Foods That Reverse Liver Damage

Before we go on to understanding the more serious long term effects of alcohol, it is important to first understand the short term effects of what happens to us as we drink alcohol.

As soon as we consume alcohol, approximately 20% of it is absorbed by the blood stream, the remainder being soaked up by the stomach and intestine lining, the alcohol then makes it’s way to the liver and is deconstructed into water, CO2 and lipids. Our liver is capable of handling up to 1 pint an hour, this means that when we binge drink, the liver will require water to break down the alcohol.

But consuming alcohol also leads us excessively need the toilet, because of this water from other parts of the body is re-routed to the liver. This causes us to become dehydrated, all the while the liver is taking on alcohol, it produces a highly toxic substance referred to as acetaldehyde which is extremely harmful to the liver, stomach and brain. This is why we then suffer the dreaded hangover following the consumption of alcohol.

3 Long Term Effects of Alcohol on the Liver

Fatty Liver Disease: The long term effects of alcohol on the liver are far more sever than just a hangover. Overtime the effects of consuming alcohol will begin to effect how the liver functions. Over consumption of alcohol is the main cause of lots of serious liver diseases. Fats will build up around the liver and lead to fatty liver disease. At this point the only solution is to give up alcohol completely.

Alcoholic Hepatitis: Prolonged periods of consuming alcohol will cause the liver to become inflamed leading to a condition know as alcoholic hepatitis. The mortality rate of this disease is 60%. This disease can develop into cirrhosis or even liver failure.

Cirrhosis of the Liver: This is a complete shut down of all function of the liver. Build up of scar tissue blocks the free flow of essential blood leading to the build up of waste products and harmful toxins which will poison the body from the inside. Perhaps most worrying is that the symptoms of liver cirrhosis will only become apparent during the advanced stages of the disease at which point not much can be done except treating the symptoms.

3 Ways to help reverse the damage and negative effects of alcohol on the liver:

Stop Drinking. The sooner you can become sober for prolonged periods of time the better chance your body will have to repair itself.

Start a Healthy Diet. By losing a few pounds and supplying your body with extra vitamins, you will soon see a great improvement in your overall health. Low-fat diets with lots of whole grains, fruit and vegetables can almost certainly help you lose weight. It’s also a great idea to take in extra antioxidants from natural sources, such as Vitamin D-rich foods like acai berries.

Take a Stem Cell Enhancer. Abundantly formed in your bodies bone marrow, adult stem cells are your bodies natural renewal system. As they are released into your system a single stem cell can become millions of new liver cells and help to repair the damaged areas. Studies have shown that a stem cell enhancer will increase the number of circulating stem cells by up to 25-30%.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    does milk thistle really help reverse liver damage????
    does milk thistle really help reverse liver damage? and if it does were can i get some?? and also what are some food that will help the liver become more healthier….. thank you.
    the liver damage is really not bad bad but im afraid it might get there is thre any hope?

    • ANSWER:
      milk thistle will not repair damage to the liver it will however relieve some of the symptoms of liver disease such as hepatitis C you can find it at your local health food store

  2. QUESTION:
    My Cockatiel has liver damage/disease. What is the best thing to do?
    My cockatiel’s feces is green which indicates liver damage/disease. It has been going on for more then a week. I gave her bird medicine at first because i thought it was just degestive problems, or an infection. He has not been getting better, and his poop is green. I AM SURE it is liver problems, PLEASE tell me what i could do. I do not have money for a vet, and its not like he could do anything other than tell me that my bird does have liver problems. MOst vets recomend to give your bird ALOE DETOX which im on my way to buy it. Also their diet should changed from seeds to pellets,(im trying to do that, as my bird is 20 years old, and it very hard, but i can achieve it.) Also egg yolk foods should be fed, and a lot of exercise. WHAT other things can i do to make my bird feel better or heal? I know most cases of liver problems can be reversed or at least stopped if treated Correctly but i just want to do the best. PLease help me?

    • ANSWER:
      If you can’t afford the vet, and it doesn’t seem to get better over time, then I would probably say your goodbyes and put it down. I know this seems to sound mean, but when you think about it, your bird has had a nice long lived life, as cockatiels only live 15 through 25 years, maybe its just it’s time to go, and it’s not your fault, as it sounds like you truly love your bird, and I know it will take time to heal from all of the pain of a lost friend, but you have to think about the bird, and what’s best for it. Because if it were in pain, wouldn’t you rather see it on one of it’s better days before it gets even worse. Just think about it for another week. Then when you know, make the decision.

  3. QUESTION:
    Has anyone successfully reversed liver disease in their dog?
    My 7.5 year old lab mix has epilepsy and has been taking phenobarbital and potassium bromide for 4 years to control his seizures. I discovered 2 months ago that he was in liver failure (had ascites, was lethargic, stumbly…etc). Drained his abdomen twice, changed his diet to homemade food consisting of yams, white potatoes, low fat white fish, zucchini and celery. He also gets chicken occasionally, and cottage cheese and/or plain yogurt and/or an egg every day,

    He now gets half the amount of phenobarb he used to get and is holding ok, no seizures since the reduction. He’s taking lasix as a diuretic and benazapril for blood pressure. Amoxicillin to help with absorption of ammonia.

    Vitamin K to help with spontaneous bleeding (this is one thing that isn’t under control right now). Also vitamins E, B, C. Sam-E and milk thistle.

    His coat and overall body language improved with all these supplements and meds (I’m sure I’m leaving one or two things out) and diet changes. His nose had been very dry and cracked and is now healed and cold most of the time. But he bleeds occasionally from his gums and (frighteningly) penis on two occasions that I know of now. His belly is also swollen a bit from ascites which has returned over the past week.

    I’m not unrealistically trying to keep my dog around. But it’s really hard to know when enough is enough. I’d really like the feedback of other dog owners who have dealt with this problem with their dog.

    We have not had an ultrasound or anything like that to find out how much of his liver is fibrotic. I’ve been hoping that we caught it in time and that we could reverse the damage but it’s very hard to know.

    Any helpful input would be appreciated, thanks.
    Thanks for the suggestions so far, guys. I should have mentioned that we did do an xray of his abdomen and chest, and they couldn’t see the liver I think because his abdomen was so full of fluids. His bloodwork is what indicated liver disease; low albumin and protein.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry to hear about your dog. Unfortunately there are many medications that can cause liver failure. Phenobarbital is one of them. The nice thing about the liver is that it does regenerate if given the chance. You still might want to have an ultrasound done to rule out a liver tumor. Also has the chest and abdomen been x-rayed? If you can remove the cause of the liver failure there is a chance that your dog might recover.

  4. QUESTION:
    Will she need a feeding tube for fatty liver with her situation?
    My cat had surgery for a blockage in her intestine. She didn’t eat for 3 days before this. Her recovery has been long because she was running a fever that stumped the vet, and they couldn’t understand where it was coming from.

    They didn’t want to force feed her because of her situation and because she is a difficult cat.

    Finally today her fever has been normal for well over 12 hours. She still will not eat though. She is currently on day 6 without food. The vet was reluctant to force feed her still because she vomited up a dropper full of vitamins they gave her yesterday.

    Anyway, today like we tried a barium x-ray to check how her stomach and intestines are working. She didn’t vomit the barium and although the barium is moving EXTREMELY slow through her stomach and slowly making it’s way into the intestine, we are confident we can force her to eat.

    So tonight they were going to force some food into her. My question is, the vet says now that shes showing signs of jaundice…possibly fatty liver so they did bloodwork which I’ll find out the results to tomorrow.

    Say she gets her appetite back tomorrow, will she be able to reverse the fatty liver on her own? Or does it always need aggressive feeding through a tube or syringe?

    Do you think now that the barium is moving through and her fever is gone that she might start eating again? I hope she doesn’t have liver damage but I realize 6 days is long. She weighed 8.9 lbs prior to getting sick.

    What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t understand why the vet waited so long. The problem you face here is that IF your cat does NOT eat tomorrow, you risk death. At this point she needs calories to reverse the hepatic lipidosis before irreparable damage is done..
      have you tried bringing food like chicken to her?
      Feeding tubes sound worse then they are and can always be removed. I would get it done if there is any questions moving forward.

      Please
      for now on, NO DRY FOOD. The System needs water t pass through and cats cannot drink enough to make up for the dehydrating factors of dry foods
      I wish you the very best of luck

  5. QUESTION:
    Ridding yellowish skin?
    i know that consuming foods high in beta-carotene, liver damage, decreased bilirubin, excretion are a few of the many reasons that causes skin to turn yellow..

    However, i’ve not been eating many foods high in that organic compound, nor have i a drinking/smoking habit, or anything else.. but my skin has gotten more yellowish as compared to 2 months ago..

    Any ideas what is causing this? And does anyone know what would cause an opposite effect of beta-carotene, like what can i consume more of that would reverse skin yellowing?

    Thank You all so much in advance!!!
    I’m 18 and female by the way

    • ANSWER:
      My oldest son has a very olive skin tone naturally. His pediatrician at one point said I was feeding him too much carrot/squash type foods…but I wasn’t. It is just his natural skin tone.
      He inherited my families native American genes!
      In the summer, he develops a dark tan…which is a hoot, because I am a redhead, who does nothing but burn and peel. My husband is a blonde who does the same. Yet, our oldest looks just like my Dad…and my husband’s Dad (so we know, there was no hospital mix up).
      He just got those nice tanning genes. NO FAIR! :-)
      Perhaps you have some Native American Ancestry, that is just becoming more evident?

  6. QUESTION:
    Is it too late for my cat to recover?
    He is in a hospital diagnosed with hepatic lipidosis and pancreatitis. The dr wants to do a biopsy of his liver and put in a feeding tube, but Baxter’s blood is not clotting, so they can’t. He got a transfusion of plasma yesterday and medications to help, but as of 2 this pm, they haven’t been able to continue with anything except the fluids and medications they started originally. I know that to reverse the damage to the liver, he needs a feeding tube. I saw him today and his eyes, ears, and nose are yellowish. The dr wants to continue with treament, but I’m wondering if it may be too late…if they can’t get his blood to clot sufficiently to do the feeding tube. Any advice/knowledge on this subject would be greatly appreciated. I don’t want to put my baby through so much misery if it’s too late to save him. The dr says his chances are 60-70% today, but if they can’t put food in his system, what will his chances be tomorrow after another night in a strange, frightening place?
    The dr said his pancreas looked enlarged on the ultrasound. There is also fluid in his abdomen that they want to send to TX to be evaluated, but they don’t want to stick him with anymore needles until his blood can clot sufficiently. Thanks for your comments and advice.
    Also, their estimate for the cost of his care over the weekend quadrupled from their original guess, so I’m thinking my kitty’s situation is much more grave than they thought.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m very sorry to hear about your kitty. My advice is to think of the cat’s standard of living and how well he/she will recover. If there hope, and the treatment will not cause undue suffering, then do it. If the treatment is painful and the results will not be a 100% recovery, then maybe you should think about not letting him/her suffer anymore. Your cat can’t talk, so you have to make the decisions for him/her. So, what would be the best decision?

  7. QUESTION:
    More Advice on Feline Hepatic Lipidosis?
    My 5yr male cat was diagnosed about 3 weeks ago with hepatic lipidosis. He used to weigh 12 pounds now he is down to 10 lbs. I am currently syringe feeding him about 1/4 can of feline a/d daily. (He still vomits a little after feeding). I am trying to increase more food in him because he is only eating and drinking very little on his own. The vet has prescribed an antibiotic called Zithromax daily for 10 days. I am concerned that this particular antibiotic will further damage the liver because it states that it is not recommended for this disease and needs to be used with caution. Should I give this med to him? Or question the vet’s treatment plan? Also how much should I feed him daily to reverse the damage? I know it takes time but I would like to know how much he needs to maintain his caloric intake for his size. Thank you for any help

    • ANSWER:
      Syringe feeding a cat with Hepatic Lipidosis is accepted treatment for this illness.
      The main reason cats develop the condition is from too rapid weight loss due to anorexia (loss of appetite) or some other cause. If the cat won’t eat on its own, you have to force feed it, because any further weight loss will just exacerbate the problem.
      If you are not comfortable with your vet’s advice and the medication he has prescribed for your cat, I would DEFINITELY seek another opinion. And this cat should be hospitalized with IV fluids and maintenance feedings, (which would be syringe feedings).
      As to his caloric intake, he should probably be getting the whole can every day in multiple feedings. Are you warming the food? If not, warming it helps release the aroma of the food. Cats are scent driven, and if they can’t smell their food, they usually won’t eat.
      I have a cat that I have to work to feed. I have to make a puree’ out of her canned food, water and a laxative. I heat every meal up for a few seconds in the microwave. See if that helps, but make sure it is not so hot he will burn himself. I always stir the food with my finger to make sure there are no hot spots.
      Good luck, you have a long road ahead, but with good care, he should pull through.

  8. QUESTION:
    hey lucky hope this helps?
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    3) Homeopathic treatment that helps to target the source of the problem with no damaging side effects.

    4) Herbal extractions like Oregon Grape Root Extract and Herbal Detox Tea combinations that gently cleanse your body of toxins and help optimize your liver function. Herbs have historically been used for treatment of skin conditions.

    5) Gentle herbal scalp creams and shampoos that contain FDA approved ingredients to combine nature with science.

    6) Dietary supplements to improve your defense systems, Omega Fortified Flax (recommended for children and adults) and Alkyrol Shark Liver Oil for maximum Omega 3 fatty acids.

    Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet can improve general health and have a positive impact on psoriasis.

    The Natural Products Center is proud to be a central location for exploring alternative health products and carries a line of Vestalcare and LupiCare products. You can also find special discounted treatment programs of Mineral Care Dead Sea Salts. Our special packages put together FDA recognized approaches for psoriasis with diet and nutritional supplements to give you a multi-pronged approach to dealing with your skin condition.

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    • ANSWER:
      very informative but what is your question?


Free Ezra Protocol

HIPAA is a Federal Law establishing rules about health information and must be followed by health plans, certain businesses, doctors, hospitals, and other healthcare providers. HIPAA is intended to eventually streamline healthcare by mandating consistent standards for storing and transmitting health records and claims. In this process, Congress wisely realized the importance of establishing a patients right to privacy, adopting standards for protecting the confidentiality of patient information, referred to as Protected Health Information (PHI).

Relevance to You

Whether or not you are technically required to follow HIPAA depends on details about your practice, described below. But regardless of whether your practice meets specific criteria for HIPAA-compliance, all counselors should recognize that HIPAA is becoming the industry standard and establishes best practices regarding patient confidentiality.

HIPAA takes precedent over other laws on the subject, except when state laws offer even more stringent patient protections (and on consent and confidentiality practices, most states do!). Therefore, you also need to be well versed in your states confidentiality laws regarding mental health information.

The following HIPAA elements may have direct relevance to your practice:

Patients now have greater access to, and control over, their own records. Think of it this way: You may own the paper, but the patient owns the content.

HIPAA identifies when PHI disclosure is allowedto coordinate treatment, payment, and operationsas well as when an Authorization is required to disclose PHI, except in certain governmental functions and/or emergencies.

You must verify the identity and authority of anyone seeking PHI from you.

Even when allowed to disclose PHI, you must limit it to the minimum necessary to accomplish the task.

Civil and criminal penalties for HIPAA violations that could land you in jail with thousands of dollars or more in fines for each offense.

Biblical Considerations on HIPAA

Prison is a strong deterrent, but Christian counselors are clearly motivated by something greater, and accountable to a higher authority. HIPAA is the law, and with very few exceptions Gods Word is clear that we need to obey the law and authorities He has put in place (Romans 13:1-3; Hebrews 13:17). While scripture may not mention HIPAA, it clearly directs us to conduct ourselves with the highest legal, ethical, and moral standards. The Bible has plenty to say on principles related to confidentialityprotecting others, keeping confidences, confession, trust, and gossipthat may help us better understand why we need laws like HIPAA in the first place.

HIPAA is about consent and confidentiality, and confidentiality is about protecting clients and preserving therapeutic relationships. Professional counselors are not to discuss with othersexcept when allowed or required by lawwhat was disclosed in counseling sessions. This creates a safe environment for clients by protecting them from harm and protecting their dignity. HIPAA, then, is a legal structure making it safe for people to confess problems to professionals without fear that honest talk will be used to harm them.

The Bible tells us to confess our sins to others (Ezra 10:11; James 5:16; and 1 John 1:9), but not randomly or indiscriminately. Those who confess to you do so under the assumption that you will prove faithful and not violate their trust (1 Corinthians 4:1-2). Scriptural principles on trust and confession to others are supported by teachings on avoiding gossip (Proverbs 11:13; 16:28; 20:19). Gossip damages your Christian ministry by harming you and others in the fallout. Therefore, breaking client confidence for any reason except to protect them or others violates Biblical principles, professional ethics, and state and federal laws.

Does HIPAA Apply to Me?

Those required to comply with HIPAA are called Covered Entities. Christian counselors are considered Health Care Providers and may qualify as Covered Entities without even knowing it! If your practice engages in certain electronic transactions involving PHI, then HIPAA applies to you. It is important to understand that HIPAAs A”Administrative Simplification regulations come in an all-or-nothing package. In other words, if the Privacy Rule is activated for your practice by any of the electronic transactions listed below, then the Security Rule and Standard Transactions Rule apply as well. On the other hand, if you do not transmit PHI electronically, then HIPAA does not technically apply to you. HIPAA may apply to you under the following circumstances:

If you transmit PHI electronically in any of the following transactions: healthcare claims, healthcare payment/ remittance advice, coordination of benefits, healthcare claim status, enrollment/disenrollment in health plans, eligibility for a health plan, health plan premium payments, referral certification/authentication, first report of injury, and health claims attachments.

Someone else acting on your behalf transmits PHI electronically, such as a clearinghouse or billing service. This means that Christian counselors who directly or indirectly accept third-party reimbursement must comply with HIPAA. _That includes most counselors_!

If you qualify as a Covered Entity and are not already applying HIPAA, you need to become compliant immediately. HIPAAs Privacy Regulations went into effect in April 2003, with additional Security Regulations in April 2005. Even if you operate an entirely self-pay practice and do not use or transmit electronic PHI, it is still recommended that you become HIPAA compliant. If you make any future changes to your practice accepting third-party reimbursement, electronic record keeping, employing a billing serviceyou will need to be compliant the moment you make that change. No grace period will be given.

HIPAA compliance entails:

Developing policies, procedures, training, and business agreements to control access and disclosure of PHI in any form, including verbal, paper, video, and electronic

Developing administrative and security protocols to protect confidentiality of PHI stored or transmitted in a computer in electronic form ( EPHI).

Implementing standardized formats for EPHI.

The important steps are to appreciate the need for legal privacy of health information and to understand the laws/ ethics surrounding confidentiality. You must also determine whether or not you qualify as a Covered Entity. If your counseling practice utilizes computers, fax machines, copiers, or email, for example, you may want to take a close look at the requirements. And finally, recognize that HIPPA is the accepted practice in health care regarding patient confidentiality, and make any necessary changes in your practice to conform to the law. You may not be technically required to comply with HIPAA, but it is still a good idea nonetheless.Take help from telephone therapist.

_Darren Schwartz, M.C., is a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Licensed Minister. He is currently the Compliance Manager for Remuda Ranch Center for Anorexia and Bulimia, Inc., Wickenburg, Arizona._


Food For Liver Health

Cleansing, no doubt, is an intrigue part of body processes. One of which is the liver cleanse. This can be called the detoxification of liver. Here are certain herbs that would help out in natural liver cleanse:

  • Use rosemary, a common cooking ingredient, in food.
  • Oils in the raw turmeric help in removing toxins from liver.
  • Dandelion, a weed, can cleanse the liver with its rich content of calcium, iron and phosphorous with Vit-A
  • Milk thistle, a flowering plant of daisy family, can prove an active de-toxin.
  • There are certain de-toxin teas available in the market, which should be used on proper prescription.
  • There are medical ways like hydrotherapy and reflexology that can aid for liver cleanse.

GERD (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (Syndrome)) is also popularly called the acid reflux disease. Consumption of food is followed by swallowing them. This ball of food passes through the esophagus and enters the stomach, but before that it passes through a sphincter valve. This is responsible for the one way flow of food, and prevents its back flow. But sometimes it does happen that the valve opens, due to some bad reason, and acid mixed food from stomach enters esophagus. This can be felt, when an astringent taste is felt in our throat or a burning sensation above our stomach region. There natural cures for this condition as follows:

  • Avoid eating spicy food, garlic, onions, fatty foods, alcohols, carbonated drinks etc, if the problem is often faced.
  • Eat lots of veggies, and fiber rich food.
  • Avoid smoking just after dinner or before sleep, as it disturbs the digestion.
  • Drink lots of water as it curbs the acid level and hence the reflux gets reduced.
  • Do not eat too fast and have your food with ease, chewing properly
  • Have a small walking post going to bed, after dinner.
  • Consume a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar.
  • Drinking mixture of Aloe Vera juice can also be helpful.
  • One of the best gerd natural remedy can be reducing over eating and late night snacks.
  • Avoid fit clothes, which tighten your abdomen region.
  • Drink coconut water, buttermilk with coriander leaves or juice.
  • Increase whole grains and proteins.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are good foods for a health liver?

    • ANSWER:
      The biggest factor is NOT using alcohol or drugs because they cause liver damage.

  2. QUESTION:
    What kinds of foods are good for liver health? Besides seafood.?

    • ANSWER:
      Your liver is the organ responsible for an enormous number of metabolic activities, and you’ll need a plentiful supply of virtually all nutrients for your liver to be optimally healthy. In general, fruits and vegetables would be at the top of our list in the support category, since they contain such a wide range of nutrients that participate in liver function. Additionally, if you are focused on liver health, it is important to consume foods that are organically grown; the liver is an organ that detoxifies chemicals and therefore with organically grown foods you’ll reduce your exposure to agricultural chemicals. In this same toxic exposure category, moderate consumption of alcohol (or less) would also be important to the health of your liver, since this organ postpones other important functions when it is trying to metabolize excess alcohol.

      Fried foods and other high-fat foods (like processed foods containing hydrogenated oils) would also be particularly hard on your liver. Just as with alcohol, there is a limit to the total amount of fat than your liver can process while maintaining all of its other metabolic activities.

      There are a couple of food groups that would also be especially helpful in supporting your liver’s ability to detoxify chemicals. First are foods rich in sulfur. Sulfur-containing compounds are one of the primary types of molecules used to help the liver detoxify a wide range of prescription medications, pesticides, and other types of environmental toxins. Foods in this category would include onions, garlic, and egg yolks. (We’d caution against overconsumption of egg yolks, however, due to their higher concentration of cholesterol and saturated fat. Two-to-four eggs per week would be a very reasonable amount for most persons). Some additional sulfur-containing foods are worth mentioning as a category of their own – namely, the cruciferous vegetables. There are some unique sulfur compounds in these foods that may be especially beneficial in liver detoxification processes. Foods in this group include broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collard greens, kale, and Brussels sprouts.

      To support your liver’s immune function, we also feel obligated to mention some culinary spices that have extensive research with respect to their role in liver support. Those spices include turmeric, cinnamon, and licorice.

      According to the American Liver Foundation here are some additional ways to keep your liver healthy:

      Eat a well balanced, nutritionally adequate diet. If you enjoy foods from each of the four food groups, you will probably obtain the nutrients you need.

      Cut down on the amount of deep-fried and fatty foods you and your family consume. Doctors believe that the risk of gallbladder disorders (including gallstones, a liver-related disease) can be reduced by avoiding high-fat and cholesterol foods.

      Minimize your consumption of smoked, cured and salted foods. Taste your food before adding salt! Or try alternative seasonings in your cooking such as lemon juice, onion, vinegar, garlic, pepper, mustard, cloves, sage or thyme.

      Increase your intake of high-fiber foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads, rice and cereals. A high-fiber diet is especially helpful in keeping the liver healthy.

      Rich desserts, snacks and drinks are high in calories because of the amount of sweetening (and often fat) they contain. Why not munch on some fruit instead?

      Keep your weight close to ideal. Medical researchers have established a direct correlation between obesity and the development of gallbladder disorders.

  3. QUESTION:
    what foods are good for liver health?

    • ANSWER:
      It is probably the same ones that people who have
      liver problems should be eatting:
      Fresh fruits and vegetables…if not fresh than frozen.
      [Avoid canned- Wash all as other people handle them
      in the stores}
      Good oils like olive oil or canola oil
      [Best to bake, broil, or boil foods than fried]
      Lean cuts of meat, fish [avoid shellfish or uncooked fish],
      remove skins from poultry.
      Avoid open salad/food bars where people can
      accidentally sneeze or cough into them.
      Avoid food with alot of preservatives, prepackaged,
      or fast foods.
      Go lower on sodium intake. Be sure to stay
      hydrated with fluids. Get the proper rest and relaxation.
      Avoid medications that have not been approved or
      prescribed by the doctor. Avoid alcohol. Lower
      the sugar content of your diet.

      It is best to get as much vitamins, minerals, and
      protein from the food you eat so you don’t have
      to take supplements (chemical). Moderation in
      all things is always good.
      Watch any chemicals you may be around…like paint,
      paint thinners, household cleaners that have hazzard
      warning, etc.
      Don’t pick your own mushrooms and eat them.
      Ask about any interactions to certain medications you
      are taking and if they are hard on the liver.

      Staying healthy is one of the best things. Taking
      precautions like wiping shopping cart handles and
      bathroom fixture with disinfectant wipes before
      touching them. Clean phones, tv controller, door
      knobs and anything other people touch. You don’t
      want to become sick and weaken your body and
      have to take additional medications.

      I hope this is of some help. Best wishes

  4. QUESTION:
    How can I improve the health of my liver?
    I’d like to hear from those who know about this or have read about it please. I don’t really want to detox at this time, what I’m asking is what are the best foods and what are some bad foods for your liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Milk thistle extract is supposed to help to repair the liver. They sell it as a supplement.

  5. QUESTION:
    Why do most health food enthusiasts seem completely psychotic?
    I was an assistant manager at a whole foods market for a couple of years. The majority of the people that came in to shop should’ve been institutionalized. I heard one woman tell her 4 or 5 year old son that they could only eat organic vegetables because the government puts micro-chips in all non organic foods. Another guy (he used to dress all in white, and call himself “The Prophet Lidge”) told me that I was going to burn in Hell because I forgot to order cod liver oil one week and we were out of stock. I don’t know, it just seems to me like most of these people are about one serving of bulk organic granola away from sitting on the street corner with aluminum foil hats on their heads to keep their thoughts from escaping.
    Please note that I say MOST, not all. There were a few seemingly rational people who shopped there too.

    • ANSWER:
      To keep it simple. Its because these types of people think of nothing else but eating healthy. Its a one track mind thing. They think about it that much that they have passed the boundry of general thinking and gone into the realms that surpass our ever notion.

      Thats why they sound like Looney tunes…

  6. QUESTION:
    How is cod liver oil vegetarian?
    On the website for the health food store Holland & Barrett, in the vegetarian section there is ‘cod liver oil capsules for vegetarians’.
    ???
    COD LIVER? ??????

    • ANSWER:
      That is ridiculous and shows a complete lack of understanding of what a vegetarian is. I feel a complaint to the company coming on.

      Sadly this is what happens when you get people who call themselves vegetarian but they eat fish.

      Can we trust anything else H&B sell now?

  7. QUESTION:
    What foods/vitamins/herbs are good for liver cleansing/general health?
    My buddy’s bachelor party is coming up this weekend and I want to be prepared in advance for the aftermath.

    • ANSWER:
      “Liver cleansing” and “detox” products are a scam. Don’t waste your money on them.

      The only thing that will remove toxins from your body (be specific, which one? Alcohol? THC?) is time. If you’re really concerned about a bachelor party, then avoid all illegal substances, and plan to have a bad hangover for the next few days.

      Enjoy the party!

  8. QUESTION:
    How many calories & percentage of fat, protein, carbs are in the food I feed my cats?
    If I feed my cat 1 6 oz. can of Natural Balance (Chicken & Liver Pate formula) a day (with extra added water) and 1/4 cup of Wellness Complete Health (Deboned Chicken, Chicken & Rice) a day (my cat only eats about 1/8 anyway) — is this a good balanced diet or not??

    My cat is 12.6 lbs and roughly needs about 250 calories a day.

    I am trying to find out how many calories & the percentages of fat, protein and carbs that are in the food for the amount I give him a day, and it’s rather difficult. I come up with many different numbers, and I want to make sure I’m doing my math right.

    I requested info from the companies, and they have been very good about getting back to me.

    NB has told me that each 6 oz. can of their premium cat food is about 183 calories each, and each can has a carb percent of 16%.

    Wellness has told me there’s 29.5% carbs in their Complete Health (Chicken) food!

    Below are the ingredients & analysis of each from their site.

    What’s the percentage of carbs, protein, fat per day that I’m giving my cat if I feed him 1 can of NB, & 1/4 cup of Wellness Dry???

    WELLNESS DRY COMPLETE HEALTH DEBONED CHICKEN:

    Deboned Chicken, Chicken Meal, Rice, Ground Barley, Ground Rice, Chicken Fat(preserved with mixed Tocopherols, a natural source of Vitamin E), Natural Chicken Flavor, Salmon Meal, Chicken Liver, Cranberries, Tomato Pomace, Olive Oil, Chicory Root Extract, Cranberry Extract Powder, Cranberry Fiber, Flaxseed, Potassium Chloride, Vitamins (Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin, Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C), Thiamine Mononitrate, Calcium Pantothenate, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Beta-Carotene, Vitamin A Supplement, Vitamin D-3 Supplement, Folic Acid, Biotin, Vitamin B-12 Supplement), Choline Chloride, Minerals (Zinc Proteinate, Zinc Sulfate, Iron Proteinate, Ferrous Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Copper Proteinate, Manganese Proteinate, Manganese Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite), Yucca Schidigera Extract, Dried Kelp, Chondroitin Sulfate, Glucosamine, Hydrochloride, Lactobacillus Plantarum, Enterococcus Faecium, Lactobacillus Casei, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Taurine, Rosemary Extract.

    Crude Protein Not Less Than 36.0%
    Crude Fat Not Less Than 18.0%
    Crude Fiber Not More Than 3.0%
    Moisture Not More Than 11.0%
    Ash Not More Than 6.5%
    Magnesium Not More Than 0.098%
    Vitamin E Not Less Than 300 IU/kg
    Taurine Not Less Than 0.2%
    Omega 6 (Linoleic Acid)* Not Less Than 3.5%
    Omega 3 (Linoleic Acid)* Not Less Than 0.45%
    Total Micro-Organisms* Not Less Than 80,000,000 CFU/lb

    NATURAL BALANCE ULTRA PREMIUM CANNED CAT FOOD CHICKEN & LIVER PATE

    Chicken, Chicken Liver, Chicken Broth, Carrots, Ground Brown Rice, Eggs, Potassium Chloride, Sodium Chloride, Guar Gum, Taurine, Dried Cranberries, Carrageenan, Zinc Sulfate, Ferrous Sulfate, Vitamin E Supplement, Copper Sulfate, Manganese Sulfate, Niacin Supplement, Sodium Selenite, Thiamine Mononitrate, Calcium Pantothenate, Calcium Iodate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Riboflavin, Vitamin A Supplement, Folic Acid, Biotin, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Vitamin B12 Supplement.

    Crude Protein 9.0% minimum
    Crude Fat 6.0% minimum
    Crude Fiber 1.5% maximum
    Moisture 78% maximum
    Taurine 0.05% minimum
    Yes, details for Wellness based on 1 cup.

    I’m a little concerned, 18% doesn’t seem very high for protein, and 24% fat along with that seems very high.

    Wellness Dry Chicken is said to be about 264 calories per 1 cup, so that would be 66 calories per 1/4 cup — right?? LOL! I’m so bad at math!
    Wouldn’t it be 11% fat???
    OOPS…

    Wellness 1 cup of Dry has 550 calories, not 264… so I guess I should be feeding 1/8, not 1/4!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      One factor you missed in calculating the percentage of protein is the differences in dry vs. canned food. The percentages on the canned food labels also include water, which of course there is not in the dry food. Here is an article that tells more details about how to read a cat food label: http://www.catfoodguide.com/howtoreadlabels.htm scroll down about half way to a section called “How To Calculate Dry Matter Percentages in Cat Food” that will show you better how to do that. What it boils down to, is that you are feeding your cat two higher quality foods, with plenty of protein, and you have a lot less to worry about, nutritionally, than most people.

      Cats need plenty of protein, and a generous portion of fat is not going to make your cat fat. Too much carbohydrate will make your cat fat, and fortunately you have chosen foods with less fillers (i.e. carbs) than most out there. Natural Balance and Wellness are two of the several brands that I feed my cats. I think you might be feeding your cat more than I do mine. I have two cats, a 9 lb female, and an 11 pound male. I feed them each a quarter of a 6 oz can in the morning and in the evening. (Ok, maybe a sliver less for the girl, and a sliver more than a quarter for the boy) For a snack in the middle of the day, I will give them each 1/8 of a cup of dry food, or an ounce of plain cooked chicken.

  9. QUESTION:
    What are foods that combat the long term health effects of alcohol?
    My little bro has started drinking a lot. I know if I talk to him about it it’ll make him want to drink even more. He’s in that rebellious, I don’t give a fuck stage. So I thought since I do the grocery shopping for the family I could atleast try to help him by buying foods that help reduce the negative effects on his health. I guess foods that would make the liver stronger or something? Please and thankyou.

    • ANSWER:
      Got yer answers right here mina:

      http://www.ifyoudrink.info

      Eggs for breakfast (Lecithin, cysteine and B-Vitamins) and peanuts when he drinks will help a lot.

      Daily drinkers who also drink coffee have a much lower incidence of liver disease too.

      Hope he pulls out of this phase before he gets into too much trouble.

  10. QUESTION:
    liver help?
    Ok ok i know that whole go to the doctor thing so please do not answer with this im just looking for advice. My friend has been very sick, inner ear infection stomach ulcer, middle ear infection, upper respirtory infection but this has been over the last four months and they cant give her anti biotics because of her liver. it has not been ok for the last three doctor appoinments. i think part of the probelm is she takes tylenol and other things like that in pretty decent amount because of problems with her head. she has probably done this for a oulpe of years and it may just be building up. i dont know i jaut would like to know what you suggest she should take for her head that will be less harmful to her liver then what she is taking now, and also if there are any foods that promote liver health.

    • ANSWER:
      You are not saying if it is hepatitis C or cirrhosis or cancer, but there is a supplement called Livatone Plus by a Doctor named Sandra Cabot. She has studied the liver for many many years and came up with this supplement and some books to help the liver regenerate and to help detoxify the liver. This will help any person with a very bad sickness of the liver to live longer by helping the liver cleanse and not continue to deteriorate. Go on line and look for her books and products: “The Liver Cleansing Diet”, “The Healthy Liver and Bowel Book” Sandra Cabot’s books will show easy and user friendly ways to reduce liver damage by increasing antioxidants. Use an ointment of peppermint to rub on the temples and relax doing breathing exercises and listening to soft meditation music to relieve the headaches. Tell your friend to drink lots and lots of water every day. This will help the liver wash out the toxins in the body and will take away the headaches due to dehydration. Go to http://www.whas.com.au or http://www.liverdoctor.com. I hope this information helps.

  11. QUESTION:
    Has anyone had a successfull experience with nursing a cat with fatty liver disease back to health ?
    I found out 4 weeks ago that my cat (5 yrs old) had fatty liver disease.
    She had stopped eating for some reason and quickly went down hill.
    I took her to the vet and exhausted all possible funds quickly.I have been force feeding every 3-31/2 hours 24/7 for the past 4 weeks.
    (stomach tube was an option but too expensive) I am also giving SubQ fluids every other day. Some days I think she is picking up a bit by trying to eat on her own. Then the next day she is not holding her food down. Seems like 1 step forward and 2 back.
    Has anyone else had this experience and was it successful? Should I keep trying? HELP!

    • ANSWER:
      I went through this with my 8 yr old siamese mix. Except I had a feeding tube placed, not through this stomach, through his neck, and for the moment I can’t think of the name. But at anyrate I fed him every 6 hours, left canned food in his cage, went through all the ups and downs, he did recover. About 3 weeks after the feeding tube was placed I came home and he had pulled it out. It was up and down for awhile but I will be honest, I had a feeding tube and he was hospitalized at the emergency clinic I worked for at the time. I don’t know what to tell you. From what I remember they thought it would take 6-8 weeks before I could take the feeding tube out. However he did it on his own. But like I said he was hospitalized for 2 weeks and the third week I took him home because I had acouple of days off to spend with him. Its rough. Talk to you veterinarian, when do you get the liver values checked again? Its long and hard but if it is at all possible I would highly recommend getting the feeding tube. Makes things easier. But it was touch and go for awhile with my cat. I tossed up euthanizing him several times because I was afraid he was in so much pain and he got so skinny, but my co-workers talked me out of it. My co-workers could look at him as a patient and tell me to give it longer, I looked at him like my baby boy who I was so scared for and felt hopeless as a technician for a mother. Like I said talk to your doctor, get an honest opinion, reevaluation, check values. But 6-8 wks minimum was when they said the tube could come out, so with not having one I would think it would definately be that long if not longer. But talk to your vet, stick with her, and do the best you can. I am very blessed Tyler pulled through, and hope yours pulls through too!

  12. QUESTION:
    Is Cod Liver Oil good for kids?
    My 5-yr-old is at a healthy weight (the dr. said at one point to lay off of the food) and we feed him veggies, fruit, meat, whole grains as much as we can.. Fast food, candy, chips and pop are very rare in this house! But he always catches something.. a cold, a cough, a slight fever or whatever. My other son seems to have a better resistance. So my mom suggested that I start giving him cod liver oil to help his immunity.. Is this right? Apparently you can get this at a health food store in a variety of flavors. Ever since he was a baby, he would get sick more than my other son did. Maybe that’s just how his body is… kinda weak even though he is not thin!!!! Thank-you.
    I do give him a multi-vitamin. I just thought cod liver oil would give him more of something and boost his immunity.

    • ANSWER:
      Cod liver oil is healthy. It’s good for your heart, brain, and eyes, and it can aid as an immunity booster. But as the other poster pointed out, you should not give young children cod liver oil because of the high amount of vitamin A, which can cause liver damage.

      However, if you would still like to give it to him because of the overall health benefits, they do sell fish oil (different than cod liver oil). Fish oil is extracted from the meat of the fish, instead of the liver. That can be a safe alternative, but be sure the label lists it as “mercury free”. They also sell chewy gummy bears for kids, that do contain fish oil. At least Costco has it.

      Immunity boosters mainly come from Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and any food rich in antioxidants. Berries (strawberry, blueberry, raspberry, blackberry, acaciaberry, etc.) are especially noted for stengthening the immune system.

      Here is a cliping from a Dr. Sears article about omega-3 fatty acids, such as from fish oil:

      “Omega-3 fatty acids. A study found that children taking a half teaspoon of flax oil a day experienced fewer and less severe respiratory infections and fewer days of being absent from school. The omega 3 fatty acids in flax oil and fatty fish (such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel) act as immune boosters by increasing the activity of phagocytes, the white blood cells that eat up bacteria. (Perhaps this is why grandmothers used to insist on a daily dose of unpalatable cod liver oil.) Essential fatty acids also protect the body against damage from over-reactions to infection. When taking essential fatty acid supplements, such as flax or fish oils, take additional vitamin E, which acts together with essential fatty acids to boost the immune system. One way to get more omega-3 fatty acids in your diet is to add one to three teaspoons of flax oil to a fruit and yogurt smoothie.”

      Also, allowing your child to have plenty of outdoor time can help. If he is cooped up in a house most of the day, that can be contributing to his weakened immunity.

      Have you discussed this with your son’s doctor? Children are always getting sick, that is just what they do. Your son can be perfectly healthy and normal, but perhaps his doctor can offer better advice.

      All the best!

  13. QUESTION:
    Where can I get a list of food diet items I need to change to due to health reasons?
    I just found out that I have a really bad fatty Liver & Pancreas. The doctor said I have to change my whole diet. I am 46 years of age, where do I start? I have been eating the same things all my life!
    Also I know that exercise is important as well but at this time I can hardly walk & they will be doing a hip replacement for that.
    Also, I do NOT consume any alcohol !!

    • ANSWER:
      i was about your age when I was diagnosed with diabetes, and you now have a very large learning curve ahead of you. there is no list, but you can find out what you need to know by talking to your doctor.
      Also check out the link below for detailed info.
      It took me about 2 years to learn what to eat and how to translate dietary information on food product packaging…but a basic idea is to eat foods with less than 10% sugar and foods with a high fiber content, also low carb foods as carbs are sugars

  14. QUESTION:
    eat healthy food everyday?
    How did you develop you current nutritional habits?
    Every individual has different nutritional habits some choose to eat healthy and some choose to eat unhealthy but the different between them is something individual are unaware. I hardly eat junks food even though they are the best things and really delicious I would love to have junks food but I don’t get time to eat. In the morning I usually have tea with a bread or cookies or probably nothing and for lunch I will have some sort of salad in school and when I go home I eat rice, chicken, vegetable anything my sister or my mom have cooked for me. Then I have to have something in the evening like fruits or juice because I usually work out in the evening so I need to have fruit or something to drink healthy and then I eat twice at night because I am awake for longer time so I need to eat and keep myself full my dinner is usually the same as lunch nothing really different unfortunately. I have developed this habit because I have been doing this for longer time and it was through my parents they cause me eat this many times but now they regret of making my habit that way because I finish everything at home.

    What is the relationship of food to health?
    Relationship to food to health is really big the way people act, talk or looks like really appears of what you take in to your stomach. Changes in our understanding of diet and health drive changes in the way foods are processed. On the other hand, what is available on the shelf will have an impact on the choices consumers make, thereby affecting their health. Studies have indicated that nutritional factors do contribute to the development of some of these diseases. After eating contaminated food, people can develop anything from a short, mild illness, often mistakenly referred to as “food poisoning,” to life-threatening disease. Right food can make you appear healthier physically mentally and emotionally. so choosing the right food is very important.

    What are the health problems that might occur from bad diet decisions?
    There is many health problems that can occur from bad diet decisions such as Eating junk food during pregnancy could have a bigger impact on childhood obesity, liver disease and diabetes. Almost one-third of children aged six to 19 and 12 per cent of infants in the United States are overweight, according to a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and obesity is now the most prevalent nutritional disease of children and adolescents in the US. ” A high-fat diet in the womb may also affect the “appetite centre” of the brain. Also eating a lot of trans fats that contain partially hydrogenated oil probably increases the risk of heart disease. some diet also effects your breathe which many people are unaware of it such as Low-carb diets may be good for your waistline, but you might not be able to say the same for your breath. Bad breath in the low/no-carb sect is often caused by certain chemicals that are released in the breath as the body burns fat. They are called ketones, and entering into a fat-burning state of ketosis is the hallmark of the Atkins diet. It’s a difficult problem to solve because if one uses any sucking candy or lozenge, one has to be careful that it has no sugar in it
    Why is permanent weight control best achieved by the combination of diet and exercise?
    When you eat healthy food and exercise you remain in shape and controlled and away from obesity that you might get from junks. You are much more healthier then the rest of other who choose to eat unhealthy food for there dinner, lunch and breakfast as you exercise you burn off your calories and fats which leads you to remain much more healthier then others. Your heart is healthier you remain free from being obese and any other physical or mental disease that might occur. You are just doing yourself a favor and minimize a lot of health issues and when you take in healthy food inside you remain healthy you feel better and lighter and just happier believe it or not eating healthy food really effects your brain and pressurize your mind in a healthier way.

    • ANSWER:
      It is good to eat nutritiously everyday….. You feel better, have more energy throughout the day, and feel happier all over……
      :)

  15. QUESTION:
    Rat liver health? Rat owners?
    Little explanation first:

    I’ve had four pet rats among our many pets over the years. As all of you other rat owners know, they don’t have exceptionally long lifespans when compared to many other types of rodents. From what I experienced with my own boys and seen with friends’ rats is the most common causes of death are skin problems (cancer), respiratory problems, and the liver (their skin turns dark orange). Three of my four boys died–late in their lives, from the liver cancers/failure.

    What I want to know if there is a specific way to make their livers healthier. (Yes, I know they will die from something eventually.) I fed them a food–can’t remember the brand–that our excellent small pet veterinarian recommended. I also double-checked what foods were bad for them and limited the amount of seeds they ate.

    I’m looking into adopting a new rat that is 8 months old and want to see if I can make any further improvements for him health-wise.

    People who do not own rats need not reply please.
    I used that grey recycled bedding. We’ve used it for all our other rodents as well. All the pets had their natural lifespans pretty much. I’m just astounded 3 out of 4 of my rats had liver probs of some sort.

    Like I said, the food was recommended by the vet. The rats themselves: 2 did come from petstores. The second two were from a rescue.

    • ANSWER:
      I have never heard of rats having that many liver problems. Males skin turns dark orange because of buck grease… I have never heard of a rat having skin cancer either! Most skin problems are mites/lice. Most rats die from tumors and respiratory problems.

      NEVER use pine or cedar bedding (softwoods are bad), as it harms the liver. Make sure not to get rats from pet stores. The only real acceptable rat foods are lab blocks (harlan teklad, oxbow regal rat, mazuri), or suebees mix along with a base of blocks or certain dog foods.

      http://www.ratsrule.com/diet.html

      Other than basic care, thats pretty much all you can do. If you get the new rat make sure he gets a buddy, that keeps them healthy too! ;)

  16. QUESTION:
    How should I take milk thistle for cleansing??
    I just bought some Solor Ray Milk thistle from my local health food store and I’m looking for some advice on how I should take it to cleanse my liver. Once a day? twice? For what duration – 1 month? 2 months? Should I supplement this w/ anything else?

    For the past six years I’ve drank almost every weekend, maybe sometimes 4 times a week, usually anywhere from 2-7 or8 drinks a night. I’ve planned to stop drinking for the next month just to see if my energy levels increase. It seems like my immune system has been week as I’ve been really fatigued and catch colds easily. I normally take a multi-vitamin and try to drink a lot of water, workout (lift weights) 2-3 times a week

    Any advice will be much appreciated
    The Solaray Milk thistle i bought contains 175 mg of Silymarin. Also I just started drinking about 3+ cups of green tea a day.
    sonofstar:
    You mentioned to add walking to my exercise, regimen to aid in removing toxins; I take it bicycling or light jogging will do the same? correct me if I am wrong.

    I forgot to add that I play basketball a couple times a week .

    Thanks all for your replies

    • ANSWER:
      You have already received some good advice. I take Milk Thistle for a month or two each year. I take a third of a daily dose of somewhere between 500 and 600mg with each major meal. Lemon helps to detoxify as does Turmeric. Milk Thistle seems to have become a standard treatment for liver detoxification and for the treatment of liver complaints.

  17. QUESTION:
    How can I improve my liver health through diet?
    Hi-
    I just had a full blood panel and found out my liver has a moderately high level of unhealthy enzymes. I return for an extensive liver panel in a few weeks. I know to knock off the brews and I do take a prescription (Wellbutrin) known to cause damage.
    What are foods I can eat to help myself along? I like cooking, so I’ll give most things a try. I’m not obese and in otherwise good health.
    Thank you so much for any help :))

    • ANSWER:
      Eating healthy foods for the liver can improve and support liver function on a daily basis. Having a healthy liver results in greater energy and general well-being. A poorly functioning liver can result in tiredness, headaches, bad breath, allergies and intolerances, problem skin and weight gain.

      Foods that are healthy for the liver fall into two main categories. First are those that promote the detoxification process of the liver. And second, are those that are high in antioxidants and therefore protect the liver while it’s carrying out its detoxification processes. You should have Garlic and onions, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, Freshly squeezed lemon in hot water, Beetroot, Prunes, raisons, blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, raspberries, plums, oranges, pink grapefruit, cantaloupe, apples and pears, Apples all these things stimulate bile flow within the liver

  18. QUESTION:
    Question for Docs?
    Does any of that stuff work that are in the health food stores for colon, or liver cleansing, really work-i.e. teas, etc.?There are so many claims that your insides are supposed to be so much healthier after, and it should be done every few months. Is that true? I know you pee and poop a lot when you take it …but does it get rid of all those bad toxins? Or does just plain old water all you need? Medical Doc. only answer please!!

    • ANSWER:
      The colon naturally cleanses itself roughly every 1-3 days, so additional cleansing offers little benefit, and many cleansing formulations are simply bowel irritants. Eating a high fiber diet is a much healthier alternative to cleansing. Many people claim to feel better after cleansing, so if cleansing is not done too frequently, and not done with chemical irritants, it at least has the benefit of making people feel better.

  19. QUESTION:
    Is these food is enough to maintain good health..?
    Dear All,

    I hope you all happy and having a good health by God grace…!
    I am 25 year male living in Saudi arabia basically from India .I have food probs this is my daily food In the morning 1ltr WATER AND 1 APPLE break fast havin south indian food Dosa/parota/puri 1 plate and 1 glass MILK , NO LUNCH b’coz of Straight duty , in the evening 2 1 VEG SANDWICH & 1 LIVER SANDWICH (it will increase my sperms count) and in da night 1 plate parota /noddles or sm times in the weekend hvg sm oily food like chicken food Mouton etc… Please suggest me this food is enough my body !? what should I add in my diet ? PLEASE ADVICE ME AS SOON AS POSSIBLE I AM WAITING FOR YOUR RESPONSE

    • ANSWER:
      Nota all…you need to balance your food intake..proteins, carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables for balanced vitamins and minerals..drink lot of water…Also i would advise not to have parota as it has no nutrition benefits and moreover it will disrupt ur stomach and digestion..Noodles also if is made of maida is of no use…try to eat brocolli and carrots…fish is also missing which is also very nutritious..
      more fruits in ur diet will help..beef also once a week is good, chicken 2wice a week. olives will improve skin..corn or spinach soup sometimes..hope this helps…In short please include poultry 2wice a week, sea food 3wice a week, red meet once a week, fruits and vegetable daily 2 to 3 portions..along with legumes and beans…

  20. QUESTION:
    Drink so much coffee no good for health?
    What kind of foods spoiled the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Im not sure what kind of food but I know for sure alcohol is bad…its not only bad for your liver but your lungs and other organs as well. Alcohol disrupts the proteins that keep fluids out of the lung, lowers a protective antioxidant, disrupts immune defenses and can lead to a condition known as ‘alcoholic lung’ that leads to serious illness, including pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome, it can cause liver disease such as liver cancer. I, myself have known a number of people who has liver cancer caused by consuming too much alcohol. Having said that doesn’t mean you can’t drink, consuming drinks with low volume of alcohol can be good for your health such as red wine (very good for your heart, a glass/day is perfectly healthy) or beer helps improve blood circulation, good for heart and liver, prevent strokes, keep your brain young, etc..

      Now talking bout coffee…It can help to lower diabetes risks, protect against bladder cancer, etc but coffee addiction can cause loss of sleep, depression, chronic headaches, increased blood pressure and blood sugar..Jus remember that too little or too much of everythin is bad for your health,so you need to know how to balance your life style and eating habits in order to have a perfect health.

      All the best to u :)

  21. QUESTION:
    My cat has a liver problem & is not doing well. Are there any natural methods that I can help him with?
    Is there any such a thing, that like for us as humans, is a super food or foods, for cats to improve their health?

    Any other tips?

    • ANSWER:
      yes ask petcompanion the Vet Tech
      have a good day if you can gave petcompanion bast answer

  22. QUESTION:
    Liver problem -.- ……….?
    Well I just got my blood test results back and I am in perfect health, everything is perfect, exept my liver -.- The doctor says I should rest, and not train for a few weeks(swimming) and I aint ready to do that!! I take protein, every day after my practice and my mum is a nutjob and she says its cuz of that… well is it?!

    The actual question is: How can I improve my liver health? Eat healthy? Any specific foods? And no, I do not drink

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on just how much protein you were taking every day… excess protein can be bad for you if you take enough. If you’d like references, I just did a quick search on Yahoo and 2.5 million hits came up for “protein liver damage” at http://search.yahoo.com/search?p=protein+liver+damage&fr=ush-ans&ygmasrchbtn=Web+Search with the first main hits coming from the Mayo clinic, the NIH, and various other liver-health organizations.
      It’s hard to say if that or something else caused it, but it would be best to go easy on the protein… the RDA is 50 grams of protein per day so you may want to aim more for that.

      As far as things that help the liver, there are quite a few natural options like Milk Thistle, Dandelion, Burdock, Yellow Dock, N-Acetyl Cysteine, TMG, and Alpha Lipoic Acid… you could try any variety of those, but again, don’t go overboard.
      You may want to scale back on some of your swimming if the doctor said you shouldn’t train, but unless it’s a major problem, you probably wouldn’t need to stop swimming altogether. Your doctor would be the best one to ask as far as how much swimming is okay. Good luck and I hope I helped!

  23. QUESTION:
    is beer good for health ?
    many people told me that beer is good because its effects are cold in your body..when you eat alot of warm food..your liver get effected ..beer vanishes it..makes you cool….is it true?

    and good for health or not”?

    • ANSWER:
      beer is good for your health, but too much will only hurt you… no more than 3 glasses in a week

  24. QUESTION:
    My mothers health is bad.?
    Last year my mother was admitted into hospital with what they thought was a stone in her kidney. Turns out it was a Cancerous tumour on the liver which they couldn’t remove due to it being right next to a vain.

    The hospital put a stint in her liver so food could bypass the liver and she was released and her health was on the up until roughly 7 – 9 months later the tumour had grown slightly and the yellow jondis was back in her skin so they then put astintr stent in the liver as of recently her health has become really bad… not long after she was released she developed a chest infection which led to what the hospital believe to be fluid on the lung.

    At this moment she has a cancerous tumour on her liver, fluid on the lung, infection in the stomach, sist on her scalp also she keeps falling asleep and she cant go up the stairs without feeling short of breath.

    She is 55 and her mother (my grandmother died of the same thing)

    Please tell me whats going to happen is she going to be alright.

    Thank you for reading.
    The docters have said that they are thinking f starting kemo therapy so why havnt they done this sooner… her health has just deteriated in the passed few weeks.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry, but no she is not going to be okay.
      Without surgery she does not have a chance at survival.
      Any treatment she gets is palliative.

  25. QUESTION:
    Difference between Ornithine and L-Ornithine? Sleep?
    I am doing a liver and gallbladder cleanse, and I read that Ornithine is safe to take for sleep, since it does not affect the liver. Today I picked up L-Ornithine from the health food store. I realized later that there is nothing in the instructions/label that indicates taking it as a sleep aid. Is there a difference? Should I have looked for just plain “ornithine?”

    • ANSWER:
      “Most amino acids can be produced in two forms, except for glycine, that is either a D or L form. These letters stands for the way in which the amino acid spiral is wound up – D is for the right wound type and L for the mirror left winding amino acid. Human amino acid is the L type and for this reason many people prefer to use supplements containing the L type amino acid.” [1]

      So if it says L-Ornithine on the label then you should be fine.

  26. QUESTION:
    Dry food in regards to a cats teeth/health.?
    Why do people INSIST on disagreeing with this statement?

    “It is a MYTH that dry food cleans your cats teeth.”

    Think about it, when you eat a hard pretzel, does that clean your teeth? Or does it get stuck in all the little crevices?
    When a cat eats dry food, they swallow it whole, and if they do bite it, it only touches the tips of their teeth. Tartar builds up along the cats gum line. How will dry food clean the cats teeth if the food only touches the tip of the teeth and tartar builds up along the gum line? It’s IMPOSSIBLE.

    I hear a lot of people say, “Well my vet said that its true, so it must be”. Havent you guys ever learned not to trust everything you hear?

    For example: There was a doctor giving shots to people with dirty needles. They all caught hepatitis. Did all of those people say, “Well, the doctor said it was okay that he’s putting a dirty needle in my arm, so it must be safe”?

    Sometimes veterinarians DO NOT know what they are talking about.

    For example: When vet’s recommend that dry food is better for a cat, they are wrong. Have they ever looked at the ingredients? Have you ever looked at the ingredients?

    Which sounds healthier for a cat (carnivore)?

    A) Chicken, Liver, Turkey, Sweet potatoe
    or
    B) Meat by-products, wheat, soy, gluten, corn

    ______________________

    A sounds better doesnt it? Well B, is what is in ALL of your dry foods.

    What are your beliefs on dry food in regards to a cats teeth?
    And do you think it’s healthy to feed your cat dry food?
    JC- You are correct! Maybe I worded it wrong- I just meant that dry foods such as Meow Mix, Whiskas, IAMS..etc was bad dry food. I know Wellness makes grain free dry food too! Thanks for the correction =)

    • ANSWER:
      I see and talk to a great number of vets, due to my involvement with rescue. I’ve seen the tide turn – vets that are recently out of vet school, and vets that really focus on their continuing education (my own vet attends at least 4 weeks a year of veterinary conferences) are now recommending an all-canned diet for cats. I find that very interesting. Older vets (at least those that do not continue their education) still are pushing the dry food cleans the teeth theory. My vet has gone on to really fly in the face of “conventional wisdom” by making sure that I was feeding my 16 year old cat a canned only, high protein, high-quality protein diet (read that to mean NO by-products) as it was better for his kidneys!

      Old habits die hard, and conventional wisdom hangs around a long time. My cats are fed a mostly canned diet (no by products) based on my own research *and* the advice of my vet. What little dry is eaten at my house (I have one remaining dry food junkie) is grain free or nearly so.

      Your statement that all dry foods contain by-products, etc. isn’t quite true – the companies like Innova, Wellness, etc. that don’t put that crap in their canned foods don’t put it in their dry, either.

  27. QUESTION:
    How do I know if I can trust own brand supplements?
    I’ve been vegetarian for close to 2 months now. I don’t eat any meat, including fish or gelatin etc.

    I’m a teenage girl so I am super worried about my iron and protein intake.
    I’ve got the protein sorted pretty but the iron is what worries me. I live with my family and have to do my own separate food shopping and it’s pretty overwhelming. I find I’m counting iron on all my food like dieters or anorexics count calories! I can’t find out how much iron I need because apparently it depends on your weight and age?
    I know you can get iron form dark green leafy veg etc. but usually that isn’t possible for me!

    I used to take the Seven Seas brand multivitamin and minerals supplement but then I found out it contained cod liver oil so I stopped!
    In the health food store similar supplements are 10 euro at least but I was in Lidl the other day and picked up a Multivitamin & Iron supplement suitable for vegetarians for 1.67! 60 Capsules. It says MinaVit on it but it’s the shops own brand.

    How is it possible that the same thing can be SO much cheaper and still work?
    How do I know I can trust this stuff?

    • ANSWER:
      dietary suppliments r good but why take it in form of pills and powders???…..how do u kno u r low on iron and protein??….have a balanced diet…hav a lot of fruits and drink plenty of water…..relax!! every one has some kinda deficiency/disorder hardly noticeable and ignorable….if u still feel that proper intake of vitamins and minerals shud be taken then…u need to see a dietitian!!….protein u can get from the dairy products,iron from fruits(all the fruits hav iron content in them)….eat lots of dates and almonds!….afterall how long can one be on pills???

  28. QUESTION:
    What supplements/substances can be used in combination with Adderall to improve overall health?
    —-To all you Curious Georges and Intellectuals, I’m 20 years of age and have little fear of drugs, luckily I’m able to maintain a controlled need/want for them. I hope to put together an efficient daily regiment that works against the damage caused by the ill effects of the bad habits me and thousands of other people are so good at doing. SO, if you clicked this question to warn me Adderall and related amphetamines are addicting and blah blah blah i know that so please go worry somewhere else and gtfo.

