thereof (edited to suit your own religion):

    “Gracious Lord and Lady, Apollo and Isis, smile upon Barbara, I pray, and lend her strength and courage in her time of illness and pain. Also, grant her health care providers wisdom and gentleness and compassion, so that they may give her what she best needs in order to recover and be well cared for. As I will, and in Thy holy names, so mote it be.”
    TTC (and all other Christians who have responded) — I am certainly not offended by your offering prayers to the Christian God on my mother’s behalf. Thank you so much for your thoughtfulness and kindness.

    Midge — my mother is also Wiccan, so I doubt she’ll be asking for a Catholic priest in her last hours. ;-)

    • ANSWER:
      I will pray to God Almighty for your mother.

  50. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of any alternative remedies for severe atopic eczema?
    My friend has this condition mainly on the face and neck.

    Her doctor wants her to take the immunosuppresant – Azathioprine but after doing some research and finding out what the possible side effects are such as liver failure, kidney failure, cancer etc she has refused this medication.

    Her doctor has now told her that there is nothing else he can do for her.

    She has been extreamly distraught today over her doctor’s prognosis.

    Can anyone suggest any other alternatives?
    She has already tried Chinese herbal remedies and acupuncture.

    If anyone else suffers from this condition, can you please tell me how you cope with it because she is at her wits end and says that she can’t take anymore.

    Thank you
    She avoids dairy products and only drinks soya milk.

    • ANSWER:
      sorry to hear about this. my eldest son also suffers like you say but his body is fully covered. (he is registered disabled because of this)

      we have been on the cyclosporin immunesupressent since nov06 and recently came off it. he didnt react to it as he should of or as the docs said he would do.(we had to go for weekly check ups at hospital while on the immunesuppresent)

      am afraid to say we have tried all kinds of alternative treatment but not have found any that helps as my lad suffers from alot of allergies we are limited what we can try.

      everyone reacts differently to different treatments including cream etc… so what might work for one wont work for the other.

      has she been tested for allergies?…..dairy allergy plays a big part in eczema it is very common and can make eczema worse, plus other allergies.

      it is a difficult thing to live with as it impaires way off life.

      there is no easy route with this or any quick fix treatment, sorry i havnt been much help but i hope she finds something that works soon.

      we also have come to the end of the road as treatment is concerend because the immunesuppresent didnt work.


Liver Nodules

Cirrhosis of liver
Cirrhosis is a chronic medical condition of liver abandoning the usual biochemical functioning of liver in the body. Cirrhosis is resulted from the surrogation of the liver tissues by regenerative nodules and fibrotic scar nodules that lead to the progressive loss of biochemical function of the liver. The common causes of Cirrhosis are hepatitis C, chronic hepatitis B; Wilson’s disease, autoimmune hepatitis, hereditary hemochromatosis, alcoholism etc. and this become a crucial health problem of the mankind.
The nodule formation and fibrosis lead to the alteration of the ordinary liver structure which obstructs the blood flow throughout the liver is the condition of Cirrhosis. Cirrhosis also leads to an incapability of performing liver biochemical functions. The pathophysiology of cirrhosis, the normal and anatomy of the liver provide the better understanding of the hazards of Cirrhosis. The liver is an important organ in the animal body where also where metabolism of toxins and drugs including alcohol are carried out.

The biochemical functions of liver includes the synthesis of blood clotting factors, secretion and synthesis of albumin, the chief blood protein, secretion of bile and modification of its components. In addition, cholesterol metabolism and the conversion of fats and proteins into glucose like primary biochemical functions are also performed by the liver. Thus liver plays an important role in the functioning of the human body and deterioration in its functioning like by cirrhosis is of major biomedical concern and diagnosing the disease and immediate treatment is the best solution.

Liver biopsy through a transjugular, percutaneous, fine-needle or laparoscopic approach is the best way to diagnose cirrhosis. On the basis of the results obtained from the histological studies cirrhosis can be divided into macronodular, micronodular, or mixed, but it is unfocused to the etiology and these may loss with the progress of the disease and serological sign are greatly specific. If the laboratory, clinical, and radiological records suggests cirrhosis them there is no requirement of going for liver biopsy.

The only treatment of liver cirrhosis is the elimination of the causes and preventing complications of the disease. There is no such treatment to get the liver cirrhosis reversed back to the original healthy liver. Abstaining from alcoholism, timely treatment of hepatitis associated cirrhosis and other cirrhosis causing diseases are the ways for eliminating cirrhosis. If the cause is Wilson’s disease then chelation therapy for removing the copper that build up in the body by this disease is effective.

Medications including antibiotics are the best ways of preventing the complications of cirrhosis due to different causes. If the complications outbreaks the limit of control then liver transplantation is preferable. With advancement in the biomedical sciences the chances of survival on liver transplantation or the success of it inflating and thus giving new hope of curing to the cirrhosis sufferers.

Polycystic Disease

Kidney And Renal Diseases
Kidneys are important organic for everybody. Kidneys’ shapes are like two beans and size of kidney is same as own fists. Kidneys are located near the middle of back which is below the rib cage. Inside each kidney is consisting of a million tiny structures called nephrons filter blood. These filters remove waste products and extra water, which become urine. Damage to the nephrons results in kidney or renal disease. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Usually the damage occurs slowly over years.

The renal disease has no obvious symptoms so that many people who have renal disease usually do not realize there are some problems or renal disease with their kidneys. Thus if there are some symptoms for renal disease, it is too hard to identify that they are renal disease as it is seem like you have compound of disease such as high blood pressure or diabetes. It is important to check up your physical if you have signs or risk factor of renal disease.

We will mention some renal disease signs that you can observe yourself. Urine change is a significant renal disease signs and other kidneys problem. The changes in urine you should concern such as finding blood or protein in the urine or starting to make very little urine.
As there are very few nerves that sense pain in the kidney. So it does not cause pain or discomfort if you have kidney problem or rental disease. Nevertheless, the time when there is pain, it comes from elsewhere in the urinary tract system surrounding the kidney so that you should also have a medical check up for rental disease.

The body accumulation means body has too much salt and fluid. This can be a sign of renal disease. Because too much salt and fluid means, the kidneys can not control fluid in body. This sign can also identify lead to high blood pressure and swelling.

Renal disease dose not show clear singe of the disease so you, fortunately, can also check if you have renal disease risk factors as renal disease risk factor make it more likely that a disease will develop later. There are some risk factors, like age or family history that you cannot control. But you can control other risk factors, and perhaps slow down or even prevent some diseases. For instance, controlling blood pressure and your blood sugar may help your kidneys work longer.

First renal disease risk factor is Diabetes. Almost 40% of new renal disease patients have diabetes, making it the fastest growing risk factor for kidney disease. High blood pressure or hypertension puts more stress on blood vessels throughout the body, including the kidney filters (nephrons). Hypertension is the number two cause of renal disease.

Blood blockages by cholesterol can block the kidney’s blood vessels can reduce blood flow to the kidney and cause damage. Repeated kidney stones can block the flow of urine from the kidney and are another kind of obstruction that can lead to renal disease as well. Certain illnesses, like glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the filtering units of the kidneys), can damage the kidneys, sometimes enough to cause renal disease. Some glomerulonephritis is inherited, and some may be an immune response to infections like strep throat.

There are much more factors can lead you to be renal disease. However, renal disease does not have to happen to you, if you have good blood pressure and blood sugar control can help prevent it. So you should keep healthy lifestyle in reducing the risk of renal disease.

Different Liver Diseases

Different Type Of Liver Diseases
The human liver is one of the most important organs of the body. It is responsible for cleaning our internal organs of the entire gunk and bile that is deposited by a person on a regular basis. But conditions like Gilbert’s disease and other forms of liver disease makes our livers weak and prone to breaking down.

To understand better how the liver is affected by different kinds of diseases and the impact of these conditions to our body. Liver disease is a general term used in describing any kind of sickness affecting the liver. Many of theses conditions are accompanied by jaundice caused by the heightened levels of bilirubin in the system. The bilirubin is the product of the breakup of the hemoglobin of dead red blood cells; usually, the liver takes away bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile.

The following are some of the known conditions that are considered as liver diseases:

- Hepatitis. This is the inflammation of the liver. This caused mainly by different kinds of viruses, there are also times that it is caused by some poisons, even hereditary conditions.

- Cirrhosis. This is the formation of fibrous tissue in the liver, the fibrous tissue takes the place of dead liver cells.
- Haemochromatosis. This is a hereditary disease caused by too much iron in the body causing liver damage.

- Cancer of the liver. This is usually coming from other parts of the body that is also affected by cancer. Usually, when cancer cells metastasis, it reaches the liver and it starts spreading from there.

- Wilson’s disease. This condition is hereditary and copper deposits in the body cause it.

- Budd-Chiari syndrome. This is caused by the obstruction of the person’s hepatic vein.

- Gilbert’s syndrome. This is a genetic disorder of bilirubin metabolism, found in about 5 percent of the population.

- Glycogen storage disease type II. Here, the build-up of glycogen causes progressive tissue weakness (myopathy) throughout the body and affects various body tissues, particularly in the heart, skeletal muscles, liver and nervous system.

There are also many pediatric liver diseases, including biliary atresia, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, alagille syndrome, and progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis, to name but a few.

A number of liver function tests are available to test the proper function of the liver. These test for the presence of enzymes in blood that are normally most abundant in liver tissue, metabolites or products.

Symptoms of a diseased liver

There are a few external signs that we could include to determine a diseased liver, some of those external signs are a coated tongue, bad breath, skin rashes, itchy skin, excessive sweating, offensive body odor, dark circles under the eyes, red swollen and itchy eyes, acne rosacea, brownish spots and blemishes on the skin, flushed facial appearance or excessive facial blood vessels.

There are other symptoms to look out for and they include jaundice, dark urine, pale stool, bone loss, easy bleeding, itching, small, spider-like blood vessels visible in the skin, enlarged spleen, fluid in the abdominal cavity, chills, pain from the biliary tract or pancrea, and an enlarged gallbladder.

The improper digestion and absorption of fats may lead to symptoms that include indigestion, reflux, hemorrhoids, gall stones, intolerance to fatty foods, intolerance to alcohol, nausea and vomiting attacks, abdominal bloating, and constipation. Unfortunately, some liver diseases like Gilbert’s disease are known to share symptoms with other liver diseases. So it’s better to consult a professional.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    what are all the different liver diseases and complications?
    I need to know what symptoms to look for

    • ANSWER:
      the easiest to look for is Jaundice.

      The big liver diseases are caused by Hepatitis A, B, C, D viruses.

      the liver diseases i can remember and hepatitis, cirrhosis, and uhh.. liver enzyme inhibition.

      complications are too numerous and is something you can look up online.

  2. QUESTION:
    WHAT ARE ALL THE SYMPTOMS OF LIVER DISEASE ?
    Hi, I am curious to know every and all symptoms of liver disease? I know that there are a few types of liver diseases and illnesses that also occur when it comes to your liver. I also would like to know are there different stages liver disease, if so what are they?

    • ANSWER:
      The external signs include a coated tongue, bad breath, itchy skin, excessive sweating, offensive body odor, dark circles under the eyes, red swollen and itchy eyes, acne rosacea, brownish spots and blemishes on the skin, flushed facial appearance or excessive facial blood vessels.

