Cure Fatty Liver Disease

Natural cure for severe fatty liver.

Do you have jaundice, loss of appetite, severe pain in the abdomen, flatulence? Most probably you are suffering from fatty liver disease. Accumulation of fat in the liver may be accompanied by inflammation and scarring. If this severe condition of fatty liver is left untreated it may lead to cirrhosis.

Don’t worry nature can cure even the severe fatty liver with her supply of foods, nutrients and herbal medicines.

General feeling of ill-health, cramping, blood sugar imbalances, flatulence, , fatigue, weight gain, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, constipation, fever, nausea and vomiting are the symptoms of fatty liver which springs from causes like alcohol, starvation, obesity, diabetes mellitus, poisons, corticosteroids, hyperlipidemia and Cushing’s syndrome.

For choosing appropriate treatment, diagnosis is done with liver biopsy and blood tests. Natural treatment for severe fatty liver is quick and without side effects. Balanced diet and healthy life style will be of immense help in curing severe fatty liver. Physical activity like regular exercises is useful in shedding excess weight and aiding blood circulation.

Drink plenty of water and fresh fruit juices and avoid tobacco, alcohol, oily, spicy and fatty foods. Meat, salads, saturated fats, boiled or baked vegetables, foods high in fiber and low in calories can strengthen the liver. To burn fats and to restrict further development of fatty liver eat grapefruits, rich in vitamin-C.

To detoxify, heal, increase bile production, burn fats, Protect and rebuild the liver take a mixture of milk thistle, artichoke, licorice and dandelion.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I am looking for a cure for fatty liver disease in my cat .?

    • ANSWER:
      No cure. There is a diet I believe. Take it to a Vet.

  2. QUESTION:
    Once you have Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, is it for life or is there a cure or reversal?

    Does it continue to progress over time eventually causing liver failure?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different stages of Non Alcoholic
      Fatty Liver disease. Some times people can
      have fat around the outside of the liver and
      it does not affect the function of the liver at
      all. Others have fat that builds up in between
      and in the cells of the liver and this causes a
      problem. Some people are placed on a diet,
      and this decreases the fat inside the liver and
      it can reverse and the liver can heal.
      Let me explain this clearer: The extra fat pushes
      on the insides of the cells and places them
      under stress. It is like going into a small room.
      You have plenty of room while you are in their
      yourself. Then others start to come in and as
      they continue to come it…you are backed up
      against the corner of it. Soon you are not able
      to move around, your cannot get nourishment,
      oxygen you need, and you will die unless you
      can get through…which is now almost
      impossible. That is what happens in the
      liver cell. The fat blocks the things the cell
      itself needs to exist and it also pushes the
      nucleus of the cell out of position. The cell
      becomes stressed, it can no longer function
      the way it once did and it can die. What makes
      it even worse on the cell…is when the cells
      are damaged, it signals the immune system
      to respond and that causes inflammation to
      develop in the liver also and even more, faster
      damage can happen then.

      Follow closely anything the doctor may tell
      you to do for your condition. Whether it
      be losing weight or taking medication for
      any inflammation that may develop or whatever
      causes the liver to be this way.
      If the condition can be reversed, he will see
      this on future blood work you may have done.
      Once the liver reaches the point that inflammation has progressed to the point that
      the cells of the liver die off…this can lead
      to an incurable disease known as cirrhosis
      of the liver. It is best to catch this early on
      so it can be reversed before getting to this
      point. Cirrhosis is scar tissue that forms in
      the liver because the cells start to die off.
      This scar tissue can block nourishment and
      oxygen from getting to the healthy cells and
      they can die also.

      So the answer to your question is that sometimes it can be completely reversed and
      other times it may progress onward depending
      on whether it is treated in time.

      Here is a very good link to learn more about
      this disease

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

  3. QUESTION:
    Is there a herbal remedy for Fatty Liver disease?
    I have a very enlarged liver because of Non alcoholic fatty liver disease.I don’t drink alcohol but I do take a lot of medications and have for many years.The medications are essential.I know I can’t cure my liver but there must be something I could take to help my liver work and last longer.I am a 61 yr. old gal with lots of other health problems.Takeing another med for my liver seems to just add to the work it has to do.Is there something that is good for it and it would apppreciate a little help.I am not overweight and try to stay active but sometimes my abdomen is very sore and bloated to the point that I can’t where anything around my middle so I were dresses all the time.Unfortunately my tummy looks like I am 7 months pregnant.I just got this diagnosis from a recent ultra sound which also revealed many large fibroids in my uterus.I can get those taken care of surgically but a liver transplant is something I what to avoid as long as possible.Any sugesstions would be appreciated and I will consult a doctor before trying anything.I just feel I should do a little research on my own..Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      well, your liver is what makes fat for your body. if you have a lazy liver, then instead of moving that fat out of your liver and into your butt or legs, your liver deposits the fat within itself. so, its a lazy liver.

      since this may be your problem, think of your liver like an extra butt. the best way to lose weight from your butt is to excerise, eat healthy, and SLOWLY lose weight. if you lose weight slowly, the weight (or fat) will come off your liver. if you lose weight rapidly, you actually end up making the matter worse as the liver does the opposite of what you want.

      i know that what ive said is bizarre. you need to see a hepatologist (or GI physician if in the U.S.) and have this explained to you in a matter that may make more sense….as i dont know your preferred learning style.

      basically, eat healthy and exercise in order to lose weight. that should help your fatty liver out!

      best wishes.

  4. QUESTION:
    Is a disease called “fatty liver” dangerous?
    My friend whos about 48yrs is suffering from a disease called FATTY LIVER is this dangerous? Is there any cure for this condition?

    • ANSWER:
      There are two types of fatty liver disease,
      those called non-alcoholic fatty liver (NASH) and
      alcoholic fatty liver. Both can become
      dangerous if the cause of the disease is not
      stopped and reversed. Some people develop
      this because of high triglycerides, fats in
      the liver. This can come from the food they
      eat or be a hereditary condition, and these
      people are usually overweight. The other
      one is caused because the alcohol, they
      consume, interferes with the metabolism of
      the fats. Going on a special diet or stopping
      the drinking of alcohol can reverse the
      disease and the liver can heal.

      If they do not follow the instructions they
      are given, like those above, and they continue
      to eat wrong or drink alcohol, it could lead
      to a very dangerous situation for them.
      The cells of the liver will start to die, this
      is known as cirrhosis. Once they start to
      die, there is no reversing this disease.
      The reason is because where the cells die
      they form scar tissue inside the liver. This
      scar tissue prevents the other healthy liver
      cells from obtaining nourishment and oxygen
      they need to function and they die also.
      It is a continual cycle after that. The only
      thing that can be done is to try to slow the
      cirrhosis down until the patient has a liver
      transplant. It is much better for the patient to
      follow the doctors instructions and do what
      ever is necessary to heal the liver from the
      inflammation that develops than to face that.
      A liver transplant can cost anywhere from
      0,000 and higher. Then the patient is
      also forced to be with medical doctors the
      rest of their life. This surgery isn’t just
      performed on anyone…there is a shortage of
      organs and the patient has to go through an
      evaluation process to be placed on a very long
      waiting list and wait until an organ becomes
      available for them or they can die while on
      the list if the cirrhosis keeps progressing or they
      become too sick to withstand a 7 to 14 hour
      surgery.

      Here is a site that explains about fatty liver:

      http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/common/standard/transform.jsp?requestURI=/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/fatty_liver.jsp

      If you read this article, you will see other
      causes of fatty liver disease and how they
      treat it. I mentioned the main ones in this post.

  5. QUESTION:
    I have NAFLD (Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease). What are my chances of getting Cirrhosis?
    I went to the the ER the other day because I have had chronic diarrhea, dizziness, and abdominal pain for more than 3 months now. The Dr. found that I had NAFLD and said that I should be seeing a Dr. for this condition and said that I need MANY tests done to see what is causing it. She also said that I have to be on a vegan diet (I am not overweight) to see if it can reverse the Disease. My questions are: Is there a cure for this & What are the chances of it forming into Cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      You should be seeing either a gastroenterlogist
      or hepatologist now.
      Fatty liver disease can be caused by many
      different things: alcohol consumption, certain
      medications like steriods, weight gain, hereditary conditions,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels
      and more.

      The cause needs to be determined.
      There are different stages of this disease….
      Simple fatty liver doesn’t usually cause a
      problem and can be easily reversed by
      stopping the cause. Alot of people are very
      thin and can still have this problem.

      The fat pushes on the liver cells and can
      even push the nucleus of the liver cell out of
      place. That is why it has to be treated immediately
      ….so the fat will disappear and not harm the cells.
      The liver is surrounded by a membrane capsule and
      the fat only adds to the pressure inside the liver.
      If the cells of the liver become damaged, it signals
      the immune system of the body to respond to
      this. The immune system then causes inflammation
      to develop inside the liver, also. This will cause the
      liver to enlarge in size. It then goes from simple
      fatty liver to steatohepatitis. Steato means fat,
      hepat means liver and itis means inflammation.
      This becomes more serious…the inflammation adds
      to more pressure inside the liver and the cells can
      more easily start to die off. When the cells die off,
      it becomes a progressive disease known as
      Cirrhosis of the liver. What happens now, it the
      cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver
      that blocks the flow of blood through the liver on
      its way back to the heart and may also block
      the flow of blood to the other liver cells and they
      will continually die off.

      If the patient follows the doctor instructions and
      is treated for any inflammation that may have
      developed…then it may never go to the point of
      becoming Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Here are some links to help you learn more about
      this, that you can click on:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  6. QUESTION:
    what is nash disease in obese chidren, and how do you cure it?
    this disease is in the liver.it is also called fatty liver disease.It seems to be akin to the liver problems an adult alcoholic experiences……

    • ANSWER:
      No surgeries or medications can cure it, only diet and exercise…a healthy lifestyle. It can be reversed before any further damage is done. Try looking here:

      http://dietplanforfattyliver.com/

      http://www.squidoo.com/fatty-liver-solution

      Good Luck!

  7. QUESTION:
    What can I do about my fatty liver?. c?
    I have just been diagnosed with “non alcoholic fatty liver disease, thoughI have high cholesterol ,the specialist attributed it too me” being half a stone over weight, this makes no sense to me as I know poeple twice as haevey and twice my age, who do not have this condition. He recoomends ” diet and exersize., I alraedy do exersize size three times a week, and eat seansably.

    I fear devlponing cirhosses, might someone have any ideas for reasion why I may have this, and how it might be cured?.

    • ANSWER:
      It’s caused by high cholesterol, being overweight and having a genetic predisposition. The genetics are why not every overweight person develops a fatty liver.
      You must eat a lower calorie diet with much less fat in it, and do more strenuous exercise. Try to lose at least half a stone. If you’re predisposed to liver disease, it can’t hurt to lose a little more, maybe a stone.
      It’s not fair that some people get it and others don’t, but if you don’t do all you can now then you will get cirrhosis. So however unlikely it seems, you should change your diet and exercise more.

  8. QUESTION:
    Need help with homeopathic medicine, any suggestions? Urgent?
    1. Antidote for Chikungunya / Dengue
    2. Cure for fatty Liver disease
    3. Cure for diabetes

    • ANSWER:
      CHINA 30 for Chikungunya thrice a day,
      For Liver SULFUR 30 BRYONIA 30 and CARDUSS MARIANUS Q(Mother Tincture) 20 drops thrice a day and SULFUR and BRYONIA 3 Drops.
      For Diabetes and for the Liver Disease I will need complete symptoms of the patient but the above will clear most of the liver symptoms including Jaundice and Hepatitis. Please give complete details of the patient for an appropriate treatment.If there is something else you want to know or clarify please post details or email me.
      Take care and God Bless you !

  9. QUESTION:
    what are the reasons of a slightly fatty liver and what are the symptoms?
    is it fatal, can it be cured, is it a natural occurance or disease, drug, alcohol, or poison related?

    • ANSWER:
      It is not fatal.

      Some individuals can develop fatty liver. Most people who do not abuse alcohol and have fatty liver are obese. Fatty liver is called steatosis, and fatty liver with liver inflammation is called or steatohepatitis. Steatosis and steatohepatitis can be caused by alcohol and other drugs and can also sometimes occur in patients with diabetes mellitus. Steatohepatitis notcaused by alcohol is sometimes referred to as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or “NASH.” The factors that determine who will develop fatty liver are not known. Some mildly obese and occasional non-obese patients will develop fatty liver while some who are severely obese will not.
      Patients with fatty liver or steatohepatitis usually present to a physician with unexplained elevations in the serum aminotransferase activities. Serum alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activities can also be elevated. The patient is usually 10% or more above his/her ideal body weight.

      The diagnosis is usually suspected after other causes of hepatitis are excluded. A careful drug and alcohol history should be taken and serological testing for HBsAg and antibodies against the hepatitis C virus should be performed. Metabolic diseases should be excluded by a careful family history and appropriate testing if they are suspected. Serum protein electrophoresis and testing for autoantibodies should be performed if autoimmune hepatitis is suspected. Sometimes, patients with fatty liver or steatohepatitis will have elevated serum trigyceride concentrations, however, this is not always the case.

  10. QUESTION:
    Please help my cat, i don’t know what to do!?
    ok its a long story but please read it. my cat is 11 years old.

    my cat was throwing up yellow liquid every day for a week and kept making an awful yelping noise before he would vomit. we took him to the vet and they said there were crystals in his kidney that were small enough to be dissolved by a special type of food, which he ate and seemed to like. they also prescribed an antibiotic and an anti vomiting pill for him to take (cerenia?). he seemed better for about a day or two, but then he refused to eat his food and threw up a few times over the course of 4 days and sometimes the vomit was like white foam; other times it was yellow liquid. We took him to the vet after he refused to eat for 4 days. the vet made a chiropractic adjustment on his back (((also made one one week prior, because he had hip/back problems before and his back was sort of swayed near his butt. the vet thought that it may have been pressing on his kidneys and causing a gag reflex. his back was better but he still vomited afterward))) and this time his back seemed better but this did not cure his illness. he prescribed a higher dosage of cerenia (anti vomit/anti nausea), and said to stop giving our cat the antibiotic, which he felt may have been ruining his appetite. also, because our cat was not eating at all for 4 days, he said to feed him wet food through a syringe. we took him home today after he went to the vet yesterday and gave him his second anti-vomit/nausea pill (cerenia) and fed him a few times with the syringe. (((the vet also suggested that the cat may have developed a aversion to the special food for his kidney because he got more sick while eating it, so we tried to give him his old dry food today. he seemed interested in the food and ate a few pieces but mostly just pushed it around the bowl.))) after we gave him the cerenia pill, he sat near the wall in a ball (he’d been doing this since we noticed him getting sick and he also hid in new places; idk if this means anything. throughout all of this, he has seemed more lethargic, tired, and overall weak than we have ever seen him.) and i walked over to see what he was doing. i noticed a few drops of water/drool? were coming out of his mouth. now i’m not sure if he just drank, but i don’t think he did. he dripped a few times like a faucet that’s barely left on. on sunday hes going back to the vet to have a urinalysis completed because he had blood in his urine in the last examination. i don’t know what’s going on, and it seems as if the vet is just as perplexed (he basically said it could be any number of things and i remember him saying pancreaitis and other things like if he doesn’t eat he will get fatty liver disease.) so i’m just really confused and am looking for anyone who has experienced the same thing or has any suggestions.

    sorry it is so long….but i’m getting desperate now.

    • ANSWER:
      I am not a doctor or anything, but here is what I would do, based on my experience.

      Immediately discontinue cerenia. It sounds like your cat is having a reaction to it. Cerenia is not approved for use in cats and there are some concerns with its use. Besides, the bile is not the problem with the cat – it is a symptom. The cause of the illness should be investigated. A cat who is not feeling well will often hide and sleep excessively.

      Also, your cat must eat! Cats are poor fasters and fatty liver disease is a real possibility for cats who go without eating for a couple of days. Never wait for 4 days. If you must, assist feed the cat. Make a slurry of canned food mixed with water and slowly feed the cat using a syringe. Never squirt directly into the throat, but gently ease it into the side of the mouth and allow the cat to swallow on its own.

      Seek a second opinion from another vet if your cat is not getting better.

  11. QUESTION:
    Would YOU Eat Dandelions Fresh From Your Yard …?
    … if you knew that by ingesting them they could:

    Prevent or cure liver diseases, such as hepatitis or undice;
    Act as a tonic and gentle diuretic to purify your blood, cleanse your system, dissolve kidney stones, and otherwise improve gastro-intestinal health;
    Assist in weight reduction; cleanse your skin and Eliminate acne;
    Improve your bowel function, working equally well to relieve both constipation and diarrhea;
    Prevent or lower high blood pressure;
    Prevent or cure anemia;
    Lower your serum cholesterol by as much as half;
    Eliminate or drastically reduce acid indigestion and gas buildup by cutting the heaviness of fatty foods;
    Prevent or cure various forms of cancer;
    Prevent or control diabetes mellitus;

    AND MOST PEOPLE GET RID OF THEM AND CALL THEM NASTY WEEDS!

    • ANSWER:
      yes, I have and also harvest red clover, plantain and violets right outside the door.

      And many herbs/plants/wild foods from the fields and woods too in my life.

      But they are pretty cheap to buy..the ones in my fridge from Kroger just cost 1.29 lb

      I always liked dandelions even as a little girls and never thought them weeds but pretty flowers that look cool in a field or lawn personally.

      As a child I loved flowers an picking them and this helped me later in life to identify them easier for wild foods or medicines. the more I learn about the astounding power of so many plants, the more in awe I am of this creation of ours and the creator who put all these healing chemicals in them.

      I never heard the helped diabetes though hmm

      the cool thing about herbs is that many cures many types of ills not just one (although some are specific to an organ like milk thistle for the liver, ginkgo for the brain or hawthorne for the heart)..this is cause herbs go tot he root cause and fix the problem causing various symptoms (which doctors call each a disease)…they also unlike drugs work organically with our body..

      The dandelion is a particularly mighty plant.

      would most people eat them..on this forum perhaps but in general no..the average person does not want to fix their own health but rather go to an doctor and say give me some pill to heal me (after I got sick with my crappy lifestyle)

      the more you study herbs the more amazing it is what a gift they are to man and beast

  12. QUESTION:
    Do you think that Black Seed Oil can be used as a treatment for HIV/AIDS?
    I AM SORRY THAT THIS IS LONG, BUT PLEASE READ

    I am currently doing research about Black Seeds. It is also known as Black Coriander or Black Caraway seeds. It is know that Black Seeds can cure/treat many medical ailments.

    Well in my Biology class, we were learning about adaptation, and an example is the AIDS virus. When ever this one perosn took the medication, it seemed that somehow the virus would adapt to it. Well since I have heard of Black Seed, and I have done some research, I was wondering if it can treat HIV/AIDS. I know that it may not completley cure it, or that you need to take this for a while to see results, i was just wondering about the possibilities.

    Based on this info, what do you think? Any comments will be accepted. It would help me if you cite your information (if you can).

    -Black seed unquestionably has a positive and stabilizing effect on the human immune system which . Moreover, since diseases are the result of defective immune systems, it is fair to assume that the beneficial effects go beyond skin disorders and allergies. Since the immune system has a direct or indirect effect on all the systems of the body, when you are infected by any disease, the power of the immunity system affects the cure of this disease.

    -Black seed is a safe and effective herb that can be used by almost anyone. No irritations or side effects are caused when the right dose is correctly applied. Its benefits are obtained through consistent use,the effects are medium to long term. Diabetes is useful in the treatment of diabetes mellitus or diabetes caused by an allergy. However it is recommended that the treatment be supervises because Black seed does lower blood sugar levels. Black seed should not be taken by pregnant women if their wombs are sensitive

    -Mahfouz and El-Dakhakhny, prominent Egyptian researchers isolated the active principle nigellone from Black Seed’s essential oil in 1959. There are over 100 different chemical components in the seed.

    Nigella and melatin are two ingredients in Black Seed that contribute greatly to its highly diversified powers. These substances work together to provide the digestive benefits that have been revered in Black Seed. They also promote cleansing and assist with overall eliminating action.

    Two of the most volatile oils found in Black seed are nigellone and thymoquinone which were fist discovered in the herb in 1985. Nigellone offers both anti-spasmodic and bronchodilating properties which contribute to Black Seed’s potency against respiratory ailments. It also acts as an antihistamine which helps to reduce the negative symptoms of allergy sufferers. Thymoquinone contains excellent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It is also a strong anti-oxidant and helps cleanse the body of toxins. Both nigellone and thymoquinone work in conjunction with one another to enhance Black Seed’s action against respiratory ailments. It also provides a healthy alternative to the more commonly prescribed cortisone based therapies used by allergy sufferers.

    Black seed provides a rich supply of polyunsaturated fatty acids. These ingredients play a key role in daily health and wellness. They help to regulate the metabolism, carry toxins to the skin’s surface for elimination, balance insulin levels, regulate cholesterol, improve body circulation, and promote healthy liver function. A deficiency in polyunsaturated fatty acids can lead to a wide number of health problems including nervous system disorders, uninhibited growths, and skin diseases.

    Black seed contains over 100 valuable nutrients. It is comprised of approximately 21% protein, 38% carbohydrates, and 35% plant fats and oils. The active ingredients of black seed are nigellone, thymoquinone, and fixed oils. Black seed also contains significant proportions of protein, carbohydrates and essential fatty acids. Other ingredients include linoleic acid, oleic acid, calcium, potassium, iron, zinc, magnesium, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin C.

    A 1994 study conducted in London by King’s College revealed that Black Seed has properties that inhibit certain enzymes, which also inhibit the production of certain prostaglandins. This is more proof that the rich and complex combination of elements found in Black Seed work together for a total effect.

    Black Seed has over 1400 years history of use. Many ancient books and text suggest the following traditional uses for Black Seed. But please note, that these should not be understood as cures or treatments for any disease or illness.
    Now this is only some of the research that I have done. I have not actually done some testing or anything, I am just in High School. Right now, I am in the stage of gathering information.

    • ANSWER:
      What’s the active ingredient?
      Can it be synthesized or purified on a large scale?
      What’s the target?
      What’s the mechanism of action?
      What’s the effectiveness compared to current treatments?

      These are the questions that must be answered before it can be used to treat anything.

      There’s a reason medicine doesn’t just use things like this. Until you know what molecule is doing what you don’t know about any possible cross-reactions, toxicity issues, and most importantly you can’t quantify everything since the amount of active ingredient isn’t controlled.


Common Liver Problem Symptoms

All couples go through difficult times, when outside pressures just get the better of them and things start to go badly at home, and they aren’t necessarily signs of problems in the marriage. Financial stresses, family pressures, crazy schedules and career obligations can all cause strain on any relationship. So how can you tell if these problems are typical, or indeed are early warning signals of marriage problems that might be cause for concern?

Let’s look at these common signs of marriage and relationship issues:

a) Complacency
Many marriage counselors agree that one of the first warning signs of potential problems in a marriage is complacency. Taking each other for granted, neglecting to spend time together, or forgetting to say “I love you”? can all be signs of marriage problems that can lead to a much larger crisis.

b) Decreased physical intimacy
If your previously passionate love life has taken a turn for the worse, this could be another sign of a marriage problem. Of course, life events like having children, moving, changing jobs, or medical problems call all take it’s toll on a couple’s sex drive, and doesn’t necessary equate to marriage problems. However, if the trend continues for more than a couple of months, it could mean a sign of a marriage problem that needs to be addressed.
c) Avoiding conflict
In an effort to avoid a fight, some partners will avoid conflict altogether. While this may seem like a healthy reaction, in reality it only causes the underlying problem to fester. It can also lead to an explosion of bottled emotion once it finally comes out. Avoiding potential issues can be a signal of problems in a marriage.

d) Need to win
When one partner feels that they need to win every argument, you have a sure sign of a marriage issue or marriage problem. Marriage is a partnership, and requires teamwork. There should be no winning and losing in a marriage, only cooperation and working toward shared goals. If you aren’t doing this, you may be showing signs of problems in your marriage.

e) Considering an affair
If one or both of you are considering, even half-heartedly, having an affair, you are showing signs of problems in your marriage. Have an honest discussion with your partner about what is missing in your relationship, and work out some ways to rekindle the romance and stop signs of marriage trouble before they start. The long-term damage to your relationship caused by an extra-marital affair can be devastating. So think long and hard before you go down that road.

f) Separate vacations, separate lives
If you find you and your spouse making plans without each other, whether it’s separate vacations, hobbies that keep you occupied outside the house, or even separate bank accounts, you might be exhibiting signs of marriage issues or problems. It shows you could be drifting apart without both parties realizing. Remember that you are a couple, and that comes first, and you can nip these signs of marriage problems in the bud.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    HELP! Do I have liver cancer?
    I’ve asked something similar before, but it wasn’t precise enough and some answers just tell me to go to the doctor’s, which I appreciate but didn’t find helpful enough.

    Anyway, my stomach (or whatever organ is causing my problems) has been acting weird lately.

    Last Sunday: I had diarrhea several times, mostly liquid diarrhea, like peeing from your behind. I took some sort of chinese medicine, ate nothing but porridge and some biscuits and drank lots of water.

    Monday to Wednesday: nothing out of the ordinary happened, no diarrhea but I didn’t poop either. However, I don’t poop that often, so it’s nothing strange to me.

    Thursday: I felt really bloated, and it felt like I have this lump in my throat, which made me nauseous, though I didn’t throw up. I mostly burped and farted (sorry if I sound crude).

    Friday: I had diarrhea again. The first time, the poop was yellowish and floats. For the second and third time, it was mostly yellowish liquid diarrhea, and if there was any solid poop, it couldn’t be seen through the murky liquid.

    Saturday: I felt that lump in my throat again. I threw up this time, but still felt nauseous afterwards. I kept running to the toilet, even though most of the time it’s just farts instead of diarrhea, but once when I thought I farted, there was a little bit of diarrhea, really little. Then I had diarrhea again, and it felt like normal poop but turned out looking like the yellow liquid diarrhea I had on Sunday again. I can also feel and hear my stomach churn.

    I am really worried because some of these seem like symptoms of liver problems or cancer.

    -Diarrhea
    -Nausea
    -Loss of appetite (though this is rather common since I don’t eat that much during mealtimes)
    -Back and shoulder ache (could this be due to sitting in front of the computer for too long?)
    -Stomach upset (is this considered abdominal pain?)
    -Fatique (I am always tired, but could this be due to me sleeping way past midnight and waking up at 2pm?)

    -No jaundice so far, though.
    -Also, my period is late but I can’t be pregnant since I’m a virgin.
    -I’m 16, btw.

    I really hope that you’ll answer my questions and would really appreciate it.

    1. What is causing the yellow liquid diarrhea? Should I be worried and see a doctor?
    2. Are these symptoms of liver cancer or liver problems? Or another problem altogether?
    3. What should I do if the diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and lump in throat persists to curb it?

    Thank you so much.

    • ANSWER:
      It doesn’t seem to be. Cancer is much worse; but yellow diarrhea isn’t good either. What have you been eating?

  2. QUESTION:
    URGENT! Do I have liver cancer?
    I think I’m experiencing some of the symptoms of liver cancer.
    -Diarrhea
    -Nausea
    -Loss of appetite (though this is rather common since I don’t eat that much during mealtimes)
    -Back and shoulder ache (could this be due to sitting in front of the computer for too long?)
    -Stomach upset (is this considered abdominal pain?)
    -Fatique (I am always tired, but could this be due to me sleeping way past midnight and waking up at 2pm?)

    If jaundice means yellow skin, then how yellow should the skin be? I’m asian and my skin is already yellowish…
    Also, I hardly eat fruits and vegetables.
    And my period is late.
    I can’t be pregnant since I’m a virgin.
    I’m 16, btw.

    Also,
    Sunday: I had diarrhea, mostly liquid diarrhea, and this happened for about 7 times? And I experienced nausea but never threw up. I also had a slight fever. I took some kind of chinese medicine and ate porridge and drank lots of water, and was fine again the next day. I think that this could’ve been stomach flu?

    Monday to wednesday: Nothing out of the ordinary happened.

    Thursday: I felt extremely bloated after dinner, and it feels like there’s this lump in my throat. I experienced nausea, and once again didn’t throw up. My stomach churned a little, and it felt like my stomach upset was due to trapped wind.

    Friday: I had diarrhea again, first time the stool was yellow and it floats. Next two times was liquid diarrhea that was yellow. This seemed unusual, but apparently my dad and brother had diarrhea as well so could it be something I ate?

    Saturday: I feel that lump in my throat again, nothing else.

    I googled ‘yellow liquid diarrhea’ and have read that it could be caused by liver problems.
    Please help me with my questions!

    1. What is causing the yellow liquid diarrhea? Should I be worried and see a doctor?
    2. Are these symptoms of liver cancer or liver problems?
    3. What should I do if the diarrhea, nausea and lump in throat persists?
    The whites of my eyes are currently white.
    I feel like there’s a lump in my throat mostly when I’m sitting down. It feels better after burping, but then it’d come back again.
    Also, when I’m not having diarrhea, I’m not pooping either.

    How can I be sure that this is or isn’t cancer or liver problems?
    News flash: I just threw up.

    • ANSWER:
      You are for sure suffering from liver disease.
      Need to consult GI specialist as soon as possible.

  3. QUESTION:
    My mom’s skin turning yellow (liver problems)?
    My mom is worried because she and three of her friends have told her that her face and palms and feet are looking more yellow than usual. She also noted that she has to urinate more frequently. Her friend told her that is could be related to liver problems, so I’m asking you people if these are symptoms of anything common. She will probably go to a doctor if continues to progress this way, but I wanted to ask here first what – if there’s anything – she can/should do right now.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Does she drink/ use drugs/ have hepatitis or anything else that may affect the liver? Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes is a sign of jaundice. It may also include darker than normal urine. This is because the liver is unable to break down bilirubin as well as it should. (Bilirubin is a breakdown product of red blood cells which is normally broken down by the liver and excreted as bile into the intestine). So if the liver is impaired, the bilirubin builds up and can cause problems if it’s bad enough, not to mention the health problems that can occur from the actual dysfunction of the liver itself.

      Several things can cause jaundice, including those things mentioned above. If she is developing jaundice, there is an underlying cause that should be checked out by the doctor as soon as possible. Things like hepatitis or alcoholic cirrhosis can cause serious health problems and there are treatment options available.

  4. QUESTION:
    Help! Vomiting, liquid diarrhea and churning stomach. What is causing this?
    I’ve asked something similar before, but it wasn’t precise enough and some answers just tell me to go to the doctor’s, which I appreciate but didn’t find helpful enough.

    Anyway, my stomach (or whatever organ is causing my problems) has been acting weird lately.

    Last Sunday: I had diarrhea several times, mostly liquid diarrhea, like peeing from your behind. I took some sort of chinese medicine, ate nothing but porridge and some biscuits and drank lots of water.

    Monday to Wednesday: nothing out of the ordinary happened, no diarrhea but I didn’t poop either. However, I don’t poop that often, so it’s nothing strange to me.

    Thursday: I felt really bloated, and it felt like I have this lump in my throat, which made me nauseous, though I didn’t throw up. I mostly burped and farted (sorry if I sound crude).

    Friday: I had diarrhea again. The first time, the poop was yellowish and floats. For the second and third time, it was mostly yellowish liquid diarrhea, and if there was any solid poop, it couldn’t be seen through the murky liquid.

    Saturday: I felt that lump in my throat again. I threw up this time, but still felt nauseous afterwards. I kept running to the toilet, even though most of the time it’s just farts instead of diarrhea, but once when I thought I farted, there was a little bit of diarrhea, really little. Then I had diarrhea again, and it felt like normal poop but turned out looking like the yellow liquid diarrhea I had on Sunday again. I can also feel and hear my stomach churn.

    I am really worried because some of these seem like symptoms of liver problems or cancer.

    -Diarrhea
    -Nausea
    -Loss of appetite (though this is rather common since I don’t eat that much during mealtimes)
    -Back and shoulder ache (could this be due to sitting in front of the computer for too long?)
    -Stomach upset (is this considered abdominal pain?)
    -Fatique (I am always tired, but could this be due to me sleeping way past midnight and waking up at 2pm?)

    -No jaundice so far, though.
    -Also, my period is late but I can’t be pregnant since I’m a virgin.
    -I’m 16, btw.

    I really hope that you’ll answer my questions and would really appreciate it.

    1. What is causing the yellow liquid diarrhea? Should I be worried and see a doctor?
    2. Are these symptoms of liver cancer or liver problems? Or another problem altogether?
    3. What should I do if the diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and lump in throat persists to curb it?

    Thank you so much.
    Oh, and my brother and dad had diarrhea on Friday as well, but I don’t know if it’s only a coincidence or not since they’re both fine other than that.

    • ANSWER:
      food intolerance.

  5. QUESTION:
    yellow eyes, yellow skin and other symptoms, whats happening to me?
    Sorry, its a bit of a repeat question but i really need help.

    i was born with jaundice (yellow eyes and skin) but was cured in a week. but recently me myself, my friends, family, bf and even my boss have noticed my eyes are turning yellow (the white part) my mums noticed that my skin tones different aswell, has a hint of yellow in it and she sayin she thinks i’ve probably got hepatitis and says its common in teens

    i heard it might be a liver problem. i tend to get a lot of stitches these days and my urine is really warm these days and it hurts at times whilst passing through. i get wierd pain in my lower stomach but dont know how to explain all this to my doctor.

    i am going to get a test done tomorrow but want to know about what all this can be and what the causes are. i also have really itchy skin on my arms and legs if this helps and it isnt lice either. and when i do itch it it leaves red patches.

    anyone please help me

    xx
    i cant exactly go to the doctors now. im at work and our local doctors are all closed for now. im just waiting until tomorrow. im just really worried. just came on here for some help with it thats all
    and i dont drink alcohol, never have never will

    • ANSWER:
      I’d ring NHS Direct (0845 4647) and see what they advise. Just basically tell them what you’ve written here. They might suggest you get seen to sooner.

  6. QUESTION:
    Help with speech!!????????
    Can you please edit my speech or help me put in more personal opinions and interesting facts?? THANK YOU! To make it more fun to listen to.

    Speech:

    Napoleon Bonaparte, Babe Ruth, Hitler, Idi Amin, Al Capone & King Henry VIII. I wonder how many of you could tell me what these people had in common. It might surprise you that they all had, at some stage, syphilis. So, today, I will be discussing the perimeters of a specific STD, Syphilis. The disease was discovered in 1905 by Fritz Schauddin & Erich Hoffman.

    Syphilis is a bacterial disease that is highly infectious and can be passed on through blood transferring, child in womb can be exposed or direct contact with the syphilis sore. Syphilis sores occur mainly on the external genitals, but some cases have been reported otherwise.

    Syphilis progresses in three distinct stages and one not so common anymore. Primary phase; this is the beginning of the disease. It starts with a sore, known as a shanker; these appear mainly on the genitals. But any part of the body is at risk. Any contact with the sore can transmit the disease. The sore will grow bigger in 3-4 days, after 1 week it will disappear, but the disease will not.

    The secondary phase includes many more symptoms. It may build up 4-10 weeks after the shanker appears. The common symptoms are: fevers, joint pains, muscle aches, sore throats, flu-like symptoms, rashes, headaches, decreased appetites, patchy hair loss and swollen lymph nodes. This phase can go away without treatment, but the third phase will commence. The third phase is known as the ‘latent phase’. In the early stages of this phase, first one to two years, the disease has some of the same symptoms as the second stage. More than 2 years after the beginning of this phase there may be no symptoms and sores are normally no longer infectious. But pregnant woman can still pass them on to baby foetus through the womb.

    The one, not so common, phase now is the ‘tertiary phase’. This isn’t seen much anymore because of the aid of penicillin. But for the unlucky people who contract this phase they are normally faced with heart, skin, bone and brain problems.
    Many of these symptoms I have listed sound like symptoms to other diseases, that is why syphilis can be referred to as ‘The Great Pretender’, because it mimics other diseases.

    Another form of syphilis that isn’t mentioned a lot is ‘congenital syphilis’. This is the occurrence after a foetus has been infected in a womb. The form of syphilis can cause many abnormalities in the child such abnormalities as, teeth, bone problems, liver/spleen/kidney enlargement, brain infection, skin rashes and more.

    Syphilis can be exposed to anyone who has sex, but the highest occurrence is found in women aged 20-24, and men aged 35-39. Newborns with congenital syphilis increased from 2005 to 2006, with 339 new reported cases in 2005 compared to 349 cases reported in 2006.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m not researching for you but here are some corrections so the piece will flow more smoothly. Also, there are some notes on where you need more research to complete the piece. Hope this helps –

      TITLE: The Great Pretender

      Napoleon Bonaparte, Babe Ruth, Hitler, Idi Amin, Al Capone & King Henry VIII. Can you tell me what these people had in common? Syphilis. Today, I will be discussing the STD, Syphilis. All of you have heard of it but do you really know anything about it?

      The disease was discovered in 1905 by Fritz Schauddin & Erich Hoffman. (How? Why? What kind of research was being performed that led to this discovery?) Syphilis is a bacterial disease that is highly infectious and can be passed through blood. A child in the womb can be exposed or if direct contact with a syphilis sore is made, the disease can be contracted. Syphilis sores occur mainly on the external genitals, but some cases have been reported on other areas of the body. (WHERE ON THE BODY? BE SPECIFIC.)

      Syphilis progresses in three distinct stages. The Primary phase is the beginning of the disease. It starts with a sore, known as a shanker; these appear mainly on the genitals. But any part of the body is at risk. Any contact with the sore can transmit the disease. The sore will grow bigger in 3-4 days and after 1 week it will disappear, but this does not mean that the disease is gone.

      The secondary phase develops 4 to 10 weeks after the shanker appears. This is when the majority of symptoms begin to appear such as fever, joint pain, muscle aches, sore throat, rash, headache, decreased appetite, patchy hair loss and swollen lymph nodes. People often mistake this for the flu because these are all flu symptoms. This phase can go away without treatment, but then the third phase will commence.

      The third phase is known as the ‘latent phase’. In the first one to two years of this phase, the disease has some of the same symptoms as the second stage. More than 2 years after the beginning of this phase there may be no symptoms and sores are normally no longer infectious. But pregnant woman can still pass the disease to their fetus through the womb. (This paragraph needs more detail and makes little sense. Are people outwardly ill during this phase? Are they contagious? If so, how? Through sexual contact? Blood contact? Contact of mucous membranes? This area needs more research).

      There is one more rather uncommon phase known as the Tertiary Phase. This phase is rarely seen in modern times because of the aid of penicillin. But the unlucky people who develop this phase are faced with heart, skin, bone and brain problems. (Like what? Cancers? Heart disease? Does their skin fall off? Does their brain die?? What happens to them?)
      Many of these symptoms I have listed sound like symptoms to other diseases, that is why syphilis has been referred to as ‘The Great Pretender’, because it mimics other diseases.

      Another form of syphilis that isn’t mentioned often is ‘congenital syphilis’. This is Syphilis that occurs when a fetus has been infected in the womb. This form of syphilis can cause many birth abnormalities in the child such as, teeth, bone problems, liver/spleen/kidney enlargement, brain infection and skin rashes.

      Syphilis is an equal opportunity disease! Anyone who has sex can contract it. Therefore the only way to completely avoid it is through avoiding sexual contact. The highest occurrence is found in women aged 20-24, and men aged 35-39. Newborns with congenital syphilis increased from 2005 to 2006, with 339 new reported cases in 2005 compared to 349 cases reported in 2006. (Are there any reasons why doctors think this is happening? Do YOU have any idea’s on this?)

      **You need a closing statement. Your speech needs to have a point – did you simply want your peers to know about the disease? Do you want them to avoid it? Are you concerned that the number of cases in infants has increased? Do you think more research needs to be done on it? There needs to be a logical end to this – a statement that closes the discussion**

  7. QUESTION:
    Heart Attack and lack of oxegen to the brain?
    Male aged 43
    I had a heart attack in October just gone and I have not been the same since. I started on cardiac rehab six weeks after the first attack which left me with only 45% of my heart left working. I was pushed to do 45Min’s of exercise which was fine until I was on the warm down from doing this and ended up having a second heart attack. I am now on a spiral downwards as I am having problems with low blood pressure 100 over next to no diastolic (None heard on manual test) and auto machine just keeps blowing up and then trying to read and blowing up again with no final reading given (beta blocker now reduced) I have had several blood tests to check my cholesterol, liver function, kidneys and other items and I am now told I have something wrong with my liver? They say “two enzymes are slightly raised” and the third one has gone from 99 on the first test to 175 on the second and now 212 on the third. I do not know which ones but this is causing me to worry as since my first major heart attack I have lost some brain function, this is after five months has past. They put the liver problems down to the statins I was on but they have been stopped for well over a month and this one enzyme is still going up and up. I am unable to remember a lot of my past due to something happening to my brain and my memory function after my attack which has still failed to return. So after this brief history my question is, am I going to get my memory back? And what is wrong with my liver function? Is any of this related and a common side effect from a major heart attack followed by a second minor one? Please note I do not mean to cause any worry to anyone and my Doctor has tried a lot to get to the bottom of these problems. I do feel that sometimes other people can relate better to problems having had the same symptoms or know somebody who has. I have had a liver ultra sound scan and I am on a waiting list to see about getting a MRI or CT scan I cannot remember which one, but this is to look further into the liver problem. I will say that a lot has been done with my meds, these have either been stopped or reduced and stopping the statins has made me be able to do this today as before I would not have been able to even switch the PC on. Any advice from people that has had a similar to this that could shell some light would be very gratefully received.
    Jim,
    Yes, reading this back it does seem somewhat lacking in detail. I found it very hard to relay all the details fully but was able to give the brief history. The first heart attack was going on for quite a while as I thought it was indigestion, maybe several days in total. I realized it was more than acid reflux when the pain went into my arms and the pain was that bad I could not move. So I would say that due to not knowing what was going on the previous week the run up to the first attack is why the damage was as bad as it was. I did get help on that day and paramedics did get to me very quickly but the damage had been done by then “I am told” I was taken to the nearest A+E and they then sent me very quickly to the heart hospital where I had an emergency operation to save my life by means of a stent fitted. Whilst in ICU I tried to remember previous days and weeks and found I was unable to do so. And now after five months I am unable to pull up things that have happened in the pas

    • ANSWER:

  8. QUESTION:
    Black mold poisoning?
    Ok i have black mold in my house which i rent. My land lord has done nothing about it and now my family seems to be suffering some of the effects of black mold poisoning. What can i do and how do i get my landlord to either let me out of my lease (2 years) or fix this issue ASAP?

    Symptoms of black mold poisoning:
    Common symptoms of black mold poisoning are:
    Uneasiness in respiration
    Headaches
    Cough
    Red eyes
    Development of rashes and hives on skin
    Nausea
    Memory loss
    In some cases, people experience bleeding in lungs
    Lethargy
    Dizziness
    Lack in concentration
    Problem caused due to irritation in mucous membranes
    Asthma
    Allergic reactions (such as itching of nose, runny nose etc.) of respiratory and/or nervous system etc
    Irregularity in blood pressure
    Damaged digestion and respiratory system
    Infections of urinary track, problems in urination etc.
    Pain in liver and other internal organs
    High level or prolonged exposure to mold can lead to infertility in the patient

    • ANSWER:
      Before taking any action, I would contact your local housing department to find out your jurisdiction’s laws with regards to rental properties.

      Also, understand that there are thousands of species of fungi (mold). The black mold poisoning to which you are referring is Stachybotrys, which may produce mycotoxins that have the potential to become airborne. However, not all black mold is “THE” black mold. The only way to link this particular mold growth to your symptoms is to consult with a mold inspector who would sample the discoloration and submit it to a laboratory for analysis along with air samples to determine if you have elevated mold conditions affecting your home’s indoor air environment.

      If you or other members in your home are experiencing any of the symptoms that you listed, I strongly recommend that you see your physician immediately. These symptoms can be attributed to not only mold exposure, but many different health-related issues, some of which can be quite serious.

      In the meantime, no matter what kind of mold is present, it needs to be removed. More importantly, the underlying cause of the mold growth needs to be corrected (ie. leaks, inadequate ventilation, excess humidity, etc.) to prevent a future occurrence.

  9. QUESTION:
    maine coon with skin lesions?
    We have a 4 years old maine coon male we adopted when puppy/kitty mill in rural Minnesota was closed down. He was very sick when we first adopted him (which we knew and took him anyway). At one point, the vets told us he likely had kitten wasting disease. He wouldn’t eat/gain weight and was chronically dehydrated. We would take him in for IV fluids sometimes every two days for awhile. Then suddenly he just got better. He was on a special prescription diet for a few months to help him gain weight. We had follow up blood work to make sure nothing was wrong with his kidneys and everything was fine. And until three months ago he’s been the perfect picture of health.

    Three months ago we noticed what looked like a small scab between his shoulders at the base of his neck. We have another cat and the two of them can play pretty rough (although it’s the smaller simese mix who does most of the damage). I assumed they had been playing too hard and just kept an eye on it. A few days later he was sitting next to me grooming himself and I saw that on the inside of his back leg he had another circular scab but this one was bleeding.

    We took him to the vet the next day (saturday) and they did a skin sraping for ring worm/mange and that looked negative to them so they gave us antibiotics and sent us home.

    The next day the one on his back had doubled overnight and started bleeding too. Because our vet isn’t open on sundays we had to take him to a local animal hospital. They also did skin scrapings, they gave him a bath with an antibiotic/fungal shampoo just to cover all of the bases. For final measure, they took blood to run some tests (cbc and liver function) and gave him a shot of cortozone. By the time we had him home, the lesions had shrunk dramatically and his skin had gone from bright red to a near normal color.

    The animal hospital concluded he has allergies and that if this happens again to bring him back for cortozone shots. The lesions have never completely disappeared, but the shots do seem to help him a lot.

    Is this a common problem with maine coons? In my gut I’m just not sure this is a case of allergies but the animal hospital was very thorough. Our other cat has not developed any symptoms and they sleep together/groom each other constantly.

    • ANSWER:
      Allergies aren’t something that aren’t usually typical based on breed. Were you able to determine what he’s allergic too? Is it food, or something in his environment? Either are treatable, but you have to determine the root cause.

  10. QUESTION:
    Celiac and Pregnancy, Crazy?
    Ok where do I start. For about 2 weeks I was experiencing some brown blood which I assumed to be my period? I finally came online and saw sometimes is could mean pregnancy but it means it’s a tubal pregnancy or miscarriage. Thing is I had my period, just brown and occasionally only spots of red for almost three weeks! I let that go. I’ve been having sharp pains in my left and right sides and my stomach is hard as a rock and the area below the “gut” and above the vagina is hard(I’ve heard this is linked to pregnancy?) I’ve also had extreme bloating feelings and gas along with diarrhea. And as well as weird cravings and bursts of hunger, but when I eat about 15 min later prob not even I’m having sharp pains. These are all symptoms of pregnancy I’m sure we’ll all agree. I’ve also researched some blogs with people who had the extreme bloating and sharp pains and 98% of them were pregnant.

    But, get this. My aunt was diagnosed with Celiac disease(gluten free diet, will eat away your small intestine)and it’s hereditary but she doesn’t even know who she could have got it from. Well let me just copy and paste symptoms I’ve found linked with it, I’ll mark it with * If I have it.

    What are the symptoms of celiac disease?

    Symptoms of celiac disease vary from person to person. Symptoms may occur in the digestive system or in other parts of the body. Digestive symptoms are more common in infants and young children and may include

    abdominal bloating and pain *
    chronic diarrhea *
    vomiting *only just today but sick feelings I’ve ignored too
    constipation *NO*
    pale, foul-smelling, or fatty stool *NO*
    weight loss *NO, weight gain thats why i’m leaning toward pregnancy

    Adults are less likely to have digestive symptoms and may instead have one or more of the following:

    unexplained iron-deficiency anemia *NO*
    fatigue*NO*
    bone or joint pain *
    arthritis*NO*
    bone loss or osteoporosis
    depression or anxiety *OH YES*
    tingling numbness in the hands and feet *NO*
    seizures*NO*
    missed menstrual periods *Not sure yet, last one was brown
    infertility or recurrent miscarriage *Hope not
    canker sores inside the mouth *NO!*
    an itchy skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis * NO*
    People with celiac disease may have no symptoms but can still develop complications of the disease over time. Long-term complications include malnutrition—which can lead to anemia, osteoporosis, and miscarriage, among other problems—liver diseases, and cancers of the intestine.

    Also, Celiac disease is both a disease of malabsorption—meaning nutrients are not absorbed properly—and an abnormal immune reaction to gluten. Celiac disease is also known as celiac sprue, non-tropical sprue, and gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Celiac disease is genetic, meaning it runs in families*MY AUNT*
    Sometimes the disease is triggered—or becomes active for the first time—after surgery, pregnancy*wow it can become apparent during pregnancy*, childbirth, viral infection, or severe emotional stress*I’ve been crying excessively and have been real sensitive*

    Forgot to also say something important. My period finally completely stopped yesterday but now, I’m having excessive urinating and just this morning i got morning sickness.
    OK so my point of showing you all this was I’m thinking, would I be pregnant AND starting to react to Celiac?? PLease someone research this. I would go to the doctor but I just got insurance a few days ago and it’s not active til Jan 14. I just wanna research this so I can go into the doctor’s telling them exactly what is wrong. Question is though, should I go to the Gynecologist or my regular Physician???

    • ANSWER:
      Go to your gp. They will do a blood test for pregnancy, and you will get your answer about that very soon.
      Then, tell him or her that your aunt was diagnosed with celiac and you would like a screening test should your pregnancy test come back negative.
      You can have active celiac with little to no symptoms. My symptoms were very, very mild anemia (low normal) and migraines with the occasional stomach ache. Pregnancy is probably what triggered my celiac.

      Your Aunt got celiac from her mother and father, it is as simple as that. Her parents were carriers and gave her the genes, she had something trigger it, just like I did, just like everyone who has celiac has happen to them. Since it runs in your family, please be aware of the signs and symptoms of childhood celiac.
      Good luck!

  11. QUESTION:
    Digestive problem…MRI results attached?
    I’ve been vomiting, nauseas, upper right quadrant pain, up and down lipase levels (slightly high only at times) for about 4-5 months with about 60 pounds of weight lost within 2 months. This started 3 weeks after giving birth to my son in November. Alot of the weight loss I’m sure was from giving birth but I didn’t try to lose it at all. I have no appetite. I’ve had every test imaginable…ultrasound of gallbladder and HIDA scan…both normal…only showed a spot on my liver. I had an endoscopy where they attempted ERCP but were unable to get in. That GI assumed it was a blocked bile duct and pancreatitis. They attempted putting a stent in my bile duct but were unsuccessful so I was referred to a better doctor in Nashville. He had an MRCP performed on me, which came back with the results below…from what I read, it’s normal. His office is telling me to just treat the symptoms…I can’t take phenergan and pain meds the rest of my life. I’ve already weaned off the pain meds but I hurt every day. I still take the phenergan b/c I have to. Anyone have any advice? Even a tiny bit of info might help…

    HISTORY:
    A 27-year-old woman with right upper quadrant abdominal pain and history of elevated serum lipase levels.
    COMPARISON:
    None available.
    TECHNIQUE:
    Multiplanar multi-sequence MR imaging of the abdomen was performed both before and after the IV administration of 7 ml of Gadoxetate (Eovist). In addition, thick and thin coronal and radial MRCP images were obtained.
    FINDINGS:
    The liver is normal in size and shape. On the opposite phase gradient echo imaging, there is drop of signal intensity of the liver, consistent with steatosis. No focal liver lesion is seen both before and after IV contrast administration. The 20-minute hepatobiliary phase images show normal excretion of gadolinium into gallbladder, common bile duct, duodenum, and ureters.
    The MRCP images show normal appearance of the biliary duct. Specifically, there is no evidence for an intraluminal filling defect in common bile duct. There is no intra or extrahepatic biliary duct dilatation. The pancreatic duct is not identified on MRCP and does not appear dilated on axial T2 and T1 weighted images. The pancreas is normal in appearance. No focal pancreatic lesion is seen. There is no peripancreatic fluid collection.
    The spleen, adrenal glands, and kidneys are normal in appearance.
    There is no bowel distention, ascites, or lymphadenopathy in the abdomen. The pelvis was not imaged.
    The heart is of normal size.
    IMPRESSION:
    1. Mild hepatic steatosis. No other abnormality evident on MRI of the abdomen before and after IV gadolinium.
    2. Normal MRCP.
    END OF IMPRESSION
    I’ve had some female-related pain as well and my gyno got an ultrasound which came back normal as well…I’m baffled.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry I cannot read your scan but I can tell you that I was having these same symptoms and it was all female related. I had a tumor in my uterus that was causing me to have the same symptoms. Since yours started after you had your child and you have exhausted all other possibilities then I would see the Gynecologist. I ended up having a hysterectomy and that cured by chronic sickness.

  12. QUESTION:
    Question about my speech?
    What do you think of my speech? Could you edit it or tell me where to add or take out things??

    Napoleon Bonaparte, Babe Ruth, Hitler, Idi Amin, Al Capone & King Henry VIII. I wonder how many of you could tell me what these people had in common. Today, I will be discussing the STD, Syphilis.

    Syphilis is a bacterial disease that is highly infectious and can be passed through blood. A child in the womb can be exposed or if direct contact with syphilis sore is made, the disease can be contracted.

    Syphilis sores occur mainly on the external genitals, but some cases have been reported on other areas of the body like in the mouth or on the back.

    Syphilis progresses in three distinct stages. The Primary phase is the beginning of the disease. It starts with a sore, known as a shanker; these appear mainly on the genitals. But any part of the body is at risk.

    Any contact with the sore can transmit the disease. The sore will grow bigger in 3-4 days and after 1 week it will disappear, but this does not mean that the disease is gone.

    The secondary phase develops 4 to 10 weeks after the shanker appears. This is when the majority of symptoms begin to appear such as fever, joint pain, muscle aches, sore throat, rash, headache, decreased appetite, patchy hair loss and swollen lymph nodes.

    People often mistake this for the flu because these are all flu symptoms. This phase can go away without treatment, but then the third phase will commence.

    The third phase is known as the ‘latent phase’. In the early stages of this phase, first one to two years, the disease has some of the same symptoms as the second stage.

    More than 2 years after the beginning of this phase there may be no symptoms and sores are normally no longer infectious. But pregnant woman can still pass them on to baby foetus through the womb.

    The third phase is known as the ‘latent phase’. In the first one to two years of this phase, the disease has some of the same symptoms as the second stage. More than 2 years after the beginning of this phase there may be no symptoms and sores are normally no longer infectious.

    But pregnant woman can still pass the disease to their foetus through the womb. This stage is a very dangerous one as it can appear that the infection has gone, but without treatment it will not. In severe cases this phase can cause, gradual blindness, numbness and even dementia.

    There is one more rather uncommon phase known as the Tertiary Phase. This phase is rarely seen in modern times because of the aid of penicillin. But the unlucky people who develop this phase are faced with heart, skin, bone and brain problems.

    Many of these symptoms I have listed sound like symptoms to other diseases, such as influenza, that is why syphilis can be referred to as ‘The Great Pretender’, as it mimics other diseases.

    Another form of syphilis that isn’t mentioned a lot is ‘congenital syphilis’. This is the occurrence after a foetus has been infected in a womb.

    The form of syphilis can cause many abnormalities in the child such abnormalities as, teeth, bone problems, liver/spleen/kidney enlargement, brain infection, skin rashes and more.

    Syphilis is an equal opportunity disease! Anyone who has sex can contract it. Therefore the only way to completely avoid it is through avoiding sexual contact. The highest occurrence is found in women aged 20-24, and men aged 35-39.

    Newborns with congenital syphilis increased from 2005 to 2006, with 339 new reported cases in 2005 compared to 349 cases reported in 2006. Doctors believe this is because people are NOT having safe sex and are NOT aware of all the risks taken by having irresponsible sexual activity.

    Between 2005 and 2006, the number of reported syphilis cases increased by 11.8%. Rates have increased in males each year between 2000 and 2006 from 2.6 to 5.7. In 2006, 64% of the reported syphilis cases were with men who have sex with men. It is also reported that men are more vulnerable in contracting syphilis.

    Syphilis is now treated by the use of penicillin, doctors do advise that while being treated you avoid all sexual contact. And every 6-12 months an annual check up is required.

    Some interesting, yet alarming, facts I unfolded whilst studying syphilis are – The infamous Tuskegee experiments in the US were experiments in which black men with syphilis were intentionally denied treatment so that the effects of untreated syphilis could be studied.

    None of them were deliberately infected, however; they were “merely” permitted to get sicker and were misled as to the true nature of their condition. Another is that for centuries the treatment of choice for syphilis was mercury, which was painted onto the sore. This had the unfortunate side effect of causing a slow death by mercury poisoning.

    I hope that through my speech you have learnt more about the STD syphilis and know what to do if it comes your way.
    Syphilis – An “oldie” but not a “goodie”
    I am in Yr. 9

    • ANSWER:
      I just skimmed through, but I noticed you did not cite your sources, and that is a must!!! for college. I also have a college informative speech guide that my professor gave me that I could scan over to you if you wanted it.

  13. QUESTION:
    could somebody check spelling and grammar in this paper.?
    The Bhopal Disaster took place in December 3, 1984 in Bhopal, India.

    Disaster was caused by the release of 27 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas from a Union Carbide India Limited, pesticide plant owned by Union Carbide.

    Union Carbide had 14 factories in India, one of them was in Bhopal. At night of Dec. 2nd and 3rd, 27 tons of the deadly gas methyl isocyanate began leaking. There was no warning, none of the six safety systems were working. People woke in their homes to fits of coughing, their lungs filling with fluid. People woke up screaming in pain. Deadly gas was dusting their eyes. They couldn’t breath, they were choking in blood. They weren’t able to control their bladders. After several hours there were thousands of dead bodys on the streets.

    Breathlessness, persistent cough, diminished vision, early age cataracts, loss of appetite, menstrual irregularities, recurrent fever, back and body aches, loss of sensation in the limbs, fatigue, weakness, anxiety and depression are the most common symptoms among survivors. The alarming rise in cancers, reproductive health problems and others such as growth retardation among children born after the disaster remain undocumented.

    Aziza Sultan „At about 12.30 am I woke to the sound of my baby coughing badly. I saw that the room was filled with a white cloud. I heard a lot of people shouting. I started coughing with each breath seeming as if I was breathing in fire. My eyes were burning too.”

    “People were dying on the streett! It was horrible!”

    How many thousands of people? no one knows. Carbide says 3,800. Municipal workers who picked up bodies with their own hands, loading them onto trucks for burial in mass graves or to be burned on mass pyres, reckon they shifted at least 15,000 bodies. Survivors, basing their estimates on the number of shrouds sold in the city, conservatively claim about 8,000 died in the first week. Such body counts become meaningless when you know that the dying has never stopped.

    Pople left the city. They waited, and when the clouds of deadly gas gone, they come back.

    Every plant in this city was poisoned. Environs was covered by hundreds of tonnes of toxic waste. Environmentalists have warned that the waste is a potential minefield in the heart of the city, and the resulting contamination may lead to decades of slow poisoning, and diseases affecting the nervous system, liver and kidneys in humans. Studies have shown that the rates of cancer and other ailments are higher in the region since the event.

    In a partial settlement with the Indian government, agreed to pay out some 0 million in compensation. The victims weren’t consulted in the settlement discussions, and many felt cheated by their compensation -0-0 – or about five years’ worth of medical expenses. Today, those who were awarded compensation are hardly better off than those who weren’t.

    The Indian goverment charged Union Carbide but nobody was convicted.

    Bhopal haven’t been cleaned up yet.

    If we don’t wont such accidents as in Bhopal we must take care of those factories which use dangerous chemicals. And turn one’s attention to those problems.

    • ANSWER:
      The Bhopal Disaster took place in December 3, 1984 in Bhopal, India. Disaster was caused by the release of 27 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas from a Union Carbide India Limited, pesticide plant owned by Union Carbide.

      Union Carbide had 14 factories in India, one of them was in Bhopal. During the nights of December the 2nd and 3rd, 27 tons of the deadly gas methyl isocyanate began leaking, there was no warning and none of the six safety systems were working. People woke in their homes to fits of coughing, their lungs filling with fluid and screaming in pain. Deadly gas was dusting their eyes. They couldn’t breathe, they were choking in their own blood and they weren’t able to control their bladders. After several hours there were thousands of dead bodies on the streets.

      Breathlessness, a persistent cough, diminished vision, early age cataracts, loss of appetite, menstrual irregularities, recurrent fever, back and body aches, loss of sensation in the limbs, fatigue, weakness, anxiety and depression are the most common symptoms among survivors. The alarming rise in cancers, reproductive health problems and other conditions such as growth retardation among children born after the disaster remain undocumented.

      Aziza Sultan stated “At about 12.30 am I woke to the sound of my baby coughing badly. I saw that the room was filled with a white cloud. I heard a lot of people shouting. I started coughing with each breath seeming as if I was breathing in fire. My eyes were burning too. People were dying on the street! It was horrible!”

      Exactly how many thousands of people died, no one actually knows. Carbide says 3,800. Municipal workers who picked up bodies with their own hands, loading them onto trucks for burial in mass graves or to be burned on mass pyres, reckon they shifted at least 15,000 bodies. Survivors, basing their estimates on the number of shrouds sold in the city, conservatively claim about 8,000 died in the first week. Such body counts become meaningless when you know that the dying has never stopped. People left the city. They waited, and when the clouds of deadly gas had gone, they came back again.

      Every plant in this city was poisoned. Environments was covered by hundreds of tonnes of toxic waste. Environmentalists have warned that the waste is a potential minefield in the heart of the city, and the resulting contamination may lead to decades of slow poisoning, and diseases affecting the nervous system, liver and kidneys in humans. Studies have shown that the rates of cancer and other ailments are higher in the region since the event.

      In a partial settlement with the Indian government, they agreed to pay out some 0 million in compensation. However the victims were not consulted in the settlement discussions, and many felt cheated by their compensation of between 0and 0 – which equates to about five years worth of medical expenses. Today, those who were awarded compensation are hardly any better off than those people who weren’t awarded anything.

      The Indian goverment charged Union Carbide but nobody was convicted and Bhopal haven’t been cleaned up yet.

      If we don’t want such accidents as in Bhopal we must take care of those factories which use dangerous chemicals and turn one’s attention to those problems.

  14. QUESTION:
    help with hepatitis. what is it and what does it do ?
    i asked a question a while ago about my skin and eyes turning yellow. my eyes are definitely turning yellow and people are noticing.

    i heard it might be jaundice or liver problems. i had jaundice when i was born, had yellow eyes and skin but i was cured within a week.

    my mom doesn’t really seem to be bothered with it though but she did notice and ask me about my eye colour and skin colour changing.

    she then says i might have Hepatitis. she says its really common in teens, and says the yellow eyes is a symptom towards it. im really worried. i don’t even know what hepatitis is.

    does anyone know the causes, symptoms and outcomes of it?

    p.s i haven’t been to the doctors yet. will go tomorrow though.

    i just want to know abit about it first

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis – inflammation of the liver. Sometimes cause by alcohol or by drugs or by chemicals (though the book I am reading doesn’t say which drugs or chemicals). In many cases it is cause by a virus known as Type A , Type B and ‘non-A, non-B’. The third type is so called because the doctors know it is not either type A or type B.

      Type A is a disease of children and young adults and is spread through faecally contaminated food, water or objects.

      Do you not wash your hands after defecating and them bite your finger nails or eat food? Do you not wash you hands before eating food in a fast food joint? Because in both cases that is how you would eat the smelly brown stuff that falls out of you bum. Always wash you hands before you eat. Apparently type A does not last, it just makes you feel miserable.

      Type B causes chronic liver inflammation in about 10 percent of all patients and can be serious for the elderly and those in poor health. It is spread by saliva, semen, tears, contaminated blood and unsterile needles.

      The reason your skin and eyes are turning yellow is because the liver doesn’t remove a yellow pigment called Bilirubin.

      There is no cure, bed rest, a nourishing meal and alcohol avoidance is about it.

      Go to the doctor and get better advice than I could possible give as I am only reading from a book which is about 20+ years old now. It is possible that Non-A and No-B is now called Type C, but I do not know that, I have only heard of it though other people who are not doctors.

      Remember – Always wash your hands before you have something eat and after using the toilet – which IS sound advice at all times.

  15. QUESTION:
    I’m afraid I might have throat cancer (im 20 years old)?
    Just over a week ago I started feeling something in throat, where I swallow food. It felt like a piece of food got stuck there. So, like usually, I drink fluids and eat something pasty like bread or pasta to wash it down and it always works. Anyways, I did that and the feeling was still there. I went to a doctor already and he only took a look with the wooden Popsicle stick and his light, he couldn’t find anything nor did he tell me to get an exam of that area with a camera tube. Instead, he prescribed me nasal spray because he thinks it’s a sinus infection. I didn’t get the nasal spray because frankly, I’m not convinced with his analysis.

    It’s not exactly hard to swallow as I can eat food normally, but It does feel weird when i drink water. The feeling of something stuck in my throat seems to calm itself down after I wake up from a night’s sleep, but it does re-appear again throughout the day and is most noticeable at night.

    I have smoked before, nowhere near a pack a day, maybe a pack consumed in two weeks time at most. I have smoked more this year, but it was on and off, with 1 or 2 cigs a day. 3 or 4 the most, then a 2 day interval break in between. Alcohol I barely drink, maybe 3 times a year? And one shot glass at most if anything. I have drunk a lot of pop over the past few weeks (mostly cola zero) and have had a lot of heartburn too.

    Now I know smoking draws me one step closer to cancer, but at this young of age? Common. I know it can occur at any age really but for this type of cancer, it’s more common for people in their mid 40′s, just like any other serious cancer. I don’t recall my family having a cancer history as much as kidney and liver problems mostly.

    So, I’m going nuts here because I’m a hypochondriac. I researched every possible cause of my feeling (globus, GERD, throat cancer, sinus infection, lymph node etc) and I don’t know what the hell is wrong with me. I’m fearing for the worst because when I’m told it’s not that, then I get the ultimate relief. I’m booking an apointment to a different doctor now. It also feels like I have a bump under my neck if I lift my head backwards. It’s not visible in the mirror, but you can feel it under skin. Bumpy, not lumpy. I’m really hoping it’s just some acid reflux and the nasal spray will do it, but as I said, this has been here for more than a weeks time. I don’t want to die at this young of an age. I stopped smoking and I probably will never smoke again in my life after this ordeal. I know others who smoke 10 times worse than me and they’re fine as ever.

    I just don’t know what it is. I obviously want to hear good responses to tell me not to worry, but I know that I might not get that on yahoo answers. I have typed this feeling in google. Just give me some opinions please. Be sure about them. Oh and no websites for spam telling me I need to order this and that to make it go away.

    I haven’t coughed up blood, my chest doesn’t sting or burn, it’s not difficult to swallow food nor does it hurt, I have none of the proposed symptoms, but maybe I don’t have them yet. When people do get those symptoms, they’re in the late stages of cancer, right? Or still in early stages?

    Thank You.

    • ANSWER:
      See a laryngologist or a gp (not an oncologist) because you don’t have cancer.
      Now, wanna get cancer? Keep smoking (you’ll need to smoke about 10 or 20 years more to increase your rate of cancer)
      Wanna be healthy? Quit, but be aware, no one can quit if not entirely convinced to do so.
      I suggest reading http://stopsmoking.eu.pn
      The site has a poor design but its contents is very reach.

  16. QUESTION:
    Help With Hyperthyroidism Tests?
    Ok so I have been diagnosed with Anxiety for some time now. I have been getting panic attacks, dizziness, chest pain, muscle tension, visual problems, palpitations and all sorts of symptoms of that nature. However, I have recently found out that Hyperthyroidism can cause all of these symptoms and more! In fact the list of symptoms is pretty much tailor made for me it seems (A few don’t apply) but about 85% do…

    I have lost a great deal of weight and Hyperthyroidism is quite common in my family. I have had 15 ECG’s, 2 Chest X-Rays and 3 lots of blood tests due to my symptoms and all have come back perfect so the diagnosis of Anxiety was given (I have suffered it in the past but not as bad by far)

    When I last went to hospital I had my bloods taken at 6pm in the evening and they did tests for heart problems/liver function ect: and told me at about 11.50pm that they were all good test results and there was no need for concern. They would write up my notes and let me go in the morning. When the morning came I asked them if Hyperthyroidism was in the blood tests they did, I was told no it wasn’t but she could call up the lab and get them to ”Tack” it onto my blood tests from last night (Which they had already completed)…..

    After the weekend I called them and they said pretty promptly… The tests were normal.

    Could they really have used blood taken at 6pm the following day at like 11am the following day? I thought they would have discarded the blood as soon as the required tests were complete?

    I am asking as I am not sure if I should see my G.P and get them to do the test properly if not!

    Thanks in advance

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    A Medical Puzzle… can anyone piece it together?
    Long rant for context (ie: we’ve tried everything… probably *literally* everything)…

    I have a 16 year old dog, Norwegian Elkhound mix (though recent things suggest some direct wolf-lineage)… For over a month now, he’s had varying degrees of diarrhea, vomiting, etc… It started with the vet just saying to put him on a bland diet. Worked for a few days then got worse. Then a canned bland diet… same thing. Tried metronidazole, but that caused a rather atypical reaction of absolutely no bladder control. He was wetting the bed, several accidents in the house (which he’s never done before), etc… Took him off metronidazole and that went away in a couple days. The vet said it could be an age related issue (bladder muscles no longer what they were), but considering that went away, I highly doubt it. In the meantime, I had them run a blood test… everything came back perfect for a dog half his age, no kidney, liver, thyroid, etc… problems, except slightly high cholesterol which has been an issue for some time now, but just at the very high end of normal). I finally got pissed off at his regular vet so started taking him into the ER vet as a regular practice for a week (started because he couldn’t eat anything without vomiting and the vet said, “oh, bring him in in 3 days”… not acceptable for a 16 year old dog who had been having related ongoing problems). In the 4 times I took him in over a week, they ran an abdominal x-ray, ultrasound, standard fecal test (no parasites), diarrhea panel, gave him fluid injections, prescribed various medications (antacids, an onsite kaopectate dose, and on and on), etc… Every diagnostic came back fine, no indication of a problem whatsoever (except the x-ray appearing gassy), no tumors, etc… The ER vet even said “if there’s a dog to clone, he’s the one!” (given his age and not even slight issues). However, the vomiting stopped (though it only lasted 1 day throughout all of this), but the diarrhea continued – actually got worse, the point of being pure liquid. This past Monday, I took him in to see a specialist who ran a chest x-ray (came back fine, no sign of anything) and ran various other tests (vitamin deficiencies, full pancreatic test, etc…), as well as looking over the other x-rays, ultrasound, tests, etc… He found that my dog has a slight B12 deficiency, but extremely slight and way less than he’d expect of a dog who’s had diarrhea for a month. But otherwise, again, everything looks perfect (no problems with his pancreas, no indication of intestinal lymphoma, no chest tumors or other issues, etc…). He put him on enrofloxacin (Baytril) as a best guess (and gave him a B vitamin injection, and a supplement of Metamucil) – the reasoning being it’s gone on too long and some definitive treatment needs to be attempted, so hoping this was the right one. So far, so good. He went a day without pooping, and now his stool is firming up. No problems with urination. But we’ll see how that works in the long run. The one issue is that he selectively threw up the Metamucil, so we’ve stopped that… supposedly selective vomiting is common in wolves, but not believed to exist in domestic dogs (hence the new genetic mystery).