    —-About two months ago I was prescribed Adderall(30 mg) IR 2-3 times a day for a minor case of ADHD and off-label use for my depression and anxiety disorder in combination with (100mg) of Imipramine taken at night. Unfortunately, there are always negative effects. My physical health has been suffering and i plan to improve that through necessary minerals/vitamins/other natural supplements/diet/exercise/etc..If u have tips and cool tricks post those too. (ex. found that Vitamin C removes whatever is left so i can sleep)
    ~~~Noticeable Negative Effects ~~~
    —-My skin, everyday cuts n bruises take a day or so longer to heal. skin looks slightly more transparent and splotchy on limbs and face (Skin usually covered by clothing much more opiate. Around my eyes are darker and dryer (I’m aware of sleep deprivation effects)
    —-My endurance is very limited, I’m 5’9 at 150lbs. Always been a sprinter, But recent months I get tired quick, I feel the same strength and power only 5-10 minutes or rest later, but its not too efficient, and annoying to stop n go stop n go.
    —-My heart beats hard and fast, the chance of an arrhythmia concerns me and is not only possible but common in Amphetamine use and abuse. So i would like to improve my cardio.
    —-Headaches,They occur maybe twice to 3 times a month and are most painful at the top of my head and sometimes above the right ear. They usually are the start of a crash and soon after severe exhaustion takes the course. anything that could reduce those would be nice/(anything that reduces crash symptoms) …..=)
    —-Minor Hand tremors, extremely annoying and frustrating. Someone suggested meditation and exhaling slow, it works but is temporary relief. They occur in general when my blood gets moving and hot, I’d like to know why and ways n tricks of reducing these side effects.

    Currently taking

    Adderall IR 30mg 2-3 times daily
    Imipramine 100mg at night
    Folic Acid 800 mcg in the morning with food
    Flax Seed Oil 1000mg 2-3 times daily with food
    Vitamin E 400 IU (iono what UI means o.O) 2-3 daily with food
    Cod Liver Oil – 2-3 times daily with food

    Thank You to all who reply =)

    • ANSWER:
      Here’s what I found. The vitamin C acidifies the gut thus causing the Adderall to be less absorbed so it makes sense that it brings you down a little. Adderall increased blood levels of magnesium so it changes the ratio of magnesium to calcium. Calcium regulates the contraction of muscle and magnesium the relaxation of the muscle so the lack of strength stamina could be related to that. The tremors are likely just part of taking amphetamines. L-Tyrosine (amino acid) can enhance the effects of Adderall but PLEASE use it to take less of the drug not get a bigger kick. B6 helps with anxiety associated with the amphetamine use and it would be worth a try to see if it helped some of the other symptoms. Alcohol causes the drug to concentrate in the blood stream (especially related to heart problems!!) so you really really want to avoid alcohol.

      As far as the Imipramine it can deplete Coq10 which could be the true root of the heart and stamina issues. I would take Coq10 and here is the very best source I know http://www.newchapter.com/products/coq10-food-complex
      Alcohol needs to be avoided with this one, too.
      A good combination B vitamin is called for with the use of both drugs. Here are two I like

      http://www.newchapter.com/products/coenzyme-b-food-complex

      http://www.country-life.com/moreinfo.cfm?Category=15&Product_ID=198

      If you ever decide you want to reduce or stop these meds and deal with it all naturally let me know. I would be glad to assist you in anyway I can.

  29. QUESTION:
    Does anyone agree with me on this point,that there’s a lot of stuff they’re NOT saying about the vaccine?
    Ok,I’m getting a ton of thumbs down for saying I WILL NOT let my kids recieive the swine flu vaccine,or I won’t get it myself. Just because the CDC says it SHOULD be fine,does NOT mean it’s going to be fine. Does anyone agree with me on this?? We’re not guinea pigs…and here’s some info about the squalene FOUND in the vaccine,and i know I’ve read that the government has signed paperwork stating that noone will be held liable for the outcomes! It sounds a little ridiculous for me…There’s no way in hell I’m taking that risk. Is anyone with me? I’m not risking my children’s lives because the CDC says it SHOULD be fine….

    http://voices.injuryboard.com/miscellane…

    Too dangerous for human use, Squalene is not licensed for use in the United States. Oil adjuvants like squalene have been ordinarily used to inflict diseases in animals – for experimentation and study. According to anthrax vaccine expert Gary Matsumoto and other reliable sources, the US military used an unlicensed, experimental anthrax vaccination laced with squalene, with disastrous consequences, including Gulf War Sydrome.
    Dr. Sherri Tenpenny goes into detail here.

    She states that “On first blush, squalene seems like a good choice for an adjuvant. Manufactured naturally in the liver, squalene is a precursor for cholesterol. In addition, squalene can be purchased at health food stores in its more commonly known form, “shark liver oil.” However, ingested squalene has a completely different effect on the body than injected squalene. When molecules of squalene enter the body through an injection, even at concentrations as small as 10 to 20 parts per billion, it can lead to self-destructive immune responses, such as autoimmune arthritis and lupus.
    Let me add,I am a pro vaccinator!
    I agree with Aly!! My daughter will in no way be getting this vaccine!!!
    I’ve done a LOT of research on it,and doesn’t it say something that the CDC webpage does not have half the info people are looking for? Papers were signed for noone to be held liable for the outcomes of this vaccine,hell no im not doing it.
    It has nothing to do with conspiracy theories. It has everythin to do with that if my kid dies from this vaccine,noone would be held liable,this shit hasn’t been stuided enough for it to even be available.

    • ANSWER:
      I Agree With You 100% !!!
      Do you know that they may be forcing the vaccines to children in schools? What the hell?!

      if so ill say heck, time for homeschooling.

  30. QUESTION:
    Is anyone agreeing with me about NOT getting the H1N1 vaccine?
    Ok,I’m getting a ton of thumbs down for saying I WILL NOT let my kids recieive the swine flu vaccine,or I won’t get it myself. Just because the CDC says it SHOULD be fine,does NOT mean it’s going to be fine. Does anyone agree with me on this?? We’re not guinea pigs…and here’s some info about the squalene FOUND in the vaccine,and i know I’ve read that the government has signed paperwork stating that noone will be held liable for the outcomes! It sounds a little ridiculous for me…There’s no way in hell I’m taking that risk. Is anyone with me? I’m not risking my children’s lives because the CDC says it SHOULD be fine….

    http://voices.injuryboard.com/miscellaneous/h1n1-swine-flu-vaccine-possible-side-effects-and-the-dangers-of-squalene.aspx?googleid=271748

    Too dangerous for human use, Squalene is not licensed for use in the United States. Oil adjuvants like squalene have been ordinarily used to inflict diseases in animals – for experimentation and study. According to anthrax vaccine expert Gary Matsumoto and other reliable sources, the US military used an unlicensed, experimental anthrax vaccination laced with squalene, with disastrous consequences, including Gulf War Sydrome.
    Dr. Sherri Tenpenny goes into detail here.

    She states that “On first blush, squalene seems like a good choice for an adjuvant. Manufactured naturally in the liver, squalene is a precursor for cholesterol. In addition, squalene can be purchased at health food stores in its more commonly known form, “shark liver oil.” However, ingested squalene has a completely different effect on the body than injected squalene. When molecules of squalene enter the body through an injection, even at concentrations as small as 10 to 20 parts per billion, it can lead to self-destructive immune responses, such as autoimmune arthritis and lupus.
    Ok,apparently you guys didn’t read the info about what’s in this crap. I’m NOT putting my kids at risk just bc the CDC SAYS IT SHOULD BE OK!!!!! SHOULD being the key words there.
    No,I don’t think you guys are understanding. At the first signs of the flu,I will be taking my children to a doctor/hospital.
    Oh,and let me add-I am a pro vaccinator! You guys all want to freak out about mercury,guess what? This vaccine has thimersol in it!
    lol signe me up for bad mother of the year too! lol
    The swine flu is no different than the regular flu,other than it’s a new strain of it. There’s absolutely no reason why you just shouldn’t take your kids to the dr if they start to exhibit flu like symptoms. I just think it’s too new,and not enough has been done with it. I understand what adjuvents are,but one that could cause autoimmune issues? no thanks,ill pass on that.
    Bella,that’s exactly how I feel about it. I’d rather sit back and see what happens,than just assume that it’s ok bc the cdc says they THINK it will be ok. I’m not ok with it.
    I agree with all the women that say at least to give it a bit,and then maybe I will consider it if this thing starts to run rampant. If I see a possible need for it,depending on what happens to others that have had it,then maybe I will consider it. Frankly,I don’t like the idea they’re telling pregnant women and children to get it,when all the info I’ve read is that the squalene in it could cause autoimmune issues,among other things.

    • ANSWER:
      This is my second round with the swine flu. Does anyone remember the first occurrence in the 70s? There was a lot of hype on that too and I don’t recall any massive epidemic or dying off of the population.

      I usually get the flu vaccine every year but because of all the hubbub of two vaccines, the controversy with preparation of the vaccines and dissemination of them is making me rethink things. They seem to be pushing this very hard and I wonder if it might not be a good year to sit things out and see what happens with everyone else first.

      I’m definitely waiting to see if people start getting sick from it. Yes, I may be using my fellow humans as the canary in the proverbial coalmine but I really don’t see any other choice at this point.

  31. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for a 22 year old with no prior serious health issues to get liver cancer?
    i posted a question a few hours ago asking about jaundice which i do not have but something is going on with my liver cause bilirubin in my urine and they sent my blood out for a second time to do further testing and i just wanted to know if i should worry about liver cancer?

    a little background information:
    -i have a peptic ulcers in my past, i am currently on prilosec otc once a day every day
    -i am very active, non smoker non drinker
    -i do not eat as healthy as i should but i’m no fast food junkie either.
    -i have never had serious or mild pain in the right part of my abdomen i do have pain in the left portion of the abdomen but that is due to stomach ulcers

    any help or feedback would be gfreatly appreciated
    god bless

    • ANSWER:
      It’s possible it is anything. But, my money would be on:

      1. Meds/drugs/alcohol roughing up the liver
      2. Bad gallbladder

  32. QUESTION:
    I think i have liver damage, what should I do?
    I had elevated liver enzymes 2 years ago but never did anything for it. I think alcohol consumption and eaty fried foods has damaged my liver. My complexion just doesn’t look good, I look pale and just not healthy. I have to eat like super healthy to start to look normal. I dont have health insurance anymore, so I’m thinking of starting to take some milk thistle pills to try to regenerate my liver and get healthy again, will this work?

    • ANSWER:
      try going to one of those free health clinics. if not, just go to the county hospital. they can’t turn anyone away. don’t think the pills you are taking is the answer.

  33. QUESTION:
    Would a liver cleanse as well as a colon cleanse take away any cravings for sugar?
    I was wondering with any cleanse would it take away any cravings for junk food.

    If so I was going to do one this weekend but I would like to know health perspectives of others!

    • ANSWER:
      There is no therapeutic effect to any colon cleanse or liver cleanse regimen. This is all a marketing ploy. I am a nurse and I work in the Gastroenterology Field. Any Gastro doctor will tell you it’s a waste of time and money.

  34. QUESTION:
    Is there a milk thistle only for cats?
    Hi everyone , is there a milk thistle just for cats? or is it the same milk thistle you buy in the health food store. my friend has a 16 y/o male tabby he has liver disease he is not juandice and drinks water, but has stopped eating he is being forced fed little by little but seems to put up a fight I can tell by the scratch and bite marks, he sleeps alot but he still uses his kitty liter walks fine and jumps up and down from the chair he likes to sleep on now. she heard about milk thistle but doesnt know if there is milk thistle for cats only and how much to give him. any advice would be grateful.

    • ANSWER:
      Milk thistle is milk thistle and there is no special formulation for animals..

      Silymarin extract from Twin Labs, “One way to get a cat to take it is to empty the contents into a palatable food, such as one of the meaty baby foods. 1 capsule daily” Pamela Wood-Krzeminski, DVM

      “Milk thistle, in the form of a liquid, glycerin-based product from Gaia Herbs (800-831-7780), available at health food stores. Give 10 drops twice a day.” Maria Glinski, DVM.

      “Milk thistle: 250 milligrams once a day. With meals.” Ron Carsten, DVM

      “Ayurvedic Herbs for the Liver. I had had excellent result with a combination from India called Livit-2, prepared by Ayush Herbs (800-925-1371). The product is available in liquid form for cats….I believe it is more effective than milk thistle alone. 10 drops twice daily per ten pounds. Use for at least 3 months or until over enzymes normalize”. Tejinder Sodhi, DVM

  35. QUESTION:
    I just thought I would help those out that were on the Depo-provera and are now ttc. This article explains how?
    Depo can stay in your system up to 18mos to help get it out this website suggested these steps

    1 Drink LOTS of water: We all know there many health benefits of drinking water. Besides clear skin and weight loss, drinking at least 64 ounces per day can help rid the body of toxins and expel waste stored in the bodies tissue and prevent disease. Adding fresh squeezed lemon to water can help flush toxins out of the body because lemons are a natural diuretic.

    Step 2Exercise: At least 30 minutes of cardiovascular activity a day helps increase the blood flow to the organs, muscles and tissues. Exercise helps endorphin levels rise and remove toxins from the body. Sweating also helps remove waste and toxins. Daily walks outside in the fresh air also help the detoxification process.

    Step 3 Eat 6-11 (or more!) servings of fruit and vegetables a day: High in fiber to help move your bowels and loaded with anti-oxidants to help your body defend itself from any damaging toxins that enter it. Make sure you wash your produce well or chose organic if possible.

    Step 4 Try Acupuncture: A form of Traditional Chinese Medicine that helps rid the body of drug toxins by balancing the body and the mind.

    Step 5 Try a colon cleanse: A form of alternative medicine that removes feces and toxins from the colon and intestinal tract. Colon cleansers are composed of a combination of fiber, herbs, supplements and laxatives and can be purchased at your local health food store. Use as directed.

    Step 6 Drink detox tea: A combination of herbs used to rid the body of toxins by supporting liver and kidney function. Detox teas are organic and caffeine free and can be found in your local supermarket or health food store.

    Step 7Take a detox bath: Soak in a warm bath for 30 minutes with 1 cup of baking soda and 1 cup of Epsom salt. This helps the body eliminate toxins through the skin. After the bath you will feel refreshed and your skin will be soft and smooth. Rinse off with a cool shower.

    Step8Relax in a sauna: Heavy metals and toxins are expelled through the the skin as we sweat. Sitting in a sauna for 10 minutes helps open the pours and detoxifies the body. Consult your health care professional before trying a sauna detox.

    Step 9Take Probiotics: Also known as “good bacteria” that are necessary for digestive system health. Probiotics have been said to strengthen the immune system, allowing the body to fight off allergies, exposure to toxins and other diseases. Probiotics can be taken in supplement form, yogurt or shakes.
    it’s usually people on the shot not the pill the shot causes the problems cause it leaves stuff behind and does not clear your system

    • ANSWER:
      I personally went on the pill for two months to “jump start” my period again after DEPO (on it for three years). It worked for me…I got pregnant the second month after stopping the pill. So I got pregnant pretty quickly after stopping the shot compared to most people.

  36. QUESTION:
    Who thinks marijuana sucks and would rather different drugs be considered decriminalized (which drugs)?
    Mine would be GHB, put back in Health food stores, with age restrictions, by ID, and entering of social security number, in order to only be able to purchase a certain amount. I like GHB and no other drug; non are healthy like G, and I didn’t only get this from 30 years of medical research, but also from 2 years of constant usage. Tested my liver, kidneys, heart, went to psychologist; no problems anywhere, thyroid, nothing. Clean as a whistle. I want GHB decriminalized for personal consumption. IT’s not popular enough, and not everyone likes it, a lot less range of people really even like its effects, and would not be an epidemic. Body builders would go back to using it, along with health freaks and old people as well as those who prefer it to getting drunk on unhealthy, shitty alcohol and don’t wanna ruin their health with booze or other drugs, but like to get drunk or high once in a while, or treat sleep problems, anxiety (alternative to benzos, healthier; a better schizophrenia and manic medication, proven) or sexual dysfunctions. GHB has proven medical usages around the world and isn’t really a drug but is considered a food substance and natural metabolite in every human being. See, there is enough reason to legalize my drug of choice, just like marijuana.

    Why don’t I like Weed? I can’t think, read through a paragraph. I can’t do simple math problems. I forget what I’m doing. It makes me space out while driving, and doing other things. Makes me feel weak, not like working out. It wears on me after a while, makes me stuff my face, makes me paranoid, giddy, dumb. Weed is a bad candidate for legalization in my opinion, but it’s just my opinion. I mean, I’d much rather use Cocaine than weed any day. I don’t use coke, but I have tried it; it’s a clear, better, orgasmic high, with less likely hood to crash your car, or space out. Marijuana is like release a dumb bomb on society if it is legalized. Just watch some movies about people being stoned, or listen to the old hippies; that is truthful representation of what pot does to you for those who don’t use it or never have.
    I agree with that man.. who cares about some crack heads that ruin their lives; I don’t care, and it shouldn’t mean my drug is legal, because someone uses it as a date rape drug, or mixes it with other drugs, or overdoses on it, in spite of well known literature and usually pre-warnings about how to use it. I don’t really care, and it shouldn’t affect me because I use it responsibly. Just cause someone else can’t stop at a gram of cocaine and has to snort an 8 ball a night, and possibly kill himself, doesn’t mean someone else will do the same. Just cause someone else can’t stop taking ecstasy “every weekend” and 5 pills a night, to get loaded, doesn’t mean it should be illegal for people that use it once in a while for a sort of a spiritual healing type of thing, which was once done with psychiatrists. Just cause someone else can’t control his fears on Magic mushrooms doesn’t mean people should be jailed for picking fungus out of shit and eating it if that’w what he or she wants to

    • ANSWER:
      @ Alex Tubruton: All drugs should be legalized?

      I was a social worker for 30 longs years in the State of *********. I wish that you could have been a “fly on the wall” when I was interviewing families whose life had been destroyed by drugs, especially meth.

      I’ve been in homes where ALL the utilities had been disconnected because of non-payment, and the people in them had been defecating on the living room floor because there was no water to flush the toilet.

      Homes where the flooring had been torn up to use in a wood heater in the winter, yet they had money to buy meth. Homes where both parents had been on a 3 day sleep coming down off of a meth binge, and the 8 month old child had not been changed, fed, or looked after.

      I remember distinctly one small child (not yet walking, but could crawl) found on a public highway by a State trooper; turns out the parents were in the residence “zonked out of their minds” on meth. They had even forgotten that they had a child!

      I’ve had people in my office wearing long sleeve shirts in the middle of summer to hide the scratch marks on their arms due to them thinking that ‘worms’ were inside their arms. Scratch marks so deep that on occasion (but rarely) you could actually see the bones in their arms.

      I’ve seen people who had won athletic scholarships to VERY expensive schools lose everything because of choosing to use meth.

      Yes, you should have been a “fly on the wall” sometimes when I was interviewing people. Would YOU wish that kind of crap on people YOU love and care about?

  37. QUESTION:
    I like my coffee in the morning!?
    some facts about coffe below but I add suger to mine and that is bad for me but there is no way I will ever drink it black what do i do to keep it healthy and sweet but in a healthy way?

    Want a drug that could lower your risk of diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and colon cancer? That could lift your mood and treat headaches? That could lower your risk of cavities?

    If it sounds too good to be true, think again.

    Coffee, the much maligned but undoubtedly beloved beverage, just made headlines for possibly cutting the risk of the latest disease epidemic, type 2 diabetes. And the real news seems to be that the more you drink, the better.

    Reducing Disease Risk
    After analyzing data on 126,000 people for as long as 18 years, Harvard researchers calculate that compared with not partaking in America’s favorite morning drink, downing one to three cups of caffeinated coffee daily can reduce diabetes risk by single digits. But having six cups or more each day slashed men’s risk by 54% and women’s by 30% over java avoiders.

    Though the scientists give the customary “more research is needed” before they recommend you do overtime at Starbuck’s to specifically prevent diabetes, their findings are very similar to those in a less-publicized Dutch study. And perhaps more importantly, it’s the latest of hundreds of studies suggesting that coffee may be something of a health food — especially in higher amounts.

    In recent decades, some 19,000 studies have been done examining coffee’s impact on health. And for the most part, their results are as pleasing as a gulp of freshly brewed Breakfast Blend for the 108 million Americans who routinely enjoy this traditionally morning — and increasingly daylong — ritual. In practical terms, regular coffee drinkers include the majority of U.S. adults and a growing number of children.

    “Overall, the research shows that coffee is far more healthful than it is harmful,” says Tomas DePaulis, PhD, research scientist at Vanderbilt University’s Institute for Coffee Studies, which conducts its own medical research and tracks coffee studies from around the world. “For most people, very little bad comes from drinking it, but a lot of good.”

    Consider this: At least six studies indicate that people who drink coffee on a regular basis are up to 80% less likely to develop Parkinson’s, with three showing the more they drink, the lower the risk. Other research shows that compared to not drinking coffee, at least two cups daily can translate to a 25% reduced risk of colon cancer, an 80% drop in liver cirrhosis risk, and nearly half the risk of gallstones.

    Coffee even offsets some of the damage caused by other vices, some research indicates. “People who smoke and are heavy drinkers have less heart disease and liver damage when they regularly consume large amounts of coffee compared to those who don’t,” says DePaulis.

    There’s also some evidence that coffee may help manage asthma and even control attacks when medication is unavailable, stop a headache, boost mood, and even prevent cavities.

    • ANSWER:
      I’d grow it if I could, but for now I’ll have to settle for the roasting to brewing for me.

      I will only drink it black. If I need sugar, it’s not good enough. I know everyone has their own taste, that’s just mine.

      The only thing that goes in my coffee is (in the evening) brandy, Irish Cream, Frangelico, Amaretto, or whiskey.

  38. QUESTION:
    Natural suppliments for my diabetic type 1 dog?
    Hello all.

    I’m after some advice as to qty of ingredients listed below I should give my 7.5kg (16.5 pound) poodle x australian terrier 13 year old dog which has diabetes type 1.

    All ingredients below I purchased at supermarket health isle or health food stores.

    1.
    Chromium Picolinate (for carbohydrate/fat metabolism and managing appetite demand)

    2.
    Folic Acid (so many benefits, mostly to maintaining and restoring a healthy gut) I know it is harmful to give your dog too much so I’m super cautious here.

    3.
    Cranberry tablets (for urinary tract health – my dog already picked up and has since been treated for urinary tract infection)

    4.
    Silybum Marianum aka milk thistle (to assist liver function and break down and eliminate toxins)

    My dog is being treated by the vet and I have cooked up a home diet which you can view here http://dogfoodchat.com/forum/17661-post8.html if you were concerned I am only treating my dog with supplements alone – because it’s not the case :)

    Thank you very kindly for any advice on the dosage of these ingredients for my pet.
    I appreciate any advice about following veterinary instructions, however, if you had ANY IDEA how much vets DON’T understand nutrition thanks to corporate dog food sponsoring of their education then you will appreciate the fact that I am trying to educate myself. I am NOT feeding my dog euthanized animals, road kill, restaurant grease, corn filler and saw dust just because my vet tells me to.

    I appreciate that all animals die – however considering I spent half an hour down at the park throwing the tennis ball around with a big ball chucker TODAY (as I do every day with my 12 year old and 13 year old dogs) and seeing them run around at full speed and loving it don’t tell me they are going to die.

    If you can’t answer my question then your input means jack sh*t to me.

    • ANSWER:
      You need to follow your veterinarian’s instructions – every one fo them- and ask them to review what you are giving your dog in addition to what they have prescribed.

      While it’s fine to get an idea of what is possible via lists and websites, the only person who knows your dog’s full history is your veterinarian, and if you go off and give your dog other things without their knowledge and guidance, you could just as quickly kill your dog as manage the diabetes.

      Supplements bought in the supermarket are rarely standardized as much as they need to be in the case of an individual with health concerns – any supplement you get after conferring with your veterinarian needs to be one that has been produced by a company that is making supplements for veterinary use, not as a ‘food product’. Those jars in the supermarket could contain any amount of those substances, and any amount of measuring could be meaningless.

      This is what’s wrong with getting advice on the internet – you need a veterinarian to help your dog, and you need to respect the fact that monkeying around with it on the side could undo any good your vet has tried to accomplish.

      Please be careful.

  39. QUESTION:
    HELP? stomach problems?
    hi im 18 i dont eat breakfast, i eat late at night, i dont eat nothing till like 10:00 or 9:00. I eat junk food alot, i eat whole wheat bread alot but lately i’ve ate white bread alot, and it been giving me stomaxch problems i dont eat good at all like i dont have a meal course at all, i sleep late due to computer, im a virgin, on Nov i bought meatball marinara with italian bread footlong in subway, and slept after that and woke up with left side pain in stomach and it stop and came back this year like jan 3 or 4 . i dont drink water like i should only minute maid, those corn syrup drinks like Ssips, which is bad for me, one time i bought a plate of cooked porked chicken and drank a glass of C&C grape soda and next day my stomach was like war gas GAS GAS GAS ALL OVER INTESTINES, it was so loud like whoa, my mom said eat healthy eat vegetables i do but not anymore, i know it bad today i bought pomegranate juice pure in health food store, and im a female my period finished on saturday. and like 2 days ago my left side hurts with gas and i hear it radiated to the right side upper right side, and like the side hurts it never happen before so my mom bought a colon cleanse and liver cleanse and i took it today and yesterday and well t takes time to go into effect, my back hurts also it like a bacteria infection, i only ate yogurt today. i need like a nutrionists who can guide me in eating good food, likw what should i buy? what should i eat for breakfast, lunch, and dinner please tell me, my mom has stomach problems it runs in the family and it’s bothering me like burning sensation, gassy, bloated, and i never had that problem it not so severe i give it an 8 , a friend whose a herbal practioner said my alkaline balance is i guess way to high get it back it normal size by eating right but how should i start? like the left pain in my stomach went to the right side with back pain and like why??? what should i do?

    • ANSWER:

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/diverticulosis/

      check out this link, there have been many studies done on processed foods and the link to all your symptoms. It also shows that you are at a key age for this – diverticulitis

  40. QUESTION:
    I have a question involving health, it deals with pains around your liver.?
    I’ve been having pains around my liver area for awhile. I’ve had times where i’ve thrown up, had fevers, and passed out. I have alot of food allergies and stick to eating foods that wont mess with my stomach. I usually get pains when i eat and also when im stressed out. I’ve seen lots of doctors and have even been to the emergency room a few times over this, it really has gotten that bad for me. I just dont know what to do anymore, nothing seems to help, not even doctors. I’m just really tired of all the pain so if anyone may have a clue to what is causing this please let me know! i need all the help i can get. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Have any of your docs tested you for Hepatitis? Especially Hepatitis C? You’re giving off many of the symptoms of it. Ask Them, actually, You shold know since they have to ask your permission and get signed consent to do so~~ There are so many issues, including Pancreatitis …not to mention so many other obscure health problems. Best of Luck to YOU..and HOPE your New Year Becomes much more PLEASANT FOR YOU

  41. QUESTION:
    Help!. Ive had my hair colour stripped (with bleach) and now its snapping, falling out and I have itchy scalp.?
    Ive always been one for changing my hair colour. I naturally have mid brown hair and decided to go a little lighter this summer. I purchased some highlighting cream from avon and used it over 3 cosecutive days. This was all fine until I got bored and thought it looked a little ginger almost so went to the salon to have a double ash semi put on my hair. At this point is where I shold have left my hair alone as it was shiny and silky and just below my chin in length.(Ive been trying to grow my hair for ages). But because I expected the colour to come out darker, I wasnt happy and went to boots to buy a home hair colour in a dark brown shade. After applying this I was devastated to find that it was black in some places and patchy dark brown where I had used the highlighting cream. I went down to my local salon with my tail between my legs. She suggested that I try and fade it at first for a week using washing up liquid with citrus in it, anti dandruff shampoos and go back and see her to try some lowlights. I did all the shampooing once a day religiously and washed with hot water and used my heat styling products up high, and still nothing.
    I relly didnt like the idea if lowlights as they are always a shade of coppor or red that I was despareately tring to avioid.
    So stupidly I went to another salon out of town to get my hair colour stripped. All I wanted was to start again and get my hair back to its natural mid brown colour. The hairdresser said this wouldnt be a problem as it was a low level peroxide that they use (9%). And I had that all over my head until it went a gastly shade of orange. I should have mentioned something at that point as my scalp went beyond tingling to a little burning, but I just sat there and took it in my stride.
    They washed that off, put ann ash base colour on my hair and were then going to send me home, but my hair still looked nothing like its natural colour and was more orange so they put a semi on for 15mins to darken it.
    It was fine until I tried to wash and dry it myself at home…
    Because I have naturally curly hair I have to alwas sraighten it. I prob wouldnt need to if my hair was longer, but being chin length, if I leave it curly it goes so short its like an afro.
    Well anyway, it ended up like straw. Dry, coarse, itchy scalp (but not red). I bought hot oil treatments, good shampoo with vitamins and went to my local health food shop where I bought vitamins for the hair that I take 3 times a day along with cod liver oil. I went back to my local salon and told afew fibs and said that the colour had faded and tht it must have been the highlighting cream that made it like this. She said not to worry and had conditioning treatment in my hair (that made my scalp itch a little, but it was a peppermint one) and she trimmed my hair about an inch so its a jaw length bob now. Ive got home now only to look in the mirrie and see that its snapping about 5 inches from the top of my head! nooooo!. Today is monday that I went to the salon and I want going to wash my hair until fri and that was atthe salon with another conditioning treatmen as I tent to drag my own hair around when I dry it, and then do nothing until mon the following week to have the same done again in the salon.
    It just doesnt seem to be getting any better. I know its my fault but the worst thing is I have a wedding to go to next friday and the last thing I want is hair as short as a boys!. Sorry for the long post, but im running out of ideas. Any good advice welcome PLEEASE!!.

    • ANSWER:
      A few other things you could also do.

      Don’t wash your hair too often, you can clean it a lot by just water with no shampoo then condition.

      When you feel you do need to wash it properly, then use less shampoo than usual, dilute it. Again condition.

      Whenever you wash or ‘rinse’ your hair, eg: with or without shampoo, do a final rinse with cold (or just off-cold) water, that helps seal it a bit.

      Drink lots of water and take good quality fish oil every day (omega III). Both help.

      Let your hair dry naturally, but if you really feel you need to dry it then use a good ‘leave in’ conditioner on your hair before you do it to help protect it.

      When you have a day that you don’t need to go anywhere, then use some good (virgin or extra virgin) olive oil on dry hair and leave on for as long as you can. Half an hour minimum, hours if you have the time.
      Don’t go sitting in the sun in your back yard with this mixture on. It just needs to soak in naturally.

      Then wash (you’ll probably need full strength shampoo due to the oil on this one) and condition, rinse and final rinse with cold water.

      There’s a great website that helps people understand what exactly is happening to their hair when its damaged and how to prevent the damage or rehabilitate the hair when its been mistreated and this may help a lot.

      http://forums.longhaircommunity.com/vbjournal.php?do=article&articleid=79

  42. QUESTION:
    I really could use someones help, or idea on what is wrong. My heart is always aching, having palpitations, ..?
    I have been to the ER 4 times in the last 2 months, for having heart palpitations (jumping around a lot between 50 bpm and 90 bpm, ever beat seems to be different when it was recorded on hospital monitors)

    I also am having heart pain, when I breathe in, the pain worsens a little bit, and it seems like i cant get full breaths like i use to be able to.

    This all started about 4 months ago, and its controlling my life and scaring me a lot.
    I have had blood tests done for cholesterol, liver, diabetes, thyroid, they all came back normal.

    Diabetes, high cholesterol, and thyroid problems do run in my family however. [Mother, high thyroid] grandmother [diabetes, cholesterol issues] grand father [cancer, cholesterol issues]

    Background on me, I am 19 years old, male, white,
    do not smoke cigarettes (around it, but not every day or even often) i do not drink ANY alcohol, ever, and I use to smoke marijuana for about a year, not a very heavy smoker but almost ever day when I would work on art.

    I exercise a little at least now and then walk my dog, but everyday I’m always moving around.

    Stress, nothing seems to be botheing me too much that i think about constantly, but i do have a brother overseas, another brother in prison, and my father is moving away later this year.
    Again, im not thinking about these things a lot, i know my brother overseas is smart, and staying safe, my other brother has been in prison for a lot of my life, so i dont think it stresses me out.

    I have been on several medications before for ADHD, depression, but after a while i seemed to be able to control the ADHD, and the depression went away after beginning to live a happier life.
    So right now I am on no medications, no alcohol, no smoking, no street drugs.

    The pain in my heart feels like a pressure, as if someones hand was pushing against it, and as i said before when i breathe in it hurts a little more, like if someone started to push harder when i breathe in.

    I dont sleep very well at night, when i sleep i dream VERY vividly. i remember people, places, things i saw, i can smell things and taste things in my dreams, i dream in color and remember colors of everything i saw. i also wake up 2 or 3 times a night, so when i wake up in the morning, after 8 hours of laying in bed, i really only slept maybe 4 or 5. so normally i try to sleep 9 or 10 hours, sometimes even 12, to get a full 8.

    right now, i am living what i think would be a healthy life, i dont eat a LOT of sugar, [i use to] i never really drink soda or coffee, or no energy drinks anything like that. sometimes i have an occasional soda once every 2 weeks or so.

    I had been going to a health food store for a while, taking different vitamins, cataplyx B, cataplyx G, Mintran [contains a lot of iodine, i have not taken this in about 3 weeks now, but i had been on it for almost 6 months, so im thinking the iodine was causing the heart issues, but now its still happening]

    As I said, i have been to ER 4 times in last 2 months when palpitations started, my heart rate would sometimes be over 100, even though i was not exercising or running at the time. then one night about 3 weeks ago, i went for a walk for about 1 1/2 miles, and when i got home, and was ready relaxing in bed, my heart rate was only 36 bpm.

    Any help, suggestions, theories would be of GREAT HELP, and MUCH appreciation.

    Bless you, thank you for your time.

    -Simon

    • ANSWER:
      High iodine intake can cause hypothyroidism or autoimmune thyroiditis. However, if your thyroid labs came back normal this shouldn’t be the case scenario. If you’re not sure about this, though, you might want to double check. Hypothyroidism can be the underlying cause of your heart problems.
      If your problems are cardiac related, though, you might want to see a cardiologist, which I strongly recommend.

  43. QUESTION:
    acai berry . . . . . (20 characters)?
    im 14 and 5’6 150 lbs.

    my grandma and i went to a health food store and a girl came to us explaining about acai berry (i knew a little about it but not much) she said the most that you buy online are full of caffiene and things but the one was supposed to be natural andif we wanted to lose weight we have to do a cleansing so we went and got a cleansing thing that is not nly supposed to cleanse your colon but you liver blood and other stuff

    i lost 20 lbs. in the last 2 summers but it seems it doesnt matter how much or little i eat but how much i excersise i can eat very little and be fine but excersising is something i havent been able to stick to im really dissapointed this summer that i havent lost any weight my school starts on the 8th and im going into highschool

    so my wuestions are

    -do you think the acai berry will work for me?

    -how much should i lose and in what time (i’ve heard people losing 30 lbs. in 30 days)

    -and last why do you think i only lose weight when i excersize?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh goodness!

      Acai Berry is a Pyramid Scheme.
      It does not help you lose weight,

      it is just a berry found in Brazil.
      It’s no different than not drinking it.

  44. QUESTION:
    Is this information true?
    I am reading this book and this information is present. It seems totally incorrect so I am debating wether to keep reading,

    Honey must not be used at any time internally. It is manufactured from the nectar picked up from the
    flowers by the bees— good enough in itself, perhaps— then predigested, vomited and stored for their own
    future use with a preservative added. It is deficient in calcium and has many detrimental effects for the
    human being.
    According to one authority, honey is “a magical and mystical word in “Healthfoodland”. It is one of the
    most over promoted, overpriced products being sold to gullible health food advocates. The great value
    attributed to honey is delusive… honey is only a little less empty and more dangerous than sugar.”
    Just as with alcohol, honey, being predigested, enters the blood directly, raising the sugar content very
    rapidly above normal. To correct this, the pancreas must produce insulin immediately or possible death
    can occur. More insulin than necessary is likely to be produced, and the blood sugar level then drops
    below normal. This can produce blackout spells and even death if it goes to low. When blood sugar is
    below normal, a person will feel depressed. The regular use of honey can create constant imbalances,
    which in turn will adversely affect the normal function of the liver, pancreas and spleen. Hypoglycemia
    and hyperglycemia are the results of the use of unbalanced sugars. The balanced sugar in maple syrup
    and sugar can juice causes no dangerous side effects. Artificial, synthetic, and refined sugars have no
    place in a natural diet.

    • ANSWER:

  45. QUESTION:
    Do you think i have liver problems i haven’t drank in 3 years but have health problems?
    I cant gain weight despite normal caloric intake and feel my liver has been damages to the point where it cant activate enzymes from food leaving me with low hydrochloric acid and causing my body to become amino acid deficient and low Body weight. Im 28 and drank for 5 years of and on lots of beer like 2 times a week just wasted. Its been 3 years all blood test say im fine but why do i lose weight is it possible mu body cant digest protein and fat seem logical Right?

    • ANSWER:
      WATER WATER WATER WATER, DRINK ALOT OF WATER!!

  46. QUESTION:
    1. Which of the following most accurately defines good health today?
    A. The ability to recover from an illness
    B. The ability to endure a 30-minute workout
    C. The absence of disease
    D. Complete physical, mental, and emotional well-being

    2. Which of the following is important in maintaining a healthy lifestyle?
    A. Getting less than six hours of sleep a night
    B. Developing muscular bulk
    C. Monitoring your diet
    D. Exercising at least three hours each day

    3. Which of the following is good for your health?
    A. Smoking
    B. Positive behavioral change
    C. Substance abuse
    D. Eating fatty foods

    4. Which of these factors is most important in your fitness program?
    A. Consistency
    B. Joining a health club
    C. Doing stretching exercises
    D. Using mirrors in your exercise program

    5. Which of the following statements is true?
    A. Unexercised muscles turn into fat.
    B. Unexercised muscles lose bulk but don’t atrophy.
    C. Regular exercise makes muscles firm and strong.
    D. Exercise slows down your metabolism.

    6. Cardiovascular fitness exercises strengthen which two organs?
    A. Heart and brain
    B. Liver and lungs
    C. Brain and liver
    D. Heart and lungs

    7. What five fitness goals should you set for any comprehensive fitness program?
    A. Flexibility, endurance, substantial weight loss, proper nutrition, and muscle power
    B. Disease prevention, fad diets, coordination, muscular bulk, and relaxation
    C. Flexibility, endurance, muscle power, proper nutrition and weight control, and relaxation
    D. Disease prevention, endurance, tight muscles, fast-food diet, and thin appearance

    8. Which of the following is the major cause of most back problems?
    A. Muscular weakness and lack of flexibility
    B. Long drives in an automobile
    C. A poor mattress
    D. Unaligned posture

    9. High blood pressure is the major risk factor for
    A. cancer.
    B. stroke.
    C. osteoporosis.
    D. muscular atrophy.

    10. Endorphins help rid the body of
    A. cholesterol.
    B. fat.
    C. sodium.
    D. acid.

    11. Good health was once viewed as a combination of
    A. having a good doctor and eating three hearty meals a day.
    B. possessing good personal habits and good luck.
    C. living in the right place and possessing good personal habits.
    D. good luck and the right parentage.

    12. To maintain a healthy weight, it’s important to avoid being
    A. five pounds or more overweight.
    B. 10 percent or more over the suggested weight for your height.
    C. either overweight or underweight.
    D. underweight by five pounds or more.

    13. Who is primarily responsible for your health?
    A. You
    B. Your doctor
    C. Your family
    D. The medical care system

    14. Which of the following statements is true regarding the benefits of managing your health?
    A. Your self-esteem will decrease.
    B. You’ll have more energy and improved cardiovascular health.
    C. Your metabolism will decrease, allowing for higher caloric intake.
    D. Your stress levels will increase.

    15. There’s no health advantage to changing your weight if
    A. it’s within the range on the weight tables.
    B. you feel energetic.
    C. your waist-to-hip ratio places you at risk.
    D. you’ve never been successful at dieting.

    16. Personal fitness trainers usually work with
    A. employees in a corporation.
    B. parks and recreation departments.
    C. individuals seeking a more personalized workout.
    D. hospital nutritionists.

    17. According to this study unit, which of the following is acceptable nutritional advice?
    A. Lose weight as fast as you can.
    B. Skip one meal a day, other than breakfast.
    C. Eat every meal quickly to speed up your metabolism.
    D. Eat three meals a day at regular times.

    18. What is the number of beats per minute for an average resting heart?
    A. 64
    B. 72
    C. 80
    D. 96

    19. Which of the following is considered a fitness goal?
    A. Watching a physical exercise program on television
    B. Obtaining optimal weight where you feel your best and you have healthy eating habits
    C. Relaxing for 10 minutes once a week
    D. Developing muscles only by lifting weights

    20. Which of the following statements is true?
    A. Lungs are strengthened through cardiovascular exercise.
    B. Inactive people find it easier to change lifestyle habits than active people.
    C. Regular exercise softens bones.
    D. Psychiatrists avoid recommending exercise as a way of dealing with depression.

    • ANSWER:
      A lot of this is common sense and I don’t think you should ask us to do your coursework for you.

  47. QUESTION:
    Question about my dogs liver.?
    The vet did some x rays and said he has an enlarged liver? We did several blood tests on him ask his enzymes where high the last blood test we did they were high but stable enough where the vet said not to be concerned as he is on Denosyl and Liver health. He has had vestibular disease but the vet said he is recovering from that to not worry. Also for the past week he has not been eating his dry food so we have to give him wet or make him chicken and carrots and that’s what he will eat. He throws up sometimes when we feed him wet. We noticed he started to do this when the vet put him on Hills prescription KD so we took him off of it as he was losing weight. Also he got his teeth cleaned in november could the teeth cleaning caused something to go wrong. We are getting an ultra sound done this week I hope its nothing serious as My fiance and I really cant afford surgery we already spent at least k or more at the vet these past few months. He is 13.
    we need the teeth cleaning as the vet said that was most likley causing his enzymes to go up.
    OOOPS i meant his dental disease was casuing the enzymes to go up she siad.

    • ANSWER:
      I’d like to suggest that you take a step back from the situation.

      So often in these cases, we get so caught up in finding *the* answer, that we forget to ask ourselves what we’ll do when we get it.

      I suggest you ask your vet what you’re looking for on the ultrasound, and what the course of action you can take if you find it. If the results of the ultrasound won’t change your actions, I suggest you don’t do it.

      It sounds like your dog has multiple issues going on (k/d is a kidney diet). Right now, my focus would probably be on keeping him as comfortable as possible, for as long as possible, and getitng the information you need to make decisions on when the time comes.

      To answer your question — A dental anesthetic is a fairly long procedure. If your pet was already getting sick at the time, it is possible that a long anesthetic could have made the signs manifest more quickly.

      Best of luck,

  48. QUESTION:
    3 month old kitten vomiting 2-3X a day, having seizures, help please!?
    We have a 3 month old Himalayan (seal pt., male, 2.4 pounds) who had his first (that we know about) seizure on July 28, 4 days after being vaccinated. The vaccination is NOT the culprit as he had another seizure on August 13 – no additional vaccinations.

    We had been giving him Purina Fancy Feast, which we have thrown away after reading several consumer complaints about the food causing health problems in cats, kittens, dogs and puppies, in one case causing seizures in a dog. The diarrhea and foul-smelling gas has been gone since we threw out all the Purina products.

    He was on Lysine powder which we took him off of after the first seizure.

    Symptoms include: 2 known seizures, vomiting up to 3 times a day. We’ve ruled out: Blood Sugar – following the first seizure was 114, normal. He just had a bioacid test which came back negative so it is not a liver shunt. CBC was normal, including white count. Lungs and heart sound normal.

    The vet is has prescribed Clindamycin in case its toxoplasmosis, and another antibiotic that should be arriving later today or tomorrow to treat for mild hepatitis just in case. She wants to draw more blood early next week to test for toxoplasmosis and F.I.P. I’ve spent hours reading up on those, and neither seem to fit (white count was normal, no fever, appetite is normal, he’s not lethargic).

    We have a Blue Point Male that is 10 days older, in perfect health. So we know its nothing environmental. I’ve spoken to the breeder several times, and the rest of the litter is healthy, as are the parents.

    They are eating Royal Canin Kitten 36, and Science Diet Salmon flavored canned food (a teaspoon each 2X a day). He has not had another seizure (that we know of) since switching off Purina foods, but the vomiting continues.

    He is indoor only, all cleaning supplies are securely locked out of reach (we have young children, so our home is child- and kitten-proofed), we have 2 houseplants – bamboo and a bonsai (out of reach) that neither kitten has ever shown an interest in. They don’t get table scraps or people food. He is not showing any other signs of a neurological disorder.

    Epilepsy in kittens, according to the vets (we’ve seen several), is so rare its almost unheard of…. Does anyone have any other ideas on what else could be causing this?
    I scoop a teaspoon of food from the can and feed him in his own bowl. Never from the can (he has a rather smooshed face, about halfway between extreme and dollface, so he needs a shallow bowl to eat from to get his mouth in there).

    There are definitely NO chemicals, cleaning supplies, etc. that he could possibly get into.

    I have food allergies, and never considered that he might as well – will definitely bring that up with the vet, thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Aww, Poor baby, I had a few week old Chihuahua puppy a few years back that had this same thing going on, they did X-rays and found that she had a condition, which I’m sorry I cannot remember the name of, which was basically more or less water on the brain. They gave her phenobarbital and the seizures kept happening and she would just cry in fear, which we would assume was from being drugged up, we decided to put her down since the medication was doing nothing to control the seizures and the medication from what I understand was very strong, not to mention the sweet puppy was so scared and her mother didn’t want anything to do with her anymore.

      I really wish you the best of luck. That was very very hard for me to deal with, I understand your worry and pain..

      Have them do an X-ray that’s all I can suggest.

  49. QUESTION:
    Ol Roy wet dog food killed my dog, what can I do?
    I recently took my black lab to the vet because she was lethargic, had diahrea and vomiting everything she ate. After the vet took blood tests and xrays he came back to tell me that Smokey was dying from kidney and liver failure. He asked me what type of food I served her and when I said Ol Roy canned food, he said that was what was killing her. I did not want her to suffer a painful death so I had her euthanized. Until her bout with vomiting and diahrea I had no reason to question her health. She was a very healthy lab. Now I want to know what I can do to the Ol Roy company, and how do I get started? I know Smokey will never be with me again but I do want to avenge her death. Smokey was my heroine because when I had an insulin reaction during the night she would stay with me, licking my face, until I was conscious enough to get up and take my glucose. Please help me get started to make those murderers pay for their actions. Thank you. Glenda

    • ANSWER:
      You will need to start by contacting the FDA to report
      and Menufoods they are the ones who made it for Ol-Roy(walmart)

      http://www.fda.gov/

      http://www.menufoods.com/recall/

      Include your pet here this is becoming the closest true figure of total deaths of this site

      http://www.petconnection.com/recall/

      The links has the phones numbers on the bottom of the page for who to contact

      Walmart put out a statement but no phone number

      http://www.walmartfacts.com/articles/4932.aspx

      http://www.howl911.com/

      You have to report the deaths first’

      then try the legal route In a class action suit several links for you to check out

      http://www.lawyersandsettlements.com/articles/menu-foods-class-action.html

      you can find more about here in the yahoo group

      http://www.mail-archive.com/felvtalk@felineleukemia.org/msg27762.html

      http://www.progressivelaw.com/main.asp?id=11

      http://hubpages.com/hub/Pet_Food_Recall_Class_Action_Law_Suit

      I am very for your loss

  50. QUESTION:
    Complete grain free cat food?
    I adopted my two girls a little over 3 weeks ago and sadly this week had to take one (Callie) to the vet where she was diagnosed with FLUTD due to struvite crystals in her urine. She is a healthy weight (4kg) and is otherwise in good health. Her sister (Cora) is healthy, though overweight (5.6kg).

    The vet prescribed Hills Prescription Diet s/d for Callie, which she point-blank refuses to touch (in both wet and dry form). After everything I could think of to get her to eat it (adding warm water, heating it, mixing it with her regular food amongst other things), I called the vet and spoke to the nurse as she had not eaten in 2 days, who advised me to feed her a high quality wet food and call back in to speak to my vet tomorrow, which I will do. The only thing I have been able to get her to eat is tinned chicken with liver (a complementary food). Now obviously, I will do whatever he suggests in order to get rid of these crystals, but in the meantime, I am looking for an appropriate diet for both my girls once all this mayhem is over.

    From what I have been reading on-line in forums, it would appear a high quality, protein rich, grain free canned food would be the way to go (I do not have the time to attempt a raw diet, sadly). It seems very difficult, if not impossible, to find a “complete” cat food which is available in the UK which meets these requirements.

    I’m just wondering if anyone knows of any websites that would ship the likes of Innova Evo, Wellness or a similar food to the UK, or knows of a food that is available in the UK which would be similar to these?

    Any other suggestions would be welcome. I’m still fairly new to cat ownership so understand I have a lot to learn. I just want my girls to be healthy and happy.

    • ANSWER:
      You do need to persevere with the struvite dissolving food. This food is actually the cure for her crystals so if she won’t eat the food, she needs to be fed a different brand with the same medicinal qualities or her condition will get worse and this is very serious indeed.

      I know Royal Canin do an equivalent dissolution food, and will be available from another local vet (vets tend to stock only one brand of prescription meds, depending on who their favoured supplier is, so try phoning a different vet for different brands if she won’t eat the Hills.)

      You also need to know that a cat cannot survivie for long without eating anything at all – two days is way too long. She needs to keep her fluid intake up as well – whiskas milk can help here, it will encourage her to drink a little more.

      All the grain free foods are available in the UK, try zooplus for example. This isn’t the solution to Callies probelm, though, struvite crystal isn’t caused by grain in food.


First Signs Of Liver Problems

Liver blood deficiency is defined as a health condition of the inability of liver in blood formation and blood storing, it affects not only the quantity and quality of blood being transported in the blood vessels, but also interferes with blood distribution and returning functions of the liver. Anaemia is one of condition of liver blood deficiency according to traditional Chinese medicine.

I. Symptoms
1. pale complexion;
2. dizziness; dry eyes or, at a more advanced stage, blurry vision (especially at night);
3. Numbness in the extremities
4. Pale lips
5. Muscle twitching;
6. Decreased and absence of menstrual flow
7. Pale or pink tongue
8. Thin and choppy pulse
9. Etc.

II. Causes

1. Alcohol
Everybody knows that excessive drinking over a prolonged period of time can cause damage to the liver, leading to the inability of the liver to perform it’s functions as an organ in blood storing and formation which causes blood deficiency.

2. Heart problems
While the liver is in charge of blood formation, the heart’s organ is vital to circulate the blood through thousands of channels for our body’s tissues. When we move, the heart takes control, but when we are at rest the blood returns to the liver, any problem of the heart’s function will interfere with the liver’s function in moving blood in the blood vessels.

3. Blockage of qi
If the lung cannot function normally in moving the qi through the essential channels, it will affect the storing and movement of blood, leading to blood deficiency.

4. Etc.

III. Treatments
A. With Chinese herbs
1. Angelica (Dong quai)
Angelica is a queen herb for women reproductive tonic, it has been used in traditional Chinese medicine in treating all women productive disorder, including
a) Increasing the liver in blood formation
b) Reducing liver blood stagnation caused over production of certain hormones
c) Releasing the qi stagnation including pre menstrual syndrome.
d) Phytoestrogen
The plant types weak estrogen helps to occupy the estrogen receptor sites, thus improving the liver function in regulating the prostaglandins hormones resulting in lessening the menstrual cramps and pain.

2. Milk thistle seed
Milk thistle seed is a liver tonic herb, besides helping to to restore the qi stagnation caused by environment toxins, it also improves the liver function in blood and qi function by regenerating the liver’s cell.

3. Yellow dock root
Yellow dock root is a liver tonic medicine, besides hepling to detoxify liver by removing any harmful substances accumulated in the liver, it improves the liver function in regulating the production of hormones before and after ovulation.

4. Etc.

B. With acupuncture
Suggested acupuncture points
1.LV3 (Tai chong)
2. LV8 (Qu quan)
3. SP6 (San yin jiao)
4. UB17 (Ge shu)
5. UB18 (Gan shu)
4. UB20 (Pi shu)
5. UB23 (Shen shu)
6. GB 20 (Feng chi)
7. GV20 (Bai hui)
7. Etc.

C. With Foods
1. Whole grains
2. Sweet rice
3. Sweet potatoes
4. Yams
5. Onions
6. Garlic
7. Spinach
8. Beets
9. Black beans
10. Beef and pork
11. Eggs
12. Tuna
13. Shrimp and prawn
14. Seaweeds
15. Etc.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I have been taking 3 to 10..10/325 norco a day for the past 2 months..will I have heart or liver problems?
    I just want to know if taking this amount of hydrocodone will affect my health long term? I don’t show any signs of liver toxicity, but I am really worried that it will cause me to have a heart attack later in life. We had a family friend die of a heart attack from years of drinking and pain medication abuse. I have taken pain meds on and off for the past two years, but recently I have developed an addiction to norco 10/325. I take anywhere from 4 to 12 pills a day and I am worried I will have heart complications later in life. On a side note I have decided that I am going to stop doing this for a number of reasons and today is my first day going sober. I know the next couple of days are going to be filled with withdrawal symptoms, should I take a half of a pill to alleviate that or just go cold turkey? Please respond respectfully and thoughtfully as this is a very difficult time for me in my life, I need to stop this because I want to be a good husband and father in the future and this is really something that could kill me if I don’t stop now.
    I should add that I workout aerobically 3-4 times at pretty high intensity every week. I know that an active lifestyle leads to good cardiovascular health which will also factor into my question…

    • ANSWER:
      It is not the “10″ (hydrocodone) in the Norco you need to be worried about – it is the “325″ which represents the amount of acetaminophen (Tylenol) in the medication. And yes, taking as much as you are can cause serious problems, especially in the liver.

      The liver is a wonderfully forgiving organ. It takes a great deal of abuse and can repair itself to some extent before showing any signs or symptoms of damage, but once the damage is done, it is bad. A toxic dose of Tylenol can be as little as 4000mg. That is a single dose, but you are coming pretty close to that every single day!

      I am not trying to be too dramatic but liver failure is a terrible way to die, and people who abuse medications or are active alcoholics don’t stand a very good chance at getting a transplant.

      Here’s the thing with narcotics. You CAN go cold-turkey safely, but you will feel like crap. There are other medications as well as alcohol where cold-turkey can be dangerous, but with hydrocodone you can do it. I tell patients that the symptoms of withdrawal from narcotics are like the flu, only 5-times worse…but you have to do it. There are also hotlines and places to get help. If you are getting these meds from a doctor, go to that individual and talk to them about help. One of the toughest things you’ll ever do, but in some ways probably one of the most rewarding.
      Good Luck.

  2. QUESTION:
    how serious is early signs of liver failure?
    Over the past 2 years ive had Minor liver damage i had a ultra sound 1 year ago and again 6 months ago first showing a fatty liver the second showing damaged cells and a fatty liver. I was told parts of my liver wont repair but the pain got worst i went to the doctors 2 days ago to have more blood tests and a liver function test the doctor thinks ive got early signs of liver failure. Im feeling tired im depressed and feel sad all the time. The damage is caused by me liking a drink im 32 years old ive drank for about 10 years now i use to drink 2 pints and 8 cans a night minimum now i drink 2 pints and 4 cans i find it really hard to stop when i do all my problems become reality and i feel really down. What shall i do.

    • ANSWER:
      well the damage is done but that doesn’t mean all is futile, you can change your life style and live for some time or you can do what your doing and live a short life, but you know its really all up to you!!!! I wish you well

  3. QUESTION:
    Worried my cat has a liver problem based on a few inconsistent symptoms that could be unrelated.?
    Hello

    I tend to over think and become overly paranoid when something abnormal happens with my cat. I research a ton on the internet and always assume the worst. I was hoping to get some input from people who may have had some experience or may have knowledge on this subject.

    My most recent concern is because of some unusual drooling my cat is doing. Late Saturday night I noticed my year and a half old cat started drooling abnormally. She never usually drools even when pet so I knew this was odd. I would check on her while she was sleeping and there would be a small pool of drool on the bed or her fur. When she was awake and just sitting she would be drooling drops of drool on her fur and chin. I decided to wait a couple of days to see if it went away thinking she may have gotten in to something and her body didn’t like it and was trying to get it out. It’s Monday now and the drooling has seemed to of stopped for the most part. This morning I noticed her still swallowing more than usual but none was actually drooling from her mouth anymore and as of now I haven’t noticed the swallowing more than usual anymore. Seems to have gone away.

    Now, the reason for this post is because I’ve read that drooling can be a sign of a liver problem. A couple of months ago she also had a bout of diarrhea. It was a sort of yellow color mixed with clear mucousy liquid. I took her to the vet and they said she seemed to have a small fever, gave her some antibiotics for a possible parasite or infection and the diarrhea went away a couple of days later. The vet said she wasn’t dehydrated and her liver felt normal but that was just a physical exam. Just a few weeks ago she had another bout of diarrhea for about a day but this time it was a normal brown color. Just runny and messy.

    I’m paranoid that something may be wrong with her liver only because any time something such as diarrhea or now this odd drooling happens I research and find that both of those things can be a symptom of liver failure.

    During the first bout of diarrhea she didn’t eat, barely drank and seemed uneasy and irritated. During the second bout she seemed fine other than the diarrhea. She ate, drank, urinated and produced regular bowel movements (the diarrhea). During this recent drooling incident she was completely fine other than the drooling. She ate, drank (but drank a lot more than usual. I’m assuming it’s because she was dehydrated due to the excessive drooling?), urinated and produced normal bowel movements.

    She is strictly an indoor cat and always has been. She’s full grown but fairly tiny.

    If her liver is failing or if she has something wrong with her liver are these inconsistent and scattered symptoms typical when it comes to a liver issue or would I notice more telling signs such as vomiting, lethargy, yellowing of the eyes (her eyes are yellow to begin with so this makes it hard) and skin, loss of appetite, an increase in water consumption (I’m not exactly sure how much she drinks but I do know she likes to drink from my glass of water beside my bed at least once or twice a night) etc… or do most of the symptoms I listed above only start to occur when a liver issue is reaching it’s end stages?

    I’m concerned that the few bouts of diarrhea and the odd drooling over the last 2 days could be warning signs for something more serious but I’m also aware that these things could be a coincidence and completely unrelated. I understand I could simply take her to the vet and get some blood work done among other tests to check her liver and levels in her blood but I wanted to get some opinions from anyone with experience or knowledge on this subject first in case I may be worrying and over thinking like I tend to do.

    Also, I feed her Fancy Feast (the small cans) but am currently in the process of switching her to Wellness as I’ve read and heard that brands such as Fancy Feast or Friskies are basically junk food for your cat and can be fairly unhealthy. Since she is a small cat I worry that bad food will be harder for her body to handle. I’m not sure if the size of a cat matters when it comes to that though.

    Any help or input would be much appreciated.