      Other symptoms include jaundice, (skin, nails and eyes appear yellowish) dark urine, pale stool, bone loss, easy bleeding, itching, small, spider-like blood vessels visible in the skin, enlarged spleen, fluid in the abdominal cavity, chills, pain from the biliary tract or pancreas, and an enlarged gallbladder.

  3. QUESTION:
    what are the different signs between liver cancer and liver disease in dogs.?

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    What are the worst signs of liver disease?
    My dad is 64 years old and sick with his liver (he was a heavy drinker). He’s on 4 different types of MDS. But just recently we notice yellow in his skin and eyes. And just this week his left eye is getting swollen. Are these just some of the worst signs of his liver disease? We also token him to the dr. and they give him an EKG because he has an irregular heart beat. Is that even worst? He’s supposed to be on a low-salt diet but he’s been eating whatever he wanted.How long does someone with liver disease live?

    • ANSWER:
      The swollen left eye is not a symptom of liver disease…this should be
      checked out as it may be an infection.
      The yellowing of the skin and eyes is known as Jaundice. This occurs
      because the liver isn’t able to convert a greenish/yellowish substance,
      known as bilirubin into a soluble form to become part of the bile.
      Bilirubin is a pigment, it tends to color other things…when it reaches
      a certain level in the blood, then you notice the Jaundice. You may
      even notice the urine starting to become darker in color.

      I’m going to tell you some of the real signs that occur in liver Cirrhosis and
      what can be done about them…this may be of help to your family and
      your Dad:
      1) Ascites is the build up of fluid in the abdominal area. (this can be
      mistaken for a beer belly). This fluids is caused because the liver
      can no longer produce a protein…known as albumin, that is made
      to hold fluids inside our vessels. It now leaks out and will collect there.
      If the patient becomes extremely uncomfortable and has difficulty
      breathing…the doctor can remove this fluid with a procedure known
      as paracentesis.

      2) Encecphalopathy is when toxins go pass the blood brain barrier
      and into the brain. This is especially true of ammonia, which the
      liver cannot convert to urea, now, that the kidneys could dispose of.
      This causes confusion, disorientration, sleep pattern changes,
      and hand tremors. (this can appear to be similar to being drunk).
      The doctor will start the patient on Lactulose or Xafaxan. The patient
      must take this medications or they could go into a coma from the
      build up of this ammonia.

      3) Portal hypertensions with varies. The blood doesn’t flow through
      the liver well and backs up into the portal veins and vessels that
      are small and not used to handling this pressure or blood. They
      can have weak spots and balloon outward and break open.
      Any blood coming in the sputum, vomit, or rectal area is an
      emergency. The doctor can band these vessels to stop the bleeding.

      4) Bruising and bleeding very easily. The liver can no longer make
      clotting factors efficiently. The doctors will keep an eye on the
      Platelets, white blood cells, and differentials. If he needs a liver
      biopsy and does bleed easily, they may do one going through
      the vein in his neck area.

      5) Swelling of the legs, feet, etc. Liver Cirrhosis patients tend
      to hold onto sodium in the body. This, in turn, holds onto fluids
      also. The doctor will place the patient on a lower sodium diet
      and maybe diuretics. The doctor should tell the patient how
      much sodium they are allowed per day and how much fluids
      they can take in. Sodium has to be watched closely on
      blood testing now…because both sodium and potassium
      work together to help the heart beat in rhythm.

      No one here is able to tell you how long any liver patient may have to live.
      The doctors can only give you an estimate based on his tests results and
      the liver biopsy.

      I’m providing you links so you can learn more about Cirrhosis. The more
      you come to understand this disease, the better able you will be able
      to take care of your Dad. Best wishes to you and your family.

      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/cirrhosis.html

      http://www.uihealthcare.com/topics/medicaldepartments/internalmedicine/liverdisease/index.html

      http://www.texasliver.com/en/cms/139/

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CirrhosisAvd

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. If the cause
      can be found and stopped, the liver cells may heal.
      However, once the liver cell die off and form
      scar tissue inside the liver (liver Cirrhosis), then
      it is an irreversible, progressive disease.

  5. QUESTION:
    What type of different liver dieasese are there ? ?
    My uncle has been really sick for like 3 months (lost 50 pounds, consistent fiver , nausea , fatigue ) and the doctor said that he thinks it might be something with the liver because it looks different i don’t remember what , he thinks it’s cancer though what else could it be . Next week he is getting a camera thing to check the liver/lungs , though his red/white blood cell count is normal . Any other disease that cause that ? I really hope it’s not cancer :(

    thank you
    Nope , he quit alcohol 4 years ago , he does smoke though .

    • ANSWER:
      hepatitis (a,b,and c) is liver disease
      jaundice is liver disease
      cirrhosis is liver disease
      i do hope your uncle will be o.k.
      is your uncle a heavy drinker, booze causes many liver maladies (my grandmother on my father’s side died of liver and kidney failure due to heavy boozing) (somehow i don’t think your uncle is much of a drinker though)

  6. QUESTION:
    Can I donate half my liver to my mother who has type O blood? I have type A.?
    My mother has liver disease from drinking. She asked me if I would donate half my liver to her so she can live longer. I’m 27 and she’s 46. We both have different blood types, so is there any possibility I could go through with it?

    • ANSWER:
      No, you would not be a match, but your mother would not be able to receive a transplant anyway as long as she continues to drink. They don’t give organs to someone who won’t take care of it and will only destroy the new one. They would deny her a transplant unless she completely quits drinking all alcohol and does what they ask her to do. The transplant centers require at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will consider an alcoholic for possible transplant. They must attend a rehab program of some type and agree to have random drug/alcohol testing done anytime they ask. This is a life changing surgery that requires sobriety for the rest of their life. Drinking on top of taking anti rejection drugs for the rest of their life just does not mix. Someone cannot expect to just destroy their liver with drinking and then just get a new one to replace it once it goes bad. It doesn’t work like that.

  7. QUESTION:
    Is there anyone out there going through “End Stage Liver Disease”?
    I really need to converse with someone that is going through the same thing that I am going through right now. I am getting too many “different” answers to my questions, and research on the web is a nightmare.
    I am suffering from Hep C and I know everyone’s symptomatology is different, but could we please converse?

    • ANSWER:
      John, you have had no answers so far, and I don’t want you to receive none. I do not have liver problems, but I have great concerns for anyone facing a progressive disease. I feel for you, my man. I really do! I’m in Panama, now, and you can contact me at doncrisp99@yahoo.com. May God shine his grace upon you.

  8. QUESTION:
    I have different liver tests positive like HBV DNA,ANTI HBeAb reactive with value of 0.004, HbeAg(EIA) non re)?
    HBV DNA POSITIVE, HBeAg non reactive, HBeAb reactive , Anti HDV(Igm) reacive,ALT(SGPT) VALUE 60 U/L ,AST (SGOT) VALUE 45.5 U/L, Platelet count 89,000/mm3
    help me to know that what type of disease i am suffering and at what condition and level and what i need to do if i should start taking medicine. I visited doctor he suggested not to take any medicine just keep testing ALT if its value rise up to 90 then you must contact me otherwise no problem

    • ANSWER:
      “help me to know that what type of disease i am suffering and at what condition and level and what i need to do if i should start taking medicine.” — If this what you need to know then why in the world aren’t you consulting the doctor who ordered the blood work??? This is the only person who should be interpreting your results. CALL THE DOCTOR!

  9. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has “slight scarring” on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said “there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis”. I don’t quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is “working”, although I’m not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don’t believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn’t want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, I don’t know the answers to all of your questions, but here are a few. If his hepatitis is in a dormant state, that is a very good thing. The light scaring might not be cirrhosis yet, but its getting there. It’s enlarged because it needs to be because it is not functioning properly. Its not from the hep C from what it sounds like, its from all the drinking. It has nothing to do with anything else. Maybe you should look into helping him with his depression. Yes it will continue and it will only get worse unless he stops drinking. He will slowly get worse overtime and it will lead to cirrhosis and will eventually become cancerous. It all has to do with his drinking (almost all of it) and his overall health. Also, the hep c will most likely become active if his health continues to deteriorate.

      Also, sorry to say this, but they don’t give liver transplants to people who abuse their body.

  10. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has “slight scarring” on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said “there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis”. I don’t quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is “working”, although I’m not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don’t believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn’t want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  11. QUESTION:
    Elevated liver enzymes?
    Alright, a long story short: Over the past 6-7 months, I have lost nearly 50 pounds because I cannot financially afford to feed myself. I have had a poor sleeping pattern and I have been excessively self-medicating with Imodium and Nyquil (Mostly Imodium however). Recently I went to the doctor and took a blood test. The test results came back and I discovered that I elevated levels of three different types of liver enzymes: ALP, AST, and I believe the other was ALT.

    Besides the fact that I was slightly anemic, my other tests came back fine (WBC count appeared normal, normal albumin levels, stool sample appeared okay, etc..).

    On a positive note I believe, these enzyme levels were only in the 100′s and not in the 1000′s.

    My question is is there likely a correlation beteween poor diet/sleep, excessive Imodium and Nyquil use, and elevated liver enzymes?

    By the way, there is no history of any type of liver disease or disorder in my family’s history and I rarely ever drink. Is this condition likely the result of a poor lifestyle or something that is potentially serious?

    • ANSWER:

  12. QUESTION:
    Why are smoking related diseases treated for free?
    Why are smoking related diseases treated for free?

    In my opinion, EVERYONE in the UK should by now know that smoking causes disease. Yet some people still decide to smoke which is entirely up to them but they are taking that risk but why should the nhs treat them for free when its their own fault they are ill? Anyone who is educated is smart enough to know that smoking leads to illnes so why should we tax payers pay for idiots to get treated when they knew they were gonna get ill in the first place? Absolutely horrendous in my opinion? I want to know if anyone agrees? Im currently doing Health issues in geograpy and this came up in my head and I wanted to find out more:):)
    Not to forget Obesity and Smoking related illnesses, I mean seriously WHY WHY should they be treated for free just cause they ate tooo bloody much! ( AHHRGH THIS GETS ME ANGRY!) we all like food but seriously if you eat to that extent it is abs lame and entirely your own fault i mean dont get me wrong some people who are obese are obese for different reasons other than eating too much but if you have inflicted it upon yourself drinking alcohol getting liver disease entirely your own fault we should not have to pay for peoples treatment when they end up diying ANYWAYY!

    • ANSWER:
      They are not free. The high taxes we pay from the cigarettes we buy are paying for it. So us smokers are paying for it. It’s the non smokers who get free health care.

  13. QUESTION:
    Why do you get sick every year?
    What’s going on with you?! Every year, you get sick from a different disease! Couple years ago, you had liver cysts. And now this! Unbelievable!

    • ANSWER:
      Says who?

      I’m rarely sick. I think you have me confused with somebody else! ;)

  14. QUESTION:
    Does an evolutionary scientist experimenting on animals make your liver quiver …?
    .

    Can a liver evolve fast enough to keep someone alive….?

    Is it true that through careful study, scientists may discern how the human liver works,?

    But is this knowledge far different from knowing how the liver originated?

    The liver has multiple important functions in the body. In fact, most of the functions are all interlaced. It changes food into energy, cleans poisons from the blood whether ingested or inhaled, makes bile to help in the digestion of food, produces substances that break-down fats, converts glucose to glycogen, and converts ammonia into urea, which is the main substance of urine.