    In the meantime, my girlfriend’s dog (a miniature poodle.. we all live together, so easy exposure) suddenly, this past Tuesday, had HORRIBLE diarrhea… extremely bloody, pure liquid, but no other symptoms. We got her into the vet and they put her on metronidazole and ran a fecal test (the fact that she wasn’t showing any other symptoms, is about 3 years old, and we live somewhere where parvo is extremely uncommon made them confident it wasn’t that, which I’d certainly agree with). She had no temperature, was only slightly dehydrated, and had quite the appetite and as bouncy/hyper as always. The fecal test came back today negative for any parasites.

    However, here’s the kicker… the metronidazole, while it’s stopped the diarrhea, is also causing her to pee a lot! Not as bad as my dog (she hasn’t had any accidents), but she has to go out for a walk every couple hours. I’ve asked the vet she went to to switch her over to Baytril, and am having my dog’s records faxed over to show them precedent for why… But at this point, it’s entirely symptomatic. There is no concrete reason *why* they’d both appear to be healthy yet have diarrhea, and respond to metronidazole in the same very atypical way. It seems there should be a link, but I certainly can’t figure it out and no vets can either.

    Does anyone have experience with an extremely rare bacteria/virus/whatever that’s not detected in tests and causes increased urination when treated with metronidazole?

    Sorry that’s so long, but at this point it’s puzzling me, my girlfriend, 3 ER vets, 2 regular practice vets, and a renowned internal medic
    They’ve gotten no table scraps, and that wouldn’t explain why both have the same weird reaction to the same medication (Elkhound vs poodle… not likely to respond to things that similarly for no reason) and that far apart, nor why it’s gone on so long. And I’d say if 6 vets (actually 7, as there were 2 who saw my dog at the regular practice) are all stumped, I think it’s less an issue of the vet and more an issue of something extremely odd. I appreciate input, so I mean no disrespect, but I’m largely looking for people who have had experience with something that would cause this, or have heard about it before.
    My dog’s not at the end of his life (and I honestly don’t appreciate such a patronizing remark)… every single diagnostic confirmed otherwise. And, hypothetically, if he were, how would simple old-age be contagious to a 3 year old poodle?

    Again, we’ve had every diagnostic under the sun. A 16 year old and 3 year old of very different breeds are having the same symptoms. I don’t mean to sound ungrateful, as I appreciate responses, but both responses so far are overlooking countless big details.
    Sorry for editing so much, but I’d also like to add that no one dies of “old age”… Old age leads to a reduction in the ability of one of body’s systems which results in death, but “old age” (simply chronological age) doesn’t cause someone to die (heart failure, liver failure, cancer, etc… caused by a slowing of hormone process, body’s synthesis of nutrients, etc… causes death, and none of which apply to him according to every test by various vets). Based on every blood test, x-ray, ultrasound, etc… my dog would be extremely healthy for a dog half his age. He enjoys walks, playing, cuddling, etc… and I think it’s very irresponsible and patronizing the imply someone should have their otherwise healthy dog put to sleep just because of age. Again, his only medical problem is diarrhea, which a 3 year poodle now has with the same symptoms/medication reactions, and every test indicates he’s freakishly healthy.

    Again, I’ve outlined every variable… I would REALLY appreciate seri
    ous responses (I’d be so grateful), but please read what I wrote.

    Pamela: No, apparently I can’t. Even with a long rant with every variable outlined, people still apparently won’t read it/ignore 90% of what was said. : I can only imagine how people would skew it if I tried to leave details out (ie: said I was at several vets, someone says to find a new vet… said diagnostics show my dog is healthy and a 3 year old dog is having the same, someone suggests my dog is dying of old age and I should kill him… wtf?!)

    • ANSWER:
      Look up Canine Enteritis it sounds a lot like what your dog is doing. It is also contagious which would explain why the other dog has gotten symptoms (While your dog is getting treatment for enteritis, you should monitor its condition closely. You should try to keep your dog away from other pet animals and children. This is because enteritis in dogs is contagious and spreads fast through physical contact) it is also helped to be cured by antibiotics which would say why the metronidazole is helping but not curing it. I hope this helps. I found your question to hit home a little bit so took a little more time on this one. we went through a similar situation with a cough that would not clear up or go away. I can’t even imagine the money you have into this up to this point. We spent at least 00.00 trying to figure out what was wrong with our dog. It is very frustrating. Sometimes it helps to just scan the internet and research different symptoms and meds that your vet has put him on. We also ended up taking our dog to a State University hospital. That’s who actually figured out what was wrong with him after almost a year! In case your wondering it was E-Coli. But also did you try taking out fatty foods from his diet at least until you figure this out. My dog has a sensitive stomach and can only eat lamb, deer, salmon things like that. No beef , pork, chicken ect. Hopefully this helps I wish you the best of luck. But really think about taking him to a State University. We had very good luck there! So sorry this is happening to you and your dog. Hope he gets better:)I’m also sorry this is so long but I hope it helps:) Good Luck

      Also the only side effects of metronidazole that is really mentioned repeatedly is the bad taste which leads me to think maybe they are trying to get the taste out of there mouth and drinking a lot more. I did however find that frequent urination in humans using it is a common side effect, not sure if it would be the same for canines though? If I do find more info I will let you know:) Cushings and Addisons is not contagious either which would not explain why the other dog has the same symptoms.

  18. QUESTION:
    drinking questions help please?
    A chronic liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as:

    Cardiac sympathy
    Cirrhosis
    Pancreatitis
    Parkinson’s

    What passes the ingested alcohol from the mother to the baby?
    amniotic fluid
    uterus
    ovaries
    placenta

    Mandatory license plate revocation is ineffective against drunk driving.
    true
    false

    Which is not a sign of FAS?
    small head
    flat face
    flat feet
    wide spaced eyes

    Examples of important functional skills that are not visible to others, but are affected by alcohol, are thinking skills like evaluating risk and processing information. This means that steering, braking, lane changing, and response time could be affected in a driver that has been drinking.
    true
    false

    Alcohol is a:
    stimulant
    depressant
    hallucinogenic

    All of the following are symptoms of alcoholism except for:
    craving
    physical dependence
    tolerance (you have to drink more and more to get “buzzed.”)
    self-control

    Mandatory license revocation is effective against drunk driving.
    true
    false

    Which of the following statements is false?

    FAS is characterized by brain damage, facial deformities, and growth deficits.

    The effects of FAS are all reversible.
    Heart, liver, and kidney defects are common, as are vision and hearing problems.
    Individuals with FAS have difficulties with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving.

    When helping a pregnant woman with a drinking addiction you should not:

    expect instant success
    be a cheerleader for her
    encourage her to talk with her health care provider
    talk on the phone with others for support

    • ANSWER:
      Do your own homework. Wikipedia is a pretty good source for those.

  19. QUESTION:
    Why do people come to the United States for health care? When they have the rest of the world to choose from?
    Visitors seeking U.S. health care fret over work
    By Ramit Plushnick-Masti, Associated Press
    GIBSONIA, Pa. — A bright girl with dark curls crowning her face, Matisse Reid has been sick all her life with a rare disorder that prevents her body from absorbing nutrients.

    She nibbles on beet salad for lunch, but Matisse’s real meal — fats, nutrients and fluids — come from an intravenous line running from her backpack to a vein in her stomach. After six years of IV feedings, the pressure on her liver is becoming life-threatening and she is running out of usable veins. Often, she is doubled over with chronic pain and vomiting.

    After months of fundraising in their native New Zealand, Wayne and Jodee Reid, Matisse’s parents, packed up their family of six and traveled 8,500 miles to Pittsburgh for a multi-organ transplant that could save their 6-year-old daughter’s life.

    As they wait for a stomach, bowel and pancreas to become available, the Reids must draw from 0,000 they raised, money they are counting on to carry them through the years it will take Matisse to recover from her operation.

    Like other foreign families in the United States to obtain lifesaving medical care, the Reids are here on tourist visas, which do not allow them to find jobs. Families say that makes it more difficult to sustain themselves on the long journey of saving their children’s lives, adding to their anxiety.

    “At the end of the day, we’re just parents trying to do what’s best for their children,” Jodee said as Matisse, who is often in pain, played upstairs in the home they rent in this Pittsburgh suburb.

    The Reids arrived in Pittsburgh in January, expecting to spend about three years here for Matisse’s operation and long recovery.

    But with the wait for the transplants expecting to take eight months to a year, they now realize they may have to stay closer to five years — and it’s unclear whether the money they raised will be enough. If they spend only ,000 annually — a tight stretch for a family of six — the money will run out in about four years.

    Often, coming to the United States is the only choice for families seeking complicated transplants, leaving people who have always worked dependent on charitable people and organizations. On rare occasions, they are forced to return home.

    “There’s no provision whatsoever, even for humanitarian grounds, to allow these people to work,” said Bruce Larson, director of the international personnel office at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., which treated about 8,000 foreigners last year at its hospitals, including several hundred children.

    The federal government does not track how many of the millions of people who come here on tourist visas are seeking medical care.

    Working with the Mayo Clinic and St. Jude’s Hospital in Memphis, Rep. Steve Cohen, D-Tenn., said he plans to sponsor a bill that would grant work permits to parents of children who need more than six months of medical care.

    But it could get hung up in the bitter debate over immigration reform. Cohen wants to attach his bill to the broader reform legislation, which collapsed in the Senate in June.

    “I should hope it would have support. It’s logical, it’s humane,” Cohen said. “I can’t imagine anyone thinking this would be a security risk. It’s just a humanitarian issue.”

    Matisse was born on Christmas Day 2000 with chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, a disorder in which the small or large intestines lose their ability to contract and push food, stool and air through the gastrointestinal tract. It affects fewer than 200,000 people in the United States and is most common in children and the elderly. The cause is unknown but symptoms include severe bowel problems — from vomiting and diarrhea to chronic pain.

    Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, where Matisse is awaiting the triple transplant, treats fewer than 30 international patients a year.

    Years of lobbying convinced the New Zealand government to cover the .4 million cost of Matisse’s planned transplants. Independently, the Reids also raised nearly 0,000 in donations to sustain Matisse and her three siblings — Rachel, 15, Kalani, 9 and Fraanz, 2 — during the years it will take Matisse to recover.

    “It’s only the highly motivated or those with some resources to raise money to come to another country, whether it’s England, France or the United States, can come,” said Dr. George Mazariegos, director of pediatric transplants at Children’s Hospital. “Right now the care is very disproportional to the need.”

    Intestinal transplants have been done only about 1,300 times since 1989, nearly all in the United States, Mazariegos said.

    A study by a group of doctors in Columbus, Ohio, found that of eight children who underwent such transplants, two died a short while later. Of those who survived, the study found their lifestyles were significantly improved and at least three had normal bowel movements within 18 months.

    For the hundreds of foreigners who come to America every year seeking medical care, the issue of finances is ever present. Sometimes, medical care can take years, putting families in a financial bind.

    According to immigration attorneys, there are two alternatives for foreigners to receive work permits, and both are rarely effective.

    A family can open a small business. However, to ensure the business is viable they must invest at least 0,000. In this case, the owners of the business would have their visa status changed and they would get working papers.

    Getting hired by a research institute, such as a university, can also provide a work visa. However, there are just a few thousand such visas issued annually and they normally expire within days of the lottery. Non-profit research institutes, such as hospitals, do have an unlimited number of work visas that they can issue annually and a foreigner hired by such an institution could get working papers as well.

    Wayne Reid is a carpenter by trade and desperately wants to work — to keep busy and earn money for the family. He said he was offered under-the-table odd jobs but he refuses to do anything that might jeopardize his daughter’s treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      Because we have the best system in the world.

  20. QUESTION:
    Misdiagnosis nightmare. What can I do? No hope left?
    My insurance expired months ago. Right when it did I got sick. Thinking it was the common flu I waited a little more over than a week – sleeping all the time because of the extreme pain I was in. It eventually got so bad I went to the urgent care. In urgent care the physician found a “throat infection”. It was not looked into any further. He said, ” it looks like you are dehydrated and have a throat infection”. I was prescribed antibiotics, the antibiotics did not work. (I’ve done some research myself since I cannot get any help from these doctors and suspect (could be wrong) I am one of those adults who may have chronic mono) a disease that is apparently virtually incurable, can be controlled by steroids, and has a habit of coming up negative on tests even if you do have it .

    Eventually – I got so sick I was sent to the ER. The doctor could not find anything wrong but mentioned how the steroid he gave me seemed to calm me down. I think he attributed this to a general anxiety problem because this DOUCHEBAG of a doctor cursed my medical records with a diagnosis of “altered mental state”. I suspect it’s because he saw my medical history of getting treated for major depression back in 04. Does he believe that just because he couldn’t find anything – there’s really nothing wrong? This jerk has condemned me to a life of hell. Yes, I made one mistake of immediately not picking up my insurance within a week. But I know alot of people who have done that. Every doctor I visit in the future will not take me seriously. Nobody will insure someone with a diagnosis of “altered mental state”. And the worst part of it is, I’ve literally been able to feel physical symptoms indicating an inflamed liver and spleen. My GP mocked me after leaving the emergency room when the doctor told me he was going to give me a spinal tap. He says to “stay still or else you will be paralyzed” I vehemently refused because it was pretty obvious to me that I was going to be paralyzed since I was experiencing uncontrollable muscle spasms that had nothing to do with my mental state.

    This is hopeless. So now its basically choosing between being potentially homeless and drowning in medical bills or to lay at home and die?

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    Please help me with my science questions?
    these are questions i need to answer that i have no idea what the answers are. please help and tell me how sure you are on the questions you know.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn’s disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      Part 1

      1. b , 2. d, 3. b

      Part 2

      2. gastro reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histmaine
      9. Crohn’s
      10. Hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

  22. QUESTION:
    Please help him with these science questions?
    i need help with these questions im stuck on

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn’s disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      MULTIPLE CHOICE:

      1. B
      2. D
      3. A
      4. C
      5. C
      6. A
      7. A

      FILL IN THE BLANKS:

      1. GALLSTONES
      2. GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX
      3. HIATAL HERNIA
      4. HEARTBURN
      5. PYLORIC STENOSIS
      6. ULCER
      7. H. PYLORI
      8. HISTAMINE
      9. CROHN’S DISEASE
      10. HEPATITIS A
      11. DIVERTICULA
      12. DIARRHEA
      13. CONSTIPATION

  23. QUESTION:
    Can anyone answer these questions about science?
    please help me with these science questions. if you only know one answer then that is enough to satisfy me.

    1. if the common bile duct is blocked, the skin will become:
    a. cyanotic
    b. jaundiced
    c.ischemic
    d.icteric

    2. the liver manufactures all of the following plasma proteins except:
    a. albumin
    b.fibrinogen
    c.prothrombin
    d.hemoglobin

    3. the liver prepares urea, the chief waste product of:
    a. protien meabolism
    b.glucose metabolism
    c. fatty acids
    d. glycerol

    4. the gallbladder stores bile, which is released when:
    a.foods high in fat enter the stomach
    b.foods with protein content enter the stomach
    c. foods high in fat enter the duodunum
    d.foods low in fat content enter the stomach

    5. the large intestine is:
    a. longer in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    b. the same size as the small intestine
    c. shorter in length and larger in diameter that the small intestine
    d.shorter in length but with the same diameter as the small intestine

    6. below the ileocecal valce is a blind puch called the :
    a. appendix
    b. cecum
    c. sigmoid
    d. rectum

    7. the final structure of the colon is the:
    a. sigmoid colon
    b. descending colon
    c. rectum
    d. anal canal

    FILL IN THE BLANKS-

    word bank- cirrhosis, constipation, crohn’s disease, diarrea, diverticula, heartburn, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, heatal hernia, histamine, H. pylori, gallstones, gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis, stomach cancer, stressm ulcer

    1. many symptoms of degestive problems are caused by________
    2. when the sphincter muscle is weak and the stomach contents flow up into the esophagus, the condition is _________
    3.___________ _____________ occurs in many people over age 50, the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm.
    4. A backflow of the acidic gastric juices causes indigestion or________
    5. a narrowing of the sphincter at the lower end of the stomach causing projectile vomiting is _____ ______
    6. a lesion that occurs in the linging of the stomach or small intestine is an__________
    7. research shows that most ulcers are caused by the bacteria __________
    8. drugs that reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach are called ___________ blockers.
    9. Chronic dehydration, ulceration of the bowel, and personal embarrassment are symptoms of ______________ ___________
    10. __________ is a viral infection of the liver, spread through contaminated food and water, enteric precautions must be followed
    11. the majority of people over age 60 have little sacs called ______________, that develop in the wall of the colon
    12. loose, watery bowel movements that can lead to dehydration are called ___________________
    13. a condition of hardened stool that can be caused by anxiety, fear, fright, is known as ________________

    • ANSWER:
      1. B
      2. B
      3. A
      4. A
      5. A
      6. A
      7. C

      1. gallstones
      2. gastroesophageal reflux
      3. hiatal hernia
      4. heartburn
      5. pyloric stenosis
      6. ulcer
      7. H. pylori
      8. histamine
      9. Chrohns Disease
      10. hep A
      11. diverticula
      12. diarrhea
      13. constipation

      I’m not so sure about #2 in the first part, but think I have the rest of them right. Hope so. Next time, you must do your own homework. I’ll help you out this time.

  24. QUESTION:
    is this copied?
    CHINESE HERBS- NATURE’S BLESSINGS FOR AILING SOULS
    Among the family of herbal Medicines the treatment that has inspired the human souls and has intricately woven into the social fabric of many generations globally are nonetheless Chinese Medicinal herbs. These herbs have not only benefited the ailing human beings but also have been the source of Information and studies for the people of scientific world of today. These Chinese Medicinal herbs found its birth last 3000 years back among the Zhou Dynasty. The recurrent troubles prevailing in the socio economic condition of the people led to their belief that sickness was due to the malevolent action of demonic forces. Incipient herbal medicine was employed to extirpate these unwanted intruders laying foundation of today’s Chinese healing herbs.
    According to Chinese legend, Chinese father of agriculture and leader of an ancient clan, Shen Nung, tested one by one hundreds of different plants to discover their nutritional and medicinal properties and then on this tradition continued.
    CHINESE HERBS
    There are over 3000 different Chinese healing herbs that can be used for medical purposes. Only 300 to 500 of these herbs are commonly used.
    BENEFITS OF CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINES
    Chinese healing herbs performs three main functions:
    •To treat the immediate problem, such as killing bacteria or a virus,
    •To strengthen the body, helping it to recover, and
    •To maintain health.

    DISEASES CHINESE HERBS CURE
    Chinese healing herbs are commonly used to treat disorders such as:
    •Digestive problems
    •Eczema and psoriasis
    •Fatigue
    •Gynaecological disorders
    •Hepatic (liver) disorders
    •Cardiovascular disorders
    •Stress

    There are different herbs for different types of diseases like:
    •Diabetes Chinese herbs
    •Chinese herbs for scabies
    •Chinese herbs for endometrosis
    As Diabetes has been most common ailment so there are different herbs for Diabetes patients like Diabetic neuropathy among others.
    Specially for Gynecological disorders there are Chinese herbs for fertility and Chinese herbs for infertility
    CATEGORIZATION OF MEDICINAL HERBS
    Chinese Medicinal herbs are categorized in following ways:
    •Property: Every herb is said to have the property of being either cool, cold, warm, or hot. Cool and cold herbs treat “hot” symptoms, such as fever, thirst, sore throat or constipation. Warm and hot herbs treat “cold” symptoms, such as cold hands and feet.
    •Flavor: There are seven flavors of herbs; pungent, sweet, sour, astringent, bitter, salty, and neutral.
    •Channels: Channels (or meridians) run throughout the body, affecting different organs. Each kind of herb affects a particular channel and organ.
    •Actions: Herbs perform different actions in the body. These are known as lifting, floating, lowering, and sinking.
    MECHANISM OF CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINE IN BODY
    Chinese treatment is a part of larger healing system called as “Traditional Chinese Medicine” (TCM), which includes among others acupuncture, massage dietary advice and exercise. For maintaining good health we must strive to attain a harmonious balanced relationship between the different systems inside our body, and between nature and our body and when this balance is disturbed we suffer from various diseases. These traditional Chinese Medicine balances our body system with the help of the prescribed Chinese healing herbs. The principle theory includes Yin and Yang, Qi, Blood and Body Fluid theory and Channels and Collaterals theory.
    YIN AND YANG
    The ancient Chinese proposed that all living things are sustained by balance of two opposing forces of energy, called Yin and Yang. Together, they make up the life essence, or Qi – a type of energy that flows through the body via invisible channels called meridians. Half of organs and meridians are governed by Yin and the other half are governed by Yang. When Yin and Yang are out of balance in the body, this causes a blockage of Qi and a subsequent illness. Yin and Yang imbalances can be caused by stress, pollution, poor diet, emotional upsets or infection. For diagnostic purposes, Yin and Yang are further subdivided into interior and exterior, hot and cold, deficiency and excess.
    PHILOSOPHY BEHIND CHINESE HERBAL TREATMENT
    This treatment depends on the philosophy that we live between heaven and earth and we are miniature universe in ourselves and we have five organs like
    •Heart” or “mind” (hsin);
    •2.”lungs” or “respiratory system” (fei);
    •3.”liver” (kan);
    •4.”spleen” (p’i);
    •5.”kidneys” (shen)
    These are called as Latent Phenomena
    Exessive Wind (feng), cold (han), heat (shu), moisture (shih), dryness (tsao), and internal heat (huo “fire”) harms the body, and are referred to as the “six external disease-causing factors” (liu yin). On the other hand, if mood changes within the individual, such as happiness(hsi), anger(nu), worry(yu), pensiveness(szu), grief(pei), fear(k’ung), and surprise(ching) are too extreme, they will also harm the health. These emotions are called the “seven emotions”(ch’i ch’ing). In Chinese Herbal treatment, the six external disease-causing factors, interacting with the seven emotions, form the theoretical foundation of disease pathology. These theoretical models, coupled with the “theory of latent phenomena,” are used to analyze the patient’s constitution and his illness, and diagnose the exact nature of his overall physical and psychological loss of balance. Based on this analysis, the doctor prescribes method to correct the imbalance.
    HOW THE HERBAL MEDICINES ARE PRESCRIBED
    The TCM philosophy proposes that everything including organs of the body – is composed of the five elements: fire, earth, metal, water and wood. The herbs are similarly classified into the five tastes – sweet, salty, bitter, pungent and sour – which correspond to the five elements, for example, since the skin is a metal element Yang organ, it would be treated with a pungent herb
    Each herbal medicine prescription is a mixture of many herbs tailored to the individual patient. One batch of herbs is typically decocted twice over the course of one hour. The practitioner usually designs a remedy using one or two main ingredients that target the illness. Then the practitioner adds many other ingredients to adjust the formula to the patient’s Yin Yang conditions. Sometimes, ingredients are needed to cancel out side
    effects of the main ingredients. Some herbs require the use of other ingredients as catalyst or else the brew remains ineffective.
    HOW THE PROBLEM IS DIAGNOSED
    Diagnosis is by visual assessment, listening and smelling, questioning, and palpation; a single biomedical disease may be associated with a large number of TCM diagnoses, while one TCM diagnosis may encompass a number of biomedical diseases. Once a diagnosis is established, therapy aims at restoring the body’s homeostasis by treating the root cause of the disease.
    CHINESE HEALING HERBS
    Chinese healing herbs are mainly plant based, but some preparations include minerals or animal products. They can be packaged as powders, pastes, lotions or tablets, depending on the herb and its intended use. Different herbs have different properties and can balance particular parts of the body. Prescribing a particular herb or concoction of herbs means the practitioner’s diagnosis has to take into account the state of the patient’s Yin and Yang, and the elements that are governing the affected organs.
    SCIENCE VS HERBAL MEDICINE
    Dr. David Nye pointed out some interesting facts in discussing scientific vs. Chinese Herbal Medicine. He said that scientific medicine is a body of knowledge about the human body, its maladies, and their treatment acquired by the application of scientific methods of study. These methods were developed for science in general and medicine in particular. For Alternate Medicine like Chinese Herbal Medicine, he explains alternative medicine as a name has been given to several schools of folk (non-scientific) medicine whose treatments are typically derived from tradition rather than from scientific study. Ideas often come from a single founder and are then passed along generation next with little change as in the case of chiropractic or homeopathy. New form of treatments may be added but the core theories are not challenged. Alternative medical treatments are often promoted through the use of anecdotal evidence and testimonials.
    STEPS TO CONSIDER BEFORE GOING FOR CHINESE HERBAL TREATMENT
    Chinese healing Herbs can act on the body as powerfully as pharmaceutical drugs and should be treated with the same caution and respect. Some herbs can be toxic in high doses; others can cause allergic reactions, many can also suffer from liver dysfunction. Make sure your practitioner is fully qualified. Never abandon your regular medication or alter the dose without the knowledge and approval of your Doctor. Because of the variety of herbs used in Chinese herbal medicine, there is a potential for negative interactions with prescribed drugs. Some herbal preparations contain other ingredients
    which are not always identified. The FDA has issued a statement warning diabetics to avoid several specific brands of Chinese herbal products because they illegally contain the prescription diabetes drugs glyburide and phenformin. FDA warnings have been issued for PC-SPES and production of that product stopped because the Chinese herbal products also contained prescription drugs (indomethicin, diethylstilbestrol and warfarin).
    China had no doubt remained one of the leading Civilizations since centuries in arts, social, culture, Economy but the gift of unique herbs that it gave to human beings is cherished, was cherished and will always be cherished by generations ahead. Though modern medicines has took its roots among the people but Chinese Medicinal Herbs has undoubtedly taken its own place into the hearts of millions due to its magical powers of healing.
    These are the points that I have covered in the Write-up
    •How does Chinese medicine differ from the scientific herbs?
    •How do Chinese herbs work? (can describe it in steps)
    oassesses the balance between yin and yang aspects of body functions
    ocorrespondence of the ailment to the five phase elemental system of living energy
    oetc
    •Health benefits of Chinese herbs
    •Are several herbs combined in Chinese herbal formula? (explain in brief)
    •Dangers in using Chinese herbs (e.g. affect liver function)
    Diagnostic examination before administering Chinese herbs (e.g. visual exam, listening and smelling etc)

    • ANSWER:
      Tall claims apart , not fond useful in the long run.

  25. QUESTION:
    3 year old with sporadic back pains?
    My son is three years old and has been experiencing random bouts of back pain for approximately 10 months.

    The pains come very quickly and go equally fast but last anywhere between 1 and 15 minutes. Massaging his back seems to help and the tendency over the last few months has been for the length of the attack to shorten. On average he has these attacks 3 or 4 times a month and they can happen at anytime day or night (very occasionally). We have charted the time and circumstances around each attack and been able to find no common factors or causes.

    The pain is located in the lower/mid part of his back around the spine and is often accompanied by a very tight tummy and a red face. He has no other symptoms or health problems other than Eczema and is otherwise a very healthy and energetic three year old.

    He was referred to hospital on two occasions by our paediatrician and each time they performed a wide range of tests. Initially they thought it could be kidney stones so looked at kidney function via blood/urine/ultrasound and found nothing and sent us home. The second time they did 24hr urine collection, 24hr ECG, heart ultrasound, stomach/intestine/liver ultrasounds, EEG for testing epilepsy as well as numerous blood tests and urine tests and found nothing at all wrong with him. Additionally he has seen a Craniologist and a Orthopaedic practitioner and again, nothing untoward.

    The doctors seem to have run out of ideas but we are not happy to just let it continue. It is very difficult to see your child in pain and to do so with absolutely no explanation is causing my wife and I a vast amount of worry.

    Has anyone ever experienced anything like this? Any help or guidance would be greatly appreciated.

    Karl

    • ANSWER:
      I’ve had severe back pain myself, until i found this great information on this website:

      http://www.ReliefBackPainToday.com

      I hope you can find something useful for yourself also.

  26. QUESTION:
    Is this likely to be gallstones/gallbladder related and should i go to a doctor?
    Okay well i have had abdominal pain quite a few times in the last 9 months, a few severe attacks and many milder symptoms.
    I’ve had very bad pain after eating a Gregg’s sausage roll which got steadily worse over 30 minutes from having to bend over a bit to literally not be able to walk or stand. It was underneath my ribs in the middle and right side and when the pain subsided i was sick in a bin at work :l It was honestly the worst pain i have ever felt in my life like someone was tightening an iron band under by ribs and squeezing in waves of pain that got worse and worse until they suddenly stopped and i threw up.

    I’ve also had pain that has come on suddenly and felt like i was having a heart attack and i couldn’t breath deeply or lie on my right side, lying on the left side made it hurt a little less, it was painful for hours and when the pain went i had a sore patch underneath my right rib for a couple weeks.

    I also experience a lot of indigestion and heartburn, particularly when i eat chinese or pork/beef/cheese, i cannot eat food high in fat without getting twinges from the gallbladder/liver area.
    I went to a&e the morning after having mild symptoms of it for weeks as i suspected it might be due to my gallbladder as the symptoms match and i have a VERY strong history of it in the family in the side i take after in pretty much everything. The doctor i saw was also convinced it was gallstones or gallbladder related, he did a blood test which came back okay and sent me for an ultrasound.
    I waited a long time for the results in a&e the next day and they seemed to have forgotten about me, eventually after asking several times a doctor called me and he asked me who i was and what the problem was, so i told him, he flicked a page on the results looked for a second and said there was nothing wrong with my gallbladder and told me to eat less fatty foods and didn’t offer me any more tests. The ultrasound did not show any gallstones, although my dad had 4 ultrasounds over 5 years and they always came back that he had no stones either and then eventually on another scan they found scarring that suggested stones had been there so they did the surgery (he was having very bad, frequent attacks that often caused him to pass out and end up in hospital by this point) when they took his gallbladder out, they gave him a jar with about 30 black stones in it that had apparently not been there all those years.

    I’m still having symptoms of gallstones and gallbladder disease and recently i’ve been getting very high temperatures after eating where i can literally feel the heat coming off my face, i feel particularly arm in the gallbladder area and they are accompanied by some abdominal discomfort but i usually do cool down after an hour or two.

    In the last week or so the sides of the whites of my eyes have also started to turn yellow and are slowly getting worse, i’ve been having darker urine since all these problems of 9 months began and sometimes soft fatty stools and sometimes paler than normal constipated ones aswell.

    I also had stabbing pain in the gallbladder area for an hour at work the other day after eating a cheeseburger, not as bad as the pain i had at work when i was sick but it was uncomfortable and when it went away i had a lot of flatulence for a few hours, i’ve also been very bloated after eating recently and my appetite has decreased quite a lot.

    The yellow eyes have made me think maybe it’s time i went back to the doctor again, but i’m scared they’ll just tell me there’s nothing wrong with me and not give me any more tests again, i just want to know what the matter is, does this sound like gallbladder trouble to you?
    As i said it’s very common in my family, my dad, grandma, 3 of my dad’s aunts (1 died of a gallbladder infection), and my dad’s grandad apparently used to have indigestion so bad it sent him to bed with a bottle of brandy.

    Do you think the doctors will take me seriously this time?

    • ANSWER:
      It definitely sounds like Gall Stones.

      My mom had her Gall Bladder removed only last Saturday after having severe pain and vomitting a few months ago (it took until now to get the appointment because it is NHS). She said said had similar symptoms to yours too – including milder pains, indigestion pain, right-hand side pain, etc.

      It is a common fact that you should not eat fatty or greasy foods if you have gall stones because it almost always will bring on the symptoms. Chinese food is always greasy (though I love it!), so that is why it is making it come on again.

      You NEED an operation to have your Gall Bladder removed. Do it now! Then you can live without this problem. You don’t actually need a Gall Bladder.

  27. QUESTION:
    Can someone please read my assignment about ARDS please?
    Hey i need someone to read my paper and correct any grammar mistakes,
    and if there’s anything missing about the disease in general please don’t hesitate to mention them.

    An Acute respiratory disease syndrome (ARDS) is a life threatening illness that damages the lungs over time. The disease has a mortality rate of 65% and it’s more common for men than women to catch ARDS . Pediatrics and infants can be receive with ARDS too. The problem of the disease is caused by the crumpling and the accumulation of fluid in the alveoli sacs. This affect the lungs to deliver poor concentration of oxygen into the blood, which leads to hypoxia. Essentially, ARDS starts to take affect from 24 to 48 hours from the start of incident. As the disease continues to worsen, the lungs will become stiff, heavy and unable to expand properly resulting to pulmonary edema. Eventually, other vital organs will start to malfunction such as the heart, the kidneys and the liver due to the lack of oxygen in the blood. The most common reasons that people get ARDS is caused by any major inflammation or injury to the lungs like aspiration, sepsis, pneumothorax, trauma, massive transfusion of blood products, and drug overdose. Also, Heavy smoking and heavy drinking are other risk factors. Symptoms may include severe difficulty breathing, anxiety, low level blood pressure, agitation, fever and multiple organ failure. Signs of ARDS includes presents of crackle sounds in the lungs, cyanosis, and diaphoresis]. The disease can takes months to cure depending on its severity, however the longer ARDS is delayed for treatment, the more closer it becomes inevitable to cure. Complications. The disease is treated through intensive care unit (ICU) and requires mechanical ventilation support. Patients are given antibiotics, IV fluid, and oxygen for hospital treatment.
    Essentially on scene, a patient with ARDS will be or might be in respiratory distress. Again, signs may includes, cyanosis, dysnea, diaphoretic, wheezing, and excess muscle usage. Symptoms may include rapid breathing, SOB and organ failure. Paramedics should quickly give 100% oxygen by using a mask, a nasal canula or a combitube, then positioning the patient into a comfortable respiratory position. If possible, medication such as salbutamol can be given to treat ARDS to open the pt’s airway, only applicable if the patient fits in the inclusion criteria and has no exclusion concerns. In some cases, patient with severe ARDS will be in grave pain if they move too much. Paramedic may want to check the lungs and any complications that may be present and treat it if they can. These complications may includes multiple organ failure, pneumothorax, and pulmonary fibrosis. A physical examination is necessary to rule out any other problems. Other useful practice are monitoring the patient heart, O2 saturation, and taking vital signs. Patient with ARDS needs hospital care ASAP. Overall when paramedics are dealing with an ARDS call, they must provide breathing support, try to figure out the cause of ARDS and get the patient to the hospital.

    • ANSWER:
      ARDS is a commonly misused term and has specific criteria by definition including the PaO2/FIO2 ratio is less than 200 and bilateral infiltrates on a CXR. Paramedics in the field will not know this nor will they have the appropriate diagnostic equipment. Not that many patients have “ARDS” although they have many of the other signs and symptoms. Some Paramedics will say the patient is in “ARDS” but the patient may just need a couple of nebulizer treatments and corticosteriods with a scrpt and they are back home later that day. Not all respiratory distress patients will be in ARDS. some may just have bilateral pneumonia which might meet a sepsis protocol but may not require intubation.

  28. QUESTION:
    hey lucky hope this helps?
    Psoriasis Treatments include:
    1) Dead Sea Salts This traditional treatment to healing naturally has been used in the Middle East for thousands of years. We have a 6 week program designed to use in your home.

    2) “Psoriasis Spot Free in 30 Days”, A special diet book written by a former sufferer of the itching and flaking skin condition. The author is a registered nurse who used food to reverse the signs and symptoms of her condition.

    3) Homeopathic treatment that helps to target the source of the problem with no damaging side effects.

    4) Herbal extractions like Oregon Grape Root Extract and Herbal Detox Tea combinations that gently cleanse your body of toxins and help optimize your liver function. Herbs have historically been used for treatment of skin conditions.

    5) Gentle herbal scalp creams and shampoos that contain FDA approved ingredients to combine nature with science.

    6) Dietary supplements to improve your defense systems, Omega Fortified Flax (recommended for children and adults) and Alkyrol Shark Liver Oil for maximum Omega 3 fatty acids.

    Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet can improve general health and have a positive impact on psoriasis.

    The Natural Products Center is proud to be a central location for exploring alternative health products and carries a line of Vestalcare and LupiCare products. You can also find special discounted treatment programs of Mineral Care Dead Sea Salts. Our special packages put together FDA recognized approaches for psoriasis with diet and nutritional supplements to give you a multi-pronged approach to dealing with your skin condition.

    We encourage you to become informed about psoriasis and the natural products that can have a positive impact your skin..

    What is psoriasis and how it can be controlled are just some of the questions explored on this web site. Is there a cure? NO. But you can effectively keep the itching skin, scaling, and red lesions at bay without injections, caustic pharmaceuticals, or cancer causing therapies. Natural approaches do work.

    We searched the world over to bring you unique and effective choices for psoriasis. We hope you find the lost treasures you were seeking. Our nautical theme invokes a spirit of adventure and discovery. There are items here that are not from the sea, but herbal, homeopathic, and from land. We tried to combine old knowledge with new technology, common sense approaches, and alternative medicines to help make your trip to the Natural Products Center rewarding.

    Questions? You can reach the Natural Products Center at 1-800-301-3337.

    Natural Products Center
    P.O. Box 450748
    Westlake, OH 44145

    • ANSWER:
      very informative but what is your question?

  29. QUESTION:
    light colored stools?
    The past two days I have experience lighter than normal colored stools. I went online to see what this could mean and I’ve came up with various answers but the most common one was liver disease. I searched through many of the causes of light colored stools and the only symptom I could really relate to was the light colored stools. I’m not experiencing any stomach pain, bloating, headaches, or anything that has really been out of the normal. I do have acid reflux disease and know that can cause some problems but like I said nothing has been any different than what I have experienced in the past nor has anything been consistent. Should this be a cause for concern or could this just be something that will pass with time?

    • ANSWER:

  30. QUESTION:
    I Have Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency?
    i have Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTC) and people tease me cause i cant explain it can some one give me an idea of how too explain this short?

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD), the most common of the urea cycle disorders, is a rare metabolic disorder, occurring in one out of every 80,000 births. OTCD is a genetic disorder resulting in a mutated and ineffective form of the enzyme ornithine transcarbamylase.
    Like other urea cycle disorders, OTC affects the body’s ability to get rid of ammonia, a toxic breakdown product of the body’s use of protein. As a result, ammonia accumulates in the blood causing hyperammonemia. This ammonia travels to the various organs of the body.

    Another symptom of OTC is a buildup of orotic acid in the blood. This is due to an anapleurosis that occurs with carbamoyl phosphate entering the pyrimidine synthesis pathway.

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency often becomes evident in the first few days of life, however it can present at middle age [a]. An infant with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency may be lacking in energy (lethargic) or unwilling to eat, and have poorly-controlled breathing rate or body temperature. Some babies with this disorder may experience seizures or unusual body movements, or go into a coma. In cases where OTC enzyme production is low or non-existent death can occur within the first days of life. Complications from ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency may include developmental delay and mental retardation. Progressive liver damage, skin lesions, and brittle hair may also be seen. Other symptoms include irrational behavior (caused by encephalitis), mood swings, and poor performance in school.

    In some affected individuals, signs and symptoms of ornithine transcarbamylase may be less severe, and may not appear until later in life. Some female carriers become symptomatic later in life in times of metabolic stress. This can happen as a result of anorexia, starvation, malnutrition, pregnancy or even (in at least one case) as a result of gastric bypass surgery. It is also possible for symptoms to be exacerbated by extreme trauma of many sorts, including, (at least in one case) adolescent pregnancy coupled with severe stomach flu.

    Mutations in the OTC gene cause ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency belongs to a class of genetic diseases called urea cycle disorders. The urea cycle is a sequence of reactions that occurs in liver cells. It processes excess nitrogen, generated when protein is used by the body, to make a compound called urea that is excreted by the kidneys.

    In ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency, the enzyme that starts a specific reaction within the urea cycle is damaged or missing. The urea cycle cannot proceed normally, and nitrogen accumulates in the bloodstream in the form of ammonia. Ammonia is especially damaging to the nervous system, so ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency causes neurological problems as well as eventual damage to the liver.

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by a number of different mutations. Since the gene is on the X chromosome, females are primarily carriers while males with nonconservative mutations rarely survive past 72 hours of birth. Half of those survivors die in the first month, and half of the remaining by age 5. Prognosis is less clear in cases of adult onset OTCD, as detection of the disease is almost universally post symptomatic
    Since the disease results in an inability to handle large amounts of nitrogen load, the treatment includes strategies to decrease the intake of nitrogen (low-protein diet), prevention of excessive body protein breakdown during acute illnesses (hydration and nutrition) and administration of medications scavenging nitrogen (sodium benzoate and sodium phenylbutyrate). Some patients may need to have supplemental amino acids (arginine, citrulline, valine, leucine, isoleucine).

    In cases where the OTC enzyme production is very low or non-existent and treatment consisting of low-protein diet and dietary supplementation are inadequate, liver transplant may become a treatment option.

    Help me explain this shortly

    • ANSWER:
      You have a metabolic disorder that causes ammonia to build up in your blood, so you need to be careful about what you eat.

  31. QUESTION:
    should i be concern at preeclampsia?
    Should i be concern about my pre-eclampsia?
    okay at the bottom is a few symptoms…………………………..… im 21 weeks and already the doctor thinks i have it because i have mildly high blood pressure 140/80 135/75 ect ect i already did a 24 hr pee two weeks ago but my phone num got change so i dont know if they called me…….i work at night but lately i find myself rubbing my eyes feeling blurr vision a lil dizzy which is a symptoms ii get alot of sleep but i feel like my eyes is still messing with me my feet hurts alot due to standing up at work 3hr at a time but i dont know if that related ………i vomit here and there even when ieat slow and small meal ….yestaday i threw up water…..sometime i go all day without eating even when i want to eat……………should i say something to my doctor i heard another symptom was a rash and my face starting to have a rash like little spot but i do have excema so i dont know if it that…oh yeah i go to the doctor today what should i tell her?

    What are the symptoms of pre-eclampsia and how does it progress?
    The severity of pre-eclampsia is usually (but not always) related to the blood pressure level. You may have no symptoms at first, or if you have only mildly raised blood pressure and a small amount of leaked protein in your urine. If pre-eclampsia becomes worse, one or more of the following symptoms may develop. See a doctor or midwife if any of these occur. .

    •Headaches.
    •Blurring of vision, or other visual problems.
    •Abdominal (tummy) pain. The pain that occurs with pre-eclampsia tends to be mainly in the upper part of the abdomen, just under the ribs.
    •Vomiting.
    •Just not feeling right.
    Swelling or puffiness of your feet, face, or hands (oedema) is also a feature of pre-eclampsia. However, this is common in normal pregnancy. Most women with this symptom do not have pre-eclampsia, but it can become worse in pre-eclampsia. Therefore, report any sudden worsening of swelling of the hands, face or feet promptly to your doctor or midwife. .

    Regular checks may be all that you need if pre-eclampsia remains relatively mild. If pre-eclampsia becomes worse, you are likely to be admitted to hospital. Tests may be done to check on your well-being, and that of your baby. For example, blood tests to check on the function of your liver and kidneys. Also, an ultrasound scan is usual to see how well your baby is growing.

    oh yeah and i have a lot of headach…..i try not to take anything but my doctor gave me the okay to take some etrax strength tylona [sorry misspell]

    • ANSWER:
      I had pre-eclampsia with my first baby. Almost 9 years ago. I was in Germany (Me and my hubby were stationed over there – Army). I swear the doctors over there were idiot’s. They didn’t even seem to know what it was. I had really bad blurred vision. My head was swollen. I could push on the top of my head and it was squishy. I felt drunk almost. And my blood pressure was high. I was 2 weeks over due. In Germany they will leave that baby in until it’s ready to come out. They rarely induce. Stupid I know. Was the worst exp. of my life. So needless to say when I had my 2nd baby in Wisconsin it was a cake walk. Any who, my advice to you is to stop work at this point. And take it easy. I know in this day and age it is hard. But do you really want to risk the health of your unborn child? No, of course not. High blood pressure at this point could be the cause of to much activity. Because as we gain weight and the baby grows it put’s strain on your heart. Try taking it easy for awhile and see if this helps.

  32. QUESTION:
    Long term neurological(?) problems, need advice regarding another MRI?
    I assure you that I’m not a hypochondriac of any sort, just trying to understand what has been going on for so many years. I know it’s a lot to read, but I am desperate for advice.

    My Symptoms:
    * Sudden dizzy spells, seemingly random (Not related to body position, food/drink, time of day, etc. Cannot find a common cause – even sitting at the computer, these spells can strike without warning.)
    Dizziness easily aggravated by camera movement in games/media, but then again, this happens to many people?

    * Fuzzy memories, randomly forgetting words, names, bits of conversation, reason for coming into a room, etc. Feels like I’m getting old, but I’m only 24.

    * Constant “uncomfortable” feeling in the back of the head, not quite a headache (not a sharp pain, and does not throb)

    * Poor balance, sometimes unintentionally leaning when standing or walking. Especially bad on stairs. (Fell down stairs 5 years ago, broke ankle, could not go to hospital due to lack of medical coverage. Seems to have set incorrectly, still causes pain now, but that does not matter. Just explaining because I think the fall was related to the dizziness/balance issues)

    * Unrelated? inconsistent periods spanning long before these problems – can go several months with none, then spend 1-3 solid months bleeding (most recent period spanned from Dec 5 to Feb 22)
    * Unrelated? rash spreading across neck, does not respond to over-the-counter treatments for eczema, psoriasis, or fungal infections.

    ~~~

    Tests Already Performed:

    * MRI (no contrast) 3 years ago, reported as clean.
    * Blood tests came up negative for Diabetes and Lyme Disease.
    * CBC normal, glucose level 93 (not fasting).
    * Repeated thyroid tests (2003, 2007, and last week) all reported normal.
    * 2007 – androgen levels slightly high – was sent for ultrasound (checking for PCOS?) – everything normal.
    * Liver and Kidneys all functioning normally. (tests were done to see if I could safely filter gadolinium)

    ~~~~~~

    Thank you for reading all that.

    I thought after my first MRI that it was all “in my head” (no pun intended) and was ready to give up on it, but my symptoms have not gone away.

    My doctor scheduled me for another MRI (this time with contrast) but I do not want to go if the results will be clean again.. It is EXTREMELY expensive for my family, and I honestly could not live with myself if I wasted ,000 or so for nothing.

    Please don’t tell me “You cannot put a price on health” and things like that — please, just tell me if, in your medical opinion, this sounds like a brain tumor. I need to confirm (or cancel) my appointment before Tuesday, March 8, 2011.

    Sincerest thanks for any information you can provide. I don’t know where else to turn.
    @niotaze – Thank you for your answer – though I have never been on anti-depressants (or any other prescription). I hope it’s not MS or a tumor. You think I should go for the second MRI then?

    • ANSWER:
      lyme tests are so poor they are near worthless. LLMD’s diagnose it by symptom and not rely on a test altho they may want a Western blot from Igenex to confirm. Dont even think of another test elsewhere. Biggest problem is finding the right LLMD to treat you!!!! That is ”’lyme literate medical doctor”’=LLMD

  33. QUESTION:
    health questions help?
    What is key to improve cancer’s survival rates?

    improve people’s nutrition and lifestyle choices
    more research into better chemotherapy drugs
    programs that stress early detection and intervention
    better surgical techniques to remove all cancer cells

    34. What is the disease that involves changes in the nerves and chemicals of the brain leading to memory loss, personality changes, and complete dependency?

    Parkinson’s
    Alzheimer’s
    Paget’s
    Grave’s

    35. Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive (gastrointestinal)
    circulatory (blood)
    skin (cutaneous)
    respiratory (inhalation)

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    46. Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    47. Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    48. Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not cover
    loss of physical independence which requires more assistance with the activities of daily living
    knowledge that the person will get better with the appropriate medications
    dealing with depression and grief for the diagnosis

    49. When does the HIV positive stage move into full-blown AIDS?

    when the red blood cell count rises above 7 million cells per cubic millimeter
    when the cells have metastasized from their original location to the brain
    when the heart fails to pump blood properly causing swelling and difficulty breathing
    when the T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter

    50. Which of the following is NOT a leading cause of death in the United States today?

    pneumonia
    heart attack
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus

    • ANSWER:
      ask the data from the DOH

  34. QUESTION:
    I have an undiagnosed condition and need help!?
    I am a 20 year old female who has been having stomach problems for the past year or so, and it has gotten much worse in the past six months. The symptoms are now starting to affect more parts of my body, and the pain can be debilitating and is affecting my schoolwork. I was tested for thyroid issues and Celiac, but both were negative. I also went to the ER for abdominal pain a few weeks ago, but that didn’t turn up any new results.

    Here is a list of symptoms:

    Digestive symptoms – abdominal pain (sometimes crampy and all over, sometimes very sharp in right upper abdomen or left lower abdomen, sometimes made worse coughing or sneezing), LOTS of diarrhea, undigested food in stool almost every day, sometimes fat or mucus in stool, loss of appetite, lots of extreme bloating, some nausea/heartburn/dry-heaving, sometimes foods taste very different than they should (ex – candy tasting extremely acidic, milk tasting like sushi, plain white rice tasting nutty)

    Skin symptoms – I get a red skin rash almost every night or afternoon. It’s itchy, not raised, and not dry. It’s not related to any contact allergy or physical activity. Sometimes, it seems to happen more often or with more severity when I feel really warm or cold. My hair has thinned significantly in the past year, and I’ve started getting coarser hair elsewhere on my body (arms, face). My skin feels itchy most of the time.

    Nervous symptoms – extreme fatigue/malaise, depression/anxiety, headaches, trouble concentrating, photophobia and phonophobia, increased sensitivity to cold and heat, numbness in fingers

    Other symptoms – occasional low-grade fever, muscle weakness/pain, joint pain/swelling, easy bruising (once I got a bruise from the elastic band on my sweatpants and it wasn’t tight, another time on my arm from holding a package – the bruise was in a line from where the package was resting against my arm), I had some very mild jaundice and green-tinted urine at one point. I’m anemic and have high liver function according to the most recent tests. I don’t drink, and I don’t take any drugs unless they are prescribed (I deal with headaches by drinking water and resting). Small doses of Lortab helped relieve many of the digestive symptoms (prescribed by the ER). Diseases that have come up with my doctor are: lupus, Crohn’s or ulcerative colitis, IBS, Celiac (apparently false negatives are common?), and diverticulitis. Also, gallstones and pancreatic cancer were suggested, but less likely. We are pretty sure it’s autoimmune.

    I’m sick of being sick, and am reaching out for help in every place possible. I would love any suggestions or ideas, questions to ask my doctor, tests to request, warm thoughts, or stories (if you had a similar illness and got a diagnosis or found a way to manage the symptoms). I’m seeing my doctor next week, but because I’ve already gone through two series of tests, I want to be more prepared this time to help lead to a diagnosis more quickly. Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      You have a lot of symptoms that could indicate a variety of problems. Celiac Disease, possible intestinal obstruction (Intestinal carcinoma, lymphoma), bruising is indicative of a bleeding disorder such as Von Willebrand disease or leukemia. Upper right quadrant pain indicates gallbladder disease, especially if fever and nausea are present also. Some of your symptoms are also those that present with kidney disease and diabetes so you have a real jungle of symptoms which has a tendancy to lead me back to Celiac Disease because …

      Celiac Disease is an autoimmune disorder which can present with an amazing array of symptoms, Gastrointestinal (cramps, pain, bloating, fatty stools, nausea, vomiting), Neurological (tingling, numbness, nerve pain, fatigue, depression and more) and so it is just frustrating for people who have it yet have not been diagnosed plus false negative tests are common. The definitive diagnosis is based on a positive biopsy of the small intestine. It’s not uncommon to have a false negative blood test yet have a positive biopsy.

      If you had maybe thought you had Celiac Disease and went on a gluten free diet before being tested that could have created a false positive and it may create a false biopsy if you have been on the gluten free diet for anytime allowing your small intestinal cells to heal and the villi to re-establish. However that doesn’t sound likely that you have adapted the diet because you said you are still experiencing symptoms even though some people with refractory Celiac do not see a reversal of symptom via diet.

      If it were me I’d ask the doc to re-test for CD (blood work) and also do stool fat, total protein, albumin, calcium, vitamin b12, autoantibodies, vitamin d, vitamin e, CBC, CMP.

      Oftentimes Celiac Disease causes malabsorption (reason for fatty stool) and this in turn creates vitamin deficiencies within the fat soluble vitamins such as d, calcium, vitamin k. b12 and so forth. It also causes anemia in many people and a host of other symptoms and complications because (via autoimmune response) it can attack your organs such your heart, lungs, liver, kidneys and pancreas (autoimmune response) thereby creating symptom from those sources as well.

      Celiac Disease can also cause lactose intolerance (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea in severe cases) and so this complication could be a portion of your symptoms.

      I would suggest you keep a very concise diary of your symptoms, including when they occur (time, date, etc…) and of course exactly what they are. Note what you eat daily so that you can correlate your food intake with symptoms (note whether symptoms appear immediately after, within hours, or even a day or two after ingestion). Be as accurate as possible and by this I mean if you chew a stick of gum, write it down because …

      You’d be amazed how many products we eat contain wheat, barley or rye (sources of gluten) or are processed with wheat, barley or rye products. Even spices can contain wheat and wheat derivatives that contain gluten. If you drink wine the oaken cask it was probably aged in most likely was treated on the inside of the cask with a wheat paste to prevent leakage. That paste leaches into the wine and guess what? If you have CD you will most likely suffer intestinal damage.

      Of course I am not saying you have Celiac Disease. You may not have it at all. You may have something else entirely such as cancer that could present with a myriad of strange symptoms or it could be a combination of gallbladder disease (pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, jaundice are all possible symptoms) and kidney disease. Now, don’t let what I write frighten you, simply get your doc to rule various possibilities out by doing the appropriate tests.

      I wish you better health :-)

  35. QUESTION:
    health questions, not very many. I had 60 but i answered 45. Please help?
    Note: I have 45 out of 60 answered, these ones i need help with…

    Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not cover
    loss of physical independence which requires more assistance with the activities of daily living
    knowledge that the person will get better with the appropriate medications
    dealing with depression and grief for the diagnosis

    When does the HIV positive stage move into full-blown AIDS?

    when the red blood cell count rises above 7 million cells per cubic millimeter
    when the cells have metastasized from their original location to the brain
    when the heart fails to pump blood properly causing swelling and difficulty breathing
    when the T-cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter

    Which of the following is NOT a leading cause of death in the United States today?

    pneumonia
    heart attack
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus

    Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    • ANSWER:
      Thank-you for the brain exercise. These questions are always fun.
      1-3
      2-2
      3-1
      4-3
      5-1
      6-2
      7-2
      8-2
      9-3
      10-2
      11-1
      12-1
      13-3
      14-4

  36. QUESTION:
    Marijuana versus Aspirin. If both were legal which would you choose?
    (All of this from an article written almost 2 years ago)

    When Bayer introduced aspirin in 1899, cannabis was America’s number one painkiller. Until marijuana prohibition began in 1937, the US Pharmacopoeia listed cannabis as the primary medicine for over 100 diseases. Cannabis was such an effective analgesic that the American Medical Association (AMA) argued against prohibition on behalf of medical progress. Since the herb is extremely potent and essentially non-toxic, the AMA considered it a potential wonder drug.

    Instead, the invention of aspirin gave birth to the modern pharmaceutical industry and Americans switched away from cannabis in the name of “progress.” But was it really progress? There can be no doubt that aspirin has a long history as the drug of choice for the self-treatment of migraines, arthritis, and other chronic pain. It is cheap and effective. But is it as safe as cannabis?

    History:

    -Marijuana has been used for over 5,000 years.
    -No one has ever overdosed on marijuana.
    -Aspirin has been used for 108 years.
    -Approximately 500 people die every year by taking aspirin

    The Law:

    -Marijuana is a Schedule 1 drug, meaning the US government believes it is extremely dangerous, highly addictive, and of no medical value.
    -Aspirin is available for pennies and can be purchased by children at any drug, grocery, or convenience store. Often they are just handed out free by people with no medical education.

    Marijuana side effects and dangers:

    -The dangers of marijuana include possible respiratory problems caused by the deposition of burnt plant material on the lungs. This danger can be eliminated with alternate forms of consumption such as eating or vaporizing the medicine.
    -For two to four hours, marijuana causes short-term memory loss, a slight reduction in reaction time, and a reduction in cognitive ability. These conditions DO NOT persist after the herb wears off.
    -Hunger
    -Paranoia
    -Laughter
    -Introspection
    -Creative Impulse
    -Euphoria
    -Tiredness
    -Forgetfulness
    -0 Mortality Rate

    Aspirin side effects and dangers:

    -When taken with alcohol, aspirin can cause stomach bleeding.
    -Reye Syndrome in children: fat begins to develop around the liver and other organs of the child, eventually putting severe pressure on the brain. Death is common within a few days.
    -People with hemophilia can die.
    -People with hyperthyroidism suffer elevated T4 levels.
    -Stomach problems include dyspepsia, heartburn, upset stomach, stomach ulcers with gross bleeding, and internal bleeding leading to anemia.
    -Dizziness, ringing in the ears, hearing loss, vertigo, vision disturbances, and headaches.
    -Heavy sweating
    -Irreversible liver damage
    -Inflamation and gradual destruction of the kidneys
    -Nausea and vomiting
    -Abdominal pain
    -Lethargy
    -Hyperthermia
    -Dyspepsia: a gnawing or burning stomach pain accompanied by bloating, heartburn, nausea, vomiting and burping.
    -Tachypnea: Abnormally fast breathing
    -Respiratory Alkalosis: a condition where the amount of carbon dioxide found in the blood drops to a level below normal range brought on by abnormally fast breathing.
    -Cerebral Edema: Water accumulates on the brain. Symptoms include headaches, decreased level of consciousness, loss of eyesight, hallucinations, psychotic behavior, memory loss and coma. If left untreated, it can lead to death.
    -Hallucinations, confusion, and seizure.
    -Prolonged bleeding after operations or post-trauma for up to 10 days after last aspirin.
    -Aspirin can interact with some other drugs, such as diabetes medication. Aspirin changes the way the body handles these drugs and can lead to a drug overdose and death.
    -It is used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains.
    -Used as an antipyretic to reduce fever.
    -Used as an anti-inflammatory medication.
    -Aspirin is used in long-term, low doses to prevent heart attacks, strokes, and blood clot formation in people at high risk for developing blood clots.
    -It has also been established that low doses of aspirin may be given immediately after a heart attack to reduce the risk of another heart attack or of the death of cardiac tissue.
    -For 50-year-old men, taking an aspirin every day to prevent heart disease and stroke carries a risk of 10.4 deaths per 100,000 men per year over and above their overall death risk.
    If you think that cannabis is actually safer than aspirin, you are not alone. In October 2000, Dr. Leslie Iversen of the Oxford University Department of Pharmacology said the same thing.
    In her book, ‘The Science of Marijuana,’ Dr. Iversen presents the scientific evidence that cannabis is, by-and-large, a safe drug. Dr. Iversen found cannabis had “an impressive record” when compared to tobacco, alcohol, or even aspirin.
    “Tetrahydrocannabinol is a very safe drug,” she said. “Even such apparently innocuous medicines as aspirin and related steroidal anti-inflammatory compunds are not safe.”

    So if safety is your concern, cannabis is clearly a much better choice than aspirin. If you eat it or vaporize it, it just might be the safest painkiller the world has ever known.
    A lie? No I don’t want to get high. I want Medical Marijuana. (No not Marijuana, MEDICAL MARIJAUANA) to be legal under Federal Law. Please prove to me how any of this is a lie and I will listen.

    • ANSWER:
      Everything in this post is pretty much the truth…

      Marijuana smokers rarely get brown lung, asthma, emphysema, and many of the other respiratory illnesses that tobacco smokers often get…

      You CANNOT overdose on marijuana. Even if its high grade, the amount you would have to smoke is physically impossible to ingest in the time period required (if i remember correctly, the amount to OD is something like a pound in around 15 minutes, im not absolutely positive on this, it may be even more than the above amount)

      people have been smoking the plant for over 5,000 years, and not one death can be directly attributed to its use…

      So in short, you can overdose on aspirin. Heck you can even overdose on caffeine. So i think marijuana use (health wise) is a lot less harmful for your body than aspirin…

  37. QUESTION:
    Can you please help me answer these questions for my health class?
    I’m taking the test right now and I need some help PLEASE!
    THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU!

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    • ANSWER:
      It’s considered poor form to post a laundry list of your homework questions on Y!A.

      I suggest you Google each term or look it up in your glossary.
      You’ll be a better person for it.

      Good luck in your studies,
      ~ Mitch ~

  38. QUESTION:
    I need help with this, can you help me please?
    I’m taking the test right now and I need some help PLEASE!
    THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU!

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    • ANSWER:
      Wouldn’t that be cheating?

  39. QUESTION:
    Why do some people feed their cats people food?
    Why do some people feed their cats people food when they don’t know what it can do to their cats?

    Human Foods Which Are Poisonous to Cats

    Often it is tempting to share our food with the family pet, and most of us are guilty of slipping the odd tasty morsel. If you do indulge your cat, it is strongly advised you check out this list which contains some common foods which are either poisonous or have the potential to be dangerous to your cat. This list contains common foods, but is by no means extensive. As a rule of thumb, if in doubt, don’t give it to your cat. It may save him a great deal of pain & suffering & you an expensive veterinarian bill.

    Alcohol:

    I would like to hope that nobody would actually try giving a cat alcohol. Alcohol can cause intoxication, gastrointestinal irritation, respiratory distress, coma & death.

    Apricot, cherry, peach pits, almond nuts, apple seeds:

    All of the above contain cyanogenic glycosides which will result in cyanide poisoning. This interferes with the ability of the blood to release oxygen into the tissues, so the cat effectively suffocates while it’s blood is full of oxygen.

    Avocado:

    Avocado contains a toxin known as persin. It is found in all parts of the avocado & is toxic to most domestic animals.

    The symptoms include gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress, congestion, fluid accumulation around the tissues of the heart and even death.

    Citrus:

    May cause vomiting in cats.

    Cooked bones:

    Cooked bones can splinter & cause an obstruction, therefore they should be avoided.

    Chocolate, Coffee & Tea

    Chocolate contains naturally occurring methylxanthines caffeine & theobromine. The concentration of theobromine is much higher than that of caffeine, but both cause toxicity in cats (and dogs). These chemicals act as a diuretic, causing the body to lose fluids, act as a cardiac stimulant, causing it to race & is also a central nervous system stimulant.

    All types of chocolate should be avoided, including dark, milk, white & cocoa powders.

    Grapes & raisins:

    These have been known to cause kidney damage. The active ingredient hasn’t been identified.

    Macadamia nuts:

    Macadamia nuts have been known to cause tremors & muscle weakness in dogs, therefore it’s best to apply caution & avoid giving them to cats.

    Milk:

    While this won’t kill your cat, some cats are lactose intolerant & drinking cow’s milk will cause a tummy upset.

    Weaned cats no longer need to drink milk, however if you do want to give your cat some milk as an occasional treat them the best solution is to buy some cat milk from your supermarket.

    Mushrooms:

    There are many types of mushrooms which are poisonous. While dogs are far more likely to eat mushrooms than cats, it is advised you avoid giving your cats any type of mushrooms to be on the safe side.

    Fat:

    While fat isn’t toxic to cats per se, it’s not healthy to routinely feed your cat a diet high in animal fats as it will lead to obesity. Large amounts of fat can also cause pancreatitis.

    Liver:

    Small amounts of liver are fine to eat, but if fed too often it can result in Vitamin A toxicosis.

    Onion & Garlic:

    Onions contain sulfoxides and disulfides which damage red blood cells & can cause haemolytic anemia.

    Be careful when feeding your cat human foods, some people will recommend baby food for a cat who’s lost it’s appetite. This is fine, but make sure the food doesn’t contain any onion, flakes, powder etc.

    Onion causes greater problems than garlic.

    Potato (green parts & eyes):

    These contain solanine glycosides which can cause vomiting, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, nervous system stimulation, depression, trembling, paralysis & cardiac arrest.

    Salt:

    Large quantities of salt can lead to an electrolyte imbalance.

    Tomato:

    See potatoes.

    Tuna:

    This is another food which is fine to feed as an occasional treat, but shouldn’t be fed regularly, as it can lead to a condition known as Steatitis or Yellow Fat Disease.

    Yeast dough:

    This can expand in the stomach causing bloating & discomfort.

    Other foods which your cat shouldn’t eat:

    Soy & Rice Bran

    Raisins

    Rhubarb

    Spoiled or moldy food. If it’s gone off, don’t give it to your cat.

    Hops

    It is always a good idea to check with your vet before giving your cat food which is meant for human consumption, just to be on the safe side.

    • ANSWER:
      That’s really more of a rant than a question, but I’ll answer anyway.

      My cats get *some* kinds of people food, because *some* kinds of people food are BETTER for them than commercial cat food.

      But I agree, more people need to pay attention to the kinds of things they are feeding their furry friends.

  40. QUESTION:
    HELP I’m freaked out I might have leukemia or cancer…do I?
    For the last month I have been feeling crappy (tired, blurry vision, ringing in ears, dizzy when standing, emotional outbursts at the begging, slow heart rate)…anyway the doctor sent me for a bunch of blood tests (CBC, thyroid, liver, etc.) and an EKG, all came back normal except the thyroid test came back saying I was hypothyroid and the EKG came back as a slow heart rate and I had an arrhythmia (?) or something (he said it’s common). He sent me for another thyroid test…my thyroid is back to normal except all the symptoms are still present…my slow heart rate was gone, but still had the arrhythmia (he said its probably un-related to the problems I’m having). He sent me for another type of thyroid test and a CBC. Everything came back nifty except my monocyte level is high. Now he sent me for a Monospot test….I’m scared I have leukemia or something…do I?? Or are the symptoms of cancer pretty dramatic?

    • ANSWER:
      Why hasn’t your doc suggested you see a psychologist to deal with your anxiety. I work for a neurologist and some of the things you’re describing are symptoms of hyperventilation and anxiety. You need to stop focusing on this crap and go find a way to enjoy your life. You’re probably starting to alienate people around you as well because no one wants to continually hear someone talk about how poorly they feel. We all have days when we feel blah, but nothing you’re describing sounds like anything major. Start exercising regularly and have some fun, life’s too short to focus on negative feelings.

  41. QUESTION:
    Did I just have a stroke, and did cancer cause it?
    I was just sitting in class a couple hours ago and I had a series of ultra-sharp, deep pains on the right side of my neck under my jaw. Immediately after, I got dizzy to the point of sweating and blurred vision, and then my right side of my face was numb and tingly. I had a few “aftershocks” that caused a little less dizziness in the hour afterwards. I am not confused or disoriented. In fact, I’m writing a French paper now!

    I am worried because I have had a lot of problems with my neck and was referred to an oncologist; my appointment is on the 12th. I came to my doctor in October with a firm, swollen lymph node and it has not gone down. I also have a swollen tonsil on the right side with an ulcer that has not healed for 3 weeks; it is not painful but my tonsil looks rather traumatized. My right cheek has been tingly for more than 2 weeks, since around the time I noticed my tonsil was enlarged and ulcerated. I also have mild spleen and liver enlargement. My blood tests are totally normal, which I understand is very common with some cancer patients before diagnosis, especially Hodgkin’s.

    I convinced myself I have Hodgkin’s and a tumor in my neck/tonsil just put pressure on arteries in my neck, causing the pain and tingling and dizziness. Should I go to the ER (I did all the stroke symptoms checklist and I think I’m okay, I am functioning fully)? Should I get back to my paper?

    Please help!

    • ANSWER:
      If it were a stroke, you probably would not be typing this question in. It could have been a petit mal seizure, but since you have been referred to oncology, it may have something to do with that. Your lymph node is swollen. Lymph nodes are responsible for telling you when there is an infection they are trying to fight. There is probably something wrong, but no, I don’t think you had a stroke. Yes, go back to writing your paper. Don’t freak out, just wait til your dr appointment

  42. QUESTION:
    Health Majors Please help! Last test on health & i am really stressed.?
    These are some of the ones i dont know. I mean there are ones out of this that i do know but yeah, I am really stressed and need help. Please Please help me.

    27. Which type of diabetes generally occurs in young adults and children and always requires insulin as part of the treatment plan?

    type 1
    type 2
    type 3
    type 4

    28. Which of the following is NOT a warning sign of skin cancer?

    crushing chest pain
    a sore that does not heal
    unusual bleeding or discharge
    thickening or lumps

    29. What is the most fatal form of skin cancer associated with moles?

    squamous cell carcinoma
    basal cell carcinoma
    malignant melanoma
    acute cell melanoma

    30. What disease is caused by a bacteria and can be sent in a powdery form for bioterrorism and leads to difficulty breathing and even death?

    West Nile virus
    anthrax
    bovine spongiform encephalopathy
    stroke

    31. What is the general name for all infections that cause diarrhea to occur?

    Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    Crohn’s Disease
    Colon Cancer
    Dysentery

    32. Which fat leads to atherosclerosis and can contribute to one’s risk of a heart attack or stroke?

    steroids
    cholesterol
    phospholipids
    olive oil

    33. What is key to improve cancer’s survival rates?

    improve people’s nutrition and lifestyle choices
    more research into better chemotherapy drugs
    programs that stress early detection and intervention
    better surgical techniques to remove all cancer cells

    34. What is the disease that involves changes in the nerves and chemicals of the brain leading to memory loss, personality changes, and complete dependency?

    Parkinson’s
    Alzheimer’s
    Paget’s
    Grave’s

    35. Which of the following is not a disorder related to hypertension?

    congestive heart failure
    stroke
    diabetes mellitus
    heart attack

    36. How is hepatitis B typically transmitted?

    fecal-oral route
    bacteria and its spores
    contaminated blood or sexual contact
    breast-feeding

    37. Which STD can cause blindness in a newborn baby if it infects the baby’s eyes during the birth process while producing a greenish yellowish drainage from the reproductive organs of the infected adults?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    38. Which STD begins as chancres or open lesions on the reproductive organs and can invade the nerous system causing difficulty speaking, headaches, blurred or diminishing vision, seisures, problems with memory and thinking, and depression?

    syphilis
    gonorrhea
    genital herpes
    chlamydia

    39. Which organ is affected by hepatitis?

    brain
    stomach
    uterus
    liver

    40. Which of the following is not a form of anthrax infection?

    digestive
    circulatory
    skin
    respiratory

    41. The lack of which of the following hormones from the pancreas prevents the body from regulating its own blood sugar?

    insulin
    adrenaline
    testosterone
    melanin

    42. Which of the following bacterial STDs is the most common in the United States causing the formation of a painless lesion which may result in scarring of the pelvic organs and sterility?

    gonorrhea
    genital warts
    syphilis
    chlamydia

    43. What is the cause of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?

    bacteria
    virus
    prion
    fungi

    44. Which of the following best describes symptoms of BSE (Mad Cow Disease)?

    fatty plaque in the arteries leading to chest pain
    loss of the ability to sense, move, and think
    skin rash, digestive disturbances, and difficulty breathing
    severe headache or no symptoms at all

    45. Which of the following best describes symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

    crushing chest pain, nausea, weakness, and fatigue
    excessive urination, thirst, and hunger
    flu-like symptoms, headache, and stiff neck
    loss of coordination on one side, slurred speech, and difficulty concentrating

    46. Which of the following could cause a non-communicable disease?

    viruses
    bacteria
    smoking
    fungi

    47. Which of the following is an example of a communicable disease?

    Alzheimer’s disease
    common cold
    heart disease
    diabetes mellitus

    48. Which of the following is NOT a reason it is difficult to cope with a chronic illness?

    financial obligations to cover treatment and care that health insurance may not

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, who made up these questions? I’m not that impressed.
      These questions have been around for awhile – you could have just searched Y!A and found identically worded questions.
      .
      While you may be stressed, if you don’t know the answers to some of these, what are you doing in this class?
      Just entering all of the answers takes more time than you spent cutting and pasting them.