    Thanks for taking the time to read all of that. :)

    • ANSWER:
      Some cats salivate profusely when scared. Others actually suffer from motion sickness (hence the drool-soaked cat carrier).

      Some cats smack their lips and foam at the mouth if they feel nauseated or are about to vomit a hairball. On the other hand, the occasional cat drools with pleasure while being petted.

      All of these causes of drooling are usually benign and short- lived. But if your cat is drooling or foaming at the mouth for no obvious reason, if drooling persists for more than a half hour, or if there are other symptoms – it’s time to call the vet.

      Abnormal drooling happens for two major reasons: problems occurring inside the mouth, and those occurring elsewhere in the body. Pain or nausea stimulates drooling. Oral problems or neurologic conditions can interfere with swallowing, causing saliva to overflow.

      Examples of problems in the mouth are:

      »Dental disease (broken, decayed, or abscessed teeth)

      »Gum disease (periodontal disease, stomatitis)

      »Oral foreign body (fish hook, fish bone, string wrapped around tongue, stick)

      »Oral mass (eosinophilic granuloma, tumor)

      »Oral ulcer or laceration

      »Salivary gland cyst

      »Bee stings

      Other signs of oral disease that may accompany drooling are foul breath, blood-tinged saliva, difficulty eating, or refusal to eat the usual foods. The cat may look uncomfortable and paw the mouth. Sometimes drooling is the first and only sign of a problem.

      Problems elsewhere in the body that can cause drooling include:

      Disorders of the esophagus, stomach, or intestines–blockage, nausea
      Portosystemic shunt (a rare liver disorder)
      Advanced kidney disease
      Exposure to toxins or caustic chemicals
      Rabies
      Exposure to toxins is an important consideration in a drooling cat. Some household cleaning products – ingested directly or licked off the fur – as well as some houseplants may burn the lining of the mouth and cause drooling. Certain flea dips and insecticides are very toxic to cats and may cause drooling. These may cause additional symptoms such as vomiting, muscle tremors, weakness, and lethargy. If your cat has these symptoms or you suspect a chemical exposure, seek veterinary care immediately. Bring labels or product information with you if possible.

      Dental disease is another “biggy”—more than 80% of adult cats will develop periodontal, tooth and other oral cavity diseases that cause pain, leading to drooling.

      The first thing some people think of when they see their cat foaming at the mouth is rabies. Happily, this is extremely unlikely unless a cat is unvaccinated. For drooling, foaming, or any worrisome symptom, it is always best to consult your veterinarian.

  4. QUESTION:
    My boyfriend Shows signs of Hep B and C in his blood work?
    My boyfriend Shows signs of Hep B and C in his blood work we have been together awhile and finally decided to go further and well ya know lol for the first time what do i do i know hes had liver problems and he told me that hep b and c sometime show in his blood work im allergic to latex im so confused i love him soo much i just dont know what to do any insight would be grateful.

    • ANSWER:
      You should have blood tests done to see if you
      have contacted the virus. If you haven’t contacted
      it, you can then be given injections to prevent you
      from getting the Hepatitis B; they don’t have any
      for the Hepatitis C.

      A virus, such as these, enter the body and uses
      the liver cells to replicate itself. It has to be monitored
      and treatment may have to be given to try to reduce
      the amounts of this virus in the liver to prevent further
      damage. He should be seeing either a
      gastroenterlogist or hepatologist now.

      I’m going to give you links, that you can click on, to
      learn more about these viruses and then you two can
      decide what you would like to do. Understanding
      these disease, helps you become aware of any
      help you can have in this. Some of the treatments
      may include: Pegylated Inteferon and Ribavirin.
      They may add to that Telapervir.

      Hepatitis C can be transmitted through body fluids, blood
      and blood products, hemodialysis, use of shared razors or
      toothbrushes, tatoos, body piercing, and others. It usually
      isn’t transmitted sexually unless the mucosal barrier is
      broken.

      Hepatitis B is also spread through body fluids, blood,
      blood products, semen, vaginal fluids, salivia, needle
      sticks, body piercing, unsterilized instruments, dialysis,
      sexual, close intimate contact.

      Here is the best side for Hepatitis C, but has alot
      of good information for all types of the virus:

      http://www.janis7hepc.com/

      Here are some other ones:

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/hepatitis-viral.html

      http://www.medicinenet.com/hepatitis_c/article.htm

      http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/HepCnetNewsletter/?yguid=40163860

      http://www.hepctrust.org.uk/The+Liver/How+HCV+affects+the+functions+of+the+liver.htm

      Here is a movie about the liver and after that, there are
      movies listed about the virus

      http://hepatitis-c.emedtv.com/hepatitis-c-video/the-human-liver.html

      Hope this information has been of some help

  5. QUESTION:
    How long does my dad have to live?
    Dad was diagnosed with liver cancer 3 weeks ago. At the end of January we had to take him to the ER because he was vommitting blood. This was due to varicies that burst. This was the first sign of his liver problem. After tons of tests and biopsy’s we found out it was liver cancer. Since being in the hopsital on January 26th he has lost 30 lbs. We can tell he is going down hill fast by just his appearance. We took him to USC cancer center last week where they initially wanted to try some clincial tests, but then found out from his blood tests that he was uneligible due to his liver enzymes being outrageously high. The only option he has is taking the chemo pill called Sorafenib. The doctor says this will only extend his life 2 months, but dad doesn’t want to have the ill effects of the chemo if it will mean his lasts months will be in misery. He says he is in not in pain just discomfort due to his ascites (fluid) in his stomach. He has to have this drained every week. My question is how long do you think he has to live. I am still working and can’t afford to take the time off, but of course if he is close to death I want to. I don’t know what to do…

    • ANSWER:
      I dont know how long he might have, I hope he lives longer than my longterm boyfriend, father of our 3 teenage sons, my boyfriend also went into the hospital on Jan 19, 2010 and just found out he had stage 4 stomach cancer, we never imaged him having cancer, just thought it maybe was a ulcer, he was starting to lose weight and he was also vommitting blood, and having very servere back pains, the Doctors told us he was dying( I didnt believe it) I wondered how on earth can someone die so soon, and they didnt even know that he had cancer, also found our he had syresours of the liver, the doctors said it was too late for chemo, and radiation, Also one Doctor gave me an estimate of how much longer he would have to live, 4-6 weeks, he didnt even live that time frame, he passed away on 020810, my family and sons are still in shock, he was only 52, too young to die, but Im glad that I took off from work, they cant stop you for something like this, and I stayed by his bed, almost all day and night, and was in the room when he passed away. At least he knew how much we loved him..

  6. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has “slight scarring” on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said “there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis”. I don’t quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is “working”, although I’m not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don’t believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn’t want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:

  7. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has “slight scarring” on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said “there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis”. I don’t quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is “working”, although I’m not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don’t believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn’t want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the effects of tylonol and alchohol combinations
    first of all, im going to the doctor tommrow to figure this out but i want some opinions tonite. okay so right now im trying to figure out if i have a liver problem or if its just a cold or if this is all in my head. Three days ago i ended up taking 3 grams of tylonol during the whole day, the next day i 1.5grams in the morning and ended up going to a party that night and i drank half of a 1.75 liter of captin morgan. I’m a male and only weigh 140 pounds. The next day i wake up about 10:00 with no hangover, i go home and fall asleep until 6:00 in the afternoon, the whole day i feel weak and tired, no nausea or anything, no irregular bowl movements. i couldnt eat all day or today and havnt had a cigarette. I woke up this morning and felt very very strange, i didnt know why but i had extreme depression (i havnt felt depressed at all for over a year) i was on the urge of crying and breaking down every second. i went to my freinds house and it made me feel better. Rght now i feel fine except just a little feeling of some sort of sickness. Should i be concerned about liver disease because alot of my symptoms are described online as signs of liver diease but i also made out with a girl at that party who says she has a cold today which makes it even more confusing. should i be concerned or would i know if i was in a fatal situation with my liver?

    • ANSWER:
      renal failure, liver damage, death. Never mix alcohol and tylenol. 3 grams of tylenol in what span of time…you cannot take more than one gram every 8 hrs.

  9. QUESTION:
    Bad Liver & Kidney Health due to Excedrin?
    I suffer from sever migraines. I have had them my entire life. I’ve had every test and scan performed and have been stuck on every prescription drug possible and nothing works nor have they found a cause for them. The only thing that works is taking 3 excedrin at the first felt sign of a migraine. Unfortunately, this comes almost on a daily basis which will likely result for me in sever liver and kidney problems in the future. I understand this is a band-aid for a much larger and unknown problem (likely stress) however I really don’t have much choice as having migraines is almost incapacitating. What vitamins or solutions will work to at least help my liver and kidneys as I do sometimes experience slight tenderness in my lower back? Does anyone know an alternative to taking high doses of acetaminophen and aspirin? I am 21 years old and an Intel Analyst deployed to Iraq so my options are limited.

    • ANSWER:
      Edit- Is it possible that you could be having caffeine withdrawal headaches? Excedrin has caffeine in it , I believe. So your body could be crying out “I need caffeine”, you give it excedrin and it gets its “fix” of caffeine. The answer would be to cut back on caffeine (soda pop, coffee, tea, no doz, etc).

      (Nicotine also, because it causes a similar addiction and narrows the small arteries).

      Some prescription meds might cause headaches.

      Dehydration (not drinking enough fluids) might cause headaches.

      Diabetes (high blood glucose) might cause headaches.

      High cholesterol or high blood pressure might cause headaches.

      Carbon monoxide from a bad furnace might cause headaches.

      Food allergy/addiction might cause headaches.

      You could try google searching “Dr. Max Gerson” and “Gerson diet”. This doctor had debilitating migraines that he cured…mostly with a diet of organic fruit and vegetable juices. Later he went on to try his diet for other patients with migraines and other people’s ailments. Johnny Guenther had a brain tumor and it shrank while he was on this diet (see the book “Death Be Not Proud” at the library). There are books he wrote on this too that you can get at a library, bookstore, ebay or amazon. Now his daughter is about 60 or older and she lectures on her father’s work.

      You could also try an elimination diet for food allergies to see if it is from something that you are eating. Usually you start with a bland food like rice only for a day or so, then add one item and so forth until you can see what might be causing the problem. Google search “food allergy elimination diet” and see what comes up. Usually you are often allergic to whatever food you crave overly much…that is a clue…a sort of food addiction/allergy.

      As for you back, that might be something totally unrelated to your kidneys. It could be your back itself.

      Vegetarian diets can lower cholesterol (if you eliminate or reduce dairy also) and help to reverse vein and artery clogging that might be causing this and maybe also check your blood pressure and your blood glucose levels for diabetes (diabetics get headaches when their blood sugar is high).

      Also there is a pain elimination diet called “anti-inflammatory diet” to reduce or eliminate pain in general by reducing foods that help make body chemicals that cause pain. This is a diet of low protein, low sugar and low fat to reduce prostaglandins that cause pain in the body.

      http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/ART02012/anti-inflammatory-diet

      Actually the guy above me might be on a similar tract….milk is often a culprit of allergies..lots of drugs/additives in milk…the gram he mentions is chickpeas of different kinds…they call them “gram” in India…(not sure why that is bad)…he is calling for reduced sweets, which reduces prostaglandins..and reduced protein (avoiding nonveg, fish and dairy/eggs)…which reduces prostaglandins..

      Another thing you could try is to try putting two cold soda pop cans on each side of your neck when the migraine starts. This works by reducing blood flow to the brain by causing the major neck arteries (carotids) to shrink/contract. This works if the migraine is caused by too much blood flow to the brain. Ice packs would also work same as the cold soda pops, but soda pops are sometimes easier to grab from a vending machine. This would not work for everybody.

      Also I had a friend who got migraines from chocolate, but not white chocolate and from salads in restaurants (they often put preservatives on the lettuce to keep them looking fresh longer than they should look fresh).

      I didn’t not mention things like brain tumor or brain aneurysm, because you said you have had numerous tests.

      Many other things could probably cause headaches too.

      See a neurologist if none of these suggestions work…including the suggestions of guy above me…might work also.

  10. QUESTION:
    Can I be alergic to citric acid? A few times eaten things with citric acid in it, my face and eyes swelled.?
    It first started with Ocean Spray Cranraspberry Juice. Then Minute maid tropical juice. Then one small pin size drop of some Mexican liquid candy . And now yesterday Zicam Cold remedy RapidMelts with vitamin C Citrus. I don’t get it. I took these before and ate all the above before, but since the ocean spray incident I been swelling up . Anyone else have these symptoms? Can it be something else besides an allergy? It is starting to worry me because this time I got eyes swelling, throat, then the other side of my face, lips. And my head hurts and stomach. I am going to go to the doctors today but I hope he can figure out what exactly is wrong with me. I read somewhere that eye swelling is a sign of liver problems.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, you can be allergic to anything. Allergies develop as you get older and something you may have eaten as a child without problems may make you quite ill as an adult.

  11. QUESTION:
    Am I in danger of liver failure? ?
    I took about 15-20 extra strength tylenol in the course of a day about 24+ hours. Today I started feeling nauseated and started to vomit. I threw up 3 times and now i just feel a little dizzy and sick to my stomach. Should I be concerned about liver failure? I read that tylenol overdose leads to exactly what’s happening to me right now nausea/vomiting and than maybe a couple days later liver failure than death. I’m kind of scared I would go to the E.R but I have no money and can’t afford it. Not being able to afford the dentist for my tooth ache in the first place is what caused me to take so much tylenol. But, I only took like 15-20 and not all at once in the course of a day, I hear people who take like 40-70 and don’t recieve any major problems. Should I be worried about liver failure/death? Only reason why I’m so concerned is because I’m showing the signs of the first symptoms of overdose and thats nausea/vomiting but, my question it should I be worried about having a sudden case of liver failure in a couple days by just taking like 15-20 tylenol…..that’s ridiculous if that’s the case….I can’t afford the E.R. Any help is appreciated I’m a 19 year old male by the way and weigh about 110 lbs.
    Oh, and I don’t drink or do much that damages my liver in the first place so my liver should be pretty healthy.

    • ANSWER:
      You should go to the ER. Would you rather risk your life or have a medical bill that you can most likely pay over time?

  12. QUESTION:
    Gallbladder Problems?
    I have been having this pain on my right side in my upper abdomen and it goes around my side and into my back. I thought I was developing a kidney infection so I went to the dr. My kidneys came back clear as well as my urine for a UTI and no signs of Kidney stones, I asked her if there could be a problem with my liver and she didnt think that was a issue because I have no jaundace I appear to look healthy and I wasnt hurting in the right place. I had a liver test about a mouth ago and the results were healthy. The dr then told me to lay on the table and examined me. She decided that I was most likely having a problem with my gallbladder and ordered an U/S for me to confirm her suspicion. She thinks I may have gallstones, she told me that sometimes after having a baby you can have problems with your gallbladder (I have a 3 month old) My question is first of all what does a gallbladder even do, how important is it and happens if there is something wrong with it? Will they remove it? How long does recovery from that take? Are there any treatments from the pain in the mean time? Im only 24 and dont like the idea of having things removed. Thank you in advance for all input!
    Hi trent… thank you for your input however I dont belive that I asked a single question about the colon… not only that but you didnt actually answer a single question that I did ask. Thanks anyway though..

    • ANSWER:
      The Gall bladder is the holding repository for bile much like your regular urinary bladder holds urine, Bile is held in the gall bladder for release into you digestive tract as needed. Bile is principally used in the digestive tract to help break down fat in foods called lipids. this is This is important in that many vitamins are fat soluble, meaning they are derived form the fat/oils in foods. Also, there are several essential fatty acids that can only be derived from diet. Cholesterol in bile can precipitate out and form stony deposits called gall stones much like it can deposit on the lining of arteries in the blood causing cardiovascular problems. Gall stones can cause problems in 2 ways.

      1 they can block the opening of the gallbladder to the bile duct inhibiting the release of bile into the digestive tract and large stones can irritate the lining of the gallbladder and put pressure on the liver causing pain or discomfort

      2. Small stones and also pass out of the gall bladder and become lodged in the duct leading to the intestine. This situation can be more sever and lead to serious complications like infection or total blockage of the bile duct.

      Gall bladder problems are usually exacerbated by eating foods with a high fat content which triggers the gall bladder to try an release bile into the digestive tract. Moderating fat consumption of fatty or greasy foods sometimes can relieve symptoms enough so that surgery is not needed. However in cases of infection or total obstruction of the bile duct usual removal of the gall bladder is done.

      If you do need your gall bladder removed this is don usual by a scope and does not need to leave any major scars etc. However Your digestive tract will need Time to adjust especially when you eat fatty foods. so managing your diet will be somewhat important to avoid digestive problems for a few months.Once your system has adjusted you should be fin as your liver still produces enough bile to digest food satisfactorily. Very greasy food may still cause an occasional problem but otherwise you should be fine.

      My advice is let the doctor do his test to determine the extent of the problem and follow his advice. With or without a gall bladder you can leave a perfectly normal life

  13. QUESTION:
    1 yr old daughter and white poop?
    My daughter will be 1 in a couple days and I have for the past 1.5 month started introducing whole cows milk in her formula, anyways she has been doing fine with now issues and has even had little plain whole milk in her sippy cup. Yesterday was her first whole day without formula and having only milk (I started at 25% milk-75% formula up to 75%milk-25% formula) I just changed her diaper and she was straining to poop and when I changed her it was a hard ball but very light, like almost white. I am a little worried because I am reading this could be a sign of liver problem, but could the transition be the culprit as well? Should I put her back on formula until a later date? This is the only problem she has had since starting 1.5 mos ago. Any advice is appreciated
    Sorry that was supposed to say no issues, not now issues
    I can’t get in to see her dr until Sept 1st, they are completely booked up. She does drink mostly water and apple juice and has had about 20 oz of milk plus 3 meals (fruits, veggies, whole wheat breads/pastas, egg yolks) Last night she had a bit more milk than usual, so i am thinking that’s the issue. I will give her less today and see if it changes. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I would call the MD this can be a sign of liver dysfunction and very dangerous. Might be the milk, but, I wouldnt wait around to find out. Let the person that answers the phone know she is straining and it is almost white.

      http://www.squidoo.com/babypoop

      http://en.allexperts.com/q/Pediatrics-1429/Toddler-yellow-stool.htm

      http://www.drspock.com/faq/0,1511,2562,00.html

      Your MD can not see you until Sept 1st, time to get a new MD, really that is awful.

  14. QUESTION:
    what are the odds i’m pregnant?
    i can look up the symptoms online all i want, but i’d rather hear some opinions from people that have been pregnant before….
    starting about a week and a half ago i started getting really, really tired and having cramps (period not due for two more weeks at this time) … i mean, i was ready for bed at 8:00 and practically falling asleep at work and just feeling really out of it. then i had some spotting. literally like two spots. so i went to the dr’s last thursday. he took blood & urine samples, ran tests for pregnancy, blood cell counts, signs of infection, thyroid problems, liver, blood sugar….ect…ect…ect. This past Friday i woke up in the middle of the night so nauseous and felt like i was going to throw up, but didn’t. Saturday i was so tired and dizzy i layed on the couch all day. Sunday – today doing not so bad on the tiredness, but have been nauseous literally only the first hour after i wake up and in the early evening… like clockwork. got my test results from the dr and pregnancy test was negative and everything else checked out just fine – they said maybe it’s due to stress. i honestly don’t feel that stressed out though. not due to get my period for a week, so haven’t missed any or anything (yet).

    so, thoughts on this? do you think it’s possible i am and it’s too early to tell by a test, or is it not likely?
    sorry, i know it’s long enough, but a couple more things…. had terrible lower back pain last week (which has since stopped) and sharp pains in my sides

    • ANSWER:
      Hmmm …. thats interesting . You have all the symptoms but blood tests came Neg??

      Do you WANT to be pregnant? Sometimes our mind likes to play tricks on our bodies . Like say if you’re hoping to be pregnant , your mind will think it is and your body will began to think it is too .

      However , another possibility is that you could be , but yeah its too early .
      Some women experience symptoms within a week of contraception!
      :)

  15. QUESTION:
    my ferret might be sick? i need help?
    my ferret is drinking almost an entire water bottle of water a day. when i first got him about a year ago, a full water bottle would last a couple days. Now he finishes an entire bottle in one day. Im not sure if i should be concerned or not. My mom thinks it could be a sign of kidney or liver problems. if you have any input that would be great
    thanks in advance

    • ANSWER:
      The best advice anyone can give you is to call your vet.
      The phone call is free and he or she has the training to give you the right answers.

  16. QUESTION:
    What could be wrong with my fiance? Signs/symptoms are…?
    He has had a lot of gas, bloating and heartburn for about a year and a half that has gotten worse over time. Recently, he has started having flank and back pain to the point when you push on it, he loses his breath. He also has had constant sinus type headaches. Both times he has been to the Dr., he was given an antibiotic, first for otitis and sinusitis, and then for UTI. Neither antibiotic helped, and he doesn’t want to go to the Dr. again, because he feels like he’s they are just taking his money for nothing. He had part of his intestines removed many years ago, not sure if this has anything to do with it. He also used to be a heavy drinker, but now only drinks about once a month or so (for about a year and a half, the same amount of time since he started having these problems). He is thinking liver or kidney infection, I’m leaning towards gallstones. Any ideas???

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know what is wrong with him, I just want to suggest that you go to a different doctor rather than no doctor at all. Unfortunately many people have to go from doctor to doctor until they finally come upon the doctor that either knows something the others didn’t or is more motivated to help the patient. Sorry I couldn’t be of more help, hope he gets better.

  17. QUESTION:
    34 weeks pregnant and itchy skin?
    Im 34 weeks (if that matters lol) but lately my skin has been very itchy (but not looking dry at all)
    I started puttin lotion on after my showers 2 see if that would help but it really hasn’t.
    I know most people are gonna say “its from your hormones!!” I did have PUPPS with my first pregnancy (it was a boy) this time its a girl nd they say only 1 percent of pregnant women carrying more then 1 baby or carrying a boy get it… but i dnt have a rash or anything. jus very itchy skin that seems 2 not be going away.
    And i just read on babycenter that itchy palms, feet, even all over body can be a sign of a liver problem or something like that. Should it be something 2 worry about or no?

    • ANSWER:
      I am 34 weeks too and recently started experiencing the same itchiness. All the info I found indicated that you should schedule an appointment with your doctor right away if you are experiencing intense all over itching to make sure it isn’t cholestasis. I guess this condition normally does only effect like 1% of pregnant women, but if nothing else at least you can rule it out so you won’t have to worry about it causing complications for the baby. Look up some info on it- I also had some of the other symptoms associated with cholestasis- you may or may not but it can’t hurt to call. Jaundice is a symptom in extreme cases, but you can have cholestasis with or without jaundice, and often times your only symptom is extreme itching. I saw my doctor yesterday and had lab work done this morning, and should have my results at my next appointment on Monday. She also perscribed me something for the itching and to help my bile production (cholestasis has to do with not enough bile production, or gallstones in some cases) and scheduled me to have fetal monitoring and an ultrasound done just to cover all the bases and be safe.
      Also though, I have been told by a nurse that lots of women get do itchy especially in the third trimester because of all of the hormones, so it may still be that. Since cholestasis is not really common, you probably have nothing to worry about. But your best bet is to schedule an appointment with your doctor anyway as soon as you can get in just to be safe. Good luck.

  18. QUESTION:
    Problems with the mirena.?
    i had the mirena inserted in march 09, since then i have had pelvic pains frequently. i was told that this is normal since i just had it inserted 7 months ago. my periods are lighter and i enjoy that part of the mirena, but within the past two months, i have had severe stomach pains, first thing i did was have an ultrasound to see if the mirena moved or if it caused any cysts. there were no problems. then i went to my family dr who did tests and found out my gall bladder was the cause for some of the pains but he could not figure out what the other pains were from. well when i went to get my gall bladder taken out they said for some unknown reason my bilirubin level was high, so they did an internal xray and found nothing. they are still doing test after test on me and are finding nothing but my bilirubin is still high. then i was reading the warning signs for the mirena and see that severe pelvic pain and pain when making a bowel movement are signs something could be wrong with the mirena. now im wondering, could my raised bilirubin levels mean the mirena caused liver damage?. Any thoughts?

    • ANSWER:
      No idea really. but if this all started when you got the iud, take it out
      I had awful cramps from the IUD for a month straight.. then a damaged stomach lining from taking too many IB profen.. so i was sick for another month.. all from the Iud
      I still have it in .. I stuck out the couple of months .. knowing that my body just needed to get used to the iud.
      I still have cramps sometimes that I can tell are from the IUD and not period cramps (they just feel different – worse) but its bareable
      If I was still in pain or having problems now.. about a year after .. Id have it taken out.. I still may.. just because Im so iffy about it

  19. QUESTION:
    Could This Be It?????? (Few other horse questions to)?
    Our gelding is four we only had him for 2 1/2 months, he was a little skinny when we got him but with more feed and grain he seems to have gotten worse. So two weeks ago we took him in to get blood test done the blood test said he had some slight liver damage. The vet said that is nothing to worry about and since the liver grows it should be fine. First should I get another vets word I am not sure on liver problems but does that sound right?

    Anyway I was wondering about tapeworms that maybe he could have them? Here are the signs

    He coliced twice since we had him in the 2 1/2 months.
    Everytime he eats he tends to kick up at his stomach and will be fine sometimes he will look a little bloaty and sometimes a little lazy. But we moved him out to pasture from being in a stall he seems much alert and bright with energy as he is free feeding most of the day we just dewormed him yesterday but i don’t believe it covers tape worms. Should i deworm him for tapeworms as well would it hurt. The brand i used was safe guard Fenbendazole. About 10-20 minutes after we gave it to him he stopped eating started thrashing by the time i got to the gate he stood up and ignored teh food and kicked up at his stomach however few minutes later he went back to normal and this was over 24 hours ago and is doing fine ever since.

    Also we asked the vet what to do to put weight on him! In the morning (He is with two other horses) about 5 flakes of alfalfa and 5 flakes of grass hay (Keep in mind three horses are eating) We also give him about one gallon of alfalfa grass hay pellets 1/3 cup of corn oil along with 1/2 cup of rice bran. In the middle of the day I throw in about three flakes of hay and at night he gets fed 5 flakes of alfalfa and 5 flakes of grass and the pellets.

    Am I feeding him to much? Any other feeds to help? I don’t want to feed beet pulp as I heard it is risky. He also gets some senior feed because our 19 year old mare gets it so hers don’t get stolen all horses get some :-).

    Anyway if you could answer some of these questions that would be great. If you are familiar with liver problems in horses do you agree with my vet about it being fine with out treatment? Or should i go to another vet? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Everybody above me has given you good info on alfalfa and beet pulp and certainly asking your vet or a second vet about the liver.
      We have 2 horses here that cannot tolerate alfalfa. They do not have the microbes to digest it. One is a BLM mustang. She probably lived off of scrub, and does fine with minimal feed. Many times your pellets or cubes are all alfalfa too, so check the labels.

      I have had LOTS of experience with putting weight on horses, as we have just rescued 13, 3 with body scores of 1, which is walking death.
      The one thing that I strongly believe is to separate the underweight horse for feeding. Watch how fast/slow he eats. Watch for dental issues. That way he competes with no one in the herd and can eat at his own pace.

      Your horse definitely has some issues from what you describe. If you separate him, you can eliminate or alter things each day to see if a certain thing aggravates his discomfort.

      Another thing we do would be to wet the feed, helping them to eat slower and aiding in digestion. This is done to pelleted feed, either senior or regular pellets. Of course, feed it quickly in hot weather so it doesn’t mold. I add almost a quart of warm water to a scoop of pellets and let it soak for about 2-3 minutes into a slurry. Horses seem to relax when they eat it instead of gobbling or bolting the food.
      Plus, it removes any risk of the dry pellet expanding in the stomach or intestines.

      With a few changes you can probably put weight on him quickly and since you are so specific in your description above, we know you are trying to do your best. Good for you.

  20. QUESTION:
    Itchy skin, rash and loss of patience?
    I got very ill last week with symptoms of Hepatitis a, and am currently waiting for blood test results to see whether the cause is Hepatitis a, b, c, or not at all. A concern of mine at the moment however is that I have a rash which first appeared on my stomach, but as time has gone on it has spread to everywhere but my face, lower legs and most of my arms.
    However as Im showing signs of jaundice due to my liver I cant tell whether the rash itself is itchy, or if it is just my skin. But the itch is driving me crazy! Is there anything I can take or use to stop the itching from being so severe? Also has anybody experienced this and knows roughly how long it will take for the rash to go down? I know it will most likely depend on the cause of the liver problems but its becoming an issue due to the amount of scratching I’ve been doing, even though I can cover most of the rash and scratches with clothes.
    So pleeease help me :(

    • ANSWER:
      You definitely need to be with either a
      gastroenterologist or hepatologist now.
      Hepatitis virus enters the body and uses the
      liver cells to replicate itself. As it uses the cell,
      that cell dies and it moves onto others.

      Jaundice: the yellowing of the whites of the eyes
      and skin and possibly the darking of the urine is
      causes by…
      Bilirubin, which is made from our dead red blood cells.
      It is a pigment (yellowish/brownish substance) that
      colors other things. The liver picks up this bilirubin
      from the blood and converts it into a soluble form
      to become part of the bile. The bile flows through
      tube like structures (known as ducts) to the gallbladder
      and then to the intestines to help emulsify fats we
      eat, so they can be digested. When there is liver
      cell damage, the liver doesn’t handle the bilirubin as
      well and it stays in the blood and causes jaundice.
      It can also cause intense itching. There is a drug
      that can help the bile flow easier and may help:
      known as Ursodiol. However, it is a prescription
      drug. Sometimes, using a non scented cream like
      Eucerin (plain) is good to help or Aveeno cream that
      has oatmeal in it. It is best not to scratch the skin
      with nails…it is better to rub the area to prevent
      skin breakdown.

      If you look closely at the rash you have…does it look
      like tiny broken blood vessels in the shape of a
      spider? Does it blanche when you put your finger on it?
      If it does, it may be spider angiomas. These things
      cause no harm, they are just a symptom of having liver
      disease. However, if you scratch them…they can bleed
      like crazy if broken open.

      It is best to discuss this all with your doctors. Most
      liver patients are told not to take any medications that
      are not approved of or prescribed by their doctors
      (this includes over the counter, herbs, vitamins,
      minerals, supplements, and more) The reason is,
      the liver cells are what breaks down these drugs
      and when they are damaged, this cannot be done
      efficiently. Many drugs are harder on the liver than
      others are..the doctor knows which ones is best
      to use to protect the liver from more unnecessary
      damage.

      I hope this has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes

  21. QUESTION:
    My husband is no fun since he quit drinking?
    My husband and I have always had a taste for the good life. Fine wine, cocktails, fancy restaurants, etc. My husband in particular has a strong passion for spirits and wine. He actually built a bar in the basement that rivals many I’ve seen in five-star restaurants.

    Unfortunately, my husband had to quit drinking a few months ago at the advice of his personal physician. The doctor ran some blood work and informed my husband that his liver enzymes were elevated. Upon further testing, they discovered that he also showed the early signs of liver disease.

    Anyway, at first I was fully supportive of him abstaining from alcohol . I mean, he’s my husband and I care about his health and well-being. However, these past two months I’ve noticed some significant changes in his personality and even his appearance.

    I can’t quite put my finger on it, but my husband seems to have lost that “spark” that he once had. He rarely wants to go out anymore. In fact he barely even leaves the house at all. His voice has become sort of dull and flat; almost emotionless. He’s lost contact with many of his friends and work acquaintances.

    Our love life has taken a significant turn for the worse as well. His libido has just gone kaput. Marital relations have become a chore for him now instead of an integral and enjoyable part of our marriage.

    I’d also estimate that he’s lost about 20-25lbs. The weight loss is even affecting the structure of his face. This is not the man I married.

    Suffice to say, I WANT MY HUSBAND BACK!

    It’s my understanding that liver disease is a very slowly progressive disease. He probably has decades of binge-drinking in him before any significant problems arise. How can I convince him to disregard his doctor’s instructions and live life to its fullest again?

    • ANSWER:
      he’s depressed because without the alcohol clouding his brain he has realized what a selfish bitch of a wife he has.

  22. QUESTION:
    My 15 y.o. cat stopped going completely?
    I have a 15 yo male cat who has been experiencing constipation problems for the past short while. He’s been on Lactulose from the first signs of constipation. A week ago he stopped eating and started vomiting, so I took him to the vet. They did x-rays and blood-work and discovered that he is blocked up and a couple of his liver enzymes, as well as Calcium, are higher than normal. He got an enema and felt better almost immediately. He started eating and drinking, although his appetite was not as good as before. I was watching his litterbox for the past 5 days and he hasn’t defficated at all. I took him to the vet a couple of days ago and then gave him another enema, but he still didn’t poop. They prescribed cisapride for him which I am giving to him. I took him to another vet yesterday to see why he still hasn’t passed stool. She gave him a rectal exam and said that he has a lot of poo but it’s all soft, so he shouldn’t have a problem going. I am really worried. Please help!
    Did anyone’s cat ever experience this problem, and if so what did you do to resolve it. The vets say that my boy seems like a healthy cat overall. I asked the vet if his bowel could’ve failed completely, but she said that it doesn’t just fail all of a sudden. I have a very bad feeling about it as I am suspecting it could be a problem more serious than constipation. If anyone had the same situation as I am in now, your comment will be much appreciated. Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Hi
      First to stop this from recurring you need to stop feeding dry foods and start feeding quality canned foods. The sytem needs water and dry food dehydrates which is one of many problems.

      If you are sure (you need to be) that your cat isn’t blocked at this time and you cannot get to the vet, you can try some over the counter miralax and sprinkle a bit over the food or get some senekot and give 1/4 tab 2x a day for 2 days and that should clear it up. Again do you trust the new vet and are you sure your cat isn’t blocked? If blocked, do not use these recommendations
      More about nutrtion

      Nutrition since there are so many bad things out there is very important to your cat’s health
      Contrary to what you may have heard; dry foods are not a great thing to feed a cat.
      Please read the label on what you are feeding? What are the ingredients? Do you know what they mean? Is the first ingrdiant a muscle meat like chicken or meal or other things?

      http://www.catinfo.org/#Learn_How_To_Read_a_Pet_Food_Ingredient_Label

      Dry foods are the number 1 cause of diabetes in cats as well as being a huge contributing factor to kidney disease, obesity, crystals, u.t.i’s and a host of other problems. Food allergies are very common when feeding dry foods. Rashes, scabs behind the tail and on the chin are all symptoms
      The problems associated with Dry food is that they are loaded with grfains and carbohydrates which many cats (carnivores) cannot process them. Also, Most of the moisture a cat needs is suppose to be in the food but in
      Dry, 95% of it is zapped out of dry foods in the processing. Another thing, most use horrible ingredients and don’t use a muscle meat as the primary ingredient and use vegetable based protein versus animal. Not good for an animal that has to eat meat to survive.
      You want to pick a canned food w/o gravy (gravy=carbs) that uses a muscle meat as the first ingredient and doesn’t have corn at least in the first 3 ingredients if at all. The best food for cats does not contain any grains at all.
      Fancy feast is a middle grade food with 9lives, friskies whiskas lower grade canned and wellness and merrick upper grade human quality foods. Also, dry food is not proven to be better for teeth. Does a hard pretzel clean your teeth or do pieces of it get stuck? http://www.felinefuture.com/nutrition/bpo_ch4a.php

      Please read about cat nutrition.

      http://www.newdestiny.us/nutritionbasics.html

      http://www.catinfo.org/feline_obesity.htm

      http://maxshouse.com/feline_nutrition.htm#Dry_Food_vs_Canned_Food.__Which_is_reall

  23. QUESTION:
    Teenage drinking – Yellow Jaundice skin?
    Hi
    Last night my 14 Year old Daughter came home leggless ( much to my horror ).
    She had been drinking stella & cider – lethal cocktail, I know !!
    After nursing her through the sickness & getting her undressed for bed, I noticed the skin on her legs & lower torso had turned yellow !

    I decided on not calling emergency services as she seemed to have got through the worst of it & stayed with her most of the night, but today I am still really worried about the jaundice skin.

    This is her first experience of drinking ( & last for a while )
    She was a prem baby of 2lb 7oz and doctors said she may have had a liver problem, but has not shown any signs for concern.

    Am I over reacting with this or could there be some underlying problem ?

    Thanks for your time in advance

    • ANSWER:
      If you do not want to take her straight to A&E phone NHS direct and talk to them.
      She is unlikely to have done permanent damage from one bout (if this really was her first drinking binge) but more and more young people are being admitted to hospital with liver damage due to alcohol abuse. So I would say that the two of you need some hard facts and some idea whether or not her liver problems due to premature birth may persist into adult life.

      Let’s hope the experience has acted as good old aversion therapy.

  24. QUESTION:
    Medication for TB can cause Hepatitis, Liver issues etc…?????????????????/?
    Help me understand this if you will…

    There is no guarantee that a person that has a TB test is positive unless the chest X-Ray shows otherwise, right? The chest X-ray shows/proves the condition exists, other than that it is merely judgment from a medical professional correct? Or, no?

    Furthermore, there is no test that can with 100% or even 50% accuracy determine if a TB test that has come back with a positive skin reaction to the injection site is actually an allergic reaction or in fact “latent” TB.
    The other signs are typical signs of many conditions not just TB

    Also, the medication for Latent TB “possible” side effects include:
    Hepatitis
    Liver dysfunction
    Tingling/Numbness toes/fingers

    Seems to me if it is in fact latent Tb, the patient is trading a smaller problem for a much larger one. Recalling of course that there is no guarantee TB ever existed in the first place and/or latent TB is not contagious. Since latent Tb is not contagious why the need for medication other than for preventative measures of course but then again if the CDC is so concerned about preventative measures shouldn’t we all be tested every time we walk into a public place? Why place yourself on a panel for other harmful medical conditions to rid of one you may not even have?

    Exactly what am I missing here?

    • ANSWER:
      1.) A positive TB skin test usually means you were infected with TB at some point.
      2.) A positive lung X-ray showing signs of TB infection after a positive TB test means it is pretty certain you have TB.
      3.) Look up the side effects for Tylenol. Hepatitis and Liver Dysfunction are listed as side effects for that drug, also.

      The real answer is probabilities. The chances someone with latent TB will get active TB are MUCH higher then the chances that someone who takes those drugs will get liver dysfunction. (10% of people with latent TB get active TB. 20% of people who take Isoniazid (the leading drug to treat latent TB) experience MILD liver injury.

  25. QUESTION:
    I have a civil problem and I need help with it please!!!?
    Okay, I’m the lawyer for the hospital for this case in one of my classes… I think I already know the outcome of it because of a similar case but I need help with the technacalities. Please, this is a major grade!
    Okay. So it’s a case of a 15 year old boy who is facing a third liver transplant operation. Joe was born jaundiced with an enlarged liver and spleen. Dr. Jane performed Joe’s first liver transplant in 1897 when Joe was 8. After the 1st transplant failed, she did a second liver transplant operation in June 1992. He was given immunosupressant drugs– FK506– and he suffered irritability and depression.
    So he began cutting back on the drugs and stopped it altogether. His mom was reported for child abuse and he was rushed to the hospital. He refused to give blood or submit to examinations and checks for vital signs.
    So I have to be the person who wants him to continue his meds… any help appreciated!
    The mom is in jail for negligence because she didn’t make him take his meds. He’s underage and therefore the hospital takes it upon themselves to give him treatment… he refuses it because he says it makes him feel worse.
    lol…1897… i meant 1987… well, he’s 15 but I think I’ve got it all resolved… i figured out why he needed everything and now I know the outcome of the whole thing… thanks anyway!

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, the hospital administration isn’t going to worry if he continues his meds. The hospital just needs to tell him that if he doesn’t, his liver will fail. That’s as far as the hospital needs to go.

      However, they can recommend that he see a mental health professional, preferably not associated with the hospital. They can make this recommendation via proper justice system channels.

      The hospital needs to distance themselves from this individual.

      He needs to obtain help from another source. The hospital has done all they can.

  26. QUESTION:
    Please Read. Very Serious. At first you may be confused by what I am saying!!! Comments. REad Bottom.?
    The only way the system would think that they are helping me or getting rid of me is to put me in a mental institution, lock me up, put a sign, a label on me that says something like “Bipolar”, “Boderline Personality”, “Dangerous”, “Crazy.” The fact is that the system, other human beings who have not experienced the same thing, the same emotions can not possibly understand. If they did understand the emotions that are unbearable to the soul, they would be in the same situation as I am. I am sure about this and I still keep an open mind. If people understood me and how I felt, no drug, no psychiatrist, no psychologist could help them get out of the situation. When I lose the memory, I can live my life happily and live in the present. When there is something that reminds me of that memory or it happens again, then I will easily go from what society and the English dictionary calls the sane mind to the insane mind. Others, who have experienced this, can no longer understand me, because time makes you forget. They think they understand and have held on to that experience but it is impossible.

    It’s too much to take when people don’t want to sit next to you, be seen around you, have you in their memory because it disgusts them. You experience total loneliness. You want to die, but you can’t because there are people who love you and don’t understand. If they ever did understand my situation they would want to kill themselves in an instant. I don’t know how I’ve made it this far.

    A genetic defect prohibits the body from producing enzyme FMO3 which is needed by the liver to process the protein TMA. Unprocessed TMA causes offensive body odor known as the fish-odor syndrome.

    Trimethylamine causes an offensive body odor that resembles rotting eggs and is released in the person’s sweat, urine and breath, giving off a strong fishy odor. People affected with TMAU may produce more sex cells like sperm, and will have diarrhea. There also may be additional metabolic problems such as mood swings associated with TMAU.

    There have been transient (temporary) cases reported in women during menstruation, in young children, and in people with copper deficiencies.

    •Behavioral counseling to help with depression and other psychological symptoms.
    SILVERANIVIA, YOU HAVE ABSOLUTELY NO UNDERSTANDING OF MY SITUATION.
    LIFEACLASSROOM, Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      You are right. The system does not make a good parent so when someone is in its care and in need of care often times, and too many times, an institution becomes the cure all and it is not. Institutions offer managed care, not personal care. You are right in that once admitted there, you are labeled and it becomes more about the diagnosis/treatment than the person. Often times, the ppl who make decisions to put ppl there would also find themselves there in different circumstances. We all are only as strong as the worst event that has happened to us to date. We cannot possibly know how we would cope if we had different circumstances in our lives. It is important to remember though that workers and judges are doing the best they can (for the most part) and are working with the limited resources they have.

      You have done a great job learning about your disorders, understanding them and expressing your feelings about them and how they impact your life. That is something to be proud of and it shows your intelligence, determination, self motivation and your desire to seek information to improve the quality of your life. It is unfortunate that you have this as it does alter your life in many ways. I am sure you know ways to treat it such as taking low doses of antibiotics to reduce the bacteria, avoiding certain foods and using soaps with a moderate pH.

      I am sorry you are experiencing difficulty but I am not sorry that you obviously have the wisdom to mange it and control it rather than allowing it to control you. God Bless you as you continue to bless others through your experiences.

      Keep a positive attitude, that is all we can ever truly control anyway! :)

  27. QUESTION:
    Took 15-20 tylenol in the course of about 24 hours should I be worried?
    took about 15-20 extra strength tylenol in the course of a day about 24+ hours. Today I started feeling nauseated and started to vomit. I threw up 3 times and now i just feel a little dizzy and sick to my stomach. Should I be concerned about liver failure? I read that tylenol overdose leads to exactly what’s happening to me right now nausea/vomiting and than maybe a couple days later liver failure than death. I’m kind of scared I would go to the E.R but I have no money and can’t afford it. Not being able to afford the dentist for my tooth ache in the first place is what caused me to take so much tylenol. But, I only took like 15-20 and not all at once in the course of a day, I hear people who take like 40-70 and don’t recieve any major problems. Should I be worried about liver failure/death? Only reason why I’m so concerned is because I’m showing the signs of the first symptoms of overdose and thats nausea/vomiting but, my question it should I be worried about having a sudden case of liver failure in a couple days by just taking like 15-20 tylenol…..that’s ridiculous if that’s the case….I can’t afford the E.R. Any help is appreciated I’m a 19 year old male by the way and weigh about 110 lbs.

    • ANSWER:
      dude
      are u suicidal?

  28. QUESTION:
    Can you help me re-write these sentences in a different way?
    By changing the words and the structure, but without changing their meaning.

    for Example:
    original sentence: Sudden and severe weight loss. This is the first symptom most people think of when they hear the word anorexia, but really it just one of many signs of anorexia.

    Changed: Although sudden and severe weight lose is just one of many signs of anorexia, it is the first symptom most people think of when they hear the word anorexia.
    **************************************…
    I need your help to finish these, Im not asking you to do all of them.. but as much as you can. But please to it perfectly.. an English project requires proper English.

    4.Withdrawal from social situations, especially those involving food. People with anorexia often avoid eating in public. They also want to avoid situations in which others might express concern about their eating habits or their weight.
    5.Lying about their weight and how much food they eat. People with anorexia may pretend to eat in order to avoid confrontations about their condition. They may also insist that they are not hungry, even when it’s been a long time since their last meal.
    6.Strange eating habits, such as cutting food a certain way or only eating one food. Anorexic people may experience severe anxiety if their rituals are interrupted or questioned.
    7.Health problems. People with anorexia are subject to a large number of health problems, including weakness, dizziness, and lethargy. These problems are likely due in part to low blood pressure. Another sign you might notice is lack or menstruation. There are many other health problems anorexic people can suffer, but many are not noticeable unless they visit a physician. These can be quite serious problems, though, like osteoporosis (bone loss), liver disease, kidney disease, and a weakened heart muscle that can lead to cardiac arrest. Health problems are one of the more serious signs of anorexia.
    8.Abusing diet pills and/or laxatives. In order to help them lose weight faster, many anorexic people turn to pills. Diet pills, or course, suppress the appetite. Laxatives cause food to move through the system faster, and so fewer calories are absorbed.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I might not re-writing your sentences above in a very compelling manner. I tried and here are they;

      4. Anorexia affected people tend to avoid socializing especially going out and eating on public places. Also, they do not want to talk about their eating habits and weight concerns.

      5. They do not want to talk about their weight and eating habits. Anorexia affected people falsely show to other people that they have a good eating habits. Sometimes they refuse for an invitation to eat, even if they are already hungry.

      6. People affected with anorexia show some unusual eating habits like cutting a food in a particular manner and eating only one type of food. They are very anxious when someone ask them about their behavior.

      7. Some of the heath problems an anorexic may experience are weakness, dizziness, lethargy and lack of menstruation. These may cause from a low blood pressure. Not only these problems be experience, there are other problems can occur but these can be diagnose by a medical professional. Some of these maybe serious ones like osteoporosis, liver and kidney diseases and a cardiac arrest due to the weakening of muscles in the heart. These health problems is a sign of anorexic person.

      8. People with anorexia always use pills to help them reduce weights, oftentimes they overuse it. That’s why they lose their good eating habits. Also, they will use laxatives. This can speed up the movement of food inside the body, bypassing the body’s absorption of calories.

  29. QUESTION:
    hiding someone from family i shouldnt. Help URGENT!?
    The other day my sister told me she was in a relationship with someone she met a week ago. I found it shocking because she rarely mentions stuff to me .She seemed really happy. I met him and he started acting really weird. He kept touching my thigh. LOOK. I’m FOURTEEN. HE’S 21.I told him to stop and he’s like. Kaykay. My sister was sick for a week she was sick. We took her to the doctors and i caught note of all her symptoms. She had Liver pain. High Fever. Bladder Problems. I went online that night and searched all her symptoms. Turns out she had sex..I think. Did she? i’m not sure. But according to my research she did. How could she have sex with that guy that touched me. I really hate my sister alot because of what she told me. She keeps denying things. When i told her about sex she instantly started blushing. and i asked her why she was red. She said It’s hot in here. I was like Did you have sex with your boy friend? don’t . wait till you get married. And she was like: Sex? and im like sexual intercourse. and she’s like Oh. it just ends in an oh. Other signs i noticed was one day i was letting her use her account. She went on youtube, and she signed into her account and she favourited sex stuff. It was all scary like: How to have sex for the first time. I don’t want to tell my family because she wont trust me or she will hate me forever. I don’t know what to do.

    • ANSWER:
      Well……….this stuff is really tricky. When I was little i had sexual abuse problems from my brother, and I waited 5 years before i told anyone. And when I finally did, I was happier than ever. You should definetly tell someone about him. The longer you wait, the more dangerous it is for you and your sister. Hes probably abusing your sister, and he could kill her because there is something really wrong with his head. TELL SOMEONE!!!!! Its better all around! and you could say “Oh ill wait to see what happens!” but NEWS FLASH!!! its not gonna b any different in 5 years. It will still be as tricky. :) Tell someone you trust.

  30. QUESTION:
    can i sue my vet? PLEASE HELP?
    I have a 6years old mare whom has had a bit of a bad life bless her. When I bought her I knew she had leg problems and it was obvious she had been involved in some kind of accident from the scaring all over her (when her winter coat went) yet the owner denies it!!!
    Anyway she had an operation on her leg in march as her stifle was shattered & her ligaments severed, the vet said she may never be ridable & may not pull through, she did & she is no longer lame. The vets (at the same practice) kept giving me different opinions on her leg – one saying hackable, another saying still lame. I didn’t ride as I wanted to give her a little more time plus after dropping weight drastically from surgery she didn’t seem to be getting any fatter (which is unusual for Honey as she eats loads and is quite a good doer normally! It got to a point where she looked ill as she had no coverage on her ribs but a huge belly underneath, I didn’t think it was possible but suggested my vet come to see her incase she was pregnant, or something else was wrong with her. The vet turned up, gave her an internal & said no she wasn’t in foal but said she did look it. He asked what blood tests had been performed on her previously? I replied “I don’t know, you’re the vet”. He said he would take a few samples and check once he got back to the practice to see if he should check for anything. He phoned me the following day to let me know they had never done any blood tests (even before surgery) which i found odd. He said all tests seemed normal except one was slightly inconclusive and they would look into it. A few days later they said her liver blood test was bad (bile count of 25.3 when it should be below 10. The needed her in to do a liver biopsy. I asked if she could have a stomache scan whilst she was in as another horse i know from the same yard had died of an illness with similar signs – they said they didn’t need to (this other hhorse was also under their care and they had said it was LIVER related-only on autopsy did they find the problem was her stomache). The following day I took her in, she had the biopsy plus they took a sample of fluid they found in the stomache & found she had a heart murmer. They told me to expect the worst & they may well have to euthenise her, yet told me to take her home, I was so upset and refused to take her home saying that I could not take her home if they were going to have to put her down. I was distraught for 2days (as silly as it may sopund). The biopsy results came back CLEAR! The vet said this was very suprising but they could now go past the liver and look at other body parts? The fluid was “not harmful” they said & the heart murmer was “the least of her problems”. On one hand I was relieved but on the other finding out that a heart murmer was LESS worrying was upsetting & again they told me she didn’t have much hope and it COULD be lymphoma (cancer-lukemia). I work in a hospital and asked if there was not a blood test to determine this as in humans it is a blood disease – they didn’t answer the question & just said they had other things they wanted to do first. They did scans on stomache (which i wanted in the first place) and took a rectal biopsy (without permission). I They said they could tell from the biopsy there was inflamation further in. When I asked whether it was treatable again he said it wasn’t looking good. The vet said it could be one of two things 1) Lymphoma or 2)a stomache disorder. He said we could try to treat it as the stomache disorder first but it is tricky as they have complex digestive systems and said it probably wouldn’t work. Again I wanted to give her the benefit of the doubt (she came through before when no-one thought she would) I opted for the treatment. He said she had to be on steroids for 6 weeks & they would come out and check her every 2 weeks but if at the end of the 6week course she seemed no better they would pressume it was lymphoma and put her down. The steroids he gave me for one were for DOGS and I had to give her 20tablets a day which was a huge dosage (would kill a human twice over). I was a little worried but did as the vet said hoping she would get better. after 2weeks she looked no better. I was not happy with the vets pressumptious diagnosis so decided to get a second opinion from another vet used by the yard. He took one look at her and said “well she doesn’t look pregnant for certain”, he wandered round her & heart the heart murmer from the left only & said the speed & density of it meant it was probably due to lack of work that her muscles had lapsed & would most likely harden & the murmer disappear once she got fit again. He listened to her stomache & asked whether she always makes gurgling noises (which she did) and what her droppings were like (all things the vets at the other practice would have seen since she was there for nearly 2weeks). The vet suggested she seemed to have a lack of movement in her digestive system and wasn’t processing hardl
    yes it was cut short. Sorry the vet said she wasn’t processing her food & it was going straight through her. He asked if she had been on anti biotics (which she had for her leg) and now on steroids. He basically said the pills were probably killing off all her good bacteria and white blood cells. He gave me the name of a feed with pro biotic in it to give her. He took a blood sample to test for lymphoma (which i didn’t think you could test otherwise why didn’t the others do this before breaking me apart?)I took her off the pills & gave her this food. Within 3days her droppings were ‘normal’. The blood test came back showing ‘NO LYMPHOMA’ & since then (nearly 3 weeks ago) she has put weight on in the right places & is a different horse! I have recieved a bill of £1720.00 from the first vets yet they didn’t find anything out! I feel like I have been taken for a ride!
    hi yes that is exactly what my horse looked like. Her bum also lost all weight and was very triangular. Basically the pro biotic in the food ‘ALLEN & PAGE – Weight Gain’ helps digestion. He said to give it to her until she was looking good again & then wean her off it as she should have hopefully produced her own source of fighting bacteria by then. Give it a try it can’t hurt & it is no more expensive than regular hard feeds. I was pumping lots of feed into her before hand with no results and now she looks great NOT FAT either as she has one scoop of feed mixed with water & one scoop of chaff twice a day. Honestly I recommend it, she hasn’t looked this good for a while. I thought she just lost weight due to surgery as they do & didn’t put it on well which is why i waited as long as i did but it paid off in the end else i may not have known there was a problem.

    • ANSWER:
      The person to answer that, dear, is an attorney.

      The description is totally unreadable. It’s a cross between emotion and stream of consciousness. Nobody can really determine wrongdoing (or the contrary) from the description, as written.

      I suggest you focus on what you would sue for, give a brief description (minus emotion or personal opinion) and then ask again.

  31. QUESTION:
    I Have Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency?
    i have Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTC) and people tease me cause i cant explain it can some one give me an idea of how too explain this short?

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD), the most common of the urea cycle disorders, is a rare metabolic disorder, occurring in one out of every 80,000 births. OTCD is a genetic disorder resulting in a mutated and ineffective form of the enzyme ornithine transcarbamylase.
    Like other urea cycle disorders, OTC affects the body’s ability to get rid of ammonia, a toxic breakdown product of the body’s use of protein. As a result, ammonia accumulates in the blood causing hyperammonemia. This ammonia travels to the various organs of the body.

    Another symptom of OTC is a buildup of orotic acid in the blood. This is due to an anapleurosis that occurs with carbamoyl phosphate entering the pyrimidine synthesis pathway.

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency often becomes evident in the first few days of life, however it can present at middle age [a]. An infant with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency may be lacking in energy (lethargic) or unwilling to eat, and have poorly-controlled breathing rate or body temperature. Some babies with this disorder may experience seizures or unusual body movements, or go into a coma. In cases where OTC enzyme production is low or non-existent death can occur within the first days of life. Complications from ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency may include developmental delay and mental retardation. Progressive liver damage, skin lesions, and brittle hair may also be seen. Other symptoms include irrational behavior (caused by encephalitis), mood swings, and poor performance in school.

    In some affected individuals, signs and symptoms of ornithine transcarbamylase may be less severe, and may not appear until later in life. Some female carriers become symptomatic later in life in times of metabolic stress. This can happen as a result of anorexia, starvation, malnutrition, pregnancy or even (in at least one case) as a result of gastric bypass surgery. It is also possible for symptoms to be exacerbated by extreme trauma of many sorts, including, (at least in one case) adolescent pregnancy coupled with severe stomach flu.

    Mutations in the OTC gene cause ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency belongs to a class of genetic diseases called urea cycle disorders. The urea cycle is a sequence of reactions that occurs in liver cells. It processes excess nitrogen, generated when protein is used by the body, to make a compound called urea that is excreted by the kidneys.

    In ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, the enzyme that starts a specific reaction within the urea cycle is damaged or missing. The urea cycle cannot proceed normally, and nitrogen accumulates in the bloodstream in the form of ammonia. Ammonia is especially damaging to the nervous system, so ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency causes neurological problems as well as eventual damage to the liver.

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by a number of different mutations. Since the gene is on the X chromosome, females are primarily carriers while males with nonconservative mutations rarely survive past 72 hours of birth. Half of those survivors die in the first month, and half of the remaining by age 5. Prognosis is less clear in cases of adult onset OTCD, as detection of the disease is almost universally post symptomatic
    Since the disease results in an inability to handle large amounts of nitrogen load, the treatment includes strategies to decrease the intake of nitrogen (low-protein diet), prevention of excessive body protein breakdown during acute illnesses (hydration and nutrition) and administration of medications scavenging nitrogen (sodium benzoate and sodium phenylbutyrate). Some patients may need to have supplemental amino acids (arginine, citrulline, valine, leucine, isoleucine).

    In cases where the OTC enzyme production is very low or non-existent and treatment consisting of low-protein diet and dietary supplementation are inadequate, liver transplant may become a treatment option.

    Help me explain this shortly

    • ANSWER:
      You have a metabolic disorder that causes ammonia to build up in your blood, so you need to be careful about what you eat.