    The process of converting ammonia from the body into urea is such an important function of the liver. In the presence of severe liver disease, ammonia accumulates in the blood because of decreased blood clearance and a malfunction in converting it properly into urea. Too much ammonia in the body can be toxic, especially to the brain.

    The liver also makes amino acids and stores vitamins and minerals (vitamins A, D, K and B12). In addition to the seemingly endless number of important functions the liver has, it is also responsible for producing 80% of all the cholesterol in the body. By regulating blood levels of substances such as cholesterol and glucose, the liver helps maintain body homeostasis.

    .

    • ANSWER:
      >”Can a liver evolve fast enough to keep someone alive….?”

      “Someone”? You are either under the impression that only humans have a liver, or that each new species (like humans) has to evolve all its organs (like its liver) anew.

      The other apes have a liver pretty much identical to ours. So do other primates. In fact, all vertebrates have a liver … even fish (ever heard of of cod liver oil?). And they all vary in their complexity and the number of functions performed by the liver. So the liver would have existed LONG before “someone” had to evolve one. So asking how “someone” would have survived until a liver evolved, is the kind of question only a creationist would think of.

      >”Is it true that through careful study, scientists may discern how the human liver works,?
      But is this knowledge far different from knowing how the liver originated?”

      Yes these are two very different questions. But with evolution, the second is dependent on the first. We need to know how something works before we can know how it originated through evolution.

      In fact, that is one of the tell-tale differences between evolution and creationism/intelligent design. In order for evolution to explain the origins of something, we have to take into account the details of its function … I cannot tell you how feature X evolved if I don’t know what X does or how it works. But with creationism, the function is irrelevant to the explanation of its origins … regardless of what X does or how it works, God just created it that way. The same is true of intelligent design … the design “explanation” for the origins of structure X do not change based on what X does or how it works … the Designer just created it for whatever function we may discover it does. That’s one way you can tell that Intelligent Design isn’t really much of a difference over creationism as an “explanation” for things.

  15. QUESTION:
    How much longer with end stage liver disease?
    my mother 63 and has end stage liver disease. she does not want to have a liver transplant. she is also on about 10 different meds. she all the sign that go with disease, yellow skin, retaining water, ect. i talked to her today and she is throwing up and try to drink water and dry heves. she does not want help and wants to die. she also has not eaten in days and sleeps alot. Whats next… i know no one really know how long but any ideas would be a good help.
    she alo says she has a fever.

    • ANSWER:
      you need to take her to hosp. with out help she may have about a month to live

  16. QUESTION:
    Liver Disease and your imput…?
    My mom died 10 years ago due to several different health problems, it all started off with bad blood, she had one thing wrong with the next, liver, kidney, you name it. She suffered for 19 years, and I was told I have alot of her symptoms, kidney disease, thyroid, and now liver damage. I am so tired of one doctor to the next, it seems they are never sure what I have definatly.
    My question is I was recently told that my liver looked bad, but not for sure that it is damaged as of yet, I go for more test in a few days. DOES drinking make it worse? Am I suppose to totally stop all together, and besides medication through the years and drinking, is there any other way that I got this? What is your advise on whether you think drinking is going to make it worse or not, and is there something I can do to keep me healthier like does excerise even help or taking vitamians, cause I am SO tired of finding horrible doctors that never know whats going on anymore!

    • ANSWER:
      There are some hereditary liver diseases. Sounds like you need to thouroughly understand which one yours is. Drinking DEFINETLY should be off your ‘to do’ list. It always will make liver disease worse, no matter the cause.
      Be careful of vitamins too, some of those are harmful
      Is there any way you can bring someone with you to your docs appt.? Sometimes, having someone there with you will help you later understand all they said. Also, if that’s not possible, write down all your questions first, and bring the list with you. Some questions I would ask:
      1)specific diagnosis (then you can look it up later for more info)
      2)drugs and OTC to avoid (so you don’t cause more damage)
      3)Any thing more can be done to help (any studies, experimental drugs, anything new going on to treat this?)
      4)Any other opinions? (search for the latest info on your diagnosis)
      Good luck, I hope you get to the bottom of this and feel better soon. Be proactive in your health, information will help you understand what you can do for yourself!

  17. QUESTION:
    How much is too much in women who drink alcohol, consider dangerous?
    Alcohol can affect men and women in different ways. Because of this, women who are heavy drinkers are at greater risk of liver disease than men.

    • ANSWER:
      2-3 units is the recomended daily intake anything over this is considered harmful

  18. QUESTION:
    Different causes of an enlarged liver?
    My husband has category four of congestive heart failure (dilated cardiomyopathy) and COPD. He was recently found to have an enlarged liver as well (has not yet undergone tests to find out the details). Does anyone now whether in his situation this is due to the inability of his heart to pump blood properly or can it be something else, unrelated? Is It treatable? I have read everything I have been able to find online, and it appears that an enlarged liver as a side effect of congestive heart failure cannot be treated but will only improve as the underlying heart condition is treated (which of course can only be done at a very limited extent). Also, how closely related is an enlarged liver to ascites (he has this as well)? I know this question overlaps, at least partially, with questions I have posted previously, but I trying to understand my husband’s disease and how much longer he has to live and I am desperate for any information I can get. Thankyou.
    is an enlarged liver and resulting ascites under the circumstances described above a deadly condition? Can it be treated? Is it likely to shorten his remaining life span?

    • ANSWER:
      You would need to see his blood chemistry to determine if the liver enlargement is affecting liver function, and to determine if the ascites is caused by impaired liver function or by the CHF itself. The long-term prognosis is not good, but the prognosis for now and in the near future depends on the liver and kidney status, and the effectiveness of treatments to remove excess fluids. There are many different approaches to getting rid of fluids, so this aspect of the problem may be treatable or at least manageable. To find the answer to your question, you need to find out from the doc what the status of liver and kidney functions are at this point, and ask what factors his prognosis depends on. He is certainly at the point where the docs should discuss heart transplant as a potential option.

  19. QUESTION:
    Is it possible I have liver disease?
    I am 50.
    I was a heavy drinker heavy drinker until recently, and have managed to reduce my consumption and binge episodes to once a month or less.
    I am now concerned that I am showing symptoms of liver disease, be it cirrosis, fatty liver, or gallstones.
    The cheif symptoms are:
    1. Constant abdominal distension and feeling bloated although I am a light eater.
    2. Feelings of nausea, especially on rising.
    3.Constant dull pain under right rib cage.
    4.Pale, thin stools, and sometimes explosive dihrea.
    5.Visible veins on my abdomen
    6.Constant itching especially on my neck and feet.
    Today I had a nausea attack and severe bloating in the afternoon (all I had to eat was yogurt in the morning)felt so bad I almost left work.
    I have seen my doctor about this twice, and the liver blood blood urine tests always come back normal.
    He says to lose weight and exercise more. I cant lose weight despite eating very little and I run three times a week.
    I must confess that the weeks leading up to and over XMAS I did over consume alcohol and fatty foods, but not more than I usually do at Xmas.
    Do you think I have a liver problem?
    One friend said to stop alcohol for two months and it would completely heal itself.
    I did that last summer-didnt seem to help.
    If you think I need different tests please indicate so I can ask my doctor for them. I am so concerned about the bloating I want an xray!
    Thanks happy new year!

    • ANSWER:
      All liver patients are told No Alcohol. The symptoms of coming off of alcohol can be mistaken for a liver problem and, in some cases, can be life threatening…should be under a doctors care. He has medications that can lessen these symptoms.

      No one blood test is 100% accurate. Many things can effect the results of these tests and a comparison is done of more than one to be sure. However, in some patients, there is not an abnormal result even it they have liver disease.

      You should be with a gastroenterologist or hepatologist now.
      You definitely need further testing done to determine what exactly is happening with you.

      High Alcohol consumption over time can cause Fatty liver disease. Ultrasound or Ct scan may see this…a liver biopsy would definitely show it.
      Colonoscopy would check the colon…Pill swallow endoscopy would check the small intestines. ERCP(Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography) would check the esophagus, stomach, first part of the intestines and the biliary area and Pancreatic ducts.

      Wish I could be of more help. I hope you find out what is the problem.

      Here are some links you can click on that will give you information on different tests and different things that may be the cause of your problem.

      http://www.gihealth.com/html/education/pamphlets.html

      http://www.gitract.info/

  20. QUESTION:
    Is Milk Thistle really effective in regenerating a dogs Liver?
    I have a tiny Chihuahua named Zoe! She weighs 3.3 pounds! She has been fighting Liver Disease, (Vets think she has Liver Shunt) for going on 10 months now! Zoe has been to 4 different vets for different opinions. The reason she hasn’t had surgery for Liver Shunt, is because all of the vets Zoe has seen, said that for her size it would be too risky and we may lose her on the table. We discussed everything with the vet we decided to stay with! My family and my vet have decided, that we should just let Zoe live out the rest of her life happy! She’s been through so much with all the testing, different procedures and everything already! Some of you already know her situation, because I’ve been talking about her on this site for months now! You have been very supportive and I Thank You all for that!
    This is a little Zoe when she was a baby!

    http://s279.photobucket.com/albums/kk159/ChihuahuaMommy_photos/My%20Little%20Cuties/?action=view&current=Picture059.jpg

    This is Zoe now!

    http://s279.photobucket.com/albums/kk159/ChihuahuaMommy_photos/My%20Little%20Cuties/?action=view&current=OurLittleCuties132.jpg

    http://s279.photobucket.com/albums/kk159/ChihuahuaMommy_photos/My%20Little%20Cuties/?action=view&current=OurLittleCuties159-1.jpg

    I have heard and read that Milk Thistle, is supposed to be very effective in regenerating the Liver in a dog that has Liver Disease! Have any of you ever had a dog with Liver Disease, or known anyone with a dog that has Liver Disease, that has used Milk Thistle? Zoe is doing great right now! According to the vet she’s in No Pain. The vet said that for such a tiny dog, he has never seen a little Runt so tough! Zoe is definitely a fighter! Zoe is very active, running around, playing, eating, drinking, pooping fine, peeing fine, keeping her weight on and acts like she’s not even sick! The vet said that if Zoe continues to do as well as she is, that she may have a few years left! I’m taking Zoe to the vet again Thursday April 9. She see’s this vet every 2 weeks. I will ask him about the Milk Thistle tomorrow and see if he thinks we should start Zoe on it, but I was just wondering if anyone has used it on their dog or known someone who has used it and what the results were? Thanks! Please Star, so my contacts can also see this question!

    • ANSWER:
      I can’t tell you anything about how it works in dogs, but I can tell you that it does do some good in people with liver disease. I had a liver transplant, and Milk Thistle was the ONLY med that my transplant doctors would allow me to take to help my liver. My liver was beyond repair at the time, but my lab numbers did improve some after I started taking it. The doctor and transplant coordinator both told me that research has proven that it does help the liver some and that it would never hurt me to take it. Even if it didn’t help me, they said there would be nothing it could do to me that would hurt me.

      Sorry I don’t know how it would do for your doggie, but wanted to tell you that it is good for humans with liver problems.

  21. QUESTION:
    Liver Disease and Delayed Puberty?
    So I have been diagnosed with Wilson’s disease and I am on different pills. I’m 17 so I haven’t finished going through puberty yet. I don’t have much leg or arm hair. no facial hair and my unit hasn’t grown much. Do you think the delayed puberty has something to do with the pills I take, Wilson’s disease, combo of both, or something different?
    I didn’t reread it before I submitted it but what I mean is that my unti grew a little bit but then just stopped.
    I didn’t reread it before I submitted it but what I mean is that my unti grew a little bit but then just stopped.