      27. Type 1 – the body does not produce insulin read this article: http://www.lifescript.com/Health/Conditions/Diabetes/The_Double_Whammy_What_is_Type_3_Diabetes.aspx

      28 Crushing chest pain

      29. Malignant melanoma

      http://www.cancercenter.com/skin-cancer-melanoma.htm

      30. Anthrax

      https://health.google.com/health/ref/Anthrax

      31. Question does not make sense because it is not accurate but the answer has to be dysentery as the other 3 options are not infection related

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/diarrhea/

      32. cholesterol

      http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Atherosclerosis/Atherosclerosis_Causes.html

      33. all of the above but if you have to chose one go with programs which stress early detection and insurance plans which cover intervention

      34. Alzheimer’s followed by Parkinson’s with dementia

      35. Diabetes – but there is a relationship

      http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=2152

      36. Hep B is transmitted through blood and bodily fluids – read and figure out the answer

      http://www.hepb.org/hepb/transmission.htm

      37. Several can cause eye infection but the answer you want is gonorrhea

      http://www.wdxcyber.com/stds_pregnancy.html

      38. see: reference above for answer

      39. see: reference in question #36 or just think about it

      40. see: question #30 reference

      41. see: question #27 reference

      42. see: question #37 reference

      43. Mad Cow Disease – caused by watching too much Boston Legal in reruns – ok, it is thought to be a prion disease http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bovine_spongiform_encephalopathy

      44. see: reference in #43

      45. excessive urination, thirst and hunger

      46. this one’s on you to think about

      47. You don’t know this one? That’s nothing to sneeze at

      48. You should be aware of the fact that you can add the rest of the answer by simply returning and adding it.

  43. QUESTION:
    What is left for me to say…..?
    I typed up a report on diabetes, it is supposed to be 6 pages dubble spaced, but now i don’t know what else to put, all i need is a half a page more. Thank you!

    Diabetes Type 1
    Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems using food for energy. After a meal, carbohydrates in food are broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells require insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to help use blood glucose for energy. People develop diabetes because the pancreas does not make enough insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not respond to insulin properly, or both. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy.
    Prior to 1997, the type of diabetes typically diagnosed in young people was called juvenile diabetes or type 1. Diabetes emerging in adults was called adult-onset diabetes or type 2. Then in 1997, the official names of the types were changed to type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is the second most common chronic disease in children (after asthma). About 13,000 new cases are diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Patients with type 1 diabetes make up about 5 percent of all cases of diabetes. It most commonly appears in girls and boys when they are about 14 years old. Usually, type 1 diabetes is first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults but it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, the pancreas does not make insulin, a hormone which helps use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. The cells become starved of energy and there is an excess of glucose in the blood. People with Type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to live. Proper diet, exercise and home blood sugar monitoring are essential to manage the disease. Food and exercise must also be balanced because of the risk of hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, and hyperglycemia, high blood sugar. Both are life threatening concerns. When hypoglycemia develops, cells are not getting enough glucose. Confusion, loss of consciousness, comma and death results when the brain is deprived of glucose for too long. Hyperglycemia and prolonged absence of insulin may lead to ketoacidosis, the accumulation of ketones in the blood when the body uses fat for energy instead of glucose. Ketones make the blood acidic and slow down all body functions. Like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia can also lead to comma and death. The only cure available today for type 1 diabetes is a pancreas transplant, which is rarely done. Because both pancreas transplants and kidney transplants require lifelong use of powerful drugs to suppress immune reactions that can reject the organs, pancreatic transplants are usually done to those with type 1 diabetes who also need a kidney transplant. The side effects of immune- suppressive drugs can be severe and even worse than the disease. One or two people out of every 10 who get the surgery die within a year. Also the new pancreas is rejected by half of the people who get this operation. If the transplant fails, diabetes returns. Recently, experimental treatments with stem cells have shown some promise. For most people, type 1 diabetes is a life-long disease that can be effectively managed with insulin.

    Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
    •Urinates frequently. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream by flushing out the extra glucose in urine. A child with diabetes needs to urinate more frequently and in larger volumes.
    •Is abnormally thirsty. Because the child is loosing so much fluid from peeing so much, he or she becomes very thirsty to help avoid becoming dehydrated. A child who has developed diabetes drinks a lot in an attempt to keep the level of body water normal.
    •Loses weight. (or fails to gain weight as he or she grows) in spite of a good appetite. Kids and teens who develop type 1 diabetes may have an increased appetite, but often lose weight. This is because the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt the provide fuel to the hungry cells.
    •Often feels tired. Because the body can’t use glucose for energy properly.

    But in some cases, other symptoms may be the signal that something is wrong. Sometimes the first sign of diabetes is bedwetting in a child who has been dry at night. The possibility of diabetes should also be suspected if a vaginal yeast infection (also called a Candida infection) occurs in a girl who hasn’t started puberty yet. If these early symptoms of diabetes aren’t recognized and treatment isn’t started, chemicals called ketones can build up in the child’s blood and cause stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity- smelling breath, breathing problems; even loss of consciousness. Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken f

    • ANSWER:
      Watch out on using advice from yahoo answers if truthfulness is graded. While 80% of type 2′s are overweight, only 18% of obese people are diabetic.

  44. QUESTION:
    health questions. help?
    SIDS can be caused by
    A. smoking during pregnancy.
    B. smoking before pregnancy.
    C. drinking alcohol after the baby is born.
    D. drinking alcohol before conception.
    2.
    When offered alcohol, drugs, or tobacco, you should
    A. call your parents right away.
    B. stand by your peers and do as they do.
    C. stand by your values and make healthy decisions.
    D. let your best friend decide for you.
    3.
    Which of the following explains marijuana’s effect on memory?
    A. Marijuana does not have any effect on memory.
    B. Marijuana is a stimulant, therefore memory is improved.
    C. Marijuana is a hallucinogenic drug therefore memory is unaffected.
    D. Marijuana decreases short-term memory.
    4.
    The following is a good resource for making healthy decisions about drugs:
    A. television
    B. magazines
    C. your parents
    D. an addicted friend
    5.
    Crack is classified as a
    A. stimulant.
    B. narcotic.
    C. depressant.
    D. hallucinogen.
    6.
    Which is true about Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
    A. It can sometimes happen when a person does not drink during pregnancy.
    B. It can happen if the female drinks just before the time that she became pregnant.
    C. It can occur with light to moderate drinking.
    D. In order to have FAS, the pregnant female must be an alcoholic.
    7.
    Marijuana contains __________.
    A. DDT
    B. cocaine
    C. THC
    D. amphetamines
    8.
    Which is false about drug addiction?
    A. Most illegal drugs are addicting.
    B. Addiction always occurs immediately after the first time a person uses a drug.
    C. Addiction can be easily cured.
    D. Addiction can occur after the first few uses of a drug.
    9.
    What can be caused if a pregnant woman drinks alcohol?
    A. MS
    B. FAS
    C. TB
    D. MMR
    10.
    Quitting smoking has which of the following effects on the lungs?
    A. None, the damage is permanent.
    B. Risks of lung cancer decrease.
    C. Risks of high blood pressure increase.
    D. Risks of epilepsy decrease.
    11.
    Which of the following diseases has marijuana been effective in treating the symptoms?
    A. Cancer
    B. Sickle cell anemia
    C. The common cold
    D. Glaucoma
    12.
    Alcohol poisoning is dangerous because too much alcohol
    A. causes hallucinations.
    B. affects the nerves that control respiration and gag reflexes.
    C. causes a temporary lapse in the ability to speak.
    D. affects the neurotransmitters that control eyesight.
    13.
    The majority of alcohol in the blood stream is detoxified in the __________.
    A. heart
    B. liver
    C. kidneys
    D. brain
    14.
    People who use hallucinogens often experience
    A. increase in bodily control.
    B. enhanced judgment and reasoning.
    C. impairment of judgment and reasoning.
    D. increased concentration.
    15.
    Which is a risk of using smokeless tobacco?
    A. dental problems
    B. tongue and gum problems
    C. throat and mouth cancer
    D. all of the above
    16.
    People who drive drunk
    A. drive with no negative effects on coordination or control.
    B. usually make it home alive.
    C. drive under the speed limit.
    D. are committing a crime.
    17.
    Which is true about alcohol poisoning?
    A. It can result from even low blood alcohol content.
    B. It occurs only as a result of alcohol addiction.
    C. It can result in bleeding out.
    D. It can result in respiratory failure.
    18.
    Drinking alcohol is especially dangerous when combined with which of the following?
    A. hallucinogens
    B. narcotics
    C. amphetamines
    D. all of the above
    19.
    Which is true about steroids?
    A. Steroids build strength without long-term effects.
    B. Steroids do not cause anger management issues.
    C. Steroids can cause lifelong physical and psychological damage.
    D. Cortical steroids are good for building muscle.
    20.
    Stimulants
    A. can slow down the brain’s reactions.
    B. are not addicting.
    C. can excite the central nervous system.
    D. can cause ulcers.
    21.
    Alcohol is a dangerous drug because it
    A. can change the way the mind and body function.
    B. changes the way you look to other people.
    C. makes you believe you are invincible.
    D. cannot absorb into the bloodstream.
    22.
    The following is a good strategy for avoiding alcohol and drugs:
    A. be easy-going
    B. be assertive
    C. experiment
    D. reconsider
    23.
    Which of the following is most often affected by long-term alcohol abuse?
    A. Bone marrow
    B. The liver
    C. Eyesight
    D. The epidermis
    24.
    Which of the following is true about alcohol?
    A. lowers social inhibitions
    B. causes hallucinations
    C. increases reaction time
    D. aids in decision making
    25.
    Nicotine is
    A. tar.
    B. the addictive substance in marijuana.
    C. the addictive substance in tobacco.
    D. present even in coffee.

    • ANSWER:
      “11.
      Which of the following diseases has marijuana been effective in treating the symptoms?
      A. Cancer
      B. Sickle cell anemia
      C. The common cold
      D. Glaucoma”

      This is totally a trick question. It has been shown to help BOTH cancer and glaucoma. Check out most state’s medical mmj programs – both diseases are listed in almost ALL states with programs.


Cure Fatty Liver

How to Get Rid of a Fatty Liver Naturally at Home

Are you fed up with looking for cure that reverses blood sugar imbalance, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and dull abdominal pain? Don’t bother even if onset of fatty liver is confirmed ,as Mother nature, with her limitless supply of foods, nutrients and herbal medicines can help you to get rid of fatty liver naturally at home in a few days.

The other symptoms of accumulation of fat in liver cells are weight gain, bloating, and fatigue, and cramping, general malaise, loss of appetite, jaundice, constipation, nausea, fever and vomiting.

Microversicular fatty liver is caused by Valporic acid toxicity and high dose of tetracycline during pregnancy. Alcohol, starvation, obesity, diabetes mellitus, corticosteroids, poisons, Cushing’s syndrome and hyperlipidemia can also cause fatty liver filtration. Diagnosis is done with liver biopsy and blood tests.

Nature’s Cure

Treating fatty liver naturally at home is better than conventional treatments as the former is quick and without side effects. Changing over to healthy life style and balanced diet will be of immense help in getting rid of fatty liver.

Foods high in fiber and low in calories, meat, boiled or baked vegetables, salads and saturated fats can strengthen the liver. Avoid tobacco, alcohol, oily, spicy and fatty foods. Take plenty of water and fresh fruit juices and do workouts regularly. Eat grapefruits that are rich in vitamin-C to burn fats and restrict the development of fatty liver. Use natural remedies like milk thistle, licorice, artichoke and dandelion to get rid of fatty liver naturally at home

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I have a fatty liver, is it possible to cure it without taking medicines?
    I also have a high cholesterol and sgpt level but negative on my hepatitis test, is apple cider vinegar can cure fatty liver?

    • ANSWER:
      I would be very careful now that you have high
      elevated liver enzyme scores. People don’t
      realize how fast cures and overdosing on anyone
      thing can actually harm the liver instead of helping it. Most liver patients are told never to
      take any medication without speaking with their
      doctor first about it, this includes herbs,
      over the counter and prescription drugs and
      street drugs. The liver can also be affected
      if you are in contact with certain chemicals,
      or develop a virus, etc. Anything taken as
      an overdose is especially harmful.

      There are two types of fatty livers, one that
      is because of alcohol intake and the other one
      that is not. This article has on here what you
      can do to reverse this problem before it turns
      into something more serious that can never
      be reversed.

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease/DS00577/DSECTION=8

      It is best to stick with good medical sites in
      order to find the information the doctor uses
      and the Mayo clinic is one of them.

      Here is another good site that will show you
      what will happen if the disease progresses and
      more information about what can be done.
      This is a government site:

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/nash/

      This site contains the same information as
      those above, except it shows you what a
      normal liver looks like and what a fatty liver
      looks like and is written by a doctor.

      http://www.gihealth.com/newsletter/previous/034.html

      I hope this is of some help to you.

  2. QUESTION:
    How to cure fatty liver without medicine? what food intake or any other activity or home remedies?

    • ANSWER:
      The most effective way to cleanse the liver is to consume green leafy vegetables on a daily basis along with a healthy, low fat, high fiber diet. Walking done at least 20 minutes a day, also helps the liver release toxins and remove excess fatty deposits in the body.

      There are some medicinal drinks that are included in the macrobiotic lifestyle which help to heal the liver and reduce internal fat deposits around the vital organs, of which the liver is one. For these drinks to be beneficial, you would need to follow a vegetarian diet, as meat and cheese as well as high fat consumption interferes with the body’s natural ability to heal itself.

      The drink itself is included in Michio Kushi’s book, The Macrobiotic Way. It consists of one tablespoon of finely grated carrot, one tablespoon of finely grated Daikon radish (a long white Japanese radish), 1/4 sheet of organic Nori, (the seaweed that they use in making sushi) and 12oz. of cold water. Grate the radish and carrot into a small pan large enough to hold the water. Tear up Nori into small pieces, add a few drops of Shoyu Soy Sauce for flavor. Bring to gentle rolling boil and turn off, letting the vegetables sit and steep in the water for 5-7 minutes. Pour into a cup and drink the liquid and eat the vegetables by chewing them well. Chewing your food thoroughly is an important process in helping to eliminate waste by making digestion easier. This should be done in the evening, before bed. It’s rather like a vegetable soup in flavor.

      Milk Thistle is also a way to help the liver cleanse itself. You can purchase these capsules from any health food store. Follow the directions on the label. If you are allergic to the dandelion family, do not pursue this avenue of healing. When at all possible, try to buy organic vegetables, as there are no chemicals which make it more difficult for your body to cleanse itself. There’s no reason to add more things for your body to deal with as it’s trying to cleanse and heal.

      I hope this helps. Good luck on your way to health!

  3. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to treat or cure a fatty liver?
    In the past I drank a little too much and now have completely given it up because I am afraid for my health. I recently was told that I have a fatty liver. I wonder what kinds of things I can do in addition to abstaining from alchohol and excercising more in order to make myself more healthy.

    • ANSWER:
      The liver is the organ of the human body with the best regenerative capacity.

      If you stop injuring it (with alcohol and other drugs) it is likely to fix itself.

      The rest of your health should be all encompassing, if possible.

      Stop smoking.

      Stay in the healthy weight range

      Lower cholesterol and control other risk factors for your heart – blood pressure, diabetes …

      Choose an exercise and diet strategy that you can stick to long term, rather than one that gives you your result and then you give it up straight away.

  4. QUESTION:
    Can someone please tell me how I can cure fatty liver and how I can lose weight?

    • ANSWER:
      Ketogenic diet
      Research it. Use the glycemic index to your advantage.

  5. QUESTION:
    fatty liver …how to cure it?
    My doctor told me exercise is the only option to cure fatty liver…any ideas??Is there any person here who had fatty liver and cured it ??
    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      DR said to lose weight and eat low fat foods he also said exercise will help a lot

  6. QUESTION:
    WHat is the best way to cure a fatty liver fast?

    • ANSWER:
      chemicals cause a fatty liver, they make your liver slow and sluggish and tired clean up your diet #1 no aspartame, or acetaminophen ibuprofen ect no chlorine fluorine only bottled water, and simple low fat diet no junk, no alchohol

      tweety is rite prescription meds from your doc can also cause it, why do you think they always warn people with liver problems to talk to your doctor first before you take this new drug we are pushing, the problem is they are getting rich keeping people sick, and the side effects are normally worse than what they are treating, cholesterol medicine that destroys the liver, I think I will just choose the rite food and use vitamin c to keep my veins clear. and anything that slows the liver down, precisely prescription meds will make the liver fat and cause damage.

  7. QUESTION:
    Can fatty liver cause pain? what can be the cure for it?
    For almost four weeks already ive taken my mom 70 yrs. old with diabetes to the doctor weekly for lab tests for her nagging abdominal pain. Her ultrasound showed no stones anywhere but fatty liver. Last weekend she’s been given essentiale, nexium and euglodin. Today her FBS result is 6.6. Tom her amylase level result will come out. What do you think is the best cure for fatty liver and if ever to pancreatitis? Moreover, she has nerve pains along the back of her legs and also cramps, too.
    I will surely appreciate your advice. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:

  8. QUESTION:
    how to cure from fatty liver? (non alcholic), is there any way to reduce it in 4 months.?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver can occur from different things. Some
      of the well known ones are:
      weight gain, obesity, fast weight loss, malnourishment,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride
      levels, pregnancy (third trimester), certain types of
      medications (like steriods), alcohol consumption,
      and other things.

      Once the cause is found, then things can be done
      to try and reverse it.

      It would be best…if this is from weight gain or obesity…
      to ask the doctor to refer you to either a dietitian or
      nutritionist. They will take into account all your medical
      problems and give you a diet based on that. It will
      be the best for you, since they will be sure you get all
      the vitamins and minerals, proteins from the foods you
      eat.

      This may be a temporary substitute diet:
      Remove all skins from the poultry you eat.
      Use only good oils like olive oil or canola oils.
      Try to bake, broil, boil your foods instead of fry them.
      Avoid preservative, prepackaged, or fast foods.
      Use fresh fruits and vegetables that you wash before
      eatting. Next in line would be frozen…avoid canned.
      Lessen the amount of milk, cheese in your diet…
      if this is because of cholesterol levels.

      This is what happens in fatty liver disease.
      The fat build up inside the liver. At first it may not
      cause any problem (simple fatty liver)..however,
      if it continues to build up, it causes pressure inside
      the liver. The liver is surrounded by a tight membrane
      capsule. The liver cells then can be damaged.
      The immune system of the body respond to this damage
      and then causes inflammation inside the liver.
      It is now known as Steatohepatitis (steato means fat,
      hepat means liver, and itis means inflammation).

      This is then more serious. If the problem cannot be
      reversed, it can proceed to where the liver cells die
      off and form scar tissue inside the liver and is then
      known as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      It is best to be with either a gastroenterologist or
      hepatologist now. He can direct you in the best
      treatment and diet that is available to help you.

      Here are some links on Fatty liver disease:

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      http://www.gastro.com/Gastro/liverdisease/fatty_liver.aspx

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

      http://www.liverdoctor.com/index.php?page=fatty-liver

      Best wishes…

  9. QUESTION:
    Diagnosed with Fatty Liver…….. How to reverse or cure it?
    Blood test and ultrasound confirmed fatty liver. I have since lost 20 pounds through diet and exercise in 1 month.

    I am still 60 pounds overweight. So if I keep losing weight will i be cured or is this irreversible and only get worse??

    • ANSWER:
      good luck!

  10. QUESTION:
    how i know my liver is improving from grade3 fatty liver without tests?
    how i know my liver is improving.can i cure my fatty liver from grade3 to grade1 or grade 0, all websites suggests that fatty liver is reversible.but not even single website told me how much time it takes to reverse. what is the meaning of reverse,why they don’t said curable pls tell me in detail

    • ANSWER:
      treatment depends on the underlying cause of it, you will have to talk to your Dr who can help work out a treatment/medication plan for you. Your treatment will be monitored by follow up visits and testing to see if improvement is being made and how much

  11. QUESTION:
    I am looking for a cure for fatty liver disease in my cat .?

    • ANSWER:
      No cure. There is a diet I believe. Take it to a Vet.

  12. QUESTION:
    Cure for fatty liver?
    I am not fat i am slim weight around 62kg at 5.67mtrs tall

    • ANSWER:
      Stop eating nasty fats, they are in chips, burgers, hotdogs. Healthy diet.:)

  13. QUESTION:
    Has anyone been diagnosed with and successfully “cured” a fatty liver?
    Has anyone been diagnosed with and successfully “cured” a fatty liver?

    Additionally, was there any experience with this after having the gallbladder removed?

    • ANSWER:
      Eating fast and rich foods (chocolates not included) very often gains fatty liver, i cured it by eating healthy foods and fruits frequently and workingout(endurance) running, skipping and those sorts.

      And sorry i couldnt answer your additional question

  14. QUESTION:
    i have fatty liver how to cure it help needed?
    i have fatty liver

    • ANSWER:
      zainul – The only accurate way to know you have a fatty liver is by a needle biopsy and microscopic examination of the liver tissue by a pathologist physician looking through a microscope. If the liver feels enlarged when the belly is palpated by the doctor’s hands, fatty liver is suspected but not always the case. Although the most common cause of fatty liver is alcohol consumption, it is not always the case. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a term used to describe the accumulation of fat in the liver of people who drink little or no alcohol. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is common and, for most people, causes no signs and symptoms and no complications. But in some people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, the fat that accumulates can cause inflammation and scarring in the liver. This more serious form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is sometimes called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. At its most severe, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can progress to liver failure. Probably the best physician to treat such a problem is one who specializes in either internal medicine (an internist) or a gastroenterologist.

  15. QUESTION:
    What is fatty liver, what is the cause and the cure?

    • ANSWER:
      Some individuals can develop fatty liver. Most people who do not abuse alcohol and have fatty liver are obese. Fatty liver is called steatosis, and fatty liver with liver inflammation is called or steatohepatitis. Steatosis and steatohepatitis can be caused by alcohol and other drugs and can also sometimes occur in patients with diabetes mellitus. Steatohepatitis notcaused by alcohol is sometimes referred to as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or “NASH.” The factors that determine who will develop fatty liver are not known. Some mildly obese and occasional non-obese patients will develop fatty liver while some who are severely obese will not.
      Patients with fatty liver or steatohepatitis usually present to a physician with unexplained elevations in the serum aminotransferase activities. Serum alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activities can also be elevated. The patient is usually 10% or more above his/her ideal body weight.

      The diagnosis is usually suspected after other causes of hepatitis are excluded. A careful drug and alcohol history should be taken and serological testing for HBsAg and antibodies against the hepatitis C virus should be performed. Metabolic diseases should be excluded by a careful family history and appropriate testing if they are suspected. Serum protein electrophoresis and testing for autoantibodies should be performed if autoimmune hepatitis is suspected. Sometimes, patients with fatty liver or steatohepatitis will have elevated serum trigyceride concentrations, however, this is not always the case.

      If a patient has elevations in serum aminotransferase activities for longer than six months, he/she should have a liver biopsy to make the diagnosis the fatty liver or steatohepatitis. Click to see a microscopic section of a NORMAL LIVER LOBULE and an example of FATTY LIVER (STEATOSIS).

      Steatohepatitis can progress to cirrhosis.
      Treatment (diet and exercise) may stop this progression. Steatosis and steatohepatitis will often improve with weight loss, preferably to near the patient’s ideal body weight. Avoidance of alcohol and potentially hepatotoxic drugs may also be beneficial.

  16. QUESTION:
    Fatty liver how to cure?
    My boyfriend is over weight and has been diagnosed with fatty liver. I want to help him with a diet. What is the healthiest diet and most satisfying as far as hunger control that he could try.

    • ANSWER:
      Someone just asked this question a couple minutes before. Have to wonder if this is why you asked it!! Both of you need to explore co-dependency issues. If they don’t care enough aboutr themselves to take care of their own bodies, is that why they have you around?

  17. QUESTION:
    Once you have Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, is it for life or is there a cure or reversal?

    Does it continue to progress over time eventually causing liver failure?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different stages of Non Alcoholic
      Fatty Liver disease. Some times people can
      have fat around the outside of the liver and
      it does not affect the function of the liver at
      all. Others have fat that builds up in between
      and in the cells of the liver and this causes a
      problem. Some people are placed on a diet,
      and this decreases the fat inside the liver and
      it can reverse and the liver can heal.
      Let me explain this clearer: The extra fat pushes
      on the insides of the cells and places them
      under stress. It is like going into a small room.
      You have plenty of room while you are in their
      yourself. Then others start to come in and as
      they continue to come it…you are backed up
      against the corner of it. Soon you are not able
      to move around, your cannot get nourishment,
      oxygen you need, and you will die unless you
      can get through…which is now almost
      impossible. That is what happens in the
      liver cell. The fat blocks the things the cell
      itself needs to exist and it also pushes the
      nucleus of the cell out of position. The cell
      becomes stressed, it can no longer function
      the way it once did and it can die. What makes
      it even worse on the cell…is when the cells
      are damaged, it signals the immune system
      to respond and that causes inflammation to
      develop in the liver also and even more, faster
      damage can happen then.

      Follow closely anything the doctor may tell
      you to do for your condition. Whether it
      be losing weight or taking medication for
      any inflammation that may develop or whatever
      causes the liver to be this way.
      If the condition can be reversed, he will see
      this on future blood work you may have done.
      Once the liver reaches the point that inflammation has progressed to the point that
      the cells of the liver die off…this can lead
      to an incurable disease known as cirrhosis
      of the liver. It is best to catch this early on
      so it can be reversed before getting to this
      point. Cirrhosis is scar tissue that forms in
      the liver because the cells start to die off.
      This scar tissue can block nourishment and
      oxygen from getting to the healthy cells and
      they can die also.

      So the answer to your question is that sometimes it can be completely reversed and
      other times it may progress onward depending
      on whether it is treated in time.

      Here is a very good link to learn more about
      this disease

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

  18. QUESTION:
    what is fatty liver?how to cure?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver is fat building up inside the liver (fat infiltration).
      It is a disease, caused by alcohol consumption,
      certain medications (like steriods), weight gain, obesity,
      fast weight loss, diabetes, insulin resistance, high
      cholesterol/triglyceride levels, sometimes occurs in
      pregnancy, having Hepatitis C, certain chemicals and
      other things.

      When the fat begins to build up in the liver, it may not cause
      a problem (Simple fatty liver)…however, as the fat continues
      to build up…it can damage the liver cells and cause the
      immune system of the body to respond to this damage and
      cause inflammation which leads to the liver enlarging in size.

      The cause has to be found and tried to be stopped, so the
      liver cells can heal. If not, it can lead to where the liver
      cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver. This
      then becomes a irreversible, progressive disease known
      as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Finding the cause and stopping it can reverse this problem.

      Here are some links about this disease, that you can click on:

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      http://www.gastro.com/Gastro/liverdisease/fatty_liver.aspx

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

      http://www.liverdoctor.com/index.php?page=fatty-liver

      I hope this information has been of some help. Best wishes

  19. QUESTION:
    I have fatty liver and wondering if the lemon detox will help to cure it and also help lose weight.?

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    does anyone have fatty liver and know how to cure it? tkx?

    • ANSWER:
      Lecithin is a fat emulsifier and prevents fat build-up or fatty liver.

      Also Alfalfa Complex: detoxifies liver by stimulating bile flow
      Vitamin E + Selenium: prevents oxidized fat accumulation and free radical damage
      Garlic Complex: speeds liver healing; detoxifier

      Hope this is useful and feel free to contact me for the brand I recommend.

  21. QUESTION:
    I don’t drink a lot of alcohol,but why my liver is fatty?
    I was taking a lot of antibiotics to cure my urinary truck infection and then once a while I was having nose bleeding, chest pain in my right side and my doctor says that I have fatty liver and I have to stop drinking? I don’t drink a lot. I was drinking only 4 to 5 beers once a week(usually at the end of the week)Now I don’t drink at all, but still have the pain. How I can cure my liver? Am I going to survive? I’m 45 years old and 175cm high and I weight 75kg. Please help?

    • ANSWER:
      fatty liver can also be caused by taking aspirin while ill with a febrile viral infection, which will give you Reye’s syndrome. Fatty liver will clear up on its own eventually as long as you don’t keep messing with it.

  22. QUESTION:
    Am I cured of FATTY LIVER?????
    I used to always feel fatigued even while doing nothing so i went to the doctor.

    After several blood tests, i was diagnosed with fatty liver so I began running regularly. In 16 months, I lost 30 pounds and I don’t feel fatigued at all. I could run 10 miles and be less fatigued than before.

    So did I defeat fatty liver????????????

    • ANSWER:

  23. QUESTION:
    Did any body got cured from Fatty Liver Infilteration(NASH)?

    • ANSWER:
      Trials are presently being conducted to optimise treatment of NASH. No standard treatment has yet emerged as the “gold standard”. General recommendations include improving metabolic risk factors and reducing alcohol intake.
      A large number of treatments have been studied for Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). While many may improve biochemical markers, such as alanine transaminase levels, most have not been shown to reverse the histological abnormalities or reduce clinical endpoints:
      * Weight loss: gradual weight loss, and possibly bariatric surgery, may improve the process in obese patients.
      * Insulin sensitisers (metformin and rosiglitazone but more markedly pioglitazone) have shown efficacy in some studies.
      * Antioxidants and ursodeoxycholic acid, as well as lipid-lowering drugs, have little benefit.

  24. QUESTION:
    Is there a herbal remedy for Fatty Liver disease?
    I have a very enlarged liver because of Non alcoholic fatty liver disease.I don’t drink alcohol but I do take a lot of medications and have for many years.The medications are essential.I know I can’t cure my liver but there must be something I could take to help my liver work and last longer.I am a 61 yr. old gal with lots of other health problems.Takeing another med for my liver seems to just add to the work it has to do.Is there something that is good for it and it would apppreciate a little help.I am not overweight and try to stay active but sometimes my abdomen is very sore and bloated to the point that I can’t where anything around my middle so I were dresses all the time.Unfortunately my tummy looks like I am 7 months pregnant.I just got this diagnosis from a recent ultra sound which also revealed many large fibroids in my uterus.I can get those taken care of surgically but a liver transplant is something I what to avoid as long as possible.Any sugesstions would be appreciated and I will consult a doctor before trying anything.I just feel I should do a little research on my own..Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      well, your liver is what makes fat for your body. if you have a lazy liver, then instead of moving that fat out of your liver and into your butt or legs, your liver deposits the fat within itself. so, its a lazy liver.

      since this may be your problem, think of your liver like an extra butt. the best way to lose weight from your butt is to excerise, eat healthy, and SLOWLY lose weight. if you lose weight slowly, the weight (or fat) will come off your liver. if you lose weight rapidly, you actually end up making the matter worse as the liver does the opposite of what you want.

      i know that what ive said is bizarre. you need to see a hepatologist (or GI physician if in the U.S.) and have this explained to you in a matter that may make more sense….as i dont know your preferred learning style.

      basically, eat healthy and exercise in order to lose weight. that should help your fatty liver out!

      best wishes.

  25. QUESTION:
    Have I been cured of NASH (fatty liver+inflammation)?
    3 months ago I was diagnosed with NASH (fatty liver with inflammation) through an ultrasound and elevated liver enzymes. They say a possible cause is through elevated cholesterol/triglycerides which I had. 3 months later after eating healthy and exercising, my liver enzymes have gone back to normal but high normal and my cholesterol is normal. Is it safe to say that I do not have NASH anymore? Or do I still have it and have to maintain a healthy lifestyle so I don’t get it again. What are some foods that are good for the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      i studied NASH deeply and i can say that you are lucky since untreated not only affect liver but also make you diabetic or even hypertensive in the next 5 years as you might saw that you were lazy tired obese specially the abdominal part and the doctor prescribe you actos and glucophage and ursodiol and lipanthyl well now you can enjoy life BUT stick to that the sport the healthy food no junk no fast food no fatty meals no salt or XS carb and the most important keep your weight as normal as you can and test the liver enzyme every 6 month

  26. QUESTION:
    WILL ADDING GLUCOSE TO BODY REDUCE CHOLESTROL OR FATTY LIVER?
    DUE TO FATTY LIVER OR INCREASE IN CHOLESTROL LEVEL WHE PERSON IS ADMITTED IN HOSPITAL GLUCOSE IS INJECTED FIRST SO WILL IT PURIFY THE BLOOD AND CURE TO SOME LEVEL SO WATS REALLY DOING?

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    Can fatty liver be cured?

    • ANSWER:

  28. QUESTION:
    can fatty liver be cured?

    • ANSWER:
      Have a look here:

  29. QUESTION:
    I have a mild fatty liver, what should I eat then?
    Is there a medicine that will cure this? Can I eat fatty foods once in a while since I started just doing grilled chicken or fish.

    • ANSWER:

  30. QUESTION:
    fatty infiltration of the liver !!! does it have a cure? any treatment? please help?

    • ANSWER:
      have you seen a doctor

  31. QUESTION:
    what are the reasons of a slightly fatty liver and what are the symptoms?
    is it fatal, can it be cured, is it a natural occurance or disease, drug, alcohol, or poison related?

    • ANSWER:
      It is not fatal.

      Some individuals can develop fatty liver. Most people who do not abuse alcohol and have fatty liver are obese. Fatty liver is called steatosis, and fatty liver with liver inflammation is called or steatohepatitis. Steatosis and steatohepatitis can be caused by alcohol and other drugs and can also sometimes occur in patients with diabetes mellitus. Steatohepatitis notcaused by alcohol is sometimes referred to as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or “NASH.” The factors that determine who will develop fatty liver are not known. Some mildly obese and occasional non-obese patients will develop fatty liver while some who are severely obese will not.
      Patients with fatty liver or steatohepatitis usually present to a physician with unexplained elevations in the serum aminotransferase activities. Serum alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activities can also be elevated. The patient is usually 10% or more above his/her ideal body weight.

      The diagnosis is usually suspected after other causes of hepatitis are excluded. A careful drug and alcohol history should be taken and serological testing for HBsAg and antibodies against the hepatitis C virus should be performed. Metabolic diseases should be excluded by a careful family history and appropriate testing if they are suspected. Serum protein electrophoresis and testing for autoantibodies should be performed if autoimmune hepatitis is suspected. Sometimes, patients with fatty liver or steatohepatitis will have elevated serum trigyceride concentrations, however, this is not always the case.

  32. QUESTION:
    Is a disease called “fatty liver” dangerous?
    My friend whos about 48yrs is suffering from a disease called FATTY LIVER is this dangerous? Is there any cure for this condition?

    • ANSWER:
      There are two types of fatty liver disease,
      those called non-alcoholic fatty liver (NASH) and
      alcoholic fatty liver. Both can become
      dangerous if the cause of the disease is not
      stopped and reversed. Some people develop
      this because of high triglycerides, fats in
      the liver. This can come from the food they
      eat or be a hereditary condition, and these
      people are usually overweight. The other
      one is caused because the alcohol, they
      consume, interferes with the metabolism of
      the fats. Going on a special diet or stopping
      the drinking of alcohol can reverse the
      disease and the liver can heal.

      If they do not follow the instructions they
      are given, like those above, and they continue
      to eat wrong or drink alcohol, it could lead
      to a very dangerous situation for them.
      The cells of the liver will start to die, this
      is known as cirrhosis. Once they start to
      die, there is no reversing this disease.
      The reason is because where the cells die
      they form scar tissue inside the liver. This
      scar tissue prevents the other healthy liver
      cells from obtaining nourishment and oxygen
      they need to function and they die also.
      It is a continual cycle after that. The only
      thing that can be done is to try to slow the
      cirrhosis down until the patient has a liver
      transplant. It is much better for the patient to
      follow the doctors instructions and do what
      ever is necessary to heal the liver from the
      inflammation that develops than to face that.
      A liver transplant can cost anywhere from
      0,000 and higher. Then the patient is
      also forced to be with medical doctors the
      rest of their life. This surgery isn’t just
      performed on anyone…there is a shortage of
      organs and the patient has to go through an
      evaluation process to be placed on a very long
      waiting list and wait until an organ becomes
      available for them or they can die while on
      the list if the cirrhosis keeps progressing or they
      become too sick to withstand a 7 to 14 hour
      surgery.

      Here is a site that explains about fatty liver:

      http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/common/standard/transform.jsp?requestURI=/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/fatty_liver.jsp

      If you read this article, you will see other
      causes of fatty liver disease and how they
      treat it. I mentioned the main ones in this post.

  33. QUESTION:
    Fatty Liver?
    What is meant by fatty Liver ? Is this a serious health condition ? Is this a reversible condition. ? Are there any good homeopathic remedies to cure this

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver

      Definition

      Fatty liver is the collection of excessive amounts of triglycerides and other fats inside liver cells.

      Description

      Also called steatosis, fatty liver can be a temporary or long-term condition, which is not harmful itself, but may indicate some other type of problem. Left untreated, it can contribute to other illnesses. It is usually reversible once the cause of the problem is diagnosed and corrected. The liver is the organ responsible for changing fats eaten in the diet to types of fat that can be stored and used by the body. Triglycerides are one of the forms of fat stored by the body and used for energy and new cell formation. The break down of fats in the liver can be disrupted by alcoholism, malnutrition, pregnancy, or poisoning. In fatty liver, large droplets of fat, containing mostly triglycerides, collect within cells of the liver. The condition is generally not painful and may go unnoticed for a long period of time. In severe cases, the liver can increase to over three times its normal size and may be painful and tender.

      Causes and symptoms

      The most common cause of fatty liver in the United States is alcoholism. In alcoholic fatty liver, over consumption of alcohol changes the way that the liver breaks down and stores fats. Often, people with chronic alcoholism also suffer from malnutrition by eating irregularly and not consuming a balanced diet. Conditions that can also cause fatty liver are other forms of malnutrition (especially when there is not enough protein in the diet), obesity, diabetes mellitus, and Reye’s syndrome in children. Pregnancy can cause a rare, but serious form of fatty liver that starts late in pregnancy and may be associated with jaundice and liver failure. Some drug overdoses or toxic chemical poisonings, such as carbon tetrachloride, can also cause fatty liver.

      Often, there are no symptoms associated with fatty liver. If there are symptoms, they can include pain under the rib cage on the right side of the body, swelling of the abdomen, jaundice, and fever. Symptoms that occur less often in alcoholic fatty liver, but more often in pregnancy related fatty liver, are nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and abdominal pain.

      Diagnosis

      During a physical examination, a doctor might notice that the liver is enlarged and tender when the abdomen is palpated (examined with the tips of the fingers while the patient lies flat). Blood tests may be used to determine if the liver is functioning properly. A liver biopsy, where a small sample of liver tissue is removed with a long needle or though a very small incision, can be used to confirm fatty liver. In pregnant women, the fatty liver condition is usually associated with another serious complication, pre-eclampsia or eclampsia. In this condition, the mother has seriously high blood pressure, swelling, and possibly, seizures. Laboratory abnormalities include elevations of the SGOT (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase) and SGPT (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase). In many cases the alkaline phosphatase will be significantly elevated due to cholestasis produced by the fatty infiltration.

      Treatment

      Treatment involves correcting the condition that caused fatty liver and providing supportive care. In fatty liver caused by alcoholism, the treatment is to give up drinking alcohol and to eat a healthy, well balanced diet. In fatty liver associated with pregnancy, the recommended treatment is to deliver the baby, if the pregnancy is far enough along. Vitamin and mineral supplements along with nutritional support may be useful.

      Prognosis

      Fatty liver is usually reversible if recognized and treated. There may be some long-term tendency toward other types of liver problems depending on how long and how severe the fatty liver condition was. In pregnant women with the condition, the situation can be life threatening for both the mother and the infant. Left untreated, there is a high risk of death for both the mother and baby. Severe liver damage that may require a liver transplant can occur in the mother if the condition is not recognized early.

      Prevention

      Prevention consists of maintaining a well balanced diet and healthy lifestyle with moderate or no alcohol consumption. Pregnant women require good prenatal care so that symptoms can be recognized and treated as early as possible. To prevent Reye’s syndrome, children should not be given aspirin to treat symptoms of the flu or other viruses.

  34. QUESTION:
    wat is grade 2-3 fatty liver?is it reversible?how?
    my dad z having fatty liver grade 2-3.i want to know all possible details.i.e.,prevention,cure,etc….plz rep….i want him to follow as early as possible.he z 55yrs old..

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver, also known as fatty liver disease (FLD), is a reversible condition where large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e. abnormal retention of lipids within a cell). Treatment depends on the cause, and there are a numer of different causes. But here are some tips:

      Reduce the intake of refined carbohydrates in your diet such as white bread, white rice, pasta, noodles, cakes, biscuits, desserts, soft drinks, sweetened fruit juices and also that of table sugar. Avoid breakfast cereals too.
      Increase the amount of fruits and vegetables in the diet.
      Eat whole grains such as brown rice, whole wheat products, oats, ragi, bajra, jowar etc and Pulses and legumes.
      Avoid all kinds of fried food, processed food, high fat foods in general all junk food.
      Avoid red meats such as mutton, beef, pork and opt for fat trimmed meats and white meats such as fish, chicken, turkey. Avoid processed meat or cured meats.
      Switch over to low fat milk products from full cream or full fat milk products.
      Avoid margarine, mayonnaise as much as possible.
      Avoid artificial sweeteners as well. They do not help in the long term.
      Use oils which provided monounsaturated fatty acids.
      Control diabetes with diet, medications and exercise.
      Keep your cholesterol levels in check and reduce triglycerides in the blood.
      Avoid alcohol as much as possible.
      Exercise daily to reduce weight and to keep weight in check.
      Reduce the abdominal fat content by eating smaller meals and by exercising daily by walking, jogging and also bu incorporating yoga in your diet.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      http://nutrihealth.in/2009/07/ways-to-cure-fatty-liver/

  35. QUESTION:
    my father was diagnosed with FATTY LIVER?
    my father aged 56,alcoholic from about 25 years (daily alcohol consumption is 300 ml) was suffering from some problem with his liver the symptoms were:
    abdominal pain (non radiating)
    vomit after meal
    lack of appetite
    he got himself checked from a liver expert.
    ultrasound was ok but it showed moderate fatty liver.
    endoscopy was fine with no ulcers n all…
    he is not obese ,not suffering from diabetes ..
    liver function tests were also ok…
    now his condition has improved and he has starting taking meals n dsnt feels vomit sensation….
    i want to know that what diet plan should he follow to cure this problem…
    is this problem fatal..???
    i am worried…
    plz help…
    he has reduces his alcohol consumption to abt one drink a day ,but cant quit it completely….

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I will try to answer your question as best I can. It’s very good that your dad had himself chcked out and that he is making an effort to reduce his drinking. Unfortunately, once liver disease has begun from alcoholism, it is progressive. The good news is that fatty liver disease is the first step in this progression, and it is possible to completely reverse the damage, but he will need to stop drinking entirely. The next step is alcoholic hepatitis, which is more serious, and then cirrhosis, which is life-threatening and is NOT reversible.
      I actually have a bit of personal experience here; I am a recovering alcoholic myself and have been sober for over 2 1/2 years. The reason that I am mentioning this is that I know it IS possible to stop completely. He feels that he cannot; that is part of the disease of alcoholism. He is down to one drink a day, which means that at this moment, he is not significantly physically dependent on alcohol. The problem is, his liver is already damaged. It cannot handle its normal functions the way a healthy liver would. Alcohol is very stressful on the diseased liver. The crazy part of this disease is that he and his family and probably even his doctor probably believe he is not an alcoholic if he can cut way down like that. This is not usually the case. Any alcohol in his system will most likely eventually drive him back to his old habits and beyond. This is why support from a group (such as AA or SMART recovery or others) can be so crucial. Therapy or counselling can help also. This is a genetic and chemical problem and has nothing to do with willpower or morality.
      As for diet, I would suggest a basic healthy diet, low in saturated fats, higher in unsaturated, higher in fiber, moderate in protein, lots of fresh veggies and fruits and whole grains. Milk thistle can be a good supplement for the liver. As always, I am not a doc and he should follow his doctor’s recommendations.
      I have a great deal of sympathy for him and for you. Alcoholism sucks, but your dad will hopefully discover that he is not alone and he can live sober one day at a time. It is very hard to quit drinking, and at first it may seem impossible and pointless, but eventually the rewards WILL outweigh this. Best of luck to you both!

  36. QUESTION:
    fatty liver? am scared :(?
    i had throat infection before a month, it went away, but i was getting cough’s, tho it was not bothering me. i went to doc, he gave some medicines (including antibiotics). last week suddenly in night i got acute burning pain the upper stomach, i could not bear, i went to hospital and was given pain killers, they took ecg, blood test, x-ray and said it could be gastritis. please note i have never had such troubles earlier. yesterday i went to doc, he asked me to do ultrasound, i did, the report was i have fatty liver:( now i have given liver function test and some cholestrol test. i m frustated. i m not a drunkard., i m not overweight. i m 29 years old. i dont eat much of oily stuffs. is this something i should worry about for lifetime? or this can be cured easily? please share your experiences. am scared to death
    is this going to affect my physical ability?
    no i dint have fever

    • ANSWER:

  37. QUESTION:
    What can I do about my fatty liver?. c?
    I have just been diagnosed with “non alcoholic fatty liver disease, thoughI have high cholesterol ,the specialist attributed it too me” being half a stone over weight, this makes no sense to me as I know poeple twice as haevey and twice my age, who do not have this condition. He recoomends ” diet and exersize., I alraedy do exersize size three times a week, and eat seansably.

    I fear devlponing cirhosses, might someone have any ideas for reasion why I may have this, and how it might be cured?.

    • ANSWER:
      It’s caused by high cholesterol, being overweight and having a genetic predisposition. The genetics are why not every overweight person develops a fatty liver.
      You must eat a lower calorie diet with much less fat in it, and do more strenuous exercise. Try to lose at least half a stone. If you’re predisposed to liver disease, it can’t hurt to lose a little more, maybe a stone.
      It’s not fair that some people get it and others don’t, but if you don’t do all you can now then you will get cirrhosis. So however unlikely it seems, you should change your diet and exercise more.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is natural cure/home remedy/homeopathic/ayurvedic treatment to cure autoimmune hepatitis?
    Last 4 months I am suffering from severe rash all over body & severe Hyperacidity & tiredness. Now Ultrasound Sonography has revealed Enlarged Liver with Fatty Changes/infilteration & distended Gall Bladder with mobile Gall Stone of 2.8 cm size. Is this sign of Autoimmune hepatitis? I don’t wish to start Steroids to treat it.Is any Home remedy or alternative therapy or Homeopathy or Ayurvedic treatment available to cure it? In allopathy, it is incurable.

    • ANSWER:
      IF Ayurvedic treatment has Emergency treatment and if it has ICU you can try.
      In Allopathy atleast controle is possible

  39. QUESTION:
    I have NAFLD (Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease). What are my chances of getting Cirrhosis?
    I went to the the ER the other day because I have had chronic diarrhea, dizziness, and abdominal pain for more than 3 months now. The Dr. found that I had NAFLD and said that I should be seeing a Dr. for this condition and said that I need MANY tests done to see what is causing it. She also said that I have to be on a vegan diet (I am not overweight) to see if it can reverse the Disease. My questions are: Is there a cure for this & What are the chances of it forming into Cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      You should be seeing either a gastroenterlogist
      or hepatologist now.
      Fatty liver disease can be caused by many
      different things: alcohol consumption, certain
      medications like steriods, weight gain, hereditary conditions,
      diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels
      and more.

      The cause needs to be determined.
      There are different stages of this disease….
      Simple fatty liver doesn’t usually cause a
      problem and can be easily reversed by
      stopping the cause. Alot of people are very
      thin and can still have this problem.

      The fat pushes on the liver cells and can
      even push the nucleus of the liver cell out of
      place. That is why it has to be treated immediately
      ….so the fat will disappear and not harm the cells.
      The liver is surrounded by a membrane capsule and
      the fat only adds to the pressure inside the liver.
      If the cells of the liver become damaged, it signals
      the immune system of the body to respond to
      this. The immune system then causes inflammation
      to develop inside the liver, also. This will cause the
      liver to enlarge in size. It then goes from simple
      fatty liver to steatohepatitis. Steato means fat,
      hepat means liver and itis means inflammation.
      This becomes more serious…the inflammation adds
      to more pressure inside the liver and the cells can
      more easily start to die off. When the cells die off,
      it becomes a progressive disease known as
      Cirrhosis of the liver. What happens now, it the
      cells die off and form scar tissue inside the liver
      that blocks the flow of blood through the liver on
      its way back to the heart and may also block
      the flow of blood to the other liver cells and they
      will continually die off.

      If the patient follows the doctor instructions and
      is treated for any inflammation that may have
      developed…then it may never go to the point of
      becoming Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Here are some links to help you learn more about
      this, that you can click on:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/article.htm

      http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1961.html

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/fatty-liver.html

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatty_liver

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  40. QUESTION:
    my SGOT is 34 and SGPT is 51 , and i have fatty liver..earlier my AGOT is 69 and SGPT is 169…?
    Please advice me about my future… whether i will die.. what medicine i have to take for curing this..

    • ANSWER:
      Eat a healthy diet and stay away from fatty food. Lots of people have fatty livers. It doesn’t mean you will die. Eat better and stay away from alcohol and you should be fine. I do not know of any medicine that will help a fatty liver. Healthy lifestyle is your answer.

  41. QUESTION:
    what is nash disease in obese chidren, and how do you cure it?
    this disease is in the liver.it is also called fatty liver disease.It seems to be akin to the liver problems an adult alcoholic experiences……

    • ANSWER:
      No surgeries or medications can cure it, only diet and exercise…a healthy lifestyle. It can be reversed before any further damage is done. Try looking here:

      http://dietplanforfattyliver.com/

      http://www.squidoo.com/fatty-liver-solution

      Good Luck!

  42. QUESTION:
    Need help with homeopathic medicine, any suggestions? Urgent?
    1. Antidote for Chikungunya / Dengue
    2. Cure for fatty Liver disease
    3. Cure for diabetes

    • ANSWER:
      CHINA 30 for Chikungunya thrice a day,
      For Liver SULFUR 30 BRYONIA 30 and CARDUSS MARIANUS Q(Mother Tincture) 20 drops thrice a day and SULFUR and BRYONIA 3 Drops.
      For Diabetes and for the Liver Disease I will need complete symptoms of the patient but the above will clear most of the liver symptoms including Jaundice and Hepatitis. Please give complete details of the patient for an appropriate treatment.If there is something else you want to know or clarify please post details or email me.
      Take care and God Bless you !

  43. QUESTION:
    What can you do to lower uric acid and SGPT?
    I need to lower them to normal levels get an iPad 2 for my birthday next month.

    For SGPT, I’ve had this problem for a while. My first check-up, it was 185. So I stopped eating much chips and carbonated drinks (I don’t drink alcohol) and lowered it to 97. I completely stopped eating chips and drinks other than water, but my last check-up, it jumped up to 115. What caused this?

    As for uric acid, I don’t know anything about it, so any other information about it is welcome.

    Bonus question, how to cure a fatty liver?

    Thank you for the responses.

    • ANSWER:
      For SGPT, cut way down on fat in your diet. Same thing with the fatty liver. I’m guessing you are significantly overweight if you are still responding to parents. You don’t need an Ipad, you need to get out and exercise more.

      High uric is a sign of gout and needs to be reduced with medication. You can help by cutting down on caffeine. Obesity is also a cause of elevations.

      I’m surprised your doctor hasn’t made recommendations. Or maybe has, but you ignore it.

      The hard truth, for all of your conditions, is you need to get out and exercise more and eat less. You also need to eat healthier.

      The links below give more information on uric acid and fatty liver.

  44. QUESTION:
    Would YOU Eat Dandelions Fresh From Your Yard …?
    … if you knew that by ingesting them they could:

    Prevent or cure liver diseases, such as hepatitis or undice;
    Act as a tonic and gentle diuretic to purify your blood, cleanse your system, dissolve kidney stones, and otherwise improve gastro-intestinal health;
    Assist in weight reduction; cleanse your skin and Eliminate acne;
    Improve your bowel function, working equally well to relieve both constipation and diarrhea;
    Prevent or lower high blood pressure;
    Prevent or cure anemia;
    Lower your serum cholesterol by as much as half;
    Eliminate or drastically reduce acid indigestion and gas buildup by cutting the heaviness of fatty foods;
    Prevent or cure various forms of cancer;
    Prevent or control diabetes mellitus;

    AND MOST PEOPLE GET RID OF THEM AND CALL THEM NASTY WEEDS!

    • ANSWER:
      yes, I have and also harvest red clover, plantain and violets right outside the door.

      And many herbs/plants/wild foods from the fields and woods too in my life.

      But they are pretty cheap to buy..the ones in my fridge from Kroger just cost 1.29 lb

      I always liked dandelions even as a little girls and never thought them weeds but pretty flowers that look cool in a field or lawn personally.

      As a child I loved flowers an picking them and this helped me later in life to identify them easier for wild foods or medicines. the more I learn about the astounding power of so many plants, the more in awe I am of this creation of ours and the creator who put all these healing chemicals in them.

      I never heard the helped diabetes though hmm

      the cool thing about herbs is that many cures many types of ills not just one (although some are specific to an organ like milk thistle for the liver, ginkgo for the brain or hawthorne for the heart)..this is cause herbs go tot he root cause and fix the problem causing various symptoms (which doctors call each a disease)…they also unlike drugs work organically with our body..

      The dandelion is a particularly mighty plant.

      would most people eat them..on this forum perhaps but in general no..the average person does not want to fix their own health but rather go to an doctor and say give me some pill to heal me (after I got sick with my crappy lifestyle)

      the more you study herbs the more amazing it is what a gift they are to man and beast

  45. QUESTION:
    Please help my cat, i don’t know what to do!?
    ok its a long story but please read it. my cat is 11 years old.

    my cat was throwing up yellow liquid every day for a week and kept making an awful yelping noise before he would vomit. we took him to the vet and they said there were crystals in his kidney that were small enough to be dissolved by a special type of food, which he ate and seemed to like. they also prescribed an antibiotic and an anti vomiting pill for him to take (cerenia?). he seemed better for about a day or two, but then he refused to eat his food and threw up a few times over the course of 4 days and sometimes the vomit was like white foam; other times it was yellow liquid. We took him to the vet after he refused to eat for 4 days. the vet made a chiropractic adjustment on his back (((also made one one week prior, because he had hip/back problems before and his back was sort of swayed near his butt. the vet thought that it may have been pressing on his kidneys and causing a gag reflex. his back was better but he still vomited afterward))) and this time his back seemed better but this did not cure his illness. he prescribed a higher dosage of cerenia (anti vomit/anti nausea), and said to stop giving our cat the antibiotic, which he felt may have been ruining his appetite. also, because our cat was not eating at all for 4 days, he said to feed him wet food through a syringe. we took him home today after he went to the vet yesterday and gave him his second anti-vomit/nausea pill (cerenia) and fed him a few times with the syringe. (((the vet also suggested that the cat may have developed a aversion to the special food for his kidney because he got more sick while eating it, so we tried to give him his old dry food today. he seemed interested in the food and ate a few pieces but mostly just pushed it around the bowl.))) after we gave him the cerenia pill, he sat near the wall in a ball (he’d been doing this since we noticed him getting sick and he also hid in new places; idk if this means anything. throughout all of this, he has seemed more lethargic, tired, and overall weak than we have ever seen him.) and i walked over to see what he was doing. i noticed a few drops of water/drool? were coming out of his mouth. now i’m not sure if he just drank, but i don’t think he did. he dripped a few times like a faucet that’s barely left on. on sunday hes going back to the vet to have a urinalysis completed because he had blood in his urine in the last examination. i don’t know what’s going on, and it seems as if the vet is just as perplexed (he basically said it could be any number of things and i remember him saying pancreaitis and other things like if he doesn’t eat he will get fatty liver disease.) so i’m just really confused and am looking for anyone who has experienced the same thing or has any suggestions.

    sorry it is so long….but i’m getting desperate now.

    • ANSWER:
      I am not a doctor or anything, but here is what I would do, based on my experience.

      Immediately discontinue cerenia. It sounds like your cat is having a reaction to it. Cerenia is not approved for use in cats and there are some concerns with its use. Besides, the bile is not the problem with the cat – it is a symptom. The cause of the illness should be investigated. A cat who is not feeling well will often hide and sleep excessively.

      Also, your cat must eat! Cats are poor fasters and fatty liver disease is a real possibility for cats who go without eating for a couple of days. Never wait for 4 days. If you must, assist feed the cat. Make a slurry of canned food mixed with water and slowly feed the cat using a syringe. Never squirt directly into the throat, but gently ease it into the side of the mouth and allow the cat to swallow on its own.

      Seek a second opinion from another vet if your cat is not getting better.

  46. QUESTION:
    Pain in tummy, not cramps!?
    I have been to numerous doctors and gastroentrologists had plenty of blood work, ultra sounds, and CT scans done, and they can not find anything wrong with me except that I have a fatty liver, which has no symptoms.

    Here’s the issue.. everytime I eat for about the past six months, i get very sick to my stomach after I eat, almost every meal! the best way to describe the pain is “belly rot” it feels like the stomach is literally rotting and it feels terrible. I have drastically altered my diet and lost about 10 pounds in the past three weeks so far, but can’t find the cause of all this pain! it seems that it comes from every single type of food. i can eat a salad and feel sick, i can eat a big mac and feel sick, i can eat a sandwhich and feel sick. i am very careful of what i eat now but no matter what i do, it all comes back and makes me sick.
    as for the location of the pain, it is the lower part of my torso, below the bellybutton. in the area where you normally get cramps. and it seems to be located more on the left side, but still in the center. when i get the “belly rot” i get very sweaty, very anxious, i feel like i need to use the bathroom very badly, and this is within 15 minutes of my first bite of food.
    i need to find some kind of answers, some kind of clues, anything that can lead me to finding a cure, because it is only getting worse. and i am going to college in the fall.
    i cant keep living like this.

    please help me, anyone.
    anything, any advice, any at all is soo much appreciated!!!

    • ANSWER:

  47. QUESTION:
    Is it the medicine side effect?
    Hi!

    I’m 19 (male). I had urinary tract infection 10 days ago (had fever too). The UTI is gone now (I took Nitrofurantoin to cure UTI). I took Nitrofurantoin (Nintoin) for 1 week (100 mg tablet 3 times a day) Now doctor found that I have fatty liver (Triglyceride is 219.0 mg/dl). So he gave me Atorvastatin (Atova) for Dyslipidemia (10 mg 2 times a day for 1 month) and some diet restictions. Suddenly my blood pressure went high (after finishing the nintoin course) so the doc gave me Furosemide (Lasix, 1 tablet per day for 5 days) . So at the moment I’m taking 2 medicines Atova and Lasix and I’m feeling very bad…. sick! I’m having problem breathing (doc said i dont have heart and lung problems) and feeling very weak (dizzy) like a dead man! I’m not like this. Usually I’m a strong person. I don’t know, what’s exactly happening but I’m not feeling well. Please help. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      dear ratib first of all atova is taken once daily not twice and it is a mistake to take it twice then also it is a big mistake to take lasix for 5 consecutive days this is really weired i wonder how you tolerated that it must had depleted your body salts so plz plz plz change that Doctor he is GP that have to learn again

  48. QUESTION:
    9 Months of Hell (is it my gallbladder?)?
    I need to know I’m not alone out here; I am a 21 year old female and I believe I need my gallbladder removed.

    Symptoms:
    I cannot eat a thing without throwing up (also heave bile id I don’t eat at all), I experience constant searing pain in my right side a little under my rib that only eases occasionally but never goes away (can sometimes feel it in my shoulder blade; can be described as a throbbing, someone pudiarrhoeaeir elbow in or a knife has been stuck in and twisted). I also experience constant cramping, gas and diarrhea.

    Reason to believe:
    I have a family history of this and my hormone levels have recently elevated due to the discovery of my hypothyroid; I take tricyclin and levo-thyroxide.

    I have tried many medications and adjusted my diet (even to B.R.A.T) but nothing helps to even ease the vomiting. There is 100% no chance of pregnancy. I have been seeing doctors for months trying to find out why this is happening but feel I have been getting the runaround. I will try to leave out my dissatification with them but this is progression of my situation:

    October 23rd 2009: I begin vomiting at least once a day. I figured I had the flu.
    Novemeber 18th 2009: I am diagnosed with Bronchitis and banned from work (apparently I am not eligable for EI or anything else so my folks help cover my bills).
    December 25th 2009: Discover my mother, grandmother and grandaunt all had to have their gallbladders removed for the same symptoms. Vomiting and breathing have worsened with addition of muscle pains (visited the ER several times but was sent home.)
    January 21st 2010: Have an Ultrasound (only a fatty liver found). The procedure was excruciatingly painful as they preformed the procedure (I literally tore up the sheet on the bed). From this date I begin experiencing the seering pain in my right side (hasn’t left since).
    March 2010: Diagnosed with a bad allergy to dustmites and will begin immunization when I can afford it (to this date have not made enough money to cover my bills/food/rent until I am cured of my other problems.)
    April 6th 2010: I have an Upper Endoscopy with nothing found. Doctor tells me to take Nexium (which my family doctor already told me not to take because it was making a lump in my throat.)
    April 30th 2010: Must return to work (parents can no longer support me.)
    July 20th 2010: After occasional check ups my Doctor finally arranges catscan while informing me my iron levels are very low.
    August 9th 2010: I have my Catscan.
    August 12th: I recieve a phone call from my doctor saying the scan showed Diverticulosis (which is good to know) but doesn’t explain the vomiting and pain. My gallbladder was not shown; an appointment is set for the 16th to discuss my results. After researching it, I will be asking my doctor for several tests such as an MRI for my gallbladder.

    Results:
    My symptoms continue. I have lost 40 pounds (with a hypothyroid), my hair is literally going grey from vomiting and I have to take tylenol every 4 hours in order to function. I continue to get low hours at work due to my illness. I have told my doctors at EVERY appointment about how much Tylenol I have to take, and their response is if I am in that much pain I should go to ER, but I have been to the ER several times and they always tell me there’s a problem but it’s not immediate enough to fix so they send me home. I’m scared that my liver is being seriously damaged and I am constantly having fits of crying. I don’t remeber what it’s like to NOT be sore.

    I find it surprizing that after research their are tons of other people out there who are treated the same way on this subject. Am I so wrong to believe that my gallbladder is the cause?
    I had my appointment yesterday; my doctor is going to try and arrange a Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) but not an HIDA or MRI. He also said I shouldn’t worry about the amount of Tylenol I’m taking because a person can take 3000mg a day and I’m only taking 2500-3000mg a day. The Catscan said it found nothing remarkable but Sigmoid Diverticulosis (which wont be treated). Does this mean my gallbladder is not the issue?

    • ANSWER:

  49. QUESTION:
    unexplained pain in right hand lower ribs?
    Had scans, x-rays and ump-teen blood tests, gall stones not found but slight fatty infultratation of the liver detected, but nothing a bit of weight loss won’t cure. Been to nhs pain clinic and they couldn’t suggest anything. It’s been going on for roughly 7 years….any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Ask your doctor for a liver function test. It’ll show up any damage immediately. I’ve had liver damage and it can be very painful in the area you described. If this is the case, you might need to review your lifestyle/diet/medications etc. but the best person to guide you through this is a good doctor.

      If your doctor isn’t paying attention, find a new one, because pain was invented to show your body something is wrong, and you deserve to get to the bottom of it!

  50. QUESTION:
    I was having abdomen pain?
    my pain in the stomach started in oct 2010 from then i am using medicines for acdity RAZO – 20 mg for 6 months recently the pain is more ….., I went gastroenterologist , he has done various test and concluded that i have gastric problem and the ultra sound scanning has found that “there is MILD FATTY INFILTRATION OF LIVER , NO FOCAL LESION ” the tablets which he gave are “RAZO -D , and SOMASPAS” for 2 months he asked me to meet after 1 month …….what does that my scanning reports mean .is this a serious one ……does those medicines cure my problem basically what causes that problem , are there any other conventional methods to solve these problem i am ready to do any thing for my well being …….i don’t eat ant non – veg food (some some times egg i eat ) , i mostly eat rice , dal , sambar , chapathi , alu curry , dosa , idly in fruits bananas i am not eating any thing out of this since my problem existed …..please some help me with necessary information …i will be thank ful to you …..I am reallly afarid of my situation
    can any one give more elaborate description

    • ANSWER:
      You would be suffering from stomach infection or stone problem


Complete Liver Cleanse

Liver is vital organ of the body. The healthy functioning of the body is promoted through this organ as it executes a number of processes. The processes it’s responsible are regulation of thyroid hormones, conversion of amino acids into proteins, bile production to emulsify fats and control on blood sugar to some extent. If your liver is not well-nourished, it doesn’t show signs of stress; instead its performance is slowed down and you can bear a long period of fatigue and other health issues.

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LiverActive.jpg

Liver Active is a homeopathic liquid spray which is to be administered orally twice a day under the tongue. This method is called sublingual application which is more effective than drugs administered orally as tongue has tiny corpuscles under it leading it directly to blood stream. Liver Active is made up of natural ingredients.

As it has all natural ingredients so the person using it is absolutely free from the worry of its producing any side effects. The product contains natural ingredients like milk thistle which is known to cure ills associated with liver, gallbladder and spleen, pig’s liver which assists in healthy liver function, chelidonium which treats respiratory, bowel and circulation problems and jaundice, byrony which helps in curing headache, joint problems and fever and dandelions which are used to relieve jaundice, liver obstructions and urinary conditions.

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To keep your liver in a healthy condition, you should first detoxify it by getting the toxins flushed out and nourishing it with nutrients each moment. Liver Active is the product to opt for if you wish to keep your liver in a healthy condition so that you can last happy and long years. Liver Active is available on the money back guarantee of 90 days.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is recommended for a complete liver cleanse/detox?

    • ANSWER:
      People bash what they do not understand…bless their hearts. :) I used to be uneducated about it too and said the same things. I used to think a doctor was the only way to go to… That was before two doctors almost killed me with their GUESSES of what was WRONG!! But when you are faced with health issues that doctors can’t figure out because they are only taught to FIX SYMPTOMS with drugs and NOT FIX the actual problem…you start to learn for yourself and heal yourself…

      The things you ‘take’ for a liver cleanse are harmless again…a clear indication that some posters above don’t have a clue about what they are talking about.

      There is a FABULOUS liver flush forum on www.curezone.com…at the top of the forum, there is a recipe link with a bunch of types of flushes you can do. I prefer the Coke flush…cause I am a wimp. Another great site to learn about it..is www.sensiblehealth.com…lots to read but it’s interesting.

      Good luck!

  2. QUESTION:
    When you take liver cleanse pills, do you also need to limit your diet to vegetables, fruits, nuts, etc?
    I currently purchased Enzymatic Therapy Complete Liver Cleanse. It is a 2 week program (you take 3 pills in the morning and 3 before bedtime). I know that I should not be consuming alcohol while taking the pills, but I am not sure if I should also be on a special diet. I am a vegetarian so I don’t consume meat or dairy, but should I also stay away from soy products?

    • ANSWER:
      I know that the pamphlet that comes with that kit mentions a “clean” diet while you are taking the cleanse. Basically-lots & lots of water, low sugar, whole grains, lean protein(including greens & legumes if you don’t eat meat), fruits & vegetables. The less processed the better. Generally speaking, unless you’re eating edamame, soy is processed to make it into tofu or “meat” etc. So I would definitely limit if not completely eliminate the soy while you’re doing the cleanse. Hope that helps!

  3. QUESTION:
    Life-Flo – The Complete Body Cleanse Kit?
    Has anyone ever used a full body cleanse (liver, colon) kit from Life-Flo called “The Complete Body Cleanse Kit”? I have used similar kits in the past from Zand, but found this one at the Vitamin Shoppe and thought I would give it a try. If anyone else has tried this one, please share results and or recommendations.

    • ANSWER:
      I use a natural detoxing diet of high fiber and water.

      For best detoxing results, eat six times a day. Try balancing your meals 70% protein 30% carbs.

      Eat a combination of lean protein and healthy carbohydrates every few hours throughout the day to speed up fat loss and maintain stable energy levels.
      Eat your proteins from lean sources (Chicken, fish, boiled eggs, lean beef with all the fat drained off) and beans (lentil, lima, chile or any type of bean)

      For your carbs stay away from breads, pasta and rice. They do provide energy but they are high in calories. Choose leafy vegetables, carrots, raisins, broccoli and fresh fruits. Weight train intensely, three times per week on alternating days with aerobic exercise three times per week.

      Drink 10 to 20 glasses water per day NO SODA

  4. QUESTION:
    does anybody know of a way to cleanse the body of toxins. i hve a complete body cleanse from gnc.dont like it.
    i bought a complete body cleanser from gnc but it makes my liver and kidneys hurt, mainly pills and fiber powder thats hard to digest…any home remedies avaliable? safe and easy

    • ANSWER:
      fuggedaboutit. All this cleanse/detox stuff is semi-superstitious nonsense.

      If you’re constipated try more fiber in the diet and drinking more water. Failing that, try an over the counter laxative.

      If you’re NOT constipated, then you don’t have a ‘toxin’ problem, at least not one that any of these schemes and patent medicines can handle.

  5. QUESTION:
    Colon/ Parasite Cleanse, Liver and Kidney Flush and the CURE to Acne?
    I’m beginning a two month Colon/ Parasite and Toxic Cleanse tomorrow (Coloinix and ToxinOut sold Dr.Natura). Followed by a Liver Flush (recipe by : Hulda Regehr Clark, Ph.D., N.D. found in her book “The Cure for all Diseases” Copyright 1995) which I will repeat 10 to fifteen times in two week intervels. I want to know if any of you (especially girls/ woman) have completed these cleanses and have had results. There’s no doubt in me that I will see results, because of the information I have come across especially related to the liver flush and it’s relation to hormonal acne and other problems. I encourage all who are suffering from acne, especially around the jawline to look into this. I would love responses reguarding these subjects as well…

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Beatrice

      Glad to see someone talking and actually doing some cleanses to rid of the toxins out of the body on this website. This is healing at it’s finest! Awesome! I’m trying to educate people on programs like this to heal any illness or disease. I know you will have much success with these programs. I do 6 cleanses (especially colon) a year including a 30 day juice fast with herb formulas.