  32. QUESTION:
    **Sigh** 23 year old with daily chest pains for the past six months…Any ADVICE OR EXPERIENCE would help…?
    Ok im at witts end. Lets strat with this my name is will, im 23 years old, 6 foot 1 currently weigh 285 (was 326 small victory) suffer from hypertension altough its been under control with the help of some medication. I currently take 75mg of metoprolol, 20mg of benicar 10mg of cyclobenzaprine or flexeril. My oddysse all sarted about 7 months ago, one day while at work (im a cable guy) i was out and about doing my normal routine when i started to feel the sense of lightheadedness and dizzy, i stoped and looked at my arms and they were shaking like crazy, i immediately panicked and drove myself to an er. Thats when i was diagnosed with high bp and tachycardia. I was terrified, altough ive been overweight for most of my life im actually pretty active yet over the past year i balloned from 250 to 326 (junk food,stress, etc). I had been feeling a bittired before all this happened but i just tought it was me being fat. My bp on that day was running at 170/95 scary!!!. and my heart rate was at 140bpm scarier!!!. Since then ive been on my meds and my blood pressure has been normalized i run at around 124/70 -130/80, so the meds have worked only problem now is that ive been having DAILY CONSTANT chest pain and pressure. I would say a week after they found out i had high bp and i was on meds they started. FIrst as light little flinches kinda like if someone was poking you with a tack around the left sideand my sternum. The first time it happened i would gently rub it and it would go away but since those days it has simply progressed to the point where its EXTREMELY dibilitating. Ive gone to the er 1 and to the urgent care about 10 times. For the same symptoms, it always feels like someone stuck theyre hand in my chest and started to slowly press on it, sometimes it feels like there a ballon stuck there, it feels like im having a heart attack daily, and for the most part my bp and pulse stay the same (on occasions i have panic attack and my pulse rockets and so does my bp) but for the most part ive tried o stay even keel. Theyve done cardiac enzyme test, event monitors, ekg’s, stress test, heart ultrasound, and they all come back fine. Theres times where i really feel the pain with my ekg on and it shows nothing other than an elevated heart rate. Its so debilitating when i know somethings not right yet it seems to the docs that nothing is wrong. They always tell me relax its not your heart yet the pain is STILL there. My primary care doctor has sent me to 2 well know cardiologist and they all come to the same conclusion and exclude any cardiac reasons for my chest pains. Hes sent me to one of the best g.i doctors in my city and have had a endoscopy performed on me and all they found was mild gastritis and no signs of GERD. Ive had a gallbladder ultrasound wich only found a fatty liver. Ive had a abdomen and pelvis cat scan which came back negative. Ive had a chest cat scan which also came back negative. I really dont know what other test can be done, i dont feel normal anymore, i feel like im living yet im not?? like im just going trough life with this unknown burden on my shoulders. I constantlly feel anxiety and mostly due to my pains,(had you met me pre- these pains i was a care free type of guy) now i worry about everything. I honestly dont know what else to do. Im getting a mri on my brain cus my primary care doctor sent me to a neurologist to see if it might be neural related. Im scared that im gonna get a heart attack or stroke but it seems everytime i go to the docs they have a different point of view. What can i do? im going to ask my doc for an mri on my chest, might it be a pinched nerve? ( my work requires me to climb poles up to 25 feet) or a disease? my family history has diabetes and arthritis but no heart problems. both my parents are still alive and healthy. My doctor is really trying and tahts why i havent given up on him and all the times ive gone to the urgent care they tell me the same thing, “follow up with your primary”. Has anybody gone trough the same thing? am i going crazy??? only suggestions. thanks and god bless

    • ANSWER:
      are you a doctor, pharmacist I think you are mind fu..k..g yourself there is medicine called nitro relieve chest pains talk to your doctor quit beating yourself up sound like a whipping post

  33. QUESTION:
    Help!!!!! worried about Seroquel side effects!!!?
    Doctor put me 50 mg seroquel xr twice daily for bipolar with psychotic features and I’m worried about the side effects.
    Even though Seroquel XR is not classified as an antidepressant, the FDA has required Seroquel XR to carry the special antidepressant and suicide warning, since Seroquel XR is used to treat depression and bipolar depression. Antidepressants may increase the risk of suicidal thinking or behavior in children, teenagers, and adults (see Depression and Suicide for more information). Therefore, if you notice any changes in symptoms or new symptoms, talk to your healthcare provider immediately. Some of these symptoms may include anxiety, hostility, agitation, panic, restlessness, hallucinations, extreme hyperactivity, and suicidal thinking or behavior.

    Seroquel XR can cause an increase in blood sugar levels and can increase the risk of developing diabetes. Tell your healthcare provider if you develop signs of diabetes while taking Seroquel XR. Possible signs of diabetes can include an increase in thirst, urination, or hunger. If you have diabetes, your blood sugar should be monitored carefully and regularly during treatment with Seroquel XR to make sure your diabetes is not becoming more severe (see Seroquel and Diabetes).

    Seroquel XR can cause a life-threatening condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Some symptoms of NMS include:

    A high fever
    Stiff muscles
    Confusion
    An irregular pulse or blood pressure
    A fast heart rate (tachycardia)
    Sweating
    Irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias).
    Tell your healthcare provider right away if you think you might have NMS.
    Seroquel XR can cause low white blood cells, which can be dangerous. If you already have low white blood cells (or have experienced a white blood cell drop due to a medication in the past), your healthcare provider should check your white blood cell count during the first few months you take Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause a drop in blood pressure when going from a sitting or lying position to standing (known medically as orthostatic hypotension). This can cause a person to faint or to have lightheadedness or dizziness. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms when standing. Orthostatic hypotension can be especially dangerous in people with heart disease or congestive heart failure (CHF).

    Seroquel XR can cause tardive dyskinesia, a condition involving unusual and uncontrollable body or facial movements. The condition can become permanent (even if Seroquel XR is stopped). The best way to prevent it from becoming permanent is to tell your healthcare provider right away if you notice any abnormal movements (including abnormal movements of the tongue) while taking Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause cataracts (an eye condition). It is recommended that all people taking Seroquel XR have their eyes checked for cataracts every six months.

    Seroquel XR may increase the risk of seizures. Before starting Seroquel XR, tell your healthcare provider if you have epilepsy or a history of seizures.

    Seroquel XR can cause an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), high liver enzymes, high cholesterol, or high triglycerides. It is probably a good idea to have your thyroid, triglycerides, liver enzymes, and cholesterol checked (using a blood test) regularly while taking Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause high levels of the hormone prolactin. Let your healthcare provider know if you develop signs of high prolactin, such as breast enlargement or breast discharge.

    Very rarely, Seroquel XR can cause priapism (a painful erection of the penis that does not go away). Because this is a medical emergency, seek medical care immediately in order to prevent permanent damage to the penis.

    Seroquel XR can cause difficultly swallowing, which can lead to inhalation of food (which can cause pneumonia). Tell your healthcare provider if you notice any problems swallowing.

    • ANSWER:
      If you can find a way to feel better sans the drug… you’re way ahead of the game. Start here!

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/positive-thinking/SR00009

      It’s never a good idea to rely on meds to aid us in feeling less anxious or depressed.
      Depression plaques all of us at one time or another. Arm yourself with positive thinking and really concentrate on thinking more positive and with more confidence. Granted 50 mg is a small dosage… it can still have many unfavorable side effects. It’s OK to feel down, it’s OK to feel overwhelmed… feel the feeling and let it go!
      Try keeping a journal and see if you can pinpoint the source of your depression. And then find a way to turn it around.
      I believe in you… won’t you believe in you? (^_^)

  34. QUESTION:
    Am I obsessive/paranoid about this?
    Ok, so June 6th I drank some gin for the first time, got out of breath, wokeup the next day with a cough sensation in my trachea. Had every test done, EKG, Chest X-Ray, liver/gallbladder ultrasound, pulmonogy/lung function tests, endoscopy, barium swallow, all of it was negative.

    I was put on a trial of pills, from antibiotics, to ativan, to every h2 blocker, PPI/antacid out there including Protonix, Zegerid, etc. None of it did anything.

    I frantically searched things online all summer, and now I have a lot of burping, bloating, fatigue, heart palpitations, and a sore/irritated throat with the cough.

    I went to an ENT today, gave him my history, and he did a visualization of my trachea. He went down with a laryngoscope all the way to the windpipe and even put it on a screen so I could see. There was no irritation, no signs of any reflux.

    I get the pain/burning/cough constantly, all day, no flare ups, no food-related issues. He said if it was that frequent, “LPR/GERD/Reflux” would show up on the laryngoscope or the endoscopy, or at least be responsive to the pills.

    He’s evaluating me for thyroid problems because he says that exact spot of pain is where the thyroid is.

    I felt so much relief after hearing the laryngoscope found nothing, but when I went home I started searching up stuff again (stupid me) and started finding obscure medical polls and random people saying “You can have LPR with no laryngoscopy signs!” etc. I started feeling sicker as I read it, and now I’m freaking out again. I feel like I need to go BACK to the ENT just so he can look at it again and re-assure me.

    Is this psychological? How do I get this out of my head? I am very analytical and it is hard for me to get things out of my head once they get in. I was feeling great once I got the results from the laryngoscoping, even my burping decreased, but now that I read just 2 or three obscure websites that say “you can still have it without a laryngoscope sign” (which makes no sense) I am freaking out and feeling worse.

    Can someone help me with some advice? There may be something wrong, like a thyroid problem, but I’m not sure.

    • ANSWER:
      To be honest, it sounds like you are turning yourself into a hypochondriac. I think that when a person tells themselves they are sick, or have this problem, they can actually develope signs or symptoms of it without actually having anything wrong with them. So chill out, doc’s say your fine, then your fine. Are you going to waste all of your time feeling like there is something wrong when there isn’t? Enjoy life a little. Go out and do something fun. Maybe have another drink and convince yourself that it will cure your problem….

  35. QUESTION:
    3 month old kitten vomiting 2-3X a day, having seizures, help please!?
    We have a 3 month old Himalayan (seal pt., male, 2.4 pounds) who had his first (that we know about) seizure on July 28, 4 days after being vaccinated. The vaccination is NOT the culprit as he had another seizure on August 13 – no additional vaccinations.

    We had been giving him Purina Fancy Feast, which we have thrown away after reading several consumer complaints about the food causing health problems in cats, kittens, dogs and puppies, in one case causing seizures in a dog. The diarrhea and foul-smelling gas has been gone since we threw out all the Purina products.

    He was on Lysine powder which we took him off of after the first seizure.

    Symptoms include: 2 known seizures, vomiting up to 3 times a day. We’ve ruled out: Blood Sugar – following the first seizure was 114, normal. He just had a bioacid test which came back negative so it is not a liver shunt. CBC was normal, including white count. Lungs and heart sound normal.

    The vet is has prescribed Clindamycin in case its toxoplasmosis, and another antibiotic that should be arriving later today or tomorrow to treat for mild hepatitis just in case. She wants to draw more blood early next week to test for toxoplasmosis and F.I.P. I’ve spent hours reading up on those, and neither seem to fit (white count was normal, no fever, appetite is normal, he’s not lethargic).

    We have a Blue Point Male that is 10 days older, in perfect health. So we know its nothing environmental. I’ve spoken to the breeder several times, and the rest of the litter is healthy, as are the parents.

    They are eating Royal Canin Kitten 36, and Science Diet Salmon flavored canned food (a teaspoon each 2X a day). He has not had another seizure (that we know of) since switching off Purina foods, but the vomiting continues.

    He is indoor only, all cleaning supplies are securely locked out of reach (we have young children, so our home is child- and kitten-proofed), we have 2 houseplants – bamboo and a bonsai (out of reach) that neither kitten has ever shown an interest in. They don’t get table scraps or people food. He is not showing any other signs of a neurological disorder.

    Epilepsy in kittens, according to the vets (we’ve seen several), is so rare its almost unheard of…. Does anyone have any other ideas on what else could be causing this?
    I scoop a teaspoon of food from the can and feed him in his own bowl. Never from the can (he has a rather smooshed face, about halfway between extreme and dollface, so he needs a shallow bowl to eat from to get his mouth in there).

    There are definitely NO chemicals, cleaning supplies, etc. that he could possibly get into.

    I have food allergies, and never considered that he might as well – will definitely bring that up with the vet, thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Aww, Poor baby, I had a few week old Chihuahua puppy a few years back that had this same thing going on, they did X-rays and found that she had a condition, which I’m sorry I cannot remember the name of, which was basically more or less water on the brain. They gave her phenobarbital and the seizures kept happening and she would just cry in fear, which we would assume was from being drugged up, we decided to put her down since the medication was doing nothing to control the seizures and the medication from what I understand was very strong, not to mention the sweet puppy was so scared and her mother didn’t want anything to do with her anymore.

      I really wish you the best of luck. That was very very hard for me to deal with, I understand your worry and pain..

      Have them do an X-ray that’s all I can suggest.

  36. QUESTION:
    My OB wants to induce me tomorrow is it safe at 37 weeks?
    I’m 37 weeks and 4 Days
    I have heath issue after heath issue in this pregnancy
    First Morning sickness has been present and horrible the hole time.
    I developed gallbladder disease and started having attacks Bi-weekly at 27 weeks. If you have never had one i have had many women tell me its 3x as bad as labor. they last for 4-6 hours without reprieve.
    Pancreatitis at 34 weeks.
    and Liver issues at 35 and the baby dropped later that week so My hips have been KILLING me
    at 36 weeks I started having early signs of preeclampsia (blurry vision, headaches excreta)
    and now at 37 My blood pressure is high (my normal is 110/60 its now 150/85) and for some reason I have lost 4.5lbs sense my last apt. that was just last WEEK.

    Is it selfish to agree to be induced so I can get treatment for these problems?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh hell no it’s not selfish! Sounds to me like it would be safest for both you AND baby. Especially if you’re blood pressure it high, could be another sign of the preeclampsia.
      I was told last week that a baby is actually full term between 37-38 weeks, so I think it would be perfectly safe to have baby.
      I feel horrible for you, I’m sorry to hear about all your pain and hope that everything goes well with delivery. I’m sure once you hold baby, all the other problems will be forgotten at least for that moment…

  37. QUESTION:
    What is left for me to say…..?
    I typed up a report on diabetes, it is supposed to be 6 pages dubble spaced, but now i don’t know what else to put, all i need is a half a page more. Thank you!

    Diabetes Type 1
    Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems using food for energy. After a meal, carbohydrates in food are broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells require insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to help use blood glucose for energy. People develop diabetes because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not respond to insulin properly, or both. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy.
    Prior to 1997, the type of diabetes typically diagnosed in young people was called juvenile diabetes or type 1. Diabetes emerging in adults was called adult-onset diabetes or type 2. Then in 1997, the official names of the types were changed to type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is the second most common chronic disease in children (after asthma). About 13,000 new cases are diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Patients with type 1 diabetes make up about 5 percent of all cases of diabetes. It most commonly appears in girls and boys when they are about 14 years old. Usually, type 1 diabetes is first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, the pancreas does not make insulin, a hormone which helps use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. The cells become starved of energy and there is an excess of glucose in the blood. People with Type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to live. Proper diet, exercise and home blood sugar monitoring are essential to manage the disease. Food and exercise must also be balanced because of the risk of hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, and hyperglycemia, high blood sugar. Both are life threatening concerns. When hypoglycemia develops, cells are not getting enough glucose. Confusion, loss of consciousness, comma and death results when the brain is deprived of glucose for too long. Hyperglycemia and prolonged absence of insulin may lead to ketoacidosis, the accumulation of ketones in the blood when the body uses fat for energy instead of glucose. Ketones make the blood acidic and slow down all body functions. Like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia can also lead to comma and death. The only cure available today for type 1 diabetes is a pancreas transplant, which is rarely done. Because both pancreas transplants and kidney transplants require lifelong use of powerful drugs to suppress immune reactions that can reject the organs, pancreatic transplants are usually done to those with type 1 diabetes who also need a kidney transplant. The side effects of immune- suppressive drugs can be severe and even worse than the disease. One or two people out of every 10 who get the surgery die within a year. Also the new pancreas is rejected by half of the people who get this operation. If the transplant fails, diabetes returns. Recently, experimental treatments with stem cells have shown some promise. For most people, type 1 diabetes is a life-long disease that can be effectively managed with insulin.

    Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
    •Urinates frequently. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream by flushing out the extra glucose in urine. A child with diabetes needs to urinate more frequently and in larger volumes.
    •Is abnormally thirsty. Because the child is loosing so much fluid from peeing so much, he or she becomes very thirsty to help avoid becoming dehydrated. A child who has developed diabetes drinks a lot in an attempt to keep the level of body water normal.
    •Loses weight. (or fails to gain weight as he or she grows) in spite of a good appetite. Kids and teens who develop type 1 diabetes may have an increased appetite, but often lose weight. This is because the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt the provide fuel to the hungry cells.
    •Often feels tired. Because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly.

    But in some cases, other symptoms may be the signal that something is wrong. Sometimes the first sign of diabetes is bedwetting in a child who has been dry at night. The possibility of diabetes should also be suspected if a vaginal yeast infection (also called a Candida infection) occurs in a girl who hasn’t started puberty yet. If these early symptoms of diabetes aren’t recognized and treatment isn’t started, chemicals called ketones can build up in the child’s blood and cause stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity- smelling breath, breathing problems; even loss of consciousness. Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken f

    • ANSWER:
      Watch out on using advice from yahoo answers if truthfulness is graded. While 80% of type 2′s are overweight, only 18% of obese people are diabetic.

  38. QUESTION:
    do you think i have drink problem?
    over the last 6 month ive drank all the drink from the house and filled the bottles with water theres was about 20 bottles like spirits, wine and Champagne i dont drink all the time i can go weeks without a drink but some days i wake up and its the first thing i think of and when i do drink it normally lasts for a couple of days.
    id say i normally drink about twice a week but some times i drink when im feeling a bit anxious.
    you cant tell i drink so much but ive only just turned 22 and im still a good lukin lad but i suppose that can change over the years the only thing is the hangovers i get are unbelievable now normally last about 2 days whitch i think i a sign my liver isnt filtering the alcohol properly.

    • ANSWER:
      Simple answer – stop drinking for a while.
      Your not an alcoholic yet.

  39. QUESTION:
    questions about lupus / ANA please anwser if you can?
    I JUST GOT MY OTHER RESULTS FROM MY ANA

    my first ANA in oct. was 1:160 also liver functions came up abnormal like sgot/ast 134 sgot/alt 219

    and they reran the test less than a month later and came back 1:80 rhemy said it was neg ( the paper said low positive/borderline ) (also ran sed rate crp and came neg)

    i been having a lot of symptoms ranging from full body joint and muscle pain (entire body )
    insomnia fatiuge sleep paralysis
    forget fullness/daze
    itchy all over no rash
    dry eyes/mouth
    urinating a lot
    restless legs
    mouth /nose bumps/sores
    anxiety depression irritability
    possible butterly rash very light (could be somthing else )
    and more symptoms

    they’ve been going on for about 4 months could this be early signs ?

    could this still be lupus or maybe another autoimmune problem even though rhemy doesn’t think i have it ? can ANA fluctuate like that ?

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    Grandchildren’s Rights?
    My mom and dad divorced when I was just a baby, because my dad was/is a musician and wanted to take off to New York to pursue his musical career.

    He did quite well and though he never became famous, he was nominated for two grammy awards in the 80′s but was beat out of it by Milly Vanilli. (yeah, I know! But that’s not my problem today!) lol

    My problem is THIS:

    HIS MOTHER…My paternal grandmother…never got along well with MY mother.

    She thought my mother was “beneath” my dad because he came from a wealthy family and my mother’s family was only middle class.

    Now…I don’t know if that’s why my grandma never had anything to do with me over the years…or if it was just an “out of sight, out of mind” thing.

    Anyway…

    She never made any efforts or attempts to visit me, or establish any kind of relationship over the years.

    This bothered me a lot, and I always felt like it was somehow MY fault. :(

    Well, my mother re-married a terrific man when I was 3 and he raised me like I was his own daughter. :)

    THEN…when I was 13, I finally met my biological father.

    We hashed out everything, and have a great relationship today. :) (I’m 41 now)

    Sadly, my step-father passed away last year, but I still consider him my father. I just felt that I was lucky to have two great dads growing up.

    But back to my grandmother…

    I’ve talked to her a few times on the phone, but have never met her in person.

    My dad is her only son…but she has a daughter too, named Katie, whom she hasn’t spoken to in many years. Here’s the story on THAT…

    Katie got married and had two girls from that marriage. But she ended up leaving her family to run off with some guy…whom we don’t know much about. Only that he was very successful in business, and has a lot of money now. Anyway, she left her girls behind with her husband, who raised them…with the help of my grandmother.

    Many years later, Katie attempted to re-bond with her girls and mother, but the girls weren’t very receptive. (Can’t say that I blame them, but none of my business!)

    As for her mother (my gramma) she TRIED to make up, but they ended up getting in a huge argument during a dinner party, and haven’t spoken since. That was 20 years ago. (Shame aint it?)

    Ok…so back to MY problem.

    My grandmother is worth millions of dollars. She owns property near and far, and she’s already buried two millionaire husbands. And I might mention…she’s kinda stingy.

    Ok…my father on the other hand, is not stingy at all. He would give me the shirt off his back if I needed it. But he does drink and live the musician lifestyle in New Orleans now. And his liver is kind of swollen from years of abuse.

    Which brings me to the REASON for me telling you all this…

    If my father dies BEFORE my grandmother…(because she’s 82 and still jumpin’ around like a jack-rabbit) though she is showing signs of Alzheimers. But if he dies FIRST…

    If my grandmother leaves me out of her will (and I have no reason to think she’d do otherwise) do I have the right to contest her will?

    Do I have the right to contest for the share my father would have gotten?

    Do I have the right to fight for my share as a grandchild, being that her OTHER grandchildren will inherit millions?

    And is it morally WRONG for me to even consider doing this, being as she’s never had anything to do with me my whole life?

    I know she doesn’t legally OWE ME anything, but it just would have been nice for her to at least make an EFFORT to be a grandmother you know?

    And being that she didn’t even try…I don’t really feel bad about asking these questions…though maybe I SHOULD.

    I’m sure she will leave her daughter out of the will (unless she surprises us all) but her grand-daughters are due to inherit millions.

    Now if my dad actually lives long enough to receive his share of the money, then there shouldn’t be a problem. Because like I said, he’s NOT a greedy person, and I’m sure he’ll pass some of it down to me.

    But if he dies BEFORE dear ol’ granny…Well…you can see my predicament right?

    I guess I’m asking…What would YOU do if you were in my shoes?

    Please no smarty-pants answers. I really need some good advice on this.

    And I apologize for it being so confusing.

    THANKS!

    • ANSWER:
      It is not confusing. But you must remember that no one has the right to an inheritance just by virtue of being somebody’s relative. A person may choose top leave, or not leave their estate to whoever they choose: relatives, the Church, charities, or the ice cream man, if they so choose.
      You would have to speak to an attorney because laws differ from state to state, but I really don’t think that you would prevail if you contested the Will or Trust. As long as her Will or Trust (I’m certain that someone that wealthy would have a Trust to avoid Probate) is legally valid, then no Judge would realistically go against the terms of the Will or Trust.
      Most Wills and Trusts that I have seen state that, if an heir (your Father) predeceases the Trustor (your Grandmother) then that share would go to the heir’s issue (you). It is called “Per Stirpes” in legalese. But unless you see the document you can’t know for sure. Given your ages (41, 60ish, and 82), it would not be uncommon for you to have a conversation with you Father about what HE wants to happen in the future, what HIS wishes are for his person, his care if he needs care, and his estate. Basically, what are his final instructions so that you can honor them. If something were to happen to him, where can you find the documents that are needed to carry out his wishes, etc. That conversation could lead to a conversation with him about your Grandmother and you may then be able to find out more information. The only thing that is certain is that no one should ever count on an inheritance because there may not be one.
      Perhaps it is time for YOU to try to develop a relationship with your Grandmother.

  41. QUESTION:
    Kitten gassy after oceanfish and tuna?
    I have a 10 week old kitten who eats Royal Canin Babycat dry food and also wet food once per day. He really enjoys his wet food and I have not found any flavors or brands that he does not like. He’s had lots of flavors, his favorite being Wellness Kitten food. Last night I gave him a Nutro Natural Choice Complete Care Kitten Oceanfish and Tuna flavored pouch. He seemed to enjoy it and ate it, but all night was been gassy! This has not happened with any other food I have given him so far, and he ate his normal RC dry food all day. Is this not agreeing with him? He’s had normal stool last night and today and no other signs of having a tummy ache, playful as usual.

    The first few ingredients listed on the pouch are: Fish Broth, Cod, Chicken, Chicken Liver, Tuna, Wheat Gluten, Dried Beet Pulp, Sunflower Oil, Mackerel, etc…..

    Any idea which of these he may be reacting to, if any? Are any commonly a problem for kittens?

    Any advice, insight, or experience would be helpful. Thanks!
    He’s had ocean whitefish kitten from Fancy Feast before and didn’t have this problem, the first few ingredients on that are: Ocean whitefish, liver, meat by-products, water sufficient for processing, chicken, milk, egg product

    (I now know by-products are not good and don’t buy food with them, but this was before I found that out) just for comparison of ingredients

    • ANSWER:
      Very likely it is the fish food – I don’t feed my cats any fish-based foods like tuna/salmon, etc. They get basically chicken, beef, lamb or venison and I’ve had no problems with gas or stool.

      Male cats that eat a lot of fish based foods are more prone to get UTI’s so I would stop feeding the fish based foods.

  42. QUESTION:
    Kitten gassy after eating oceanfish and tuna?
    I have a 10 week old kitten who eats Royal Canin Babycat dry food and also wet food once per day. He really enjoys his wet food and I have not found any flavors or brands that he does not like. He’s had lots of flavors, his favorite being Wellness Kitten food. Tonight I gave him a Nutro Natural Choice Complete Care Kitten Oceanfish and Tuna flavored pouch. He seemed to enjoy it and ate it, but all night he has been gassy! This has not happened with any other food I have given him so far, and he ate his normal RC dry food all day. Is this not agreeing with him? He’s had normal stool tonight and no other signs of having a tummy ache, playful as usual.

    The first few ingredients listed on the pouch are: Fish Broth, Cod, Chicken, Chicken Liver, Tuna, Wheat Gluten, Dried Beet Pulp, Sunflower Oil, Mackerel, etc…..

    Any idea which of these he may be reacting to, if any? Are any commonly a problem for kittens?

    Any advice, insight, or experience would be helpful. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      start getting him on a all dry food diet by slowly mixing in the dry food with the wet food then gradually taking away the wet food this should help out it is much better for the cat to eat stricly dry food for digestive tract and their teeth but , you can spoil the cat with the pouch stuff once in a while they love the wet food ! you should not have to keep buying the kitten food for long I dunno if you are paying more $ or not. I always gave the kittens regular dry food .

  43. QUESTION:
    critique my essay on anorexia?
    The first occurrence of the eating disorder anorexia nervosa or anorexia as it is commonly called was first seen in 1694; however it wasn’t actually recognized as a real disease until about the 1870’s where at this juncture people would actually become diagnosed. Dunglison’s medical dictionary defined the disease as a “lose of appetite” in 1865. In 1868 an English physician William Gall was the first to lay claim to the name anorexia and it was his idea that a persons family directly contributed to someone’s eating disorder. Dr Gull claimed the cause of the disease was undetermined and that most women developed anorexia at any age from sixteen to twenty three. In years past most people associated starvation with theological practices or folklore but Gull’s text “Anorexia Hysterica” created more fascination with the psychological aspects of the disease.

    Anorexia is commonly referred to as an eating disorder but in actuality it is also a psychological disorder. Those who have the disease usually start out by dieting but this lose of weight becomes a virtual obsession. The anticipated weight loss gives the person in general, a feeling of mastery or control over their body. On a psychological level those with the disease value the feeling of control over physical weight loss. Anorexia mainly derives from a self imagine problem. Although one may associate lack of eating with anorexia, those with the disease will also exercise fervently, take some sort of diet pills or weight loss enhancers, and receive numerous enemas to try to flush out excess water in order to loss weight. Anorexia usually starts to become evident during adolescents but, younger children and adults also may develop the disease. More often than not Caucasians tend to become anorexic more so than other races and lower class families are less likely to become anorexic. Anorexia affects almost every organ in the body detrimentally as a person starves themselves. As a result of not eating a person’s heart rate and blood pressure tend to decrease significantly, which may ultimately lead to hypertension. In addition starvation and anorexia also affects the liver. As a person beings to starve more and more enzyme levels in the liver start to change negatively, in some cases even resulting in liver failure. Those who are anorexic generally have lower red and white blood cells causing not only anemia but a weakened immune system. Not only does anorexia cause internal complications, but it also causes noticeable physical signs like flaky skin, breakdown of nails, and tooth loss. Some physiological and behavior symptoms of anorexia include depression, irritability, and attention deficits. A majority of individuals with anorexia tend to develop extreme fixation with food and eating. They may hide food within their pockets, eating inordinately slow, and even eat minuscule portions of food at a dawdling rate.

    At this current juncture there is no unambiguous cause for anorexia but as time progresses psychologists are beginning to develop more ground breaking theories. One suggested theory is genetics. Currently psychologists believe that person’s genetics will be a determinant of an individual’s propensity of developing eating disorders. Some believe that a certain chromosome 1p may hold the clue in determining if a person will have anorexia. Others within the scientific field contribute poor feeding habits as well as under eating as signs of a potential case of anorexia. In addition people who strive to be thin and attractive as well perfectionist usually are more likely to be anorexic. Popular culture and the media may also be the case. The young girls developing mind is easily deceieved and many adolescent girls tend to emulate what they see on television. It is no question that most movie stars, singers, and celebrities are abnormally thin. Young girls look up to these women as role models and to seek to be like them. This may lead to a self image problem and a desire to lose weight in order to look similar to those on TV.

    One noteworthy study on anorexia nervosa is being done by Neuroendocrine Clinical Center. They are attempting to prove the correlation between anorexia and osteoporosis. They concluded that almost half of woman with anorexia usually experience some form of osteoporosis. They also determined that some of them had bones similar to that of elderly women. Due to lack of calcium, under nutrition and over production of glucocorticoids (stress hormones), are reasons behind bone loss and are all contributed to anorexia. One experiment in particular is giving young girls and women with anorexia low doses of the female hormone estrogen to see if that will slow down the breakdown of bones. Another notable experiment done by the Neuroendocrine Clinical Center that includes males and females, attempts to discover the causes and signs of bone loss in people with anorexia. The physicians will tes

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, lots of great information there!

      The only thing that really strikes me is that your essay focuses on the anorexic’s need for control (which is correct), but you only touch on the control aspect with regards to weight issues.

      An anorexic’s need for control can also extend FAR beyond anything to do with weight. In my case, it was a way to control (or numb out) painful emotions. There’s a strong correlation between anorexia/eating disorders and sexual or physical abuse. By starving yourself, you can actually become numb and devoid of emotion…. and therefore you don’t have to feel the pain.

      All in all, your points are very good. Hope they mark you well on this :)

      Take care!

  44. QUESTION:
    help me please is for tomorrow.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! thank?
    2)which of these is not a typical sign of bulimia?
    a-eating in private
    b-cycles of weight gain and loss
    c-eating too much food too quickly
    d-extreme weight loss

    my answer is correct is b-cycles of weight gain and loss

    3-people who have bulimia ………… .
    a-are often treated first in a hospital because of extreme weight loss
    b-often deny there is a problem
    c-are often too ashamed of their behavior to seek help
    d-don’t need outside treatment because they can stop by themselves

    my answer is correct is d-don’t need outside treatment because they can stop by themselves

    4-people with binge – eating disorder are at greater risk of …….. .
    a-colon cancer
    b-diabetes and high blood pressure
    c-appendicitis
    d-liver and kidney dysfunction

    my answer is correct is a-colon cancer

    6-a physician who can diagnose and treat mental disorders is called a ……… .
    a-massage therapist
    b-psychologist
    c-social worker
    d-psychiatrist

    my answer is correct is c-social worker

    9-what occurs during psychotherapy?
    a-a person talks to a therapist.
    b-a person treats his or her own symptoms.
    c-a person creates a problem
    d-a person gets a physical examination.

    my answer is correct is a-a person talks to a therapist.

    10-which should you do if you think you might be suffering symptoms of a mental disorder?
    a-go on with your life
    b-share your problems with a trusted adult
    c-engage in self- injury
    d-overcome the problems on your own

    my answer is correct is d-overcome the problems on your own

    11-if a friend tells you he or she is thinking about suicide and asks you not to tell anyone, what should you do?
    a-notify an adult that your friend is in danger.
    b-don’t tell anyone.
    c-dare your friend to go through with it.
    d-assume your friend is joking.

    my answer is correct is c-dare your friend to go through with it.

    12-what is the third – leading cause of death among young people?
    a-homicide
    b-cancer
    c-suicide
    d-diabetes
    my answer is correct is a-homicide

    13-a series of suicides that occur within one peer group is known as …… .
    a-risk factors
    b-cluster suicides
    c-self – injury pacts
    d-mood disorders

    my answer is correct is d-mood disorders

    14-which term describes an unhealthy way to cope with emotions, stress, or traumatic events?
    a-self-injury
    b-medication
    c-self-esteem
    d-therapy

    my answer is correct is b-medication

    15-which is a major risk factor for suicide?
    a-phobia
    b-biofeedback
    c-depression
    d-relaxation
    my answer is correct is c-depression

    16-which best approximates the number of Americans that experience symptoms of a mental disorder each year?
    a-more than 50 thousand
    b-more than 500 thousand
    c-more than 5 thousand
    d-more than 50 million

    my answer is correct is d-more than 50 million

    17-which describes a condition that can be identified severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness,and behavior?
    a-depression
    b-obsession
    c-schizophrenia
    d-anxiety
    my answer is correct is a-depression

    18-which term describes people who experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives?
    a-a mood disorder
    b-phobias
    c-attention deficit
    d-hyperactivity

    my answer is correct is d-hyperactivity

    19-mental health experts are trained to recognize ………….. .
    a-abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
    b-abnormal physical characteristics
    c-the kinds of jobs people should have
    d-catastrophic situations

    my answer is correct is b-abnormal physical characteristics

    20-which is not a description of an anxiety disorder?
    a-feeling scared before play tryouts
    b-feeling scared to ride in elevators
    c-feeling afraid to sleep because of continuous nightmares
    d-feeling panicked every time you see a dog

    my answer is correct is d-feeling panicked every time you see a dog

    • ANSWER:
      I would say my answer is same like you, except number 1, may be different…

  45. QUESTION:
    I’d like some health advice?
    Firstly, sorry for the repost – I posted this last night, but my question seems to have gone missing.

    I’d like some advice from anyone who may feel qualified to offer an opinion?
    I have been signed off from work for the past 6 weeks, due to what was originally though to be a urinary tract infection. I foolishly waited until I was rather unwell before I went to the doctor and had all the classic symptoms of this. I was prescribed anti biotics and gave a urine sample. Unfortunately, my sample went missing, and so they never had a definitive answer for what was/is wrong. After the antibiotics, I was given a second type of anti biotic as the first didn’t appear to work.

    I was referred to urology as my doctor now thinks that I may have kidney stones, although he did some blood tests and my kidney function was normal. I’m now concerned as to what may be wrong – I don’t feel that I have a UTI anymore, but I still feel very weak, and have episodes where I feel very faint (and will pass out). Most recently I have episodes where I feel like I’m drunk, and it’s very difficult to speak coherently, and my friends have told me I do things like trying to chop vegetable with the knife upside down, and not even noticing, and then fainting. It’s very strange, and I’m beginning to get very worried.

    All my urine samples since then have shown high levels of white blood cells, but no specific infection. My blood count was low, my liver and kidney function are fine, I don’t have diabetes/thyroid problems, but my ESR level was very high. My blood pressure is fine. I had very early stage ovarian cancer five years ago, but since then have not had any health problems or illnesses.

    My doctor doesn’t seem to be sure of what’s wrong, and I’d like to know if any of you think there may a reason for this, or if I’m still run down? Thanks for taking the time to read this – I know it’s very long, and not very coherent!

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry but im not a medical expert so i can’t really help you much. What i would say is that you could try and get some more opinions, there is nothing stopping you seeing another specialist or doctor. You could even call NHS direct and they may be able to point you in the right direction. Hope you feel better soon.

  46. QUESTION:
    What does it take for an alcoholic to realize they are an alcoholic?
    My husband drinks a bottle of wine most every night. He has quit for a few days at a time, said “I feel so much better now that I quit drinking!” and gets hammered again 2 nights later, and then drinks twice as much as usual every night for weeks. He has been diagnosed with alcoholic induced fatty liver disease, he has ruined his credit with drinking debt, he has had to go to the hospital for injuries he sustained from falling down drunk, I talk to him several times a week about his drinking and all the problems with it, it currently is way outside our budget to support his drinking habit, he says he should definitely quit drinking…. but then when I mention the word alcoholic, he says there is no way he is an alcoholic? He insists it is just because he “doesn’t really want to quit, it is something he enjoys”. But a lot of the time he spends drunk, he doesn’t seem very happy. And when he is sober for a few days he says he really feels a lot better then he does when he is drinking.

    What would it take for him to realize and admit that he is an alcoholic? Is it that he defines an alcoholic as someone who can’t go a few nights a month without drinking? Does he think he isn’t an alcoholic because he doesn’t usually go to work drunk?

    His grandfather accidently poured gasoline on himself and caught himself on fire losing the use of his legs while drunk. His uncle committed suicide while drunk. Does he think he isn’t an alcoholic because he isn’t quite “there” yet?

    Will admitting that he is an alcoholic help him? I am thinking it is a very important step to him quitting.

    He is currently hiding his drinking from me. He has empty wine and beer bottles stashed all over the house. He says he has to “go to bed early” then drinks in the bedroom secretly. But still he doesn’t think he’s an alcoholic? How is this possible, and how can he be shown otherwise? Do you think that because he is at least hiding his drinking now that it may be a first step to recovery?

    I’m trying to take it as a hopeful sign that he is saying he wants to quit, saying that he has quit, saying that he knows he needs to quit now and is attempting to hide the evidence of his inability to. Do you think he may be getting close to at least realizing he has a problem?

    How should I confront him about the empties in the house? I’m planning to more thoroughly search the house today while he is at work to make sure I get all of them. So far its been about 12 empty bottles of wine that weren’t there a few weeks ago.
    He asked me not to tell his parents about the fatty liver disease… I’m thinking of threatening to tell them if he doesn’t quit? Worrying his parents REALLY bothers him.

    • ANSWER:
      Contact Alanon

      http://www.al-anon.alateen.org/

      \

  47. QUESTION:
    Terrified of pancreatic cancer?
    I don’t know whether I’m just being a hypochondriac or not, but I’ve been having these weird symptoms lately. For the past few weeks, I’ve been having weird dull pains around my right upper abdomen, just below my chest and sometimes below my ribcage. I sometimes get a crampy feeling on my left side as well, and this has been going on for a few months, though it is far less persistent. For the past two days I’ve been getting this colicky weird pain on my lower right quadrant, and sometimes I can feel it in my lower left. Also, I’ve been itching a lot recently. I don’t know if this is psychosomatic or not, can anybody enlighten me as to if that’s possible or not? I lost weight a few weeks after I stopped lifting in June and July, going from 146 pounds to about 138, but I think it’s stagnated since then (who knows, maybe I’ve even gained some this month). My appetite’s been odd, it’s there, but it’s different than it used to be. I get upper cramp-like localized back pains from time to time, sometimes parts of my arms and legs feel cramped for no reason as well. And just a few hours ago, after eating a fatty meal, I had greasy diarrhea (I do have IBS, but I don’t remember it ever giving my fatty stools (this is the first time I’ve seen this). Also, I feel more fatigued than usual. I can still exercise just as well as I used to, but if I’m not being active I feel like falling asleep. I don’t know what’s going on. I’m not scared of any other type of cancer except pancreatic. I heard it can effect people of all ages, even if it is rare. Does this sound anything like it?

    I don’t have nausea or vomiting. My pain isn’t severe, it’s typically mild. I’m not yellow, my stools aren’t pale, my urine isn’t dark (but I read that itching is an early sign of jaundice). I can’t tell if I have an enlarged spleen or liver, nothing’s constantly tender, and my Dr. didn’t feel anything out of the ordinary when I got my physical a week ago. Sometimes, though, my upper right or lower right abdomen feels mildly uncomfortable, though this does not last. The pain in my upper quadrant is worse on some days than others (it was worse yesterday than today, and the day before wasn’t too bad). Also, the pain seems to react to stress.

    I have no family history of any type of cancer as far as I’m aware, no diabetes, no pancreatitis. I don’t smoke, I don’t drink often (and when I do it doesn’t cause me problems). I’m a white 20 year old male, around 140 lbs. I do have a predisposition to Crohn’s Disease, and I have acid reflux. Does this sound like Crohn’s at all? Does it even sound like a gallbladder issue? Can someone point me in the right direction? I can’t see anyone until Monday, I’d rather not go to the ER, I wanna go out and have fun tonight and if this is constantly on my mind I doubt that’ll happen. I’d greatly appreciate any input. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Pancreatic cancer in a 20 year old would be one for the record books. Two thirds of those diagnosed with it are over 70, and it’s very rare in people under 40.

      See your doctor about your concerns

  48. QUESTION:
    Yeast or UTI I dont know? Is it serious? Anyone else been through simular experiances?
    Ok so.. I’m a 21 year old Male. I’ve had this awesome penis infection thing for almost 3 months now and this is how it began.. The week i broke up with my stuipid ex i was in feeling pritty down depressed and shit i dont know if that has anything to do with it but yea that was on the tuesay and i was going through all hell all week like i never have had before trying to sort things out and wat not.. on the friday during the day i felt a weird feeling inside my penis it was odd but thought nothing of it… the days goes i come home talk with the ex and we officially split blah blah. that night i went out with the boys hit it hard drugs and alcohole while having this increasing penis pain i related it to past times while on drugs it being hard to urinate so i didnt thing much of it at all. the next day my penis is really sore like never before i had a play around and had a look at it and my whole phead was really RED and SORE and SMELLY I’m guessing the drugs lowered my immune system and the rash broke through.

    Instant paranoia.. i thought i had caught an std of my ex. (i had a bloodtest for stds on the same week we broke up cause i found out she slept with someone else a few months back- all resaults came back negative). then i remembered that the last time we had sex which was the previous weekend something funny and odd happened – while we were having intercorse she complained about it being very painful, kept having sex then i had to go pee… i went to the toilet turned on the light and i looked at my bloke meat and i yelled ‘WTF!’ there was hair all over it like long hairs.. it was in our friends spare bed so we dont know how long or how the hair got there if it was hers or yea.. just dont know. the whole weekend she could not walk properly cause of her pain in her secret spots, by the end of the weekend she was ok but i complained about a little itch during the week nothing wild just extremly mild discomfort under my forskin. I’m not saying these experiances cause my problem i’m just giving out details to try understand wat could of happened.

    Ok back to the weekend of my awesome thrush. after my weird symptoms i went to see a doc the next day to get my resaults from my blood test everything came back negative and i’m due for the 3month HIV test in 2 weeks. i told him about my condition he had a look and diagnosed me with candida game me cream ‘Hydrozol’ and gave me antibiotics cause he said i might have ‘early signs of UTI’. The cream helped heaps the pain went the rash went, the pain inside faded after the 5-7day antibiotic. then boom a week later its back inside pain is not wild but discomforting i left it thinking it would just go away if i drank heaps of water. about a month later i went to see my actual doc told him everything and made be do a midstream urine test resaults came back negative. then he prescribed me Nizoral 30 yeast infection course and Mircodantin 10day with another 10day repeat just incase my prostate is playing out or something. first week on the pills i felt much better but then for some reson halfway through my second course on macrodantin shit gets even worse and i could feel pain in my balls the spot between my penis and balls pulses with pain some days and thrush pops up everytime i have happytime so i’m guessing its even in my sprem. I’m on my last day of macrodantin and i is worryied still have 11 more pills on Nizoral.

    All my other blood tests are 110% liver is 110% i’m a fit hard working class man, i work out everyday, i have an amazing diet. what is wrong? stressing too much? i hope its not signs of HIV!? is it something i’m eating or taking? There was a 3 month period where i was taking Cell Biology – Metaslim B2 which increases metabolisum. gives you energy whilst exersice and increases blood presure through the roof.

    I’m just seriously over it..

    • ANSWER:
      Well first off, you may want to quit with the happy time until you get this under control! You probably did get this from your ex, it is quite common for a couple to pass a yeast infection back and forth between each other. If you have followed the docs advice and taken your meds as directed, kept the area clean and DRY (yeast thrives in moist damp environs!) it should clear up. I suggest if you are still having pain, and the doc says the yeast is gone, you may want to ask him about checking you for a testicular hernia, especially if you do any heavy lifting or extreme workouts/weightlifting.

  49. QUESTION:
    My best friend has a disease?
    It’s similar to lupus, but not exactly the same. I don’t remember what it’s called. If you know what lupus is, you know that it can cause some serious health problems. Obviously it affects my friend’s life a lot. I know that, but sometimes I just think she takes it too far. It is literally her excuse for everything. She wants to be a doctor, but she is constantly telling me that she just isn’t smart enough and her grades aren’t good enough to get into med school. The thing is, from what I can see, she is definitely smart enough, but she is always procrastinating on her school work (we are both in college, btw). I know that at least two or three times this semester she has used her disease as an excuse to make her feel better for procrastinating and to get her sympathy from her professors and give her an extension.

    Now, I will give to her that one of the times she was in the ER for about a day and wound up missing a test which her teacher was going to let her make up. This was about a month and a half ago. I talked to her the other day and she was getting all stressed out and depressed because she still hasn’t made up the test and now she’s saying that she doesn’t have time to take it and even if she does take it she would probably fail. The reason she doesn’t have time to take it? Because all of those assignments she got extensions for she still hasn’t done. Now, does she have anyone or anything (disease, or whatever) to blame for that? In my opinion, no.

    Last night she was working on a paper that’s due today that she hadn’t started working on until then. Supposedly she spent five hours looking for sources and only found 3 out of 5. On the other hand, she spent most of those five hours talking to me and I know very well that she was doing other things. She has even told me herself that she looks for distractions. Then around 10 pm she told me basically that it was useless trying and she was just going to stop bothering and skip class tomorrow. By then, I was just about sick of listening to her whine, which she had been doing for pretty much the whole time we were talking, and that was just the last straw for me. In my opinion, she should not have procrastinated in the first place, but since she did procrastinate, she needed to take responsibility for that and if that grade was really as important to her as she made it seem, she needed to be willing to make sacrifices, like staying up all night, in order to get it finished. But she wasn’t going to do that. I tried to stay calm and give her advice, and I sent her some lyrics to a song that I thought would make her feel better. At which point she said something really bitchy to me. And then I couldn’t take it anymore.

    I basically told her, this is the shortened version, that if she really wanted to make good grades she needed to stop procrastinating all the time and quit using her disease as an excuse. And she flew off the handle. Now, I myself am not much of one to be talking on procrastinating, I will admit it. But the difference is, that when I do procrastinate I am at least willing to accept that I caused this problem for myself and do what it takes to fix it without running away. She said to me, “This coming from you? Piss off.” And then she signed off the IM. I called her she hung up on me. I called her again and left her a message (at this point I was pretty much in tears because I know she is not a very forgiving person and I thought I was going to lose my best friend) apologizing and telling her I was out of line.

    So what I want to know is if I was really out of line. I know that I probably shouldn’t have said something like that over IM, but I was upset and couldn’t manage to hold my tongue. Oh I also wanted to mention that afterwards she posted a bulletin on MySpace saying that she works her ass off more than anyone just to get through one day and going on about her liver could fail any day now. In short, she was trying to use her disease as a way to get sympathy from people. Which she does all the time. In my opinion. I try to be sympathetic with her, but when she brings up this disease of hers at least 10 or 20 times a day and acts like she’s the only one problems in the world and that nobody else’s problems matter (you should hear some of the things she says about people), it really just starts to get on my nerves.

    Ok, that’s really it. Please just tell me if I was out of line in what I said and if I am being an insensitive bitch to her. And also please give me some advice on what to do. She texted me last night and is going to call me today so we can talk stuff over.

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know what age range you’re in, but when I was 20-22 I was sick. It was a serious condition and I had to have a few surgeries; but I had many, many, many good days that I could be productive. I made every excuse in the book not to do anything. I dropped any class that took any effort. I would go to my part-time job only because I needed the money. I was pretty much wallowing in my condition. I did have a lot of pain and other symptoms that weren’t being controlled and I was so frustrated with the doctors I was seeing. Instead of working through it all, I pretty much wasted my time watching tv, playing games and chatting on-line.

      So keeping that in mind, have compassion; but not too much. Everyone needs bull shit called on them sometimes. If she talks or complains about not doing well in school and its getting on your nerves find a way to change the subject or excuse yourself and walk away. Maybe she’ll get the idea that you don’t want to hear it and will be embarassed that she’s acting dumb. If she doesn’t get the picture, just drop her as a friend. You can’t help someone who can’t help themselves.

  50. QUESTION:
    Mysterious swelling (edema), doctors all stumped?
    A little over six months ago my feet began to swell up, seemingly for no reason. Within a week or two my shoes no longer fit and all I could wear were flip flops. Eventually the swelling continued up my legs until everything below the knees had retained so much water I looked like I was about to burst. My calves are solid as a rock and there is no play or flexibility in the skin anymore; my ankles are so puffy you literally cannot see or feel the bony part on the side or my ankles!

    Walking is so sometimes painful and limping is not uncommon. When you press a finger into my skin, it holds the impression and the “poke dent” takes close to ten seconds to raise back up and disappear!

    I’ve been to plenty of doctors and had plenty of tests, all of which came back negative; blood work was fine, my heart (the #1 cause of pitted edema) has been checked and ultra sounded and is in good shape; they also did an ultrasound of my kidneys, liver and gall bladder, all fine, and of both legs to make sure circulation is not impeded. It isn’t.

    I read this could be a thyroid problem, but I got those results back today and it’s not :-(

    For the first time in my life, I WANT a test to come back positive, but no such luck.

    I did have one respite, though – I took a month off from work and just stayed home (mostly) to relax. After 3 weeks, the swelling began to reduce and within just 3 or 4 days it had gone down about 75%! I had no idea why (aside from being home and relaxing there were no other changes in my life) but was happy to get some relief.

    Unfortunately, a week and a half ago I went back to work and the swelling has returned to it’s previously high level. In fact it’s so bad one of my legs just sprang a leak! As of last night a tiny pin hole spontaneously formed, leaking a small trickle of clear liquid. I keep a bandage on it but it shows no signs of stopping it just slowly… Leaks.

    So I am reaching the end of my rope. No one has any clue what’s causing it and my latest battery of tests (full bloodwork and urine as ordered by the endocrinologist) today came back all negative.

    My quality of life has gone down the drain and I can’t just live like this forever!!

    If ANYONE out there has any ideas or suggestions, please send them my way, at this point I’m ready to look into voodoo!

    • ANSWER:


First Stage Of Alcohol Liver Disease

What is Alcoholism

Alcoholism interventions should be carefully planned and developed by professional substance abuse counselors who are experienced in such procedures. The most essential purpose of an alcoholism intervention is to get the alcoholic to seek professional alcohol addiction treatment.

Alcoholism

Alcoholism Medications [Sorted by Popularity]

Revia, Coumadin, Arava, Antabuse.

View medications: Alcoholism

Alcohol. Friend or foe?

High levels of alcohol consumption can lead to physical illness and psychological and social distress. Alcohol has therefore always had an ambivalent position in society. In moderation, it can be the oil that makes a social occasion go with a bit more flow or helps a shy person overcome their inhibitions. Small, regular amounts of alcohol also seem to have a positive effect on the heart and circulation. But too much alcohol is often a recipe for disaster. The increasing use of alcohol, along with other drugs of abuse, is a serious public health problem across all age ranges, but especially so in the young.

What is alcohol dependence?

Alcoholism, or alcohol dependence is a medical term with a deliberately more precise meaning than the problems that can occur, sometimes as one-offs, through an uncharacteristic binge. In alcohol dependence a number of features come together in the behaviour of the person affected.

  • Withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety and tremor develop after a short period without a drink, and are reduced by taking more alcohol.
  • Tolerance develops, so it takes more alcohol to produce drunkenness.
  • Drinking begins to take priority over other activities. It becomes a compulsion.

Often alcohol dependence remains undetected for years. Both the availability of alcohol and the way it is used (the social patterns) appear to be major factors in influencing the likelihood of a person becoming alcohol dependent. There may also be a genetic component, because alcohol dependence clusters in some families. However, it’s hard to be sure that this is not because of learned behaviour.

Alcoholism Symptoms – First Stage

The following represents some of the alcoholism symptoms and behaviors in the first stage of alcoholism:

  • Increasing tolerance;
  • A conscious effort to seek out more drinking opportunities;
  • Gross Drinking Behavior – more frequent drinking of greater amounts;
  • Boasting and a “big shot” complex;
  • An ability to drink great amounts of alcohol without any apparent impairment;
  • Lack of recognition by the person that he or she is in the early stages of a progressive illness.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), each year in the United States, between 1,300 and 8,000 babies are born with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Fetal alcohol syndrome is a combination of physical and mental birth defects that affects about 6% of the babies born to women who are alcohol abusers or alcoholics.

Alcoholism Symptoms – Second Stage

The following represents some of the alcoholism symptoms and behaviors in the second stage of alcoholism:

  • Sporadic loss of control;
  • Drinking because of dependence rather than for stress relief;
  • More frequent blackouts;
  • Chronic hangovers;
  • Physical problems increase;
  • Unsuccessful attempts to stop drinking;
  • Increasing tolerance;
  • Gulping the first few drinks to feel the “buzz” faster;
  • Sneaking extra drinks before social events.

Alcoholism researchers have found that various environment factors can interact with one’s genetics. Examples include peer pressure or peer influence, the relative ease of obtaining alcohol, where and how a person lives, a person’s culture, and one’s family and friends.

Alcoholism Symptoms – Third Stage

The following represents some of the alcoholism symptoms and behaviors in the third stage of alcoholism:

  • Neglect of necessities such as food;
  • Half-hearted attempts at seeking medical aid;
  • The development of an alibi system – an elaborate system of excuses for their drinking;
  • Aggressive and grandiose behavior;
  • Eye-openers;
  • Avoidance of family and friends;
  • Increased tremors;
  • A decrease in alcohol tolerance;
  • Frequent violent or destructive behavior;
  • Problems with the law (e.g, DUIs);
  • Loss of control has become a pattern;
  • The start of physical deterioration.

One of the few confirmable positive aspects of drinking alcohol is that drinking in moderation can actually have positive effects on the heart, especially with individuals who are at the greatest risk for heart attacks, such as men over the age of 45 and women after menopause. Long-term excessive drinking, conversely, increases the risk for certain kinds of stroke, heart disease, and high blood pressure.

Alcoholism Symptoms – Fourth Stage

The following represents some of the alcoholism symptoms and behaviors in the fourth stage of alcoholism:

  • Loss of tolerance for alcohol;
  • Moral deterioration;
  • Benders, or lengthy intoxications;
  • “The shakes”;
  • Continual loss of control;
  • The “DTs”;
  • Auditory and visual hallucinations;
  • Unreasonable resentments and hostility toward others.

Alcohol can be dangerous in smaller amounts if it is used in combination with the following drugs: certain anti-seizure medications such as phenobarbital; sedatives such as barbiturates, tranquilizers, and cannabis; and narcotic pain medications such as codine, opium, heroin, darvocet, and codine derivatives.

What problems are caused by too much alcohol?

Excess alcohol can lead to health problems including:

  • liver cirrhosis;
  • heart failure;
  • damage to the brain and nervous system;
  • depression.

Along the way there is often damage to relationships, finances and jobs and problems with the law.

Treating alcoholism

The difficulty of treating alcoholism should not be minimised – it can be very hard, even with support from family, friends and your GP. However, there are a number of steps you can take including not drinking alcohol on weekdays.

Learn more: Alcoholism

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tags: alcoholism, alcohol, alcohol alcoholism, alcohol and alcoholism, symptoms alcoholism, alcoholism effects, alcoholism Revia, alcoholism Antabuse, alcoholic, alcoholism treatment, alcoholism symptoms, alcoholism stages, alcoholism signs, alcoholism drug

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How dangerous is my alcohol use?
    I’m a college student and i already recognize myself as a chronic alcoholic. I drink every day and i drink gratuitous amounts everyday. i’m a male only 145 pounds 5″9′ and i’m starting to get the idea in my head that i might already be in the first stages of liver disease. When i drink daily im not the type that just has a a few beers, a 1.75 liter of karkov will usually last me 3-4 days. I black out everyday but i never get hangovers, i usually wake up drunk. ive been drinking like this for past 2 months and ive had about 3 sober days. For me, drinking has become a completely different thing then before. I need to drink. i’ve realized what ive done to myself so i’m soon seeking treatment. well, after today of course, its halloween! but anyway,
    ive started to notice some symptoms that are described as symptoms of early stages of cirhossis or alchohol withdrawl. I’ve had dark urine frequently more lately, its impossible for me to fall asleep without being drunk, i litterally drip sweat while im not active. The one symptom i am very concerned about tho are my tremors, I have very shaky hands, people point it out all the time. when i’m drunk it usually goes away a little but there are times it is pretty bad, for example, i have a night class and when i have to sit in the classroom not drunk as i’m used to, i’ll be writing notes and i cant even read them later because i twitch so bad.
    all in all tho, what i’m wondering is if its possible to develop cirhossis in only 2 months while drinking very heavily, or if you need to be a chronic alcoholic for years before thats possible. i am also concered about the consequenses of stopping abruptly, is it possible i could have a seizure if i quit?

    • ANSWER:
      Look, if you want to stop drinking then keep reading, if not go back to the bottle. You are going to need to go to a detox center in order to start getting better. Yes, you’re going to have the DT’s, and the shakes, and feel like sh**, and puke, but the other alternative is to die. Take your pick. I can’t tell you that you’re a chronic alcoholic, but you sound like one to me. I can tell you that you need to seek medical attention immediately, and then check yourself into a 90 day detox/rehab center if you hope to get better. I know you have school, work all that stuff, but if you cant quit drinking you won’t be there anyhow. There is your solution, if you want it. I didn’t say it would be easy or pretty. Good luck!!!!!!!

  2. QUESTION:
    cirrhosis of the liver (end stage) question?
    A family member of mine has cirrhosis of the liver due to no fault of her own (never being an alcohol drinker, I mean). She is in the hospital now and the doctors say she most likely won’t last another couple of days. She has been in the hospital this time for almost 2 weeks and for the last 5 days now, the doctors will not give her anything to eat or drink. She is in and out of consciousness and when she wakes up, she mumbles that she is hungry. All the doctors will do is take a swab of water and wipe the inside of her mouth with it. They say that they need to keep her dehydrated so that when she starts to pass away, it will be less painful for her. And she can’t eat anything because they’re scared she could choke on it or it could end up in her lungs. They say that dying from this disease is a horrible way to die and they are trying to make it a little easier on her. I just don’t understand how they can say that starving her for 5 days is making anything any easier on her. The poor woman wakes up from her “sleep” and the first thing she says is that she’s hungry and they give her another shot and she goes back to sleep. This just doesn’t seem right to me. If anyone knows someone who has gone through this or is a doctor that knows anything on this I would greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      End stage cirrhosis IS miserable, and I’m very sorry for your family member. The bottom line, though, is that since her liver isn’t functioning properly and is therefore unable to produce the biochemicals necessary for her to digest her food, eating will likely just make her feel worse in the long run.

      Please consider calling a hospice near you. Although the hospital’s staff is likely excellent, hospitals are naturally focused on curing disease and are not necessarily the best choice when a cure is not possible. The hospice staff will be better able to help control your family member’s pain and other symptoms and to provide much-needed emotional support for you.

  3. QUESTION:
    anybody kno health realli well??
    anyone kno any of these answers. dont have to answer all. well unless u kno all. but i need a little. help :/

    #1what are assential amino acids?where do they come from?

    #2how is a moderation part of a healthy eating plan?

    #3. 5 ways of dealing with anger?

    #4food moving through the digestive system by involuntary muscle contractions is called what?

    #5how would a grieving person in the last stage of loss deal with the loss?

    #6what is the leading cause of death in the first year of a baby’s life in the U.S.

    #7what is the designer drug that is popular at raves?

    #8what type of nerve cell carries signals from the central nervous system to muscles?

    #9what is the infection or disease of the liver caused by alcohol?

    #10what organism causes typhus and Rocky mountaion spotted fever?

    THANK YOU VERY MUCH!!

    • ANSWER:
      1. an essential amino acid is an amino acid (such as tryptophan, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine) that cannot be synthesized so has to be supplied by your diet.

      2. moderation is part of a healthy eating plan because too much of anything is not healthy: too much salt, raises your blood pressure, too much food makes you fat, etc.