    • ANSWER:
      The delayed puberty is directly related to your liver disease.

      Talk to your doctor about it next time you see them, there might be some treatment like artificial hormones but I am not sure about that part.

  22. QUESTION:
    Are any of you familiar with the different types of Anesthesia used on dogs having surgery done?
    This is long, but if you can please read and answer.
    Two of my Chihuahuas who are siblings, have Liver Disease and have to get their teeth cleaned under Anesthesia. The vet says it would be safest to use Gas Anesthesia, because it goes through the Lungs and will not affect Gizmo and Zoe’s Liver. Gizmo weighs 6 pounds and Zoe weighs 4.4 pounds. Here is a picture of them.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/65283194@N02/6425470927/in/photostream/

    They were both diagnosed in July 2007 when they were 6 months old. They will be 5 years old on Valentines Day 2012. I have been taking both of them to the vet faithfully (have not missed an appointment yet) since they were diagnosed. They go once a month just to get checked out and once every 4-6 months they have a full blood workup done. The vet says they are doing and looking great after all they have been through and may have a chance to beat this lousy disease or improve a great deal and have a few more years ahead of them. They had their blood tested again about 3 weeks ago and their Liver Enzyme Levels have dropped, but are still very high. The vet says they are in no pain and says this is the first case he’s had where two tiny dogs with Liver Disease and such high Liver Enzymes have lived this long. They are still active and doing everything normally, maintaining their weight, chasing each other around and showing no signs of discomfort. They are little miracles and definitely little fighters. They have been on a low protein wet food diet (Innova Adult Chicken and Rice) since diagnosed. They cannot eat any kind of dry food, because the vet says it has too much protein for their Livers to be able to process. Their teeth are really not that bad because I brush them, but have some tartar and very little redness just to be safe and avoid them getting a bad infection and having that infection spreading to their Liver and killing them even faster, the vet says it would be safer for them to do this now instead of waiting. The vet says that without Anesthesia, they would both be very uncomfortable so, he said Gas Anesthesia would be safer for them. They are fighting so hard and been through so much already, that I don’t want to take a chance of losing them even faster by waiting. It terrifies me, that they have Liver Disease and have to go under any kind of Anesthesia although I know any Anesthetic is risky. Have any of you had a dog put under Gas Anesthesia and how long does it usually take for them to come out of it? Do they come out of it as soon as the Anesthesia is stopped with Gas Anesthesia? Am I panicking for nothing or do I have a reason to be worried? I already called my vets office to ask them, but they are not in the office today, so the receptionist will tell the vet to call me tomorrow and I will ask then. I just wanted to see, if any of you were familiar with the different types of Anesthesia used on dogs for surgery. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Based on my 40+ years experience with dogs, may I say I have had many dogs during that time; I have previously owned 2 Chihuahuas, 3 small min-pins, and currently have a 6# Chihuahua. I take all my pets to the vet regularly for exam and tooth cleaning, etc. With their smallness and nervous nature, they have always had to have anesthesia. I have always had the vet use gas, and have always had great success with NEVER a problem. That would be my recommendation. I know from your letter of concern that you have a very competent vet, so trust him. It will be OK.

      Papaw

  23. QUESTION:
    Do I have liver damage?
    My doctor recently told me my liver enzymes are extremely elevated. My AST is 307 and my ALT is 545. I suffered from bulimia/bing eating disorder for 11 years. I don’t drink at all so I’m almost sure it’s from the eating disorder. Now I found out I have Diabetes, High blood pressure, and my thyroid isn’t functioning properly. I also have a lot of pain/discomfort on my upper right abdomen right below my rib cage. I have a lot of weight on my upper body so I thought that maybe the pain was from my weight gain. I feel the pain the most when I am sitting down or sometimes during the night when I’m sleeping it gets so umcomfortable that I have to adjust my body a different way. The pain comes and goes though. Now that my test results show that I have elevated liver enzymes I wonder if it’s my liver that’s causing the pain. Is it possible that I am suffer from liver disease, liver cancer, or cirrhosis? I’m supposed to be getting an ultrasound done pretty soon and I’m scared. Is there anyway I can get my ALT/AST down?

    • ANSWER:
      Something is definitely wrong with your liver. There are a few things that it could be including viral hepatitis or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. The latter can be associated with type II diabetes. It’s hard to give much more information without all of your lab results. You should consult with your doctor.

  24. QUESTION:
    my dog has cronic liver & kidney failure. can i give him his arthritis loxicom on an empty stomach?
    Hi. This is really hard to explain but I will try my best. My dog is 16 yearsof age and until3 weeks ago he was in perfect condidion and even the vets said he has lots of yeaars left. Still mamaged to go on hours walks. Running up and down stairs and always full of energy. However, he does have authritus but he was put on loxicom for that and it makes him back to hid old self. 3 weeks ago he was going on 1 hr walks. 9 mths ago he was told he had something wrong with his liver but if we changed his diet it will be ok. So started feeding his chicken and vegatable lile the vet said. He lost all his weight and is just bones now. He went of his food 3 weeks ago and water and was being sick so took him vets. He look a complely different dog. The vets ran some test and they said he has got cronic kidney and liver disease and we should put him dog. It broke my heart because 3 weeks ago he was his mad self. Even someone said to me on his walk he taking you for a walk aint he. He is not a normal 16 year old dog he a figther. My next door neigbours call him phyc for phyco cse hes so lively. Anyways, I will not put him down noway I will kill my dog. He still tryes to fight and trys to drink and eat and eventhoe he has autheritus he still gets and walks around and has no problems going to the toilet. We have been giving him water threw a saringue. And because he has isnt eating I blend vegetable such as brocoli, cabbage,carrot spinage. So he can get vitamins and he isnt been sick and doesn’t have trouble going to the toilet. So I wanted to no if I could still give him his medicine for his autheritus loxicom because he is in pain with that and eventhoe he still walks he in pain with it. However, it says not to give it him on a empty stomach. He stomach isnt emprty but his food is like water based. I am really confused cause I dont want to make thing worse or kill him. I just think it will help him be in less pain and least he will be able to sit down wthout his authritus hurting him. I no he is going to pass away but I just want him to live as confortable as possible. I am up with him allday and night. I have a hours sleep then my family take over. I am tryin my best for him. I will not give up on him so please don’t mention putting him to sleep. So do you think I should risk giving him his medicine on a empty stomach well he has water based food? Also if anyone has any advise about vitamins etc. but have really got a lot of time to think about that. Just want to no about his medicine. Please help me because the vets are useess they just want to write him off. Kidest regards. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Bless your heart….

      I am guessing the vets are making suggestions based on what most people want

      I would be concerned that giving him the meds at this point would make things worse for him because meds process either thru the liver or thru the kidney & you are saying he has both shutting down

      because neither his liver or his kidney can process properly, he is going to build up toxins… and, I hate to say this, but you know he will pass away rather soon…

      Thankfully, he has lived a joyful & full life with you & your family :)

  25. QUESTION:
    Hate that I even have to ask this question.. My Dr. think I may have alcoholic liver disease, and I’m only 23?
    Is that even possible? I thought someone had to be a heavy drinker for at least 10-15 years straight for something like that to come about. I’ve been drinking since 1998, but I’ve only been drinking daily for about 6 years now. I never even considered myself an alcoholic… I always waited till noon to start drinking… I don’t know. That can’t be right. Should I go see a different doctor? I believed him when he said I had ulcers and gastritis… I knew my drinking would effect my stomach in some way, I didn’t think it could effect my liver this soon though! =(
    I’m scared to get the results of the blood tests back.

    Please don’t leave any mean comments though, I’m already feeling bad enough as it is.
    Even in the six year period, I had a pretty big break in the drinking for a while…
    I tried quitting the day after the doctor appointment, I didn’t think it would be like it was. Shaking, and feeling sick, and a tempurate…. I didn’t think I physically addicted like that. I plan to quit as soon as I get the results back from the blood test and I can talk to my doctor about a safe way to stop. I didn’t want to be one of the few that had fatal withdrawal symptoms. I really want to quit, but I’m still scared.
    *temperature
    Ignore all the grammatical errors in that last ‘edit.’ Sorry.

    I have visible symptoms, at least thats what he says. I was talking to him about my stomach problems and he somehow got on the subject of my liver… He wants to run the tests to find out what’s going on.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it is possible. Age doesn’t matter. What matters is the amount and frequency of drinking over a long period of time. Also, people’s bodies react in different ways. Some people wind up with liver damage sooner than others.

      Drinking alcohol is VERY HARD on the liver. Your doctor’s preliminary diagnosis does not surprise me at all, given your history. However, you always have a right to get a second opinion.

      You say you’ve “only been drinking daily for about 6 years.” That is a long time, especially since you actually started before that (even though you stopped for awhile.)

      You also say that you never considered yourself an alcoholic. Daily drinking for that period of time is an indication of alcoholism.

      Please follow through with testing so you can get an accurate diagnosis, and referral to a specialist if you do have liver disease from drinking. I suggest that you also get professional help to quit drinking. Continuing to drink will do more damage to your liver, cause more problems, and could kill you. Please get some help.

      Good luck!

  26. QUESTION:
    plz gimme answer to my ? y christians and other cultures eat pork though it causes so many diseases?
    The fact that consumption of pork is prohibited in Islam is well known. The following points explain various aspects of this prohibition:

    1. Pork prohibited in Qur’an

    The Qur’an prohibits the consumption of pork in no less than 4 different places. It is prohibited in 2:173, 5:3, 6:145 and 16:115.

    “Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah.” [Al-Qur’an 5:3]

    The above verses of the Holy Qur’an are sufficient to satisfy a Muslim as to why pork is forbidden.

    2. Pork prohibited in the Bible

    The Christian is likely to be convinced by his religious scriptures. The Bible prohibits the consumption of pork, in the book of Leviticus

    “And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you”.

    “Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcass shall ye not touch, they are unclean to you.”
    [Leviticus 11:7-8]

    Pork is also prohibited in the Bible in the book of Deuteronomy

    “And the swine, because it divideth the hoof, yet cheweth not the cud, it is unclean unto you. Ye shall not eat of their flesh, nor touch their dead carcass.”
    [Deuteronomy 14:8]

    A similar prohibition is repeated in the Bible in the book of Isaiah chapter 65 verse 2-5.

    3. Consumption of pork causes several diseases

    The other non-Muslims and atheists will agree only if convinced through reason, logic and science. Eating of pork can cause no less than seventy different types of diseases. A person can have various helminthes like roundworm, pinworm, hookworm, etc. One of the most dangerous is Taenia Solium, which is in lay man’s terminology called tapeworm. It harbours in the intestine and is very long. Its ova i.e. eggs, enter the blood stream and can reach almost all the organs of the body. If it enters the brain it can cause memory loss. If it enters the heart it can cause heart attack, if it enters the eye it can cause blindness, if it enters the liver it can cause liver damage. It can damage almost all the organs of the body.

    Another dangerous helminthes is Trichura Tichurasis. A common misconception about pork is that if it is cooked well, these ova die. In a research project undertaken in America, it was found that out of twenty-four people suffering from Trichura Tichurasis, twenty two had cooked the pork very well. This indicates that the ova present in the pork do not die under normal cooking temperature.