      I believe DAFFY (yahoo answer guru) has done the drnatura.com program, so she can give you a women’s feedback. Keep us updated on your progress.

      I noticed your new to the forum, so getting much (positive feedback) on this forum will be sketchy. We’re trying to educate though.

      Best of health to you

  6. QUESTION:
    what’s the best way to cleanse your liver from fat and enzymes?
    went to the doctor and had blood test done complete physical and they found my liver enzymes a little elevated and they told me it was probably because my weight. Well i got a sonogram that thing that pregnant women get for the babies but to check my liver and it turns out they found some fat around the liver so i have to get rid of it how can i do that easily(recommended way) and fast appreciate the help

    • ANSWER:
      cardiovascular exercise will remove the fat and MILK THISTLE will push the junk out of your liver.
      meanwhile, avoid alcohol and take as few OTC or non-prescription drugs as possible.

  7. QUESTION:
    complete body cleanse [frequent drinker, smoker and drug user]?
    i feel as if i’m in need for a fresh start and a new approach on life.
    i’m going to quit doing drugs and drinking, the smoking i will slowly tone down.
    but first i want to get rid of all the icky chemicals and such from my body[especially liver, my eyes are turning yellowish]
    how do i go about this successfully and in a natural way, no stupid pills.

    • ANSWER:
      You want to do it naturally? Don’t smoke, drink, or do drugs. Treat your body well and be healthy. No “magic” pill will detox you. I like how you said you want to do it natural. If natural things were always good, then drugs and such that you’ve done would not have caused your liver to start to fail (yellowing of your skin and eyes- jaundice). Stay away from all herbal NON FDA approved medications. You do not know what you’re taking or how they will affect you (they are not controlled, therefore can be anything).

      Exercise, eat right, and be healthy, that’s how you can detox. Oh ya, you need to see a doctor ASAP for your liver failure!!! Yellowing is toxins in your blood building up because you smoked your liver during your partying years. The jaundice is not the drugs or alcohol, it’s your liver dieing!

  8. QUESTION:
    I did the GNC Complete Body Cleanse and haven’t um…gone to the restroom yet?
    It’s a 2-day liquid formula and the GNC dude said it would clean out my boyfriend’s and my liver, blood, and colon. Well, isn’t something supposed to come out? If anything, I haven’t been able to poop at all. Sorry for the crudeness. We asked him about a colon cleansing pill that makes everything come out in the toilet but he said if thats what we wanted then we should do this instead. Well, it’s been 2 days of drinking the 2-day bottles and nothing is happening to either one of us. What’s the hold up? Or is it a bad product? Everyone has recommended it so i assumed the sh*t would work.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I started two days ago and have gone both days. Last night in my sleep I felt a little cramping not much. It feels like my stomach is going down as well. One thing to remember when doing a cleanse, the more cleaning that needs to be done, the longer it takes. Try another box, and I believe something will happen.

  9. QUESTION:
    Liver Detox – Do you know of a good one?
    Would anyone know of a good Liver Detox or Cleanse that you would recommend. I have been surfing the web and have gone to my Natural Food store and they have some but I really want to hear from someone that has actually completed a cleanse and how you felt during and afterwords.

    BTW – I have a bad liver due to a birth defect of my GI track and I keep getting Cholangitis which is a Liver infection in the Bile ducts. Oh and I have had a Whipple procedure done in ’01 which removed the function in my Common Bile duct to keep bacteria from entering from the small intestine.. gross huh.

    Anyway I am going all Natural, Organic, no perfumes, no drinking etc. and want to detox my liver at least twice a year.

    Any suggestions??

    • ANSWER:
      Milk Thistle is a great liver detox.

      Oral anabolic steroids are liver toxic and milk thistle is a great way to keep the liver in good order.

      This link is for 200mg tablets, but I use 1000mg tabs. No side effects at all.

      Liv.52 is another good option too.

  10. QUESTION:
    Do body cleansing and complete detox products from GNC flush marijuana out of your system?
    I’ve been hearing that they don’t but I had went to GNC to check out the stuff they had but I didn’t buy anything yet. On the product boxes they say that its a total cleanser which I’m assuming means that it cleans out your entire body, its a blood circulation formula which I guess means it also cleans out your blood, and liver and kidney cleansing too. All in one product that you take over a course of seven days. Now I believe “complete detox” means that it rids the body of all toxins and crap that you have inside you. And that’s what the product says. It say that it rids the body of all toxins. So if that’s the case, since smoking marijuana makes the THC stick to the fat cells and the cells are in your body, and being that THC is a toxin, if you were to use the cleansing products wouldn’t it get rid of the presence of marijuana that’s in your body?

    • ANSWER:
      No.

      Marijuana stays in your system the longest because it resides in fatty tissue. A complete system detox might clean you out, but it will still be in your fat. If you’re a thin person who smokes ocassionally, like once a month or so, it should filter out of your system in 3 days or so, but it can detected for 90 days.

      You can work out to burn off fatty tissue, then any traces of Marijuana would enter your bloodstream. So, for instance, if your doing a drug test w/ urine, drink a lot of water and cranberry juice so your body would only be flushing out water from your system and not the tainted urine.

  11. QUESTION:
    Detox Question?
    I bought a detox kit from Whole Foods. It is the Whole Foods Brand, 365, and it came with 3 bottles of pills. The product is called Complete Body Cleanse.

    It came with:
    Herbal Regularity Laxative Formula
    Cleansing Fiber Blend and
    Milk Thistle Liver Cleanse

    I was wondering what I was supposed to eat while on the detox. I wish to begin tomorrow. Is it okay to eat normal and just avoid high-processed foods or do I need to follow a specific plan. There was no where on the box indicating what to eat.

    Please help

    By the way its a 14 day plan.

    • ANSWER:
      You can boost the benefits of the detox by not burdening your digestive system with bad foods. Eat mostly veggies, fruit and whole grains like oatmeal, brown rice, wheat bread. Drink lots of fluids, especially water. Yougurt is good but stay away from meat and dairy as much as you can, they tend to gunk up your system.

  12. QUESTION:
    Im on Day 4 of a 7 day Complete Body Cleansing Program but nothing has happened…why?
    I went to GNC and purchased this blue box that is called the “Complete Body Cleansing Program”. its a 7 day program where I take 4 pills that are supposed to promote protein, carb and carb, fat digestion as well as other stuff and a Probiotic Acidphilus mix drink.

    The in the PM I take 5 pills for Blood circulation, liver cleanser, kidney and enzyme stuff. oh… and fiber and a prebiotic blend.

    But nothing has happened. I have only had a bowel movement once in the last 4 days since I started and it wasnt even a lot. Not at all what I expected. The box does not have any information on what I should be feeling or what I can expect so I dont know if it is working.

    I almost thought Id be going to the bathroom more frequently and or that I would at least see the cleansing part in the toilet but nothing. It all looks very normal.

    Any suggestions or comments? Should I be seeing more coming out of me?

    • ANSWER:
      Chances are your body is working fine thats why nothing happened. Cleanses are pure marketing and dont work. Some ingredients can be dangerous.

  13. QUESTION:
    Question about Shoulder Injury…?
    I am 21 and have had a shoulder injury for over 2 years now. I have been eager to begin my training in martial arts since I was 19 and I havn’t been able to because of my shoulder problem. I initially injured it during a weightlifting exercise and I’ve been to multiple dr’s and have gotten many oppinions. Dr. 1 said: Needs rest. Dr. 2 said: It is a microscopic tear in my acromioclavicular muscle which didnt show up on my MRI. I need to “use it” and do light exercise to strengthen. Orthopedic Surgeon says it is fine and diagnosed as “shoulder impingement”. His physical therapy prescription was unsuccessful. Dr. 4 said: I have a gap in my bone that is preventing my “ruptured ligaments” from healing. I believe I may have some sort of tendonitus and I’ve read that a Liver Cleanse will clear this problem right up. I’ve been completing the preliminary steps before a liver cleanse and I have yet to do it. But please. My mind is driving me crazy. Can anyone help or offer great advice? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I’ve had several operations on my shoulder. I’m in my 30′s and I injured it when I was 15. It’s been a long road. Three surgeries later and countless hours of physical therapy, it’s still not right. I have severely limited range of motion, impingement (which is popping of the joint caused by inflamed tendons and ligaments), and no strength in that arm. Ho hum…

      Through the years I’ve dealt with this, I’ve read lots of literature and even been to a few conferences about shoulder instability solutions. I’ve learned a lot, and I feel like I’m on an even playing field with my doc. Not to say that I know more than he does. I know I can’t match his 35 years of experience with shoulder injuries. But it’s nice to be an informed consumer.

      Sounds like it might be a rotator cuff tear. That’s common with weightlifting injuries. Did any of the doctors suggest arthroscopic therapies? A rotator cuff tear can be successfully repaired through 3 small incisions (about 1 inch each) using small instruments to manipulate the joint and fix the injury. Sometimes it does not show up on the MRI. I suggest you find yet another doctor and tell him your suspicions. Good luck.

  14. QUESTION:
    Been ill for almost 3 years..can anyone help…?
    Start Date: April 3rd 2007-(still being affected by some symptoms)

    So I’ve been sick since April 3rd/2007- to the present day. Some of the symptoms have worn off a bit at this present day but I do still deal with them. I’ve been to many doctor’s, pharmacists, walk-in clinics and hospitals and I am still not fully diagnosed what is wrong with me….and i can promise you, i am not a hypochondriac…..this all started when I had a cold and developed into the flu bug…I was under a lot of stress with school considering I was graduating and I was on my last month of school which I had a lot of projects and tests on the way…and I became really ill during the beginning of April and it went away in a week..And then reappeared…the thing is…Every time I felt capable of doing school work I would immediately go up to my school and work for hours on end to try and get myself caught up…but then my sickness came back repeatedly..It was awful…the symptoms I’m having are:

    *constant nausea 24hrs a day (sometimes to the point where I can’t get out of bed) (As of now 2009 happens once and a while but not as invasive as it once was)
    *stomach ache pains (doesn’t’ happen anymore)
    *bloating (sometimes)
    *gas pains (rarely)
    *eating sometimes relief nausea feeling; but only for a few minutes (doesn’t happen anymore)
    *changes in bowel movements & odor (sometimes)
    *mucus in bowel (not very often…just recently started, but doesn’t happen as often as it did back in 2007)
    *lump in throat feeling (doesn’t happen anymore)
    *symptoms worsen @ nights (doesn’t happen anymore)
    *after certain bowel movements; nausea will feel 10 times worse than before and will continue on for days (doesn’t happen anymore)
    *sometimes motion (driving) depending on how bad the nausea is on that specific day will make my nausea feel worse and sometimes I feel like I need to pull over on the side of the road feeling like I’m going to be sick (doesn’t happen anymore)

    I’ve been under a number of medications…and nothing has seemed to work so far…

    The tests I have received since April 2007 till December 2007 is:
    *upper G.I x-ray (barium swallow)
    *complete abdominal ultrasound & limited pelvic: aorta, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, spleen, & kidneys
    * 4 blood tests
    * 2 urine tests
    *esophagastroduodenoscopy aka Stomach endoscope procedure & biopsy

    ALL OF THESE TESTS CAME BACK NEGATIVE…THEY HAD FOUND NOTHING IRREGULAR IN ANY OF THE TESTS GIVEN.
    I’ve been under a number of medications…And nothing has seemed to work so far…The medications I’ve been under are:
    *gravol
    *Acidophillis (this medication will give me a few days of relief…But symptoms will reappear)
    *Zantac
    *Pepto-Bismol
    *Marvolon (birth control, currently on)
    *Nexium
    *Benadryl
    *flu shot (2006)
    *Techna shot (2006)
    *Gen Alprozolam 0.25 mg (anxiety medication)
    *ferrous gluconate (elemental iron pills)
    *bonamie
    *benefiber (still taking from time to time)
    *peglyte (bowel cleanse)
    *penicillin
    *pariet (reduces stomach acid & used to eliminate helicobacter pylori)
    *ran-domperidon 10mg (improves motion threw esophagus)
    *Detox foot pads (I think they may have helped a little but only did 5 foot pads so far)
    (I’ve also thought about ordering Dr. Natura detox program which includes colonix & toxin out…and I’ve also heard that depending on how toxic your body is, it can hang onto viruses in your body…So I’m going to try it and see if may help my situation)

    Possible diagnosis from doctors, pharmacists, family and friends are:
    *prolonged gastritis
    *stomach bacterial infection
    *stomach ulcer
    *anxiety
    *stress gastritis
    *celiac disease
    *irritable bowel syndrome (from last doctor’s visit @ the hospital, he thinks it could be that…but not feeling any better from doing a colon cleansing with PEGLYTE and taking benefiber everyday)
    *prolonged stomach flu virus
    ALOT OF THESE POSSIBLE DIAGNOSES HAVE BEEN RULED OUT FROM THE ENDOSCOPE TEST

    Now i have developed some new symptoms, I’ve been sick with this constant cold/flu bug since the end of June 2008; I first became ill with an illness in April 2007 and was diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome Jan 2008 as well. Ever since June I just started with a sore throat and a general run down feeling, sometimes chills and fever and I would get the stomach flu-like symptoms here and there, at first I thought it was just a basic cold/flu but then it wouldn’t go away. But now I’ve been getting this recurring stomach flu or just cold/flu-like symptoms like before over and over again…the stomach flu has been going on since Dec 2008 until now, I also am anemic, so I am taking iron pills one pill a day 300mg, but my doctor told me to updose to 3 times a day which adds up to 900mg a day.
    For example: When I became ill with the stomach bug (or seemed like the stomach bug because it felt exactly like the symptoms of it) December of 2008 I not only had it once but it came back 8 more times before I moved onto

    • ANSWER:
      I’m NOT a doctor. Please contact your doctor for proper medical advice.

      The first thing that popped in my head when reading your story is that you may have what I have; which took me years to get diagnosed, too. Gastroparesis. To find out this diagnosis, a Gastric Emptying Scan (GES) is the best test. An upper endoscopy would not be able to diagnose this condition. I’d contact a gastroenterologist, if you haven’t already, to discuss proper medical treatment.

      Praying you find a diagnosis and get some relief from your symptoms soon. =)

  15. QUESTION:
    What is recommended for a complete liver cleanse/detox?

    • ANSWER:
      I’ve been doing some liver cleansing lately and whoa, I really feel the difference. I kind thought it was hogwash until I tried it. I personally have been using herbal cleansing supplements like milk thistle, yarrow, and burdock root. There’s a lot of combination supplements out there that are quite effective. I get all mine from iHerb.com since they have the best prices and shipping. You can use coupon code ELI100 to get off if you’re a new customer there, too.

      Other tips for liver cleansing:

      -Obviously drink plenty of fluid, preferably pure water. (Don’t drink too much water with meals or it interferes with digestion.)

      -Eat clean while you’re trying to detox, otherwise you’re just replacing old toxins with new ones.

      -Keep in mind it’s good to make sure your kidneys and colon are cleansed and working well before attempting a liver cleanse, since any toxins you flush from your body need to go through those organs to be eliminated completely.

  16. QUESTION:
    Do body cleansing and complete detox products from GNC flush marijuana out of your system?
    I’ve been hearing that they don’t but I had went to GNC to check out the stuff they had and on the product boxes they say that its a total cleanser which I’m assuming means that it cleans out your entire body, its a blood circulation formula which I guess means it also cleans out your blood, and liver and kidney cleansing too. All in one product that you take over a course of seven days. Now I believe “complete detox” means that it rids the body of all toxins and crap that you have inside you. And that’s what the product says. It say that it rids the body of all toxins. So if that’s the case, since smoking marijuana makes the THC stick to the fat cells and the cells are in your body, and being that THC is a toxin, if you were to use the cleansing products wouldn’t it get rid of the presence of marijuana that’s in your body?

    • ANSWER:
      I worked in a health food store last year and any time someone came in looking for a product like this, we referred them to GNC. So there must be something that they sell that works to get the THC out of your system. Not sure what product it is but I’m sure the sales associate can help you :)

  17. QUESTION:
    Detox Question?
    I bought a detox kit from Whole Foods. It is the Whole Foods Brand, 365, and it came with 3 bottles of pills. The product is called Complete Body Cleanse.

    It came with:
    Herbal Regularity Laxative Formula
    Cleansing Fiber Blend and
    Milk Thistle Liver Cleanse

    I was wondering what I was supposed to eat while on the detox. I wish to begin tomorrow. Is it okay to eat normal and just avoid high-processed foods or do I need to follow a specific plan. There was no where on the box indicating what to eat.

    Please help
    Its a 14 day plan.

    • ANSWER:
      hello!

      i did a 15 day detox not long ago…
      the detox kit itself should come with a booklet or pamphlet that explains more, although mine was pretty specific. no processed foods, no refined sugars, minimal proteins (things like fish are good…things like a steak are not), no caffeine, etc. LOTS of water, veggies, fruits, etc…are encouraged! Also maybe try going to the website of your specific kit and see if they have a do/don’t list on the site? :) Good luck! They’re not easy, although you’ll be happier for it afterwards!
      (And while this may be TMI (so sorry!) not sure how people can think detox doesn’t do anything…just your bodily waste itself changes, telling you it’s doing SOMETHING!).


Cirrhosis Reversal Japan

Mushroom Compound Shows Promise in Cancer Studies

Dr Aaron Van Gaver BSc ND reports on the potential benefits of Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC), derived from mushrooms belonging to the basidiomycotina class of fungi

There was a time when refrigerators didnt exist. So how did people preserve their vegetables? The Germans pickled cabbage during the winter months (and then we got sauerkraut).

The Japanese also pickled their food. Fresh vegetables harvested during the summer months were placed in a crock pot with rice bran and sea salt for several weeks.

Not only did this preserve the vegetables, but the fermentation process also enhanced their nutritional value. Salt fermentation increases the growth of friendly microbes and enzymes, which in effect improves the foods digestibility.

The Japanese also found that certain medicines could be made through this pickling process. The shiitake and reishi mushrooms were touted for their ability to maintain health and longevity.

Could we get these beneficial effects from eating raw mushrooms?
The answer, unfortunately, is no. What the fermentation process does is to break down nutrients from the mycelial threads of the mushroom into a more absorbable form. Most mushrooms have a molecular weight of hundreds of thousands of daltons, whereas Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC) the compound produced after fermentation of the mushroom blend has a molecular weight of only 5,000 daltons. The lower the molecular weight, the more easily digestible it becomes, once in the intestines.

In 1989, a research team consisting of Amino Up Chemical Co Ltd and Dr Toshihiko Okamoto, from Tokyo University, found that extracts from the basidiomycetes mushroom (sp. Reishi etc) could increase the survival rates of patients with various forms of cancer. They then developed a manufacturing process which enabled them to isolate the active ingredients.

During the pre-cultivation phase, basidiomycetes form colonies which are then cultured in a 15-ton tank for 45 days. The Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC) is obtained from this cultivation process, which includes enzymatic decomposition, sterilisation, concentration, and lyophilisation (freeze-drying).

It is this unique and patented process which produces the special ingredients found in AHCC. It is not found in typical mushrooms.

Active Ingredients
The active ingredients in AHCC contain and -glucans. It is the partially acetylated -glucan which is uniquely formed during the basidiomycetes cultivation process.

Having a molecular weight of 5,000 daltons, the potent nutrients found in AHCC can be easily assimilated by white blood cells and used in the destruction of tumours or in strengthening the bodys immune system.

Most drugs used in treating cancer, either affect the tumour directly, by cutting off the blood supply, or by working on a molecular level to prevent replication of the dysplastic (cancer) cells. What the researchers found with AHCC, is that it may function as a Biological Response Modifier (BRM), interferon being the most recognised drug in this class.

BRMs function differently from typical chemotherapeutic drugs in that they have both immuno-modulatory and immunostimulatory effects.

For cancer cells to grow into a tumour, the bodys immune system needs to be in a diseased state. It is this weakened immune system that is the target for BRMs. Although AHCC seems to strengthen the bodys immune system, it is not clear how this is achieved.

Immune system and AHCC:
When the body is exposed to free radicals, mutations within cells can cause cancer to form. Indeed, the body is constantly developing and destroying dysplastic cells.

The immune system responds to this insult by producing Tcells that are able to distinguish mutated cells from normal ones. However, if the immune system is not operating at optimum level, the body has more difficulty recognising the mutated cells, thereby allowing them to grow uncontrollably.

To compound the situation, cancer cells also release various immune suppressive factors, causing a decrease in antigen and macrophage activity.

In a healthy immune system, T-cells isolate the mutated cells, signalling to the macrophages to come and deal with the dysplasia. Once the macrophage interacts with the cancerous cells, it produces Interleukin 12 (IL-12), which allows Th0 cells to proliferate and differentiate into Th1 and Th2 cells.

The Th1 cells exert an anti-tumor effect, including the production of IL-2 and interferon gamma (IFN-). The end result is the proliferation of cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL), lymphokine activated killer cells (LAK), and natural killer (NK) cells which finish off the job.

Research
The Institute for Genetic Medicine at Hokkaido University evaluated the effectiveness of AHCC on patients undergoing UFT chemotherapy. The results showed that NK activity was decreased in the UFT only group, whereas the UFT+AHCC group had less of a NK suppression.

In addition, AHCC was tested to determine whether it had an effect on macrophage activity. Macrophages were harvested from cancerous breast tissue of rats treated with UFT or UFT+AHCC. Nitrogen oxide (NO) production was measured (as macrophages produce NO in order to kill cells); showing that NO production in the UFT+AHCC treated group was higher than the UFT only treated group.

The overall conclusion seem to be that AHCC has the ability to reverse both NK suppression as well as macrophage suppression caused by chemotherapy.

Another study completed by Dr Kamiyama et al of Kansai Medical University in Osaka, Japan, treated patients with hepatocellular carcinoma with AHCC to find out the disease free survival rates.

Every patient had tumour resection. However, of the 167 patients, 83 received a daily dosage of AHCC. The disease-free survival rates after five years were 34 per cent for the AHCC group, and 20 per cent for the control group.

Another interesting finding was that the liver markers AST, gamma-GTP, and bilirubin were significantly lower in the AHCC group four years after surgery, suggesting that AHCC also provided some hepatoprotective effects.

The overall conclusion from this study was that AHCC supplementation proved to be beneficial for hepatitis patients, improving the disease-free survival rates for those developing hepatocellular carcinoma.

Besides the cancers mentioned, AHCC was also studied in gastric cancer, lung cancer, thyroid cancer, oesophageal cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, testicular cancer, renal cancer, tongue cancer, and pancreatic cancer patients.

In all cases studied, except for cancers of the blood, AHCC has been found to be suitable for all cancers.

Side Effects
Another important aspect of cancer treatment is the side effects that individual treatment options cause. Most notably are the alopecia, fatigue, myelosuppression, liver damage, nausea and vomiting, and loss of appetite caused by chemotherapeutic drugs. According to cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy,
alopecia is singled out as being the most psychologically distressing.

Animal studies show that AHCC when used with the chemotherapeutic agent Cytosinearabinoside (Ara-C) seems to protect against alopecia.

Myelosuppression the reduction of blood forming and immune forming products occurs in patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy. Attacking the bone marrow, chemotherapy reduces the amount of white blood cells with the risk to the patient that infection and anaemia may develop. This is a huge problem with cancer patients, as their weakened immune system is the basis for cancer development.

When a patient is weakened by chemotherapy, even a common cold can become as dangerous as pneumonia is to an infant.

Dr Gye Hoon Ahn in Ok-Cherm Hospital reported that treating patients on chemotherapy with AHCC raised the total leukocyte count. Other studies suggest that AHCC is effective in protecting the liver from damage caused by chemotherapy.

Most patients experience moderate discomfort during cancer treatment with chemotherapeutic agents. Among the most common causative factors for this discomfort is the feeling of nausea resulting in vomiting.

Dr Gye Hoon Ahn examined stage III and IV cancer patients to find out whether AHCC could improve their quality of life (QOL). The results showed, when asking patients through a standard questionnaire, that AHCC did indeed improve patients QOL relating to symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

Another QOL issue is the lack of appetite patients experience during and after chemotherapy treatment. Studies indicated that using AHCC helped to gradually increase patients appetite resulting in an increase in the patients body weight. The study also reflected an overall improvement in a feeling of well-being hence improving their QOL.

Psychological Effects
It happens that sometimes conditions are just too far gone to be treated, but it is important that patients feel mentally stable and are able to interact socially.

Researchers devised a way to test how AHCC contributed to
the well being of patients. Three categories were specifically
looked at:
Physical function and performance
Psychological state
Social interaction

When assessing Physical Function and Performance, factors such as a patients physical ability in daily life were looked at. Psychological state was assessed by asking patients about their emotional state, including fear, depression and uneasiness during and after treatment. Social interactions were assessed
by finding out if the patient was able to keep relationships running smoothly. Dr Iwamoto, of the Enzankai Medical Corporation, reviewed researcher Dr Ishiharas notes to determine the QOL in 28 patients who had undergone AHCC treatment for two months. He found a significant improvement in all three parameters for QOL.

Dr Contreras, from Oasis of Hope Hospital in Tijuana, Mexico, studied the QOL of patients undergoing chemotherapy. Of 18 patients who were on AHCC for six months, 83 per cent reflected an improvement of QOL. AHCC achieves this improvement by ameliorating the side effects of chemotherapy and by improving the symptoms of the cancer itself. In addition, improving patients overall feeling causes a refractory effect on their immune system. When a patient experiences an improvement in immune function, their body is better able to fight the cancer.

Viral Hepatitis
Viral hepatitis makes up on average 90 per cent of all cases of hepatitis in Japan HepB (20 per cent) and HepC (70 per cent). When viral hepatitis becomes chronic, it can progress into cirrhosis, thereby increasing the chance of the patient developing hepatocellular carcinoma.

We know that AHCC offers protection of the hepatocytes, and has been shown to improve the five-year survival rate of patients undergoing hepatocellular carcinoma resection.

Diabetes
Medical treatments for diabetes consist of hypoglycaemic drugs, exercise, low-glycaemic diets, insulin injections and nutritional supplements. AHCC has been shown to add to this list by being able to lower blood glucose levels, normalise glycated haemoglobin levels and has been generally shown to prevent the onset of diabetes.

The difficulty with human glucose levels is that glucose is affected by various other factors. However, haemoglobin has about a 90-day life cycle, which has an affinity for not just oxygen, but also glucose. Glycated haemoglobin is a more stable way of measuring glucose levels over a longer period of time (about three months).

If a person has high levels of glycated haemoglobin, this is because the glucose which was unable to enter the cells has been incorporated into the matrix of haemoglobin. An increase of more than seven per cent glycation can mean there is a high probability of developing diabetic complications.

Dr Iwamoto examined 13 patients who were administered 3g/day of AHCC over a six-month period. Results showed that glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C) levels steadily declined from an average level of 9.1 per cent to 6.8 per cent over the six months.

One patient had started off with a combination of diabetic neurosis and paralysis of the left leg. After two months treatment, his paralysis had disappeared.

Inflammation
Inflammation is used by the body as a defence mechanism against toxic material. But excessive inflammation can result in injury to many organ systems. AHCC has been shown to enhance the bodys immune system enabling it to naturally suppress excessive inflammation.

One of the largest and most devastating forms of auto-immune inflammation is rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This chronic condition afflicts many people, initially affecting the joints. This disease progressively encompasses complete degradation of the bones and cartilage of the joint capsule. Large amounts of calprotectin (a protein found in the inflammatory mediator neutrophil) are found in the synovial fluid of RA patients. AHCC can improve the status of RA patients by suppressing TNF production, hence inhibiting the cytotoxicity of calprotectin.

Dosage
Researchers have determined through acute toxicology studies that the LD50 of AHCC taken orally is more than 12g/kg, and more than 8.5g/kg when given intraperitoneally. This means that AHCC can be given in large doses without the risk of toxicity and death in humans.

But as clinicians and researchers, we like to be a bit more cautious when giving anything to patients, because it is the dose, not the substance that makes the poison.

AHCC is most commonly found in the form of a water soluble, micro-coated (in hardened oil) gelatine capsule containing 300mg AHCC. For the treatment of cancer, and the prevention of cancer drugs side effects, a dosage of 3.0 6.0g/day has been used. For the use of cancer prevention in recurring cancer,
a dosage of 3.0g/day was used. As for maintenance and general health prevention, 1.0 3.0g/day was the standard.

Although there is no predetermined amount of time one needs to be on AHCC to get the beneficial effects, it can be assumed that when treating for chemotherapeutic side effect reduction, one should pre-dose the body two weeks prior to administration of the cancer drug, and continue this for two to four weeks after cessation of the chemotherapy protocol.

For general health benefits, 1.0 3.0g/day can be used indefinitely, with the occasional breaks (cycling on and off).

Conclusion
Whether used for cancer treatment, diabetes, hepatitis, inflammation or just general health, AHCC shows promise in a world where the incidence of chronic disease seems to be increasing exponentially.

References
1. Tasaki S, Kamiyama et al. Immunotherapy with AHCC in hepatocellular carcinoma patients, The 32nd Congress of the European Society for Surgical Research, May 1997.
2. Sun B. et al., Anti-mutagenic effects of AHCC, The 4th Research Association of Cancer Prevention, May 1997.
3. Sun B. et al., Protective effects of AHCC on carbon tetrachloride induced liver injury in mice, Natural Medicines 51(4), 310-315, Aug 1997.
4. Sun B., Kosuna, Effects of AHCC in both the prevention and treatment of carcinomas, Critical Appraisal of Unconventional /Alternative Interventions for carcinoma of the prostate, May 1998.
5. Kitade H., Matsui S., Takai A., Imamura A., Kawaguchi Y., Kamiyama Y., Sun B., Kosuna K, Preventive Effects of AHCC on the Recurrence of Postoperative Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients, The 33rd Congree of the European Society for Surgical Research (ESSR), May 1998.
6. Kanazawa T., et al., The components in AHCC activating macrophage and inhibiting tumor cell proliferation, The 5th Research Association of Cancer Prevention, Jul 1998.
7. Sun B., et al., Fractions of AHCC and their effects on macrophages and tumor cell lines, The 57th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Cancer Association, Set 1998.
8. Mukoda T., et al., AHCC protects against cytosine Arabinoside induced alopecia in the newborn rat animal model, The 57th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Cancer Association, Sep 1998.
9. Matsushita K., et al., Combination therapy of AHCC plus UFT significantly reduces the metastasis of rat mammary carcinoma, Anti-Cancer Drugs, 343-350, Sep 1998.
10. Sun B., Fukuhara M., Kosuma K., Reduction of side effects of anti-cancer drugs by AHCC, mycelian extracts of cultured basidiomycetes, The 4th International Symposium on Predictive Oncology and
Therapy, Oct 1998.
11. Matsui Y., et al., Effects of the postoperative therapy with AHCC administration on postoperative hepatocellular carcinoma patients, The 34th Annual Meeting of Liver Cancer Study Group, Oct 1998.
12. Sun B., et al., Improving effect of AHCC on anemia and alopecia induced by anti-cancer drugs, The 1st Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Alternative Medicine & Treatment, Nov 1998.
13. Sun B., Fukuhara M., Kosuna K., Reduction of side effects of anticancer drugs by AHCC, mycelian extracts of cultured basidiomycetes, Impact of Biotechnology on cancer (nice, France), Nov 1998.
14. Wakame K., Effect of AHCC on diabetes induced by stretozotocin in the rat, The 119th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Pharmacology, Mar 1999.
15. Sun B., et al., Reduction of the side effects of anticancer drugs by AHCC, The 90th Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research, Apr 1999.
16. Iwamoto M., et al., Effects of AHCC on diabetes by clinical and basic researches, The 2nd Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Alternative Medicine & Treatment, Oct 1999.
17. Iwamoto M., et al., A study on dose-dependence of AHCC for Cancer patients, The 2nd Annual Meeting of the Japanese society for alternative medicine & Treatment, Oct 1999.
18. Uno K., et al., The introduction of immunological parameters to the screening of cancer, The 2nd Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Alternative Medicine & Treatment, Oct 1999.
19. Ishiguro A., et al., Anticarcinogenic activity of AHCC and PMP, The 2nd Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Alternative Medicine & Treatment, Oct 1999.
20. Sun B., et al., Anti-carcinogenic effect of AHCC and buckwheat polyphenol, The 37th Annual Meeting of Japanese Society of Cancer Treatment, Oct 1999.
21. Wakame K., Protective effect of AHCC on the onset of diabetes induced by streptozotocin in the rat, Biomedical Research, 20(3) 145-152, Oct 1999.
22. Uno K., et al., AHCC improves immunological parameters and performance Status of Patients with Solid Tumors, Biotherapy, 14(3) 303-307, May 2000.


Common Liver Diseases

The liver is located in the upper right of the abdominal cavity below the diaphragm and above the stomach, right kidney and intestines. The liver, an organ of dark reddish brown weighing about 1.3 kg (3 lbs), has multiple functions.

Illustration of the anatomy of the digestive system of an adult
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Blood to the liver comes from two sources:

a The oxygenated blood reaches the liver through the hepatic artery.
a Nutrient-rich blood comes through the hepatic portal vein.
a Liver holds about 13 percent of the total body blood at any given time.

The liver consists of two main lobes, consisting of thousands of lobules. These lobules are connected to small ducts that, in turn, are connected with larger ducts to ultimately form the hepatic duct. This duct transports bile produced by hepatocytes to the gallbladder and duodenum (first part of the small intestine).
What are the functions of the liver?

The liver regulates most chemical levels in the blood and excretes a product called bile, which helps break down fats, preparing them for further digestion and absorption. All the blood leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver. The liver processes this blood and breaks down the nutrients and drugs from the blood into forms easier to use for the rest of the body. There are more than 500 vital functions related to the liver. Among the most popular features include the following:

a the production of bile, which helps carry away waste and break down fats in the small intestine during digestion
a production of certain proteins for blood plasma
a the production of cholesterol and special proteins to help carry fats through the body
a the conversion of excess glucose into glycogen for storage (glycogen can later be converted back to glucose for energy)
a the regulation of blood levels of amino acids, which form the building blocks of proteins
a processing of hemoglobin for use of its iron content (the liver stores iron)
a conversion of poisonous ammonia to urea (urea is an end product of protein metabolism and is excreted in the urine)

The liver, as the central organ of metabolism, is exposed to a multitude of hazards. Are mainly those harmful agents (Alcohol, drugs, poor diet) that access to the liver from the gastrointestinal tract. However, also viral diseases (hepatitis B and C) can cause liver damage.

All these injuries not only have consequences on the liver itself, but in advanced stages can cause liver failure and thus threaten the entire organization.

The primary liver disease is:

a Fatty Liver: Accumulation of triglycerides (fats) in liver cells.
a Hepatitis B and C: Inflammation of the liver by viruses can become chronic and progress to cirrhosis.
a Cirrhosis: State terminal liver disease (above); scarring of liver tissue, including liver cell death.
a Hepatic encephalopathy: a set of neuropsychiatric abnormalities, potentially reversible, associated with the failure of the acute and chronic liver function. At first the symptoms are mild, but can reach up to hepatic coma.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are 4 most common liver disease’s in alcoholic men and women?
    Can someone list at least 4 most common liver disease’s in alcoholic men and women please. and can you please show the link you got it from. Thank You

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    What are the common diseases of human liver?
    I really need the answer for this question. It’s for my bio assignment…

    • ANSWER:
      There are many causes of liver cell damage and each one has
      a disease name….However, they all lead to these diseases:
      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver cells
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation inside
      the liver.

      The causes of liver cell damage are:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, mushroom poisoning
      cancer/growth/cysts/tumors,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection,
      viral infection like Hepatitis A,B,C, etc.
      Parasite infection
      Hereditary conditions like Hemochromatosis (too much iron)
      …or Wilson’s disease (too much copper) and there are others
      Auto immune disease (like biliary cirrhosis or sclerosing cholangitis)
      Metabolic disorders
      Fatty liver disease (NASH and Alcoholic Steatohepatitis)
      and others.

      When a person reaches the end stages of Cirrhosis, they will
      develop these:
      Ascites which is fluid build up in the abdomen
      Encephalopathy which is mental confusion causes by ammonia going
      …to the brain
      Portal Hypertension and varies caused by blood backing up into
      …smaller vessels because it can no longer flow through the liver

      The most common conditions that lead to liver cell damage are
      alcohol consumption, viral infection (Hep A,B,C),
      medication toxification, and biliary obstruction

      Hope this is of some help

  3. QUESTION:
    Is it common to measure C-reactive protein in diagnosing liver disease?
    albumin and other stuffs are really common tests for liver disease or problem. But is it common to measure the amount of CRP in order to diagnose or evaluating liver function?

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    Describe how the histopathology department would identify liver disease & name the most common liver ………?
    Mr. X has been admitted to the accident and emergency department. He has been involved in a motorbike accident, is unconscious and has leg injuries which will require surgery.
    Witnesses at the scene of the accident told ambulance staff that he did not appear to have proper control of his motorbike and drove headlong into the path of an upcoming vehicle.
    Before Mr. X can undergo surgery for his crushed leg his blood needs to be tested to see if he has any underlying conditions which need to be taken into account before surgery commences. He also shows signs of internal haemorrhaging and may also require treatment for blood loss.
    The blood results have now been returned from the laboratory emergency services and it now transpires that Mr. X has raised blood alcohol levels and was drunk at the time of the accident.
    His hospital medical records have been traced and reveal that Mr. X has been receiving ongoing medical care for liver disease due to alcoholism.
    He has been attending monthly clinics to monitor his liver function.

    Describe how the histopathology department would identify liver disease and name the most common liver disease caused by prolonged exposure to alcohol?

    THANK YOU!

    • ANSWER:
      In general, histopathology of biopsy is a poor test in this setting — acute injury and hemorrhage. You need to know that the patient would survived the biopsy. The most important test at this point is prothrombin time — blood coagulation. If the liver is not producing clotting factors, surgery is problematic.

      Assuming the patient is stabilized and has a biopsy or has an emergency liver resection, histopathology will be the same. After the tissue is processed and sectioned, a variety of tissue stains will be employed. The classic hematoxylin and eosin give a broad picture of cells. The architecture of the liver can be assessed and cells and key features can be identified such as the number of inflammatory cells or single cells which have died and are being ingested by phagocytes. A stain for connective tissue (e.g. Masson’s trichrome) will determine how much the liver has been filled by fibrosis (scarring).

      Alcohol liver disease includes fatty liver (early stage) and cirrhosis — the 12th most common killer in the United States.

  5. QUESTION:
    Which liver diseases are the most common?

    • ANSWER:
      In adults, cirrhosis, the death of liver cells due to a variety of causes, is one of the most common reasons for which liver transplantation is done. In children, the disease most often treated by liver transplantation is biliary atresia, a failure of the bile ducts to develop normally to drain bile from the liver.

  6. QUESTION:
    What is the most common thing for someone with end stage liver disease to die from?
    My father has been diagnosed with end stage liver failure since September 25, 2006 and just yesterday his doctor called me saying that i needed to bring him to the hospital his kidneys are failing and then today he had a heart-attack, his potassium levels are really high too, anyone have any idea how long i have left with my dad?

    • ANSWER:
      You need to speak with his doctors.
      They have all his medical records and also
      his test results. They can give you an
      estimate, based on all this, of how long your
      Dad may have.

      Let me explain what takes place in liver failure.
      There are many different causes of liver
      problems. These causes can damage the
      liver cells. When this happens, the immune
      system of the body responds to this damage and
      can cause inflammation to develop inside the
      liver which will cause the liver to enlarge in
      size. If the cause of the problem can be
      removed, and the inflammation treated…then
      the cells may heal. If this doesn’t take place…
      it can progress to death of the liver cells and
      scar tissue forming inside the liver that blocks
      the flow of blood to any healthy cells that are
      left and also block the flow of blood through
      the liver on its way back to the heart. This disease is then known as cirrhosis of the liver.
      It is progressive and there is no cure.

      The liver handles toxins that come into the
      body, to convert them to a non toxic form.
      The liver is no longer able to do this efficiently and the toxins build up in the blood. The
      kidneys then try to remove these toxins on
      top of the job they normally do. This puts
      added stress on the kidneys and they are next
      in line to go into failure after the liver does.

      With having end stage liver failure, the kidneys
      not functioning well, and the fact of having
      a heart attack…the prognosis is not very good.
      They can try to stablize him…putting him on
      a dialysis machine to help the kidneys function
      better…to bring the electrolytes into balance.
      It will depend on how far advanced he is in
      the end stage liver failure, kidney problems, and how his heart responds to therapy.

      Wish I could be more uplifting…

  7. QUESTION:
    2 nursing care plan and 2 common medications for liver disease – cirrhosis?
    2 nursing care plan and 2 common medications for liver disease – cirrhosis
    Health history
    Mr. K is a 45 year old Spanish male.
    Married with 3 children.
    He is currently unemployed.
    He has worked in the service industry for his entire life.
    He has been socially drinking since he was 13 year old.

    Past medical history
    Previous liver disease, hepatitis B immunization, no medications except cold remedies.
    Usual childhood illness, broken leg at age 16, no surgeries.
    He has been admitted to ICU on 3 previous occasions for liver disease.

    Presenting complaint
    1.Fatigue
    2.Weight changes
    3.Digestive disturbances
    4.Skin changes
    5.Weakness
    6.Pruritis
    7.Dyspnea
    8.Anorexia
    9.Abdominal pain
    10.Nausea and vomiting
    11.Diarrhea
    12.Bloody stools
    13.Changes in urine or color
    14.Numbness or tingling of extremities

    Physical exam
    Blood pressure: 160/90 mmHg hypertension
    Repiratory rate: 28 cpm
    Pulse rate: 96 bpm
    Height and weight 5ft 10in; 77kgs
    Skin: dryness, scratches, jaundice, bruises
    Eyes: scleral icterus
    Breast: gynecomastia
    Abdomen: distention, prominent veins
    Girth: 715cm, liver enlargement

    Give two nursing diagnoses
    Give two common medications.

    • ANSWER:
      Nursing dx:
      1)Activity intolerance related to fatigue, general debility, muscle wasting and discomfort.
      2)Altered nutrition, less than body requirements, related to chronic gastritis; decreased GI motility; anorexia; impaired protein, fat, glucose metabolism, and impaired storage of vitamins(A, C, K, D, E).
      3)Risk for injury and bleeding related to altered clotting mechanism.
      4)Impaired skin integrity related to compromised immunologic status, edema and poor nutrition.
      5)Pain related to liver enlargement and ascites.
      6)Diarrhea related to excessive secretion of fats in stool secondary to liver dysfunction.
      7)Risk for injury related to decreased prothrombin production and synthesis of substances used in blood coagulation.
      8)Discomfort: Pruritus related to accumulation of bilirubin pigment and bile salts on skin.
      9)Excessive fluid volume related to portal hypertension, lowered plasma colloidal osmotic pressure, and sodium retention.
      10)Risk for infection related to leukopenia secondary to enlarged, overactive spleen and hypoproteinemia.
      11)Risk for ineffective therapeutic regimen management related to insufficient knowledge of pharmacologic contraindications, nutritional requirements, signs and symptoms of complications, and risks of alcohol ingestion.
      12)Risk for disturbed self-concept related to appearance changes(jaundice, ascites).

      Medications:
      1)Lactulose.
      2)Spironolactone for patients with ascites.
      3)Lasix.

  8. QUESTION:
    Are there any other common treatments besides liver transplants for treatment of end-stage liver disease?

    • ANSWER:
      When a diagnosis is given such as ESLD (end stage liver disease), it doesn’t necessarily mean it is fatal and will require a transplant. There are three stages.

      A. Compensated meaning not too sick
      B. Beginning to decompensate (complications beginning to appear)
      C. Decompensated (significant liver failure that will require transplant)

      In the earlier stages, if the reason for liver failure is able to be eliminated, then these people can often stop the disease altogether and might never require a transplant. Example: An alcoholic quits drinking, and if the damage is not too severe, they can get better and will be able to live with the amount of damage already done.

      If the reason for the disease cannot be eliminated, the doctors just routinely treat the problems that come with the disease as it progresses. Meds can help get rid of the excessive fluid in your body, meds can help control ammonia levels, banding can be done through endoscopy to get rid of the unwanted varix (veins that grow trying to get blood supply to your liver that can leak and bleed), and low sodium diet to help control fluid retention. These are just some of the typical problems that are treated for those with cirrhosis.

      There is little they can do except treat the symptoms once the damage has been done.

  9. QUESTION:
    Does everybody get liver disease from too much Tylenol?
    I took my tylenol as prescribed but got nausea and vomitted some. I read on the internet that you should not exceed 4,000mgs in a 24 hour period. After counting it up it was over that. It didnt last very long, today is the second day. This is just a scary thing. Does everyone get liver disease or is it more rare than common?

    • ANSWER:
      Don’t worry about it if its only short term it cant hurt you liver to the point where the liver can no longer heal it self if you were doing it as much as me like say taking 8 extra strength in one sitting then id start to worry ^_^

  10. QUESTION:
    My mom has end stage liver disease and her teeth are deteriorating.Is this common? Does anything help?Thanks.?
    mom has end stage liver disease (meld score of 7), is on the transplant waiting list..her teeth were fine in november..now they are loose and will fall out soon, or have to be pulled. She is only 55 and has always taken very good care of her teeth.

    • ANSWER:
      This is a quite common problem, fortunately not the most serious. It is necessary to cure all possible sources of infection before liver transplantation and dental granulomas are very frequent. Your mom needs a liver graft ASAP and she for sure prefers to save her life, not teeth.

  11. QUESTION:
    I think I’m dying!! Liver damage! Please help!?

    http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/49852/liver_disease_common_symptoms.html

    The first symtom is fatigue, and trouble getitng out of bed. I’ve been like this for a year or two, roughly around the time I took an overdose.

    The second symtom is a bladder illness. For the past week I’ve had aching in my bladder.

    My skin hasn’t turned yellow… yet.

    I took an overdose two years ago but didn’t tell anyone. I didn’t even go to the doctor. I just slept it off.

    Now two years later I think I’m facing the consequences… on Christmas eve. :(

    Is it curable? Am I going to die? Please help!!!

    • ANSWER:
      yup, you’re going to die. The liver regenerates itself, you probably have kidney damage.

  12. QUESTION:
    I think I’m dying! Liver damage!! please help! Matter of life and death!?

    http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/49852/liver_disease_common_symptoms.html

    The first symtom is fatigue, and trouble getitng out of bed. I’ve been like this for a year or two, roughly around the time I took an overdose.

    The second symtom is a bladder illness. For the past week I’ve had aching in my bladder.

    My skin hasn’t turned yellow… yet.

    I took an overdose two years ago but didn’t tell anyone. I didn’t even go to the doctor. I just slept it off.

    Now two years later I think I’m facing the consequences… on Christmas eve. :(

    Is it curable? Am I going to die? Please help!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Do you want us to believe this question… if it is true, the first thing I’d do is get on YA and ask….. if true GO TO A DOCTOR.

  13. QUESTION:
    what would this remarks mean to my liver ultra sound? any second opinion?
    The liver echopattern appears hyperehogenic, No solid nor crystic mass seen. the common duct is not dilated & measures 3mm AP diameter, the rest of intrahepatic ducts are unremarkable.

    Diffuse liver disease, fatty changes entertained?

    • ANSWER:
      Fatty liver disease is shown as a presence of a hyperechogenic pattern of the liver and and elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. You haven’t listed your liver enzymes levels however.

      There are a few reasons for a diffuse liver disease but in your case it looks like cirrhosis from a fatty liver.

      http://resources.metapress.com/pdf-preview.axd?code=j8m7hg62482h1316&size=largest

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cirrhosis

  14. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have a cat with liver disease?
    My six year old cat was just recently diagnoised and I was told its very common in cats. Should I be worried???

    • ANSWER:
      My oldest was recently diagnosed with liver disease (he’s 14). His Vet has him on Science Diet’s “LD” food and he’s doing great after being sick for a week. It is a manageable disease. We discovered it after a blood test and re-tested after a couple weeks of maintenance on the food. His numbers came down drastically. He was prescribed some medicine as well (temporarily) but I highly recommend the food!

  15. QUESTION:
    My boyfriend has liver disease – can anyone tell me what to expect? (symptoms, etc)?
    I’ve heard that mood swings are common to the disease, is that true?

    • ANSWER:
      the symptoms depend on the kind of his disease, but in people whose liver does not work properly, toxins can not be eradicated from the body and they may affect the brain function. this usually happens when the disease is very severe. the patient may be sleepy, may loose the balance in motins, and even experience cognitive disturbances such as mood swing or judgement impairment.
      by proper treatment, nowadays patients with these symptoms aren’t seen frequently, in your boy friend search for other causes of mood swings too(psychologic problems, personality, substance abuse…)

  16. QUESTION:
    I need help saving my cat from hepatic lipidosis, fatty liver disease!?
    My 7 year old cat, Toby wasn’t eating for a couple of days. I took him to the vet and they said that his liver looked enlarged, he was jaundice, and he had all of the common signs of having Fatty Liver Disease.

    I need help. I am on the verge of tears every night. The treatment for this disease is to hospitalize your pet and have a feeding tube inserted. The cost is upwards of 00.00 which I simply do not have at this time. I have researched every possibility. Payment plans, credit cards, Care Credit… nothing will work.

    The vet recommended that I feed him one or more cans of Hills a/d per day with syringe. He absolutely hates it. He doesn’t struggle too much, but he spits it all out. I don’t know how much I’m actually getting into his belly because I’m wiping so much off of my walls, floors, chin etc.

    I desperately need some advice from anyone who has gone through this before or has veterinary experience.

    I simply do not know what to do. Am I helping him? Is he getting enough food? He won’t eat or drink anything. I even offered him his favorite, tuna, and he just turned up his nose.

    I love him dearly, and I can not fathom having him die or be euthanized, so I need help and soon.

    Please let me know your thoughts about this. Thank you so much <3

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry you’re going through this, it must be awful not to be able to help. Unfortunately your vet is not helping either by prescibing the Hills junk. Really, all the prescription stuff is just a moneymaker and the only research that supports the results is paid by the companies that make the food.

      Your cat with fatty liver disease need low carb, high protein diet. You can’t feed anything that contains grain, that is probably what caused this in the first place. Most commercial food contains grain and the pet food industry doesn’t care that it’s killing our cats.

      Most of the natural wet foods available today like Wellness, EVO, Merrick, Nature’s Variety and Blue Buffalo have high content of animal protein, and don’t include andy sources of carbohydrate. This is much better food for your cat’s disease than Hills.

      I understand your cat doesn’t want to eat. force feeding usually doesn’t go well, try to get him to lick the mashed up food from your fingers. Try a little tuna juice to add the smell. but not too much, and not the oil, just the juice. If it doesn’t work you will have to feed him with the syringe. You can’t let your cat go without food, especially since it gets also hydration from the food.

      The amount of consumed food should reflect in the amount of feces. You should get at least one small poo per day.

      Here are some great websites on cat nutrition, the first one also mentionas fatty liver disease. This doctor who wrote it is extremly knowledgable and hopefully this will help you.

      Good luck

  17. QUESTION:
    Can a abnormal liver blood test result be an indication of celiac disease?
    Does anyone have any info on this? Also, is it common to get a ”one off’ abnormal liver test? The doctor is ordering me to go again just incase this result was false.

    • ANSWER:
      www.celiac.com

      i found some info there and it looks like the two can be related.

  18. QUESTION:
    What was Ataturk cause of Death?
    On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died.

    Atatürk died, at age 57, at the Dolmabahçe Palace on November 10, 1938. It is thought that he died of cirrhosis of the liver.[56] Ataturk’s funeral called forth both sorrow and pride in Turkey, and seventeen countries sent special representatives, nine contributed with armed detachments to the cortege.[57]

    “His lifestyle had always been strenuous. Alcohol consumption during dinner discussions, smoking …..”

    Cirrhosis has many causes. In the United States, chronic alcoholism and hepatitis C are the most common ones.

    Alcoholic liver disease. To many people, cirrhosis of the liver is synonymous with chronic alcoholism, but in fact, alcoholism is only one of the causes. Alcoholic cirrhosis usually develops after more than a decade of heavy drinking. The amount of alcohol that can injure the liver varies greatly from person to person.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk#Last_days.2C_1937-1938

    Irmak:I think you should read your answers before posting them.
    I don’t see how ataturks alcoholism lets me go to the mosque or helps me live. Ataturk commanded the Turkish army and the soldiers with God’s will saved Turkey.
    out of curiosity who are ppl like me??

    • ANSWER:
      yes u r right every second of his life was beeing drunk
      even because of him we lost islam

  19. QUESTION:
    Do you think drinking a bottle of red wine per day is excessive?
    Many people – particularly in France and Italy – are raised on wine from childhood. It’s on the table all the time and is as common a drink as water. Okay, some drinkers suffer from liver disease, but if the 26-ozs of wine is consumed over a 24-hour period (with food), does it still cause physical damage?

    • ANSWER:
      In my opinion, more than a glass or two a day is excessive.

      While doctors have been saying that a glass of wine a day can actually be beneficial, that doesn’t work for everyone, especially people like me. I’m an alcoholic and I have been sober for 15 1/2 years. If some doctor thinks I will sacrifice that for a glass of wine a day, think again.

      Also, consider this…are you awake for 24 hours a day? Think about it. If you sleep 8 hours a night, then that bottle of wine is consumed over a measly 16 hours. That is less time than you thought you had.

      Yes, that is exessive.

      EMT

  20. QUESTION:
    give two nursing care plan about liver disease – cirrhosis?
    Health history
    Mr. K is a 45 year old Spanish male.
    Married with 3 children.
    He is currently unemployed.
    He has worked in the service industry for his entire life.
    He has been socially drinking since he was 13 year old.

    Past medical history
    Previous liver disease, hepatitis B immunization, no medications except cold remedies.
    Usual childhood illness, broken leg at age 16, no surgeries.
    He has been admitted to ICU on 3 previous occasions for liver disease.

    Presenting complaint
    1.Fatigue
    2.Weight changes
    3.Digestive disturbances
    4.Skin changes
    5.Weakness
    6.Pruritis
    7.Dyspnea
    8.Anorexia
    9.Abdominal pain
    10.Nausea and vomiting
    11.Diarrhea
    12.Bloody stools
    13.Changes in urine or color
    14.Numbness or tingling of extremities

    Physical exam
    Blood pressure: 160/90 mmHg hypertension
    Repiratory rate: 28 cpm
    Pulse rate: 96 bpm
    Height and weight 5ft 10in; 77kgs
    Skin: dryness, scratches, jaundice, bruises
    Eyes: scleral icterus
    Breast: gynecomastia
    Abdomen: distention, prominent veins
    Girth: 715cm, liver enlargement

    Give two nursing diagnoses
    Give two common medications.

    • ANSWER:
      Alcoholic polyneuropathy and cirrhosis
      Phentoin, thiamine and folic acid for polyneuropathy
      Aldactone and furosamide for edema in cirrhosis

  21. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have stomach pain associated with NAFLD?
    Does anyone have Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and have intense stomach pain. It is not a common side affect of the disease. Wondering if anyone has been dealing with this. Looking for help and information on dealing with it.

    • ANSWER:
      If you have been diagnosed with NAFLD and are having intense stomach pain, I doubt very much if NAFLD is the reason for you having all this pain. I believe it is the result of something else. You are right. It is not common to have pain from this disease. I have never heard of anyone having pain from it myself. I had cirrhosis and never had any kind of pain in my stomach or liver or anywhere else for that matter.

      You should really get an endoscopy done to maybe determine what is happening there. I don’t believe liver disease is going to be the cause.

  22. QUESTION:
    Is IBS a symptom of liver damage / disease?
    I just read something that shocked me as I was recently diagnosed as having IBS by a gastroenterologist. I read that IBS is one of the common signs of liver damage. Anyone know if this is true? Here’s the webpage link where I read it at and since reading that I’ve done a few more searches about it and read the same thing on a few other webpages as well. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/liver-damage-symptoms.html
    I’m worried as I had my gallbladder out in 2004 and was already worried about liver damage because when I was having gallbladder pains, which I didn’t know the pains were due to gallbladder issue, I used to take alot of acetaminophen to manage the pain as it took several years, 6 in fact, and several visits to different doctors to get a correct diagnosis. Anyone know if this is true about IBS being a symptom of liver damage and if it is true, what can I do, like what do I say to be sure my doctor does the test to find out if I do indeed have liver damage? I’m really worried now :(

    • ANSWER:
      Never heard of it. There have been hundreds of posts on here about IBS ( I have it) and liver damage has never been mentioned. It is not on any of the medical sites regarding IBS either. ( Not in the UK anyway).

  23. QUESTION:
    Give two nursing diagnoses Give two common medications.?
    Health history
    Mr. K is a 45 year old Spanish male.
    Married with 3 children.
    He is currently unemployed.
    He has worked in the service industry for his entire life.
    He has been socially drinking since he was 13 year old.

    Past medical history
    Previous liver disease, hepatitis B immunization, no medications except cold remedies.
    Usual childhood illness, broken leg at age 16, no surgeries.
    He has been admitted to ICU on 3 previous occasions for liver disease.

    Presenting complaint
    1.Fatigue
    2.Weight changes
    3.Digestive disturbances
    4.Skin changes
    5.Weakness
    6.Pruritis
    7.Dyspnea
    8.Anorexia
    9.Abdominal pain
    10.Nausea and vomiting
    11.Diarrhea
    12.Bloody stools
    13.Changes in urine or color
    14.Numbness or tingling of extremities

    Physical exam
    Blood pressure: 160/90 mmHg hypertension
    Repiratory rate: 28 cpm
    Pulse rate: 96 bpm
    Height and weight 5ft 10in; 77kgs
    Skin: dryness, scratches, jaundice, bruises
    Eyes: scleral icterus
    Breast: gynecomastia
    Abdomen: distention, prominent veins
    Girth: 715cm, liver enlargement

    Give two nursing diagnoses
    Give two common medications.

    • ANSWER:
      What?

  24. QUESTION:
    liver problem (Medication help)?
    I have a liver problem, waiting to go to hospitial, been going on for a while now about 2 years, i have not been eating much and feeling like i am going to be sick for last couple months now while on waiting list , i recently started getting bad stabbing pains which lasted a week, the doctor has given me Sozol pantoprazole 40Mg to reduce stomic acid , since than i have been feeling more sick have been getting headaches , dizziness , diarrhoea , nausea bad stomach pain which makes me feel like crying

    as of now i no that my liver dose not regenerate and just has made me sick over a long time,
    in the booklet i found inside the meds says do not take if You have severe liver disease or cirrhosis

    dose anyone no much about this medication or is this common or should i be takening it?

    • ANSWER:

  25. QUESTION:
    Bruise easily with normal liver test?
    i am a huge hypochondriac when it comes to small health issues. Recently I just got done moving up and down stairs, so I got pretty banged up. I noticed I have several bruises on my legs and forearms. They are small in size. They are much more visible since I have pale skin.

    What I read online bruising easily is a sign of anemia and liver disease. I just had a CBC with differential with liver panel and kidney test, and everything came out normal, including WBC, RBC, bilirubin, Alt, ASP, protein, etc… The reason why I was tested is because I came down with bad food poisoning and went to ER a few weeks ago.

    Common sense tells me I received the bruises from moving heavy boxes, chairs and equipment along with pale skin. Then again I dont remember any forced trauma. Should I seek medical attention?

    • ANSWER:
      I agree with your common sense. If I were you, I would not worry about it, unless you enjoy being prodded and poked by doctors. Then again, if you notice the problem again, the perhaps you could go get checked out. I would also note that just because your blood tests a few weeks ago were normal, doesn’t mean they would be normal right now.

  26. QUESTION:
    What are common causes for false-positive CA-125 Serum levels?
    What are common causes for false-positive CA-125 Serum levels?
    The CA-125 blood test, sometimes used as an ovarian cancer screening, has a high false-positive rate. Some possible conditions associated with an false-positive are fibroids, endometriosis, pancreatitis, liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and benign ovarian cysts. I am looking for a COMPLETE list of ALL possible conditions associated with false-positive results. I’ve done a Yahoo and Google search but am not satisfied with the results. I seem to remember that rheumatoid arthritis is also associated also….for instance.

    If you are able, please provide a complete list. Thank you
    Denisedds….
    Yes, I realize it is a long list… but that is exactly what I am looking for.

    • ANSWER:
      The CA-125 is not intended to be a screening test and should never be sued as one. There may be a complete list of what may cause a false positive somewhere, but there is little need for such a list in a medical setting, as clinicians do not rely on lists. Any irritation in the abdomen can cause a positive result. It’s especially inaccurate in premenopausal women (accuracy rate of about 50%); endometriosis, early-stage pregnancy or even normal hormonal fluctuations can lead to elevated CA-125 levels. Therefore a complete list can be very long.

  27. QUESTION:
    How much drinking causes cirrhosis or liver disease?
    I always read about x number of drinks every day. I don’t drink every day…I drink one weekend night or occasionally two. But when I drink those nights I tend to drink a lot. On the occasional day I’ll have a single beer.

    I’ve already started cutting back on this …I’m 28 and probably started in college, but never to the point of heavy drinking every day. I was just wondering what was common for this.

    Are there any foods or drinks you can consume to boost your liver?
    Thanks for your answer…

    As I’ve said I’ve started to limit drinking…phasing out even the few nights that I do binge drink.

    But i’m curious is there a sign or something that would tell me now if i’m too late. as you said it can’t be reversed. How do i know if i’m there?

    • ANSWER:
      Phillyfan – 1 beer (12 ounce) = 1 glass of wine (5 ounces) = 1 shot of whiskey. An average (whatever that is) man’s body burns up one drink in one hour. Liver damage occurs when the level of blood alcohol gets too high, and “high” depends upon a person’s size (weight). Drinking on an empty stomach is bad, and gets your alcohol level high too fast. Try to take some food before or with your drinks to be safer. No particular food is helpful. Nothing short of reduced alcohol intake “boosts” the liver. Excess alcohol leads to fatty change throughout the liver, and later to cirrhosis (liver scarring) which can never be reversed. Please, if you drink, drink wisely and safely. I really don’t like to read about another autopsy.

      Added Comment: The first proof of liver damage can be found by doctor-ordered lab liver function tests (LFTs) which pick up higher-than-normal liver enzymes circulating in the blood. These include tests abbreviated as ALT, AST, and alkaline phosphatase. Under the microscope the first changes are “fatty changes” in the liver cells that may be extensive. However, all fatty changes can reversed if alcohol drinking stops; then the liver returns to full normal. If you wait too long, the fatty changes lead to death and scarring of the liver cells – changes which cannot be reversed. It’s your body and your call. Good luck in making the right choice.

  28. QUESTION:
    My boyfriend has liver disease caused by Hep C & chronic alcoholism – What can I expect? (symptoms, etc)?
    He was told about 3 years ago that he had hep C, chirrosis and he is a chronic alcoholic. Dr told him to quit or he would die. He has tried and failed several times ( I know he’s not trying hard enough…. ) . I just want to know what to expect. He is tired all the time, has headaches, and is depressed – Is this part of it? Also I have heard that mood swings are common to this, is that true? I posted a similar question earlier but felt I needed to clarify…. I appriciate any info I can get! Thanks!
    I appriciate the replies but I am looking for real answers not opinions on the relationship….. we have been together for many years, it’s not something simple to walk away from…..

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is the inflammation of the liver cells
      caused by a virus. Cirrhosis is death of the
      liver cells. His disease can be brought on by
      the Hep C or his drinking problem. Trying to
      quit drinking on his own is extremely difficult.
      He needs to go into a detox program at a
      hospital in order to do this. The symptoms
      he has from trying to stop drinking may be
      too much to handle…they can give him drugs
      to lessen these symptoms and help him get
      through it much better. The symptoms that you
      stated are normal. You have to realize that
      he is now facing death straight on and he has
      to make decisions on what he can do now.
      Depression is normal now, because of having
      to live with all these hurdles to go over to
      save his life. Waking up everyday knowing
      that you may die is very hard.
      Liver patients are usually in shock when they
      first hear they have a terrible disease like this.
      The first reaction is unbelief…then it moves
      where they try to do something to help
      themselves, if it is possible…it leads from
      there to either coming to terms with the
      disease and trying to fight it or just giving up.
      They need alot of support and understanding
      at this time. They get mad and they feel
      helpless and they feel like someone cheated
      them or played a dirty trick on them or they
      feel like saying “why me”. Others people drink and they don’t have this. Cirrhosis can be caused by many different things.

      Your boyfriend doesn’t have a rosey future and
      he knows that. He also knows that if he wants
      to spend time with the people he loves he has
      to do it now. I’m going to explain a few things
      to you. Once there is death of the liver
      cells it forms scar tissue in the liver…this blocks
      the other normal healthy cells from receiving
      nourishment and oxygen and causes them to
      die also. This is a progressing disease and
      the only real option he has now, if he has
      cirrhosis, is being evaluated and placed on the
      transplant list for an organ. But, first he has
      to overcome his addiction of alcohol which
      he needs to get care in order to do. A
      person has to be free of alcohol for at least
      six months before he can be placed on the
      list for transplantation.

      There are symptoms that may start to develop
      with this disease that he may or may not
      show signs of. Some of them are listed in
      this short article.

      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003895.htm

      If he wants to stay with his loved ones longer,
      than he needs to stop drinking now. He is
      causing his liver much more damage faster
      and it will lead to a much much earlier death.

      Having others around him who truly care about
      him, will make whatever course he decides on
      alot easier on him. You cannot make decisions
      for him, but you can be there to support him
      with all he does. Best Wishes

  29. QUESTION:
    Is open heart surgery common?
    My mom just got out of the hospital,she had her second T.I.A. a mini stroke.She is only 47 so they ran a lot of test to see why she keeps having mini strokes.She also has lung disease,liver damage and clogged arteries.She has a hole in her heart,which the doctors think is causing the T.I.A.’s.She has to go for a TEE test on monday for a closer look at her heart.The doctors think that she may need open heart surgery,we will find out for sure on monday.She already has to go for surgery on her back in one month to remove some tumors and cyst that they found.She isn’t scared of the surgery on her back,but she is scared of the open heart surgery.Surgery of any kind really doesn’t scare me,I was more scared when she had the T.I.A.’s then her going for surgery.How common is open heart surgery?Is there anything she should do before the surgery to make it go smoother?what can I say to make her not so scared?How fast does someone recover after open heart surgery and are there any problems that come with open heart surgery?Should I stay with my mom after the surgery is done so that I can help her?If there is anything else that you can think of that I should know please tell me.I want my mom better and I will do anything to make that happen.My mom is my best friend,I do everything with her and everything for her,so if there is anything that I can do to help her please let me know.

    • ANSWER:
      Youre a good daughter…yes please do stay with your mum after her surgery…she will need someone to do the boring stuff like cooking and cleaning for a week or two maybe longer.

      Opne heart surgery is nowhere near as painful and awful as you think its going to be. The pain from my dislocated pinky toe was far worse than any pain I had after my own heart surgery. The pain and recovery from back surgery would really be worse and have more impact on her activity than what she will have from heart surgery. The first day or 2 may be tough and you feel a bit like a truck has run you over but that passes really quickly. They give you good drugs…honestly after a week or two you manage quite well with regular pain killers like tylenol/panadol and some like to use a sleeping tablet to help sometimes…by 4-6 weeks post op your mum will be pretty much back to normal.

      The sternum heals up quite quickly and surprisingly you are out of bed and sitting in a chair the day after surgery and walking up and down the halls of the hospital not long after that.

  30. QUESTION:
    re:end-stage liver disease?
    I was diagnosed with esld in march of 2009, and was given 3 months at the most to live. Through diet and exercise and being very specific about what goes into my body and abstaining from alcohol, I an still here and in great condition, non symtomatic whatsoever. But I have to have an EGD because I have vericous veins in my esophogus. How common is this? My left portal vein also had an effusion, but that is gone now. Is there any risk to removing, or however the procedure is done?

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    Why is marijuana illegal ?
    Alcohol and nicotine are far worse than the common joint.

    Alcohol can cause Liver disease
    Nicotine can cause lung cancer

    Well, what are marijuana’s “Negative” effects ? and on what grounds is it illegal.
    Damn it Cicilia, I had to ask for myself.

    • ANSWER:
      RomeyM: You do realize that the link you posted says that there is no proven association between marijuana use and cancer don’t you?
      There has been no case of marijuana causing cancer in the history of it’s known use.

      Marijuana also doesn’t kill brain cells. The old study that claimed it kills brain cells came to that conclusion by literally suffocating monkeys with smoke. The fact that you claim it kills brain cells and causes cancer when it doesn’t do either shows your ignorance…all while you claim that us marijuana users are ignorant.

  32. QUESTION:
    Is enlarged liver a dangerous complication of heart failure?
    Can anyone give me an idea how dangerous it is when a 60-year old male suffering from end stage congestive heart failure (dilated cardiomyopathy, ejection factor ca. 20 or less, at one point it was 9) develops an enlarged liver? He also has COPD and ascites, we have not yet received test results indicating whether the ascites is caused by the enlarged liver or by the heart disease itself (from what I understand it is rare that ascites is directly caused by heart disease), or what the exact cause of the enlarged liver is. I understand that enlargement of the liver is a common complication of congestive heart failure, what I am trying to figure out is if it is a directly life-threatening condition indicating that the end is near or whether it can be successfully treated under the circumstances. It is extremely frustrating to live with a spouse suffering from a disease that is both so dangerous and at the same time so unpredictable, and not knowing at all what to expect. Does anyone know? Any input would be of great help. Thankyou.

    • ANSWER:
      Not a good sign, putting in a nut shell, as it clearerly show advanced right sided heart failure. Do your best is all i can advise.

  33. QUESTION:
    light colored stools?
    The past two days I have experience lighter than normal colored stools. I went online to see what this could mean and I’ve came up with various answers but the most common one was liver disease. I searched through many of the causes of light colored stools and the only symptom I could really relate to was the light colored stools. I’m not experiencing any stomach pain, bloating, headaches, or anything that has really been out of the normal. I do have acid reflux disease and know that can cause some problems but like I said nothing has been any different than what I have experienced in the past nor has anything been consistent. Should this be a cause for concern or could this just be something that will pass with time?

    • ANSWER:

  34. QUESTION:
    Which of the following is not a common side effect of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)?
    facial deformity

    motor skill deficiencies

    language difficulties

    increased memory

    When helping a pregnant woman with a drinking addiction you should not:

    expect instant success

    be a cheerleader for her

    encourage her to talk with her health care provider

    talk on the phone with others for support

    A chronic liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as:

    Cardiac sympathy

    Cirrhosis

    Pancreatitis

    Parkinson’s

    According to research what would be the single most effective deterrent for drinking and driving?

    Automatic license revocation

    Inability to post bail if arrested

    Jail sentence

    • ANSWER:
      I think that we should stop judging each other and do more by support and encouragement to stop

  35. QUESTION:
    Uh wtf is wrong with my penis?
    It has a very slight angle to the left, and, where i’ve been circumsized there are brownish splotches, about half an inch long and only a few millimeters wide. They surround partially around the circumsized area, and ive noticed a faded one coming in on the tip. I haven’t had sex, and they aren’t moles. They are light brownish tan and aren’t raised in shape from what i can tell. How do i straighten my dick>? wtf is wrong with the splotches? I know for a fact they arent liver spots or a common disease/std. please answer, not trolling.