      3. (a) count to 10 (b) take some deep breaths (c) take time to think before acting…causes you to calm down (d) walk away (e) close your eyes and listen to music

      4. peristalsis

      5. the final stage of loss is acceptance so it would be the ability to move on with fond memories instead of feelings of guilt and regret

      6. shaken baby syndrome (leading cause in the first MONTH is SIDS)

      7. ecstacy

      8. neurons

      9. cirrhosis

      10. rickettsias – a small organism that looks like bacteria but acts like viruses


First Signs Of Liver Damage

As we mentioned in previous articles, hepatitis is characterized by the destruction of a number of liver cells and the presence of inflammatory cells in the liver tissue caused by excessive alcohol drinking, disorders of the gall bladder or pancreas, medication side effects, and infections. Here are the symptoms of hepatitis:

1. Jaundices
Jaundices caused by the excession of a chemical called bilirubin accumulated in the body’s tissues. When the liver is damaged by hepatitis virus, it’s unable to do its normal job and this chemical accumulates in the blood and starts to leak out into body tissue resulting in a yellow color in the skin, and especially around the whites of the eyes.

2. Loss of appetite
Loss of appetite is also called anorexia, is often the first symptom of acute hepatitis. Sometimes this symptom lasts for a very short time before being replaced by nausea and vomiting.

3. Fatigue
Fatigue is a debilitating tiredness and is a big source of frustration for people with liver disease. When the liver is damaged, feelings of extreme weakness is common.
4. Pain in the muscles and joints
Pain in the muscles and joints can last from days to weeks and are very common in acute hepatitis infection.

5. Low blood sugar
Infection by Hepatitis A virus may cause low blood sugar. Therefore regular monitoring of blood glucose level with constant glucose infusion is essential, because dangerously low blood sugar is a constant threat.

6. Insomnia
Insommia is caused by liver inflammation of hepatitis virus C leading to trouble of sleeping, and waking up often during the night. Some people also experience unusually vivid, intense and frightening dreams.

7. Pruritus
People with hepatitis C sometimes have pruritus, itching to the palms of the hand and the soles of the feet.

8. Lymphadenopathy
Hepatitis may also cause inflammation of lymph nodes. They usually appear in the armpits, groin and neck.

9. Weakness
Hepatitis C also causes a sense of weakness. This symptom can vary from mild to severe and tends to come and go.
If you have any of the above symptoms, please consult with your doctor immediately.

I hope this information will help. If you need more information please visit my home page at:

Kyle J. Norton

http://medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.com/

http://hepatitisv.blogspot.com/

All rights reserved. Any reproducing of this article must have all the links intact.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    what are the first signs of liver damage?
    i have abused mine like a red headed step child. seriously it has to be affected just want to know some symptoms

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, do not listen to Miss Mary’s answer because even though she sounds like she knows something about liver damage, all her info is pretty much wrong. I had cirrhosis of the liver and a liver transplant.

      If you get liver labwork done, it might tip off your doctor that something is wrong. By the time any physical symptoms show up, the liver is most likely pretty damaged. The liver functions well even with a good portion of it damaged. My physical symptoms didn’t show up until 90% of my liver was already destroyed with scar tissue which is cirrhosis.

      Some symptoms that occur with liver damage is extreme fatigue, yellow whites of your eyes and yellow tint to skin, itching, you bruise very easy and fluid retention in the abdominal area that takes on the appearance like a pregnant woman. The liver itself has no pain receptors, so I never experienced any pain with my cirrhosis. But the side effects of an enlarged liver pressing on something or the fluid retention could cause pain, but one should not really have pain from the liver itself.

      At first, the liver will become enlarged with this disease, but as it progresses, the liver will start to shrivel up and die. The spleen will enlarge with cirrhosis. You can’t do anything about it and as far as I know the enlarged spleen will not hurt you, but just wanted to mention that it is common with cirrhosis.

      The best thing you can do for a damaged liver is to remove whatever is doing the damage. My liver was too far gone by the time I found out I had a problem, so I had to get a transplant. They are hard to get and not much fun. Spent 63 days in the hospital. I didn’t abuse my liver. I have an autoimmune disease that led to cirrhosis. There are different conditions that can cause cirrhosis with alcohol being just one of the reasons.

  2. QUESTION:
    FIRST signs of liver damage?

    • ANSWER:
      fluid in legs,nosebleeds,,jaundice.
      Look on WEB M.D

  3. QUESTION:
    how serious is early signs of liver failure?
    Over the past 2 years ive had Minor liver damage i had a ultra sound 1 year ago and again 6 months ago first showing a fatty liver the second showing damaged cells and a fatty liver. I was told parts of my liver wont repair but the pain got worst i went to the doctors 2 days ago to have more blood tests and a liver function test the doctor thinks ive got early signs of liver failure. Im feeling tired im depressed and feel sad all the time. The damage is caused by me liking a drink im 32 years old ive drank for about 10 years now i use to drink 2 pints and 8 cans a night minimum now i drink 2 pints and 4 cans i find it really hard to stop when i do all my problems become reality and i feel really down. What shall i do.

    • ANSWER:
      well the damage is done but that doesn’t mean all is futile, you can change your life style and live for some time or you can do what your doing and live a short life, but you know its really all up to you!!!! I wish you well

  4. QUESTION:
    overdose? liver damage?
    first of all its my friend NOT ME! anyways my friend when she was 11 in feb. toke over 100 ibuprofen pills, i dont know why. she turned 12 on march 18th, all that happened was vomiting the night of the overdose, she went back to school perfect. its now couple months after, in gym she was a good runner, shes the only 6th grader on the track team, & now she cant even keep up, she weighs about 120 when the overdose happened but shes skinny & VERY tall. she has no energy, & is always tired, she said it was a suicide attempt, her parents dont know, no doctors dont know, & only i do she said shes scared she might have liver damage, or kidney, if so what are some signs? & if she did, even though schools almost over would she miss school if she went too a hospital, she said if she has damage she will tell her parents, shes really scared & she said the research is confusing, she has been confused alot, awkwardly she said her grades improved so idk about that, just please answer about sgins & did she even overdose? help, both her & i are scared & shes next to me, but her shes too busy texting
    please answer, what are some SIGNS & what happens with liver damage?
    also she made this account but didnt want to type because she broke into tears she doesnt know & will get mad if she find out but her name is Maddie Burkhardt easier if you type in (maddielizrocks@aol.com) you can look her up on facebook & please try too talk too her, she wants to tell her parents but doesnt know how

    • ANSWER:
      You need to tell an adult. She needs to be treated by a doctor. She vomited enough of the ibuprofen that she didn’t get a fatal dose, but she needs to be treated for potential damage.

  5. QUESTION:
    Question on overdose and liver damage?
    This is kind of a long story but I will try to make it short. 1 month ago, my husband was drinking a lot of beer and some vodka and then overdosed on generic brand sleeping pills, tylenol pm and approx. 10-12 vicodins. The sleeping pills and tylenol pm I have no idea how many were in each bottle but I think it was quite a bit. Anyhow I did not know how much of anything he took nor did I know at first he took the vicodin, he just started stumbling then immediatly started snoring on our couch and could not talk anymore, just stutter. I then called 911 and when I did, he went into seizures. They got him to our local hospital where he was actually dead for 30 mins and they brought him back and then called the helicopter to transfer him to a trauma hospital. He was doing no breathing on his own and was on full life support showing all signs of brain death. He was on 3 bags of IV medicines at one time to keep his blood pressure even at a normal state. The doctors came out and gave me a 2% chance that he would survive and if he did survive he would be brain damaged due to the lack of oxygen while gone for 30 mins. After doing an EEG and a SSEP test about 13 hours after the overdose, he started to open his eyes and gag on the breathing tubes while able to respond to basic requests such as thumbs up, wiggle toes. The following day after that, he was going to be taken off of the breathing tubes and pulled through it all!! All doctors and nurses and everyone he sees calls it a true miracle that by all means he should not be here on this earth anymore. They did test his liver and organ functions. His liver was extremely elevated but his kidneys were real good with no damage. The doctors told me his tylenol count in his blood was 387 and it should never ever be over 50. I really dont know what that means but that does tell me it was a lot of tylenol. They did test him for Hep. C and B and both came back negative. My question is he still at risk for liver damage after being released from the hospital or would it have showed up already with their tests then? He has been completely sober since that night and is in treatment and counseling. Plus he has tons of support with his family here that love him and he never wants to hurt us again. He is so thankful and prays every night. There was a reason out there that he is still with us. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      His liver should be fine now. It has an amazing ability to heal itself. It’s the only organ in the body that regenerates. You could donate half your liver to someone. Within about a month (unsure about the time, but it’s close) your liver would grow back to its nomral size and the person you donated half your liver to would also grow their half to become a full organ. Once your husband got through his crisis, I believe that was the biggest risk and worst part. I think he is going to be fine now. Wish him the best in getting help since he never wants to go through anything like that again. I also died once shortly after I received my liver transplant. Of course they brought me back since I’m now answering your question. LOL. I was on a ventilator for about a month and had a trach for about 6 weeks. It’s not much fun. I’m doing great today (two years later). You say your husband had 3 IV bags on him at one time. My brother told me he counted 16 of them hooked up to me one day. There were multiple lines in both arms and also arterial lines in my neck. Tubes in my back, tubes in my nose, tubes down my throat breathing for me etc. None of it really bothered me while I laid in a drug indued coma for the first 3 weeks, but after that it was just pure torture to me. It was quite an ordeal, but worth it in the end since it gave me a second chance at life. Your husband has been given a second chance too, so tell him to make the best of it. Once you go through something like this, it does something to you. You look at things differently. I have learned to count my blessings and appreciate the things I have much more.

  6. QUESTION:
    Ascites: Have you or anyone you know been diagnosed?
    …with Ascites?

    For those who don’t know: Ascites is a sure sign of Cirrhosis of the Liver and/or Severe Liver damage. Abdominal distention is the first sign. Then, Kidneys tend to loose their ability to function.

    If you have had or know someone that has had this condition, please tell me about the treatment(s) received.

    Plz and Thx
    Thanks all

    Mike: No, not me, my wife :(…and, yes she’s had bouts with alcoholism.

    • ANSWER:
      You are not correct that ascites is a sure sign of cirrhosis. There are two conditions that can cause fluid to accumulate in the abdomen that requires it to be drained off or “tapped” called paracentesis. One is cirrhosis and the other is ovarian cancer. Ascites can be the first sign that there is a serious problem.

      This happened to me when I found out I had cirrhosis. I have primary biliary disease in which my immune system attacks my bile ducts which eventually destroyed my liver with cirrhosis. I never drank or have any viral hepatitis. I was misdiagnosed at first with them telling me they were 99% sure I have malignant ovarian cancer. I didn’t. My ovaries were perfectly healthy.

      My ascites was controlled with diuretic drugs until I received my transplant. I never needed tapped again once I started taking the diuretics. I was lucky in that regard since many cannot control it with just the meds. They did need to increase my dosages from time to time. I’m doing great today after transplant.

      Good luck to your wife. She must never drink again. Whether or not she will eventually need a transplant will depend on how damaged her liver might be when she stopped drinking. If she continues to drink, the liver disease will progress to total liver failure.

  7. QUESTION:
    Why am I nauseated after taking excedrin?
    I took 2000mg within four hours. 1000mg first, then 1000mg four hours later. This is a normal for me. My question is why have I felt nauseated all day long? Will I be okay after some sleep? I am also on my menstrual cycle and at the beach…does that make a difference? I’m just experiencing upset stomach here and there and nausea. It goes away, comes back.
    No serious signs of liver damage.

    I just want to know if anyone has experienced this and how long it takes to stop.
    I have also skipped lunch today.

    • ANSWER:
      Excedrin only has nausea listed as a side effect of an overdose. Other than that, you probably need an M.D.’s knowledge.

  8. QUESTION:
    Poll: How much lung damage does two months of smoking weed do?
    im thinking not that much right?

    if my breathing seems fine does that equal that my lungs are also good? i mean if i had heavy breathing, (which i dont) , that would be a sign of something right?

    and last question:) when you breath in smoke its not like it goes straight to your lungs, it first gets filtered in your liver i heard, is that true?

    • ANSWER:
      Probably not much dude. I’ve smoked cigarettes and weed for more than 20 years and I still don’t have breathing issues. I do wish I could quit though. The cigarettes at least. As a human anatomy and physiology expert, I have never heard that weed goes through your liver first. The smoke goes into your alveoli where the THC enters the bloodstream and circulates all over, like it was oxygen for instance. I’m sure the THC eventually is filtered by your liver, but the smoke doesn’t really go in your bloodstream.

  9. QUESTION:
    How much have i damaged my liver?
    im nearly 14 and i don’t drink unless it’s at a special family occasion even then it’s with a meal. please do not suggest mental disorders or anything because of what i did.i am honestly still trying to figure out why i did it, but im positive that;i do not feel suicidal, depressed or any extreme emotion that could cause or be part of a mental disorder. i just lost control of myself (which everyone does once in a while)anyway i overdosed on a painkiller; each tablet had 500mg of paracetamol. Also i overdosed on a prescribed med; each tablet had 27mg of Methylphenidate. In under ten hours i had taken 32 paracetamol tablets which is 16000mg of paracetamol. Also during this time i had taken 33 methylphenidate tablets which is 891mg of methylphenidate. I think im more vulnerable to liver damage as, i am a girl and a young teen. What do you think i should do? how much damage could have occured? i would really appreciate an opinion based on; your profession; personal experience; a relative or close friend has experienced it. Any help really.
    I know something isn’t right; i was feeling nausaeus in school before morning registration which is at 9:00am. and i was convinced i was going to throw up; i didn’t feel very well through first lesson which i thought could be due to the fact that i didn’t sleep at all last night because my pulse was racing and i was scared plus i wasn’t tired anymore. During 2nd lesson me and this other boy (who had very similar symptoms to me) but i think he was just tired although he might have mentioned something about drinking last night. anyway last night i didn’t sleep at all because of a number of reasons; i was freezing on the inside but really hot on the outside if you get what i mean; i was jumpy; i had a really bad headache; i felt nauseaus although i was never actually sick during the night/early morning ; i felt so confused about what was going on ; some things kept on going blurry and i was not co-ordinated (movement wise.)
    at the moment and throughout the day today i have had the symptoms continuously; they have become worse through the day, so i expect that i will have difficulty sleeping tonight, btw the latest i had the meds and painkillers was at 6:00am today; i had 6 paracetamol tablets and 2 methylphenidate tablets,( both of these intakes are included in the overall dosage amount at the beginning.)
    i don’t understand what to do now ?
    i don’t know what could be damaged?
    i don’t know what to look out for as a warning sign for anything?
    please i need thorough instructions on what to do next and i need some information on liver damage

    I

    i suffer from ADHD which is treated with methylphenidate, that is why we have that in the house.
    Obviously not, i am normally a sensible child and never drink, also im not an idiot-who would be that stupid to have a pill swallowing competition. i understand how stupid i seem to all of you, and how irressponsible but please try and understand that i unwillingly lost control, and i do regret it, i hate feeling unwell. but my mother is out and she will not be home until 10:30 and i don’t live with my dad and he is the worst person to call on in a case like this.
    please help me with advice not criticism, im gonna get enough from all my teachers, my mother, my father and others

    • ANSWER:
      Sweetheart, I know you’re very scared right now, but you have to tell someone about this. If you have hurt yourself, doctors may be able to help you. The longer you leave it, the worst it can get. You may well be perfectly okay in the long run, but you absolutely MUST tell somebody. Is there an adult there with you? If not, ring NHS Direct on 0845 4647, or call an ambulance. Be brave, okay? Get back to us and let us know how you go on. Hugs to you ((((( )))))

  10. QUESTION:
    Liver failure,Pneumonia,help?
    My cousin was found last thursday 11/19 not concious. He was rushed to the ER and they had to hook him up to a ventilator. He deficated on his self. They don’t know how long he was like that before they found him. He has been in the hospital since and not alert. Today is the first time he has nodded yes or no and smirked. They had to give him 4 blood transfusions and some platelets.His platelets were at 17k but not that he got some blood and platelets it’s at 83k.. When he was brought in his WBC was at 31k… He has been getting dialysis every other day and they are taking fluid out of him, because he is swelling. They told us he is in liver failure, kidney failure and his bowels are NOT working at all. They gave him doculax to get his bowels moving, but it’s not helping. He also has sepsis.(blood infection) and pneumonia. They don’t know WHY he is like he is. He has been on psych meds for yrs for schizophrenia. We are wondering if these meds are the cause for this or what could have happend. We are hoping his liver shows signs of imrovement. They finally took him off blood presusre meds and sedatives. He is holding his own blood pressure pretty well. The nurse informed that that could be because of the fluids in him. We don’t know if he has any brain damage, but he nods yes and no and he looks at us.We tried to give him a pen to write us something, but he doesn’t seem to be able to close his hand or squeeze our hand with him. Does anyone have any idea on what the chances for his liver to come back are, or what if anything tthey can do about his bowels not working? I was informed that he was constipated for almost 2 months, but he never had pains from it. The DR’S First thought that he perforated his colon and the toxins went through his blood, but now they say NO. That they don’t think it was that. So what could this be from!?!?!

    • ANSWER:
      this is only my opinion, but going on the info you gave it sounds to me like maybe he was first into some type of infection due to his wbc being so high. The normal count is around 10-12,000k and since he was at 31 I’m willing to go with a colon problem. There’s no one that can go without a bowel movement for 2 months.After a week there would be some type of problem within the abdominal cavity causing so much pain, swelling and bloating with gas that the bowels would start to back up into the stomach. Does he still have his appendix? This is worth a chance at thinking that if his appendix was infected and not taken out it could have burst and then the infection would have gone into the abdominal cavity wreaking havoc their. I’m also wondering who was in charge of your cousin’s care too. This person is the one that needs to be answering these questions. Good luck and God Bless

  11. QUESTION:
    Could This Be It?????? (Few other horse questions to)?
    Our gelding is four we only had him for 2 1/2 months, he was a little skinny when we got him but with more feed and grain he seems to have gotten worse. So two weeks ago we took him in to get blood test done the blood test said he had some slight liver damage. The vet said that is nothing to worry about and since the liver grows it should be fine. First should I get another vets word I am not sure on liver problems but does that sound right?

    Anyway I was wondering about tapeworms that maybe he could have them? Here are the signs

    He coliced twice since we had him in the 2 1/2 months.
    Everytime he eats he tends to kick up at his stomach and will be fine sometimes he will look a little bloaty and sometimes a little lazy. But we moved him out to pasture from being in a stall he seems much alert and bright with energy as he is free feeding most of the day we just dewormed him yesterday but i don’t believe it covers tape worms. Should i deworm him for tapeworms as well would it hurt. The brand i used was safe guard Fenbendazole. About 10-20 minutes after we gave it to him he stopped eating started thrashing by the time i got to the gate he stood up and ignored teh food and kicked up at his stomach however few minutes later he went back to normal and this was over 24 hours ago and is doing fine ever since.

    Also we asked the vet what to do to put weight on him! In the morning (He is with two other horses) about 5 flakes of alfalfa and 5 flakes of grass hay (Keep in mind three horses are eating) We also give him about one gallon of alfalfa grass hay pellets 1/3 cup of corn oil along with 1/2 cup of rice bran. In the middle of the day I throw in about three flakes of hay and at night he gets fed 5 flakes of alfalfa and 5 flakes of grass and the pellets.

    Am I feeding him to much? Any other feeds to help? I don’t want to feed beet pulp as I heard it is risky. He also gets some senior feed because our 19 year old mare gets it so hers don’t get stolen all horses get some :-).

    Anyway if you could answer some of these questions that would be great. If you are familiar with liver problems in horses do you agree with my vet about it being fine with out treatment? Or should i go to another vet? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Everybody above me has given you good info on alfalfa and beet pulp and certainly asking your vet or a second vet about the liver.
      We have 2 horses here that cannot tolerate alfalfa. They do not have the microbes to digest it. One is a BLM mustang. She probably lived off of scrub, and does fine with minimal feed. Many times your pellets or cubes are all alfalfa too, so check the labels.

      I have had LOTS of experience with putting weight on horses, as we have just rescued 13, 3 with body scores of 1, which is walking death.
      The one thing that I strongly believe is to separate the underweight horse for feeding. Watch how fast/slow he eats. Watch for dental issues. That way he competes with no one in the herd and can eat at his own pace.

      Your horse definitely has some issues from what you describe. If you separate him, you can eliminate or alter things each day to see if a certain thing aggravates his discomfort.

      Another thing we do would be to wet the feed, helping them to eat slower and aiding in digestion. This is done to pelleted feed, either senior or regular pellets. Of course, feed it quickly in hot weather so it doesn’t mold. I add almost a quart of warm water to a scoop of pellets and let it soak for about 2-3 minutes into a slurry. Horses seem to relax when they eat it instead of gobbling or bolting the food.
      Plus, it removes any risk of the dry pellet expanding in the stomach or intestines.

      With a few changes you can probably put weight on him quickly and since you are so specific in your description above, we know you are trying to do your best. Good for you.

  12. QUESTION:
    Extremely rare genetic condition all ready killed 2 boys age 4 and 18 months, how can we stop it?
    So rare it is actually the only case we know of. Two seemingly fit and healthy boys (brothers) both died (not at the same time) within 2-3 hours of them first showing signs of illness. All we know at the moment is something is triggered within the child which basically floods the body with poisons shutting down the internal organs. I beleive the kidney or liver is the first to go. I think there was mention of enzymes, and possibly pancreas /pottasium?.
    There was a long name begining with an R mentioned when the first boy died but not sure what it was, some medical / latin word I think. They did also mention that it was the same sort of organ damage you may see after a massive crush injury, eg a serious / fatal car crash.
    There is a surviving brother and sister we are desperatly afraid of losing, where do we go from here? They ran ‘tests’ and gave the 2nd boy the ‘all clear’ less than a year ago but he still died. Can anyone help please?
    Very many thanks

    • ANSWER:
      This is something that you need to seek serious professional help with. You must find a geneticist close to you. I do know glycogen storage disease is a very rare and more than often fatal, this is a build up of different glycogen throughout different organs . Also Renal failure is one of the signs.

      A little more detail would help others who possible know more.
      Best of Luck

  13. QUESTION:
    I Have Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency?
    i have Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTC) and people tease me cause i cant explain it can some one give me an idea of how too explain this short?

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD), the most common of the urea cycle disorders, is a rare metabolic disorder, occurring in one out of every 80,000 births. OTCD is a genetic disorder resulting in a mutated and ineffective form of the enzyme ornithine transcarbamylase.
    Like other urea cycle disorders, OTC affects the body’s ability to get rid of ammonia, a toxic breakdown product of the body’s use of protein. As a result, ammonia accumulates in the blood causing hyperammonemia. This ammonia travels to the various organs of the body.

    Another symptom of OTC is a buildup of orotic acid in the blood. This is due to an anapleurosis that occurs with carbamoyl phosphate entering the pyrimidine synthesis pathway.

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency often becomes evident in the first few days of life, however it can present at middle age [a]. An infant with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency may be lacking in energy (lethargic) or unwilling to eat, and have poorly-controlled breathing rate or body temperature. Some babies with this disorder may experience seizures or unusual body movements, or go into a coma. In cases where OTC enzyme production is low or non-existent death can occur within the first days of life. Complications from ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency may include developmental delay and mental retardation. Progressive liver damage, skin lesions, and brittle hair may also be seen. Other symptoms include irrational behavior (caused by encephalitis), mood swings, and poor performance in school.

    In some affected individuals, signs and symptoms of ornithine transcarbamylase may be less severe, and may not appear until later in life. Some female carriers become symptomatic later in life in times of metabolic stress. This can happen as a result of anorexia, starvation, malnutrition, pregnancy or even (in at least one case) as a result of gastric bypass surgery. It is also possible for symptoms to be exacerbated by extreme trauma of many sorts, including, (at least in one case) adolescent pregnancy coupled with severe stomach flu.

    Mutations in the OTC gene cause ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency belongs to a class of genetic diseases called urea cycle disorders. The urea cycle is a sequence of reactions that occurs in liver cells. It processes excess nitrogen, generated when protein is used by the body, to make a compound called urea that is excreted by the kidneys.

    In ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, the enzyme that starts a specific reaction within the urea cycle is damaged or missing. The urea cycle cannot proceed normally, and nitrogen accumulates in the bloodstream in the form of ammonia. Ammonia is especially damaging to the nervous system, so ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency causes neurological problems as well as eventual damage to the liver.

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by a number of different mutations. Since the gene is on the X chromosome, females are primarily carriers while males with nonconservative mutations rarely survive past 72 hours of birth. Half of those survivors die in the first month, and half of the remaining by age 5. Prognosis is less clear in cases of adult onset OTCD, as detection of the disease is almost universally post symptomatic
    Since the disease results in an inability to handle large amounts of nitrogen load, the treatment includes strategies to decrease the intake of nitrogen (low-protein diet), prevention of excessive body protein breakdown during acute illnesses (hydration and nutrition) and administration of medications scavenging nitrogen (sodium benzoate and sodium phenylbutyrate). Some patients may need to have supplemental amino acids (arginine, citrulline, valine, leucine, isoleucine).

    In cases where the OTC enzyme production is very low or non-existent and treatment consisting of low-protein diet and dietary supplementation are inadequate, liver transplant may become a treatment option.

    Help me explain this shortly

    • ANSWER:
      You have a metabolic disorder that causes ammonia to build up in your blood, so you need to be careful about what you eat.

  14. QUESTION:
    Problems with the mirena.?
    i had the mirena inserted in march 09, since then i have had pelvic pains frequently. i was told that this is normal since i just had it inserted 7 months ago. my periods are lighter and i enjoy that part of the mirena, but within the past two months, i have had severe stomach pains, first thing i did was have an ultrasound to see if the mirena moved or if it caused any cysts. there were no problems. then i went to my family dr who did tests and found out my gall bladder was the cause for some of the pains but he could not figure out what the other pains were from. well when i went to get my gall bladder taken out they said for some unknown reason my bilirubin level was high, so they did an internal xray and found nothing. they are still doing test after test on me and are finding nothing but my bilirubin is still high. then i was reading the warning signs for the mirena and see that severe pelvic pain and pain when making a bowel movement are signs something could be wrong with the mirena. now im wondering, could my raised bilirubin levels mean the mirena caused liver damage?. Any thoughts?

    • ANSWER:
      No idea really. but if this all started when you got the iud, take it out
      I had awful cramps from the IUD for a month straight.. then a damaged stomach lining from taking too many IB profen.. so i was sick for another month.. all from the Iud
      I still have it in .. I stuck out the couple of months .. knowing that my body just needed to get used to the iud.
      I still have cramps sometimes that I can tell are from the IUD and not period cramps (they just feel different – worse) but its bareable
      If I was still in pain or having problems now.. about a year after .. Id have it taken out.. I still may.. just because Im so iffy about it

  15. QUESTION:
    Brown spots near toes?
    I recently noticed that I’ve started to get these small brown dots just above my toes. I did a little research and the only reasonable explanation I can think of (that applies to me) is that they’re liver spots. I’m 19, and I drink soda heavily, and I’ve read that soda can hurt your liver over time, so I’m wondering if it’s plausible that these spots could be liver spots. Also, if I’m getting these, what does it mean for my liver and overall health? I’ve stopped drinking soda, as this is the first real sign of any sort of damage by drinking it, although as I said I don’t really have any concrete proof. I also smoke, so I wonder if that has anything to do with it as well, as I’ve read a few accounts with people who attributed it to smoking. I rarely if ever drink, so I doubt that’s it.
    I looked up blood blisters and no that’s not it. They’re a brownish red, and they feel like they’re either right on the skin or below them. They’re not really that dark, either.

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know but I think I have the same things, only on my ankles on the top of my foot. I only drink soda moderately, and rarely ever smoke. So I don’t know what it is for sure. I’m also a male, and in fairly decent shape.

  16. QUESTION:
    test of alcohol and drugs florida help meeeeeeeee?
    b) neglect
    c) knowledge
    You should get into his motor vehicle and driving while angry.
    a) True
    b) False
    The most common side effect of antihistamines is drowsiness.
    a) True
    b) False
    Toxic substances such as stimulants, and hallucinogens depressant el_____ are metabolized.
    a) heart
    b) the lungs
    c) the liver
    d) none of the above.
    You must meet the following requirements to be licensed in Florida ________.
    a) has at least 15 years
    b) pass a vision, road sign and road rules test
    c) complete a course of TLSA
    d) none of the above
    e) all of the above
    The most dangerous aspect of synergism is el_____afecte.
    a) the erasure
    b) additive
    c) the subtraction
    The widespread use of alcohol can lead to brain damage.
    a) True
    b) False
    Having a knowledge of the risks inherent in particular road and traffic situation is one of the traits of a good driver.
    a) True
    b) False
    Alcohol es_____en calories.
    a) low
    b) high
    c) none of the above.
    Stimulants do not raise your blood pressure bodies-E increases the respiratory rate, increases your heart rate and raises your body temperature.
    a) True
    b) False
    The general effects of cocaine use include ________.
    a) anxiety
    b) nausea
    c) tremors
    d) all the above
    Narcotics overdose can cause death by respiratory failure.
    a) True
    b) False
    Drugs affect all users equally.
    a) True
    b) False
    Alcohol affects the reaction time of drivers making the time to be reduced
    a) True
    b) False
    Depressants can reduce the effectiveness of your immune system makes it easy for you to grab a cold and may be at greater risk for developing cancer.
    a) True
    b) False
    alcohol use during times of stress is a positive coping mechanism.
    a) True
    b) False
    The combination of major tranquilizers and alcohol enhances the effect of numbness of both greatly.
    a) True
    b) False
    _________ For a DUI conviction you could be imprisoned for not more than six months.
    a) first
    b) second
    c) third
    d) fourth
    If you choose not to consume illegal drugs drive, choose a designated driver. The designated driver does not use any drugs at all.
    a) True
    b) False
    Violations of four points are ____.
    a) speeding 16 mph over the limit
    b) passing a stopped school bus.
    c) driving dangerously
    d) all the above.
    To prevent fatigue affects your drive, you must bring un______.
    a) map
    b) hotel reservations
    c) a passenger to help with handling.
    Reaction time is not increased with each drink.
    a) True
    b) False
    High doses of barbiturates results in _______.
    a) aggressive behavior
    b) the erratic pulse
    c) both
    d) neither
    Some of the functions of the liver damaged by alcohol are
    a) the production of the elements of the blood clotting
    b) breaking down of large proteins
    c) the storage of vitamin A
    d) all the above.
    Stimulants are designed to stimulate the central nervous system
    a) True
    b) False
    The permit is designed to introduce graduate privileges to start drivers in a gradual process.
    a) True
    b) False
    If a person refuses to submit to a chemical or physical test your driving privilege is suspended for ___________.
    a) three years
    b) two years
    c) one year
    Abusers can make sense of the right to use and rejection of real abuse.
    a) weak
    b) non-existent
    c) very well
    d) none of the
    Extreme use of stimulants may lead to convulsions, coma and circulatory collapse.
    a) True
    b) False
    alcohol does not affect the discretion of the driver.
    a) True
    b) False
    The high crack produces a false sense of power or confidence, while reducing defensive instincts.
    a) True
    b) False
    Society pays the cost of alcohol related collisions directly through public aid or indirectly through higher insurance and health care costs.
    a) True
    b) False
    You can operate a motor vehicle safely without the skills that you lose after using alcohol and other drugs.
    a) True
    b) False
    The limbic system in the brain, contains centro_______.
    a) emotional
    b) rational
    c) pleasure.
    When a school bus is loading or unloading students is, you do not stop.
    a) True
    b) False
    With the use and abuse of alcohol, the heart is less effective in nutrient use by the heart tissue.
    a) True
    b) False
    If your vehicle has a stall at the railway crossing ________ footprint.
    a) leave the
    b) move it out
    c) both
    d) neither
    Attack of fatigue often coincides with the attack de____.
    a) Daylight
    b) half-day
    c) the dark
    A person can not become a problem drinker, drinking beer.
    a) True
    b) False

    • ANSWER:
      I am just on this side of crazy enough to do this.

      b) neglect
      c) knowledge
      Wtf?

      You should get into his motor vehicle and driving while angry.

      b) False
      The most common side effect of antihistamines is drowsiness.
      a) True

      Toxic substances such as stimulants, and hallucinogens depressant el_____ are metabolized.

      c) the liver

      You must meet the following requirements to be licensed in Florida ________.

      b) pass a vision, road sign and road rules test

      The most dangerous aspect of synergism is el_____afecte.

      c) the subtraction
      The widespread use of alcohol can lead to brain damage.
      a) True

      Having a knowledge of the risks inherent in particular road and traffic situation is one of the traits of a good driver.
      a) True

      Alcohol es_____en calories.

      b) high

      Stimulants do not raise your blood pressure bodies-E increases the respiratory rate, increases your heart rate and raises your body temperature.
      a) True

      The general effects of cocaine use include ________.

      d) all the above
      Narcotics overdose can cause death by respiratory failure.
      a) True

      Drugs affect all users equally.

      b) False
      Alcohol affects the reaction time of drivers making the time to be reduced
      a) True

      Depressants can reduce the effectiveness of your immune system makes it easy for you to grab a cold and may be at greater risk for developing cancer.
      a) True

      alcohol use during times of stress is a positive coping mechanism.
      a) True

      Just kidding, it b) False

  17. QUESTION:
    Clear urine not good? Need advice.?
    I’ve just heard about drinking apple cider vinegar for acne. Some pple say it has helped clear their acne by mixing 2-3 tablespoons with water (8 ounces or so) and drinking it like 3x daily. So I started doing some research online and found that acv does have a lot of benefits and it can help with acne. I have a constant reoccurence of pimples and they seem to not be going away no matter what I do to clear them and pple have said acv has been their holy grail with clearing pimples. So I went and bought it on monday and tried it, mixed 3 tbsps with water and drank it in the morning. Only did it once, yesterday I did it once also, and today 2x. My pee has been completely clear. I usually take multivitamins (but I’ve not been for a few weeks now), so usually it’s yellowish, usually bright yellow, but never completely clear like the past few days. Also, not to gross anyone out or anything, but I had a lil white, cheesy discharge from down there yesterday. I read online and also heard from the lady at the store where I brought the acv from that it gets rid of yeast from the body, so when you first start taking it you’ll get a yeast infection and the acv will then clear it. I didn’t get the discharge today though. I went on youtube as well to find out more about apple cider vinegar and I heard nothing but good things about it, so I’m wondering if all of this is normal, the clear pee and discharge? I know someone who took it and said she did get a yeast infection from it, but it also cleared the infection. This’s all so confusing. All in the name of clearing my face, but I do not want to do any harm to my body in return. I know what works for one may not work for another, so I’m trying to be careful and make sure I don’t do any internal damage to myself. In the past, I got acne mainly from food and stress, but I now watch what I eat (I don’t eat cheese, mayo, chocolate, strawberry jam, peanut butter, margarine, butter) b/c my face will be full of pimples the next day, and my stress has gone down. I don’t touch my face unnecessarily. I sue a vitamin e cream and mederma at night. But these pimples just keep popping up and one day it’ll seem like my face is getting better, but then the next I’ll have 2-3 new pimples. I do drink milk. I’m wondering if that could be one of the problems. I’ve been reading recently that it can cause acne. I don’t eat oily foods, but sometimes I use a bit of canola oil in my cooking (once a week), now changing to olive oil now. Anyone hv any insight on all these? Should I stop drinking the acv?? Some pple on yahoo answers said it’s a sign that you’re healthy and well hydrated, but a few pple said it can cause kidney/liver damage. One of them was a nurse.

    sorry, this is kinda long.
    lol carrie.

    • ANSWER:
      its clear because you are drinking more

  18. QUESTION:
    Help Me Please, With My Permit ?
    1. The best safety feature for preventing whiplash is the:

    A. Seatbelt

    B. Headrest

    C. Airbag

    2. Narcotics are pain killing drugs

    A. True

    B. False

    3. A Hospital sign is an example of a _____ sign.

    A. Regulatory

    B. Warning

    C. Guide

    4. You could face mandatory revocation of your license as a result of:

    A. Lying about ownership of your vehicle.

    B. Driving 5 to 10 mph over the speed limit.

    C. A child restraint violation.

    5. There are over _____ licensed drivers in Florida

    A. 3 Million

    B. 9 Million

    C. 14 Million

    6. When driving in fog or snow

    A. Use your high beams

    B. Use your low beams

    C. Drive at the posted speed limit

    7. Passing a stopped school bus will result in ______ points on your license.

    A. Three

    B. Four

    C. Six

    8. Alcohol gives you energy

    A. True

    B. False

    9. A limit line marks the beginning of a intersection

    A. True

    B. False

    10. The economic cost to society each year from crashes and injuries on US highways is about 230 Billion dollars.

    A. True

    B. False

    11. What is the economic cost to society each year from crashes and injuries on U.S. highways.

    A. 17 Billion Dollars

    B. 60 Billion Dollars

    C. 230 Billion Dollars

    12. Which of the following is NOT very helpful if you find a car or motorcycle approaching you in your lane.

    A. Sound your horn and flash your lights.

    B. Brake sharply.

    C. Put your car into reverse.

    13. Getting cited for speeding more than 16 m.p.h. over the speed limit will result in ____ points on your license.

    A. Two

    B. Three

    C. Four

    14. If you find your brakes failing, which of the following should you NOT do?

    A. Pump your brake pedal hard and fast.

    B. Apply your parking brake sharply.

    C. Rub your tires up against the curb to slow down.

    15. You may face stiffer penalties from the court if your blood alcohol concentration is found to be higher than:

    A. 0.10

    B. 0.20

    C. 0.50

    16. If you are involved in a collision and you do not stop at the scene, you may lawfully keep driving as long as there is no injury.

    A. True

    B. False

    17. You may still make a U-Turn where a “No Left Turn” sign is posted

    A. True

    B. False

    18. Your ability to drive is affected:

    A. When you reach a 0.08 B.A.C.

    B. After you have three drinks within one hour.

    C. After your first drink.

    19. Alcohol can damage your liver, esophagus, stomach pancreas and heart

    A. True

    B. False

    20. All passenger vehicles must be equipped with.

    A. A rear-view mirror.

    B. Two windshield wipers

    C. Both of the above.

    21. A diamond shaped sign is:

    A. Regulatory

    B. Warning

    C. Guide

    22. A speed limit sign is an example of a warning sign:

    A. True

    B. False

    23. The best tool to extinguish a small gasoline or diesel fire is a portable fire extinguisher.

    A. True

    B. False

    24. Every time you are convicted of a moving violation it will appear on your driving record.

    A. True

    B. False

    25. ____ of assaults are due to alcohol

    A. 26%

    B. 62%

    C. 30%

    26. Each year over 42,000 people die in car crashes.

    A. True

    B. False

    27. On a city street you should be looking ahead of you as far ahead as the car in front of you.

    A. True

    B. False

    28. A pool of standing water could be hiding

    A. flash flood currents that could sweep your car away.

    B. deep sinkholes.

    C. all of the above.

    29. You must place a child in an approved child seat if the child is:

    A. Three years of age and under.

    B. Under nine years of age

    C. Under 60 pounds

    30. What do the initials B.A.C. represent?

    A. Basic Alcohol Consumption.

    B. Basic Alcohol Concentration

    C. Blood Alcohol Content

    31. A diamond lane on the freeway

    A. Can be used if you are transporting pets or cages

    B. Indicates a High Occupancy Vehicle Lane

    C. Is used only for emergency vehicles

    32. ___ of murders are due to alcohol

    A. 54%

    B. 56%

    C. 75%

    33. The court may suspend, restrict or delay the driving privilege of a minor.

    A. For below average grades

    B. For running a stop sign

    C. If convicted of vandalism or being habitually truant.

    34. Amphetamine is a

    A. Narcotic

    B. Stimulant

    C. depressant

    35. An example of a dangerous passing situation is:

    A. When the oncoming car is close and you have a long line of traffic ahead of you

    B. When you can’t see clearly ahead and the maneuver may not be completed in time

    C. All options

    36. Alcohol contains

    A. Ethanol

    B. Gasoline

    C. Carbon

    37. Railroad crossing signs are _____-shaped.

    A. Circle

    B. Octagon

    C. Rectangle

    38. Pedestrians

    A. Always legally have the right-of-way.

    B. Never have the right-of-way
    C. Are hard to see

    39. Traffic collisions are the number one killer of children in America.

    A. True

    B. False

    40. A collision occurs every:

    A. 20 Seconds

    B. 30 Minutes

    C. 5 Seconds

    pleaseeeee and thank you very much:)

    • ANSWER:
      If you can’t pass this test yourself you do not need a permit to drive. Most of it is common senses. Study your drivers book and then take the test when you are ready. But right now you are not ready to get your permit. I would not want to drive on the same road as someone who wants help from yahoo.

      They do not give you the same test every time, so answering this test will not help you.

      Just study and you will be fine.

  19. QUESTION:
    I need help with these question?
    For alcohol, proof is double the alcoholic percentage of a beverage.
    a) true
    b) false

    Planning and research are not involved in the establishment of traffic laws.
    a) true
    b) false

    The Zero Tolerance law does not provide for an administrative suspension of your driving privilege if you are under 21 years of age and have a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .02 or greater.
    a) true
    b) false

    For children ages four and five a ______ may be used.
    a) separate carrier
    b) integrated child seat
    c) seat belt
    d) all of the above

    As you use alcohol, the automatic functions of the body controlled by the brain like the heartbeat and breathing also become impaired.
    a) true
    b) false

    The calories from alcohol contain no vitamins, minerals or any other useful nutrients.
    a) true
    b) false

    Alcohol lack of digestion and almost immediate introduction into the bloodstream accounts for the rapid onset of impairment when you consume alcohol.
    a) true
    b) false

    The effects of alcohol are a general stimulant of the functions of the brain and body.
    a) true
    b) false

    Alcohol is a gateway drug.
    a) true
    b) false

    With the intake of alcoholic beverages, damage to your pancreas can include_______.
    a) inflammation
    b) atrophy
    c) fibrosis
    d) all of the above.

    With emotional distress risen to the point of violence, your mind is not capable of rational function.
    a) true
    b) false

    The use of alcohol and other drugs by the operator of a motor vehicle reduces then eliminates your ability to safely operate a motor vehicle.
    a) true
    b) false

    Child safety seat installation can be ______ due to the variety of seat belt configurations, vehicle and child safety seat designs.
    a) simple
    b) unnecessary
    c) difficult
    d) none of the above

    Alcohol is an_______ way to deal with the stress of everyday life.
    a) effective
    b) ineffective
    c) both
    d) neither

    Marijuana has the characteristics of both a stimulant and depressant.
    a) true
    b) false

    For a ____ conviction of a DUI you could pay a fine of not less than 00 and not more than 00.
    a) first
    b) second
    c) third

    You make hundreds of decision per mile driven.
    a) true
    b) false

    Driving while_______ will substantially alter one’s judgement when behind the wheel.
    a) irritated
    b) upset
    c) shaken
    d) all of the above.

    The law gives the right of way to no one.
    a) true
    b) false

    Prolonged use of alcohol can severely injure and potentially kill your liver cells.
    a) true
    b) false

    As you use alcohol you will experience multiple vision, blurry vision, dizziness and night vision impairment.
    a) true
    b) fales

    To get licensed in Florida, you must meet the following requirements_______.
    a) be at least 15 years old
    b) pass a vision, road sign and road rules test
    c) complete a TLSAE course
    d) none of the above
    e) all of the above

    As you use alcohol, the brain function is impaired by the overall depressant effect of alcohol.
    a) true
    b) false

    General effects of cocaine use include ________.
    a) anxiety
    b) nausea
    c) tremors
    d) all of the above

    When you are emotionally distressed, what can you do to relieve this stress?
    a) take a deep breath
    b) displace yourself from what is making you angry
    c) both
    d) neither

    In a vehicle equipped with dual air bags, the safest place for infants, children and small adults is in the_____ seats
    a) front
    b) rear
    c) both
    d) neither

    Your brain is involved in regulating different aspects of personality and bodily functions.
    a) true
    b) false

    Drivers should follow the directions of construction workers and adhere to the restrictions and limitations of any posted signs.
    a) true
    b) false

    If you have automatic seatbelts, be sure to ______ your lap belt.
    a) loosen
    b) fasten
    c) you do not need your lap belt

    An injury from a motor vehicle crash happens in the United States every seconds.
    a) 35 seconds
    b) 25 seconds
    c)15 seconds
    d) 5 seconds

    Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) can stay in your body up to______days.
    a) 35
    b) 28
    c) 21
    d) 14

    Since driving depends on the driver’s perception, sight, hearing and vision dramatically reducing these capabilities is not a sound driving decision.
    a) true
    b) false

    Some of the visual clues for the defensive driver to spot an impaired driver are _______.
    a) stopping without cause
    b) tailgating
    c) slow driving
    d) all of the above

    If the driver drinks a carbonated alcohol beverage, the effects will be faster, as the alcohol is absorbed sooner and on the way to the brain.
    a) true
    b) false

    At most crossings in Florida, the location of the crossing is listed on a plate under the crossbuck.
    a) true
    b) false

    Drinking alcohol while using aspirin can_______your chance of getting stomach ulcers.
    a) decrease
    b) not effect
    c) increase

    • ANSWER:
      This is a question help line. To help you learn a damned thing.
      Not to do your homework for you, kid.

  20. QUESTION:
    Should I go to the hospital? Sypomtoms of meth overdose…?
    I have been addicted to meth for 9 years, and I am 23 years old. I personally think that if you don’t feel right it is imperative that you let a health professsional check you out. Better safe than sorry. Rapid heartbeat, and palpitations, and mucsle twitches are not a great sign in my experience. An absolute overdose can cause sudden death, muscle twitches and a heart attack will precede death. I have overdosed before and sweaty, feverish skin is no good…also I had no good control over my arms and legs, they were flailing so badly I could not stay sitting up, I kept ending up lying on the floor. I felt very tired and when I laid down it got much worse, like I was running a marathon. I also have noticed that when I am overdone I can hear voices, not the greatest symptom, In my experience it is best to let a health professional decide if you are medically safe. I belive you can partially overdose and I feel that even if someone doesn’t suffer from sudden life-threatening symptoms, overdoing the system is dangerous and cann give you severe organ dammage, also you run a much higher risk of suffering a stroke due to very unsafe rises in bloodpressure. I urge users to take this seriously. It cannot hurt, you will not get in trouble, I promise. Trust me, I have been to the ER many times since I had my first overdoese, which was a pretty bad one. I feel very lucky that I did not die. Long-term meth usage will lead to severe organ dammage including liver and kidney damage and failure. I had only been using for two years when both my liver and spleen became inflamed. I did not stop my using and a year later when I ended back up in the hospital my liver enzymes were severely out of balance still. I have not been able to stay stopped yet, and I continue to harm my body. My teeth are rapidly decaying , about two teeth a year. Yikes. Please do not try meth even once if you are not a user. In my experience just one use can cause addiction and ruin your life. Before you know it 9 years will have gone by with your life completely controlled and in complete ruins, a very shameful sight. Thank you for your time and for allowing me to share some of my experience with you. Don’t meth around!

    • ANSWER:
      You are incredibly wise to admit all of this, you’re doing this the smart way!
      I’m no doctor- nor am I a health/physician type. My own brother has had similar problems. His drug problems have had us all worried, but he’s working to get cleaner.
      I won’t lecture you, but my advice is to seek medical help quickly. It sounds terrible to live with those conditions, and you would feel so much better if you received hospital help. Circumstances are different for everybody, and even if you’re worried about the consequences, staying alive is more important than a drug that is controlling your mind.
      Please, please go. For you and everyone around you. This is probably strange, me being a stranger, but good luck. You can get out of this addiction- no matter how hard it will be.
      Good luck!!

  21. QUESTION:
    Gaucher’s Disease?
    I need some picture of Gaucher’s Disease.p
    Gaucher disease is an inherited metabolic disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called glucocerebroside accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and sometimes in the brain. There are three types of Gaucher disease. The first category, called type 1, is by far the most common. Patients in this group usually bruise easily and experience fatigue due to anemia and low blood platelets. They also have an enlarged liver and spleen, skeletal disorders, and, in some instances, lung and kidney impairment. There are no signs of brain involvement. Symptoms can appear at any age. In type 2 Gaucher disease, liver and spleen enlargement are apparent by 3 months of age. Patients have extensive and progressive brain damage and usually die by 2 years of age. In the third category, called type 3, liver and spleen enlargement is variable, and signs of brain involvement such as seizures gradually become apparent. All Gaucher patients exhibit a deficiency of an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase that is involved in the breakdown and recycling of glucocerebroside. The buildup of this fatty material within cells prevents the cells and organs from functioning properly. Gaucher disease is one of several lipid storage diseases.

    • ANSWER:
      I found some pictures by using these sites. I hope that was helpful.

  22. QUESTION:
    Help!!!!! worried about Seroquel side effects!!!?
    Doctor put me 50 mg seroquel xr twice daily for bipolar with psychotic features and I’m worried about the side effects.
    Even though Seroquel XR is not classified as an antidepressant, the FDA has required Seroquel XR to carry the special antidepressant and suicide warning, since Seroquel XR is used to treat depression and bipolar depression. Antidepressants may increase the risk of suicidal thinking or behavior in children, teenagers, and adults (see Depression and Suicide for more information). Therefore, if you notice any changes in symptoms or new symptoms, talk to your healthcare provider immediately. Some of these symptoms may include anxiety, hostility, agitation, panic, restlessness, hallucinations, extreme hyperactivity, and suicidal thinking or behavior.

    Seroquel XR can cause an increase in blood sugar levels and can increase the risk of developing diabetes. Tell your healthcare provider if you develop signs of diabetes while taking Seroquel XR. Possible signs of diabetes can include an increase in thirst, urination, or hunger. If you have diabetes, your blood sugar should be monitored carefully and regularly during treatment with Seroquel XR to make sure your diabetes is not becoming more severe (see Seroquel and Diabetes).

    Seroquel XR can cause a life-threatening condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Some symptoms of NMS include:

    A high fever
    Stiff muscles
    Confusion
    An irregular pulse or blood pressure
    A fast heart rate (tachycardia)
    Sweating
    Irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias).
    Tell your healthcare provider right away if you think you might have NMS.
    Seroquel XR can cause low white blood cells, which can be dangerous. If you already have low white blood cells (or have experienced a white blood cell drop due to a medication in the past), your healthcare provider should check your white blood cell count during the first few months you take Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause a drop in blood pressure when going from a sitting or lying position to standing (known medically as orthostatic hypotension). This can cause a person to faint or to have lightheadedness or dizziness. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms when standing. Orthostatic hypotension can be especially dangerous in people with heart disease or congestive heart failure (CHF).

    Seroquel XR can cause tardive dyskinesia, a condition involving unusual and uncontrollable body or facial movements. The condition can become permanent (even if Seroquel XR is stopped). The best way to prevent it from becoming permanent is to tell your healthcare provider right away if you notice any abnormal movements (including abnormal movements of the tongue) while taking Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause cataracts (an eye condition). It is recommended that all people taking Seroquel XR have their eyes checked for cataracts every six months.

    Seroquel XR may increase the risk of seizures. Before starting Seroquel XR, tell your healthcare provider if you have epilepsy or a history of seizures.

    Seroquel XR can cause an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), high liver enzymes, high cholesterol, or high triglycerides. It is probably a good idea to have your thyroid, triglycerides, liver enzymes, and cholesterol checked (using a blood test) regularly while taking Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause high levels of the hormone prolactin. Let your healthcare provider know if you develop signs of high prolactin, such as breast enlargement or breast discharge.

    Very rarely, Seroquel XR can cause priapism (a painful erection of the penis that does not go away). Because this is a medical emergency, seek medical care immediately in order to prevent permanent damage to the penis.

    Seroquel XR can cause difficultly swallowing, which can lead to inhalation of food (which can cause pneumonia). Tell your healthcare provider if you notice any problems swallowing.

    • ANSWER:
      If you can find a way to feel better sans the drug… you’re way ahead of the game. Start here!

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/positive-thinking/SR00009

      It’s never a good idea to rely on meds to aid us in feeling less anxious or depressed.
      Depression plaques all of us at one time or another. Arm yourself with positive thinking and really concentrate on thinking more positive and with more confidence. Granted 50 mg is a small dosage… it can still have many unfavorable side effects. It’s OK to feel down, it’s OK to feel overwhelmed… feel the feeling and let it go!
      Try keeping a journal and see if you can pinpoint the source of your depression. And then find a way to turn it around.
      I believe in you… won’t you believe in you? (^_^)

  23. QUESTION:
    Need Help!!!!!?
    When you are traveling in the opposite direction you do not need to stop for a stopped school bus if the bus is on the other side of a divided highway with an unpaved space of at least 5 feet, a raised median or a physical barrier.
    a) true
    b) false

    Many of the injuries and deaths children sustain in motor vehicle crashes can be avoided with the correct use of child safety seats and safety belts.
    a) true
    b) false

    In business and residential districts the speed limit is 30 mph unless otherwise posted.
    a) true
    b) false

    Approximately 40% of fatal highway crashes are alcohol-related.
    a) true
    b) false

    When alcohol is consumed, the heart function is depressed and the ability of the heart to contract and move blood is______.
    a) increased
    b) the same
    c) reduced

    Prolonged use of alcoholic beverages has been shown to do no damage to the pancreas.
    a) true
    b) false

    If a person refuses to submit to a chemical or physical test their driving privilege will be suspended for ______.
    a) three years
    b) two years
    c) one year

    The Zero Tolerance law does not provide for an administrative suspension of your driving privilege if you are under 21 years of age and have a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .02 or greater.
    a) true
    b) false

    Impaired driver’s reaction times often double in response to situations on the road
    a) true
    b) false

    Your driving privilege will be permanently revoked if you are convicted _____times for DUI.
    a) four
    b) three
    c) two
    d) one

    Marijuana impairs skills, performance and perceptual processes, including vision, attention, and tracking behavior — all-important components of driving performance.
    a) true
    b) false

    With the use/abuse of alcohol, the heart is less efficient in the use of nutrients by the heart tissue.
    a) true
    b) false

    The onset of fatigue frequently coincides with the onset of_______.
    a) dayligt
    b) mid-day
    c) darkness

    After consuming marijuana driver mistakenly believe their driving performance is improved.
    a) true
    b) false

    As alcohol use increase, your vision will have decreased _______.
    a) peripheral vision
    b) ability to tell red from green
    c) ability for your eye to move
    d) all of the above.

    For a _______ or subsequent conviction of a DUI you are guilty of a 3rd degree felony.
    a) first
    b) second
    c) third
    d) fourth
    e) none of the above

    Impaired driver’s reaction times often _______ in response to situations on the road
    a) stay the same
    b) doubled
    c) get better

    If you take aspirin in high doses and/or over a long period of time you could damage the function of you liver.
    a) true
    b) false

    Alcohol is implicated in a very large number of collisions because alcohol leads to slowed reflexes, problems with vision and a loss of self-control.
    a) true
    b) false

    It is possible to go out and have fun without the use of alcoholic beverages.
    a) true
    b) false

    Your driving privilege will be revoked at least____ years if you kill someone.
    a) four
    b) three
    c) two
    d) one

    To properly install a child safety seat, consult your owner’s manual and the car seat instructions.
    a) true
    b) false

    In Florida, immersion in water or fire as a result of a collision happens in less than _______of all collisions annually.
    a) 4%
    b) 3%
    c) 2%
    d) 1%

    _______risk-taking behaviors could lead to aggressive driving.
    a) no
    b) decreased
    c) increased

    An injury from a motor vehicle crash happens in the United States every 15 seconds.
    a) true
    b) false

    The cycle of addiction can occur in individuals who lack adequate coping skills.
    a) true
    b) false

    To avoid impaired drivers, do not drive late at night on weekends.
    a) true
    b) false

    To get licensed in Florida, you must meet the following requirements_______.
    a) be at least 15 years old
    b) pass a vision, road sign and road rules test
    c) complete a TLSAE course
    d) none of the above
    e) all of the above

    The driver with the wandering mind caused by stress, emotions or fatigue has a_______awareness of the road.
    a) decreased
    b) increased
    c) about the same

    Driving under the influence of a depressant can have catastrophic effects as_______is impaired.
    a) nothing
    b) your passenger
    c) judgement

    The Florida No-Fault law requires anyone who owns or registers a motor vehicle in Florida have minimum insurance coverage of ,000 Personal Injury and ,000 of Property Damage Liability.
    a) true
    b) false

    Some of the reasons that your driving privilege could be revoked are ______.
    a) convicted of DUI
    b) convicted of reckless driving three times in one year
    c) both
    d) neither

    To prevent fatigue from affecting your driving, you should bring a_______.
    a) map
    b) hotel reservations
    c) a passenger to help drive.

    General effects of crack use include burning of the ________.
    a) lips
    b) toung
    c) throat
    d) all of the above.

    Motor vehicle crashes are the number_______cause of death for all persons age 6 to 33.
    a) two
    b) three
    c) four
    d) one

    Reaction time is _____ with each drink.
    a) decreased
    b) stays the same
    c) increased
    d) none of the above

    The most dangerous situation to avoid is the head on collision.
    a) true
    b) false

    As you use alcohol, the______functions of the body controlled by the brain like the heartbeat and breathing also become impaired
    a) exterior
    b) automatic
    c) party

    Abuse of_______have been linked to the neurotransmitter dopamine.
    a) cocaine
    b) amphetamine
    c) alcohol
    d) all of the above.

    The fines for speeding in a school zone during the hours of operation are _____.
    a) doubled
    b) not affected
    c) both
    d) neither

    • ANSWER:
      If we take your test, do we get your license?

  24. QUESTION:
    electrical heart malfunction. what tests, scans?
    we [me and my husband] went to my HMO so i could see the head of cardiology, Dr X. very peculiar man. started out nice and funny. he asked me about my heart history so i told him:
    =unpredictable angina which began when i was 23
    =1998 hole in atrial wall via bubble echo
    =year of TIAs and visual distortions as thyroid Rx was not at right dose; diagnosed by Johns Hopkins [not non-painful migraines]
    =3 heart attacks since thyroid removed in 1997 due to cancer, first one was 2 months after surgery when thyroid Rx not working
    =other HMO branch, in hospital overnight to investigate weird heart beats associated with TIAs–flat line 6 times and heart fibrillates itself to start up, thereby churning up blood which goes through the atrial hole in the heart all lumpy, causing the TIAs and visual distortions. when the heart stops, i cannot breathe in or out
    =2005 CHF diagnosed, put on Digoxin and Spironlactone [can finally sleep lying down flat and pee 12lbs water overnight on first digoxin dose]. heart is reasonably OK till 2008 when it periodically goes wacko again, palpitations, fluttering, missing beats, extra beats, no beats, aching.
    =bad oedema 2009: face hands and legs and feet and ankles…
    =lungs fill up at night with fluid and i cough a weird cough for the past 3 years
    =[plus I have two swollen spleens [instead of just one] and my liver is swollen at 25cm with 4 masses which HMO says are fatty, Europe says are not. and i have new thyroid tissue regrowth as of 2008 which aches, feels like the cancer did in 1997 and makes fluttery feelings in the blood vessel in my neck base down to my chest, then to my heart. and he knows i am a diabetic 1.5 LADA, with gastroparesis stomach nerve damage, and have lymphoblastic leukaemia since bone/marrow biopsy 2006]

    so he tells me: ”forget about your heart history, i can’t access your other records. a heart ultrasound here was fine last year, as well as a nuclear treadmill test. there was no sign of a hole.” he also says ”tests last year had your liver at 18cm, i can’t pay attention to a May MRI from Europe that says it’s 25cm.” [even though i told him i had the 2009 MRI with me] um hellooo ???? forget my heart history? i ask him if a hole can heal, twice, he will not reply.

    he gets a bit uppity, feels the swollen liver and spleens, hears something in my lungs. tries to tell me the stomach reflux is making my lungs fill up, except i get reflux maybe once every 10 days and take a Losec that stops it in about 20 minutes, and yet the lung fill up happens EVERY night; he does not get the logic of this statement. I take Cilroton for the gastroparesis [European Rx not available in the USA] as I was taken off Reglan as it gave me terrible side effects and nerve damage after taking it for a over a year.

    then asks me if i exercise, i say “i can’t, as i get out of breath and gasping for air just walking from car port to the apt”. so he says, ”OK if you can’t walk i want to see you on a treadmill right now!” like some kind of challenge. makes me do a treadmill test, mostly, i intuitively feel, so he can say f-you there is nothing wrong, his coup on top of last year’s tests, like go away and stop bothering everyone here.

    except i can barely do it, gasping, dizzier [dizzy before i began, and all the time], high BP, i can’t keep my feet at the front of treadmill, i’m hanging on, my feet keep drifting back so i am getting more and more stretched out and almost horizontal while struggling to walk and stay upright; they keep telling me to keep my eyes open, and then the tech doing the machine says, ”come here, come here, look at this!” so Dr. X goes over to the machine with the heartbeats graph and the big print out, goes absolutely purple as a beet and has to admit that there is some kind of ”electrical malfunction of the heart”.

    he wants me to have a cardiac cauterization in the groin test, but i cannot do iodine in the dye, highly allergic to it.
    is there another kind of heart test to show the inner workings of the heart, possible clogged arteries/veins, valves that aren’t working, etc etc and whatever ”electrical malfunction” they are looking for? something that is less invasive and less dangerous with their past propensity to mess up any internal procedure, both in Hawaii and California??? some kind of scan, an MRI, MRA or whatever, colour doppler? anything other than them thrashing about in my veins and heart with catheters?