    4. Pork has fat building material

    Pork has very little muscle building material and contains excess of fat. This fat gets deposited in the vessels and can cause hypertension and heart attack. It is not surprising that over 50% of Americans suffer from hypertension.

    5. Pig is one of the filthiest animals on earth

    The pig is one of the filthiest animals on earth. It lives and thrives on muck, faeces and dirt. It is the best scavenger that I know that God has produced. In the villages they don’t have modern toilets and the villagers excrete in the open air. Very often excreta is cleared by pigs.

    Some may argue that in advanced countries like Australia, pigs are bred in very clean and hygienic conditions. Even in these hygienic conditions the pigs are kept together in sties. No matter how hard you try to keep them clean they are filthy by nature. They eat and enjoy their own as well as their neighbour’s excreta.

    6. Pig is the most shameless animal

    The pig is the most shameless animal on the face of the earth. It is the only animal that invites its friends to have sex with its mate. In America, most people consume pork. Many times after dance parties, they have swapping of wives; i.e. many say “you sleep with my wife and I will sleep with your wife.” If you eat pigs then you behave like pigs. We Indians look upon America to be very advanced and sophisticated. Whatever they do, we follow after a few years. According to an article in Island magazine, this practice of swapping wives has become common in the affluent circles of Bombay.

    • ANSWER:
      that is so funny you really believe this? is this what islam teaches? why do you think non Muslims care what the Koran says ? do you think , we think the Koran is the truth? do you think we think Mohamed speaks for god? no !!!!!!!!!! we have no respect for him or the rubbish written in the Koran, we think you are gullible fools, and Mohamed was a murderer who knows northing about god
      no wonder it a religion of lies
      lol
      lol
      your ignorance is amazing
      you lack of science knowledge is amazing
      your lack biology knowledge is amazing
      less studying the koran more of the truth would make you less foolish

      you have wasted you life studying lies

  27. QUESTION:
    My 4 year old cat, Ruben has been diag. with Liver Disease &Jaundice on 04/10/07. He was at the Vet for 4 days
    . He was on a Ivy w/Medications. The doctors said that he was not eating any food &he needed to be put to sleep. When he got home on Fri., He was so Happy,Active& Hungry. I started feeding him different kinds of food. Over the weekend he ate great, but he didn’t drink as much. Now it’s Mon. and the jaundice is starting to come back. I’m not sure what to do. I thought maybe I should take him to a different Vet or a University. Does anyone have a Referral or any Suggestions? I live in MO., Between St. Louis & Columbia, MO. Please Help!

    • ANSWER:
      Thats right—Inquiring minds
      want to know.

  28. QUESTION:
    how to give my cat liquid medicine?
    ok, so my cat was diagnosed with sever liver disease, and he has to take 2 different liquid medicines, and 1 pill. he takes the pill perfectly fine, but the liquid one we have problems with.

    we tried to look up videos of giving them liquid medicines, but none the cats reacted like mine. he thrashes his head around violently, and he bites and spits some of it back out. were not giving him too much at once, just a little squirt at a time. so how can we give him the medicine when he’s not cooperating?

    • ANSWER:

  29. QUESTION:
    Can you help me re-write these sentences in a different way?
    By changing the words and the structure, but without changing their meaning.

    for Example:
    original sentence: Sudden and severe weight loss. This is the first symptom most people think of when they hear the word anorexia, but really it just one of many signs of anorexia.

    Changed: Although sudden and severe weight lose is just one of many signs of anorexia, it is the first symptom most people think of when they hear the word anorexia.
    **************************************…
    I need your help to finish these, Im not asking you to do all of them.. but as much as you can. But please to it perfectly.. an English project requires proper English.

    4.Withdrawal from social situations, especially those involving food. People with anorexia often avoid eating in public. They also want to avoid situations in which others might express concern about their eating habits or their weight.
    5.Lying about their weight and how much food they eat. People with anorexia may pretend to eat in order to avoid confrontations about their condition. They may also insist that they are not hungry, even when it’s been a long time since their last meal.
    6.Strange eating habits, such as cutting food a certain way or only eating one food. Anorexic people may experience severe anxiety if their rituals are interrupted or questioned.
    7.Health problems. People with anorexia are subject to a large number of health problems, including weakness, dizziness, and lethargy. These problems are likely due in part to low blood pressure. Another sign you might notice is lack or menstruation. There are many other health problems anorexic people can suffer, but many are not noticeable unless they visit a physician. These can be quite serious problems, though, like osteoporosis (bone loss), liver disease, kidney disease, and a weakened heart muscle that can lead to cardiac arrest. Health problems are one of the more serious signs of anorexia.
    8.Abusing diet pills and/or laxatives. In order to help them lose weight faster, many anorexic people turn to pills. Diet pills, or course, suppress the appetite. Laxatives cause food to move through the system faster, and so fewer calories are absorbed.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I might not re-writing your sentences above in a very compelling manner. I tried and here are they;

      4. Anorexia affected people tend to avoid socializing especially going out and eating on public places. Also, they do not want to talk about their eating habits and weight concerns.

      5. They do not want to talk about their weight and eating habits. Anorexia affected people falsely show to other people that they have a good eating habits. Sometimes they refuse for an invitation to eat, even if they are already hungry.

      6. People affected with anorexia show some unusual eating habits like cutting a food in a particular manner and eating only one type of food. They are very anxious when someone ask them about their behavior.

      7. Some of the heath problems an anorexic may experience are weakness, dizziness, lethargy and lack of menstruation. These may cause from a low blood pressure. Not only these problems be experience, there are other problems can occur but these can be diagnose by a medical professional. Some of these maybe serious ones like osteoporosis, liver and kidney diseases and a cardiac arrest due to the weakening of muscles in the heart. These health problems is a sign of anorexic person.

      8. People with anorexia always use pills to help them reduce weights, oftentimes they overuse it. That’s why they lose their good eating habits. Also, they will use laxatives. This can speed up the movement of food inside the body, bypassing the body’s absorption of calories.

  30. QUESTION:
    Is IBS a symptom of liver damage / disease?
    I just read something that shocked me as I was recently diagnosed as having IBS by a gastroenterologist. I read that IBS is one of the common signs of liver damage. Anyone know if this is true? Here’s the webpage link where I read it at and since reading that I’ve done a few more searches about it and read the same thing on a few other webpages as well. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/liver-damage-symptoms.html
    I’m worried as I had my gallbladder out in 2004 and was already worried about liver damage because when I was having gallbladder pains, which I didn’t know the pains were due to gallbladder issue, I used to take alot of acetaminophen to manage the pain as it took several years, 6 in fact, and several visits to different doctors to get a correct diagnosis. Anyone know if this is true about IBS being a symptom of liver damage and if it is true, what can I do, like what do I say to be sure my doctor does the test to find out if I do indeed have liver damage? I’m really worried now :(

    • ANSWER:
      Never heard of it. There have been hundreds of posts on here about IBS ( I have it) and liver damage has never been mentioned. It is not on any of the medical sites regarding IBS either. ( Not in the UK anyway).

  31. QUESTION:
    Have you ever had to give your dog meds, where the vets instructions were different than the package insert?
    My tiny 3.5 pound Chihuahua Zoe, has Liver Disease!
    This is little Zoe!

    http://s279.photobucket.com/albums/kk159/ChihuahuaMommy_photos/My%20Little%20Cuties/?action=view&current=OurLittleCuties159-1.jpg

    On the 4th of November, the vet put her on these medications!
    Amoxi Drops with Flagyl added to it! He said that it would be easier for her to take both Antibiotics at the same time, in one dosage, instead of giving them separately, so they mixed the Flagyl into the Amoxicillin! She takes 0.5 ml every 12 hours.
    She is also taking Denamarin! The vet told me to give her 1/2 tablet once daily!
    The package insert for this medication, and the website for Denamarin, says NOT to split the pills in half or crush them! I called the vet and told him what the insert said and what the website said, and he told me that because Zoe is so tiny, and because a full dose of Denamarin is 225mg, taking a full dose would be too much for`Zoe and that’s why he told me to cut the pill in half. He said she needs this medication and as long, as I cut the pills one at a time and not all at once, the pills will not go bad, and will do absolutely No Harm to Zoe, so it poses No Problem cutting a pill in half and giving it to Zoe. I have been doing exactly what he told me to do and Zoe is doing fine on the medications. Have you ever had to give a certain medication to your dogs, where the vet’s instructions were totally opposite of what the package insert says?
    Would you mind also starring this question for me? Thanks!
    This is the second vet Zoe has seen! The first vet, came very close to killing her, just like she contributed to the death of my other Chihuahua Gigi, who died recently of Liver Disease!
    This is Gigi!

    R.I. P. In The Arms Of The Angels, My Sweet Angel Gigi!

    That’s why Zoe is with a new vet now! I trust this vet, because he also has Chihuahuas of his own that are Zoe’s size, has experience with Chihuahuas and he has over 30 years experience. I’m not questioning him at all because since Zoe has been seeing him, she has improved some! I just wanted to know, if anyone else has been in a situation where their vet prescribed medication for their dog, where the dosage was different than what the package insert says to give!

    • ANSWER:
      Well don’t get me started on vets. I think in this case, I would side with your vet since Zoe is doing so much better. I don’t think you should find another vet, I really think this one is trying, and it helps that he knows about Chihuahua’s. I think you have earned your right to be paranoid with all you have been through. It has to be your decision, but I think I would try this med regiment, and stick with this vet. I have had vets adjust the dosages of meds once or twice for my dogs/puppy. I have several dogs, so some meds do get cut in half, and once the pills were quartered for my puppy. I have a lot of dogs, so it is possible that I already have meds at home, I just have to adjust them for the dog with the issue. I wanted to let you know that someone in dogs is posting rants similar to havoc angel. I have noticed the rants under a name “phillip” (the puppy eating glass rant) and a person claiming to be a 10-year-old using “jordan s” to post. A 10-year-old with a mouth worse than most grown ups, so keep your eye out.

  32. QUESTION:
    various rights and things?
    I want to talk about rights for people in that are 20 yrs old. first I want to talk about adult beverages. what is the difference between 20 and 21 (age)? they are just a year apart. I think as long you are in your 20s, you should be able to drink. As long the u.s.a. continues to educate us about being resposible, there should be no problems. Mature politicians might say that we are not mature enough. Then again alot of people aren’t mature enough. Take this for instance a 60 yr old man killed my mother in a car wreck and he was drunk and medicated. now ask this question, Was he mature enough? All i am saying is that 20 yr old adults should have the same rights as 21 yr old. The next i want to talk about is marijuana and presription drugs. Why do the politicians make marijuana look like it is so bad? the truth about marijuana is that it lowers stress and helps different respiratory diseases. it even helps glaucoma. As to the prescribed drugs that are legal, they don’t actually help people. doctors don’t truly care about us. they are the legal drug dealers. prescribed drugs are suppose to help us, but it don’t, it gives you cardiovascular diseases, liver cancer etc. Marijuana only has one bad symptom, it makes you slower. If you legalize marijuana, it could also help the economy crisis. God knows this nation need it.