    • ANSWER:
      Well,…Reality Bites is way off, and should perhaps confine her responses to an area where she has some experience and knowledge.
      EW gave a pretty decent answer. Circumcision is the problem,…and you are now having to live with the damage that was done to you as an infant.
      Doctors can not see what they are doing, nor do they care as much when they are circumcising a baby. What parent is going to know how it really went when their son is returned to them, bruised, swollen, bleeding, and howling in agony? The doctor’s words of: “he will be fine in a moment’ just don’t bear any weight in light of the destruction they have just committed on you.
      Circumcision damage goes unnoticed until the infant becomes a young man, and is left with ugly scars, mis matched skin, uneven cut marks, skin bridges, skin tags, too much (any is too much) skin removed from one side, causing the penis to pull to the short side…..these are just a few of the reasons to never circumcise an infant.
      It is normal for the erection to lean to one side or the other,…some go up and some go down…..all are normal… Often the curve is aggrevated by the circumcision, and this can be helped by doing some skin stretches identical to the ones used by guys who are restoring their foreskin.
      If you are interested in foreskin restoration,…or doing some of the stretches to help with the curve, then check through some of the sites below. You can restore enough skin to relieve the curve to the side, or, go all the way, and restore the whole foreskin.
      If you have questions, please feel free to write to me through my profile page. I will be glad to help you out with information and methods.
      Mithras

  36. QUESTION:
    Does moderate drinking liquors reduces heart disease by 20 to 49%. ?
    Does moderate drinking liquors reduces heart disease by 20 to 49%. ?
    I was reading that moderate drinkers tend to have better health and live longer than those who are either abstainers or heavy drinkers. In addition to having fewer heart attacks and strokes, moderate consumers of alcoholic beverages (beer, wine or distilled spirits or liquor) are generally less likely to suffer hypertension or high blood pressure, peripheral artery disease, Alzheimer’s disease and the common cold. Sensible drinking also appears to be beneficial in reducing or preventing diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, bone fractures and osteoporosis, kidney stones, digestive ailments, stress and depression, poor cognition and memory, Parkinson’s disease, hepatitis A, pancreatic cancer, macular degeneration (a major cause of blindness), angina pectoris, duodenal ulcer, erectile dysfunction, hearing loss, gallstones, liver disease and poor physical condition in elderly.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I suppose it depends on what you mean by moderate drinking, but I know that drinking can cause alcoholic dilated cardiomyopathy and can also lead to high blood pressure. Obviously, excessive drinking can also lead to a myriad of other disease states, but the aforementioned processes can result from average drinking in some people.

  37. QUESTION:
    plz gimme answer to my ? y christians and other cultures eat pork though it causes so many diseases?
    The fact that consumption of pork is prohibited in Islam is well known. The following points explain various aspects of this prohibition:

    1. Pork prohibited in Qur’an

    The Qur’an prohibits the consumption of pork in no less than 4 different places. It is prohibited in 2:173, 5:3, 6:145 and 16:115.

    “Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah.” [Al-Qur’an 5:3]

    The above verses of the Holy Qur’an are sufficient to satisfy a Muslim as to why pork is forbidden.

    2. Pork prohibited in the Bible

    The Christian is likely to be convinced by his religious scriptures. The Bible prohibits the consumption of pork, in the book of Leviticus

    “And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you”.

    “Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcass shall ye not touch, they are unclean to you.”
    [Leviticus 11:7-8]

    Pork is also prohibited in the Bible in the book of Deuteronomy

    “And the swine, because it divideth the hoof, yet cheweth not the cud, it is unclean unto you. Ye shall not eat of their flesh, nor touch their dead carcass.”
    [Deuteronomy 14:8]

    A similar prohibition is repeated in the Bible in the book of Isaiah chapter 65 verse 2-5.

    3. Consumption of pork causes several diseases

    The other non-Muslims and atheists will agree only if convinced through reason, logic and science. Eating of pork can cause no less than seventy different types of diseases. A person can have various helminthes like roundworm, pinworm, hookworm, etc. One of the most dangerous is Taenia Solium, which is in lay man’s terminology called tapeworm. It harbours in the intestine and is very long. Its ova i.e. eggs, enter the blood stream and can reach almost all the organs of the body. If it enters the brain it can cause memory loss. If it enters the heart it can cause heart attack, if it enters the eye it can cause blindness, if it enters the liver it can cause liver damage. It can damage almost all the organs of the body.

    Another dangerous helminthes is Trichura Tichurasis. A common misconception about pork is that if it is cooked well, these ova die. In a research project undertaken in America, it was found that out of twenty-four people suffering from Trichura Tichurasis, twenty two had cooked the pork very well. This indicates that the ova present in the pork do not die under normal cooking temperature.

    4. Pork has fat building material

    Pork has very little muscle building material and contains excess of fat. This fat gets deposited in the vessels and can cause hypertension and heart attack. It is not surprising that over 50% of Americans suffer from hypertension.

    5. Pig is one of the filthiest animals on earth

    The pig is one of the filthiest animals on earth. It lives and thrives on muck, faeces and dirt. It is the best scavenger that I know that God has produced. In the villages they don’t have modern toilets and the villagers excrete in the open air. Very often excreta is cleared by pigs.

    Some may argue that in advanced countries like Australia, pigs are bred in very clean and hygienic conditions. Even in these hygienic conditions the pigs are kept together in sties. No matter how hard you try to keep them clean they are filthy by nature. They eat and enjoy their own as well as their neighbour’s excreta.

    6. Pig is the most shameless animal

    The pig is the most shameless animal on the face of the earth. It is the only animal that invites its friends to have sex with its mate. In America, most people consume pork. Many times after dance parties, they have swapping of wives; i.e. many say “you sleep with my wife and I will sleep with your wife.” If you eat pigs then you behave like pigs. We Indians look upon America to be very advanced and sophisticated. Whatever they do, we follow after a few years. According to an article in Island magazine, this practice of swapping wives has become common in the affluent circles of Bombay.

    • ANSWER:
      that is so funny you really believe this? is this what islam teaches? why do you think non Muslims care what the Koran says ? do you think , we think the Koran is the truth? do you think we think Mohamed speaks for god? no !!!!!!!!!! we have no respect for him or the rubbish written in the Koran, we think you are gullible fools, and Mohamed was a murderer who knows northing about god
      no wonder it a religion of lies
      lol
      lol
      your ignorance is amazing
      you lack of science knowledge is amazing
      your lack biology knowledge is amazing
      less studying the koran more of the truth would make you less foolish

      you have wasted you life studying lies

  38. QUESTION:
    What do you think is the worst human invention?
    My answer would be alcoholic drink.Here are the reasons why.The maximum number of deaths in the
    world related to any one particular cause is due to
    the consumption of alcohol. Millions of people die
    every year only because of intake of alcohol. I
    need not go into the details of all the ill-effects of
    alcohol since most of them are commonly
    known. Below is a simple list of few of the alcohol
    related illnesses:
    a. Cirrhosis of Liver is the most well known alcohol
    associated disease.
    b. Others are Cancer of Oesophagus, Cancer of
    Head and Neck, Cancer of Liver (Hepatoma),
    Cancer of Bowel, etc.
    c. Oesophagitis, Gastritis, Pancreatitis and Hepatitis
    are linked with alcohol consumption.
    d. Cardiomyopathy, Hypertension, Coronary
    Artherosclerosis, Angina and Heart Attacks are
    linked with heavy alcohol intakes.
    e. Strokes, Apoplexy, Fits and different types of
    Paralysis are linked with alcohol intake.
    f. Peripheral Neuropathy, Cortical Atrophy,
    Cerebellar Atrophy are well-known syndromes
    caused by alcohol consumption.
    g. Wernicke – Korsakoff syndrome with amnesia of
    recent events, confabulations and retainment of
    memory to old events with different types of
    paralysis are mainly due to thiamine deficiency
    due to excessive alcohol intake.
    h. Beriberi and other deficiencies are not uncommon
    among alcoholics. Even Pellagra occurs in
    alcoholics.
    i. Delerium Tremens is a serious complication that
    may occur during recurrent infection of alcoholics
    or post operatively. It also occurs during
    abstention as a sign of withdrawal effect. It is
    quite serious and may cause death even if treated
    in well equipped centres.
    j. Numerous Endocrine Disorders have been
    associated with alcoholism ranging from
    Myxodema to Hyperthyroidism and Florid
    Cushing Syndrome.
    k. Hematological ill effects are long and variable.
    Folic acid deficiency, however, is the most
    common manifestation of alcoholic abuse
    resulting in Macrocytic Anemia. Zeive’s syndrome
    is a triad of Hemolytic Anemia, Jaundice and
    Hyperlipaedemia that follows alcoholic binges.
    l. Thrombocytopenia and other platelet
    abnormalities are not rare in alcoholics.
    m. The commonly used tablet metronidazole (flagyl)
    interacts badly with alcohol.
    n. Recurrent infection is very common among
    chronic alcoholics. The resistance to disease and
    the immunological defense system are
    compromised by alcohol intake.
    o. Chest infections are notorious in alcoholics.
    Pneumonia, Lung Abcess, Emphysema and
    Pulmonary Tuberculosis are all common in
    alcoholics.
    p. During acute alcoholic intoxication, the drunk
    person usually vomits, the cough reflexes which
    are protective are paralysed. The vomitus thus
    easily pass to the lung causing Pneumonia or
    Lung Abscess. Occasionally it may even cause
    suffocation and death.
    q. The ill effects of alcohol consumption on women
    deserves special mention. Females are more
    vulnerable to alcohol-related Cirrhosis than men.
    During pregnancy alcohol consumption has a
    severe detrimental effect on the foetus. Foetal
    Alcohol Syndrome is being recognised more and
    more in the medical profession.
    r. Skin diseases are also related to alcohol
    indulgence.
    s. Eczema, Alopecia, Nail Dystrophy, Paronychia
    (infection around the nails) and Angular Stomatitis
    (inflammation of the angle of the mouth) are
    common diseases among alcoholics.

    • ANSWER:
      You are quite long winded.
      You seem to have a problem with drink. Don’t blame the drink. Blame the person that couldn’t control themselves with it. It is never the thing but the abuse of the thing.

      Answer to your question for me is Nukes, Cloning, & biological manipulation making super bugs etc.
      Those if unleashed would cause much more havoc than drink.

      Jesus drank. He change water into wine. Remember that.

  39. QUESTION:
    Any homoeopathic remedies for alcoholic person ?
    My best and childhood friend is a habituated alcoholic person. Though he is not like a drunkard person but takes 2 to 3 pegs daily for last 6 to 7 years. Now we are near about 40 yrs. When evening falls he is restless to have some sips of wine or country liquior. After so many advices he has not left the habit. He would just tell me that its for just to relax from burden of family life and hard work at office. He is very healty and active form childhood and I have not seen him any seroius disease or even fever throughout his life.
    Very polite, humble and down to earth person and also loves his family very much.
    Still I am confused. I came to know that this habit will damage the liver and kidneys after 40 yrs. Now These are common diseases worldwide taking thousands of lifes daily. What to do ? He also realises this. But tells me that its just a part of life and the best medicine to overcome the tension of wanting as a middle class person. Pl. advice how to tackle it by homoeopahic medicines. He never takes any allopathic medicines for any cause.

    • ANSWER:
      B-12 vit.. It is often found that addicts are lacking B12. B12 shots work, but if you go to a store like New Seasons Market you can get a brand called no shots pill form that you place under your tongue for around 28.00 bucks. They are high potency.

  40. QUESTION:
    can someone help me solve this problem from my Evolution homework please im confused?
    The a allele at the A locus causes a human disorder. The common, normal allele is denoted A. In aa individuals the disease begins during infancy and is characterized by an enlarged liver and spleen, abnormal bone development, growth retardation and rapid degeneration of the peripheral nervous system. Children affected by this condition generally die during early childhood. AA individuals are normal, and Aa individuals suffer from a mild, nonlethal form of the disease. In a large random mating population, 1% of children are born with the lethal form of the disease. What is the frequency of the a allele?

    • ANSWER:
      This is a “Hardy-Weinberg” type problem. It’s pretty straightforward. You know that 1% of the population is “aa”. Given equilibrium (that is, all assumptions of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium met), you should easily be able to figure out the information.

  41. QUESTION:
    I need help with this health.?
    1. Infectious diseases are NOT spread by contact with
    A. an infected person.
    B. an infected animal.
    C. a contaminated object or environmental source.
    D. vaccines.

    2. Which of the following cause infectious diseases?
    A. Genetic disorders
    B. Toxic chemicals
    C. Air pollutants
    D. Microorganisms

    3. Which of the following is an infectious disease caused by a virus for which there is no vaccine?
    A. Measles
    B. Mumps
    C. Common cold
    D. Heart disease

    4. Your body’s ability to destroy previously encountered pathogens is called
    A. inflammation.
    B. immunization.
    C. immunity.
    D. vaccine.

    5. One common type of food poisoning is caused by Salmonella bacteria, which are often present in which foods?
    A. Vegetables
    B. Poultry, eggs, and meats
    C. Canned foods
    D. Fruit

    6. The diseases ringworm and athlete’s foot are caused by
    A. bacteria.
    B. parasitic worms.
    C. fungi.
    D. viruses.

    7. What is the body’s last and most complicated line of defense against infection?
    A. Digestive system
    B. Immune system
    C. Circulatory system
    D. Endocrine system

    8. Mononucleosis is caused by a
    A. bacterium.
    B. virus.
    C. fungus.
    D. parasite.

    9. The treatment or cure for the measles is
    A. to avoid contact with an infected person.
    B. antibiotics.
    C. rest and fluids.
    D. over-the-counter medication.

    10. Which of the following is NOT a way to help prevent the spread of infectious diseases?
    A. Not sharing personal items such as toothbrushes
    B. Not drinking water from remote streams, rivers, or lakes
    C. Washing your hands after handling uncooked meat
    D. Eating a high protein diet

    11. Which of the following diseases is NOT caused by bacteria?
    A. Strep throat
    B. Sinus infection
    C. Common cold
    D. Tetanus

    12. The most common parasitic infection in the United States is
    A. head lice.
    B. athlete’s foot.
    C. ringworm.
    D. tapeworms.

    13. Headache, cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting are all symptoms of salmonellosis.
    Answer True False
    14. Fever, swollen glands, and weakness are all signs of hepatitis.
    Answer True False
    15. The protist that carries malaria is transmitted to humans through spider bites.
    Answer True False
    16. A common disease caused by a parasite is head lice.
    Answer True False
    17. Botulism is a foodborne disease.
    Answer True False
    18. Match the following terms to their definitions.
    1. vaccine
    2. virus
    3. antibiotic resistance
    4. hepatitis
    5. pathogen
    6. amebic dysentery
    7. lymphatic system
    8. inflammation

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A. an injected substance that causes you to become immune to a disease
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 B. a condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 C. disease caused by an amoeba present in drinking water
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 D. an inflammation of the liver
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 E. a pathogen made of genetic material and a protein coat
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 F. a network of vessels that carries a clear fluid called lymph through the body
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 G. any agent that causes disease
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 H. a reaction to injury or infection, which is characterized by pain, redness, and swelling

    • ANSWER:
      Open QuestionShow me another »
      I need help with this health.?
      1. Infectious diseases are NOT spread by contact with

      D. vaccines.

      2. Which of the following cause infectious diseases?

      D. Microorganisms

      3. Which of the following is an infectious disease caused by a virus for which there is no vaccine?

      C. Common cold

      4. Your body’s ability to destroy previously encountered pathogens is called

      C. immunity.

      5. One common type of food poisoning is caused by Salmonella bacteria, which are often present in which foods?

      B. Poultry, eggs, and meats

      6. The diseases ringworm and athlete’s foot are caused by

      C. fungi.

      7. What is the body’s last and most complicated line of defense against infection?

      D. Endocrine system

      8. Mononucleosis is caused by a

      B. virus.

      9. The treatment or cure for the measles is
      .
      B. antibiotics.

      10. Which of the following is NOT a way to help prevent the spread of infectious diseases?

      D. Eating a high protein diet

      11. Which of the following diseases is NOT caused by bacteria?

      C. Common cold

      12. The most common parasitic infection in the United States is

      D. tapeworms.

      13. Headache, cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting are all symptoms of salmonellosis.
      Answer True
      14. Fever, swollen glands, and weakness are all signs of hepatitis.
      Answer False
      15. The protist that carries malaria is transmitted to humans through spider bites.
      Answer False
      16. A common disease caused by a parasite is head lice.
      Answer False
      17. Botulism is a foodborne disease.
      Answer True
      18. Match the following terms to their definitions.
      1. vaccine
      2. virus
      3. antibiotic resistance
      4. hepatitis
      5. pathogen
      6. amebic dysentery
      7. lymphatic system
      8. inflammation

      1 A. an injected substance that causes you to become immune to a disease
      3 B. a condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic
      6 C. disease caused by an amoeba present in drinking water
      4 D. an inflammation of the liver
      2 E. a pathogen made of genetic material and a protein coat
      7 F. a network of vessels that carries a clear fluid called lymph through the body
      5 G. any agent that causes disease
      8 H. a reaction to injury or infection, which is characterized by pain, redness, and swelling
      1 minute ago – 4 days left to answer.
      Answer Question

  42. QUESTION:
    Celiac and Pregnancy, Crazy?
    Ok where do I start. For about 2 weeks I was experiencing some brown blood which I assumed to be my period? I finally came online and saw sometimes is could mean pregnancy but it means it’s a tubal pregnancy or miscarriage. Thing is I had my period, just brown and occasionally only spots of red for almost three weeks! I let that go. I’ve been having sharp pains in my left and right sides and my stomach is hard as a rock and the area below the “gut” and above the vagina is hard(I’ve heard this is linked to pregnancy?) I’ve also had extreme bloating feelings and gas along with diarrhea. And as well as weird cravings and bursts of hunger, but when I eat about 15 min later prob not even I’m having sharp pains. These are all symptoms of pregnancy I’m sure we’ll all agree. I’ve also researched some blogs with people who had the extreme bloating and sharp pains and 98% of them were pregnant.

    But, get this. My aunt was diagnosed with Celiac disease(gluten free diet, will eat away your small intestine)and it’s hereditary but she doesn’t even know who she could have got it from. Well let me just copy and paste symptoms I’ve found linked with it, I’ll mark it with * If I have it.

    What are the symptoms of celiac disease?

    Symptoms of celiac disease vary from person to person. Symptoms may occur in the digestive system or in other parts of the body. Digestive symptoms are more common in infants and young children and may include

    abdominal bloating and pain *
    chronic diarrhea *
    vomiting *only just today but sick feelings I’ve ignored too
    constipation *NO*
    pale, foul-smelling, or fatty stool *NO*
    weight loss *NO, weight gain thats why i’m leaning toward pregnancy

    Adults are less likely to have digestive symptoms and may instead have one or more of the following:

    unexplained iron-deficiency anemia *NO*
    fatigue*NO*
    bone or joint pain *
    arthritis*NO*
    bone loss or osteoporosis
    depression or anxiety *OH YES*
    tingling numbness in the hands and feet *NO*
    seizures*NO*
    missed menstrual periods *Not sure yet, last one was brown
    infertility or recurrent miscarriage *Hope not
    canker sores inside the mouth *NO!*
    an itchy skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis * NO*
    People with celiac disease may have no symptoms but can still develop complications of the disease over time. Long-term complications include malnutrition—which can lead to anemia, osteoporosis, and miscarriage, among other problems—liver diseases, and cancers of the intestine.

    Also, Celiac disease is both a disease of malabsorption—meaning nutrients are not absorbed properly—and an abnormal immune reaction to gluten. Celiac disease is also known as celiac sprue, non-tropical sprue, and gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Celiac disease is genetic, meaning it runs in families*MY AUNT*
    Sometimes the disease is triggered—or becomes active for the first time—after surgery, pregnancy*wow it can become apparent during pregnancy*, childbirth, viral infection, or severe emotional stress*I’ve been crying excessively and have been real sensitive*

    Forgot to also say something important. My period finally completely stopped yesterday but now, I’m having excessive urinating and just this morning i got morning sickness.
    OK so my point of showing you all this was I’m thinking, would I be pregnant AND starting to react to Celiac?? PLease someone research this. I would go to the doctor but I just got insurance a few days ago and it’s not active til Jan 14. I just wanna research this so I can go into the doctor’s telling them exactly what is wrong. Question is though, should I go to the Gynecologist or my regular Physician???

    • ANSWER:
      Go to your gp. They will do a blood test for pregnancy, and you will get your answer about that very soon.
      Then, tell him or her that your aunt was diagnosed with celiac and you would like a screening test should your pregnancy test come back negative.
      You can have active celiac with little to no symptoms. My symptoms were very, very mild anemia (low normal) and migraines with the occasional stomach ache. Pregnancy is probably what triggered my celiac.

      Your Aunt got celiac from her mother and father, it is as simple as that. Her parents were carriers and gave her the genes, she had something trigger it, just like I did, just like everyone who has celiac has happen to them. Since it runs in your family, please be aware of the signs and symptoms of childhood celiac.
      Good luck!

  43. QUESTION:
    can someone help me get answers?
    i need to get some questions answered my son has low protien levels , high liver enzymes, clubbed fingers, allergies to milk,soy,eggs,all nuts,strawberries,certain types of molds,dogs,penicillin and many more medications, although his protein and iron levels are normal right not his liver enzymes are high and he was just into the hospital for 24 hours on the 13th, he also sleeps alot and the doctors don’t know why he is like this and no foods can cause this to happen. they are looking at every common diseases and very rare diseases like wilsons disease and cystic fibrosis but nothing has come up yet. i was just wondering if anyone else knows of a good website where i can look up disease for a two year old by his symptoms and stuff like that..please no joking and answering just to get the points this is very serious to me and my fiance! serious answers only please..thx

    • ANSWER:
      ALSO~~ I just did a search on high liver enzymes and consistant sleeping… you may want to have him tested for Hepetitis C ~~~

      I do not know about websites. But I would ask him to be tested for
      Argininemia
      Argininosuccinic Acidemia
      Biotinidase Deficiency
      Carnitine/Acylcarnitine Translocase Deficiency
      Carnitine Palmitoyl Transferase Deficiency Type II
      Carnitine Uptake Defect
      Citrullinemia
      Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
      Congenital Hypothyroidism
      Cystic Fibrosis
      Galactosemia
      Glutaric Acidemia Type I
      Glutaric Acidemia Type II
      Homocystinuria
      3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Lyase Deficiency
      Hypermethioninemia
      Isobutyryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
      Isovaleric Acidemia
      3-Ketothiolase Deficiency
      Long Chain Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
      Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD)
      Medium Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency (MCADD)
      2-Methylbutryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
      3-Methylcrotonyl-CoA Carboxylase Deficiency
      Methylmalonic Acidemia
      Multiple CoA Carboxylase Deficiency
      Phenylketonuria (PKU)
      Propionic Acidemia
      Short Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
      Sickle Cell Disease & other Hemoglobinopathies (Sickle Cell Anemia, and S/beta
      Thalassemia)
      Trifunctional Protein Deficiency
      Very Long Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency

  44. QUESTION:
    can someone proofread my essay?
    People live in a society that drinks too much alcohol, and this affects teens. Alcohol is a legal drug for people over the age of twenty-one. “The Dangers of Drinking.” By the time most teens reach high school, almost all will have faced a choice about whether or not to drink alcohol. Although alcohol is illegal for teenagers, a large percentage of teens use it normally. Do these people actually know what they are doing to their brain and body? Do they even know the effects of drinking alcohol?
    Kids who are drinking regularly in high school seem to be fully aware of the penalties and laws against underage drinking, possession but don’t care. They all know that driving drunk can cause harm to themselves and others, but never think that anything can happen to them. They don’t know that alcohol increases the risk of many health illnesses, such as heart and liver disease. Alcohol works right on the central nervous system, damaging brain function. Drinking too much can destroy brain cells, causing in many degrees of brain damage. “What are the Dangers of Alcohol?”

    Alcohol affects the way people behave. Some people become more violent. This can increase crimes. People realize that they are not much aware when drinking alcohol and may make really poor decisions. Alcohol also affects memory. The earlier young people start drinking and using drugs, the more likely they are to become addicted. People think that when they drink alcohol, they actually get more dehydrated. “The Dangers of Drinking.”

    Not only are you ruining your body and brain cells, but you are breaking the law by buying or using alcohol before you are twenty one years old. This also affects kids’ grades. Their grades drop when they consume alcohol. Alcohol can set you in making bad judgments that can result in car crashes, violence, unwanted pregnancy, sexual transmission of diseases, or rape. Who wants that? Nobody. Who wants to die from all that alcohol poisoning? People might think that stuff like that happens to other people, but not them. And when it happens to them, they start understanding why they should’ve not drunk in the first place. “What are the Dangers of Alcohol?”

    When someone is binge drinking, they can lead themselves to suffer alcohol poisoning. The blood alcohol level rises to a very dangerous point. If someone is at a very high alcohol level a person can just have really dangerous injuries done to them or most likely, die. “Binge Drinking.” Binge drinking is a dangerous drinking problem that many people have. A binge is defined as five or more alcoholic drinks in one sitting for a man, and four for a woman. Binge drinking is extremely common among American high school and college students. In fact, one-third of high school and college students admit to a binge in the last 30 days. This high rate is reasonable since drinking is still seen as a popular activity in many colleges as seen in the horrible accidents in the newspaper or on television. On television shows and in movies binge drinking is rarely shown as a dangerous and horrible thing. Alcohol is more commonly shown with friends, beauty, and enjoyment. Many people today have this problem of abusing alcohol; many of them being teenagers. Someone can develop this problem by starting a habit of drinking or alcoholism. One drink a night can lead to two. Two drinks a night can lead to three. Three drinks a night can lead to a serious binge drinking problem. The only real way to transmit this disease is through genes.
    Scientists have known that alcohol problems can be hereditary. The baby of this mother may have a first craving for alcohol and may feel ill without alcohol in its system. That is why drinking when you are pregnant can be a very dangerous thing. Binge drinking will definitely cause the person to feel without control over his or her body. They will be very dizzy and crazy. This can be dangerous for the drinker and dangerous for the people around him or her. This is why drinking and driving can be so risky. Some people have been killed because of a heavy drinker while the drinker walks away unharmed. The effects of binge drinking are that as you get more and more obsessed with alcohol, there can be many more long term effects. A human body can only drink so much alcohol. Over time your liver becomes damaged by torn tissues and maybe some other problems. Binge drinking can also lead to poverty and a loss of job. The only way to prevent binge drinking is by not abusing alcohol and drinking too much. To prevent binge drinking completely, people must simply not drink alcoholic beverages. If they do drink every once and a while, they will be fine. As long as they keep their alcohol consumption pretty low, they won’t get liver disease. The only treatment for this problem is to get help on how to stop drinking (and stop drinking). After this is done, it may be very easy to get addicted to alcohol again so it’s better to probably stop altogether.

    • ANSWER:
      a large percentage of teens use it normally. Do these people actually know what they are doing to their brain and body? Do they even know the effects of drinking alcohol?
      Don’t ask too many questions, unless you will answer them.

      Kids who are drinking regularly in high school
      Try, ‘Kids who drink regularly in high school’.
      Who wants to die from all that alcohol poisoning?
      Again, too many questions, not enough answers.

      And when it happens to them, they start understanding why they should’ve not drunk in the first place.
      Drunk isn’t used like that, it’s drank.

      “What are the Dangers of Alcohol?”
      Try moving this down to where you actually wrote about them. Or go,

      *words of the last paragraph*

      “What are the Dangers of Alcohol?”

      *Next paragraph about dangers of alcohol*

      Good essay overall, just keep what I said in mind and try organizing your first paragraph a little better. Try enhancing the end, it seems like it is missing something…

  45. QUESTION:
    Gaucher’s Disease?
    I need some picture of Gaucher’s Disease.p
    Gaucher disease is an inherited metabolic disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called glucocerebroside accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and sometimes in the brain. There are three types of Gaucher disease. The first category, called type 1, is by far the most common. Patients in this group usually bruise easily and experience fatigue due to anemia and low blood platelets. They also have an enlarged liver and spleen, skeletal disorders, and, in some instances, lung and kidney impairment. There are no signs of brain involvement. Symptoms can appear at any age. In type 2 Gaucher disease, liver and spleen enlargement are apparent by 3 months of age. Patients have extensive and progressive brain damage and usually die by 2 years of age. In the third category, called type 3, liver and spleen enlargement is variable, and signs of brain involvement such as seizures gradually become apparent. All Gaucher patients exhibit a deficiency of an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase that is involved in the breakdown and recycling of glucocerebroside. The buildup of this fatty material within cells prevents the cells and organs from functioning properly. Gaucher disease is one of several lipid storage diseases.

    • ANSWER:
      I found some pictures by using these sites. I hope that was helpful.

  46. QUESTION:
    drinking questions help please?
    A chronic liver disease caused by excessive alcohol consumption is known as:

    Cardiac sympathy
    Cirrhosis
    Pancreatitis
    Parkinson’s

    What passes the ingested alcohol from the mother to the baby?
    amniotic fluid
    uterus
    ovaries
    placenta

    Mandatory license plate revocation is ineffective against drunk driving.
    true
    false

    Which is not a sign of FAS?
    small head
    flat face
    flat feet
    wide spaced eyes

    Examples of important functional skills that are not visible to others, but are affected by alcohol, are thinking skills like evaluating risk and processing information. This means that steering, braking, lane changing, and response time could be affected in a driver that has been drinking.
    true
    false

    Alcohol is a:
    stimulant
    depressant
    hallucinogenic

    All of the following are symptoms of alcoholism except for:
    craving
    physical dependence
    tolerance (you have to drink more and more to get “buzzed.”)
    self-control

    Mandatory license revocation is effective against drunk driving.
    true
    false

    Which of the following statements is false?

    FAS is characterized by brain damage, facial deformities, and growth deficits.

    The effects of FAS are all reversible.
    Heart, liver, and kidney defects are common, as are vision and hearing problems.
    Individuals with FAS have difficulties with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving.

    When helping a pregnant woman with a drinking addiction you should not:

    expect instant success
    be a cheerleader for her
    encourage her to talk with her health care provider
    talk on the phone with others for support

    • ANSWER:
      Do your own homework. Wikipedia is a pretty good source for those.

  47. QUESTION:
    Pls Help~ I want to the common diagnosis or viruses of this condition?
    I am doing a presentation about a girl with cardiac disease on the national post (which was assigned to me, I did not pick it)
    I need to know her diagnosis with the information she is given.

    She lives in Canada and has somehow contacted a virus when she was 19 years old which has proceeded to a congestive heart failure. Over that short period of time, she has started with a persistent cough, became lethargic and gained 7 kg (which I assumed it to be fluid accumulation). A pacemaker has implanted to her heart to keep her heart rate within the average range, which was 185bpm and it had one time shock her 37 times when her heart rate reaches 200bpm then she went into a cardiac arrest. She was hooked to a machine that cleans her blood and lets her kidneys, liver and major organs to function. (What machine is that?) She was also had a Left Ventricle Devices to help her heart pump then months later she finally had a heart transplant when she was 20.

    My question is what diagnosis does she have? And what virus can have such an significant damages to a young adult`s heart?

    I know this is an online diagnosis base on very little information. I just want to know what common diagnosis or virus can cause that similar affect so I can have some information to work with in my project.

    This is the link: http://www.nationalpost.com/m/story.html?id=1298474

    • ANSWER:
      machine may be a dialyser, virus can be a probable Coxsackie virus heart disease

  48. QUESTION:
    I have a foliate deficiency?
    I was told that i had a foliate deficiency so I did some research and it says that foliate deficiency is most common due to these factors

    • pregnancy;
    • lactation;
    • alcohol abusers;
    • those on kidney dialysis;
    • liver disease; or
    • those with anaemia.

    I am only 16 and I am none of the above so why do I have a foliate deficiency

    • ANSWER:
      According to what I’ve read, it is due to lack of folic acid in a persons diet. I’ve provided a link, it is an article that discusses the lack of folic acid in certain foods, young women are more suseptible to having lower levels it seems. Sounds like you may need to seek out foods that are higher in folic acid. It is in the vitamin B category, maybe you could ask the doctor or pharmacist about a supplement you can take. It did state in the article that it’s not healthy to become pregnant while deficient as it could pose problems for the baby. I didn’t read anything that said that certain people have a harder time retaining folic acid, so perhaps you just don’t eat foods containing it. Hope I’ve helped some.
      ****Add-in******
      I’ve added another link for home care for folate deficiency.

  49. QUESTION:
    10-yr-old poodle with grey/yellow diarrhea?
    Some background: My Standard Poodle had toes removed in January due to squamous cell carcinoma. He was diagnosed with Lyme Disease several years ago, and diarrhea is quite common with this illness. However, any reasonably-formed stools, this time, seem to be yellow with a greyish coating. He’s had diarrhea on and off for about two weeks now, and is generally listless. But when he sees another dog, he has a huge burst of energy and will play normally for 10 minutes, then lose interest and want to go home. He sleeps most of the day and, just in the past couple of days, he’s gone off his food. At the beginning of this bout of very soft stools, I gave him two Immodium, and then another two the next day. It curbed the diarrhea somewhat, but not entirely. I’ve read that grey stools can accompany liver disease & other maladies. I’m taking him to the vet today, but I was curious as to whether any of you have suggestions as to what may be causing this? Can you suggest any questions I might ask the vet?

    • ANSWER:
      Oooh, vet time for the poodle please!!!!!!!

  50. QUESTION:
    HELP ME REWORD THIS PLEASE!!!!!!!!MY teacher thinks it copied and its not so please help!?
    Ok i wrote this and my teacher thinks its copied but its not. and idk how to reword something i already have.. can someone please HELP!!!

    Coccidiosis:

    Coccidiosis is a very bad and nasty disease caused by microscopic animals or protozo’s. Its symptoms are as following diarrhea and unthriftiness. Even thoe theres been much reaserch its still the most effective and costly disease of the poltury world/ industirie. Coccidiosis is a microsopic animal, There are many species that can infect animals and humans. After an outbreak of a specific species of this diease the flock/birds will become resistant. This Meaning the flock/birds may go thrue several out breaks of coccdiosis, each being caused by a diffrent species of coccidios. Chickens ae able to get any of the nine forms of coccidios species. Quails are also able to get at least four species also. Coccidios is transmitted by direct or indrect contact with dropping from the infected birds.When a bird eats or injestitds coccidia, the organisms invades the linning of the intestines and produce tissue damage as they go thrue reproduction. After about a week of infection the coccidia sheds there immature egss/children that are known as oocysts. Eukaryotes are what they are because they all have a nucleus. Theyre are no physical sign that an animal has this diease.The main host for this protozoa is usaly chickens and kittens. It spreads thru the droppings.

    Blackhead:
    Blackhead’s a nasty and bad disease that affects the liver.This disease shows up where ever polutry/birds are. Blackhead is one of the critical diseases of growing turkeys and game birds. It may cause stunded growth, poor eating and even death. In the world of the economy since chickens are more resistant,but the incidence in chickens apparntly is increasing. Chickens are frequently becoming infected and are not showing signs of becoming infected. These chickens may shed “LARGE” numbers of blackheads. Many of these organisms are protected by a worm eggs. Blackhead is one of the critical diseases of growing turkeys and game birds. Its can be fadel dieases if not treated.

    ICH: White spot disease:
    This protozoan disease is found in fresh water enviroments and is is very effective to fish. Ich is a common name for the parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (aka a realy long name) and the disease that it causes. This parasite is capable of killing large numbers of fish in a very short period of time. Early diagnosis and treatment are majorly needed for controlling Ich and keeping the number of fish losses down.Fish with Ich may be observed making quick rubbing or scratching movements on objects or on the bottem of the pond. This behavior is sometimes called “Flashing” because of the quick and un-expected exposure of the fish’s light-colored belly as it rolls during movements. Fish infected with “Ich” may have white specks on their skin as though they were sprinkled with salt. Because of this appearance, Ich is sometimes called white spot disease. The skin of the fish also bumpy.

    • ANSWER:

      wow…… ok i tried to reword it. I also fixed all your grammer errors and all the other errors. hope this helps.

      Coccidiosis:

      Coccidiosis is a terrible and spiteful disease caused by microscopic animals, or protozoa. Its symptoms include diarrhea and unthrift ness. Even though there’s been much research, it’s the most effective and pricey disease of the poultry world and industry. Coccidiosis is a microscopic animal. There are many species that can pass on a disease to animals and humans. After an occurrence of this disease, the flock or birds will become resistant. This means the flock or birds may go through quite a few outbreaks of coccidiosis, each being caused by different species of coccidian. Chickens can acquire any of the nine forms of coccidiosis species. Quails are also able to get at least four species. Coccidiosis is transmitted by direct or indirect contact with feces from the contaminated birds. When a bird eats coccidian, the organisms invade the lining of the intestines and produce tissue damage as they go through reproduction. After about a week of infection, the coccidia shed their undeveloped eggs that are known as oocysts. Eukaryotes are what they are because they all have a nucleus. There are no physical sign that an animal has this disease. The main hosts for these protozoa are usually chicken and kittens.

      Blackhead:

      Blackhead’s a nasty and bad disease that affects the liver. This disease shows up wherever poultry and birds are located. Blackhead is one of the critical diseases of growing turkeys and game birds. It may cause stunted growth, poor eating and even death. In the world of economy, chickens are more resistant, but the incidence in chickens’ apparently is increasing. Chicken are frequently becoming infected and are not showing signs of becoming infected. These chickens may shed large amounts of blackheads. Many of these organisms are protected by worm eggs. Blackhead is one of the serious diseases of growing turkeys and game birds. Its can be fatal disease if not treated in time, or correctly.

      ICH: White spot disease:

      These protozoan diseases are found in fresh water environments and are very effective to fish, not in a good way. Ich is a general name for the parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, and the disease. This parasite is able to kill large quantity of fish in a short time. Early diagnosis and treatment are needed for controlling Ich, and keeping the number of fish losses down. Fish with Ich may be observed making quick rubbing or scratching movements on objects or on the bottom of the pond. This behavior is sometimes called flashing, because of the quick and un-expected exposure of the fish’s light-colored belly as it rolls during movements. Fish infected with “Ich” may have white specks on their skin as though they were sprinkled with salt, and the skin of the fish would appear bumpy. Because of this appearance, Ich is occasionally called white spot disease.


Cirrhosis Of The Liver Treatment

Liver qi is important in assisting the heart in moving blood in the blood vessels. Liver qi is important in assisting the heart in moving blood in the blood vessels. If liver qi is stasis, it can not control the movement of blood, leading to sluggish blood flow and heat being generated in the body that distorts the function of uterine lining in fertilized egg implantation, shortens the yang phrase and causes the unexplained causes of infertility.

I. Symptoms
1. Pain and tenderness
2. Hypochondrium and breast tenderness
3. Deep-purple blood with clots
4. Ecchymoses on the tongue edges
5. Depression
6. Mood swings
7. Frustrated easily
8. Inappropriate anger
9. Etc.

II. Causes
1. Intake of spicy foods
Intake of spicy and hot foods may increase the body temperature that depletes the internal yin and causes liver’s heat to rise and affects the normal function of nervous system in information transmitting between themselves and gland, leading stress, anxiety and emotional and physical stress.

3. Over drinking alcohol
Alcohol damages the liver that affects its ability in blood formation and storing, leading to liver blood stagnation in certain region in the productive organ, resulting in purple clots in the period.

4. Over exercises
Moderate exercise is helpful for blood circulation, over exercise diverts blood aways from the reproductive organ that cause not enough blood to support the normal function of the uterus in the yang phrase of menstrual cycle, leading to menstrual cramps and pains before, during and after menstruation
5. Kidney Yin deficiency
Kidney yin deficiency causes abnormal function of kidney in regulating the fluids the body tissues, leading to abnormal water retention in the body.

6. Infection or inflammation
Infection or inflammation caused by invasion of bacteria and virus due to weakening immune system in guarding our body from foreign substances, causing heat pattern in the body that affects the kidney yin, leading to its inability to support the normal function of uterus, thus increasing the risk of uterus contraction.

7. Etc.

III. Treatments
A. With herbs
1. Xiang Fu (nut grass rhizome)

It is one the herbs helped to regulate the qi flow by smoothing the liver and congestion of Spleen qi caused by excessive yin or yang, thus reducing qi stagnation caused by disharmonization of liver and Spleen causes of abdominal cramps and pain. It is said that xiang fu also has a function impromoting regular menstruation.

2. Zhi Ke (ripe fruit of zhi shi)
Zhi ke promote healthy liver, it promotes a strong liver qi function, thereby, increasing its function in blood formation and transportation to the heart for circulation.

3. Wu Yao (lindera root)
Wu yao is one the warm with the main function of warming the kidney caused by kidney yang deficiency. It is only used for patient with evidence of liver qi stagnation caused by prolong intake of cold foods or working in a cold environment. Since its function is to restore the liver qi flow due to cold constraint, it reduces the blood stagnation causes of menstrual pain.

B. With acupuncture
Suggested points of acupuncture
1. LI4 (He gu)
2. LV3 (Tai chong)
3. ST36 ( Zu san li)
4. GB20 (Feng chi)
5. BL18 (Gan shu)
6. CV12 (Zhon guan)
7. CV17 (Shan zhong)
8. SP4 (Gong sun)
9. Etc.

C. With foods
1. Garlic
2. Cherry
3.Chicken
4. Coconut meat
5. Date
6. Tofu
7. Squash
8. Sweet potato
8. Red and black date
9. Rice
10. Etc.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Liver Cirrhosis – treatment?
    One of my aunts is diagnosed with Liver Cirrhosis. The problems were noticed after she was
    administered penicillin for sinusitis. She was very healthy before.. but after a while
    after being administered penicillin – a 10 day continuous course – she started to show
    blood through urine, and diagnosed as anemic. It was after some repeated test and scan
    reports show that as liver cirrhosis. The incident of penicillin treatment was in the year
    2002, and after being diagnosed with liver cirrhosis she was under treatment of the same
    and recently on a scan the cirrhosis has been spread more and doctor prescribed for a
    laproscopy. But they could not operate as her body is not able to accept blood due to over
    action of antibodies. She has been hospitalised since few days, and they are giving her
    injection to increase the blood count along with insulin (insulin – as the injection for
    increasing the blood count will cause increase in blood sugar) But even after following
    this treatment, they could not bring her to the level where they can operate. Now things
    have become worse as she is having fever and excess fluid in the stomach.

    Is there anyone who were in a similar situation as this, what were the treatments? I am very eager to know… and my anxiety level is very high.

    • ANSWER:
      There are many causes of liver disease:
      alcohol consumption, medication toxification,
      chemical exposure, fatty liver disease,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection,
      viral infections like Hepatitis A-B-C-etc,
      parasite infections, hereditary conditions,
      metabolic disorders, cardiac/vascular problems,
      auto immune disease and many others.

      Procrit (epogen or other erythropoeitin ) is used to
      help the bone marrow increase the Red blood cell counts
      and Neupogen is used to help the bone marrow
      increase the white blood cells count.
      If her bone marrow is taxed by the administration
      of these injections…she may develop a fever.
      That means her body is trying its best to raise
      the levels of these cell production in her blood.

      It really depends on how far advanced her Cirrhosis
      really is. This is usually determined by having a liver
      biopsy, which they probably will not do because of
      her blood problem, also.
      The excess fluid in the abdominal area can be
      Ascites. This means that the liver can no longer
      make a protein efficiently, known as Albumin,
      that holds fluid inside our vessels and this
      fluid will leak out and collect there. If it becomes
      extremely uncomfortable for the patient where they
      have difficulty breathing or eatting, they could
      (but not sure in her case) remove the fluid by a
      procedure known as paracentesis.

      She should be with either a gastroenterologist or
      hepatologist now. Preferably with one that is
      associated with the Transplant Center. They
      are the ones who will bring in the teams of
      doctors to decide what method of treatment
      would be best for her.

      They now do blood free transplantations:

      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1356413/?tool=pubmed

      I’m sorry that I cannot be more of a help than this.
      Rh factors are not usually a problem when it comes to
      transplantation as long as their blood type is compatible.
      However, in transfusing of the blood, it may have a
      serious factor to it.
      RH Factor: positive or negative:

      http://www.ucsfhealth.org/adult/medical_services/organ_transplants/liver/liverDonorBackground.html

      http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/414309

      I’m sorry that I cannot be of more help than this.
      Best wishes

  2. QUESTION:
    “End Stage” Cirrhosis of Liver & Interferon treatment: Has anyone had any positive results to speak of?
    I’ve had Cirrhosis for 20 years, “Un-medicated”, & other than pain medication have taken nothing for it. I was offered the “Interferon” treatment, but I declined, as it was very expensive, and a normal active life and retaining my sexual abilities abilities are very important to me. The men I had met & interviewed on this Interferon were but mere husks of men afterward. But now, Friday I was told that regular x-rays had revealed a very advanced condition of Lung Cancer. I do not think my body can continue to fight off BOTH fatal maladies. Any ideas, or do I just prepare my “Last Will & Testament”?

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    Any information on Cirrhosis of the Liver, treatments and maintenance?
    My father was an alcoholic his whole life and has been diagnosed with cirrhosis. He also has Hepatitus. What are the treatment options. Also, what is the life expectancy with this condition? Anyone dealt with this? Any information will help. Also foods and things that should be done to help? I know this should be discussed with the DR. t he hasnt gone to a specialist yet for further treatment and maintence, and options. He may not go for a while since he is poor and has no health care. I just want to know anything for now until that appointment.

    • ANSWER:
      He does need to go to see a doctor as management of cirrhossis is complicated. Treatment of his condition will include

      1) Treatment of underlying cause
      2) Treatment of complication
      3) Regular followup

      Treatment of underlying cause is to ask him to stop drinking. That will seriously help his cirrhosis. You have also mentioned that he has hepatitis. Aggressive anti viral treatment of his hepatitis is needed to slow down his progression.

      Complication of cirrhossis are those that cause by portal hypertension, such as esophageal varices, ascites, and splenomegaly. Cirrhosis also increases the chance of having hepatocellular carcinoma. Other complications includes encephalopathy, hepatorenal, hepatopulmonary syndrome, etc ….

      The most important is esophageal varices, as it is the most common cause of death in cirrhossis. Patient will typically vomit blood (hematemesis) and having black tarry stool. Regular checkup with doctor with a OGD (a endoscopic device) to band varices are needed. There are various drugs that can lower the portal hypertension, like beta blocker, diuretics, etc.

      Regular ultrasound is also needed to look for any liver lesion suggestive of hepatocellular cancer. Various surgical treatments is available.

      Finally as for encephalopathy, lactulose, antibiotics, and low protein, high calorie diet will help

      As for his life expectancy, you can look at something called child pugh score, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child-Pugh_score
      It is a score calculated from 3 blood test and 2 clinical signs. After you calculated the score, it will give you a probability of survival within certain number of year.

      Good luck

  4. QUESTION:
    what is the best treatment for primary liver cancer complicated with cirrhosis with portal thrombosis?
    patient is a diabetic with low platelet count gastric verces are present. he has affected to primary liver cancer specially in right lobe with lot of nodules. if he get the treatment with radio frequency ablation will he stay with us for long period. what are the side effects of RFA?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends alot on if this cancer is aggressive or not. If this cancer has come from another area or has gone to other areas of the body. If this has happened, the patient would not be considered for liver transplant.

      It would have to be determine if this is one growth or many and the size of them. Once a cancer growth reaches a certain size..even though it is only in the liver,then the doctor would have to decide whether a transplant would be considered.

      There are different treatment measures:
      GAMMA KNIFE

      http://www.gammaknife.org?

      NANO KNIFE

      http://www.nanotechbuzz.com/50226711/nanoknife_nanoshells_kill_cancer_tumors.php

      CYBERKNIFE

      http://www.cyberknife.com

      RADIOWAVE THERAPY

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-invasive_RF_cancer_treatment#Cancer_therapy

      Here is a site that explains new developments in treating liver cancer:

      http://www.liver-products.com/liver-therapy/microspheres-hepatology.html

      TELEMORASE IN CURING CANCER

      http://www.baltimoresun.com/health/bal-md.hs.telomere06oct06,0,5278594.story?track=rss

      MICROWAVE Microwave destroy cancer tumors of the liver

      http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090204173038.htm

      SIR-SPHERES: Selective Internal Radiation Therapy: http://www.umgcc.org/sir-spheres/about_sirt.htm
      A non surgical therapy that uses radioactive microspheres to deliver radiation directly to the site of the liver tumors. It gives
      up to 40 times more radiation to the liver tumors than conventional radiotherapy. Theraspheres which uses microscopic glass beads
      to deliver radiation to the liver tumors. It shrinks the cancer but is not a cure…it is usually used combined with chemotherapy.
      Another name: radioembolization: 6 million radioactive microspheres or glass beads into the tumor. Each bead, which is smaller than the
      width of a strand of hair, emits radiation to kill the cancer. It is alot of radiation concentrated in a very small area.
      ULTRASONIC WAVE (CUSA)excel ultrasonic Aspiration System

      http://www.ivanhoe.com/channels/p_channelstory.cfm?storyid=17589

      Patient loses very little blood. It is a surgical tool called a Cusa that sucks out liver cells. If you remove the liver cells you are left with the blood vessels.

      Considering he is diagnosed with Cirrhosis, Portal thrombosis, and cancer…it doesn’t sound promising. However, only the doctors can give you an educated guess on whether he will have a chance to become better, how long he might live, and whether he can be evaluated for transplantation.
      Here is a site on the Liver transplant process, if you need it:

      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html

      I hope this information is of some help to you.

      .

  5. QUESTION:
    if someone is in stage 4 of liver disease, would it be good for them to have those liver treatments?
    what are the side effects of liver treatments? my son has cirrhosis and is considering liver treatments. also has hepatitis c? will this prolong his life? i think he is in stage 4.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 4 means that he already has cirrhosis. People with cirrhosis CAN take treatment for Hepatitis C as long as they are not decompensated (when the liver stops working).

      Treatment success is lower for people with cirrhosis compared to people who have less liver damage and they have to be watched closely…. but for some people it does work and they are able to clear the Hepatitis C virus.

  6. QUESTION:
    What are treatments and diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    I am doing a project for my Biology 20 class, and we got to choose a disease. I chose Cirrhosis of the Liver, I have been doing research and I noticed that there aren’t really any treatments for Cirrhosis, besides liver transplants and abstinence of alcohol. I need a treatment which I can explain – WHY it can help the person cope/help alleviate with the disease!

    Furthermore, we have a question asking : what is a technology which can diagnose this disease, in this case, Cirrhosis of the Liver? I have found Gastronomy and Echography or something rather (I only know the name of it in French, bare with me :P ), but as much as I search about this I cannot find the link it has to help with the diagnosis of Cirrhosis of the Liver.

    Anyways, thank you so much for anyone who is able to help…since I do not know how to individually thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      There are many causes of liver cell damage that leads to
      Cirrhosis of the liver: alcohol consumption, medication
      toxification, chemical exposure, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary conditions, metabolic disorders, fatty liver
      disease, auto immune disease, cardiac/vascular
      problems, biliary obstruction/malformation/infections,
      parasite or virus (like Hep A,B,C), and many others.

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. If the cause is
      stopped early on, the liver cells may heal and the problem
      can be reversed.
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation
      inside the liver
      Hepatitis with a letter (like Hep C) is a virus that can cause
      liver cell damage.

      When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system of
      the body responds to this damage and causes inflammation
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver to enlarge in size.
      (this can be seen on an ultrasound or Ct scan).
      How far advanced a person is in the liver disease can
      be determined by a liver biopsy. Blood testing is done to
      see the levels of liver enzymes in the blood which would
      signify liver cell damage and the liver function blood tests
      to see how well the cells of the liver are able to do the
      necessary functions, that the liver does as a whole, to keep
      the body well.

      If the cause of the inflammation cannot be stopped, it will
      proceed to where the liver cells die off and scar tissue forms.
      Scar tissue cannot be removed from the inside of the liver.
      It will block the flow of blood through the liver on its way back
      to the heart and also to the functioning liver cells so they
      continue to die off…this is known as Cirrhosis of the liver.
      It is a progressive and irreversible disease. Transplantation
      is the only hope for a cure.

      The symptoms and side effects of this disease can be helped.
      Ascites: the build up of fluid in the abdominal area…doctors
      can do paracentesis to remove this fluid.
      Encephalopathy: which cause confusion and disorientation
      in the patient…can be treated with Lactulose or Xifixan meds.
      Portal hypertension with varies: doctors can go in and
      try to band these smaller vessels that has backed up from
      the liver to them, to stop any bleeding that occurs.
      Swelling of the legs, feet, etc can be treated with a “lower
      sodium diet” and diuretics.

      There is limited space here to go into any longer detail..without
      me being told to shorten it, for being too long.

      Here are some links to learn more about this disease and
      Transplant.

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html

      http://www.transplantliving.org/

      Hope this is of some help. Looking up the things I mentioned
      above on the computer may give you more insight into this
      disease.

  7. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have any home remedies for cirrhosis of the liver?
    My grandfather just found out that he has cirrhosis of the liver and he is waiting for treatment. I was looking for any home remedies for the time being while he waits for his appointment. Doctors take so long and i’m worried that this may be able to be controlled but the doctors appointments take so long that they might not be able to help him.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry to say there is no home remedies that is going to help him. There is no cure for cirrhosis and all the doctors can do is treat the symptoms and try to either make the disease stop progressing any further or at least slow it down. The doctor is probably going to tell him to avoid alcohol and some medications that might hurt his liver further. He will also probably be told to go on a low salt diet. They might want to do some testing on him and he should get routine blood work done to let them know if there is a real problem they should address. The doctor will probably give him some medicine to take to help control any symptoms that could be bothering him.

      I don’t know how old your grandfather is or what caused his cirrhosis. I don’t know if transplant would be an option for him or not. He might not need one yet. All these things are why he needs a doctor and no home remedies. One person mentioned Milk Thistle. Even though Milk Thistle has shown to be good for the liver, it will not help someone with serious liver disease such as cirrhosis. You are just going to have to be patient and let the doctor take care of your grandfather. I wish him the best.

  8. QUESTION:
    Any opinions on Lown, Kenneth S MD – Grand River Gastroenterology in Grand Rapids, MI?
    I would like patient opinions of Dr. Kenneth Lown, Gastroenterologist. I would also like to know his training/abilities with regards to cirrhosis of the liver.

    Does Dr. Kenneth S. Lown have specific training in cirrhosis of the liver treatment and rehabilitation?

    • ANSWER:
      Only the doctor can answer your questions, but you might find some information on him through the liver coalition. I did a search and have only come up with one conclusion…he is in the same office as many other doctors, so this informs me this may be a clinic.

      Good luck!

  9. QUESTION:
    MATADOR 89, can you recommend other liver cancer treatments?
    I hope you’re matador 89. It seems like you’re very knowledgeable. COuld you recommend other non-invasive/minimal invasive treatments?

    My dad has diabetes and was diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver 2 years ago. Now, i think he has cancer and my mom doesnt want to tell me yet. PLEASE HELP!!!!

    • ANSWER:

  10. QUESTION:
    Can someone please help me with a few answers? my dad was diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver?
    the doctors said his liver is to far gone for treatment and they wont give us a time frame and is stomache is very large and my parents don’t have insurance and he is not elderly he is only 49 years old and has anyone tried the liv52 herbal product? My heart is broken and he has 5 grandchildren and we want to do all we can!

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis of the liver is where the cells of the liver have started
      to die off and formed scar tissue inside the liver that blocks the
      flow of blood through the liver on its way back to the heart and
      also blocks the flow of blood to the other liver cells, so they
      continue to die off. He should be seeing either a gastroenterologist
      or hepatologist now. There are many free clinics out there where
      he can go for help. I will give you a link to check into them.

      Many things can cause damage to the liver cells:
      alcohol consumption, medications toxification, chemical exposure,
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection, viral infection like Hepatitis
      A-B-C, parasite infections, fatty liver disease, mushroom poisoning,
      hereditary disease, auto immune disease, and others.

      Inflammation has also developed in the liver, because the immune
      system of the body responded to the damage in the liver. This
      causes the liver to enlarge in size. He will be treated according
      to the cause. All liver patients are told NO Alcohol…the doctor needs
      to know all medications he has taken…this includes over the counter,
      herbs, herbal teas, vitamins, minerals, supplements, and prescription
      prescribed by other doctors. Medications go through the liver first,
      to be broken down, before going to other areas of the body. As
      the cells die off, adjustments have to be made in any medications
      he takes according to how much damage there is. It is not good
      to take any medications without the doctor’s approval first. Herbal
      products have not been tested enough to know if they are liver friendly
      and can only add to the damage there, in some cases.

      If the stomach area is enlarged, this may be coming from fluid build up
      there, Known as Ascites. The doctor can check his abdomen and
      see if this is the case. If the fluid becomes so much that it makes
      it difficult to breathe or eat, the doctor can do a procedure, known
      as paracentesis to remove the fluid. Ascites develops because the
      liver cannot make a certain protein efficiently anymore, known
      as Albumin. This proteins keeps the fluid inside our vessels…but
      are now leaking out and collecting here. He may also be placed
      on a ‘lower” sodium diet and given a diuretic to slow the process of
      this building up in this area.

      He can evaluated for the liver transplant list, also. After testing and
      seeing different doctors and being placed on the list…he will have
      a chance to receive a donor liver.

      These links will explain more about financial concerns, advance
      directives, Cirrhosis of the liver, and transplant process…I hope this
      will be of some help to you. Best wishes to all of you.

      Health Insurance for Low Income Families

      http://www.health-insurance.org/low-income

      Drugs for the uninsured:
      Kathy Webster-Link
      Dispensary of Hope
      (888) 428-HOPE (4673)

      http://www.dispensaryofhope.org

      Listing of Free Clinics:

      http://www.freeclinics.us/freeclinic.php

      http://www.researchacrossamerica.com/index.html

      >>>>> ADVANCED DIRECTIVES:

      http://www.caringinfo.org/stateaddownload

      These are free advanced directives, but you may want to get a power
      of attorney instead which will cover both financial and medical.
      The privacy policies in effect can cause tremendous problems for even
      family members who need to speak directly with the patients doctors.

      Financial help:
      This site is for cancer patients, but also give great financial help
      for liver patients also…shows you where to receive help:

      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Support/financial-resources

      http://www.transplantfund.org/

      Cirrhosis:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      Transplant evaluation and process:

      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html

      To find a Transplant Center in your area, just type the state you live in
      and Transplant Center after that in your search engine…many of them
      have their own websites…however, some transplant centers only do
      certain types of transplant…be sure the one you may have does the liver.

      Your Dad may of had disability paid in to the place
      he worked, that he may now collect…or he could
      apply for Social Security Disability and possibly
      Social Security Income…maybe even Medicaid.

      This answer site only allows up to 10 links…otherwise I would give you much
      more. Just have to click on the links to go to them.
      I hope this is of some help to you and your family….Best of Wishes

  11. QUESTION:
    My Dad has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver, how serious is this?
    My Dad has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver. Doctors have told him he only has a 40% chance of successfully curring his hep C with treatment. I need to know how serious this is or what this means in general. HELP?

    • ANSWER:
      Stage IV is very serious. He may cure his Hep C, but the cirrhosis will last forever. Not only that, but it predisposes him to bleeding, ruptured vessels in the stomach and esophagus, life-threatening infections in the belly, and hepatocellular carcinoma (cancer). If he can lead a good, clean life for a year, there is a good chance he can get a liver transplant. Please be sure he has a good hepatologist (a specially trained gastroenterologist). He needs to have a small camera passed into his stomach to look for vessels that can rupture, and he needs a scan to make sure there isn’t a mass in his liver.

      I just diagnosed someone with this, and he wound up having cancer at diagnosis because he didn’t see his doc often enough early on.

      I don’t want to scare you, but be sure he gets good care. Be there for him, because he is scared whether he shows it or not.

      Best of luck.

  12. QUESTION:
    is there any alternative treatment to avoid liver transplant?
    I am suffering from lover cirrhosis and potral hypertension.After a couple of episodes of vomiting blood the doctor is advising a transplant.If there were any alternative therapy in ayurveda or any other system of medicine kindly send me the details.

    • ANSWER:
      While continuing under the monitoring of your doctor, since you have time even if you opt for a transplant, homeopathy can be quite effective depending on how far your cirrhosis has progressed. Minimally, homeopathy can help with ongoing symptoms and prepare your body to be in its best condition if a transplant remains justified.

      http://www.homeopathicdirectory.com lists homeopaths in all professions certified to practice classical homeopathy in North America. http://www.nationalcenterforhomeopathy.org is a good website to learn more about homeopathy.

      In my own practice, I’ve helped a number of people reverse the condition. When irreversible, homeopathy has stopped its progression. Homeopathy approaches healing from a number of directions, in addition to helping your liver.

      I would imagine ayurveda similarly offers hope, as would acupuncture (any comprehensive standalone field). Best wishes.

  13. QUESTION:
    life expectancy of someone with cirrhosis of the liver?
    My boyfriend may have cirrhosis of the liver…chances are really really high…tests are not back yet tho. Can anyone tell me the life expectancy of someone who has this (caused by alcohol) without treatment and with treatment? He drinks beer daily and whiskey sometimes. He also has diabetes. He is 49 yrs old.
    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Everything will depend on how much damage has been done to his liver. Cirrhosis has 4 stages. If he is in the early stages, and if he stops drinking now and forever, he stands a chance of getting well again. If he is in the late stage, he will most likely need a liver transplant in order to get well again. Cirrhosis is when scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver so that it can no longer do the job it is supposed to do. If the damage is too severe, nothing will work except a transplant.

      I don’t mean to be so blunt, but there is one thing I am sure of which is that if he continues to drink with a damaged liver, his life expectancy will be greatly reduced. It will lead to total failure and death. Alcohol is poison to the liver and will continue to damage it until it can no longer work at all. People with cirrhosis frequently have kidney problems too. Since he already has diabetes, he is looking at some really life threatening health problems in the near future unless he changes his lifestyle.

      If he does need a transplant to survive, then it will be a long and hard road for him. Transplant centers require at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even consider one for a transplant. So this means your boyfriend would not only have to deal with the disease of cirrhosis, which is not much fun I might add, but he will also have to deal with his addiction to alcohol. Then he must be healthy enough to be able to survive this serious surgery. There is an evaluation process that he must pass in order to be listed to wait for an organ after his 6 months of proven sobriety.

      He would have to go through all this before he even gets the actual surgery, so you can see what I mean when I say it’s a long and hard road to travel. You need to get real serious with him about his health and that his drinking will be fatal if he does not stop. Good luck and wish you and him the best.

  14. QUESTION:
    how long a person with compensated cirrhosis of the liver can live?
    i’VE BEEN DIAGDOSED WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C AND COMPENSATED CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER I AM A MALE 31 Y/O . TREATMENT FOR HEP C DID NOT WORK FOR ME (( PEGINTRON , REBETOL )

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry that treatment did not work for you. It all depends on how aggressive your hep C might be in it’s attack on your liver. Your doctor that treated you for the hep C might be able to give you a time frame on how long it might take. Are you being considered for transplant yet? Cirrhosis has 3 stages- A is compensated cirrhosis. B is the beginning of decompensation where you need medications to control your symptoms. C is decompensated where the medications do not work very well anymore and total failure is near.

      I had cirrhosis and was in stage B when I was given an estimate of 5 years left, but my cirrhosis was from primary biliary disease which is much different than hep C. I would suggest you talk to your doctor and ask him/her and also ask about the future possibility of transplant if you haven’t already discussed this. You’re young yet and would probably be an excellent candidate for a transplant at some time in the future. Of course, that would probably be way off in the future, probably many years since you are still in the compensated stage, but it’s good to find out things and educate yourself especially when it is your own health.

  15. QUESTION:
    my cousin has cirrhosis of the liver?
    hey my cousin is 25 has been drinking heavily for quite sometime now about 10 years and we just found out she has cirrhosis how long after begining treatment will doctors know if she needs a liver transplant or not?
    or just by looking at her will they know if her livers to far gone to even begin treatment and put her on the transplant list ? she only has one kidney im just trying to get as many details as possible.

    how long does the transplant list usually take? how long would she have to live without a liver do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, lots of questions but not many happy answers to offer. I’m not a doctor but there’s someone in my family with liver problems due to heavy drinking, so I’ve read a lot about it. Rather than throw a lot of detail at you here about cirrhosis and liver transplants, I’ll offer a couple of articles on websites that have really been helpful for me. Both websites have lots of videos you can watch too, so be sure to check out the video links pages. There’s also a big section on liver transplantation on one of them.

      Good luck to your cousin. She has a tough road ahead.

  16. QUESTION:
    I have hep C, which has now created cirrhosis of the liver, not sure of the severity.?
    I have opted not to take the Interferon treatment, can someone give me some alternatives to healing the liver with supplements, health choices, or alternative medicines. My liver enzymes are elevated into the 100 range. I contracted this through a blood transfusion 20yrs ago, as well as my twin daughters who also have hep c, I am not a drinker, nor have I ever been.

    • ANSWER:
      I have hep c also…..I am at 18 weeks into treatment. My enzymes have dropped 100,000 in this first part of treatment. My 2yr old also has it. Why don’t you want treatment? It is very difficult…but there is light at the end of the tunnel. What are you afraid of? I am not a drinker either and probably got this from tattoo’s in the 80′s. E-mail me and I will help you through it. It does work!!!!! A friend of mine took it and has been hep c free for 5 yrs now. God Bless !!!
      Milk thistle is supposed to help too.

  17. QUESTION:
    How can I stop progression of my Liver cirrhosis?
    Hi Friends,

    I was suffering HCV Genotype 3.
    my hematologist made some diagnosis to identify the viral infection while i don’t had any complains or complication.

    Unfortunately he never made any liver biopsy before therapy.

    Before starting therapy my Pathological report was below:

    S.Bilirubin: .9mg/dl
    ALT:175
    Prothombine:INR 1.13
    HCV Genotype:3
    CBC:was normal range.
    ULTRA SOUND: Liver Slightly Enlarged with Coarse
    & Mild splenomegaly

    After they started Pegasys+Rivabirin my SGPT,SGOP was raised till 292,Some times platelet count was decreasing up to 60×10

    during the lower platelet count my hepatologist decreases the dose to 135mcq(pegasys)

    My ALT level was decreasing gradually.
    After finish my treatment I went aboard & failed to follow up.
    That time I was taking NSSRI Anti depressants CIPRALEX
    Around one year came back to home & went to the hospital for check up.
    Doctor made some tests followed

    ULTRA SOUND: Portal fibrosis, Scarred Tissues & Mild splenomegaly
    ALT(SGPT):73 U/L
    S.Bilirubin:1.0 mg/dl
    Prothombine: 1.13 INR
    HBsAg:Negative
    Anti HCV:Positive
    HCV Quantitive: Less than detectable limits
    Andoscopy: Grade ii-iii Oesophaegal Varix
    Moderate Degree of portal hypertensive gastropathy
    Duodenal Ulcer
    CBC & Blood Film: are normal except lower platelet count 108×10

    After that they Made EVL
    From the day the made EVL I can’t eat very well,Its paining.
    Doctor gave me some 3rd generation antibiotic
    After that he made
    SGOT=100 U/L
    SGPT=125 U/L
    Serum Total protein: 85gm/l (63-84gm/l)
    Serum Albumin:38.00gm/l( – )
    Anti –HBs:<3.0mIU/ml
    Anti-HAV IgM:Non Reactive
    Total Cholesterol:167.0mg/dl
    H.D.L:51.0 mg/dl
    LDL:102.0 mg/dl
    Triglycerides:70.0 mg/dl
    Chest P/A View:Normal

    Now I am Taking medicine:
    1.Leganon 75mg (Sylimarin)2x3 times daily
    2.Losartan Potassium 25mg 2 times daily
    3.Amino Acid 2 times (Hepa-Merz) daily.
    4. Vitamin E 400 mg
    5. Vitamin C 500 mg

    Now my Hepatologists advised me to made another HCV Quantetive from different pathology centre.

    Readers & Specialists physicians please advice me how can I stop progression of my Liver cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      am a med student. but will still try to answer it.
      i think you were put on a pretty good regimen. standard treatment of antibiotics and antihypertensives. and some antioxidants. good diet and healthy hygiene is essential for quick recovery. the great thing about liver is that it regenerates completely unless it progress to grade 4.
      so keep up with your regimen and hope for the best

  18. QUESTION:
    What is the outcome after being diadnosed with non alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver?
    After having a routine MRI some abnormalities showed up which led to further testing and a liver biopsy. It appears that at sometime in the past I had auto immune hepatitis that went undiagnosed. I really didn’t have any symptoms other then fatigue but then I was always fatigued for other reasons. As of right now even with the cirrohsis my liver function is normal but my liver enzymes are elevated but not high enough for treatment. I realize the hepatitis could flare up again which would call for aggressive treatment to prevent any further scaring of my liver. I have read all kinds of information on these diseases both very disturbing and some encouraging but I would just like to know if anyone who reads this has been diagnosed with this or knows someone who has and what has been the outcome.

    • ANSWER:
      I have an autoimmune disease in which my autoimmune system attacks the bile ducts in my liver. This is called primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). I am curious to know how the doctors came to the conclusion that you have a problem with your autoimmune system to the point that it has caused cirrhosis. If this is true, then this autoimmune problem has been going on for a very long time to damage your liver to the point of it being cirrhotic. I had no symptoms with my disease until my liver was already 90% destroyed with cirrhosis. I suddenly started to swell up with fluid and had no idea anything was wrong prior to that. It was a shock to me that my liver had so much cirrhosis that I would need a transplant. I had no idea anything was going on inside of me.

      That autoimmune hepatitis is probably still flaring up each and every day since it just doesn’t stop and go away. It takes many years to destroy a liver. There is really nothing much they can do as far as treating it. Sometimes they will give medication to help it, but it really doesn’t stop the disease from progressing, especially when its from your autoimmune system. When symptoms from the cirrhosis appear, they can give medications to control them and lab work is done routinely to ward off problems early. I used to have to get an endoscope done every 3-6 months to get banding done to any varices that form to lower the risk of bleeding problems. Basically, they just let the disease take its course since there is no cure other than a transplant.

      Even when my liver was 90% destroyed, my liver enzymes were just slightly above normal. My transplant doctor told me this can happen with some people, that the enzymes can almost normalize even though the disease is far advanced.

      You said you had a biopsy done. It should show the amount of damage done and how much cirrhosis (scarring) your liver has in it. Figuring out the cause of it when it is not so obvious like alcoholism, can be difficult to diagnose. That’s why I asked how they determined yours was from an autoimmune problem. I didn’t know the real cause of mine until after my transplant. The biopsy also should show whether or not there is active inflammation going on. The elevated enzymes can be an indication that there could be continued inflammation.