    • ANSWER:
      CT scan uses an x-ray beam that slices through you like a knife carving a spiral ham.
      Radiologists are the doctors that specialize in reading images of the body and therefore know which test is best for showing anatomy according to the reason for the exam. Very experienced CT and MRI technologists will also know from working with Radiologists.
      MRI ( magnetic resonance imaging) uses a magnetic field with radio frequencies introduced into it.
      When your body is placed inside the magnetic field, the molecules of water in your body (hydrogen molecules) will start to spin like a kid’s top when he spins it. The top will begin to wobble as it slows down.
      Your hydrogen molecules will start to wobble just like the top does at a certain rate of speed; the stronger the magnetic field, the faster they will wobble and the weaker the magnetic field, the slower they will wobble; it depends on the strength of the magnetic field.
      Then a radio frequency is introduced into the magnetic field at the same rate of speed at which the “tops wobble” causing the wobbling tops and radio frequency to sing out together sharing the same signal frequency. That signal is used by the MRI computer to produce the image.

      An MRI that focuses on the heart or blood vessels can assess: The size and thickness of walls in your heart’s chambers.The extent of damage caused by heart attack or heart disease. The buildup of plaques and blockages in your blood vessels. Structural problems in you aorta, such as aneurysms or dissections.
      An MRI typically lasts about an hour. You must hold very still because movement can blur the resulting images. In some cases, contrast agents are injected into your veins to enhance the appearance of certain tissues or blood vessels in the images.

      Take care as always!

  25. QUESTION:
    General medical questions thanks for the help?
    In which diseases can we expect the elevation of the serum total bilirubin level?
    Malnutrition & malabsorption
    Instrinsic renal lesions
    Hepatitis b- think its this one
    Vitamin d deficiency
    Nephritic syndrome

    Clubbing of the fingers can be a sign of?
    Cystic fibrosis
    Kidney failure-maybe this one
    Tuberculosis- wrong answer
    Liver failure
    Sleen enlargement

    Second heart sound is produced by ?
    Closure of the pulmonic and mitral valve
    Closure of the aortic and mitral valve
    Closure of the aortic and tricuspid valve
    Closure of the pulmonic and tricuspid valve
    Closure of the aortic and pulmonic valve- think its this one

    Which of the diseases listed below is not a potential cause of dry, hacking cough?
    Allergies
    Viral infections
    Intersticial lung disease
    Tuberculosis
    tumor

    Which group of lymp-nodes located on the head or neck drainage the lymph from the abdomen?
    Supra-clavicular
    Sub-mandibular
    Anterior-cervical
    Sub-mental
    Posterior cervical

    The muscles used as the accessory ones during forced inspiration are?
    Internal intercostais
    Scalenes
    Diaphragm
    External intercostals
    Abdominal muscles

    First sound is produced by?
    Closure of the pulmonic and mitral valves
    Closure of the pulmonic and tricuspid valves
    Closure of the venous valves
    Closure of the aortic and mitral valves
    Closure of the mitral and tripcuspid valves

    Which of the sentences about macrocytic anemia, mentioned below, are true?
    The mcv(mean corpuscular volume) is decreased
    The level of hemoglobin is increased
    The common cause is iron deficiency
    The common cause is b1 deficiency
    The common cause is foliate deficiency

    Chronic suppurative otitis media should be recognized if the drainage from the ear (otorrhea) persists for at least:
    1 month
    3 days
    3 weeks
    6 weeks
    1 week

    The muscles used as the accessory ones during forced expiration are:
    Scalene
    Abdominal muscles
    Diaphragm
    Sternocleidomastoid muscles
    External intercostals

    Which laboratory results should be considered as an indicator of the acute bacterial infections of the respiratory tract?
    Wbc: 5.0X10^9/L
    Esr: 15mm/hr
    Esr: 36mm/hr
    pO2: 95mmHg
    CRP: 3 mg/L

    Make a false sentence about cough typical for vital infections of respiratory tract:
    It usally last 7-10 days
    A non-productive period is often followed by a productive cough, with production of yellowish sputum
    In some patients it can lead to subacute cough
    Loud cough, non-productive or producing small amounts of sputum
    It is often aggravating at night

    Which from the following accessory investigations is not the imaging study:
    Electrocardiography
    Radiography
    Ultrasonography
    Magnetic resonance
    Tomography

    Which of the sentences about the evaluation of the patients reflexes, mentioned below are true?
    When damage occurs the upper motor neurons (cortical and spinal cord injuries) the reflex arc is interrupted
    During the evaluation of reflex, grade 4+ of the knee jerk means that this reflex is not present
    When testing the patient’s reflexes you don’t have to remember that reflexes can be influenced by age, metabolic factors or electrolyte abnormalities
    When damage occurs to lower motor neurons (the peripheral nerve or dorsal roots) the spinal reflex arc in uninhibited
    When damage occurs to lower motor neurons (the peripheral nerve or dorsal roots)the reflexes are decreased

    Associated with dyspnea:
    Pulmonary hypertension
    Mitral stenosis
    All of them can be associated with dyspnea
    Pulmonary embolism
    Anxiety

    • ANSWER:
      1) Hep B
      2) Cystic fibrosis
      3) Aortic and pulmonary
      4) I’d go with tuberculosis, because it would usually be a cough productive of sputum
      5) Supraclavicular
      6) Scalenes
      7) Mitral and tricuspid
      8) Folate deficiency
      9) 6 weeks
      10) Abdominals and intercostals (so I’m not sure which you should put down – maybe abdominals?)
      11) None of them really tell you that, but ESR of 36 is the only unusual one there. Although a PaO2 of 95 could occur as well.
      12) They are all true
      13) Electrocardiograpy
      14) The last one is true
      15) All of them

  26. QUESTION:
    Could my cat have a disease besides cancer?
    About 3 weeks ago my cats first symptoms started to arise.
    -Lameness, she started limping in the back left leg first, they gradually all 4 over the next two days.
    xrays showed no signs of any fractures, breaks, fluids or tumors.
    They vet thought it may be tissue damage so they gave her a shot of cortisone which improved her walking until the injection wore off and she was back to limping so i brought her back to the vet he gave her a non-steroid medicine she now is walking fine HOWEVER she then lost her appetite, stopped grooming herself, lost a pound in less then a week and seemed zombie-like. I brought her back to the vet they finally did blood work. Her red blood cell count was low.. she was obviously anemic and her white blood cell count was “alarmingly high”. She was tested for FIV and FELV negative for both and they ran tests on her kidney and livers and both seemed find. The vet did additional xrays and didnt see anything obvious but she did say that something in her stomach area did not look normal but that it could just be that she is a very tiny cat so the image was not clear. There were no obvious masses and my cat is not vomiting nor does she have diarrhea. My cat was given IV fluids, a shot of anti-biotic and steroids. she started feeling great as soon as she got home and had her appetite back and is cleaning herself she feels great today. My question is, if she has cancer, what kind? and if its not cancer what else could it be? thank you any input would be a relief until she goes to the specialist on monday.

    • ANSWER:
      The symptomatology really doesn’t sound like cancer. Cancer doesn’t respond to antibiotics. Since she responded so well to the antibiotics, this points to an infection. The high white blood cell count sounds like it could be in her kidney(s). Call the emergency vet number over the weekend if she takes a turn for the worse, otherwise good luck on Monday, let us know.

  27. QUESTION:
    I really need to pass my Drug and Alcohol test PLEASE HELP!!!!!?
    PLEASE HELP ME!!!
    When you are nervous, angry or upset, one of the ways to release the pressure is by
    a exercise or physical activity
    b keeping everything inside
    c raising your blood pressure
    Substances become a form of “self-soothing” when one feels stressed, down or anxious or feels the need for a reward
    a true
    b false
    With emotional distress risen to the point of violence, your mind is not capable of rational function.
    a true
    b false
    Motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death for all persons age 6 to 33.
    a true
    b false
    Extremely high doses of alcohol can kill.
    a true
    b false
    To prevent fatigue from affecting your driving, you should bring a
    a) map
    b) hotel reservations
    c) a passenger to help drive.
    Drivers must under stand that traffic laws ? them and should be supported and followed.
    d) none of the above.
    a) have no effect on
    b) are detrimental to
    c) benefit
    Marijuana impairs skills, performance and perceptual processes, including vision, attention, and tracking behavior all-important components of driving.
    a) true
    b) false
    Absorption of alcohol by your body begins at the what of drinking
    a) end
    b) start
    c) alcohol is not absorbed.
    Too much stress in our life can seriously affect your physical and mental well being.
    a) true
    b) false
    With severe emotional pain, the driver could turn to substance_______ to hide emotional pain.
    a) use
    b) abuse
    c) neither
    d) both
    The conscientious driver is often times the_______driver.
    a) offensive
    b) angry
    c) racing
    d) defensive
    You are at higher risk for having a collision when you drive long distance without a rest break.
    a) true
    b) false
    A prominent psychological aspects of the abuser/dependent individual is the inability to express or manage feelings.
    a) true
    b) false
    Many people with addictions feel that the use of alcohol or other substances give them a sense of control when their lives feel most out of control.
    a) true
    b) false
    Substance use is a negative coping mechanism to avoid________.
    a) fear
    b) sadness
    c) other negative emotions
    d) all the above
    The crime of DUI is 100% preventable.
    a) true
    b) false
    As alcohol use increases, the effect on your vision increases.
    a) true
    b) false
    Federal law prohibits dealers, repair shops or anyone else from disabling an air bag.
    a) true
    b) false
    After consuming marijuana driver mistakenly believe their driving performance is improved.
    a) true
    b) false
    Reaction time is_____with each drink; time that makes the difference between a crash and avoiding a crash.
    a) decreased
    b) increased
    c) stays the same
    The release of kinetic energy in a collision is what causes the car to be damaged or destroyed and the occupants injured or killed.
    a) true
    b) false
    The crack high produces a false sense of power or confidence, reducing defensive driving instincts.
    a) true
    b) false
    On the crossbuck or gate at the railroad crossing there is a sign telling you how many tracks are at that crossing.
    a) true
    b) false
    When alcohol is consumed, the heart function is increased and the ability of the heart to contract and move blood is increased.
    a) true
    b) false
    The frontal lobe of the brain is the first part of the brain that is affected by alcohol.
    a) true
    b) false
    The liver’s function is to______ all-toxic substances from the body.
    a) adversely
    b) remove
    c) keep the same
    Cocaine affects the driver’s_______.
    a) view of reality
    b) reaction time
    c) heightens impulsive behavior
    d) all of the above.
    If you take aspirin while you are drinking alcohol you may feel_______.
    a) very sleepy
    b) clumsy
    c) confused
    d) all of the above.
    _______ is a type of drug that temporarily stimulates some vital process or organ in the body.

    a) stimulant
    b) depressant
    c) narcotic
    d) hallucinogen.
    Stressful conditions involving your business and personal life will not affect driving.
    a) true
    b) false
    For those drivers who were not wearing safety belts at the time of their deaths, safety belts could have prevented death in about ______ of these unbelted situations.

    a) one-quarter
    b) one-half
    c) all
    d) none of the above
    .For a ______ conviction of a DUI you could be imprisoned for not more than twelve months.
    a) first
    b) second
    c) third
    For a _______ or subsequent conviction of a DUI you are guilty of a 3rd degree felony.
    a) first
    b) second
    c) third
    d) fourth

    In a vehicle equipped with dual air bags, the safest place for infants, children and small adults is in the_____ seats

    a) front
    b) rear
    c) both
    d) neither
    You should consult your vehicle owner’s manual to find out if you need a locking clip or other safety equipment to properly install the child safety seat.
    a true
    b false
    Once the sensation of alcohol is at maximum, the user/abuser will look for another source.
    a true
    b false
    As alcohol use increases, the effect of alcohol increases and your ability to successfully operate a motor vehicle decrease.
    a true
    b false
    CAN YOU TELL ME THE ANSWERS?

    • ANSWER:
      answers are already there..! just pick the wrong ones out and forget them…. how does all these test have the answers right there..

  28. QUESTION:
    how serious is early signs of liver failure?
    Over the past 2 years ive had Minor liver damage i had a ultra sound 1 year ago and again 6 months ago first showing a fatty liver the second showing damaged cells and a fatty liver. I was told parts of my liver wont repair but the pain got worst i went to the doctors 2 days ago to have more blood tests and a liver function test the doctor thinks ive got early signs of liver failure. Im feeling tired im depressed and feel sad all the time. The damage is caused by me liking a drink im 32 years old ive drank for about 10 years now i use to drink 2 pints and 8 cans a night minimum now i drink 2 pints and 4 cans i find it really hard to stop when i do all my problems become reality and i feel really down. What shall i do.

    • ANSWER:
      Firstly i think you should see a natural medicine practicioner who can help your feelings of melancholy – if you feel great then your body will be able to heal itself more readily.
      Secondly, its suprising to know that people who dont drink also experience liver failiure this is because the liver does heaps more stuff than we give it credit for and there can be numerous reasons why it begins to fail, a big one can be fatty foods, drugs as well as stress and feelings of guilt, resentment, build up of feelings etc – everyone is different. I urge you to seek natural alternative, follow a liver detoxifying diet and motivate yourself. Dont feel down about your liver, you can heal it with the right attitude and right advice.

  29. QUESTION:
    I need help with these question?
    Drugs effect all users the same way.
    a) true
    b) false

    When combined with alcohol or other depressant drugs, the depressant effect of antihistamines can be much_______.
    a) the same
    b) less
    c) greater
    d) all of the above.

    To get licensed in Florida, you must meet the following requirements_______.
    a) be at least 15 years old
    b) pass a vision, road sign and road rules test
    c) complete a TLSAE course
    d) none of the above
    e) all of the above

    Defensive driving means being prepared for the worst and always being alert.
    a) true
    b) false

    Hallucinogens are a type of drug that causes distortion of the drivers______.
    a) mood
    b) slows reaction time
    c) causes lack of coordination
    d) all of the above.

    Control of mood and impulse is of central significance in alcoholism and other addictive disorders.
    a) true
    b) false

    To properly install a child safety seat, consult your owner’s manual and the car seat instructions.
    a) true
    b) false

    Alcohol affects the reaction time of drivers by slowing the reaction time down.
    a) true
    b) false

    The crime of DUI is _____ preventable.
    a) 80%
    b) 90%
    c) 100%
    d) none of the above

    When you introduce alcohol and other drugs into the driving decision making process, the decision making process speeds up.
    a) true
    b) false

    Air bags are not supplemental protection and work best without seatbelts.
    a) true
    b) false

    Characteristics of abuse of Narcotics include ______.
    a) drowsiness
    b) nodding
    c) drunken behavior
    d) all of the above.

    As alcohol use increase, your vision will have decreased _______.
    a) peripheral vision
    b) ability to tell red from green
    c) ability for your eye to move
    d) all of the above.

    Driving while_______ will substantially alter one’s judgement when behind the wheel.
    a) irritated
    b) upset
    c) shaken
    d) all of the above.

    With the intake of alcoholic beverages, damage to you pancreas can include inflammation, atrophy and fibrosis.
    a) true
    b) false

    Higher doses of barbiturates result in ______.
    a) aggressive behavior
    b) erratic driving
    c) both
    d) neither

    Novice drivers are not required to demonstrate responsible driving behavior in each stage of licensing before advancing to the next stage of licensing.
    a) true
    b) false

    Motor vehicle crashes have a greater impact on our society than all violent crimes combined.
    a) true
    b) false

    Prolonged use of alcohol can severely injure and potentially kill your liver cells.
    a) true
    b) false

    Motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death for all persons age 6 to 33.
    a) true
    b) false

    Graduated licensing is designed to introduce driving privileges to beginning drivers in a gradual process.
    a) true
    b) false

    Prescription medicines can______ a driver’s judgement and slow reaction times.
    a) improves
    b) impair
    c) does not effect.

    For a _____ conviction of a DUI you could pay a fine of not less than 0 and not more than 0
    a) first
    b) second
    c) third
    d) fourth

    As the amount of alcohol and other drugs you consume increases your ability to safely operate a motor vehicle decreases.
    a) true
    b) false

    Violations of three points are ______.
    a) speeding 5-15 mph over the limit
    b) safety restraint violation for a person under 6
    c) all other moving violations
    d) all of the above.

    Once the sensation of alcohol is at maximum, the user/abuser will look for another source.
    a) true
    b) false

    In Florida, in 2000, approximately 3 people died and 54 were injured every day due to alcohol related collisions in Florida.
    a) true
    b) false

    Including the direct and indirect costs, alcohol related collisions cost society_______billion dollars annually.
    a) 86
    b) 96
    c) 106
    d) 116

    For a ______ conviction of a DUI you could have your licensed revoked at least 10 years of first conviction.
    a) third
    b) second
    c) first

    Speeding is a factor in 30% of all fatal crashes in the United States.
    a) true
    b) false

    Marijuana impairs skills, performance and perceptual processes, including vision, attention, and tracking behavior — all-important components of driving performance.
    a) true
    b) false

    Other prominent psychological aspects of the abuser/dependent individual include_______.
    a) rigid thinking patterns
    b) desire for excitement
    c) low self-esteem
    d) all of the above

    For a _____ conviction of a DUI you could pay a fine of not less than 0 and not more than 00
    a) first
    b) second
    c) third
    d) fourth

    It is unsafe and dangerous to drive with any amount of alcohol in your body.
    a) true
    b) false

    A person cannot become a problem drinker by drinking beer.
    a) true
    b) false

    Smoking tobacco products can damage your eye’s retina’s ability to contract and expand.
    a) true
    b) false

    Drivers should scan 10-12 seconds down t

    • ANSWER:
      That’s a helluva list


First Signs Of Liver Disease

HIV virus cannot grow or reproduce on their self. HIV virus infects the cells of a living organism in order to replicate or make new copies of them. The human immune system usually finds and kills viruses from germ or other disease quickly but HIV attacks the immune system itself. HIV virus damage the immune cells in stages until the immune system can no longer fight off other infections that it would usually be able to prevent. These stages are based on your symptoms of HIV and the amount of the virus in your blood.

Person with HIV need around ten years or maybe more to develop AIDS because it grow slowly. Most people show no symptoms after being infected with HIV. This condition has separated in few stages. The first stage calls initial stage or acute retroviral syndrome. Acute retroviral syndrome is first stage of HIV virus infection with symptoms of HIV like mononucleosis. These symptoms often develop within a few days of infection but it may occur several weeks after the person is infected.

The symptoms of HIV in first stage may include abdominal cramps, nausea, or vomiting. Most people who get infected also experience diarrhea, fever, headache, skin rash, sore throat, rapid weight loss, muscle aches and joint pain also enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, and groin. These first symptoms of HIV can occur from mild to severe and usually disappear on their own after 2 to 3 weeks. But some patients report that they experience these symptoms continuously.

Chronic stage is the next stage of HIV infection. In this stage, the HIV virus is multiplies so quickly in the body during this time that the immune system cannot destroy the virus. Then, the immune system starts to weaken after years of fighting HIV. Usually symptoms of HIV begin present in this time. Doctor may suspect someone get infected by HIV when the cause of several disease can not be identified. Chronic stage in HIV infection may present as confusion, dry cough, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, diarrhea, loss of appetite, mouth sores, fever and swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, and groin.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    what are the first signs of liver disease?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on the type of liver disease. Cirrhosis or cancer?
      exhaustion, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, weakness, weight loss, abdominal pain are all symptoms of cirrhosis as well as a host of other diseases.
      My aunt died of liver cancer a few years back. She had a pain in the side of her abdomen that she attributed to a “pulled muscle” from hanging new curtains in the living room. She had a slight yellowish cast to her skin and was tired. A little over 3 months later she was dead. If you suspect liver disease, you need to see a doctor for a blood test and liver enzyme panel. It is not something to wait around on!!!

  2. QUESTION:
    Can someone please give me some signs and symptoms of Liver Disease? First Stage..?

    ..I had blood work, doctor said my liver enzymes were elevated..

    but Only thing Wrong with me..is

    Fatigue
    Weakness(sometimes)
    Hot flashes/spells

    I think I have Anxiety/Hypochondria, because when I read about a disease and the symptoms I start to worry a lot and when I’m not thinkning about diseases and everything I seem fine, but when I’m alone or in Walmart, I get hot and dizzy and Want to just go home and LAY DOWN! HELP? that’s anxiety/hyponchondria isnt it
    And feel like the room is spinning/or I’m having an “Out of body experience?”!”
    alrdy been tested for mono……….All’s he said was my liver enzymes were elevated, but he said the same thing about my grandfather..

    • ANSWER:
      Nusuea Vomiting Direiea, Sickness, Tempature, juandice of the mucus membrances (under the nails, gums, palms) basicly just seeming septic

  3. QUESTION:
    My dog is being treated for acute liver disease. 4 days ago was the first sign we have had of any symptoms.?
    The vet kept her over night and gave her Normosol and Metronidazole by IV. We were allowed to take her home yesterday b/c she was feeling better, alert and was drinking and had eaten. He gave us Clavamox 125mg to be taken 2 x per day. Today, she has eaten very little but is drinking her water ok. She is also sleeping a lot. My question is: Why the change in AB’s? We are trying to determine if we are in the final stages or if we can get her out of the acute phase and at least back into chronic.

    • ANSWER:
      What did they say the liver disease was? There are alot of them. If the first sign was days ago and it’s acute, then it could be Hepatic microvascular dysplasia. The Normosol and Metronidazole were to flush the liver and hydrate your girl. The antibiotics are to prevent infection. It’s hard to say dog to dog what the prognosis is, you really should talk to the vet. Is she on a special diet? If not she should be. It’s good she is drinking. Try her on some soft canned foods, something very appealing, but make sure if she’s on a special diet 80 to 90 percent of the diet is from the vet with only treats and something more like gravy over the food to make it more appealing.

  4. QUESTION:
    My dog has liver disease. Should I bring him to the blood test again?
    Hi, I have asked a few questions regarding my dog before but I would like to ask for opinions about whether I should bring my dog to the blood test again.

    More than a month ago, my dog started losing appetite but drinking a lot of water. He seemed not happy and not as energetic as before. I also realized that his stool was kind of black. I brought him to an animal hospital for a check. First time they did the blood test and said it’s not normal and my dog has a lot of fluid in stomach. They said they didn’t know if it’s heart disease, cancer or liver disease. They suggested an Ultrasound to be done the next day and I agreed. They couldn’t find any results from the Ultrasound. Then, they suggested a Chest X-Ray the same time and they did. However, they couldn’t find any definite result. They said it should not be heart disease. I asked them what happened but they replied they couldn’t tell me anything from the data. They indicated that they couldn’t make any guess and they could only tell me something based on the data. But they just couldn’t figure out what happened. Well, ok, I got some medication for my dogs. After a week, they called me and asked for a blood test for my dog. They said they would like to see if the medication worked or not. OK, I agreed as I saw my dog started eating again and gaining some energy (actually I gave him milk thistle and SAM-E apart from the medication). I was hoping that that blood test would show something but the doctor again, said some data was better and some was worse. He said he couldn’t say nothing to me because they could only do their work based on data. He said it’s not heart disease or cancer. He’s suspecting it’s liver disease. I said I knew too because low appetite, excessing drinking, loss of energy and black stool are signs of liver disease, and I could tell you that after searching from the net.

    My dog is getting better as he’s eating well and having energy again. But they again suggested a blood test next week. I have spent already ,500 and I am not sure if I should go for it. Could you tell me your suggestions? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends….how important is your dog to you? If it were me I would want to know.

  5. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has “slight scarring” on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said “there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis”. I don’t quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is “working”, although I’m not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don’t believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn’t want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has “slight scarring” on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said “there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis”. I don’t quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is “working”, although I’m not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don’t believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn’t want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  7. QUESTION:
    My husband is no fun since he quit drinking?
    My husband and I have always had a taste for the good life. Fine wine, cocktails, fancy restaurants, etc. My husband in particular has a strong passion for spirits and wine. He actually built a bar in the basement that rivals many I’ve seen in five-star restaurants.

    Unfortunately, my husband had to quit drinking a few months ago at the advice of his personal physician. The doctor ran some blood work and informed my husband that his liver enzymes were elevated. Upon further testing, they discovered that he also showed the early signs of liver disease.

    Anyway, at first I was fully supportive of him abstaining from alcohol . I mean, he’s my husband and I care about his health and well-being. However, these past two months I’ve noticed some significant changes in his personality and even his appearance.

    I can’t quite put my finger on it, but my husband seems to have lost that “spark” that he once had. He rarely wants to go out anymore. In fact he barely even leaves the house at all. His voice has become sort of dull and flat; almost emotionless. He’s lost contact with many of his friends and work acquaintances.

    Our love life has taken a significant turn for the worse as well. His libido has just gone kaput. Marital relations have become a chore for him now instead of an integral and enjoyable part of our marriage.

    I’d also estimate that he’s lost about 20-25lbs. The weight loss is even affecting the structure of his face. This is not the man I married.

    Suffice to say, I WANT MY HUSBAND BACK!

    It’s my understanding that liver disease is a very slowly progressive disease. He probably has decades of binge-drinking in him before any significant problems arise. How can I convince him to disregard his doctor’s instructions and live life to its fullest again?

    • ANSWER:
      he’s depressed because without the alcohol clouding his brain he has realized what a selfish bitch of a wife he has.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the effects of tylonol and alchohol combinations
    first of all, im going to the doctor tommrow to figure this out but i want some opinions tonite. okay so right now im trying to figure out if i have a liver problem or if its just a cold or if this is all in my head. Three days ago i ended up taking 3 grams of tylonol during the whole day, the next day i 1.5grams in the morning and ended up going to a party that night and i drank half of a 1.75 liter of captin morgan. I’m a male and only weigh 140 pounds. The next day i wake up about 10:00 with no hangover, i go home and fall asleep until 6:00 in the afternoon, the whole day i feel weak and tired, no nausea or anything, no irregular bowl movements. i couldnt eat all day or today and havnt had a cigarette. I woke up this morning and felt very very strange, i didnt know why but i had extreme depression (i havnt felt depressed at all for over a year) i was on the urge of crying and breaking down every second. i went to my freinds house and it made me feel better. Rght now i feel fine except just a little feeling of some sort of sickness. Should i be concerned about liver disease because alot of my symptoms are described online as signs of liver diease but i also made out with a girl at that party who says she has a cold today which makes it even more confusing. should i be concerned or would i know if i was in a fatal situation with my liver?

    • ANSWER:
      renal failure, liver damage, death. Never mix alcohol and tylenol. 3 grams of tylenol in what span of time…you cannot take more than one gram every 8 hrs.

  9. QUESTION:
    Gaucher’s Disease?
    I need some picture of Gaucher’s Disease.p
    Gaucher disease is an inherited metabolic disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called glucocerebroside accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and sometimes in the brain. There are three types of Gaucher disease. The first category, called type 1, is by far the most common. Patients in this group usually bruise easily and experience fatigue due to anemia and low blood platelets. They also have an enlarged liver and spleen, skeletal disorders, and, in some instances, lung and kidney impairment. There are no signs of brain involvement. Symptoms can appear at any age. In type 2 Gaucher disease, liver and spleen enlargement are apparent by 3 months of age. Patients have extensive and progressive brain damage and usually die by 2 years of age. In the third category, called type 3, liver and spleen enlargement is variable, and signs of brain involvement such as seizures gradually become apparent. All Gaucher patients exhibit a deficiency of an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase that is involved in the breakdown and recycling of glucocerebroside. The buildup of this fatty material within cells prevents the cells and organs from functioning properly. Gaucher disease is one of several lipid storage diseases.

    • ANSWER:
      I found some pictures by using these sites. I hope that was helpful.

  10. QUESTION:
    Do I possibly have leukemia or some other blood disease? ADVICE FROM EXPERIENCED/ or DOCS?
    my symptoms are, and noted beggining about a year ago, disapearing and reapearing regulary but not serious, but recently symptoms have returned elevated and much more serious then past experiences, symptoms include…

    bleeding gums, paleness, red dots on skin that are itchy, patchy red palms,, white fingernails under nail, yellowing at tip of fingures, fatigue, joint pain. wrestlessness, trouble waking up. (sleep long hours) sometimes bed at 8pm and up at 4-6pm the next day. and swallen lymph nodes in my lower neck and under my jaw…. (SINCE THIS NIGHT I HAVE DEVELOPED BUMPS UNDER MY LEFT ARMPIT AND CHEST PAIN) I also am beggining to feel ill, feels like the flu, but rather strange as my headache will go and come back in a different area…

    Here is my doctors summary from saturday night. when i attended the emergancy dept…

    (Jaime Waters presented to Box Hill hospital Emergancy Department on 07 Aug 2010 at 15:40

    ED Diagnosis: Bleeding disorder for investagation
    History of presenting Complaint: 20 y.o male presented with 2 month histroy of bleeding gum and joint pain with no significant background histroy.

    Patient first noticed gum bleeding at least 3 or more months ago after brushing, since then bleeding has become more consistant, bleeding lasting now upto 10 minuts after brushing. also noticed incease of joint pain mainly on MCP joint and knee joints over this period of time.

    Bleeding has worsened over the past 5 days and become consistant in the past 2 days. patient now also complains of lethargy and weakness in this time frame.

    smoker since 14

    heavy drinker; usually 2-4 bottles a week.
    Last alcohol yesterday 1/2 bottle bourben.

    No family history of bleeding disorder, auto immune disease or leukemia.

    Resting tremor noted, no heptic flap, no obvious brusing/petechae
    No sign of chronic liver disease
    No conjuctiva pallor, no scleral jaundice

    chest clear
    abdo soft tender, no oragomegaly

    Oral examination – no active gum bleeding, no obvious gingervitis, tonsil not enlarged.

    tender submental lymph node bilaterally R>L
    Palpable R cervical lymph nodes
    Thyroid not enlarged

    stiffness of mcp joint both hands no tenderness on palpation and movement

    Managment: FBE/U+E/Coags/LFT/CRP
    may need medical refferal for bleeding disorder

    Results/outcome: Neutrophilia and increase WCC
    Normal LFT and Coagulation profile hb166

    Refferals and followup: Need LMO follow up for investagation of autoimmune disease and thrombolic screening,

    patient wil need new LMO for follow up and observation of progression.)

    in this letter not all my symptoms are noted. but i hav put as much as i can think of before i added this letter, also the doctor told me im developing a little bit of anemia but was nothing to be concerned about at this time and that i needed to be observed over the next few weeks for a diagnosis of whats happening. and refferd me to a GP.

    can anyone offer me advice?

    since seeing the doctor my under left armpit has become sore and stiff, my left hip bone upper left beg bone has began to ache with worsening bleeding of gums. and consistant taste of blood in mouth. im very confused and worried about whats goin on… advice?

    • ANSWER:
      When you go to that referral, ask them to test you for Lyme’s disease. I have a friend with similar symptoms and it turned out to be Lyme’s disease. Have you been camping or in the woods lately? Even if you haven’t, deer tics can be in tall grass and you don’t even know they are on you. It doesn’t sound like cancer to me
      I hope you find out what this is. Be well

  11. QUESTION:
    Boarderline blood results for Diabetis, any advise to prevent it getting worse please?
    I had Pagets disease of the breast & grades 3 & 2 breast cancer in 2003, its possible now I could have bowel cancer & I am totally devestated, the GP also said my FBC showed the first signs of Diabetis that needs monitoring but no other treetment at the moment. All my other bloods were fine, ie. liver, cholesterol, hormone, ect.. Have you any advice on how to help prevent it getting any worse please?

    • ANSWER:
      First I’ll keep you in my prays…2ed…do you have an oncologist? and 3rd the borderline diabetes….lose wt if your over wt….exersize…..nothing white ,,,,smile,…like no White bread no white potatoes …no white rice….and then cut that sugary food way back…candy cookies…you get the idea…but don’t just take my advice ….run this across your doctor what do your doctors say? and by the way stay away from the fruit juices …you Can eat the whole fruit in the natural form…just not that bottled juice…OK …good luck and prays go with you.

  12. QUESTION:
    How do you report a landlord who has a mold infested home he rents. I lived there and was very sick.?
    We rented a home in Cedar Park Tx. We had to sign a lease and the home looked fine at first. Mold appeared everywhere. In the lease it was stated that we were responsible for mold. There wasn’t any when we first looked at the house but weren’t able to move in for a month due to the landlord working on it. There was mold everywhere. Under every sink, the showers, etc. I called him and he said oh well. I got very sick, had headaches and thought I had the flu all of the time. I got a liver disease and we finally were able to buy a new home. I have not been sick since. He has re rented this property. He is a slum lord. My question is how do you stop these people? Who do you call?

    • ANSWER:
      Report it not only to the Health Dept. but also report him to the Better Business Bureau. He may have other properties that have a similar problem and others, maybe children are getting sick. I am not sure about your state laws, but he may actually be responsible for your medical bills as well.
      If you made a “check list” when you moved in and had put the mold on it, he IS responsible for any health problems directly connected to it. The Health Dept. should have the law on that.
      I wish you better health!

  13. QUESTION:
    Have you been tested for Hepatitis C?
    Many factors of getting hcv….your dentist, your tatoos, peircings, surgery of any kind, sharing drugs, no matter what kind. Mass incoculations. Sharing toothbrushes, razors and being in the service. Very rarely is HCV spread through sexual intercourse because not normally is there a passage allowing transfer. HCV is not an STD. It is a liver disease that kills!

    There is no vaccine for hcv. HCV is spread through transfer of blood. It is a blood borne infection infecti that can take up to 10 years before you realize you have it. Doctors simplify their blood labs and even though the ALT and AST levels in your blood shows withint normal ranges, you can still harbor active HCV.
    Symptoms of HCV vary and is wide spread. Skin rashes, hair loss, weight loss, severe fatigue and lethargy, Depression (usually the first sign or), other mental illnesses. HCV resides, once in your body, in every organ, every tissue. It can affect the heart, lungs, kidney’s.
    HCV KILLS THOUSANDS EVERY YEAR.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, I get tested every year during my annual. Both my parents “had” and my stepdad “has” Hep C. When I found out, after my mom died, I immediately called my doctor for an appt. That was in 2002. I know that they all got from sharing needles with one another. And I don’t know how long they had it. My dad died in 1990 and he had it then, sooooooo?????? Thanks for all the information. Take care. :)

  14. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know,where can I find?
    This past Sunday Night, one of my Chihuahuas named Gigi, who meant everything to me and my family, passed away suddenly and unexpectedly at home, after a long battle with Liver Disease! She was only 2 1/2 years old! It’s a long story! If you want to know what happened, just email me and I’ll tell you! Just to let everyone know, Gigi, had been under WEEKLY,Constant Veterinary Care, since the very first time, she showed me signs that something was very wrong, I took her to the vet the next morning, and she was diagnosed about 6 months ago. I have had so many family members and awesome friends, that have been there for me, day and night, and supported me! There is not enough room to write down everything here, that they have done, in comforting me and helping my family. I want to find some poetry, or anything similar, (maybe you would not mind, helping me, put a special letter together, to Thank them, ( because I can’t think straight right now, and my brain is on overload), with some nice words, to express to them, what it means to me, and how Thankful I am, for having them around me! My familiy and my friends, have been there for me, day and night, and I wanted to know, if any of you know about, different sites (Links), you can pass on to me, that I can check out, that would express to them, how awesome, they have all been to me and to Thank them, for their constant support, in more ways than one! If you do know of any links, that can possibly help me in puttting something together, please provide them in your answer! I Thank You All For Your Help!
    I Am Extremely Heartbroken, Shocked, and and Haven’t stopped crying, since Gigi’s death!
    This is Gigi, when she was a baby!http://i32.tinypic.com/1zja78.jpg
    This is Gigi, when she was a little older!

    http://i23.tinypic.com/35bck86.jpg

    Rest In Peace,My Sweet Gigi! I Love You, I Miss You Terribly, Life around here, is so Empty and very lonely, without you with us! You we our Special Angel! I’ll see you at The Rainbow Bridge! Play and Sleep With The Angels, My Little Love!
    NOTE: Some of you may think, that she was just a dog, so big deal, but if you knew her story, you would not be making those kinds of remarks!

    • ANSWER:
      I know your pain ,and there isnt enough right words to help with that right now. I lost my little lad of 16 yrs to kidney failure and we cried day and night coz he left such a huge hole in our lives. It took us over 7yrs to begin to consider another. Know it will ease one day, know you did your best to love and care for her and she in return loved you implicitly for it. May she rest in peace sweet little lovely lass and hopefully find my little boy to play with on the other side. I would think no one who knows of your love for her will expect you to be able to function right for some time. Your poem will and should come from your heart when it is not so heavy with sorrow right now. I am sure they will understand. Bless you for being such a loving soul for your little dog. Take care.

  15. QUESTION:
    Can you help me re-write these sentences in a different way?
    By changing the words and the structure, but without changing their meaning.

    for Example:
    original sentence: Sudden and severe weight loss. This is the first symptom most people think of when they hear the word anorexia, but really it just one of many signs of anorexia.

    Changed: Although sudden and severe weight lose is just one of many signs of anorexia, it is the first symptom most people think of when they hear the word anorexia.
    **************************************…
    I need your help to finish these, Im not asking you to do all of them.. but as much as you can. But please to it perfectly.. an English project requires proper English.

    4.Withdrawal from social situations, especially those involving food. People with anorexia often avoid eating in public. They also want to avoid situations in which others might express concern about their eating habits or their weight.
    5.Lying about their weight and how much food they eat. People with anorexia may pretend to eat in order to avoid confrontations about their condition. They may also insist that they are not hungry, even when it’s been a long time since their last meal.
    6.Strange eating habits, such as cutting food a certain way or only eating one food. Anorexic people may experience severe anxiety if their rituals are interrupted or questioned.
    7.Health problems. People with anorexia are subject to a large number of health problems, including weakness, dizziness, and lethargy. These problems are likely due in part to low blood pressure. Another sign you might notice is lack or menstruation. There are many other health problems anorexic people can suffer, but many are not noticeable unless they visit a physician. These can be quite serious problems, though, like osteoporosis (bone loss), liver disease, kidney disease, and a weakened heart muscle that can lead to cardiac arrest. Health problems are one of the more serious signs of anorexia.
    8.Abusing diet pills and/or laxatives. In order to help them lose weight faster, many anorexic people turn to pills. Diet pills, or course, suppress the appetite. Laxatives cause food to move through the system faster, and so fewer calories are absorbed.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I might not re-writing your sentences above in a very compelling manner. I tried and here are they;

      4. Anorexia affected people tend to avoid socializing especially going out and eating on public places. Also, they do not want to talk about their eating habits and weight concerns.

      5. They do not want to talk about their weight and eating habits. Anorexia affected people falsely show to other people that they have a good eating habits. Sometimes they refuse for an invitation to eat, even if they are already hungry.

      6. People affected with anorexia show some unusual eating habits like cutting a food in a particular manner and eating only one type of food. They are very anxious when someone ask them about their behavior.

      7. Some of the heath problems an anorexic may experience are weakness, dizziness, lethargy and lack of menstruation. These may cause from a low blood pressure. Not only these problems be experience, there are other problems can occur but these can be diagnose by a medical professional. Some of these maybe serious ones like osteoporosis, liver and kidney diseases and a cardiac arrest due to the weakening of muscles in the heart. These health problems is a sign of anorexic person.

      8. People with anorexia always use pills to help them reduce weights, oftentimes they overuse it. That’s why they lose their good eating habits. Also, they will use laxatives. This can speed up the movement of food inside the body, bypassing the body’s absorption of calories.

  16. QUESTION:
    Thoughts on this excerpt?
    It’s an excerpt from a book I’m starting…the character here is going to be the mother of my primary character.

    Chapter One

    1992

    Angela Hubbard pulled up her shirt sleeves and dug into the corpse.

    Unlike the other medical students at the University of Michigan, Angela had no qualms about making a T-cut across the chest of a human body. This particular one was an older man with snowy white hair, sun spots patterning his cheeks, and a pale moustache that drooped past his chin. He also had a clogged colon and a rather large heart for a man of his size upon first glance; a detailed investigation revealed scarring of the maroon sac-like organ on the right side of his body.

    Their professor shouted out across the laboratory, “Can anyone determine their cadaver’s cause of death?”

    “Leukemia?” Angela’s lab partner called out.

    “What number cadaver did you have?” the professor, a sharp-nosed woman barely older than the graduate students themselves, muttered, flipping a paper over. “Fifty-six? No.”

    “Chronic cirrhosis of the liver due to prolonged inebriation,” Angela answered, barely glancing up from the body on the table.

    The professor clapped her hands once, making a student flinch and accidentally slice through her cadaver’s aorta. “Precisely, Miss Hubbard,” the professor said, approval in her voice. “Thank you. Or, in other words,” she added with a grin, “he spent the majority of his life in a state that ranged from being fairly tipsy to being in a drunken coma. All right- Monday’s lecture will be an in-depth description of recognizing signs of cirrhosis and other liver diseases. Have a good weekend, guys. Don’t forget to put your bodies back in the freezer, and clean up. God knows the janitors already hate me enough for that botfly incident.”

    Angela gathered her probes and forceps, washing them in the lab’s sink. As the blood drained off the tools, she heard her lab partner mutter to another student, “Damn. And the Ice Queen strikes again. Frigid is not a cold enough word for her. Always trying to one-up us.”

    “Yeah,” the other student replied. “But if I was having heart surgery, I’d want Hubbard holding the scalpel.”

    Angela smiled as the others left and she wheeled the old man’s cadaver into the university’s body freezer. That’s what I like to hear, she thought to herself. If no one liked her personally- well, that was okay with her. As long as they considered her a fit doctor, they could wish her to the ninth circle of hell if they liked.

    • ANSWER:
      It’s not bad for a first draft. Drop the first sentence and begin with the second, other than that you should continue on and finish the story before being concerned about any particular part. Stopping after each page, chapter, whatever, is the best way to never finish. Once the story is finished you can return to the beginning and easily fix most of your errors because you won’t be as close to it as you are now.

  17. QUESTION:
    PLEASE HELP….?!?!?!?
    ok my mom doesn’t want to go to the doctor but i am really worried she has bleeding when she goes to the restroom to poop, she has bruises and this little red dots on her legs and she says her legs really hurt she is a waitress. for some reason it occur to me that she may have leukemia and i checked and article for the symptoms and this is what it said:

    In many cases, the first signs and symptoms of leukemia are nonspecific (vague). Early signs also may occur with other types of cancer or with other medical conditions. Although leukemia signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of disease, there are some general features. Broad symptoms of leukemia include the following:

    Fatigue
    Malaise (vague feeling of bodily discomfort)
    Abnormal bleeding
    Excessive bruising
    Weakness
    Reduced exercise tolerance
    Weight loss
    Bone or joint pain
    Infection and fever
    Abdominal pain or “fullness”
    Enlarged spleen, lymph nodes, and liver

    Chronic leukemia often goes undetected for many years and may be identified in a routine blood test. In fact, nearly one in five chronic leukemia patients do not report symptoms at the time of diagnosis. Most symptoms of acute leukemia are caused by low levels of normal blood cells, which is due to overcrowding of the blood-forming bone marrow by leukemia cells.

    she doesn’t eat that much either because she says she feels like she is going to vomit, PLEASE HELP. (how can i convince her to go to the doctor)
    THANKS
    other symptom
    Tiny red spots in your skin (petechiae)
    but how can i tell her it may be leukimia she doesn’t know what it may be and i really don’t want to make her sad right now.

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    Ok technically I have two questions: One: do all hospitals in America have to follow the same guidelines/?
    procedures that the Federal government sets forth, for example is there one stand alone federal medical agency that says for example you have to get a blood test that tests for liver disease before you get on birth control and all hospitals have to do this under penalty of law, or can individual hospitals do whatever they want and set up their own standards. I’d think when it comes to safety, all should follow the same suit, otherwise it’s chaos. Question two, what is the best books you can buy that deals with disease description and the procedures that doctors must follow when administering certain services-like for example what must be done first to put someone on a specific prescription, what’s a tell-tale sign of a certain disease and then what tests must be run and so on..

    • ANSWER:

  19. QUESTION:
    How effective is Clavamox at treating Infections?
    I just got back from another visit with the vet, with my 3.2 pound Chihuahua Zoe, who was diagnosed with Liver Disease almost 4 months ago! Her ALT numbers are off the scale and the vet is seriously thinking about doing a Liver Biopsy soon, but he said today, that he suspects that she may have an infection in her liver, that may be causing her levels to be so high and off the scale and wants to try her on Clavamox, 1/4 tab twice a day, (125mg tabs cut in quarters)first, for one week, then next week do more bloodwork, to see if that helps lower the ALT count, before he decides to open up such a tiny dog! He said if the numbers come down, that he won’t have to do a Liver Biopsy, and she will just have to be on certain medications to keep everything under control, for the rest of her life, and she will live a normal life! She is doing great right now, running around like a little Energizer Bunny, chasing and playing with my other Chis, eating well, drinking etc… When the vet asked me how she is doing, I told him, that if I did not know for a fact, that she was so sick, that I would never even suspect she was sick, because she is not showing any signs of being sick! He agreed, and said he was amazed, that for such a Tiny Runt, and because of the fact that she has Liver Disease and has lived past 6 months (she’s 1 year old), that she is a very strong dog, and that for a dog being as sick as she is, she has a much better chance of surviving now. She is definitely a little fighter! I just lost Gigi, one of my other dogs recently, and told him, that I could not bear to lose Zoe too, and his response to me was, “We are not going to lose Zoe”! Both Gigi and Zoe were seeing a different vet, at the time I lost Gigi! I have since then switched vets! I am holding onto those words the new vet told me about Zoe and hoping he’s right! I just wanted to know if anyone has given Clavamox to their dogs and if it helped the situation your dog was in!? I would love to hear your stories! I would also like to ask, if you can please say a prayer for Zoe, to come through this whole nightmare, and for everything to go well and in her favor! I would greatly appreciate that! The poor little thing has been poked, prodded and pestered so much, going to the vet having tests done, etc… in the last 4 months and she never complains! She just sits there patiently, and lets them do whatever they have to do, and still sneaks in a kiss for all of the staff, before we leave to go home! Just wondering, do you think Zoe has a good chance? Do you think she understands that I’m trying to help her, not hurt her? I’m desperate at this point, and need a little hope here! Thanks!
    This is Zoe, before she was diagnosed with Liver Disease!

    http://i38.tinypic.com/inbvix.jpg

    This is Gigi and Zoe, before they were diagnosed with Liver Disease!http://i37.tinypic.com/2up9u9y.jpg
    R.I.P. My little love Gigi! I love you and I miss you so much!

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Chihuahua addict.
      You can bet I will keep you and Zoe in my prayers. I have eight dogs at this time and my Great Pyrenees has been diagnosed with lymphoma. I have lost many of them, and it never gets any better. But I truly believe that Zoe will be ok. I have given Clavamox to my dogs on several occasions, and it works very well. It is sort of the human form of pcn only for dogs. Gosh, it is really hard to believe that a little dog so young could have liver disease. I could understand it if she were older. I’m so sorry about Gigi.She looks so sweet.I lost my little Yorkie a little over a year ago, and believe me, it still hurts. But Zoe is going to be just fine. Big Hugs to you, and remember, I will keep you in my prayers.

  20. QUESTION:
    could some one read over my speech about cancer? and tell me if it’s any good? thankyu.?
    Slip on a shirt, slop on some sunscreen and slap on a hat. Says Sid the cancer council seagull. Although this slogan is commonly used across our nation every summer, There is not enough education about sun safety through out our schools.

    Melanoma is a form of skin cancer. The most deadliest and rapid moving cancer of them all. The first sign of melanoma is usually a new spot or an existing mole or freckle that changes in appearance.

    Some of the changes might be that the spot may grow larger. The edges of the spot may look irregular rather than smooth. The spot may be mottled with a range of colours such as brown, black, blue, red, white or light grey. The spot may be itchy or may bleed.

    It’s recommended that you go straight to the doctors when you notice the signs, every few months especially the warmer ones you should get all your moles and freckles checked just to be on the safe side.

    People with fair skin are at higher risk of developing melanoma than those with darker skin. but it is no substitute for sunscreen and adequate protective clothing. During the summer, a long sleeve top, A wide brim hat, Spf 15+ sunscreen, and protective sunglasses are suitable during the scorching summer temperatures.

    “Between 11 and 3, stay under a tree, the best sunscreen of all is absolutely free.” This statement is not true, because even during the coldest times of the year, you can still get sun burnt. And not only that, UV Rays are not the only thing that causes cancer, Tanning booths and Pollution can trigger melanomas.

    Although there are several causes of cancer, There are also many many myths about cancer. I’m sure a majority of you have heard that putting your mobile phone down your shirt or under your pillow of a night, causes cancer. Not true, I can assure you of that.
    There is no proven study of any kind. Standing too close to your microwave while it’s cooking food causes cancer, Again, Rubbish, The only way you could possibly get cancer from your microwave is if the seal broke around it and radiation leaked out from it. Myth number 3).

    Household bug sprays cause cancer, Sleeping with an underwire bra causes cancer, Photocopying a body part causes cancer, applying sunscreen once a day will keep you safe from UV rays, You can’t get burnt when you’re in the snow. Not one of these statements are true.

    I recently had a personal experience with melanoma, I watched my friend go through a grueling death. Which only took 6 weeks from diagnosis to kill her. I buried a friend of 18 years in which melanoma was discovered in her left arm, and with many so called “successful operations” she was deemed clear of the disease but only one month later, the melanoma had shot up into her liver, which had rapidly caused her demise.

    Painfully killing her within 6 weeks. It was an awful experience to witness, The lady was in significant pain which could only be controlled by morphine. The tumour on her liver was so massive that it looked like she was having twins, but the rest of her body had withered away.

    Leaving the image of a prisoner of war. I can’t believe how aggressive this disease is,no amount of pain killers could stop her pain. And the amazing down hill fall in 2 days was astonishing. She couldn’t eat, Couldn’t sleep.

    Couldn’t walk, She was so weak that she was in and out of conscience Her mouth was so dehydrated, her lips were cracked, and her tongue looked like an 100 year old cockatoo’s tongue.

    Cancer research has come such a long way in the past 2 decades. When you were diagnosed with cancer back then, I was like almost a death sentence. But now with cancer research and treatments, such as radiology and chemotherapy and certain medications, a lot can be cured it’s just when it reaches the vital organs, ie. Liver, lungs, bowel, the survival rate drops dramatically,

    A lot of people these days who have passed on from cancer, their families request that donations to the cancer council are made in lieu of flowers, so more money can be put in to research. Instead of money being wasted on flowers and dying like their loved ones.

    The remarkable thing about this is that she had been to the doctors about a suspicious lump in her arm attached to a freckle. This went undiagnosed. So to anyone out there, don’t be afraid to get a second opinion, or 3rd if you are unsatisfied. If you have any enquiries call the cancer council now, 13 11 20. This is dedicated to my friend Anne Wesner, rest in peace.

    _————————–

    Keep in mind, i’m 15. anything i should add? please answer
    nah, she was 50. my mum knew her for 18 years. so i knew her my whole life

    • ANSWER:
      i’m a two time AML Leukemia survivor. You have my stamp of approval. I know how you feel about loosing good friends. I lost two. It’s tough to watch someone slowly die. God bless her soul.

  21. QUESTION:
    i need an extra two minutes on my speech about melanoma? can someone read it and help me add anything?
    Slip on a shirt, slop on some sunscreen and slap on a hat. Says Sid the cancer council seagull. Although this slogan is commonly used across our nation every summer, There is not enough education about sun safety through out our schools.

    Melanoma is a form of skin cancer. The most deadliest and rapid moving cancer of them all. The first sign of melanoma is usually a new spot or an existing mole or freckle that changes in appearance.

    Some of the changes might be that the spot may grow larger. The edges of the spot may look irregular rather than smooth. The spot may be mottled with a range of colours such as brown, black, blue, red, white or light grey. The spot may be itchy or may bleed.

    It’s recommended that you go straight to the doctors when you notice the signs, every few months especially the warmer ones you should get all your moles and freckles checked just to be on the safe side.

    People with fair skin are at higher risk of developing melanoma than those with darker skin. but it is no substitute for sunscreen and adequate protective clothing. During the summer, a long sleeve top, A wide brim hat, Spf 15+ sunscreen, and protective sunglasses are suitable during the scorching summer temperatures.

    “Between 11 and 3, stay under a tree, the best sunscreen of all is absolutely free.” This statement is not true, because even during the coldest times of the year, you can still get sun burnt. And not only that, UV Rays are not the only thing that causes cancer, Tanning booths and Pollution can trigger melanomas.

    Although there are several causes of cancer, There are also many many myths about cancer. I’m sure a majority of you have heard that putting your mobile phone down your shirt or under your pillow of a night, causes cancer. Not true, I can assure you of that.
    Standing too close to your microwave while it’s cooking food causes cancer, Again, Rubbish, The only way you could possibly get cancer from your microwave is if the seal broke around it and radiation leaked out from it. Myth number 3).

    Household bug sprays cause cancer, Sleeping with an underwire bra causes cancer, Photocopying a body part causes cancer, applying sunscreen once a day will keep you safe from UV rays, You can’t get burnt when you’re in the snow. Not one of these statements are true.

    I recently had a personal experience with melanoma, I watched my friend go through a grueling death. Which only took 6 weeks from diagnosis to kill her. I buried a friend of 15 years in which melanoma was discovered in her left arm, and with many so called “successful operations” she was deemed clear of the disease but only one month later, the melanoma had shot up into her liver, which had rapidly caused her demise.

    Painfully killing her within 6 weeks. It was an awful experience to witness, The lady was in significant pain which could only be controlled by morphine. The tumor on her liver was so massive that it looked like she was having twins, but the rest of her body had withered away.

    Leaving the image of a prisoner of war. I can’t believe how aggressive this disease is. No amount of pain killers could stop her pain. And the amazing down hill fall in 2 days was astonishing. She couldn’t eat, Couldn’t sleep.

    Couldn’t walk, She was so weak that she was in and out of conscience Her mouth was so dehydrated, her lips were cracked, and her tongue looked like an 100 year old cockatoo’s tongue.

    Cancer research has come such a long way in the past 2 decades. When you were diagnosed with cancer back then, It was almost like a death sentence. But now with cancer research and treatments, such as radiology and chemotherapy and certain medications, a lot can be cured it’s just when it reaches the vital organs, ie. Liver, lungs, bowel, the survival rate drops dramatically,

    A lot of people these days who have passed on from cancer, their families request that donations to the cancer council are made in lieu of flowers, so more money can be put in to research. Instead of money being wasted on flowers and dying like their loved ones.

    The remarkable thing about this is that she had been to the doctors about a suspicious lump in her arm attached to a freckle. This went undiagnosed. So to anyone out there, don’t be afraid to get a second opinion, or 3rd if you are unsatisfied. If you have any enquiries call the cancer council now, 13 11 20. This is dedicated to my friend Anne Wesner, rest in peace.

    ___________________
    I’m 15. Is there anything at all i should add?
    give me some lines, or paraghraphs or sentences that i should add to it.

    Anythign thankyou!

    Thankyou, last answerer.
    Yes i know there are many eling errors, but it’s only because I haven’t edited yet, and yes I had planned to practice outloud haha

    should I add this too?

    There are many different cancer fundraisers, for different kinds of cancers.

    World Cancer Day is marked on February 4th to raise awareness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment.

    Jeans for Genes is a major fundraiser of the Children’s Medical Research Institute.
    This includes Jeans for Genes Day, events, exhibitions and other FUNdraising events throughout the year.

    Daffodil Day is the largest fundraising event of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere and the day of the year we invite all Australians to unite and lend their support to the fight against cancer.

    The money raised will help the Cancer Council to fund essential services, education and research programs, making a difference to lives of people with cancer today, and helping to protect lives tomorrow?

    • ANSWER:
      Can you use visuals, like a PowerPoint to accompany your speech. If so, not only could you actually show what everyone should look for, but it would also slow you down by at least 2 minutes.

      Also, if you wrote this speech on your own, for 15, you are an amazing writer. Run it thru spell check, there are just a few minor type-o’s. Seriously, I’ve seen many speeches in my college classes and most are not as well written as yours.

      Also, practice your speech outloud at home before you give it to your class. This really helped me (even though I felt like a dork). It got me over being nervous.

  22. QUESTION:
    Why are my puppies hind legs not functioning?
    I have a 9 week old yellow labrador retriever and when I got her she was perfectly fine. Seemed healthy to me. Running normally and going on regular walks, she was fine. Took her to the vet for her first visit since i’ve gotten her and the vet said she’s healthy but recommends me to give my puppy some pup vitamins. Anyway, when she was 8 1/2 weeks old (just 4 days ago) her hind legs looked as if they sporadically grew. Her hind legs were alot longer then her front paws.All in a matter of 4 hours. Anyway, I also started noticing she’s been walking funny, her hips stick out alot and she’ll have a little trouble getting up. I thought she just needed to get used to her legs that grew. Yesterday, I’ve noticed all of the crazy things she’s been doing since her legs grew has gotten worst. She can’t squat to pee or #2 anymore, get up when she’s sitting or laying, or sit with her knees bent. Also, she’ll fall over every time she tries to walk (hind legs would just collapse and she would use her front paws to slide to wherever she’d wanna go). I took her straight to the vet. Took X-rays and they couldn’t find any signs of fracture or signs of bones growing irregular and her hips were perfect. They thought it might be from a dis functional organ (liver disease or so) so we did some blood work and she was fine! They can’t figure out what’s wrong. They squeezed and pinched her hind leg paws and her legs and she’d squeal from the pain so she is able to feel pain there. For now I’m just massaging her hind legs and filling up my tub with warm water and letting her kinda swim around to keep the back legs moving and circulating. She’s still a playful little pup and no changes in eating habbits. I’ve done so much research of almost all of the possibilities but from all the test it doesn’t seem like it can be it. Does anyone know what this may be?
    I did a hip dysplacia screening. She’s clear on that. Took X-rays from all different directions including her tail and didn’t find anything. The last thing that they can think of is a neurological problem. To be honest I don’t have the money for it and if it is a neorological problem they usually aren’t cure-able. I did more research and I think it’s Degenerative Myelopathy or Cervical Vertebral Instability (wobller syndrome). Taking her to the vet again tomorow. Also, I called the breeder and she’s going to refund my money back and talk to her husband and maybe refund all the vet costs but this won’t help with all the emotional things we’re going through. Even though we’ve only had her for 2 weeks my husband and I have gotten so attached to our Roxy (the puppy). Wish me luck and pray for her please!