    • ANSWER:
      Good points…basically, the drinking age is arbitrary, it has to be set somewhere…if it was set to 20, the 19-year-olds would be using the same arguments you just used (one year difference etc)…making that change would probably cause more issues than it would solve, so I’m thinking leave it at 21…

      The pot thing is a more viable argument, those laws amount to little more than prohibition…legalize it, tax it, makes sense to me…unfortunately, there is a vested interest by the existing law-making and law enforcement bodies in leaving it as is, they don’t want to lose funding to fight their war against pot, or their conservative grass-roots political support…I think eventually, it will be legalized, and distributed much like liquor, probably to people over 21, LOL…

      Good arguments, I’m glad that there are still some thinking people in our colleges and universities (I’m guessing you’re a 20-year-old college student)…best of luck to you, email any time you feel like talking about stuff…

  33. QUESTION:
    my mom has 5-10 years to live (liver problem) what is wrong?
    ok my mom told me today that she has been trying different medecines to help this liver problem she has. nothing works. the doctor says if they dont find a medecine that works then she has 5-10 years to live. my mom has struggled with illness all her life. its like a cold that never goes away but much worse. diagnosed with diabetes, copd, asthma, and many more diseases it reallyscares me. im only 13 and really want to understand this more. what could be wrong with her liver? i do not want to ask her again. it will just stress her out and im sure that doesnt need much explanation.. please no rude comments this is a serious issue.

    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      sorry about your mom im not sure what to do. but just to give you hope my uncle had stomach cancer and they told him would only live 3 months. now its been a year and the cancer is gone.

  34. QUESTION:
    I am looking for a naturopathic doctor, natural medicine doctor, holistic medicine doctor in FL. Help.?
    I need help in treating Hepatitis C, fatty liver disease, high ammonia levels in the blood in a natural way. Doctors have basically mentioned different medications but if we can treat this naturally it would be a better way.
    (I asked this previously, it is a second repost to see if I get more answers.. I am looking into the previous two. This is about my mom so I am asking to see what is best for her, so all information is appreciatted).

    • ANSWER:
      The best way to find a naturopathic doctor is to visit www.naturopathic.org. The best way is indeed to use a naturopathic physician, they get a background and your blood work, They try to find a program that will fit in your needs as well to address your health concerns.

      Michelle E. Clark, ND
      537 Fore Drive
      Bradenton,Florida 34208
      (P) 941-747-0627
      AskDoctorClark.com

      Katherine Clements, LMT, ND
      Company: Aurora Therapeutics Inc
      3131 S. Tamiami TrailSte 206
      Sarasota,Florida 34239
      (P) 941-951-6820
      DrClementsND@aol.com

      Michael Constantine, ND
      1900 South Olive Avenue
      West Palm Beach,Florida 33405
      (P) 561-540-1429
      curecare@bellsouth.net

      Steven DAntonio, ND
      Company: Holistic Options
      635 Primera Blvd.Suite 101
      Lake Mary,Florida 32746
      (P) (407) 333-1059
      DoctorStevenND@aol.com
      www.cflhealthandwellness.com
      Company2: Central Florida Health and Wellness
      Orlando,Florida
      (P) 407 617-1293
      www.cflhealthandwellness.com

      Ahuva Gamliel, LAc, ND
      Company: 5 Branch Acupuncture, LC
      1380 NE Miami Gardens Dr.STE 235
      North Miami Beach,Florida 33179
      (P) 786-537-0771
      www.DrGamliel.com
      Company2: Center for Optimal Health
      Fort. Lauderdale,FL 33308
      (P) 786.537-0771
      www.DrGamliel.com

      Paul Gannon, ND
      40 Island Ave.
      Miami,Florida 33139
      (P) 305-491-9209
      DrPaulGannon@gmail.com
      Company2: Aspen Naturopathic
      430 W. Main St.
      Aspen,Colorado 81611
      (P) 970-920-7644

      Robert Wilson Geldner, ND, DC
      Company: R. Wilson Geldner, ND, DC
      251 N. Maitland Ave.
      Altamonte Springs,Florida 32701
      (P) 407-647-2009

      Kirti Kalidas, MD, ND
      Company: Center for Natural and Integrative Medicine
      6651 Vineland Road
      Orlando,Florida 32819
      (P) 407-355-9246
      drkkalidas@yahoo.com

      Deirdre Keeler, ND
      Company: Center for Natural and Integrative Medicine
      6651 Vineland RdSuite 150
      Orlando,Florida 32819
      (P) 407-355-9246

      Jessica Lipham, LAc, ND
      Company: Sarasota Healing Arts
      7668A S. TAmiami Trail
      Sarasota,Florida 34231
      (P) 941-525-7219
      drjessicalipham@yahoo.com
      www.geocities.com/drjessicalipham

      Kimberly Nguyen, LAc, ND, MSOM, MBA
      Company: BellaVive Natural Health Clinic
      6328 Gunn Hwy Suite C
      Tampa,Florida 33625
      (P) 813-774-4392
      bvclinic@yahoo.com
      www.bvclinic.com

      Rob Streisfeld, NMD
      Company: Personal Health Design Inc
      7785 Travelers Tree Dr
      Boca Raton,Florida 33433
      (P) 561.309.8789
      docrob@phdpros.com
      www.phdpros.com
      Company2: PERSONAL HEALTH DESIGN INC
      BEVERLY HILLS,Florida 90212
      (P) 800-708-6908

      Michael Visconti, LAc, ND, MSOM
      Company: Visconti Acupuncture & Natural Medicine
      720 West Montrose StreetSuite 130
      Clermont,Florida 34711
      (P) 352-241-7581
      info@docvisconti.com
      www.docvisconti.com
      Company2: InterCommunity Cancer Center
      1120 Citrus Tower Blvd.
      Clermont,Florida 34712
      (P) 352-243-9709
      www.docvisconti.com

      Elizabeth Wagner, ND
      P.O. Box 811506
      Boca Raton,Florida 33481
      (P) 954-736-9839
      drewagner@gmail.com
      www.myndonline.net
      4900 Linton Boulevard #2
      Delray Beach,Florida 33445

  35. QUESTION:
    With reference to Mr. X’s medical condition & his accident trauma explain the clinical uses of three ………?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.

    With reference to Mr. X’s medical condition and his accident trauma explain the clinical uses of three different blood products which Mr. X needs to recieve?

    • ANSWER:
      He may need packed red cells to improve oxygen delivery. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) will provide albumen and clotting factors. If he needs more clotting factors, he may receive cryoprecipitate, but FFP is likely to be the therapy of choice.

  36. QUESTION:
    My sister is with a douchebag!?
    Okay so here is the deal…..This is long winded and I apologize !
    My little sister has been with a dude for years who is a total tool. He is 20 years older than her. He has told the family he is sick with like, ten different diseases. Phantom pains…back pain, cancer, liver dysfunctions,MS,seizures, and the sort….I think he likes pain medication honestly because, he’s always asking for it. At one point he even said he only had 2 years, at most to live…Well, that was over five years ago…

    In the meantime he has never worked since he got “sick”. Even before that, he said he was sitting on a huge sum of money that never materialized. He worked one job part time and then quit. When he met my sis she was just coming out of a BAD relationship (with another shifty a#@hole for NINE years) and this new loser had just left his wife….
    Yeah …..he has been married to another lady this whole time. He says so he could stay on her insurance. Well, the ex wife finally wizened up and demanded a divorce last year and that is the only time this loser brought up marriage in the ten years they have been together ! My sister said no thank God…but, still…

    They had a daughter together a few years back,and he stayed at home with her until recently. She is now in daycare because, if he had a doctor appointment he would take his daughter to the ex wife’s house . I am sure this did not sit well with my sis. Even though she says it does not bother her….
    He also has three GROWN children with the ex and they are all just a few years younger than my sister….They all have issues with their father. You can only imagine the way they treat my sister! This dudes parents have called him a liar and disowned him…They never say why. She tells me this doesn’t bother her either but, I know it does.

    I just don’t get it…My sis tried to break up about two/three years into the relationship…cheated on him and everything. But, the dude she cheated with was a high school crush who quickly dumped her and I think it did a number on her emotionally.
    Since then, the douche bag has gotten increasingly controlling. He insists that she only talk on speakerphone….What?!!! That is so wrong to me…So, now I can’t even have a confidential conversation with her about any of this stuff going on. She had a cell phone but, she never answers that because, she says it’s a prepaid with no minutes….
    She has a strained relationship with my parents so, I have been trying to bridge the gap. Her and the boyfriend refuse to sleep at my house or my parents if they visit…They complain the mattresses are too soft (pillow tops..oh no !) so, they sleep in their van or get a hotel. Or they complain about the food we serve because, they ONLY eat organic….He even said something at Easter and Thanksgiving and then refused to eat because, it wasn’t organic ! To me that is so rude….Why even come?
    The last time I spoke with her she got defensive because, I asked her point blank if she was smoking weed around her daughter because, my parents smell it whenever they visit. She accused me of meddling (which I was…I don’t want my daughter around that) and I have not talked to her since.
    I just know that her and her old boyfriend used to grow weed in their house so, no one was ever allowed to come over. Now I wonder if they grow as well, and if the kid is around that. My daughter has never been to their house because, she won’t give me a straight answer about it. I told her to be careful . I don’t know what else to say?

    My sister works 70-80 hours a week basically in a damn good job while this old washed up hippy wannabe just sucks the life outta her. She is overweight because, she said she eats like crazy. She has no time with her kid or for herself….She told me once she got home and ate an entire cheesecake before she went to bed. Again I can’t really ask her too much about it because, he is always there….. listening…..
    I want to do an intervention or something…But, honestly, we all ganged up on her about the last freeloader douche she was with and that didn’t go so well. She just dug in her heels and refused to listen. I think she would have left him sooner but, it took him cheating and then kicking her out of their house for her to leave….God, I’d never be a chump like that for anyone ! This is all so hard or me to comprehend !
    She has never been truly independent. She went from one loser to another…In a span of weeks….She thinks she is alright because, she earns good money but, doesn’t everyone deserve an equal partner? Not someone she needs to constantly defend? She always plays the victim. What’s the payoff? Someone help me understand…
    I miss my sister. Thanks to anyone who read all this……..

    • ANSWER:
      Try to get her to stand up for herself or try to get her to see how bad he is I hope everything works out :(

  37. QUESTION:
    Did Sen. Joseph McCarthy have any physical conditions that could’ve compromised his mental capacity?
    Other than suffering from liver disease due to excessive alchohol consumption, is there anything else about this man that would explain his “witch-hunt” compaign against communism in the 1950′s. I understand that those were different times, tv was new, etc. Was the man crazy or just overzealous?

    • ANSWER:
      According to the Venona files, he was not so crazy. I’m not condoning his methods, but it’s a fact that Soviet spies really had penetrated the highest levels of the US government. The KGB documents that have been released since the collapse of the USSR have further corroborated the Venona source. If McCarthy is to be faulted for anything, it’s for not bringing a more professional attitude (don’t be a drunk!) to his spy-hunting.

  38. QUESTION:
    anxiety or disease/illness? need responses 10 points urgent?
    Over the past 2 months things haven’t been going well for me. It all started when I was on the laptop and then I just randomly felt weird, around my nose and face which made me PANIC like crazy; which made me then feel like something is wrong with me. I went for a blood test thinking I was anemic, and I got the results and my doc said that my results are borderline ok, nothing to be worried about. He then examined my liver, and said I may have a viral infection affecting it. This scared me. Then for the next 2 months I have had these different sensations, such as tingling in my feet, weak hands, shooting pains in my head, buzzing/vibration in my body, and I feel extremely depressed like whats going on with me; am I ill?