      The good thing is that you are still asymptomatic which means your liver is still compensating. It can stay this way for a long time. When I started to swell with fluid, that was my first sign of it starting to decompensate. Even then, I took diuretics that controlled the fluid retention quite well for several years. Once I was diagnosed with cirrhosis, I believe I went and got evaluated for transplant and was placed on the list a year later. I waited 18 months for my transplant and am doing well today. My autoimmune disease still wants to attack my new liver. I do take a medication that works well in keeping my enzymes in normal range which means there most likely will not be any damage as long as they remain that way.

      If you want to ask me anything else, just email me. I will be happy to help you if I can.

  19. QUESTION:
    How long does it take to develop liver cirrhosis? How do I convince him alcoholism hurts our marriage & kids?
    My husband, who is 35, unemployed, and suffers from bipolar disorder, is a heavy drinker and, I’m quite sure, an alcoholic. He weighs approximately 400 pounds (down from his max of 564, but up from the 300 he hit after gastric bypass in 2000). He drinks anywhere from 12 to 30+ beers a day (I wish I was exaggerating). We have two small children (5 and 2 years old). No matter what I say, what statistics I quote about children of alcoholics being at risk for maladaptive behaviors, depression, anxiety, etc., or how often (or how gently) I tell him his drinking is harming our marriage, his health, our financial situation (he spent over ,500 in alcohol in the past 3 months despite not having a job), and our children’s possibility of having a happy, healthy future, he refuses to stop or even slow down his drinking, let alone seek treatment. He uses his high level of stress (mainly from his unemployment and our rather dire financial state, not to mention the state of our marriage) as an excuse to drink. He is a highly manipulative person and makes life extremely difficult for me as it is, so I know if I chose to divorce him, he would make my life a living hell. I’m sure I would get custody of the children based on his behavior, but that doesn’t mean he wouldn’t fight me tooth and nail simply out of spite. Worse, he might run off with the kids or do something even more drastic (you see it in the news all the time). I have no idea what to do, where to turn, or who to talk to. At this rate, how long will it likely take before he damages his body beyond repair? Maybe I can scare him into quitting or even toning it down. What other options do I have? I do love him and would rather not divorce him, but can’t see any light at the end of the tunnel at this point. I would appreciate any and all suggestions.

    • ANSWER:
      Poor me. Pour me a drink. This is the motto of many alcoholics. Always blaming others for their drinking and having a million excuses. Typical behavior.

      It’s time for an intervention of tough love. Do you want to live like this? Do you want your children to live with this? Think about them and what it is doing. You need to make some big changes in your life. He can destroy his own life, but I’d be damned if he was going to continue to ruin my life and the lives of my children. Do you really believe if you told him it takes 10 years of heavy drinking before cirrhosis can happen to his liver that it will make any difference. I doubt if he would care at all let alone care enough to change. There is no toning it down for alcoholics like him. If he did “tone it down”, it would only be temporary. He has learn how to live life without drinking at all because he has no control.

      How is he getting all his money for drinking when he is not working? He would have to climb over my dead body to get a single penny off me for booze. I would give him the choice of getting help and stop all drinking or me and the kids are leaving him. He needs to detox safely and get into rehab. But don’t do this unless you really mean it and will act on it if he doesn’t get help. Giving him empty threats is not going to do anything for you or him. You must mean it and do it. If not, then plan on living this way the rest of your life with him. It will eventually kill him, but it could take many many wasted miserable years. I have seen heavy drinking alcoholics that have been drinking 20-30 years and they still aren’t dead. Others can die much sooner. Everyone is different. It’s up to you. I feel really sorry for the kids. You have a choice to get out of there. They don’t and they are depending on you to do something. Your husband has abandoned all responsibility for their well being, so it’s up to you.

      As fas as him making your life a living hell if you filed for divorce, his life would be the living hell, not mine. He would be so busy trying to make money for child support and his booze habit that he wouldn’t have time to bother me. I would have no conversation with him except through a lawyer. If he ever threatened me, I would get a protection from abuse order against him. Even if he did try to make it as ugly as possible, at least I would know I did the right thing by getting away from him for my childrens sake. Good luck.

  20. QUESTION:
    can a person with hepatitic C and cirrhosis of the liver get the swine flu ?
    i am a male 30 y/o , i have chronic hepatitis c and cirrhosis of the liver i am getting treated by doctors but i feel good no pains no symptoms , i went for treatment for hepatitis c but it did not work for me , so my only hope is a liver transplant probably in years from now
    but my liver is still working 100% . i am living a normal life right now with god’s will . my question is : can i get the swine flu if i leave the country on vacation ?

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    can hepatitic c and cirrhosis of the liver affect the blood ?
    i have chronic hepatitic c and cirrhosis of the liver i am 30 years old ,, i went to do my blood work this time after 6 months . i am suppost to go for check ups every 6 months now . because i already did treatment for hep c and it did not work for me . doctors say they can only prevent me of gettin cancer or check ime for cancer . but this time i noticed a change in my blood it looks darker and thicker and 6 months ago it looked lighter and thin can anybody tell me whats wrong ?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, blood tests can monitor the condition of your liver but the color of your blood can vary depending on your state of hydration, the functioning of both your liver and your kidneys to filter toxins out. You need to be working with your doctor on this one since you have some serious, underlying medical conditions.

  22. QUESTION:
    TACE – in Liver Cancer?
    A women of 72 years, having liver cirrhosis and blood sugar, spleenomegaly, cholelithiasis, bronchitism, ashma having a lung capacity of less than 10% is now diagonised to have hepatoma, having 3.7 x 3 centimeters size space occupying exophytic lesion in the right lobe of the liver. Whether TACE is an effective treatment for this patient and what are the risks associated with this TACE treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      This should have been discussed with the oncologist when it was recommended. This is a part of the decision making process. TACE in this case is likely a palliative treatment and it is effective. There is risk of hemorrhage and developing an abscess which could be fatal.

  23. QUESTION:
    What should be the treatment for a patient like this?
    My mom had caught with “Cirrhosis of the Liver” back in 2000. It got diagnosed in 2002 when she started feeling tired, no appetite, swollen feet, blue marks on skin and abdominal pain. Doctors also told us that she has “Hepatitis C”. We started her treatment with “Roferon 3mu”. After six months she got better. We found last year that her “Cirrhosis of the Liver” problem is again disturbing her health. We took her for blood test but there were no detections of “Hepatitis” anymore. Doctor told us that her liver is damaged and it is in the “De-compensated Stage”. It can not be reversed but it can be stopped to go further. Now she has swollen feet again, watter in abdomen, blue marks on lower legs, itching skin, minor fever, a little high blood pressure but she is not a Diabetic. Her last test results were these. (i called her home to get these readings. if you find any trouble you can e-mail for this.)

    XXX (should be) actually is

    Albumin (3.5-5.5) 2.3
    Platelets (150-400) 111
    WBCS (4-11) 5.63
    RBCS (4-6) 3.82
    HGB (11.5-17.5) 12.1
    HCT (36-54) 36.2
    MCV (76-96) 94.8
    MCH (27-33)31.7
    MCHC (33-35) 33.4
    RDW-CV (11.5-14.5) 15.5
    Neut (40-75) 59.7
    Lymp (20-45) 30.7
    Mono (2-10) 7.5
    EOS (upto0.6) 1.6
    Baso (0.0-1.5) 0.5
    Portion in urine (5.5-8) 8
    GGT (5-36) 71
    Alkaline Phosphates (35-104) 130
    AST (10-35) 38
    ALT (10-35) 34
    Total bilirubin (upto 1) 2.17
    Creatinine (0.50-0.90) 0.62
    Urea nitrogen (6-20) 10.4

    Now she is taking
    1- Spiromide 40mg (Hydrochlorothiazide)
    2- Siliver (For Liver)
    3- K-Vit (Vitamin K)
    4- Moderatic (ANTIHYPERTENSIVES)
    5- Seven Seas (cod liver oil)

    Her dite is
    A lot of egg whites
    vegetables
    fruits
    bread
    olive oil for light cooking
    No meat, No fish, No chicken, No fried eatables, No salt, No spices
    ————————————–…
    AFTER READING ALL THIS IF ANY DOCTOR (HEPATOLOGIST) THINKS THAT THERE IS SOMETHING MORE WE SHOULD DO FOR OUR MOTHER (WE ARE TWO BROTHERS) PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE TELL ME. TELL ME REALLY SOON PLEASE. I WISH ANSWERS COME REALLY QUICK. PLEASE DOCTORS! I AM WAITING. INFACT WE BOTH THE BROTHERS ARE ANXIOUSLY WAITING FOR YOUR KIND ANSWERES

    • ANSWER:
      She should be evaluated for a liver transplant as soon as possible. She has decompensated end stage liver disease. Without a liver transplant , her life expectancy will likely be short, a median survival of less than two years is usually agreed upon by the world over. There is a good liver cirrhosis support group at http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/livercirrhosissupport/

  24. QUESTION:
    Alcoholic dad now retired and driving us nuts! Asking for money too! Help!?
    My dad was an alcoholic my entire life. I witnessed him beat my mother (they are no longer married, thank goodness), destroy our home, pull guns and knives out, and just otherwise make our lives hell.

    Now that he is older (almost 70), he is alone and broke. He has had cirrhosis of the liver for several years… and still drinks his beer and smokes like a chimney. My brother doesn’t want anything to do with him, so that leaves ME as his sole source of support. He makes 00 a month on social security. That’s his sole income.

    I am married, I have 3 kids, and I’m 7 months pregnant with #4. My dad is at our house several times a day. He stops in for dinner almost every evening. Due to his cirrhosis treatment, his teeth have all broken off or fallen out completely. Now he is asking my husband and I for the money to get his teeth pulled and dentures. This is EXPENSIVE. One dentist I spoke to quoted between ,000 and ,000 due to the severe neglect and damage. My dad asks EVERY DAY about the money to get his teeth fixed. I have offered to help him find community resources to help, but he just wants the money, saying it would be “easier and no hassle.”

    I have forgiven him for the years of hell we lived in at his doing, but I just can’t justify handing him -8 grand, bad teeth or not. Due to the cirrhosis, we will probably be footing the bill for his funeral in just a few years time (if that).

    Am I wrong to feel that his dental work isn’t my problem? He is driving us crazy by showing up at our house several times a day, too. I don’t want to hurt my dad; we are all he has, really. But isn’t that his fault, too? Any advice would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      No, you are not wrong. Your father is an adult and he made choices to get where he is today. Your account makes it clear that his approach to life has always been to consider himself first and everyone else last. It is always “easier and no hassle” to spend someone else’s money, for the person spending it, but seldom is it so easy for the person providing it. There is an alternative, to use community resources, and if he wanted his teeth fixed that badly, he would be willing to put up with the hassle to fill out some forms so that someone else could pay for what he was not willing to save for or pay for himself. And, if he cared about the burden that it would put on you to take your money, he would be willing to fill out a few forms to save you the burden. This relationship is clearly very one-sided, and if you don’t start defending yourself, he is going to suck you dry.

      The fact that he comes to your house several times a day is disturbing. He should be checking with you before “dropping by”, and you should be discouraging daily visits. I recommend that you use your upcoming pregnancy to set some new rules. You need to be firm with your Dad, because he just doesn’t care very much about imposing on people, so if YOU don’t care enough to stop his imposing on your family, then no one will. You can do this in a kindly way, but kind or not, it needs to be done. If you don’t set some limits, your resentment over the way he is abusing your relationship will reach a point to where you feel like your brother does and then your father will have no one. So, if you want to be there for your father, you have to maintain some healthy boundaries in your relationship. Of course, he is not going to like being told “No”, but it will not “hurt your Dad”. It will disappoint him, but he clearly needs you, so I have no doubt that he will adapt.

      Besides, this is affecting your family. Your stress over your father’s demands. Your father’s many-time-a-day visits. The money that goes to your father instead of to your own family’s needs. Don’t let your need to care for your father overwhelm your care for your own family.

      Balance is the key here. There are too many visits. Your Dad is demanding too much money and too much time. You can give, but only so much. Your Dad is not going to reach a limit and stop. You are going to have to decide where the limit is, and it needs to be set according to your sense of what is right, and your capacity to give, not what he wants. I want a ,000 – ,000, too. Don’t we all?

  25. QUESTION:
    Liver, Heart and Prostate Problem. YOUR ANSWER WOULD BE A GREAT HELP FOR MY FATHER’S LIFE.?
    Hello everyone :) I am a 16 year old daughter whose experiencing a family problem. My father is a policeman and had to stay in his office even though he’s health is really poor. And I know he’s doing it to fulfill his duty as well as to support our family. His relationship with my mother is somehow unexplainable that’s why I am the one who stay in his office and take care of him. But I ram really having problems to cope with that. Of course, I want to be always in his side and do everything I can. But sometimes I tend to be really weak. My father’s liver is not functioning well. Some kind of liver cirrhosis early stage, He has a cardiovascular problem and now prostate problem too. That’s why his circulation of urine is very slow. But he needs to secrete some fluids though his liver can’t filter it well. He take many medications and been hospitalized twice. But he wants to stay in his office. I know that he’s trying hard to fight for his diseases..That’s why I’m asking for your help. I don’t know how to take care of him. I don’t know the right food to give , treatment and therapies.. Because i know for the fact that the connection of his liver, heart & prostate problem is very delicate and If I give something against in his body.. I think it may be worsen. Guys, your concern and answers would be a great help to save my father’s life. I am also stressed out regarding on how I can handle this very important trial in my life. Thank you and God Bless :D
    i feel relieved to share my thought with you guys.. his doctor already gave the medicines he have to take and food that he should avoid. my problem is , he’s very choosy and get irritates quickly. when he wants something, he should have it. I feel that it is not right to act like that in his office. I can still be patient becoz i’m his daughter but how bout his men, I am shy that many people are getting disturbed with his act. In addition,My mom’s opinion was my father should don’t feel his invalid and have to stop resting in his bed. Somehow, I feel that too but I am really confused. My heart is telling that my father is really in pain. But my brain says, his physically alright by just maintaining taking up his meds, eat proper diet. Sometimes he’s grumpy to me whenever I can’t fulfill his demands. ( I don’t usually follow his demand when I feel that it’s not good for him)

    • ANSWER:
      Let me first just say that your father is the adult, he is fully aware of his medical problems, perhaps in denial to some point, or non-compliant with treatment, but aware. I know you feel an obligation, but let me say as a nurse, you can not help someone unless they want help.
      If your primary concern is his diet, because you are preparing his food, then with Heart Disease it is recommended to stick to a low sodium (2gms daily) , low cholesterol, low fat diet. For Liver Disease the most important thing is to eliminate alcohol from your lifestyle and watch medication use, many are filtered by the liver and can cause more damage TYLENOL for example, don’t use it, look at over the counter medication labels and look for cautions…not recommended with liver disease, heart disease, etc. Prostate problems are usually treated by Urologist with different medications, sometimes surgery to open up flow, there are herbal remedies that have also shown improvement “Saw Palmetto” (again make sure it is not contraindicated with Liver disease). I hope this helps, make sure he is participating in his health care as well. Look on line for foods acceptable on low sodium, low cholesterol, low fat diet. Do not use salt at the table, stay away from chips, pretzels, fast foods, frozen, pre-packaged foods, can soups, bacon, hot dogs, processed meats, ketchup, all loads of sodium. Take care.

      Add on after your comment: His irritability, anger directed to others is not appropriate, perhaps this is why your mother has thrown in the towel (look up on line Co-dependent Relationships). People don’t always deal with bad news or ailing health appropriately, some buckle down, do what they need to do to survive, heal, get better and stay better, others dwell on their misfortune and blame everyone around them for their problems. Let your dad learn how to confront his illness appropriately, if he wants to fight it, he will, if he is angry and in denial and this has gone on for some time, encourage psychiatric counseling.
      Much of what “Abijann” is advicing is good advice…however it is more appropriate for end stage liver disease, you have stated your father’s liver disease has been diagnosed as early stage liver disease, so my suggestion is still let him play the adult role, come to terms with his disease and fight it instead of fighting the ones who are trying to help him.

  26. QUESTION:
    Answers and advice needed about Interferon treatment for Hep-C for my mom?
    My mom is 51 years old and she has Hepatitis C. She recently had an ultrasound and it showed everything to look good. Her liver enzymes are good right now also. She did have a biopsy 2 years ago and it showed no cirrhosis.

    However, she feels very flu-like and fatigued. She has felt this way for about 10 years now. Ever since she was diagnosed, she has never felt the same. She has been offered the Interferon treatment. She is scared to do it. She says the only thing she is afraid of is the depression because even though she has something wrong with her she still has hope and doesn’t feel depressed.

    I want her to be around to watch her grandson grow up, I encourage her to try the treatment.

    Are there any success stories out there for people who have done this treatment for Hep-C? Any advice? Any words of encouragement? She is Genotype 1, so they tell her she has a 50/50 chance of it working.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      My mom took the interfuron/ribaviron treatment and has been free of Hepatitis C for 8 years now! Tell her to go for it. The doc can put her on anitdepressants if she begins to feel depressed. Some doctors will prescibe antidepressants at the beginning of treatment, so there will be no worries about depression. Good luck for your mom, and tell her to go for it. If she can clear up the Hep C, she will be much happier. I know my mom is.

  27. QUESTION:
    I need help convincing other people on herbal supplment i have developed for liver related infections and HIV?
    The herbal supplement i have developed can cure liver related infections like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and Liver Cirrhosis etc completely. It brings CD4 counts or T-Cells into normal range in HIV infected people preventing them to develop AIDS. I have two case records where people have even turned HIV negative from HIV positive. I have several case records where I have been able to eliminate HBsAg and HCV virus completely on those people who suffered from Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C. This supplement is good for both alcohol related and viral related liver cirrhosis. I have been practicing this for nearly 10 years and everyone i have treated are in good health so far. I have recordings of my interviews in national televisions, patient records showing before and after the treatment, and several published news in several newspapers in Nepal to prove the credibility.
    Here is one real example:
    September 04, 2003 (before) October 31, 2003 (after)
    Serum Bilirubin (total) 6.3 msg/dl. After -> 0.8 msg/dl.
    Conjugated 4.8 mgs/dl. After -> 0.3 msg/dl.
    Unconjugated 1.5 mgs/dl. After -> 0.5 msg/dl.
    Serum Protein (total) 4.8 gm/dl. After -> 6.8 gm/dl.
    Albumin 2 gm/dl. After -> 3.6 gm/dl.
    Globulin 2.8 gm/dl. After -> 3.2 gm/dl.
    Serum Alt(GPT) 36 U/ml After -> 16 U/ml
    Serum Alkaline Phosphate 12.3 KAU/dl. After -> 9.0 KAU/dl.
    Hepatitis B After -> HBsAg-Non Reactive

    I am looking for someone who can assist me in convincing rest of the world in my findings. Can anyone help? I can be reached at medicineherbal@yahoo.com

    • ANSWER:
      I hope you are successful in this as so many suffer from these things and medical science is useless here. Unfortunately, in the us the AMA has a history of going to people with successful herbal formulas (example hoxsey) and even regular doctors treating successfully with “non approved” treatments and harassing them.

      In these cases they offered to buy the treatment, apparently with the purpose of holding the rights and then putting it on the shelf to keep using their expensive profit making treatments like drugs, surgery, chemo, radiation etc.

      They have reached the point where a system has been set up where money over-rides cures if that makes sense.

      Unfortunately, the medical journals that most doctors read are full of high priced pharmaceutical ads for drug companies..when these respected journal (ie like new England journal of medicine and things like that) publish articles or studies showing the effectiveness of simple, safe, inexpensive, alternative treatments like herbs etc, the drug makers running the ads threaten to pull out their advertising dollars which keeps the journals/magazines afloat. They have done this in the past and magazines folded and this example is remembered by other magazine that are then to scared to publish this info and so most doctors never get to read it.

      The drug makers spend millions of dollars patenting a drug and are not wanting people using things which they could grow or pick themselves.

      This is the dilemma they face..when people refuse to sell their products, the AMA has in the past set out to destroy the person..in hoxsey’s case they sued multiple times but hoxsey was the first person to win a case against the AMA when tons of healed cancer victims came in and testified complete with medical records saying they were going to die in x number of months and years later they were still hear..angered somehow they eventual sued and got all his clinics across American closed the same day and he could not afford court battles in all these states and so he was forced to move to Mexico.

      The respected doctor that refused to sell was a victim of rumors they apparently started that his treatment was contaminated by the aids virus and they tried to take his medical license and he wound up fleeing to another country.

      I would therefore think it will be hard to do this here other than writing a book and trying to sell it through health food stores but not claims I don;t think can be made on any herbal supplement so you will have to convince through education/books and then hope people seek the product out.

      a better option might be trying to market in another country that is more open to herbs like Canada or Europe

      You can hear the very interesting story of hoxsey by viewing the video here

      http://video.google.com/videosearch?q=hoxsey&sourceid=navclient-ff&rlz=1B3DVFA_en___US204&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wv#

      In light of this desire to not cure or treat outside established medicine to maintain the huge industry, it will be hard.

      Maybe going to aids support groups or maybe even the gay community (they are not the only people who get aids but you know they are interested in the topic) or maybe hanging outside places say alcoholics might gather and seeing if you can find people with Cirrhosis who might be willing to try it and by enlisting people to try it and having it spread word of mouth if successful will help the word spread.

      I do remember a book I read by a “doctor’s doctor” (allopath) who turned to alternative health and discovered organic olive leaf cured many viral/bacterial/fungal and protozoan illnesses including things like AIDS, anthrax, bird flu etc and published a book..through the cases were anonymous, he wrote that the AIDS cases were all the real people’s names as they insisted he use their real names to try to add weight as they were healed and wanted others to be healed to.

      Maybe such as approach will work for you. Unfortunately you are battling a system of medicine that does not want competition except a little light “complementary” medicine that is used as an addition and not the “real” or primary treatment which they insist only the doctors etc are not quacks and this will make it hard for people in need to get your product..also much work is done to try to convince people that alternative medicine is full of quacks trying to scam them so people are afraid to try stuff and this suits the AMA fine.

      It is a sad day when profit comes above people’s lives.
      You need to find people already interested in alternative health perhaps.

      Drs like Lorraine day who heal themselves using alternative health and tell people are often ostracized by their doctor peers and attempts made to discredit them. People like Kevin
      Trudeau they get people to think he is a scammer to blunt the info that can help people..they try all the time to try to outlaw suplements or regulate them so they can maintain their exclusive right to our health

  28. QUESTION:
    Is there treatment for cirrohsis?
    I was just found out I have cirrhosis of the liver, Im not sure what my next skips are and what to do?I got it because I have a fatty, liver that is what my Doctor told me.. I not sure what to do??

    • ANSWER:
      Go to the website below, it gives a lot of information and may help you.
      Fatty liver is often the first stage and can be caused by a few different things.
      Do not drink any alcohol as that will speed up the process faster than anything else. Stick to a sensible, healthy diet, dont smoke and get plenty of rest. This is pretty basic advice, read the article for more detailed advice.

  29. QUESTION:
    How does Obstructive Sleep Apnea impact cirrhosis and high blood pressure?
    My 60-yr. old husband has Cirrhosis of the liver, High blood Pressure, Rheumatoid Arthritis and severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea – and depression, as a result. I worry in particular because he refuses to use his sleep mask, so for now the sleep apnea seems to be his biggest hurdle, along with depression. He was diagnosed with Cirrhosis over 2 yrs. ago, Stage 4. He stopped drinking, and his liver got better; he still takes meds for that. His blood pressure is controlled with meds, and his RA has all but crippled his knees. I’ve tried everything to get him to try the newer, lighter sleep masks, get a new sleep study, or at least consult a dr. for the apnea. (He hasn’t seen a dr. for that since diagnoses 15 yrs. ago.) He won’t even consider any treatment for the apnea; he’s just given up on it. He wakes up countless times during sleep; stops breathing over 100 times per sleep cycle, according to his last sleep study 15 yrs. ago. I’m at a loss here..any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:

  30. QUESTION:
    How long could he last with his problems?
    my dad has liver cancer and he has yellow jaundice and cirrhosis of the liver what could be that time that he has left..he is only 55 years old…he is the the point of being really confused now and sleeping a lot….he has had the cirrhosis for 1 year and the liver cancer a few months the yellow jaundice has started to get worse now and he is not having treatment for the liver cancer….someone please help me understand all this
    he went to a dr about a transplant but he aint able to have one cause there is a good chance he will die on the table or get a bad infection

    • ANSWER:
      Cirrhosis of the liver is death of the liver cells and scar tissue
      formation inside the liver. When the liver cells die off, they are
      no longer able to perform the functions (that the liver does as
      a whole) to keep the body well.

      The liver used to take Bilirubin and convert it to a soluble form
      to become part of the bile. Since it cannot do this efficiently now,
      this bilirubin (which is a yellowish/brownish substance) will stay
      in the blood and cause the yellowing of they skin and whites of the
      eyes and when picked up by the kidneys, will cause the urine
      to be darker in color.

      Our bodies uses protein all the time. A by-product of its use is
      Ammonia. The liver used to take this and convert it to urea that
      the kidneys would pick up and dispose of it in the urine. Since
      the liver is unable to do this now, the Ammonia will stay in the
      blood and go pass the blood brain barrier and into the brain.
      This is what cause the confusion, disorientation that he may have
      (it is known as Encephalopathy)…it also causes sleep pattern
      changes and tremors. Medications that can help this is
      Lactulose and Xifaxan.

      You may start to notice the build up of fluid in the abdominal area
      (this is known as Ascites). The is because the liver can no longer
      make a protein efficiently, known as Albumin…which normally holds
      fluids inside our vessels. When albumin goes lower in the blood,
      the fluid leaks out and collects in the abdomen. If the fluid gets
      to the point were there is too much, the doctors can remove it
      by a procedure known as Paracentesis.

      Swelling caused by fluid in other areas of the body, like the feet,
      legs, etc is caused because Cirrhosis patients tend to hold onto
      sodium in their bodies. They may be placed on a diuretic and
      a lower sodium diet when this happens.

      Cancer, if only in one section of the liver, can be removed by
      a operation known as a resection. However, if the cancer is
      entirely through the liver and is only found in the liver…then
      he may be evaluted for placement of the liver transplant list.

      If the cancer has come from another area to the liver, or
      has started in the liver and gone to another area…the
      prognosis is not good. The cancer may keep spreading to
      even more areas. Chemotherapy, radiation treatments,
      etc…may help keep him alive longer. (Transplant option
      is not possible then)

      More informations about the Cancer:

      If the Cancerous tumors are too large to be placed on the
      transplant list…they can try to reduce their size by using
      Sir Spheres procedure:

      http://www.umgcc.org/sir-spheres/about_sirt.htm

      http://www.sir.net.au/SIR_pi.html

      If there are not many cancerous tumors…they may try the
      IRREVERSIBLE ELECTROPORATION procedure:

      http://innovations.coe.berkeley.edu/vol4-issue2-mar10/rubinsky

      http://www.thedenverchannel.com/health/22776813/detail.html

      If the cancer has to be treated to try to destroy it:

      PERCUTANEOUS HEPATIC PERFUSION OR PHP
      Gives very high doses of chemotherapy but keep them largely confined to the liver.

      MRI GUIDED LASER ABLATION:

      http://www.financialpost.com/markets/news/Mayo+Clinic+Finds+Early+Success+with+Laser+that+Destroys+Tumors+with/3677235/story.html

      http://calorielab.com/labnotes/20101014/laser-ablation-kidney-liver-tumors/

      NANO KNIFE

      http://www.nanotechbuzz.com/50226711/nanoknife_nanoshells_kill_cancer_tumors.php

      http://www.nanotechbuzz.com/50226711/nanoparticle_anticancer_drug_tested_on_humans.php

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.
      Only the doctors know if he will be able to be placed on the
      transplant list and how far advance the disease really is by blood
      testing, liver biopsy, etc. They are the only ones that can give you
      an “educated guess” how long he may have to live.

      Here are some links on Cirrhosis of the liver:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      Best wishes…

  31. QUESTION:
    Hepatitus C treatment, in the UK.?
    I want to help a freind whose sister lives in latvia and has been given days to live due to her cronic illness of Hepatitus C.

    The illness which she has been suffering for seven years has only recently become very serious, she is in hospital and her liver has developed cirrhosis and the machine which is currently keeping her alive will eventually need to be switched off.

    I want to help becuase I’m aware of the problems and limitations of the hospitals faced in lativia and because my freind has a UK work permit, perhaps he could use it to his advantage and pay for her treatment here in the UK.

    Would entitlments would she be able to receive?
    Would a liver transplant or other medications, machines would secure her life is she was offered it in the UK conmpared to latvia?

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to hear about your friend i have Hep c since birth my whole family has it my mum died of it.It sound as if even if your friend made it to the UK not a lot can be done now the liver transplant list is very long.I think the only thing you can do is be there for you friend.
      I will hold you in my thoughts

  32. QUESTION:
    Just diagnosed with liver cancer. What now?
    I found out today that my step father has liver cancer.

    He also has cirrhosis of the liver and Hep C.

    The outlook isn’t good and I don’t really know what to do or say. It seems too negative to even try to be positive right now.

    I would like some information on things we can do though. What are good foods to combat things like cancer? I’m not sure what type of treatment he will start seeing as his other medical issues may prohibit some methods, but I don’t know much about cancer and I would like some sites if anyone could provide any. Thanks in advance and feel free to give me all the info you want.
    Also, I don’t know how bad it is, my mom just told me that he was diagnosed and not much else has been discussed.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to hear that, but I’m sure his doctors will give you the best and most accurate information. I find doing medical research on your own almost always leads to making yourself feel worse than you should. You should be as optimistic as you can, but wait until you hear from a doctor before coming to any conclusions.

  33. QUESTION:
    Father has throat cancer – refuses treatment. Prognosis?
    I know it’s tough to really pinpoint this kind of thing. My father, an alcoholic and heavy smoker, has been diagnosed with throat cancer. It’s affected his lymph nodes but hasn’t spread any farther. He’s had cirrhosis for 20+ years, and refuses to quit drinking. They suggested both radiation and chemotherapy, but he’s refusing the chemotherapy because they’d have to place a feeding tube, which means no more drinking.

    Without sugarcoating things, has anyone had experience with something like this? I’m really not sure if his body could withstand the treatments because of his failing liver as it is. Any thoughts?

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Sadly your father has made his choice If he has chosen no treatment then really you cant nothing about it It sounds as though the choice he has made will end his life , and I somehow think he knows it. Sometimes you have to let what will be will be. I lost my mom to cancer and its hard to face but it his decision and only his and you have to let him make it

  34. QUESTION:
    Help… Liver Cancer?
    Last week, my relative has been diagnosed with primary liver cancer (have cirrhosis – hepatitis C) . My uncle has passed away from 9 months by the same cause (It is very common here in Egypt). I want to help him but I don’t know (I am not a doctor and the medical care information is very rare here)

    Are there some organizations in USA or Europe that support the treatment of overseas cancer patients in poor countries with low cost?
    Are medical trials … good option (low cost)?
    If liver transplant medically possible (e.g. cancer has not spread to other parts of the body)… How he can find a donor?

    • ANSWER:
      I live in the US and have no idea how your healthcare system works there, but it does seem odd for liver cancer to be common there yet medical care information is very rare. From time to time there are organizations here that will bring children over from underdeveloped countries free of charge to do difficult surgeries they are not equipped to do. However, this is rare and we do not do this for standard procedures.

      Our healthcare system has failed millions of our own citizens. Our government has failed us by allowing insurance companies to influence them and by allowing illegal aliens to zap our resources while our citizens pay of it and go without. So until this is fixed we should not encourage anyone to come here to get free or low cost care.

      In the US it is not possible for individuals to find their own liver donor. Here you are put in a database and when a match is found and it is your turn you get the liver.

  35. QUESTION:
    Cancer Patient seeking advice.?
    Hello, I am writing on my father’s behalf. He’s 55 yrs old. He was diagnosed with liver cirrhosis 3 yrs back, and underwent treatment for the same, which left his liver very weak. Now he’s been diagnosed with adrenocortical tumour, and the malignancy has started to spread in his lungs. Our doctor said that surgery is not an option in his case and started chemotherapy. He’s still very weak, after 1 session of chemo, has high fever and cough almost alternate day. I want to know whether any other form of treatment is available. Thank You

    • ANSWER:
      I am very sorry to hear about your father. After my mother was diagnosed with colon cancer, I went to see what other alternative forms of treatment were out there. She expressed a few different “natural” treatments she would like to try after doing a bit of chemotherapy.
      There is everything from herbal medicines and foods, to electromedicine being promoted to help with cancer treatment.
      I recall watching a program not too long ago on be venom therapy that peaked my interest (one of the sites: http://www.beewelltherapy.com/).
      I also want to put out, I do not have any formal medical training and it would probably be best to keep on with what the doctors say (especially since it seems its a later stage cancer), along with looking into alternative forms if you think they would help.

  36. QUESTION:
    introduction research paper..help pls.?
    im doing a research paper for my school req. my title is THE HARMFUL EFFECTS OF EXCESSIVE LIQUOR INTAKE TO THE LIVER

    is my introduction correct?

    Liquor is an alcoholic beverage that is capable of damaging the liver. Liver is the largest gland of the body and one of its most complex organs. The major functions are the production of bile by hepatic cells; the secretion of glucose, proteins, vitamins, fats and most of the other compounds used by the body.

    Excessive liquor intake is one of the leading preventable causes of death worldwide. It affects our liver and may lead to liver diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver cancer.

    This study is being proposed to assess the harmful effects of drinking liquor to the liver; its causes and treatments and how it affects the liver when liquor is ingested in our body system.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, Xeno !

      My very best guess is that what you have is one introductory paragraph and I would just change it a bit, perhaps like this -

      Liquor is an alcoholic beverage that is capable of damaging the liver, which is the largest gland of the body and one of its most complex organs. Its major functions are the production of bile by hepatic cells and the secretion of glucose, proteins, vitamins, fats and most of the other compounds used by the body. Excessive liquor intake is one of the leading causes of preventable death worldwide, affecting our livers and leading to liver diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver cancer. This study is being conducted in an attempt to assess the harmful effects of excessive drinking of liquor on the liver, the problems that it creates and treatments required when the liver is affected by liquor which is ingested into our body systems.

  37. QUESTION:
    Could I have Cirrhosis?
    Hello, I have been drinking 1-2 bottles of wine almost every night for the past 2 years. I am seeking treatment and go for my screening next week. I am so scared–I have pain in my liver. I know that this is not a medical site, but does anyone know if I could have cirrhosis in this amount of time of abuse. I am not ready to die and I am scared to death. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Zena, I wish you the very best in quitting. I do not know if that is enough alcohol to cause cirrhosis or not but I do know that some ppl get it w/o drinking at all so I would guess that it is enough. Don’t let your fear stop you. Fear is probably our worst character defect and the very thing that leads us addicts to give up and go back to using the most often. You can live a long time w cirrhosis and when you have a spiritual awakening from doing your steps in recovery, you won’t care about death much anymore or fear it. Also, pain in the liver can just be a sign of inflammation from drinking and not necessarily a sign of cirrhosis.

  38. QUESTION:
    Spironolactone and facial hair?
    I have facial hair, and I’ve had it for years, since I started puberty. My doctor did a blood test, and my testosterone levels are within a normal range, so they prescribed Spironolactone. I read about it, and it says it is for the treatment of high blood pressure, low potassium, congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, and kidney problems, none of which I have. So does anyone know why this is prescribed for facial hair, or has anyone had this prescribed to them for facial hair, and if so, does it actually work and reduce the amount??

    • ANSWER:
      Spironolactone has some effects on progesterone and androgen receptors because its chemical structure is steroid-based. It has been evaluated by some small studies for use in women with excessive hair growth (hirsutism) and found to have a significant effect on subjective hair growth. This indication has not been FDA-approved though, which is why you won’t find it mentioned in most of the resources available to consumers. Physicians, pharmacists, and other health care providers know how to identify and interpret the studies that have been conducted, and because the medication itself has been FDA approved for other indications (and thus the side effects have been well-characterized), we can use that information to safely apply the medication to situations where it has demonstrated some positive results.

  39. QUESTION:
    What does it mean for you if doctor says you have a “some scarring” on your liver?
    I have hepatitis c. I have not started treatment yet. The doctor says I can wait to start after the holidays are over (want to try to enjoy this season). She did also say that my biopsy showed “some scarring” to my liver and she mentioned the c word (cirrhosis). She didn’t say that I have it though. She also said that “you have 20-30 years before you have to worry about that”. I was so upset at he time that I didn’t ask her to elaborate. I am really upset about this whole thing. I don’t even know how to go on with my life…..what does this mean for me? I am only 28 so will I die between 48-58 of cirrhosis? I am not married, no kids, and I probably won’t ever. the plan for my life is completely shot to hell. And I feel like there is nothing I can do to help myself.

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    How come this happened? I found out i have HCV 10 years ago. I had the treatment and it was good .?
    I had yearly viral blood test it was in remission. Now I went to my Dr and he said i have cirrhosis and cellular cancer of the liver. I’ve not had a drink or a drug in 25 years. How can this be? Does this Cellular Cancer mean bad things will happen to my liver?
    I did not want to say it was my friend who has this problem. I have hcv too but i found out i had it in march of this year have not had treatment yet. My best friend has found out she has cellular cancer of the liver. She has hcv and had the treatment. I did not want to be talking about her affairs. But i’m so hurt because she’s my good friend.

    • ANSWER:
      Alexis,
      Both of the answers entered here before mine are good answers, and accurate. HCV is a nasty little beastie, and the “remission” of HCV is more commonly called “clearing” HCV. This is a bit of a misnomer, “clear” refers to getting back blood tests with no trace of HCV in them. The problem is that they have found that often low levels of HCV are still in the liver, especially in cases where the treatment was the old interferon prior to the peglyted interferon in use now.
      An organization called HALT C, which has members at basically every good university’s medical school hospital (U of M, Johns Hopkins, etc.), recently released studies that show that non-responders to therapy that are on the maintenance doseage of peg. interferon and ribavirin are basically wasting time. The study showed that even if HCV viral counts go down, the damage to the liver continues. It’s just one more example of how nasty this disease is.
      Yes, the HCC (liver cancer) is going to alter your life even more than the HCV did. If you would like, you can contact me, and I would be happy to put you in touch with others who have had similar situations during the course of their treatment of HCV. You will probably get on the transplant list, most do once HCC is diagnosed, it automatically raises your meld score to elgibility, and it’s better to get on the list now than to wait.
      I am a non-responder to current therapy and although I considered the maintenance dosage I decided against it (my viral counts actually increased while on interferon & riba). I get all the HALT C, and many other press releases to try to stay current on what’s being discovered about HCV and treatments in trial. I’m waiting for the release of the various inhibitors and hoping that at least one will prove to be as effective as the press releases claim before I try treatment again. If I’m lucky enough to get the time that is. I wish you the best of luck, and offer what support I can give via e-mail.

  41. QUESTION:
    Regarding Hepatitis C Anti Viral Treatment (i.e. Interferon combos), is continuing to work fine……………?
    I just found out I am stage 5 (of 6) cirrhosis and am about to clinch a new job, of considerable responsibility and pressure. Have never been treated, but doctor still recommends it, I think as a way of delaying decompensation (end stage liver failure).

    Since there is no way to know, when if I continue on untreated, how much longer I will still feel fine, or start getting into the horrible stuff: My concern is making the decision whether or not to concentrate mostly on treatment, or to attempt both treatment and the new job.

    Obviously it’s a decision only I can make (59 yrs old but single), but it sure would help to add as much “reality” as can be learned from those already in treatment, or past treated. It’s a catch 22 because I know the disease is going to take me down sooner or later, and probably sooner, because I’ve had it for I’m guessing 40 yrs.

    Any comments or knowledge, or experiences…….would be very helpful and much appreciated.
    Forgot to mention my Cobra medical coverage expires in November 2010. Without the new job hence, a new “group” medical plan, treatment will be out of my reach financially.

    Also I must work to feed myself, until I become disabled and can apply for whatever is available (i.e. social security disability)
    Baa Baa said was no 1-6 rating system, but there absolutely is. Also there are many other rating systems.
    The 1-6 is called; “Modified HAI Grading: Necroinfammatory Scores”. The related 1-6 scale is called: “Modified Staging: architectural changes, fibrosis and cirrhosis”. info source is: “Ishak K et al” Hepatol 1995;22:696-699

    • ANSWER:
      As far as I know, there is no stage 5 or 6 when it comes to cirrhosis. There are 4 stages to liver disease itself and then there are 3 stages of cirrhosis. Anyone in stage 3 of cirrhosis would be extremely ill and unable to work any job because that is the decompensated stage in which medications and treatments no longer work on controlling the symptoms of advanced cirrhosis. You would be extremely fatigued all the time and fluid retention would probably be a very big problem. You probably would also have periods of confusion, memory loss, and behavior changes from high ammonia levels. You would also be taking a lot of Lactulose to try to bring those ammonia levels down which means you would be having diarrhea or near diarrhea about 5 or 6 times a day. These are just a few of the fun things that comes with the third stage of cirrhosis which is the final stage where total liver failure is close. As you can see, functioning in a job would be extremely difficult if not impossible.

      I would really question your doctor about this stage 5-6 business since it just does not exist as far as I know. I could list all the stages, but don’t want to go into all that right now. It doesn’t seem like you are experiencing any symptoms at all from your cirrhosis if you are able to function quite well in life and want to take on a demanding job with lots more stress and responsibility. If that is the case, you most likely are in the very early stage of the disease when there are no symptoms.

  42. QUESTION:
    Approximately how long will I live with Hepatitis C?
    I am eighteen years old and just found out I have Hepatitis C. It is still in the acute stage, as I have gotten it with in the past 6 months. If I qualify for treatment, I will probably go ahead with that. I will abstain from alcohol consumption, quit smoking cigarettes, and avoid any further use of drugs and tobacco. I will begin to exercise a couple times a week and try to have a healthy diet. Since I am only 18, I am quite young. I am a freshman in college planning to pursue a Ph.D. I am concerned that I may only have like 20 years or so left to live if I develop liver disease and/or liver cancer. I just want an educated estimation of how long I will be alive for and/or the chances of developing cirrhosis, liver disease, cancer, etc. I want to know if it is even worth trying to pursue a doctorate degree because I don’t want to die a couple years after I finally finish my education. I want to know this because I might change my future career goals so I can actually try to have a life past my schooling as long as I can. I’m pursuing a degree in Psychology in hopes of becoming a psychotherapist. I want to also know if I will possibly develop some sort of neurological or cognitive impairment (i.e., hepatic encephalopathy) where I will lose brain/memory functioning. I am primarily concerned about three factors: how long I will be alive for, the chances of getting liver disease and/or requiring a liver transplant, and if I will have any impairment on my brain (because my career goal requires a significant amount of intelligence, which I currently have, but I fear that it will decrease and my chances of doing what I want to do will drop).

    Please give me detailed, and EDUCATED (cite your sources) information. I don’t want any 2-sentence answers. If you are not a doctor or do not have accurate and truthful information, do not bother responding to my question. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      If you haven’t seen a doctor, here is some info.

  43. QUESTION:
    a question for those with addiction diseases.?
    my loved one, son is a drug addict. i want to understand him so i ask you. why after all the crisis, the health problems. relationship problems, the near death’s, would a person still choose to use. is addiction that strong? i can not relate, because i don’t have that particular issue. so, i am asking those that do, to help me understand your side of things. my son will most likely die this year if he continues, which is currently is choice, even after treatment, etc. thank you. most sincerely, r he already has cirrhosis of the liver

    • ANSWER:
      http://dailystrength.org/c/Families-and-Friends-Of-Addicts/support-group Please feel free to contact me about addiction. This is a link that I am sure you would benefit from. My heart goes out to you. I have a son who is also struggling from addiction. I am an addict in recovery 2yrs. clean time. YES addiction is that strong.

  44. QUESTION:
    Ascites: Have you or anyone you know been diagnosed?
    …with Ascites?

    For those who don’t know: Ascites is a sure sign of Cirrhosis of the Liver and/or Severe Liver damage. Abdominal distention is the first sign. Then, Kidneys tend to loose their ability to function.

    If you have had or know someone that has had this condition, please tell me about the treatment(s) received.

    Plz and Thx
    Thanks all

    Mike: No, not me, my wife :(…and, yes she’s had bouts with alcoholism.

    • ANSWER:
      You are not correct that ascites is a sure sign of cirrhosis. There are two conditions that can cause fluid to accumulate in the abdomen that requires it to be drained off or “tapped” called paracentesis. One is cirrhosis and the other is ovarian cancer. Ascites can be the first sign that there is a serious problem.

      This happened to me when I found out I had cirrhosis. I have primary biliary disease in which my immune system attacks my bile ducts which eventually destroyed my liver with cirrhosis. I never drank or have any viral hepatitis. I was misdiagnosed at first with them telling me they were 99% sure I have malignant ovarian cancer. I didn’t. My ovaries were perfectly healthy.

      My ascites was controlled with diuretic drugs until I received my transplant. I never needed tapped again once I started taking the diuretics. I was lucky in that regard since many cannot control it with just the meds. They did need to increase my dosages from time to time. I’m doing great today after transplant.

      Good luck to your wife. She must never drink again. Whether or not she will eventually need a transplant will depend on how damaged her liver might be when she stopped drinking. If she continues to drink, the liver disease will progress to total liver failure.

  45. QUESTION:
    Criticise my 250 word essay on Medical Ethics.?
    Hi all,

    “5. A patients lifestyle choices should not alter the medical treatment.

    Write a unified essay in which you address the following:

    Do you agree with this ideal? Give Examples of when medical treatment may be altered as a result of lifestyle choices. What factors determine whether treatment can be given?”

    My answer:
    Medical treatment and treatment priority are determined by the patient’s need. The principle of non-maleficence means that life-threatening diseases are treated first.

    A patient should not be penalised for their lifestyle choice through withholding treatment. Firstly, some ‘lifestyle choices’ such as being obese or addicted to smoking may be psychological diseases. Therefore, these decisions are not made in the patient’s full capacity. Since it is not the patient’s fault, it would be wrong to punish them.

    In addition, it we were to discriminate against a certain group of people e.g. smokers, then we risk social engineering. The decision to treat someone would be determined by one person’s beliefs of an ideal. It would be wrong to let any subjective beliefs determine whether patients live or die.

    On the other hand, lifestyle choices are sometimes the only method of discriminating against patients of equal need. For example, relapsing drinkers who cause liver cirrhosis for the second time are as needy as a drinker who has not yet had a transplant. By giving treatment to the one who has not yet had any medical intervention, we are effectively penalising the relapsed drinker. Despite this, there is a gain in social equity since everyone gets a fair chance of obtaining a first transplant.

    In an ideal world, clinicians would not have to prioritise between patients due to lack of resources. Since prioritisation is necessary, discrimination must occur by some means. I feel that these decisions should be carried out by strictly regulated panels to ensure fairness.

    Here is the general essay mark scheme: http://www.admissionstests.cambridgeassessment.org.uk/adt/digitalAssets/119681_BMAT_Section_3_Marking_criteria_2010.pdf

    This essay is practise for my upcoming BMAT exam, I’d be grateful if you could give some guidance on how to improve both my essay technique and my ideas.

    Regards,
    Jon

    • ANSWER:
      Just wanted to comment on your transplant info regarding drinkers. To get cirrhosis from alcohol abuse, the person would have to be an alcoholic which I believe would be a better term used instead of “drinker.”

      Alcoholics needing a transplant the first time has to do added things in order to qualify that other people who need a transplant do not have to do. The alcoholic must have at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even be considered for a transplant. That means they must go through a rehab or some program to find out why they drink and how to remain sober for the rest of their life. They also must agree to have random drug/alcohol testing done anytime the transplant center asks them to up until they receive a transplant if they qualify for one. If they don’t agree to do these extra steps, they will not qualify for a transplant. If they are so sick that they do not have that much time (6 months) left to live, then they will die without a transplant. Getting placed on the list for getting a transplant is not easy and this is especially true for an alcoholic. There is a very extensive evaluation process that anyone wanting to be listed must pass, but the alcoholic has even more to do in order to qualify for very good reasons. This 0,000+ surgery would be wasted on them. A good organ would be wasted when it could have went to someone who would take excellent care of it for the rest of their life not to mention that it would save the life of someone else. Anti rejection drugs that must be taken for the rest of their life does not mix with alcohol so the liver could go into rejection if they drink again.

      Now if the alcoholic managed to get a transplant after he/she does everything that is required and takes up drinking again and destroys their new liver, they will die since they never give a second liver to an alcoholic that relapsed.

      I might be mistaken, but you refer to “treatment” as if that is a transplant and the two are very different. Symptoms of cirrhosis can be treated, but a transplant is the cure for cirrhosis. It’s much more than a treatment.

  46. QUESTION:
    can an aneurysm in abdomen be life threatening?
    This is sort of a follow up my my other question. Basically, I’m writing a story with a character that has severe liver cirrhosis. One of the things about liver cirrhosis is that the blood vessels in the abdomen can burst because most of the blood is being diverted to other blood vessels.
    These are my questions:

    *If several capillaries burst, would that be cause for hospitalization?

    *How quickly would the internal bleeding set in after the vessels burst?

    *Going back to #1, if the capillaries aren’t enough, what blood vessels would have to burst that would require immediate treatment and hospitalization?

    Sorry to be bugging yahoo, but my reference doc left me for her summer break!

    Thanks for the info
    -T.C. Moore
    Please give me an in depth explanation of anything you can come up with. I need details because, well, I’m a writer!

    • ANSWER:
      I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant so I know a little about this. When blood flow through the portal vein slows due to cirrhosis, blood from the intestines and spleen backs up into blood vessels in the stomach and esophagus. These blood vessels may become enlarged because they are not meant to carry this much blood. The enlarged blood vessels, called varices, have thin walls and carry high pressure, and thus are more likely to burst. If they do burst, the result is a serious bleeding problem in the upper stomach or esophagus that requires immediate medical attention. If the bleed is severe enough, a person can bleed to death.

      Many people with cirrhosis have a procedure done called banding. It’s done through endoscopy. The doctor will tie what looks like little rubber bands around the unwanted vein which cuts off the blood supply to it. After a few days, the vein will die and fall off. Then it will just go through the digestive system like food. This takes away the risk of internal bleeding very much. My transplant doctors required that I get it done prior to transplant. I was checked every 3 months for these since new ones can form as long as you have cirrhosis.

      Varice bleeding can be from just a small leak all the way to a massive bleed that could make you bleed to death. When the vessel bursts, bleeding would be immediate. I have heard of people going to the emergency room that throw up a bucket of blood and need immediate transfusion. Of course, this would be from a large vessel that burst. I’ve never heard of any reference to capillaries leaking or have read anything talking about capillaries when it comes to varices. I only hear references as them being unwanted veins, not capillaries even though I imagine they can be quite small before they become enlarged.

      This is just one problem with severe cirrhosis for your character. You could also check into your character having encephalopathy from high ammonia levels and fluid retention in the abdomen is usually a big problem with the disease. Add in weakness and extreme fatigue. Pain is not a big issue with cirrhosis since the liver has no pain receptors. But pain can come from an enlarged liver and enlarged spleen, and lots of fluid pressing on organs such as the heart and lungs making it hard to breathe. In the late stage of the disease, it is not uncommon to have to go to the hospital to get this fluid drained routinely which is called a parcentesis. In the early stages of the disease, the liver is enlarged, but as the disease progresses, the liver will start to shrink and shrivel up as it dies. The spleen enlarges with cirrhosis which traps platelets. Platelets play a part in blood clotting which is another problem that comes with the disease. Blood does not clot well. You can bruise very easily, and if you do bleed, you can bleed a lot since the clotting time is not good. This can be really bad if you bleed internally like we talked about earlier.

      Itching can be a terrible symptom of cirrhosis. Fortunately, I didn’t get it, but many do. It has to do with high biliruben levels. Don’t forget that your character can also be yellow with jaundice (yellow skin, yellow whites of eyes). Now back to the itching. This may sound silly, but many times people cannot find anything to help stop this itching, but they say that just applying common lard to the skin does help. Don’t know why. It’s just one of those things.

      Hope this helps you some in your writing.

  47. QUESTION:
    FRENCH HELP! PLEASE!?
    Can someone please translate the following to french?? please not one of those online translator!
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~…
    Adult stem cells are currently used for the medical treatment of:

    • Anemias
    • Cancers (multiple types)
    • Child Leukemias
    • Cornea Regeneration
    • Crohn´s Disease
    • Diabetes, Type I
    • Heart Disease, Acute & Chronic
    • Krabbe Leukodystrophy
    • Liver Cirrhosis
    • Lupus
    • Lymphomas
    • Myelomas
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Paralysis
    • Osteopetrosis
    • Parkinson´s Disease
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • Sickle Cell Anemia
    • Spinal Cord Injury
    • Stroke
    • Systemic Vasculitis
    • and more

    Based on the “The Ten Great Myths in the Debate Over Stem Cell Research” by Tadeusz Pacholczyk, Ph.D. http://www.ncbcenter.org/10Myths.pdf

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~…

    THANKS A BUNCH!

    • ANSWER:
      Les cellules souches adultes sont actuellement utilisés pour le traitement médical de:

      • Anémies
      • Cancers (plusieurs types)
      • enfant Leukemias
      • Cornea Regeneration
      • Maladie de Crohn
      • Le diabète de type I
      • maladie cardiaque, aiguë et chronique
      • Krabbe Leucodystrophie
      • cirrhose du foie
      • Lupus
      • Lymphomes
      • myélomes
      • Sclérose en plaques
      • Paralysie
      • Osteopetrosis
      • Maladie de Parkinson
      • Polyarthrite rhumatoïde
      • le syndrome d’immunodéficience combiné sévère
      • Sickle Cell Anemia
      • Spinal Cord Injury
      • Course
      • Vascularite systémique
      • et plus

      Sur la base des “Dix grands mythes dans le débat sur la recherche sur les cellules souches” par Tadeusz Pacholczyk, Ph.D. http://www.ncbcenter.org/10Myths.pdf

      Hope i helped!

  48. QUESTION:
    Can a ultra sound show signs of cancer?
    In 1975, I was diagnosed with HEP. B. Then approx. in 1997 I was diagnosed with HEP C. and Cirrhosis of the liver. It wasn’t until 2008 that I agreed to a biopsy and was informed that I am in stage 4 cirrhosis. I should mention that I have refused any treatment, and continued a destructive lifestyle.
    I have since lost over 80 lbs. and Dr. stated that my blood work showed something he did not like.
    Something to do with ALT? And mentioning the word CANCER. He’s ordered me to have a ultra sound done on my abdomen, and pelvic. Will this show if I have any cancer?

    • ANSWER:

  49. QUESTION:
    Does someone need “Show Money” to get a UK visitor visa if they are being sponsored?
    I have known my Filipina girlfriend nearly 5 years. I have told her that I will not allow our relationship to develop until she has seen my country. Otherwise she would be getting married to a fantasy and once she has seen my country, get terribly homesick and leave me.

    So we need to get a visitor visa. I can afford the trip, and I have the accommodation and can keep her while she is here and return her home at the end of the trip. But the British Embassy are being mean about her own declaration of wealth (Question 6 on the VAF1). She has no money of her own, and any spare is used to live and to help her sick mother. They expect her to find the money to fund the trip herself even though I have sent a letter and supporting documents declaring that I will pay for everything while she is here.

    The only way out is to send her money to put in her own account to show to the Embassy, but I am very reluctant to do this. It is too tempting for her to raid this pot to pay for hospital care for her mother and I don’t blame her. I cannot afford myself both the trip and to pay for private treatment for her mother, who is an alcoholic and has cirrhosis of the liver. I am living on savings myself, and regard this trip as an investment for the future. If we get married and I get a regular well-paid job, then I might consider helping her mother out, but not while there is a big question mark.

    So does anyone have any experience of getting a visa that doesn’t require the applicant to have lots of money (only the sponsor)?
    Thanks for the answers so far. I have met her mother and been 3 times already to the Philippines. I know the position concerning marriage and regular employment. At the moment both are stalled. Finding a suitable wife is actually easier in the Philippines with all the problems than it is in the UK where there is no hope at all – I tried for years and got nowhere. British women are no more trustworthy than the Filipinas and a lot less loving, faithful and attractive both in mind and body.
    A fiance visa is on hold for now because of my job position. I wish my feelings about British women were based on ignorance and closed-mindedness rather than on decades of close observation… and I am sure the feelings are mutual.

    Filipinas carry a heavy price too, and carrying her family is part of the deal. I have no illusions, but they at least offer some hope. I get none here. All I get from British women is “we’re all a lot happier without you”.

    • ANSWER:
      the best you can do is apply her for a fiance visa, as you’ve said she is your girlfriend for almost five years. you got a big chance rather than applying her for a visit visa. show them all the evidence of your relationship.

      this kind of visa will give her two years to stay in UK then if you are still together you can apply her for indefinite. in that way only your documents will be needed. bec. the embassy will not have second thought if she won’t come back to her country.
      the embassy requires your gf to show that she got reasons to come back to the philippines that’s why they are asking these evidence of income, properties, etc…

  50. QUESTION:
    wanna know anyone who uses interferone therapy for eradicating HCV and it worked well…..?
    i am hearing about the unbarriable side effects of interferone, wanna know whether it is true or what??? and does my case require such a treatment?? i have viral load of 136,500 of genotype 4 HCV but the liver does not show any kind of cirrhosis or lesions yet it shows enlargement and fats also my liver enzymes are elevated… thank you for your time

    • ANSWER:
      Oh dude..you are a genotype 4..one of the hardest strains to treat. I did the treatment. I cleared the virus..it worked..I have no lingering side effects 2.5 years post tx….what does your biopsy say? that’s much more important than your viral load.

      Click on my name..go to my 360….start at the last page..I blogged my treatment.

      YOU need to read up on your genotype. Feel free to e-mail me
      HCV Advocate


Cirrhosis Reversal

Maybe after doing some research, you’ve figured out that your cirrhosis life expectancy is really dependent on many factors. It’s hard to get a clear-cut answer to this question because there really is no clear-cut answer.

If you’re worried about how long you have to live, I hope I can ease your mind just a little.

The reason that you are having trouble finding a cirrhosis life expectancy is because it varies so greatly. And you should be wary of anyone who does give you a certain amount of time. Even your doctor. Because they don’t really know.

They don’t know – they can’t know – because every body is different. Every body responds to treatments and supplements in different ways.
And if you’re a believer in the mind / body connection, that is another huge factor for how long you’ll live. For instance, have you ever heard of these two scenarios:

#1. A person was told by their doctor that they only had a small amount of time to live, but they decided they didn’t like that answer and went on to live a full, healthy life.

#2. A doctor tells the family of the patient that they only have a certain amount of time to live, and the family decides not to tell the patient. And then the patient goes on to live a long, healthy life.

Your mind is powerful.

Anyway, I digressed a bit, but I have seen stories of people with cirrhosis that have gone on to live very normal, long, active lives. Why not expect yourself to be in that category too?

When you meet with your doctor, he or she will probably give you some medications to go on to help delay the scarring of your liver. And from there, you are already most likely prolonging your life, and hopefully also adding to the quality of your life.

But know that’s not the only way to increase your cirrhosis life expectancy.There are also safe, effective, natural and inexpensive treatments that can reverse your liver cirrhosis. Sound unbelievable? It’s really not when you understand how it all works


Cirrhosis Of The Liver Stages

Cirrhosis is a word that refers to a collection of chronic diseases of the liver in which usual liver cells are damaged and put back by scar tissue, decreasing the amount of usual liver tissue.

The distortion of the usual liver structure by the scar tissue interferes with the flow of blood during the liver. It also handicaps the purpose of the liver which, during the loss of usual liver tissue, leads to failure of the liver to do some of its critically vital functions.

Causes of Liver cirrhosis

1. Extreme consumption of alcohol

2. Infertile bile ducts that can put force on liver and overload it

3. Biliary atresia

4. Main biliary cirrhosis

5. Anger duct injury

6. Gallbladder surgical procedure

7. Ecological toxins

8. Schistosomiasis

9. Congestive heart failure

10. Cryptogenic cirrhosis

11. Intoxicating liver disease, which damages the liver cells

12. Viral hepatitis

Symptoms of Liver cirrhosis

1. Recurrent attacks of dyspepsia

2. Infrequent nausea

3. Sickness

4. Abdominal ache
5. Short grade fever

6. Foul gasp

7. Cynical skin

8. Swollen veins in the stomach

9. Ruddy hair-like markings

10. Bloated and swollen stomach

11. Exhaustion

12. Simple bleeding

13. Simple bruising

14. Liquid buildup in abdomen

15. Loss of hunger

16. Bulge in legs

Risk Factor of Liver cirrhosis

Risk issue for Cirrhosis of the liver is factors that do not seem to be a direct reason of the disease, but seem to be linked in several methods. Having a danger factor for Cirrhosis
of the liver makes the chances of receiving a situation higher but does not forever lead to Cirrhosis of the liver. Also, the nonattendance of any danger factors or having a defensive factor does not of necessity guard you next to getting Cirrhosis of the liver. For general in order and a list of danger factors, observe the danger center

Home Remedies to Get Rid of Liver cirrhosis

1. Papaya seeds too work efficiently in curing liver cirrhosis. Grind several papaya seed. Once a powdery matter is shaped, add 10 drops of lime juice. Intake this for concerning one to two times a day for concerning a month.

2. Fig too shows helpful in treating cirrhosis of liver. Clean 4 leaves of sacred fig and squash them along with several sugar candies. Take this combination and put it in a 250 ml of eater. Drink this mixture about twice a day.

3. One tsp of glucose in a cup of water in use thrice a day would be helpful in treat liver cirrhosis.

4. Counting carbohydrates in the diet would be obliging in curing liver cirrhosis. Salads too would be extremely useful.

5. Use of buttermilk with several roasted cumin seeds scattered over it is one of the easiest and effectual treatments for liver cirrhosis.

6. One more easy yet efficient treatment would be to contain lime juice with a stroke of rock salt.

7. Radish too treats a person suffering from cirrhosis of the liver. There are two habits of captivating it. Either a person can get it raw along with the tender stem or create a juice out of it and contain it unfilled stomach each day.

8. An additional effectual way of curing cirrhosis would be to take out the juice of the herb eclipta. 1 tsp of its juice should be varied with 1 tsp of honey and inspired three times a day.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are the physical signs of each stage of cirrhosis of the liver and are there 3 stages or more?
    Someone I know has end stage liver disease and is still conscious and able to move around in a wheel chair. I was wondering how long she might have.

    • ANSWER:
      The link below should help. I’m sorry about your friend.

  2. QUESTION:
    How long can Lactulose work for someone with end-stage liver cirrhosis?
    Sorry I ask so many questions about this, but I’m really confused, because one minute my Grandfather looks near death, and then he can get out of bed and wheel himself to the bathroom. There is however blood in his stool…what would happen if this happened daily? How long can lactulose work in a patient with the final stage of liver cirrhosis? A few months? A few weeks?

    • ANSWER:
      Lactulose is used to get rid of ammonia for people with cirrhosis. It will work as long as the patient takes it. The ammonia is removed through bowel movements. High ammonia levels can cause a condition called encephalopathy which causes confusion, memory loss, behavior changes, hallucinations, and even coma and death if the levels get super high with no treatment. Of course, Lactulose also can cause a lot of diarrhea since that is the side effect.

      If your grandfather has continued bleeding day after day, he could get anemic from the blood loss. Cirrhosis causes lots of problems with bleeding. Unwanted veins grow called varix that can leak and bleed. Blood doesn’t clot like it should. Any bleeding can be hard to stop. They bruise very easy. It’s all part of the disease which is especially true when a person is in the end stage of the disease. Your grandfather can take the Lactulose as long as he is alive. The doctors usually increase the dosage if the ammonia levels continue to go up.

  3. QUESTION:
    Can cirrhosis of the liver (beginning stages) cause the stomach to stick out and be hard?
    I mean a person’s abdomen or belly.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, if you’ve got that you need to get it checked out. Cirrhosis is major bad news.

  4. QUESTION:
    How long can a person survive with end stages cirrhosis of the liver without a transplant?

    • ANSWER:
      This varies from person to person. Things like age, over all health, life style etc. can affect this. Sorry I can’t be more precise.

  5. QUESTION:
    What symptoms might a person experience in the final stages of cirrhosis of the liver?
    I’m planning a story where a character finds out he has cirrhosis, and it’s in the final stages. How long is someone typically given to live if they are in the latter stages of this disease, and what symptoms might they experience?

    • ANSWER:
      I was diagnosed with cirrhosis when 90% of my liver was already destroyed with scar tissue. I had 10% function left. The doctors still gave me a time frame of 5 years before I would reach total failure. If a person drinks or has hep C on top of the cirrhosis, the progression can be much quicker.

      Later stage symptoms would be fluid retention (ascites), jaundice (yellow skin and whites of eyes, blood clotting problems, internal bleeding if unwanted veins that form burst or leak, encephalopathy that can cause confusion, forgetfulness, memory loss, behavior changes, violence and even hallucinations if severe enough. If left untreated, it can progress to coma. Fatigue is always a problem that increases over time. It is not unusual for someone with cirrhosis that is near failure to sleep 16 hours a day. They also become increasing weak.

      If you look up cirrhosis on Wikipedia, it will give you a lot of details that you could use.

  6. QUESTION:
    My dad has End-stage Liver disease/ liver failure (Cirrhosis) How long does he have?
    My family seems to be keeping a lot of information from me about his illness. I went to the hospital a few days ago and I really didn’t find out much. We are working really hard to get him a transplant and I just moved out of state to be with him during this ordeal.

    I may not want to know..but, how long do people normally live when they have Cirrhosis/Liver failure?

    • ANSWER:
      The timing can be tricky. It depends on how bad he is or how bad he is treated in the hospital. I would fight and fight for the transplant before he is no longer allowed one. When they get too sick they normally think the patient can’t survive and they don’t want to waste a liver on them. Sucks, that happen to my dad after his newer liver started failing. To learn more, I would search it online on Wikipedia.com. When everything was happening to my dad no one would tell us details about his illness and that totally sucked. I only learned once I was in Sonography College in great detail. Good luck it can be a long bumpy ride.

  7. QUESTION:
    a man with early stages of liver cirrhosis doesn’t want me?
    he is a social drinker and the docs don’t think it was caused by that. it was caused by abnormal iron level making deposits in his liver. he does have to stop drinking and he is a little bummed about that. we just began dating when he was diagnosed. he keeps telling me to move on and find someone else. that he is not boyfriend material because if this. but he wants to remain close friends with me. we’ve known eachother for years. i keep telling him that we can work through this, but he keeps pushing me away. do you think the cirrhosis is the real reason he doesn’t want me, or is he just not into me?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m going to start counting how many times you have asked this question. Has to be at least 25 times. There is really something wrong with you. No wonder this guy is running away from you. If I were him, I would tell you anything so you would leave me alone. I would put my obituary in the paper to keep you from bothering me. Are you this obsessive with other boyfriends in the past or is it just this guy? I have a feeling it has been this way with others. You really need to get some professional help, but I know you won’t. In a day or two, we will see this same question and story from you again.

  8. QUESTION:
    My 60 year old sister is in Palliative care for late stages of cirrhosis of the liver. ?
    She was taken off all medications other than for pain control. What is her expectancy? If she is on pain meds, is she comfortable?
    Palliative care (Canada) is similar to hospise care in the US. The information I have is from my nephew in Canada, which is also where my sister resides. I do not have privy to speaking with my sister’s doctors.

    • ANSWER:
      Everything depends on how damaged your sister’s liver is at this time. Since I do not know how the healthcare system works in Canada, but I assume they will do everything possible to make sure your sister is comfortable. In this day and age, there is so much they can do with pain management, and your sister should not have to suffer with pain.

      Since you say they have taken her off all other medications and she is on the equivalent of hospice care in the U.S., then it is my opinion that she is near the end. If you could give me a few more details about her medical condition, it might help me answer your question better.

      Is the cirrhosis so advanced that she is yellow, filling up with fluid frequently and needing tapped to get rid of it, having bleeding problems, confused and disoriented? If the answer to those questions is yes, then she would not have a long time left.

      I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant. If you want to ask me any other questions, send me an email through My Profile.

  9. QUESTION:
    My father has late stage cirrhosis of the liver, What is the chance of him living?
    He started vomiting blood and he refused to go to the hospital. The next day he continued to vomit more blood and he got very light headed and dizzy. He finally agreed to go to the hospital. His blood level was so low he was maybe 20 minutes from death. He has a normal amount of blood in his body now but it keeps dropping slightly. And the doctors at the moment say that his liver is 80% dead.

    • ANSWER:
      His chance of living would be good if he can get a liver transplant. You don’t say what has caused his cirrhosis or whether or not a liver transplant might be an option for him. Without it, his prognosis is poor since 80% is considered to be severe damage and cirrhosis is a progressive disease. That means that once the disease is severe that it will slowly progress to total liver failure in time. How much time that takes depends on what has caused his cirrhosis and whether or not they can slow the disease down somehow. The internal bleeding crisis he had is fairly common in those with advanced stage cirrhosis. Unwanted veins called varices form. They are not like the veins we are born with since they are weak, can leak and even burst. If one is very large and bursts, a person can bleed to death.

      There is a procedure called “banding” that can greatly reduce the risk of internal bleeding from happening. They do an endoscopy on the patient and will tie what looks like little rubber bands around these varices which cuts off the blood supply to them and they will die and fall off. This takes away the risk of that varice to cause any bleeding. I used to have mine checked every 3-6 months when I had cirrhosis. My liver was 90% destroyed when I found out I had cirrhosis. My doctor sent me for a transplant evaluation right away. I ended up waiting about 18 months and then got my transplant which was a success.

      The only hope your father has is to try and get a transplant to save his life. If he hasn’t checked into this, I suggest he talk to his doctor about getting an evaluation done at a transplant clinic to see if he could be a candidate. The one thing they will require of him is that he listen to his doctors and do everything they tell him to do. Sounds like he is a bit stubborn with refusing to go to the hospital when there was a bleeding crisis going on. The only cure for cirrhosis is a transplant. Hope he can get the help he needs.

  10. QUESTION:
    how to cure the liver in beginning stages of cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver damage from cirrhosis cannot be reversed, but treatment can stop or delay further progression and reduce complications. Close follow-up is often necessary. Alcohol and acetaminophen, as well as other potentially damaging substances, are discouraged. A healthy diet is encouraged, as cirrhosis may be an energy-consuming process. Salt restriction is often necessary, as cirrhosis leads to accumulation of salt (sodium retention). High-protein food increases the nitrogen balance, and would theoretically increase encephalopathy; in the past, this was therefore eliminated as much as possible from the diet. Recent studies show that this assumption was incorrect, and high-protein foods are even encouraged to maintain adequate nutrition.

      Treatment exists of elimination of the causes and preventing complications:

      Elimination of causes: alcoholic cirrhosis caused by alcohol abuse is treated by abstaining from alcohol. Treatment for hepatitis-related cirrhosis involves medications used to treat the different types of hepatitis, such as interferon for viral hepatitis and corticosteroids for autoimmune hepatitis. Cirrhosis caused by Wilson’s disease, in which copper builds up in organs, is treated with chelation therapy (e.g. penicillamine) to remove the copper.
      Preventing complications. Diuretics may be necessary to suppress ascites. Antibiotics will be prescribed for infections, and various medications can help with itching. Laxatives, such as lactulose, decrease risk of constipation; their role in preventing encephalopathy is limited. For portal hypertension, propranolol is a commonly used agent to lower blood pressure over the portal system.

      Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrotic scar tissue as well as regenerative nodules, leading to progressive loss of liver function. Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism and hepatitis C, and was the 12th leading cause of death in the United States in 2000. Ascites is the most common complication of cirrhosis and is associated with a poor quality of life, increased risk of infections, and a poor long term outcome. In advanced stages of cirrhosis, the condition is irreversible and the only option would be a liver transplant.

  11. QUESTION:
    describe the 4 stages of cirrhosis of the liver.?
    There are 4 stages to cirrhosis of the liver I need someone to describe them for me.

    • ANSWER:
      Inflammation (something actively bothering the liver) can lead to fibrosis (abnormal fibrosis bands in the liver). As time goes by and if the inflammation continues, more and more fibrosis forms. As even more time goes by and the inflammation still continues, liver cells may begin to die and scar tissue begins to form. This is called cirrhosis which is when scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver. There are many reasons for inflammation to occur such as alcohol abuse and viral hepatitis C being the top two reasons. Others not so common are non alcoholic fatty liver, primary biliary disease, autoimmune disease, medications, and too much iron in the body.

      The doctor can do a biopsy of the liver to see damage done to the liver using a staging system of 0-4.
      Here’s how the stages go.

      stage 0- no fibrosis present
      stage 1- small amount of fibrosis present
      stage 2- a little more fibrosis present
      stage 3- even more fibrosis present with bridging fibrosis
      stage 4- cirrhosis is present

      Stage 4 is called end stage liver disease or ESLD. It does not give details as to how much scar tissue is present, but it shows there is at least some scar tissue there. But cirrhosis itself also has 3 stages which tells more about how much damage is present. Cirrhosis staging goes like this:

      stage A- compensated cirrhosis (no symptoms at all)
      stage B- beginning of decompensation (having symptoms of cirrhosis, but able to be controlled with
      medications and/or treatments
      stage C- decompensated cirrhosis- medications no longer working to control symptoms and total
      failure is near

      Hope this helps you some in understanding the stages of liver disease and cirrhosis.

  12. QUESTION:
    I have mild cirrhosis of the liver, What is my prognosis?
    I was admitted to hospital with a gastric bleed in January this year, they were not sure where the bleed was. I had two esophageal varices banded and are now gone.I also suffered hepatic encephalopathy, ascites and oedema which have all cleared up now. An ultrasound test showed some liver scarring and liver function tests were still abnormal after 8 months. I am not in end stage liver failure but what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      You don’t say what has caused your cirrhosis which is very important for me to answer your question correctly. I don’t believe you have mild cirrhosis from what you say about your symptoms. My liver was 90% destroyed with cirrhosis and I didn’t have all your symptoms so I think your liver disease is more advanced than you think. This is my own personal opinion, but I would say your prognosis wasn’t good and you will eventually need to get a transplant. When you have mild cirrhosis, it is asymptomatic which means you have no symptoms that anything is wrong. Since you were able to get your symptoms under control with treatment and meds, that means your cirrhosis is “compensated” which is stage B of cirrhosis. When the treatments and meds start to not work so well at controlling symptoms, that means it is “decompensated” and total liver failure is near.

      I had cirrhosis and even with my liver being 90% destroyed with scar tissue, I still was able to control my symptoms all the way up till my transplant. I had primary biliary cirrhosis which means my autoimmune system attacks the bile ducts inside my liver. I had varices banded too and got them checked every 3-6 months. I never had enceph. By the time any symptoms appear physically with cirrhosis, the disease is usually pretty far advanced.

      If your cirrhosis is caused by alcohol abuse, then you need to stop drinking ALL alcohol. If you don’t, drinking on top of having cirrhosis no matter how mild it might be is like adding gasoline to a fire. It only gets worse much quicker.

  13. QUESTION:
    what happens to the liver at the final stage of cirrhosis of the liver?
    My mother-in-law just passed away due to this disease. She was diagnosed with it 5 years ago. Although she did not drink at all, what could have been the possible reason why she got it? Some people die right away when they are diagnosed, yet others last longer. At the end her kidneys started shutting down too. They did dialysis but did not work. Everywhere she had a cut or sore, blood started coming out. This was happening as we knew she was not making it. Blood came out from her eyes, ears etc. What was happening?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a number of reasons people get cirrhosis which is scarring of the liver which makes it impossible for the liver to do its job. Some reasons are chronic hepatitis B C and D, autoimmune hepatitis (immune system attacks liver), inherited diseases, NASH (fatty liver that progresses to cirrhosis), primary biliary cirrhosis (immune system attacks the bile ducts), and iron overload. Then there are those people who do not have any reason for having the cirrhosis and fall into the category of cyptogenic (reason unknown).

      When the liver slows or stops production of the proteins needed for blood clotting, a person will bruise or bleed easily. This happens in cirrhosis. Cirrhosis can also lead to kidney failure.

      A person will die from cirrhosis when the disease has progressed to its final stage when total failure happens. At that point, only a liver transplant will save a person. The life span of someone with cirrhosis depends on many different things, so that’s why some live longer than others. Example: Someone who has cirrhosis from being an alcoholic that stops drinking can slow down their disease very much and maybe even stop it. Someone with cirrhosis that continues to drink will progress to the end stage of the disease much quicker and it will certainly be fatal if drinking continues.

      I’m sorry that your mother-in-law died from this terrible disease. Try to remember the good times you had with her. It must have been terrible to see her like she was at the end, so try not to focus on that. Focus on the good things.

  14. QUESTION:
    what is the intake of salt for a person who has cirrhosis of the liver and is in the last stages of cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      My mom has cirrhosis of the liver and she isn’t supposed to have salt at all. There is a salt substitute that the doc said would be fine. She can’t even add salt to the food while cooking it. It gives her horrible water build ups.

  15. QUESTION:
    What happens if a person with early cirrhosis of the liver refuses to stop drinking?
    If a person was told they had a liver problem, possibly the very early stages of cirrhosis and were told that their disease will not progress if they stop drinking forever but if they refuse to stop drinking for the rest of their lives what will happen?
    If they have been warned that their very early cirrhosis will progress to more liver damage and eventually liver failure and refuse to understand this and continue to drink what will happen?

    • ANSWER:
      YOUR CIRRHOSIS GETS WORSE.

      AND DON’T TRY TO CLAIM IT’S SOMEONE ELSE, WE ALL KNOW IT’S YOU THAT YOU ARE REFERRING TO.

  16. QUESTION:
    Hi, can anyone tell me what the later stages of liver failure are?
    My Mum has been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis and was told if she didn’t stop driving she would have 2 years maximum. She hasn’t stopped drinking and lately she has been sleeping a lot more than usual, she has pains in her stomach and diarrhea. Are these symptoms that her liver is failing, if so how long would she be able to live for if this is the case?

    • ANSWER:
      When someone start to have a problem with
      the liver…it usually means that some cause,
      like alcohol consumption…has caused
      damage to the liver cells. When this takes
      place, the immune system of the body
      responds to this and causes inflammation
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver
      to enlarge in size and the doctors can see
      this on an ultrasound or CT scan.

      If someone stops the alcohol consumption
      and is treated for the inflammation…the
      liver cells may heal. But, it seems that
      your Mother is passed that point if she
      has been diagnosed with cirrhosis.
      Cirrhosis is “death” of the liver cells where
      scar tissue develops inside the liver that
      blocks the flow of blood through the liver
      on its way back to the heart and also blocks
      the flow of blood to the liver cells that are
      still living and they start to die, also.
      It is a progressive disease with no known cure.
      Your Mom can get help by going to a detox
      program at a hospital….or seeing her doctor
      to give her medications to help with the
      symptoms that occur from coming off the
      alcohol. If she can stop drinking for a period
      of 6 months, they may evaluate her to be
      placed on the liver transplant list for an donor
      organ. If she doesn’t stop drinking…she
      will not be placed on that list and will become
      worse.
      Tiredness is common with Cirrhosis of the
      liver. That is because her body is trying
      it’s best to compensate for the functions
      the liver used to do but isn’t able to do now and
      also, because her body is trying to heal.
      She may develop symptoms of confusion
      and disorientations: known as Encephalopathy, because the liver isn’t able to handle ammonia that is now going into her brain. The doctor
      may start her on Lactulose to help with this.
      She may start to gain fluid weight in her abdominal area, known as Ascites. This is because of the liver being unable to make a protein that holds fluids in the vessels and it leaks out and collects here. The doctors can remove this fluid through a procedure known as
      paracentesis. If she throws up any blood at
      any time or there is blood in the toilet from
      the rectal area…it is an emergency. The blood that normally goes to the liver is backing up into
      vessels that are not used to handling this
      and they have weak places that can break
      open and cause her to bleed internally.

      Here are some links to help you understand
      more about the disease your mother has:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      The doctors know her past history, they
      have all the tests results that show how far
      advanced she is in this disease…so they
      are giving you their best guess of how long
      she has.

      It would be good, if you could have her
      make out an advance directive or power
      of attorney form, so that you or another
      family members can speak directly with
      her doctors and also handle her affairs for
      her. Privacy laws are terrible…even with
      being part of a family.
      Here is a free site to download advance
      directive by the state you live in:

      http://www.caringinfo.org/stateaddownload

      As soon as the cells of the liver start to die
      off, the functions they do to keep the body
      well start to deteriorate. This is known as
      the starting of liver failure. Failure to function
      efficiently. This is progressive as more and
      more cells of the liver die off…the less the
      liver is able to function. It will progress to
      “complete” liver failure where the liver cells have
      died of,f that the liver is almost gone.
      The inflammation causes the liver to enlarge
      in size…when the cells die off, the liver starts to
      shrink in size and takes on a hard texture…
      it is dying.

      I hope this information has been of some help
      to you. This isn’t only affected your Mom, it
      is affected you, also. It is best to know what
      to expect in the future, if she doesn’t stop
      drinking. Best wishes to you both.

  17. QUESTION:
    What is the best medical exam to detect liver cirrhosis in any stage of its’ development?

    • ANSWER:
      Diagnosis

      The doctor may diagnose cirrhosis on the basis of symptoms, laboratory tests, the medical history, and a physical examination. For example, during a physical examination, the doctor may notice that the liver feels harder or larger than usual and order blood tests that can show whether liver disease is present.

      If looking at the liver is necessary to check for signs of disease, the doctor might order a computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or a scan of the liver using a radioisotope (a harmless radioactive substance that highlights the liver). Or the doctor might look at the liver using a laparoscope, an instrument that is inserted through the abdomen and relays pictures back to a computer screen.

      A liver biopsy will confirm the diagnosis. For a biopsy, the doctor uses a needle to take a tiny sample of liver tissue, then examines it under the microscope for scarring or other signs of disease.

  18. QUESTION:
    what is the life expectancy of a person with end stage liver disease (cirrhosis)?

    • ANSWER:
      from experience in my own family it only took about 8 weeks give or take a few days.

  19. QUESTION:
    If someone has de compensating cirrhosis, about how long do they have to live without a liver transplant?
    My husband has cirrhosis. His abdomen is distended, he has jaundice, pain in the abdomen, and most of the other symptoms of end stage liver failure. No one has given us an idea of how much longer he will be with us. We have no insurance, and he only quit drinking 2 months ago, so even if we had money they would not give him a transplant.

    • ANSWER:
      If you are low income, you might qualify for state aid regarding insurance. It would be a guess at best as to how long your husband might have left. A hepatologist or gastroenterologist would be able to give you a somewhat accurate prognosis as to how long. Sometimes people with cirrhosis can go a long time with getting tapped (fluid drained) and treating the symptoms as they appear.

      The pain is probably due to all the fluid retention. If he gets to the point of not being able to breathe right, get him to an emergency room right away. That happened to me when I let the fluid accumulate for too long. It starts squeezing the lungs and everything else. If left untreated, it can be fatal. There is also the risk of the fluid becoming infected which also can be fatal. If he needs tapped, take him to a hospital whether or not you have insurance.

      You don’t say how old your husband is or whether or not a transplant might be an option for him if he did have insurance. The transplant centers require 6 months of proven sobriety before they will consider him. There is a procedure called TIPS that is done that can help control fluid accumulation.

      When the liver is near total failure, the person is usually extremely weak and tired. It’s common for them to sleep 16 hours/day or even more. Of course they also have the hard bloated abdomen and jaundice. They usually get to the point of not being able to care for themselves any longer due to weakness. Due to the liver not being able to get rid of ammonia like it should, the levels become high which causes confusion, behavior changes, forgetfulness, and even can cause hallucinations and they can become violent. Lactulose is the med used to help this, but near the end it may not help.

      Your husband is really going to need some kind of insurance more than anything else right now. He is going to need medical care to help him through this. If he had insurance, he could at least be evaluated for a transplant. The husband of a friend of mine was an alcoholic who recently had a transplant and he is doing good today. We thought he was going to die. He got through the 6 months of waiting and got listed. Of course, he cannot drink any alcohol for the rest of his life and he understands that. Some people just can’t or won’t give it up long term.

  20. QUESTION:
    Stages of Cirrhosis of the liver??
    I just found out last night that my dad has Cirrhosis of the liver. He has had alot of immunity problems, including staff infections & he has been on antibiotics alot ((but not recently)). He also got poisioning from eating raw oysters once ((about 15 years ago or so)). I am not close to my dad & rarely know anything about what’s going on with his health…just a little here & there. He already has the “yellow” tint ((jaundice)) to him & also his blood pressure was up in the 180′s so I am just wanting to know what stage is he possibly in & has anyone else with know anyone with Cirrhosis & how was it treated or what was the outcome. I am just scared it’s something bad…Thanks for the Answers. ♥

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry to tell you that cirrhosis causes total liver failure.

      Stopping drinking and flushing his system this a juicing diet and lots of water would probably help. A person can recover even with a partially damaged liver.

      But if he is at the jaundice stage I could not be sure.

  21. QUESTION:
    What are the signs of each stage of Cirrhosis of the liver?
    My father has cirrhosis of the liver . He has had 5-litters of fluid removed from his adominal about 5 weeks ago. He also had 2 units of blood a little over a week ago due to being animic. He has been complaining of stomach pains after eating a small meal. His adominal is enlarged again and he has shortness of breath after walking a short distance. Legs and feet are retaining water again also. Skin coloring is yellowish in color and bruses easily. His 86 years of age. I would like to know what to expect and what to look for. So I and the family can help him anyway we can. Please if you can give me some insight I would very much appreciate it . For I love my Dad so much. Thank You

    • ANSWER:
      all i can tell you is that it varies between each person who has liver failure. sounds like the end is getting near, however, on the right meds he can put it off for a year or more (depending on the degree of cirrhosis.)

      had a friend of mine who was dying in the hospital. he made it out of the hospital and lived 2 more years on the right meds.

      in your case it could be different since he is elderly.

      hospice can help with the end stages while you are there for the more emotional part. hospice does lessen the load so you can enjoy what time may be left concerning your father.

  22. QUESTION:
    My Dad has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver, how serious is this?
    My Dad has stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver. Doctors have told him he only has a 40% chance of successfully curring his hep C with treatment. I need to know how serious this is or what this means in general. HELP?

    • ANSWER:
      Stage IV is very serious. He may cure his Hep C, but the cirrhosis will last forever. Not only that, but it predisposes him to bleeding, ruptured vessels in the stomach and esophagus, life-threatening infections in the belly, and hepatocellular carcinoma (cancer). If he can lead a good, clean life for a year, there is a good chance he can get a liver transplant. Please be sure he has a good hepatologist (a specially trained gastroenterologist). He needs to have a small camera passed into his stomach to look for vessels that can rupture, and he needs a scan to make sure there isn’t a mass in his liver.

      I just diagnosed someone with this, and he wound up having cancer at diagnosis because he didn’t see his doc often enough early on.

      I don’t want to scare you, but be sure he gets good care. Be there for him, because he is scared whether he shows it or not.

      Best of luck.

  23. QUESTION:
    Stage 6 Cirrhosis – what are the symptoms of conditon of someone in Stage 6 of cirrhosis of the liver?
    Patient told he was in Stage 6 – also is a victim of Agent Orange. What are the symptomsd of someone in Stage 6 of cirrhosis of the liver and also, what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no stage 6. Liver disease has 4 stages and cirrhosis itself has 3.

      Liver Disease Stage

      0- no fibrosis present
      1- small amount of fibrosis
      2- a little more fibrosis present
      3-even more fibrosis present (stage 3 is bridging fibrosis)
      4- cirrhosis (permanent scar tissue) is present

      Cirrhosis Stages
      stage A- compensated cirrhosis (no symptoms)
      stage B- beginning of decompensation (symptoms are present but controlled with meds)
      stage C- depcompensated cirrhosis ( meds no longer working and total liver failure is near)

      These are the stages that I have always known and never heard of any other staging.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the final stage of Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    What symptoms tell you that the final stage has arrived and there is no chance of survival?

    • ANSWER:
      When your heart stops beating and you don’t breathe.

  25. QUESTION:
    final stage of cirrhosis liver?
    can you still get a liver transplant if you are in the final stage of cirrosis of the liver

    • ANSWER:
      Most people who are in the last stage of cirrhosis receive a transplant before others because the sickest people go first in receiving the donated organs. As long as you have been evaluated and placed on the waiting list and are healthy enough to survive the surgery, the answer is yes, you can get a transplant.

      Everyone on the waiting list is given what is called a MELD (model for end stage liver disease) score which goes up to 40 which 40 is the sickest. The score is based on the results of 4 blood tests that shows how close to total liver failure you are at the time. When an organ is donated, the person with the highest meld score that is a match to the donor will be the one to receive the transplant. I have seen them transplant some very sick people. The doctors will decide whether or not they think you can survive the surgery. Those people in the final stage would most likely be at the top of the list and the closest ones to getting the donated organs. People in the earlier stages of cirrhosis usually have to wait until they are sick enough to get to the top of the list. The chances of anyone who is in the last stage that has been placed on the waiting list are very good that they will receive their transplant very soon.

  26. QUESTION:
    my dad has late stage cirrhosis of the liver,,he is starting to act really weird,,and doesn’t r?
    remomber the off the wall things he does,,he thinks iam lieing,,anybody know if this is normal

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, this is normal. I am very sorry that your father has this disease, and I would like to let you know that I am thinking of you. My father passed away in february of last year from cirrhosis of the liver..alcoholic. He suffered in the end from what is called encephalopathy, which is caused from toxins in the body affecting the brain because of the liver malfunction. It can cause confusion, memory loss, psychosis, and other different things. My father passed in his sleep. The behavior that your father is displaying is expected with the type of disease that he has. I am very sorry, and I wish your father and you all the best.

  27. QUESTION:
    My mom just got news that she has stage 4 liver cirrhosis?
    This type is not due to hepatitis or alcohol. I have been trying to find information on the web for this type but I cant find anything. I mostly find info for hep of alcohol related cirrhosis. She is over weight, and the doctors put her on a low carb low fat diet.
    Im just very worried due to the fact that they want her to be put on a liver transplant list and they told her she has 2-5 years to live! Is this true? Can anyone give me more information on this?

    • ANSWER:
      This probably started as NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis) and progressed to cirrhosis.

      You can find more information on NASH here: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/nash/

      Unfortunately, since this has progressed to an apparently non-treatable cirrhosis, the only effective means of treatment is a transplant. Mortality is gauged by the severity of disease, but if her doctors want her to undergo a transplant, their general statement about years of life left sounds correct.

  28. QUESTION:
    cirrhosis of the liver (end stage) question?
    A family member of mine has cirrhosis of the liver due to no fault of her own (never being an alcohol drinker, I mean). She is in the hospital now and the doctors say she most likely won’t last another couple of days. She has been in the hospital this time for almost 2 weeks and for the last 5 days now, the doctors will not give her anything to eat or drink. She is in and out of consciousness and when she wakes up, she mumbles that she is hungry. All the doctors will do is take a swab of water and wipe the inside of her mouth with it. They say that they need to keep her dehydrated so that when she starts to pass away, it will be less painful for her. And she can’t eat anything because they’re scared she could choke on it or it could end up in her lungs. They say that dying from this disease is a horrible way to die and they are trying to make it a little easier on her. I just don’t understand how they can say that starving her for 5 days is making anything any easier on her. The poor woman wakes up from her “sleep” and the first thing she says is that she’s hungry and they give her another shot and she goes back to sleep. This just doesn’t seem right to me. If anyone knows someone who has gone through this or is a doctor that knows anything on this I would greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      End stage cirrhosis IS miserable, and I’m very sorry for your family member. The bottom line, though, is that since her liver isn’t functioning properly and is therefore unable to produce the biochemicals necessary for her to digest her food, eating will likely just make her feel worse in the long run.

      Please consider calling a hospice near you. Although the hospital’s staff is likely excellent, hospitals are naturally focused on curing disease and are not necessarily the best choice when a cure is not possible. The hospice staff will be better able to help control your family member’s pain and other symptoms and to provide much-needed emotional support for you.

  29. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have any experience with liver transplants when the patient has lupus?
    A friend of mine is in end-stage liver failure due to cirrhosis. He is on a liver transplant list. He has lupus. How effective would a liver transplant actually be with the presence of lupus?

    • ANSWER:
      The doctors would not have put him on the list if there was no hope that it would work.

      Lupus patients do get transplants sometimes, and do well.

      The medication that prevents rejection also calms the lupus. I have not had a transplant but I take Cellcept, an anti rejection med, for lupus kidney disease. The Cellcept has not only allowed me to keep my kidneys, but reduced most of the other manifestations of lupus.

      The point is, no one can predict the success of a transplant, with or without lupus. But the alternative is certain and that is death. With that knowledge, I would take the chance on the transplant.

      Best wishes.

  30. QUESTION:
    What to expect during the last stages of cirrhosis?
    My father has cirrhosis of the liver. He has been tapped for fluid about 2 months ago. He is now bigger than ever retaining more fluid in adominal region.Feet and legs also.Doctor did not think they should tap him unless he becomes in to much pain to handle.Because of the danger. He also was given 2 units of blood about 6 weeks ago. But when he went to the doctor he told him to stop taking his blood count .And even though his blood count is low. He isn’t going to give his any more blood either. Told both my Mom and Dad that he gives him 6 months and he should recieve hospice care. I don’t feel that he will make the 6 months. He sleeps alot. Has good days and bad. Please if you can help me and my family what to expect,I would really appreciate it. Thank You Maryjane

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry to hear about your Dad. The best thing now is to just be there for him and accept that he is dying hun.

      Cirrhosis is the endstage of diseases of the liver; In cirrhosis, progressive liver failure occurs after approximately 80 to 90% of hepatic functional capacity is lost. Final decompensation is often due to some superimposed stress such as an infection or a GI tract bleed.

      I would definitely get hospice involved so you all can love dad the best you can before he leaves.

      I did that with my dad–
      I feel better for handing things over…
      he was 47 ( 3 yrs older then I am now- 20yrs now)

      An answer to your question- is very hard– I would expect the end stages of any disease to follow.

  31. QUESTION:
    Stage 4 liver failure, high ammonia levels, cirrhosis, death?
    A 59 year-old alcoholic/drug addict (recovering) is in the ICU with stage 4 liver failure and high ammonia levels, the toxins in his bloods are starting to poison him and he is confused. This is one of multiple hospitalizations due to cirrhosis/liver issues.

    …What does this mean? Is there a chance this man will live?
    It’s my Uncle. He has been drinking for nearly 40 years and smoking dope for almost 30. When he found out he had Hep C a few years ago, he tried to get sober, but um, it hasn’t been going real well, he just earned his one month sobriety medallion in AA.

    • ANSWER:

  32. QUESTION:
    i am 38 years old. I have stage 4 cirrhosis of liver and hepatitis c?
    some days i look ok and some days i look like iam a old my wrinkled and my skin colors turns really dark and my etyes get bags under them and they become really red and irritated. also my neck gets really supple and my body is slotched. I work and i feel sometimes so embarrased and hate looking at people because i look so bad. is there any medication over the counter or anything i can do to change this. i also have diabetes. I do take milk thistle to support liver function. please help

    • ANSWER:
      those are symptoms of hypotites. c a doctor

  33. QUESTION:
    how long can i live with stage 4 advanced cirrhosis of the liver and are there any other options besides a?
    liver transplant. I just had a liver biopsy and was diagnosed. my appointment isn’t til august 2. I am driving myself crazy with a million questions. does any one have any answers for me. sincerely michelle

    • ANSWER:
      LIVER TRANSPLANT IS THE ONLY OPTION.
      Medical therapy is futile in stage 4.

  34. QUESTION:
    “End Stage” Cirrhosis of Liver & Interferon treatment: Has anyone had any positive results to speak of?
    I’ve had Cirrhosis for 20 years, “Un-medicated”, & other than pain medication have taken nothing for it. I was offered the “Interferon” treatment, but I declined, as it was very expensive, and a normal active life and retaining my sexual abilities abilities are very important to me. The men I had met & interviewed on this Interferon were but mere husks of men afterward. But now, Friday I was told that regular x-rays had revealed a very advanced condition of Lung Cancer. I do not think my body can continue to fight off BOTH fatal maladies. Any ideas, or do I just prepare my “Last Will & Testament”?

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    Liver, Heart and Prostate Problem. YOUR ANSWER WOULD BE A GREAT HELP FOR MY FATHER’S LIFE.?
    Hello everyone :) I am a 16 year old daughter whose experiencing a family problem. My father is a policeman and had to stay in his office even though he’s health is really poor. And I know he’s doing it to fulfill his duty as well as to support our family. His relationship with my mother is somehow unexplainable that’s why I am the one who stay in his office and take care of him. But I ram really having problems to cope with that. Of course, I want to be always in his side and do everything I can. But sometimes I tend to be really weak. My father’s liver is not functioning well. Some kind of liver cirrhosis early stage, He has a cardiovascular problem and now prostate problem too. That’s why his circulation of urine is very slow. But he needs to secrete some fluids though his liver can’t filter it well. He take many medications and been hospitalized twice. But he wants to stay in his office. I know that he’s trying hard to fight for his diseases..That’s why I’m asking for your help. I don’t know how to take care of him. I don’t know the right food to give , treatment and therapies.. Because i know for the fact that the connection of his liver, heart & prostate problem is very delicate and If I give something against in his body.. I think it may be worsen. Guys, your concern and answers would be a great help to save my father’s life. I am also stressed out regarding on how I can handle this very important trial in my life. Thank you and God Bless :D
    i feel relieved to share my thought with you guys.. his doctor already gave the medicines he have to take and food that he should avoid. my problem is , he’s very choosy and get irritates quickly. when he wants something, he should have it. I feel that it is not right to act like that in his office. I can still be patient becoz i’m his daughter but how bout his men, I am shy that many people are getting disturbed with his act. In addition,My mom’s opinion was my father should don’t feel his invalid and have to stop resting in his bed. Somehow, I feel that too but I am really confused. My heart is telling that my father is really in pain. But my brain says, his physically alright by just maintaining taking up his meds, eat proper diet. Sometimes he’s grumpy to me whenever I can’t fulfill his demands. ( I don’t usually follow his demand when I feel that it’s not good for him)

    • ANSWER:
      Let me first just say that your father is the adult, he is fully aware of his medical problems, perhaps in denial to some point, or non-compliant with treatment, but aware. I know you feel an obligation, but let me say as a nurse, you can not help someone unless they want help.
      If your primary concern is his diet, because you are preparing his food, then with Heart Disease it is recommended to stick to a low sodium (2gms daily) , low cholesterol, low fat diet. For Liver Disease the most important thing is to eliminate alcohol from your lifestyle and watch medication use, many are filtered by the liver and can cause more damage TYLENOL for example, don’t use it, look at over the counter medication labels and look for cautions…not recommended with liver disease, heart disease, etc. Prostate problems are usually treated by Urologist with different medications, sometimes surgery to open up flow, there are herbal remedies that have also shown improvement “Saw Palmetto” (again make sure it is not contraindicated with Liver disease). I hope this helps, make sure he is participating in his health care as well. Look on line for foods acceptable on low sodium, low cholesterol, low fat diet. Do not use salt at the table, stay away from chips, pretzels, fast foods, frozen, pre-packaged foods, can soups, bacon, hot dogs, processed meats, ketchup, all loads of sodium. Take care.

      Add on after your comment: His irritability, anger directed to others is not appropriate, perhaps this is why your mother has thrown in the towel (look up on line Co-dependent Relationships). People don’t always deal with bad news or ailing health appropriately, some buckle down, do what they need to do to survive, heal, get better and stay better, others dwell on their misfortune and blame everyone around them for their problems. Let your dad learn how to confront his illness appropriately, if he wants to fight it, he will, if he is angry and in denial and this has gone on for some time, encourage psychiatric counseling.
      Much of what “Abijann” is advicing is good advice…however it is more appropriate for end stage liver disease, you have stated your father’s liver disease has been diagnosed as early stage liver disease, so my suggestion is still let him play the adult role, come to terms with his disease and fight it instead of fighting the ones who are trying to help him.

  36. QUESTION:
    Advanced Stage of Cirrhosis of the Liver – Life Expectancy?
    My mother is in the hospital suffering from cirrhosis. She has been diagnosed with Hepatitis C, she has had bleeding from the variceal (in her esophagus), her blood pressure dropped to 55/38 Saturday, and was put on vasopressors. She lost a lot of blood where her hemoglobin count was below 6.5. She was put into an induced coma and is still not awake today. She is also on a life support ventilator… but not because she isn’t breathing on her own, because they wanted to make her more comfortable… I’ve been told she will need a liver transplant but she first needs to be sober 6 months… I asked if she would survive those 6 months and I keep getting told they can’t say and don’t know… I just need some answers… I’ve offered to give part of my liver for a transplant but their stating that this hospital hasn’t ever performed a live liver transplant… I need help and answers!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Your mother has cirrhosis which put her in a crisis situation that is life threatening. Hopefully they can get her stabilized. This is not an unusual occurrence with having cirrhosis since internal bleeding is a big risk and does happen sometimes. Your mother has 2 big problems in her medical condition which is she had both hep C and apparently has a drinking problem since the transplant center has required her to be sober for at least 6 months. They do this with all people who have an alcohol/drug problem.

      There are many people waiting on transplants and there is a big shortage of donated organs. They cannot afford to waste even one, so that is why it is so important to give the organs to people who are the most sick and the people who will take good care of their transplanted organ. If they would give an organ to an alcoholic who has not quit drinking and has not addressed the problems of why they drink, this person would start drinking again and destroy their new organ which is a big tragedy since it could have saved the life of someone else who would take excellent care of it. Also, a liver transplant costs over 0,000 so it would be such a shame to waste all this money on top of wasting the organ.

      Your mother would have to pull out of this crisis and do the 6 months of sobriety first. Then she would have to pass an evaluation process where a board of doctors would go over her case to determine whether or not she would be a good candidate for surgery. If yes, she could be placed on the national waiting list to wait for an organ. A person has to be well enough to withstand the surgery since they will not give an organ to someone who is going to die on the table or shortly thereafter.

      Your hospital does not do live donor transplants, so even if your mother could go through the process and is accepted, you would have to go to a hospital that does live donor transplants. You would also have to be a match for your mother, be at least 18 years old, and be in excellent health. You would have to go through an evaluation also just like your mother. Many hospitals have cut back on their live donor transplants because they are finding out that these types of transplants are having a lot of complications after surgery. A lot of hospitals no longer do them, so you might have a difficult time finding a hospital that does them.

      Can your mother survive for 6 months to even begin to try to get a transplant? I can’t answer that and her doctors probably don’t know either. She is in crisis mode right now and only time will determine if and how well she pulls out of that. You would have to have powers to see into the future to answer this question because there are so many factors that come into play with this disease. Bleeding internally is always a risk with cirrhosis. My doctors used to require me to get checked every 3-6 months with an endoscopy to band any varices. This greatly reduces the risk of bleeding. Once they get her bleeding under control and gets her counts back up to normal, hopefully they can wean her off the vent and get her back on her feet again.

      If your mother wants to try and get a transplant if she gets well enough, your first step should be to go to a transplant center and start the process rolling by getting her set up for 6 months of sobriety. My transplant center would require her to go through a program or rehab of some kind. She would also have to agree to have random drug/alcohol testing done anytime they felt like giving her one. If she would be accepted and placed on the list, she would also be subjected to random testing while she waits. If she ever would test positive, she would be removed from the list immediately. They are really tough on anyone that has a history of drug/alcohol abuse. Your mothers disease will progress much faster if she drinks on top of having hep C. That’s like throwing gasoline onto a fire.

      I hope everything works out for your mom and she is able to get the help she needs.

  37. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis/Liver disease life expectancy. Please help???
    Does anyone kow the life expectancy of someone in the late stages of cirrhosis?
    My mom is very ill, she is a chronic alcoholic. She stopped drinking last week, but was diagnosed with cirrhosis many years ago.
    I need to know if anyone has been through this and knows what I can expect.

    She is jaundice, and in the past week has had high levels of amonia in her blood, also, she vomits all the time, can barely keep anything down.
    Today she is having her stomach drained again, this will make the 4th time, fluid builds up in her uppper stomanch area, and it makes it very uncomforatable for her. He legs also are very swollen today (ankles) she cannot walk she is so week. She went from wieighin 145 pounds to now about 98 in a matter of 3 months. I am afraid that it is too late. She has been admitted to the hospital so much that now the Hospitals now just say that the damage is done, they cannot help her. Last year she was in ICU – …….please give me any opinions you may have.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few things that I know to give you
      as information. (you might already know this) The best doctor to have for
      a patient with cirrhosis is a Hepatologist.
      She can be given medication to bind the ammonia in her blood to be eliminated from the
      body which should help to clear her mind some. She could be placed on diuretics, like
      Lasix and Spirolactone to help relieve the sodium content in her blood and also
      remove some of the fluid and help keep it from
      coming back so fast. If they take alot of fluid
      from her abdomen, they might give her
      albumin, a Protein. The fact that she did
      not stop drinking alcohol, may mean she cannot
      be placed on the transplant list for a donor
      organ because they usually request that the
      patient be free of alcohol for about six months.

      With what you have stated that her condition is
      now, it doesn’t look promising…but I would
      not give up. The doctors look at many things
      considering a patient: whether they have a
      strong, well beating heart, whether they can
      withstand a long surgery, whether they have
      cirrhosis in one area of the liver or throughout,
      whether they have love and support of family
      and friends, and how much a person truly
      wants to live,etc. Ascites( fluid in the abdominal
      area) and Encephalopathy (memory, and mental
      confusion problems caused by toxins) and
      the fact that she drank clear up to a week ago..
      means that the end is in site…..She may last
      a long time this way or depending on what I
      have stated above…it could be very short.
      Each person’s body chemistry, diseases,
      and conditions are unique and have to be
      evaluated to see what may be in the future.
      If you have an advanced directive with your
      Mom signature on it, you may be able to
      talk with her doctors and get her medical
      records and have a second opinion and also
      be able to answer for her since she might
      not be able to answer for herself. There are
      free forms on the internet according to your
      state. It should be signed in front of two
      witnesses, but a notary can stamp it and make
      if valid. I hope this info is of some help to you.
      It is sad that a daughter has to watch all this
      happen to a mother they love…as long as
      you are able to be there with her, she will
      have peace in knowing that you really care.

      You asked what you can expect. There are
      a few things that may take place: her heart
      may start to beat irregular. If you get her
      blood work results, if the sodium and potassium
      levels are either too high or too low, this
      will cause an irregular beat and is an
      emergency. If she starts to cough up blood and
      not just vomit (it may look like coffee grounds,
      or a darker color) this is also an emergency
      cause she could be bleeding internally. If she
      feel faint and goes into a coma…there may be
      little chance she will come out of it without the
      doctors help. What can you do? be there for
      her so she doesn’t feel alone. Watch for
      any of these signs above and keep a record
      of how she is feeling day to day and let the
      doctor know what exactly is happening with her.
      Be with her at all her doctor appointments so
      that you can be sure she is taking medication
      right and doesn’t get so confused she puts
      herself in more danger. She might not be
      able to break the habit of alcohol especially
      since she has been so sick, but knowing that
      others understand and will try to help her in
      anyway despite of this all, may give her the
      strength she needs to try.

  38. QUESTION:
    Life expectancy with stage 4 cirrhosis of the liver?
    non-alcoholic, diabetic, heart disease, colon cancer (remission), diverticulitis, high blood pressure and hypothyroidisum

    • ANSWER:
      You need more details in order to answer this question with even a good guess. What is the reason for cirrhosis? Hep C? If yes, then the progression could be quicker to total liver failure.

      If this person is experiencing lots of fluid retention that needs tapped often, encephalopathy (confusion due to high ammonia levels), jaundice, internal bleeding and bruises easily, then their liver is near total failure and death could occur anywhere from a few months to a year. Remember this is just an estimate for someone who has all these symptoms.

  39. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy with someone having Advanced stage of cirrhosis of the liver?
    Hi Im 20yrs odl and have a father who is 56 yrs old. He was diagnosed with Cirrhosis of the liver in Aug 2010. Recently he went in to a dr.s appointment and they found some more stuff on his liver. Im not sure what was found but it wasnt any good news. But the dr.s say hes already in an advanced stage and he is not a candidate for a liver transplant. They said they cant do anything else to help the cirrhosis get better but he can take his medications and continue his regular dr. appointments. The dr told him and our family to enjoy life with him while we still can… This confused me… Is my dad going to pass away soon??? The didnt give us a time limit.. So now Im just wondering how much longer do I have with my father ?? :(

    • ANSWER:
      Why did they say your father could not get a liver transplant? He is certainly young enough. Did he ever go through an evaluation for a liver transplant done by a transplant clinic? The only cure for cirrhosis is a transplant and with him being in the advanced stage of the disease seems like he would be able to possibly get one. Does he have a lot of other medical problems that would prevent him from surviving the liver transplant surgery?

      There is really no way to tell when your father will reach total liver failure. It depends on so many factors such as what is causing his cirrhosis, how much damage his liver has right now, whether or not there is a way to slow down the progression of the disease, other underlying health issues, etc. It could be weeks or months. It could be years. If the “more stuff” they found on his liver was cancer, then that might be the reason for denial of a transplant. Cirrhosis is not cancer. They are very different from one another.

  40. QUESTION:
    care plan for end stage cirrhosis?
    what are the main nursing diagnose for end stage cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      I agree with Terry. This internet didn’t exist for me when I was a student nurse. There must be lots of sites for nursing care plans on here. How I would have loved to had this when I was in training. Those care plans are much too big to put it all down here, and this would be especially true for end stage cirrhosis.

  41. QUESTION:
    Is this the end for someone with cirrhosis?
    My step-father in law has stage 3 Cirrhosis of the liver and also Portal Hypertension. He has recently started drinking again, and last night started violently vomiting up blood. Is this the end for him? We’ve always known he was going to die from this, we just didnt know when to expect it? Does this sound like its the end? And how long do you think he has? Thanks you in advance. I would really appreciate some serious answers. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage C cirrhosis is considered “end stage,” with a life expectancy of 1-3 years.

  42. QUESTION:
    Why can’t I donate part of my liver to my dad?
    My dad has Cirrhosis of the liver and we will be very lucky to have him around for Christmas. He’s in the End-stage of Liver failure.

    Why can’t I donate some of my liver if I was a match? Why wouldn’t that help him?
    A doctor did say no one could give him part of a liver, but I forget for what reason. My grandmother had told me and but I have so much on me, I forgot :(

    I just don’t understand why it can’t be done.

    • ANSWER:
      have you asked his doctors if you could get tested to see if you are a match and healthy enough to donate?
      if not then ask them. if so and they said you couldn’t what ever reason they gave you is the reason you can’t.

      *EDIT*
      well tomorrow ask someone that knows (such as your grandmother) to re explain it to you.
      then you will understand cuz they will tell you why you can’t.
      then so you don’t forget again right it down.
      and i hope your dad gets a liver somehow. and i’m sure god will take care of him and help all of you recover from this whole situation.
      good luck and god bless i’ll be thinking of your father.

  43. QUESTION:
    How long can it take to go from stage 5 cirrhosis to stage 6?
    My mother in law just informed that she has stage 5 cirrhosis of the liver this is non alcoholic, and she does not have hepatitis, just fatty liver. They said at stage 6 she would need consultation to be put on a transplant list. I actually have a few ?s about this. 1.) How long does it typically take to reach stage 6 2.) whats the typical lifespan of someone who has stage 6 cirrhosis? 3.) what are the chances that she would get a transplant given her medical history, she had breast cancer in 2004, triple bypass surgery in 2005, is diabetic, not insulin depede pendant and has nuropathy from her diabetes. She is also on many medications. 4.) why in the heck have they not cut down on her meds since her liver cannot process it all? I only know some of what she is on, aspirin for her heart, Oxycontin, oxycotin. Like I said this only only the few meds that I know she is on she takes roughly guessing around 10-15 different medicines prescribed by her dr.

    • ANSWER:
      This is a little confusing…so I’m going to start by explaining a few
      things:
      Fatty liver has different causes: alcohol consumption (not applicable)
      obesity, weight gain, diabetes, high cholesterol/triglyceride levels,
      fast weight loss, and others.
      Hepatitis is inflammation inside the liver
      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells and scar tissue formation inside
      the liver.

      Fatty liver usually starts out as “simple fatty liver”. As the fat builds
      up inside the liver, it can cause damage to the liver cells. The
      immune system of the body responds to this damage and causes
      inflammation to develop inside the liver (hepatitis). This is then
      known as Steatohepatitis (steato stands for fat, hepat stands for
      liver, and itis stands for inflammation).

      If the cause cannot be stopped, then this can proceed to where
      scar tissue forms inside the liver that will block, eventually, the
      flow of blood through the liver…this is then known as Cirrhosis of
      the liver. IT is a progressive, irreversible disease.

      When Hepatitis is stated and it has a letter after it (then it is
      talking about the viral type of Hepatitis…Like Hep A,B,C,etc.)

      The doctors, through film testing and maybe a liver biopsy, are
      the only ones who know how far advance this disease really is.
      People can progress slow or fast based on their other medical
      conditions, age, response to treatment, etc.
      They take into determination all her medical problems, her
      blood test and biopsy test to determine how long she may live
      without having a transplant. If she is on the transplant list,
      she will be given a MELD score. The Meld score runs from
      6 to 40. Those closest to a 6 are the healthiest and may even
      go off the list. Those who are going up the ladder closer to
      the 40 are sicker and more in need of a transplant.
      Here is a MELD score calculator to give you an estimate of
      where she would be placed if she was already on the list.
      You will need the blood lab results of the Bilirubin, INR,
      and Creatinine for this calculator to give you this estimate.:

      http://www.unos.org/resources/MeldPeldCalculator.asp?index=98

      Only the Transplant team of doctors can determine if she will be
      able to withstand the long hours of surgery. Because of her other
      medical conditions…this may not be the case I wish I could tell
      you for sure, but I cannot.

      All her doctors should know “all” the medications she is on.
      It doesn’t hurt to ask about whether her dosage is correct.
      Doctors have to weigh the pros and cons of using certain drugs.

      She should have an advance directive or power of attorney
      form made to have someone handle her affairs for her and to be
      able to speak with the doctors directly on her behalf.

      http://www.caringinfo.org/stateaddownload

      http://www.caringinfo.org/index.cfm?

      Best wishes. Hope this information is of some help

  44. QUESTION:
    At what stage in cirrhosis does your gallbladder become inflamed?
    My father has cirrhosis of the liver from years and years of heavy drinking. He was just hospitalized for his gallbladder becoming inflamed. Last year he was hospitalized for his pancreas. The doctors won’t operate because they said his risk of bleeding is to high, apparently his clotting abilities are failing. I’m having a hard time figuring out what stage of cirrhosis he is at. His doctor said the easiest way to figure that out is a biopsy?

    • ANSWER:
      The later stage of cirrhosis has physical symptoms that does not usually appear in the early stage such as bleeding problems, easy bruising, jaundice (yellow whites of eyes and skin), fluid retention especially in the belly area, high ammonia levels which can cause confusion and behavior changes, and extreme fatigue. When someone has these, they are most likely in the more advanced stage of cirrhosis. His doctor is right that a biopsy in the best test to find out exactly how much damage is present in the liver. I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant. My gallbladder and pancreas were never affected by my disease. The first sign of me having cirrhosis was fluid retention in the abdomen. By then, my liver was 90% destroyed and I needed a transplant. I had no clue anything was wrong until then. My cirrhosis was caused by an autoimmune disease. No matter what causes it, cirrhosis pretty much acts the same once you have it.

  45. QUESTION:
    Does my dad have much longer to live?
    My dad was diagnosed with liver cirrhosis in January 2009 (He is an alcoholic) and because of his cirrhosis he has kidney failure. He had to be hospitalized for about a month until he started showing signs of improvement. He is yellow from jaundice and he coughs a lot when I talk to him on the phone. He used to drink excessively and he probably still does now because that is his lifestyle. I am just wondering if I should be expecting a devastating phone call anytime soon.

    (I am unsure of which stage of liver cirrhosis he has)

    • ANSWER:
      It IS possible that he can die before the end of 2009, but it’s also possible that he can still live a few more years. We never know what’s going to happen and what’s not. Since your dad had kidney failure and liver cirrhosis, tell him and BEG him to STOP drinking! It’s not good for him. Tell him to eat more vegetables, and more things that are good for the liver. I feel sorry for you, and I really hope he’ll feel better.

      Sorry, I can’t help much, I have to go soon….So I can’t type a lot.
      I hope he gets better! ;)

  46. QUESTION:
    What is the sequence of stages that brings about advanced liver disease caused by chronic alcohol toxicity?
    a. Fat accumulation, fibrosis, cirrhosis

    b. Fibrosis, gout, cirrhosis

    c. Fibrosis, cirrhosis, fat depletion

    d. Cirrhosis, fat accumulation, fibrosis

    • ANSWER:
      Your answer is A.
      Overdosing on alcohol can cause fat
      accumulation inside the liver. This can
      damage the cells of the liver. When
      this happens, the immune system responds
      to this and cause inflammation to develop
      in the liver. This put more pressure on the
      cells and the cells can start to die, forming
      first fibrosis and then this advances to
      cirrhosis of the liver which is death of the
      liver cells and forming of scar tissue inside
      the liver that blocks the flow of blood
      through and to the liver cells…it is a progressive
      disease with no known cure.

  47. QUESTION:
    The final stage of liver damage from drinking is called(A)liverostomy (B)lipidosis (C)cardiosis (D)cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      D. definitely.

  48. QUESTION:
    what does it mean when the doctor says the liver is in critical stage?
    my dad has been diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. we were told there was nothing more the doctors can do. they didn’t really explain everything to us. they just said his liver was in critical stage. do we need to talk to a specialist or what?

    • ANSWER:

  49. QUESTION:
    Life expectancy of cirrhosis of the liver?
    My uncle was admitted into the hospital in 2004 and was diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver due to alcohol. My mom told me that we are lucky that he lived, the doctors were telling my family to be prepared for the worse. He was very skinny and had jaundice, I could barely recognize him. He was eventually well enough to be released from the hospital and went to rehab, which he has now been out of for a while. At the time, I was young and didn’t really understand what was going on, but now I’m nervous. I have heard many different things about how long those diagnosed with this condition will live but have always been somewhat confused. Over the past couple years, it seems his mental stability has deteriorated. I’ve done some research and it seems like he has encephalopathy, always acting like he is drunk and he’s very forgetful. His sleeping patterns are very off as well. Overall, I feel as if his health is slowly getting worse. I am positive he hasn’t had a liver transplant.
    What’s going on?
    Can someone tell what stage of cirrhosis he had based on the information?
    Also, does anyone know the typical life expectancy of a person with this specific stage of the condition? I’m very nervous and no one has really told me a lot about the disease.
    Any help is appreciated.Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      When the liver cells become damaged from alcohol, the
      immune system of the body responds to this damage
      and causes the liver to develop inflammation inside
      of it…which causes the liver to enlarge in size.

      If the alcohol is not stopped and the inflammation
      isn’t treated, it can lead to the liver cells dying off
      and forming scar tissue inside the liver. This
      can then, no longer, be reversed. This is
      a progressive disease known as Cirrhosis of
      the liver.

      Being drunk can mimic many of the same
      conditions that occur in having Cirrhosis. It
      has to be determined how far advance an
      alcoholic is in the disease..possibly by a liver
      biopsy. Encephalopathy causes mental
      confusion, disorientation, unclear thinking,
      sleep pattern changes, flappy hand tremors,
      etc. This can be mistaken for being drunk.
      A drunk may also develop a beer belly.
      However, someone who is advanced in
      Cirrhosis develops fluid inside the abdomen
      because the liver can no longer produce a
      protein that holds fluid inside our vessel,
      known as Albumin. This conditions is known
      as Ascites. If a patient has this and they
      have difficulty breathing or eatting, the doctor
      can remove this fluid by a procedure known
      as paracentesis.

      I’m going to give you links about Cirrhosis of
      the liver that may be of some help to you.
      If he needs a liver transplant, I gave you a
      couple for this, also.

      Only the doctor can tell how far advance he is
      in the disease and give you an educated guess
      of how long he may have left to live.
      An alcoholic has to be detoxed from alcohol for
      a period of six months prior to be evaluated for
      placement on a transplant list.

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/cirrhosis.html

      http://www.surgery.usc.edu/divisions/hep/patientguide/index.html

      http://www.transplantliving.org/

      Hope this information is of some help.

  50. QUESTION:
    My husband has stage 4 cirrhosis. Help?
    My husband was diagnosed with Hep C about 8 years ago. He kept drinking way too much for years, and just celebrated 90 days of sobriety.

    He had a liver biopsy last week and the nurse just called to tell me the results and set up an appointment. She said:

    Mild inflammation (I didn’t know about grades – not sure of the grade).
    Stage 4 Cirrhosis

    Does anyone know how serious this situation might be? His viral load was around 500,000, and he hasn’t really had any symptoms other than his side hurting. Would it be worse if the inflammation was worse than ‘mild’, or is the stage 4 considered the end stage of liver disease regardless of the inflammation.

    He doesn’t go to the doctor for 2 weeks and now is scared to death. Can anyone help us make sense of this? Can he still live a long and healthy life? He’s only 50.

    Thanks to anyone that can give me info on what his situation might be.

    • ANSWER:
      I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant, so I do know a little about this. Inflammation (something actively bother the liver such as hep C with your husband) can lead to fibrosis (abnormal fibrous bands in the liver). As time goes by, more and more fibrosis forms. As even more time goes by, liver cells may begin to die and scar tissue begins to form replacing healthy tissue. A doctor can do a biopsy to see how much damage has been done using a staging system of 0-4. Here’s how the stages go:

      stage 0- no fibrosis present
      stage 1- small amount of fibrosis present
      stage 2- a little more fibrosis
      stage 3- even more fibrosis present (stage 3 is bridging fibrosis)
      stage 4- cirrhosis present

      So all that stage 4 means in a biopsy is that cirrhosis is present in the liver. It doesn’t go into detail as to how much in this staging, so everyone with cirrhosis no matter how mild or how severe would be considered stage 4. So that’s why people refer to themselves as end stage if they have any cirrhosis present at all. It’s called ESLD (end stage liver disease).

      Now to get a more detailed picture of what is going on, cirrhosis itself also has 3 stages of A, B, and C.

      Stage A is compensated cirrhosis which is asymptomatic (no symptoms present)
      Stage B is the beginning of decompensation which is when a person will needs medications or treatments of some sort to help control symptoms such as ascites, high ammonia levels, banding varices, etc.
      Stage C is decompensated cirrhosis where medication no longer work very well in controlling the symptoms and total failure is near.

      You might want to ask the doctor what stage of cirrhosis your husband may be in right now or you can probably figure it out for yourself. Mild inflammation is much better than having severe active inflammation. Has your husband checked into getting treatment for his hep C if he hasn’t done so already. Drinking on top of having hep C is really bad. It just makes the disease progress much faster. It’s so important that he stop drinking all alcohol.

      Once the disease progresses to having severe liver damage, the only option will be to get a transplant to stay alive since it will progress to total failure eventually. How long that takes depends on many factors such as the viral load along with things such as drinking alcohol, taking meds that affect the liver, etc. so it’s nearly impossible to put anyone in a time frame. Staying sober will be the absolute best thing your husband can do to treat his cirrhosis. I hope he has a good doctor that specializes in his medical condition such as a gastroenterologist or hepatologist. That is also very important. I hope this helps you some in understanding and wish you the best.


Cirrhosis Of The Liver Symptoms

A cramp is an involuntary and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax. Cramps can affect any muscle under your voluntary control (skeletal muscle). Muscles that span two joints are most prone to cramping. Cramps can involve part or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group.

The most commonly affected muscle groups are:

  • Back of lower leg/calf (gastrocnemius)
  • Back of thigh (hamstrings)
  • Front of thigh (quadriceps)

Cramps in the feet, hands, arms, abdomen, and along the rib cage are also very common.

Cause

Although the exact cause of muscle cramps is unknown (idiopathic), some researchers believe inadequate stretching and muscle fatigue leads to abnormalities in mechanisms that control muscle contraction. Other factors may also be involved, including poor conditioning, exercising or working in intense heat, dehydration and depletion of salt and minerals (electrolytes).

Stretching and Muscle Fatigue

Muscles are bundles of fibers that contract and expand to produce movement. A regular program of stretching lengthens muscle fibers so they can contract and tighten more vigorously when you exercise. When your body is poorly conditioned, you are more likely to experience muscle fatigue, which can alter spinal neural reflex activity. Overexertion depletes a muscle’s oxygen supply, leading to build up of waste product and spasm. When a cramp begins, the spinal cord stimulates the muscle to keep contracting.

Heat, Dehydration, and Electrolyte Depletion

Muscle cramps are more likely when you exercise in hot weather because sweat drains your body’s fluids, salt and minerals (i.e., potassium, magnesium and calcium). Loss of these nutrients may also cause a muscle to spasm.

Although most muscle cramps are benign, sometimes they can indicate a serious medical condition.

See your doctor if cramps are severe, happen frequently, respond poorly to simple treatments, or are not related to obvious causes like strenuous exercise. You could have problems with circulation, nerves, metabolism, hormones, medications, or nutrition.

Muscle cramps may be a part of many conditions that range from minor to severe, such as Lou Gehrig’s disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), spinal nerve irritation or compression (radiculopathy), hardening of the arteries, narrowing of the spinal canal (stenosis), thyroid disease, chronic infections, and cirrhosis of the liver.

Symptoms

Muscle cramps range in intensity from a slight tic to agonizing pain. A cramping muscle may feel hard to the touch and/or appear visibly distorted or twitch beneath the skin. A cramp can last a few seconds to 15 minutes or longer. It might recur multiple times before it goes away.

Treatment

Cramps usually go away on their own without seeing a doctor.

  • Stop doing whatever activity triggered the cramp.
  • Gently stretch and massage the cramping muscle, holding it in stretched position until the cramp stops.
  • Apply heat to tense/tight muscles, or cold to sore/tender muscles.

Prevention

To avoid future cramps, work toward better overall fitness. Do regular flexibility exercises before and after you work out to stretch muscle groups most prone to cramping.

Warm Up

Always warm up before stretching. Good examples of warm-up activities are slowly running in place or walking briskly for a few minutes.

Calf Muscle Stretch

Lean forward against a wall with one leg in front of the other. Straighten your back leg and press your heel into the floor. Your front knee is bent. Hold for 15 to 30 seconds.

Do: Keep both heels flat on the floor. Point the toes of your back foot toward the heel of your front foot.

Hamstring Muscle Stretch

Sit up tall with both legs extended straight in front of you. Your feet are neutral a” not pointed or flexed. Place your palms on the floor and slide your hands toward your ankles. Hold for 30 seconds.

Do: Keep your chest open and back long. Reach from your hips. Stop sliding your palms forward when you feel the stretch.

Do not: Round your back or try to bring your nose to your knees. Do not lock your knees.

Quadriceps Muscle Stretch

Hold on to a wall or the back of a chair for balance. Lift one foot and bring your heel up toward your buttocks. Grasp your ankle with your hand and pull your heel closer to your body. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds.

Do: Keep your knees close together. Stop bringing your heel closer when you feel the stretch.

Do not: Arch or twist your back.

Hold each stretch briefly, then release. Never stretch to the point of pain.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis of the liver symptoms.. and Need Help!!?
    I have a family member who has been diagnosed 15+ years ago with cirrhosis of the liver. He is probably the largest alcoholic known to mankind. He drinks at least 30 + beers a day, and is now experiencing constant nosebleeds, for over 3 days now.. It just bleeds and bleeds when he sits up. He has blood in his urine and his stool appears blackish greenish of color and has constant diarrhea, but does not eat very often.. at all!

    I am assuming that hes in the end stages of this disease and want to know if any of you have had these issues with a family member or friend, and what is wrong and how long that this trend will continue and what will happen.

    Thank you so much for your cooperation in advance, we appreciate any answers you may have!

    • ANSWER:
      I have worked with people who had cirrhosis. They get swelling in their abdomen (ascites) & extremities (edema). The stomach can get the size of a honeydew melon.
      Vit K gets reduced & so there is more bleeding. As the toxins build up in the body, the skin begins to itch…the person becomes jaundiced & mental changes occur…sometimes during these various stages antibiotics are given.

      High potency Vit B complex can be helpful as can milk thistle. However, I don’t know how long it will prolong his life.

      Google: mayo clinic>>diseases>>cirrhosis

      I’m very sorry to hear of your situation.
      Good luck.

  2. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and the symptoms?
    What are the initial symptoms of liver cirrhosis due to Hepatitis B. So that, any affected person due to hepatitis B himself can identify the symptoms and what are the precautionary measures to be taken to control by the affected individual

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    Explain some of Mr. X’s symptoms of liver disease (cirrhosis) such as ‘prolonged clotting time’?
    Mr. X has cirrhosis of the liver.

    Prolonged clotting time is when blood takes a longer time to clot than standard.

    Explain some of Mr. X’s symptoms of liver disease (cirrhosis) such as ‘prolonged clotting time’?

    THANK YOU!

    • ANSWER:
      Ascites…fluid in the abdominal area…caused
      because the liver can no longer make a
      protein, known as Albumin, efficiently.
      Patient doesn’t feel much like eatting cause
      of fluid pressure against the stomach…may
      have difficulty breathing as fluid presses up
      against diaphragm. Fluid may be drained
      by a procedure known as paracentesis

      Encephalopathy…the liver is no longer able
      to convert ammonia to urea efficiently.
      The ammonia stays in the blood and passes
      the blood brain barrier and goes into the brain.
      The patient becomes easily confused and
      disoriented. He may develop tremors and
      hand flapping. The doctor can give medications
      like Lactulose to remove the ammonia in
      the intestines…

      Portal Hypertension with Varies…the scar
      tissue inside the liver blocks the flow of
      blood through the liver on its way back to
      the heart. This blood backs up into the
      portal vein and into smaller vessels that
      are not used to handling this amount
      of blood (known as varies *varicose veins*).
      The varies can develop weak spots and
      balloon outward and break open causing
      internal bleeding. The varies are located
      mostly in the esophagus, rectal area,
      and belly button area. It is an emergency
      situation if any blood (red, purple, or coffee
      ground like) is vomited or coming
      from the rectum.
      Doctors can go in and band the varies to
      stop the bleeding with an scope. There are
      other methods also…this is the main one.

      Prolonged clotting time…as the liver cells
      die off, the functions they do also start
      to deteriorate. One of these functions is
      to make clotting factors, that help the blood
      to clot. Since these factors are not being
      made in sufficient amounts…the patient
      will bleed and bruise very easily. This
      becomes quite a concern, considering
      the varies and internal bleeding…that I mentioned above. Blood transfusions
      may be necessary. There is a normal
      amount of time in a healthy patient that
      the blood does clot…usually it is right
      away. In the lab they time the blood to
      see how long it takes to clot…if it takes
      longer than normal…they say it is
      prolonged.

      Edema of the legs, feet, and other areas.
      This is not the same as Ascites. This
      is caused because patient with cirrhosis…
      their bodies tend to hold onto sodium.
      The doctors give patient diuretic and
      place them on lower sodium diets.
      The legs can become very swelled.
      It is best to elevate the legs.

      Jaundice…the yellowing of the whites of
      the eyes and skin and also the mucus
      membranes. Bilirubin is made from our
      dead red blood cells. (in the spleen and
      liver). It is transported to the liver on
      the protein, albumin. It is a non soluble
      form and is taken by the liver and
      converted into a soluble form to flow
      with the bile through tube like structures,
      known as ducts…to the gallbladder to
      be stored and then to the intestines to
      help digest the fats we eat.
      Bilirubin is a pigment…meaning it colors
      things. The liver may no longer be
      able to convert this bilirubin into a soluble
      form…or something has blocked the flow
      of the bile and it has backed up into the liver.
      Both can cause the bilirubin levels to become
      higher in the blood and cause Jaundice.
      However, depending on the cause…it
      can make the urine darker in color as
      the kidneys try to remove it. It can cause
      the stools to become lighter in color…
      almost a grayish white if the bilirubin
      doesn’t flow well through the ducts to
      the intestines. Bile acids and mineral
      going back into the liver can cause more cell
      damage.

      Hope this information is of help to you.

  4. QUESTION:
    Can liver cirrhosis be a hereditary disease? what are the main symptoms of the liver cirrhosis?

    • ANSWER:
      NO. Cirrhosis of Liver is not a hereditary disease.

      Cirrhosis is a condition that causes irreversible scarring of the liver. As scar tissue replaces normal tissue, blood flow through your liver is affected. This makes it increasingly difficult for your liver to carry out essential functions, such as detoxifying harmful substances, purifying your blood and manufacturing vital nutrients.

      A healthy liver performs hundreds of vital functions, including processing most of the nutrients absorbed from your intestine, removing drugs, alcohol and other harmful substances from your bloodstream, and manufacturing bile — the greenish fluid stored in your gallbladder that helps digest fats. The liver also produces cholesterol, substances to help your blood clot and certain other proteins.

      You may not have signs and SYMPTOMS of cirrhosis in the early stages of the disease. But as more scar tissue replaces healthy tissue and liver function declines, you may experience some of the following:

      * Lack of appetite
      * Weight loss
      * Nausea
      * Small, red spider veins under your skin or easy bruising
      * Weakness
      * Fatigue
      * Yellowing of your skin and eyes and dark, cola-colored urine
      * Bleeding from engorged veins in your esophagus or intestines
      * Loss of interest in sex
      * Fluid in your abdominal cavity (ascites)
      * Itching on your hands and feet and eventually on your entire body
      * Swelling of your legs and feet from retained fluid (edema)
      * Mental confusion, such as forgetfulness or trouble concentrating (encephalopathy)-

  5. QUESTION:
    my dad has cirrhosis of the liver, what are the end symptoms how do we know it’s happening?
    My father has cirrhosis of the liver and has been given 6 months to live… Is there something that happens medically that will tell us if it’s go in to be sooner then that?

    • ANSWER:
      Home : Digestive Diseases A-Z List of Topics and Titles : Cirrhosis

      Cirrhosis
      On this page:

      What is cirrhosis?
      What causes cirrhosis?
      What are the symptoms of cirrhosis?
      What are the complications of cirrhosis?
      How is cirrhosis diagnosed?
      How is the severity of cirrhosis measured?
      How is cirrhosis treated?
      When is a liver transplant indicated for cirrhosis?
      Points to Remember
      Hope through Research
      For More Information
      Acknowledgments
      What is cirrhosis?
      Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver slowly deteriorates and malfunctions due to chronic injury. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue, partially blocking the flow of blood through the liver. Scarring also impairs the liver’s ability to

      control infections
      remove bacteria and toxins from the blood
      process nutrients, hormones, and drugs
      make proteins that regulate blood clotting
      produce bile to help absorb fats—including cholesterol—and fat-soluble vitamins
      A healthy liver is able to regenerate most of its own cells when they become damaged. With end-stage cirrhosis, the liver can no longer effectively replace damaged cells. A healthy liver is necessary for survival.

      The liver and digestive system.

      Cirrhosis is the twelfth leading cause of death by disease, accounting for 27,000 deaths each year.1 The condition affects men slightly more often than women.

      1 Miniño AM, Heron MP, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD. Deaths: Final data for 2004. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr55/nvsr55_19.pdf. Updated October 10, 2007. Accessed January 20, 2008.

      [Top]

      What causes cirrhosis?
      Cirrhosis has various causes. In the United States, heavy alcohol consumption and chronic hepatitis C have been the most common causes of cirrhosis. Obesity is becoming a common cause of cirrhosis, either as the sole cause or in combination with alcohol, hepatitis C, or both. Many people with cirrhosis have more than one cause of liver damage.

      Cirrhosis is not caused by trauma to the liver or other acute, or short-term, causes of damage. Usually years of chronic injury are required to cause cirrhosis.

      Alcohol-related liver disease. Most people who consume alcohol do not suffer damage to the liver. But heavy alcohol use over several years can cause chronic injury to the liver. The amount of alcohol it takes to damage the liver varies greatly from person to person. For women, consuming two to three drinks—including beer and wine—per day and for men, three to four drinks per day, can lead to liver damage and cirrhosis. In the past, alcohol-related cirrhosis led to more deaths than cirrhosis due to any other cause. Deaths caused by obesity-related cirrhosis are increasing.

      Chronic hepatitis C. The hepatitis C virus is a liver infection that is spread by contact with an infected person’s blood. Chronic hepatitis C causes inflammation and damage to the liver over time that can lead to cirrhosis.

      Chronic hepatitis B and D. The hepatitis B virus is a liver infection that is spread by contact with an infected person’s blood, semen, or other body fluid. Hepatitis B, like hepatitis C, causes liver inflammation and injury that can lead to cirrhosis. The hepatitis B vaccine is given to all infants and many adults to prevent the virus. Hepatitis D is another virus that infects the liver and can lead to cirrhosis, but it occurs only in people who already have hepatitis B.

      Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In NAFLD, fat builds up in the liver and eventually causes cirrhosis. This increasingly common liver disease is associated with obesity, diabetes, protein malnutrition, coronary artery disease, and corticosteroid medications.

      Autoimmune hepatitis. This form of hepatitis is caused by the body’s immune system attacking liver cells and causing inflammation, damage, and eventually cirrhosis. Researchers believe genetic factors may make some people more prone to autoimmune diseases. About 70 percent of those with autoimmune hepatitis are female.

      Diseases that damage or destroy bile ducts. Several different diseases can damage or destroy the ducts that carry bile from the liver, causing bile to back up in the liver and leading to cirrhosis. In adults, the most common condition in this category is primary biliary cirrhosis, a disease in which the bile ducts become inflamed and damaged and, ultimately, disappear. Secondary biliary cirrhosis can happen if the ducts are mistakenly tied off or injured during gallbladder surgery. Primary sclerosing cholangitis is another condition that causes damage and scarring of bile ducts. In infants, damaged bile ducts are commonly caused by Alagille syndrome or biliary atresia, conditions in which the ducts are absent or injured.

      Inherited diseases. Cystic fibrosis, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, galactosemia, and glycogen storage diseases are inherited diseases that interfere with how the l

  6. QUESTION:
    is weight gain, one of the manifestations of liver cirrhosis?
    signs and symptoms of liver cirrhosis

    • ANSWER:
      If your liver isnt functioning, like when you have cirrhosis, you are far more likely to lose weight then gain it. Look for yellowing of the eyes, itching, tiredness.

  7. QUESTION:
    Stage 6 Cirrhosis – what are the symptoms of conditon of someone in Stage 6 of cirrhosis of the liver?
    Patient told he was in Stage 6 – also is a victim of Agent Orange. What are the symptomsd of someone in Stage 6 of cirrhosis of the liver and also, what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no stage 6. Liver disease has 4 stages and cirrhosis itself has 3.

      Liver Disease Stage

      0- no fibrosis present
      1- small amount of fibrosis
      2- a little more fibrosis present
      3-even more fibrosis present (stage 3 is bridging fibrosis)
      4- cirrhosis (permanent scar tissue) is present

      Cirrhosis Stages
      stage A- compensated cirrhosis (no symptoms)
      stage B- beginning of decompensation (symptoms are present but controlled with meds)
      stage C- depcompensated cirrhosis ( meds no longer working and total liver failure is near)

      These are the stages that I have always known and never heard of any other staging.

  8. QUESTION:
    symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver?
    My son has an extremely large stomach for his build. He has Hepatitis C. Is this a result of this?

    • ANSWER:
      Hepatitis C is a virus that has entered a patients body
      and is using the liver cells to replicate itself.
      When it uses these cells, the liver cells die.
      The liver does try to regenerate new cells…however,
      as the disease progresses and the viral load becomes
      more…this isn’t possible. The immune system of the
      body will start to respond to all the damaged cells.
      This can cause the liver to enlarge in size. Since
      the liver is located in the upper right hand quadrant
      under the rib cage…the doctor can only feel the very
      bottom part of the liver if it is enlarged or not.
      An ultrasound would be used to confirm this.
      As Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver cells) continues,
      it can lead to where the liver cells start to die off and
      form scar tissue inside the liver (Cirrhosis of the liver).
      As the disease advances, this can lead to the build
      up of fluid in the abdominal area, known as Ascites.
      It builds up because the liver no longer can make a
      protein efficiently, that holds fluid inside our vessels…
      it leaks out and collects in the abdominal area.
      The doctor can do an ultrasound or Ct scan to confirm
      this or there is an examination he can perform to see if
      he can tell there is fluid there. If it is Ascites, he can
      ask to have an paracentesis procedure to remove the
      fluid so he can breathe, eat, and be much more
      comfortable. It is the doctors decision on whether this
      should be done and how much fluid will be removed.

      The doctor may place him on a “lower” sodium diet and
      give him diuretics. However, since the sodium has to stay
      within a certain level because it helps the heart to beat
      in rhythm…this will have to be watched closely on blood
      tests results. Patients who develop Ascites, also develop
      fluid build up in their legs and feet and other places over
      time.

      He should be seeing a gastroenterologist or hepatologist
      now. The very best test to find out how far advanced he
      is in the disease is a liver biopsy….since they look directly
      at the tissue of the liver and not just films of it.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.
      Best wishes

      Links you can click on:

      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/cirrhosis.html

  9. QUESTION:
    Help answer my question Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    I have nausea, cramping in my lower abdominal, soft stool, fatigue, feeling that my stomach is not digesting properly. Can these be symptoms of Cirrhosis of the Liver. Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      What you describe are symptoms of a cirrhotic liver. Cirrhosis of the liver often does not have symptoms until it is fairly advanced. Symptoms include edema and ascites, (which is fluid build-up in the lower extremites and abdomen, respectively), jaundice, spider angiomas, itchy skin, a wasting/weight loss, and a tendency to frequent infections that don’t respond well to antibiotics.

      If you feel you are a candidate for a cirrhotic liver, you should consider a lifestyle change. I don’t think, however, that that is what the problem is at this time.

      You may have any number of digestive issues. Visit with your doctor and make a plan to rule out possible ailments and make sure you don’t have any sort of infection.