    • ANSWER:
      Contact your breeder or the person that you bought the pup from and ask them if they have seen this in their pups before or if the parents grew like this, hopefully you didn’t get him from and irresponsible back yard breeder and or a puppy mill or a puppy store an they did health test and the parents have their hips certificated and that they didn’t grow like this. I also recommend going to a specialist that deals with bones or hips and that it will give you his opinion, and get a full xray of the puppy, maybe when she gets weeks older like 11 weeks old you can repeat the xrays and hopefully her problems will be gone.
      hope your puppy gets better.

      oh and its good you are stimulating her legs i believe it will help her.

      if she gets older and she still has this problem then contact your vet and get more opinions from other vets and if this problem goes away i would still take regular x rays to know whats going on.

      ADD: In cervical vertebral instability, there is compression of the spinal cord in the neck (cervical) region. There are seven vertebrae in the neck which surround and protect the spinal cord. Movement between these bones allows normal movement of the neck. With this condition, there are abnormalities in the structure of the vertebrae, of the ligaments that connect them, and/or of the disks between them. The reasons for these abnormalities are not clear; inheritance is a factor, and overfeeding in rapidly-growing large breed dogs is also thought to play a role.

      The result is instability between adjacent vertebrae, narrowing (stenosis) of the spinal canal, and pressure on the spinal cord. The consequences of compression of the spinal cord in the neck region are weakness and incoordination in all 4 legs – hence the name “wobbler”.

      http://www.upei.ca/cidd/Diseases/musculoskeletal/wobblers.htm

      I am glad your breeder is working with you to sad you may lose a beloved pet, my heart really goes out to you.
      This reminds me of my beloved Margarita She was a beautiful young Doberman that a 5 months old she suddenly drop dead apparently she died from a heart problem I contacted My breeder gave me the run around for a wile but after I threaten to sue her she cooperated with me gave me back my money including my deposit, and enough to cover my sweat margaritas vet bills and her cremation.

      hope everything turns out ok and my heart goes out to you.

  23. QUESTION:
    Help…..my husband is drinking again……?
    Hi
    I have posted on here now quiet a few times. So I thought why not one more eh…..
    Basically my husband has an alcohol problem, he has been into hospital now 5 times because of alcoholic seizures. The last one being on saturday just gone, he was trying to stop, but had a fit at home, got him to hospital and he had another one. But they dis-charged him on the same day which I found suprising. Usually he will get detoxed and then back out again. Basically, the last time he was in hospital, he was in hospital for over 2 weeks and he had had jaundice. He is diagnosed with alcoholic liver disease. But he now thinks that he can still have the occassional drink, when he quite clearly can not. He had been drinking again on and off for since before xmas, he has gone cold turkey at home about 3 times. I eneded up walking out over a week ago because I could not take any more of the verbal abuse from him and just him in general being drunk. He does not seem to realise what he has put me through and his family. Anyway whilst I was away he was back to drinking vodka, the 75cl bottles per day. I think…well he told me he had had about 3 of these, I really do not know where he got the money from. He was all upset that I had left etc etc and wanted me to come home. But I kept saying to him that until he showed me signs that he was trying and wanted me to come home then I would be staying away, I was hoping that this would kick him into action and try and do somethng but quite clearly not as he drank more. I went back home on Friday as I promised I would as we would then have the weekend to sort things out and sort him out and see what we were going to do. He wasn’t drunk, but had had about 7 drinks that day. Now I know more than anyone that you smetimes can not just take drink out of the equasion as this is why he has eneded up having seizures, withdrawls…so that was fine, (Well not fine ) so then then next day he was going to have just a couple with a view to not having any on the sunday. Hwever on Saturday morning he ended up having a seizure at home, called the emergency, he seemed to come round quite quickly though. We had to wait in the A & E dept, whilst waiting he started being sick again, and then he had another fit, which they gave him stuff for and seemed to knock him out for a while. Anyway, they discharged him – which suprised me in the first place. But now he is in alot of pain with his back – I think the force of the fits have caused this, but he is in so much agonly to move he is uncomfortable. But now he has gone back into angry mode, when I spoke to him on friday we talked about rehab – I have looked into it and the NHS can provide it as long as all other avenues have been sought which in this case I think that they have. He agreed to do this and all sorts. Now today he is just shouting at everyvody, he has really upset me, whilst I am at work. Shouting at his mom, thinking we are talking about him behind his back, told me I can’t speak to his mom and dad about anything, he is just being un bearable again and I really don’t know what to do, he won’t go to the doctors like we had spoken about. He is a 35 year old man, very selfish, lucky to still have me and his parents to look after him, but I am really at the end of my tether at the moment with him. He mocks me all the time, keeps saying its my fault what happened on saturday, if I had been there with him last week he would not have drank and this would not have happened, he is being vile, very selfish and no regard for anyone feelings other than his own. Any advice would be appreciated. This has caused me illness, stress like you would not believe, can not concentrate on my job where I am the manager so thats not very good……I give up…
    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I have read this whole thing about your husbands drunken escapades plus him trying to dry out on his own, etc. to only have him continue to drink time and time again. This is your life sweetie, and only you can change it. You cannot change him. You and his parents only enable him to continue to drink. An alcoholic is very manipulative with making empty promises and using anything they can against you to get what they want. All they love is booze, nothing else matters. Do you really want to live with someone like this? Is this what you imagined your life would be like when you took your vows?

      It’s really quite simple. If you want your life to continue as it is, then go ahead and continue to enable him. Maybe between you and his parents can love him to death and I mean that literally. I would have left this drunk a long time ago and would have never looked back as I went. You let him abuse you. You let him manipulate you. You let him control you. The best thing you did was leave him for a very short time, but you came back. The choice is yours as to whether or not you want this chaos in your life. It only gets worse in time because the drinking is going to progress to cirrhosis, so that means you will then have a very sick belligerent drunk on your hands to take care of. Of course, he will try to make you feel sorry for him and you will. I certainly do not envy you. Some women just can’t leave no matter how much crap is laid on them. I hope you aren’t one of them.

  24. QUESTION:
    My best friend has a disease?
    It’s similar to lupus, but not exactly the same. I don’t remember what it’s called. If you know what lupus is, you know that it can cause some serious health problems. Obviously it affects my friend’s life a lot. I know that, but sometimes I just think she takes it too far. It is literally her excuse for everything. She wants to be a doctor, but she is constantly telling me that she just isn’t smart enough and her grades aren’t good enough to get into med school. The thing is, from what I can see, she is definitely smart enough, but she is always procrastinating on her school work (we are both in college, btw). I know that at least two or three times this semester she has used her disease as an excuse to make her feel better for procrastinating and to get her sympathy from her professors and give her an extension.

    Now, I will give to her that one of the times she was in the ER for about a day and wound up missing a test which her teacher was going to let her make up. This was about a month and a half ago. I talked to her the other day and she was getting all stressed out and depressed because she still hasn’t made up the test and now she’s saying that she doesn’t have time to take it and even if she does take it she would probably fail. The reason she doesn’t have time to take it? Because all of those assignments she got extensions for she still hasn’t done. Now, does she have anyone or anything (disease, or whatever) to blame for that? In my opinion, no.

    Last night she was working on a paper that’s due today that she hadn’t started working on until then. Supposedly she spent five hours looking for sources and only found 3 out of 5. On the other hand, she spent most of those five hours talking to me and I know very well that she was doing other things. She has even told me herself that she looks for distractions. Then around 10 pm she told me basically that it was useless trying and she was just going to stop bothering and skip class tomorrow. By then, I was just about sick of listening to her whine, which she had been doing for pretty much the whole time we were talking, and that was just the last straw for me. In my opinion, she should not have procrastinated in the first place, but since she did procrastinate, she needed to take responsibility for that and if that grade was really as important to her as she made it seem, she needed to be willing to make sacrifices, like staying up all night, in order to get it finished. But she wasn’t going to do that. I tried to stay calm and give her advice, and I sent her some lyrics to a song that I thought would make her feel better. At which point she said something really bitchy to me. And then I couldn’t take it anymore.

    I basically told her, this is the shortened version, that if she really wanted to make good grades she needed to stop procrastinating all the time and quit using her disease as an excuse. And she flew off the handle. Now, I myself am not much of one to be talking on procrastinating, I will admit it. But the difference is, that when I do procrastinate I am at least willing to accept that I caused this problem for myself and do what it takes to fix it without running away. She said to me, “This coming from you? Piss off.” And then she signed off the IM. I called her she hung up on me. I called her again and left her a message (at this point I was pretty much in tears because I know she is not a very forgiving person and I thought I was going to lose my best friend) apologizing and telling her I was out of line.

    So what I want to know is if I was really out of line. I know that I probably shouldn’t have said something like that over IM, but I was upset and couldn’t manage to hold my tongue. Oh I also wanted to mention that afterwards she posted a bulletin on MySpace saying that she works her ass off more than anyone just to get through one day and going on about her liver could fail any day now. In short, she was trying to use her disease as a way to get sympathy from people. Which she does all the time. In my opinion. I try to be sympathetic with her, but when she brings up this disease of hers at least 10 or 20 times a day and acts like she’s the only one problems in the world and that nobody else’s problems matter (you should hear some of the things she says about people), it really just starts to get on my nerves.

    Ok, that’s really it. Please just tell me if I was out of line in what I said and if I am being an insensitive bitch to her. And also please give me some advice on what to do. She texted me last night and is going to call me today so we can talk stuff over.

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know what age range you’re in, but when I was 20-22 I was sick. It was a serious condition and I had to have a few surgeries; but I had many, many, many good days that I could be productive. I made every excuse in the book not to do anything. I dropped any class that took any effort. I would go to my part-time job only because I needed the money. I was pretty much wallowing in my condition. I did have a lot of pain and other symptoms that weren’t being controlled and I was so frustrated with the doctors I was seeing. Instead of working through it all, I pretty much wasted my time watching tv, playing games and chatting on-line.

      So keeping that in mind, have compassion; but not too much. Everyone needs bull shit called on them sometimes. If she talks or complains about not doing well in school and its getting on your nerves find a way to change the subject or excuse yourself and walk away. Maybe she’ll get the idea that you don’t want to hear it and will be embarassed that she’s acting dumb. If she doesn’t get the picture, just drop her as a friend. You can’t help someone who can’t help themselves.

  25. QUESTION:
    Can a cat die from Weill’s Disease?
    Hey,

    My cat of 15 years recently died.

    Basically long story but, she had gotten a lump on her chest early this year, she had never been the vets before as she was a really heathly active cat. this lump made her deteriate a little soon after she had gotten it. It started the sizeof a pea and grew quite quickly to about 15mm in width then stopped growing. So i took her and the vet (who I found out recently wasnt even employed by this place and was learning!) he told me not to worry, I could have surgery but I could also see what happens. Because she had suddenly “become a little older” in her ways – she was still fine, playing and purked back up. Because she was old I didnt want to risk her not coming out of the surgery so I waited.

    Since then – January, she got a tiny sheet of lumps, that grew a little fatter but stopped, then another under her armpit but again she was still fine and I was scared to hear to hear that she was really ill.

    I was going on holiday in July of this year, and I got this feeling that I shouldnt be going, that something bad was gunna happen (must be the gypsy in me! lol) but I had to as it was booked for me. I kept checking on her whilst away and my brother said she was alrite and been catching big rats and mice – shes never caught a rat I dont think because she would always bring me was she caught, and she knew I didnt like it so she never caught anything for years lol. he said she wouldnt eat much as if on a protest because I wasnt there, normally shes a really greedy cat. She was looking for me and crying sometimes for me he said which was normal because she used to follow me everywhere.

    So when got home after 2 weeks and first saw her, I said they had kept her well – she looked plump, normally I come home and shes skinnier.
    She wouldnt leave me alone for days, but I noticed something was wrong because her belly looked wierd, like fatter compared to rest.
    I left it because everyone said nothings wrong she looks normal, few days later I noticed it was defiantly getting bigger as she could no longer get through a gate which she could a day earlier.
    I took her to vets and I broke down crying as the vet said all these things wrong – she had heart mumor on both sides, increased lungs and breathing, and mammery tumour which the guy said was ok.
    She reckoned that the lumps must have spread and one was on her liver causing to inflame – Didnt have xray because of all the fuss and she basically said she was going to die.
    I couldnt believe it, within days she was this skinny very ill looking little thing I didnt recognise. I had to take her back weekly for these jabs which didnt really do anything I know but they said was best, she hated the vets so I felt reluctant to take her, I knew had to decide when to have her put down but couldnt. My brother then said that she started not eating as much after she had caught the big rat. I know humans die from, and so can animals, We all suspicious that this caused this. I know she had cancer but I dont believe how quickly she went downhill.
    she then stopped eating, on the second day not eating I said would have her put down friday – this being weds. Thursday come and she did her usual thing since ill and jus laid in garden. I know its cruel and I see that now but I couldnt bring myself to have her put down as I had had her since 3 and at the time It was hard for me to believe she was ill, I was in complete denial about it all.
    later in the afternoon she looked at me funny out in the garden, which she hadnt done since ill. asif to tell me something, so I went to get her and she smelled chicken was eaten and went for it like she was starving – then walked away when i give to her. then she walked away funny, like wobbling over the place and basically fell out the door. I knew I had to take her to the vets there n then. I had read about all these signs that cats are dying,and thinking back it makes sense but I just didnt click at the time. she couldnt walk so she was crawling around the garden to her spot, but really fast. so I rung the vet for half hours time. I went to the shop to get some ink for her paw print and checked her before went and she was just laying there in an odd spot of the garden but I thought Ill be back in 5 so I wont disturb her. come back and she was laying there funny and doing this heavy breath every 10secs, think she was already gone because would wave hand in her face but she didnt blink or move.
    I still havent gotten over this, was near on 4weeks ago now and still hurts like the first.
    I didnt mean to cause her pain but I know I did and will have to live with that now.

    Just want to know if it could have been caused by Weill’s disease, because how happened so fast?

    Sorry about the long story lol tried to shorten it!

    any help would be appreciated

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there… first please accept my condolences for the lost of your dearest pet.

      In all honesty, cancer may mostly likely played as the main culprit for the loss of your cat. The reasons are more complicated which makes it difficult to simplify my answer here in Yahoo! Answers.

      Cancer can spread quite rapidly through the body depending on the type it was and adding to the fact, a senior cat is more susceptible to the disease since their bodies and immune system is not as strong as a young cat so it’s more difficult to battle the disease.

      The only way to confirm the cause of your cat’s passing can only be done through a necropsy (autopsy for animals). Most people opt to not do this for a couple reasons (1) cost of the procedure and (2) the added emotional distress is causes to the pet owner.

      It is human nature to replay the possibilities and the “what ifs”, but it only adds to your grieving therefore you truly have to give yourself permission to forgive yourself which will ease the pain.

      There’s a poem that many pet owners find solace in and I’d like to pass this along to you in hopes that it will help you as well: http://www.petloss.com/poems/maingrp/rainbowb.htm

  26. QUESTION:
    What does it take for an alcoholic to realize they are an alcoholic?
    My husband drinks a bottle of wine most every night. He has quit for a few days at a time, said “I feel so much better now that I quit drinking!” and gets hammered again 2 nights later, and then drinks twice as much as usual every night for weeks. He has been diagnosed with alcoholic induced fatty liver disease, he has ruined his credit with drinking debt, he has had to go to the hospital for injuries he sustained from falling down drunk, I talk to him several times a week about his drinking and all the problems with it, it currently is way outside our budget to support his drinking habit, he says he should definitely quit drinking…. but then when I mention the word alcoholic, he says there is no way he is an alcoholic? He insists it is just because he “doesn’t really want to quit, it is something he enjoys”. But a lot of the time he spends drunk, he doesn’t seem very happy. And when he is sober for a few days he says he really feels a lot better then he does when he is drinking.

    What would it take for him to realize and admit that he is an alcoholic? Is it that he defines an alcoholic as someone who can’t go a few nights a month without drinking? Does he think he isn’t an alcoholic because he doesn’t usually go to work drunk?

    His grandfather accidently poured gasoline on himself and caught himself on fire losing the use of his legs while drunk. His uncle committed suicide while drunk. Does he think he isn’t an alcoholic because he isn’t quite “there” yet?

    Will admitting that he is an alcoholic help him? I am thinking it is a very important step to him quitting.

    He is currently hiding his drinking from me. He has empty wine and beer bottles stashed all over the house. He says he has to “go to bed early” then drinks in the bedroom secretly. But still he doesn’t think he’s an alcoholic? How is this possible, and how can he be shown otherwise? Do you think that because he is at least hiding his drinking now that it may be a first step to recovery?

    I’m trying to take it as a hopeful sign that he is saying he wants to quit, saying that he has quit, saying that he knows he needs to quit now and is attempting to hide the evidence of his inability to. Do you think he may be getting close to at least realizing he has a problem?

    How should I confront him about the empties in the house? I’m planning to more thoroughly search the house today while he is at work to make sure I get all of them. So far its been about 12 empty bottles of wine that weren’t there a few weeks ago.
    He asked me not to tell his parents about the fatty liver disease… I’m thinking of threatening to tell them if he doesn’t quit? Worrying his parents REALLY bothers him.

    • ANSWER:
      Contact Alanon

      http://www.al-anon.alateen.org/

      \

  27. QUESTION:
    Could my cat have a disease besides cancer?
    About 3 weeks ago my cats first symptoms started to arise.
    -Lameness, she started limping in the back left leg first, they gradually all 4 over the next two days.
    xrays showed no signs of any fractures, breaks, fluids or tumors.
    They vet thought it may be tissue damage so they gave her a shot of cortisone which improved her walking until the injection wore off and she was back to limping so i brought her back to the vet he gave her a non-steroid medicine she now is walking fine HOWEVER she then lost her appetite, stopped grooming herself, lost a pound in less then a week and seemed zombie-like. I brought her back to the vet they finally did blood work. Her red blood cell count was low.. she was obviously anemic and her white blood cell count was “alarmingly high”. She was tested for FIV and FELV negative for both and they ran tests on her kidney and livers and both seemed find. The vet did additional xrays and didnt see anything obvious but she did say that something in her stomach area did not look normal but that it could just be that she is a very tiny cat so the image was not clear. There were no obvious masses and my cat is not vomiting nor does she have diarrhea. My cat was given IV fluids, a shot of anti-biotic and steroids. she started feeling great as soon as she got home and had her appetite back and is cleaning herself she feels great today. My question is, if she has cancer, what kind? and if its not cancer what else could it be? thank you any input would be a relief until she goes to the specialist on monday.

    • ANSWER:
      The symptomatology really doesn’t sound like cancer. Cancer doesn’t respond to antibiotics. Since she responded so well to the antibiotics, this points to an infection. The high white blood cell count sounds like it could be in her kidney(s). Call the emergency vet number over the weekend if she takes a turn for the worse, otherwise good luck on Monday, let us know.

  28. QUESTION:
    i need help and comfort in the thought of my mother dying?
    im a 14 year old lutheran boy and todayi found out my mother has very small but alot of tumors on her liver and pancrease and i have just been crying all day in secret because my dad dosent know yet because my mother and the doctors dont know all the details yet plus my dad isunder alot of stress right now so i have to be as brave as possible my mother has been in pain for years and this is the first sign of her dying of one of her diseases i just need comfort and solace and words of wisdom to help me through this.

    • ANSWER:
      Proverbs 3:5 -Trust in the LORD with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways acknowledge him, and he will direct your paths.

      Idk if you are religious or what being a lutheran means(as in your beliefs), but god always helps me through my darkest hours. I am sorry this has to happen, maybe there is a cure :(
      I will absolutely pray for her and if I knew you personally I would definitely spend time with you and let you talk things out with me.

      Adolisca

  29. QUESTION:
    Should I euthanize my cat?
    My 15 yr old cat couple weeks ago started throwing up partly processed blood. She was very dehydrated and skinny. She was also chroniclly constipated. Vet gave her liquids and ran all kinds of tests on her (thyroid, kidney, liver, ulcer). Sent me home with a couple of meds. Doctor called later and said everything came back fine cept shes alittle anemic & she should be wormed. She called back awhile later & said she looked closer & theres signs of mild kidney disease, it can be controlled with diet change. Changed her food to hills pres. for kidney & she doesnt eat it, so ive been giving her her reg.food. Lately shes stopped eating and shes been drooling the past few days badly & looks a lil blood tinged like first time. She really weak & sways when walks. Ive forced some water and food supp. down. Shes seems like harder to see/hear. She just sits & yestr. stayed outside by shed, i brouhght her in my closet. I dont have more money to treat her, could she be in major kid. failure??

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry but if your cat is not eating, that is not a good sign in itself. You know her better than anyone else, but it does sound as though her quality of life is not what it once was.

      I really do feel for you, as this is the most difficult decision a loving owner has to make for their pet and one that we all hope never to have to make. Have you spoken with the vet recently to update them on her current status? Have they made any further recommendations or suggestions about what your options are? A good vet will advise you when it is time to let go of your pet, but ultimately, that decision is up to you.

      The web article below, may help you reach a decision on what is the best thing to do for your cat.

      http://www.messybeast.com/towards-end.htm

      I hope you have the support of family and good friends to help you through this.

      Take care.

  30. QUESTION:
    Question about HCV transmission.?
    My 74 year old father (who is probably more healthy than I am) was recently diagnosed with HCV. I understand the disease was only first defined in 1994. My father had a galbladder surgery about 45 years ago and another surgery to remove a malignant melanoma about 25 years ago. Other than those two situations, he has had no seriously invasive procedures until a hip replacement just 4 months ago. He has little or no liver function issues at this time (based on blood work and an ultrasound of the liver – no biopsy was performed).
    So, could HCV have been transmitted during the surgeries over two decades ago and sat dormant without any signs until recently? Or, what are the other most probably methods of transmission that may have occurred more frequently that may not have required in-hospital procedures / blood transfusion? His doctor explained that heterosexual sex is very low on the list and his wife is not infected.
    He is not a veteran.
    He does not have mental deficiencies, is very on top of things and always has been.

    • ANSWER:
      Was your father ever transfused blood before 1991? Hepatitis C has been around for a long time. It is a blood bourne virus and prior to it’s identification and testing it was a common transfusion complication. Blood centers kept specimens from their donors and when a reliable test became available for Hepatitis C (1991) all of these prior donors were tested. Many were positive and blood banks all over the country did their best to find and notify recipients that they received blood from someone that has since been determined to be positive for Hepatitis C. Many of these recipients were not able to be found.
      Besides transfusion any exposure to contaminated blood like using dirty needles (IV drug users) or tattoos can cause someone to contract this virus.
      Because of the kinds of surgeries your father has had and his age, I think the biggest odds of his contracting this virus may be the hip replacement. Did he receive a donor bone graft? Did he receive transfusions 4 months ago? If he was transfused please contact the hospital blood bank where he was transfused so that they can identify the donors and notify the blood center where the blood came from so they can perform an investigation. There are Hepatitis C tests performed on blood now, but it is possible that an error was made or the test did not work properly.
      OR the donor of a bone graft may have been Hepatitis C positive. Grafts are also tested for Hepatitis C, but again an error may have occurred. Please do this to prevent someone else from also getting infected and to determine just how this happened to your father. If you do this and both sources have been ruled out it is possible that you may never know just how he was infected – but you will have peace knowing that you did your best to prevent another person from getting this infection.

  31. QUESTION:
    Anyone had any experience with bile duct cancer?
    My mother-in-law was showing signs of elevated bilirubin in her blood so they did an ultra-sound on her liver and discovered a growth on one of her bile ducts within the liver – the growth is now obstructing the duct which is making her nauseous all the time. They are sending her for more detailed testing next week but the specialist said he is about 80% sure it is a tumor and in most cases these tumors tend to be malignant. I’ve been reading a lot on the Internet and the prognosis does not sound good but I wondered if anyone out there has first hand experience with this type of disease..?

    • ANSWER:
      Prognosis is generally bad in this disease. Can occasionally be surgically managed, but usually treatment is palliative, or symptom oriented, and not curative. Best bet is to make sure diagnosis is correct, which may mean more tests, and may require a confirmatory treatment opinion from a specialty treatment center.

  32. QUESTION:
    What is left for me to say…..?
    I typed up a report on diabetes, it is supposed to be 6 pages dubble spaced, but now i don’t know what else to put, all i need is a half a page more. Thank you!

    Diabetes Type 1
    Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems using food for energy. After a meal, carbohydrates in food are broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells require insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to help use blood glucose for energy. People develop diabetes because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not respond to insulin properly, or both. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy.
    Prior to 1997, the type of diabetes typically diagnosed in young people was called juvenile diabetes or type 1. Diabetes emerging in adults was called adult-onset diabetes or type 2. Then in 1997, the official names of the types were changed to type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is the second most common chronic disease in children (after asthma). About 13,000 new cases are diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Patients with type 1 diabetes make up about 5 percent of all cases of diabetes. It most commonly appears in girls and boys when they are about 14 years old. Usually, type 1 diabetes is first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, the pancreas does not make insulin, a hormone which helps use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. The cells become starved of energy and there is an excess of glucose in the blood. People with Type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to live. Proper diet, exercise and home blood sugar monitoring are essential to manage the disease. Food and exercise must also be balanced because of the risk of hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, and hyperglycemia, high blood sugar. Both are life threatening concerns. When hypoglycemia develops, cells are not getting enough glucose. Confusion, loss of consciousness, comma and death results when the brain is deprived of glucose for too long. Hyperglycemia and prolonged absence of insulin may lead to ketoacidosis, the accumulation of ketones in the blood when the body uses fat for energy instead of glucose. Ketones make the blood acidic and slow down all body functions. Like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia can also lead to comma and death. The only cure available today for type 1 diabetes is a pancreas transplant, which is rarely done. Because both pancreas transplants and kidney transplants require lifelong use of powerful drugs to suppress immune reactions that can reject the organs, pancreatic transplants are usually done to those with type 1 diabetes who also need a kidney transplant. The side effects of immune- suppressive drugs can be severe and even worse than the disease. One or two people out of every 10 who get the surgery die within a year. Also the new pancreas is rejected by half of the people who get this operation. If the transplant fails, diabetes returns. Recently, experimental treatments with stem cells have shown some promise. For most people, type 1 diabetes is a life-long disease that can be effectively managed with insulin.

    Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
    •Urinates frequently. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream by flushing out the extra glucose in urine. A child with diabetes needs to urinate more frequently and in larger volumes.
    •Is abnormally thirsty. Because the child is loosing so much fluid from peeing so much, he or she becomes very thirsty to help avoid becoming dehydrated. A child who has developed diabetes drinks a lot in an attempt to keep the level of body water normal.
    •Loses weight. (or fails to gain weight as he or she grows) in spite of a good appetite. Kids and teens who develop type 1 diabetes may have an increased appetite, but often lose weight. This is because the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt the provide fuel to the hungry cells.
    •Often feels tired. Because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly.

    But in some cases, other symptoms may be the signal that something is wrong. Sometimes the first sign of diabetes is bedwetting in a child who has been dry at night. The possibility of diabetes should also be suspected if a vaginal yeast infection (also called a Candida infection) occurs in a girl who hasn’t started puberty yet. If these early symptoms of diabetes aren’t recognized and treatment isn’t started, chemicals called ketones can build up in the child’s blood and cause stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity- smelling breath, breathing problems; even loss of consciousness. Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken f

    • ANSWER:
      Watch out on using advice from yahoo answers if truthfulness is graded. While 80% of type 2′s are overweight, only 18% of obese people are diabetic.

  33. QUESTION:
    critique my essay on anorexia?
    The first occurrence of the eating disorder anorexia nervosa or anorexia as it is commonly called was first seen in 1694; however it wasn’t actually recognized as a real disease until about the 1870’s where at this juncture people would actually become diagnosed. Dunglison’s medical dictionary defined the disease as a “lose of appetite” in 1865. In 1868 an English physician William Gall was the first to lay claim to the name anorexia and it was his idea that a persons family directly contributed to someone’s eating disorder. Dr Gull claimed the cause of the disease was undetermined and that most women developed anorexia at any age from sixteen to twenty three. In years past most people associated starvation with theological practices or folklore but Gull’s text “Anorexia Hysterica” created more fascination with the psychological aspects of the disease.

    Anorexia is commonly referred to as an eating disorder but in actuality it is also a psychological disorder. Those who have the disease usually start out by dieting but this lose of weight becomes a virtual obsession. The anticipated weight loss gives the person in general, a feeling of mastery or control over their body. On a psychological level those with the disease value the feeling of control over physical weight loss. Anorexia mainly derives from a self imagine problem. Although one may associate lack of eating with anorexia, those with the disease will also exercise fervently, take some sort of diet pills or weight loss enhancers, and receive numerous enemas to try to flush out excess water in order to loss weight. Anorexia usually starts to become evident during adolescents but, younger children and adults also may develop the disease. More often than not Caucasians tend to become anorexic more so than other races and lower class families are less likely to become anorexic. Anorexia affects almost every organ in the body detrimentally as a person starves themselves. As a result of not eating a person’s heart rate and blood pressure tend to decrease significantly, which may ultimately lead to hypertension. In addition starvation and anorexia also affects the liver. As a person beings to starve more and more enzyme levels in the liver start to change negatively, in some cases even resulting in liver failure. Those who are anorexic generally have lower red and white blood cells causing not only anemia but a weakened immune system. Not only does anorexia cause internal complications, but it also causes noticeable physical signs like flaky skin, breakdown of nails, and tooth loss. Some physiological and behavior symptoms of anorexia include depression, irritability, and attention deficits. A majority of individuals with anorexia tend to develop extreme fixation with food and eating. They may hide food within their pockets, eating inordinately slow, and even eat minuscule portions of food at a dawdling rate.

    At this current juncture there is no unambiguous cause for anorexia but as time progresses psychologists are beginning to develop more ground breaking theories. One suggested theory is genetics. Currently psychologists believe that person’s genetics will be a determinant of an individual’s propensity of developing eating disorders. Some believe that a certain chromosome 1p may hold the clue in determining if a person will have anorexia. Others within the scientific field contribute poor feeding habits as well as under eating as signs of a potential case of anorexia. In addition people who strive to be thin and attractive as well perfectionist usually are more likely to be anorexic. Popular culture and the media may also be the case. The young girls developing mind is easily deceieved and many adolescent girls tend to emulate what they see on television. It is no question that most movie stars, singers, and celebrities are abnormally thin. Young girls look up to these women as role models and to seek to be like them. This may lead to a self image problem and a desire to lose weight in order to look similar to those on TV.

    One noteworthy study on anorexia nervosa is being done by Neuroendocrine Clinical Center. They are attempting to prove the correlation between anorexia and osteoporosis. They concluded that almost half of woman with anorexia usually experience some form of osteoporosis. They also determined that some of them had bones similar to that of elderly women. Due to lack of calcium, under nutrition and over production of glucocorticoids (stress hormones), are reasons behind bone loss and are all contributed to anorexia. One experiment in particular is giving young girls and women with anorexia low doses of the female hormone estrogen to see if that will slow down the breakdown of bones. Another notable experiment done by the Neuroendocrine Clinical Center that includes males and females, attempts to discover the causes and signs of bone loss in people with anorexia. The physicians will tes

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, lots of great information there!

      The only thing that really strikes me is that your essay focuses on the anorexic’s need for control (which is correct), but you only touch on the control aspect with regards to weight issues.

      An anorexic’s need for control can also extend FAR beyond anything to do with weight. In my case, it was a way to control (or numb out) painful emotions. There’s a strong correlation between anorexia/eating disorders and sexual or physical abuse. By starving yourself, you can actually become numb and devoid of emotion…. and therefore you don’t have to feel the pain.

      All in all, your points are very good. Hope they mark you well on this :)

      Take care!

  34. QUESTION:
    I Have Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency?
    i have Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTC) and people tease me cause i cant explain it can some one give me an idea of how too explain this short?

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD), the most common of the urea cycle disorders, is a rare metabolic disorder, occurring in one out of every 80,000 births. OTCD is a genetic disorder resulting in a mutated and ineffective form of the enzyme ornithine transcarbamylase.
    Like other urea cycle disorders, OTC affects the body’s ability to get rid of ammonia, a toxic breakdown product of the body’s use of protein. As a result, ammonia accumulates in the blood causing hyperammonemia. This ammonia travels to the various organs of the body.

    Another symptom of OTC is a buildup of orotic acid in the blood. This is due to an anapleurosis that occurs with carbamoyl phosphate entering the pyrimidine synthesis pathway.

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency often becomes evident in the first few days of life, however it can present at middle age [a]. An infant with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency may be lacking in energy (lethargic) or unwilling to eat, and have poorly-controlled breathing rate or body temperature. Some babies with this disorder may experience seizures or unusual body movements, or go into a coma. In cases where OTC enzyme production is low or non-existent death can occur within the first days of life. Complications from ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency may include developmental delay and mental retardation. Progressive liver damage, skin lesions, and brittle hair may also be seen. Other symptoms include irrational behavior (caused by encephalitis), mood swings, and poor performance in school.

    In some affected individuals, signs and symptoms of ornithine transcarbamylase may be less severe, and may not appear until later in life. Some female carriers become symptomatic later in life in times of metabolic stress. This can happen as a result of anorexia, starvation, malnutrition, pregnancy or even (in at least one case) as a result of gastric bypass surgery. It is also possible for symptoms to be exacerbated by extreme trauma of many sorts, including, (at least in one case) adolescent pregnancy coupled with severe stomach flu.

    Mutations in the OTC gene cause ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency belongs to a class of genetic diseases called urea cycle disorders. The urea cycle is a sequence of reactions that occurs in liver cells. It processes excess nitrogen, generated when protein is used by the body, to make a compound called urea that is excreted by the kidneys.

    In ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, the enzyme that starts a specific reaction within the urea cycle is damaged or missing. The urea cycle cannot proceed normally, and nitrogen accumulates in the bloodstream in the form of ammonia. Ammonia is especially damaging to the nervous system, so ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency causes neurological problems as well as eventual damage to the liver.

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by a number of different mutations. Since the gene is on the X chromosome, females are primarily carriers while males with nonconservative mutations rarely survive past 72 hours of birth. Half of those survivors die in the first month, and half of the remaining by age 5. Prognosis is less clear in cases of adult onset OTCD, as detection of the disease is almost universally post symptomatic
    Since the disease results in an inability to handle large amounts of nitrogen load, the treatment includes strategies to decrease the intake of nitrogen (low-protein diet), prevention of excessive body protein breakdown during acute illnesses (hydration and nutrition) and administration of medications scavenging nitrogen (sodium benzoate and sodium phenylbutyrate). Some patients may need to have supplemental amino acids (arginine, citrulline, valine, leucine, isoleucine).

    In cases where the OTC enzyme production is very low or non-existent and treatment consisting of low-protein diet and dietary supplementation are inadequate, liver transplant may become a treatment option.

    Help me explain this shortly

    • ANSWER:
      You have a metabolic disorder that causes ammonia to build up in your blood, so you need to be careful about what you eat.

  35. QUESTION:
    How can they NOT know whats wrong with me?
    To start off I’m 12 weeks pregnant and yesterday morning I woke up to excruciating upper abdominal pain and projectile vomiting, (around 8:30 am) by 11:30 I couldn’t stand the pain any longer and went to the E.R. There they ran a battery of tests; blood tests up the wazoo and two different ultra sounds, then an internal pelvic exam. First they though it was my gull bladder, then my liver, then my pancreas. Nope. Then it was ectopic pregnancy. Nope. So then they jumped down to my vagina… After 10 hours of sitting there, no food, no fluids, no IV. (Cranky pregnant women are not fun.) The doctor walked in with a nurse and opened up some sort of package and put gloves on and I was like um… whats going on? He was like oh we’re going a pelvic exam. (Me not knowing ANY of my results yet.) I got really irritated and asked where is my vagina coming into this? You’ve already humiliated me once doing the internal ultra sound now you’re going to jump from my abdomen to down there? He got all pissy and yelled at me and whatever. Ended up doing pelvic exam. Oh, it’s Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, called the OB on call and he was like “no it’s not…” and without even seeing me diagnosed me with Bacterial Vaginosis and told me I MUST see my OB today and they gave me an IV of Clindamycin and a prescription for Flaxon. I went home passed out and slept for 12 1/2 hours. Woke up and the pain had spread to my neck down to my knees. Went to my OB and she said its NOT PID especially because I’m negative for both Chlamydia and Gonorrhea and so on and so forth. Also, there are mild signs of BV but it would NOT cause this much pain and to take the Flaxon and see my primary tomorrow. I’m scared to see how I’m going to wake up tomorrow. I already can’t hardly walk, can’t drive, can’t hold my daughter nothing. Anyone have any clues what’s wrong with me?
    I realize this is in the wrong place. I clicked to change it but it didn’t place it.

    • ANSWER:

  36. QUESTION:
    can i sue my vet? PLEASE HELP?
    I have a 6years old mare whom has had a bit of a bad life bless her. When I bought her I knew she had leg problems and it was obvious she had been involved in some kind of accident from the scaring all over her (when her winter coat went) yet the owner denies it!!!
    Anyway she had an operation on her leg in march as her stifle was shattered & her ligaments severed, the vet said she may never be ridable & may not pull through, she did & she is no longer lame. The vets (at the same practice) kept giving me different opinions on her leg – one saying hackable, another saying still lame. I didn’t ride as I wanted to give her a little more time plus after dropping weight drastically from surgery she didn’t seem to be getting any fatter (which is unusual for Honey as she eats loads and is quite a good doer normally! It got to a point where she looked ill as she had no coverage on her ribs but a huge belly underneath, I didn’t think it was possible but suggested my vet come to see her incase she was pregnant, or something else was wrong with her. The vet turned up, gave her an internal & said no she wasn’t in foal but said she did look it. He asked what blood tests had been performed on her previously? I replied “I don’t know, you’re the vet”. He said he would take a few samples and check once he got back to the practice to see if he should check for anything. He phoned me the following day to let me know they had never done any blood tests (even before surgery) which i found odd. He said all tests seemed normal except one was slightly inconclusive and they would look into it. A few days later they said her liver blood test was bad (bile count of 25.3 when it should be below 10. The needed her in to do a liver biopsy. I asked if she could have a stomache scan whilst she was in as another horse i know from the same yard had died of an illness with similar signs – they said they didn’t need to (this other hhorse was also under their care and they had said it was LIVER related-only on autopsy did they find the problem was her stomache). The following day I took her in, she had the biopsy plus they took a sample of fluid they found in the stomache & found she had a heart murmer. They told me to expect the worst & they may well have to euthenise her, yet told me to take her home, I was so upset and refused to take her home saying that I could not take her home if they were going to have to put her down. I was distraught for 2days (as silly as it may sopund). The biopsy results came back CLEAR! The vet said this was very suprising but they could now go past the liver and look at other body parts? The fluid was “not harmful” they said & the heart murmer was “the least of her problems”. On one hand I was relieved but on the other finding out that a heart murmer was LESS worrying was upsetting & again they told me she didn’t have much hope and it COULD be lymphoma (cancer-lukemia). I work in a hospital and asked if there was not a blood test to determine this as in humans it is a blood disease – they didn’t answer the question & just said they had other things they wanted to do first. They did scans on stomache (which i wanted in the first place) and took a rectal biopsy (without permission). I They said they could tell from the biopsy there was inflamation further in. When I asked whether it was treatable again he said it wasn’t looking good. The vet said it could be one of two things 1) Lymphoma or 2)a stomache disorder. He said we could try to treat it as the stomache disorder first but it is tricky as they have complex digestive systems and said it probably wouldn’t work. Again I wanted to give her the benefit of the doubt (she came through before when no-one thought she would) I opted for the treatment. He said she had to be on steroids for 6 weeks & they would come out and check her every 2 weeks but if at the end of the 6week course she seemed no better they would pressume it was lymphoma and put her down. The steroids he gave me for one were for DOGS and I had to give her 20tablets a day which was a huge dosage (would kill a human twice over). I was a little worried but did as the vet said hoping she would get better. after 2weeks she looked no better. I was not happy with the vets pressumptious diagnosis so decided to get a second opinion from another vet used by the yard. He took one look at her and said “well she doesn’t look pregnant for certain”, he wandered round her & heart the heart murmer from the left only & said the speed & density of it meant it was probably due to lack of work that her muscles had lapsed & would most likely harden & the murmer disappear once she got fit again. He listened to her stomache & asked whether she always makes gurgling noises (which she did) and what her droppings were like (all things the vets at the other practice would have seen since she was there for nearly 2weeks). The vet suggested she seemed to have a lack of movement in her digestive system and wasn’t processing hardl
    yes it was cut short. Sorry the vet said she wasn’t processing her food & it was going straight through her. He asked if she had been on anti biotics (which she had for her leg) and now on steroids. He basically said the pills were probably killing off all her good bacteria and white blood cells. He gave me the name of a feed with pro biotic in it to give her. He took a blood sample to test for lymphoma (which i didn’t think you could test otherwise why didn’t the others do this before breaking me apart?)I took her off the pills & gave her this food. Within 3days her droppings were ‘normal’. The blood test came back showing ‘NO LYMPHOMA’ & since then (nearly 3 weeks ago) she has put weight on in the right places & is a different horse! I have recieved a bill of £1720.00 from the first vets yet they didn’t find anything out! I feel like I have been taken for a ride!
    hi yes that is exactly what my horse looked like. Her bum also lost all weight and was very triangular. Basically the pro biotic in the food ‘ALLEN & PAGE – Weight Gain’ helps digestion. He said to give it to her until she was looking good again & then wean her off it as she should have hopefully produced her own source of fighting bacteria by then. Give it a try it can’t hurt & it is no more expensive than regular hard feeds. I was pumping lots of feed into her before hand with no results and now she looks great NOT FAT either as she has one scoop of feed mixed with water & one scoop of chaff twice a day. Honestly I recommend it, she hasn’t looked this good for a while. I thought she just lost weight due to surgery as they do & didn’t put it on well which is why i waited as long as i did but it paid off in the end else i may not have known there was a problem.

    • ANSWER:
      The person to answer that, dear, is an attorney.

      The description is totally unreadable. It’s a cross between emotion and stream of consciousness. Nobody can really determine wrongdoing (or the contrary) from the description, as written.

      I suggest you focus on what you would sue for, give a brief description (minus emotion or personal opinion) and then ask again.

  37. QUESTION:
    why is my puppy’s head wobbly?
    I have a 13 week old Yorkie/Bishon mix. We’ve only had him for two weeks. The first week, he seemed fine. The second week, he seemed more sleepy and showed slight signs of loss of balance. Two days ago, he began to shake uncontrollably and he had trouble standing on his hind legs. He appeared to be drunk when he walked.

    He’s seen 3 vets. One said he had luxating patella in both hind legs. The other two thought he may have been injured or possibly be showing signs of cerebellar ataxia. A blood panel was done to rule out hypoglycemia and liver shunt. I have kept him quiet in his kennel for 24 hrs. and will continue to do so to see if he shows improvement. He is taking prevacox for pain. His shaking has diminished and he seems to have slightly more control of his hind legs, but his head continues to wobble.

    I am very worried about our new little puppy and feel unsure what steps to take next. Our breeder has a genetic warranty, but only if we return the puppy. If we return him, they will euthanize him. If we keep him, I suspect the diagnosis and treatment would be cost-prohibitive. How is this disease diagnosed? What are the costs involved and what kind of life would the dog have without treatment?

    • ANSWER:
      did you use a BYB or a reputable breeder? if you dog was sold to you with Limited registration.. then it was a reputable breeder,,, if you have full registration and breeding rights,, i am afraid you got a PUPPYMILL/BYB dog..

      if your breeder is reputable,, i am sure if you reread your contract,, they will let you keep the pup and will most likely replace it with a healthier one.

  38. QUESTION:
    **Sigh** 23 year old with daily chest pains for the past six months…Any ADVICE OR EXPERIENCE would help…?
    Ok im at witts end. Lets strat with this my name is will, im 23 years old, 6 foot 1 currently weigh 285 (was 326 small victory) suffer from hypertension altough its been under control with the help of some medication. I currently take 75mg of metoprolol, 20mg of benicar 10mg of cyclobenzaprine or flexeril. My oddysse all sarted about 7 months ago, one day while at work (im a cable guy) i was out and about doing my normal routine when i started to feel the sense of lightheadedness and dizzy, i stoped and looked at my arms and they were shaking like crazy, i immediately panicked and drove myself to an er. Thats when i was diagnosed with high bp and tachycardia. I was terrified, altough ive been overweight for most of my life im actually pretty active yet over the past year i balloned from 250 to 326 (junk food,stress, etc). I had been feeling a bittired before all this happened but i just tought it was me being fat. My bp on that day was running at 170/95 scary!!!. and my heart rate was at 140bpm scarier!!!. Since then ive been on my meds and my blood pressure has been normalized i run at around 124/70 -130/80, so the meds have worked only problem now is that ive been having DAILY CONSTANT chest pain and pressure. I would say a week after they found out i had high bp and i was on meds they started. FIrst as light little flinches kinda like if someone was poking you with a tack around the left sideand my sternum. The first time it happened i would gently rub it and it would go away but since those days it has simply progressed to the point where its EXTREMELY dibilitating. Ive gone to the er 1 and to the urgent care about 10 times. For the same symptoms, it always feels like someone stuck theyre hand in my chest and started to slowly press on it, sometimes it feels like there a ballon stuck there, it feels like im having a heart attack daily, and for the most part my bp and pulse stay the same (on occasions i have panic attack and my pulse rockets and so does my bp) but for the most part ive tried o stay even keel. Theyve done cardiac enzyme test, event monitors, ekg’s, stress test, heart ultrasound, and they all come back fine. Theres times where i really feel the pain with my ekg on and it shows nothing other than an elevated heart rate. Its so debilitating when i know somethings not right yet it seems to the docs that nothing is wrong. They always tell me relax its not your heart yet the pain is STILL there. My primary care doctor has sent me to 2 well know cardiologist and they all come to the same conclusion and exclude any cardiac reasons for my chest pains. Hes sent me to one of the best g.i doctors in my city and have had a endoscopy performed on me and all they found was mild gastritis and no signs of GERD. Ive had a gallbladder ultrasound wich only found a fatty liver. Ive had a abdomen and pelvis cat scan which came back negative. Ive had a chest cat scan which also came back negative. I really dont know what other test can be done, i dont feel normal anymore, i feel like im living yet im not?? like im just going trough life with this unknown burden on my shoulders. I constantlly feel anxiety and mostly due to my pains,(had you met me pre- these pains i was a care free type of guy) now i worry about everything. I honestly dont know what else to do. Im getting a mri on my brain cus my primary care doctor sent me to a neurologist to see if it might be neural related. Im scared that im gonna get a heart attack or stroke but it seems everytime i go to the docs they have a different point of view. What can i do? im going to ask my doc for an mri on my chest, might it be a pinched nerve? ( my work requires me to climb poles up to 25 feet) or a disease? my family history has diabetes and arthritis but no heart problems. both my parents are still alive and healthy. My doctor is really trying and tahts why i havent given up on him and all the times ive gone to the urgent care they tell me the same thing, “follow up with your primary”. Has anybody gone trough the same thing? am i going crazy??? only suggestions. thanks and god bless

    • ANSWER:
      are you a doctor, pharmacist I think you are mind fu..k..g yourself there is medicine called nitro relieve chest pains talk to your doctor quit beating yourself up sound like a whipping post

  39. QUESTION:
    Help!!!!! worried about Seroquel side effects!!!?
    Doctor put me 50 mg seroquel xr twice daily for bipolar with psychotic features and I’m worried about the side effects.
    Even though Seroquel XR is not classified as an antidepressant, the FDA has required Seroquel XR to carry the special antidepressant and suicide warning, since Seroquel XR is used to treat depression and bipolar depression. Antidepressants may increase the risk of suicidal thinking or behavior in children, teenagers, and adults (see Depression and Suicide for more information). Therefore, if you notice any changes in symptoms or new symptoms, talk to your healthcare provider immediately. Some of these symptoms may include anxiety, hostility, agitation, panic, restlessness, hallucinations, extreme hyperactivity, and suicidal thinking or behavior.

    Seroquel XR can cause an increase in blood sugar levels and can increase the risk of developing diabetes. Tell your healthcare provider if you develop signs of diabetes while taking Seroquel XR. Possible signs of diabetes can include an increase in thirst, urination, or hunger. If you have diabetes, your blood sugar should be monitored carefully and regularly during treatment with Seroquel XR to make sure your diabetes is not becoming more severe (see Seroquel and Diabetes).

    Seroquel XR can cause a life-threatening condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Some symptoms of NMS include:

    A high fever
    Stiff muscles
    Confusion
    An irregular pulse or blood pressure
    A fast heart rate (tachycardia)
    Sweating
    Irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias).
    Tell your healthcare provider right away if you think you might have NMS.
    Seroquel XR can cause low white blood cells, which can be dangerous. If you already have low white blood cells (or have experienced a white blood cell drop due to a medication in the past), your healthcare provider should check your white blood cell count during the first few months you take Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause a drop in blood pressure when going from a sitting or lying position to standing (known medically as orthostatic hypotension). This can cause a person to faint or to have lightheadedness or dizziness. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms when standing. Orthostatic hypotension can be especially dangerous in people with heart disease or congestive heart failure (CHF).

    Seroquel XR can cause tardive dyskinesia, a condition involving unusual and uncontrollable body or facial movements. The condition can become permanent (even if Seroquel XR is stopped). The best way to prevent it from becoming permanent is to tell your healthcare provider right away if you notice any abnormal movements (including abnormal movements of the tongue) while taking Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause cataracts (an eye condition). It is recommended that all people taking Seroquel XR have their eyes checked for cataracts every six months.

    Seroquel XR may increase the risk of seizures. Before starting Seroquel XR, tell your healthcare provider if you have epilepsy or a history of seizures.

    Seroquel XR can cause an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), high liver enzymes, high cholesterol, or high triglycerides. It is probably a good idea to have your thyroid, triglycerides, liver enzymes, and cholesterol checked (using a blood test) regularly while taking Seroquel XR.

    Seroquel XR can cause high levels of the hormone prolactin. Let your healthcare provider know if you develop signs of high prolactin, such as breast enlargement or breast discharge.

    Very rarely, Seroquel XR can cause priapism (a painful erection of the penis that does not go away). Because this is a medical emergency, seek medical care immediately in order to prevent permanent damage to the penis.

    Seroquel XR can cause difficultly swallowing, which can lead to inhalation of food (which can cause pneumonia). Tell your healthcare provider if you notice any problems swallowing.

    • ANSWER:
      If you can find a way to feel better sans the drug… you’re way ahead of the game. Start here!

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/positive-thinking/SR00009

      It’s never a good idea to rely on meds to aid us in feeling less anxious or depressed.
      Depression plaques all of us at one time or another. Arm yourself with positive thinking and really concentrate on thinking more positive and with more confidence. Granted 50 mg is a small dosage… it can still have many unfavorable side effects. It’s OK to feel down, it’s OK to feel overwhelmed… feel the feeling and let it go!
      Try keeping a journal and see if you can pinpoint the source of your depression. And then find a way to turn it around.
      I believe in you… won’t you believe in you? (^_^)

  40. QUESTION:
    My OB wants to induce me tomorrow is it safe at 37 weeks?
    I’m 37 weeks and 4 Days
    I have heath issue after heath issue in this pregnancy
    First Morning sickness has been present and horrible the hole time.
    I developed gallbladder disease and started having attacks Bi-weekly at 27 weeks. If you have never had one i have had many women tell me its 3x as bad as labor. they last for 4-6 hours without reprieve.
    Pancreatitis at 34 weeks.
    and Liver issues at 35 and the baby dropped later that week so My hips have been KILLING me
    at 36 weeks I started having early signs of preeclampsia (blurry vision, headaches excreta)
    and now at 37 My blood pressure is high (my normal is 110/60 its now 150/85) and for some reason I have lost 4.5lbs sense my last apt. that was just last WEEK.

    Is it selfish to agree to be induced so I can get treatment for these problems?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh hell no it’s not selfish! Sounds to me like it would be safest for both you AND baby. Especially if you’re blood pressure it high, could be another sign of the preeclampsia.
      I was told last week that a baby is actually full term between 37-38 weeks, so I think it would be perfectly safe to have baby.
      I feel horrible for you, I’m sorry to hear about all your pain and hope that everything goes well with delivery. I’m sure once you hold baby, all the other problems will be forgotten at least for that moment…

  41. QUESTION:
    General medical questions thanks for the help?
    In which diseases can we expect the elevation of the serum total bilirubin level?
    Malnutrition & malabsorption
    Instrinsic renal lesions
    Hepatitis b- think its this one
    Vitamin d deficiency
    Nephritic syndrome

    Clubbing of the fingers can be a sign of?
    Cystic fibrosis
    Kidney failure-maybe this one
    Tuberculosis- wrong answer
    Liver failure
    Sleen enlargement

    Second heart sound is produced by ?
    Closure of the pulmonic and mitral valve
    Closure of the aortic and mitral valve
    Closure of the aortic and tricuspid valve
    Closure of the pulmonic and tricuspid valve
    Closure of the aortic and pulmonic valve- think its this one

    Which of the diseases listed below is not a potential cause of dry, hacking cough?
    Allergies
    Viral infections
    Intersticial lung disease
    Tuberculosis
    tumor

    Which group of lymp-nodes located on the head or neck drainage the lymph from the abdomen?
    Supra-clavicular
    Sub-mandibular
    Anterior-cervical
    Sub-mental
    Posterior cervical

    The muscles used as the accessory ones during forced inspiration are?
    Internal intercostais
    Scalenes
    Diaphragm
    External intercostals
    Abdominal muscles

    First sound is produced by?
    Closure of the pulmonic and mitral valves
    Closure of the pulmonic and tricuspid valves
    Closure of the venous valves
    Closure of the aortic and mitral valves
    Closure of the mitral and tripcuspid valves

    Which of the sentences about macrocytic anemia, mentioned below, are true?
    The mcv(mean corpuscular volume) is decreased
    The level of hemoglobin is increased
    The common cause is iron deficiency
    The common cause is b1 deficiency
    The common cause is foliate deficiency

    Chronic suppurative otitis media should be recognized if the drainage from the ear (otorrhea) persists for at least:
    1 month
    3 days
    3 weeks
    6 weeks
    1 week

    The muscles used as the accessory ones during forced expiration are:
    Scalene
    Abdominal muscles
    Diaphragm
    Sternocleidomastoid muscles
    External intercostals

    Which laboratory results should be considered as an indicator of the acute bacterial infections of the respiratory tract?
    Wbc: 5.0X10^9/L
    Esr: 15mm/hr
    Esr: 36mm/hr
    pO2: 95mmHg
    CRP: 3 mg/L

    Make a false sentence about cough typical for vital infections of respiratory tract:
    It usally last 7-10 days
    A non-productive period is often followed by a productive cough, with production of yellowish sputum
    In some patients it can lead to subacute cough
    Loud cough, non-productive or producing small amounts of sputum
    It is often aggravating at night

    Which from the following accessory investigations is not the imaging study:
    Electrocardiography
    Radiography
    Ultrasonography
    Magnetic resonance
    Tomography

    Which of the sentences about the evaluation of the patients reflexes, mentioned below are true?
    When damage occurs the upper motor neurons (cortical and spinal cord injuries) the reflex arc is interrupted
    During the evaluation of reflex, grade 4+ of the knee jerk means that this reflex is not present
    When testing the patient’s reflexes you don’t have to remember that reflexes can be influenced by age, metabolic factors or electrolyte abnormalities
    When damage occurs to lower motor neurons (the peripheral nerve or dorsal roots) the spinal reflex arc in uninhibited
    When damage occurs to lower motor neurons (the peripheral nerve or dorsal roots)the reflexes are decreased

    Associated with dyspnea:
    Pulmonary hypertension
    Mitral stenosis
    All of them can be associated with dyspnea
    Pulmonary embolism
    Anxiety

    • ANSWER:
      1) Hep B
      2) Cystic fibrosis
      3) Aortic and pulmonary
      4) I’d go with tuberculosis, because it would usually be a cough productive of sputum
      5) Supraclavicular
      6) Scalenes
      7) Mitral and tricuspid
      8) Folate deficiency
      9) 6 weeks
      10) Abdominals and intercostals (so I’m not sure which you should put down – maybe abdominals?)
      11) None of them really tell you that, but ESR of 36 is the only unusual one there. Although a PaO2 of 95 could occur as well.
      12) They are all true
      13) Electrocardiograpy
      14) The last one is true
      15) All of them

  42. QUESTION:
    Health Questions. PLEASE HELP! pt 2?
    21. It is possible to burn approximately this many calories per hour by walking:
    A. 10-50
    B. 100-500
    C. 1,000 – 1,200
    D. 1,500 – 2,000
    22. Which type of skin complexion never burns and is sun insensitive?
    A. Type 6
    B. Type 3
    C. Type 1
    D. Type 5
    23. The sun is most intense from ……
    A. 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.
    B. 12 p.m. to 3 p.m.
    C. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
    D. 12 p.m. to 6 p.m.
    24. Bread, cereal, rice and pasta provide an abundance of these.
    A. depressants
    B. complex carbohydrates
    C. protein
    D. vitamins
    25. An effect caused by drug cessation or reduction in the amount of a substance used ranging from mild anxiety to seizures and hallucinations.
    A. intoxication
    B. hang-over
    C. dependence
    D. withdrawal
    26. Most alcohol that is consumed is absorbed through the…..
    A. stomach
    B. esophagus
    C. liver
    D. small intestine
    27. Which is NOT a complex carbohydrate?
    A. a potato
    B. a bagel
    C. spaghetti
    D. cake
    28. You should have 6-11 servings from which food groups?
    A. meats/poultry
    B. breads/cereals
    C. milk/dairy
    D. fats/sweets
    29. Which of the following is NOT true of treating burns?
    A. immerse burn in cool water
    B. apply cool moist towels to infected area.
    C. use ointments and powders
    D. get victim help right away
    30. Which of the following about alcohol/alcoholism is NOT true?
    A. alcohol is a disease
    B. 12 oz. beer = 5 oz. glass of wine
    C. alcoholism can be cured
    D. AA is a support group
    31. Which abbreviation is used to denote sunscreen protection found in suntan lotion and oils?
    A. UVA
    B. PSF
    C. UVC
    D. SPF
    32. The first step in perfroming CPR must be:
    A. call 911
    B. ensure a safe scene
    C. position person on back
    D. ask person if they are ok
    33. Which of the following drugs is a Cannaboid?
    A. cocaine
    B. marijuana
    C. heroin
    D. codeine
    34. “Good Samaritan” laws encourage people to help others in emergency situations by giving them legal protection as long as that “helper” uses common sense and a reasonable level of skill not to exceed the scope of the individual’s training.
    A. true
    B. false
    35. Nicotine is both a stimulant and a depressant.
    A. true
    B. false
    36. Within one year of quitting smoking, ones heart disease rate is halfway back to that of a non-smoker.
    A. true
    B. false
    37. The sun is our primary source of which vitamin?
    A. E
    B. D
    C. C
    D. B
    38. Which of the following is NOT a sign of shock?
    A. clammy hands
    B. chills
    C. bleeding
    D. confusion
    39. What do dairy products provide more of than any other food group?
    A. fat
    B. protein
    C. calcium
    D. carbohydrates
    40. If one cup of orange juice has 30 grams of carbohydrate, how many calories of carbohydrate does it have?
    A. 100
    B. 120
    C. 160
    D. 180
    I need these answered today :)

    • ANSWER:
      you’ll get more answers and less wisecracks if you post your test questions in the correct category

  43. QUESTION:
    Terrified of pancreatic cancer?
    I don’t know whether I’m just being a hypochondriac or not, but I’ve been having these weird symptoms lately. For the past few weeks, I’ve been having weird dull pains around my right upper abdomen, just below my chest and sometimes below my ribcage. I sometimes get a crampy feeling on my left side as well, and this has been going on for a few months, though it is far less persistent. For the past two days I’ve been getting this colicky weird pain on my lower right quadrant, and sometimes I can feel it in my lower left. Also, I’ve been itching a lot recently. I don’t know if this is psychosomatic or not, can anybody enlighten me as to if that’s possible or not? I lost weight a few weeks after I stopped lifting in June and July, going from 146 pounds to about 138, but I think it’s stagnated since then (who knows, maybe I’ve even gained some this month). My appetite’s been odd, it’s there, but it’s different than it used to be. I get upper cramp-like localized back pains from time to time, sometimes parts of my arms and legs feel cramped for no reason as well. And just a few hours ago, after eating a fatty meal, I had greasy diarrhea (I do have IBS, but I don’t remember it ever giving my fatty stools (this is the first time I’ve seen this). Also, I feel more fatigued than usual. I can still exercise just as well as I used to, but if I’m not being active I feel like falling asleep. I don’t know what’s going on. I’m not scared of any other type of cancer except pancreatic. I heard it can effect people of all ages, even if it is rare. Does this sound anything like it?