    I have looked at symptoms of different diseases and now I think I have them, such as liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, Multiple Sclerosis, brain tumor/brain cancer, cancer overall etc.
    I have been having pressure in my temples, tightness in the sides of my head and stuff. My hands are light everyday.
    The only medical condition I have is asthma.
    I don’t have jaundice.
    How can I overcome this? Im 14 by the way.

    • ANSWER:
      sounds like your inactive, do you spend lots of time on the laptop & computer games, i would say you need some daily exercise and take proper nourishment along with plenty water, some of your symptoms could be dehydration?
      get out and about, take up a sport.

  39. QUESTION:
    Anxiety /Stress or a deadly disease? 10 points urgent?
    Over the past 2 months things haven’t been going well for me. It all started when I was on the laptop and then I just randomly felt weird, around my nose and face which made me PANIC like crazy; which made me then feel like something is wrong with me. I went for a blood test thinking I was anemic, and I got the results and my doc said that my results are borderline ok, nothing to be worried about. He then examined my liver, and said I may have a viral infection affecting it. This scared me. Then for the next 2 months I have had these different sensations, such as tingling in my feet, weak hands, shooting pains in my head, buzzing/vibration in my body, and I feel extremely depressed like whats going on with me; am I ill?

    I have looked at symptoms of different diseases and now I think I have them, such as liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, Multiple Sclerosis, brain tumor/brain cancer, cancer overall etc.
    I have been having pressure in my temples, tightness in the sides of my head and stuff. My hands are light everyday.
    The only medical condition I have is asthma.
    I don’t have jaundice.
    How can I overcome this? Im 14 by the way.

    • ANSWER:
      Personally, it sounds like it could be one of the prion diseases, like Creutzfeldt–Jakob, or maybe even Gerstmann–Sträussler–Scheinker syndrome. It doesn’t matter which one you have. There are no cures, or treatments of any kind for a prion infection. Prion diseases have a universal 100% mortality rate. They attack the CNS & the brain, causing chronic delirium and acute psychosis, with death ultimately occurring between 6-18 months from the onset of initial symptoms. They can’t even test for Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease until you die, and they look at your brain to see if it’s been turned into swiss cheese. There’s a third one, called both Fatal Familial Insomnia, and Sporadic Fatal Insomnia, but unless you haven’t slept at all in about 6 months, I would’n’t worry about that one.

  40. QUESTION:
    Are these anxiety symptoms or from a disease?
    Hi

    Yeah over the past 2 months things haven’t been going well for me. It all started when I was on the laptop and then I just randomly felt weird, around my nose and face which made me PANIC like crazy; which made me then feel like something is wrong with me. Then for the next 2 months I have had these different sensations, such as tingling in my feet, weak hands, shooting pains in my head, buzzing/vibration in my body, and I feel extremely depressed like whats going on with me; am I ill?

    I have looked at symptoms of different diseases and now I think I have them, such as liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, Multiple Sclerosis, brain tumor/brain cancer, cancer overall etc.
    I have been having pressure in my temples and stuff. My hands are light / numb everyday.
    How can I overcome this? Im 14 by the way.

    • ANSWER:
      If you’re worried, the obvious thing would be to visit a doctor who will be able to give you a proper diagnosis.

  41. QUESTION:
    non -stop headache? what are some diseases with these symptoms?
    i’m asking this for a friend he didn’t ask me to ask this but i’m really afraid for him!

    it’s been 2 months and he’s had this non-stop headache BUT it doesn’t hurt as bad when he’s working or talking to lots of people and going out and usually his liver hurts non-stop but it’s been hurting even before the headaches but i have a feeling they are some how connected, he went to the doctors already gave him depression meds and it didn’t work nor stop the headaches then he went again got some different ones didn’t work.
    I think its some sort of disease and i want to help him out by asking this because he’s always complaining about it and i don’t know how to feel or what to say!! >_<
    he usually drinks water but he loves bagels he often tells me its probably the cream cheese and that he's just going to stop eating bagels then but its his favourite food so i tell him no usually and yeah it is literally non-stop i told him its probably stress but he says its not and i say its because of my nagging and he just says its not i think it is still i know i'll only stop thinking this if i'm sure of what he has! :(

    • ANSWER:
      ok well does he drink? it could be a liver problem, have you considered its just a nonstop headache? so its lasted 2 whole months. literally non stop? if its that much of a worry, there are so many things it could be..

  42. QUESTION:
    Is this anxiety symptoms or am I just ill?
    Hi

    Yeah over the past 2 months things haven’t been going well for me. It all started when I was on the laptop and then I just randomly felt weird, around my nose and face which made me PANIC like crazy; which made me then feel like something is wrong with me. Then for the next 2 months I have had these different sensations, such as tingling in my feet, weak hands, shooting pains in my head, buzzing/vibration in my body, and I feel extremely depressed like whats going on with me; am I ill?

    I have looked at symptoms of different diseases and now I think I have them, such as liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, Multiple Sclerosis, brain tumor/brain cancer, cancer overall etc.

    How can I overcome this? Im 14 by the way.

    • ANSWER:
      These symptoms sound much more like anxiety than cancer etc. Then, you have hormones. Stop worrying, you’ll be fine.

  43. QUESTION:
    Are these anxiety symptoms?
    Hi

    Yeah over the past 2 months things haven’t been going well for me. It all started when I was on the laptop and then I just randomly felt weird, around my nose and face which made me PANIC like crazy; which made me then feel like something is wrong with me. Then for the next 2 months I have had these different sensations, such as tingling in my feet, weak hands, shooting pains in my head, buzzing/vibration in my body, and I feel extremely depressed like whats going on with me; am I ill?

    I have looked at symptoms of different diseases and now I think I have them, such as liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, Multiple Sclerosis, brain tumor/brain cancer, cancer overall etc.

    How can I overcome this? Im 14 by the way.

    • ANSWER:
      Definitely sounds like anxiety. I also suffer from GAD (generalized anxiety disorder) which stems from my Hypochondriac. It all started when I was experiencing chest pains from acid reflux. Of course, I thought I was having a heart attack which led me into a panic attack landing me in the ER. I have several test done including an EKG and everything was normal. Also, I find searching the INTERNET for possible health conditions makes things much worse, because you’re eventually going to make yourself think you have all these problems. (from experience) You’re body will let you know if there is something seriously wrong. It’s ironic the conditions you listed because all of those I feared having..by the way, brain tumors are extremely rare and you would have the worst headaches of your life and usually in the mornings or waking you up at night. You’re young and you shouldn’t be worried about this, but enjoying your youth! I would talk you your doc about anxiety, I did but I do not feel comfortable taking prescriptions for this. I take Passionflower, a natural heb which calms my nerves and anxieties-no panic attacks! Its safe and natural and Doctor OZ swears by it! I hope this helps!

  44. QUESTION:
    I am looking for a naturopathic doctor, natural medicine doctor, holistic medicine doctor in Central FL. Help.
    I need help in treating Hepatitis C, fatty liver disease, high ammonia levels in the blood in a natural way. Doctors have basically mentioned different medications but if we can treat this naturally it would be a better way.

    • ANSWER:
      Dr. Robert H. Keller from Hollywood Florida had developed a new dietary supplement called MAXGXL. It aids in Liver support and Immune system. Patient Group #3 on the graph of the product page on the website is of Hepatitis C patients.

      http://www.maxgxl.com/tothemax

  45. QUESTION:
    eat healthy food everyday?
    How did you develop you current nutritional habits?
    Every individual has different nutritional habits some choose to eat healthy and some choose to eat unhealthy but the different between them is something individual are unaware. I hardly eat junks food even though they are the best things and really delicious I would love to have junks food but I don’t get time to eat. In the morning I usually have tea with a bread or cookies or probably nothing and for lunch I will have some sort of salad in school and when I go home I eat rice, chicken, vegetable anything my sister or my mom have cooked for me. Then I have to have something in the evening like fruits or juice because I usually work out in the evening so I need to have fruit or something to drink healthy and then I eat twice at night because I am awake for longer time so I need to eat and keep myself full my dinner is usually the same as lunch nothing really different unfortunately. I have developed this habit because I have been doing this for longer time and it was through my parents they cause me eat this many times but now they regret of making my habit that way because I finish everything at home.

    What is the relationship of food to health?
    Relationship to food to health is really big the way people act, talk or looks like really appears of what you take in to your stomach. Changes in our understanding of diet and health drive changes in the way foods are processed. On the other hand, what is available on the shelf will have an impact on the choices consumers make, thereby affecting their health. Studies have indicated that nutritional factors do contribute to the development of some of these diseases. After eating contaminated food, people can develop anything from a short, mild illness, often mistakenly referred to as “food poisoning,” to life-threatening disease. Right food can make you appear healthier physically mentally and emotionally. so choosing the right food is very important.

    What are the health problems that might occur from bad diet decisions?
    There is many health problems that can occur from bad diet decisions such as Eating junk food during pregnancy could have a bigger impact on childhood obesity, liver disease and diabetes. Almost one-third of children aged six to 19 and 12 per cent of infants in the United States are overweight, according to a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and obesity is now the most prevalent nutritional disease of children and adolescents in the US. ” A high-fat diet in the womb may also affect the “appetite centre” of the brain. Also eating a lot of trans fats that contain partially hydrogenated oil probably increases the risk of heart disease. some diet also effects your breathe which many people are unaware of it such as Low-carb diets may be good for your waistline, but you might not be able to say the same for your breath. Bad breath in the low/no-carb sect is often caused by certain chemicals that are released in the breath as the body burns fat. They are called ketones, and entering into a fat-burning state of ketosis is the hallmark of the Atkins diet. It’s a difficult problem to solve because if one uses any sucking candy or lozenge, one has to be careful that it has no sugar in it
    Why is permanent weight control best achieved by the combination of diet and exercise?
    When you eat healthy food and exercise you remain in shape and controlled and away from obesity that you might get from junks. You are much more healthier then the rest of other who choose to eat unhealthy food for there dinner, lunch and breakfast as you exercise you burn off your calories and fats which leads you to remain much more healthier then others. Your heart is healthier you remain free from being obese and any other physical or mental disease that might occur. You are just doing yourself a favor and minimize a lot of health issues and when you take in healthy food inside you remain healthy you feel better and lighter and just happier believe it or not eating healthy food really effects your brain and pressurize your mind in a healthier way.

    • ANSWER:
      It is good to eat nutritiously everyday….. You feel better, have more energy throughout the day, and feel happier all over……

      :)

  46. QUESTION:
    Did I answer the question she’s asking?
    I have to write 2 paragraphs as a biology assignment, one on how bacteria is helpful to humans and another on how it is harmful. I am not sure if I am answering the question in the best way. Here is the paragraph I wrote on how it is helpful:

    Different types of bacteria are helpful to humans, and these bacteria are called Probiotics. One thing probiotics do is help maintain and restore the balance of bacteria. Without this balance, harmful bacteria multiply and eventually take over. Another thing probiotics do is help relieve symptoms of inflammatory bowel diseases, irritable bowl syndrome, calitis, and alcoholic liver disease. There is also evidence that probiotics help prevent certain types of allergies and the risk for colon, liver, and breast cancers.