  10. QUESTION:
    What are the primary symptoms of cirrhosis especially if one already has a fatty liver?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of fatty liver…
      The kind where the fat surrounds the outside
      of the liver capsule usually doesn’t cause
      much problems. However, when the fat is
      inside the liver cells it can. It is like a very
      small room where people crowd in so much
      and the walls start to close in. What happens
      is that the people inside the room cannot get
      out, they can’t get nourishment and the oxygen
      start to be low. This is what happens inside
      the cell, the fat can even push the nucleus of
      the cell into another area. This is when the
      cell can become so stressed, that the
      immune system is signaled and inflammation
      develops in the liver causing the liver to
      start to enlarge. Usually, the immune system
      helps but now it is like more people being
      pushed into this tiny space. When this takes
      place, the cells may start to die off.
      If this happens, then scar tissue will start to
      form inside the liver and this will block the
      blood flowing through it and then symptoms
      will appear. The liver is usually a very quiet
      organ when something is wrong. That is
      until the cells start to die off and the cells
      are no longer doing the function they once
      did to keep the body healthy…..this is
      then known as cirrhosis of the liver.
      In cirrhosis, the first symptoms are usually
      tiredness, sometimes nausea, and then
      the whites of the eyes and skin start to appear
      yellow in color. This yellowing is caused because the liver isn’t able to change the
      non soluble bilirubin into a soluble form so
      it can be eliminated from the body. Instead
      it goes into the blood and can cause these
      changes and maybe a darkening of the urine.
      As the disease progresses, then you may
      develop fluid in the abdominal area (Ascites),
      mental confusion (Encephalopathy),
      blood backing up into smaller vessels that
      are not used to handling it because it can
      no longer go through the liver (Portal Hypertension) and these smaller vessels can
      have weak spots and balloon out and burst
      open (Varies).
      Some people can cure the problem of
      fatty liver by losing weight or following the
      doctors instructions. It is best if this is
      done before the inflammation starts to
      develop. Inflammation can be treated also.
      Once the cells of the liver die, then it is a
      progressive disease.
      There are three types of fatty liver.
      Simple fatty liver can usually be cured.
      NASH, or non alcoholic fatty liver with
      inflammation can be treated. This usually
      involves weight loss. However, sometime
      it can be hereditary condition.
      Alcoholic fatty liver, by stopping the alcohol
      and before inflammation develops can also
      be treated.
      Cirrhosis of the liver can only be slowed down.

      If you would like to learn more about cirrhosis:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      If you would like to learn more about the
      different kinds of fatty liver diseases:

      http://www.acg.gi.org/patients/gihealth/fld.asp

      Hope this helps you understand more about
      this disease.
      On these sites they state more symptoms of
      cirrhosis than what I could post here.

  11. QUESTION:
    getting liver cirrhosis in a month from paint thinner exposure?
    Ok I dont want any answers telling me to go see a docotor. Thats obvious. I just want an my question to be responded to. So for a month I was exposed to naphtha almost daily for a month due to a job I was doing. I was not aware of the msds on it and did not take purcautions. Now I am exhibiting many symptoms of liver cirrhosis. Do you think its possible to have such severe liver damage just from being exposed to its vapors. A good answer would be greatly appreciated

    My symptoms are

    Bleeding gums, mood swing, tight back, veiny eyes, adominal discomfort, iching, fatigue, high blood pressure, light color stool. This iching, mood swings and tight back has gone away, Im pretty sure its the liver, could it just be damaged or am i doomed?

    • ANSWER:
      You are not doomed but, you could have died. Your liver is an amazing organ, it can heal itself if taken out of the environment it was in, you did this, it may take months to heal and may even swell, sometimes to amazing proportions. Some alcoholics have a liver that three times the mass it should be.
      I would have like to hear that you are going for a liver test. Yes these fumes could have harmed you permanently that’s why you should go. If your thinking of a recourse in the form of a lawsuit you’ll need a doctor confirmation first. It’s for your benefit.

  12. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of cirrhosis, I was diagnosed with hepatic steatosis/fatty liver and am still drinking..
    how would i know if I have scarring?

    • ANSWER:
      What Are the Symptoms and Complications of Cirrhosis?

      People with cirrhosis often have few symptoms at first. The two major problems that eventually cause symptoms are loss of functioning liver cells and distortion of the liver caused by scarring. The person may experience fatigue, weakness, and exhaustion. Loss of appetite is usual, often with nausea and weight loss.

      As liver function declines, less protein is made by the organ. For example, less of the protein albumin is made, which results in fluid accumulating in the legs (edema) or abdomen (ascites). A decrease in proteins needed for blood clotting makes it easy for the person to bruise or to bleed easily.

      In the later stages of cirrhosis, jaundice (yellow skin) may occur, caused by the buildup of bile pigment that is passed by the liver into the intestines.

      Some people with cirrhosis experience intense itching due to bile products that are deposited in the skin. Gallstones often form in persons with cirrhosis because not enough bile reaches the gallbladder.

      The liver of a person with cirrhosis also has trouble removing toxins, which may build up in the blood. These toxins can dull mental function and lead to personality changes and even coma (encephalopathy).

      Early signs of toxin accumulation in the brain may include neglect of personal appearance, unresponsiveness, forgetfulness, trouble concentrating, or changes in sleeping habits.

      Drugs taken usually are filtered out by the liver, and this cleansing process also is slowed down by cirrhosis. The liver does not remove the drugs from the blood at the usual rate, so the drugs act longer than expected, building up in the body. People with cirrhosis often are very sensitive to medications and their side effects.

      A serious problem for people with cirrhosis is pressure on blood vessels that flow through the liver. Normally, blood from the intestines and spleen is pumped to the liver through the portal vein. But in cirrhosis, this normal flow of blood is slowed, building pressure in the portal vein (portal hypertension). This blocks the normal flow of blood, causing the spleen to enlarge. So blood from the intestines tries to find a way around the liver through new vessels.

      Some of these new blood vessels become quite large and are called “varices.” These vessels may form in the stomach and esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth with the stomach). They have thin walls and carry high pressure.

      There is great danger that they may break, causing a serious bleeding problem in the upper stomach or esophagus. If this happens, the individual’s life is in danger, and action must be taken quickly to stop the bleeding.

      Liver: Three Types of Alcohol Induced Damage

      Three conditions of the liver are often associated with alcohol abuse. Liver disease in alcoholics usually progresses through the three conditions chronologically starting with fatty liver and proceeding to alcoholic hepatitis which can eventually lead to cirrhosis.

      Fatty Liver: Fat deposits in the liver. To some extent, fat deposits will happen in almost all heavy drinkers. It can also happen in non-alcoholics after just one incidence of drinking.

      Symptoms: People with fatty liver may have no symptoms and have just an abnormal enlargement of the liver that is smooth and non-tender with minimal or no functional changes. However, alcoholics may have

      · Abdominal pain

      · Severe jaundice syndrome(a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucus membranes, and white part around the eyes caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood)

      · Acute liver failure

      · Ascites (abnormal accumulation of fluid containing proteins and electrolytes and causing an abnormal swelling in the abdomen)

      · Coma

      · Death.

      Outcome: Chances of recovery are better at this stage than with cirrhosis. Damage is reversible and does not necessarily lead to more serious damage.

      Alcoholic Hepatitis: Widespread inflammation and destruction of liver tissue. Patients may develop fibrosis, where scar tissue begins to replace healthy liver tissue.

      Symptoms: Fever, jaundice, and abdominal pain.

      Outcome: May be fatal but also may be reversed by abstaining from alcohol.

      Frequency: Occurs in 50% of heavy drinkers.

      Alcoholic liver: Cut surface of gross autopsy specimen of liver showing unnatural paleness due to a dense network of scar tissue (fibrosis, cirrhosis). Scarring has occurred in response to chronic injury from alcohol abuse.
      Alcoholic cirrhosis: Most advanced form of liver disease, 15-30 percent of heavy drinkers.

      Early Symptoms: General weakness, weight loss.

      Later Symptoms: Loss of appetite, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, abdominal swelling, and spider nevi (spidery red marks on upper body arms and face). Causes extensive fibrosis that stiffens blood vessels and distorts the internal structure of the liver. Functions of the liver may be impaired which may lead to malfunction of other organs such as the brain and kidneys.

      Outcome: Usually fatal due to complications such as kidney failure, and hypertension (high blood pressure) in the vein carrying blood to the liver. This disease is usually fatal if chronic alcohol exposure continues; however, if the patient quits drinking, their condition may become stable.

      Frequency: Statistics from different populations vary because of varying lifestyles; however, statistics show that between 40-90% of the 26,000 annual deaths from cirrhosis are alcohol-related.

      The alcoholic will progress from fatty liver to alcoholic hepatitis, to cirrhosis. Sometimes heavy drinkers may develop alcoholic cirrhosis without first developing alcoholic hepatitis, and it could also happen that an alcoholic may have a sudden onset and rapid course of alcoholic hepatitis; then die before cirrhosis develops.

      Not all liver disease in alcoholics is caused by alcohol. Also, alcohol induced liver disease may be accompanied by other conditions not related to alcohol but which can cause liver failure, such as nonalcoholic hepatitis and exposure to drugs and occupational chemicals. Furthermore, it is important to remember that fatty liver and alcoholic hepatitis may be reversed if you stop drinking alcohol, and cirrhosis can be stabilized if you stop drinking alcohol.

      If the liver loses its ability to remove toxins from the brain, the patient may have additional symptoms. The patient may become forgetful and unresponsive, neglect personal care, have trouble concentrating, and acquire new sleeping habits. These symptoms are related to ammonia intoxication and the failure of the liver to convert ammonia to urea. High protein intake in these patients can also lead to these symptoms

      Based on the above; pls consider this as a wake-up call and stop drinking immediately. You’re asking for more trouble.
      I have taken care of pts on the late stages. They have constant frank red stools ( bloody, foul odor) and can’t stop bleeding.

  13. QUESTION:
    What symptoms might a person experience in the final stages of cirrhosis of the liver?
    I’m planning a story where a character finds out he has cirrhosis, and it’s in the final stages. How long is someone typically given to live if they are in the latter stages of this disease, and what symptoms might they experience?

    • ANSWER:
      I was diagnosed with cirrhosis when 90% of my liver was already destroyed with scar tissue. I had 10% function left. The doctors still gave me a time frame of 5 years before I would reach total failure. If a person drinks or has hep C on top of the cirrhosis, the progression can be much quicker.

      Later stage symptoms would be fluid retention (ascites), jaundice (yellow skin and whites of eyes, blood clotting problems, internal bleeding if unwanted veins that form burst or leak, encephalopathy that can cause confusion, forgetfulness, memory loss, behavior changes, violence and even hallucinations if severe enough. If left untreated, it can progress to coma. Fatigue is always a problem that increases over time. It is not unusual for someone with cirrhosis that is near failure to sleep 16 hours a day. They also become increasing weak.

      If you look up cirrhosis on Wikipedia, it will give you a lot of details that you could use.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is blood in the urine a symptom of Cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:

  15. QUESTION:
    How long can a person survive after being diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver?
    I found out a couple of days ago that my mom has cirrhosis of the liver. While I was looking for the symptoms of it I realized that my mom has had many of this symptoms for over 5 years. In 1997 my mom was diagnosed with diabetes and she always drank alcohol with her medication but the past 5 or 6 yrs the drinking has gotten worse. My mom has had trouble walking for many years because of her swollen ankles and yr after yr it has gotten worse and now she can’t walk at all. My mom lives in germany and I need to know how long she has so I can go see her.

    • ANSWER:
      Blood tests will tell her physician what condition her liver is in. cirrhosis caused by excessive alcohol can be gradual, or sudden onset. My husband had a patient he saw 10 years ago. He told the guy then that if is alcoholic consumption continued at the present rate, he’s be dead in 10 years. About 10 years later, the guy showed up in my husband’s office, a little yellow in the eyes. Tests showed he had no liver function at all. My husband put him in the hospital, and told him he needed to begin thinking about his wills, his trusts etc., that he had probably a week to live. The parents, wife, and kids of this man were madder than hell at my husband, but two days later, the guy was becomming really ill. By the end of the week, reallllllly. He died within a week….

      So, to answer your question, blood tests will reveal how bad your mother’s liver functions are….

  16. QUESTION:
    advanced cirrhosis’s, liver no longer working?
    what is the life expectancy of someone whose liver is not working at all? Even if treating the symptoms, the liver no longer works. How long can one live like that?

    • ANSWER:
      If your liver was not working at all, it would be just a short time before you would die. My guess would be within a few days. But a person can live with very little liver function. I lived with 10% function for several years. I have heard of others living with as low as 5%. Now you couldn’t live a long time with that low of function, but it is quite possible to survive awhile with just a little bit of function left.

  17. QUESTION:
    Could it be Cirrhosis of the Liver???
    Over the past 10-15 years my mom has gone from social drinker going out on Fridays to a sheltered and depressed woman who drinks alone daily- With nothing more on her mind than wanting to be dead. In the past 2-3 years Ive seen my mother go from bad to worse and everything in between. She just recently came down w/ a kidney infection that left her in bed for 2 weeks–And she denies it, but I know she was drinking even then. Not a day passes when she hasn’t vomited or almost dropped to her knees in pain. She also suffers from bulimia on top of her alcohol addiction. She’s constantly bleeding and claims it’s just hemorrhoids, but everybody assumes otherwise. She’s 54 years old and looks like a 65-70 year old woman. Although I hate to admit it- I can tell by looking at her that she’s slowly dying… She’s now past the point of being saved. Im just wondering if anybody knows of any really good websites I could go to to find out the signs and symptoms of Cirrhosis of the Liver–OR if anybody can share their experiences on the subject….ANY input is encouraged and greatly appreciated.
    Im not looking to put her in rehab…She’s been countless times and insists on leaving before they even get a chance to talk about treatment. I know she needs help, but u cant give help to someone who doesnt want to take it. We’ve all tried and she refuses. Now we’ve run out of options… As I said she’s past the point of being saved. She has her mind set on one thing and that’s being done w/ her life and everything it consists of.

    • ANSWER:
      I am really sorry to hear what you are having to go through with your Mother. I had my unfair share of troubles with my Mother abusing pain medicines and not taking them like she was supposed to do.

      I, too, tried rehab for my Mother and it doesn’t work for people
      that do not want to be cured. So, until they admit that they have a problem and that they want help or possibly a cure, there isn’t much you can do, other than to make your Mother
      comfortable. It is really hard to say just how much longer she
      is going to be with you, considering that she doesn’t want help
      and she is continuing to drink.

      Please allow me to offer my condolences about your Mother. It is really hard on children to know just what to expect the alcoholic to do or how the child(ren) can just make their Mom more comfortable. I hope that you will never turn to liquor as a solution to any problems you may have because it is nothing but a cop-out for extremely weak people that don’t want any help and since this is a serious disease they are almost always beyond any reason whatsoever. This is a serious illness not to be taken lightly.

      Best of luck to you, sweetie. This isn’t your fault and there is nothing that you could have possibly done to prevent this from
      happening. My heart really goes out to you. ♥

      These web sites may provide some helpful insight to you as to what is going on and what may possibly happen in the near
      or distant future.

      http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.webmd.com/search/search_results/default.aspx?sourceType=undefined&query=cirhossis%20of%20the%20liver&navState=0

      http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec10/ch136/ch136c.html

      And I also found this page that is informative as to how to tell if someone has Cirhossis of the Liver:

      The most common symptoms of liver cirrhosis are:

      Weakness
      Loss of appetite
      Weight loss
      Dark skin color
      Intense itching
      Confusion
      Nose bleeds
      Breast enlargement in men
      Fluid retention in the legs and abdomen
      Fluid retention occurs because the liver decreases its production of a protein called albumin. When the blood level of albumin decreases, fluid retention occurs.
      Jaundice
      When the liver’s production of bile is compromised, bile can back up into the blood, causing the skin and eyes to turn yellow and the urine to become dark.
      Gallstones
      The abnormal production of bile causes gallstones to develop.
      Blood Clotting Difficulties
      The liver makes certain proteins that help the blood clot. When the proteins aren’t made properly, the blood doesn’t clot properly.
      Esophageal Vein Bleeding
      Esophageal Vein Bleeding occurs in advanced cirrhosis.
      What Causes Liver Cirrhosis?

      The above topics and information can be found at:

      http://www.mamashealth.com/stomach/livcir.asp

      I know this is a lot to absorb, but I am hoping you will find something here to help you get through the rough days and nights as being the child of an alcoholic parent. ♥

  18. QUESTION:
    If someone has de compensating cirrhosis, about how long do they have to live without a liver transplant?
    My husband has cirrhosis. His abdomen is distended, he has jaundice, pain in the abdomen, and most of the other symptoms of end stage liver failure. No one has given us an idea of how much longer he will be with us. We have no insurance, and he only quit drinking 2 months ago, so even if we had money they would not give him a transplant.

    • ANSWER:
      If you are low income, you might qualify for state aid regarding insurance. It would be a guess at best as to how long your husband might have left. A hepatologist or gastroenterologist would be able to give you a somewhat accurate prognosis as to how long. Sometimes people with cirrhosis can go a long time with getting tapped (fluid drained) and treating the symptoms as they appear.

      The pain is probably due to all the fluid retention. If he gets to the point of not being able to breathe right, get him to an emergency room right away. That happened to me when I let the fluid accumulate for too long. It starts squeezing the lungs and everything else. If left untreated, it can be fatal. There is also the risk of the fluid becoming infected which also can be fatal. If he needs tapped, take him to a hospital whether or not you have insurance.

      You don’t say how old your husband is or whether or not a transplant might be an option for him if he did have insurance. The transplant centers require 6 months of proven sobriety before they will consider him. There is a procedure called TIPS that is done that can help control fluid accumulation.

      When the liver is near total failure, the person is usually extremely weak and tired. It’s common for them to sleep 16 hours/day or even more. Of course they also have the hard bloated abdomen and jaundice. They usually get to the point of not being able to care for themselves any longer due to weakness. Due to the liver not being able to get rid of ammonia like it should, the levels become high which causes confusion, behavior changes, forgetfulness, and even can cause hallucinations and they can become violent. Lactulose is the med used to help this, but near the end it may not help.

      Your husband is really going to need some kind of insurance more than anything else right now. He is going to need medical care to help him through this. If he had insurance, he could at least be evaluated for a transplant. The husband of a friend of mine was an alcoholic who recently had a transplant and he is doing good today. We thought he was going to die. He got through the 6 months of waiting and got listed. Of course, he cannot drink any alcohol for the rest of his life and he understands that. Some people just can’t or won’t give it up long term.

  19. QUESTION:
    Liver cirrhosis and liver cancer?
    My husband has just been informed that he has “slight scarring” on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said “there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis”. I don’t quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is “working”, although I’m not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don’t believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn’t want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    Hi, can anyone tell me what the later stages of liver failure are?
    My Mum has been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis and was told if she didn’t stop driving she would have 2 years maximum. She hasn’t stopped drinking and lately she has been sleeping a lot more than usual, she has pains in her stomach and diarrhea. Are these symptoms that her liver is failing, if so how long would she be able to live for if this is the case?

    • ANSWER:
      When someone start to have a problem with
      the liver…it usually means that some cause,
      like alcohol consumption…has caused
      damage to the liver cells. When this takes
      place, the immune system of the body
      responds to this and causes inflammation
      inside the liver. This will cause the liver
      to enlarge in size and the doctors can see
      this on an ultrasound or CT scan.

      If someone stops the alcohol consumption
      and is treated for the inflammation…the
      liver cells may heal. But, it seems that
      your Mother is passed that point if she
      has been diagnosed with cirrhosis.
      Cirrhosis is “death” of the liver cells where
      scar tissue develops inside the liver that
      blocks the flow of blood through the liver
      on its way back to the heart and also blocks
      the flow of blood to the liver cells that are
      still living and they start to die, also.
      It is a progressive disease with no known cure.
      Your Mom can get help by going to a detox
      program at a hospital….or seeing her doctor
      to give her medications to help with the
      symptoms that occur from coming off the
      alcohol. If she can stop drinking for a period
      of 6 months, they may evaluate her to be
      placed on the liver transplant list for an donor
      organ. If she doesn’t stop drinking…she
      will not be placed on that list and will become
      worse.
      Tiredness is common with Cirrhosis of the
      liver. That is because her body is trying
      it’s best to compensate for the functions
      the liver used to do but isn’t able to do now and
      also, because her body is trying to heal.
      She may develop symptoms of confusion
      and disorientations: known as Encephalopathy, because the liver isn’t able to handle ammonia that is now going into her brain. The doctor
      may start her on Lactulose to help with this.
      She may start to gain fluid weight in her abdominal area, known as Ascites. This is because of the liver being unable to make a protein that holds fluids in the vessels and it leaks out and collects here. The doctors can remove this fluid through a procedure known as
      paracentesis. If she throws up any blood at
      any time or there is blood in the toilet from
      the rectal area…it is an emergency. The blood that normally goes to the liver is backing up into
      vessels that are not used to handling this
      and they have weak places that can break
      open and cause her to bleed internally.

      Here are some links to help you understand
      more about the disease your mother has:

      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373

      The doctors know her past history, they
      have all the tests results that show how far
      advanced she is in this disease…so they
      are giving you their best guess of how long
      she has.

      It would be good, if you could have her
      make out an advance directive or power
      of attorney form, so that you or another
      family members can speak directly with
      her doctors and also handle her affairs for
      her. Privacy laws are terrible…even with
      being part of a family.
      Here is a free site to download advance
      directive by the state you live in:

      http://www.caringinfo.org/stateaddownload

      As soon as the cells of the liver start to die
      off, the functions they do to keep the body
      well start to deteriorate. This is known as
      the starting of liver failure. Failure to function
      efficiently. This is progressive as more and
      more cells of the liver die off…the less the
      liver is able to function. It will progress to
      “complete” liver failure where the liver cells have
      died of,f that the liver is almost gone.
      The inflammation causes the liver to enlarge
      in size…when the cells die off, the liver starts to
      shrink in size and takes on a hard texture…
      it is dying.

      I hope this information has been of some help
      to you. This isn’t only affected your Mom, it
      is affected you, also. It is best to know what
      to expect in the future, if she doesn’t stop
      drinking. Best wishes to you both.

  21. QUESTION:
    Scarring of the liver and cirrhosis?
    My husband has just been informed that he has “slight scarring” on the liver and that his liver is enlarged. I have many questions regarding this, but PLEASE, I am looking for serious-minded answers, not for people telling me that he should stop drinking or other kinds of moralizing; it is hard enough as it is. First: the doctor said “there is slight scarring but no sign of cirrhosis”. I don’t quite understand this because I though scarring of the liver IS cirrhosis, although it might be at a very early stage in his case. Also, is an enlarged liver the same thing as fatty liver, or could there be other reasons for it being enlarged? Unfortunately, his main health issue is not the liver but advanced heart failure (severe dilated cardiomyopathy) and also COPD. He was told some years ago that he has Hepatitis C but then it was in a dormant state. Could his Hepatitis C have caused the scarring over time even if it has been in a dormant state? Also, when the scarring has started, is it bound continue? His doctor says that his liver is “working”, although I’m not sure whether she meant that it is working without any problems or working at a diminished capacity. I have done a lot of reading and it seems to me that he has many of the symptoms associated with acute liver failure: itching and small red lesions scattered over his body, a brief (one day) period of yellow skin and vomiting, periods of flu-like symptoms with fever, loss of appetite, severe sleep disturbances, clay-colored stool, brown urine, and his nails have turned very light. Also, he quit smoking, not because of his own determination but because he lost taste for cigarettes, which apparently is a sign of liver failure. He also bruise and bleed very easily, and he is easily fatigued. Many of these symptoms are of course also associated with heart disease, but it seems that they have become worse in the last couple of months. His bleeding and bruising can of course be caused by the heavy doses of coumadin he is on, but it seems that the bruising has gotten worse too. He is also getting easy confused and is becoming more and more forgetful. He is 60 years old. So, this is what I wonder: Can the heart disease and/or the COPD have caused the liver disease, or affect it negatively? And vice versa, what effect does the liver issue have on the heart disease and the COPD? His doctor wrote in the last report that there is no sign of ascites but he keeps saying that he feels very bloated and to me it seems like fluid, not fat. He often complain of discomfort in his lower right side and get winded very easily (also a sign of the heart disease, of course). How serious is this liver problem? If in fact he does have acute liver failure due to Hepatitis C, what is the outlook? I don’t believe liver transplant is an option in his case due to his advanced heart failure and generally poor condition. If it is left untreated and he continues to drink (he has at least 3 beers and usually a couple of shots of hard liquor per day. I am desperately trying to make him stop or seek help, but I am not able to), what is likely to happen? If scar tissue continues to build up in his liver, how dangerous is it and what kind of life expectancy does he have? Is it a matter of decades or years/months before his liver gives in completely? How do people with this kind of disease typically die, slowly by wasting away or suddenly? If it is not acute liver failure, what else could it be? Does the complications of Hepatitis C always come from cirrhosis/scarring caused by it, or can it cause symptoms independently without leading to cirrhosis? And is scarring always a sign of cirrhosis or can there be other reasons for it? If so, how likely is it that the scarring does lead to cirrhosis (unless it is the same disease just at different stages) How great is the risk of developing liver cancer? Is this risk increased because of his generally poor health or is it determined by other factors? Please, please, any information at all would be of great help. I know that all these questions should be directed to his doctor, but my husband refuses to let me meet her, and he himself seems to live in denial and doesn’t want to know anything about his disease. This is my reality, and any information you could provide would be gratefully accepted. Thankyou for reading all the way through this long question.

    • ANSWER:
      Lena, an alcoholic is THE most difficult of all patients to help, especially when you want to do so much. ALL that you describe is due to alcohol. At first alcohol causes liver cells to fill with fat and produce an enlarged fatty liver which alone has caused sudden death. In time, as liver cells die, scarring results and can then progress (under the microscope) to produce a smaller scarred liver called alcoholic cirrhosis. The liver then produces inadequate clotting factors which can produce skin and other hemorrhages, as well as leak fluid into the belly (ascites), and change blood circulation to overload and damage an eenlarging heart under strain as well as dilated, thin-walled esophageal veins (varices) which can anytime suddenly rupture as great quantities of blood are coughed up. Hepatitis c also damages the liver and is believed to be a cause of liver cancer. As long as your husband continues to drink alcohol, he will continue to go downhill and die in spite of your efforts. Try the phone book or call Al-Anon, an organization for spouses of alcoholics for much more information on how to deal with your extremely difficult situation. You cannot go it alone and expect and success.

  22. QUESTION:
    My grandfather is dying of cirrhosis. What symptoms should I look for to know the end is near?
    I don’t know a lot about his condition, but I do know that he has cirrhosis of the liver, congestive heart failure, and cancer. Its the cirrhosis that is killing him, and he has recently lost a tremendous amount of weight in his face, neck, arms, and legs. But his ankles are kinda big, and he looks like he is 9 months pregnant with twins. I want to know what I need to keep an eye out for to know that the end is coming soon. I would like to be as prepared as I possibly can, considering the circumstances. In my line of work, I deal with death a lot, but I just don’t know how you are supposed to prepare to lose the best grandfather in the world. But if I can see it coming, I think I will have more time to learn how to deal with it.

    • ANSWER:
      as death gets close (within a few days) you are looking at things like, loss of appetite, being lethargic, eventually it will become hard for him to rouse, his breathing will become shallow and slow or shallow and rapid, he will eventually have gaps in his breathing, until the breathing stops completely.

      if he is not getting fluid removed from his belly, he will start to have a hard time breathing and moving around because that fluid pushes up on his diaphragm and his lungs will not be able to fully expand. this will make him feel very tired.

      its best to spend as much quality time with him as you can, make him comfortable, talk about stories, family history, etc… if he is comfortable with it – discuss how he would like his funeral, anyone he would specifically like to speak there, make sure all of his legal documents are in order, work with pain management and basic comfort things. most of all, just be supportive and love him. there is nothing you can do to stop this process, but you can try to make it as good of an experience for him as you can. helping people to die in a comfortable, loved manner if one of the best things you can do for them.

  23. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know what causes Palmar Erythema with a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis?
    I found millions of websites that state it is a symptom of portal hypertension in association with Cirrhosis, but I need to know the mechanism behind it. What causes it? Any smarties out there?

    • ANSWER:
      I really don’t believe that any one knows what causes it.

  24. QUESTION:
    how long does it take to develop cirrhosis from a fatty liver?
    about a month ago i was diagnosed with a fatty liver the doctor told me to just eat healthyer and watch my diest but i kind of not been doing that lat night my leg felt a little warm and the other my lower back felt warm and when i looked up those symptoms it said it might be cirrhosis cpuld i devloped that in a month??
    sorry for all the misspelled words

    • ANSWER:
      Most people with a fatty liver never progresses to being cirrhosis. A lot depends on what is causing the fatty liver. Someone that has one due to alcoholism runs a greater risk of it becoming cirrhosis that if it were from something else such as diet. There are many people that have fatty livers and do not know it. Even thin people can have one. It’s not always about being obese. Just do as your doctor tells you and you should be fine. Don’t worry about cirrhosis at this time. Get your liver function checked from time to time to keep a check on things. I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant plus I’m a nurse. I never heard of the symptoms you describe as being a sign of cirrhosis. A warm back and leg is not a sign of cirrhosis. I don’t know what list you looked at, but that information is wrong.

  25. QUESTION:
    Should I stop Medication? Possible Liver problems, cant get to doctor until Monday…?
    Okay, here’s my problem.

    I’ve been on this medicine, Rocephin (IV medication) for a month exactly. I was supposed to stop medicine today according to my last doctors visit, but my doctor’s office seems to have forgotten to tell the nurses and the care provider sending my medicine… they tell me they cannot have me stop until my doctor contacts them.

    My doctor’s office closed at 1 today and is not open again until monday.. its friday. I tried to call just now because I’ve been nauseas for 2 days now, and today I’ve been throwing up. I just found that these are symptoms of liver problems, like liver cirrhosis. They had tested me before, 2 weeks in, and my liver was fine.

    I’m not sure if I should consider this an emergency (not showing advanced symptoms according to yahoo health’s information on liver cirrhosis) and go to a hospital, or if i should just temporarily stop my medicine now like the doctor had planned, even though the nurse and people said no?? Any thoughts are great…
    Oh, I forgot to mention a couple of things… Nausea and vomiting are listed as possible reactions to my medicine, so it might not even be liver stuff really. I’m just wondering mostly if I should wait to see if i get the more tell tale symptoms like jaundice or if that would be pretty much screwing myself over…

    • ANSWER:
      Even if your doctor office is closed, they still are on call. Have the service page the doctor to call you or the visiting nurse service. The antibiotic that was ordered should have the Rx included on the meds. (example being 5mg in 100ml 2x day for 7days) if not, There is a doctors order written in your chart. The visiting nurse must have access to the order and should follow it. Maybe the doctor told you 1 week but wrote 2 weeks and thats why the nurse is still giving you the meds.
      As far as liver falure from the meds, I guess its possible, but if your lab work came back ok, then i would suspect the nausea is from the meds on an empty stomach (even though its IV) or from your infection. If the whites of your eyes start turning yellow, then you have liver failure
      Hope this helps, good luck

  26. QUESTION:
    What is the final stage of Cirrhosis of the Liver?
    What symptoms tell you that the final stage has arrived and there is no chance of survival?

    • ANSWER:
      When your heart stops beating and you don’t breathe.

  27. QUESTION:
    my father has got liver cirrhosis.i want does it cause him to die?if yes how long does it take?
    i mean what are the last symptoms of the dieses?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, a cirrhotic liver can kill someone. There are different extents and reasons for chirrohsis. Sx may iclude bruising, bleeding easily, yellow discoloration of the skin, eyes, tounge area and chages in behavior and mental status. It can also be painful since the liver becomes hardened.
      I am sorry for your dad, and your family! I hope he is comfortable… you should ask his doctor your questions, too.

  28. QUESTION:
    How much drinking does it take to get liver cancer?
    I’ve been drinking for 3+ years, at an average of at least 1/2 bottle of Vodka per day. I drink this much on normal weekdays and still go to work in a perky mood… on weekends I drink at least one full 1L bottle per day, including Sundays. I’ve been doing this for some time already. On labor day of 2007 I found myself drinking 3 full bottles of 1.75ML of Vodka and realized that 3X1.75L = 7 regular (750ml) bottles of liquor). I still woke up fine the next work day. Now, after several years I am finally feeling the soar… strong abdominal pains, lack of sleep, pain in the liver, kidneys, stomach, and chest due to the 2 packs of smokes a day diet. Can’t sleep on my front because my abdomen area hurts. What are the symptoms of liver cancer or cirrhosis that can apply to me? If any…?

    • ANSWER:
      Are you TRYING to kill yourself or did you just not think this one through?

      Doctor. Now.

  29. QUESTION:
    Over time, can anti seizure medications cause cirrhosis of the liver?
    I have epilepsy and have been on anti seizure medications, such as Tegretol, Dilantin, Depakote, Keppra, etc, since I was 9 years old (I’m 25 now… and female). I’ve been noticing some strange symptoms lately, like bruising, upper right abdominal discomfort, and loss of appetite. Am I jumping the gun on this and being overly dramatic or should I see a doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you should definitely see your doctor. Liver problems can be a side effect of most anti seizure medications (and most other medications too). I’m currently on Dilantin and Depakote and it’s been affecting my liver too. Your doctor will often check your liver functions when he/she checks your blood levels. But if you are having symptoms, I would definitely go see your doc.

  30. QUESTION:
    how does a person know if they have cirrhosis of the liver?
    are there any symptoms?

    • ANSWER:
      Many people are walking around with liver disease
      and don’t know they even have it.
      When it first develops, the only sign may be
      tiredness. Depending on what has caused the
      liver cells to become damaged…they may have
      flu like symptoms.
      As you can see, the things they have may be
      mistaken for many everyday sickness.

      The best way to be sure how the liver is doing
      is to have blood tests done to check the liver
      enzymes and the liver function tests.
      The doctor can tell if there may be a problem
      starting.

      Usually, in most patients, the first sign of
      the liver cell damage is when a person skin
      and whites of the eyes turn yellow…known
      as Jaundice. The jaundice can cause itching.
      By that time, the liver is having
      serious problems…because it is not handling
      the bilirubin efficiently that causes this yellowing.
      In other words, the cells are damaged to the
      point that the functions they do, to keep the body
      well, are beginning/starting to deteriorate.

      If the cause of the problem can be found and
      stopped and any inflammation that may have
      developed in the liver is treated…up to this point
      the problem may be reversed.

      If not it leads to
      the liver cells dying off and scar tissue forms
      inside the liver that blocks the flow of blood.
      This is known as Cirrhosis of the liver.
      That is when more serious conditions and symptoms
      take place: like Ascites (fluid build up in the abdominal
      area); Encephalophathy (ammonia goes pass the
      blood brain barrier and into the brain causing
      confusion, unclear thinking, personally changes,
      disorientation, sleep pattern changes, tremors);
      and Portal Hypertension (blood backs up into
      the portal vein that brings the blood to the liver
      and cause such intense pressure it forces the
      blood into smaller vessels,not used to handling
      this amount of blood and also backs the blood
      up into the Spleen so it enlarges also)
      These symptoms I mentioned are usually in
      the advanced stages of liver disease.

      Hope this information has been of some help

  31. QUESTION:
    Very early signs & symptoms of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis?
    I’ve been being studied because I have elevated liver enzymes, I’ve had a CT scan and an ultrasound that have come back both normal. So we went to the next step and did a liver biopsy. All that came back on that is it showed a mildly inflamed liver but not signs of fibrosis or cirrhosis and my liver had no scarring what-so-ever. But because of my blood work, they want to treat me for PBC. The doctor wants to put me on a medication “just in case” it is PBC but my husband (and I agree with my husband) wants me to get a 2nd opinion by a homeopathic doctor. I’ve already spoke with one who actually has helped others in my family. My sister-in-law is off all medications she was on and actually lost 23 lbs. by just changing her diet. She, too, had elevated liver enzymes and now they are back to normal. I’m kinda stuck between a rock and a hard place cause I just don’t know if I should take the med or not. I’ve probably had this problem for about 2 to 3 years so I’m thinking what’s another couple month to try to rule it out with natural remedies…..Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Mina,
      You weren’t specific as to how you were diagnosed, but I can only suspect you had high Alkaline Phos test and a positive AMA or anti-mitochondrial antibody. These are the hallmark blood tests which indicate PBC, along with a high sed rate (ESR) and GGT. It is great that your biopsy is not showing any damage, yet. Keep in mind that a biopsy is a small portion of a particular location of your liver. It is possible that a biopsy of a different location may tell a different story. If you want to talk to some folks that are familiar with the disease, symptoms and diagnosis, you should join the yahoo page on pbc. I have been a member since diagnosed with pbc and they are fabulous. It is true that some do not have symptoms despite advanced liver disease, while some have symptoms before significant damage. Itching, fatigue and other inflammatory symptoms seem to be the most common. I was in the same boat as you and reluctant to take Ursodiol; however, I did a lot of research and joined the yahoo group as well as a facebook group and in the end….decided not taking it was a risk I wasn’t willing to take. It is a personal decision. The yahoo group is at http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/PBC_Digest/ Good Luck!!

  32. QUESTION:
    If you were incarcerated, and went untreated for a life threatening disease that had ALL THE Symptoms ?
    A Friend of mind at the age of 70 was incarcerated for a “Alcohol” related crime.

    He enter the Jail with all the symptoms of Liver damage, unknown to all of us at the time.

    Since my research on this disease, the SYMPTOMS WERE LOUD AND CLEAR. Yet, he went undiagnosed and untreated, although he had seen the Jail Physician more than once.

    By the time he was released his medically condition was so life threatening he had to be rushed to the Emergency room. He was immediately diagnosed with Cirrhosis of the Liver. he almost died had this gone on much longer.

    I believe he has a Medical Malpractice suit against the County Jail’s Physician, any input?

    Just with this information would you agree that his Eight Amendment right was violate- Prisoners right to proper Medical care?

    • ANSWER:
      It is possible but there are barriers. First, you would have to show that the delay in treatment was the result of medical malpractice and that any reasonable physician would have made the diagnosis (based on what the prisoner told the doc) and then consciously disregarded the information. Furthermore, you would have to show some harm from the delay in treatment. That is, you would have to show that if he had started treatment earlier then he would have been cured. All of that seems unlikely, but your question is necessarily based on incomplete info.

  33. QUESTION:
    prognosis for those diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver?
    heart disease patient just dignosed with cirrhosis. how long will he live?
    His symptoms are advanced-no jaundice or bleeding of the esophagous yet. Has all other symptoms-bruising, abdominal swelling, lethargy, etc.

    • ANSWER:
      Ask his doctor, only he can tell you and at that, it’s only an educated guess. When my Mom was DX with a GBM, she was give 3 weeks and lived 9 months. R.I.P. Mom!!

  34. QUESTION:
    What are the final symptoms in end stage liver failure?
    My father was diagnosed with Hep-C which has caused severe cirrhosis. He is not a candidate for a transplant because of pulmonary hypertension (most likely caused by the sanding of toxic woods – he was a cabinet maker). He is on oxygen, has acites, takes lactulose and lasix/diuretics, sleeps for about 15-18 hrs a day, can hardly walk, trembles and is in pain. He was diagnosed about 1 month ago (because he was too stubborn to go to the hospital) and has rapidly been declining since. I am very sad for my mother, she feeds him all the right foods and takes care of him according to his GI/cardiologist/pulmonologist. Does anyone have experience with a loved one who has died from liver failure? Any experiences with respect to a time frame and the final symptoms before death?

    • ANSWER:
      You wrote, “Does anyone have experience with a loved one who has died from liver failure?”

      Sadly, yes, my Mom. She was diagnosed with some liver disease or other and lived for many years after that, but then, at the end, she just started failing rather quickly.

      It started with her being very weak and confused, which was followed by a swollen, distended stomach, called “ascites” and more confusion as she lost her faculties, kind of like Alzheimer’s but on fast-forward, and she finally lapsed into a coma and passed away a few weeks later, coincidentally on the exact same day that my Dad had died, only ten years earlier! We think that she must have known somehow and was waiting for that day so that she could go on the same day he did.

      I’m very sorry for your troubles, I went through it with my Mom and wouldn’t wish it on anyone, to see your loved one slipping away like that, it was just heart-wrenching.

      Good luck!… ☺

  35. QUESTION:
    cirrhosis of the liver?
    How does a person know if their fatty liver has gone over to the irreversible liver disease known as cirrhosis? Are there any definite tell tale signs or symptoms? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Please do not wait till you are pushed to the edge and then think of traveling back !

      It is best to stop the factor that caused cirrhosis in the first place ( Alcohol the commonest cause) !

      Follow up with your doctor once a month and do liver function tests and ultra sound every 3 months. The doctor can measure the size of liver by tapping and get to know if the liver is shrinking( a sign of progressing to cirrhosis)

      As per symptoms ..it may be too late by the time you develop them.

      Weight loss, fluctuating appetite and nausea, bleeding easily, anemia hypoproteinemia and weakness are some of the symptoms and signs.

      Please do not wait for these and try to reverse the stage of hepatitis.

      Taking vitamin B complex, lot of anti oxidant foods, decreasing intake of oxidants and as per recent reports taking a lot of Turmeric ( containing Curcumin) and Tomato ( containing Lycopene) may help in reversing and resolving this inflammatory disease.

      Hope you are eager for the cure and not a procrastinator !

  36. QUESTION:
    please help, i think i have liver cirrhosis and i need answers, thanks!?
    ive been sick for almost 3 years now. i had my gallbladder out in october 09 and that actually fixed the problem for 8 months and then the pain in my side came back and its actually worse than before, i throw up alot, nauseous all the time. i have medicine to control vomiting an help nausea. but i have gotten more symptoms and i have gone through all tests you could possibly imagine.

    i have nausea
    vomiting
    pain in upper right abdomen
    irregular period
    weight loss
    complete fatigue, tiredness
    blood is always coming from my nose, little at a time
    so many things, there are others too

    but i happened over this article with liver cirrhosis and i match almost perfectly except for being yellow because of jaundice, i dont have that. could i have liver cirrhosis without having this?

    and i need to get new blood tests but my ones from previous months dont match the levels that would tell if i have liver cirrhosis.

    i just got an xray of my abdomen and my doctor said i had lots of waste built up in my intestines but is it possible its not waste? she said its not normal to have THAT much in me but i took the laxitivs and enema and its not like i had that much come out.

    please help, i feel like im getting worse and no doctor can help me, i only just turned 18 and im 96 lbs.

    • ANSWER:
      Your symptoms are more consistent with an eating disorder…..are you really skinny, but think you are not?

      See a therapist at once…..the fact that you are concerned enough about your health to ask this question strongly suggests it is not too late to get help….

      You are about 25lbs underweight for a woman your age, your tiredness may be a symptom of low iron through not eating properly…

      I am NOT a doctor, but had a girlfriend many years ago who almost died from anorexia….she had all the symptoms you mention…

      Get help. Please!

  37. QUESTION:
    DO I HAVE LIVER CIRRHOSIS? PLEASE HELP?
    Do i have liver cirrhosis?
    okay, so i am a 16 year old female soon to be 17 and i have been drinking since i was about 14. (i know it sounds bad, but it’s just the way it is). i have been drinking at least once a weekend since i was about 15. A few months back i took 13 panadol and 2 other tablets while i was drinking because i was going through a difficult time in my life. For about 5 days after that i felt nauseous but not long after i felt better.

    last week i got what i thought was the flu. The only symptoms i had where blocked nose, very sore muscles (especially in my lower back and neck), fatigue (i was sleeping 15 to 18 hours a day for about 5 days, i had no energy), not much of an appetite and i had dark blood in my stools.

    I have been very worried, i know you can’t diagnose what i have, but if you can tell me what you think i would greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      jaine – NO, you do not have liver cirrhosis from drinking alcohol yet, BUT you are likely damaging your liver and further excessive alcohol will likely lead to cirrhosis in several years. The dark blood in your stools is most likely due to the Panadol which has a well known bad side effect of causing stomach bleeding leading to dark or tarry stools. Panadol also damages liver. Another possibility to consider, at your age, is that of mono (infectious mononucleosis) which commonly causes flu-like disease with muscle and back pain along with lasting fatigue. Bottom line – IMMEDIATELY stop the Panadol or any other medicine with acetaminophen (also called Tylenol, stay away from aspirin, ) and get to your doctor this week. Your life = your choice. Be wise – stay alive and get help.

  38. QUESTION:
    DO I HAVE LIVER CIRRHOSIS? I NEED AS MUCH INFO AS I CAN GET PLEASE HELP!?
    Do i have liver cirrhosis?
    okay, so i am a 16 year old female soon to be 17 and i have been drinking since i was about 14. (i know it sounds bad, but it’s just the way it is). i have been drinking at least once a weekend since i was about 15. A few months back i took 13 panadol and 2 other tablets while i was drinking because i was going through a difficult time in my life. For about 5 days after that i felt nauseous but not long after i felt better.

    last week i got what i thought was the flu. The only symptoms i had where blocked nose, very sore muscles (especially in my lower back and neck), fatigue (i was sleeping 15 to 18 hours a day for about 5 days, i had no energy), not much of an appetite and i had dark blood in my stools.

    I have been very worried, i know you can’t diagnose what i have, but if you can tell me what you think i would greatly appreciate it.
    yes i do know what cirrhosis is and i know it take alot of years of drinking to cause it but i’m more concerned about the panadol i took. The symptoms i had like the fatigue, aching muscles, no appetite and blood in the stools are all signs of it. That is the reason i am worried. I am going in for knee surgery soon and if it it liver cirrhosis this could put me at serious risk while i’m on anthesthia.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes you should be worried with blood in your stools. See your doctor without, I repeat without, delay.!!!

  39. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know the signs of when the liver is at its last points of failing?
    My dad got diagnosed with non alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver. He has nasuea, vomiting, ascites (accumulation of fluid in his body), and lots of bloating, and loss of apetite. Basically those are all the symptoms of cirrhosis. Hes my best friend and I never want to lose him. Im keeping a close eye on him constantly. But now Hes been throwing up more than usual, he gets a strong cough at night, and this morning he woke up saying he sees white lights in his vision. Does this mean his liver is getting worse or those are just the symptoms all cirrhosis patients go through?
    He doesnt have his next drs appointment till next week. Also, if anyone knows about how to get on the liver transplant faster than usual- please let me know. His MELD score is a 15 or 16 i believe.
    Thank You.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, those are typical signs of cirrhosis, but his doctor should be answering this question as to how severe his disease is right now. I had cirrhosis and a liver transplant. I never saw any white lights or a change in my vision and have never really heard that as being related to cirrhosis. He could have other medical issues going on at the same time as his cirrhosis such as the coughing at night. I never had that problem with my cirrhosis either.

      When it gets near to the end, the patient is usually very weak and extremely tired. It’s not unusual to sleep 16 hours a day and get so weak, they can no longer function to take care of themselves. They will be yellow (jaundiced), will bruise very easily, and need to be watched for internal bleeding. Their condition just worsens until they fall into a coma and then it will be over soon. Sometimes, it’s the side effects of cirrhosis that can take them out such as an infection in the abdominal fluid or a massive internal bleed. All can be life threatening.

      The only way to get a transplant quicker is to get sicker which puts a person to the top of list that goes by their lab work. There is just no getting around it. The MELD score determines who gets to go. I know I was having fluid retention problems and they increased my Lasix to help control it. They told me that due to the high dose I was on, my creatnine level would probably also go up. Creatnine is one of the lab tests that is part of the meld score. It did go up as they said. It put me at a 15 and that’s when I got my transplant.

      Every center is different as to what numbers are going for transplant at any given time. It varies day to day. It depends on so many things such as how many organs are being donated to what region you are in. It was pretty common for my center to do transplants at 15, but another center may not be able to give them until the score reaches mid 20′s or so. If you go to the UNOS website who controls all the transplants, I believe you can look up your center and find out all the details of the numbers.

      I hope your father has already been listed and is waiting now. If not, the next step for him will be the evaluation process to determine whether or not he could be a candidate for transplant. He must go through all the steps and there are no short cuts. Good luck to him and I wish him the best.

  40. QUESTION:
    Cirrhosis of the Liver???Will my dad die?
    My dad has been a raging alcoholic for 20+ years. Hard liquor from the time he wakes up until the time he goes to bed. It’s his life.

    About a year ago he was admitted into the hospital for Kidney Failure but made it out of it okay.

    Just about a week ago he was admitted into the hospital because his skin and eyes had turned yellow and he collapsed. During that time the doctors explained that he was no longer a candidate for a Liver transplant, his liver was beyond repair, they can just treat the symptoms….
    He was let go after 5 days of being in the hospital because he was stable. 2 days following he was readmitted into the hospital only this time he’s worse…….
    here is a list of his symptoms;
    Fatigue
    Nausea
    Weakness (can barely lift a bottle of soda to his mouth)
    Weight loss (20 + pounds in a week)
    Exhaustion
    Stomach Pains
    Severe Jaundice….like glowing
    Very swollen abdomen
    Personality changes, forgetfullness
    Decreased mental function, slow to respond, blank stares
    Fluid retention
    Pneumonia
    Dimensia
    bad shaking
    loss of balance, equilibrium problems

    It’s just terrible and it’s breaking my heart seeing him this way.

    I was reading posts from people who had someone close with this disease, they described the same symptoms I did and there loved ones ended up dying.. I’m so afraid of that.

    What are the chances??

    Any help or enlightment would be greatly appreciated!
    Im not sure if I should be precise…..When I say fluid retention, I mean fluid in around his liver which they already had to remove
    The honest prgnosis is they are not sure at this point whether he’ll live or die.
    They say it may be time to start making out his will and planning his funeral arrangements just to be safe

    • ANSWER:
      I can answer your question because I had liver failure and a transplant. Your father has cirrhosis from his alcoholism. That is when healthy tissue is replaced with scar tissue in the liver and it can no longer function very well. Even though others will tell you the liver can regenerate, this is not the case when it comes to cirrhosis. Scarring is permanent in the liver and does not go away. The damage has been done from many years of alcohol abuse.

      Everything you told me tells me that your father is in end stage liver disease. His condition is serious and he will not get better unless he receives a transplant. When the liver is beyond repair, that is when a person needs a transplant. The problem with your father is that he is an active alcoholic. There might also be some other medical reasons he could not qualify, but that is the first thing they look at for a candidate.

      It’s very difficult for an alcoholic to receive a transplant, but there are many success stories out there. The patient has to be committed to changing their lifestyle and never drink alcohol again for the rest of their life. Transplant centers require at least 6 months of proven sobriety before they will even begin to consider an alcoholic for a transplant. The problem that happens with many alcoholics is that they don’t have 6 months left to live with their disease. They let it go too far and ignore it until they are near death before seeking help.

      I don’t know how your father feels about his disease and his alcoholism, but if he is serious about staying alive, he could go to a transplant center and at the very least talk to them. They will tell him what his options are for getting help and possibly getting a transplant if he has enough time left. If he is still drinking after all this, then I would say there is not much hope for him getting well. He has all the typical signs of end stage cirrhosis.

      It’s also extra difficult for an alcoholic to get a transplant because they not only have to deal with the cirrhosis, but they also have to deal with their addiction to alcohol. But as I said, there are many success stories. The husband of a family friend of mine just recently got his transplant and he was an alcoholic for at least 20 years+. When he found out he destroyed his liver, he went to the transplant center, did everything he was supposed to do including rehab for 6 months and submitting to random drug/alcohol testing prior to his transplant. After the 6 months, he got listed and just recently received his transplant. I hear he is doing very well now. I don’t know whether or not your father could be one of these success stories, but I want you to know that it might be an option for your father if he is willing.

      I had cirrhosis too but mine was from an autoimmune disease. No matter what the reason for having cirrhosis, it pretty much acts the same for everyone.

  41. QUESTION:
    Liver damage?
    As a 30-year-old male who has done quite a fair share of drinking since age 21, I have developed a little interest in cirrhosis. General information says that on average, it takes five drinks a day, every day, for at least ten years, for a male to develop cirrhosis. All of this information also points to the liver’s ability to heal itself when given a chance.

    Now, I haven’t been drinking every day for ten years, but I’ve done a regular, consistent amount, mostly beer. I’ve had a few periods of weeks or months where I didn’t drink, but I’ve kept it up pretty frequently. I don’t have any symptoms of liver problems except for some off-and-on mild pain under my ribcage, which may actually be gallbladder problems.

    What I’m curious about is the liver’s ability to heal itself. Is a young frequent drinker taking the exact same risk as a young person who drinks every day? Or does the liver benefit enough from frequent sober days to lessen the chance of serious liver damage?
    Also — about six weeks ago, I had similar concerns, so I had a blood and urine test, with a note to the doctor that I was concerned about liver damage. The tests came out fine. However, I am still curious about the potential for problems.

    • ANSWER:
      Consistent usage of alcohol in excessive amount will cause liver issues. The body is indeed am amazing thing- we have organs that will work down to that last little percent and then fail completely. Don’t count on the liver’s ability to heal itself to protect you. Young drinkers who over indulge, whether binge or steady drinkers, will have the cumulative effects of liver damage.
      The right side of your body, under the ribcage is where both your liver and gallbladder live. They are connected, BTW. You may be young enough yet to be OK, but then again, maybe not. It’s not always a linear correlation between drinking some and not having liver disease. Some livers fail earlier than others- it depends on how much abuse it can take.
      If you are concerned enough to ask about liver damage, then you probably have some.
      What happens in the liver, that damage occurs to part of the liver, and it gets filled with non working areas. A cirrhotic liver is enlarged, has lots of yellow streaks and is very bumpy in appearance, with a pale purplish color. Normal livers are brownish red, smooth and may have some little cysts(all our organs can have cysts without any problems). I work in an Operating Room and do transplants- and a sick liver is not a pretty sight at all. Google cirrhotic liver and you’ll get to see some pics.
      You can drink yourself to death by killing your liver. That’s the bottom line.

  42. QUESTION:
    can a person with hepatitic C and cirrhosis of the liver get the swine flu ?
    i am a male 30 y/o , i have chronic hepatitis c and cirrhosis of the liver i am getting treated by doctors but i feel good no pains no symptoms , i went for treatment for hepatitis c but it did not work for me , so my only hope is a liver transplant probably in years from now
    but my liver is still working 100% . i am living a normal life right now with god’s will . my question is : can i get the swine flu if i leave the country on vacation ?

    • ANSWER:

  43. QUESTION:
    Do i have liver cirrhosis?
    okay, so i am a 16 year old female soon to be 17 and i have been drinking since i was about 14. (i know it sounds bad, but it’s just the way it is). i have been drinking at least once a weekend since i was about 15. A few months back i took 13 panadol and 2 other tablets while i was drinking because i was going through a difficult time in my life. For about 5 days after that i felt nauseous but not long after i felt better.

    last week i got what i thought was the flu. The only symptoms i had where blocked nose, very sore muscles (especially in my lower back and neck), fatigue (i was sleeping 15 to 18 hours a day for about 5 days, i had no energy), not much of an appetite and i had dark blood in my stools.

    I have been very worried, i know you can’t diagnose what i have, but if you can tell me what you think i would greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:

  44. QUESTION:
    I recently got diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. I have a few questions:?
    I am a young adult, and I’ve been diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. I do not heavily drink, I’m not over weight, and the doctor couldn’t find any other reason why I have it. I just do.
    I’ve been having symptoms of much fatigue and weakness (my main concerns for 5 years, undiagnosed), loss of appetite, bloating, itchy skin, enlarged spleen, low white blood cells and platelets (they got pooled in my spleen) and my doctor finally pointed me to the CT scan, and soon a biopsy, which has brought me to this.
    My questions are:
    -Can I continue drinking around/less than once a month, less than 4 shots each night?
    -Is my life expectancy shorter than a normal person’s, just by having the disease? If so, how shorter?
    sure, I have a problem with alcohol…? I never get drunk, just tipsy, and usually less than once a month. I think I’ve drank less than 10 times.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m having a hard time believing you’re not a heavy drinker my friend. You have cirrhosis but want to know if it’s Ok to do shots of hard alcohol? First, you need to come to grips with the fact that you have a problem with alcohol. You need to STOP DRINKING altogether to detoxify your system AND your liver. The liver is the only organ in the body that WILL regenerate itself provided it’s not too far gone. Chlorophyll stimulates the liver to regenerate and sources of Chlorophyll are: Chlorophyll capsules, Wheatgrass (juice or tablets) and Alfalfa. I would strongly recommend you take the capsules as well as the Wheatgrass juice. Yes, with cirrhosis of the liver, your life will definitely be shorter. Don’t forget, there’s nothing that alcohol can’t ruin. Good luck to you my friend, I wish you the best.

  45. QUESTION:
    What do these symptoms sound like?? HIV? Cirrhosis?
    Please…I need someone to help me. I don’t trust doctors. A lot of times they are wrong with their diagnosis, so I feel more comfortable asking this on Yahoo answers. I will tell you my symptoms and experience and if ANYONE has ANY insight into what my problem may be…please respond. I am hoping the good spirits will lead me in the right direction as I’ve had these problems for over 10 years now. OK, so when I was a child I was pretty healthy…I got earaches from time to time and strep throat. I never had sex with anyone until I was 18. but I had bad breath when I was in school but not chronic. I think it was just due to a dry mouth but it was definitly worse than average so I had some underlying problem, I am sure of it. Also the infections were more than normal. Then at age 17 I had a MASSIVE overdose on MDMA AND SPEED during a 3 day binge (I know I was a moron and I deserve what I got,…but I didnt know how bad it was for you back then…but I still shouldnt of taken so many pills) I almost died. I went to the hospital and they couldnt figure out what was wrong. They said it was heroin withdrawl. I am sure that wasnt it. I dont think there was heroin in the pills. Even with the brown dots in them, I was told heroin in pills is a rumor. So, thats besides the point. Ever since the overdose, I have had insanely serious health problems. I also smoked weed everyday for 10 years (all day long…I was considered the biggest pothead in my town) I am sure this weakened my immune system since I did not do it in moderation. I will explain all my symptoms here in a moment. Thank you so much for taking the time to read my story. So, I think the pot is also a factor. Since I quit, I have felt slightly healthier. My serotonin seems to be back….My parasites have reduced, etc. So, I relate that to my immune system. Anyways, my symptoms are White Coated Tongue (also it is yellow sometimes…and it’s severe….brushing wont get rid of it….the only thing that reduces it is eating all raw food and living a healthy lifestlye…which is hard for me to do all the time) Alslo i have a swollen and (sometimes) dried up ankle(mostly when I drink a lot of alcohol). It’s also looks like my ankle is “scarred” …this could be when it got real dry and I picked the skin off and it started bleeding, but it was dry for 10 years. People would look at it and say “What’s wrong with your ankle!?” So, it is very abnormal. I looked up online and I think its ankle edema. My lower leg is also usually swollen. I am sure the overdose messed my liver up as I always have horrible breath even if I brushed and flossed 10x a day it wouldnt help. I know my body is overun by bacteria…thats ovbious to me. I am not sure what diseaes I have though since the doctors never diagnosed me correctly (and also i am AGAINST taking prescription drugs, as they also weaken your immune system…so I stopped going to the doctor over 8 years ago…since they never helped me anyways) I started eating as good as possible (organic foods, etc) but i also have been eating a lot of fast food now lately. I know I need to stop that as it just makes things worse. So, I know what to do, I just need to know what I could have, I am wondering if it might be HIV. I am terrified of needles so I dont want to get an HIV test. Also I’ve only had sex with 1 girl in my life….and she had the HIV test and came up negative…so I might not have HIV…but then again..I do have the symptoms of it. I also have bad parasites….I can see them when I goto the bathroom…they explode when they hit the toilet…and consquently I also have explosive diarhea (ESPECIALLY for the first 3 days after I quit smoking marijuana….which i rcently quit…but I am still having them right now as we speak) I have quit marijuana several times in my life and everytime I got the explosive diareha. One time I got severe Nausea and vomiting and was CHOKING on my own vomit. I couldnt breath and almost died. I got lucky and got some marijuana which stopped me from throwing up and saved my life. Now I dont get those severe symptoms anymore. Just headacles, and diareah and nausea, but no severe vomiting (thank god!) I think that is due to my years of eating healthy that has strengthened my immune system. Now dont be afraid to tell me I might have HIV…I am NOT a hypocondraict and I will not freak out over it. I really want to know…if I am told i have it…it will be even more motivation for me to do everything healthy so i can cure it. I know the “Cure” word is illegal for health people to use, but I know HIV can be cured…I believe in spiritual healing as well. I think this is the reason I am still here today. I mean, I have had these symptoms for SO LONG now (over 10 years) that you’d figure I would of gotten worse or died. I have actually gotten healtheir. I have heard of people with AIDS who have gotten healtheir to the point to where they only had HIV…so I believe that. I may be one of those cases. I
    by the way I KNOW the pills had MDMA and Speed (but i seriously doubt heroin)in them because I know what both do to you. I had two different types. I had the pink panthers which were very high dose of MDMA (even one led me to seeing vibrations..but I took 10 of them in 2 days) And I had 5 white bombs which were straight amphetemines) I had the overdose in 1999 when pills were much stronger. You could compare it to eating about 50 pills in 3 days for nowadays stength.Plus you’re not supposed to mix MDMA and speed…it makes it more toxic. The short term effects were mostly heart problems and I couldnt sleep) I should of died. I definitly had a higher power watching over me.
    By the way I am not overweight at all. I am skinny. I am 30 years old and look like I’m 17….(no exageration)so I havent aged at all either during this crisis. I should of added that in my description. And my bones are very weak. I broke my finger from simply wrestling a friend. I used to wrestle all the time when I was younger and never even came close to breaking any bones..

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds like eczema on your ankle. Drinking is poison/toxic for eczema it will flare it up.
      If you have dry mouth that can be what is wrong with your tongue. Smoking weed clogs the saliva ducts. Chew crushed ice for a few weeks should help tons. And help open ducts.
      I know many many old druggies. When there were real hard drugs in the late 60′s and 70′s. Much of what you say has nothing to do with the ones you did. (Bones being weak) That is from diet while on the drugs. Now your paranoia is drug related.
      If your liver was shot you would have jaundice before anything else.
      Think about cleaning yourself out. Parasites are nasty to one body.
      Your other question said you have some powers that most do not. Maybe your seeing the future with the AIDS if you do not change your ways. Some kind of warning???
      Just a thought.

  46. QUESTION:
    how long to people with portal hypertension and cirrhosis and liver cancer have to live if they have all of?
    these symptoms this “person” also has hep c and has been an alcholic for years she doesn’t drink everyday but she does often she sleeps all the time she coughs all the time she coughs up blood too she hardley eats she has fluid in her lungs because she smokes all the time its called something but i don’t remember her body is swallon because of all of the fluid that has built up in her stomach i was just wandering with all these bad things that have happened how long does she have left? she been seeing doctors for all of these things but doesn’t really talk to me about it thank all of you in advance
    she doesn’t take good care of herself either she has depression issues and is on anxiety meds she sets around and does nothing to help herself everyone has told her what she needs to do she just doesn’t want to do it

    • ANSWER:
      People in this situation usually just have their symptoms controlled…….for example, for the swelling to the abdomen called ascites, the docs can regularly drain the excess fluid by inserting a small drain thru the skin called a paracentesis. Portal hypertension is probably causing esophageal varices, which is why she is coughing up blood. These can be treated if they rupture, but its a big emergency.
      With regards to the liver cancer, it all depends where it is and what typre of cancer. Is the liver the primary site or a metastatic site. Would your friend be well enough for surgery/ radiation/ chemo.
      It sounds like your friend is very sick.It would be impossible to know how long she would live like this. If she takes good care of herself, doesn’t drink, and seeks regular and prompt medical care for control of her symptoms she may have a few months or even years. Hope this helps. Sorry your friend is so sick.

  47. QUESTION:
    Do I have Cirrhosis of the liver?
    Brief history: I’m 55 white male. For the better part of my life I led an extremely fit, very active lifestyle which included intense weight training and cardio training 5-6 days a week. I have always eaten a low fat, high fiber, lean diet. At 48 and 6 feet tall I was 210 lb at under 10% bodyfat and competed in natural bodybuilding. Fitness was my life. I drank in moderation if at all.

    Starting in my mid 40′s I would overindulge occasionally but when I was about 48 or 49 I had some personal issues that affected my mental frame of mind and I began drinking more heavily and for the next 5-6 years, would drink large amounts on a daily basis, almost always to intoxication. I still managed to maintain a level of fitness that most people my age were envious of and my alcohol intake would begin at 5 or 6 pm and continue until bed time. There would be the occasional “getting healthy” phase and I would abstain for 4-6 weeks but it was rare.

    Around 3 or 4 years ago I began having occasional swelling and mild discomfort in my abdomen and right upper quadrant that would come and go. When these symptoms first occurred in I had a CT scan of my abdomen that came back negative. I specifically questioned my dr about my liver and he said it looked normal. Additionally, my yearly, routine physicals showed all liver tests as normal and in fact, well below any danger areas.

    After basically being tired of being drunk and wanting to return to my former self, I decided to abstain and I have had no liquor for a few months but recently this discomfort has returned.

    At my most recent physical in Feb of this year, my blood work again seemed normal:

    AST 23 units/L

    ALT 24 units/L

    Alk phos 47 units/L

    Total Bilirubin 0.5 mg/dl

    Total protein 8.4 g/dl

    I realize nobody can diagnose from this alone and I’ve pretty much decided to go to my dr for further exams but was wondering if anyone could shed light for me. And please no one liner answers, I’m looking for someone who might have some medical background or at least someone who is/was in my situation or has a family member or friend.

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Your blood work certainly does not show any signs of liver damage which is really good. The experts give an estimate of 10 years of heavy drinking when cirrhosis could form but that varies greatly from one person to another depending on many factors. It might take less than 10 years for one and decades for someone else. There is no set time frame or amount you can drink. In my opinion, I do not think you are having a liver problem, but I am certainly no doctor.

      Your biliruben is excellent, and this is usually always high if there is a liver problem along with elevated enzymes. There is many reasons you can have this bloated feeling in your abdominal area such as gallbladder and stomach problems. It could be something as simple as gas.

  48. QUESTION:
    8-12 week old border collie puppy, symptoms,worried please HELP?
    I just got this border collie puppy from a farm, i have had him for a couple weeks maybe three..
    And it didnt start up until last week.I know alot about animals but I cant figure this one out..
    He has had worms(round worms) and I gave him the powder form medicine for puppies 6 weeks and older tonite mixed in with his food.
    *okay first i feed him and hell eat but right about when I have a half a handfull of puppy food left he will go sit byhimself about a 3 inches from his bowl and whine paceing back and forth(only once)
    and i dont know if its because he thinks his food is hurting him because of the worms.
    *Hes starting to get not as much playful as he was i think that is beacause he is starting to get his personality, He is still really playfull though (maybe its because he wants to be held because i hold him too much)
    *and I just noticed a new symptom his liver (or stomach) is Hard.
    I understand it could be cancer or cirrhosis or an inflamation infection, but cancer mostly occurs in older dogs. My brother and I are going to be taking him for his shots but I need to know if this puppy (Cody) needs to be taken TOMMORROW I am very worried he is just my baby and i would be heartbroken if he gets sick. Please help and God Bless!

    • ANSWER:

  49. QUESTION:
    What is the outcome after being diadnosed with non alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver?
    After having a routine MRI some abnormalities showed up which led to further testing and a liver biopsy. It appears that at sometime in the past I had auto immune hepatitis that went undiagnosed. I really didn’t have any symptoms other then fatigue but then I was always fatigued for other reasons. As of right now even with the cirrohsis my liver function is normal but my liver enzymes are elevated but not high enough for treatment. I realize the hepatitis could flare up again which would call for aggressive treatment to prevent any further scaring of my liver. I have read all kinds of information on these diseases both very disturbing and some encouraging but I would just like to know if anyone who reads this has been diagnosed with this or knows someone who has and what has been the outcome.

    • ANSWER:
      I have an autoimmune disease in which my autoimmune system attacks the bile ducts in my liver. This is called primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). I am curious to know how the doctors came to the conclusion that you have a problem with your autoimmune system to the point that it has caused cirrhosis. If this is true, then this autoimmune problem has been going on for a very long time to damage your liver to the point of it being cirrhotic. I had no symptoms with my disease until my liver was already 90% destroyed with cirrhosis. I suddenly started to swell up with fluid and had no idea anything was wrong prior to that. It was a shock to me that my liver had so much cirrhosis that I would need a transplant. I had no idea anything was going on inside of me.

      That autoimmune hepatitis is probably still flaring up each and every day since it just doesn’t stop and go away. It takes many years to destroy a liver. There is really nothing much they can do as far as treating it. Sometimes they will give medication to help it, but it really doesn’t stop the disease from progressing, especially when its from your autoimmune system. When symptoms from the cirrhosis appear, they can give medications to control them and lab work is done routinely to ward off problems early. I used to have to get an endoscope done every 3-6 months to get banding done to any varices that form to lower the risk of bleeding problems. Basically, they just let the disease take its course since there is no cure other than a transplant.

      Even when my liver was 90% destroyed, my liver enzymes were just slightly above normal. My transplant doctor told me this can happen with some people, that the enzymes can almost normalize even though the disease is far advanced.

      You said you had a biopsy done. It should show the amount of damage done and how much cirrhosis (scarring) your liver has in it. Figuring out the cause of it when it is not so obvious like alcoholism, can be difficult to diagnose. That’s why I asked how they determined yours was from an autoimmune problem. I didn’t know the real cause of mine until after my transplant. The biopsy also should show whether or not there is active inflammation going on. The elevated enzymes can be an indication that there could be continued inflammation.

      The good thing is that you are still asymptomatic which means your liver is still compensating. It can stay this way for a long time. When I started to swell with fluid, that was my first sign of it starting to decompensate. Even then, I took diuretics that controlled the fluid retention quite well for several years. Once I was diagnosed with cirrhosis, I believe I went and got evaluated for transplant and was placed on the list a year later. I waited 18 months for my transplant and am doing well today. My autoimmune disease still wants to attack my new liver. I do take a medication that works well in keeping my enzymes in normal range which means there most likely will not be any damage as long as they remain that way.

      If you want to ask me anything else, just email me. I will be happy to help you if I can.

  50. QUESTION:
    Herbal medicine for cirrhosis?
    My sister had Inherited diseases of iron disorder (hereditary hemochromatosis) from my father. This diseases damage her liver cell and her liver had a small scar (cirrhosis). She has never been drink or got chronic hepatitis B and C. But She still has gone through everday with the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis — weight loss, fatigue, sleepless, abdoment pain. Everybody has any suggestion or any different medicine such as Herbal herbs and nutritional supplements , please tell us.

    • ANSWER:
      Your sister is no doubt being followed by a hematologist for her hemochromatosis and probably gets routine transfusions. The ONLY things she should be taking are what her doctor has prescribed. I’m sure that you love her and want to help her and you may feel helpless to do so. But please do not solicit suggestions. The majority of the people who answer these questions have no medical background, no understandiing of anatomy and physiology, no knowledge of the disease process. Any advice given could be potentially harmful. The best help you can give your sister is to make sure she follows her doctor’s advice, give her emotional support and assist her in her daily activities.