    I don’t have nausea or vomiting. My pain isn’t severe, it’s typically mild. I’m not yellow, my stools aren’t pale, my urine isn’t dark (but I read that itching is an early sign of jaundice). I can’t tell if I have an enlarged spleen or liver, nothing’s constantly tender, and my Dr. didn’t feel anything out of the ordinary when I got my physical a week ago. Sometimes, though, my upper right or lower right abdomen feels mildly uncomfortable, though this does not last. The pain in my upper quadrant is worse on some days than others (it was worse yesterday than today, and the day before wasn’t too bad). Also, the pain seems to react to stress.

    I have no family history of any type of cancer as far as I’m aware, no diabetes, no pancreatitis. I don’t smoke, I don’t drink often (and when I do it doesn’t cause me problems). I’m a white 20 year old male, around 140 lbs. I do have a predisposition to Crohn’s Disease, and I have acid reflux. Does this sound like Crohn’s at all? Does it even sound like a gallbladder issue? Can someone point me in the right direction? I can’t see anyone until Monday, I’d rather not go to the ER, I wanna go out and have fun tonight and if this is constantly on my mind I doubt that’ll happen. I’d greatly appreciate any input. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Pancreatic cancer in a 20 year old would be one for the record books. Two thirds of those diagnosed with it are over 70, and it’s very rare in people under 40.

      See your doctor about your concerns

  44. QUESTION:
    Does anyone agree with me on this point,that there’s a lot of stuff they’re NOT saying about the vaccine?
    Ok,I’m getting a ton of thumbs down for saying I WILL NOT let my kids recieive the swine flu vaccine,or I won’t get it myself. Just because the CDC says it SHOULD be fine,does NOT mean it’s going to be fine. Does anyone agree with me on this?? We’re not guinea pigs…and here’s some info about the squalene FOUND in the vaccine,and i know I’ve read that the government has signed paperwork stating that noone will be held liable for the outcomes! It sounds a little ridiculous for me…There’s no way in hell I’m taking that risk. Is anyone with me? I’m not risking my children’s lives because the CDC says it SHOULD be fine….

    http://voices.injuryboard.com/miscellane…

    Too dangerous for human use, Squalene is not licensed for use in the United States. Oil adjuvants like squalene have been ordinarily used to inflict diseases in animals – for experimentation and study. According to anthrax vaccine expert Gary Matsumoto and other reliable sources, the US military used an unlicensed, experimental anthrax vaccination laced with squalene, with disastrous consequences, including Gulf War Sydrome.
    Dr. Sherri Tenpenny goes into detail here.

    She states that “On first blush, squalene seems like a good choice for an adjuvant. Manufactured naturally in the liver, squalene is a precursor for cholesterol. In addition, squalene can be purchased at health food stores in its more commonly known form, “shark liver oil.” However, ingested squalene has a completely different effect on the body than injected squalene. When molecules of squalene enter the body through an injection, even at concentrations as small as 10 to 20 parts per billion, it can lead to self-destructive immune responses, such as autoimmune arthritis and lupus.
    Let me add,I am a pro vaccinator!
    I agree with Aly!! My daughter will in no way be getting this vaccine!!!
    I’ve done a LOT of research on it,and doesn’t it say something that the CDC webpage does not have half the info people are looking for? Papers were signed for noone to be held liable for the outcomes of this vaccine,hell no im not doing it.
    It has nothing to do with conspiracy theories. It has everythin to do with that if my kid dies from this vaccine,noone would be held liable,this shit hasn’t been stuided enough for it to even be available.

    • ANSWER:
      I Agree With You 100% !!!
      Do you know that they may be forcing the vaccines to children in schools? What the hell?!

      if so ill say heck, time for homeschooling.

  45. QUESTION:
    Is anyone agreeing with me about NOT getting the H1N1 vaccine?
    Ok,I’m getting a ton of thumbs down for saying I WILL NOT let my kids recieive the swine flu vaccine,or I won’t get it myself. Just because the CDC says it SHOULD be fine,does NOT mean it’s going to be fine. Does anyone agree with me on this?? We’re not guinea pigs…and here’s some info about the squalene FOUND in the vaccine,and i know I’ve read that the government has signed paperwork stating that noone will be held liable for the outcomes! It sounds a little ridiculous for me…There’s no way in hell I’m taking that risk. Is anyone with me? I’m not risking my children’s lives because the CDC says it SHOULD be fine….

    http://voices.injuryboard.com/miscellaneous/h1n1-swine-flu-vaccine-possible-side-effects-and-the-dangers-of-squalene.aspx?googleid=271748

    Too dangerous for human use, Squalene is not licensed for use in the United States. Oil adjuvants like squalene have been ordinarily used to inflict diseases in animals – for experimentation and study. According to anthrax vaccine expert Gary Matsumoto and other reliable sources, the US military used an unlicensed, experimental anthrax vaccination laced with squalene, with disastrous consequences, including Gulf War Sydrome.
    Dr. Sherri Tenpenny goes into detail here.

    She states that “On first blush, squalene seems like a good choice for an adjuvant. Manufactured naturally in the liver, squalene is a precursor for cholesterol. In addition, squalene can be purchased at health food stores in its more commonly known form, “shark liver oil.” However, ingested squalene has a completely different effect on the body than injected squalene. When molecules of squalene enter the body through an injection, even at concentrations as small as 10 to 20 parts per billion, it can lead to self-destructive immune responses, such as autoimmune arthritis and lupus.
    Ok,apparently you guys didn’t read the info about what’s in this crap. I’m NOT putting my kids at risk just bc the CDC SAYS IT SHOULD BE OK!!!!! SHOULD being the key words there.
    No,I don’t think you guys are understanding. At the first signs of the flu,I will be taking my children to a doctor/hospital.
    Oh,and let me add-I am a pro vaccinator! You guys all want to freak out about mercury,guess what? This vaccine has thimersol in it!
    lol signe me up for bad mother of the year too! lol
    The swine flu is no different than the regular flu,other than it’s a new strain of it. There’s absolutely no reason why you just shouldn’t take your kids to the dr if they start to exhibit flu like symptoms. I just think it’s too new,and not enough has been done with it. I understand what adjuvents are,but one that could cause autoimmune issues? no thanks,ill pass on that.
    Bella,that’s exactly how I feel about it. I’d rather sit back and see what happens,than just assume that it’s ok bc the cdc says they THINK it will be ok. I’m not ok with it.
    I agree with all the women that say at least to give it a bit,and then maybe I will consider it if this thing starts to run rampant. If I see a possible need for it,depending on what happens to others that have had it,then maybe I will consider it. Frankly,I don’t like the idea they’re telling pregnant women and children to get it,when all the info I’ve read is that the squalene in it could cause autoimmune issues,among other things.

    • ANSWER:
      This is my second round with the swine flu. Does anyone remember the first occurrence in the 70s? There was a lot of hype on that too and I don’t recall any massive epidemic or dying off of the population.

      I usually get the flu vaccine every year but because of all the hubbub of two vaccines, the controversy with preparation of the vaccines and dissemination of them is making me rethink things. They seem to be pushing this very hard and I wonder if it might not be a good year to sit things out and see what happens with everyone else first.

      I’m definitely waiting to see if people start getting sick from it. Yes, I may be using my fellow humans as the canary in the proverbial coalmine but I really don’t see any other choice at this point.

  46. QUESTION:
    My husband is no fun since he quit drinking?
    My husband and I have always had a taste for the good life. Fine wine, cocktails, fancy restaurants, etc. My husband in particular has a strong passion for spirits and wine. He actually built a bar in the basement that rivals many I’ve seen in five-star restaurants.

    Unfortunately, my husband had to quit drinking a few months ago at the advice of his personal physician. The doctor ran some blood work and informed my husband that his liver enzymes were elevated. Upon further testing, they discovered that he also showed the early signs of liver disease.

    Anyway, at first I was fully supportive of him abstaining from alcohol . I mean, he’s my husband and I care about his health and well-being. However, these past two months I’ve noticed some significant changes in his personality and even his appearance.

    I can’t quite put my finger on it, but my husband seems to have lost that “spark” that he once had. He rarely wants to go out anymore. In fact he barely even leaves the house at all. His voice has become sort of dull and flat; almost emotionless. He’s lost contact with many of his friends and work acquaintances.

    Our love life has taken a significant turn for the worse as well. His libido has just gone kaput. Marital relations have become a chore for him now instead of an integral and enjoyable part of our marriage.

    I’d also estimate that he’s lost about 20-25lbs. The weight loss is even affecting the structure of his face. This is not the man I married.

    Suffice to say, I WANT MY HUSBAND BACK!

    It’s my understanding that liver disease is a very slowly progressive disease. He probably has decades of binge-drinking in him before any significant problems arise. How can I convince him to disregard his doctor’s instructions and live life to its fullest again?

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds like he is an alcoholic. It is not easy to quit cold turkey! Of course he is struggling with it. You need to be more supportive and help him through this. You really want him to disregard his doctor’s advice?! That is incredibly selfish. It’s not going to be fun when he has cirrhosis of the liver.


Feline Liver Problems Symptoms

If you are like me, you probably have a hard time recognizing if your cat is healthy or sick. Cats have a high tolerance for pain. The affection a cat displays by rubbing and meowing may be a signal to check for cat urinary problems symptoms. But first, it is important to recognize the three common symptoms urination, grooming and the litter box. This article will help you recognize cat urinary problems symptoms and treatment options.

The first symptom is your cat’s urination. Look for either frequent urination or no urination. It could also be a small amount of urine. Does your cat have pain while urinating? Recognizing your cat’s urinary symptoms will make you more aware of the next symptom of grooming.

The second symptom is excessive grooming. Look for frequent grooming of genitals and associated with crying or excessive crying, depression. If you already noticed the first symptom of urination and excessive grooming, you need to be aware of the third symptom with the litter box.
The third symptom is what is happening, or not happening at the litter box. Notice if your cat is urinating outside of the litter box and urinating on hard cold surfaces. If your cat is using the litter box, look and see if your cat is straining while urinating or possibly squatting differently. Another symptom to look for is blood in the urine.

With all the fact gathering and you have noticed your cat has stopped using the litter box and recognized all the other cat urinary problems symptoms, you can be pretty sure your cat has a urinary tract infection.

Although these symptoms are not life threatening, it is important to talk with with your vet about these problems. Treatment options may include antibiotics, change of diet and/or a natural remedies. With a healthy diet and plenty of fresh water, combined with a homeopathic remedy, can quickly treat and prevent urinary problems in cats. Natural remedies do more than suppress the symptoms. A homeopathic remedy can help achieve a fast recovery and restore your cat’s bladder and urinary tract.

Do yourself a favor and your cat. Next time you notice your cat urinating, you’ll quickly recognize the three common symptoms urination, grooming and the litter box. Knowledge is power and quick action will prevent the problem growing into something bigger. It’s simple and easy to make a dietary change, add plenty of water and adding a homeopathic remedy. With this you’ll have peace of mind and a healthy cat.


Feline Liver Problems

It is quite common for cats to present to veterinary clinics with a chronic cough or wheeze. The problem may be constant or just recur from time to time, and can range from mild to severe. Clinically the disease may resemble human asthma, but the term feline asthma can be misleading as there are a number of different possible causes. Here we look at what those underlying causes can be, and the different forms of treatment available to affected cats.

Cats usually present with one or all the following signs:

1. Coughing
2. Wheezing
3. Difficulty breathing

A minority of cases will have the classic human status asthmaticus, rapid onset breathing difficulty due to severe narrowing of the bronchi. Cats tend to be middle aged or older, and Siamese cats may be more prone than other breeds.

The Pathology

Little is known about the underlying causes or exacerbating factors in feline asthma. There may be an element of genetic predisposition. While chronic inhalation of airway irritants, such as smoking, has been shown to cause bronchitis in humans, this has not been studied in detail in cats. Likewise, allergens such as pollen, housedust mites, dander, fungal spores, dust and cat litter could all be implicated theoretically.

To return to the comparison with human asthma, when trying to understand the underlying causes it is important to differentiate between asthma (constriction of the bronchi), chronic bronchitis (oversecretion of mucus with a chronic cough) and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Asthma is reversible bronchial constriction caused by eosinophil cells, whereas COPD is irreversible bronchial constriction involving neutrophil cells.

The Differentials

There are a large number of possible diagnoses when a cat first presents with coughing or breathing difficulty. Here are some of the more important ones:

1. Pulmonary edema. Often due to severe heart disease.
2. Infectious bronchitis. This can be due to bacteria, viruses or parasites.
3. Pleural disease. Filling of the space between the lung and the chest wall with air or an effusion.
4. Cancer. This can be a primary lung tumor or metastatic spread.
5. Potassium bromide induced respiratory disease. A side effect from an anti-epileptic drug.
6. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Responds poorly to treatment.
7. Pulmonary thromboembolus. Lodging of a clot in a respiratory blood vessel causing sudden onset breathing difficulty.
8. Pulmonary hypertension. Usually secondary to other heart or respiratory disease.

Diagnosis

1. Clinical examination
The first step in the diagnostic protocol is a thorough clinical examination by a veterinarian. This should localize the origin of the disease to the upper airways, lower airways or pleural space. If the cat is found to have pleural disease, a needle may be inserted straight away to remove either air or a sample of the effusion for both diagnosis and short term treatment of the respiratory distress.

2. Radiography

The next test performed is usually thoracic radiography. This is best performed under general anesthetic so there is lee chance for motion blur, though in acute situations this is not possible. This is where the most meaningful information can be gained.

3. Bronchoscopy

Bronchoscopy allows visualization of the larger airways, and assessment for increased mucus and inflammation.

4. Tracheal wash

This involves injecting a small amount of saline into the trachea and immediately withdrawing it, and then examining the cells and debris harvested under a microscope.

5. Bronchoalveolar lavage

This is similar to the technique described above, but the catheter is inserted all the way into a lower airway before the saline is injected and withdrawn. This is therefore a good test for lower airway disease.

6. Lung biopsy

This is an invasive procedure that carries a significant risk to the patient. It is only indicated where diffuse cancer or extensive fibrosis is suspected, or in severe disease that responds poorly to treatment.

Treatment

The aims of treatment are as follows.

1. Eliminate any suspected infectious agents. This may be a sufficiently long course of antibiotics if bacterial infection is suspected, or a wormer such as fenbendazole if lungworm is suspected.

2. Remove or avoid airway irritants. The most obvious one is ensuring the cat has no contact with cigarette smoke, and purchasing dust free cat litter.

3. Removal or avoidance of potential allergens. House dust mite allergy must be excluded by spraying the house with an acaricidal product.

4. Chronic therapy for the underlying condition. For long term treatment of cats with feline asthma, a combination of steroids and bronchodilators are a popular choice. Steroids reduce the inflammation and lower mucus production, and can limit long term consequences such as fibrosis. Bronchodilators are most useful when there is airway spasm. Traditionally, medication has been given orally via tablets, but over the last few years, metered dose inhalers such as the ones used for human asthma have come on the market.

Aerosol therapy has the advantage that the maximum concentration of drug is delivered to the target site. This means that lower overall doses can be used, and the cat is less likely to suffer the negative side effects of steroids. Various inhalers can be used in both cats and dogs, but they tend to be designed for humans. As a result, higher doses are given compared with human medicine, as humans can be instructed to breathe deeply whereas cats will breathe normally at best.

Glucocorticoid drugs (steroids) used in inhalers include Beclometasone, Fluticasone and Budesonide. Beclometasone is cheap, but is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream when you want it to hang around in the area where it applied. Fluticasone is more expensive, but tends to stay where you want it to. Budesonide is relatively inexpensive and though it is easily absorbed into the bloodstream, it tends to be removed the first time it goes through the liver.

Bronchodilator drugs used in inhalers include Salbutamol and Salmeterol. Salbutamol is very fast acting and therefore useful in a crisis caused by spasm of the bronchi. However, it only lasts for about 30 minutes and is therefore unsuitable for chronic therapy as frequent dosing is required. Salmeterol on the other hand is longer acting, and lasts for about 12 hours so twice daily dosing is possible. Salmeterol is better for long term control of mild to moderate asthma while Salbutamol is better for relief of acute bronchospasm.

The Seretide Evohaler is useful for cats requiring both steroid and bronchodilator therapy. It contains salbutamol and fluticasone, a combination allowing minimal dosing frequency.

Spacer devices

A spacer device consists of a chamber into which the aerosol drug is released at one end, with a mask at the other end which fits snugly over the cats mouth and nose. Human baby spacer devices (e.g. Babyhaler) can be easily adapted for cats. Alternatively, veterinary spacers specifically designed for cats are now on the market (e.g. Aerokat). The spacer should be held over the cats nose and mouth for about 30 seconds to ensure complete delivery of the drugs. It should be remembered that aerosol steroid therapy can take up to 2 weeks to reach full effect, and if the cat has been on oral steroids previously, these should be phased out slowly during these initial 2 weeks.

Is treatment lifelong?

Generally yes. Doses can often be reduced gradually once clinical remission has been achieved. As with many chronic conditions, complete control might not always be possible and an acceptable quality of life is the main aim of the treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I have a cat that may be anemic or he may have another problem.Help?
    My cat is 4 /5 years old and is having a problem with bleeding gums.It is not continuous,it does stop on it’s own ,but someone told me he could be having liver problems or feline leukimia.I don’t want my boy to suffer and he has been to the vet and is going again for more tests.The vet was also a little stumped.Please help me and Mr, Peepers.Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      My goodness, I’m so sorry to hear this. The Vet didn’t suggest severe gingivitis? Severe/chronic gingivitis is a symptom of Bartonella (one of my shelter cats had this and went through the treatment, I think it was a 29-day treatment, something like that).

      If it were Anemia, Mr. Peeper’s gums would be white – test his gums by (when not bleeding) lifting his lip on the side, if they look really white, he’s anemic. To be sure, gently press your finger against the side gums, if they turn whiter when you do that and then right back to pink, then not anemic. Fleas are a huge cause of Anemia as they suck all the red blood cells out (thus, the white gums). Check for fleas and ticks (even if he’s indoor only… I hope), and make sure he has not-a-one, ever! :o)

      Did your Vet happen to do a dental on your cat???? They do use anasthesia for this so your beloved Mr. Peepers wouldn’t feel anything. Might need some pain meds for a few days after getting his dental since his gums are so bad.

      Ask your vet about Bartonella as a possible cause. It’s a tricky test that has to be sent back east, but if this is the issue, it can be cured. Mr. Peeps (hee) would have to go in for yearly dentals and may lose many teeth (this is when you feed wet food mixed with warm water to a soupy consistency so they can eat), but he’ll be fine (if this is what it is).

      I wouldn’t worry until you get the necessary testing done. It could literally be anything, maybe something serious, or maybe not – and most hopefully treatable.

      Wishing you and Mr. Peepers ALL the health and happiness to the two of you!!

  2. QUESTION:
    Help! Any vets out there? Need more info on “Feline Triad Disease”?
    My cat was recently diagnosed with “Feline Triad Disease”. Guess it’s a mild case, but would like to learn more. Not much info on the internet. It’s also called trianitis. I just don’t want to believe that this eventually becomes chronic. What causes this? The vet still hasn’t confirmed the pancreatitis part, just the IBD and liver problems (although they did the exploratory surgery and his pancreas was slightly inflamed). Thanks for your help!

    • ANSWER:
      My understanding of triaditis is that it is often primarily a problem in the liver, and that IBD and pancreatitis are thought to occur as secondary complications. Pancreatitis is sometimes hard to identify.

      It seems to be mostly immune-mediated (lymphocytic/lymphoplasmacytic cholangitis) but may in some cases be due to infection (neutrophilic cholangitis). In the case of the immune-mediated disease, I don’t think the underlying cause is understood, beyond it being dysfunction of the cat’s immune system and inappropriate infiltration of cells into the organ.

      The immune mediated disease is a chronic problem, but in some cases at least it does respond well to treatment with prednisolone and my understanding is that some cats will go into remission after period of treatment. There are also other products I’ve seen used in association with pred- one called ursodeoxycholic acid and the other called S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) which help to protect the liver from further injury.

      I’ll have a look through an internal medicine text for you in the morning and add to my answer if I can find anything else. Hope that’s helped in any case :o)

  3. QUESTION:
    Feline Hepatic lipidosis (Liver disease)?
    I took my cat to the vet today, like I said in a previous question I would. I had to shell out 250 of my rent money to pay for my baby’s blood tests, but it should be worth it. Vets think that my precious Shadow might have Hepatic Lipidosis, otherwise known as liver disease. We will know tomorrow for sure. I was estimated at about 3000 dollars for treatment. That wasnt a typo, by the way. 3000 dollars, 3k, 3 grand. Yes… Anything for my baby!!!

    Anyway, I was wondering if there was anyone who went through this with their cat? How hard was it? I have three other cats, not including her, will this be a problem? What is the treatment going to be like? Will she even survive the treatment? THANK YOU.
    Nuh, they told me the blood tests were to look for liver disease. And they did check her gums, eyes and skin. No jaundice. I looked it up, jaundice and seizures is only present in very advanced forms of liver disease. Shadow’s only had it for >a week – a week most.
    Ken – http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AtDA_ElJ2jsBBxSas4d_Worsy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20100817175624AAFaqxX There was my last post.
    Here I am, writing the final details for my cats diagnosis, and possbily the final details of my cats life…. Her liver disease has been confirmed and she need to be hospitalized IMMEDIATELY but… I dont have 3000 dollars and my family will not help. My immediate family told me straight to my face just to let her die. Im stuck at a dead end and getting rid of her is not an option as she is my pillar, my stregnth. I will keep trying to feed her and put canned food in her mouth and hoping for a miracle. But I think my cats life is over.

    • ANSWER:
      I have known of several cats of other people who have been through this and recovered. It is a very serious illness and nothing to take lightly but MANY cats do recover from it. The best chance is often to have a temporary feeding tube put in if they have stopped eating because it is essential they get enough calories in them and it can be very stressful and difficult to try to manage that by syringe feeding. You might be able to keep the cost lower if you are able to take on a lot of the care at home. Just make sure you talk to your vet and understand everything they are telling you.

      Livers are remarkably good at healing if given the chance. I have not had a cat with HL but he did have liver damage and was I guess borderline HL on top of having pancreatitis He totally recovered. The liver was helped by a supplement called Denamarin.. Within a few months all his liver values went back to normal. They did get him back eating again while he was in the hospital so I did not have to go through the difficulties some others do with feeding. But in Yahoo groups there is a feline assisted feeding group that has people dealing with HL among other conditions, and I have heard that is a really good source of support. so go to the Groups section and search for that. they can probably refer you to a lot of info as well as share their personal experiences.

  4. QUESTION:
    How can I get my senior cat to gain weight?
    My cat is 14, and was diagnosed with liver problems. His liver enzymes were elevated when the vet checked him out and gave him blood tests. He was on antibiotics (finished taking those now) and is also presently on feline supplements for liver function. It was because he lost a few pounds that he was taken to the vet, but he just won’t seem to gain any weight back now.

    I’ve been trying anything I can think of to help him gain. He is big in size but was always pretty lean, but now he’s bony and it makes me nervous because of his age. I tried supermarket brands instead of the good stuff I feed him because it’s fattier and more appealing, and I’ve gone so far as to now start feeding him kitten food with a tablespoon of butter or margarine in it for extra calories. He eats and seems to have a decent appetite but isn’t gaining any weight. Is there anything I can do to make him eat more or gain some more weight?
    Megan that is interesting. I think I will try that. Thanks. He’s got a vet appointment tonight to follow-up and I just hope it’s good news and it’s just his weight to deal with and the liver problems are mostly gone!
    Cat lover – yes he had all varieties of tests run on him. No thyroid problems. He had an ultrasound too before which showed that he previously had a case of pancreatitis but it had gone away on its own. The only current problem was the elevated liver enzymes.

    • ANSWER:

  5. QUESTION:
    My 4-year old female cat is shaking, making spastic movements after peeing on floor. What might be the problem?
    I took her to a vet. He had run some blood tests and he said her liver and kidney functions are OK, but she is tested positive for feline leukemia. (Which I knew already but we had not have any problems about it) Now she started to have the seizures more often. (like once or twice a week) What might be the problem? Can it be epilepsy? Is there anything I can do?

    • ANSWER:
      You said it – seizures. She needs to be medicated NOW. Yes,it could be eilesy, which is fine if they are medicated.

      Epilepsy
      Seizures (or epilepsy) in cats, are more of a symptom of an underlying condition than a medical condition. Seizures fall into two basic categories:
      Secondary, related to another underlying condition.
      Feline Hypertension
      Brain Tumors
      Inflammatory diseases, including FIV, FeLV, or FIP
      Parasitical invasion, such as toxoplasmosis
      Idiopathic (primary) epilepsy, with an undetermined cause. Primary epilepsy is relatively rare in cats, but can be congenital.
      Epilepsy affects less than 3 percent of the cat population. Unfortunately, there are very few drugs that can help treat it, either. The seizures are caused by a brain disorder. Epilepsy is hard to diagnose as the cat appears normal in every other way. The diagnosis of epilepsy is usually made after the other causes have been eliminated.
      Feline Infectious Peritonitis
      Feline infectious peritonitis is a viral disease caused by the feline coronavirus. The cat will not show any symptoms during the early feline coronavirus stages of the disease but from 5 to 10 percent of the infected cats will progress to feline infectious peritonitis virus, which attacks the abdomen, kidneys or brain. At this stage, the disease is almost always fatal.
      Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
      Feline immunodeficiency virus is found in 1 1/2 to 3 percent of cats that are otherwise healthy and in at least 15 percent of cats who are sickly. It is spread by one cat biting another, and therefore, outdoor cats are more likely to become infected than indoor cats. It can take years for symptoms to appear, but the cat will develop immune deficiency. There are vaccines available, but they are not effective in all cats.
      Feline Leukemia Virus
      Feline leukemia virus is a retrovirus, which means it puts copies of its genetic material into the cells of the infected animal. About 2 to 3 percent of all cats in the U.S. are infected with feline leukemia virus. In the population that is already sick or very young, 13 percent are considered to be highly susceptible. Feline leukemia virus is easily spread from one cat to another. Feline leukemia virus is the most common cause of cancer in cats.
      Toxoplasmosis
      Toxoplasmosis is caused by a parasite named Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). It is very common and is found in all warm-blooded animals, including humans. While it is common, it only causes significant problems in rare cases. While it is common in all animals, the parasite will only reproduce in cats. In the rare case when disease does occur, it is usually when the cat has an impaired immune system. If it gets into the central nervous system, it can cause seizures.

  6. QUESTION:
    What causes a cat to loss two canine teeth completely and suddenly?
    Earlier today, I came across a feline canine tooth in my basement. When I checked my cat’s teeth, both her top and bottom canines (on her right side) are missing! I have no idea how it happened, or when. She is not a pure-breed. She is about nine years old. Currently in good health, although she did have liver problems about two years ago. I think the teeth were lost within the past month. Anyone know what might be going on?
    (I also adopted another cat a couple weeks ago, but it was a cat she’d already been been around for awhile, she just hadn’t been living with. The new cat is completely healthy.)

    • ANSWER:
      Awww Poor Thing.. :o(
      Your cat probably bit on something really hard,
      i recomend you take her to the vet to get checked up in her teeth. Dont worry it doesnt cost much.!!

  7. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have any experience with a cat with lymphoma or feline leukemia?
    My cat had a blood test done today on account that he dropped a lot of weight recently, and it is looking like he has lymphoma or leukemia. Here is an excerpt of what the vet wrote:
    “Sidney has abnormal white blood on his Complete Blood count. They think they are a cell type called Blasts.

    Because they are abnormal they need to be examined by a veterinary pathologist.

    He also had a few abnormalities with his liver values as well but these are consistent with the types of problems that create the blast type cells.

    Some things that cause blasts unfortunately include different types of cancers, including Lymphoma.”

    So they gave him fluids yesterday because he was dehydrated and today he looks better. His behavior is almost totally normal except i noticed he kneads while eating food sometimes, and that is new. He is 13 years old, I pretty much only want to hear from people who have experienced this or are experiencing this with their cat and what to expect and the severity of it first hand. So my question is: what was your experience? Sid seems healthy today but i am so scared of his health going downhill. How long did or has your cat lived with this?

    Also, I apologize as the doctor will get back to me tomorrow if it is for sure lymphoma or leukemia.

    Thank you for any info.
    -K.
    Thank you. It is so hard. I hope I have at least a few healthy months. I am so scared of his health deteriorating. i had to go through this with a cat with diabetes about 14 years ago, when i was younger, it was SO HARD watching her go downhill. also, i understand chemo treatment is very expensive, and may not prolong his life very long anyhow. So sad.

    • ANSWER:
      Feline lymphoma is fairly common for a cancer in cats but it is important not to panic until you get the official diagnosis. My 13-14 year old cat was diagnosed with lymphoma this past December. There are lots of types of chemotherapy treatments available but not all will do well with every type of lymphoma. There is a yahoo group for feline lymphoma that you can join and ask questions of others with cats with lymphoma. It is a support group so not everything is allways 100% about cancer but it is a good group of people and the people are helpful. A web site that I found helpful when my cat was first diagnosed is felinelymphoma.org It has case studies (some good results some not) lots of information on treatments and links to places that might be able to help financially pay for chemo. Many vets will tell you that chemo may not prolong your cats life by much. Some cats do really well with chemo and live for years and have a very good life and some don’t respond at all to chemo and deteriorate quickly. How advanced the cancer is doesn’t make any difference in how well they respond in general. My cat is doing well and the cancer is in remission. It is only 5 months at this point but I hope she will live a few years. She is active and healthy enough to not realize she has cancer. She plays with her ”sister” and enjoys a good walk on her leash. If your cat is only 13, 6 more months, if life is good is a high percentage of time. I hope your cat has something more curable but if not, I hope you will join us on the felinelymphoma yahoo group. just do a search on feline lymphoma yahoo group and you will locate it. Even if you choose not to treat your cat, they can help with advice on how to make the best of life for him

  8. QUESTION:
    Advice on possible feline UTI?
    Hi!
    I have a 1 year old male cat named Diggy. The past couple weeks (1 day last week and 1 day this week) he’s had extremely strong-smelling urine. It’s not everyday, he’s drinking the same amount of water as usual, same food, same amount of urine output. He isn’t straining (that we can tell) while peeing, no blood in the urine, no pee outside of the litterbox. The litterbox is cleaned at least once daily and thoroughly scrubbed out once a week. He eats primarly high protein wet food (all excellent brands like Weruva, Wellness, etc.) and dry as a treat a couple times a week (Wellness Core and Wysong Epigen). I also mix supplements (vitamin/enzyme mix, vitamin C, cod liver oil, and a probiotic) into his wet food. Yesterday I tacked on a cranberry supplement as well (for the urine issue). I am always very careful about the dosage of the supplements.
    The only other possible issue is an occasional loose stool (maybe once a week).

    I have a female kitty as well on the same diet and supplement regimen and she hasn’t had any problems to date.

    Am I obsessing or is there something else going on? I need some fellow kitty experts to weigh in. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    Advice about feline hepatic encephalopathy?
    My 1 yr old cat, Teeger, has a liver shunt(s) that prevent some or all of his blood from going through the liver. He can’t process the ammonia created by protein and without treatment drools, spaces out, & his brain is adversely affected. Has anyone else raised a kitty with this problem? He’s doing pretty well on Royal Canin reduced protein but balanced renal diet and antibiotics 2x/day to kill ammonia creating bacteria. Since this treatment he has regained weight and size and become bigger than his littermates like he was before he became sick and stunted. And he’s generally more normal acting, although somewhat subdued. He has the drooling, once a week or less & I wish I knew some other way to help him. I would appreciate any advice. I live in a quiet neighborhood and take him outside with me when I am in the yard & can keep track of him. He runs around with his bro, Zorro, rolls the dirt & chases bugs. I think that has helped him keep muscle mass. Suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry i do not know much about this disease. Just spent the last 45 minutes trying to find info
      Have you looked into surgery?. I do not know if you have checked to see if this can be done
      What i can tell you chance at a long life as your cat is a carnivore and needs animal protein to survive A low protein diet will lead to other problems. High quality proteins are recommended, as they are digested and absorbed before they reach the bacteria in the large intestine and therefore less likely to result in the production of ammonia.
      You may want to consider a raw diet. I also dont know if the vet talked to you about ading zinc and maybe other vitamins into the diet. Zinc may help with the detoxification of the ammonia
      If you are interested in a vet that may be able to help and that is a nutrtionist please contact me. She does phoine consultations. I wish you the very best

  10. QUESTION:
    Live Problem/Thyroid Problem In My Cat?
    Hello all,

    I posted a previous question on here(about 2 months ago) about my male cats Thyroid problem and how I thought it was strange that I was bringing him in once a month for blood work because the vet could not pin-point an exact dosage of the Methimazole to give him to keep his levels normal. I thought that the vet may be screwing me around for money because even humans with thyroid problems don’t do that much blood work. I decided(since my spending has become limited) that I was going to bring him back to the vet in 2 months. He went on Tuesday and his blood work has come back. Now with that background info, here is current:

    The vet called me this morning with his thyroid results and blood work results(opted to get blood work done cause it’s been a year).

    The blood work showed that his liver values have went up. She said it is either an indication for sad(sp?) liver disease or feline hepatic lipidosis. Now, he is over weight, 16.1lbs., but he has always been a big cat. Even when he used to be an outside cat and fed properly, he never weighed in under 15lbs. She said to check this we would have to do a liver biopsy, which I can’t afford. She suggest a medicine that I couldn’t understand because of her accent(I am in Germany and she has a German accent when she speaks English), but that it is a herbal medicine that helps regenerate liver cells. Has anyone else had this herbal medication? Has it helped? She said for a box of 30 pills it’s roughly gonna cost me .00.

    My next question involves his thyroid. She tested his FT4 and it came in at 50.3. Normal is below 33.3 she said. In August he was 11.6, July 51.9, & June 57.7. Giving him two pills of Methimazole is too many, one pill is too little. For the past two months I have been giving him one and half pills. She is now suggesting that I give him 1-1/2 pills one day, then the next 2 pills, then the day after 1-1/2 and so on and so forth. She wants to re-test him in 4 weeks. I asked her if it was ever possible to get him to where she wants him on the values and she told me yes. Which I just can’t seem to understand because for the past year, I’ve been getting his blood work done once a month and she still can’t pin-point to me an exact dosage to keep him level and then resulting in me not going in once a month for blood work. Is his current value of 50.3 extremely above the norm to where we have to lower it? Is it okay for him to stay at that value, safely? Any opinion on this would be great. I know with my mother(she has had her thyroid removed) takes her pill once a day that acts as a thyroid. They test her blood once a year and depending if she is within a certain range of a “normal” thyroid, they don’t decrease or increase her dosage. Isn’t that what should be happening here, instead of trying to get him at a certain value point?

    Any help is appreciated. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      You’re in a strange situation with the language barrier. If the only thing in his blood work indicates a high liver value, then that may be insignificant. One number all by itself doesn’t necessarily mean anything – a good vet looks at all the values in the blood work, and how they interplay with each other. To focus on one bad number isn’t doing the cat any good. If he’s eating, then he does not have hepatic lipidois (fatty liver disease) as this is generally found in cats that do not eat due to stress, illness, or not having food available.

      If your cat’s not losing weight, then his methimazole dosage is probably fine. We just had my old tiger cat retested, and his was high – but he was losing weight and his appetite was beyond ravenous. A cat that is stable on methimazole maintains a stable weight. It may be that there is an underlying thyroid disease or thyroid tumor – these cats “present” with hyperthyroid symptoms, but the problem is really not the overproduction of the hormone, it’s the thyroid gland itself. Treating the underlying thyroid problem corrects the issue, and the need for the methimazole goes away. I had a foster cat with a rare but treatable thyroid tumor – it had wrapped around the thyroid and was causing it to ‘malfunction’. Removal of the tumor returned everything to normal. No methimazole dosage was going to fix that. It may be that an ultrasound of his thyroid might be a good next step for you (and would be much cheaper than the liver biopsy).

      When things are wrong in the body, the bloodwork can get kind of messed up – like the liver values.

      Is there a vet back in the US that you used to use, that you can consult with? You can fax his history and bloodwork to them, and then discuss – in English – what might the next steps be? This would be reassuring to you – you would be able to ask questions and get them answered, and know that you aren’t just focusing on what the world of statistics calls a red herring – a number that is masking the real problem.

      A vet who orders bloodwork and bloodwork and bloodwork without any clues as to what the numbers are telling him/her is a vet who is stumped.

  11. QUESTION:
    putting cat to sleep??is it time??
    i have this amazing cat named Felix i have had him only 8 months. i rescued him from an abusive owner who was starving him for fun. i also resuced him when i was in an abusive relationship and i always felt so bonded to him- he was my best friend when i was in this relationship(im not now) but he recently has become very ill- bloated stomach/water diareha/dehydration/vomiting- but he still has a huge appetite- took him to the vet-ran him for parisites,worms,feline lukehima,cancer,kidney+liver failure,ibd,diabetes,throid problem, they did an unltrasound xray on his organs, and it came back kinda blurry, the vet had no clue he sugested maybe puss inside the abdomen, so hes on tat antiobiotic, and then he thoat pancreas wasnt producing enzymes so now hes on that pill, and hes on flagyl and clavomox, and he was on iv all week at the vet and they still have no clue whats wrong with him, his main problem is really that he cant stay hydrated because of his diareha.
    and it just happened so fast, because hes always kinda had loose stools, but now its just like water no solid at all and im trying all these tricks to hopefully get his poop more solid so he can stay hydrated, and i know hes a lil bit uncomfortable and weak due to his diareha, and he seems to have given up on life sometimes during the day, hes not as active as he was 3 weeks ago, and the vet told us he wont survive this weekend, but i kinda dont belive it because i found felix in worse condition and brought him back to help, just any ideas what else he could get tested for, or how do i know whens the right time to put him at peace, i really wish he would just perk up, he is such a great cat that finally found someone to care and love him you know he deserves more happiness then just a couple of months.
    they said he might be 10 yrs+ and 4 months ago he got a clean bill of health just needed more fiber and then all sudden his body just crashed. jenn you right i would put my animals way more before me, im like that to..

    • ANSWER:
      Did you get anything new in your house, move, switch his food, any type of change recently? Animals can have strange and bad reactions to the most arbitrary things. I know it’s a shot in the dark, but I’m just trying to throw some things out there that might not have been considered.
      I would suggest getting a second vet’s opinion before making the decision to put him down. Ten years isn’t that old for a cat, but he has had a rough life.
      Whatever ends up happening, good luck and I’m so sorry you’re in this tough situtation. It’s so hard to see the animals you love suffering in any way, but at least he’s lucky to have you to end his suffering (a second time) if need be. Sometimes that’s just the way things happen. I’ll say a prayer for you and your kitty. Good luck.

  12. QUESTION:
    My cat is holding her head strangely. Please help?
    One of my cats (outdoors) has never gained weight since we found her in February. She’s terribly thin, though she’s always supplied with food, liver, chicken and tuna and plenty of fresh water. She was wormed at the vet, so it wouldn’t be worms. When we bring her food, she does eat and she drinks a good amount of water.

    She’s seemed to have problems with her eyes, they seem clear, but she doesn’t seem to see that well and one of her pupils is larger than the other.

    She’s also never gone into heat, she’s not fixed either. She’s about a year and a half old.

    She’s a very happy, loving cat despite these things. She’s very happy to see us, purrs very loud and rubs against anything she can.

    However, today I noticed she started holding her head down and to the side when she walked and she also seemed to have some balance problems.

    She won’t stand for very long now, she’ll get up, and promptly find a place to lay down again. We’ve let her rest for the day, and I intend to give her some cat antibiotics to clear up any infections she might have.

    We love her very much, we knew that there was a possibility she could have a disease when we found her because she’s been in poor health, but we gave her a loving home despite the fact. She’s seen the vet, but we could not have blood work done due to the high price.

    I’d prefer advice from a vet. What could be the problem with her? I believe if might be Feline Leukemia, and I know it’s incurable. I just want to know how I can make her comfortable if it is her time to pass or if it could be an inner ear infection?
    She doesn’t seem to be in pain. She’s never cried out, twitched, cleaned herself erratically or responded badly to touch. I’ve lived with cats my whole life and sadly I’ve seen them in pain and I can read their body language very well. She’s really shown no other sign than contentment, however she has no energy. I’ll definitely see about getting her to a vet this evening but they’re going to want to do expensive blood tests that I can’t afford just yet.

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like an ear infection. Please get her to the vet right away. It is very painful for a cat but easily treated.
      She may also have worms or other parasite, again, easily treated.
      Please bring her to the vet. While you are there, she can also be tested for FeLV and FIV. It is a simple test using only a couple drops of blood, results while you wait.

      I have no veterinary expertise except experience with my own cats and many strays. She really needs professional help and you won’t find it here.

      Good luck.

  13. QUESTION:
    My cat Mr. is 12 years old and he keeps losing weight.?
    He has been tested for every problem on the planet Help I grew up with this cat and I don’t want to lose him. He is part Siamese and is very loving. He has been tested for poisoning, AIDS, Feline leukemia, distemper, kidney / liver disease FIP wet and dry, god I feel hopeless. I just don’t know what to do, if there is anyone out there that knows please I beg of you help!
    Thank you all for your support my mother had his put to sleep today. He was a real sweet cat and I apologize that I forgot to add this he was tested for thyroid disease and he did not have it. His Kidney levels were normal as well. The vet believes that he had a problem with his intestines and he would not properly absorb nutrients. If this is true that means our pet food could be to blame. I lost a four year old cat to chronic renal failure. That is not right. Does anyone have any opinions?
    Thank you all for your support my mother had him put to sleep today. He was a real sweet cat and I apologize that I forgot to add this he was tested for thyroid disease and he did not have it. His Kidney levels were normal as well. The vet believes that he had a problem with his intestines and he would not properly absorb nutrients. If this is true that means our pet food could be to blame. I lost a four year old cat to chronic renal failure. That is not right. Does anyone have any opinions?

    • ANSWER:
      Seems like your vet can’t diagnose the problem! Take him to see another vet. Some vets are really incompetent!

  14. QUESTION:
    What could this be? Our veterinarian is puzzled…?
    Melvin had a lot of problems when he came to us. He’s basically been in and out of the vet nonstop. It started out that the vet just thought that he was extremely emaciated and dehydrated. After his first night’s stay with the vet he was sent home with special food and a syringe
    to feed him.
    A little after that he started showing problems with his right eye not dilating. Then he started having small “ticks” that looked much like the start of a seizure. So we went back to the vet and got some blood work as well as some bile tests (not 100% on this, but we were told his bile level at one point). He was tested for a liver shunt, and although his tests came back negative for this, our veterinarian wants to take some further tests as well as keep him over night to watch his behavior.

    He was also tested for parasites
    , FPV, some respiratory infections, toxic poisoning, and feline leukemia. All of which came of negative. He was also given TumilK to supplement a possible potassium problem. He still has problems with seizures and now has some hard masses in his tummy. He also has some problems eating.

    Along with this, he’s shown some problems with balance at certain times. He’ll run and run and run, then all of the sudden stumble around as if he was dizzy. This lasts a few seconds then dissipates.

    The veterinarian is also noticing some odd behavior that occurs at random where he will wake up from a sleep and call out as if in pain, then fall right back to sleep. This doesn’t happen too often, as I’ve never actually seen it myself.

    He’s never had an issue with throwing up, although he has had a couple of “poo” problems (constipation, diarrhea), but the veterinarian feels that this is because of his diet changes we’ve been making to try and help the other problems.

    I think that’s everything, although it seems we’ve been finding new problems every week or so. Just odd little things here and there, although the prominent issue is the dilation of the eye and the sudden strange behavior.

    We’ve had a lot of guesses as to what it could be, but haven’t had a positive diagnosis, yet. The veterinarian is now wanting to look into testing his heart, as we’ve already determined that it’s much smaller than a usual 3 month old kitten.

    We’re looking for any possible ideas as to what this could be so we can catch it early on.

    Thank you
    He wasn’t an inbred kitten, either. The father of the kitten was brought in from Germany and had no relation to the mother.

    He is purebred Himalayan. Peke-faced.
    Lol. Sorry to add more, he’s also done this since we’ve gotten him, so we’re led to believe that he has been doing this since birth.
    FIV test was done as well as an FIP.

    Kitten was the only one of the litter born in a cattery. He was apart of a 9 cat rescue from a breeder that was breeding cats with Primordial Dwarfism (which he has) on purpose as a form of marketing technique.

    He’s basically had all of the routine tests for seizures.
    He’s also an indoor only cat. He’s watched at all times during the day, so ingestion isn’t really an option.
    His blog: http://mouchois.blogspot.com/

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there,

      This poor kitten surely has a lot going on in his young life. I bet he is a very sweet little guy, and it is obvious that you love him a lot. For that he is one lucky kitten. Your blog is a wonderful tribute to him.

      From the descriptions of his behavior and the inability for the eye to dilate, it sounds like this little guy may have a neurological problem along with his other issues. When folks play around with genetic mutations very often there are defects in so many genes which affect many organs and of course the brain. All these problems may be attributed to the mutated genes in the Primordial Dwarfism breeding program. (sigh).

      That he has balance issues is another symptom which falls into neurological disorders, which may be related to “wobbly kitten” syndrome.

      http://www.fabcats.org/owners/wobbly_kit…

      His calling out loudy waking up from sleep and then going back to sleep sounds similar to elderly cats with dementia. I am not a veterinarian but if I were,with this constellation of symptoms and negative testing for other conditions, these mysterious symptoms would be very puzzling.

      Here is a very interesting article about Primordial Dwarfism in cats. Included in the article are some health problems associated with this breeding which may add a piece of the puzzle.

      http://www.messybeast.com/dwarfcats.html

      I wish you all the best with your little guy. I do hope Messybeast’s article is of help to your vet.

      Troublesniffer
      Owned by cats for over 40 years
      Former CFA registered breeder of Siamese and Oriental Shorthairs

  15. QUESTION:
    Knowing the dangers of Menadione?
    WHY do you still incorporate this liver damaging substance into your dog and cat foods??? I would REALLY like to know this. There is no known reason for any type of Vitamin k usage for dogs or cats and when Vets feel the need they use a Natural form as in K1 or K2. While I applaude the dis use of animal by products the fact remains that Menadione causes severe problems in animals and while AFFCO may feel it is safe for poulty or swine there is no comparrison to canines or felines. Since other reputable companies have removed this product Purina continues to use it and I would like to know why. I am sure I am not alone in this query. Thank you for the opportunity to ask this question.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Evelyn… your question seems to be directed towards Purina. It may be helpful to directly write a letter to the Nestlé/Purina Pet Care public relations division:

      https://offers.purina.com/ContactUs/ContactUs.aspx?SOURCEBRAND=18

      Public Relations:
      For information regarding Nestlé Purina PetCare Company Press Releases or for Media Inquiries, please phone (314) 982-2261.

  16. QUESTION:
    I don’t want to “poison” my cats but they have fleas. Do any “organic” or non-poison treatments work?
    I go through this every year when the weather warms up and all the flea eggs start hatching. I have used Frontline and Advantage but keep hearing how bad it is, causing cancer, damaging livers and quite frankly the cats seem sick for a few days after I put this stuff on them but it does indeed kill the fleas. I tried one brand of “organic” flea treatment last year (can’t remember the name) and it actually seemed to make the problem worse. The fleas liked it. One brand has been recommended here – Target Feline Spray – but there are only two reviews for it on line and neither mention if the stuff kills fleas, they just talk about how the cats liked it. Pfft! Has anyone out there used this stuff who can give an unbiased review? Any alternatives? And yes, I know about using a flea comb and flea baths – try giving MY cats a bath!
    >You can however vacuum daily to kill fleas off the cat in the environment. <
    I'm going to go try that right now.
    Ok, just FYI - my cats are scared of vacuum cleaners. Who would have thought!?

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    Help! Any vets out there? Need more info on “Feline Triad Disease”?
    My cat was recently diagnosed with “Feline Triad Disease”. Guess it’s a mild case, but would like to learn more. Not much info on the internet. It’s also called trianitis. I just don’t want to believe that this eventually becomes chronic. What causes this? The vet still hasn’t confirmed the pancreatitis part, just the IBD and liver problems (although they did the exploratory surgery and his pancreas was slightly inflamed). Thanks for your help!

    • ANSWER:
      You should ask this in the cats category of pets, they’ll be answers for you there


Feline Liver Disease Treatment

Like humans, cats experience various diseases but perhaps the most dangerous or fatal of them all is what is referred to as Feline Leukemia Virus or FeLV. Though similar to the virus which causes the immunodeficiency virus or what is commonly referred to as FIV and human AIDS, Feline Leukemia cannot be contracted by another animal nor could it be transmitted to a human.

Feline Leukemia is one of the most common reasons for cat’s death. In fact, a 21% of these cats bought to health experts of veterinarians report that such cats are afflicted with it while thirty percent have developed malignant tumors already. This is usually contracted by other cats through exchanges of fluids like saliva, urine, feces of afflicted cats and or tears. Heating however neutralizes the virus. It can also be passed through bites, grooming and sharing of foods or liquids between cats with either one having the virus. Fleas and mosquitoes are also carriers of the said ailment since they suck the blood of carriers then transmit it to others cats.

The good news is that seventy percent of these cats having contracted the virus for a long period of time eventually recover. Some even show no signs at all that they had contracted such a disease. However, weaker cats or kittens in particular have difficulty fighting of the ailment. This can be dangerous or fatal when an afflicted cat resides in a cat-filled residence.

Conducting medical tests at kittens is a reliable preventive measure. Cats establishing a resistance or the antibodies against the said virus through vaccines do not get sick though it does not signify that the disease has been totally eradicated. Cats experiencing stress or suffering from lack of immunity due to incorrect medication can fall ill again from FeLV.

Feline Leukemia usually starts with the mough tissues being infected which gradually spreads through the lymph glands. At this point, the cat can still do something about it but if spreads the bone marrow then the cat is doomed for life. It will eventually spread through blood circulation which eventually infects the tear glands, salivary glands and urinary bladder. Because of the widespread, the cat becomes an effective carrier of the virus. Other related conditions can include but not limited to the following; blood in stool, immune system failure, bleeding, increased in fluid intake and urination ulcers and many more.

With all these said, perhaps the best way to prevent the virus from spreading is to quarantine the infected cat. Vaccinations can also be a solution though some disagree in conducting such an approach especially to those already afflicted since it tends to weaken the immune system of the feline, which makes it more susceptible to the disease. And even though the cat is already injected with a vaccine, it is still not recommended to have it mingle with other cats.

It is always advisable to have a cat undergo a ELISA or kit test or IFA, a slide test before it is introduced to a new cat environment or before it is even bred with another. ELISE being conducted in a veterinarian’s clinic can potentially detect the initial and secondary stages of the disease after it has reached the bone marrow. The IFA on the other hand can find the virus in its secondary stage.

And even if the results are negative, it does not immediately mean that the cat is free from it since the virus has a long time incubation period. And such cats can still potentially infect other virus-free cats. Blood counting, blood chemistry, x-rays are but a few diagnostic tests which a cat may undergo.

Unfortunately, with all this information, there is still no reliable cure for Feline Leukemia. It can only be controlled. Other than a stream-lined diet and high-doses or vitamin Cs and other standard treatments, a cure is still yet to be discovered. The best approach would probably to prevent any possibility for a cat to contract such a disease through the aforementioned means.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Feline Hepatic lipidosis (Liver disease)?
    I took my cat to the vet today, like I said in a previous question I would. I had to shell out 250 of my rent money to pay for my baby’s blood tests, but it should be worth it. Vets think that my precious Shadow might have Hepatic Lipidosis, otherwise known as liver disease. We will know tomorrow for sure. I was estimated at about 3000 dollars for treatment. That wasnt a typo, by the way. 3000 dollars, 3k, 3 grand. Yes… Anything for my baby!!!

    Anyway, I was wondering if there was anyone who went through this with their cat? How hard was it? I have three other cats, not including her, will this be a problem? What is the treatment going to be like? Will she even survive the treatment? THANK YOU.
    Nuh, they told me the blood tests were to look for liver disease. And they did check her gums, eyes and skin. No jaundice. I looked it up, jaundice and seizures is only present in very advanced forms of liver disease. Shadow’s only had it for >a week – a week most.
    Ken – http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AtDA_ElJ2jsBBxSas4d_Worsy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20100817175624AAFaqxX There was my last post.
    Here I am, writing the final details for my cats diagnosis, and possbily the final details of my cats life…. Her liver disease has been confirmed and she need to be hospitalized IMMEDIATELY but… I dont have 3000 dollars and my family will not help. My immediate family told me straight to my face just to let her die. Im stuck at a dead end and getting rid of her is not an option as she is my pillar, my stregnth. I will keep trying to feed her and put canned food in her mouth and hoping for a miracle. But I think my cats life is over.

    • ANSWER:
      I have known of several cats of other people who have been through this and recovered. It is a very serious illness and nothing to take lightly but MANY cats do recover from it. The best chance is often to have a temporary feeding tube put in if they have stopped eating because it is essential they get enough calories in them and it can be very stressful and difficult to try to manage that by syringe feeding. You might be able to keep the cost lower if you are able to take on a lot of the care at home. Just make sure you talk to your vet and understand everything they are telling you.

      Livers are remarkably good at healing if given the chance. I have not had a cat with HL but he did have liver damage and was I guess borderline HL on top of having pancreatitis He totally recovered. The liver was helped by a supplement called Denamarin.. Within a few months all his liver values went back to normal. They did get him back eating again while he was in the hospital so I did not have to go through the difficulties some others do with feeding. But in Yahoo groups there is a feline assisted feeding group that has people dealing with HL among other conditions, and I have heard that is a really good source of support. so go to the Groups section and search for that. they can probably refer you to a lot of info as well as share their personal experiences.

  2. QUESTION:
    More Advice on Feline Hepatic Lipidosis?
    My 5yr male cat was diagnosed about 3 weeks ago with hepatic lipidosis. He used to weigh 12 pounds now he is down to 10 lbs. I am currently syringe feeding him about 1/4 can of feline a/d daily. (He still vomits a little after feeding). I am trying to increase more food in him because he is only eating and drinking very little on his own. The vet has prescribed an antibiotic called Zithromax daily for 10 days. I am concerned that this particular antibiotic will further damage the liver because it states that it is not recommended for this disease and needs to be used with caution. Should I give this med to him? Or question the vet’s treatment plan? Also how much should I feed him daily to reverse the damage? I know it takes time but I would like to know how much he needs to maintain his caloric intake for his size. Thank you for any help

    • ANSWER:
      Syringe feeding a cat with Hepatic Lipidosis is accepted treatment for this illness.
      The main reason cats develop the condition is from too rapid weight loss due to anorexia (loss of appetite) or some other cause. If the cat won’t eat on its own, you have to force feed it, because any further weight loss will just exacerbate the problem.
      If you are not comfortable with your vet’s advice and the medication he has prescribed for your cat, I would DEFINITELY seek another opinion. And this cat should be hospitalized with IV fluids and maintenance feedings, (which would be syringe feedings).
      As to his caloric intake, he should probably be getting the whole can every day in multiple feedings. Are you warming the food? If not, warming it helps release the aroma of the food. Cats are scent driven, and if they can’t smell their food, they usually won’t eat.
      I have a cat that I have to work to feed. I have to make a puree’ out of her canned food, water and a laxative. I heat every meal up for a few seconds in the microwave. See if that helps, but make sure it is not so hot he will burn himself. I always stir the food with my finger to make sure there are no hot spots.
      Good luck, you have a long road ahead, but with good care, he should pull through.

  3. QUESTION:
    My cat has jaundice and I’m waiting for test results, what is most likely?
    My cat has been throwing up and acting weird lately. I took him to the vet this morning and was told he has jaundice, which could be a symptom of a huge variety of diseases ranging from a parasite that could be treated with antibiotics to pancreatic cancer which the vet said, and I quote, “is not compatible with life.”

    I’m so upset right now, none of the possible diagnoses are really good and I can’t really afford much treatment, already the tests and the exams cost me almost 0. My cat is one year and one month old, he was tested for FIV and feline leukemia as a kitten but the vet said he could have since gotten it (he’s an indoor cat but he has “play dates” with indoor/outdoor cats) or it could have been a false positive.

    I just want to know if your cat has had jaundice and what the diagnosis turned out to be. I hear back tomorrow. Here are some of the possibilities the vet said:

    hepatitis or other liver related disorder
    pancreatic cancer
    FIV (feline AIDS)
    FIP (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feline_infectious_peritonitis)
    Feline leukemia
    parasites/other virus
    something about his white/red blood cells (I was so upset at this point it was hard to listen to the vet)

    What do you think is most likely?
    I meant the vet said the NEGATIVE results from is FIV test as a kitten could have been a false negative. Sorry.

    • ANSWER:
      What ever the label is that’s put on this disease, You’ve got a wonderful little friend to care for and give the best life possible. Don’t let anyone guilt trip you into spending a fortune on a lost cause. Do what you can. love the kitten to the end. hold him her gently and tell him what a good cat he is. How happy he has made you. Thank him for his love and devotion then make a decision in love as to what is the best thing for you and for him. He loves you and trusts you. He knows you want to spare him pain. He would gladly give his life for you. Make the decision that allows you both the best outcome possible.