    • ANSWER:
      your first sentence would be stronger if you said why certain times of bacteria are helpful to humans. so ‘Different types of bacteria are helpful to humans BECAUSE…’

      ‘one thing’ and ‘another thing’ are somewhat awkward of transitions. try something like ‘Also, probiotics help relieve…’

      remember to always state your idea, and then your reason! don’t try to bs…I did that in school too, but teachers can always tell. just say what you mean, even if it is short. but yes I would say you answered the question. good luck!

  47. QUESTION:
    What do you think is wrong with my brother?
    I don’t know much about psychology, so please help me out.

    He’s 20 years old, he lives with me though. He’s very paranoid about illnesses and germs. For example he wont let anyone touch him or his food. He has to check to plates before you put his food on it, same with cutlery, and the equipment used for cooking.

    He does loads of research on illnesses and diseases, and also ingredients in foods. He actually gets ill a lot, and constantly thinks he’s dying of different diseases and deficiency’s. constantly thinks he’s going to get cancer. His most recent illness is that he thinks he has huntingtons.. He does another disgusting thing which is he monitors his urine color. Disgusting i know, but he says he needs to check for liver failure…

    I’ve told him to go see a psychiatrist but he believes that there is nothing wrong with him and ‘If everyone was like me, the world would be a lot healthier place’.

    Any ideas on what he has? How to fix this?

    I know he suffers severe depression so i can’t really push him too much. He tried to kill himself 5 months ago.

    • ANSWER:
      First letme ask are you sure he is sick alot or does he just say he is and goes to the doc alot, because I have anxiety&ocd&depression&hypochondria and while I dont get really sick that much I ALWAYS think iam and go to the doctor, I always think I have extremly rare diseases or get scared over a weird random pain, and when I pick up my snake I wash my hand a million times and put santizer on my hands atleast three times before cooking or touching my face and still think ive contracted salmonella. But im beggining to learn its all in my head, I would ask him if he has ever gotten panic attacks? While suicide isnt common for people with anxiety (they usually fearr death) it could he is a germophobe with ocd or a hypochondria or both alot of mental illnesses are connected to eachother. keep in mind people.with hypochondria (unless they have other mental illnesses) always believe theyre fine on a mental level, they just think theyre physically sick, if his doc bills start piling up tell his doc your worried about him. Goodluck!

  48. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have a recipe for homemade cat food?
    I have three cats with different nutritional needs.

    Moe has fatty liver disease and needs and has to have protein.

    China just had surgery to remove two large bladder stones and needs less or very little protein.

    Panzy eats everything in sight and gets so fat that I can’t keep him trim.

    My biggest concern is them not getting enough of the right things (Taurine and essential vitamins and minerals); I am feeding them all boiled chicken mixed with Albacore tuna in water and I know it can’t be good for them over the long haul. The recipe needs to be grain and flour free.

    Help! I want to help my babies stay alive and healthy!

    • ANSWER:
      I personally feed a ground Raw Meat, Bones and Organ based diet to my cats and they are incredibly healthy on it. I HIGHLY recommend it. While scary at first, once I got the hang of it and felt comfortable with it it’s a snap to prepare.

      Cats are obligate carnivores after all and must derive ALL their nutrients from meat based sources. They are unable to absorb them from any other source. Despite thousands of years of domestication they remain strictly carnivorous. True and honest meat eaters and that is what they need most. Protein from meat!

      If you are interested in feeding a raw diet some great places to start learning are http://www.catinfo.org/ , http://www.catnutrition.org/ , and http://www.felinefuture.com/nutrition/ .

      If you would like to try raw with your cats and don’t want to get all technical about it but want to try a trusted, time tested and balanced raw diet you can order from http://www.felinespride.com/products/catfood.aspx . I purchased this myself when I first started and my cats loved it!

      Another premade Raw you can try is Natures Varity. I personally have never used this but know many people that do and it’s pretty easy to find http://www.naturesvariety.com/content.lasso?page=1507&-session=naturesvariety:D04EC9250597c11908GJS417647E

      Here’s a bunch of websites to help you learn what you need to know.

      http://www.catinfo.org/

      http://www.catnutrition.org/

      http://www.rawfedcats.org/

      http://www.felinespride.com/

      http://www.felinefuture.com/

      http://www.felineinstincts.com/index.htm…

      http://www.raisingcatsnaturally.com/

      http://www.blakkatz.com/index.html

      http://www.holisticat.com/

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  49. QUESTION:
    WHERE HAS MY ENERGY GONE???PLZZ READ IN DETAIL!!?
    HEY EVERYONE!!
    I m 19 yrs old and I reside in India.On 1st September 2008 I was diagnosed to be suffering form jaundice(reason being unhygienic food and water).It took almost 3-4 months for the enzymes to go back to normal and jaundice to cure(HIGHEST BILIRUBIN LEVEL WAS 9 mg/dl).

    During those 3-4 months I felt weak and my appetite was very low but it was nothing severe.It didn’t cause me much trouble.I didn’t even felt nauseatic as many jaundice patients do.

    MY CONDITION NOW-
    My appetite and digestion are completely fine now and I don’t have any serious symptoms.In other words I m O.K

    But here’s the thing the way I used to feel before jaundice and the way I feel now is different.Before jaundice I was always pumped up,I had good stamina and I could play football for like 3 hrs straight.I felt energetic.

    Now I feel dull,unexcited and get tired pretty early than I used to.My stamina has gotten low.I took an appointment with a doc 2 months ago and he said that I seem fine and maybe I am having stress that is causing my energy level to detoriate.He also added that LIVER DISEASES TAKE A LONG TIME TO CURE COMPLETELY

    But hell Its been almost 9 months now.
    I m not saying I feel bad or sick.Its just that I don’t feel healthy or “pumped up”like a guy of my age should feel.Although I think I m improving but the recovery is so slow that its not worth mentioning.

    Why is this happening and how much more time will it take for me to feel completely healthy?

    PLZZ GIVE SERIOUS ANSWERS!!!
    Also share ur experiences if u have suffered from jaundice as well

    • ANSWER:

  50. QUESTION:
    are chemicals listed as toxic which are contained in soaps, lotions, creams, foods, etc. really that harmful?
    my family would always buy different personal care products switching from brands to brands since I was young. i’m confused which advise from them i would trust because i have become precautious over the years. now i’m 20 i’ve been doing a little self-research for weeks about chemical substances and ingredients of food and body stuffs. it really disturbs me to think that, as far as i have read, almost all of the products in this world contain some of the toxic and carcinogenic substances listed by sites and institutions. what should we use then? what should be done? i dont know what to advise my parents, my siblings – my big family. but are very very small concentrations or amounts of these chemicals in the products really dangerous to our body? do they really have bad effects? how about repeated use? long period of time? how much do they really put into the products and food? huhuhu

    adverse effects may not be immediately noticed and addressed but i know results in the long-term such as cancer, skin, lung, and liver diseases, etc.will surely come out. are products and foods today made to reduce population silently? are they purposely created to induce induce early deaths? i guess so. huhu bad people… evil business…greed… ignored health of humanity…degraded human life

    but then it would be very difficult to even bath using only water.hmmm…

    help. i need more knowledge……..

    • ANSWER:
      if your family changes brands everytime, try to convince them to buy an organic brand. the organic brands are supposed not to have chemicals or conservatives. so its healthier for the body. big companies have to put conservatives to the food and personal care products because they sell them all over the country or all over the world, so they constantly change in lighting, temperature, etc… and when they finally get to its final destination (the store) they are there lying waiting for someone to buy them… so its a long time since they are made, packaged, shipped, stored, and used. if they didnt have conservatives, the product instantly will fade to rot. in organic is different because the company is near the stores so any time the product is made and packed is shipped the same day and the same day is stored to sell… the bad here is organics are more expensive


Liver Cancer Causes

Liver Cancer – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
The liver is the largest internal organ in the body. It is also known as primary liver cancer or hepatoma and hepatocellular carcinoma is a cancer arising from the liver.The liver performs several vital functions. It processes and stores many of the nutrients absorbed from the intestine. It also makes some of the clotting factors needed to stop bleeding from a cut or injury. Hemangioma (he-man-ge-O-muh) is the most common type of benign liver tumor. It starts in blood vessels and Hepatic adenomas are benign tumors that start from the main type of liver cells (hepatocytes). Women have a much higher chance of having one of these tumors if they take birth control pills, although this is rare. Stopping the pills can cause the tumor to shrink. Hepatic adenomascancer begins in many spots throughout the liver and is not confined to a single tumor. This is most often seen in people with liver cirrhosis and is the most common pattern seen in the United States.

Hepatic tumors also called Liver cancer. Hepatic tumors is are tumors or growths on or in the liver. There are many forms of liver tumors premary is Malignant. Malignant, primary liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (also named hepatoma, which is a misnomer). These growths can be benign or malignant (cancerous). They may be discovered on medical imaging (even for a different reason than the cancer itself). Most of the time when cancer is found in the liver, it did not start there but spread to the liver from a cancer that began somewhere else in the body. These tumors are named after the place where they began (primary site) and are further described as metastatic. Symptoms can include a lump or pain on the right side of your abdomen and yellowing of the skin. However, you may not have symptoms and the cancer may not be found until it is advanced.
Some researchers believe that cancer starts with damage to DNA the material that contains the instructions for every chemical process in your body, including the rate of cellular growth. DNA damage causes changes in these instructions. Liver cancer also occurs as metastatic cancer, which happens when tumors from other parts of the body spread (metastasize) to the liver. In the liver cancer some cells begin to grow abnormally. One result is that cells may begin to grow out of control and eventually form a tumor a mass of malignant cells. In the United States, most cancer found in the liver spread there after originating elsewhere. Rather than being called liver cancer, this type of cancer in the liver is named after the organ in which it began such as metastatic colon cancer in cancer that starts in the colon and spreads to the liver.

Causes of liver Cancer

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the main causes of liver cancer. Liver cancer relates to (correlates with) the frequency of chronic hepatitis B virus infection. Studies in animals also have provided that hepatitis B virus can cause liver cancer. For example, liver cancer develops in other mammals that are naturally infected with hepatitis B virus-related viruses. Finally, by infecting transgenic mice with certain parts of the hepatitis B virus, scientists caused liver cancer to develop in mice that do not usually develop liver cancer.

Symptoms of liver cancer
Liver cancer is very common larges countries in world wide. Generally is discovered at a very advanced stage of cancer disease for several reasons. In addition, patients from these regions actually have more aggressive liver cancer disease. live cancer tumor usually reaches an advanced stage and causes symptoms more rapidly. Abdominal pain is the most common symptom of liver cancer and usually signifies a very large tumor or widespread involvement of the liver and other symptom is weight loss. These symptoms are less common in individuals with liver cancer in the U.S.an additionally symptoms is ascites (abdominal fluid and swelling), jaundice (yellow color of the skin), or muscle wasting.

Treatment of liver cancer

The treatment of liver cancer is overall condition of the patient. First treatment if liver cancer is Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a powerful drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is anot effective not some cases of liver cancer but type of chemotherapy is known as chemoembolization is an important part of treatment for HCC. chemoembolization causes many of the same side effects as other forms of chemotherapy, including abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Second treatment is surgery. Surgery is best treatment for localized resectable cancer is usually an operation known as surgical resection. In some cases, the area of the liver where the cancer is found can be completely removed. Alcohol injection has been shown to improve survival in people with small hepatocellular tumors. It may also be used to help reduce symptoms in cases of metastatic liver cancer. The most common side effect is leaking of alcohol onto the liver or into the abdominal cavity.